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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON; D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1887.
f HE IfflOHAL IMBUE
Ouo Dollar per Year,
Suvaitinlriy In Advnnoo.
fcjtx months, 76 oont. No subscription for a
loss period rocoivod.
JlIUAVar mti i, erw tkrn hvreffiatertd Idler,
jiartirf iHHy efrt or drajl on JV'otc
fork, ettt bent 11 rfrfc e the xmder.
MiJXtfS. He rwfA we Hfftmtt. Tun National
TuiiHwr. mn wlr MHir, and Mry
cirr fwftU Immm i4Jiityul; mu parsons twio
roiMc fcc wrfworfrrtfcwit to w wturf 6 fin'r k-h
fe'irffW f tr mpHc4MMir. Tfw jwy u-i &c emti
tonly on imeii qfthe mAtoripUnn juries.
jinniejmix, juecwals, JUe.-AddrcK.es triu
he oinmgefl m qfim as dt.re4. hut eaolt strfwertfcor
bhoUi1n nymmfiic ttteeM 1R urtifMaddr.
t i roffetofMfr. fjrtlKwfcHM IkmwiiiI 'e sen dwtkc
tahct oh OtcUmt ? reeled, ol ejxctyi iy oor-
w cfci;rf'Ciii(Ie t'n name or ad
dm(. CQllIiEfiPOKRlfflCE.CiwrtqnnAait it sJUcH&
pom eU0H hi rard to Grand Army, JYri
b.oh, IMUartt. Jl(rrU)dU4rtd.lM4utlrMandJIoubhaki
ynaUerm. d Utter te the JM4kr wiU always rceeUte
hwm tihmUom. " oh ONE SIDE of the jnjrr
only. We met return ctmmmtoetions or tnsiiu
,srjfc imhmt Ike e euHHtHHicd by a request to
that tff the neomuary pottage, and untie no
KirtmnuUnm fftmrantte their jtubtfeaMou al any
Adirtm (M eemmimlealtons to
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
WnHlihigton', JJ. C.
t taw at wiiwiwi phi erf ik m toi( own mattm.
The toom Tribune.
WASMOKITOX, D. CM ASCII 10, 1SS7.
MARCHING THROUGH ARKANSAS.
TkeJfyltt at Stewart's PlanMion. By Gon.
Albwt T. Brarfxtt, Colonel, 3o U. S. Cav.
3I0WXmr ORLEANS FELL. A Graphic
Sholdlt, of the Opening of the 3fissfssij)jn.
By W. II. WMor, Co. II, Glh Nleh., Lam
PBIS0KA2TJ) ESCAPE. A graphic narra
tivcof aqporfencc in captivity. By Lieut. C. J
W. Koifor, Co. F, Voioran Battalion, Uih
and 1517 HI., Leavenworth, Xn.
TJIE CJTT OF GJTAJtLESTOX.Its Aban
donment ty the Confederates and its Occupa
tion hy the Federal Forces. By James T.
JTavtland, 1S7M X. Y., Fw Tork City.
PAPA'S JA CKET.A Charming Story. By
E. A. Huhcy, Brooklyn, K. Y.
HA WJ2&S SHOP. A Spirited SIM of the
Cavalry Engagement at that jrfacc By
Caj)t X.J). Preston, 10th N. Y. Cav., PUts
SAILOR'S CJlFEK.Onc of c Final Cav
alry Charges of the War. By Hugo Mulcrtt,
Co.G,10th K. Y. Cav., Cincinnati, 0.
HAWKINS'S ZOUAVES. The First Bayo
net Charge. By J. H. E. Whitney, Sergeant,
Go. B, Mi K. Ir., Now York City.
THE TICK&BURG CAMPAIGN. Second
Paper. By Jfaj. Frank Sioigart, Logans
THE BATTUE OF PODUKJZSBURG.A
Clovar Satire. By " Cut Bono,v Detroit,
SATUIIDAY AT CHICKAMAUGA.ByS.
A. MoNotl, Sergeant, Go. F, SUt Ohio, Rich
"SOUTHERN LOYALISTS?' A Reply to
Cdl. W. W. Jackson's Bocont Article. By
Maj. Jamos C. Foster, 5dth U. S. a T.,
Benkdict AitNOLD received for liis treach
ery a comuiission as Major-Goncral in the
lkitislMtriuy, and several thousaud pounds in
gold. 15. S. Bragg will prohalriy not do
nearly so wall.
This number of pension certificates issued
during the week ending March 5, 18S7, was
as follows: Original, 1,02G; increase, GG9; re
Issue, 180; restoration, 7G; duplicate, 28;
accruod, FjG; Act of March 3, 1883, 4; Order
of April 3, 1884,17; Act of Aug. 4, 168G,2;
supplemental Act of Aug. 4, 188G, 38; Mexi
can war, 1; total, 2,097.
" "o.i .! . pi
We have received a copy of the Daily
Bultelin, published at Honolulu, Sandwich
Islauda, and which contains a full report of
the momorial services hold in that city on
the evening of Thursday, Jan. 20, hy Geo.
V. DaLong Post, No. 45, G.A.K. Comrade
G. "W. Morrill, United States Minister to the
Hawaiian Mauds, was present and made an
Boaiu of his friends try to excuse Bragg's
scandalous course hy attributing its cause to
dyspepsia, which makes him not only hate
himself but every human being. It is true
that dyspepsia is a mighty mean disease.
But litjs like whisky ; it only develops and
brings out the natural viciousness in a man.
- '" i ,
Vk wonder how much Brngg would give
to-day If he could siuvply obliterate all that
vile tirade against his old comrades from
every .printed page, and from every man's
memory? How he must lie awake nights
and hate himsolf loathe the very tongue
that uttored those wretched calumnies
ugaiubt the men whose sacrifices and devo
tion boosted him up until the public eye
could fall on him.
TJIIJ WATIiimimY AVATCII.
The Waterbury watch grows in favor con
stantly. People have ceased to laugh at it,
and now rcily upon it more than they do on
timepiece costing 10 times as much. It has
conquered by its own merits. There are
hundreds of thousands scattered over the
country, and the testimony in their favor is
cvorywhore the same. The National
Tinnusnj offer a Bplcndid chance to get one
of those, which it will guarantee. It will
cnd one to anybody who will sond us a club
of 10 yearly subscribers at $1 each. Or we
will sond the paper for one year and the
watch for $3.50. No man or hoy need go
around without the time of day in his pocket
"whenikecan get a first-class watch eo easily.
THE IJUTV OF UKIT1T.
The splendid demonstration hy the whole
boayfthcGJLR.in favor of the Dcpond
oat Pock on Bill waB beyond praise
TMs was it only on account of the iin
ittedinte object of the demonstration, hut on
account ate of the demonstration itself, con
sidered without reference to the object. The
unanimity with which all the Posts in the
country came into line at the word from the
OemmRiider-iu-Cbicf and from the Chair-
mim of the National Ponsiou Commitlco on
Peutiifttts, shows that we have al last attained
the object for which the best and most
thoughtful comrades of the Order have zeal
ously strivou ever since its foundation. That
is,unauimity ofoffert in any desired direotion.
Until within recent yoars the Order's efforts
have boon groatly omlmrrassed by divisions
aud distractions. One portion of the com
rades wanted one thing, another quite
another, and so on. If we could have had
such unity 10 years ago as was displayed on
the Dependout Pension Bill, the pension
legislation of the country would be now in
vastly hotter shape than H is, and thousands
of our comrades who have gono to their
graves without the relief to which they were
justly entitled would have received it, and
had their last days comforlod and prolonged
The National Tjhhune has preached
unity incessantly all its life. The leading
comrades have done the same. TheNational
Encampments have done everything possi
ble to ouforcc it, and now it is clear that the
comrades themselves one and all recog
nise its value, and will pay much greater
attoulion to it in the future than ever be
fore. The only way in which the cause of the
soldiors can be advanced is by taking up
one thing at a lime, and all uniting in insist
ing that the country give that one thing.
In this way we can in lime get everything
to which we are entitled, whereas we shall
get nothing unless we follow this course.
No one knows better than TnE Natioxai.
Teibune that the Dependent Pension Bill
was not all that the soldiers should have.
No one knew better than we did the defi
ciencies and inadequacies of the bill. No
well-informed comrade pretended to be sat
isfied -with it. But while it did not give
enough it gave a great deal, it gave what
was most urgently wanted, it recognized a
principle, it gave all that we could possibly
hopo to get from Congress at the time, and
it did no one any injustice. "Whatever it
lacked could be supplied by future legisla
tion, jmd in the meanwhile the good it
would do would be going on to those who
were its beneficiaries.
No one who supported the bill abated a
particle of his desire to have much more
liberal legislation than it provided. No one,
for example, was a particle less anxious for
the passage of a law repealing the limitation
of the arrears of pensions, for equalizing
bounties, aud for other acts of justice. But
it was clear then, and it is still clearer now,
that no bill embracing the proper care of
dependent soldiers, the repeal of the arrears
limitation, and the equalization of bounties,
would have the slightest chance of passing
Congress. Any one who says otherwise
simply has not the truth in him. The
question, then, was what to ask for. No
one hesitated in saying that provision for the
care of the helpless and needy must take pre
cedence of everything else.
Acting upon a suggestion of this kind
from the National Pension Committee, the
House Committeoon Invalid Pensions framed
the Dependent Pension Bill and it passed
the House. It was far from being all that
the G.A.1L Pension Committee desired, but
it was a move in the right direction. They
accepted it, and asked the Senate to pass
it without amendment, for they feared to
risk anv return to the House. The Senate
did so, and the bill went to the President,
whoTctoedit. Then the magnificent solid
arity of the G.AR. showed itself. The Or
der rose as one man and demanded the pas
sage of the bill over the veto. The comrades
went into line and touched elbows, just as
they did in the bravo days of old. They
confronted the storm of villification and slan
der just as resolutely as they used to the
rebel hosts. Every Senator, every Kcpre
sontativc and every newspaper in the North
and "West was made to understand that
it was the earnest wish of the old
soldiers, without exception, that the bill
be passed. So unmistakably was this
manifestation that very few Congressmen in
the States north of Mason &Dixon'sliuefcltnt
liberty to disregard it, aud these were mainly
those whose political lives ended with the
last Congress, or who represented Districts
like those in the lower part of New York
city, where there arc comparatively few
comrades. Taking everything into consid
eration the vote in favor of passing the bill
over the veto was astonishingly large, and it
allows what cau be accomplished when wo
all " rally on the conter."
"We must prepare to repeat these tactics
next Winter even more demonstratively.
By that time every honorably-discharged
veteran should be in the ranks of the G.A.1L
and ready to respond with voice and vote to
aid in carrying out the program that may be
outlined by the next National Encampment
and the National Pension Committee.
Nothing can be accomplished in this coun
try now without organization, aud thorough
uuity of purpose and action. The comrades
need thijs more than any other class of our
Let us unite and conquer.
alas, too few dollars to spare. It bears down
on every member of the G.A.R. and every
member of the W.B.C. a hundred-fold more
heavily than any item of the National taxa
tion bears upon any citizen. They are the
men and women who should be relieved of
"theburdensof wariaxation." The burden of
the support of these broken men should ho
lifted from their shoulders to that of the
EASY TO SEE.
It is very easjT to see why the Mugwump
and Free Trade press of Boston, New York
and other places took such an interest in de
feating the Dependent Pension Bill. They
did it because it stood in the way of free
trade. They have a direct dollars and cents
interest in breaking down the present tariff
system, and they cannot hope for any suc
cess in this direction as long as the revenue
is needed to pay the debt due the veterans.
They do not want free trade because of any
pretended benefit to the people of the coun
try, but because it will put money in their
Take, for example, the purchase of 1,000
tons of steel rails needed for the construc
tion of a railroad, wo will say, in Dakota.
If these are bought in Eugland the import
ers in New York will have a profit in the
transaction, and the railroad and steamship
lines will get paid for carrying them, aud
for taking back the grain and meat that
must be sent to England io pay for them.
On the other hand, if the rails are bought
from Pittsburg, Pa., or Birmingham, Ala.,
the New York merchants, the steamships
aud the seaboard railroads will make no
profit whatever out of the transactions.
Therefore, all the importing interest and
all those connected with it are fierce for
free trade, that home manufactures may be
broken down and importations take their
place. It was this that envenomed all their
assaults upon the Dependent Pension Bill,
and it was this that induced the sending to
Washington of a great lobby to put a pres
sure upon Congress to not sustain the veto.
Of course it is selfish to the last degree in
these men to want to break down the manu
factories of the country in order to increase
their own gains, but they are no different
from similar men in their position in all the
nges of the world. The commercial and sea
board cities have always had interests an
tagonistic to the great bulk of the interior,
and have never hesitated, when it was
possible, to throttle any interest that
threatened to interfere with their gain
getting. The worst wars that the world has
ever seen have resulted from the rapacity of
the commercial cities, and their attempts to
rob their countries for their own benefit.
The spirit manifested by these men is the
same that toward the end of the last century
induced their forefathers in New York city to
fight against adopting the Constitution, be
cause it restricted their power to fleece tho
interior; which in 1812 induced their fore
fathers in Boston to burn bluelights as sig
nals for the British war vessels ; which led
Charleston to " nullify" in 1832, and which
supported Fernando Wood in 18G1, when he
proposed to make New York a free city.
They care nothing for the country at large,
except as a cow to milk, and they want to
get all the milk out of her to-day, letting the
fellows who milk her to-morrow fare as best
not in the nature of charity, but payment
on policies. The G.A.R. benefactions are
charities pure and simple. They are not
confined to members of the Order either, but
everj man who wore the bluo honorably is
equally entitled io themj whether ho ever
paid a cent into the G.A.R. treasury or not
Not more than one-third of the surviving
soldiers of the country nro in tho G.AJ?.,
yet this third takc3 care of the sick and
needy and buries tho dead of tho other two
thirds as well as their own. No other Order
or Society in the world pretends to do such
P03TAI. SA.VINGS IIANICS.
Among the measures of public interest
upon which Congress failed to act was the
Postal Savings Banks Bill. It was intro
duced in the Senate by Mr. Warner Miller,
and in the House by Mr. McComas, of Mary
laud, upon the recommendation of the spe
cial committee of the State Charities Aid
Association of New York and kindred or
ganizations. The measure provided for tho receipt on
deposit of savings in sums not less than
$3, and not to exceed $100 during any one
mouth. The total allowed to tho credit of
any single depositor was to be 500. Tho
deposits and withdrawals wero to be free,
aud no interest was promised, although it
was intended to have tho funds invested in
Government bonds on securities guaranteed
by the United Statc3, and if any surplus was
left from the earnings of tho fund after pay
ing expenses the balance was to be divided
pro rata among depositors.
The object of the scheme wa3 to insure
safety as the prime end, and not to earn in
terest for the depositor, except as an inci
dental featuro of tho transaction. It was
believed, however, by the advocates of tho
bill that perhaps there would he a margin
sufficient to $ay two per cent interest after
There was considerable opposition to the
measure by some who thought it would re
sult in piling up in tho Treasury a still
greater sum of money drawn from circula
tion, now an embarrassment to business at
times. It was argued by this class of econo
mists that saving was not a good thing, but
it was money spent that benefited the Na
tion as a whole. Tho friends of the propo
sition advocated their side of the case before
the Congressional committee very ably,
showing that prudence i and economy pre
vented pauperism, aud hat it was mainly
desired by the bill to give safety to savings
now hidden in old stockings, and exposed to
danger from thieves; also to give a more se
cure place of deposit than the private banks,
whose failures at intervals result disas
trously to the poor, and destroy confidence
among the laboring classes in financial in
stitutions. Bank failures lead to profligacy
and imprudence. By making the Govern
ment the custodian of the money, it was
urged that no calamity'from a bank failure
would be feared, and' thrift would ho pro
moted. The bill had many friends in Congress,
and probably would have gone through in
some shape had it secured consideration.
THE TWO IVAltXKKS.
We want the comrades to keep carefully
in mind that there were two Warners in tho
last Congress, and, with the exception that
their names were alike and they served in
the Union army, they were as totally unlike
as any two men who sat in that body.
Warner, of Missouri, is a true-blue comrade,
has been Junior Vice Coramauder of the
National G.AR., and filled nearly all the
subordinate offices in the Order. He is a
man of solid character and attainments, is
one of the best lawyers west of the Missis
sippi liivcr, has a high standing in society,
irrespective of his political position, and has
been re-elected several times in a close Dis
trict hi" continually increasing majorities.
This is because he lives in one of the most
live aud enterprising Districts in the United
Stales (Kansas City is the chief city), and
his constituents demand that they be repre
sented by a man of the highest character
and capacity, and who will have weight in
the House. Warner, of Ohio, is the reverse
of all this. He is a demagog, a vaporer, a
" mouth-man," who has been in all parties,
by lurnsa virulent Republican, Grccnbacker,
Silver-man, and Democrat, and distrusted
by all of them; a profuse maker and breaker
of promises and protestations; faithless to
every one, and especially to the veterans,
whom he has abandoned and betrayed at
every opportunity. He has been fonud out
so thoroughly that two years ago ho reduced
the majority in his District from 2,500 to
220, and last year was defeated by an over
whelming majority. He voted for the De
pendent Pension Bill, and then, hoping that
his treachery would win him favor at tho
White House, voted against it aud joined
Bragg iu maligning the soldiers of the Union
as the scum and dregs of the earth.
Warner, of Missouri, voted for the hill,
first and last, and made an able support of
it one of the very ablest speeches delivered
iu the House.
Warner, of Missouri, will be a Member of
the 50th Congress. Warner, of Ohio, tbank
Heaven, will not be.
HEED THEM: NOT.
The enemies of the soldiers are making
the greatest effort to divide tho veterans by
introducing dissensions into their ranks.
Most of this clamor about the superior
claims of the men who went out in 1861
over those who went out later is solely in
tended to array the earlier volunteers
against the later ones. No attention what
ever should be paid to it, especially when it
comes from outsiders, and from men and
papers who never have been friends of the
veterans in any sense. They do not care a
particle more for the men who served four
years than they do for those who wero only
out three mouths. Tho faithful soldier and
tho hospital bummer nro all the same to
them. They ouly want to make trouble.
Among ourselves we know who is worthy of
especial honor, and we give it to them with
out anj,' outside suggestions. In the Post
room, the Campfireand the Reunion is where
the men who did the hardest fightiug get
the most honor, and the discriminations of
this kind can be safely left to the comrades
themselves. Besides, the man who. carried
a musket for so much as a week is a better
patriot and a better friend of the veterans
than he who did not raise his hand in any
way in defense of his country when she was
in terrible need.
UUXUHSX ON THE G.A.1S.
The G.A.B. spends every year from $2,000
000to $3,000,000 for the rolief of tho help
less and needy votcraus and tho widows aud
orphans of such.
This is a direct tax tnken out of the pockets
of the old soldiers of the country, who have,
The G.A.K. spends more for real charity
very much more than any other Order or
Society in tho country. There are, we know,
many societies, like the Odd Fellows and
Knights of Pythias, which pay largo amounts
for invalid and mortuary benefits, but this
does not affect the general statement. Those
societies are mainly life and health assurance
associations, and tho money they pay out is
MK. ICANDAI.TS SPEECH.
Mr. Samuel J. Randall's speech on the bill
to pension Mrs. John A. Logan was not long,
but rarely, if ever, in the history of tho
House of Representatives has there been so
much said, and so well, in so few words.
We publish tho speech .in the report of the,
proceedings, but .reproduce it here, that
there shall be no chaucebf any comrade fail
ing to read it, or failing to houor the states
man and patriot who ii actuated by such
Mr. Spcr.kcr. I havo voted in this House to Rive
to the widow of Gen! George II. Thomna nnd to
the widow of Ocn. Winfluljl S. Himcock &.000 a
yenr. Those were e-xceplfonul cases; and I am
ready lien; to-night to iiinkei.it exceptional case in
behalf of the widow of John A. Loim. Applause.
Why? Jk-cniihc I cannot ditinguuh any diilercncu
in the heart-throb or'tlie nerve-pulsation of those
three men an lliey stood iu lim armies of tho United
Slated in lielmlf of the Union applause, except
that two of them were of the Regular Army, which
had precedent iu iU favor. 1 propose to make a
precedent on thia occasion in behalf of the volun
teer army of tho United States. Applause.
I speak iu this particular the sentiment of tho
people 1 represent. This is not a matter of politics.
The question is not whether Gen. Jxgnu waa a
statesman. The question Li, did he render such
services iu the army of the United States as to
prompt the Amcricau people through Congress to
givo to lib widow a sod pillow on which she may
rest in tho declining years of her life? Applause.
Mr. Randall, it will be remembered, voted
to pass the Dependeut Pension Bill over tho
HOTV THEY AN'STYEIIED.
Comrade W. H. Lee, lalo Ssrceant, Co. D,
8th Iowa Cav., writes:
2dEDl.vroi.l3, Iowa, Jan. 21, 1887.
Eorron National Tbiedse: Acting on. your
suggestion, I wrote- our candidates for Congress in
this (tho First Iowa) district, asking thera. if elected
to Congress, would they voto '.for the pensions
asked for by the O.A.K. Pension Committee, and
received tho inclosed from Hon. John H. Gear
ouly four days nfter. Hon. Mr. Hall, tho present
Member, 1ms not answered yet. Many compli
ments toTiiENATio.TAi.TuiBtnTEfbrtheable and
cilicicnt manner in which it labors for tho old sol
diers who fought, bled nnd died for S13 per month
(worth S3 cents on the dollar).
COXGRE533IAN-ELECT GEAR'S ANSWER.
Keosacqua, Iowa, Oct. 11, 1SS6.
W. II. Lee, Esq.
Deak Sib: Your letter of Oct. 10 has been for
warded to me at this place. I inclose your letter
with my reply of "yes" to each one of your ques
tions. If you will read my campaign speech, that
some of your neighbors can give you a copy of,
you will And that I take tho broad ground that
every soldier, having an honorable discharge, who
carried a gun or served during the civil war of
1SCI-C5, should, as an act of justice.bo pensioned by
the Government. I shall be glad to hear from you
at any time. Respectfully, etc.,
Jons H. Geak.
Comrade F. W. Goodyear, of Springfield,
Mass., writes :
Acting upon the suggestion of TnE National
Tiubuse, I respcctfullyaskcdforthe opinion of our
Congressmen from this State in regard to tho
recommendations of the Coramittco of tho G.A.R.
on pension legislation. "While all responded more
or less favorably, tho inclosed from lion. II. L.
Dawes is worthy of national circulation. Like a
sentinel on duty ha stnnds on the post he guarded
from 1SGI to 'C5.
Having arrived at tho ago of 70, his mantle mu3t
soon fall upon other shoulders, but God grant him
many years of happiness will be the wish of thou
sands who rend lib patriotic response.
SEXATQK DAWES'S I.ETTEB.
P1TTSFIKI.D, MAS3.. Sept. 29. 18SS.
Dear Sir: I am in receipt of yours of the 2Cth
inclosing a copy of the recommendations of the G.
A.1J. Pension Committee respecting pension legis
lation, nnd inquiring whether they will receive my
support iu Congrcsj.
I recorded my vote in favor of the bill which
pledged the faith of the Government to the Union
soldier when he went to tho war. that If he returned
disabled, or if ho fell, those dependent on him
should be taken care of by the Government, aud I
have voted for every measure since which has had
for its object a redemption of that pledge in tho
most liberal and generous manner.
Nearly all of tho inclosed recommendations I
havo already voted for in the Senato, some of
them having become the law and some having
passed the Senate, only one still pending in the
House. There nro none of them which I have not
heretofore favored, nnd I do still.
I have had frequent Interviews with MnJ. Merrill
in reference to pensions, being one of the Sub-com-inittcc
of Appropriations of tho Senato having in
charge tho pension appropriations, and I have
always found him so discreet as well as true to tho
best interests of the soldier, thatl am glad to recog
nize the valuable service he has rendered to the
Government nnd tho pensioner, nnd am glnd to be
able so generally to accord with bis suggestions.
I nm, truly, yours, II. L. Dawes.
F. W. Goodyeau, Esq.,
Charles Yiall, Co. A, 141st Pa., Onalaska,
Wis., writes warmly of his old friend and
comrade, Hon. O. B. Thomas, Congressman
elect from the Prairie du Chien District
He says that Mr. Thomas has pledged him
self to stand firmly by the soldiers, and that
he has done it in the past and that he will
continue to do so in the future.
B. M. Barnes, Omro, Wis., sends the fol
lowing letter from Hon. C. B. Clark, Con
gressman-elect from the Sixth District of
Wee? An, Wis., Oct. 7, 1336.
Mr. B. M. Barnes. Omro, Wis.
Dear Sir: Your favor of the 3d at hand. PIen3e
allow me to thank you for same.
Being a member of the G.A.R., II. J. Lewis Post,
of this place, also n member of the Loyal Legion of
this Stale, I assure you that your interests would bo
I would favor and work for any legislation that
bcuciit old soldiers. Hopo to see you before tho
close of campaign.
Yours, very truly, C. B. Clark.
Capt D. W. Steele, Co. H, 22d Ky., sends
us the following letter from Hon. George M.
Thomas, Congressman-elect from the Ninth
District of Kentucky :
Vanckbukg, Ky., Nov. 20, 138G.
Cait. D. "W. Steele.
Dear Sir: Yours to hand. Hopo to be with you
in September, 1S37. I shall vote for the pension
legislation demanded by the G.A.R. The soldiers
saved the country and are entitled to aid in their
need. The Democrats talk of reducing the revenue.
I say pay the soldiers what they are entitled to aud
there will bo no necessity to reduce the revenue.
I nm for a high laritT; that means high wages. Low
tariil" means low wages. The legislation of the
country ought to be in the interest of the greatest
numbers. When the laboring men receive good
wages and constant employment wo will have gen
eral prosperity. Tho humblest soldier in my dis
trict can have his claim looked into when I tako
my scat. I shall go to Washington to attend to the
business of my constituents, and shall answer all
letters from rich und poor alike.
Yours, Geo. M. Tuojias.
Comrade John A. Jonc3, late Corporal, Co.
D, Glth 111., sends us tho following:
Editor National Tribune : In response to The
National Triiiuke'jj suggestion, I wrote Hon.
Nils P. Hangcn, Congressman-elect to the 50th
Congress from the Eighth Congressional District of
Wisconsin, as to lib views on the recommendations
of G.A.R. Pension Committee, and below I givo
you hb reply :
River Falls. Wu.. Feb. 1, 13S7.
Joiix A. Jonts, Esq., Strum I. O., Wis.
My Dear Sir: Yourfavorof20thnlt. isonhnnd.
I can assure you without the least hesitation that
any assistance I can give tho veteran soldiers and
pallors to secure them appropriate legislation in tho
line of more liberal aud equitable pension laws
shall be rendered most willingly.
Thanking you for your kind assistance during
tho late campaign, I remain, very respectfully,
your obedient servant. Nils P. Hanqex.
18SI, as amended by the Hot approved Feb. 3,1587,
and to report as follows :
Section 3 of tho act approved June 3, 1331, pro
vides "that alii claims arising under this act shall
bo Drr-ated to and filed in tho nropor Depart
ment within ihrcc 7a from and after tho passage
hereof, and all such claims not SO pr-eRted and
filed within said three years, shall be forever
barred, and no allowance ever made thereon."
As the net approved Fob. 3, 1387, i amendntory
only of section 1 of tho originnl law, section 3
of the act approved Juno 3, 1881, which- provides
that all claims not filed within three years shall bo
forever barred, remains in full foree and effect.
I nm, sir, very respectfully, your obediont
R. C. Dcror, Adjutant-General.
Washington's birthday was celebrated
in Brooklyn, N. Y., by a grand dinner, to
which leading men from all over the coun
try were invited. President Cleveland, Sec
retaries Bayard, Manning, Whitney and
Endicott, Postmaster-General Vilas, Attorney-General
Garland, Gov. Fitz-Hugh Leo
and others sent letters of regret, but the at
tendance of distinguished men was very
large. The principal speakers were Gov.
Hill, of New York; Senator Colquitt, of
Georgia; Gen. John C. Black, Commissioner
of Pensions, and Attorner-General O'Brien,
of New York. Gen. Black was very warmly
greeted upon his entrance into the room,
and his speech was the gem of the evening,
and was received with unstinted applause.
In brilliant, effective oratory Gen. Black has
few equals in the country. He is at once a
close, accurate thinker and a master of the
art of expression two qualities that we
rarely find conjoined in the same man.
Most of our strongest thinkers lack polish
and verbal felicity. On the other hand,
most of our effective oratora are but shallow
thinkers. Gen. Black's speeches are always
meaty with striking and original thought,
while their verbal framework is sure to be
graceful, symmetrical and shining. The
General produced the happiest impression
upon tho New Yorkers, and his reputation
with them is made.
Supposing a man did go out as late a3
the Fall of 1SG-1, and got a liberal bounty in
depreciated greenbacks from, his city or
township. He only got it because the men
who paid would much rather pay it than
leave their money-making business and
comfortable firesides, and encounter what
he had to fo the moneyv He probably
earned every cent he got, and vastly more,
by lying all Winter in the dreary trenches
before Petersburg and in the awful mud
march and desperate fighting that led to
Appomattox, or at Franklin and NashviUe.
Most of the men who are so clamorous
against him now had the same chance offered
them that he accepted, but they were too
selfish, cowardly or unpatriotic to do as he
Last week there were 4-1,829 pieces of
mail received at the Pension Office. During
the same period 41,S97 lettera were sent out ;
9,811 Mexican blanks j 3,26G names and Post
office addresses of comrades and officers were
furnished to claimants; 659 special cases
were examined ; 3,593 medical examinations
were made at a cost of $16,393.69, an average
cost for each examination of $4.57. This is
a splendid record of work done, and shows
better than mere words can express the
rapidly increasing efficiency of the Bureau
under its present management Gen. Black
is doing all that it is possible with the force
and means at his command to accomplish
the great work of the Office, and he shows an
executive capacity that few men in the Na
tion can equal.
m i i "
TnE Boston Journal is one of the great
newspapers of the money-centers which re
members the times that tried men's souls,
and its gratitude toward those who proved
themselves true and brave in that day of
need has outlived the passing away of the
emergency. It supported the Dependent
Pension Bill manfully, and the editorial
from it which we reproduce in another col
umn is a pleasant contrast to the vitupera
tion against everybody who wore the blue
which filled the columns of many of the
New York, Boston and Philadelphia papers
during the pendency of the Dependent Bill.
THE SOUVENIR BADGE.
The badge made to remember the meet
ing of the Twentieth National Encampment
at Sau Francisco, and which is fully de
scribed in our advertising columns, is a very
pretty thing and worth much more than it
costs. Every one who is connected with the
G. A. R., the W. R. C, or the Sons of Veter
ans should have one.
John B. Quick, Adjutant, Ellis PostvNo 58,, De
partment of Now York, Newburg, Nl Y., sentLscM
oopy of complimentary resolutions pegedby tHW
Post for Mm. Xato W. Howe, In aekawlwlgment
of nor ssr"AReful mniMgoment of an entevtufotnetitt
recently givu by the Tosi.
A private letter from Col. Iniwrsoll o a jMes'V at
Bloomington, III., asserfct that he Is wpidty pv
ering from his throat trouble, whleh wmtintHwll
that of Gen. Grant, nnd was believed to feo Ihtall,
He 1b assured by his phyaieian thnt th eura wHK
be complete nnd permanent. The leMer feetonuefttt
in describing tho writer's feelings of pleasure! at
Among tho Western regiments of tho Seven
teenth Corps tho 12th Wb. was eno of the mosti
conspiouous. It was kept up nearly to tho max!"
mum by fresh rooruits, whom it eonverted int
veterans in short order. It had an instrumental
bnnd which was tho pride of the rogimentwhen on,
parade and in its hours of enmp Hfe, and ita Bohteo
in tho ninny hard marches for which tho regiment1,
among other things, was fiimous. And hwt, butt
not least, it had for its Colonel a man who wasi
universally beloved by his regiment, nnd who was
at the bond of a united family of brothers-Jn-arms:
Brave as a lion, unflinching in fortitude. coumgo
and persistency in battle, George E. Bryant hadra
hoart which apparently filled his whole being andl
mndo him kind and tender to all. In recognition
of his gallantry nnd eminent services ho received!
abrovct commission as Brigndier-Geneml. Slneo
tho war he has resided at his home In Madison,,
serving a number of yoora 03 Postmnsler of ttlats
city. Atthe2lstEnoanipmentof the GmtUi Army,
of the Republic, Department of Wisconsin, where
one of Gen. Bryant's most trusted ofileera wa
olected Commnuder, nfter tho adoption ef appro
priate resolutions, Commander Miehel QriWn
pronounced nn eloquent eulogy on Gen. Leflftm
Gen. Fairohihl added wonts of eloquence aaUV
praise, and Can. Bryant eiosed tho memorial by
uttoring the following boautiftil tribute:
" From 1SG1 to tho day of his death, amkV Wfc
mnny battles and mighty marches of the Army of
the Tennessee, nnd in the days of peaee, I hadi Hioi
honor of n personnl acquaintance and enjoyedlMiot
personal friendship of John A. Logan. Groafensta
lawyer, a statesman and nn orator, pure ns r gn
triot aud a citizen, in the hour of battle, when ttto
gray linos ohnrged close up to the Union blue;
Logan was a flamo of fire ! Comrades, when tttoi
last member of tho Grand Army of tho KepuWfo'
shall havo passed away; when tho sons of veter
ans shall be white with age, our loyal grandsons)
and great-grandsons, guiding tho dostinius oft Uio
Republic, will pronounce the name of Jbhn-AV
Lognn as the first volunteer soldier in the wan of
the great rebellion."
Mrs. Caroline Becker, who hn3 been on trfcill att
Cincinnati for defrauding the Government) of
SS.OOO by a false pension olaim. was last Saturday;
sentenced to two years in tho Dayton jail. Mte;
Beekor is tho widow of Col. Godfrey Beeker, of
the 28th Ohio, who died in 1SG3 from disease eon
tractcd in the army. One yenr Inter she marrtedl
Augustus Booker, a cousin of her first InwbnmH.
who had been a Chaplain in the7thN.Y. Ho
died in 1871. In March, 1S35, she was gmntedlat
pension under her application as tho widow of
Godfrey Becker nnd she mndo an nfildnvit thnfcsho
had never remarried. Col. Beaker wa3 a well
known Cincinnati joumnlist,and was once editor of
There was much rejoicing among tho coloredl
citizens of New York over tho elevation of onoof
their number to the office of Chaplain of tho Grand!
Army. Tho Rev. J. R. B. Smith, Pastor of Zfon
Methodist Episcopal Church, who was eleoted to
the office at Albany a few days ago, is the first,
colored man promoted to that honor. Mr. Smith,
is among the best-known colored men of the State.
He was born in Brooklyn in 131G. educated in To
ronto, enlisted in the army from Ohio, served dur
ing the war in tho 27th UnitedStates colored troops
nnd was wounded at Petersburg by tho explosion)
of the mine. He took part in the attack and cap
ture of Fort Fisher. In 1373 ho became Editor of
The Western Echo, published at Bath, N. Y. Ho
went with The Echo to Brooklyn, in 18S0. Ho has
been Pastor of Zion Church, at Kingston, for flvo
Thomas G. PInkhnm, of Pittston, Me., who ap
plied for a pension at Augusta recently on account
of gunshot wound and a broken shoulder received!
while serving in the 6th Me. battery, must'havoi
been one of tho oldest soldiers in tho Union army
during the rebellion. Ho was born in Boothbay ini
1705. and was nearly 70 years of ago when he ea-
THE KEMUSTER ACT.
The Na iokal Tkibune has already pub
lished tho toxt of Mr. Cutcheon's bill passed
by Congress last month and approved by tho
President so amcuding tho remuster act of
183-1 that an officer shall be mustered back to
the dato when he went on duty in that grade,
provided that it ia within the dato fixing his
rank in his commission. All interested should
take notice that claims uudcr this act must bo
filed by June 3, 18S7, or thoy will be forever
barred. Tho following correspondence settles
Wau Department. 1
Washisotox Crrv. Feb. ID, 1S37.J
sin: i nave lueuouorioncKnowieugeuie receipt
of your letter of 1110 15111 instant, inclosing a copy
of 1'ublic Act No. 33. 10th Congress, second session
If the elections could be held over again,
what awful majorities would bo polled
against Bragg, Warner, el al.
which amends tho first section of the act of June 3,
1S31, relating to the muster nnd pay of olllcvrs of
the volunteer forces, and requesting the views of
this Department upon the question whether tho
third section of that net. which provides that nil
claims thereunder nrtt tiled prior to June 3, 18S7,
shall be barred, is still iu furce.
J n reply I beg to invite attention to the inclosed
rewrt of the lblli instant on the subject, from tho
Adjutant-General, stating that us tho act o( Feb. 3,
l&ff is amendatory only of Section 1 of the original
act. Section 3 of that act remains in full force and
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Wat. C. E.tDicorr,
Secretary of War.
Hon. B. M. Cctciieojt.
House of Representatives.
Wau Dep't, Adjctast-Oeekal's Office, 1
WASiusaTo.v, Feb. 18, 1S37.J
To the Honorable, theSecrctarg of War.
Sm: I hnve the honor to return herewith tho
communication of Hon. 11. M. Cutcheon. of the
Committee on Military Affairs, House of Repre
sentatives, inclosing Public Act No. 33. second
I session, 49th Congress, nnd requesting the views of
the Department in regnrd to the construction to bo
placed upon hectlou 3 of the act approved Juae 3,
TnE New York Mugwump papers seem to
have no better opinion of each other than
they express of tho veterans. The Times
call3 thcEvening Post " a meddling old fool."
The Post is the paper that takes the most
credit to itself for having defeated the De
pendent Pension Bill.
The men who are to-day talking about
veterans being so ready to swear to lies ia
order to get pensions are the very ones who
in 1861-'o were denouncing soldiers as " Lin
coln hirelings," who went into the army to
steal and plunder and make money. The
breed has wonderful vitality.
THE RED ACOIiN.
This most interesting and ably-written
work, by John McElroy, i3 now having a very
largo sale, and tho new edition will soon be
exhausted. Send $1 to Tub National Tbib
TJJJE and secure a copy.
FAGOTS FKOH THE CAMPFIKE.
This most o.xcitiug book of advonturo 13 now
offered for the small sum of 50 cents, or free for
a club of fivo now yearly subscribers to The
National Tribune. No soldier who reads
this book cau fail to bo deeply interested, as
the most thrillitigadvcuturesand hair-breadth
escapes are told in a way to briug back vividly
to the mind the days of '61-5.
CAPTURING A LOCOMOTIVE.
All persons wishing to engage in tho canvass
of this thrilling book will iiud it to thoir ad
vantage to address The National Tkxbune
for term3, etc. It is ono of tho best-selling
books of the times, and those already engaged
in iU sale aro highly gratified at tho handsome
returns made. We alio scud tho book as a
premium for eight now subscribers, or for $2
in conjunction with a year'3 subscription to
TABLE OF PENSION KATES.
Wo havo a carefully-prepared table of pen
sion rates compiled from oiUcial sources, which
shows tho exact ratings for every grade of dis
ability. It is printed on heavy paper, and will
bo sent to any address on receipt of 15 cents.
Bons1. The many old army friend andi thoy
were a host especially tho old comrades of the Oidl
III., will learn with keenest sorrow of the sudden,
death of tho Hon. John H. Eohn, late Major, Oid
111., on Sunday evening, Feb. 13, at bis home in
St. Louis, after n fatal stroke of paralysis, which)
prostrated him for a few days in almost total un
consciousness, surrounded by his sorrowing fam
ily, friends nnd a few old comrades. He passed'
peacefully away to join the great advance-guardt
on the long march. In our sorrow that wo shall
see him no more, nor hear thnt cheery, kindly
voice, which was over the inspiration of tho samp,
it will be pleasant to remember thnt while ho wad
deprived of tho power of sending back from tho
mysterious border a last message to his old com
rades, he yet left us with that pleasant smile, so fa
miliar, and retained it in the fixed lineaments of
death. Maj. Boh n was to tho last emphatically a
friend of the soldier, nnd kept the warmest corner
of his heart for his old comrades of tho 92d. Pa
triotic, bravo, generous, merciful cheerful when
the heart was bowed down he hnd endearod him
self to each of us, and I doubt not his memory will'
find n tender resting place with every member of
the 02d. May it long be kept green, for few so well
deserve it. J. V. L.AWVES, Adjutant, vM 111.
EGAS. In New York. Feb. 21, Gen. Thomas W.
Egan, a well-known officer of tho Third Corps.
Shortly after the General's death several of his old)
military friends nnd comrades called at the hospi
tal. Among theso were Majs. Slovens and Brnwloy,,
of tho members of the General's staff, and several',
survivors of the old Third Corps (Kearny's Bri
gade). Gkddes. At Ames, Iowa, Feb. 21, Gon. James
Lorainc Geddes. He was born in Edinburgh, Scot
land, in 1S07; was educated at tho British Military
Academy in Calcutta, nnd afterward served in the
Royal llorso Artillery in India, receiving a modnli
of honor for distinguished services. Ho went to
Iowa iu 1S37 and settled in Benton County. In the
war of the rebellion he raised company, nnd wnsi
commissioned Captain m tho Sth Iowa, and after
ward promoted to the Colonelcy of the regiment.
Ho won distinction at Shiioli, Vieksburg. Corinth,
Mobile, nnd other important battlefields. During
tho past eight years Gen. Geddes was conueetodt
with the Agricultural College, a portion of theVhno
as military instructor and of late as treasurer.
Bethel. Andrew J. Bethel died Jan. 31 at Wa
pello, 111., from disease contracted m the army. Hqi
was a member of tho Olth 111., and served out the,
term of his enlistment, being honorably dteehargod!
at its olose. He was a worthy member of Nel
son Post. No. 251, and was hold in high esteem by
his old comrades. He was buried by he Free Ma
sons, of which Order ho was a member.
ILvLnioiAN. Samuel N. HnUIemau diod OoL -tat
Monticello. 111. lie was a member of the K)th III.
Cav.. and served two years, being discharged for
disability. He was buried by the Poot at Monti
cello. Good. At Bloomfiold, Iowa. Feb. o, of dlsofl.so'
contracted in tho nrmv. J. W. Good. l$lh III. lib'
was buried by Elisha B. Townsend Post, of which
he was a worthy member.
Baku. At Newburgli, ?. x., Jan. it, jos. ir. uarr,
J. V. C. S. W. Fullertoii Post, No. 5S0, Department
of New York, nged W. Ho entered the service Aug.
27, 13C2. in Co. I, Cth N. Y.. and was finally dis
charged on the 31st of May. 155, having served'two
years and eight mouths. Comrade Burp had beeii'
a member In good standing of the O. A.R. for mors
than IS years, during which time he proved him
self an arduous and oheerful worker.
Bitowsn. At Newton, Iowa. Jan. 31, CapU L. T.
Browne, aged 62. Comrade Browne enlisted andl
served through tho Mexican war as a private in
Co. I. lth 111., and for disabilities contracted thera
received a pension. At tho outbrenk of tho rebel
lion he voluntarily gave up his pension nnd entered!
the army as Captain of Co. H, CSlh III., and re
mained with it until tho expiration of its service,
lie was a man in every sense of the word; a truo
friend of all tho boys of '01. Ho was an ofUeer of
Garrett Post, No. 10. of Newton, whioh attended
his funeral and buried him with the honors of war.
Nelson. At Springfield. Vt.. Jan. 26. John Nel
son. He was buried but three days after hw wife.
He was tho Color-Bearer of his Post at Springfield;,
Vt and was hold in high esteem by his eomrades.
Ho served in the litli U. S. Inf.
Sjutu. At Waterboro. Me.. Galon E. Smith, Co.
K., 18th N. II., and Co. B. 23d N. II.. nged AS. Ho
was a charter member of John W. Brown Post,,
No. 117, Department of Mamo. Tho Po3t at
tended Ids funeral in a body.
Caklile. At Palmyra, ill.. Samuel D. Carlile,
Commander of Chiles Post, No. 273, G.A.R.. De
partment of Illinois. He was hold in the highest
esteem by Ins com rades. Appropriate resolutions
wero ndopted by tho Post.
CuiTzna. At Junction City, Kan.. Feb, 21,
David W. CriUer, 2d Colo. Cav.. being honorably
discharged at the close of tho war. He died from
an nccideatal hatchet wound in tho leg, whilo
workingat his trade.
Norton. At Jonesboro. Ind., Jan. 17. George Vi
Norton, Co. H, Sth Ind. Ho enlisted Sept. 5
1SGI. nnd was discharged Aug. 28, 1SG5. HIs
death was caused by injuries received whilo in tho
service. He received a small pension.
We have secured a now supply of this most
excellent work, which Is in itself a small li
brary. It contains a wealth of information,
which cannot bo thoroughly realized until tho
book i3 inspected. It will bo sent to any per
son sending ns a club of six now subscribers,,
and will bo sent in conjunction with Taai