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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C.ITHURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1892rTWELVE PAGES.
IN TIJE METROPOLIS,
Echoes 'of-tlic Columbian Celebration.
! not Politics.
Nr.w YoitK City, Oct. 24, 1592.
The man-witliont-ri-country was a lonesouio
creature iu New York the last two weeks; go
where hevould, he could not set away from
souiebooVs flag, and it made him feel like a
widow and nn orphan.. Italy, Spaiu, America!
They are the three links which bind iu a com
mon brotherhood the wliole wide world to-day,
to render magnificent tribute to the memory of
ono man who nearly four hundred years ago
died reviled, persecuted, and almost forsaken,
his poor ashes considered hardly worth a Chris
If Chiistopher Columbus's spirit was hover
inj: over Manhattan Island, there was surely
trouble in tiie choir when he got back to
Heaven, for ho was doubtlcs3 so puffed up
with pride that au addition will have to be
built, as the original allotment of spiritual room
will now be too contracted to hold him. If ho
retains the ears of mortals ho must be mijjhty
tired of the din, too. For ono straight week
the whistles on sea and land screeched in
demoniacal unisou at unearthly hours supposed
to be annivcisary episodes in that wonderful
first vovajie; all the chimes iu the city were
jaugled'out of tune on tho airs of all nations,
theiitniosphcro smelt like that arouud a third
class battlefield, from the explosion of gun
powder, and Brooklyn bridge twice narrowly
escaped a conflagration from the fireworks
sent up from its center. How tired it must all
make Columbus when he remembers that it
Las taken 400 years to work the woild up to
this panegyric pitch.
And the buntiug! New York looked as
thought old Noah's rainbow had been run
through a shot-tower and spattered all over tho
city, as though the stars had been sifted to
make them go around, and the sunbeams
strained through a colander to furnish yollow
in honor of Spain. But over and above it all
"the free flag floated." God ncvor put it into
the heart of man to conceive anything prettier
thau the Stars and Stripes, anyhow, and the
American people know it. The uses to which
tber put it was unique, but place it where they
will it makes bright the dark places, and gives
new luster to light. From Koil Gate to Castle
Garden Old Glory fluttered iu the wind and
nodded a welcome to the lings of other nations.
Tlio almond-eyed Celestials in Mott street
calmlv hung tho blue dragon and Stars and
Stripes side by side, despite tho "exclusion"
act. and the toughs in Hester street piuned.a
little flag on the left shoulder and dared any
"son of a sea cook to tear it off. See ? "
I went down in the "Tondcrloin" District
to see the decorations the denizens of tho dives
had put out They must be a cosmopolitan
lot, if emblems are significant. Great Britain's
imperial lions and Siam's elcnhant wero sport
ively pawing at each other in mid-air, tho two
lieaded eagle of Russia floated lazily over tho
cross of San Domingo, while the red-and-yellow
of Spaiu made a regular sunburst of radiance
in the dark, dirty street.
Tho Stars and Stripes were so thick that they
reminded me of spilled prisms. Ono motherly
old daughter of Erin was calmly putting clothes
througli the first "suds" under an jmmenso
green flag with a gold harp and the distress
eigual flying in the shape of the Stars and
Stripes with tho blue field disconsolately, flop
ping upside down.
One front, blazoned as "O'Hooleyhan's
Place,1' had swinging-doors, the slats inter
laced with red-white-aud-blue ribbon, and tho
samples of wet goods iu the wiudow had each a
necktie of the same. The proprietor, whose
capacious stomach was an cxpausive advertise
ment of his wares, had over the generous girth
from vest button to pocket a watch-guard of
flags. The effect was electrifying.
A little tumble-down shanty, set back a few
feet from the walk, had its moss-growu
weatherboards almost hidden under longitudi
nal strips of cheap star-dotted cheesecloth. Iu
the dirty dooryard was a single stalk of sun
flower with one sickly blossom. A fat old col
ored woman was tying a lit of "red-white:aud-blue
ribbon around the sunflower etalk close
up to the "bloom. I paused to admiro tho
gorgeous effect, and just then a youthful Seni
gambian came to the door, and sticking- up
one red-stockinged foot displayed a quantity of
heel and jfive black toes peering through.
"ilammy, jus' Jookec heah, I sutinly has
gotter ter hcv ome new stockin's."
"Now yo" Emmerline Ellen, yo' doan' wan'
ter come pesterin' me when l'se busy. I ain'
got no money ter was'e on yo' feets dis week.
Go long au' put on yo' duds an' pin on do I'll
flag bow'an' no one won' notis' yo' ole close. We
gotter be patterotic die week if wo doan' hev no
close die Winter."
Dccoratiuus " patterotic " were not confined
to buildings by any means. Men woro little
bows of tri-colorod libbon or tiny flags ou the
lapels of their coats. Girls tied their braids
vrith yards of flags and made sashes of them.
Little tots were dressed in frocks made entirely
of silk flags. Women sacrificed the latest swell
thing in milliuery for flag-trimmed hats, wore
knots of tri-colored ribbon, and carried silk
flag-haudkrchiefs which they waved as often
as possible. One charming young lady of my
acquaintance mixed politics and patriotism in
a thoroughly unique manner.
Her dress was a tailor-made bluo cloth as
trim us could be, but uniquely fastened with
four-leaf clover buttons, of which two leaves
were white, one red, and one blue. On each of
these leaves in tiny gold letters was printed,
"HoneEt money," Honest ballot." "Iieci
procity," "Protection." Her pretty turned
back cuffs wero fastened with buttons contain
ing pictures of President Harrison, and at her
throat was a jaunty silk flag nacktie. " Ono
always has to suffer for one's principles," she
remarked sedately as she noted tho eye3 feast
ing upon her jaunty person, and all the timo
sho knew that she presented a decidedly swell
appearance. Women are such deceivers.
J'be Naval parade was awe inspiring, and as
the great guns belched forth their 21 rounds in
ealute to the memory of the silent man who
felcpt dreamlessly dead to all the splendid pa
geantry under the Stars and Stripes on the hill
at Riverside, the flags of Italy and Chilo and
China saluted each other and gently kissed
Old Glory, as they thought of their temerity of
a tew months back in making faces at Uncle
Sam and calling him names. Of all the won
derful things of this week of wonders those
"big warships would probably surpriso Colum
bus most. The little Nina, Piuta, and Santa
Maria could be comfortably stowed away in the
hold of one vessel and the room they take up
hardly be missed, rhenuiuherof people would
have excited his curiosity too. They excited
mine, and I am quite used to people. There
were eight miles of them extending from the
Battery to Riverside Park. Over a million and
a half of souls lined the banks as the stately
ships steamed up the silver waters, which lay as
placid under the bluo sky and smiling sun as a
mouutaiu-sheltcred lake. It was a gigantic
object lesson in history and the arts and sci
ences. Not the least of the parades of this Columbus
week was that devoted exclusively to the school
children. Nearly 30,000 boys from six years old
to 1G. with flags and banners and brass bands,
were five mortal hours iu passing u given point.
Fjiie, manly fellows, from tho kid iu kneo
pants to his brother in tail coats. All boys. If
the fechool girls had been permitted to march
they wouldn't be past that given point yet.
A unique feature of this parado was the abo
rigines from Carlisle. They were 200 strong.
The advance-guard was riggi'd out regardless
iu blankets, paint, and war-bonnets, probably
to represeut the costumes introduced to Colum
bus wheu he first reached the shores of tho
New World, to the wearers of which ho gave,
through misinformation, the name Indians.
Sharp and sudden was the contrast when just
behiud camo tho Indian students in the neat
blno uniforms and brass buttons of the military
company of their school. Tall, slender, anil
agile, they raaichcd with the precision of wcll
traiued troops. They wero followed by a com
pany of Indian girls, also in uuifdrni'of bluo
llauuel dresses. They were the honored ones
of thogeutiersex, for in all these Columbian
exorcises no womau has been permitted to take
part. Yet it was a womau's wit, will, and
wealth which lanched Columbus on his voyage
of discovery, and but for Isabella of Spain wo
Slight all be on Mars to-day looking at the
queer things of the little sphere called Earth.
campaign it is getting in its work out6ide of
New York. This whole great city has now re
solved itself into ono big political school.
Every hall iu tho city has somobody each night
firing otT a pyrotechnic display of oratory, and
every night hundreds are turned away from
each. Cooper Institute is filled with tho howls
of tho Tammany tigers ono night aud Republi
can rallies tho next, and each night tho people
who push aud pull and scramble to got in
side tho flag-hung hall are too many by several
thousand. It is a campaign of education, and
needs to be, for in States like this the ballot to
cast will be as big as a Sunday-blankot-shcot
newspaper, with nearly as much reading on it.
In this grand round-up women are quite
prominent. There is a Womau's National Re
publican Headquarters, and a lot of work is be
ing done. St. Paul couldn't censure them
much, for thoy are so quiet and orderly about
it all. They send women orators out wherever
they think a woman will fit in. Tho colored
women have also organized, and are doing
effective work among tho people of their own
race. The Democrats don't want any women
around their reservation. Tho Francis Cleve
land Influence clubs were sat upon so hard by
the claimant that they never smiled again; so
tho Democrats aro pulling through the gloom
without assistance from the women.
Truth to tell, the average woman doesn't
know a great deal about politics anyhow. I
was ou an "L" train the other day and over
heard two women discussing political questions.
One was a widow, the othor the sprightly wife
of a Democratic Alderman. We passed a Cleve
land and Stevenson banner.
"Oh, I do hope Cleveland will bo elected,"
said the Alderman's wife. "1 don't like him
so very well, but Mrs. Cleveland makes such a
charming first lady of the laud, and Baby Ruth
is simply adorable."
"I don't," camo quickly from the widow.
"I want tho Republicans to win right straight
"My goodness, Marion, what has como over
you? Your husband was au ardent Democrat,
and vou always thought his judgment infalli
ble." "Yes; but Charley is dead now, and I'm
sure he would want mo to favor Mr. Harrison,
becauso, you know, I'm so alone in tho world,
and tho Republicans favor protection ! " An
argument Mrs. Alderman seemed to think
Isabel Wakhkll Ball.
ir 3Ir. Cleveland's soldier substitute wore run
ning for the Presidency you coulit, as a patriot,
Had .several pood and suMcient reasons for ruling
for him. but what reason enn jcu adduce for voting
for the man vtho, in youth ami visor, ant!, unllko
Harmon, did not have tho courage to go to the
front t Xouo whatever, of course. 3Ir. Cleveland
netrr heard a feliot fired In anger, hut he vetoed
more old soldier pension bills than any President
rrom Washington down. This Is his great war
record. II slaughtered veterans by tho hundred.
Airic I'm k Recorder.
Notes Iterative to the Presidential ami Slate
Tho apathy iu New York State is now fast
disappearing. The registration returns indi
cate a heavy vote. So far as tho Republicans
are concerned, their leaders declare tho outlook
is much brighter. At Republican headquarters
it is claimed that reports from the country
have practically dispelled tho fear of losing tho
electoral voto of any State in the North which
Harrison carried in 1SSS. The. Democrats aro
making strong claims for Nebraska, where the
combination of Democrats and Weavoritcs is
making a determined fight, and some Republi
can leaders fear the loss of the Legislature and
a United States Senator. But the combination
is believed to be losing ground. As for tho
protection issue here, however, any one can soe
that the destruction of the wool-growing in
dustry would mean enormous loss to tho State
in two ways, for much of the corn that is raised
goes to feed the sheep that grow the wool.
Nevada, with its three electoral votes, is
claimed by the Woaverites. Without the ben
efits of a protective tariff, Nevada would be of
even less importance thau she is now. Colo
rado is also claimed by tho Weaver men. It
was Colorado men who demanded the duty on
the Mexican silver ores which tho Democratic
House sought this year to remove.
Montana is declared to be safely Republican,
as are Idaho, aud Wyoming, and the Pacific
Coast States. The Democrats are not claiming
the Dakotas, and the Republican Committee is
very hopeful. In Epite of the fusion between
the Democrats and Weaverites in Minnesota,
the Republicans hope to easily carry the State.
Yery encouraging letters have come to the
Republican Committee about Wisconsin, aud
that State is considered out of the doubtful
column. It is expected that Iowa will go Re
publican by 15,000 majority.
Even such au enthusiastic Democrat as Mr.
Whitney says that he docs not count ou Kan
sas. Michigan is conceded to the Republicans
on tho aggregate vote. About Illinois there is
not the least doubt, among the campaign lead
ers, of a largo Republican majority.
Indiana is a doubtful State just at present.
The illness of Mrs. Harrison aud the Presi
dent's inability to give any attention to that
State, in which ho mauaged tho campaigns so
many years, has been something of a loss to the
Republicans. It is believed that the fight will
be a close one. There aro chances strongly fa
voring the Republicans, and those chances are
just as good now as they were in 18S8.
Tho Democrats claim nearly everything in
the South, but the Republicans expect to carry
West Virginia aud Delaware. The Democrats
admit North Carolina to be iu doubt, and they
fear the result in Tennessee and Alabama. Now
Jersey is doubtful to both parties, The Repub
licans claim Connecticut and the Democrats
admit it to be iu doubt. The Democrats con
cede all of New Englaud with this one excep
tion. The Republican loaders seem to take a good
deal of comfort out of tho registration in Now
York. It would seem to be favorable to the
Republicans. In the country it is large, aud in
the Democratic cities it is small. The Repub
licans who come out only in Presidential years
Mr. Dickson, Chairman of the Democratic
Campaign Committee, tho other day said in nn
interview: "I believe a great political move
ment is quietly going on. The registration
shows that. I think, of course, that it is to be
an uprising in favor of Cleveland, but whether
or not I am right in that judgment I am satis
fied that the election is going to bo an unmis
takable aud decisive judgment either for or
against us, and that the doubtful States will all
be swept one way or tho other."
It will take 223 votes to make a majority in
the Electoral College. Tho States which seem
reasonably suro for tho Democrats, according
to experience, are: Alabama, 11; Arkansas, 8;
Florida, 4; Georgia, 13; Kentucky, 13; Louis
iana, 8; Marylaud, 8; Michigan (part), 4;
Mississippi, 9; Missouri, 17; Now Jersey, 10;
North Carolina, 11; South Carolina, 0; Teu
nessce, 12; Texas, 15; Virginia, 12. Total,
The Republican States aro: California, 9;
Idaho, 3; Illinois 21; Iowa, 13; Kansas, 10;
Maine, G; Massachusetts, 15; Michigan, 10;
Minnesota, 9; Montana, 3; Nebraska, 8; New
Hampshire 4; North Dakota, 3; Ohio, 23;
Oregon, 4; Pennsylvania, 32; Rhodo Island,
4; South Dakota, 4; Vermont, 4; Washing
ton, 4; Wisconsin, 12; Wyoming, 3. Total,
This leaves in the doubtful column: Con
necticut, G; Colorado, 4 ; Delaware, 3 ; Nevada,
3; NewYork,3G; Indiana, 15; West Virginia,
G. Total, 73.
The Republicans will need 10 votes under
that calculation. Connecticut, West Virginia
aud Colorado would furnish thorn. New York
would do it alone, and allow tho loss of one or
two Western StstSes. Indiana and any ono of
the doubtful States would do it. There aro
various combinations that might make uplho
deficiency. If it be said that some of the States
put down for tho Republicans are doubtful the
same thing can be as truly said of the Demo
cratic column. Bute the Democrats need 59
votes to elect their candidates iu the Electoral
College. New York aiid Indiuua would not do
it. They must needs carry at least four of tho
States put in the doubtful col mini, including
New York and Indiana. It is clear that they
have a good deal to accomplish if they elect
Politics? There arc more kinds aud greater
Quantities of politics to tho square yard iu New
York City to-day than on any other piece of
territory of the same size on earth, aud the
funny part is every fellow thinks his party is
on top. If there is apathy exhibited in this
Caroline Scott HAimiBON.
Death, after a Lous Illness, Comes to
Believe tlie Sufferings of a Truly
Heroes who hsvc led the Union armies to vie
torv, but vtho have never made faces at the fan
cjiihhcd foe, ulll tell you here, couirado who
fought vrith them, heroes who fuistolneil tlieni. and
heroes nho lowered their (.words to them on tho
fiVld of battle they nil! till jou that the soldier
voters of JJrvr York of whom there are iio.000.at
least Democratic will not support the nomina
tion of J!r. Cleveland. Burke Cochran, Democratic
tongrcstman, in cpctcli at Chicago Convention,
"Mrs. Harrison is dead! "was tho messago
sent over all tho telegraph wires loading from
tho Capital on Tuesday morning.
It was at 1:40 a. in. that tho dread summons
came. Tho last night was without special in
cident, but lato and early so frequently that
ho could have slept littlo, if at all the Presi
dent was in and out of the sick-chambor.
All tho family in Washington wero at tho
deathbed, except the throo little grandchildren
and tho venerable Dr. Scott, tho father of Mr3.
Harrison. They were, President Harrison, Mr.
and Mrs. Russell Harrison, Lieut, and Mrs.
Parker, Mrs. Dimmick, and Mrs. Newcomer.
In addition, Mrs. Harrison's faithful maid,
Josephine, aud her traiucd nurse, Miss Davis,
Immediately upon emerging from tho room
of death the President retired to his own room
and shut the door, there to remain a long time
Telegrams conveying the sad intelligence
were at once dispatched to all members of tho
Cabinet absent from the city, and to Judge
Scott, Mrs. Harrison's brother, who was already
on his way to Washington.
Dr. Gardner made a last examination, and
passod out. The lights in the house were low
ered. Tho last of the many questions put by
tho waiting reporters were answered by Mr.
Halford, and the Whito House became oven
more quiet thau it had been for a mouth past.
Mrs. Harrison inherited tuberculosis, but her
illness dates back to the Winter of 1890,'91,
when she sufl'ered from a severe attack of the
grip, followed by bronchitis, which lattor lasted
sometime. At Capo May, in the Summer of
1891, she contracted a severe cold, and with it
the bronchitis returned. Last Winter tho
cough again made its appeaaance. In March
there came auother attack of the grip, and
pneumonia followed it.
In May there was n severe hemorrhage of tho
lungs, and Dr. Gardnor was summoned in con
sultation with Dr. Doughty, of Now York. It
was decided then that Mrs. Harrison had tuber
culosis of the lung3 in the incipient stage.
Hectic fever set in, and Mrs. Harrison lay in
a very distressful condition until July, wheu
she was taken to Loon Lako. Her improve
ment here was of short duration, and after a
little while the cough returned, the fever in
creased, and the appetite failed.
Now the disease made rapid progress, and
early iu September it was found that two
thirds of the right lnug had consolidated, al
though the loft was apparently untouched.
But 6oon subacute pleurisy mnde its appear
ance, with serious effusions into the cavity of
the right pleura. Tho increaao of this fluid
demanded aspiration, and an operation wa3
performed Sept. 10, when about ono and a half
pints of fluid wero romoved, but iu 24 hours a
second tapping was seen to ho necessary, which
was made ou the 14th, and about the same
amount of fluid romoved. Uy this time tho
disease had well firmly fixed itself in the left
lung. Such au extreme degree of nervous ex
haustion accompanied all this that it proved a
It was decided at a second consultation of
the physicians that nothing more could bo douo.
So Mrs. Harrisou wa3 brought homo while it
was yet not too late. Since that time, as has
been noted iu our columns, the disease has not
been stayed ono moment in its progress. Iu
fact, there was no hope in the minds of oithor
tho physicians orauy of tho President'! family
after that consultation ou the 14th of Septem
ber. Tho condition of the patient at that timo
was so alarming that it was considered not
proper to longer keep it from the public, aud
the first oflicial statement ot the disease- was
given out. The slight rally on Mrs. Harrison's
return from Loon Lako did for a day raise
false hopes, but the reaction which soon fol
lowed left her even weaker than bofore, and
still nearer the end.
Caroline Scott Harrison was born in Oxford
O.. and was the daughter of John Withorspoon
Scott and Mary Scott; granddaughter of George
McElroy Scott; great-granddaughter of John
Scott, and groat-grcat-granddaughter of Robert
Scott, a member of the Scottish Parliament
before the union of the Crown. John Scott,
Mrs. Harrison's great-grandfather, was Commissary-General
of the Pennsylvania lino dur
ing the Revolution, and rendered efficient
servico during the struggle for Independence
Mrs. Harrison's father, who is now 92 years of
age, and was at the deathbed, was a pioneer
Ministor of the Presbytorinu Church, and be
came the President of a ladies' seminary at
Oxford, O., where Mrs. Harrison was educated.
While attending the Miami University at Ox
ford, Benjamin Harrison mot his wife, and
wheu but 18 years of age engaged to marry
her, which ho did Oct. 20, 1853,
In 1S5J the young couple moved to Indian
apolis, Iud., aud began housekeeping in a very
modest manner in three rooms, as the young
lawyer was poor, and had a name and fortuuo
to make. In the Summer of 1854 Mrs. Harri
son leturnod to Oxford, where her uldest son,
Russell, was born at that time. Mrs. Harrison
was a domestic woman, and did her own iiouso
work, aud after two years of economy and in
dustry ou tho part of the young couple, thoy
were able to move into a more pretentious
residence. In this house their second and last
child, Mary Scott Harrison, was horn.
In 1SG0 tho President was elected Rcpoiter of
the Indiana Supicmo Court, which position ho
occupied until ho entered the service as Colonel
of the 70th Iud., leaving his littlo family to go
to the front. Returning in 1805 ho resumed
tho practice of law, aud iu 1881 was elected
Uuited Stales Senator. Mrs. Harrison accom
panied him to Washington, and during his term
of six years extended her sphere of usefulness,
her name being prominently associated with
charities and church work at the Capital of the
Nation. Garfield Hospital owes its present
DUCCC33, in a largo measure, to her active inter
est as ono of its first Directors,
In October, 1S90, Mrs. Harrison was elected
the first President-General of the Society of
tho Daughters of the Revolution, and took great
interest iu tho organ izutiou. At the Conti
nental Congress, held last February in Wash
ington, Mrs. Uarribon met the delegates from
all parts of tho country, and by her tact, cour
tesy and prompt decision won all hearts, and
was again unanimously chojeu President Gen
eral of tho Society by a rising vote of tho Con
gress. The room Mrs. Harrison occupied ever since
she was brought back from Loon Lako is in
1 the southwest corner, ou the second floor, of tho
Executive Mansion. Tho drossing'roora, a
small apartment, occupies the immediato cor
ner, while tho room given up to tho invalid is
between tnis dressing-room and tho room
which tho President occupies. Adjoining tho
President's room "is tho library, an oval room,
which is just above tho celebrated Blue Parlor,
in which tho public receptions aro held. This
library was until a year ago tho President's
oflicc, Tho Cabinet-room was just beyond.
Now the President uses tho room ou tho other
side of tho Cabinet-room for his office.
Mrs. Harrison's room is a bright, sunny
place, with a good view of tho Potomac and
tho bights beyond. The President's wifo was
much devoted to tho traditions of the White
House, and as nearly all tho wives of other
Presidents had used tho room, eho choso it for
hers. It was in this chamber that President
Garfield spent so many months of pain and
Bickness, and until Mrs. Harrison came it had
not been used since his death. President Ar
thur used another room, and President Cleve
land mado no change.
Under Mrs. Harrison's personal supervision
tho room was changed from the unattractive
appearance it had possessed for years, and was
made a blue room, Tory dainty and light in its
treatment. The wall-paper is bluo and silver,
the coiling is flecked in the same tints, and tho
necessaries in tho room conform to tho silver
and blue tones.
Mrs. Harrison was an accomplished woman,
and was a very fair artist. She painted many
pictures, which she dolightcd to present to her
numorous friends. With her needle sho was
also proficient, and she wasnt ono timo a mem
ber of tho Garfield Sewing Society, of Wash
ington. A marked feature of her occupancy of tho
Executive Mansion, and which will be of
great benefit to future generations, was her
fondness for restoring such bits of historic
furniture and china as she found in the lumber
room of the attic of the Whito House. Several
articles with histories have been thus unearthed
by Mrs. Harrisou, and are now doing duty iu
Mrs. Harrison was Tiever so happy as when
doing something for the comfort aud pleasure
of othors, and sho was in her proper element
when surrounded by her family, for the
motherliucs3 of her nature was hor most
stricing characteristic. With a fondness for
housekeeping, sho never entirely relinquished
the supervision of tho affairs of tho White
Houso until her illness confined her to her
room last April.
Her life during her husband's struggles for
name and famo was quiet aud homelike, the
influence of which is so'clearly manifest-in the
character of American citizens iu their thrift,
energy; aud progress. She showed herself dur
ing this time to be a self-sacrificing, self-denying
wife and mother, and in overy position sho
filled, whether as the wifo of tho poor, strug
gling lawyer, the soldier, Senator, or President
of thoUnited States, sho displayed rare adapta
bility. In tho difficult position as "first lady
of tho land," she displayed rare tact, and met
the trying duties of mistress of tho White
House with wonderful success, eutloaring lior
solf to all who knew her by hor unostenta
tious aud natural womanliness.
"WHAT UK "WANTS.
We want tlio maks nml lousy beggsirs at tho
North who ravln!ifl our women and burned our
homes and plundered our people to shut their gnat
blnwn months nml let the truth he told. And tho
Globe, which (SefplHps J hit burglary and grand lar
ceny called the pension system, proposes to sec to it
Unit drover Cleveland Hits In the hail die the next
fbur years aud hlaps nil the dirty beggars In the
face. The pension fraud must go. (Jo, aud it should
go to the depths of hell, and Harrison and his hire
lings should go with It. Durham (A". C.) Globe.
A Now Counterfeit.
Anew counterfeit $5 silver certificate is in
tho field. It mado its debut in Chicago and
scored a hit. It has a plausiblo prcsenco aud
is likely to impose on people. It is thus do
scribed by the Secret Servico Chief: It has tho
now back aud is of tho eerieBof 1891, check let
ter C, Rosecrans, Register; Nobeker, Treasurer.
Tho paper is fair and is an imitation of tho
now distinctive distributed fiber paper used by
tlio Government, tho fiber being imitated in
blue aud pink ink by the use of tho pen. Tho
faco of the note bears a slight impression,
which gives the numbering, though good, a
heavy appearance. Tho portrait of Gen. Grant
is poor, tho noso being broad and flat. Tho
lettering, with few exceptions, is good, and
tho small scalloped seal is excellent in work
manship aud color. Tho green on the back
of the note is very light and has a bluo tinge,
and the geometric lines are so untruo aud in
distinct that a little scrutiny reveals the false
character of the noto.
Comrades, get your vetoes ready I
The Sweating System.
Rev. W. D. P. Bliss, a member of the Anti
Tenement House League, of Boston, reported
at a meeting of that League the results of a
personal investigation of tho sweating system
in Now York City. "Tlio sweating system."
lie said, "does exist iu New York City to a most
frightful extent, and under most frightful con
ditions. "The streets on winch these tonemonts aro
situated aro worse than any I have seen in
London, Paris, Berlin, or oven Constantinople,
and I have visiiod tho slums of all these cities.
I took up somo of tho clothing, and found it
stained and smeared with suspicions filth. I
have seen women work with naught on except
a flimsy skirt aud ohemiBe, babies marked and
pitted playing amidst tho clothing, pale-faced
women bending over the work, working only
ton evidently, as some of thorn said, from 5
o'clock in the morning until 10 or 11 at night,
to earn even half a miui!s low pay.
"I am absolutely convinced that there are
whole blocks and sqminnnilcs practically given
over to the tencmont-mndo clothing trade. I
havo lived in Constantinople during tho visit
ation of the Asiatic cholera, and know the con
ditions of the cliolera-visUod quarters there,
and I do solemnly avuntliat tho conditions in
New York City aro worse. I saw seomingly
fine work, as well as poor, made in these
wi etched houses."
IVhnt Alnslta Needs In Congress.
Gov. L. E. Kuapp, of Alaska, is in the East
ou leave of absence to visit his homo in Ver
mont. He does not favor Territorial self-government
for Alaska uuder the usual form,
but thinks tho Territory should havo a dele
gate in Congress and 3 commission should be
appointed as au advisory board and with
limited administrative power, among its duties
being Unit of supervising educational matters
in Alaska, which,, he says, havo been sadly
neglected for tho past two years.
TrJE IQRLD'S FAIR,
The Dedication of the Immense Build
ings in Chicago.
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE is the only
champion the soldiers have among the great pa
pers of the country. The best way to help all
veterans is ly getting U iorc subscribers.
Last week was a gala one in Chicago, and
judging from the way in which tho city was
decorated it would seora as though tho decora
tive fever had .caught hold of tho residents.
Along tho lino of march, over which tho great
parade was to pS3, tho most beautiful designs
were to bo seen, and in other ways things were
being mado to facilitate tho workings of the
general mapped-out plan.
The week was taken up iu celebrating tho
memory of Columbus and iu dedicating tho
World's Fair. Tho oxcrcisos began ou Thurs
day by tho children of the public schools. Iu
tho ovoning of tho same day a grand reception
and banqaot was given at tho Auditorium.
On Thursday tho civic parado was a great
success in evorj' particular. Of Chicago's popu
lation one in 20 marched in tho parade.
At a banquot of the Fellowship Club held in
the ovening alargo number of notable porson3
Tho military ball hold at the samo timo a3
the banquet of tho Fellowship Club was at
tended by over 10,000 people.
Friday was the culminating day, so to speak,
of all tho exercises. Ou that day tho buildings
of the World's Fair wero dedicated to tho pur
poses for which they wero erected.
Soon after 7 o'clock those who were to par
ticipate iu tho parado of stato, with which tho
exorcises of tho day wero inaugurated, betook
themselves to tho Auditorium, while vehicles
wore massed in columns of fours on tho outsido
of the hostelry ou Wabash avenue.
Tho escorting military comprised three bat
teries of artillery. Maj. Randolph commanding,
from Fort Sheridan, aud four compunics of tho
5th aud Gth U. S. Cav. After the military the
procession of carriages with their occupants
moved, save that the carriage allotted to the
Vice-President was not occupied till it reached
the Higginbotham Mansion at Twenty-ninth
street and Michigan avonue, at which point
the Vice-President, amid a salvo of cheor3 from
tho crowds that banked tho four corners of tho
square, was escorted to tho vehicle. In tho
first carriage woro Director-Gen. Davis, accom
panied by Gen. Joseph Hawloy, President of
tho Centennial in 1S7G, and Gen. Goshorn, Director-General
of the Centennial.
Next camo the carriago containing Vice
President Morton, accompanied by President
T. W. Palmer, of the Nntioual Committco, and
President II. N. Higginbotham, of the Directors.
The Vice-Presidential carriage wa3 drawn by
four whito horses, riddou by postillions in
At Washington Park a brief halt was mado
whilo tlio United States troops and tho visiting
militia deployed before tho Vice-Presidential
Hero the military, of whom there was somo
15,000, left tho main lino proper, and the guest3
proceeded to the Transportation building,
whore a hurried lunch was served.
Tho guests that bad participated in tho pro
cession wero escorted to thoir seats upon tho
platform with tho utmost dispatch. Vice
President Morton being seated directly in
front, with President T. W. Palmer on his
right and President Higginbotham on his left,
and Cardinal Gibbons, Bishop Ireland, Bishop
Fowler, Mayor Washburuo, Henry Wattorson,
and Chr.unccy M. Depew occupying seats on
either side. To tho east and west, upon tho
same platform, were seated the members of tho
Cabinet, the Diplomatic Corps, tho Judges of
tho Supreme Court, Governors of the States,
and the other distinguished guests.
Little time was occupied in preliminaries.
Without waiting for a signal, the orchestra
broke forth with tho opouiug strains of tho
Columbia March, arousing (tho audience to a
high pitch of enthusiasm. As tho strains of
the music died away Bishop Fowler, of Cali
fornia, ono of the most eminent divinos of tho
Methodist Church, aroso in his place. The im
mense audience, which stretched hack almost
as far as tho eye could reach, followed hi3 ex
ample, and heads were bowed and hands
clasped while tho eminent divine gavo thanks
to tho Almighty for what had already been ac
complished, and besought tho blessing of tho
Great Rulor of all upon what remained, to bo
done. A hundred and fifty thousand throats
voiced a for vent amen as the Bishop resumed
The task of making the formal announce
ment that the work of preparing tho buildings
and grounds had been completed was assigned
to George E. Davis, Director General, who wa3
received with a burst of applause that went up
to tho roof of the structure and reverberated as
from the firing of the cannon in the distance.
A hearty welcome was extended iu bohalf of
the citizens of Chicago by Mayor Washburne.
Mrs. Sarah C. Le Moyno read a portion of tho Co
lumbian ode, written by Miss Harriet Monroo.
The reading was interspersed with choral se
lections of the ode by the chorus of 5,000 voices.
Mrs. Potter Palmer made a brief addres3 on tho
part of tho Board of Lady Managers.
After this President Higginbotham tendered
tho Buildings of tho Exposition to President
Palmer, of tho Columbian Committee. Tho
presentation speech was short and to tho point,
and the roply of President Palmer was like
wise. Vice-President Levi P. Morton was tho
next speaker, and ho dedicated tho build
ing. The close of his speech was tho signal of
a long and continued outburst of applause.
Henry Wattersou was well received wheu he
camo up to make his speech. When he had
concluded the "Star Spangled Bauuor" and
"Hail Columbia" wero sung with full orches
Mr. Depew was the next speaker, and ho
said tho day belonged not to America, but to
the world. Tho preparation was tho work of
almost countless centuries; the realization was
the revelation of one. The cross on Calvary
was hopo ; the cross raised on San Salvador whs
opportunity. But for the first, Columbus would
never havo sailed; but for the second, thero
would have boon no placo for tho planting, tho
nurture, aud the expansion of civil and relig
ious liberty. In speaking of Columbus he said :
Neither realism nor romance furnishes n more
striking nut! picturesque figure than that of Chisto
pher Columbus. The mystery nbout his origin
iiichlcns the chitrm of his atory. That he came
from among tlio toilers of his timo is iu iinimony
with tho HtrugfjlcH of our period. Forty-four
nutlientic portraits of him liuvo descended to us,
and no two of them are tiie counterfeits of the
same pcrnon. JJnch represents n character ns dis
tinct us its citnvns. Strength and weakness, intel
lectuality nml Htupidily, high moral purpose aud
hrutnl ferocity, purity and licenliouanrss,- the
dreamer and tho miner, the pirate nnd the Puritan,
are the types from which we may select our hero.
We dismiss the painter, nml piercing with the,
clarified vision of the dawn of the 20llicoutury the
vail of 100 yeais wo construct our Columbia.
The mighty soul of the gieut Admiral was un
diluted by the ingratitude of princes and the hos
tility of the people, by imprisonment and neglect.
He died tu he was semiring the means and pivpar
inir a campaign for the rescue of the Holy Sepul
chre at Jerusalem from the infidel. lie did not
know whnt lime lias revealed, that while the
mission of the Crumidcs, of Uodfroy of liouiilon.
and Richard of tho Lion Heart, wns n bloody nnd
fruitless romance, the discovery of Amerfca wns
the salvation of the world. Tlio one was tlio sym
bol, the other tho spirit; tho one death, the other
life. Tho toaib of tho Savior was a narrow and
empty vault, precious only for its memories of the
supremo tragedy of thn centuries, bnt the new
continent was to be iho'honionnd the temple of the
All hail. Columbus, discoverer, dreamer, hero,
nnd apostle. We here, of every race and country,
recognize the horizon which bounded his vision
and the iulbiite scope of hid genius. The voice of
urutiliide and praise for all the blessings which
have been idiowered upon mankind by hii adven
ture is limited to no language, but is uttered iu
every tongue. Neither nimble nor brass can fitly
form his atatite. Continent.'! are his monument,
and unnumbered millions, past, present, and to
come who enjoy in their libeitics and their happi
ness the fruits of his faith, will reverently guard
nnd prcscive, from century to century, hii name
Tho oration was repeatedly punctuated with
applause, and when it was concluded thrco
clieeis wero called for and responded to by all
thoso within hearing. After the chorus had
rendered Beethoven's "Iu Praise of God,"
Cardinal Gibbons arose. A wave of his hand,
aud every head was bowed before the throne
of God while the eminent prelate delivered a
Archbishop Ireland inaugurated m the night
the purely intellectual part of tho Exposition
tho Columbian Congresses. Presideut Charles
C. Bonney delivered tho nddress of welcome in
two short sentences, and Mrs. Palmer in an al
most equally brief a speech, bade wcleouio to
tho woman's branch. The salutation in honor
of Quecu Isibollu by Mrs. Honrotin was also a
boauty of compression. Archbishop Ireland
was then iutroducod and ho mado a very bril
liant and ablu apccch, and the singing of
"America" by tho entire audience closed the
IMMENSE LYO p d L A
Whether on the hills gaming ; in
the place of business ; or at home,
it always fills that niche of com
forta good smoke. Put up in
handy packages, and recognized
everywhere as a Pure Granulated
Leaf Tobacco of the highest quali
ty ; it recommends itself to every
smoker's use. Sold everywhere,
Is always uniform in quality. Pure, sweet and clean.
The Ideal of Fine Tobacco.
BLACKWELL' DURHAM TOBACCO CO.,
DURHAM, N. C.
WELL BRED, SOON WED." GIRLS WHO USE
ARE QUICKLY MARRIED. TRY IT IN YOUR NEXT
"MURRAY" 5SB BUGGIES .85.95 HHRNESS
THE BEST IfUHE WORLD
-&?r?3yr- - gPX3
All goods Sold direct to the coii
Htimer. JSo "roots" or "Trusts"'
for 113. We stand on our own
footintr. and sell the "Murray
goods solely on their world-re
nowned menta and low prices,
EI'V OF THE SUNTFACTCnERS .AND SAVE THE AOES
Write for catalogue and Net Cash Prices. WILBERK.JV1UR
Mention The National Trlbcca
THE BEST IK THE WORLD
More " Murray" Uuggiei and
uuiurai sum mot year man any
other two makes combined,
which proves that their superior
qualities arc appreciated.
TS WD WtDnLFMASS TROKITS.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Lemon Building, Washington, D. C.
Opinions rendered as to the novelty IITTOHNEV AT MW i$D SOMCITOfl 0?
and patentability of inventions and validity n?trrrTrnnl nili t'aticix1 nnTcilTC
of patents. Rejected applications prose- flMlCrlfi JIflD FOflEIGfi PATENTS.
cuted. All business relating to patents
promptly attended to. Established 186a. Send for 67-Pa3e Pamphlef.
Copyrighted 1892, by W. T. Foster, St. Joseph, Mo.
My last bulletin gavo forecasts of the storm
waves to cross the continent from 21th to 23th
and tlio next will reach tho Pacific coast about
tho 29th, cross the Western monntains by the
close of tiie 30th, tho great central valley3 from
Oct. 31st to Nov. 2U, and tho Eastern States
about Nov. 3d.
This will be a severe storm, and at its great
eat force whilo crossing the Mississippi valley.
An electric storm will probably accompany
this disturbance, causing many difficulties in
tlio telegraphic service. This electric storm
will probably be at its greatest force about Xov.
4th or 5th.
The cool wave will cro33 the Western mount
ains about Nov. 1st, the creat central valleys
about tho 3d, and the Eusteru States about
It is an old-fashion notion
that medicine has to taste
bad to do any good.
Scott's Emulsion is cod
liver oil with its fish-fat taste
lost nothing is lost but the
This is more than a mat
ter of comfort. Agreeable
taste is always a help to di
gestion. A sickening taste
is always a hindrance.
There is only harm in taking
cod-liver oil unless you digest
it. Avoid the taste.
Scott & Bowne, Chemists, 132 South stlt Avenne,
Your druggist keeps Scott's Emulsion of cod-lrr ex
Oil all drug? its every wlero do. f 1.
V A i-fiS2S33J.
i iV TlI'S 'Z.A1?S411.T-WJ? TfcJ i"A
V . Ts27ft&iK?Sy fey
U 9 mt&t KB
Every reader of this pa
per lias a chance to secure
an elegant uouoie caseu,
double cold-plated, Inlaid
watch, in appearance
c-aual to any 5 13,solid cold
yon arc sincere and
want a soou waica
and will do all yon
can to help our
trade In your town,
cut this out and
send it to us with
yonr full name and
address, nnd we
Ladies' or Gents'
rtZiS size foi- cxamina
i&iltlon, and after yotz
jty7 look it over nnd are
fully satisfied, yon
nay the express agent
Soioana it 13 yours.
Tfl lyTJJAFSIiPRTnn0 Jewelry to."Jewt'a
Si W Hi 3 loMa.tonierjwewuisenetaeiouow
ling Rings at the cpecial prices onotcd. which are abcutj
foae-fonrth the regular price charged In Jg-trelry stores
sXjLiaJk . i-KV. KizJt KEltf!wr.$i vv !
if.jr -li&y- . 2Vi
Oval CkL.tl nin:r-
Sample by nail, Hoc
i?TH Popular V eddins? Ring.!
iSEl f'iMLwBmi t
fheaA TTinfl T?InET- I3'3 tt.- . -V'sJT ,,. - "
Sample bymafl. 80c f 'j gample by mall, SS
Lrn.nnt.'nf in iiaztuti.nn. Enehrim?
iV. A r, JC l; " -vtVi".. R XX " tCM ., TrTh TiiSV W
Lwud our nmstratsd Catalogue of Watchesand Jewelry.l ,
W. niLL &'cO..Wholfdle.JewtIers 207StataSt.. Caieag!
Mention The National Tritnzsuh
Greatest oner. .Clow's your tiaa
to get orders lor our celebrated
Teiic, Coffees and Stiklnz
2?ovdcr, and gecuro a bcaatif uJ
Gold Band or Moss Rose CLina
Tea Set. Dinner Set. Gold Band
Moss Rose Toilet Set, "Watch, Brass Limp, Castor, or
wenaters dictionary, i-orparticuiars anares3
TIJE GKJEJLT AUIEKICAA 1EA CO.,
P. O. Bor 230. 31 and 33 Vesey St.. Now York.
ilcntlon Tt- National TMStSto
HenUoa Tha XattonJ Wtft
A GELF-MOVING LOCOMOTIVE. 15 CENTS.
iianasomeiy nnnneii.iuau: u hkii,
Strong wneen, 5111 ooixr, ujbc. wuu
stack, bright colored cab with 4 win
dow. When wounrf tip rnnj Iocs
i-tnm nrrou floor. Great amuse
ment to children. By fsr the cheapest
lAMtxnf-va mf?j on1 . marvel nf
Jtrenrth and bcauryT Parents should buy one for the children.
Mention thif piper, and ena 15 cents in amps i acuwew. i
lend Locomotive! and our itory paper. 3 months, post-paid,
f ena " llITSEY. Box 313&, Boston, iluu
Mention The National Triton.
Lowest Frlees. OutfltFREK. Good Salary
Write tonlay and secure renewal atrency.
Catle-FKEE. ROBT. JOH?JS Ffifr.
Dept.23, at & 53 S.ilay St., Chicago
Mention The National TrfVsm
A hWgSitt'$i!J Bear in mind, there is
s- "f ' f raByfgS?'' -world sending out a gen-
'O s0 -SSsSP nine S45. solid gold watch for
)&i. We refund money any time -within Ave years.
If the watch is found otherwise than represented. Send
cash, S5.S5, when vou write, and we will send you a
litavllv gold-plated chain 1?RI2E. A'c make the
above offer simply io advertise, as we know if we sell
oii3 thousand ot'these watches we are sure to make ten
thousand new customers. Write at once. Old estab
lished and reliable KCESE'S 3IAMMOTII WATCUllOCSK,
1)21T. 27 ""SOI Washington St., Bostcn,2iass. f
Mention Tha Kattonal Trfcoe
JWlesigned and much improved, furntsnes power to
POMP, GRIND, GUT FEED, and SAW WOOD,
&mjfe cut K?eiS!l pH3sa
7 )&F, ,V Knaruri BrSl 6!fi5sy
' CSi WJ 3
Docs the 13 work oi ' noises at nau me cosioi
one. and Is alwavs harnessed and never gets tired.
Willi Olll KtCCl Bluo iowr ii is ij iw iiuivii u....
Send for elaborate designs for putting power in barn.
ASPfiaPffaTPifeiS 61 JB 12til Rockwell Sts., Chicago,
ESaKoll 1 UiKi 5j..&MBie at.,S,an Francisco
Mention The National Trlbua.
f I UOtfCw4
1 par. I O f
All kinds of
Pads. Book on
FITLIER. TJ. 9. Go"-
Mention The 2fetlraidTt&Tafc
A SPLENDID PAPER 1W CHEAP.
The American Fanner is the oldest agri
cultural paper in America, having been
published in Baltimore since 1819.
Last "Winter it passed into the hands of a
new management, who have greatly enlarged
and improved it. It is now a snperb journal
of 32 large pages, with a handsome cover,
and finely illnstrated. It is issned on tho
1st and 15-h of each month, and gives a
larger ainonnt of better reading matter for
themoney than any other agricultural paper
in the country. All the leading agricultural
writers contribute to it, and great amonnts
of money are constantly being expended to
secure the best available information on all
TJie American Farmer is thoroughly non
partisan in politics, bnt is a strong advocate
of protection upon every farm product which
comes into injurious competition with those
of foreign countries. It is particularly
earnest in its support of the tariff on wool
and the development of the sheep-raising
industry of this country until onr own
farmers will supply every pound of wool
and mutton that our people require. It
devotes considerable space every issue to
information in regard to sheep-raising and
the discussion of matters of interest to flock
owners. Besides this it has departments
devoted to Dairying, Poultry, Bee-keeping,
Horses, Swine, Grain-growing, Stock and all
branches of farming.
One of its peculiarly valuable features is
that it publishes in every issue the latest
issued maps of the "Weather Bureau, giving
the temperature and rainfall all over the
country for the previous two weeks. Thi3
information is of the utmost importance to
every farmer in judging the probable course
of the market. It is precisely the informa
tion that the grain speculators have been
securing at great expense, in order to shape
their operations. By means of 'these maps
the readers of The American Farmer aro
given just as reliable information as to the
condition of the crops everywhere as tho
speculators and operators have, and thug
are placed in exactly as good position to
judge the course of the market.
Address all communications to
THE AMERICAN FARMER,
1729 New Yoek Avenue,
"Washington, D. C.
Sample copies free. Send for one.
. .oj .-isr.flrS:.iJ, Jr?.-