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THE ffATIOML TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THUKSDAY, MARCH 15, 1894
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WA&lilXGTON, D. a, MABCH 15, 1894.
MEXICAN PENSION ROLL.
One Which is Not "Furjjed," and in Which
There Are No Suspensions.
On ilie Mexican Pension KoII
there are the names of 15,215
survi ors and 7.282 widows, and
gomefilsing over J5.000 eases were
pending at latest reports. This
makes a total of 25,497, or sev
eral thousand more men than
the I'nited States had in Mexico
at any one time during: the war.
These all receive cither S or
$12 a month.
Among the names are those
eC the widow of Gen. Samuel
Cooper, a Xew Yorker by birth,
who was Adjutant-General of
ike Vnitecl States Army at the
outbreak of the war, and used
his position to aid the rebels in
preparing for the struggle. He
resigned his position to become
Adjutant-General of the South
ern Confederacy, and officiated
as such until the rebellion col
lapsed. Mrs. Cooper has been
drawing a. pension since June
The wielow of Thomas J.
(''Stonewall") Jackson, who
was next to X,ee the most popu
lar commander of the rebel
The widow of Maj .-Gen. George
!EL Pickett, who commanded a
division in the rebel army.
Then idowoOIaj. -Gen. Gideon
J. Pillow, who commanded a di
Tision in. the rebel army.
The -H idow ofXicut.-Gen. A. P.
3X111, who commanded one of
tie three corps of JLee's army.
The widow of Sidney Smith
Xee, v.ho was dismissed from
tise A'sivy for 4fc going over to the
eemy,' and afterward became
t Commodore in the rebel navy.
Brig.-Gen. Jas. IS. Chalmers,
who was Forrest's chief lieu
tenant. Maj.-Gen. Iabney U. Maury,
who commanded the rebel
troops at the battle of Chicka
Hon. S. B. Maxey, late United
States Senator from Texas, who
feas been drawing his pension
since May 27, 1887. He was a
Major-Genera! in the rebel
Hon. Jas. Z. George, Senator
from Mississippi, and who
served in the rebel army as a
Colonel. The number of his
certificate is 17,214.
Hon. A. H. Colquitt, Senator
from Georgia, who was a Major
General in the rebel army,
draws a pension under certili
The widows above mentioned
are of men who were educated
at the Government expense, and
afterward fought to destroy the
Government. They went on the
roll at once, while last April
there it ere pending the claims
of 145,520 widows of Union sol
diers who had not yet been able
to get on the roll.
SIGHTS fip SCENES 1
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AN OPEN LETTER
To the Commissioner of
Hon. Win. Locltrcn.
Comrade : A letter from Second Deputy
Commissioner of Pensions H. C. Bell, and
which was read on the floor of the House by
Hon. B. A. Enloe, makes the statement that
you expect to "save" $25,000,000 this year
from the amount of money placed at your
disposal by Congress to pay the Nation's
just debts to its veteran creditors.
That there maybe no room for misappre
hension as to the matter, we give the exact
language of your assistant's letter :
f I hnvo stated that, estimating on tho bnsis of tho
t-viiciiuiiuru ior pensions lor mo iirsi mi munum
of llio present fiscal year, tho disbursements for
tho entire year would not exceed S 1 -10,000.000, nnd.
ns the Appropriation for the present cnrisS165,
000.000, this would leave on July 1 nest a bitiplus
I of 25,000.000 unexpended in the Treasury.
This lias all the air of an official express
ion of the policy of the Pension Bureau. To
soy that it is intensely alarming to the ex
soldiers of the country is stating it very
mildly. It was frightful a few weeks ago,
when you announced that you intended
"saving"$l 5,000,000 in this way. What can it
he wheu it is learned that you iulcnd adding
the immense sum of $10,000,000 more to the
first-mentioned enormous amouut! It seems
that the appetite for "saving," like the ap
petite for power and wealth, grows with
exercise, lhe inevitable outcome ol such a
passion, indulged in without, restrict ion, is
that the Pension Bureau will conceive that
its function is not to pay out lhe money ap
propriated for pensions, but to keep it from
being paid out; that its chief aim will be
not to execute the laws, bnt to put obstacles
in the way of their execution, and to meas
ure its efficiency and success by the extent
to which it defeats the very purpose of its
creation and maintenance.
There is no escape from this conclusion.
Any other is, in fact, impossible.
The special function of the Pension Bureau
is the adjudication of claims arising out of
the coulracls entered into by the Govern
ment with the men who enlisted in its mili
tary or naval service. Much the greater
part of its business for the last 30 years has
been the settlement of the claims of the
2,000,000 men who were in those services
from 1861 to 18G5. This was an extra
ordinary time, the number of men with
whom it had to deal was utterly unpre
cedented in the history of the world, and the
unparalleled fierceness and duration of the
struggle brought to the Bureau a wholly un
exampled volume of business. Like every
thing else connected with that war, the pen
sion business had necessarily to be gigantic
But the country and Congress represent
ing it intended that this should bs done in
a prompt and satisfactory manner, as other
matters had been managed, and so the Pen
sion Bureau was given phenomenal facilities
for transacting its business. A magnificent
building, costing millions of dollars, was
erected especially for its office, and an army
of skilled and well-paid clerks were assigned
to the work. We say " army " advisedly, for
the reason that, counting those in the field,
Examining Surgeons, etc., its numbers equal
those of the force -which Gen. Washington
usually had under his command during the
Revolution, and are greater than those of
the army with which Gen. Taylor invaded
Mexico and won the great victories of Mon
terey and Buena Vista. Its cost of main
tenance is also much greater.
What wonderful results have we not
reason to expect from the employment for a
long period of such an immense force of
carefully-selected, highly-trained, and well
paid Americans? Nothing humanly pos
sible would seem to be out of reach of its
a ccompl ish m en t.
-Two things, yea three, at once thrust
themselves forward for consideration.
The first is that this immense force, grad
ually growing to its present proportions, we
admit, but always very large, has been
working assiduously and interruptedly
upon the mass of claims for a period ap
proaching 30 years approximately the life
of a generation.
The second is that, assuming that their
labor has been directed with only the most
ordinary skill and intelligence, they must
have completed an immense amount of
work. As things go in the business world,
a pension claim is not at all an intricate or
difficult piece of work. There are but few
essential facta connected with it, and these
arc not at all difficult to determine.- Much
the greater part of the proof required lies
close at band in the carefully-compiled rec
ords of the War Department Matters a
hundredfold more intricate than the knot
tiest pension case ever presented to the Pen
sion Bureau are constantly being settled in
a few days' or weeks' time in the business
houses or the courts of the country, with
out any blare of trumpets or any
considerable expense. Therefore it can
not help being true that every essen
tial, necessary fact in hundreds of thou
sands of the 711,000 cases now pending
in the Pension Bureau was long ago ascer
tained, collated, given its proper valae and
adjustment to the other facta iu brief, that
there are hundreds of thousands of cases in
your hands which are now and have been
for years entirely ready for allowance. To
say otherwise is to assume an utterly un
warranted low estimate of the intelligence
and ability of tho employes and Commis
sioners of the Pension Bureau, and to rate
their efficiency far below that of any other
similar force of employes of the Govern
ment. The third is, that with all these claims'
ready for settlement, to now turn back into
tho Treasury $25,000,000 given expressly to
make those settlements is, in every aspect
from which, it can be viewed, astounding
and its defenso impossible. The people
have strongly intended that the men and
women who have earned the right to pen
sions should be paid at tho very moment
that they succeeded in establishing that
right. Congress has provided and main
tained a great office for tho adjudication of
the claims, and labor beyond computation
has been expended in the work of adjudica
tion. Now all this is nullified, set aside,
defeated, by the arbitrary decision to with
hold tho money from those to whom it is
due, and return it to the Treasury.
This is the cold, legal, business view of the
matter the one that would bo taken if a
Secretary of the Treasury should choose to
withhold the payment of $25,000,000 which
Congress had given him to disburse to con
tractors for river and harbor improvements
or for armor plates. It is the view that
would be taken by a business house of the
refusal of a bank to pay the collections it
had mado for it.
The other view is the higher one of honor,
mercy and justice. The men to whom this
$25,000,000 is duo have waited many years
for their rights; they have gone to great
trouble aud expense to prove their claims;
they have suffered incredibly from the need
of the money owed them, and they are now
old and broken, and thousands of them will
be dead even before the end of this fiscal
year, of which Mr. Bell speaks so glibly.
The average value of the first payments last
year was $240.19. This sum you propose to
"save" would, therefore, make the first pay
ments to more than 100,000 veterans, and
bring the glad sunlight of contentment
and justice to that many homes now dark
ened by Want and made gloomy by repin
iugs at the country's ingratitude.
We beg you, comrade, to barken to a voice
which is far higher than that of mere political
expediency and give these men their dues
give them the only consolation that is left
them as they approach tho dread Valley of
Shadows the consolation of knowing that
their country is not unmindful of all that
they did and suffered for her, and that she
remembers them in their hour of need.
The Natiox at, Tribune.
Hon. B. A. Enloe, of Tennessee, of whom
and from whom the veterans have heard
much, was very properly selected to make
the main speech in defense of the present
peusion policy. Enloe is a leader of that
class who are constantly protesting that they
desire every honorable veteran to be prop
erly pensioned, but yet never by any chance
find any veteran exactly good enough to be
pensioned, nor any pension law that is not
unduly liberal. Always begiuning witk
some cant about his love for the deserving
soldier he never fails to say the most rancor
ous things his imagination can devise about
soldiers as a class, and those in particular
who happen to be under discussion. lie be
longs to the generation which grew up in
the South during aud after the war, and
which has a hatred for the Union soldiers
far exceeding that entertained by their
fathers who fought them in the field. It is
analogous to that of the Nortnern Copper
heads, who hated and traduced the men who
were so much more unselfish and patriotic
than they as to go to the field and fight for
the country, while they staid at home
and showed their fangs and hissed.
Just what Enloe means by his cant
about a "deserving soldier," or a "liberal
pension" is so far a mystery, because no man
who served on the Union side during the
rebellion has earned that praise from him,
and probably tho smallest of fractional rates
of the Pension Bureau are deemed by him
unduly " liberal."
Enloe began by setting up this man of
straw, and belaboring him lustily:
I wnnt to see tho color of tho man's eye, I want
to know the complexion of tho man politically, I
want to see tho man who will rise in his placo here
and say that tho Government shall not have the
power to protect its Treasury against fraud. If
thcie is any gentleman on this aide or on thai who
wants to get up and lako the position before the
American people, who is willlr.fr to stnrid up in the
Thco of the American people and say that the power
shall not he furnished to an Executive ofiicer of
the Government to protect the Treasury ugninst
fraud and ugaiust perjury and against forgery, I
want to see tho gentleman who has tho courage to
Now, what was the sense of all that
Who is there iu the whole United Stales
who has opposed pension investigation?
Who has offered tho slightest obstacle to
any legitimate and honest inquiry into all
the circumstances connected with pension al
lowances? Who is there anywhere that says that
Government shall not protect itself against
Have not the veterans and their friends,
one and all, without exception, courted in
vestigation, challenged it, and offered their
assistance in making it?
What gigantic impudence a man must
have to talk that way, in face of the well
known attitude of every organization of
veterans in the country and every friend
and advocate of the veterans.
Enloe is not only a slanderer, but a
He came into tho House loaded to the
guards with stuff to bolster up his asser
tions, but this was quickly riddled by the
skilful cross-questioning of Representatives
Tawney, Mahon, Marsh, Grosvenor, and
Thomas, until ho had to appeal to the
Speaker. Mr. Marsh forced him squarely
into the admission that he was suppressing
material facts in regard to tho service of
members of the 182d Ohio, which was one
of the main bulwarks of his speech.
An illustration of the hypocricy of his
cant about "deserving soldiers" and "liberal
pensions" was his labored attempt to show
that Justice Long was not lawfully entitled
to even $50 a month. If Justice Long is not
a "deserving veteran," we should like to
have one pointed out that is, and also to have
what Mr. Enloe's hjgapf a " liberal " pension
would be to a manwliu"had his arm shot off
in battle, and received, in addition a wound
which causes a permanent running sore,
which has to bo dressed twice a day, and
which will kill hinijifdt closes.
We are sure that Mr. luloe would not take
Justice Long'ij disabilities for $72 an hour.
The State Deparirie)nJfc has shown it3 in
telligent appreciation '6f public conditions
and needs in this "W.ilon Bill period by tho
publication of a bulky volume on "Vagrancy
and Public Charities in Poreign Countries."
The brightest thing that Secretary Gresham
has done siuce entering office has been this
prompt recognition of public need of infor
mation as to tho best ways of providing for
those who are reduced to need by the willo-pus-wollopus
of Tariff Reform.
Very naturally, and very properly, tho
greater part of the book is taken up with
details of the management of pauperism in
that Paradise of Free Trade Great Britain.
No other country in the world has such a
large proportion of absolute paupers in her
population, and, to her credit bo it said,
none does more to properly care for them.
One man and woman in every 30 of the
population of England is a chronic, hopeless
pauper, who has to bo supported all the
time, while an additional large percentage
are "casuals" who get occasional relief.
Consul Lathrop reports that the rich city
of Bristol spends $1,000,000 a year in caring
for its paupers. As Bristol has only 200,000
inhabitants, this means a lax for this pur
pose alone of $5 a head, or $25 a family.
Tho Parliamentary statistics show that one
in every 25 of the people of Bristol is a
chronic pauper. Through the rest of the
towns and cities of the Kingdom the ratio
runs about the same, except in London,
where it is much higher.'
The whole Kingdom is divided for pauper
provision into 630 "unions." Each of these
has a workhouse, where the habitual pau
pers are supported, and the "casuals" given
food, lodging, etc. The total number of
men of this latter class given relief every
day iu these institutions is from 5,500 to
7,700. The women and children are addi
tional. 'In 1S73 the population of England and
Wales was 22,708,013. In-door paupers,
154,171; out-door, 730,440; total, 893,617.
In 1883 the population was 25,972,119.
Ont-door paupers, 609,170; in-door paupers,
194,672; total, 803,848..'.'
THE SUSPENSIONS KEMOVED.
Immediately aftr the passage of the act
of Dec.21, 3893, we urged the Commissioner
of Pensions to irnrhediately restore all those
who had been suspended and pay them the
amounts which had been withheld. Itseems
that, before doing so, ho applied to the Attorney-General
for(an. ptcrpretation of the
statute. This he "fih3 apparently received,
and as to its character we can judge by an or
der issued by the Commissioner March 12, in
which he direcls that immediate steps shall
be taken to remove suspensions on pensions
in all cases in which such action has not
already been taken.
It was stated on the floor of the House by
Mr. Enloe that the Commissioner had $500,
000 held up waiting for this decision.
Commenting on the order the Commis
sioner said :
This order directs the removal of suspensions in
nil cased in which action of resumption of pay
ments or dropping from the rolls lias not already
been taken, Jt Iihs become ncecus.try to do this
under the act of Congress of Dec. 21, 1893, as it has
boen construed by tho Attorney-General to in
cludo all cases of pending huspension of pay
ment of pensions, even where the cvideuco of
fraud or lack of title U strong and convincing. Tho
result will be to pay out a large amount of money
from the Trensury to porsous who aro defrauding
This is pretty strong criticism on the Con
gress which passed the law aud the Presi
dent who approved it, but we can leave the
Commissioner to settle that matter with
-The statement is, however, far from being
accurate. The CouimiB3ioner has just as
much power as he ever had to revoke an un
lawful pension, only he must do it in a law
ful manner. The Government has every
power to protect itself against fraud, but it
must prove that there is fraud, and the
accused must have the rights of an Amer
ican citizen to defend himself.
Theee is no doubt that the landing of
the British troops at Bluefields has direct
reference to the Nicaragua Canal project. Tho
Isthmus of Panama is about the only great
highway of tho world that is not directly
under the British guns, and we can rest
assured that there will be no sparing of
effort to get it so. This is an old scheme of
Great Britain's. She gained a foothold on
the "Musketo Coast" as early as 1740, and
retained it in spite of the efforts of Spain to
get her to leave' the' country. Several
treaties were madejto that effect which she
disregarded. In 1823116 had, in accordance
with her usual policy in! getting control of
countries, a native Indian crowned as "King
of the Mosketo Nation." ' When he died his
place was taken liy thp British Agent at
Balize. In 1848 Great Britain declared a
protectorate over the country, aud seized the
important port of San Juan. This was
strongly resisted by the United States and
tho Central American Republics. The
Taylor-Pillrnore Administration came into
power in 1849, and at once took steps to have
the protectorate withdrawn. There was a
quantity of sharp diplomatic correspondence
and a little smell of gunpowder. But Gen.
Zach Taylor was then President, and he was
not a man to be easily bluffed into sur
rendering American rights. Tho result was
tho celebrated Claytou-Bulwer Treaty, iu
which the Monroe doctrine was reaffirmed,
San Juan made a free port, and thfi country
given to Nicaragua.
A3T EXTRA COPY.
Some comrades may receive an extra copy
of this week's National Tribune, which
they are reqnested to hand to some other
comrade who, they know, is not a subscriber,
but should be. Every man who wore tho
blue should be on the subscription-list of
The National Tbibune during this great
fight for veterans' rights. Try to bring all
the boys into camp. The more subscribers
TnE National Tbibune has, tho better
fight it can make.
Representative Springer asked a
question, to which ho knew tho answer
quite as well a? any man in the House. He
wanted to know why Illinois, having more
population than Ohio, had but 68,000 pen
sioners receiving $11,019,000, while Ohio had
102,961 pensioners receiving $17,326,000.
In Indiana, $900,000 were distributed to the
Congressional district; in Ohio, $355,000;
while in Illinois but $500,000 were distrib
uted to the district. The reason i3 that a
large portion of tho population of Illinois
are foreigners who have gone to Chicago
since the war. During the war the popu
lation of Illinois was much smaller than
that of Ohio, and, while she did her wholo
duty, she was credited with only 259,147
enlistments, while Ohio had 319,659, or
60,512 more. Then, too, a much larger pro
portion of Illinois than Ohio soldiers went
further west after their discharge.
Hon. H. W. Blair reminded the House
that when he was Senator, some years ago,
a friend of bis, ai:d a brother Senator, was
so impressed with the belief that the pension-roll
was tainted with fraud that he pre
pared a bill, and secured its passage, to pub
lish the name, regiment, etc., of every
pensioner on the roll. This was done at
great expense, and the books distributed
throughout the country where everybody
could see them. If any frauds were discov
ered, or any " purification of the rolls " found
necessary, he had never heard of it
Gen. Grosvenor made a point on Enloe
that penetrated deeply, when he showed
with all that gentleman's prating about
yearning for economy, he had introduced no
less than 72 bills to lavishly reimburse
Southern gentlemen who had their chicken
coops robbed or their fence railn burned by
the Lincoln soldiery. One bill of Enloe's
proposed to take $68,000,000 out of the
Treasury to pay back the cotton tax.
Soldier-hating papers cannot speak of
Gen. Black's speech without going into
ecstacy of delight over his soldiership. But
for Col. IX B. Henderson, who replied to him,
they have nothing but sneers and condemna
tion. Yet Col. Henderson was every bit as
gallant a soldier as Gen. Black, and had risen
from a sick-bed where he was thrown by a re
amputation of his wounded leg in order to
defend his comrades in the House.
Hon. H. W. Blair reminded the House
that when tho Mexican pension bill was
under consideration the Southern Repre
sentatives and Senators demanded it should
be made a service pension bill, pure and
simple, nnd this was done. He might have
added that one of the first men to take ad
vantage of its provisions was Gen. "Cerro
Gordo " WilliamSj one of the wealthiest
men in Kentucky, and then a Senator from
Those Canadian fellows ought not to be
too ostentatious about going down to Hawaii
to fight for the deposed Queen. There are
about 1,000,000 young men in this country
who would like nothing better than a little
excursion to the Hawaiian Islands, with
some gentle open-air exercise after their
If every portion of the Wilson Bill were
eliminated that is hurtful to the interests of
the country, it would pasa unanimously.
But there would be little left of it but the
title, which ia a lie.
HAVE YOU WIUTTKN?
Have you written to your Senators and
Representative asking that they secure
legislation by which every claim now on
file in the Pension Bureau be made " special "
and settled by the end of this year? If not,
do not delay any longer in doing so. This
is important for you and every comrade.
BY AI.TA ISADOUE GOULD, MORELT, MICH.
It was a plain white missive
Which came in the evening mail.
Why should the vejtcran tremble
Aud his sunken cheek grow palo
As with quivering lip he read it?
'Twai a message fraught with woe.
For it made him shrink and shudder
As beneath an awful blow.
In the lines so few nnd formal
A blow hail come to him.
Implying doubt aud insult,
Which made his eyes grow dim.
He who had fought so bravely,
With never a doubt or fear.
With only n blind devotion
To the cause ho held so dear;
Willi never a word of question,
Only pure, unbounded faith,
Till he left an arm behind hiiu
On :i dreadful field of death.
Then, as a poor, helpless cripple.
He had seen the troops march on.
Leaving him fainting, praying
That the victory might bo won.
He had never quailed in battlo
As ho did before this note,
Which the man at the Pension Bureau
With calm indifference wrote.
He had never paled and trembled
While under the leaden hail,
Or ilinchod at tho roar of cannon
As now at this bit of mail.
And this wns the bitter message
He read with a sinking heart:
"You are from the rolls suspended
Till you further proof impart."
And tho cruel word "Suspended"
Was all ho could read aright,
Aa he slowly left the office
And sought his home that night.
Heart-failure wns tho verdict
Of tho doctor old and gray,
Ab beneath the clods of Winter
Poor Jim wns laid away.
But his many friends suspected,
And It strikes mo just tho same.
That tho list, " Suspended Penalon,
Bears auother victim's name.
THE AMERICAN FARMER.
Yon can get a year's subscription to that
splendid agricultural paper, The American
Farmer, by sending in three yearly sub
scriptions to The National Tribune.
FAMOUS ADVENTURES AND PRISON ES
CAPES OF THE CIVIL WAR. Published by
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This great book will be of unfailing interest
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REED'S PARLIAMENTARY RULES. A Manual
of General Parliamentary Lw. Uv Tliomn B.
Reed. Published by Rind. MoNally & Co., Chi
cago. Price, in red cloth, 73 cent.
Mr. Reed's raro ability, profound learning,
lucidity of expression, and deep knowledge of
the subjects of which the book treats, which
aro admitted aliko by the members of bis party
aud bis political opponents, lmvo all been
brought to bear upon the production of this
volume, which is a well-written, concise hand
book of tho subject. Rnles to govern, and sug
gestions to meet every conceivable contingency
arising at meetings of mon called together to
dclibernto or transact business, are salient fea
tures of the work.
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT. A Novel. By
I'edor Dostoiefl'iky. Translated from tho Ru
sian by Frederick Wiahnw. Price, paper, GO cents;
A psychological study, and a remarkably
strong story, relating to the sure oucoming of
retribution after crime.
SELL NOT THYSELF. A Novel. I'.y Winnifrcd
Jvout. Published by Lnird fc Lee. Chicngo.
Magazines ami Notrs.
Confederate War Journal for March contains
nn oxcellont panoramic view of New Orleans in
1862. The battlo of Shiloh is described by
Maj.-Gen. Braxton Brapg. in a report written
at Corinth, Miss,, 1862.
Table Talk. A fine periodical for the house
keeper, contains valuable advice and useful
t hints about tho management of the kitchen
and table. Published at 1113 Chestnut street,
I'll iladel pit in. Price 10 cents, or $1 a year.
Home and Country is an illustrated monthly
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year, or 25 cents a copy.
THE BEST WAY
To get ready for the great fight for soldiers'
rights is to get up big clubs for the veterans'
champion, The National Tribune.
Total amount paid on account
of bonds and interest notes,
principal, interest, and pre
mium, to bondholders to June
30, 1803, since and including
fiscal year 1861:
Interest . .
Total . . SI, 146.031,712.o8
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Published at 1729 New York
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trice, only 50 Cents a Ye'a
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tional agricultural paper. It circulates in
every part of the country, and represents the
interests of all the farmers in the Nation.
Being located at the seat of Government
and the only agricultural paper that is
it has special facilities for getting informa
tion of real interest to all farmers of all that
goes on affecting them in Congress, or in
any of the Departments of the Government.
This will be of particular importance to all
farmers this Winter, when there will be a
prolonged and bitter struggle in Congress
over the policy of protecting farm products.
The American Farmer is on the side of
the farmers, and bitterly hostile to the an
nounced program of placing wool on the
free list, and reducing the dnties on other
agricultural products. It denounces this as
making the farmers bear the greatest part of
the weight of the alleged tariff reform, and
protests against this sacrifice of the farmers
in favor of other interest". Every one who
favors justice and right to farmers and
not political buncombe, should rally to
its support and give it the utmost strength
by doing what they can to extend it3 circula
tion. Now is the time to do this, before Con
gress takes up the wool and farming products
The paper is a large eight-page quarto,
printed in large type, on fine white paper,
and plentifully illustrated. It is filled with
matter of great practical interest to all
The National Tribune will be sent
with The American Farmer for one year for
$1.25. Present subscribers to The National
Tribune can have 'Hie American Farmer
for one year by sending 25 cents additional.
It is reported thnt MrsU. S. Grant has decided
not to publish her memoirs of her husband, ns it
is her wish that this book shall not bo published
until after her death. Several publishers have had
the opportunity to look it over, and it is said that
one has offered $50,000 for the work.
Tho War Department will soon issue a pamphlet
giving u list of the officers nnd privntes about
2,000 who have thus far received the bronze medal
of honor for gallantry iu the civil wnr. Some old
soldiers think the value of these medals has been
depreciated by the liberal way in which they have
Ex-Vice-PresIdent Levi P. Morton, who has been
ill in Paris from the effects of nn operation per
formed on his left foot, is nearly recovered, nnd
expects soon to be able to walk out of doors.
Tho suggestion of Gov. McKinley that a stntne
of ex-President Hayes should appear In the group
of Ohio's leading men in her Stntehouse yard meets
Maj. Schieren, of Brooklyn, nnd ex-Secretary
Trncy were the guests of honor at the New York
Republican Club dinner on Monday. The after
dinner discussion was "Municipal Reform."
Gen. Miles, the veteran Indian lighter, and his
Aid-de-Camp, Capt. Maus, made a visit to Sandy
Hook, N. J., on the steamer Ordnance, nnd were
received with a snlute. He was greatly delighted
with the exhibition of modern guns such ns in all
his long service he never saw before. Firing from
small guns, largo siege rifles, nnd the largest coa3t
defense guns, including tho largo 12-inch mortars,
was kept up with amazing rapidity. The Crozior
disappearing gun carriage was ngain successfully
William Dowd, who wns n gunner on the old ship
Hartford, nnd helped Fnrrngut through the fa
mous scrimmages nt New Orleans nnd Mobile Bay,
is now n teamster iu New York, and had his house
burned the other night. All he tried to save was a
case containing an old Hag, made by Mrs. Farragut
nnd her friends, aud kept at the peak iu those two
famous engagements. He did save it, and will re
turn it to Farragut Post, its owner.
MHJ.-Gen. Oliver O. Howard has been granted
permission by Congress to accept from the Presi
dent of the French Ropiiblie u diploma conferring
on him the decoration of the National Order of the
Legion of Honor.
The Into Mrs. Mary Horaonwny, of Boston, will
i,., i,n. ,,, t-... .. i m . i. i .i
hao her memory kept green in that oily by the
simple act of pieseivlng the historic Old South
Church. This Is but one of the tnasy ways ia
which sho showed ber great philanthropy.
Tho rudo mining cabins of Senator Perkins nnd
tho millionaire John W. Muck ay aro displayed at
tho Mid winter Fair, and are objects of great inler
eit. Both of tho owners built these bnmbla homes
with their own hands.
Thoso who made their fortunes by taking Hornca
Greeley's advice "Go "West, young man" have
been naked to contribute towards completing tho
fund for tho statuo to Greeley to bo erected at
Broadway, Sixth venue, nnd Thirty-second street.
New York, nnd which will probably be unvailcd
on Memorial Day.
Mary Washington's memory h finally to be hon
ored by the erection of a monument at Fredericks
burg. Vn. It will bo dedicaled May 9 or 10, under
tho auspico:! of tho National Mary 'Wasbingloa
Monument Association. Tho Marine Bund has
been enpiyed for the occasion, nnd n. banquet will
be given in tho Opera House. The question of
glrlng a Colonial ball at night Is under considera
tion. Many distinguished guests will be present.
Tho St. Croix Danish West Indies Bulletin con
tains a personal of Comrade Alexander Henderson,
who celebrated his 25th year of police service at
Frederiksted. The paper states: "To-dny com
pletes the above period of time sinco ho first
donned his Majesty's uniform and became an arm
of tho law. Previous to this Mr. Henderson was
one of Uncle Sam's blue-jackets during the war and
nfter, and in 1867 lie bade an affectionate adieu to tho
Stars and Stripes nnd returned home, since when
he has served under hit own loved Dannebrog,
Appointed policeman Nov. 22. 1S08. ho filled tho
portion until 1S78, when he was promoted PoHco
Clerk, which post he Mill fills. During the ab
sence of our venerable Police Adjutant on one or
two occasions Mr. Henderson acted in his sted, and
I believe he has always Riven satisfaction In tha
discharse of tho various duties which have been
aligned him, thus meriting tho approbation of
his superiors." Mr. Henderson served during tho
war on tho U. S. 8. Pembina, of the West Gulf
Blockade Squadron, and afterwards on tha
Veterans of the Country's Grandest Army
"Who Have Answered the Last Call.
Senders of obituaries will please adhere strictly
to the form in which the notices below aro worded.
Notices must be brief and be ent immediately after
the event to which they rclate.l
Howe. At Brooklyn. Conn.. Fih a nf nnraiu
of the heart, Frederick S. Howe, SGth'Conu.. aged
will be much missed at its meetiiii- n hU tIaon nn.
u ..i.o xycui-uii tu me n.ipiiai cutircu. nna
rarely vacant. He was drawing n pension of 517 a
month. He was a member of McGregor Post. 27.
White. At National Military Home, Indiana,
recently. James C. White. Lieutenant. Co. G. -Hth
Mass., nnd Captain. Co. F. 2d Mass. Art. The com
rade enlisted In IG2 nnd served until September,
1865. when he wni honorably discharged. Tom
Bennett Post, of which the deceased was an hon
ored member, passed resolutions on his denth. A
widow nnd son survive him.
Wilson-. At Riverdnle. III., Feb. 25. by railroad
engine. .Jamei H. Wilson, Co. K, 2tiih III., aged 51.
He was buried under the auspices of Post 439. Ha
leavrs n widow nnd one child.
NiCHOLSos. At Junction City. Knn.. Feb. 10. C.
I Nicholson. Co. I. 1st Wis. Cav., nged 59. Ho was
a member of Junction City Post. 132. He hail held
many honorable position In the Post, nnd was a
Past Commander. He wns buried by the Post. He
was drawing pension of 216 per month for gun
shot wound in hand.
SIcllet. At Reno. Ncv., Feb. 16. Dr. C. J. Mul
len. frili Ind.. aged 43. Comrade Mullen was bora
In Indiana, nnd entered the service ScpL 17. 1861. as
Musician, nnd served until Sept. 9, 1862. His
funeral, which was under the auspices of Mitchell
Post, 1.7. was attended by the W.R.C. and citizens
generally. He was buried hi the G.A.IL plot.
Hall. At Taunton, Mass.. Feb. 21. Frederick
Hall. Co. F, 7lh .Mass. He was a member of Post 3.
McCay. At New Harmony, Ind.. Sept. 26. 1893,
of Bright's disease. H. C. McCay. Co. A. 4th Cal.
OOELL. At New Harmony, Ind., Jan. 18. of
pneumonia. Wm. Odell. Corporal, Co. D. 9IatInd.
S.NELL15G. At New Harmony. Ind., Feb. 8, of
heart disease, Enoch Snelling, Lieutenant, Co. A.
MiLi.nn. At Valparaiso. Ind.. Feb. 13, Abra
ham Miller. Co. 12.36th Ohio, aged 71. He had
been a great sufferer for 29 years. He enlisted Aug.
21, 1S6I, as a private, nnd served until discharged
at Patterson Park Hospital, where he wns confined
on account of a gunshot wound in tiie right thigh.
He was discharged Marchl6,IS55,servingoverthreo
years. Mr. Miller was a member of Chaplain
Brown Post. He leaves a widow and six children.
Haktigas-. At Trieste. Austria, Jan. 30, Dr. J.
E. Hartigan. Co. I. 99th N. Y. At the time of his
aentli lie Hold the ofhea ot American Consul, to
which he had been appointed by President Har
rison. His home was in Washington, D. CL. of
which city he had been Coroner. The State De
partment has ordered his remains to be brought
Vasdkeslick. At Peekskill. N. Y., Feb. 28,
Capt. Joseph Henry Vanderslice. aged 63.
He enlisted in the Army in 1S51 aa a private ia
Co. A, Corps of Engineers, at West Point. For 10
years he was a member of that company. He
served through the rebellion, and for bravery at
Antietam on Sept. 17. 1863, was brevetted Captain.
He was retired on account of disability April 23,
1879. Between the war and his retirement he was
on duty at various stations ou the Pacific Coast.
His widow, who was Miss Meeks. of Montgomery,
N. Y., survives him.
Jes.vings. At Harrisburg. Pa., Feb.2S. of heart
disease. Col. W. W. Jennings, aged 55. When tha
wnr broke ont he joined ttie Lochiel Grays aa a
private, but wassoou chosen Lieutenant, He after
wards raised a regiment, and obtained a Colonel's
commission. Iu the Fall of 1S63 he was elected
Sheriff of Dauphin County, but afterwards aban
doned his official position and devoted himself
once more to his foundry.
Willahd. At Beachmont. Mjvss., March 7, of
heart disease. Elijah Willard. 1st Mass. H. A., aged
78. Comrade Willard was born at Berlin. Conn.,
aud prior to the wnr carried on his business as
enrpenternnd builder in Lynn. Mass. At the ex
piration of his terra in the 1st Mass. H. A. he en
listed in Co. A, Ilth Mass. Cav.. nnd took part ia
the many engagements of that regiment, until
wounded at Antietam, after which ho was trans
ferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps. In which he
served until the close of the war. He never fully
recovered from the disabilities which ho received,
and after his return to the life of a citizen it was
but n short time before he was practically disabled
from carrying on active business. He was a mem
ber of W. S. Eaton Post, of Revere. He leaves a
widow and five children.
Bailky. At Danbury, Conn.. March 4, James L
Bailey, 7th Conn., aged 53. Mr. Bailey was bora
in Albany, N. Y aud moved to Danbury in I860,
and worked at the carpenter's trade. At the out
break of the war he enlisted, and served through
the wnr. He was captured at the battle of Gettys
burg, and sent to Belle Island Prison for two
mouths. A widow survives him. -i
Mobrisos. At New Germantown, Pa.. Nov. 5,
1893. Comrade Morrison, aged G7 years. Ho was a
member of Post 545, and many of the comrades
attended his funeral, althouch he had lived mora
than eight miles from the Post. He leaves one
son and three daughters.
Lacey. At Hornellsvllle, N. Y.. recently. S. J.
Lacey, Co. G. 72d N. Y.. nged 50. Comrade Lncey
enlisted in 1S62. and served until the close of the
wnr. He entered the service of tho Erie Railroad
Company as a brnkeman on the western division
in 1866. and in 1S70 was transferred to the Buffalo
division. Ho was made a freight conductor ia
1S71, and in 1S82 was promoted to passenger con
ductor, which position he rilled continuously and
honorably up to Feb. 1. when he was stricken with
tho paralytic shock which four days nfter ended
his life. He leaves a widow and two children.
Mclholland. At Milwaukee. Wis., Feb. 25,
Capt. Peter Mulholland, Co. K. 27th Wis. Capt.
Mulhollnnd was a member of H. M. Walker Post,
18, which attended his funeral in a body.
Bailky. At Auburn. Me., Feb. 6. Gilbert H.
Bniley, 29th Me., aged 61. Comrade Bailey was a
member of Biiriisido Post, which attended his fu
neral iu a body. The ritual service was used. The
pallbearers were members of his regiment. A,
widow and one dnushter survive him.
Wklch. At New York City, Feb. 20, John Welch,
Co. C, 4th N. Y. Cav.. aged 63. He was a member
of Sedgwick Post. The 4th N. Y. Cav. Association
attcuded the funeral in a body.
THE QUESTION SQUAD.
Vete raus Anxious to Find Their Comrade Wha
Can Aid Them!
Inquiries for tho whereabouts of persons will ba
published in this column once, free. Writers
will kindly follow the form below. By wntching
our Reunion columns during Reunion season the
wherenbouts of Secretaries having regimental ros
ters mnp be ascertained.!
Illinois. Of James H. Graves, Co. A. 41st 111.,
nnd William Rem ley. Co. B, 50th III.; by James
Ward, Polo. Mo. Of L. Shook, Co. F. 103d. who
was a clerk at Irving Prison; by H. K. Goodale,
Box 275. Grand Lodge. Mich.
Indiana. Of Co. B, 9th Ind., who served under
Capt. John Cramer; by Emanuel Bodeuhamer,
Miscellaneous. Of Jacob F. Bower, whoserved
intholllh Regiment Veteran Relief Corps; by J.
A. Teter, Slater, Mo. Of Dr. W. A. Short, Sur
geon iu Hickory Street Hospital. St. Louis, Mo.,
in 1SC2; byD. Montague, Porihind. Ore. Of tho
Second Division, Sixth Corjw (sharpshooters) who
were on duty at Petersburg, Vn.. in 1864. '65; by E.
W. Barton. Lisbon. N. D. Of Marie McCracken;
by Addie Grant. Flair Play, Mo.
Missouur. Of Amos P. Curry, Captain, Co. B,
10th Mo. Cav., or any member of Co. B; by P. P.
Moore, Seneca, Knn.
New Jersey. Of Orderly-Serg't Stephen M.
Cogill. Co. A, 7th N. J.; by W. N. Reynolds, Tunk
New York. Of Norton Gregory, Co. G. 141st N.
Y or any comrade who was with writer ou march
through Georgia mid North Carolina; by E. J.
Harris, Hudson. S. D. Of Frank J. Doris. 9th
N.Y. (ilawkinaNZoiuivcsl; last heard of in Mis
souri; by P. J. O'Brien, No. 31 Montgomerystreet,
New York City. Of Co. B. 40th N. Y.. who knew
James Slavin during tho Sprincof 1865; by J. A.
Matlick. Konesaw, Neb. Of Wil.iam Glasgow,
Co. A, 13th N. Y.; Inst beard from in Colorado: by
Frank N. Hart. Rochester. N. Y. Of John Cor
dovor, who enlisted iu a New York regiment; by
G. A. Hines. Sutton City, Wash. Of Jus. Gildey,
Co. G. 47lh N. Y who enlisted in 1861. mid was
nonoraoiy uiscnurgcu in latii at iiermuua ilun-
dred, Va.; lait heard of in Mobile. Ala., iul87S; by
Wm. Gildey, Waupun, Wis.
honorably discharged in 1864 at Bermuda Hun-