Newspaper Page Text
a& 1"T ' WPUUWfl ' itni'fc-
4 V -- "" "'f5" TJ
(Fifteenth Corps, while the honor of placing
the uSiars and Strains over the Capitol of
iSouth Gattilinn foolouizs to the Iowa Hripnde,
of alio 'Sovoulpoulh Corps. Tie following
llultor dVoin Gou. Giles A. Smith, comiunnd
iJUKthc division, will hcur me out in this
WHAT OIW. RMITH BAYB.
iIIUHj'ns Fom.fii lliviwes, Shvisktubsth Conrs,
SKAU CUM MIMA, h. c, IMt 17, IhOG.
iBriK.-tSnu. W. W. ltiM.ur.Ar. coininundiiiK Third
dlrttrHde, l'ourtli DtVMiiii.
IdttAitSiK.' Alton- mo to iuicriitiiluts you, and
tliroiixli " 1umi(,!oI. ,1. C U.-iincdy, lHtli Iowa
'Viiturttii VoliixliHtrn, Mi llit men uiiilur ln ciii
iliiUNti, ftH- ftrM ontiMiiif; tlt Hiy if kdttnihm on tbo
(iiiorMiiic H I'Vtdity, I'Vrti. I", imS. mill Ihhiik the Hist
iloiplant liiMHtioi'H or ilif ChMII r South CNrolitm
white the unity vm lHyinr r"titoiimhrid;: across
HlicAliNtn hiiiI W"mrt UtviSH timi" mill's hIiovi (lie
oity. iljioiil.-Uol. Koiuu-dy. iiudur your ilitvotion,
filled iit uu idri worn-out thititout unimhlc of onr-
II"!!!! Hltll 20 HUM. I'J, IllK'KIHpHllKtll liy Liuiils.
!.i ftteArthur u ,.i w ilifitm II. i.iootl it'll, of your
ft lull', ureed (lie '. t iii front of Ha oky and
'boldly HilvHiiood through iim Miih-Ia. undint; Imulc
the bout wilh mnKlinr procuri'd on the opposite
'bhorc Air more troopr, timi on ttn-ir hithhI, with 78
limn in Hit, drove a portion of WmHor'n osvairy
Irotn this town, tmtl til lltWn in. plHiilod hit-two
blmidH of (MilorM. oou upon tin: old and the other
umh the new tiipliol.
IHk? HWtfl ournMil of the Conun-ii Kivor nnd its
irotiky ohnmic! raudetvd linn .hu-mhb both ditHuull
unit iIhiikcimoh. nnd tin ihcmmiW' ol tin,' iii-my, hut
iln wlmt rm- HiiKiiou'ii, roiidurod the iiiideitakfnj;
BUM IIIIIIC IH7.M !.
lluul.-Col. Kuiiitodyttiid lohnfimotit ttriMiiilillud
toiroHl irdlt for ft-HicHtKfiiSwoiiipiHliiiiiiiit.
11 'bnvr tho honor t t wiy 'viwwiiftilly, your
olmdmni burvwiil. Gruv A. smth.
Itl'evot MHJii-(i(Hiir,il (Joiiiiiiuiidiiig.
iCWCK. IIIOKIIXI.OUI'KK S T..TIONY.
)Br.iK.u. Andrew JiicthoniiMijer, Child of
ArtHrtary in Gun MPlunvtMi'K Htuilf, nd tho
llaht uiimntNiidHr uf ilu Onulc; Jwn) Jlii
iljudn, in an nddroNS boiori' ilu- BnHdi So
icrtrtty, uses tlH following latn.-njc:
Oipldly moving north oloun Jn, .m and bettor
irtMtdh, you ujiii tnut mid de"ia. I Uip isiwHiy til
'OoiiKfum OiiHjk. and on tho I7 kvhI l'cit. iiwry, .
ilh4 tlimuch the viihIi. daHiiK im.i okki)(,iioiih
linu'tiivv iff a lfv f.idioiof thix rourthi hrimide,
llitnimiii advance ol iln foruml oireitpttiiou and Miir
irwHlMr, Uie ftK of IheUkli Iowa viaverf in Irmmph
owor ll.- hirtliplaao of hqi'uiou tiu Capitol of
Huuiuuuiddle of thi wifl Hn'fi running
idirtMjJy lnmi the OnpiioJ l)Hiidtir jiiio the
ihuuitL of tho any (J do not iviiiiiiittr the
mmuo of tlii' hmimL) Wie ntrl iiml an itn
iioii"ci)lle of ewuou tin Jmlnn Whun ihev
Hound -timt 'thu oity must lui'vitldy surren
der, home one
3sr trims uonrN ix rutic
Wheiihor fdi j ww. done hy l4ir4iT of any
one du 'uomnund J, f i'ihim, vi;i"i y;
Ihut II IliMVeft Horn Cwl. 1 iiirJv. Mi S.i: .'y,
Giipu Goiruil nd A..!!. McArihur limt
vlian 'lilM wori mhinosM upn ibf HhUmI
lbur1iu !hey nv h 'Mtluu ou i'uv ud it
lliufl evdtMu! im Wuroiuj ior mnue uuw
lbitlore a M.Mim ui fitw t lu.ui'it mvay cl'uvd
the phicelroni my dHioH.
3Dunngthc oiiurr d uy oio of the most wo
1loui wind KioniiMpri'viul.l h.ch Hi- vrnr
tluwovor wttiptHNHl and i;ch h4 iimdetlie
itriyiioT'Ool. lvonntdy kji hit aen nidsn the
Ctiiijiarue 'vspniHlih t'.;;.rOtt8. The Aind
oaujbt ii)tlttrgo fl i'n' d the baratag roitutn
thin liHiug roiidiirnd jMtotfibln !r tix- ivpe
bhulirt hnviitg liew unM and they were
HilWl up and blowi. nor Lnndndt ot riirdA
fin sliuoat everv dirniioii. Tile 9.1 mv irt
lliousos tjaught lire, and lMiso, flUhfwph
ficvttrnl itnuidreri yri iromovod, bees use uf
tk1t) Ainleitt w,nl H:H"n).
'Illiure iittiiy i1ivc3m.i pirlapiwft, nnd 1 (hid
mot tmv itliai some f li Immmm majj' not
ihuve II wen
iujiti nv omi mjimbw
ibm. ij do 1oUfw tlliirt tin1 iftiv, rglaa1sJ fi-oju
ttHniburiiiMg eotwi, aiid U;eUi!n v.hc, tpiH
ed if'hwvur Hbe immu nho rdend ir 4"ur. m
WW jjKirteMIl Willi 1H lVJHHMiilie1W tu- 1)11111-
iii' at Coluurbit. Tintt wm depe mi leut
two lhoiM'8 'hoi of h iu::u tK4Bn u Sher
lUMii'h rni' eniri'i! U ctty.
Hi ! Iif "muj.iv imjoisgiW frirtnvto
'dwior4ie Mm wlMl. th.it wr u-ul in the
iluid ottj' m thai etmifal rir.ig. m?ii
uud ()Hldin,iild ninti nA jifloiip eryboily
wlio fluid ruumSiiMiiiiu )ieoiru tficon tint
istetiut mm" in 'tllin haf ciotiwr, otbwi-s
vwuh liariy ftiioui 'U xwrrn tJUtti imk-d-mu;
uwhiiwi wnujtwg hr fcffldjs And ak
fing aw-imiueol am Mit1y, no matter win tlier
the ws ile to niTiril stn? er ltotr( in iua, it
wasalliieral pHiii "",iuuna,
(I'dolcnow, I101..-V. . tiial it were nv
er.i orn1xd nffor-f b tbe mn of oflkem
of Ihigbimrik o iiIih,. itli-tfldbes.
SI.T)MWts w;ki An MARn
03Hb(ugi tliej' wun'ati :tinKo8vf ih.-ji own
fptvqieity tiHtad o Ui,( ( Ibii b:tti t-ne-!Uimn;
mid ll ifh.klM lirinrii)v kti"vui
4f8iathe people uf (JoluttiUia wiu3d, m kfrnr
yuaiw.ha.vi. biainlod iihj Aar. juaraudt-rti,
thievoK, oU-,, we w(wdd not w ilhug.y have
done inn -we could 1 help &av tlie:r jirop
erty uui ll ves.
'Jiimodmu; ih' ifoiJfWug otrespondfece
iia)otriieit to iln mrtijii-i, au& will stt thai
'1 fiwve c4i)ed n nm ikm ongiuaiii tl rnali
rthc; tt'tiy of On. !IJ41cu :
'RKKAtrOK IIAMlTiiK T (JIW. E.KNA1.
SiWA'TKOiiAihitii.AVAinK.rAv. J- C. 1'".di 8 '87
Gtui.W. W. UKUWAr.
UlilMltAL: lo h vonvirMMi. illi Mm:o HI y
UlHimpM.n. the other dny. he inr-.tiotio4 ih joti
hitil toU .0111 hUiii n lairU-jiK of wi,4iKt4u vlio)i
,you Hroutflil from Ho- IIou- ol lu-pr. m oiiiio- of
'houtli Oiioltim hufon' Uie tHdldtiu; t- ,ih iMiriUMl. Ah
itho tto would apprwHtiu 11 rui'Mlioii rf'ihii
jpnlntitijj, mid mil tukuit for;rinn,.lihiil von would
!jjMflud'tflittVoth!)jl.j4uiciif riiiikiciiij; it 111 Us
oriffinul jM.srfUon, I vaiiluro to call your uUituilou
lam, vurytrohjiaolfiitty, youiv.
(SlBiied) Waws Hauitom.
OHK. JJHMIKAr's nix.v,
WAhlHMOTOK, Fob. 4, '87.
Eon. Waiib ItAMrTov, V. ti. Somite, Washington,
fDiiAUSm; J.liavcjocfdvod your note of Fob 3
rfdiilMt; tbut Ahslstant Koorudiry Thoniiisoii lmd'
rnaiitOHui( Una 1 hud iufrnii-d him of ft portrait of
Wwljluicton broiiRlit by inyhidf from the Hotiboof
tJUiprfcOiHHtvoH uf tiotuli CHroluiubufort; the hulld
IiiKWhh Imnwd; that ttio Hlalo would npprouiiile
t he rolurHtiiiii of this piintinK. mid thai you talai
H for KTHhH-d tlml I would be Kbid lo have the
lilmouru of rojilaoitiK k in lit, oriRiuul pobition. and
Uinl,llioroforo,you 0.1H iiiyattnniion Ui the imttlur.
J11 rdy J Imvc to way, that on the night if fb.
37, !8. whim Uoluinbiu wat, biirnhiK, mid while
llm hiflrli wind an blownij tho llnmo liiurallv in
billow of lire, 1 wont Mich my Orderly, 1'iivHlo
ObuueiiUj, of the 1 1th JouH.to theolil OaHlol build
IiiB. mid while thwo hwdily andonvurod lo obtain
firmmlbiiiK arolie of the plaee. 1 would Kindly
dmvo vd imtne uf the portrait wliiuh wore oil
tbe wnlta ity onuiiie the hiivh from the framob
lmdl lMiHi'cd tlmttliwr-MMMiiiMo 1 Jut the llamos
ooiniiiK.. rapidly WNrnttd 1 e o be Uick
iIiom the doMk orthe iireMiunK ollieor of tbe Son
lite I -took die volume ui iwrliamoiitry rulu. bound
iT" t!to',00a,,tn,A lmvm Bnved mi the de in
.Plila WlMMie I potAoimllv mid with psoiumrc 10
t"W'd to Mr. lorUr ww.-ml ynrb nKo.
ffloinc mpidly to the Hull or the House ofJiopro
hirtHtivot..jJ. took from tin fruinr, hh it Iiiiiik ivor
itlw tiiHMLM-'M oliRir.H larReBU-l oiiBravinc (not
DNdiiUiiK f WiurtdiiRloii, uojiied fiom Klunrt'b fu
iou pertiwk . Thweii,TMViiit;iB in my book enso
ivt-mylMHiH? iH Keokuk, lown. I ahull today write
lo iiiytiiMtr to uKpruHiiliPMitnc to inc. and will
Kluilij- and wkb very KroH! ploanuro on iit, arrival
jlollvor it to von for traiihiniltnl to tho Klate au
illionuwi tonUing no oondiiion. but only renuobt
jj'Nrtliat k rimy Im-phteod in k M,hitioii in the prubonl
i.Vrt i'5m. ' 1i,,.,,lv"nl"Jliii5 with the 0110 it
ebulr oid cltlol,uuiuidy, overt he Sjioiikor'
Vli MHVHd ?"? ' l,,e Portraits of the di.
illuKHklMd men wbiol, wwc in the Capitol, but the
rajMil artvm.iK-of the fbrniog mid the dillleulty of
dotHuhli.K the picture doioned 1,1c I buliove that
ii Ordi-rly and myself worn the only Dorbonn in
'libit K of the bundling hi Mail tune . ,,Crho,iB Ul
J witt only Mid Hint 11 gnuifi...-, me cronlly lo re
turn dh M.irrHviniforWaMbinuloii, ihroujili you
lo'lliO'HUk. . f .Sauili Carolina, "touj.ii j ou,
Althe unie tiHimid I wins n Hritmdior-Goiutrwl of
TuliitiUier ooiniuuiiding Third JJilgade, irurlh
(Uluir'Bj but my brimide wabonoampod bouie dia'
luueo ouudde the oily.
1 um, Suiiulur, youra, roHpeclfully.
"W'si. V, BiiutNAr.
W20 Nrw Yoiik AvnmxE,
tt ,-nr, 1Waiiwotok, IK 0., March 3, 1887.
iwiiAtt Hiit: In Heordniioo with my lottor to you
ur lU.tb.4, In roply (o yourH of former diiUi, I muid
2!?.inW . WT 1',Krvliiir of WabbiiiBtcm, which,
iimlil thu mlKl.t of 1'eb. 17, 1605, hung over the
ftienWH ohHir in the Hall of the Hciiibo of Itepro
wjiitntlvofilii tlic old Capitol at lUiliimbin.H. C.
. .T,irB3:"l,,,,y ,""k l,,al "ou dollvor it to the Slato
Hiithorkioti. and that k may bo placed in the
'Mine -roliitlvo portion in Hie new Capitol that It
occupied in the old building.
Aall bald hufnro.1 rutiiru It with great iiloasuro.
IfumSeantor, very roupeutfuUy,
WM. W. lljiLKJIAP.
TE COLORED TROOPS.
How the 55lh and 591h Behaved on
the Guniown Trip.
ny rAj. jamiis c. rosTER, 59th u. a a t.,
An article by Col. Jackson, recently pub
lished, beaded "Southern Loyalists," did gr!;
injustice to the colored troops that cotnprHrJ
part of tho forces under Gon. Sturgis in ) it
disastrous raid in Juno, 1661. No byal ne
whether civilian or soldior, can be fca.t.' w 0
does not honor Southern loynh-U or oo
would tarnish the record of to Ut fl ss.
Mounted JJitles; butjustice t the ' e '-aa
doos not make it necesiary t misret af-at tA?
deeds 01 any other regituut, Co or "r wti?
Col. Jackson said r
Oon. Sturpis wn wl m.' rkb .' ".009 '-oops
nnd two rugiiiK, iof &' fl! t.' attack
Gen. Forres' ' imi new f bU- lat v. . carried
to Rleinjih' v Utwp itMlf fwU 1 iwr lOd, who fled
in terror ft tbe nsld ilr t.j mhhIo thoir arms,
aeooiitoin .us Mia fvtiy iofdiniuiit to an cs
caiHJ fron. ihr tx-rH.
Those rfri.i n'j of "cottonficld no
groos" t! 55th nnd 59th U. S. C. T.
Thoir r maiandcrs, as M'cH as all thoir offi
cers, woro selected fron; tho voteran volunteor
rudiments on account of soldierly qualities de
veloped in two years' sorvice, and any mistake
in such selections was speedily righted by ex
u ruing boards (with which tho air seemed
tilled) for tho benefit of colored troops alono
a fortunate 'bing for tho officers of white regi
ments. These tworogitnouts, equal in drill and
discipline to any in Gen. Sturgis's command,
were the hut to go into battle. Wo will lot tho
official report of Col. JlcMilHn, commanding
infantry, tell of thoir conduct. Tho history of
that long and terrible rotreat is as yet un
written. I shall begin nt dusk, after tho battle, when
Col. Cowden, who was severely wounded,
turnod tho command of tho 59th Jtcgimout
ovor to me. This regimont was tho last to
leave tho field, and was in excellent shape. A
fow officers had been wounded, but the organi
zntiou was perfect, and had no stragglers. This
regiment, with Col. Wilkins's (First) Bricado,
romainod within a mile of tho battlefield for at
least three hours after Gen. Sturgis, with tho
balanco of bis command, had loft for Uipley, 25
miles away, having abandoned nil his artillery
and wagons everything on wheels and with
out leaving orders for Col. Wilkins.
While searching for our line, which wo sup
posed was near, 1 learned tho condition of
affairs and roported tho facts to Col. Wilkins,
who reluctantly gaveordcrsforarapid march to
ward Itiploy, J t -seemed hard to leavo 20 pieces
of artillory with caissons and 180 wagons, hut
two animals, with their drivers, were all gone.
Fortunately, Gen. Forrest did not realize how
completely wo had boon routed, and did not
strike us until tho noxt morning. The 59th
formed tho roar-guard and successfully hold
tho enemy in chock until relicvod by a body of
cavalry that had bcon sont back from Kipley to
learn our fate.
At Itiploy tho 59th, coloron", was not halted,
bin with tho 55th, colored, was sont to hold tho
onomy, who woro pressing us, until tbe other
troops got out of town. These two regiments
of "" cottoniield negroes " did hold tho enemy,
and faced him for some time after their ammu
nition was all gone, and until tho 0,000 troops
wore on the way to Memphis, 70 miles distant,
our position was rather uncomfortable no
ammunition and none to bo had and wc fell
back in line of battle, oxpocting to find a lino of
cavalry, at least, to cover the retreat, but no
snob Hue had boon formed. Wo retired slowly
and in good ordor throe-fourths of a mile, half
of tbe distnnco through a heavy wood with a
dense growth of underbrush. Hero a halt was
made, and 1 started to learn something of our
A short scout revealed tbo fact tbnt wo wcro
within 21)0 yards of a road filled with Forrest's
victorious troopers, following Gen. Sturgis, and
without any knowledge of our presence. Iu a
short conference with CapL IJcevcs, command
ing the 5rtli, we failed to agree on a plan of
escape, and concluded that each commander
should take bis own coarse, tbo object being to
gt as n oar as possible to Memphis beforo dis
banding. AM hopes of reaching that place with nn or
ganization was now lost. Word was passed lo
officers and men to follow thoir commanders,
uittkc no noise, and lo kop well closed up. I
rode to tbe head of the 59th and started north,
koepiiiR In the woods as much as possible. Af
ter perhaps an hour bad passed I rode back
to htarii the condition of tho regiment, and was
dimnayod to find that I bad 6ix companies of
my own regiment and four of tho 55th, but
enob company had its organization, and 1 bad
30 good companies still. Tho march was con
tinued as rapidly as possible, and our joy was
groat when we struck u road well lined with
broken guns and ammunition, and when each
niRii had box and pockets filled with cartridges
we lelt wife. An olTbrt was now made to com
municate with CajiL. Kecvcs, of tho 55th, who
was laurelling through tbo woods parallel with
tbo roud taken by Geu. Sturgis, but without
success. At dark we came to Col. Wilkins's
Ijnjfudc halted for the night at tho roadside.
3 reported to Col. Wilkins and was received
with lxjgrets, as Fort Pillow was fresh iu his
mind and be did not caro to be captured with
colored troops, lie so expressed himself, and
only consented for us to remain when informed
that wo could beat oil' any force that would
attack our rear. The march was resumed at
midnight the 59th, colored, forming tho rear
guard. Wc will lot Col. Wilkins's official re
port toll of its conduct. I do not intend any
reflection on Col. Wilkins. JIo was a bravo
man and was killed a fow days later, under
Gon, A. J. Smith, but tbo two days and one
night continual fighting, inarching and fasting
had made hhu childish, as others just as bravo
and much stronger physically became beforo
that dreary iclreat ended.
The colored troops woro not attached to Col.
Wllkitib's command, and ho was in no way re
sponsible for thoir conduct. Col. Wilkins, in
his report, says:
At one time our rear was charged by Buford'a
cavalry, bulihey worcrrpulncd by the negro troops
anil u lew half breeds. Our rear was, however, oc
casionally tired upon until long aflcr dark, but the
iinijurlurbabli; coolness nnd sleadinebs of tho col
ored iroops under Cnpl. Foster kepi them in check
and prevented conlusioii.
In regard to the conduct of tbo "cottonfield
nogrooa"in the battle atGuntown, Col. Mc
Millin, commanding tbo infantry of tbe expe
The colored regiments fought with n gallantry
which oommeudad tbom to tho favor of thoir com
r .(li'h-in-HiiiiH. I demrc to bear testimony to their
bravery and endurance, nn well ns the gallantry of
Col. Cowdon and fthij. Iaiwo, commanding regi
moots. The reports from which the above extracts
are takon can bo found in tbo Army and Nary
Uumittc of May, 18(55, pages 700-702. Tiieso re
ports one of tho battle, tho other near the end
of the retreat should forever soltle all ques
tions concerning the action of tho colored troops
in tbo Slurgis raid. The regiment commanded
by me formed tho roar-guard on the roads trav
eled by us from Quntown to Memphis, except
for a uhort term just before reaching Itipley.
At ho time was there a particle of confusion,
nor did wo double-quick a btop from Guntowu
to Memphis. Capt. Iteeves, with six compa
nies of the 55th and four of the 59lk, was not
so fortunate. Ilodid not find ammunition, and
aftorovading tho enemy for a long time was
forced to disband. Most of his command got
to Memphis, many with thoir arms. Some
bofly blundered. Who was it? Twenty pieces
of artillery and 180 wagons were never before
flurronderod to an enemy with bo little loss of
life. Iet no one try to fasten tho blamo on
tbo mon of any organization. Each company
and regiment was just what its officers made it,
and there was not a regiment in the war of tho
rebellion, on either hide, that, if properly offi
cered, would not at all times have dono all that
could be asked of any regiment.
JlrK. tlcTtlRiid'u Housp-cJcaiilitp.
Mrs. Clcvobuid lias ordered a box of James
Pyle's Tearlino for uso in tbo Spring house
olonning nt lied Top, the suburban rosldoncoof
tbe J'reiidont. 8bo has dono so upon the rec
oinniondation of Sinclair, tho White House
Steward, who found that it was the thing to
use above all olbors for all cleaning purposes at
the Executive Mansion.
--John JI. Craig, whimc homo 1h In Indiana, near
Indianapolis, in bix foot four and u half inches in
night, Mld, wolgbb 83C pounds. Ho nieasurea eight
foet two iiiohiw nrouucl tlio hips nnd 18 inches
around tho ankle. He whh born 30 yeara ago. and
then weighed but 11 pounds. Two years later he
took u prlre at one of Illinium's babv bhows in this
city biHiiiUbO ho weighed 200 pounds. Apparently
he has been growing ever binco.
THE NA.jX1. TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0.,
Practical Duties -aglil b a Slm-'j et the Inter
national SnralMj.cuo'. JMa Appointed for
MnrlG. Ex., 5:l-i
One rcadtKf Ihr nto hauld find, carefully
fdudytho rratTA.(4i Uwu. lb Holy Scriptures as
indicated .eovr '
Subject: )i-s Cavlo to Lead the
We hT' .n ft ic jtr lesson studied tbo ac
rattntof ioies ' u'i'i, wonderful escape from
infsdt' id, h' " :uro by his real mother nnd
a! a-.dpliot I-? mraoh's daughter. As soon
1 . left Jo- M s homo no began a course of
e ';tti 1 1 Egyptian schools, fitting him
v!lf.ir yal destiny. (Acts, 7:22.) Many
bold v ild have become a Pharaoh. It is
wld- ' could have bad a career of prosperity,
wt .id power. (Hob., 11:23-20.) Uis de-
r .0 be a Hebrew instead of an Egyptian
'iim " tho pleasures of sin for a season";
st him tho sacrifice of tho treasures of
Egypt"; cost him, as isapparcnt from St. Paul's
statements, governmental promotion, civil
power, and possibly tho tbrono of tho then
grandest and wealthiest country of tho world.
Wo know little in particular of Mbscs till ho
was 40 years of ago. During all this tirno ho
had seen his own pcoplo (the Hebrews) abused
shamefully and cruelly. His wholo uaturo ro
bellcd against such treatment of bis race. Ono
day bo saw an Egyptian smiting a Hebrew. It
was too much. Ho slow tho Egyptian. Moses
was thcu 10 years old. (Acts, 7: 23.) Ho thought
himself unobserved, but next day ho discovered
bis act had been scon. Ho know tho conse
quences of 6uch a deed, aud fled from Egypt.
Ho was doubtless guilty of murder. We do not
justify his act But wo remember, iu a pallia
tive way, that thoro was no other remedy; that
possibly it was a providential stroko townrd
tho delivery of all tho Israelites from Egyptian
bondage; that at any rato it was overruled by
ouv Heavenly Father for good to his choson
Moses's hiding-placo was Midian. Thoro
wcro two branches of tho Midiauitcs ono east
of tho Dead Sea, and spoken of in connection
with tbo 3roabites; tho other tho Southern
Midiauitcs, also called Cushites, who lived on
tbo Peninsula of Sinai, along tho northeast arm
of tho ItedSca, known as tho Gulf of Akabab,
botweon tho Horob rango aud tho sea. In this
valley there was good pasturago. By "desert,"
(3: 1,) wo aro not to understand a barren region.
It means not wooded, but grassy.
Whilo in Midian Moses fell in with tho family
of Iteuul, and after a timo married ono of seven
sisters. The wife's naco was Zipporab. Tbo
Midiauitcs descended from Abraham. (Gen.,
25: 2.) Iteuel was a priest and also a shepherd.
Moses and Zipporab had two sons Gcrshom
and Eliczcr. (Ex., 2:22; 18:2-5.)
Moses's employment during tho -10 years ho
was in Midian was that of a shepherd. What a
chango for ono who had practically bcon a
prince! Then, from his Egyptian education,
ho would have a distaste for such a vocation.
During tho four decades of Moses's residenco
in Midian his pcoplo wcro suffering abuso,
hardship, bondage, cruelty in Egypt.
The time camo for the Exodus, and a leador
was wanted. Who so ablo as Moses? It was
providential that ho bad bcon forced to live for
40 years near Sinai, thus becoming familiar
with every foot of tho ground over which ho
was aftorward to lead tho rescued captives
from Egypt. Then, ho bad all tbo qualities of
a successful organizer and leader. Further, ho
was accomplished in all tho culture of tho day.
The timo had arrived for tbo call of Moses
and his commission. That day ho had led
bis flocksover upou tho western portions of tho
valley bordering tho Horcb rango of mountains,
Tho "backsido of tho desert" means the
western side. Tho Hebrews called tbo west di
rection that behind tho back, it beingsupposed
tbo porson looks forward with faco toward tho
cast. Tho west side of the desert would border
along the cast rango of tho mount. Horob was
just beforo Moses. It is thought Horcb was tho
namo of the range, while Sinai was a particular
point. Bramblo bushes abounded on Horeb.
'J hey wcro called scneh, and henco probably
tho namo Sinai, a later namo given to tho
motmtain in memory of tho burning scneh
bush. The namo " Mountain of God " was also
given to this elevation iu allusiou to tho fact
God made known his law at that point. (Ex.,
10:20.) It is believed tbo mount is tbo samo
as that now named lla Sufmfch.
Wo showed last week that iroses was born
2433 A. M. Add 80 years, (Acts, 7 : 23, 30.) and
wo have for tbo date of this lesson 2513 A. M.,
or 1191 B. C. He left Egypt when 40 years old,
and had been in Jlidiau 40 years. Abraham
died 330 years beforo, Isaac 225, and Jacob 193.
From tho fact tho Passover took placo not loug
aftor Moses's call, wo know tho sceno at tho
burning bush took placo iu, say, tho mouth of
Tho call to Moses camo from tho lips of
Jehovah, who appeared in an angelic form,
speaking out from a pulpit of flro. Tho voico
was that of tho God of Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob. An angel is a messenger. Tho mes
sougor was Jehovah, aud at tbe samo timo bo
was God. God is invisible. Christ is tho Word,
Expression or Manifestation of God. It 13 prob
ablo tbe speaker from tbo bush was tbo Word
which becamo flesh at Bethlehem. (St. John,
1:14.) How this agrees with St. John's (10:30;
representation of Christ's statement ono timo,
" I aud my Father aro ono ! "
Tho " bush " was tho acacia, n sort of thorn
or bramble like tho hawthorn. It is yet found
in tho samo region. It is generally dry and
very inflammable. Its locals namo is seneh.
Tiicro was a symbolic meaning to tho phenom
enon. As tho bush burned, but was not in
jured, so tbo children of Israel were to go
through the furnaco of affliction and yet not
bo permanently harmed. This fact is still truo
of theChurch; alsoyottruoasloeach Christian.
Tbo form of tbo Fourth is visiblo. (Dan.,
3: 25.) Why did not God speak from tho bush
without its flaming? Some have cxplainod by
saying tho firo was used for tbo purposo of ar
resting Moses's attention. But wo remember
firo enters largely into tho religious ideas of
tho world. God led tbo Israelites by a pillar
01 ure at nigiiu xno biicciunali was probably
...... I. 1 r.t. r-.i . .1 -.t .
a symbol of tho presenco of God in tho Holy o
Holies between the Cherubim. When Got
promised Isaac to Abram, tho father offered
sacrifices to God. Then Abram fell asleep. Ho
of tbe victims, typifying tho presenco of Deity
and his ncceptnueo of tho offering. (Gen.,
15: 17.) God's Word is a lamp. St. John Bap
tist was a burning and shining light. Christ
was Light. Jesus baptized with flro. Tho
hearts of the Disciples burned as thoy walked
along with Christ to Emtnnus. Tho 10 virgins
had lamps. Tho tongues at Pentecost were of
Arc. Our Saviour would havo us all shine.
The spot whero God met Moses becamo tem
porarily a sort of sanctuary, holy ground, ap
proachable only with great reverence. Hence,
Moses was bidden to remove his ehoes during
tho intorviow. (Jos., 5:15.) Tho shoes worn
in the East wcro moro soles fastened to tho feet
by straps. It is customary in Oriental lauds to
leavo the sandals outsit 0 when entering oven
an ordinary house. All Eastern natious per
form religious worship bareTootod Mohamme
dans, Brahmins, Parsoes. Juvenal (0, 5, 153)
speaksof Jews attending their sacred rites thus.
So of the Greeks. Jamblicus stales in his life
of Pythagoras that 0110 of that pbilosphcr's
maxims was: " Offer sacrifico aud worship with
your hhocs off." Solinus says no person was
allowed to enter tbo temple of Diana in Crete
till his shoes wcro removed. Tertullian writes
that in a timo of drought tbo worshipers of
Jupiter prayed for rain, walking barefooted.
Sandals were often taken oil' to remove dust or
pebbles from between the soles aud tho feet, aud
also to clean tho feet; so pulling off tho sandal
becamo an emblem suggesting tho removal of
impurity from the heart.
Now avo learn tho object of God's nppoar
anco. God had mado solemn promises to Ab
braham, Isaac and Jacob as to tho fuiuro of tho
Hebrew race. Ho saw the descendants of theso
threo groat patriarchs suffering cruelties ou
vory purposo to rcduco their number. Ho will
not permit Pharaoh to staud between tho
promise of seed numerous as tho stars and its
fulfillment. He was about to rescue the Israel
ites. Ho wanted a lender and found him in
Moses. He approached him near Horeb on
purposo to comruisdfon him to tho office of Uo
brew emancipator. (MIc., 0:4.)
" Father-in-law " (V. 1) should be brother-in-law.
"Father" (V.0) means ancestor Tho
"cry" (V. 9) was not probably only vocal
prayer. Tho very conditiou of tho captives ap
pealed to God for help. (Is., 43:2; Dan
3 : 2 1-23.) Como down " (V. 8) has tho sense
of " visit " iu Gen., 50 : 24. It means that God
was about to take measures to rcscuo tho slaves.
"Flowing with milk und honey" (V. 8) is a
poetic way of saying that pastnrago will bo
louud iu abundanco for numberless cows, and
flowers and grains shall grow plentifully, en
abling bees to lay up largo stores of honey.
L Cultivate reverence for sacred places.
2. Sin is a captivity. Let each bo a Mo3es to
lead folk out from bondage to Satan.
3. In trial pray ( cry"). (V.7.) God hears
and answers. (V. 8.) Pcrsovcro. Tho Israel
ites prayed manv years.
4. Hear God. Turn always at his call. (V. 3.)
Obey. Say, "Here I am." (V.4.)
5. Wait. Bo patient. Moso3 held on for 80
years. St. Paul went into Arabian retirement
for three years. Christ waited 4,000 years, and
then did not begin tho ministry till 30 years
old. Do not be in such basto to preach as to
skip cither college or seminary. Hasty appren
ticeship is a mistake. It always pays to get
C. Believe God's promises. (Comparo Gen.,
15:18-21, with thalcsson.)
7. God sees all our trials. (Nob., 9 : 9.) He
knows each of us by namo. (V. 4. Comparo
Gen., 40:2, and St. John, 10:3.) None can
abuso us aud escape. God is our God. (Hob.,
A Grateful Corarado Kxprccs His Appreciation of
Editor Natton'al TmnujfE: If thcro is
anything that tbo soldier ought to feel grateful
for, it is tho exceptionally good mauagoment of
tnu xciisiuu uurcau ai tuo presenc time, nnu
during tho years Gen. Black has been its chief.
I feel that did I not bear witness to my com
rades of raj' experience with Comrado Black I
would not do my duty. I applied for an origi
nal pensiou under tho Bontly rcnlme and was
allowed all of $0 a month, boiug at that timo
unablo to do a full day's work, and inside
of 18. months nono at all. In my application
for increase I found that jtistico had very littlo
to do in a claim. Under Dudloy it was a littlo
better; onco in a whilo yon could get an answer
to an inquiry addressed to tho Pension Office,
but not often. But when Gon. Black took tho
reins, presto, you could and would recoivo in
structions how to proceed in all cases, and if
you wroto for information it was given ; and
when you mako a claim for increase, you receivo
all that thoy can do for you. Now you can got
n claim for ponsion through in as many months
as it used to tako years, and from six to nine
weeks is tho timo now for increase Ju3t look,
too, at tho many old unjust rulings ho has
abolished. Comrades, brothers, let us as sol
diers extond to this maimed comrado of ours,
whoso efficient and manly government of this
vital Bureau of tho Nation has raadoit po33iblo
for many to get their justduc3, a warm, hearty
and generous support, and mako him feel that
tho great soldier heart of this Nation is with him
in this his grand work. Seo bow ho has every
subordinate do his duty. Look at the number
of pensions allowed ovcry week, and then com
paro tho figures with thoso under tbo Bently
regime. For my part I feel that 1 want to seo
such a man as him overseer of that office until
every poor soldier, or his heirs, havo their just
dues. And another thing: when any soldier
thinks ho has been unjustly used by cither tho
Examining Boards or any other means, all ho
has to do is to call Gen. Black's attention to it,
and, comrades, tako my word for it, it will ro
ccivo a careful and painstaking inquiry, and
you will bo promptly informed of tho result,
and a remedy proposed, too. If you do not bo
licvo it, try it. E. P. S., Co. I, 33d 111., Perry,
Editor National Tribune: In regard to
the capture of Itoanoko Island, N. C, aud what
troop3 first planted tho Stars and Stripes over
tbo first works takou, I would refer to the fol
lowing, taken from Harper's Monthly,o. XXX,
1SG1 and 1605, written by John C. S. Abbott:
Gcn.i'oster led tho men in their Impetu
ous nttneks upon tbo redoubts, and inspired them
with his own ctiUiXisiiism nnd intrepidity. Tho
gallant Col. Itujsell, of the 10th Conn. a mnn who
knew not the sense of fenr was struck by iv bullet,
which pierced his hcirt, nnd ho fell dead without a
groan. As the mcnVere assailing ono of the most
formidable rcdotibtslhelrammunition failed them.
Just then Jin, Kimball, of tho Hawkins Zouaves,
camo up and offered to charge tho redoubt. "You
nro tho very mnn," said Gen. Foster, "nnd this Is
tho very moment. Zouaves, storm tho bntteryl"
Tllpro WIL4 ftn trivfnnfittii.mw nial, n.wl ,ltl. fl.At
ringing bnUc-kry,Zou. Zou, Zou ! they ran ncrosa
the intervening space, clambered the ramparts, nnd
burst through thecmbrnsurcs. Tho rebels lied in
the utmost pnnic, not even stopping to spike their
guns or to carry oQ their wounded."
As some of yonr correspondents havosoverely
censured Col Hawkins for claiming that his
regiment w.13 the .first to cuter tho fortifica
tions, I deem it but an act of justico to a vory
worthy man aud , bravo and gallaut 6oldicr,
whoso cbamcjcr' is above reproach, to relievo
him from auy"'unjust aspersions with which
your readers may havo beou impressed. I. A.
STiuNGiiAir, 89tU N. Y., Milwaukee, Wis.
The Confederate Cabinet.
New Orleans Picnjynne.
President Davis's Cabinet with tho succes
sive Secretaries of each Department, including
both tho provisional and pormaucnt Cabinets
were as follows: Stato Department Robert
Toomb9, Georgia, Feb. 21, 1SG1 ; It. M. T. Hun
ter, Virginia, July 30, 1801 ; Judab P. Benja
min, Louisiana, Feb. 7, 1SC2. Treasury Depart
ment Charles G. Momminper. Smith fttrnlmn
Feb. 21, 1801, and March 22, 1802; James L.
Trcnholm, South Carolina, Juno 13, 1804. War
Department L. Popo Walker, Mississippi, Feb.
21,1601; Judab P. Benjamin, Louisiana, Nov.
10, 1801; James A. Seddon, Virginia, March 22,
1S62; John C. Brcckiuridge, Kentucky, Feb.
15, ls'65. Navy Department Stephen It. Mal
lory, Florida, March 4, 1SG1, nnd March 22,
1802. Attorney-General Judab P. Benjamin,
Louisiana, Feb. 21, 1861; Thomas II. Watts,
Alabama. Sept. 10, 1SG1, and March 22, 1802;
Gcorgo Davis, North Carolina, Nov. 10, 1803.
Postmaster-General Henry J. Ellefc, Missis
sippi, Feb.Sl.lSCl; John H. Iteagan. Toxas,
March 0, 1801, and March 22, 1802.
Tho Generals were as follows: S. Cooper, com
missioned May 10, 1801; A. S. Johnston, May
23; It. E. Lee, Juno 14; J. E. Johnston. July
4. aud O. T. Beauregard, July 21. Braxton
Bragg was mado Genoral aftor tho death of A.
PERSONS AND THINGS.
The 1 coyotq Is tho enemy of the Jack rabbit, nnd
used to keep his numbers down. Hut somo years
ago a bounty was put on tho coyoto in California,
nnd ho has binco decreased und tho jack rabbit In
crensed. until now tho Inker does great dntnnge to
vineyards nnd orchnrd-i. It Is, therefore, proposed
to tuko tbo bounty off of tho coyoto nnd put it ou
the jack rabbit.
Gcorgo It. Frost, a rich citizen of Cairo, has
worn tho samo hat for 20 years. Tho other day,
whilo ho was getting shaved, somo ono atolo it nnd
put 11 new ono in its jilncc. nnd Mr. Frost got out
warrants for four or llvo iHsrsons, paid a private do
tcclivo SI5 to work up tho case, nnd will do his best
to teach his neighbors to mind their own business.
Johnny, 1 have discovered that you havo
taken moro maple sugar than I gnvo you."
" Yes, grandma; I've been making bcllcro thero
was nnother little boy spending the day with me."
A traveling man 1 reports that Rapid City, Dak.,
has just received its first hearse. He says that after
It hud been unloaded from tho flat car on which it
arrived, the Mayor und City Council, tho Firo and
l'olico Departments, nnd a number of prominent
citizens on foot nnd in carriages marched to the
depot, headed by two brass bands. Hero tho pro
cession wns reorganized, with tho hearse in front,
mid tho march through tho principal street begun.
Hundreds of pcoplo swarmed along the sidewalk,
nnd many lings wero displayed. At night there
was n creditable attempt nt illumination in Iho
business district und an elaborate display of lire
works iu fronfof tho undertaker's shop.
James Pli'rce, of Shady Grove, La., saw bear
tracks iu n swamp on his farm, nnd a party was or
ganized to hunt thn bear. Whilo tho men and dogs
wcro in tho jwamp, Mr. Fierce walked through
the fields adjacent unarmed. Suddenly u biff bear
came tearing ftut of; tho swamp. Fierce knew it
would get nwrty If not turned back, so ho bcued a
elub nnd chii'.ml llruin back and forth through tho
Held, whacking him well meanwhile, until tho
animal nt length turned to tho awump nguhi. whero
it was shot aw killed.
Front "The .Voir South."
tCOMJMlius, Miss., Oct. 30, 1835.
Drs. StariCbv & Pai.e.v: Tho remarkablo
succesi of yotiV Compound Oxygon Treatment
in my mother's casb induced mo to adopt it in
my own. For morb than fifteen years I havo
been troubledhnorcfor less with Dyspepsia, and
for over six f havoimffored iutensoly and con
tinuously froih Indigestion, Constipation and
Hemorrhoids. I had severe headaches almost
every weok, and was compelled to uso mor
piiino for relief from this, as well as purgatives
for tho former.
I hnd tried all tho usual remedies for theso,
but with only temporary relief, and my condi
tion steadily grew worso. In July Inst I was
prostrated for ten days by an attack of hemor
rhoids of unusual severity. After partial re
covery I resorted to your Compound Oxygon,
which more than nitt my expectations. I havo
no headaches, and no symptoms of Dyspepsia
ofauy kind. In a word, my restoration to
health I regard a3 complete.
W. H. Wortiiingtow, Editor.
A volumoof nearly 200 pages, entitled "Com
pound Oxygon, Its Modo of Action aud Results,"
will bo mailed frco to auy address on applica
tion to Drs. Staukey & Pale.v, 1529 Arch St.,
THURSDAY, MAY 5, 1887.
A Veteran's Varied Experiences Ei
tending Ovcr a Half Century of Life.
Col. W. W. Jackson camo into TnE National
Tribune office last week with a halo and
handsomo gentleman, of apparently about 45
years of age, whom ho introduced as Col.Loriu
G. Jeffers, of Kansas City, Mo. Tbo gentle
man was vigorous looking, brigbt-eyed, alert,
with a full head of iron-gray hair, and appar
ently in tbo full possession of overy faculty.
"You were in tho army?"3aid The Na
tional Tribune to him by way of opening
"Yes," ho answered, with a smiio; "but I
began my career before tho rebellion. How
old do you think I am ? "
The National Tribune guessed 45.
"lam 05," answered tho visitor, with tho
air of rather rejoicing that ho was not one of
tho Spring chickens who only dato back to tho
rebellion. After a littlo chat ho yielded to our
solicitations concerning hi3 past and grew rem
lnisccntinl "In 1842," ho said, "I" was a member of
Jerry Clcmcnts's regiment in tho service of the
Stato of Texas."
" Woro they Tcxans ? " asked The National
" No; thoy were mado up of volunteers from
various States of tho South. Tho company to
which I belonged was from Missouri, Thero
was a company from Kentucky, ono from Mis
sissippi, 0110 or two from Louisiana, and Col.
Clements himself had brought ono from Ala
bama. It seemed as though peace was as
sured, and wo were disbanded, and I de
cided to sottlo down in Texa3; but a short
timo afterward a Mexican General camo
over to San Antonio with about 1,200 men. Ho
broko np the courts thero and carried off the
Judge and tbo lawyers. Wo did not caro so
much aboat tho I033 of the lawyers, but wo did
not want tho courts broken up, so thero was a
forco hastily organized to pursue him. Two
hundred and fifty men wcro enrolled, and we
olected a Colonel, but wo wero really under
the command of tho noted Jack Hayes.
Wo overtook the Mexicans on tho banks of the
Salada Creek and gavo them battlo. Wo were
armed with our deer rifles, whilo they had
muskets and several pieces of artillory. After
a fight of several hours wo drove them off, with
a loss of more men than we had in our com
mand. This hrnilf'Iif. npnrn nnKIMmonn..
ntion of Texas provoked hostilities between tho
United States and Mexico. I then entered the
1st Mo., Tvbich was enlisted forsix months, and
went again to Texas. Wo got there after the
battles of Palo Alto and Ecsaca do la Palma,
but wo did not get into any fighting. Tho out
break of tho rebellion found meat Plattsmouth,
Neb., where I organized tho 1st Neb., of which
Gen. Thayer, tho presont Governor of Nebraska,
was mado Colonel. I subsequently helped or
gauizo two other regiments, in ono of which I
accepted a commission, but finding it wa3 or
dered to duty on tho plains. I resigned, and
going to Chicago entered tho Elgin Battery as a
private. I was elected Second Lieutenant of
tho battery after it had entered tho field, and
becamo Senior First Lieutenant in 1801, when
my health broko down and I was compelled to
resign, but did much efficient service for tho
Union causa in other capacities until tho con
clusion of tho war."
" Col. Jeffers's interesting experiences aro not
confined to tho war," said Col. Jackson. " He
was with Fremont in ono of his exploring ex
peditions boforo tho war, and paased through
tho territory of several hntiln triri nt nmof
"Yes," said Col. Jeffers, "I was with a party
commanded by Col. Abert, which made the
survoy of the South Canadian Fork to tho South
Pass, which is now used a3 a railroad route.
When wo started out on that expedition the
old plainsmen bade us good-by with tears in
their oyes, and told us that we woro going right
into tbo jaws of danger and not one of us would
over escape alive, but wo got out without a
singlo I033 by a scries of extraordinary hap
penings, of which I will toll you some time
when I havo more leisure.
"I will tell yon now," said ho, "of the vory
peculiar experience that I had prior to tho war.
In 1819 I had tho gold fever, as pretty nearly
every other young man in the conntry did at
.... ....uu. a. .tuo iucu iu i;iv urtcuns, ana
was ono of tho party of whom Capt. Jones was
tho head, who fitted out tho schooner Florinda
to sail from New Orleans through the Straits
of Magellan to California. There wero 17 of
us all told. About the la3t of Juno wo had
substantially completed tho fitting out of the
schooner. I put my wifo aboard of the steam
boat Illinois, in charge of tho Captain, to go to
herhomo iu St. Louis, whoro she was to remain
until she heard from me. As we expected to
leavo beforo the mail conld reach us after her
arrival, I instructed her to telegraph mo if she
reached tho city safely; but about the time
that she should havo arrived at St. Louis a ter
rible Summor storm downed all tho wires be
tween that city and Now Orleans. Instead of
the dispatch that I expected there came others
by tho way of Washington to the effect that a
frightful attack of the cholera bad broken out
in SL Louis; that tho city wa3 pauic-stricken;
people woro leaving their houses open and flee
ing to tho country for safety; that thero were
hundreds dying daily. You can imagine my
intenso auxiety. I felt that it would bo simply
torment for mo to sail without being assured of
my wife's safety. The schooner dropped down
to tho Balizo, but I staid in tho city and waited.
Finally, on tho morning of the 4th of July,
Capt. Jones mot mo iu the restaurant where I
was taking breakfast.
"'At last wo will have some news,' he said.
Tho Illinois has returned from St. Louis, and
I havo no doubt thoro is a letter for you.'
"Wo immediately went down to tbe post
offico and inquired fora letter addressed to me.
The clerk looked over tho J's, but found nono.
Capt. Jones and I then went down to the
steamboat, where wo met the Captain, who
know us, and said : 'Mr. Jeffers, thoro is a let
ter for you in our mail. I put it in the bag
" We immediately hastened back to tho post
office, which was closed on account of tho col
ebration of tho day, but wo succeeded in find
ing tho Postmaster and tbo clerk, and with
them went to tho office agaiu. Tho clerk again
looked over tho J's, but found nothing for mo.
To couvinco me, ho spread all tho J's out on the
table, that wecouldseo tho superscriptions, and
I saw that ho was right. After tlm I told Jonc3
that I could not possibly go to sea in tho state
of mind that I wa3 in, and I could not ask them
to delay for mo any longer, so I would sell my
interest in tho schooner, which Capt. Jones im
mediately bought and paid mo what I had ex
pended upon it, and bado mo good-by. I found
employment in Now Orleans. A week or two
afterward ono of my friends was looking over
tho list of advertised letters in tho paper, when
bo found ono addressed to L. Goffers. I went to
the postofficc, got it, aud found that it was from
my brother-in-law, who bad written to mo to
anuounco the safe arrival of my wifo. and ask
ing mo if it was possible to tako him aloug with
mo on tho schooner if there was any placo
ho could bo stowed in; that he was terribly
anxious to go. Tho queerest thing was that
bo bad spoiled my namo with a G. He and I
had bcon iutimato fora number of years, even
boyoud the intercourse of brethors-iu-law, for
bo and I wore at that timo members of tho
Nativo American Rangers, tho crack military
company of St. Louis, of which bo was Orderly
Sergeant, and he had Avritton my name thou
sands of tirac3 probably, and nevor before bad
ho spelled it with a G. Subsequent events will
show you that this error seemed to have some
thing providontial in it. Along in January I
received a letter from ono of those who had
gono on tho Floriuda, stating that they hnd put
into Rio do Janeiro, where they had staid 12
days, in ordor to allow somo of tho crew to ro
cupcrato from tho fatigues of tho voyage that
far. This was tho last wo over heard from
them. In 1S7G I saw an nrticlo in a paper
which stated that a Captain of a British vessel,
on bis return to Liverpool, stated that ho had ar
rived at tho entrance of the Straits on a pleasant
afternoon and Ijad cast anchor for tho night,
expectiug to mako tho passage tho next day.
During the night a storm arose which blow the
ship back quite a distance, aud be lost bis
reckoning. After tho storm bad blown out he
found himself in sight of laud. Cautiously ap
proaching it, for fear of savages, bo saw that it
was inhabited, nnd sont a boat ashore. Thoy
were surprised when they approached tbo land
to bo bailed in good English. When they went
ashore tho men thoy found thero told them that
thoy were survivors of the crew of the Florinda,
aud she bad becu wrecked thero in 18-19.
"Tho Captain of tbe vessel tried to got them
to go back to civilization with him, but they
doclincd to do so, saying that for 25 years they
had boon dead to thoir friends, and they could
not seo what good it would be to attempt a res
urrection then, and that probably all those thoy
cared for were dead ; that some of their com
rades had died and were buried on tho island,
and thoy proposed to stay thero themselves for
tho rest of their lives.
m "This story did not satisfy me, and I began
investigations; but before I had gono very far
I came acn33 another item in a Hnrrodsbnrg
(Ivy.) paper, which, alluding to the first item
thnt I had read, attempted to dispose of it very
effectually. It said that a young man, the son
of a wealthy farmer living in the vicinity of
Harrodsburg, had joined tho party which had
fitted out tho schooner, tho name of which was
not the Florinda, but tho Florida, which sailed
from New Orleans in July, 1S19, and reached
the Straits of Magellan after a safe and pleasant
voyage. They had cast anchor near the en
trance and close to a war ship of tho Chil
ian Government, stationed there to guard
tho penal colony that is maintained there.
Tho young Kentuckian had tho middle
watch that night, and as tho discipline was
slack on board tho bark ho threw himself
down on a pile of sails on the deck, and fell
into a slight dozo. He wa3 aroused by a
noido, and, half awake, ho saw six desperate
looking men climb nn tlm sid or Mi .r,ir, tt
obeyed his first implusc. which was to run to
tbo other side of the vessel, spring into a boat
lying there, cast adrift and row toward tho
guard ship, yelling " Murder I " at the top of his
voico. By tho time the crew of the guard ship
woro aroused they could see tho schoonor with
all sails sot sweep away out of reach. Somo
time auer mo vessel wa3 overhauled by some
armed cruder and carried into Valparaiso,
whero the six escaped convicts wore recognized
by the authorities and garroted, tho execution
being reported to our officials and witnessed by
an American who happened to bo traveling in
that section. The young Kentuckian came
homo, wont overland to California, and died
"Thi3 story did not satisfy me about the fate
of tho Florinda, either, for I remembered that
ono day when our schoonor was lying in the
harbor I went down to Capt. Joucs, nnd he
pointed out to me another schooner and he said :
"'There is something singular about that
"I said, 'What is it'
"'Well,' said he, 'she is fitted out, as onr
schooner is, for a trip around Capo Horn to
California. Her nameis the Florida, while ours
Is tbe Florinda; but I would not go in her for
tho whole of California.'
'"Why not?' I asked.
"'Becauso,' said ho, her crow Is mado up of
gamblers and barkeepers, and that class of
sportingmen. They havo no idea of discipline,
and they aro pretty certain to come to trouble.'
a year or two alter tlm account had ap
peared in the paper, I went to New Orleans
and called on my old friend Charlie Parker of
tho Picayune, and he becamo interested with
mo in ascertaining how much truth thoro was
in theso reports as to the fate of tho Florinda
and her crew.
"After quite a long search I fi nally found that
Mrs. Jones, tho widow of the Captain, was re
siding in Carrollton, ono of the suburbs of New
Orleans, and I immediately sprang on the cars
and went to her residence. We had a long
taiK about theso various reports, and bIio told
mo that sho had spent thousands of dollara in
investigating their truth, and trying to secure
definite information of tho fate of her husband
and those who accompanied him. She had in
terested the Stato Department at Washington,
which had mado inquiries in all tho seafaring
places of Europe, and every possible clew had
been pursued until it ended or was lo3t. All,
however, had been fruitless. No tidings had
apparently over reached any seaport of tho
vessel's fate. As I had surmised, tho story in
tho Harrodsburg paper was correct, and "tho
Florlda'3 fate bad been as related j but it was
tho 'Florida,' and not the 'Florinda.' Finally,
toward the conclusion of the interview, I said
to Mrs. Jones:
" 'Have you had absolutely no information as
to your husband's fate? r
"She hesitated a moment, and then said:
'You know I am not superstitious?'
"'No,' said I, 'nor am I.'
"'But still,' continued she, 'I have what I
belle vo is positive information.'
"'What i3 it?' I asked.
" ' In tho December following my husband's
departure from New Orleaus I wa3 with my
grandmother in Massachusetts, whither I had
gone becauso I could not bear to stay any
longer in New Orleans. It wa3, if you remem
ber, a season of great storms all over tho world.
I was sleeping in bed with ono of my children,
but in tbo middle of tho night wa3 awakened
irora a terrible dream. I saw my husband's
vessel in tho midst of a frightful storm. One
moment sho would apparently sink to tho bot
tom of the sea, and then, when I had given up
all hope, she would rise again. Finally sho dis
appeared, and suddenly I felt a grasn upon my
shoulder as palpable as if you had" laid your
hand thore. Turning I saw my husband, his
face ghastly pale, his hair dripping with sea
water. He looked at me with uuutterablo
sadnesa, and in his eyes despair. I am con
vinced as much a3 anything that that was the
moment his vessel sank beneath tho wave3.'
"'Nor; am I superstitious. Mrs. Jones,' I said,
'but I believe that that visitation was intended
to inform you as to his fato.'
"She paused a moment, and then said: 'This
Is to mo tho saddest day of the year.'
"'Why?' said I.
"'Because,' sho answered, 'this 13 tbe anni
versary of the day I received that message.'
"'Is it not singular,' said I, the sudden
thought striking me, 'that hero for weeks I
had been searching for you, aud only an hour
ago found out where you wero, and camo di
rectly to you. There must bo something moro
than a coincidence in this.' "
That Tired Feeling
Is so general at this season that every one knows what
Is meant by the expression. A change of season, climate,
or of life, has such a depressing effect upou the body that
one fuels all tired out, almost completely prostrated, the
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Tho whole tendency of the system is downward. In this
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It." Clara W. ruEtrs, Shirley, Mass.
"My son suffered from Spring debility and loss of ap
petite, and was restored to health ns soon us he began to
take our flivorite medicine. Hood's Sarsaparilla. We
recommend It to all our friends." Mas. Tir.vLrA E.
Smith, SelplovlIle.N. Y.
Sold by all druggists. $1 ; six lor ?5. Prepared only by
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GEN. GRANTS BOOK.
Written by Himself.
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