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"TO C4RE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ESTABLISHED 1877 NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MAR0H 3, 1887.
VOL VI-NO. SO-WHOLE NO. 290.
I IN 1861.
Military Oparations During the Early
FALIi OF LEXI2sTGT02sT.
Gan. Firaoiowts Campaign
Against Sterling Prioe.
'A. aMNGRANGE BATTLE.
Rrpa,r,i,ng to Fight an Enemy
ISO Miles Away.
,BV SiAir.-GKN. JOIIK VQVK, U. S. A.
On the 30th of August Gen. Fromont de
clared mnrlial law in Missouri, and the
whole Statu, in all the relations between its
citizons, passed completely into the control
of the military authorities. In St. Louis,
where the military headquarters were es
tablished, and whore many, if not most, of
the civil officers were Union men, a sort of
civil law was kept up; but as judges, jurors
and lawyers were at any moment subject to
arrest and imprisonment by ProvostrMar
shals, and the decisions of courts likely at
any time to be overruled or cases withdrawn
from their jurisdiction by the same military
functionary, law was so loohcly and irregu
larly administered as to afford small protec
tion to persons or property.
In the interior of the State little attempt
was made to carry on civil government any
where. The numerous Provost-Marshals
with thoir armies of assistants aud follow
ers roigned supreme, and being in authority
above and beyond the reach of any civil
process, they worked their will practically
without opposition. No man who was
wronged or even outraged dared to complain
to any authority high enough to redress the
injury done him, lest, if he should fail in
having the offending Provost-Marshal en
tirely removed, worse things should befall
The troops under my command in North
Missouri were scattered over the country ia
detachment?, great and small, aud were oc
cupied vigorously, but in goneral without
successful result, in trying to break up or
capture the hands of rebel guerrillas who
IXFItSTOT) THAT WHOLE REGION.
JVheneyor it was possible the troops made
use of the (services of such Union organiza
tions as existed at the time, but even the
very limited discipline of our troops at that
early stage of the war was so distasteful to
these independent organizations that they
did not servo together with any degree of
zeal or satisfaction. To be restrained from
committing violence and wrong merely for
thc.gratiGcation of personal revenge or ma
levoloncQ, seemed to these irregular bands
puroly tyrannical, and they did not long
continue-to act with the United States forces,
except When fear of superior forces on the
other side compelled them to unite their
irregular bands with bodies of troops for
For weeks this irregular warfare was kept
op, bringing misery to all peaceful people
and doing no manner of benefit to either
side. As this sort of work went on, more
and more all dibtiuctious of right and
wrong and all sympathies with one side or
the other in the National contest melted
away, and these guerrilla bands depredated
alike upon everybody. No man, however
peaceful, or whatever his political sympa
thies, nor any household, however harmless
and innocent, was safe for a moment All
lived 5u anxiety and terror.
One of the most active leaders of the reb
els in North Missouri was Martin Green,
who kept the northeastern Counties of the
Slate In constant alarm, until he was finally
forced to cross to the south side of the Mis
souri Itiver, whore he joined Gen. Sterling
Price, and thereafter served in his command.
His most active and formidable enemy
was Col. Moore, on the Union side, who
organized a force of irregulars, part of whom
were from Iowa, just across the Missouri
line. He followed up Green
WITH WOXDEIIUUL PERSISTENCY,
several Limes on the very point of capturing
him, and to Col. Moore, I think, more than
to any other cause, the departure of Martin
Green from North Mibsouri is to be attribu
ted. Col. Moore hoon after joined the Union
forces with his band, aud was mustered into
the service of the United States. He after
ward attained distinction aa a most gallant
and valuable officer.
It would be simply harrowing to recount
the thousands of barbarous atrocities com
mitted upon the people of North Missouri
during this unhappy time. From every
direction and from all parties these wrongs
descended upon them, aud if their history
could be truly written it would furnish a
record at which oven a savage might hang
One of the moat characteristic feats was
the destruction of the railroad bridge over
Platte lliver near St, Joseph. A short time
before the regular passenger train was due,
parties of these bushwhackers, who wore well
known in that vicinity, aud M'ho iu ordinary
time had been conwdcrcd respectable, civil
ized people, sawed the sills of the bridge
from beneath nearly in two, so that they
would baroly hold up the structure itself.
Having arranged matters, they watched the
result. The passenger train, with its freight
of women and children aud unarmed men, in
nocent of any hostility or desire to do injury
U nnyone,camc rapidly to this death-trap
without warning, though in the view of a
large body of American citizens calling
themselves Christian pcojjlc. Of course the
bridge gave way at once aud the whole train
PXiUNGKI) INTO THE RIVER.
Thirty (people were killed and wounded, but
ot one of the porpctrators of, this savage
act was ever identified, though it was openly
stated that most of them were well known
in St. Joseph, and some of them residents of
Such was the kind of warfare carried on
in Missouri. It had nothing to do with the
general war going on in the country, and no
thought of benefiting either the Union or
Confederate cause entered into the consider
ation. It was simply an illustration of what
the natural, saxagc instincts of men will lead
to when once the restraints of law are
abandoned. Many of the most active of these
outlaws returned to their homes when peace
came, and became again quietand respectable
citizens, and I presume often stand amazed
when they considcrat this day their evil deeds
of those years of sorrow and trial. Iklicving
as I do that Missonri could have been spared
the larger part of these sufferings by ordi
narily faithful and manly couduet on the
part of the State officials at the beginning,
1 perhaps have been led further than was
needful into the details of this most melan
choly episode in the history or the people of
Meantime the battle of Wilson's Creek
had been fought and lost by the Union
troops, and the gallant Lyon killed.
Whether it was in the power of Gen. Fre
mont to reinforce him in time to have in
sured success, or at least to have prevented
defeat, is a matter of opinion, and it is not
necessary for rac to give mine in this place.
Gen. Fremont had but recently assumed the
command in Missonri. The demands on
him for troops from all parts of the State
were incessant and far beyond any actual
need. Until he could learn the situation
and understand the necessities elsewhere in
his command, it was natural that he should
have beeu reluctant to engage the larger
part of his troops at so remote a point, es
pecially as it is not likely that he antici
pated SUCH DECISIVE ACTION
on the part of Gen. Ljon. The result of that
battle, however, confirmed the condition of
lawlessness, and neither injured the Union
cause nor benefited the Confederate. As
was usual iu military operations in Missouri
throughout the war, the sufferers were the
people of the State the beneficiaries none.
After that battle the Union forces fell
back to Rolla unmolested by the enemy.
Gen. Sterling Price, who had been engaged
in the battle, commanding an irregular and
almost entirely unorganized force, which
was called " State troops," not having been
yet mustered into the Confederate service,
begau leisurely aud at his ease, but with
great blowing of trumpets and loud an
nouncement of his purpose, to move north
toward the Missouri River to invest and
capture the town of Lexington, then occu
pied by about 3,000 Union troops under Col.
Mulligan. Of course, as he marched slowly
through the country he was considerably
reinforced every day by people who joined
him merely for the enterprise in which he
was engaged, but probably with little pur
pose of long remaining with him, especially
if he were unsuccessful. It is safe to say
that nine-tenths of the people of Missouri
knew perfectly his object and his movements
and positions from day to day during the
weeks occupied in marching from "Wilton's
Creek to the Missouri River. He marched
very slowly and cautiously, and seemed anx
iously to expect or to fear some movement
of troops from St. Louis or elsewhere agaiust
him or toward his rear.
It is not my purpose to recount the de
fails of this march, nor the capture of Lex
ington and its garrison after several days
fighting. Price was not molested on his
march to Lexington, during his operations
there, nor in his march back to the south
CAPTIVES AND HIS ROOTY.
Why this was so I never knew and do not
know now. It could not have been for
want of troops, or want of knowledge of the
condition of things in Missouri, or of Price's
movements and intentions, or want of time.
About three weeks before Price reached Lex
ington I had been instructed by Gen. Fremont
to proceed to Northeast Missouri and per
sonally to look into matters in that section.
From there I had returned to the line of the
Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad, had par
tially dispersed the guerrilla band ofMartin
Green, and was at the time Lexington was
invested engaged in clearing the railroad of
bands of outlaws who had broken it in sev
eral places. I reached the bridge over the
Platte River in the vicinity of St, Joseph on
the 34th of September, a considerable force
of the enemy, altogether irregular bands, re
tiring in the direction of the Missouri River
so rapidly as to keep easily ahead of my in
fantry. I had no cavalry. Having reopened
the road to St. Joseph, I sent the whole force
I had with me to follow up these retreating
forces toward Lexington one column from
Platte Bridge, the other from Utica, about
50 miles east These united columns, after
beating or driving off the force they were to
pursue, were ordered to go to the Missonri
River at a point opposite Lexington, and, if
it were found necessary or desirable, to cross
the river aud report to the commanding offi
cer in Lexington.
As Price was known to be moving toward
the Missouri River before I left St. Louis,
aud as various rumors and reports of his
progress had reached me, I presumed that the
reinforcements thus bent might not prove
unacceptable to the threatened garrison. I
had no jurisdiction over Lexiugton or its
garrison, had had no reports from there, and
had not received any intimation from Gen.
THE PLACE OR ITS NECESSITIES.
It was not until I got back to the junction
of the Hannibal & St, Joseph and the North
Missouri Railroads, 135 miles east of St.
Joseph, that I heard anything official or
dofiuile concerning the situation at Lex
ington, and even then I heard, it through a
telegram sent to another officer and giving
orders for him to inarch to Lexington.
I at once sent word to the columns I had
forward by forced marches aud join, if pos
sible, the beleaguered garrison, but Lexiug
ton had been surrendered before my mes-
sent from Platte Bridge and Utica to push
8cnger could reach the troops; nor would it
have been possible for them, even had they
arrived at the river before the surrender, to
have crossed to Lexingtont with the enemy
in possession of both banks and of all the
The surrender of Lexington with its large
garrison so soon following the loss of the
battle of Wilson's Creek, had a great and
most unfortunate effect in Missouri, both as
encouraging the Confederates and discourag
ing the Union men. The numbers and bold
ness of the irregular bands of Southern
sympathizers increased greatly in, North
Missouri, and this effect was even more
marked in the country south of the river.
It was absolutely necessary thatsomethingbe
done and done quickly to prevent a general
panic among the people.
Gen. Fremont accordingly began to throw
forward to Jefferson City all the regiments
encamped around St Louis, aud all the
troops also which could be brought from
other parts of the State, and to organize at
CAMPAIGN AGAINST TRICE,
who was moving south from Lexington very
deliberately and much at his ease, inviting
all those well disposed to the South to join
him. He was quite unmolested even by
The whole force at Jefferson and west of
it, as indeed the whole force in Missouri,
was unorganized so far as related to brigades
and divisions, and at Jefferson, for the first
time, and on the eve of a march against Price,
the regiments were assigued to constitute
brigades and divisions by orders from Gen.
Fremont's headquarters ; but many of the
regiments so assigned were stationed at re
mote points in Missouri, and never joined
their brigade organizations.
On the 24th of September Gen. Fremont,
then in St. Louis, issued an order directing
these fragmentary brigades and divisions to
take post at the front as the beginning of a
campaign. There were five small divisions.
Their post positions were Boonevillc, Syra
cuse, Georgetown, Versailles, and the reserve
Whilst occupying these positions the Sec
retary of War, accompanied by Gen.
Thomas, the Adjutant-General of the Army,
visited our commands, or some of them, to
make an inspection of the troops and to inves
tigate Gen. Fremont's administration of the
Department, especially the failure to rein
force Lexington, with which it was under
stood the Government was much dissatis
fied. I only know what occurred, either of
conversation or of action, as I heard it from
others. I remained at my own headquar
ters and called upon neither of these high
officials, as I had nothing to say of value to
the'm, and preferred to say nothing. I un
derstood, however, that it had been agreed,
or rather yielded to, that nothing should be
done to interfere with or restrain Gen. Fre
mont until the result of his campaign against
Price was known.
Gen. Fremont's unusual reticence and the
extreme difficulty of seciufe him, much less
talking with him, was a great misfortune to
him, and I have no doubt led to much of
HIS TROVIH.E AND DISAPPOINTMENT.
His staff officers, who naturally were sup
Xosed to reflect his wishes and to express
his ordure, almost completely shut him oil
from the very highest officers of his com
mand by denying them admittance to his
presence, or by so obstructing aud delaying
them, that many left without seeing liim,
and in a most unfortunate state of feeling
for fufure success. Whether the fault of
all this was Gen. Fremont's, or for what
reason either he or his staff officers,
the most active of whom were peculiar, to
say the least, tried to keep him as secluded
from public view as the Grand Llama, even
of those who should have had the right of
entrance to his presence at all times, I do
not know, but I do know that such a course
not only alienated from him many of the
highest military officials, but also deprived
him of the cordial support and sympathy of
the foremost Union men of the Stale.
Gen. Fremont had a multitude of Aids-de-Camp
holding various ranks, many of
whom were foreigners who could not even
talk with each other. I remember very
well on coming out of his office one day that
I found seated on a sofa in the hall just out
side one of his Aids-de-Camp, the Lieutenant-Governor
of a neighboring State, a
man of the highest character and standing
in the country as well as in the Stale of
which he was an honored official. He rose
as I passed out and asked me with some
embarrassment if I could get him an inter
view with Gen. Fremont He was buttoned
up in uniform, but looked much less like
a soldier than a distinguished citizen. I re
plied to him with some surprise:
"Why, Governor, you are Gen. Fremont's
Aid-de-Camp, aud it is your province to in
troduce people to an interview rather than
to call in help to
GET AN INTERVIEW YOURSELF."
He said he had waited three dava or more
to get an opportunity to see the General. I
only cite this incident to show to what
strange cxclusiveuess Gen. Fremont con
demned himself, or was subjected by other
people. Of course such utter want of confi
dence in or of intercourse with those under
his command not only lost him their affec
tion and sympathy, but deprived him also
of information and counsel that might have
been, and I have no doubt would have been,
of great value to him.
It was an unfortunate state of feeling, and
the results were soou developed. The army,
commanded by Gen. Fremont in person,
marched from the railroad at the points here
tofore indicated, but with no sufficient fiup
pliesofany thing. There was nothiuglike wag
ons enough to haul food even, much less muni
tions of war and shelter for the troops. We
were absolutely iu no proper condition, to
march 50 miles away from the railroad, even
with all the fanners' wagons and carts wo
had seized and appropriated to our use.
Price was known to be retreating toward
Springfield, in Southwest Missouri, and we
were to pursue him, illy fitted as we were for
any active service away from railroads. It
was supposed that we might live on the
country, and to some extent we did, but
Price had made two marches over the same
country before us, and had not left much
that could be utilized without bringing abso
lute starvation on the people.
Price, having neutralized the large Union
force captured at Lexington by putting them
on parole, and having brought off all the
military stores he could use, retired very
slowly, picking up every day parties of re
cruits, who joined him because of his success
He was therefore under no necessity to wait
and give us battle, being very sure that the
further we marched after him the better
condition he would be in and the worse we
TO FIGHT A RATTLE,
and the harder it would be for us to get
back to our supplies, even if successful. We
were therefore possessed of the absolute
knowledge that ho would not halt to fight
us unless very sure of success.
Sigel led the advance with his division,
and crossing the Osage River at Warsaw,
where a pontoon bridge had been thrown
across, he marched directly toward Spring
field. McKinstry with his division halted at
Warsaw, whencehe was, when the time came,
to follow Sigel by the direct road. My di
vision also crossed the Osage at Warsaw, but
incliningto the west wc took past atllumans
ville, on the main route from Warrensburg
and Osceola to Springfield. Hunter's was the
most easterly of the columns, which were all
within reasonable communication with each
other as to distance.
Thus I remained in camp at Humansville
until I received by the hands of Mr. Julian,
a guide, an order from Gen. Fremont, dated
Nov. 1, directing me to move forward by
forced marches to Springfield. I accordingly
pushed forward without delay, guided by
Mr. Julian, who soon brought us into the
road from Warsaw to Springfield, and imme
diately on tho rear of McKinstry's Division,
whose train delayed us for many hours.
Whilst at Humansville I had spies and
scouts all through the country south of us,
and from them I ascertained to my satisfac
tion that Price was far south of Springfield,
and that we should meet with no considera
ble force of tho enemy at that place. I was
therefore at a loss to understand what press
ing necessity demanded my presence at
Springfield, or such rapid marches. Never
FUSIIED ON WITII ALL SPEED,
aud on the night of the 2d of November I
encamped at dark within five miles of Uie
place, where I received a dispatch from Gen.
Fremont informing me that he had been re
lieved from his command by an order trans
ferring it to Gen. Hunter, and that on my
arrival, being the njct officer in rank to
Gen. Hunter, who had not reached Spring
field, the conduct of tL public service there
would devolve on me.
I preceded my command into Springfield
early next morning, and there witnessed
what seemed to me singular, not to say ab
surd. As I approached the town I was met
by a number of officers who had been in
Springfield about 36 hours. They were
much excited by the prospect of an imme
diate battle, and congratulated me on being
in time to take part in it. 3
They were gTeatly startled when I asked
them with whom they were going to tight,
and replied "Price, of course." I told them
that of course it might be so, but that ac
cording to my impression, drawn from relia
ble scouts, there was no enemy within 50
miles of Springfield to fight with.
I rode on into town with them and re
ported my arrival in person to Gen. Fremont.
I found that he had abandoned the idea of
relinquishing the command until Gen. Hun
ter's arrival, and appeared to be preparing
for battle in all seriousness.
After a brief interview I rode out to the
front, south of the town, to see if I could as
certain upon what was based what appeared
to me the strange delusion that there was an
enemy in force anywhere nenr Springfield.
I found thebattcries of light artillery hitched
up all ready for
AN IMMEDIATE ENGAGEMENT.
In front of the batteries I found the cavalry,
tho horses saddled and tho men " booted and
spurred," and ready to mount and charge
I met Gen. Eugene Carr, who commanded
them, but he appeared to he as much in a
maze as I was. He told me that he was only
obeying orders, and. had been ready for bat
tle for more than 21 hours, but knew noth
ing of the enemy or where any was to come
from. I was greatly puzzled by all this
strange prcparatfon for an enemy whom
no one seemed to kuow anything about.
I To be continued.
AN OLD IIATTLK-FLAG.
BY EVELYN GKl'Y LAUUEUT, WEST COVINGTON, PA.
There is ft United States Fluff at tho War Depart
ment the liiblory of which tho authorities know
nothing, except that it was found in the Confeder
ate AVur Department, and is marked with the name
of tho "Fifty-third Illinois Infantry." Tho llae;
shows evident sij;ns of iiard fighting in its neigh
borhood, for it ia piereed in many places with bullet-holes,
aud through tho starry Hold and in place!)
in tho silken stripes are gaping holes where pieces
of bhell have torn their way. 'f hero ia no HagfltafT
attached, and tho folds tiro deeply stained witii
broad htripes of blood, hinting that some gallant
Color-Sergeant had torn it from tho staffand folded
it away in his own breast to save It from capture,
and had poured out his own life's blood on the 11. ig
ho had awom to defend, lferlmiw this paragraph
may meet the eyo of tome otto who van tell where
and how it was captured
I wonder wuat6tory that flag would toll,
Could speech come forth from its tattered folds.
Would it speak of some soldler'bravo, who fell
With the banner clasped to His wounded hrcait,
As ho cloced his eyca in n dre&nilcas rest?
Ilia loyal vow redeemed full well,
Guarding liia trust like n knight of old.
All torn by bhot is the Held of bluo.
And Htafna of powder lmvu dimmed the wiiito;
Tho stripes arc crossed by a deeper hue,
Tho tokens left by tho battle's breath,
Aud the fecal of u lovo moru strong than death,
And stainless honor, kept pijrcand bright,
Dearer tuan mo uy a soitiier true.
Did the hand of a maiden, falrhnd white,
Unite its colors with tender caro?
Wiih her task half sorrow And half delight.
And her thoughts of one who was fur away,
Where the sunny vales of tho Southland lay ?
Did Mic dream of armies gathered there,
Aud eco in lierfauuy the despcrato fight?
Perchance tho tears of u faithful wife
Uedewed iu folds, era the llflg was given
To him who should guard it-ln tho strife.
And keep from tho touch of a focmau's hand
The emblem bright of his own. fair land,
Its radiant hues all born of Heaven;
That Hag more dear to him than life.
Mayhap 'twas n mother, with words of cheer,
Who placed the flag in her bon's strong hand,
With n glowing smile and a tender tear,
As she bade him be true, and noble, and bravo;
Then wiw iu her fancy a nameless grave
Where slept another wIiobj she held dear.
Who gave his life for his pativo laud.
Alas, no written record tells
Tho Maimer's story ; nor do wo know
Where tho brave Color Hearer fell,
Staining the flag ho had sworn to keep
With tho precious life-tide red aud deep,
Kro from his Millening hand the foe
Could take the colors he loved to well.
A FIELD p
An Exciting Battle for Veterans'
nGHTING THE VETO.
Grand Speeches by Friends of
BRAGG AND WARNER'S VENOM.
The Veto Gets Only a Vote of
125 in 300.
Last Thursday Feb. 21 wa3a day of great
moment to the veterans of tho Union.
It was tho day set for the House of Repre
sentatives to decide whether tho Dependent
Pension Bill should bo passed over the Presi
dent's veto, with all tho tremendous conse
quences that that would imply to tho thou
sands of disabled soldiers now languishing in
poorhouscs and homes of poverty.
Tho expectation that tho debato would he
unusually earnest attracted a great crowd, and
as soou a3 the doors were opened tho galleries
were packed. Even thoso reserved for Mem
bers' families and other privileged characters,
wore crowded as full as they could hold, with
tho aisles jammed clear to the door with ladies
and gentlemen, who stood up duriug the
whole thrco hours of debate. Many distin
guished people were present in th galleries
Upou the floor of the House the interest wa3
no less manifest. The roll-call showed there
were 31S of the 32." Members present, a propor
tion that is quite unusual at any time.
It was announced that the veto wonld be
taken up immediately after tho "Morning
hour." As tho hands on the clock in front of
the Speaker's marble desk indicated one
o'clock thcro was a visible deepening of inter
est all over tho great chamber. All present
bad lounged listlessly, as is tho custom,
through tho routine which follows the daily
opening of the Hou3c, hut now they straight
ened up with a look of expectancy.
They were not kept a moment in suspense,
for Col. Matson, tho Chairman of the Comniit
tco on Invalid Pensions, at once rose from his
scat on the Democratic side of the House, and
in a clear, distinct voice, made the formal mo
tiou. He proposed that debate be closed at
3:30 p. ni and that the time bo equally di
vided between, thoso favoring and those oppos
ingThe passage of ihc bill. He would control
that portion given those favoring tho bill, and
Gen. Bragg that given those opposing it. It
was subsequently decided to close the debate at
1 o'clock. Col. Matson then gave three-quarters
of an hour half of his time to Maj. Mor
rill, for tho Republicans.
There was a little buzz about Col. Matson.
Maj. Morrill and Gen. Bragg as those who were
to speak arranged their time and order, and
then Maj. Morrill announced :
"Iyicld 10 minutes to the gentleman from
Maj. Conger was instantly on his feet, and
began in full, even tones an excellent argu
ment in support of the
bill. Ho grow more
animated as he proceed
ed, and when ho mado
the comparison between
the President's idea of
deferring relief and the
methods of Winder at
was a sensation
t KrmtrVlini flirt TTnilOrt
He closed with au el-',
oquent peroration, ami
Maj. Morrill gave fivo
minutes to Mr. Sawyer,
of Now York, who im
proved it with a plain,
straight forward argu.
incut, fortified with
Maj. Coxa eh.
This was the argu
ment of the lenders of
quotations and figures.
At its conclusiou Maj. Warner, of Missonri,
was given five minutes. Tho Western sol
diers all regard Maj. Warner as a pillar of
strength. He looks it.
A round, sturdy body
set firmly on sufficient
legs, aud crowned by a
resolute, intelligent and
genial face ; every
thing about him speaks
of ability, manhood,
and force. He spoke eas
ily aud yet earnestly,
v wd 8l,c- a ca?0 -n court be
fore a bench of learned
Judges. He vivisected
the objections to the bill
with lawyer-like skill,
and thou, suddenly
changing from the ar
gumentative to tho im
passioned, closed with
a fervid appeal of much
beauty for tho soldier.
" Let our country not
bo as ono that keeps tho
word of promise to the
Maj. Morrill yielded
fivo minutes to Mr.
O'Hara, of North Caro
lina. This gentleman
is a mulatto who30 un
usual powers of mind
show themselves iu bis
face. Ho has a fine
voice, and uses it very A
skillfully. Ho made a
brilliant speech, but f.
was evidently but balfl
way through when tho j
hammer ten. xxe asscu
leave to continue.
BRACO BEGIJfS TO SI10W VEXOSf.
During all tho preceding speeches Gen.
Bragg had been fretting aud chafing about his
desk. Every word was wormwood to his
splceny, acrid little soul, and bis faded eye
would show an expression of longiug to throt
tlo tho men who were eulogizing tho Union
soldiers. Thcro had been no opportunity for
interference boforo. Now thoro was a chance.
" I object," ho shouted, with a dyspeptic's
"Iask leavo to extend my remarks in the
Ittcord, said Mr. O'Hara.
"I object," auarlcd Bragg.
WM Ik m&
A . ft
vi M vs r .
vf p. i ' f i r
I Yf VV t
There was a derisive laugh from many parts
of the House.
"Bejabers, he's afraid to let the naygur
talk," said an Irish veteran in tho galleries;
and this seemed to be the general view.
Gen. Grosvenor attempted to protest against
Bragg's lack of common courtesy, but the
Speaker ruled bira out of order.
Martin A. Haynes, of New Hampshire, was
allotted five minutes. Haynes i3 a man with
exceptional record, he having declined promo
tion, and served from first to last in the glo
rious old 2d N. H. as a private soldier, receiv
ing three wonnds in different battles. Ho is
ono of the leading
G.A.R. men in New
England, is one of the
fathers of the veteran
Encampment at Weirs,
and has been twice
Commander of the Dc
partment of Now
Hampshire. Ho is ono
of the finest-looking
men in cither House,
and whenever he rises
to speak is listened to
with marked attention.
His matter and manner
wero both very cood
and helpful to the cause M. A. Haynes.
he advocated with so much earnestness.
Col. Thomas Bayno, of Pennsylvania, was al
lowed three minutes, and a telling three min
utes be made of them. Tall and striking in
appearance, with an eloquent, long arm and a
clear, penetrating voice, thero was electricity
in tho air from his first word to hi3 last. He
left his scat, and, striding down the aislo to
ward the Speaker, sent his words in rattling
voliies that went straight to tho mark. "I
want to say," he said, bringing his long arm
down, " that this bill is being opposed by the
most insidious and the most hypocritical
methods over employed to promote or to defeat
legislation." Thi3 seemed to fit tho case so
exactly that the floor and the galleries joined
in the applause. " I havo heard it alleged," he
said, "and seen it in the public press, that there
is a lobby of claim agent3 here endeavoring to
press the passage of this bill. I challenge any
gentleman on this floor to name one, and I
pause for a reply."
Not a name was heard.
In the midst of his speech the hammer fell.
He asked " leave to extend his remarks in the
Record," but Brajrgg had alreadyjiad quite too
much of him and objected.
Gen. Grosvenor, conspicuous by his striking
face and snowy hair and
beard, was given two
minutes. He was suf
fering from a severe
cold, which greatly les
sened the usuil pene
trating character of his
voice, but he began a
argument, and had
made several strong
points when the ham
mer felL He asked
leave to print the re
mainder of bis speech
in the Record, but Bragg
"It is not all that
Capt. J. C. Burrows,
deep-voiced son of
Michigan, whose sonor
ous tones can always
dominate tho noise and
the echos of the great
chamber, was giveu two
minutes, and after a
brief statement of his po
sition and an appeal for
the passage of tho bill,
stated that he rose to
present a concurrent
resolution from the
Legislature of Michigan
"Lift the shadow from
the breaking hearts."
asking that the bill'be passed over the veto.
The resolution was sent to the clerk's desk to
be read. When but half done tho hammer
fell, and Bragg objected to the reading being
continued. Capt. Burrows appealed to him to
let the reading bo finished, but Bragg was ob
durate. Capt. Burrows thou asked to be allowed
leave to have it printed, but as Bragg objected
this could not be done. Bragg, if able, would
have throttled the whole State of Michigan.
Col. Matson came to the rescue and gave up
time enough to allow the reading of the resolu
tions to be completed.
large in frame, sincere and kindly iu face, and
commanding respect by
his character and abil
ity, now took 10 min
utes, resorving his re
maining time for the
close. Ho mado a
occasional passages of
singular conciseness and
force, as tho following:
"Neither tho cold ab
stractions of professed
economists, nor tho
plaints of political pes
simists are to bo weighed against the loftier and
more patriotic impulses of tho great body of
"You may give to the relief which this bill
provides whatever name yon willcall it a
gratuity, a charity, a donation down deep in
the heart of tho American pcoplo will abide the
convictiou that it is but simple justice cer
tainly nothing more, perhaps something less.
This stable, rugged quality of justice cannot be
warped or turned from its purpose by any
consideration of tho cost of its exercise. This
justice may sleep for a time, whilo policy and
expediency guido debates and control de
cision, but sooner or later an aroused public
sentiment, even now beginning to make itself
felt and heard, will compel the fullest recogni
tion of all thoje proper and reasonable claims
which arc beiug urged in behalf of tho soldiers
of the Union."
Ho mado a masterly roview of the President's
objections to tho bill, which would havo been
conclusive with "a jury of 12 intelligent men
drawn from tho body of the County."
BRAGO GETS HIS INNINGS.
It was now the turn of tho enemies of tho
bill, aud Bragg, who had been fmningand fret
ting, buzzing around tho desks of tho other
.Members, fidgeting from one scat to another as
tho telling points mado by thespeakers in favor
of tho bill nettled and scung him, prepared to
open the vials of his spite.
&' i&Z 7-i
As he was tho main
spokesman against tho
bill, all thoso opposed
to it rallied to their
seats from the lobbies
to act as a claque when
ever ho mado a point.
Tho "Solid South "was
arrayed in an unbroken
phalanx at his left,
every man in his seat,
and overy ono roady to
applaud at tho instant
and tho word of com
mand every fling, every
sneer, every slander
npon themen whosaved
tho Union. Ho has a
husky but penetrating
E. S. Bragg.
"Coffee -coolers. lag
voice, so that his words woro distinctly heard
Ho gained his first round of applause from
his Southern supporters whan he proclaimed
that the bill was only desired by claim agents,
coffee-coolers, laggards, dosortcrs, hoanty
jumpers and substitutes, which pleasant de
scription of nino-tonths of tho G.A.R.. all tho
chief officials -f tho Order, and several Stato
legislatures, was received with delight by tho
gentlemen who represent the country south of
tho Potomac and the Ohio.
The National Tribune, which has com
mitted the awful crimo of advocating tho claims
for justice of tho broken-down veterans was
honored with a volley of denunciation, in
which he did not scruple to tell the most libel
ouj and baseless untruths. As The National
Tribune could not bo on tho floor to resenthis
falsehoods, they passed unchallenged, but when
he went on to say that tho men who advocated
the hill on tho floor of tho House only did so
because by it they expected to buy the votes
of thoso who were benefited by it, stalwart
Dave Henderson, of Iowa, was on hi feet in an
instant, and flung the falsehood squarely in hi3
teeth. Thero was not a better soldier any
where than D. B. Hen
derson. Hcsorved clear
through tho war, left a
leg on tho field of bat
tle, and a brother laid
down his lifo for tho
country. Ho was just
the man to resent the
libel, and he was greeted
with a spontaneous out
burst of applause.
Gen. Bragg misstated
tho position of Gou.
Grosvenor and was
promptly and emphatic- Gen. D. B. Henderson
ally corrected by that "For one, I pronounce,
gentleman. He did the that false.'
same thing to Col. Matson, who met him
with an instantaneous correction. This
enraged him visibly. His features became dis
torted, his fingers worked convulsively, and ho
began vituperating like- a drab nob his col
leagues who wero rebuffing Bun, 6uF tno hundred-days
men, tho colored troojo,,. grid, tho
men who enlisted during the last yoar of
the war. He called them tho "scum of tho
earth, yes, the dregs"; he said that "tho
prisons wero emptied, tho poorhouscs wero
emptied, the slums were all emptied. The men
wiio are in the poorhouscs aro the men who left
these places to enter tho army." " They havo
got no character, they lie down and open their
mouths for a teat to suck." Thoy say: "Wo
may just a3 well put our hands into' the Treas
ury as have some other scoundrel and thief do
The friends of the bill offered no objection
to this tirade, for good reasons. It was so Wild
and senseless that it hurt his cause worse than
anything they could say. His marked lack of
information on tho subject was frequently
shown. For example, he spoke of tho hundred
days men going to Bull Run, when everybody
else knows there wero no hundred-days men
till three years after Bull Run. Ho talked
about claim agents collecting $10 in advance
for every claim filed, when ho well knew that
this system was abolished thrco years ago.
Ho warned those Congressmen who wero
voting for the big pension boom that it might
turn into a much larger boomerang in their
districts. This was another splendid opportu
nity for Dave Henderson, aud he took it like a
"We have fared quite as well in our districts
as you have in yours," he said, and it was a
Henderson was re-elected last Fall by an
enormously increased majority, whilo Bragg,
who had a majority of 4,200 in 18&1, was last
year repudiated by his own party, by tho sol
diers of his district, was defeated iu conven
tion, not allowed to como before the people,
and a man brought in from another District
to take hisplaco iu Congress.
Thereforo Henderson's retort was followed
by laughter, applause, aud cries of " Good,"
"Good" from all over the hall.
Bragg went on to cito tho newspapors and
soldiers that supported tho Prosidont. "Tho
gallant soldier. Gov. Chamberlain, of Maine,"
he said, " stands by the President."
At that instant a mau
of stalwart, command
ing form arose from his
seat. "He stands alone,
Mr. Speaker," he said,
in a deep, sonorous
voico that filled tho
whole chamber like tho
boom of a great gun.
stands alone in tho
whole Statcof Maine in
this respect. I speak
for Maine." It was
Capt. C. A. Bou telle, of
Maine, tho gallant sail
or, who was Executive
Officer of tho saucy lit
tle "Sassacus, when
she mado that desper
Capt.C A. Boutkll.
ate fight with tho robel
"Ho stands alono."
ironclad Albemarle in Albemarle Sound. Ho
has been four times elected from his district,
and every time by an increased majority. His
well-shot bolt took little Bragg fairly between
wind and water, and it was an instant before
tho latter could gather himself together aud
continue his harangue. "Bravo men of all par
ties," said ho, " stand by tho President. It is
only tho little minds that como buzzing around
him like insects that aro around tho lion's
innnc that aro against him."
Iu size, form aud gestures ho reminded tho
beholders so much of a littlo buzzing Insect
that thcro went up a shout of dorisivo Innghtor.
" Groat braggarts like you aro all with him,"
said Brumm, of Pennsylvania.
Bragg tried to make a retort about a " Staff
Commissary." and passed on to denounco the
meu who petitioned for tho passage of the bill,
as " thoso who are hanging around tho Grand
Army Posts, who crowd themselves .a to got
the $3 a week," though what ho meant by th8
is a mystery. After contrasting the U.i x
and Confederate soldiers since the war, to tho
great disadvantage of tho former, ho yielded 25
minutes of his time to A. J. Warner, aud sat
The opponents of tho bill could not holp
showing their great disappointment over the
speech. Instead of strengthening their cans
it had hurt it. It was so extravagant, so ill-