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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1889.
ww!v.'il that resistance to sadk h force ironlfl
be ttvr!HSx They prepared to surrender and
make t lt best of thei r utiofortene. But before
tbe ptnfif-pUnk bad been run out one of the
shrewdest of them observed thwt the formid
able force was habited in the Union uniform,
thoarh it was so mdlv oorcred with dust that
it could easilv be mistaken for tbe Cou federate j
Ait officer -who wit among tho passengers
brought a field-glass to bear on the party on
tbe bank. He was an old friend of Oapt. Wins
low, tbe Quartermaster of Gen. Curtis's army,
and was not long in making him out, in spite
of tbe dust that covered him and his generally
bedraggled appearance after his long ride.
Holding aside his glass, he sboatod:
"Is Cant. Window there?"
"Here I am," wm tbe reply, "and here are
tbe rest of us."
"All right, Pilot," said the offieor; "you're
safe enough new. Yea're cspturod by our
In a few minutee tbe boat bad been made
feet fee e shore, and Gen. Washbnrne came
n board aoooamaaied bv Oat. Window, Cstt
Koble, of Gen. Curtis's staff, and several other J
officers. There was a recognition 01 oia ineuus
and introductions all around. The new arriv
al were treated to tbe best the eteauierafibrded,
and tbe officer wbo bad charge of the boat asked
what tbey oonid do for the weary and dusty
"Give as whatever provisions you can
spare," said Gen. Washbnrne, "and then hurry
np to Memphis as faat as you can with Cants.
Window and Koble. They!! get supplies for
s and have them shipped down here to meet
tbe army by tbe time it arrives."
The boat was not well provided with stores,
as she had no occasion for anything beyond
sufficient to feed ber company to Memphis, but
whatever she had was quickly rolled on the
bank and banded over to tlie Quartermaster of
tbe division. When this had been done she
immediately steamed away for Memphis, 90
miles np tbe river. She was obliged to lie at
aaebor daring tbe night, owing to a dense fog,
and did not reach Memphis until tbe following
Supplies were immediately shipped to Helena,
4ud by ibe morning of tbe 14th they were
piled on tbe bank a welcome sight to the sol
diers, tbat marched is as closely behind the
cavalry as it was possible for infantry te follow.
The march from Clarendon was accomplished
in httk more than two days, and not a wagon
was lost or left behind. By tbe evening of the
33tti all the divisions had arrived, and anxious
ly w&ited tbe provisions which came to them
on tbe following morning. Hundreds of hands
were ready to assist in tbe landing, and rarely
lias a steamboat discharged ber cargo with
Tbe column was followed by a groat number
of negroes, wbo feared xbe treatment they
would receive from their masters after the de
parture of tbe Union forces from Clarendon.
AX one time it was remarked that there were
more negroes than white men in Helena, and
tbe ennnert of the colored nomtlation became a
matter of serious consequence. The difficulty j
was partially solved a Jew months later, when
St was decided to enlist negroes as soldiers, and
several regiments of them were formed for in
fantry and cavalry service. Tbonsauds of able
bodied atiaens of African descent were enroll
ed in the army, and though tbey had their de
ficiencies tbey did credit to themselves, besides
exasperating the rebels to an unwonted degree.
Many of the rebel officers subsequently de
clared tbat their greatest mistake was that
tbey did not- arm their negroes early in the
war, promising to give tbetn their freedom at
3MB fcOST ARMY IX CAMP AT HELENA
GBOES tmUZKD A BARKY DOXOLOGY-
' Oar story draws to a dose, Webave brought
Harry and Jack to tbe banks of the great
river, aad there we will leave them. Th e army
of Gen. Curtis bad terminated a most arduous
campaign. Since leaving Holla in February,
six months before, it bad marched more than
600 miles, wacb of tbe way through a thinly
settled and inhospitable region, with bad roads,
Bubridged streams, and all the difficulties of
locomotion in a new country. It had fought
several minor engagements and skirmishes,
and engaged in a battle of three days' duration
tbat of Pea Sidge, out of which it emerged vic
torious after combatting with a force three
times as great as its own. It had performed
gome of the best marching on record, and its
ea were ready to go through another cam
paign of tbe same sort, only asking for a brief
rest and for sufficient good food to restore their
accustomed strength. And tbe reader may be
sure that nothiug was kept from then) that was 1
withm tbe power of tbe Quartermasters to give,
aad tbe camps in and around Helena were a
eeeae of feasting and rejoicing, sneb as tbat
qeiet town on the Mississippi bad. never before
Harry and Jack were quite as Toady as any
tne else for a good rest, aad did not hang back
jrben there was a prospect for something nice
to sat. As tbvy strolled through the streets
sad along tbe levee of Helena tbey built mauy
castles in tbe air, aad pondered upon what they
bad been through since tbey loft their homes a
Wonder bow many miles we've traveled ? "
said Harry. I leave out of the calculation
tbe railway aad steamboat traveling, and only
inelade horseback riding and en foot."
"I don't know. I'm sure," replied Jack.
" Let's figure it ep as best we can, and see bow
it comes oat."
They proceeded to figure it, bat frankly
acknowledged that die job was a difficult one,
on account of their numerous scouting expe
ditions, many of which tbey couldn't romoiaber
attbeaoment. Altogether taey thought it must
have been not far from a thousand miles up to
tbe time tbey made their last departure from
Bella. Tbe army, as we haveseeu, had marched
600 miles from Bolla to Helena, and as the boys
bad made many scouting and other expeditions
around Pea Stage, Forsyth and JJatesville,
tbey thought it not unfair to add 400 miles to
tbe lota.! of tbe army's movements, making
Jast think of it!" exclaimed Jack, "2,000
miles! Wby that's two-thirds the distance,
about, from New York to San Francisco. It's
a big lot of traveling, especially when it's been
done on tbe quarter-deck of a horse, and some
times under very hard circumstances. We've
been many times in peril of our lives, passed
through a great many privations, been cold and
wet and hungry, but for all that, here we are
as healthy as a couple of you he tigers, readv
for tbe nest adventure tbat turns up."
"Yes, that's so," replied Harry; "and I
suppose yo dWl want te go borne just now, do
"Not L" was tbe ready response; "but we'll
see what oar folk say about it, and also what
tbe General says."
We haven't bad any letters for a long time,"
said Harry, "and furthermore we haven't sent
any, for the very simple reason that the mails
couldn't get either to or from us. We've been
buried in tbe wilderness as much as though we
bad been ia tbe middle of Africa."
" Yes,' replied Jack ; "and that reminds me
of something 1 beard Gen. Vaudcvor saying
this morning, lie bad a newspaper which
somebody brought down on a steamboat from
Memphis, and I beard him telling Gen. Wash
bnrne that tbe newspnjerg were full of articles
about as, and there was a great deal of anxiety
concerning uen. turus ana nis army.
"Then be laughed," continued jack, "and
said tbey were speaking of us as 'The Lost
Army. Nothing bad been beard from us for
soch a long time that they were afraid we'd
been lost and coalda't get back again, or per
haps tbe rebs bad killed or csjtured us all."
"Well, we haven't boon lost very much,"
said Harry, witb what may be called an audi
ble smile. "We've always known where we
were, aad whenever tbe enemy attacked us lie
bad reason to know tbat we knew. But, I say,
Jack, that gives me an idea."
"What is tbat?"
"Why, if we ever write a story of our cam
paigns that'll be a good name for it. We'll call
it "The Lost Army,' aad it'll be a first-rate
"That's so," Jack answered, "and it will bo
quite as fcratfeAtl as many titles of looks I've
keen. Very often when you read a book there's
very Hubs in tbe pagesuf the volume that seem
to have boon aaggestod by what you find on
"Jast ae." said Harry, "and a man will have
to read dear through to the last chapter before
be nttdsottt what Tbe Lost Army was. And
-wbea be dees find out he'll agree with us that
we haven't been going round getting lost very
Wc had tbe permission of the youths to tell
tbe story of their experiences in the South
Tratt, and have taken It. title and all. This is
Children Cry for
wby our tory lias been called as the reader Las
Helena continued tobe a permanent military
post from tbat time onward, but the rebels did
not attempt to disturb it, for the double reason
that their force of troops on the west of the
Mississippi was small, and no good could come
from a raid on the town when they would not
be able to hold it more than a few hours, only
nutil guuboats could arrive to drive them away.
Gen. Curtis was ordered to St. Louis to take
oommand of the Department of the Missouri,
and Ojwrate against the rebels that were mak
ing things somewhat lively in tbo neighbor
hood of Springfield and Fayotteville. A. por
tion of the troops that had composed The Lost
Army remained at Helena, but the greater
part wcro orderod to join the corps that made
the second attack upon Vicksburg aud ulti
mately succeeded in reducing that important
stronghold of the rebellion.
Two or three weeks after the arrival of Gen.
Curtis at Hoi on a word was received of a party
of rebels some 12 or 15 miles away in a north
erly direction. Two companies of the 3d Wis.
Cav. went to look for the oncniy, and Tvero ac
companied by our young friends. They found
the enemy, and very unexpectedly too, for they
ran into an ambuscade; but happily tho aim of
the rebel rifles was so bad tbat ouly two or
three men were injured. Then tho Unionists
"wont in," and thrashed the rebels, compelling
them to retreat after tho loss of several of their
number. Harry and Jack had each a prisoner
to his credit, though it Ms proper to say that
they wore not captured in fair fighting. The
way of it was this:
After the fighting was over tbe youths dis
mounted to look over the ground and pick up
anything that might hoof value or would indi
cate to what compauy or regiment, if any, the
men they had been engaged with belonged.
They had done this on sevoral occasions to ad
vantage, and in tho latter part of their cam
paigning it was .a rule to which they adhered
whenever circumstances permitted.
While they were inspecting the scene of the
skirmish, Harry came to a largo tree which
proved on examination to be hollow. Ho re
marked to Jack that it was a good place for a
man to hide in, to which Jack replied that it
would hold half a dozen or more if they didn't
mind a little crowding.
"Who knows but that some of those fellows
hid there when they found we were getting tho
best of 'em," said Harry. " Suppose we inves
tigate that tree."
Jack agreed to it, and they approached the
tree, cocked their pistols aud pointed them up
the hollow into the darkness.
" Come down out of that," said Harry, in a
commanding tone, "or we'll shoot daylight into
There was no response, and Harry was about
to turn away when Jack, more in fun than
with any expectation of finding anybody, called
"Comedown, I say. You'll have jast five
seconds to come in."
"I'm a-coining," said a weak voice from the
darkness, much to the surprise of the boys, and
amoment later down slipped a forlorn-looking
"Butternut," who was evidently greatly fright
ened. " Surrender !" shouted Harry, ,c and. tell tho
rest of 'era to come right away."
" There's only one more feller there," said,
the prisoner, who surrendered by throwing his
bands in the air and dropping his shotgun on
the ground. The summons was renewed, and
down came the "one more feller " aud surren
dered after the same fashion ; and this was the
way their prisoners were taken.
"Not quite as meritorious a performance as
capturing them in open fighting," said Harry;
"but then it's like hooking a fish in the belly
instead of catching him in the regular way by
the mouth he counts just the same."
During their stay at Helena Harry aud Jack
made themsdves useful in looking after tho
negroes that flocked there for protection, and
they were Eometimes derisively mentioned by
their comrades as managers of the Freedmen's
Bureau. But they took the satire good na
turedly aud wont on with their work, which
consisted of aiding in the distribution of ra
tions, making lists, of tho negroes as fast as
they came in, assigning them to different parts
of tho camp, helping them to their free-papers,
drafting out all who were able to work, and
sending them to the levee to aid in unloading
steamboats, or into the forests in the neighbor
hood of Helena, where they were employed to
cut wood. At every opportunity they endeav
ored to instil into the negro mind the idea that
freedom didn't mean idleness, and insisted that
the best way of making this fact understood was
to put the negro at work, even if work had to
be manufactured for him.
Consequently, when there was nothing else
to be done, Harry would take the negroes who
wore under his orders and Eet them to throw
ing up a fortification arouud the camp. When
it was completed he pretended to wish to
change something about it, and thus tbe earth
of which it was composed was handled over
sevoral times in succession.
The last we saw of our young friends in the
camp at Helena they were looking on and list
ening one Sunday evening wheu the negroes
wore having a religious meeting. Several negro
preachers harangued the assemblage in their
quaint aud forcible way. Prayers were offered,
and three or four hymns were sung with great
fervor, all the congregation joiniug. and fairly
making tho woods ring with their voices. The
meeting wound up with the following doxol
ogy, the -composition of one of the negro
preachers, who "lined it out" to the congrega
tion several times in succession, until enough
of them had committed it to memory to make
sure that it would go:
" We're all free now
We're all free now
We're all free now forebbcr.
"We don't tank mabsas,
"We don't lank niifesu-scs;
But we'll tank de Yankees forebber.
Akiii! Agin! Agm!
We'll tank de Yankees forebber."
chial Troches."" They stop au attack of my asthma
oosr-li very iwomptly." C. Ibich, MiamMUe, OMo.
The Credentials Were Inadequate.
One day last week a lady wbo resides in
Chicago, on tho South Side, advertised for a
servant. The first applicant who came in an
swer tollie advertisement was a pretty aud
neat young girl, evidently hut recently from
Ireland. After some little talk the lady asked
the girl if she had any references.
"Oh, yos, ma'am," the girl replied, and hand
ed over a sneet oi note paper, on wiucu was
written the following legeud:
To ho it moi consarn:
Ealy aud thruly shebeagoodgurl. She kin
do ginral work. She lived with me sivin
mouths. She be m cussin. MRS. POLICE
The reference did not got the poor girl a place
then and there.
Ayor's Sarsaparilla purifies tho blood, and ox
pels all poisonous elements. Sold by druggists.
Presentation of Hill's 3Iemori.il lie cord Hook.
Messr3. Jas. Woolson, Edwin J3. Hale, Frank
A. Allen, Erasmus I. Loavitt, Win. H. Wood,
Charlos Bullock, Chester W. Kingsley, John W.
Houghton, E. Burt Phillips, Edward Kendall,
S. M. Hannum, Oliver H. Durrell and S. S.
Sleeper have presented John A. Logan Post, No.
ISO, of Cambridgeport, Mass., a large and hand
some copy of Hill's Momorial Record Book.
Mrs. Anglo-Mania What are you writing,
Estello (aged ten) Miss Jennings wants us to
do a composition on Washington's Birthday.
Mrs. Anglo-Mania Never mind it now, my
dear; you look quite pale studying so hard.
Bun aud play.
Mrs. Anglo-Mania (to govorness, later)
Don't feel obliged, Miss Jennings, to cram the
children with all the National holidays.
Miss Jennings No, madam, hut Washington's
Birthday is so essentially American.
Mrs. Anglo-Mania Oh, yes, 1 know; but I
prefer they should become proficient in English
history. Lot them write up Guy Fawkes'sday
and or tho Queen's birthday. Such exercises
store tbe mind with really useful knowledge.
Why It Pleases Her.
Editor National Tribune: I have lately
been rending a story published in your paper,
"The Boy Duke," by Frances Wilson, and I
wish to express to you ray great pleasure in its
perusal. It is something so aside from tho
ordinary, its medieval flavor is so charming,
that I hope wc may have bomcthiug more from
the pen of tho same author. Fannie M. Bob
bins, Oak Park, HI.
1JPKETS OF CrJINiJ.
Ffsli Sold Alive and Sheep Killed on
BiroV-Xrst Sonp at $5 a Plate Siuokcil Sticking
Pigs and Dried Sltceps' Heads Pish, Flesh, and
Fonl Cheap and Abundant What ForclRncrs Pay
for Meats How tho Missionaries and Foreigners
Live Tho Wheelbarrow as a Cab The 4,000
Walled Cities of China A Xoolc at Old Shans-hai-Gold
Fish, and How They are liaised Tho
fioldcn-Lily Feet or the Chineso Women, and Our
Correspondent's Photograph of the Foot of a
Chineso Itelle Japanese Yersus Chineso Girls
Tho American Slaiden Takes. tho Cake.
LCOr-YKIGUTED BY riLMflC 0. CARrEKTEn. 1533.
Special Correspondence Natjonai. Tribune.
Swatow, China, January, 18S9.
OMING from Peking
to Swatow one jumps
from Winter to Sum
mer. Wo found snow
on the top of tho great
wall of China. Hero,
1,500 miles south, tho
coolies are barefooted
and barelegged, tho
roses are blooming,
and ripe oranges and
bananas are hawked
about tho streets.
China is a land of
fruits, and naturo has
treated her as bounti
fully as she has any
portion of tho world. I had an idea that the
chief diet of the empire was rice and rats. I
find hero a greater variety of game, fruits,
and vegetables than in any country I have ever
visited, and John Chinaman lives about as well
as any man on tho globo. Tho Mandarins
spend a great deal on their tables, and one of
their favorite dishes is bird'a-nest soup, which
costs $5 a plate. Sharks' fins are another ex
pensive luxury, and tho curiosities of a big
Chinese market are worthy of mention. I
visited a number of these markets, and I find
in them many things which it would be well
for us to imitate. There are no bad fish sold in
China. The Celestial must know that his fish
is fresh, and the market-man has to bring them
alive to Jiis customers. He keeps them in bis
stall in tubs of about tho size of an ordinary
washtub, but only half as deep, aud they swim
about until they are sold. China has many
fine eels, and these are also soM alive. Tho
butchers' meat is killed in front of the meat
stalls, and I saw hundreds of the fat-tailed
sheep of JNorth. China killed aud dressed in
this way. The blood stains the streets, but
this does not matter to tho Chinaman; and
blood, by the way, is clean in comparison with
the average dirt on tbo sidewalk. China seems
to he tho natural homo of the pheasant, the
quail, and tho snipe, and tho markets are full
of these birds. Deer's meat is sold in Peking,
and tho mutton is tho finest in tho world.
The butchering is well done, and tho markets
appear very appetizing.
Hero at Swatow
visited the fish markot,
wbero dried fish are sold in great quantities.
They are brought to the markets in baskets
which hold about three bushels, and every va
riety of the finny tribe is to'be seen. Tho dried
eels are especially curious. They look like raw
hide whips, and are esteemed a delicacy.
Smoked sheep's head is another Chinese edible.
The head is split in halves, dried and smoked,
and bung up on a hook outside of the shop.
Pigs are sold in every variety of shape. Suck
ing pigs are 6moked aud dried, and it is a poor j
Chinese feast that does not includo a sucking
pig. The vegetables are of all descriptions,
from tho tomato to the lily bulb, and I saw in
the Peking markets potatoes no bigger than
beans for sale by the bushel. The Chinese are
very fond of pumpkin seed, and it is a common
thing in the theaters to pass around black
watermelon seeds for the auditors to munch at
during tho play. The"so cost about half a cent
a meal, and they are not bad to toko. Mule's
meat and camel's meat are sold at -ome of tho
shops of North China. The animiils are, how
ever, too valuable to be killed for thispurposo,
and the meat is that of those which have died
a natural death. There is no public inspector
of meats here, aud tho poorer dasses will eat
Among the curious fruits of China arc tho
persimmons. These aro sometimes as big as
the largest of American tomatoes, and they
have much the same red color. They are de
liriously sweet, and are full of meat so soft that
you can eat it with u spoon. Orauges scorn to
grow all over China, and there are mandarin
orauges and cooley oranges. The mandarins of
the best quality aro threo times as large as the
bigh-priced mandarin oranges wearo sometimes
able to buy iu America, and the cooley oranges
have the same taste as our Florida orauges.
Bananas grow hero at Swatow, aud tho lemon,
the quince, tho olive, and pears, plums and
dates are common. There are nuts of all kinds,
and the English walnut is among the dessert
dishes of all the hotels. The lyches is half nut
and half fruit. It is a sort of a date-like flesh
inclosed in a shell, which you crack with your
finger, and which taste3 as sweet as sugar. Tho
markets of every Chineso city I havo visited
have been full of sweet potatoes, cabbages, and
melons, and they are the busiest parts of a
town. 1 find cook-shops not inoro than ten
steps apart, and the fact that John Chinaman
has a big stomach and that he likes to fill it is
always appaient. Everything is cheap, aud in
the foreign market at Shanghai, where tho
prices are perhaps twice those paid by tbo na
tives, I see that beef brings five, six, and eight
cents a pound. Mutton is worth from ten to
twelve cents, and eggs aro only seven cents a
dozen. Pigoous are eight cents apiece, wild
pigeons sell for six cents, and deer aro sold for
thrco dollars each. Snipe sell for 81 cents a
dozen. Wild ducks cost six cents apiece, aud
Christmas turkeys were sold for ono dollar and
a half, lladishes are two cents a dozen; and
the market list, all told, includes more articles
than could be put in a column of this paper.
Neither tho missionaries nor the foreigners
starve in China, lhoy live quite as well as we
do at home. They have better servants and
more luxurious surroundings. Shanghai is
morelike Paris than China, co farasthofoteigu
colony is concerned, and the averago foreigner
living in China can, by speaking three woids
to his cook, get up a dinner for a large party
which would do credit to a Washington chef.
The foreigners, as a rule, have a largo corps of
servants, aud tho average cook gets about six
dollars a month aud boards himself. Other
servants, not skilled, receive threo and four
dollars a raontln But ono will not do tho work
of the other, and it is necessary to havo four or
five servants to the American's one. The houses
of the missionaries look not unlike American
homes. In Peking each mission has a large
compound, or yard, shut off fromthe rest of
the city by a high wall, and iu this aro tho
homes of tho Missionaries. These compounds
contain many acres in some cases, and when
the missionary gets inside of them, with his
little colony of co-workers, ho is practically at
homo again. Ono of tho most comfortable
homes I have seen in China is that of
the Reverend Dr. Talmagc, tho brother of
T. DeWitt Talmagc, tho noted preacher of
Brooklyn. It is situated at Amoy, on a
high hill overlooking a most beautiful har
bor, and is tho center of tho work which
Dr. Talmago has been carrying on for 41 years.
The homes of the missionaries are among tho
most refined homes of China, and tho mission
aries aro the best-posted men upon the customs
of the people. They do a good work, and thov
havo, I am told, about 40,000 native Christiana
in thoir churches in China. Travelers aro
often severe in their comments upon what
they call their luxurious living, aud upon the
fact that it is necqssary for them to take Snm
mor trips to the 'seashore. Life, however, in
tho interior of China and among such sur
roundings would kill them off before their time
had they not good homes and yearly Yacatious.
I met Bishop Fowler, of the Methodist Church,
at Foochow. Ho has been looking into the
condition of the Chineso missions, and his idea
as to the treatment of missionaries is, I think,
the correct ono. "A. missionary," said he, "is
good for nothing until he has spent fivo years
in China to learn tbo language, and this costs
the Church at homo about $10,000. When you
have $10,000 invested iu a man it pays to take
caro of him, and I think we mako more out of
good treutment of our missionaries than if they
lived in Chinese houses and wore their lives
out before they became of real use to us."
In the meantime it is easy to see how much
more readily tho foreigner piclcs up the bad
than the good in our civilization. Thcro is at
Shanghai a billiard saloon, patronized by tho
bestof the Chineso, and the Chinese have their
club-house, which tbey frequent with ques
tionable women of thoir race. Tho Chinamau
never thinks of taking his wifo out to ride in
an open carriage, and I saw hundreds of Chi
neso driving' about Shanghai in foroign car
riages with almond-eyed beauties richly dressed
in bright si Iks beside them. The party of youug
Chinamen who wont to Yale to bo educated
have returned to China, and tbeyall have good
positions, cither under tho Govcrnraont or in
foreign houses. Tbey get on an average of
$125 a month, and they havo brought baseball
back to China. Some of them arc so fond of
European clothes that they wear them under
their Chinese costumes, which tho Government
prescribes for them. You never see a Celestial
clothed like a foreigner hero, and they stick to
their cues and their gowns. I saw ouo riding
a bicycle the other day, and ono of tho most
intelligent of the amateur photographers I
have met was a young Chinese nobleman, who
talked English as well as you do.
Some travelers say that all the cities of
China are alike. This is tho word of the globe
trotter, however. To me all the cities of China
Out Foe A Bide.
which I havo seen are different. Swatow is
tho cleanest and Peking the dirtiest. I have,
during tho last month, visited Pekiug. Tient
sin, Shanghai, Chofoo, Foochow, Araoy and
Swatow. They are all big cities, ranging from
half a million to a million in size, and the im
mensity of this greal Chinese Empire grows
upon me. China has 4,000 walled cities, and
tho cost of its walls would cover it with rail
roads as with a not. Tho walls of eacli city
arc from 30 to 60 feet high, or from tbe bight of
a two-story to that of a,fonr-story house. The
wallsofNauking.which lies a little aboveShang
hai, are 18 miles long. Peking has between 20
and 30 miles of wall, and the walls of Foo
chow are six miles in circumference. Some of
tho walls of the Chinese cities have stones piled
up on their ramparts, evidently intended for
defeusu in case of attack, and on tho Shanghai
wall are two old cannon, rusty and out of re
pair, facing the sea. These city walls are, in
sonic cases, so old that they fall down; hut
China still builds walled cities, and within the
last decade, tho capital of Formosa being
changed, the new city was surrounded by a
wall, as though it were being built in the mid
dle ages and not in tho days of cannon and
The city inside the wall at Shanghai is made
up of streets not more than eight feet wide.
Tho shops aro built of brick, and they are of
one aud two stories, with roofs which hang
over so that only a narrow line of light can
come down into the street. Tho shops aro
almost a solid lino of cells, from 10 to 40 feet
square, and separated from ouo another by
walls about a foot thick. They are lighted en
tiiely from the front, aud are open to tho
streets. The signs hang downward from tha
cdjje of the roof of the shop, and the whole
looks more like a great bazaar than a series of
stores. All kinds of working goes on in tho
same street. The blacksmith blows his IhjI
lows and pounds away at the red-hot iron next
door to tho selier of silks, and the ivory-carver
works in the same street with tho carpenter.
The seller of perfumery may have a shop ad
jacent to the peddler of fish, and as a rule the
stench from the street itself is such that it de
stroys all other smells.
Among tho curious places of old Shanghai
aro tho bird market and tho market for tho
sale of gold-fish. All kinds of birds, trained
and untrained, aro sold, and I saw ono dealer
who would throw a grain of corn into the air,
and thou let fly a little bird no larger than a
sparrow, who would catch it in his mouth as it
fell. Tho Chineso gold-fish are amoue tho
finest in the world, and the market at Shanghai
has them for sale in large earthen bowls, each
as big around at tho top as tho end of a hogs
head, and about two feet deep. Tho fish cost
10 cents and upwards a pair, aud many of them
arc raised by the market-men. As soon as tho
gold-fish are hatched they aro fed upon tho
yolk of hard-boiled eggs, and after they aro 10
days old they are given insects to eat. At first
they aro black, and it is only after they have
lived about four months that they got their
celebrated golden huo. Thoy havo eyes liko
goggles, and they are like no other gold-fish I
havo over seen. There was, I should judge,
about an acre of these big jars of fish, and tho
demand for them may bo understood when it
:s said that every Chineso gardon has an aqua
rium. Tho mode of conveyance in tho native city
of Shanghai is by wheelbarrow, and the Chi
nese wheelbarrow is tho cab of this wholo re-
A cult and Painful Kidney. Achilla titles.
Back and Chest, Rheumatic, Sciatic, Sharp uml Mus
cular rains, vniuveI in one minute bv the
CUTICURA ANTI-PAIN PLASTER
jif? plaster. 23 cts.; 0 for $!. At druggists, or of Potter
Data and Chemical Co,, Boston.
CiuiUlti.H.-il'cn.l'midlaiKl JiiiLberfciaiiio-l'Dnlijuld 1 JU
Vlea open ly nslkhtlircsaureof Uiothumb. l'rlnt3l,2or
3 lines. Highly Nlckle rtatcrt. When closed for pocket
Tinnst REK with firstonler.Q.uickeat shipments. Brery
toJj Deeds one to narLiueQ,Canli,Uc'j)u, etc Addre9
Thalman M'f'g Co., No. M, Baltimore, Md.
Mention The National Tribune.
SELLS atslglit. Just what every soldlerwanfa. Abra
liam Lincoln and Ida Emancipation Proclamation,
cotton up lit first-clas33tyle-Jx2J inches. Sentto any ad
dress for 81. Senda cents fordescrlption. Address
DENNIS & CO., Fredericktotvn, Mo.
1 1 K njus-Carda, EBcort, Courtinp. &c..forTounK
X S J People. 20 cents. One beautiful cloth-bound
PiTf.,.?MM7viw-O00wSn.i?'25cent3- St"p3 taken. J.B.
JiUalLD, Nassau, N. Y.
Mention The National Tribune.
CfcCA MONTII AND HOARD PAID, or highest
H3v-JJ commission ltor :i(J DAYS CREDIT to
Agent!) on our NEW HOOK. P. V. ZlEGLEtt & CO.. 720
Chestnut St.. Philadelphia.
Zdentiou Tho Nutioual Tribune.
gion. Ife has a wheel as big as a cart wheel,
which conies up through tho center of the bar
row, and tho passenger sits on tho side and
hangs his feet in a loop of siring, which is fas
tened to tho woodwork. A half naked cooley
pushes tho barrow, and you can ride across
Shanghai for about a cent. Natives only, how
ovor, get about in this way. Foreigners ride in
chairs or walk, and tho streets are so narrow
that it is almost impossible for two wheel
barrows to pass. A not uncommon sight is a
load of merchandize on one side and a man or
woman on tho other. Sometimes bogs aro car
ried on ono side of tho barrow, squealing and
wiggling, while women composedly rido ou tho
The cooley woman of Shanghai is not overly
modest nor discomposed at the sight of foreign
ers. Sho has the small foot of tho sex in China,
and sho walks as tenderly as though sho were
walking on hot plowshares. The smallest
feet I havo yet seen are those of Tiontsin, and
I am surprised to find that each city seems to
have a diflcront style of shoo and of feet for
tho women. Doctors tell mo that tho binding
of tho feet takes away entirely tho swelling of
the calf, and the Chinese beauty has not the
tho logs of tho Venus Di Medici. The leg from
the foot to the knee is a pipe-stem, and I saw a
woman at Foochow who had tied ber Zouavo
pautaloonsabovothe auklo to keep them out of
tho mud, and bandage and all was no larger
around than the wrist of a six-year-old boy.
I havo photographed one of theso Chinese legs
for tho use of The National Tribune. Tho
foot is not so small as many of thoso I havo
seen, still it gives a good idea of tho compres
sion and the doforraity. Tho skin looks as
rough as though it were chafed with the cold;
it is crackled and sore, and the heel comes
down moro like the heel of a shoo than that of
flesh. Tho four small toes have been hound
under tho foot, aud theso Chinese women in
reality walk ou thoir big toes. Tho smallest
feet aro known as golden-lily feet, and tho
Chineso lady takes great pride in her shoes.
Sho embroiders them herself, and thcro is a
woman at Canton whoso foot is so small that
tho part that touches tho ground can stand on
a silver dollar aud not come outside tho rim.
The Chinese women are not so beautiful as
the Japanese, though some of tho half-breed
girls at Shanghai are very attractie. Tho
Manchu maidens of North China aro the pret
tiest of the almond-eyed ladies! I have seen,
but these women of South China have the
broad foreheads, tho somi-flafc noses and the
stolid faces which seem to partake moro of the
nature of the negro than of tho Caucasian. I
see, however, but few of tho ladies, as the rich
Chinaman keeps his wives indoors, aud as it is
not otiquet for them to bo upon the streets.
It is said that the custom of binding the feet
was introduced in order to keep the women
from gadduig, and if so, it has" accomplished
the purpose, fora Chinese lady with very small
feet could 1 p more take a three-mile walk than
fly. The girls are kept from playing by tho
binding of their feet, aud inasmuch as the feet
are bound as early as at five years, it will be
seen that the Chinese girl lias little fun to
speak of. Tho Chinese woman is as fond of
dress as her American sister Those of North
China always have flowers in thoir hair real,
when in season, and artificial when these can
not bo hnd. She uses threo times as much
paint as tho gaudiest ballot dancer, aud little
s PI P
i i ii 1 1 ii mi lit ii it r. i rrHf rrtti ui r .. 11 -
You Casi G-et tiie Best Going Without
IS3iey ! !
READ OUR GREAT OFFER TO CLUB RAISERS.
Face Vie-nr of T7atoli.
vIV lw W
IS a watc:
Any Jeweler Can Take it Apart and Put it
For some timo wo liavo not offered a watch for a preminm, Tiecnuso we could not find ono
wo woro willing to warrant till wo struck The Trenton.
THE "TEENT0N" is the be3t Watch, for tho money, in tho world-. Jewelers and experts
havo been puzzled aud astonished by its elegant appearanco arM perfect time-keoping
THE "TEENT0N" is tho be3t Watch, for
aud astonished by its elegant appearanco anc
o result of Yankee genius and years of labor con
acv aud chennness. and wo can now. for tho first
J qualities. It is tho result of Yankee genius and years of labor combined. This Watch is
P a marvel for accuracy aud cheapness, aud wo can now, for tho first time in tho history of
watchmaking, offer our subscribers a cheap watch,
" af A - - -
to tho best made anywlioro, and is superior to any otner cueap waicii. auo xruuiou- una a
jeweled balance, romovablo without taking off tho top plate, is a stem wind and stem sot, with
back ratchet. It is a threo-quarter plate, with quick train, (18,000 bents per hour). All tho
movomonts aro carefully regulated and inspected beforo leaving tho factory.
The"Diamoud Silver Caso," in whicb tbo works aro placed, is tho host combination of
Silver and Nickel over used. It is worth moro than puro silver and i3 better. Thoy are solid,
not plated, and will wear tho samo uutil worn through to tho movement. Thoy aro mado snap
back and hinged front. Tho suap back will keep out tbo dust and dirt, aud is a dust-proof
caso, thus avoiding tho expeuso and bother of cleaning so often.
The Trenton is no longer an experiment. It is an assured success, and pronounced so by
all whoTiavo seen it. The Watch for tho million.
Wo offer thia splendid, warrantod timekeeper free, postpaid to any ono who will sond U3 a
club of only 15 subscribers at $1 each.
Or, wo will send tho papor for ono yoar and the watch to any address npon receipt of $5.
The al6 re offers do not refer to clubs of names sent prior to this date, Nov. 1. Address,
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, Washington, D. C.
boy3 aud girls havo their faces covered with
rougo. Tho dresses of tho ladies are marvels
of embrofdory ou tho finest of silks and satins,
and the ordinary dress in some districts is a
silk gown which reaches to the knees and be
low which are wido pantaloons also of silk.
The eyebrows are blackened with charcoal, and
tho fashionable eyebrow should be in.theshapa
of the willow leaf or of the new moon. Tbe
haii-3 of the brow are often pulled out to make
them of this shape, and the Chinese have their
fixed ideas of woman's beauty. Tbey do not
believe in tho decolletto dress however, and
tho neck and bosom aro always covered. Out
side of the horrible deformity shown in tho
foot and calf they havo not unpleasant forms,
though they are smaller than the averago
American girl. They are plnmper also, and I
havo yet to see a lean Chinese woman. Those
of tho north have fino complexions, approach
ing in thoir Tosy, yellow hue that of the most
beautiful of our octoroons, while thoso of tho
south aro of tho same yellow as the Chinose
mot with in America. Altogether they have
nonoof the charms of tho Yum Yumsof Japan,
and I have as yet seen no reason to change my
opinion that tho brightest and the prettiest
and tho best-dressed girls in tho world aro
brought up on tho farms of our own Uncle Sam.
Frank G. Carpbntbb,
Horsford's Acid Pliosphato
For Impaired YItallly
and weakened energy," is wonderfully successful.
Changed Ills Pilch
New York Tribune.
"Why do you speak in such a low voice?"
said a member of a certain church to the pastor.
"Well," he roplied, "when I first began to
preach they called me a shoutcr, because I spoke
so loud. One Sunday morning, just after I
finished the prayer, and while the solemn husk
was still upon the congregation, a little fellow
broke the silence with the question: 'Ma, is God
deaf? I have never shouted since."
Xo Work to bo Had.
''I tell you, but work isscarcein this town!"
said a red-nosed man to an acquaintance, of
whom ho solicited ton cents. "I was down at
Fogarty's saloon all day yesterday looking for
work, and not a soul came around offering to
give me a job. If times don't get bettor, I'll
havo to send my family to the poorhouse."
"Well, I can't understand it at all." remark
ed Mrs. Snaggs, after their caller, Mr. Water
tight, had taken his departure.
"Can't understand what?" asked her bus
band. " Mr. Wartertighfc says he took a saloon, pas
sage to England and back; and he's such a
strong Prohibitionist, too."
I? carefully prepared from Sursaparilla, Dandelion,
Jlandrake, Dock, Pipsfssewa, Juniper Brries, and other
well-known and valuable vegetable remedies, by a pe
culiar combination, proportion and process, giviBg to
Hood's Sarsaparilla curative power not possessed by
13 the best blood purifier. It cures Scrofula, Salt
Rheum, Bolls, Pimples, all Humors, Dyspepsia, BtHoua
nesa, Sick Headache, Indigestion, General Debility, Ca
tarrh, Rheumatism,. Kidney and Liver complaints, over
comes that tired feeling, creates an appetite, strengthens
the nerves, and builds up the whole system.
Has met peculiar and unparalleled success at borne.
Such is its popularity in Lowell, Mass., where it is made,
that whole neighborhoods are taking it at the same time,
and Lowell druggists sell more of Hood's Sarsaparilla
than of all other sarsaparlllas and blood purifiers. It is
sold by all druggists. 1; six for $5. Prepared only by
C. I. HOOD & CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
Watches and Jewelry wo will give a Watch Fre.
Snd your address and 2-cent stamp and ie oonvinwd.
il. WILLIAMS. 131 Jlnltcd Street,Chleaco.lU.
Mention The National Tztoas.
? ? IP TOtT WAST
3 a ot qpnd onr
address with 2-ceat ataran to KlTfrr.AXn
Jlenllou The National Tribune.
SEGBETS FOR L,VSRS
Trivato advice for the unmarried. Telia
fere cents. Lock-Box 282. Chicago, IU.
Mention The Rational Tnouae.
B PAY ASENTS KfiHfiSft
AND ALL EXPENSES. Totravelorforlocalwork:
state wnich preff rred, also salary wanted. SLOAJi
6; CO., Manuiactun",294tlcrKeSt., Cincinnati. O.
Mention The National Trlbunft.
are sold by u t ISoclc IJo 1 1 cm prices
c.n . fiir utir nn tm eatilitiiA nf nans
Klfl, Ravolrers, Sporting Gwlj and
54 & 56 Duane St., Hew York
Mention The National Tribune.
find Piso's Cure for
- BEST remedy for
hoarsenoss and to
clear the throat.
a mmrnn to mmi tisstssss&s
tOEO A..SC'OXT,&12 Urcadnray.XewYorli
Sleatlon Tha National Trtboasb
Tho Works o tho Watch.
Pull Sizo of Movcmont.
the money, in tho worlds. Jewelers and experts
. . .&
which, a3 a timekeeper, is equal m all respects
SINCE 17 we hare been offering Pre-HrianiH to
ninuor. Ton and T?ilt SeiH. Silver Ware.
ilniiKiK and Table Lampt. tc Iurin the put
eight yean we have imported ..Ur China, and f rjH-k-ory
at 5 percent, leas cost th:m if bought of iiuportera
here. Xoother Tea Company in the country il-.e ihia.
For several w e have -M thee Premtams
lor tiih. aside Iroffl Te and toffee orders, aud with
verysatifictor.- result to u Wcuro utined with a
very small profit, oor expense being no nnro ! do this
Cash busintew, aside from carr. ing the extra stock, thaa
if we did notitiug bat oar reg.iiar Tea aud Coffee, tottl
nese, and that alone averages 2t?5,0O per year.
We hare abundant Capital, nd the Publisher or this
paper, or any Jfttnk or Banker, will tell yoa there ia no
ilonbt as to our rel lability. We did bnainewin 1S88 with
til IW customers and ld for CrhJj other note be
sides Tea and Coffee to tbe amount of $:JI.OOO.
We are very anxious to do businew with yon. aad
thousands of others in lagf. Will you wad for ear largo
Illustrated Price nml Prumlnm JList, many of tha
JlItistrntloBs beln Lithographs In Colors, which con
tains full information?
As Importers and Cash Bayers we can aad do offer
Ua and Cotfee of better Tataa
than oraally sold at the soma
priced, aad to Indue friends
and neighbors to elab to
gether, we offer tae PrenU
wm to the one wbo takes tha
tine aad trouble to send tha
name aad do tbe work. Oar
Premiums are all useful ec
ornamental in every home,
and to thoae wbo do uot know
the difference between Im
porter' and Retailer's
prices, the Premiums ia
beauty and value are a,-toa-lahiar.
As an Hluanutloa wa
affer the aMlowin Lamp. No.
411, of which we have bought
60doz..as a Premium with a
Tea order of $10.00. or for
sate for Ca.k at 2.75.
Wa nald aarselvea pre
vionsly, 30.60 for thl sunt
Lamp. Tumble Duplex Barn
er. Patent .Extinguisher,
Hand Painted in different
flMOlrniiftn ami fatlv .mm.
ed in every war We have a large variety of Lamps,
and a ho of other goods given aa Premium or for
sale for C'anh without Tea Orden,
As a sample of Dinner Ware, we offer tbe follow
ing as one of many, in EhkHiIi Decorated goods.
with a neutral gray decoration upon a whuebodv.lHca
DINNER SETS of 14 1 pes. with an order of $30.
Cash price wi th o n t Tea or Coffee order, S 1 '2.
DINNER SETb of 130 pes. with an order of $25.
Cash price -tvithout Tea or Coffee orders, St 0.
DINNER SETS of IV pea. with an order of 20.
Cash price without order for Tea aad Coffee, $S,50.
THE GREAT LONDON TEA CO.,
809 TVasliington Street, Boston Mass.
OUest and larfft pnbluSied . eoBtain.of nesriy
300 adTrtiseiDnta of tadws ar.d ,-cntlea
wanting to correspond for ion or tuttntaosf.
Sent Mated ia plain vrappr f or 10 en. sdvar.
Addies. HURT X9 BXSb.
MeCornueic Block, CaicagB, DA
CzWact she pfetere of fc4r ar jrnHnnnnili
Tertfoer free if Hh e ecj order
Mention The Notional Trlbtaut
- "I THRILLING DETECTIVK STORIES, lfl Cora:
JL X plete LOVE Stories and 1OT Popular Songa, post
paid, only 10 cents. Money refunded if not oatMactery.
J. II. KOFs.IL,
..r ., ,- .. . Box Boyleaton, Indiana.
Mention The National Tribune.
for area aad women at boss
ftaainr tlun &31 p MMth li
other linee. No talking; f2 samples fiea.
-try oar moner-BMfciiiK basin. Address,
with stamp, MemllMfg. Co.. B So, Caieaso.
ileatlon The National Trlbssa.
w. a pa TjnL 3t bu
Mention The National Tiibaa&
:C -4SK) tlHEa, JKWELKT A.B WTIOSS. Tfccitwest
g FREE. IT. HILL & CO. . 18Q W. asdtww St. CMeaga.
Mention The National Tribuna.
Dialocnes. Tableanx. 9teakr. let
Sehool.CIub Parlor. Bet out. Cata
logue tree. T. 3. D&NiMir,CaJcoBL,
Mention The National Tribaaa.
TTrATEI)-AIadyla each town to take oKScn tn
i something new every lady wants; we pay fitMfer
first five boars' work ; sample aad innmaHI lecenfe.
STAYNER Jt CO.. Piovttttae. JL L
aiection The National Tribuna
J Samples of cloth the nuaoas Plymouth
L lnotr $K Piinia aiw ml Ama li4nL...if.
I measaremeat blanks and ttaea tape meaa-
Plymouth Rock Panta Ca, 13 Sumner Stf Botoa Mas
ilentlon The National Trifcisii
SEND for free Catalogue ef Books of Aarawawata,
speakers. Dialogues, Gymnastics. Fortnae- reilW
Dream Books. Debates. Letter-Writers, ftiaaerte,
etc. DtCKJtFiT5ERU.D, LS Ana SC, New i ock.
Mention The National Tribtina.
BURPEB'S Special List of Novelties ia ?ed far 1SWL.
Mailed free to aay addraaa on apaUcatfcta to W.
Mention The National Tribune.
OREGON CHEAP HOMES ia the great Wniiaineita
Valley the gardea of America. Fall infonaatien
from SALEM LAND CO . Salem, Oregoa.
Mention The National Trlbone.
A! I ECClTi LaebefcarTayw.Tewrair
rlLL rilSX! Stitches. JFaoyPinnM,l (fan. Pracsd
Napkins, (6 trfaM, 6 r erf ). 5 CorKKt Pozates, wta our rapsr
SatoatfijoncrHU.fertfeeaU. 1'OUTJT. EaiUn, J&t&t.
Hentlon Tbe National Tribens.
IORLOVERS! A book far private
PL'B. CO., St. I.BHis, 3Io.
Mentiaa The National Trieuna.
DITORCES A. GOODRICH. ATrOKWY-AT-LA Wl
11 Dearborn at. Chicago. III. Advice Fie. Uveas'
sperience. Bnainead quietly aad legally transacted.
Mention The National Tribasa.
APCMTQ wanted lor the fetest-saDiar aubacripttan
HUL.lt 1 0 bock published. CbmpUts tompb lm md
omW aUrte. F. M. LUPTON. 3 Murray street, N. T.
Mention The National Tribnne.
send as year aaata if yaa
.&.KS want to make moaey last.
K. Y. I,l'SDn WOllKS, 21 Dey t., X. Y.
Mention The National Tribune.
Mention The Naliona. Trib&tn.
AMOXTH. AgmtsWxmimL Mhaataatl
'Address J J. T JTCOffSUMUBtfraiOfta.
Mention Tbe National Trfbana.
TOF can make $7 a day eiliag Coaklta's Maanal
and Atlas. 4tt page 39 nill pap asapa Ro'aiH for
SS cents. LAIRD & LKJE. Lakeside Bide. Chicago, IU.
.Mention The National Tribasa.
T OYELY Readiajr. Lhtai War.
J J LA J) f KS' JOURNAL, OF L;
Mention the National Tribaaa.
.OCK BOTTOM pricee oa dry jcoada. groeertea aad
etntni!)i you want, aeaa far rrer tiiastraMd
cntaloirue tn H R. Eagle Ca Chicasa. lit
Mention The National Tribuna
I.MJI femed loota-pltis 18c, pmiaaM. Mar pawls far
CSSjJH aM. Sena taf- SaBaarriWlaaw08.,ralm8, Bt.
Mentiov Um N.-nluoal Tribaae.
3 inoa.for O cents. S OCIAL VISITOR, Chicago,
aleiiUou The X.attouat Irises
every month to ageata who aaeaa bvteeaa.
Outfits Ira. BuHina new aad easy. Write
Quick. XI. A. ELLS Jb CO., C&feaco, IH.
Mention The National Trfbeaf.
FREKf Toadverttoeaaraaww.' at,-
l ottv absolutely free. Writaand tcoa
' vinced. -tears Wafc:hCo.,Chjc.avlU.
Mention The National Trtae&a.
! Ar AGKNTS ciwtr $1 50 iUaaekly w4a say
I AIJY w Rubber Underjprweat. fee Ia4:esatty.
UnL 1 iroof Free. Hk H. W. LtTOj. Ctacag. IB.
JfenUonThe National TxlDaca
rl rflTDiniTV fr Kidaeya. SNrwwa. Weak:
r-LLU 1 lulu I I awl Catarrh. Book, Una. Waat
- Agent. Addrees F. A F-, OavaJaaa, Oaks.
Mention The NaUoual Tribuna.
AGENTS WANTRD to sell Railaioua Bfcohs aad
Family Bibles. For Eft works aad Bia Karat.
addr IlITUBAUD KKOS., Puatf.jralSu, Pn.
Mention The NaUoual Tribaaa
kOl.D WATCH SaS.-Tha Beet way-.?! per
WCCE llin Miaiv.a ir&ivn vt.1 kvw,
$efi Chestnut St. Philadelphia.
Mention Tbe National Tribuna.
1 n RJCII PHOTOS, fcr sate.sare ta salt, cente:
J O fifreeM. Laws Packag W ceata. Eae
Mum. P O. Box S8W. Y.
Mention TUe National Tribune.
1VT-Y I 1A1 C" N Tna DOX aad 14
i C. Y " M W L. EL other papular State A c
Catalogue Fre H J.VKHMw.WPaicJl',.frwYfc
-j . -.1. - f .
Wa-. nU - 2rS4
L.-auac.. ii, 5,'i, &3&S. SOB't .J&df w&S