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ESTABLISHED 1877 NEW SERIES.
WASEMGTCM. JK tti THUHSDAY. DECEMBER 28, 1893.
70L. XIII-NO. 22-WHOLE NO. 646.
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IP .pi II
THE IOWA BRIGADE
ON SHILOH'S FIELD.
Their Unflinching Position and Its
Effect on the Result.
"THE HORNETS' NEST."
Fierce Charges Met with Roek
TEN TIMES THEIR FORCE.
Surrender only Significant of
BY J. W. COTES, CO. I, 12TH IOWA, TALCOTT,
S OTHERS HAVE
from time to time
essayed to relate their
experience in that
great battle one
which, at the time it
was fought, was the
greatest battle ever
fought on the Amer
ican Continent, and
one which, as Gen.
Grant says, was the
greatest battle fought
in the West I desire
also to submit my
statement of what took place on the left
of W. H. L. Wallace's line, and, incidentally,
in the adjacent divisions.
What I relate of our own brigade the
Iowa Brigade composed of the 2d, 7th,
12th, and 14th Iowa, commanded by Gen.
James M. Tutfle, will be from my own ob
servation; in regard to other divisions, I
will give names of authorities as I progress.
Our division (Smith's), at the time under
tho command of Gen. W. H. L. Wallace,
was encamped nearest the steamboat land
ing of any of the divisions at Pittsburg
Landing, where wc had been for about three
weeks when the
BATTLE CASTE ON. '
A small body of cavalry, who had been
encamped near the 12th Iowa on the bluff
overlooking the wet bottom-land at its base
and the Tennessee River beyond, were
making preparations to move. We learned
from them that ihey were under orders to
go to the iront that night (Friday), as a few
rebels had been hovering around the out
posts, and it was thought a large body of
rebels was near. This was the first intima
tion we had I speak of the rank and file
lhat there was any prospect of a fight until
we advanced upon Corinth, as we all ex
pected ultimately to do.
Sunday, April 6, came, as bright and beau
tiful a Sabbath morning as one ever sees;
the peach-trees were in full bloom, and the
woodland gave forth in the sunshine the
odors of Spring. Certainly there was noth
ing in Nature foreshadowing the mighty
conflict that before night should cause the
earth to tremble in the efforts of one army
to overcome another.
We had just had guard-mounting, and
had marched to the guard-tent (I was on
camp-guard), when -we heard the sounds of
heavy musketry-firing from the front. At
once every thing was changed; the Jong roll
was beaten; the regiments fell in, with one
day's rations, and we were off for the front.
Wc took onr position along the Purdy
road, to the left of McClernand's Division,
and separated from it by a deep but narrow
ravine filltd wi h thick brush ; our left
resting on the Purdy road near its intersec
tion with the lower Corinth road.
Tho 8tb Iowa, of Sweeney's Brigade, was
placed to the left of Tuttle's Brigade, and
joined the right of Prentiss's Division ; the
five Iowa regiments being stationed in the
following ordor, beginning at the right: the
2d, 7th, 12th, 14ih, and 8th. The junction
of the two divisions Wallace's and Pren
tiss's formed an angle projecting to the
Gen. Prentiss in person put Hickenlooper's
battery oa a slight rise in the ground to the
rear of these two roads. Gen. Grant, visit
ing Prentiss, approved this arrangement,
and ordered him to hold the position
AT ALL HAZARDS.
Gen. Force, in "From Fort Henry to
Corinth," from which we quote, says: " Wal
lace's line was barely formed when, at 10
o'clock, Gladden's Brigade, now commanded
by CoL Adams, moved against Prentiss. Ad
vancing slowly up the slight ascent through
impeding thickets against an unseen toe, it
encountered a blaze of fire from the summit,
faltered, wavered, hesitated, retreated, and
withdrew out of range. A. P. Stewart led
his brigade against Wallace's frout, was
driven hack, returned to the assault, and
was again driven back, hut still rallied, and
moved oace more in vain, to be again stnt
.(yj U &0?T 5 - TtSt ?
-The Confederates gave
the name 'The Hornets'
Gen. Gibson made fonr successive charges,
and was four tims repulsed. Col. Allen, of
the 4th Ln., one of Gibs-on's regiments, made
still aurither charge, only to ha more severely
handled than before. Hindmnn's two bri
gades, who had been in McClernand's front,
were moved to tbefront of Wallace. Flushed
with victory, they ndanced with confidence.
They also were driven back, and Hindmau
"Led by A. P. Stewart, they again rushed
against the fatal fire, only to lie shivered to
fragments that recoiled, to remain out of the
contest for the rest of the day."
Hickenlooper's guns had done good serv
ice from the position assigned them by Gen.
Prmtis, all day long firing over the heads
of Wallace's men when thty were attacked,
and, by changing front, assisting in re
pelling tho attacks upon Prentiss. The
rebels determined to destroy the bntiory.
Gen. Buggies names 11 batteries that he
planted to concentraie their fire on these
four guns. But Hiokenlooper withdrew
from his position, saved his guns, and later
in the day reported to Sberman for duty.
This artillery fire was followed by charges
by the Crescent Regiment of Louisiana and
Anderson's Brigade, bnt each were, in turn,
I seriously doubt that history records n
similar circumstance of any other troops.
Without any intrenchments, or other than
natural protection, 100 repulsed 12snceeHve
charge5?, and the two last after the ground
had been Hwept by a storm of shot and hliell
from the concentrated fire of 11 butteries
(We were directly in imntof Hickeulooper.)
Sherman and McClemand
HAD BKKN FORCED BACK
by Gen. Beauregard, who established Head
quarters at Shiloh Church, and hy McCler
nand swinging his left flank to the rear the
gap already existing between his division
aud Wallace's was enlarged, and the enemy
thus enabled to re.-ich Wallace's rear. The
scene of heavy fighting was then transferred
to our left, commanded by Gen. Hurlhnt,
who was assaulted by Gen. Bratig's troops,
and at 4:30 he was compelled to withdraw,
leaving Prentiss's left in air. Bnigy then
pushed his troops through this open. ng thus
made, turned Prentiss's left fl;mk, and
reached the rear of Prentiss and Wallace.
At 5 o'clock, or perhaps a little later, au
officer of the 12th Iowa went to the right to
see how the 2d and 7th Iowa were getting
along, and soon came back and reported that
they had gone. They were not seeti to leave
the line, by reason of a clump of brush that
cut off the view in that direction. When
this was discovered, as the right of the 12th
Iowa was without support, while there was
no enemy in sight to the front, that regi
ment, with tho 14th Iowa and 8th Iowa, to
gether with the regiments from Prentiss's
Division who had notecaped when his flank
was turmd, fell back from the powitiou they
had occupied since before 10 o'clock, and
where they had won such pronounced victo
ries, over the elevation which had been oc
cupied by Hickenlooper's battery all day.
There they discovered Bragg's troops posh
ing toward the Landing and trying to effect
a juuetion with Beauregard's troops, who
were coming through the gap to the left of
We at ouco attacked Brairg's column,
fighting to the rear across a shallow ravine.
At first the line was driven back, but a sec
ond line came np on tho double-quick be
yond aud higher up the side of ttic ravine.
The first line rallied ; a third line still fur
ther up the hill-side mude it a hopeless task
to try to cot our way out on that Bide. We
moved by the left flank as we were faced
to the rear where we found and attacked
Beauregard's troops he hud pushed through
the gup as before mentioned.
These troops soon made a junction with
those of Bragg, and wo were cut off Jrom the
.- 'yjsv.. '- s
main army, which we could see reforming
their lines between our position and the
After a vain effort to cut our way out, and
FIRE FROM ALL DIRECTIONS
for half an hour or more, we surrendered.
Gen. Grant gives tho number of prisoners
taken as 2,200. Gen. Force the same. My
own recollection is that tho rebels counted
while we were at Pea Ridge en route for
Immediately after the surrender which
took place between 5:30 and 6 o'clock Brig.
Gen. Slaughter, of the rebel army, came
among the prisoners, inquiring for officers of
tho "old army," meaning the Rcgnlar Army.
Ho failed to recognize the names of Cols.
Woods and Shaw, of the 12th and 14th Iowa,
Ho then stated to the prisoners that he
thought Gen. Beauregard had made a great
mistake; that it had taken 40,000 men two
hours to .effect the capture, and that he
(Gen. Beauregard) ought not to have paid
any attention to that part of the Union
army surrounded, but should have pushed
forward and prevented Grant from reform-
fng his lines, and that he had no doubt that
Beauregard could have driven Grant's army
into the Tenne-see River.
It was because of the great number of
troops used in effecting tho capture which
were necessarily withdrawn fiom the front
of other divisions lhat there was a, lu'.l in
the fij-hting in other parts of the field. Tho
battle for the firnt day virtually ended with
I will cloe with a quotation from Inger
poll in "Iowa and the Rebellion": "The
8th, 12:h, and 14th Iowa composed four
fifths ot that little band which held back 10
times their force of rebels long after all sup
port had fallen away from their right and
left, fighting after all hope of saving them
selves had gone, and by sacrificing them
pelves saving the army of the Union until
Buell and night had come. As the sun was
setting on the army they had saved these gal
lant men threw down their arms and sur
rendered themselves prisoners of war. They
had fought without iliuchiug all day, but it
made the blood rnn cold in the veins of tho
stoutest hearted to see many of their com
tades shot down nfier they had surrendered,
and some of them so long after the surrender
that ignorance of the tact could not havo
been pleaded in excuse of the foul atrocity."
William tho Fourth of England seemed in a
momentary dilemma ono duy when, at tablo
with several olficcrs, ho ordered ono of tho
waiters to "Tako away that,mariuo there,"
pointing to an empty bottle. "Your Majesty,"
inquired a Colonel of marines, "do you com
pare an empty bottlo tonmemhorof our brunch
of thoscrvica?" "Yes," repliod tho monarch,
as if a sudden thought had struck him, "I
mean to say it has doun its duty once, aud is
ready to do it auain."
"I have seed some pretty ignernt people
among the Summer boarders my wlfo tnkos
every year," said old Mr. Jason, "but they
ain't never none of them como up to tho young
woman that wanted to know if apple butter
wuz mudo from fecdiu' apples to tho cows,"
. . -
Some of" the "Most. Effective Federal
Vessels itt the Civil War.
A Narrative of Her Short but
ONE OF HER TYPE.
Never Conquered, She Ended
Her Days in a Halo of Flame.
BY WILLIAM SIMMONS, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
OR the subject of
our present sketch
wc havo chosen the
ironclad steam frig
ate New IronsideSj
whose services dur
ing her short bnt
brilliant career stand
among the records
of our Bhipa of the
lato war. She was
the only vessel of
her type in our navy, if wo except the iron
clad Dnnderherg, which wa3 built somewhat
after the model of the Ironsides, and which,
had she been constructed and completed
earlier in the war, might have successfully
disputed the honors of superiority with the
subject of this sketch.
The Duuderberg was si ill in an incomplete
state when the war closed, and for several
months lay at the- foot of Jackson street,
East River, New York, where she exhibited
her formidable character to crowds of people
who came daily to get a glimpse of her ugly
and terror-inspiring form. Our Government
having no use fdr her at the closo of the war,
sold her to the French Government.
The New Ironside vwis bnilt in tho ship
yard of Cramp & Sous, in Philadelphia, Pa.,
atidxwas lunched in the Summer of 1802.
She was bark-Hgged, nd her dimensions
were as follows 5 Length, 230 feet; breadth
of beam, 50 feet; tosnage, about 3,500;
draft of water, 15 fer, -which was
for a ship of her weight.
In favorable -weather ?he attained a speed
of six knots per hour uuder steam and Ktil.
Her armament cousisted of 10 11-inch
smoothbore guns, and two 150-pouuder
P.irrott rifles, all in broadside on a single
dec. Her inclined sids were protected by
iron plates to a thicknes of lour inches,
backed by 21 inches of solid oak, while her
bow and stern were left unprotected. Her
port-shutters wero al-jo of iron, and four
inches in thickness. The exact size of her
crew is not known to the writer, but she
liad a complement of something over 300
ofiicers and tden.
The V ship was named in honor of the
famous frigate Constitution, familiarly
known as Old Ironsides. Having received
her equipments ind been pnt in commission,
the New Ironsides sailed for Hampton
Roads, where she remained several months,
and then sailed for Charleston, S?C.
It was after her arrival off the bar of the
latter port that the writer obtained his first
sight of her. She had been stripped of her
rigging and spurs, leaving nothing visible
ab.vo water but her huge black hull, sur
mounted by a lo',v, thick smokestack, roll
ing and plunging in the rough sea, and by
no means handsome from a sailor's point of
view, but what she lacked in beanty she
more than made up in her awe-inspiring
appearance and fighting qualities.
In the memorable attack upon Fort Sum
ter on th 7th of April, 1K63, by the mouitor
fleet, nude r command of Admiral Du Pont,
the Ironsides, Capt. Thomas Turner com
manding, did not take a very active part,
owing to her fouling with some of tho
monitors. She fired but a few shots, and al
though tho monitors fwere struck by tho
enemy's shot many times, the Ironsides re
ceived no hits on that occasion.
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Jvg&wy&&mA mm ku
V r irii-;tfStiTv. XW&V6!t"- -Rr
THE REPULSE OF THE FLEET
caused a change in tho chief command of the
South Atlantic Squadron; Rear-Admiral
John A. Dahlgren succeeding Admiral Du
Pont. Admiral Foote was first selected to
take tho place of Dn Pont, hut dying before
reaching his post of duty, Admiral Dahlgren
was thereupon chosen to tako Foote's place.
With the chaugo of tho Commander-in-Chief
of tho squadron, changes of com
manders of several of the vessels of tho
fleet also took place, among which was Capt.
Turner, of tho Ironsides, Capt. S. C. Rowan
being his successor. It was while under the
command of Capt Rowan (better known as
" Paddy " Rowan) that tho Ironsides gained
her great reputation as a fighting ship.
Duriug the siege of Fort Wagner, which
lasted 58 days, tho Ironsides was under fire
18 different times, during which she fired
upwards of 4,500 shots, and received 165
hits, none of which did her any material
damage. Her attacks were mostly again6t
Fort Wagner, which she silenced at her will.
Information obtained from Confederate
sources state that no vessel in the fleet wa3
so much dreaded as the Ironsides; for when
she was seen approaching, and. dropped her
anchor abreast of the fort, it was a signal to
go to cover. In the first stage of the siege
the rebel gunners bravely endeavored to
stand to their guns during the engagement,
hut they soon found it utterly impossible to
remain in their places, for the terrific broad
sides from brave "Paddy" Rowan's ship
made it so hot for them that they were
driven again and again into their bomb
proofs. In fact, the rebels admitted that they
feared the Ironsides more than the whole
fleet of monitors combined. They made
several attempts to
BLOW HER UP
with torpedoes, and she narrowly escaped
such a disaster on three different occasions.
During the attack on Fort Snmter on
April 7 she lay for an honr directly over a
submarine torpedo containing a ton of
powder. This huge marine monster was
connected by wire with an electric battery
on shore. Fortunately for the Ironsides,
the wire was in some way iuj ured, which pre
vented an explosion; but had the rebels suc
ceeded in their murderous design, the loss "of
life would have been awful.
- Six mouths later, on the 6th of October,
the euemy made another attempt to blow op
the ship. On this occasion a boat with a
boom extending 10 feet beyond the bow,
and to the further end of which a torpedo
was attached, was used. The boat, which
was in charge of a Capt. Glassell, succeeded
in passing our picket-boats, and made di
rectly for the Ironsides, which was anchored
in the main ship channel off Morris Island.
The boat, which was named David, and
shaped somewhat like a cigar, made its ap
pearance at about 9 o'clock p. m. It ap
proached the ship until within 50 yards,
when it was discovered by the lookouts and
reported to Mr. Howard, the Officer of the
Deck, Tvho quickly sprang upon the rail
aud hailed: "Boat ahoy!" Hardly were
the words out of his mouth when a shot was
fired from the approaching boat, and Mr.
Howard fell upon deck mortally wounded.
Aud now came a terrific explosion close to
the ship's side, which shook her from stem
to stern, while a huge column of water rose
into the air and fell upon tho spar-deck.
Amidst a shower of bullets from the Bhip
the daring intruder drifted away out of sight.
Two boats were sent in search of the little
craft, but they returned without having dis
covered any trace of it. The torpedo-boat
yvas swamped, but
DID NOT SINK,
while its crew of live persons jumped over
board and swan for their lives. Two of
them landed on the beach of Morris Island,
aud soon after saw their boat drifting by.
Tbey immediately swan out to it, and bailed
it out; after which they succeeded in getting
back to CharlestonN
Capt. Glassell swam to a coal schooner and
climbed to her deck in a very much ex
hausted condition. Tho daring rebel, no
to blow 300 souls into eternity, begged the
master of the schooner to accept a bribe to
land him on a friendly shore, but he mistook
the character of the Yankee Captain, who,
being a true-blue sailor, refused to accept tho
tempting offer held ont to him, and on the
following morning handed his captive over
to Admiral Dahlgren. The concussion of
the explosion knocked a number of the ship's
crew down, but, with the exception of start
iug some knees and stanchions, did no seri
ous damage to the ship. It was fortunate
for the Ironsides and her crew that the large
hole known as the "outboard delivery,"
which in most steamships is amidships
on the starboard side, and just below the
water-line, was on tho portside ; for had it
been on the starboard side, and the manager
of the torpedo had succeeded in inserting
it into the ontboard delivery, which was
no donbb his intention, the result of the
explosion vfonld havo been awful, indeed.
The wear and tear incidental to the hard
knocks she had received during her many
engagements with the
Wagner, Sumter, Moultrie, and other sur
rounding batteries put her somewhat out
of order, and the Admiral concluded to send
her North for repairs. It was some time
after her torpedo experience that she left the
scenes where for a year she had been a ter
ror to the enemy, and sailed for the Navy
yard, Philadelphia, Pa., where she remained
for several months, during which she was
overhauled and the necessary repairs made.
Those of her crew whoso terms of enlist
ment had expired were paid off and dis
charged and their places filled by new re-
emits, among which were a number known
as " whitewashed rebs " a term applied to
men who had been in the rebel service, and,
having been made prisoners, took the oath
of allegiance and then enlisted in the serv
ice of Uncle Sam.
In October, 1864, the Ironsides, having
completed her repairs, sailed for Hampton
Roads, Ya., to join on expedition then or
ganizing for an attack upon some point on
the North Carolina coast, and Fort Fisher, )
guarding the entrance to Wilmington, soon
proved to be the object aimed at.
Soon after her arrival in Hampton Roads
the Ironsides proceeded up to the Norfolk
Navy-yard, where she was put in fighting,
trim. All her tpp-hampecwas taken dowD,
leaving nothing but her lower masts stand
ing. To protect the ship from a plunging
fire, upwards of 2,000 bags were filled with
sand and placed upon the spar-deck, after
which the ship dropped down to Fort Nor
folk, where she filled up with ammunition
and coal, and then returned to the Roads to
await further orders.
The orders to sail at last came, and on the
morning of Dec. 13ihe fleet steamed out of
the Roads and on tho following day arrived
off Beaufort, where the large ships anchored,
the smaller ones and monitors going inside.
The fleet remained four days off Beaufort,
when it again got under way, and crossing
Onslow Bay came to anchor off New Inlet.
Another week passed by, during which
MUCH HEAVY WEATHER .
On the morning of the 24th inst., the
rough sea having gone down, leaving the
water comparatively smooth, the signal to
"get. under way and prepare for action"
was made, in obedience to which the fleet
steamed in, led by the Ironsides, and each
vessel anchored in its allotted position off
The Ironsides, now under the command
of Commodore Wm. Radford he having
succeeded Capt. Rowan sometime previously
opened fire at about noon, and continued
it until the signal to retire was made at
Bundown. The fleet now moved beyond
range and achored for tho night.
During this day's bombardment the-ship
was struck a number of times. Her rail was
cut in several places, while several shot
came on board and went plowing around
among the sand-bags on the spar-deck. A
10-inch shot entered the bow, and, going
down into the sick-bay and dispensary,
smashed things up generally.
Tho next day, Christmas, fire was "again
opened at about 10 o'clock, and continued
until about dark, after which all the wooden
vessels retired out of rnnge and anchored
for the night, while the Ironsides and moni
tors remained in their positions. On the
next day the fire was not renewed nor on
the day following, but on the 28th inst.
the fleet got under way and returned to its
old anchorage off Beaufort; and thus ended
the first bombardment of Fort Fisher.
During tho night following the firt day's
bombardment the crew of the Ironsides was
treated to another torpedo-boat scare, but
after the crew had been called to quarters it
proved to be a false alarm ; the torpedo
boat turned out to bo an up-set boat, which
came drifting down toward the ship bot
tom up ; so the tired men returned to their
hammocks to seek their much-needed rest.
Tho second attack upon Fort Fisher com
menced early in the morning of Jan. 12
Again the Ironsides led the fleet into action,
and on reaching a point directly abreast of
the main works distance about, or some
thing over, half a mile anchored and
opened her terrific broadsides upon the fort,
keeping it up until night began to spread
its dark mantle over
THE AWFUL SCENE.
On tho following mortnng, at about 8
o'clock, the bombardment recommenced,
under cover of which the troops under com
mand of Gen. Terry and a force .of 2,000
sailors and marines were landed. Every
vessel of the fleet, with the exception of th
Ironsides and monitors and a fewsmall gun
boats, furnished its quota for the assaulting
party. The assault began at about 3 o'clock
p. m., and the sanguinary fight continued
until 10 o'clock,when the rattle of musketry
fire ceased, and cheer upon cheer came roll
ing over the water, which told the story
of victory for the brave soldiers, Bailors
and marines. Tho Ironsides ceased firing at
dnsk, as the gun-division officers could no
longer distinguish friend from foe.
Fort Fisher, the impregnable rebel Mala
koff, had fallen; Wilmington, the great
port of the blockade-runners, had been ef
ectually closed up, and "Secesdia" at last
Well might the brave Admiral Porter and
the gallant Gen. Terry, and the men under
them, feel proud of the great victory they
bad won and the grand results that followed.
The country owes them a debt of gratitnd
which it can never repay.
May the Government remember the sur
vivors, and the widows and orphans of those
who sacrificed their lives that it might live.
The Ironsides fought her last fight at Fort
Fisher, bnt not yet rendered her last serv
ice; for shortly after the fall of Fisher she
returned to Hampton Roads, and, on ihft
strength of a report to the effect that th
enemy's rams at Richmond ivere about to
make a raid, or, to put it in plain English,
THEIR LAST KICK
in the last ditch, the Ironsides wa3 ordered
up to City Point to give the rebel fleet ft
warm reception should they show their nosa
below Fort Darling.
She left Hampton Roads5 wilb two power
ful tugs under each quarter to assist her,
and began to pnsh her way up the James aa
far as Bermuda Hundred. Here she re
mained until Johnny Reb fell into the last
ditch and "threw up the sponge." The
rams, instead of coming down the James,
went up into the air in smoke, while the
crew, under the command of the notorious
pirate Semmes of the Alabama, made a raid
upon an old locomotive and a train of baggage-cars
in Richmond, and took possession
by " boarding," aud then drove after the fly
ing rebel Government, until bronght up
short by Grant at Appomattox.
The war being now terminated, the Iron
sides' services ended. She was pnt out of
commission and sent to League Island, on
the Delaware, and laid up. Two .years
later she was destroyed by fire, and so ended
her eventful existence.
2T COL. JOHN A. JOTCE. WASHI5GTOS, D. O.
Our ranks nre growing thinner
And Death is still n winner
Yet we utill niua slick together
Like the touirhesi kind of leather
And in any kind of weather,
Oar comrades have departed
And left tid brokcii-lienrted
But their pirit3 fondly greet us.
And they constantly entreat us
To conic, that they may meet us.
Wo are growing old and lonely
We have recollections only,
That we bied for this grand Natloa
On many a Held and station.
And with any kind of ration.
Many people may forget us
And onr enemies may fret us
Yet, while onward we are drifting,
Onr souls with hope are lifting.
To heavenly scenes still shifting,
So we still must do our duty
And Incline to Love aud Beauty
While the flag that waves above us.
And the little ones that love us.
Shall cherish and bewail us
In the Maytime of the flowers.
Wo shall live in golden hours
And our deeds be sung in story
Down the ages gi owing hoary,
With a hlazti of living glory,
Baby Slow to Learn.
New York IVctkty.l
Young Mother (to herself I don't we wSy
it is that baby doesn't talk better. He's very
Saiuo Mother (five minutes afterward)--.
Diddce ittee tootsio wootsio wakemup? Z
tumiiu' ittic puttie-, so ho was.