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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1S92.-TWELVE PAGES.
CpE OF T0-D4Y.
The iTjittllc ;Smlli Ainorlonn Republic
MM wis .'ShilkHns Is Pisls at
the ttfnttofl SlaJcs.
Tlio CrmrtCft' of ilia Solrtlor-TTow It. Trout oil
Hip iPfM'iivlHiih-Hwtuiit of itlio Country Tlio
lHl1iwit Hint istnuHit-oar S,Vhtnn fllho I'rl
t.j Glfih t( Olitla A I.uok h( ShiiMhk" Ohtl
tmu lllHdiiiKK-AVliHt til ltoMtll of n War
AVHUdhiitlhiMml HtHtiiB AVould Ito.
elp Untfle Sum worn t
intake wr Hpen Oil He
lt would iprebHbly
whip Iter, hut Kt a
terrible coet of lwtli
money and -life. 'J lie
Chileans are the bill
lies of South America.
They Iive for yonis
twn walking around
wit It chins on thuir
shoulders, defying the
neighboring Utttione to
knock (hem off, hii4
making war upon the
elighteet inrevecatfett. When they get inte h
light they not like the 1im!1jt whe iirefors to
poupe out an eye ero bite on" a finger to uiimjc
Jus net, nod the' have no regard for the ordi
naiy role of warfare. During the light with
lVru itine-tewtltc of the ootpscs (omid oh the
fn-Id had tlwrfc throat cut, for ovory one of the
Chilean soldier carries R k trite, and the
founded iuHii cowing in ooirtaet with thorn
lih- no chance of survival.
A iarye Hirt of then troops are Indians, and
they had mRtiy hud character among their
6o!(urs during their war with Peru. They
noted mote like .irates or brigande titan civil-iz-d
soldiers. They foHfthl like demons, Rd
left r th of fire and hiood wherever they
went. They humed towns and cities for the
mero aakc of burttiug thcui. They saaitud
Luna, buttered it works of art to pieces, took
possession of it library and muteuut and car
l ted them off to Santiago. They mined the
JVniviB estates, destroyed it irriRtion
woiks, Rd red need it from the ooudiiioH of r
rich to m pauper nation.
In r wrt with South America tho fighting
would be largely done on Chilean soil. Wo
would have to send from 50,000 to 100,000 mott
there before we oottld conquer them. Chile
rould now muster RboMt Glf.OOO meit, mid her
iiavy Iirk Mwe of the big ships of the world.
The CeftitRtt I'mt, which in Rhnoet completed
at Paris, will be mc flue r WRrship rs is niloRt,
Hnd it hes come of the bisect gu of modern
times, lite country Iirs r stroiiRor torpedo
serviee than we have, Rd it hR 31 flivt-clnes
torpedo boRte like our Cashing. It Iirs two
etoel txjpeda guuboutc aC 780 tons euch, aud
thwo eybsjhU ito atac our orwlsors In orm
ot war. flie CRdtu IIVt 4mm four lO-fooh
puns; twt 4s, be will projeat a gtoei ght
vteighing Hbout 1,400 nouumi sAnmm 10 to IS
in ilea, md fcer syeei will be 90 miles a hour.
The CMlea mrmy is well trained. It is fresh
from tho figbtiug of the revoluUou, and the
tr-mpor of the fawple is such that victory ovor
tu-m meRns prMCtioal auuihilRtion.
We kuow little about Chile. St Is no baby
rountrjr either in territory or population. It
tu4s iMHk'Rl) the way from Pom to Capo
Horn, aod it is almost rs far from one ond of
it to the other ac Now York is distant from
Km Francieeo. The eouutr)- lies right along
t (. coast, and eousists of a atrip of from 40 to
'SY) miH wide, growing bigger as it goes up
ward. This strip is s long as our whole Atmntic
oit and Mexico, aud it 1mm all kitids of cli
mates. Tho wMesi part of tt is ne bigger Utsa the
di-ta batwesm Now York and Washington,
Mid its narrow parte are about as wide ac the
ciibtanee from wsui4ftto to Baltimore. It
contain just about id times as much land ae
(he Mate of Nw York and is a little less ia
i-iKc than 3'eKs attd Ohio combined. Its terri
tory is full of all kinds of minerals. It bus
at wbRtfields, raking millions of bushels of
w iteai ewery year. It is a wine-growing oouu-
try. Along its liilhiidos grow grapes which
furnish millions of gallons of wioo annually,
winch is as fine as the beat wine raised ia
I ranee. It is r country of good cities.
Tu Oipitsd, imutiRgo, is as big as WaebRg
ton or Cincinnati, and Valparaiso is almost us
large an Kansas City or Omaha. It has li
towns which range between 100,000 and 40,000
iu aim, and there are 00 more towns la tb-e
foinitry which contain from 10,000 to eO.OOt
I "pulalton each. I'bose towns Rre wU-buit
Hiicr tbeHfatoish etf m of architecture, and ibay
Con trio some una nouaea.
(him Itas 3,000,000 KipuUtio, or abovt m
tnuuy neofileas we have in Indiana. The couu
t ry could, it is said, mtttfiort 20.000.000, but labor
ic compantiwely acaree, and the groater part of
I. .nd owned by large capitalists, who live la
Kntiago and manago their farms by overseers.
it ik in Ctiile the aatne as it is in Mexico peo
ple with Kpaniwh blood iu thoir veins own the
bulk of the oountry. and the mass of the people
are peons lad mus M,4 Uboroi. Thoso live in
hhhII bowses or the farms, aud ara venoraliv
) 1 1 debt to thoir ntaetors. 'J'hey gut aniall wages,
!iiuk to eaoess, aud are uotmuch more ibau
1 asts. fcome of them are almost the pure de
wi'iidauts of ikm tribes who inhabited this
riuutrf wbon the tifmniards came here, and
tuey bav the high oheek -bones, lb eotiper
i ..m, and the little briglt eyes of Ue abor
i'iuas. Kosaa of ttoe Indians are the aasoondawis f
he Aranoanmus, who were noted as being the
most terrible of the South A mer toan Indians,
who fought tbe ficumiards for over 00 your,
and who elaiut that tnoy were never oonquorod.
'1 be aaaeendanta of those men are iu the
i iiileau army. Tnay look difforent from the
other 8outh Amoricau Indians. Thoir com
pi Kious are more like those of the Spaniards,
thir heads are lone, and they havo regular
The bouses la which the common people of
Chile live are little bettor than pig-pens. They
ate of one atory, made of adobe or nun-burned
brick, and roofed with tile or thatch. The jhm
1 lo bave practically na comforts lo apeak of,
and their civilisation w low. It is different
with the bettor classes of the people. With the
exception of the peons, or 1 ndians, the Chileans
are making surprising advauoes iu civilizatioH,
and their town arc fast getting all the modern
improvement. Places of 10.000 and jlo.OOO have
c-lwctric lights. There are telephones iu ail the
cities and telegraphs everywhere. Chile was
the Ant ttoutit Amorican oountry to build rail
muds, nd it has now about 1.H00 miles of iron
track, with a large amount uudor oonatruction.
The tiovetumotit oueouragna railroad building,
and two linos are now being built across the
Andes, one of which will run to Jtuemes Ay hoc,
and tnis will probably form a part of die lator
coutinautol I4na, if it 4s ewer comidotasl.
toarr " omnm of South JUsmrbjR bave
sftwoaw mm araiwu iby tmalsc
JUL vK A&L-
f iiti&k TlvK
1 &e VtKWh
sKURX . A'VlaW
on tlio Rllop. Tho conductors aro womon, nnd
Chile is the enly country in tho world whoro
tlio womou iimkoa busiuoss of tnking up tho
tickets ou tramways. Tho most popular con
ductors are young womou, and somo of tho
girls aro said to bo very protty. Thoir uniform
whilo on duty in tho airs consist of n man's
straw lmU a monoy-bnp, and a whito apron, and
they have a soat on tho bade ond of tho car,
whoro thoy sit and look down ovor tlioir nosos
whon not at work. It is said that tho protliost
of thorn de not stay Ioiir on the cars, for they
fall in lovo with thoir passengers and get mar
ried. As Snail South Amorican countries tho
moil sinoko in the street-cars, but othorwiso
I bene girls re well treated, and make fully as
pood condnctors as men. Thero was at ono
time an attempt to uae thorn as drivers of tlio
cars, bat it was found that the mules were too
strong for thorn.
Chi loan women Rro said to be the mt beau
tiful of Sonth America, and if one admires the
Spanish type they are not had. They havo oval
fmtec, dark, creamy complcxious, Inxniiant,
black hair, and hip. lustrous eyes. Their chins
are amall, their hands and foet are shapely and
not largo, and the avurape caterpillar con hi
crawl under a Chilean girl's lre instep with
out tickling her skin. Thoy are much shorter
than our women, and when they grow old often
get fat and dumpy. They mature very young,
and a young Chilean girl is ono of the swootost
pieces of God's liest handiwork. The most beau
tiful thing about her is her eyes. Thoj aro
liquid and full of soul, and they flush out at
you between dark eyelashi.
The street dress of a Chilean girl is black,
aad at the churches and on the streets you
would think the whole nation was in morn
iug. The womeu wear black shawls and Mack
gowns, and ovor thoir heads they drape h)ul:
lace mantillas. A young girl never goes out
without a duenHa, Home old servant, or thoir
mn her to go with them. Tho who can ail'oi d
it ai ways ride.
The daily life of Chilean ladies is Wy in the
extreme. They rise late and go to lwd late.
After breakfast they take a siesta and a amokc,
Ritd during the afternoon or evening they walk
or ride eu the promenade. They eat t-ir din
ners Nlwut 7 o'clock, and in I be e veiling go to
ru opera or the theater. As to courtship and
marriage, this is made to a large extent by the
fumilio of the bride and groom, and marriase
scUlemctitrf are generally insisted upon.
The youug men of Chili Rre auite as partioH
Ur about tiuur dress a th wmu. Santiago
has lots of dlwdies. and the hftter class of ihwi
look as though they camo out of band-boxes.
Some of them lead the l.tsiust of lives. There
are as many clnh men au4 dudes in the Chilean
Capital as you will And in a city of twice its
sixe in the United St es. One of the favorite
occupations of those young follows is to prom
enade ou tho PIrmi and ogle the girls, and it is
said that the girls like it. Many of these young
men arc oducated in Paris. They are not dan
geroHC, and tho United Statoshas nothiagto fear
from them in case of war. The danger comes
from the bushiest meu aud the practical poli
ticians of the country.
The advance that Chile has made in the last
few years show that these element of the peo
ple are up to the times. Chile has inaugurated
the good system of public Nchools, aud last year
the Govern meu t appropriated more than
$7,098,009 for ber school. There are a nu m her
of large eaUegos iu the oouatry, aud Utere is a
1 ' ' " li mini n" i II mil U
Obktiui. HLkiuMA Statiox At Saktiaoo.
Xattonal Uufvoralty at Santiago which has
bund rods of students. There are more than
1,009 students in the different oollegos, and
there are a number of normal scboels and agri
Chile has 400 daily and weekly newspapers.
Santiago has eight four-page dailies. VhIjhi
raise has four, and circulates 90,000 papers a
day. The papers are of the Spanish sort, con
taining little news, but the demand for them
shews that the ieeple are alive. This ic shown
by their records of the postoftleo, through which
34,008,009 papers wore sent last year, and
through which went 17,O0U,O(K) of letters.
It ie also shown from their banks. Chile is a
rich country, and lias bank which pay as much
as 10 per cent, dividend. It has 19 banks with
a capital amounting to $28.000,000, and in addi
tion to these a number of private banks who
lend monqy on lands. It is doing a big business
in the nitrate fields which it captured from
Peru, and it exported last year over 4,009,090
pounds of this material. One of the chief reve
nues of the Government is from the nitrate
field, aud it is said that the man who owns
these fields, an Ivaglisbmau named North, is
about the richest man iu the world to-day.
In case wo were to have a war with Chiio our
gunboats would probably shell YalparabiorThhj
is the chief seaport of the oountry. It has over
n baud rod thousand peafde, aud Hoe ou & soati-
circular hay f u about the center of tho oountry.
'ilie hills rise right up from the town aud the
finest gardens aud the bust residences are ou
terraces on these hills.
amvot section is the business part of the city.
It is of Kpanhih type and the 6 1 roots are wide,
clean and well-paved. The town lias tho best
of electric lights and a first-class street-car
service. It has a plana or public square such as
you will find iu all Spanish towns, and Its
theater will hold nearly 3,000 poeplo. Its
business buildings are good and iU commercial
Juarterwould de credit to an American city.
t is so locatod that it would make a fine mark
for our 10 inch guns, and the shells from a
cruiser would do terrible damage.
Santiago, the Capital of Chilis, is a little more
titan a hundred miles southeast of Valparaiso.
It is hack iu the country among the mountains,
and it is looated about 1.H0D feet a)ovo the
sea. It hi a beautiful city of butweon 825,000 and
250.000 iteople, and it has magnificent build
ings. luPlaaa is one of the finest in South
America. This public park contains fine tiees
aud garden1! and about it rise fine public build
ings. There is a vast cathedral, brown stone,
lighted by a myriad of stained glass windows.
Its interior is wonderfully beautiful. The
columns are af marbles efdiAeran I ooterit, the
altar kef alabaster, and the whole is filled with
Htatues aud voifcs of flue art,
Jisii5iM'IF,!ltfr.nmliBaiiaJi Q ir) '' iv2 k - ATi5 t Jjp
A wltito mnrblo building near this is tlio Na
tional ITnll of Congress. Hero the two IIousos
of Chilo meet. Tlio Mint is another fmo build
ing. This constitutes tlio President's oflicial
dwelling nnd tho public o Hi cos. Near it is tho
Opera House, said to bo tho finest theater on
this homispboro. Tho EuglUh Hotol, which
looks out upon tlio Plaza, is said to be as fiuoas
any hotel in New York.
Santiago Las very many fino private- rosi-
rT i ill III liSilv - -n '
Woman Caii CoNDUCTort. "
donees. Tho house of Madame Cousino h ono
of the fin est in South America. This woman is
many times a millionaire. She has millions
upon millions invested in great ostates and an
income as largo perhapi as any woman in
Amepcn. Her house U :i groat two-story man
sion built after tho French stylo and it is fur
nished like a modern French palace. Tho
ordinary S.iuti.igo houses are utter the Spanish
style, the building-; running around courtyards
aud looking wonderfully plain from the street
but being gorgeously aud comfortably furnished
Santiago has cood business buildings, but its
merrhantsaro like all those of tho Spanish
American countries, behind tho times. They
do not know bow lo show their goods; tho
wonderful show window of Paris and Now
York has not yet made its appearances in Chile.
The stores are much like thoso of Mexico.
Many of them are in nrcadea or havo archways
of Kloue running along in front of them. In
theso archways aro many poddlers who have
goods for salo in little book-caw-liko shop?,
which they close up at night and outside of
which they aland aud soil in the daytime. A
groat many French notions aro sold by theso
peddlori, and the most of the goods used in tho
country are breaght from Kn eland and France,
for the Itopublic does but little manufacturing.
As it is now business is good in Chile; with
iU great natural resources, its nitrate fiehh,
and its mines, the oountry, if let alone, would
beeomo quiet and would steadily progress.
However, the people are so conceited and so
puffed up over their victories in tho past that
they do not appreciate the size aud tho power
of tho United States. If war camo, it would
certainly result in the destruction of the best
of the Chilean cities and end in Chile having
to pay us'the expenses of tlio struggle, as is
usually the case with conquered nations. This
might give us a big mortgage ou tho whole
country, for the excuses of such n war would
run high into the millions of dollars. The
United States would then have the same inter
est in Chile that Kh gland has in Kgypt. and it
might reault in the development of its re
sources by the United State. If Chilo should
over ewe Uncle Sam half u billion of dollars
the prospect aro that the Yankee nephews of
the old gentleman would in some way manage
to got a fitir interest on the debt.
Tho 31 (lit Isnpftrliuit I'HlirjirU.
To-day the building of the Nicaragua Canal
is the most impsrtuut enterprise demanding
tkeaUeutteu of the world. From the discovery
of America until tlio present timo n passago
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, across Central
America, has been sought; private capital has
been freely expended in seeking the host route,
our Government has sent out numerous expe
ditions and aurvoyod tho Isthmus.
The result of all these efforts has been to es
tablish firmly tho fact that the only favorablo
route, at a reasonable cost, is the ono across
Nicaragua. At tho present timo an honest
effort is lioing made to construct tlio canal by
a corporation composed of Americans. I bo
lieve tho close of tho present century will eeo
the canal an accomplished fact.
lie um FnUInx Tlicin.
A Cardinal who commanded tho troops of
Popollenifaoe tho Ninth in tho march ou Aoona,
finding himself, on ouo occasion, in a position
in which he must conquer or'die, promised his
boidiers that, if they secured the victorj those
who fell should diuo that very day with tho
angels. They marchod to tho combat with
alacrity; but finding that tho Cardinal was
careful not lo expose himself, " How is it," said
one of them, "that you show no anxiety for
the celestial banquet to which you have in
vited us so warmly? " "llsceuse it is not yet
my diuuer-time, aud I am uot huugry."
. mrmvz '
1. Ill lull In. "i I il"M ZW ' '
THE RIGHT SPIRIT.
Amnslng Incidents at a Utbtl Itcunlon In Ten
nfM.'c. Editor National Tciiujne:
TIP my hat nnd dip a
pcu iu compliment to
Uio oditor of tho Texas
Iconoclast, whoso arti
cle, under tho heading
or "Tho Right Spirit,"
appeared iu Tin: Na
XI. It contains moro
solid truth to tho
Fquaro inch than any
thing that has been
writton from a South
oru standpoint since
tho war, and it ex
presses tho sentiment?
and opinions of thou
sands of bravo men
who followed tho ill
starred banner of tho
Confederacy to tho fin
ish, and who look with
contempt u pou tho
braggarts and swash
bucklers who for yoars havo prattled about
rebol prowess and aided in keeping alive a
Tho cutting rebukeof tlio iconoclastic Texan
to the conceited asos who speak suceringly of
Yankees; his withering, sarcastic exposure of
tho vainglorious cockleburr rebel Urigndiors;
bis vivid description of tho military movements
of 180:i, and his caustic allusion to "breeding
yaller niggers and choap-jniui politicians," will
bo enjoyed and appreciated by tho real soldier?,
Union and rebel, who. with shot and shell, on
2,0'JO battlefields, worked out the secession
problem. I5ut the TroHflcfotf oditor exempt Vir
ginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and North Curo
linn from tho scene of tlio tonguo-figbtor and
Ynukcc-hater. Ho should kuow that wo havo
a few of tho curs lagging Miperllunu on tho
&tago in the territory which ho calls " Southern
only iu name."
Last Summer the writer attended a rebol Re
union at Winchester, Tcun. Among tho speak
ers was a man named Jones Chaplain Jones,
or Jones, "Chaplain-in-Chief on Gen. Lco'a
staff"" n rotund, jolly sort of fellow, who spoko
mainly through his nose, llo fired a good many
old chestnuts at the large crowd present, and
among other things ho pictured the rolwl sol
dier starting out iu tho early days of tho war
withsttipesou his trousers, braid on his jacket,
and a lfiincli daggur-Iiko knife and a revolver
In his belt. Then he pictured him three yeara
or mure later wins shoe, unifurm ragged and
lousy, the big knife long since laid aside as a
useless weapon, and tho revolver long ago traded
off for something to eat. And then Jones ex
claimed, with much earnestness: "When wo
went out we thought that each ouo of us could
whip 10 Yankees, but after wo had Icon out
threo years or moro wo discovered that cacti
ono of us could whip only four .Yankees."
Then Jonas waited for applnu3o, but not a
sound of approval grcetod him; tho old robs
had too much sense to applaud such bombast,
for they knew that Jones was a liar. An ex
Confederato soldier standing by my side a
man who had gone through the war from Mart
to finish and who recognized my Grand Army
badge, said to mc:
"If that man Jones had been in a fight or
two, ho would hnvo diicnvcrcd that onu Yank
was as many as he would want to fight. Tho
idea of one man with a gun in his hands whip
ping four men with guns in their hauda makes
mo tired; it is just such fool talk that
makes us old Con feds feel ashamed."
1 told y reltei friend not to mind Jones,
who was a mouth-fighter, ami no doubt the
identical Chaplain old Jube Early referred to
at tho Wilderness battle the fellow who, at a
camp-mcctiug lieforo the war, prayed that the
Lord would tako him right up to lionvon, but
when there was a chance to get thero by tho
Wilderness routo skipped tho chaiico liko a
Another speech at tho Reunion was made by
Col. O. W. Cordon, 11th Tenn. (reb.). He
talked more like a soldier, and his statements
wore modestly conservative, though he referred
to tho Franklin battle as the "Franklin mas
sacre," while ho termed the Kenesnw fight as
a "gallant repulse." During his address he
brought out the old hattietlag of his regiment,
showed the bullet-holes aud bloodstains on it,
and touchingly alluded to tho heroic memories
that clustered about it. His remarks also
awakoned emotions iu tho lienrLs of tho half
ilezuu Union Mddiers prcent, and tlioy in
wardly prayed that God's curse might forever
rest ou tho men on tho leaders of public
opinion who should ever make it necessary
for Amoricaus to light among themselves again.
When Col. Gordon iu bid peroration said that
when ho died he wanted tho bloodstained ling
wrapped around and buried with his body
there was some applause; the Union soldiers
saiil "amen," and expressed the hope that all
such emblems of the Lost Cause would be buried
out of sight as quickly as possible, and that
God would palsy the hand that attempted to
make or flaunt another new ilag of secession,
dozens of which wero then fluttering from tho
housetop of Winchester.
The mo4t conspicuous fignro at tho Reunion
was old Pete Turuey, who raised the first rebel
regiment in the State. He is one of the Judgoa
of our Supreme Court, and a prospective guber
natorial candidate. "Old Pete," as he is
familiarly called by his admirer, is a bloom
ing daisy amoi;g tho " irreconcilables." In a
rocont speech ho said he believed that secession
was right iu lbGl. and now in December, 1S91,
ho still believed it was right, aud that whon ho
died he wan toil tho word ".Secession" chizeled
on his monument. Some of his friends told mo
that they wero at a "hm to know whethor
they should admire his candor or condemn his
dainphoolistn." He may possibly be put under
such a monument, but while it aud his rebel
bones are crumbling into dust, tho inscription
on Old Hickory's monument "Uy the Ktor
ual, the Union must and shall be preserved "
will nerve aud inspire the generations which
succeed tho men who wore the blue as well as
those who wore tho gray. II. C Wiiitakku,
Co. A, 2d N. Y. (II. J) Cav., New Market, Tenn.
Vermont Spruce Hum.
Vermont has become famous for her spruce,
gum, tho gathering and selling of which havo
grown to bo more than an infant industry. Tho
champion gum-picker of the State is said to be
Aliiizati Ilishop, of Woodford. Hishop is a
Yankee-notion peddler in Summer timo, hut
when the cold weather sets iu hostartaout
with bug aud jkiIo nnd roams the mountain
forest iu search of gum. When the deep snow
comes he goes about ou suowshocs. The product
of his lonely hunting trips he disposes of for
cash at lleuuiugton, aud makes a good living
Horn Willi a Wiimlrrfiil Clft.
The in year-old daughter of W. I). House, a
farmer, who resides near Platte City. Mo., has
created a sensation among the neighbor. Sho
has a dreamy apearaiico aud is slow of speech,
but her pcculimity is that she has the iowcr
known as second sight. Shu can rend letters
without breaking the seal, and ou several oc
casions has done this with letters where collu
sion was imoiblu. She can also tako a book,
hold it closed in her hami, aud read from 11113
Dr. Porter, ouo of tho oldest physicians of
this County, says that the girl has nn extra
ordinary 'rawer which he has thoroughly tested.
Ho wiotu u letter at his otlice, sealed it, took it
iu his pocket to the house, and called the girl.
She camo to him aud shook hands. As she did
so sho said : " Doctor, you havo a letter for mo,
and you wrote it." Shu thou held his hand nnd
read the letter, which was still iu his pocket.
Something you rant do
id to get Dr. Picrco'rt uenw
ine nicdiciiicH nt what pre
tend to bo "cut jiriccH."
Thoy don't couio to you
in that way.
To prevent fraud nnd
imposition, tlio genuine
guuriuiteixl incdiciucH nro
sold only through drug
Rials duly authorized ns
ugenta, nnd always at
prices: Dr. Piereo'n Gold
en Medical Discovery (for
tho Liver, Wood, and
Lunpfl, $1.00 per lottlo;
Dr. Picrco'a Fnvorito Pre
scription (for woman's
weaknesses nnd nilmonLs),
$1.00 per bottlo; und Dr.
l'ifrcn'.i Plfiwiiit Pt)Hnt9
(for tho Liver), 25 cent er vial.
llui fpiiuiira inetHrines) cim 1)0 had onlynt
Hionj prices, iHit nothing; else, no innlter uhut
tlio iirico, can Ixi na rlioaji, for Dr. Pierce's
medleiiH aro yvnmntecti. In overy enso
wlieru they fnil to benefit or euro, you luxvo
your money back. You imy wily for vnluo.
received. Dowaro of dilutions, imitntioua.
tuid imbstitulcs, offered uL lower lirleca.
Sfrl ft fe-
vUf'. iA- - . .. '!
f JJr' 'w. I ., -
rractlcal Duties Taught by n. Stnily of tho
Intcriintioiiiil Siinduy-Hchool Lenson Ap
pointed for Feb. SI, 1392. Jcr.. 30: 19-31.
Ono rcndlnj: thco notes should first carefully
study the pnrnuroph from tho Holy Scriptures as
Subjects: I. Tun Book Destroyed. II.
The Rook Rewritten.
Important documents should bo preserved.
Very significant statements should bo put into
permanent form. Verbal declarations aro sub
ject to mutilation?. Ono understand best that
which ho not only hoars but nbio sees. Then,
Jeromiah was practically a prisoner. (V. 5.)
Ho was "shut up." Ho was, as wo might say,
put ou tho limits. If ho could have gono in
person to tho Temple and havo made tho stato
inonts, they would undoubtedly havo been ac
curate. Sinco ho must intrust tho mcsngo to
a delogatc. it was necessary the facts bo put in
written form. Wo see ample reasons why
word was sent to Jeremiah directing him to re
cord nil his prophecies.
Wo notico (V. 3; how carofnl God fe to fore
warn pcoplo of impending dangers and give tho
ovil chance to reform and escape harm. The
laud of Judith was in a desperato condition.
The pcoplo had suffered seriously in conse
quence of their sins. Thorough reformation
wa3 their only method of avoidingoverhanging
dangers. To givo them chance to turn from
their evil course to seize from them, if they
persevered in ovil. all oxcuse God takes pre
caution to havo King, Princes and people all
1. Tho Roll. (V. 21. Cf. V. 2.) Notico
"ink" wosusod. (V. IS.) The Roll was called
a "book." (V. 18.) Wo read in V. 23 of a
"penknife." Iu those days writers ued reeda
for pen?, aud there would bo frequent occasion
to sharpen nnd mend them. Printing was an
art utterly unknown. We may data the origin
of tho art of printing in tho year M'JO, and refer
it to Laurence Kostcr. Iu early times written
matter was ou pitrcliments, basil, papyrus,
earthen slain, etc. Those ou parchment or
vellum wero uot kept in separate leaves. The
piecod were fastened end to end, forming a very
long manuscript. A roller was attached at each
end. A3 tho document was rend it waa un
wound from one roller and wound over the
other. If there wero no roller tho writing was
road and could easily wind on itself. Tho
places whero leaves joined wero roadily notice
able, so that one could tear off leaf after leaf as
ho read. Sometimes the people used tho word
leaf as we do tho term paragraph. A few
manuscripts exist with leaves fastened as wo do
our book leaves, one after the other separate.
2. "Firo on tho hearth burning." (V. 22.)
Toward the comfort of humanity, evolution of
boating methods has contributed a very large
share. In Egypt, Mosopotnmiu, etc., poU full
of burning coals aro placed iu rooms to give off
their heat. They nro not put within apnrt
monts until the smoke has ceased, leaving tho
coals brilliant. What is known as tho Spanish
brnzerilo is a pan of hot coals brought into a
room to raise its temperature. A traveler anys,
"ThoVrtMHOor, common throughout Armenia and
Syria," i3 a cylindrical hole sunk about threo
feet in the ground iu some part of the room,
with and air-fine entering in at tho bottom.
Tho open skylight alone gives escape to the
smoke. To transform this into the feiauoor, a
round stone is laid upon the mouth of the oven,
when woll heated, to stop tho drafc. A
squaro frame a foot high is thou placed above
it. nnd over this is spread a thick coverlet,
which retains all tho heat. Under this tho
members of tho family thrut their legs and
arms." Tho expressions, " the family hearth,"
"tho homo firosidc," would lose much signifi
cance under such circumstances. Much could
not bo done in tho way of heating houses till
chimneys wero built, and it is a fuct that wo
must date such improvement in the year vuft.
Under Edward I. a man was executed for burn
ing what wo now understand as coal. The
House of Commons forbada tho use of such
"noxious fuel." Wo notico excavations at
Rairo, Italy, show that anciently hot water
was introduced there into residences, the heat
ing having been done outside. Tho introduc
tion of fireplaces, stoves, furnaces, steam, etc.,
has added amazingly to our modern civilizatiou,
repressing croakers and pessimists.
3. Rent their garments. (V. 21.) In eastern
countries it was tho custom to show outwardly
tho feelings of grief, shame, etc., by tearing
garments, hair, etc (Gen., 37:3-1; IKi., 21:
7; Ezr., 9:3; Job, 1:20; Joel, 2:13; St. Jit.,
20:05; Acts, 11:11; 16:22.) In great oxeito
mont thero is a tendency prompting to tho
tearing out of the hair, and even to the muti
lation of somo parLs of tho body. Ono notices
in the literature of tho jmsiious many illustra
tions. 1. Ninth month. (Vs. 9, 22.) Tlio Hebrew
months were Nisnn, Zif, Sivan, Tammuz, Ab,
Kliil. Tisri, IJul,Chi3leu,Tebeth,Shebnt, Adar.
Tho ninth month wu3 Chisleu. That month
corresponds to one-half of our November aud
one-half of December. The Jewish year begins
about March 15.
I. Tub Rook Drstroved.
Wo havo only ono account, Jcr. 30: 19-32
Wo dato A. M. 3393. or R. C. COG. It was in
tho fifth year of tho reign of Jchoiakiut and in
tho ninth mouth of the Jowwh year. (9, 22.)
Wc may suppose Jeremiah was 37 years old.
Tho prophecies of Jeremiah woro almost all
uttered iu Jerusalem. It was the Capital, and
hence tho residence of Jehoiakim, the King.
Jeremiah was born at Anathotli, three miles
north of Jerusalem. Ho began to prophecy
when II yoarn old, and continued from tho 13th
year of Josiah to thu downfall of tho Kingdom
of Judah, to wit, for ll year. Ho met with
much persecution. The prophet Isaiah fore
told the coming of tho Messiah, nnd his utter
ances did uot call forth such bitter opposition
as constantly faced Jeremiah. Thu mission of
Jeremiah was to threaten nnd robuke. We
hence oftou find him iu peril of hid life. Ho
was n prifouer, "shut up," when ho dictated
thu volume which the King destroyed. It id
siipposud ho was at length (aged about 55 yoars)
stoned to death in Egypt.
Wo sco from verses 1 and IS that Baruch wroto
tho "Roll" as tho words fell from tho lips of
Jeremiah. We cnuuot suppose the prophet hud
up to thU timu neglected to mitko a written
copy of all his prophecios up to date. The Roll
was probably a more critically prepared and
better arranged exhibit of the revelations mado
known from God to Jeremiah. Ritruch was a
sonof Nermh ovidently a well-informed man,
possibly a professional scribe a warm friend to
Jeremiah; to tho prophet something liko what
Gehai wa to Kliiliaor Meliiucthon to Luther.
Wo remember Christ sent out Tho Twelve two
by two. (St. Mark, : 7.) At tho particular
timo of the Icksou when Jeremiah was "shut
up" thero was cull for 11 spokesman aud as
sistant. C. Thi&auling of the Roll to JehoiaJcim.
Wo notice Jeremiah prepared tho Roll by a
direct command from God. It was written for
thu expreiH purpose of being read publicly in
thu Temple. It was so read. The object was to
instruct and warn the masses. Rut it received
a second rending. Tho Princes hoard of the Roll
ami know tho people in general wero talking
of its contents. They requested Baruch to
meet them and road iu their hearing the won
derful prophecy. Thoy listened and trembled.
As true advisors of the King they told him of
tho incident, taking precaution, however, to
ndviifo Jeremiah and Baruch to hide. Now tho
Roll received a third reading. Jchudi got it
aud read it to King Jehoiakim, the Princes
being also present. Tho place was tho King's
Winter house. It was December, and wealthy
and royal men had tho residences nnd comfort3
of respective seasons. (Am., 3 : 15.) Wo can
K"o how dclirato wero tho contents of the Roll.
Wo can sco why tho King was angry. Tho
prophecy declared that tho Babylonians woro
to destroy tho Kingdom of Judah. We hate
even tho mesnonger, iuuocont as ho may be, of
a harmful bit of information. The Roll was
not original with Jereminh. It was an utter
anco from God, for which neither Jeremiah nor
Baruch was responsible.
Notice tho several results. 1. Tho King de
stroyed tho Roll, cutting it up and casting it
into tho fire. (V. 23, 25, 27, 29.) But that
was folly. If of God, tho burning would do no
good; if of men, the saving of it would do no
harm. 2. Thu company who heard it wero uot
alarmed. The King was stolid. In verso H
the Princes aro said to havo trembled. But
they probably saw what littlo effect of fear it
produced ou the King, and grew to think it of
uot much consequence. Or they may have be
eomo hardened. Thoy got over their fright.
Thcu, they would not dare to show auch faith
in tho document m wenfcl lend the King U
think they held Jeremkih In any sort of in
spect. 3. They did not rend their garment.
Thoy did not even go through with the Ibrmo
of either grief or anger. 1. They gave ae heed
to tho decuman t.
By advice of tho Priaces. Jeremiah and
Baruch concealed thenwelveH. They foresaw
how Jehoiakim would rage. The advice waa
good, and it was well the two heeded it, for an
order was issued by the King for their imme
diate arrest. Providence eante to the rescue
and prevented discovery of their hiding phice.
Consider the punishments. 1. Jehoiakim's
royal line was to he broken. His sen succeeded
him, but ruled only one-fourth of a year. The
name of the son was Jehoinehin ( Jeconiah, I
Ch.,3;ia; Jeehenia S. Mfc, 1:11.) Even
whilo he was called a ruler he ws a miserable
vassal of Babylon. Zedekiah, who succeeded,
was an uncle to Jehoinehin, brother to Jehoia
kim, son of Josiah. 2. Even the body (eorpse)
of Jehoiakim was not to have respectable burial.
It was to be pitched into the rend. (22 : 13, ID.)
Days iu Palestine are often hot, whim the nights
aro cold. (Gen., 31 : -10.)
3. AH the family and associate of Jjhoiakim
were to suffer. People are linked together ami
carry with them the fate, happiness, misery of
their relative and companions.
1. We cannot censure Jeremiah and Baraeh
as coward on account of hiding. Proper effort
to escape harm is justifiable. God bidea men
from peril. ( P.., 31 : 20 ; S3 : 3 ; Isa.. 2 : 20. )
2. We must hear God's word ami heed Ik.
We cannot destroy it. Efforts have at times
been made to bum up the Bible, but it remains
a very vuai volume.
1 (TZt yf3 dz
put them up in Collections by the thousands they can be
sold for less, though, the quality is just the same, the style of
tho package as fine in every respect, as if you seleottd them
one by ono from our Catalogue.
"We havo theso Collections in variety. "We know they
will please ; your money is welcome back again if on receipt
they do not: iwwwwAiB
lyiWvUiJUiV a An assortment of X5 Varieties of) fCfhr
choico Vegetable Seeds. Just
ILI$CTION BI3 a complete Vegetable Garden,) A -
being 33 packets of choice varieties, making all youlffiljQQ
COIsI,I5CTXOy C Contains
oeeus. mciuues Asters, retumas, verbenas, l'unsies, etc.
COtt,l$CTION I is 10 choice Floral Novelties: Crozys)
new Cannas, Margaret Carnations.Shlrley Popples, Eek-?
ford's Newest Siveet Peas, the new Tuberous Begonias, ete.j
COLLECTION l$.s exquisite Summer Flowering)
Jtulbs-the White Spider IAly, Calla Illy, Giant Canna, )
COLLECTION F includes Collection E, nnd adds to It)
the exquisite Montbretlns, the Iris, Spotted Callus, Tri-rfSlJM)
toma, or Red Hot Poker Plant, Tigrldlas, ete. jVJ.vv
COLLECTION G10 curious and wonderful Cacti. $ljQQ
With each Collection -we send our Seed Mantm. for 1892. Our friends
tell ns it is beautiful. We ktwzv it is full of business. It is largely illustrated
by the new photographic process, and printed on plate paper. If you would
like to see it before ordering- the Collections, send for it, enclosing two 3-cent
stamps to pay postage, and mention Thfi Natinnal TVihuna
I JOHNSON & STOKES, p'SiSoSffffiArPA
There 13 NO
--- .. ..,.. uuw,
no one wlthcut
a thorcusT knew
lecSse of U.0 case.
I K.xamlnatlon frea b? mall, if mm,
1 nnmo nnd nddrcHH of every aitlunntlc.
P. HAROLD HAYES,
rntloii Th Nation! Trtbnaa.
IUuaib.fw aaa itarxi.. u lamiiiuc n.r llumo
Mention Tbi Nutlonal Tribune,
5 k222H Bci BsF 3 3T WILL COST YOU WnTM1S3n
Bi vSHS? f3 rOks .sena U3
is io md iuu uui'3(,
3 fcl mSSmj ti3M show yon
XfflmW ft M
1 P4 S.
c.uwi jiuoo puaranreeu Deroro you pay. cirr This Oct and mail it to na.
You will bo surprised at tho result But you must do it NOW. "Writo to
--"- -. .
lien Hon The National Tribune.
"MURRRr $55.95 BUGGIES ? 5.95 HARNESS
THE BEST IK THE WORLD
VML IMJf II Itll'i (i il'l It MJ UlC VWi j .rw-,
4 It ,! . ..1.l .i;.nn- .- l a rn ,
siimtT. N-) "I'ools" or "Trusts"! ifflK
ror iw. wo stamt on our ow
footlntr. ami sf tl the "Murray
KMXIi HOIfiy on in"ir wuriii-rr-i v I
nowned incritt anl low prices. VuX
u,.v .ie tii uivrvirrriiRO AMr iivr
Write for catalogue and Net Cash Pric&s.Wl LB ER
airntlon The National Txlhcoi
3. Try to peranade persons not lo become an
gry and destructive, t V. 25.)
1. Trust in God. Ho will devfeo mnna for
our kelp whan we ore imperiled for doing Ilia
II. Thk Ror.1. RraroRBD.
Tho Trath coeW net be destroyed. God er
dered the Kell rawrittan. Jeremkih again dic
tated it to Barneh. We netiee additions were
mado to it. Sinners do net gain anything by
troatinsc illy Ckxl's Wonl nor by harm iR His
ministers. St. Mt. 5:13; Acts, 9:5; 5:30.
Wo remember God directed Moses to return to
ilt. Sinai and write again the eommandmonta
which he had broken to pieces.
31r. nittlno Tells a Story.
TJlaino told a story to-day "to a prominent
citizen who for certain reasons does not want
his uamo montioued," illustrative of the sensa
tional reports of his sickness which aro going
about the country, and which ho declares aro,
and havo been for a yoar, largely imaginary.
'I have told this story before," said Mr.
Blaine, "but not with tho present application.
It is abont a man who was carrying something
across tho Fulton-street ferry in a box. Every
now and then ho would opon tho box cau
tiously, peep in, and then closo it mysteriously.
His action excited tho attention of a naturalist
who was seated near him aud who Himlly
touched him ou tho elbow and said:
"I bog pardon, but I am curious to know
what you have got in that box. What ia it?'
'Oh, I don't want to toll,' replied tho man.
"'Well, opeu it aud let mo look in,' said tho
"'I'm afraid lo,' replied tho stranger; 'it
might get all over the boat.'
"'Is it asavago animal?'
'"Yes, kills overy thing.' Thon tho man
peeped in again. Growing moro curious, the
naturalist begged him to tell its nnmo.
"'It's a kil-ma-roo,' he said, 'frem Central
Afriea a very suvtigo boast, eats mon and
" ' What do yen feed it on ?' inquired the now
"'Snakes, sir; plain sunken.
'"Rut where do you get snakes enough to
fowl sueh a ravenou mangier?' smW tho eager
man of sMsienee.
"'Well, sir, my owthar in Brooklyn has tho
1 t 1 r 1 r .- xj .
II E k " ' " ?1 Jv
delirium fcpemerw, ami when he sees snake ly;
the Uleiisand we juet eaten em audi
"'Ob, that won't de,' Interrupted: tile aa4
ralfot; 'yen srr'I feed a sens on knagfcmity
" ' Well, the met K' said the man eyeala,
the box and blowing in it, 'don's give la away,,
but this in an imaginary klt-ma-ioo
"When the lid m taken en adl iota teen
looked into," said Mr. Bfcuee, " she sesisHsjsnul
ent discovera Urn my sickness Is an Imngewaay;
Set Two ntentftedi te Jama.
Two Lewi Cnaneellom of KasJaadi aaaavaea4e
the turning ever eheefc at nee-BwsjaRtaV'
vke for executing khety neaseoe jonc laOi
Chancellor Ehkm having been aekert. by a stoat"
eat friend to give bint a certain living weeee
en one wle of a sheet ef paper :
Da a a rmtR : I nmwt lo-day jte wh tftor
preferment Jbr waieh you fMc. mmmin. ymmn
sineeie frieud, Jtaeaav
On the ether side :
I gave it to yon yaMenlny.
Sir John Sinclair, who and! dene mamJh ar
the agriculture ef England and! 3aatiaiiilL
thought the nation sdiouht ptssent hlmi wl a
testimonial, and wrote to Lot CwawsallsiR
Erakinc, inviting him to subscribe Ie ie, Cnv
ne side ef a sheet of paper Erekine nsatmdte
My EmR Sm Jom: I ant certain taee aveaW
In thin kintplMH who Met n Mnhev vain eat year
rvi4 then Mtywtlf; mm! I have the- Better Ie--
On the ether side the note concluded!:
Mjyel, Your BiHeiit MlMU aaumwa.
JHBN you want & nw coat with.
some style about it, you so to
& largo establishment -whera they
are made by th thousand, and get
a bettor fit, a batter finish, a muck
better cut all around than the aver
age oountry merchant tailor can
possibly produce, and at a eonskkw
able saving in first cost.
It lit -hlfitt n frl &AA-1B TXThflm tt
the kinds you want. j
10 choice Annual F7ou'cr
"nam rum ri- nn-. .,.. ..! .. wf
it uucumpu'-sucu oy organic aujeaRe, Tin 6e
to STAY CURED!
by C mutational
tnl3 at tb9
aObnl the belt anJ cbeapeit mcact 0' o'4act Uacbiog fcr
College, ehoolw, and SnnJuy Schools. Oar u
Bortmcac or Views. lllatritin Aar, -c on, ll:nir.
Amiuemciit anl I'urloi Entertainment, '- &u0.tB ca
M foual 11 !nitr.2UTa or amiutDj. C-J Lburcn 2.ntertuininenbs 1 uollc lxblbl
tlonnnnd Tod- rk e -a. caa n U C7- ? V1' ' ' 'mtnt'i for
ulurllluiitruu Staff Ja 7 WM & B H aptwntntlfmallear'al Weaw
eil J.cctart- Ja U U H ba caa mo n the largest ninahctorer al JI
era, nzX sti.p to all parts cf the-rori1. IfTon,nth to know how to ordr how to oondut Prlr
Katcrta!aTe-:u for pla.-e.or Public Exhlbltlonn. etc. frr MAKLNIi UONKY,
Kn'S"220 PACE BOOK FREE.
VaCALLloTEcfi Mi's Optician. 49 Nassau Street, New Yoris.
yur suaross on a postal and yon will receive
world, it will PHHOa BTU IIKKAI.N
c;iiiuiruu or nmnn i r.nnniin
how to G&ATKTTm 3LOO.
-T -"""- -- r -r -iLre
THE BEST IH THE WORLD
More "Murray" Buggies ant
Harness sold ;at year than any
other two makes) combine!,
which proves that their superior
qualities are appreciated.
THE Af.EVTS A.M MIInLKMAN'9 PBOKITS.
H. MURRAY MFG.CO.ClNCINNATIl.Oi..
"By athAmnah knowledge of the natural ltTwhJh
govern the operations of nlget1n ami nutrition, mirt'
a careful application of the nne proper! leof wii-MlefcNV
CtH-oa, Mr. Kppa ha provided our breakftis labkewttlin.
delicately rtuvonred beverage which may save u many
heavy doctor' bill. It I by the Judicious uae of anen.
articles f diet thai aconMttiitinn may be gradually bail
up until troni? enough to resfcievery tendency lodlteate
Hundred of subtle maladies are floating around ue ready
to attack wherever there Is a weak point. We max eacaee'
many a fatal -rtiali by keeping ourselves welt lrHi
with pure blooii and a properly nourished rraiee."
" Cinl Strrte UaitUe."
Made ximply with boiling water or milk. Sold oelytat
halt- pound tin, by Grocers, labeled thus:
james EPPSft oa,BSS5SKS"SESSSJ5!-
fiOvfWf U have beeH appointed
VV Jli sole seiliiM aaefrtJj
for the earth r the World's ffnir
Oillcliil IMcturos, In tl Colon
(by Chae. Graham, Arttei with
harper Hwm.) Flret plates eoet
over 0,oee.iM. brand MntVKye
view entire hutldtnga and roinfe,
siiie 31 x U, as they will appear In
UM. Sent prepaid. ?I.W u M
C O. 1. KeAtr by permfcxton to
Hon. Geo. K. Davie, 2ireeter Gea'l.
Mention The XaMonal Tribune.
THE CHART OF DESTlNiY.
It will toll you whether you are to be rich er peer;
how loinr you will live ; whether any uiidettatciag te
tobescc-jeisful or not: what your income will be In
com i ax years; and iimuy other tutus. Sent peetpatd)
NATIONAL PU15LISIIINO COniUANV,,
Box 1J5 WaHhiimtoii, 1. Oi
Mention Tho Xatlonnl Tribu'.ie.
in everv Town andt
County of the land. Bi? commission, exenarteai
territory, t orresponn ami jie iuu pertivwiteBt
Tub Midland Fottbry Co., KwevudJt, i.
Mention The Katlonal Txtbnca
J- ADIHS WA?W eyerywheie wee eww tot
Ji employ tetaura liuura ptuftfcihly; e.tpeeleaee hm
neceai-y; no inJerfetwioe witl-lMMi.e dnfe ae aeaer
ewnpatiwi; a Ufa buiucM-: pvoiltawiiaent Oaira.
A.Ww. wHh stamp. 'MMf .l . .
Mearten The tiMewitTrclwao.
SV jf?5f '
- ' CTrf' ' ...