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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1890.-TWELVE PAGES.
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The National Tribune.
WASHINGTON, D. a, OCTOBER 23, 1S90.
scriber into whose
hands a copy of this
week's issue of Tiie
Rational Tribune shall coine,wilI under
stand that it is sent to him for examination.
We ask that he or she will look over it care
fully, note its many special features, and com
pare it with otherweeklyfiresidepapera. "We
are very sure that if they do this they will
nd it to he superior in interest and attract
iveness to any and all of them. It is beyond
question the best weekly family paper in the
Tvhole country. It has more distinguished
contributors, and a greater array of valuable
reading matter, than any of them.
Among the very many good things which
-we have in store for the readers of Tiie
Rational Tribune are the following arti
cles by writers of accepted ability. All of
these are of more than usual interest, and
Tve anticipate that our readers will enjoy
thf-m to the utmost:
PREHISTORIC NA VIGA TION. By LituL
ZtictVx Young, u. S. N.
THINGS SOLDIERS WEAR. An account
of tit origin of many articles connected
trtth military uniforms. By Rene Bache.
SEMIS JSCEKCJ& OF JAPAN. By Mrs.
l'raf Rameyn HUcheoclu
LA I A YE1TE IK FRANCE A description
of lite bronmc sUUuc erected at his birthplace.
Iff Frank ?. Carpenter.
TIJE BA TTLE OF LEPANTO. By Lieut.
Lucun Young, U. S. N.
BETWEEN TWO FIRES. CJiats wiUi the
l-oys w nerval in Virginia. By CapL Wm.
REMINISCENCES OF A FIRE-ZOUAVE.
A true narrative of a boy's experiences as
leH hay in a Southern hotel, running the
gamAet U get into the Union lines, enlisting
in the Fire-Zmtarcs and serving four years
in that regiment, including a period of im
prmnment. By CapL Fran?: E. Moran, 73tZ
LINCOLN'S ASSASSINA TION. Some new
stories of the tragedy. By Frank G. Car
jtenUr. CAN A 3TAN BE SCARED TO DEATH t
W7o emc prominent soldiers Vtink on this
qnniian. By Wm. E. Curtis.
CORO. 'Me oldest city buill ly Europeans
upon the naudand of America. By CapL
Almoni Ramos, of Barnes's Battery.
LOYAL 3I0UNTAINEERS. By Col. TJico
dorc F. Lang, 3d W. Va.
WIIMJNS CA VALRYRAID. An account
of tit expedition in JSG5 through Alabama
and Georgia. By Copt. Wtn. E. Doyle.
A COIHRABAND'S STORY. Tiie lively
Adrntwes of a negro slave during the
flgkUttff on the Rapidan.
THE RACE AFTER WHEELER. An ac
count of the way in. which Gen. Wheeler was
fottowd and jutundtd by the cavalry of the
Army of the Cumberland when lie made
the raid on our rear, after Uic battle of Chick
ammiga. By CapL W. E. Doyle, Villi Ind.
h MAGNIFICENT STORY.
By CKOEGK ALFXtlSI) TOWNSKND,
AotWr of "Kilty of Catoctin," "The Entailed
list," Mrs. Keynotes and Hamilton' etc.
"We have secured from Mr. George Alfred
TowneBd, vhose reputation as a journalist
and wnreMet is more than national, "The
Fuel Heame," a new novel, in his best
style, "which will begin in an early issue
of Thjc Xatiokal Tribune.
By AUGUSTUS BUKIX, (The Cannoneer.)
This fe a most interesting account of expe
rfrocesand observations In Russia, by the tal
ented author of "The Cannoneer's Story."
He was for a time in Kuseia, engaged in rail
road building, mingled intimately with the
people, sad we need not tell our readers that
lie kept his eyes open, got down to bottom
facts all tfie time, and is able to tell what
lie srw and experienced in a clear captivat
ing way. It is without doubt one of the
xnot valuable studies of Tiussia ever made
nnd will be read with interest by everybody.
It will be illustrated by photographs secured
on the ground. We shall begin its publica
tion within a few weeks.
" ' -
If eacJi subscriber jo THE NATIONAL
TRIBUNE will charge himself with getting
tme new sulftortber tiie circulation of the paper
will be doubled at onec, and with little trouble.
led oaclt subscriber try it.
r- s' """""ISdaaiu!
Vx vTJL y "j3-M
TENSIONS A BKNEFIT, KOT A BURDEN.
Wo defy any man to kow where- a dollar
of taxation has been imposed upon tho peo
ple to pny peusiouB.
We challenge tho whole crow of soldier
haters, from tho sordid, avaricious importer
in Now York, to the blatant demagog bellow
ing to a gang of vicious bushwhackers in
the backwoods of Missouri, to show a single
instance where tho passngo of n pension act
has been made tho pretext for an incrcaso
of taxation, or a reason for not reducing tho
present duties and excises.
This is n plain, square, free-for-all defiance
aud challenge. It covers the wholo ground ;
it makes no exceptions. It stamps as wilful
lies tho whole farrago of auti-ponsion chat
ter, and dares any speaker or writer to pro
duce a single factgoing to show that pensions
are in any degree whatsoever a burden upon
tho people of the country.
Tho Government is now collecting duties
upon about 4,000 different articles, and Con
gress has recently pnsscd a bill adding per
haps 50,000,000 a year to tho pension
disbursements. Surely, if there bo a word
of truth in tho clamor of theso uialignants,
they can find somewhere among those 4,000
different articles a few which have been tax
ed to pay pensions, or they can find in thnt
total of ?150,000,000ayearsomodollars which
can be identified as having been wrung from
tho people to pay pensions. If they can,
then our challenge is auswerod, aud our de
fiance fully met.
Let them but do 'it, and we will retire from
But they caunot Tho money used to pay
pensions is collected for other reasons. Those
reasons would exist with equal forco were
there not n pensioner in the laud. Tho
money would he collected all tho same, and
after it was collected he applied to some
Take, for example, the article which yields
the greatest amount of money, distilled
spirits, which pay ahout $70,000,000 a year,
or one-fifth tho entire revenue. Is there any
man foolish enough to say that this tax was
put on or is kept up for tho purpose of pro
viding money to pay pensions? Tho wholo
county agrees that on principle the tax on
distilled spirits should he kept at ahout the,
present figure, no matter what use is made
of the money derived from it Even tho
distillers and wholesale dealers aro opposed
to any reduction of tho tax, which would
disorganize their business. In common
with the rest of tho people they say that
the Government Bhould conlinuo to collect
the money and find some means of return
ing it to the people. The same- is true of
fermented Bpirits, which pay $24,000,000 a
year, or about qne-iiftecuth the entire reve
nue; and of tobacco, which pays $30,000,000,
or over one-twelfth.
Oleomargarine, which pays ahout $900,000
a year, is taxed for the benefit of the farmers
and dairymen, and in response to their
Some unimportant sundries make up the
total of internal revenue taxes to $124,2UG,
372, or a little over one-third of the total
receipts of the Government. No man can
truthfully say that theso have tho slightest
relation to the use of money for tho pay
ment of pensions.
Next we come to the customs duties. The
largest item of these are the collections on
sugar and molasses, which amount to
$52,000,000 a year, or nearly one-seventh
the entire revenue. These duties were
originally imposed and have been main
tained up to this time to promote the de
Telopment of our own sugar production in
Louisiana, and in the sorghum and beet
root fields of the North and West. No
thought of pension paying influences their
levying and maintenance.
The next largest item is "wool and manu
factures of," which pay $32,000,000 a year,
or about one-twelfth the entire revenue.
Has anybody who has listened to the earnest
arguments before the last Congress for the
increase of the duties on wool, heard a hint
that the money was needful to pay xensions?
Not once. Their entire burden was that the
duties must be increased to protect tho
wool-grovrers of Ohio, Texas, Wyoming,
California, Illinois, Montana and elsewhere,
and the hundreds of factories which were
springing up everywhere to the great ad
vantage of the neighborhoods around them.
What the Government did with these mill
ions was of tho smallest concern to them.
All they were interested in was the protec
tion. This they were hound to have, and
they controlled the political power which
The next largest are the duties on iron and
steel, which amount to $22,000,000 a year,
or about one-eighteenth of the total revenue.
The men interested in this class of manu
factures insisted that tho amount of pro
tection they were receiving from the collec
tion of this amount was absolutely necessary
to the security of several hundred million
dollars they have invested in manufactories
and to the continued employment at fair
wages of some millions of operatives, who
alho furnished a fine market for the products
of the farmers. They were as indifferent as
the wool-growers and manufacturers as to
what the Government did with the money,
so that it collected it.
Going on down the list we next come to
silk manufactures, which paid $17,000,000,
or a little over one-twentieth of the total
income. The imposition of these duties has
built up a very thriving lot of silk factories
in this country, which employ a large num
ber of operatives at good wages, and furnish
a fine market for farm products. It would
bo wicked folly to take the protection off
these and allow them to ho prostrated. Here
was another $17,000,000 thrown into the
Government' strong box, for it to pay out as
The cotton manufacturers of New Eng
land, New York, Georgia and South Caro
lina, who count their investments iu mills
and machinery by tho hundred millions,
aud thoir payments to employes hy the tens
of millions of dollars annually, demand and
rcceivo ahout $11,000,000 of protection aunu
ally, which is not largo for an interest of
such stupendous importance So $11,000,000
moro comes into Undo Sam's bauds for re
distribution. Tho hemp and flax-growers demand and
receive nearly $11,000,000 a year protection.
Tho tobacco-raisers got $10,000,000 worth,
and nearly everybody approves of it. Im
ported wines and liquors pay $8,000,000;
barley, $1,000,000; chemicals, $5,000,000;
earthenware, china nnd fancy articles, $8,
000,000; vegetables, $2,000,000; rico, $2,
000,000; glassware, $5,000,000.
In the items wo havo enumerated wo have
accounted for $311,000,000, in round uum
hors, out of a total of $379,20G,075 rovoime.
By no possiblo stretching of tho facts can it
bo said that $1 of all this sum was levied
and collected for tho purposo of meeting
pension payments. Every dollar was gath
ered in in pursuanco of a well-settled policy
for tho promotion of some great and ma
terial interest, in tho prosperity of which
tho work, wages nnd livelihood of thousands
aud tho development of tho wholfe country
aro directly involved. Tho samo is equally
true as to tho articles which aro not enu
merated for lack of spnee.
Of tho entire amount of $213,509,802 duties
collected on imports, tho following wore
levied and collected for the direct benefit of
Chicory 121. IRS
FInx, hemp, Jnlo. etc- 10,002,003
Fruits and mils 4, 177.535
VtRctiihlo oils 4 19,423
Kicc J ,790,008
Starch, corn nnd potntoos 153,190
SiiKur anil inolnssos 51,991.311
"Wool.. . 32,213,121
Totnl 51 17.030.031
That is, moro than half the cutire amount
of duties are collected in tho direct interest
of the men who till our soil.
Having adopted this policy of protection
to our own material interests a policy
which has enriched tho country beyond all
anticipation or compulation and having col
lected the monoy resulting from this policy,
the Government can mako no better use of
it than to disburso it in tho payment of its
just obligations to tho men who saved its
life in its day of deadly peril. Besides this
heing the course dictated hy honor and hon
esty, it is the most effectivo way of returning
the money directly to the entiro people.
SUri'OSK THAT IT DOES.
Suppose that the passngo of The Na
tional Tkiuune Per Diem Service Pension
Bill should exhaust tho much-talked of
" surplus," where would he the harm ? Tho
money would not be lost, as it would bo if
scut abroad to buy foreign goods. It would
not bo squandered, as millions were Inst
year by American spendthrifts who cannot
find anything in this country good enough
for them. It would not furnish means to
bull and bear stocks, and manipulate the
prices of produce, ns it would if paid out f
for advance interest on the bonds.
No; it would go directly into tho pockets;
of the common people in every part of tho
country. Everyman in the country would
be benefited by the disbursement, for every!
one would in some way or another got a
portion of it, and tho money that is now
lying idle in the vaults of tho Treasury,!
doing no good to anyone, would be brought
out and set actively to work, to quicken!
the current of business aud mako times!
Would it be so terrible if it took all of th6
1019,905,080.49 of cash, which the Secretary
of tho Treasury reported that ho had on
hand at the end of last month, and even if
it required the Government to issue bonds
to meet a portion of the expenditure? Wfe
caunot Eee wherein it would be. That
$019,905,080.49 would do infinitely moie
good in tho hands of the common people
than where it is. As for bonds, tho Govern
ment has now tho best credit of any Nation
in the world. It can horrow monoy cheaper
than any other -all owing to the splendid
fighting aud fortitude of the veterans fit
can get money at potsibly 2J per cent,
where England has to pay 3. Tho grcjat
problem before the financiers of the country
is to supply some form of security for the
National bank circulation, to take the place
of the rapidly-maturing bonds. The issue
of a hundred million or such a matter of low
interest bonds (say 2 per cent.) to pay pen
sions, would fill this purpose admirably, and
be a great boon to the hanks, who would,' ho
glad to have them at oven leas than 2 per
This would not increase the taxes ono
cent. It would not mako a now burden
anywhere upon the people. There wtluld
not be even a shadow of tho awful gind
there was upon the people to pny tho billions
in gold which went into the pockets of the
bondholders. There would not bo so much as
a hint of the taxes the veterans had to pay
when they came home from the war, in
order to satisfy tho monoy-lenders. Then
everything that they ate or, wore, or used
from tho matches they used to light thA fire
in tho morning to the soothing sirup ihey
administered to the babes in tho ciiilly
midnight hours, was taxed every cent it
would bear in order to satisfy tho never
Now, the Government conld meet its
bonds from its surplus income, derived solely
from duties imposed for tho benefit of the
whole country, and everybody would bo
better off by the operation.
Above all things, itfis right and juat, aud
justice is cheap at whatever coat.
No man or Nation is made poorer by tho
payment of his or its debts. This country
will ho all tho richer for the payment of its
debts of honor to Its vetorans.
BIGHTS ANI3 TOWERS OF TIIE SPEAKER.
Avery timely article appears from tho pen
of James Bryce, a Mombor of tho British
Parliament, whoao "American Common
wealth " attracted tho attention of statists
everywhere as tho ablest and most profound
study of our system of Government inado
iu this century.
In his recent article Mr. Bryco takes up tho
Speakership, and makes a careful presenta
tion of tho contrast between tho British nnd
American practices, with an effort to deter
mine which leads to the bettor results.
Ho starts with theso undeniable propo
sitions: To ho efflcfont, a governing nssombly mnat
ccononilzo lis tinio. It must bo iililo to reach
a prompt division anil a olear iIccIhIoii a decis
ion which represents not a ntlxturo of eovorixt
dlHconlnnt vlowa, 1ml that ono Bislf-coiiBiHtont vlow
which humus tho bent of all BiiKgoslod. Thoro
muni, Iheroforo, ho sotno mothod of enabling an
iiBfloinbly (unci promptly nnd vigorously tlxit Is to
any, of iiHcerlainiiifc ila collcrtlvo will nnd giving
cfi'oot thereto. It was long ago perceived Hint tho
only wny of determining nnd using tho will of nn
nPHcmbly, In which thoro may bo na ninny opin
ions nnd wills ns thoro nro Individuals, is to tnko
tho will of tho majority ns being tho will of tho
wholo. Tho tnnjorlly, thorcforo, la treated n if it
worotho wholo ustombly.
Noverihelcf?, n divided nssombly cannot bo
treated ns n unanimous assembly. Full and fair
discussion of tho question to bo decided must bo
secured, not Himply for tho snko of tho oo-cnllod
rights of tho minority, but in tho Interests of tho
wholo people whom tho nssombly icprcscnts. It
in nhvnys possiblo thai tho discission may chnngo
tho views of tho majority, or nffect opinion In tho
country at large. In either enso it Is clenrly desir
able Hint tho country should pcrcolvo that "the
matter has been duly considered, ho Hint tho
minoiity niny not go nwny with n rankling feoling
or InjiiHtlco, aud that tho law or net which tho voto
of tho assembly hna approved inny hnvo n butter
chance of being loyally accepted and oboyou by
the pcoplu ns u wholo.
Tnking theso premises, tho next question
is how to most cortainly secure tho desired
result. In England thoro was no limit to
debate until 1882, when a rulo was adopted
which answors loour"prcviousqucstion." It
is now required that TOO members shall
support the demand for " closuro," but the
Speaker has it in lm power to protect tho
minority by denying this demand, if he docs
not think the debate has progressed far
In England tho Speaker nnd tho Chairmen
of the committees aro all strictly non-partisan.
The Speaker is not permitted, as long as
ho holds office, to express his opiuion on any
party question, cither iii Parliament or in a
Tho experience of niuo years has demon
strated to the llouso of Commons tho vnluo
of the "closuro," and it is agreed that public
business could not bo transacted without it.
The Speaker of the House of Commons
has recently been givena now power, which
he has so far exercised with the beat results.
This is the right to absolutely refuse to put
a dilatory motion which ho deems frivolous
or obstructive. This Is enormously iu ncl
vanco of anything that Speaker lieed oxer
ciscd, aud Mr. Bryce .doubts whether it
would bo safe to entrust it to an official who
is an avowed pari ban AYot Mr. Bryce finds
that tho power of a smdll fraction to obstruct
legislation in tho Hous of Keprcsontntives
is greater than in tho Houso of Commons.
Tho Constitution prescribes that so small a
number as one-fifth of a quorum has tho
right to "have the fmnicV of tho yeas and
nays on a division entctod on tho journal
a right which not only te'rids but invites to
filibustering." ' I ,
As to tho right of lljo Speaker to count
those members who arepresent but refrain
from voting, tho English view is very de
In both Houses of Pnrjlaincnt ovory member
protent has always been Jield bound to voto, and
rcciiMJint members have ben moro lliuu once post
lively compelled to voto. )
Tho English practicejin this latter respect,
seems eminently seiisible. Every man
elected to eithor Houseis under strong obli
gation to bo present ac all the sessions, and
if ho is present he mpst tako part in tho
Tiik engagement between Miss Winnie,
daughter of Jeff Davijj, and the so-called
"Daughter of the (so-caHled) Southern Con
federacy," and Mr. .Alfred Wilkinson, of
Syracuse, N. Y., is declared definitely off.
Ill-natured report ahcriuea tho reason to the
heavy financial losses which tho gentleman
has suffered. Probably tho main reason is
that Miss Davis is spoi ed by tho adulation
of tho unreconstructed rebels, and lives in
an atmosphere of glorit cation of her father
aud his "cause," which it must bo very diffi
cult for a man raised it tho loyal North to
adapt himself to at all times. It is fortuunlo
for both parties that tho engagement is
broken. There docs not seem to bo nuy
possibility of happiness in such a union.
To secure even common happiness eithor sho
would havo to cut loose from all association
with the crowd who idealize secession nnd
rebellion in her, or her Jmaband would havo
to sink his individuality, and become a do
voted worshiper at tho shrine of the Lost
Be careful to renew; your subscription
promptly. Tmc National Tuiiiunk will
bo chock full of good things tho coming
Winter, and you cannot afford to miss a
single number. It is (going to be made
vaBtly tho best weekly
country, and valuable
family paper in tho
to every member of
Rapidly Approaching Publication.
We havo the satisfaction of announcing to
thousands of eagerly ospectant readers that
"Tho Cannoneer's Stoyiu hook form is
rapidly approaching lompletiou. It will
Boon appear as a.hidsomely-illustrated
volume, printed on fluje; heavy paper, and
tastefully bound in chjth. Tho price will
lie $1.50. Those who'lesiro tho book, and
have not already sent i 'their names, should
do so at once, so as tp linko euro of gottiDg
an early coxy. s
I'JIOroSKD COI-OItED BEPAltTMKNT.
Foraomo years the comrades in tho South
havo been considering tho project of forming
a Colored Department in the G.A.E., which
will tako in tho colored veterans all over tho
United States, or only those in the Southern
Tho formation of such a Depaitment
would solve, ifc is hoped, many of tho prob
lems which aro disturbing tho whito com
rades in the Departments of Alabama,
Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Ken
tucky, Louisiana and Mississippi, Maryland,
Missouri, Texas, Virginia nnd West Vir
ginia. It is believed that such a Department or
moro than ono Department if thought dc
sirablo would speedily havo a membership
of possibly 20,000, and tho members would
do a very good work among their own com
rades and tho widows and orphans of such,
which cannot bo done by tho limited num
bers belonging to tho whito Departments in
Tho first objection that is raised is tho
territorial one that is, that another juris
diction should not bo interjected in the
territory under tho control of tho present
Departments. This is mot by tho advocates
of tho now Department by pointing out tho
fact that tho United States Government
maintained a distinction between while and
colored troops, and further that it did away
with tho State designations of most of the
colored regiments and styled thom United
States Colored Troops.
The advocates farther say that they fully
rccognizo that a negro has just the same
rights in tho Grand Army of tho Republic
ns thoy themselves havo, and are, in fact,
very desirous that every negro who wore
tho blue honorably shall bo mustered into
tho Order and become an activo worker in
They say that whatever they may think
of the justico of drawing tho color lino, tho
condition of public opinion in tho South
must bo taken into account. To bring all
tho negro veterans into the present Depart
ments which exercise jurisdiction over JSorth
nnd South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana and
Mississippi would bo to at once convert those
Departments into thoroughly negro organi
zations, which would destroy their value
as teachers of loyalty, and drivo out many
while comrades who dread tho censure of
their Southern neighbors for their affiliation
with negroes, and marching in Posts and
Departments under negro officers. They
claim that n separate Department for the
negroes will boas proper and as influential for
good as separato schools and churches are.
Thoy mako no objection to white Posts
marching in processions with negro Posts;
but they believo that the whito Posts and
Dcpartmeuts should have white officers,
which would not ho possible if the negroes
should bo admitted to unrestricted mem
bership. The matter is well worthy tho mo3t serious
That Tiie National Tkiuunk considers
its work as only fairly begun. It is going
to mako a vigorous fight this Winter for
legislation which will complete tho Nation's
justico to tho vetorans. It is not going to
abato ono tiltlo of its activity aud zeal,
but increaso them, if possiblo, until
ovory veteran in tho land, and overy
veteran's widow and orphan has all that
justico entitles them to. It is in tho fight
for victory, and nothing hut completo vic
tory will satisfy it. llally around its ban
ner, and givo it tho support of overy veteran
and friend of a veteran in the struggle.
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE is the only
champion the soldiers have among the great pa
pers of the country. The best way to help all
veterans is by yetting it more subscribers.
Mas. Lydia. rEitni.v died In Boston last
week, at tho ago of 101 years, throe mouths
and M days. Siuco tho last National Encamp
ment tho comrades understand why Boston
people livo to an oxtroino old ago. The city is
bo dulightful that noono wants to leave- it until
they Biuiply can't help themselves.
STUDIES IN VtATUlUL JIISTOrtY.
SVvK' ii-S JV
- .v.i- a v.-i r--s - it
... . "-- S.--- 3ZS l w
Sho -Iii tho name- of goodness, how do theso
poor pooplo uMuago to feed so many goats?
Ho- Gouts subsist principally on tomato-can
labels and show-hills, and givo milk for tho
Sho Milk! What kind of milk, I should
Uo Ah 1 Oh 1 Buttermilk, I presume.
UNIVUUflALIBTS AND TOBACCO.
After a lively debate on an anti-tobacco reso
lution, tho Connecticut Univorsalist Conven
tion adopted tho following nubstituto:
J'esalvcd, Thnt thin Convention regrcta tho uso
of tobacco by clergymen In thu fellowship.
Of four ladies who woro niombors, two voted
for and two against the resolution. Whilo tho
chowing of tobacco by a clorgyniuu is au un
ploasaut sight to most Christians, thoro aro fow
who object to tho occasional uso of a cigar or a
pipo, aud a formal expression against tho samo
by a groat church body seems a trifio unneces
sary. "OUn nAILY TALK."
rrecipico, precipitate, precipitation, aud all
thoir derivatives, come from the Latin pre
" first" or u boforo," and caput" tho head," and
mean litornlly "to fall headlong" or "head
first." Prepostorous is almost tho rovorso of this
It comes from pre first or boforo, and posterns
" after " or " coming lator." Literally, thero
foio, " putting tho cart boforo tho horao." "
WW! ' !?S&$20i
tit . j , -E A V
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i ' 1 j r . r - iii i ci tmt m
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BUSINESS 18 BUSINESS.
' C C CiMn I flTFl
j won tcti- I BJ'il
"Man, alivol What do you mean by going
around in that idiotic straw hat, and thoso ri
diculous outing togs? Don't you know tho
gun was fired for that sort of thing six weoks
"That's all right, mo boy. You aro in tho
wood and coal business. J ran an ice-cream
Mrs. Frank Leslie pronounces Quocn Victoria
and tho Empress of Germany "tho two worst
drcssod dowdies in Europe." Why shouldn't
thoy bo, if thoy want to? Thoir position in
society docs not depend upon tho stylo of thoir
An epitaph on an old tombstono in England
Weep, strnnccr, for a father spilled
Prom n ntaco-conch, nnd thereby killed.
IIU nnmo J. Sykes, n mnkor of sassciiKoro,
Shiln with llirco other outside passengers.
"Tho Sweet Singor of Michigan" in her
palmiest days could not have dono hotter.
Tho Brooklyn clovated roads aro tryingtho
experiment of employing women as ticket
Bcllors. There is no reason why it should not bo
a success, and an agreeable and fitting employ
ment bo opened up to women who aro thrown
upon thoir own resources. It is something that
any fairly-bright woman can do, without previ
ous train ing. Thoy sit in coin fortable I ittlo rooms
protectod from contact with tho crowd oulsido
by heavy plate-glass windows, through which
thero is a small holo to rcceivo tho monoy and
pas3 out tho tickots, and all that is required of
thorn is qulakness and correctness in handling
tickets aud money.
THE LAST OF THE OBER-AM3IEROAU PASSION
Ono of tho picturesque survivals of the Mid
dlo Ages has probably received its death-blow,
and will bo soon no moro. In 1634 the inhabit
ants of tho remote llttlo valley of tho Ammer
River, in tho Bavarian Ilighlaiid3, made a vow,
in gratitudo for their doliveranco from a pesti
lonco, to produce a play every 10 years repre
senting tho sufferings nnd death of Our Lord.
This was iu accordanco with the spirit of the
ago. "Miracle Plays" performances based
on biblical incidonts wore then in great favor,
and woro encouraged by tho Eoman Catholic
Church very gonorally gotten up aud managed
by tho priests as acts of devotion, and means
of instructing tho pcoplo iu religion. In the
courso of years theso performances fell iuto
decadence all over Europe-, but the people of
Oberammorgau (Upper Ammer Valloy) consci
entiously maintained thoirs, and dovolopt thoir
oxcollenco, so that of recent years thero has
boon as many as 350 actors, 60 musicians and
choristers, and a proportionate number of as
sistants engaged in tho representations. Tho
pcoplo took a great interest in them, and de
volopt from among thomsolves admirable im
personators of Josus Christ, the Twelve Dis
ciples, Pontius Pilato, and other promiuont
actors iu tho Sacred Tragedy. Tho only inter
ruption to tho deconnia! regularity of tho per
formance was made by tho Frauco-German war
iu 1870. Tho play wa3 given overy consecu
tivo Sunday for 12 Sundays, and usually lasted
from 8 a. m. to 4 p. m. They woro attended
by ahout 5,000 pcoplo of tho vicinity, but of
lato years tho attendance has been enormous
from nil parts of Europe and tho United States.
This Inst has been fatal to it, for it has rapidly
degenerated from bohig a solemn act of worship
into a great mouoy-making spcctaclo managed
by Jewish speculators, aud so tho interest and
valuo of it to roligious pcoplo been destroyed.
Attempts may bo mado to revive it, but its
character has bcon ruined, and it will no moro
appear as tho devotional act of simple-minded,
Qen. Shertunn rocb about New York City almost
Invariably in tho street cars. Aa a rule one of his
dnucbtcra accompanied him, nnd tho old warrior,
iu lumping on and off tho steps. Is aa young na
in imy men 40 years hia junior. "Cabsnre all right
to look at," ha said the other night aa he sank in
tho corner of n Broadway car at 59th street, "but
they aro terrible thingi to ride in. The pavements
nre bo bud thnt one id jolted about from sido to
side, aud the nolso drowns all attempts at conver
sation. Thu street cars nro clean aud comfortable,
nnd thoy roll smoothly over tho rails. In this way
it is a great improvement on any carriage In Now
Mrs. Gen. George Crook, widow of Qen. Crook,
late n Mnjor-Gonernl of tho United States Army,
was in Washington last week, and selected a site
for the final renting place of hor husband, in the
National Cemetery at Arlington. Gen. Crook was
buried at Deer 1'urk, Aid., some months ago, and
the removal of tho body will take placo shortly.
All the prominent soldiers nre finding a last rest
ing pluco iu Arlington, nnd without doubt tho Great
Commnuder, Gen. Grant, will soon bo placed
among the comrades he commanded.
Ex-President liutherford B. Hayes, while on hU
way to attend the annual Iteunion of tho Loyal
Legion at St. LouN, of which he Is President,
stopped over at Indianapolis, Ind., and was ban
queted by the Commnudery of the Loyal Legion
of the State of Indiana. A jolly good time waa had,
speeches being made by the ex-President nnd sev
eral prominent Indiana soldiers, among whom waa
Gen. James Longntreel prepared a paper upon
tho unsuccessful assault by his corps upon Fort
Saunders, at Kuoxvllle, Teun., in 1S63, which waa
rend at the recent Iteunion at Knoxville. This is
the tlrst publio utterance mado by the General
upon that battle, and it will probably be his last,
as he was tumble to deliver the address himself.
Ills physical strength ha deserted him, he la
almost entirely deaf, has lost his voice and can
scarcely bo heard, doing hia talking in a whisper.
This is occasioned by a wound In the throat re
ceived a few days beforo the curtain fell at Appo
mattox. Tho General walfca feebly with tho assist
ance of a cane, but scorns happy In his old ago.
Master Lloyd "Whlpps, the eon of Comrade
AVhlpps, of New Lexington, O., nt a recent Iteunion
of the 31st Ohio roclted "ShorUWa Jtido." This
calls to mind the fact that young AVhipps recited
this poom four years ago, and Gen. Sheridan was
in the audleneo nt the time. Tho General was so
well pleased with tho performance that he pre
sented young Whlpps with a large gold piece,
which Is highly prized by the little follow,
Gen. Daniel ButterQeld, who has been with the
ComtedeParia in his visit to the battlefield of Gettys
burg, baa telegraphed from the field where ho was
Chief of Staff to Gen. Meade, Commnuder of the
Union forces In that action, that he will accept tho
nomination, conditionally, of the ".Republican
Business Organization " for the Mayorallty of New
York. - Gen. ButterQeld will make a strong candi
date, ns he la known ns n practical business man,
and la liked by everybody regardless of politic.
Mrs. President Harrison has accepted the Presi
dency of the recently-organized society known as
"The Daughters of the American Kevolutten."
The honor comes to 3In. Harrison without soHot
tation upon her part, and is worthily conferred, aa
alio traces her ancestry to the old heroes of tb
Revolution who did the actual fighting.
Chaplain U.S. Stevens, of the Ilth Conn., sayn
that recently there has appeared in several papers
and in our own journal, under the heading, " Our
Only Chinese Soldier," a statement that Mr.E. D.
Caboto, once of the 23d Mass.. was ' the only repre
sentative of tho Mongolian race among the millions
of men thus facing each other in astrugglo for lift
and death." This statement is erroneous, for there
was at least one other Chinaman among the boys
who wore the blue nnd saved the Nation. TbeUta
Conn., whoso record as to number and severity of
battles engaged in, number of men lost by war eaa
unltics and hurd campaigning experience, sar
passes thnt of any other regiment representing on?
good State in the field during tho war, had In its
ranks a simon-pure Chinaman, bronght to this
country but a few years before, Joseph Pierce by
name. His record, aa ofilefully given, shows thai
he enlisted, a private, with Co. F, from Berlin,
Conn.. July 26, 1S62; waa promoted Corporal Nev.
3, 1SC3. nnd waa mustered out May 31, 18, thus
Berving with the regiment its full term. Our 'Moe,"
as we all call him, wni an apt, capable, folthful and
brave Holdicr. nnd "did us proud." He la living
now, an intelligent and industrious business man
nnd good citizen, nnd I had the pleasnreof greeting
him at the recent (Sept. 17 last) Reunion of our deax
old regiment at Middletown, Conn. "Joe" Is a
great favorite with na, as was evident from tho
hearty, vociferous round of applnaw with which
ho waa gTeetcd by the boya as he entered thee hall
at our recent meeting, hia bright eyea snajng
and sparkling in his honest face aa they were went
to years ago. Now, if other Chinamen served as
loyally and oa well among our Union patriots dar
ing the war, why may we not hear-from them?
The returns for the PostoBiee at Soldiers' Heme,
Hampton, Vn., for the year ending June 30 last,
show that the office should be raised to the third
class, which has been done, nnd the President ap
pointed the present incumbent, CoL A. C.Paal.sen
of Gnbriel R. Paul, who had hia eyea ahot oat at
Gettysburg. An appropriation will be asked for
from the next session of Congress to ereetamore
suitable building for the posJcfllce.
A great bicyoie race came off on the groonds of
the Soldiers' Home, Hampton, Va., of wafeh Cl.
Woodfin, the Governor of the Home, Maj. WWMaia
Thompson nnd Col. George Candy were the judges.
The second raee for two miles waa won hy G. R.
Paul, son of Col. A. C. Paul and grandson of Ga.
Gnbriel R. Paul.
Hugh Reid Belknap, the son of Gea.lVlllfam W.
Belknap, has been in Washington during the past
week, attending the funeral of his (HdtinnMied
father. Mr. Belknap entered the service ef the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. about K years ago
as a car tracer. By strict attention to his dalles
and ability nnd energy, he has rsaebed tfce re
sponsible position of Assistant to the General
Superintendent of the Baltimore & Ohio for the
Western Division, with headquarters in CMmgo.
Mr. Belknap is a polished gentleman, and inherits
many of the sturdy qualiliea'of his father. At ens
of the Reunions of Crocker's Iowa Brigade, Hugh,
who waa in a seat in the audience wkh Ma aturt,
one of the General's sisters, remarked rather
loudly: " Now hear the old gentleman make a
fool of himself." This remark was heard by ee ef
the members of the brigade sitting in hia iiniHetH
nto front, and the veteran turned on Hugh, not
knowing he was the General's son, and aaWr
"Young man. our old General never makes a fool
of himself. If you don't warn to hear what ha
has to say, and don't hold your meets. I'M have
you put out of here in short order." Hugh held
his tongue thereafter.
MiLTOS. At hh home. In Pawnee City. Nefe
Sept. 6, from the ktek of a herse, James Mitten.
19th Iowa. Comrade Miiton was a prieeaer at
Tyler, Tex., and was a member of John Ingham
CcssisortAM. At his residence. 47-1 North Sixth
Street. Philadelphia, Aug. 25. of Bright'i dfcease,
Peter CuniiinglMin. 71st Pa., aged 4. The com
rade entered the service when bat 17 years ef ago
in the 71st. which perhaps is better ksewg as
Baker's 1st Cal.; served throughout the war Mid
rose to the rank of Sergeant fer gallant and meri
lonom service. He was a member ef ftHH-dir-ent
military organizations, and leaves a win aad
Milleb. At his home, in Haran. S. D. Oet. 2. f
heart fai' ure. George Miller. It Mien. Engu He
was buried in Xilpatriek G.A.R. Ceraterv, and
leaves an iuvuhd wife anil five grown ehtMren.
Holxax. At his home, in Randelph. Vt.. Marsh
16. Win. C. Holman. 9th VC
Satrrn. At hw home, in Finch. W. Va.. Sept. .
of heart disease, Isaac S. Smith, Sergeant. Cb. K,
1st Ohio L. A. He was a member and the first
Commander of J. B. Martin Post. TV.
Markle. At Washington, D. C. Oet. 18. freci a.
bullet wound in the head. Isaac Markle. Ceswnde
Markle was an inmate of the Military Home, and
was a great sufferer from euncer. In despair he
shot himself, and his body was found a short dis
tance from the city. He was advanced ia years.
Dieiil. At his home, in New York. Oet. 5, ef
heart disease, Cupt. John J.Diehl. 15th N.Y. C
rade Diehl was also on theslarTof Gen. Ayres. ad
at the close of the war he went into tHtsine33 wkh
his father. He was a prominent member ef le
Scbuetzen Corps and other German seeietiea. He
waa a memlter of JColtes Post, and leaves a w.fa.
Marshall. At his home, in Jamestewn. Pa..
Oct. 10. of congestive 0I11U-. J. W. Mnrshall. Ce. F,
S3d Pa. For gallant and meritorious serviees he was
made a Lieutenant, and for five years he was C-S-cer
of the Day of Robert Porter Post, of Jamestown.
Ho was quite prominent in political circles, and
leaves n wife and two children.
Hcxtisotos. At Pensacolo, Fla.,recentiy, Com
mander Chas L. Huutington, U. S.N. Comrade
Huntington had been sick for several months, ami
his home was in Springfield, 111. He was attaefced
to the Naval Academy from 1334 to 1SS6 as head ef
the Department of Ordnance and Gnnnery. and
during the year 1SS7 as Commandant ef Cadets.
He wus buried in the Naval Cemetery wkh mil
FI9HKB. At his home. In Monnt Pleasant. Iowa,
Oct. 9, Capt- Peter Fisher, need 96. Comrade Fisher
was probably the oldot member of the G.A.R.,
having been born Sept. 2d, 1795. He served ander
William Henry Harrison iu the warf 1312. nnd.
was an Ultimate friend of the GeneralPile eem
mnnded a company nt the battle of Lnndy's Lane,
where he received a icsilp wound from a saber, the
scar of which he earned to hkt grave. At the age
of nearly 70 yean CapL Fisher again enlisted la
the service of his country, and served two years
during the last war. when he was discharged by
rcu-tou of a broken hip, which crippled him for the
balance of his life.
Hascall. At his home. In Chicago. III.. Oet, M.
Col. Herbert A. Hascall, aged M. He earned a
reputation as a fearless ouieer in florithv during
the Seminole outbreak; was in Ubih during the
Mormon troubles, aud saw muoh active service
during the oivil war. He was at one time Prefcs
sor of Mathematio at West Point.
Smith. At his home, in Warsaw. Mo.. Oet. 2,
Sownll W. Smith, 52d Wis., aged 87. Comrade
Smitli organized a company at the outbreak ef the
war, but on account of sickness he was compelled
to turn it over to another person. On hb reeevery
he recruited n new company. It was attached to
the 52d Wis., and Cmurade Smith was made Adju
tant of that regiment, and was placed on the staff
of Gen. Buttrick. with the rank of Major. He
served with distinction in the Mexiean war. and at
its olose he bud become a Captain. He was a mem
ber of Farnsworth Post, and leaves a win; and two
Coucn. At hia homo, in Shelbyfilte, 111., Oat. 3,
Napoleon B. Couch, Co. II, 51th 111. He was a
member iu good standing of Cyrus Hall Pest. 133.
Suitable resolutions were passed by the Post ea
Kerb. At his home, in New York. Oet.ll. CspL
John Kerr, Co. K. 69ih N. Y., aged 51. He was In
command of Co. K for 23 yearn, and was showing
a friend the armory of the eompanywhen he was
suddenly taken sick, and iu a short time he was
dead. Ho was made prisoner at the battle ef
Bull Run, and was confined in Libby for a year. Ho
was the second oldest Captain of the Nntlenal
Guard of theStnteof New York, and was whea he
died an Inspector of Sowers iu the Department ef
Public Works. He leaves five sons and three
daughters, and was also member of Gen. James
Shields Post. -
Tkcby. At his home. In Bridgeport. Cat.. Sept.
SO, of hemorrhage of the lungs, John Truby. Co.
B. 63d P., aged 49. Iu August. ISM. he enlisted
in Co. B, 63d Pa., and participated in all the battles
and murches of that regiment, from the siege ef
Yorktown to the second battle of Bull Run, alter
which he was detached to the 1st N.J. L.A. Ha
won wounded through the thigh by n pieee ef shell
at Gettysburg, In thu charge of PieiteH's Division.
LtJCKENBACU. At his home, in Bethlehem, Pa
Oct. 10, of hemorrhages, Capt. Owen A. LnekeR
bach. Co. E. 43th IV, aged 56. At the battle f Ce
dar Mountain Capt. Liickenbach bad his right leg
shot off und was taken prisoner. He was incar
cerated iu Llbby Prison, ami tu tho Fall of lid2 was
exchanged and discharged from service. He was
appointed Postmaster of Bethlehem in 1831. his
commission being one of the last three whieh Pres
ident Garfield signed; was deposed by Cleveland
and was reappointed by President Harrison. He
was n prominent Free Mason and Grand Army
DEEttina. At his home. In Washington. D. G.,
Oct. 10, of heart disease, George A. Deerins, Pay
master, U.S. N. He was In excellent spirits the
night before his death and In the raornlnghht body
was discovered. He was buried nt Arlington.
Paymaster Deering enlisted in the 16th Me. in 1S61,
nt tho age of 18, aud served through the war, beig
mustered out iu August, lso5, alter four years and
two months service, during which he had the record
of never being absent from duty a single day. The
last thing he ever did was to visit the book-printing
establishment of Tuk National Thibdjie of
fice in company with "the Cannoneer." to read
a page of proof in which he was mentioned. He
went from 'I UK Natiosai. TuiBiraE office home to
die. When he was at our office, he seemed better
than he had been for some time, and expressed Xto
hope that he was regaining health.