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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE3ATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS.
ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1889.
.VOL. -NO, 26-WHOLE NO. 390.
A Tale of the lOtli Century.
HIS GOLDEF SPUES'
"What I Ally Myself with. Long
WHSL IOT SELL M? LORD.
" I 'Would Not Wrong Richard
for All France."
T rEAXCBS "WILSON ("FAXXIE "WILLIAMS"),
Author of " Harry Eedfcarn, the Younjr Machin
ist"; "Anthony Blake, a Boy of the Period";
"Dick Lfeblio's Life in Texas," "The Boys of
Brythewaite School." "Bob and Bob," "Prince
Oiaf," ' The Land Beyond the Golden Cave,"
"LizabeJ, the Child of the Storm," etc.
A MESSAGE TO THE COUNT OF BLOIS.
Tf!TTAT?T) was awak
ened on the follow
ing morning by the
"matin "bell," which
daily called the in
mates of the castle to
early service in St.
thongh it was gener
ally a rather doubt
ful question as to how
many of those inmates
would answer to the
call, and present
themselves in time
to hear the morning
prayers repeated by
the Friar Aldebrand,
the spiritual guide
find father confessor of Alan's household;
as he would now be called, the Chaplain of
Almost every feudal establishment in
cluded one or more ecclesiastics, and per
haps maintained its own consecrated place
of worship, as at Uantes; and although Alan
of Brittany was anything but religious in
his torn of mind, or in the conduct of his
life, yet he supported in his hall a number
of inferior " clerks " and students in holy
orders, under the direction of the Friar Al
debrand. The house-father was a reverend,
worthy man which, as Eogier of Bennes
had not scrupled to imply, was far from
being the case with all frjars who served
the noble family not only in his spiritual
capacity, bnt also as tutor and physician.
He knew something of medicine and surgery,
according to the knowledge of those times,
and could set a broken bone, dress a wound,
or mix a potion for a chill or fever, as well
as he could shrive a penitent or exorcise a
ghost; all of which were offices expected
from a person of his calling.
His duties were nominal, however, in the
matter of rendering instruction, except of a
religious nature; for there was little in
clination to learning in Alan's family, and
no great respect for "clerkly lore" among
the nobility in general; while the lower
classes, without exception, were profoundly
ignorant Probably, of all who slept at
Kantes that night, the churchmen excepted,
the only persons who could read or write,
were Richard of Xormandy, Osmond, his
Esquire, and the young Fleming, Eric of
The sweet sound of the chapel bell, ascend
ing oh the quiet morning air, stole in at
Eichard's open window, and aroused him
from his sleep ; and springing from his couch,
he called to his Esquire, saying:
" Gome, Osmond, haste, or we shall be too
late to join the matin service!" "Wake,
"I am awake, my Lord," said Osmond,
sleepily getting up as he spoke, and sup
pressing a yawn. "Methinks they ring
their matins at a most unmerciful early
"I agree with you, Osmond; after such a
revel as that of last night, and the promise
of another such to-day, they might give a
man time to get his 40 winks!" grumbled
Ivo of Belesme, as he also arose, and began
pulling on his pointed boots.
"Ob, Sir Ivo, be not such a sleepyhead ! "
laughed Bichard, with boyish gaiety.
"DOUGHTY EXIGHT THOUGH YOU ABE,
I see that you are not so young as you once
were, for you begin to like your ease."
" Humph ! A man may like his ease, my
Lord, and yet be more than a match for any
young gallant that hath his accolade upon
his shoulder, but no beard upon his chin!"
said Ivo, somewhat nettled; for the worthy
Knight was inclined to be a little sensitive
on the score of his advancing years, and his
young Lord, who had proved himself no
lees a Dake because he was a boy, as if to
show that he was also none the less a boy
because he was a Duke, sometimes asserted
a bey'te prerogative by teasing his best
"Do you mean Gareth? Oh, but you
would never be a match for Gareth, Sir
Ivo ! n he said, mischievously. Think upon
his valor, when he held his own against
five outlaws all at once, and none to help
him aye, and conquered them!"
"And never a decent man among the
crew ! " said Ivo, contemptuously. " Dastard
Breton cut-purses! You could have mas
tered them yourself, my Lord, I make no
doubt! Your lather's son should be able
to do as much as yonder saintly candidate
for the golden spurs of Xnighthood or the
missal of a monk ! "
At this reply Eichanl became so grave
that Sir Ivo seemed ashamed of his petu
lance; and perceiving thatBothon of Bay
eux began to look at him reprovingly he
hastened to apologize.
"Nay, but that was a very ill jest, my
Lord; and, truly, I am far from intending
any dispraise to the good ladfs prowess
for he is a good lad, and a valiant, and I am
right glad that he shall have his golden
"My good Sir Ivo," said the Boy Duke,
gently, "I knew you were no such churlish
Knight as to grudge the brave young man
his accolade, when ho hath earned it so gal
lantly. I know not how much longer your
valiant hand shall serve me for this office
thongh I hope not long, for I tell you, Sir
Ivo, I am thinking of mine own accolade,
and I trust it will be won ere many years!
but your hand shall never strike a braver,
truer Knight than this will be."
As Eicbard spoke, he passed into the ante
room, where he found the two pages awake;
and as they both saluted him with reverence,
he asked if they had heard the matin bell.
"Yes, my Lord," replied the elder of the
two, a quick-witted and rather saucy-looking
lad of 12 years. ""We have heard it this
moment only, for the castle-walls are thick.
IS IT YOUR PLEASURE THAT "WE LEAD
YOU TO THE CHAPEL?"
"At once," returned the Boy Duke ; " and
doubtless you are eager to be there your
selves." "Oh, yes, my Lord ! On this morning, at
least, all the household will be there, for the
honor of Sir Gareth."
"He is not yet Sir Gareth," interposed the
other boy, remindingly.
"He soon shall be," said Eicbard, with his
engaging air of boyish good-humor, added
to the authority of one whose mandate
could create a Knight. "And in the mean
time it is no offense to call him so. But you
speak as if all the household were not wont
to attend the service on ordinary days."
It was the younger page who replied, in
earnest accents :
"We do, my Lord, who have been taught
our duty by our dear Lord Gareth himself
I mean we younger ones, and all the serving-men;
and on this the day of his knight
ing, as Enguerrand says, there will be none
to stay away."
"No, by the saints!" added Enguerrand,
the elder, who possessed, in addition to his
quick wit, the cool assurance and irreverent
style of speech which is apt to distinguish
his prototype, the modern messenger-boy.
"This day shall see the chapel better filled
than e'er a saint's day of them all! Eegnier
the Seneschal will be seen at prayers this
morning, if he never goes thither again
and even my Lord the Duke, I make no
Eichard gathered from these flippant re
marks that the Lord of the castle and his
chief retainers paid little attention to the
daily service of prayer, so sedulously at
tended by the heir and his humbler follow
ing. As he did not wish to encourage the
page in his pertness, however, he merely re
marked: "I am glad Sir Gareth is so well beloved,
for he merits both affection and respect."
He waved his hand, and in obedience to
the gesture, Enguerrand and his companion
led the way toward the chapel of St. Malo.
The way was down a steep and narrow
staircase, turning at each corner of the
tower; and when they reached the foot, in
stead of turning into the corridor which
conducted to the hall, the pages took a dif
ferent direction, Enguerrand remarking:
"THIS "WAY LIES NEAREST TO THE CHAPEL,
"Lead on," said Eichard, following, with
Osmond, Sir Ivo and the Count of Bayeux;
and his youthful guide went on, through a
low, slant-roofed passage, and out into the
Alan and Eaul de Chartres.
open air or rather into a narrow, paved
alleyway, shut in by massive walls on either
side, and open only to the sky.
At the opposite end of this alley was an
arched entrance, like that from which they
had just emerged, and also giving access to
a wing of the main building; and the alley
was continued by a vaulted corridor, through
the wing and out beneath another arch, to
the cloistered gallery by which Gareth and
Eric had taken their way to the chapel on
the previous night.
As he followed Enguerrand's lead through
the vaulted corridor, Eichard perceived an
open door, giving entrance to a room which
appeared to be used as a granary ; and in
passing this doorway, his footsteps were ar
rested for a momentby the sound of voices.
The pages had passed on, but Osmond was
at Eichard's side, and Bothon and Sir Ivo
close behind; and the two Danes looked at
each other with uneasy gravity as they be
held the Duke of Brittany and the French
man, Eaoul de Chartres, closely engaged in
conversation, standing at the foot of a stair
way which led to the chambers above the
granary from which , upper floor, appar
ently, they had but just descended. The
Frenchman was talking so fluently, and
Alan was either so interested or so surprised
by what he said, that neither of them no
ticed the presence of Eichard and his friends
as they paused before the open door.
The Boy Duke saw nothing disloyal or
offensive to himself in Alan's treating this
unusual visitor as courteously as he pleased;
he felt, on his own part, kindly disposed to
ward De Chartres, who had como to Nantes,
as he concluded, on an errand of mercy very
similar to his own, which had for its object
the rescue of Eric of Arras ; and he supposed
that Alan had merely turned aside, on his
way to attend the matin service, to waken
his French guest and conduct him to the
chapel. The purport of their conversation,
he thought, was no concern of his; and he
was about to move on, when Bothon made
a motion to detain him, and whispered
"STAY, MY LORD! 'TIS OF YOU THEY ARE
And in fact, at this moment, De Chartres
said, in a tone which came distinctly to
"And why should you, Alan the Bold, as
they call you at Blois for I tell you, Alan,
your fame is known beyond the narrow
bounds of Brittany! why should you, war
rior and Prince as you are, yield homage to
this Norman baby, merely because he had a
valiant father? Are you afraid of him?"
"I respect him," said Alan, coldly.
"And for what?" asked the wily French
man. ""Who knows that he will ever do
"Here Am I, My Lord."
anything to make him worthy of respect
from snch a vassal? In truth, he is little
better than a child; and yet the Duke of
Brittany hath bent the knee to him! By
the bones of all the saints, Alan, I say it is
not meet that he should lord it over you!"
Alan was silent, and it was not easy to
decide, from the guarded expression of his
features, how far the flattering words of
Eaoul de Chartres had taken effect upon his
vanity; but the tempter continued:
"Moreover, as I hear it rumored about
the castle, this boy Lord of yours takes to
himself more privilege, Alan, than many a
mightier Lord than he would dare to take
"As to that," was Alan's answer, "if you
give ear to the noise of all the babbling
tongues at Nantes, or to the gossip of your
own attendants, you will hear a deal of talk
to a small amount of matter, Eaoul."
This reply rather nonplussed the French
man. He remarked, after a moment of si
lence: "It may be, indeed, that I am misin
formed as to the object of Eichard's errand
"He is here," said Alan, calmly, "to con
fer the accolade of Knighthood on my son."
If this statement was hot strictly in ac
cordance with the facts, at least it was part
of the truth, and presented a view of the
case which pleased Alan's pride much more
than if he had been obliged to return a bare
affirmative to Eaoul's next inquiry.
"But bath he not, then, made a demand
upon you to forego your purpose of exe
cuting your forfeited hostage, the young
Count of Arras? 'Twas a henchman of
your own that told me so."
Alan composedly replied:
" TnE VARLET TOLD YOU NO UNTRUTH,
for Eichard is tender, hearted, as becomes
his youth, and he hath in "fact appealed to
me on behalf of Count Eric. But surely you
should find no fault with him for that if,
as I suppose, you are come yourself to inter
cede for Arnulf's son."
"I? Gramercy, no!" cried Eaoul de Char
tres." I come on business for my Lord, the
Count of Blois; and he hath little time to
concern himself about the life or death of
any silly boy, be it Arnulf's or any man's
son. And since Count Arnulf himself Geems
to set no value on the boy, 'tis no affair to
trouble other men. As for the son of "Wil
liam Longsword, on my faith it looks not
well for him to meddle in the matter. Ho
must be recreant to his father's memory."
My Lord is young," said Alan, apolo
getically; "and the young are ever more
inclined to mercy than to justice."
"Ay, there it is!" rejoined De Chartres,
quickly. "What manner of Lord is he, or
such as he, to receive your homage, Alan?
I say nothing as to Longsword, for I know
what fame was his, and well deserved, since
he was able to conquer Alan the Bold; and
a man may render homage to a man. But
for you to kiss the hand of such a boy I
tell you, man, 'tis not a seemly thing ! Why
look you, Alan, if you would but renounce
your fealty to him, accept an alliance with
Theobald, and give your homage to the King
of France, you could make your power so
known and felt as it will never be whilst
you remain a vassal of Normandy."
Alan looked at him askance, and mut
"Say you so?"
"Ay, I say so; and what is more to tho
purpose, I say it by the warrant of my Lord,
the Count of Blois. He sent me hither,"
said De Chartres, in his most insinuating
tone, "to seek an alliance with you, brave
Breton, for himself and for his ally, the
Count of Flanders."
""What! Ally myself with Longsword's
And Alan turned upon him with such a
countenance of deadly rage and menace that
he shrunk back, appalled, and hastened to
" For policy, only for policy, noble Duke !
In truth, I never favored Count Arnulf
greatly, myself; and I blame you not for
showing such abhorrence of his action in
that unfortunate affair. But he is very
powerful, and much in favor with King
Louis, let me tell you ; and 'tis good policy
to stand well with such a man before the
world, whatever may be your private opinion
of his character. Ay, join with Theobald in
alliance with him; and for this boyish Duke
oh, I could easily guarantee that you
should have no trouble as to him, if you
would only play into my hands, Alan!"
"So that is what you mean," said Alan,
"I mean that, and more," returned the
"THE COUNT OF BLOIS WOULD ALMOST GIVE
HIS RIGHT HAND
to get possession of this Eichard's person.
If yon will yield him up to me, and let me
take him a captive to Blois, I tell you, Alan
of Brittany, you may ask anything in the
power of Theobald to give, and get it for the
asking ! Nay, I will promise for my Lord
that you shall have the half of Normandy,
and the other half shall go to him; the King
will not refuse. You shall have the aid of
Theobald and Arnulf in all your wars, which
is no small thing to gain, as you well know;
you shall have Count Theobald's daughter,
the fair Isoude of Blois, with all her lands
and fiefs, to be the bride of your son ; and if
there be aught else that you would have, I
promise that. Say,. Alan, will you do it? "
Alan made no answer. His face had
flushed with burning red, and then turned
suddenly as nearly pallid as was possible to
such a tanned and weather-beaten visage;
for,looking over the shoulder of De Chartres,
who stood with his back turned to the door,
the Breton Duke beheld his boy Lord staud
ing there, with Osmond and the trusty
Danes, and unmistakably an auditor of all
that had been said. And though Alan might
be innocent of intended treachery, it was not
a pleasant thing to him that Eichard should
have found him giving ear to such a proposi
tion. Bothon of Bayeux insisted ever after that
the Breton had been strongly tempted to
consent; and in fact, it was Eothon's secret
belief that he would finally have yielded
had not the sudden discovery of Eichard's
presence recalled his wandering sense of
honor and struck his heart with shame.
The unconscious De Chartres repeated:
"Let me have your answer, Alan yes or
" No, Eaoul de Chartres ! "
It was not Alan but Eichard who spoke;
and his voice fell on the ear of Eaoul de Char
tres like the very craek of doom.
" No! "said the Boy Duke, boldly, step
ping forward into viow. "No, Eaoul de
Chartres ; go back to Blois and tell your mas
ter that Alan of Brl&ttny is no such traitor
as you mistook him" for ! When he refuses
longer to render mo his homage, he will
give me notice like an honest man, and fight
me like a Breton, bnt he will not sell his
THE GATHERING OF THE BRETON LORDS.
The unexpected appearance of Eichard on
the scene, and the scornful words that told
his knowledge of Eaoul de Chartres's pro
ject for inducing Alan to betray him, seem
ed to strike the Frenchman dumb with mor
tal terror. He stood with a pale and startled
visage, gazing at the Boy Duke and plainly
apprehending, as well he might indeed, that
he should straightway hear that same clear,
ringing voice pronounce his doom ; and what
that doom would be, ho thought he could
discern, only too clearly, in the dark and
menacing faces of Eichard's adherents, in
the Boy Duke's flashing eyes, and more than
all, in the strangely-working countenance of
the Duke of Brittany.
Alan's emotions, when he was much ex
cited, were plainly revealed upon his fea
tures; and at this moment, remorse and
anger seemed to struggle for the mastery in
his expression remorse prevailing when he
turned his eyes on Eichard's face, and a
fearful anger when he looked at Eaoul de
"Eichard!" he said, in a choking voice,
"Eicbard, for all France, for tho alliance
of all the Lords of France, I would not wrong
"I know you would not wrong me, Alan.
Said I not so?"
"Ay, my Lord; and if I could have found
it in my heart to be so false, those words of
yours would keep me true!" said Alan,
As he spoke, he bared his head, and mak
ing the customary sign to Osmond and the
two Danes with a black scowl at De Char
tres he advanced and knelt before the Duke
of Normandy; and taking Eichard's hand,
kissed it in the form of doing homage, and
"Eichard, Duke of Normandy, I, Alan
of Brittany, am thy liegeman and true vas
sal. I swear fealty to thee, for myself and
all my vassals, high and low; and will obey
thee, and fight thy battles,
AND EVERMORE SERVE THEE TO THE
DEATH ! "
Eichard did not make the usual answer;
for Alan's voluntary renewal of his oath of
allegiance was a virtual confession that he
had really been false at heart, if only for a
moment; while on Eichard's part, since he
had been guilty of no lapse from his own
good faith, there was.no occasion for him to
repeat the obligation by which the over
Lord was bound, in a feudal compact.
He clasped the hand of his repentant vas
sal, however, with a hearty pressure which
was intended to assure him that ho still
possessed the confidence of his Lord ; and as
Alan arose, Sir Ivo and Bothon came forward
and solemnly offered him their hands. Os
mond;, being only a Norman Squire, was too
far below the Duke of Brittany for any de
monstration of approval on his part.
Then Alan turned with all the fury of his
angry Bhame upon Be Chartres, crying :
"As for this false Frenchman, who comes
(Continued !on 8tli page.)
Scouting and Fighting Adventures of
MISSOURI AKD ARKANSAS
IN 1861, '62.
Battle Between the Forts and
AN ACT OF BARBARITY.
BY THOMAS W. KNOX,
Author of "Tho Boy Travelers." "Tho Young
Nimrods," "Tho VoyaRcofthe Vivian," "Fulton
and Steam Navigation," "Decisive Battles Since
Waterloo," "Marco Polo for Boys and Girls,"
COPYRIGHTED 1888. ALL BIGHTS RESERVED. I
A NIGnT ATTACK BY PIGS BATTLE BE
TWEEN FORTS AND GUNBOATS DISASTER
TO THE MOUND CITY.
N the night of the
9 th, Harry and Jack
Vj IUIU. uu uuvcutuiu Ul
a new sort, which hap
pily turned out to be
The greater part of
failed to come up until
late in the evening,
and it became neces
sary for the soldiers to
bivouac without shelter, as the little town
was not equal to their accommodation. Our
young friends picketed their horses, having
first cut a quantity of green oats from a field
near by, with which they fed the faithful
Then they took two or three bundles of
the oats to lie upon and flattered themselves
that they would make a comfortable bed, or
one which would certainly be an improve
ment upon the bare ground. With a thin
layer on the ground and a good-sized bundle
for their pillows, they went to sleep in very
They were sleeping soundly, and possibly
dreaming of home and friends, when they
Shooxing the Swimmers.
were suddenly and rudely awakened. The
night was dark and their first thought was
that they had been surprised by the enemy.
There was a long and very dark form
standing over Harry and another over Jack,
and each of the assailants seemed to be
looking for the throat of his victim.
Harry gave bis disturber a heavy blow
with his fist, which sent him reeling over
upon the soldier who was lying close by and
snoring loudly. The snoring stopped at
once, as the fall of the heavy body waked
tho soldier, who sprang to his feet and
reached for his gun. He had the impulso
to shoot, but did not know in what direc
tion to fire.
Jack grapplecf with his enemy, and there
was a struggle which may be said to have
resulted in victory for both. Jack did not
succeed in holding down his assailant, as
the latter slipped through his grasp and
made his escape. But the youth saved his
lifo and was not, in fact, injured further than
a few slight contusions and abrasions.
Another soldier who had been awakened,
drew his bayonet, and as one of the attack
ing force rushed past him the man gave a
well-directed prod with the weapon, which
stretched the intruder on tho ground. It
also roused a deafening squeal, which indi
cated the character of the creators of the
It seems that a drove of half-wild pigs
had come out of the forest, on the lookout
for something to eat. In the Southern States
pigs generally run at large, being called up
occasionally by means of a horn, to be fed
and selected for slaughter or other purposes.
As they are always fed when summoned by
tho horn, they soon learn to come to its call;
but sometimes, when the summonses are
infrequent, they grow so wild that they do
not heed the sound. Then they have to be
chased up, and tho work of driving them in
is no small affair.
Very often they remain in tho woods dur
ing the day and come around at night to
the neighborhood of the dwellings in search
of food. The Southern pigs are like those
of any other part of the country, or of the
world, for that matter, as they are gifted
with free appetites and are not over particu
lar about their food as long as it is some
In their nocturnal ramble this drove under
consideration had come upon the sleeping
place of our young friends. Having scented
the oats which the boys had taken to sleep
upon, the animals rushed in without cere
mony and proceeded to devour the succulent
grain without asking permission of those
who were then in possession. The assault
ill u r V f f . I
vvjni- " i rv zj
. Jil $fflw&s- it) Is ihi
BPSBiK ' M- 111 f
of two of the pig3 upon the bundles whibu
formed the pillows of Harry and Jack gave
the impression that the marauders were
seeking to reach the throats of their victims,
and their forms in the darkness were not
unlike those of men stooping forward to
attack the slumberers. Two of the pigs
paid for the assault with their lives, and
formed a material addition to the bill of fare
of the men whose slumbers they had broken.
There was little sleep in the group for the
rest of the night, their hearty laughter over
the incident, and speculations as to whether
the rest of the pigs would come back, having
effectually driven sleep from their eyelids.
The presence of the pigs having been dis
covered, a horn was blown the next morn
ing and turned to good advantage. Pigs to
the number of a hundred Or more came
trooping out of the forest, and were enticed
into a yard which had been hastily con
structed by some of the soldiers. When
they ceased coming the yard was closed,
and the soldiers said afterwards that pork
roasted over a cainpfire formed an excellent
substitute for other articles of food when the
others couldn't be had.
The rumor of the granting of free-papers
to the negroes who had been working on the
fortifications or helprrl to fell timber to ob
struct the march of the array was rapidly
spread around Clarendon, and in a few hours
the colored population for mile3 around
seemed to have gathered there. All declared
p they had been doing the forbidden work,
and all, as far as it was possible to grant
them in the limited time, received their
ThiB action of Gen. Curtis was loudly de
nounced by the Secessionists, and many were
the suggestions that he had no right under
the Constitution of the United States to do
as he did. To all objections he made reply
that it was a military necessity, and as the
negroes had been used to violate the Consti
tution of the United States by order of their
masters, they could no longer be held sub
ject to its provisions. The lawyer already
mentioned who doubted the constitutional
right of the United States Army to invade
Arkansas, presented a further nrgument that
the laws of Arkansas were being violated,
and the General was rendering himself, liable
to arrest and punishment through the civil
courts. When asked to make the arrest a3
soon as he chose, he looked at the bristling
bayonets about him and said he would defer
action on the matter until a more convenient
Let us now look at the efforts which were
made to communicate with Gen. Curtis by
means of the gunboat3aud transports, which
had been as far as Clarendou, and left there
the day before his arrival.
In the latter part of June it was determined
to send a combined land and naval expedition
from Memphis o ascent! the White Elver and
meet Gen. Curtis either at Batesviile or some
point farther down. Allusion has been made
elsowhcre to this movement and to the fact that
the boats could not reach Batesviile on account
of the low stage of water. The expedition con
sisted of the gunboats Conestoga, St. Louis, Lex
ington, and Mound City, and three transports
carrying tho troops who were to operate on land.
The gnnboats advanced cautiously, and were
followed by the transports. Np opposition was
made until the fleet ncarcd St. Charles, about
80 miles above tho month of tho White River,
where the rebels had erected a battery of four
guns, and another a shrt distauco away of
three guris.'tho batteries- being-supported by a
small land force.
About three miles below the forts the gun
boats threw shells into the woods to clear them
of rebels, in order to enable our land forces to
go ashoro without opposition. In a little while
the transports drew up to the bank, and about
600 men of the 46th Ind., commanded by Col.
G. N. Fitch, were landed and moved around to
the rear of the fort.
Then the gunboats advanced, and as soon as
they got within range of the forts both sides
began firing. The forts. had the advantage, as
they were on a ridge of land about 75 feet above
the river, and were masked by trees, so that it
was not ensy to make out their position. Tho
river had been obstructed by three boats which
the rebels had sunk in the channel, two of them
being transports, and the third the gunboat
Ponchartrain, whose guns had been taken to
equip one of the batteries. But in spite of the
obstacles, tho Union boats pressed on and the
battle was forced with great vigor.
The nearest battery had been almost silenced,
and probably would have been completely so
in another 10 minutes, when a cannon-shot en
tered tho side of the Hound City, killing five
or six men and penetrating her steam-drum;
Instantly the boat was filled with tho steam
from the boilers. The engine-room, pilot-house
and gan-room were a cloud of vapor almost in
a moment, antF it was impossible for the crew
Tho shrieks of the unfortunate victims, who
wore crowded below, could bo heard for a long
distance. Some were almost immediately suf
focated, while others managed to reach the
portholes and plunge into the river. Then oc
curred au act of barbarity it is nest to impossi
ble to believe, but it is established by so many
witnesses that no doubt exists concerning it.
"While tho Mound City drifted helplessly
down the stream, and some 50 or more of her
men were struggling In the water, a sortie was
made from tho nearest battery by a par ty of rifle
mon, who crowded down to the bank and shot
tho helpless victims of tho explosion. Somo of
tho nien who did tho shooting were afterward
captured by tho land forces, and declared that
they ar tod as they did through the orders of
Capt. Fry, the commauder of tho fort, who had
previously commanded tho gunboat Ponchar
train, and before the war had been a Lieutenant
in the United States Navy. Many were hit by
tho firiug and sunk, dead, to the bottom of the
When the other gunboats saw what had hap
pened they immediately sent their small boats
to the aid of tho men struggling in the water.
These small boats were fired upon by tho robels,
not only with small-arms but with cannon. A
12-pouud shot knocked away tho bows of one
of the Conestoga's boats, and she was run ashore
to save her from sinking. Tho other boats were
struck by bullets, and several men of their
crews woro wounded.
The crew of tho Mound City comprised 175
officers and men. Of these threo officers and
22 men escaped uninjured. All tho rest were
killed or sovcrely injured by the scalding
steam. Thirty-nine were killed on board the
boat, aud 43 perished in tho water, either by
tho shots of tho robels or from drowning.
Among the wounded was Capt. Kilty, who
commauded tho Mound City, and was scalded
in hands and feet. Ho suffered greatly, but
There was a singular accident on board tho
nnfortnnato boat after tho explosion. Hor
starboard guns had been loaded, and were
roady for firing at tho moment the explosion
occurred. Half an hour afterward one of tho
wounded gunners, who was writhing with pain,
became entangled in tho lanyard of a gun and
discharged it. The shot took effect on tho New
National, ono of the transports, cutting off her
Bteam-pipo and instantly disabling her. Of
courso sho filled with steam at once, but as she
had landed her troops there was no one on
board except tho crow, and only the Second En
gineer was touched by tho scalding vapor. At
tho time of tho occurrence sho was moving up
to take the Mound City in tow, but immediate
ly she drifted down tho stream, her wheels
stopping short as the steam wont off.
Half an hour after the blowing up of the
Mound City tho land troops came around be
hind tho forts, and took thorn in tho rear, capt
uring tho entire garrison. Tho robels fought
bravely, but could not contend against saperior
numbers, and in a very littlo while the battle
was over, and tho Stars and Stripes floated
above tho forts.
To le continued.
Mk CREEK -
Tag History of an lyeaiM Oe&feer
GEF. WRIGHT'S REPORT.
First Publication of Any Utter
ance of His on the Battle.
CAUSE OP THE ELRST
The Splendid Retrieval of the
Day Hours Later.
GEAYB mistake haa
existed for almost a
quarter of a century
in the minds of the
general public, to the
effect that the open
ing attack of Gen.
Early at Cedar Creek
upon the Army of
the Shenandoah, tho
morning of Oct 19,
1864, W83 a surprise,
and data that h&3
recently come into
the writer's possession enables him to give a
new rendering to the history of that iamoua
A very strange thing is that the ofiiefal
report of Maj.-Gen. Horatio Gouverneux
Wright, the commander of the Sixth Corps,
and the temporary commander while lTaj.
Gen. Sheridan was absent until the disaster
of that foggy October morning was already
half redeemed, has never been told before to
the public; for Gen. Wright's official report,
as well as the official reports of his subordi
nates, cannot be found in the records of the
War Department, as they should be. Why
this is so the writer does not pretend to tell,
and Gen. Wright says that before as well aa
during the time he was Chief of the Corps
of Engineers he made ineffectual efforts to
find his report. 9
Eecently the writer learned that Gen.
Wright still ha3 the rough draft of his offi
cial report of the operations preceding and
during the battle of Cedar Creek, and as it
presents an entirely new aspect of the events
of that eventful day, he believes it worthy
Pending this publication, which is by per
mission of Gen. Wright, the following corre
spondence took place :
WASircfGTCHr, D. Ct. Jan. 12, 1889.
Gen. Horatio Gouveebcr ?smht, U. S. Army,
General: I am in possession of the rough draft of
your official report of the operations conducted by
you during the movements that led to the battle af
Cedar Creek. Oct. 19. 1S61, and of th battle HaelC
I submit herewith a eopy of tbe roogh draft,
and beg your permission to publish it in The Na
tional Tribune, aa it will eorreet aa erroneoea
idea that has prevailed for many years that your
command was tho victim of a surprise on thai
I have the honor to be. General, yoar obedient
servant, Frank Y. CoaonGERS.
f r Zs S S
' y ,'- -4 y
FAC SIMILE OF QEJT. WEIGHTS iETTSK.
1203 N St. N. "W., Washington, Jan. 17. JSS9.
Maj. IJrank Y. Coxxagkrk. Waahinetoe. . C
ilAJOR: I am in reeelpt of your nota of the 16th
inst., ineloding a eopy of th rough draft of my re
port upon the batU of Cedar Creek, fought oa thl
19th October, 1S1, and Sod upon comparison thai
the copy ia a eorreet one.
In this connection it may be proper to state that
I believe the rough draft agrees substantially with
tho report itself; tho only difference, if any, be
tween them being in verbal changes whiob. mijht
make the meaning more apparent.
I see no objection to the publishing; of the report
la The National Tkibcnk, as you propose.
Very reapeetfuUy, youra.
H. G. TVBKT.
was not written until Nov. 27, 1S86, when
Gen. Wright was commanding the Depart
ment of Texas in the Military Division of
the Gulf, and is dated at Galveston, Tax.,
being addressed to Brevet Brig.-Gen. George
A. Forsyth, who was then Chief of Staff to
Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, and is as ibilows,
General: I have the honor to present tbe
following report of the part taken by the Sixth
Corp3 in the battle of Cedar Creek on the 19th
of December, 1S6-1, premising that as all the
records of tbe corps were turned into the oiScb
of tbe Adjutant-General of the Army a tho
discontinuance of tho corps, in Juno last, I ana
unable to refer to any of the sub-reports so as to
transmit them herewith.
As I was the ranking officer of the forces In
tho cLdocco of Maj.-Gen. Sheridan when the
battlo began, it will bo necessary to a clear
narration of the events of the day to commence
on the evening of the ISth.
About 9 o'clock" of that evening I was called
upon by Maj.-Gen. Crook, commanding tha
, s.n ' iswrtk,-- AJt;
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