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"&tf are for Urn tvfofl w toe ih&fcrttfc, and for lite uittoiu mtfl ovptajs."
ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW SERIES.
WASmNGTOW. & 0.fl THUJS8B2LY, DECEMBER 21, -.1893.
VOTu XTII-XO. 21-WnOLB NO. 64o.
FIGHTIN& AT TUPELO.
The Live Eagle Brigade and Its Gal
-A- BOLD RAIDER.
Gen. Smith and His "Guerril
las" Make Ready.
A WALL OF BLUE.
Rebels Too Well "Remember
BY R. C. MILKS, 8tH W:S., STETSON'YILLE, WIS.
BOUT the date of
Geu.Van Dora's suc
cessful raid into
Holly Springs and
capture of that place
Dec. 20, 1862, with
its garrison, Col.
Murphy in com
mand, and over a
worth of military
stores for Gen.
Grant's army in his
so far successful ad
vance in the direction of the Confed
erate stronghold, Vicktburg, Gen. N. 13.
Forrest, the Mississippi Buccaneer, with his
irregular cavalry makes a successful raid in
the rear and break up Grant's line of com
munication at Davis's Mills and other points
in the vicinity of Graud Junction, and dur
ing the ensuing year 18G3 successfully raids
and terrorizes the rich and populous Stales
of Tennessee and Kentucky, plundering the
weak and defenseless, and forcing the able
bodied men into the rebel armies to fight
their own Government against their will;
burning bridges and destroying railroads
aDd other property.
In February, 1864, he defeats Sooy Smith,
in command of three times his numbers, and
drives him hack out of Mississippi, thereby
depriving Gen. Sherman of his co-operation
and aid in the Meridian expedition.
This brilliant success of Gen. Forrest
ngainstaforceof three times hisnumbeis adds
materially to his prestige, and secures him
additional scope of command and power for
organizing for still more effective aggressive
operations, which he employs in the most
infamous outrage committed dnriug the
war, and the most barbarous act ever known
or recorded in the history of civilized nations
the Fort Pillow affair. An act which has
buried any meritorious qualities in his very
unclean character entirely out of sight under
an impenetrable cloud of infamy. As he be
comes more powerful through his boldness
and successes and increasing popularity with
the authorities of the Southern Confederacy,
its controlling element, the Slave States'
rights politician, and proportionally more
infumous in his depredations and outrages,
it becomes the more necessary for the Na
tional military authorities to direct some of
their resources and power toward his sup
pression. After the gallant and chivalrous affair of
Fort Pillow, judging rightly that he has
made himself sufficiently notorious to attract
Gkn. N. B. Forrest, C. S. A.
unpleasant attention from theNational forces
in the vicinity, he now makes a hasty retreat
out of Tennessee into his northern Misife
eippi stronghold. Gen. Sfurgis, with 12,0!)0
troops, is sent out from Memphis in pursuit
of the bold raider, but he has already made
good his escape across the line of the M. &
C. R. It. with his booty, and he is now gather
ing and organizing a powerful force for still
During the month of June, 18G4, Gen.
Sturgis isagain sent ontto interview Forrest,
accompanied by a grand retinue of 9,000 in
fantry, 3,000 cavalry and 200 wagons loaded
with army stores. He, like Gin. Batiks, sends
Gen. Grierson, in command of the cavalry,
ahead with the wagon-train of army stores
as a peace offering. Bnt Gen. Forrest, like
Dick Taylor before, is not pacified, but
wants also the negro regiments which con
stitute a part of Gen. Sturgis's bodyguard,
and pitches into them without wailing for
any ceremony, which very much discomposes
Gen. Sturgis's calculations, and also his
equanimity, aud he turns about in disgust
at such unceremonious treatment and
"giggs" in lively time. In act, he joins
the stragglers of his army in a very un
rnililary, go-as-you-please race for Memphis.
And wc are credibly informed that he took
It is also reported that Gen. Forrest was
also in the race, but that the afore-mentioned
negro regiments got in his way and caused
fcim to lose lime. Otherwise he would have
"got there" and Sturgis would have "got
lett." As it was, Forrest claimed a "foul."
The umpire gave him first "innings," and
Sturgis was " ruled ont."
But now Gen. A. J. is on deck with his
the Red River expedition, and as Gen. For
rest persists in making himself more promi
nent than pleauant in the vicinity, the
orders received by Gen. Smith at Alexandria
to return with the troops under his com
mand to their respective corps nuder Geu.
Sherman in Georgia, are countermanded,
and he is ordered to organize a suflicient
force from the remnants of his regiments,
after furloughing the re-enlisted men, and
from such other forces as are in the vicinity,
and to treat with the bold raider for an
adjustment of affairs in that section of the
In the organization of this expedition, the
officers of Co. E having all gone home, along
with about three-fourths of the men, on
veteran furlough, in the consolidation of
companies of the Live Eagle Regiment for
more effective operations, the writer finds
himself under the command of the efficient
and gentlemanly officers of Co. II, but with
the same personal freedom of action when
not on duty, whether in camp or on the
march, as we have always been accustomed
to under the officers of Co. E.
The 4th of July, 1864, is observed in
Madison, the Stale Capital of her native
Siate, in a jubilant and appropriate celebra
tion of this, great National holiday. A
large majority of the Live Eagle Regiment
on veteran furlough are scattered in their
respective homes throughout the State of
Wisconsin, also celebiating, while the
remnant of the Live Eagle R giment at the
front, now under orders to be ready to
march at a moment's notice, is lying quietly
at La Grange, Tcnn., enjoying a rest in
their camp at that place.
On Tuesday, July 5, all is ready for the
advance. The time pas-ed since the 22d of
Jone has been actively employed in repair
ing the railroad from Memphis to La Grange
and the concentration in the vic:nity of the
latter place of the required force and neces
sary army supplies for the expedition, and
now, on the morning of July 5, Gen. A. J.
Smith's advance, including what is left of
the Live Eagle Brigade, marches out to
Davis's Mills, and bivouacs in position to
cover the Division Pioneer Corps while
they repair the bridge across "Wolf River
and Ihc road across the swamp.
Ar is usual in Gen. Smith's method of
advancing on an expedition against the
enemy, the great wagon-train is dispensed
with. Besides the ammunition train, a few
Headquarters baggage wagons and ambu
lances, only one wagon is allowed to each
regiment for commissaries and hick or
On the morning of July 8, 1864, Gen. A.
J. Smith, with a " full deck " of about 12 000
men and his right bower, "Fighting Joe
Mower," crosses the "Wolf River at Davis's
Mills, and gets under way in the direction
of Forrest's retreat, in the vicinity of Tupelo,
Mits. The men are furnished with three
days' rations, with notice that they are to
last six days, as no more can be issued
within that time.
Gen. Forrest is reported to be well pre
pared with a force of 14,000 well equipped
and effective men, aud prepared to receive
his renowned and distinguished visitors
with appropriate ceremonies, and having
held the champion's belt against all oppon
ents, and at times against tremendous odds,
he is now very anxious to try his skill with
the renowned A. J., and stake his Mis
sissippi Buccaneers against Smith's "Guer
rillas." Although Gen. Forrest is rising in rank
and importance, and is now at the head of a
much larger and more efficient force than
ever before, and Gen. Smith's retinue is
much inferior in numbers, in consideration of
A. J.'s former prestige and renown, Forrest
is quite willing to accord him an honorable
Accordingly on our arrival at Pontotoc,
Miss., on the 11th of July, 1864, we find him
prepared to furnish us with lively enter
tainment in whichever direction we may
choose to avail ourselves of his hospitality,
whether in his " city " of Tnpelo to the
eastward, or to the west in his Oxford Castle,
at both of which places he has made liberal
provision for our ample accommodation and
As onr present location at Pontotoc is on
the direct road, and near midway between
those two principal rendezvous of our chival
rous entertainers, we are not particular at
which place we avail ourselves of their dis
tinguished hospitality; and Gen. Smith
neglects to give Forrest a personal intima
tion of his choice in the matter. But having
advanced his cavalry outposts well to the
lront in the direction of Oxford, to the west,
and made some pretty lively demonstrations
in that direction, beside sending out a forage
train in that direction on the afternoon of
the 11th, in which the writer waB detailed to
play a hand, Gen. N. B. appears to take
his movements as an indication that A. J.
is disposed to avail himself of Southern hos
pitality at his Hotel des Militaire in Oxford,
when, as appears later, Gen. A. J. had no
such intention, it being an entire misappre
hension on the part of N. B. Forrest, he
having relied altogether upou appearances.
Instead of inquiring of Gen. A. J. per
sonally as to his pleasure, Gen. N. B. wishes
to dispense Oriental hospitality by intuitive
anticipation of his guest's desires, in which
he is soon satisfied that he does not succeed.
Early on the morning of July 13, Gen.
Smith, with his whole retinue, starts out on
the road east for Tupelo, without saying
anything to Gen. Forrestabout his intentions,
or waiting for him to take the advance and
escort us with his intended pomp and parade,
, -' " " 00 f
The Fort Pillow Massacre.
with lively music and salvos of artillery in
our front to proclaim our coming, and having
a long day's march of about 22 miles, we
advance pretty lively to accomplish it in
time for supper, and there is no time to cor
rect the program of procession ; therefore our
entertainers have to conteut themselves
BRINGING UP THE REAR
-with such music as they can furnish, with
iich hurried and informal arrangements as
they can command, and an occasional
"matinee" on our flanks as we pass along
Gen. Forrest presses close on ourrcarwilh
-his infantry and batteries, while his cavalry
make two brilliant dashes upon the flank of
our marching columns, from advantageous
positions from the right of the road, and
attempts the capture of our wagon-train.
Bnt the train not being a very long. one, and
well guarded, with the infantry clohe up in
the rear for support, they only succeed in
killi g and wounding a few of the train
guards and a few mules in their dash upon
the train, when they are repulfcd and se
verely punished for their audrcity.
As the writer hurries to the sound of the
tumult the rebels are just disappearing in
the woods away to the right, and we notice
one comrade of our regiment with a bullet
hole in the center of his forehead, lying in
the road, unconscious, but breathing at in
tervals. Arriving in the vicinity of Tupelo just at
night, Gen. Smith forms his foices m line
of battle in a semi-circle around the town,
from the swamp on the southeast to the
swamp on the northwest, his flanks resting
on the 8 wain p and his rear protected by it as
it covers the town from the northeast and bars
all approach from that side.
Gen. Fori est has now discovered that he
has an "old player" to deal with; that his
first trick is taken with a good-sized trump,
and rightly guesses that there is more where
that, ciinc from, and m;kc3 up his mind that
he has got to take big risks and play a bold
game or lose the stake.
Our remnant of the Live Eagle Brigade
(Second of the Third Division) occupies a.
good position along the top of a low wood
ed ridge facing a cornfield, which extends'
from the edge of the swamp over a quarter
of a mile to our right, some distance Ur the
left along our front, and a mile or more up
the valley to the west from the swamp on
our right, in the direction in which onr
brigade line is facing; while something over
a quarter of a mile to our front a wooded
ridge extends well into the aforementioned
Cn, b -- ov- A0
valley or ravine from the south, which lim
its our scope of observation from our position
in line in that direction and covers the ad
vahce'of the enemy on "our front from view
and from the range of our artillery until
they are within 600 yards of our position.
In fact, the Live Eagle Brigade occupies
the salient of the right flank of the National
line, it being the most open and unob
structed position to assault from the west;
but the line is well sheltered by the crest of
the ridge from the artillery aud infantry fire
of the advancing enemy until it is time for
action on their part; while the Fir3t Bri
gade of our (Third) Division (the Ohio Bri
gade) extends our line to the right, some
what refused, and facing diagonally to the
right toward the ewamp, therefore to the
rear of the Second (Live Eagle) Brigade
from the direction of attack, though under
fire of the assaulting forces as they advance
down the valley and supporting the latter
brigade on their right.
The remnants of the8tk "Wis. and 5th
Minn, iogether form only a:-battalion, with
the Second Brigade fpur-gnn battery the
2d Iowa L. A. occupying an advanta
geous position on the ridge in that part of
the line. The gunners of the battery were
noticed adding to their supply and variety
of ammunition by picking bullets from a
lot of damaged cartridges, to be used by the
hatful against their assailants in the coming
day's battle, and which doubtless had its
thare in the terrible slaughter of the valiant
charging masses of confident Confederates
in front of our Live Eagler Brigade.
j -TJ)c extreme left flank of the National
"line, resting upon the,, swamp facing south
easterly beyond the town, over a mile distant,
and owjng to the semicircular contour of
Gen. Smith's position around Tnpelo, di-
reqtlyjn the. rear of the Lnvc Eagle Brigade,
on the .right flank, is occupied by the Col
ored Brigade, whosoTmively resisted the ad
vance of Forrest's victorious troops in their
pursuit of Gen. Slifrgis's routed array in
their retreat back to Memphis, while the
various regiments, brigades and divisions
composing the line of battle from right to
leftafe advantageously ported by our able
leaders, A. J. Smith and Jos. A- Mower, to
BKSIST ANY! FORCE
which can be brought-against them over the
0 --Si f
more broken and hilly 'country bet wean
those principal approaches from the west
and south. '$
The dawning light of rJnly 14, 1864, dis
closes the patiently-waiting soldiers of
Gen. Smith's army where they had biv
ouacked forjhe night, in line of battle, cov
ering Tupeio from the west and south,
lying under the forest trees, or not pro
tected from the cool damp of the night, be
neath the twinkling stars of the Summer
sky. The men are lounging in convenient
proximity to their respective positions in
the line, in expectant readiness for the first
movements of the enemy.
Soon dis'ant carbine and rifle-shots dis
(urb the morning quiet; tthen rattling vol.
leys of carbines and musketry break upon
the ear as Forrest's iFFcgular cavalry and
"mouniedyuf.uitry oratgin contact wjth the,
'Najiouajviflcts. in developing Gen. Smith's;
'position arounu Tupeio: tnenune exnna
rating sounds of lively vojleys of cavalry
carbiiuis;.mipgled with! 'ho heavier detona
tions of musketry, as. Jiur Rivalry outposts
are attacked and drive-in upon tlic iutiuTfry
line and fall back stejfdilyto the rear. A
regiment or brigado'injidvauced line along
a parallel ridge 300 or 400 yards to tho front
makes a pretense of stubborn resistance; a
roar of musketry, mingled with salvos of
artillery and the exultant yells of the ad
vancing Confederates as the advance falls
back to their position in the National line
of battle, or to the rear as reserve, aud on
comes the yelling masses of the exultant foe,
pouring, in a steady storm of leaden hail,
while the solid shot aud bursting shell are
shrieking past, plowing the earth, crashing
through the tree-tops, exploding over head,
and scattering their searching fragments
into our recumbent ranks.
On come the confident rebels one, two,
three consecutive lines of battle deep
charging down theslpj in front with their
Our light hatterfeg make exhilarating
music as they are rapidly served by intrepid
gunners, and send their shell and grista of
grape into the charging ranks.
A too-venturesome officer comes galloping
from the right, and tumbles from his horse
just in front of our line, within 20 yards of
tho writer. A rifle-ball plows a furrow
through the scalp of a comrade at our side,
and, turning his head, he asks who struck
him. "We answer, "You were hit, sir, by a
Johnny reb!" As the July sun is pouring
down his torrid heat, we advise him to go at
once to the Surgeon and get a plaster over
the gaping wonnd. He answers : " Not by a
good many, nntil I pay them back for
their impertinence. I'll pay them back in
coin as good as any they can give."
On comes the yelling best, while jests
and gibes are all the signs of dread or far
that emanate from men who pit'ently await
in that recumbent line. But now they arc
charging up the elope. Their front ranks
are within 50 yards of our line; they have
reached the cordon of their fate; an order
rings along our line, "Second Brigide, to
your work, aud
" rem K3ii:j:r fort pillow !
And now before that rebel crew
A wall of blue leaps to their view
A wall of bristling steel
A blinding flash! A stunning crash
Their onward rush is staid!
Another flash and deafening roar !
A storm of lead swe?ps through their ranks,
The death-storm crashes through the corn
And strews their torn and mangled forma
Upon the fated field !
An instant's pause! The Union cheer
In thunder topes breaks on the ear,
And' then with vengeance lond and clear,
u Remember now Fort Pillow ! "
"With senses dazed they hear the cry,
As round them dead and wounded lie,
And from their dreaded fate they fly,
Remembering Fort Pillow !
ab right wing now enjoys a respite,-while
the bottle rages with steadily-augmenting
din a mile or more distant away directly
in our rear, as Forrest is making a tremen
dous cssiiulfc upon the extreme left of the
National line., "We listen with far greater
anxiety than we experienced when the yell
ing hordes were charging directiy on our
front, as wc do not know tho situation. But
we are so n satisfied from the waning and
receding sounds that the enemy is repulsed
and drivenrom the field. And, as we learn
later, the Colored Brigade received them
with the war-cry, "Remember Fort Pil
lovr ! " They were repulsed in their assault,
aud then the darkies were ordered to charge,
and woe to the rebs who fell in their way !
Down went the bayonet and Johnny bit the
dust. They remembered Fort Pillow, and
took no prisoners.
Again ithe conflict changes to the right
wing, and the Confederate .columns come
down upon us in fresh and confident masses.
Down tire. valley and over tho ridge in our
lront they advance, while their numerous
batteries arc sending their missiles into our
2d Iowa and Gth Ind. L. A., while their
s-hell are bursting overhead and sending
their wicked fragments flying in all direc
tions. The eight guns of the 2d Iowa and
0th Ind., the only batteries in the vicinity of
the Live Eagle Brigade, are sending their
shell and grape into the advancing columns
of Confederates; but, as usual in receiving an
assaulting enemy, there is no answering shot
from the Live Eagle Brigade, and the spiteful
bursting shell and sweeping grape plowing
their ranks and strewing mangled corpses
among the sheltering corn has no effect upon
their advaucing lines.
Again a line of bine leaps from the
ground. The assaulting lines of the enemy
extend to the left, along the front of the
Third Brigade of the Third Division, and
also to .other divisions of the Sixteenth
bepuised at all points
with terrible slaughter, andwith little loss
to the National forces.
. It is now. near 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
The right wing has been enjoying a half
hour's respite from tho storm of battle,
while away to the left t,he roar of musketry,
mingled with tho heavier thunder of artil
lery, conveys to our attentive ears tho prog
ress of the battle along the center of tho
National line, and the din of conflict now
(Continued on socuml pajye.)
THE mi BipjLDK
... . , . , .
Incidents in the History of Minty's
Cavalry of the Army of the
Raiding Around, the Rear of
Marked Difference Between
BY E. H. O. MISTY. IJRKVBT MAJOR-GENEKAL,
U. 8. V., OGDKN, UTAH.
DESIRE to begin
lliis letter by correct
ing a slight inaccu
racy which appears
in my last.
Private Durfee, of
the 4'h Mich. Cav.,
who was so seriously
wounded, was not in Capt. Garrett's com
mand, lie was on picket duty near the place
where he was shot.
Lieut. Palmer, of the 4th Mich., was in
command of a picket north of Farmer's
Bridge. His videts were driven in. Two of
his men, Durfee and another, of whose name
I have no record dashed forward, drove
the enemy for considerable distance aud
Tnade one prisoner, but in the end Durfee
received the terrible wounds mentioned, and
his comrade was made prisoner.
When the ambulance was sent to bring
Durfee to camp Capt. Garrett was sent out
with his company of scouts, aud he drove
the sou ting party of Texans, as stated.
On May 10 the brigade crrssd the Ooste-
nanla on the poiitoon bridge a,t Lay's Ferry,
and at once pushed forward in advance of
the right flank of Mcpherson's array, meet
ing and driving Ferguson's Brigade beyond
the Rome & Kingston Railroad, which we
destroyed from the junction to within two
miles of Kingston.
This incident is thus described by Vale
- j.,'LMI2TY came in collision
with Ferguson's Brigade about a mile and a
half after creasing the Oostenaula, which,
attacking vigorously, he soon brushed from
his path, and pnshed on rapidly to the rail
road between Rome and Kingston, as by
cutting the road he would isolate the force
at Rome and prevent the removal of the
arms and military stores at that place.
After heavy fighting Minty succeeded in
getting possession of the road, and destroyed
it from a point about two miles out to tho
On the 18th I was in position near Wood
laud, northeast from Kingston. Early in
the day Gen. Garrard ordered ms to send
one regiment on the Kingston road, and, as
the enemy was in "full retreat," to "charge
whatever they met."
I sent the 4th Mich. Cav., commanded
by Lient.-Col. Park, to whom I repeated
Gen. Garrard's orders.
Col. Park met the enemy within one mile
of Woodland, and charging home drove them
to within two miles of Kingston, where he
ran into a division of infantry; and was at
the same time
attacked in rear
and on both flanks by Ferguson's Brigade of
Turning on the cavalry the 4th, using
their sabers freely, cut their way through,
losing three officers aud 24 eulistcd men
killed and wounded, and one officer, Capt.
Horace D. Grant, taken prisoner, his horse
having been killed under him.
The officers wounded were Lieut Ran
dolph, mortally; Maj. Robbins, now a prom
inent lawyer of Adrian, Mich., right arm
shattered, and Lient. J. M. Carter, now of
Los Angeles, Cal., shot through the right
On the 19th the Second Cavalry Division,
with the Saber Brigade in -advance, drove
the enemy out of Kingston, and about an
hour later the advance of the Army of the
Tennessee marched in, aud with it came
Gens. Sherman and McPherson.
A few moments later Gen. Garrard in
structed mo to move to Gillem's Bridge (five
miles) at a gallop, and "to hold the bridge
at all hazards."
The brigade was then standing in columns
of fours; the orders "Mount Forward
March ! "; stuff officers hurrying to the rear
with instructions to regimental commanders
to keep their men well closed up; "Troi
March! Gallop March !" and away went
2,000 horsemeu over the rough road; fhj
entire valley seemed to shake under
THi: 3IIGHTY tread,
and tho thunder of that gallop echoed far
aud wide among the hills and along th&
"We arrived at the bridge in good time to
prevent its destruction, and at once built a
strong crown-work of rails imd logs covex
ing the north end.
Oar position was about three miles wes
and two to the rear of Johnston's army.
About two hours after the completion o
the crown-work a division from the Army o
the Tennessee arrived aud took possession
of it. I think my men were somewhat dis
appointed at not having had a chance to de
fend it ngain3t an assault of the enemy.
"We marched across the bridge and re
joined our horses. When attempting to
move them it was fonnd that fully 300 bad
been rendered totally unserviceable by our
Johnston held the railroad bridge at Car
tersville, and two highway bridges between
it and Gilh m's Bridge, in strong force. Ho
destroyed all of them after crossing his army.
Pontoons had to be constructed for the
use of the Annies of ihe Cumbeiland and
Ohio; the Army ot the Tennessee crossed
the river on Gillem's Bridge.
Van Home, in the "History of the Army
of the Cumberland," Vol. II, page 74, saya
Gen. R. H. G. Minty.
"The Army of the Tennessee crossed" the
river at the mouth of the Conosnre Creekj
on a bridge which had been
saved from destruction,
and advanced toward Dallas by Van "Wert.
This was on the 23d. The Second Cavalry
Division, moving as usual in advance pf.tb.3
infantry j my brigade leading, arrived at
Van "Wert lhat n'ght, without coming in
contact with the enemy. Early the follow
ing day I pushed forward toward Dallas;
about two miles from which I struck the
enemy, Bate's Division, covered by a small
force of cavalry. I attacked vigorously
and drove him back to within half a mils
of Dallas, where Hardee had already com
I was now fully 24 houra in advance of
the army. As night approached I fell back
about half a mile to a small stream, and
bivouacked for the night.
An exceptional act of personal gallantry
occurred early in the day. Capt. G. "W.
Lawton, Co. C, 4th Mich. Cav., commanded
the advance-guard; I was riding at his side,
when we struck the enemy two miles from.
Dallas, and received a volley from a party
Lawton at once turned to his men and
gave the order, "Left front into line Gal
lop March!" and placed his command in
pisition; and then, and not until then, did I
learn that in the first fire he had been shot
throngh the upper portion of the right lung.
He was by this time so faint from loss of
blood that he
had to be supported
on his horse while being taken to the rear.
He was, on my earnest recommendation,
brevetted M.ijor. He lived for many years,
a prominent lawyer of the State of Michi
gan, and died at Lawton, in that State, oa
Feb. 8, 1887.
On the 25th, Gen. Garrard came up with
the Third Brigade and moved the division
to the Powder Springs road, where he took
McPherson's line was now in close contact
with the enemy's works at Dallas; our posi
tion being on his right flank, slightly ad
vanced. To me was assigned the duty of picketing
toward the Dallasand Villa Rica road, about
three miles in advance of Gen. Garrard's
position. The 4th Regulars having been
placed on temporary duty with Geu. Mc
Pherson. I had only the 4th Mich, and 7th
Early in the afternoon my advance picket
on the Villa R ca road was driven in, aud
the enemy took a strong position with that
road in his rear. The key to the position
was a ginbouse a short distance west of the
A battalion of the 4th Mich, (dismounted),
commanded by Capt. Pritchard, moved for
ward to assault the giuhouse, while a bat
talion of the7th Pa. (mounted), commanded
by Maj. Jennings, with a
turned the enemy's position.
The Confederates at the ginhouse, fearing
captnre, made a rnsh for their horses, bnt
Jennings and Pritchard's men were quickly
amongst them and drove them inside the
lines at Dallas, killing nine and capturing
25, 14 of whom were wounded by sabers.
The 4th Mich, had killed 10 and wounded
15 in the attack ou the ginhouse, making
the total Confederate loss 59. Our loss was
two men of the 7th Pa. wounded.
This great contrast, the marked difference
between our casualties and those of the
enemy, invariably prevailed when we used
sabers'. The dashing charge, the gleaming
sabers, and the wild cheeriug of the horse
men always disconcerted the enemy ; their
fire was wild and uncertain, and when vo
struck them our keen sabers alway- did ,
effective work. Our Spencer carbines x exe 30
effective, and we had such unlimited Louli
deuce in them, that in oar
we always felt that we could cope with
seven times our number; the confidence the
men had in themselves and their weapons