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"&& raw for feiw tvtw to torn fHfNlkt k4 to fite wito nfi ovitatiJ."
ESTABLISHED 1S77-NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON. DL THUggDAY. DECEMBER 14, 1893.
VOL. XII E-NO. 20-WHOLE NO. 644.
ON VETERAN FURLOUGH
YTT n 3 "7 n X-
R me ouriaiucr ui an uwu uo'iiucm
without a Shot Fired.
BISCUITS, NOT BULLETS.
The Baggage Guard Meet an
Old Friend "Whose
Name is John.
'This also which They Have
Done Shall Be Spoken of
as a Memorial."
J? J. 1. ROSS, LIEUTENANT, CO. H, 7STH
OHIO, XXDIAXOLAJ IOWA.
held recently at In
dianapolis seems to
Lave been fully up
to the average in
numbers and enthu
siasm, and if proper
ly sized up "by some
l&Sv J&Si'v: of our bovs from the
$V f$rt Wcsti t0 "'bose re-
t'ritals we have list-
fc ened,.as "well as from
VtVWSXflP' nrrnunta that have
SkMS been written, -we are
led to the conclusion
that in the matters
if welcome and entertainment it surpassed,
sot all, perhaps, but most of those hitherto
It is not my wish, however, to criticise,
or even invite discussion relative to this
natter for all have done nobly and are
ertainly d serving of highest commenda
ion but to relate a circumstance, or pleas
nt episode, if you please, which dates back
- a time when deeds counted for more, yes,
ar more, with the boys in blue than much
GUSH AND BLUSTER
of 20 or 30 years later, and is descriptive of
he zeal and self-sacrificing devotion to the
-ause for which we struggled, and exhibits
!ie timely and boundless hospitality ex
pended, upon one occasion in particular, by
he patriotic and Union-loving people of the
eaufiful Hub City, who opened wide the
oors of their hearts as well as of their
-omes, and so royally entertained the boys
f :61-'C5, during the occasion of their 27th
-nnual lovefeast, held a few months ago.
On the 20th of March, 1664, having vct
ranized, the Tegiment of which the writer
as a member, the 78th Ohio, started from
Flag or this 78ru Ohio.
Victsbarg for Columbus, 0., for the 30 days
n our own State promised us.
Arriving at Cairo, III., we exchanged trans
sort for rai), and were soon being hurried
icros? the beautiful prairie lands of that
late toward our destination.
Night at length began to spread her inky
iiantle over the landscape, and the boys,
weary from their comfortless and almost
leeplfss journey up the serpentine stream,
oiled themselves down as best they could
o obtain their much-needed rest.
"Word had been
hat a train carrying the 78th Ohio had left
Jairo, and would arrive at Indianapolis
ibout midnight, hence there was a "rustle
n camp," and a scheme concocted by the
wide-awake people with a view to giving us
i "warm reception."
They had evidently expected to catch us
napping. So they did, for scarcely had the
train stopped when a dash was made by a
squad placed on outpost duty in front of
the depot and the commanding ofiicer
captured, who, without waiting to counsel
with his subordinates, yielded to terms of
capitulation proposed by the wily strategists,
and before the boys were aware, or many
awake, the entiie command three Sergeants
excepted were handed over to the mercy
of the triumphant victors to be led away
captive by them at their will. So wisely and
successfully had they planned and got in
their work, that frequent attempts by the
Johnnies in the same direction were put to
tiiame, and seemed to have been worte thau
a farce. But it makes a difference, you
know, what kind of taction are used.
In less time, almost, than it takes to tell it,
the boys had been roused from their slum
bers, formed in line, right-faced, and were
being marched off to no one seemed to
know whither or what for.
Presently, however, a door leading into a
large building is reached and they enter, not
a Libby with its grimy walls and ghostly in
mates, there to face starvation in its direst
form, but to their astonishment a brilliantly
lighted hall, in which stood long tables cov
ered with while spreads, upon which had
been placed a superabundance of everything
that even the most fastidious appetite migbt
So sudden had been the transition that
some were heard to declare (jokingly, of
course,) that in tneir half-dazed condition
they could scarce bring themselves to believe
that they had not in reality been translated
from a terrestrial into a celestial realm.
After all it was reality, and not a myth.
Those forms which flitted hither and thither,
faces lit up and ladiant with smiles of wel
come, and hands so ready to extend
"Plodding Day after Day
CORDIAT, AND TfAPPY GREETING
were not angelic, bnt mortal.
And those pyramids of buscuits so white
and fluffy, the sliced meats, fruits, jellies,
butter, steaming coffee, etc., were not angel's
food, bnt constituted almost the identical
bill of fare they had scores if not hundreds
of times pictured in their minds and talked
about and wished'for when on short rations
in camp, but oftener when on the march,
plodding day after day through rain and
mud, sleeping on the wet, cold ground, oft-
times with a snow-bank for a pillow, with j
limp haversacks, but carrying the full 40
rounds in their cartridge-boxes, and the
woods full of Johnnies to feed them to.
Say, young America, in bright uniform,
just please read that last paragraph again,
then tell us how yon think that style of ,
soldiering would fit yon.
Such, in substance, is a portraiture of the '
joyous event as related by the hoys an hour '
later as the train pulled ontwiih it3 burden
of human freight, and to which the three .
crestfallen Sergeants had the exquisite
pleasure of listening as we sped on toward
the Capital City of our own Buckeye Stale,
where, of conrs? a grand ovation would be
in waiting for us.
And now, comrades, leaving the boys to
"fill up" on the good things prepared spe
cially by warm hearts and willing hands for
our delight and comfort, let us go back for
a little, to about the time of our leaving
Cairo, and I will try to entertain you with
an anecdote relative to the three Sergeants,
concerning which, if the other fellows have
been as strictly reticent as the writer, has
been kept pretty severely bottled for almost
30 years, bnt being intimately associated
with the above, I have felt inclined to apply
the corkscrew, that those who find unstinted
delights in the glow and sparkle of The
National Trirunk campfire may have
the benefit of what there is in it.
"When wc left the boat at Cairo, the head
quarters baggage, which consisted in part of
Surgeon's and Quartermaster's suj plies, was
loaded into a box car, and placed in charge
of Serg'Ls "Will If. Cockins (later a Lieu
tenant) and Ezra G. "Warnc, the former now
a resident of Columbus and the latter of
Zanesville, O., both Co. A boys, than whom
none better could be found in the regiment.
The writer, also a Co. A boy, had not long
prior to this time been advanced from the
rank of Sergeant to that of Sergcaut
Majorof the regiment, and being' footloose
so far as connection with auy particular
company was concerned, he gladly accepted
an invitation extended by the two comrades
to " bunk " with them in the baggage car.
Being thus pleasantly situated, and looking
forward with high hopes and glowing antici
pations to the grand times we were soon
to realize among kindred and friends,
FEASTING ON THE LUXURIES
and reveling in the delights of home, it
would be but natural that we should have a
As night drew on the doors were closed
and secured inside, a match applied to the
" tallow-dip," and we had begun to move
some articles that we might have a level
place upon which to spread our blankets,
when lo! hidden away among the Surgeon's
stuff, we discovered a- Johnny, whom we
"scalped "on sight, and interviewed after
wards. Now, lest jsome : sensitive nature be
shocked by visions of a "specimen copy " of
Modoc or guerrilla savagery being perpe
trated in cold blood, in a cold box car, let rac
whisper it very gently it wasn't a Johnny
rub, but another, who, in military parlance,
was familiarly known as " demi-johu."
Further than this deponent saith not.
After a time we slept; and O, what a time,
and what a sleep. Station after station was
reached and passed, but we slept. The
powerful iron horse dashed ahead, jerking
and swaying the car at a fearful rate, as we
realized later, bnt our slumbers were undis
turbed. Methinka it would have required
a collision of more than, ordinary magni
tude to break the spell and release us from
the arms of Morpheus's lovfng embrace.
Indianapolis was reached; the hoys were
roused from their peaceful repose, formed and
marched off to the feast prepared, and re
turned, and still wo held our positions in
the car, guarding the baggage.
But suddenly they lay siege to the car,
now remembering that we were in there,
and they woke us up all right enough.
Great snakes, what a racket!
"Hello, there; open this door quick," was
the first thing to greet our astonished ears.
The door being unfastened and shoved back,
we were made to understand by a half-dozen
voices, all talking at once, that the baggage
had to be transferred to another car, across
the platform, and as the "hour and a half"
THROUGH RAIN AND MUD."
was up, and they wanted to pull out, it must
be done quickly.
The boys sympathize deeply, and so pitch
in and help move the stuff, and we are off.
During the few minutes only that were re
quired lo complete this work, we had caught
enough from the broken sentences of "Wasn't
it grand that coffee, those biscuits," etc., to
settle it in our minds that we had been
Once more on the wing, wc got a full re
cital, to which we replied on the strength of
borrowed consolation : "Nevermind; when
we get to Columbus you won't find us
Now, comrades, one moment to reflection,
then we must bast n. Many, yes very many,
of those ever-cheerful and light-hearted
boys, but equally as determined and un
flinching when tried, then in the . prime
and vigor of young manhood, who 'par
ticipated in the joyousness of that memor
able event, have grown weary and faint in
the march and struggle of life and laid
down to rest. The absence of their names
from the annual rosier serves naturally as
a sad reminder that they have passed the
boundaries of lime. But they are not for
gotten. Those who linger still in the shades of
eventide are widely separated, and thoe
whom I have met since coming to Iowa 21
years ago I can count on the fingers of one
hand, but, confident of their united and
hearty approval, I w:sh to say, all honor lo
those noble and generous-hearted wives and
daughters of the pleasant home city of our
"Little Ben," and while there shall remain
one of that gallant band of veterans who
partook of the bounties of their hospitality
to recount the hardships and privations en
dured, and tell of the joys, too, which often
came to illumine our sometimes dark and
uneven pathway during these terrible years,
"This also which they have done shall bo
(remembered, if not) spoken of for a memo
rial of them."
"But," someone a&ks, "what about Co
lumbus?" "Well, ahem, yes, we got there; hut it
would require the tact of an abler pen than
mine to fitly describe the ovation (?) further,
than losay that the stolid indifference, not
to say icy coldness, which mot ns, n tho
absenee of even common courtesy, pene
trated and chilled eveu to the marrow of
About the only thing woith mentioning
in connection with our arrival and short de
tention there, in which there was manifested
any marked decree of life, warmth and vigor
was thesttuging anathemas which some of the
hoys felt constrained to send home with more
than ordinary force and exactness, which,
had they hten bayonets, would have Icsi-
j2- witesjfc ti.
ened the census of that i4t burg" ice-berg, I
was going to say as suddenly and effectu
ally as if stricken by a seaboard cyclone
"Bnt," someone might ask, "weren't the
boys entertained all right when the En
campment was held at that place a few
years ago ? "
Yes, certainly, and let due credit be given ;
but I am dealing with old scores just now.
At Zanesville, our home city, from where,
one bleak, snowy day more than two years
before, we had started posthaste for Fort
Donelson, wo had a gala-day of snnshine,
happy greetings, a welcome which came
from hearts filled to overflowing with joy, a
magnificent dinner, etc, alter which we sep
arated and hastened to our homes, where
for the next 30 days we abode upon the
very summit of the mount.
Now, I should like very much to hear
from some of the old war-timers of the
Hoosier Capital City, from comrades of the
78th ; and, trusting to distance as a tolerably
reliable safeguard to my scalp, I will add,
from my very highly-esteemed bunkmates
A Story Showing Just What Should ho Done
With an Escaped Wild Boast,
A circus train had boon smashed up at tho
junction, many of the cages had been broken
and their occupants had had a chanco to escape
to the woods and fields. While wo were wait
ing for the wrecking crew to clear tho dobris
away, an old darky with a business look about
him approached tho circus manager and asked:
" Boss, do I git any thin' if I cotch dc giraffco
what got got away last night? "
" No giraffeo got away," was tho reply.
"Wall, I cotched sunthin' obcr on my placo
dat must have got away from somebody. My
old woman dun says it's a giraffoe, but mebbo
it's a elefant."
"Our elephants arc all hero, but one of tho
camels is gone."
"Mebbo it's a camel. I nobbor seed no
camol. Ho ain't got no wings nor nuffin."
" Docs it look liko a horso or a cow ? "
" No, sah. My boy Ilcnrysays it's a noscero3,
but I'zo a lectio BURpishUs dot it hain't."
"Wo have no rhinocoroS, bnt it may bo our
sacred bull from India."
" Does yo'r sacred bulbgrowl liko a dawg an'
show his teof?"
"Docs ho walk around snigger's cabin an'
tnko a dog by tho ncck,an'shake do lifo outer
him an' roar an' ronr?V
"No. It must bo one of onr lions! Ton
.don't moan to say yon Uavo captured a lion?"
"Can't say, boss. It's sutbiu' dat growls an'
roars an' switches his tail. Him didn't wantcr
cum along, but I jest tied a ropo around his
neck an' made him. He's tied up to dat trco
ober dar, nn' I reckon; yo' oxter gimme 'boat
two bits fur my trouble' "
About 50 of ns went ntf tho road with the old
man. and a quarter of a milo away, tied to. a
persimmon trco and looking mighty disgusted,
was tho biggest lion of tho monagcrio.
"Dinno if it's an elefant, or a nosccros, or
a girafTee," said tho old darky, as ho went up
and hegan loosening the ropo, "but yereheam,
an' boiii' as bo killed my dawg; an' bein' as I
had to drat: him all do way obor; mebbo yo will
mako it fo bits."
" Great Scoit, man 1 " gaspod the manager ao
ho gavo tho darky a silver dollar, "didn't you
know this was a lion, and tho fiercest one of the
"No. Nobbcr dun knnwed what ho was.
Jest got a rope an' mado 'him cum along, an'
when ho growled an' roared I hammered him
wid dis stick. Much oblccged, sah. I will
now go out nn' see if I can't cotch sutbin' wid
wings on it!''
OLD TIMES ON THE RIVER.
Days Th:it Will Nevor.Coinn Hack to Trav
jlor on the Old JUisissip."
Fucli times liavo never boon seen sinco tho
war, ami probably never will bo again, for
hasto has supplanted ovcry other consideration
in travel, and most men and women would re
gard a wcuk spent on tho river as a week
Quito otherwise was it back in tho forties
and fifties. The week of tho voyage to Now
Oi leans was regarded as tho best part of tho
visit, for one was almost suro to find acquaint
ances on board, and, if not, tho officers of tho
hoat'eoiiBidorud themselves in duty bound to
seo that tlioir passcngors enjoyed themselves,
for this was considered o fce a part of their
The trip was, in ono senso, a. round of festivi
ties. Many of tho boats carried bauds, and on
approaching towns whoro-a landing was to ho
made tho hind would assemble in all tho glory
of lras buttons, and. taking, its place on tho
hurricane, deck, would tbjump and ttlow until
man. woman and chihCuad assembled on the
lauding to seo what thunoisa was about.
Tho passengers crowded on tho sides to look
at tho mob on shoro as tho boat drew near tho
landing; with much ceroniony the gangplank
was run out by the rouctors ; merchants and
factors camo on board to transact their business
with tho Captain and clocks; tho boat's agents
went on aliore to attend jto .necessary affairs;
all was huny. for tho lioat'satay at ono land
ing w.is generally brief unless tboie was much
freight, to come on boWdl
L-iading tho freight and bringing on tho
wood were tho occupations which picsuntcd
most attractions for tho passengers. Poiched
on tho raj lings or comfortably seated on easy
chairson tlnjcabin "dock theysurveycd tho
operations goliy; on btilow with lively amuse
ment. . .
A The ordinarybusmess of fralght handling
was notaftvaysfytariUing inteicst, but when
live sfock" was lo'.bbhrought on board oveiy
traveler at puco jsegurtid a position where he
could command. tjie whojc situation, for mule
and Texas steers wercus contrary then as the
hayo Leon ever since, and dunning" and tail
twisting wero thou, rcc'osnized as perfectly
legitimate methods of inducing a rofactory
stoor to walk the plank. " " '
THE GREAT BLOCKADE,
Closing of Southern Ports During the
- - War.
Increase of Shipbuilding -with
the View to Illegitimate
Efficiency of the Federal Block
aders Along the Coast.
BY WILLIAM SIMMONS, 1-132 WHARTON STREET,
ORE than a quarter
of a century has
elapsed since the
great struggle for
the preservation of
1hc Union closed.
The scars of that
war are now visible
only in tho grave
yards of the Nation
and upon the bodies
of the surviving
participants. Suffice it to say that the
'brave volunteers of the Union army and
navy won the fight, and it is the object of
this article to show, in a measure, the great
efforts put for.wnrd by one of the most im
portant factors in the stupendous. struggle
and which eventually drove the rebels to
the "last ditch " at Appomattor.
At the commencement of hostilities the
navy was in such a weak condition that the
rebels flattered themselves that they had
On Veteran Furlough;.
little to fear from the "Yankee" Govern
ment so far as a navy was concerned; and
when, after mature consideration, the Gov
ernment declared the const from the Chesa
peake to the Rio Grande to be uuder block
ade, the Secessionists looked upon the dec
laration as something ridiculous, while Eng
land treated it with
TTotwithstandiug the weak condition of
the navy, the Secretary, Gideon "Welles, took
immediate steps for the establishment of a
vigilant blockade alonij an extent of coast
over 3,000 miles in length, which, when it
was accomplished, England, with all her
sneers, prejudice, and open preference for
the seceding States, was forced to acknowl
edge one of the most striking and wonder
ful features of the civil war.
As we look back, after the lapse of so
many years, we wonder how the venerable
Secretary, who bore in silence the ridicule
and abuse of tho press, managed to accom
plish the stupendous task assigned to him.
English capitalists saw in the American
conflict an oppoituuity to enrich themselves,
and quick were they to take advantage of it.
They spared no expense or trouble to pro
duce steamers to break tluough the lines of
restriction and bid defiance to the sacred
laws of neutrality, for they confidently be
lieved that the Southern Confederacy would
triumph, and that in the near future the
rich country, with its teeming marts of
cotton and tobacco, would be laid' at their
So their fikilled mechanics were put to
work in their great shipyards. The roar of
furnaces and the ring of hammers were soon
heard! throughout the length and breadth of
tho UJngdom, while tho common topic of
conversation was blockade-running.
The steameis built upon the Clide soon
made themselves famous by their speed and
beauty of model, and nothing was left un
done to increase their chances of success.
Thoy were long, narrow, side-wheel crafts,
painted a lead-color, which blended well
with the hoiizon and Ihe gray dawn of day,
which was their favorite lime for
KUNNINQ THROUGH THE LINC8
of Kockadeis. They were provided with
noiseless machinery and the simplest of
rigs, with two very light masts, which in
many of them could, by a simple contriv
ance, he lowered and stretched along the
deck within a few minutes, and as their iron
hulls lay low in the water it required eyes
of more than ordinary power to detect the
spectial forms as they stole along in the
gray dawn of early morning.
The danger attached to blockade-running
was no drawback to the hardy Englishmen
and Scotchmen that manned the swift,
Clyde-bnilt steamers, and it was essential
to success that the crews should be com
posed of men of nervo and courage. To
snch men the trade was fascinating, and as
the emoluments derived from it were far
above the profits of any other business, the
danger wa3 only a secondary consideration.
The principal English ports for blockade
runners were Nassau, N. P., and Bermuda.
A trip from either port to "Dixie" and re
turn, including the time consumed in dis
charging and shipping cargo, U3nally oc
cupied from 15 to 20 days under favorable
circumstances the distance being about
GOO miles each way. But it often happened
that circumstances were anything but favor
able, and tho runners would be compelled
to lie in port for weeks together ere a favor
able chance to run out presented itself.
The crew of a regular blockade-runner,
carrying both freight and passcngers.-num-bered
about 40 persons all told. The Cap
tain received the enormons salary of $5,000
(gold) per month, while the First, Second
and Third Mates received fGOO, $300 and
200, respectively; the deckhands, or
"roustabout3," as they were called in the
South, received $100 per trip. Besides the
regular salary, every man of the crew was
given the privilege of investing a small
amount on his own account. The articles
selected for the private trade were usually
of not a bulky nature, and could easily be
stowed away in their che3ts. They con
sisted of articles of luxury and household
necessities, all of which netted them a profit
of from 400 to 500 per cent.
On the arrival of a' blockade-runner in
any of the neutral ports, loaded with cotton,
10 orl5 bales, according to weight of cargo,
Return of the Soldier.
would he immediately sold, and the proceeds
divided among the crew as a
REWARD FOP. FAITHFULNESS.
The prices of goods of all kinds in Dixie
during the war were so high, and the scarcity
so great, that only the most wealthy could
indulge in the luxuries. For instance, a
piece of beef, adequate for a family of four,
cost $10, gold ; a pound of tea, $15 ; a barrel
of flour, $50; a pound of baking-soda, worth
eight cents in Nassau, sold for $1 in Dixie;
a pair of common-made shoes, $20; and
other things in proportion.
All vessels bound for Dixie carried cargoes
of provisions, dress goods, medicines, and
war material. On the return trip tobacco
and cotton were invariably the cargo. Cotton
worth eight cents per pound in Wilmington
sold for 80 and 00 cents in Bermuda.
When a runner made one successful trip
she was considered to have paid for itself, and
every subsequent trip was consequently
clear profit. The private ventures of the
Captain aud his chief officers usually real
ized to them a handsome profit of from
$5,000 to $10,000 per trip. It was considered
a piece of good fortuue with the people of
any of the blockaded ports to bo connected
or interested in a blockade-runner, for it in
sured at least a partial supply of the com
forts and luxuries of life; for the ladies, an
occasional silk dress or a bonnet, making
them the envy of their towuswomen; for
the gentlemen, a supply of wines, cigars, etc.
In the first year of the war, luxuries of all
kinds formed part of the cargo of a Dixie-
bound blockade-runner; but as the war
progressed, and the blockade became more
stringent, and, in consequence,
PROVISIONS MORE SCARCE,
the rebel Government issued an edict for
bidding the importation of luxuries, re
stricting tho cargoes of runners entirely to
those articles which the South needed in its
military operations, or which contributed to
the supply of the actual necessities of tho
people. One-half of the outgoing cargo was
also required to be devoted to Government
account, as was also one-half of the incom
This, of conrse, somewhat curtailed the
profits of the owners ; but still there was
always a margin sufficiently larc to pay
them for the great risks and dangers at
tached to the trade.
Blockade-runuing was carried on almost
entirely by private concerns, of which the
Bee and Frasitr Companies, of Charleston,
were most successful, and consequently they
reaped a rich harvest. The rebel Govern
ment owned a few vessels engaged exclus
ively in blockade-running, the most success
ful of which was the Robert E. Lee, formerly
the Giraffe, belonging to the Glasgow &
Belfast Steamship Line. She was a fa34
side-wheel steamer, and under the command
of Capt. Wilkinson, formerly of the U. S.
Navy, made upward of 20 successful trips
She was at last captured by the U. S. S.
James Adger while attempting to run into
There were quite a number of other ves
sels that distinguished themselves by tho
number of successful trips they made, but,
A Blockade Runner.
like the pitcher that went to the well, made
one trip too many, and extinguished them
selves. Having given the reader a chapter on
blockade-running, let us turn now to the
blockaders, and see what they did to put
down the illicit traffic, and at the same time
show that one Yankee trick was worth two
by Johnny Reb and his English coadjutor.
To meet the handiwork of the
John Bull, was a task whfch taxed our Navy
Department to the utmost, and added ranch,
to the cares aud perplexities of the ninch
abused Secretary; and although no degree
of watchfulness on the part of commanders
of blockading vessels could prevent entirely
the illicit trade, it was made exceedingly
hazardous for the runners, and in many
cases proved disastrous to those who en
gaged in it.
With the opening of hostilities terminated
the freight and passenger traffic to all the
Southern ports; namely, Galveston, New
Orleans, Mobile, Savannah, Charleston, ,Nor
folk, and Richmond. The first five nraed
were of the most importance to the rebels, as
it was at those ports that infractions of the
blockade was principally effected.
As the war progressed, and with the fall
of New Orleans and the close blockade of
-JHobile' andCbarieston, Wilmington, .CL,
became the mest important port of then alL
It was here that England kept the flame of
Secession burning until it was completely
snuffed out by the triple line of blockade
and capture of Fort Fisher.
Most of the steamships owned bythe
coastwise sleamship companies were benight
or chartered by the War and Navy Depart
ments, the fastest of which were converted
into gunboats, while the slower were iJsed
Among the fastest of the steamers jmr
chased by the Navy Department, and wh'tch
subsequently distinguished, themselves as
captors of blockade-Tanners, were the following-named,
Santiago de Cuba, Connecti
cut, De Soto, Keystone State, Bienville,
Quaker City, 17. R. Cuyler, Rhode Island,
Niphon, and a number of others not neces
sary to mention, but who did all that lay
in their power to render blockade-running a
very perilous business.
If the reader will examine a map of North
DRAW A LINE
from Cape Charles, Va., to Bermuda Islands,
thence to Nassau, in the Bahamas, contin
uing on to Havana, Cuba, across the Yuca
tan Strait, thence across the Gulf, and ter
minating at the mouth of the Rio Grande, he
will have a clear view (in the space between
the line drawn and the coast line of the
Southern States) of the field of operations
of the blockade-runners, the cruisers, and
blockading fleets; and it was within
this area that some of the most valuable
prizes were captured during the war. A
Leading the Boaijders.
review of the work done by some of the
cruisers and blockaders may not prove unin
teresting even at this late day.
Amon the most noted captors of blockade-runners
the Santiago de Cuba stands at
the head. She"was a large side-wheel
steamer, purchased by the Government from
the merchant-marine, and converted into a
cruiser. The most valuable of her prizes
was the steamer Victory, captured in the
Summer of 18G3, and sent into Boston for
adjudication. Ship and cargo of cotton wer
sold for $306,400.
Her next prize, in point of value, was ths
steamer A. D. Vaijce, captured in SeptenAer,
iiuniiU'i i i