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TEE NATIONAL TEIBUNE: THrASHfflGTGH, D. 0.; THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1894:
SHERWOOD REJOINS
Ancnt the Criticism of His Statements Re
garding the Death of Col. Merrin Clarke.
Editok National Tribune: My atten
tion has been called to a communication of
Corporal Spohr denying tbe exactness of
my account of tbe death of Lieut.-Col. Mer
vin Clarke on tbe battlefield of Franklin,
Nov. 30, 18G4. As my original statement is
correct, I feel called upon to reply to Cor
poral Spohr and to submit some evidence
bearing upon tbe question.
I sasd tbat Lieut.-Col. Mervin Clarke
was killed m tbe rear of the battle-line of
tbe 111 tb Obio. Corporal Spobr denies tbis,
and claims Col. Clarke fell on tbe parapet,
in tbe front line, and tbat bis regiment did
not fall back, and tbat he (Corporal Spobr)
carried bim off the field.
I bave now a number of valuable -witnesses,
all of whom participated in tbe
battle of Franklin, and who are now promi
nent citizens in tbeir respective sections.
My first witness is Capt. Wesley S. Thurs
ton, of Toledo, a veteran of tbe war, a
prominent member of tire Grand Army and
the Loyal Legion, and one of tbe best known
and most prominent citizens of Toledo, O.,
well known to tbe Editor of The National,
Teibuke. I quote from Capt. Thurston's
letter, dated Toledo, Sept. 12, 1894:
"The 183d Obio was placed on tbe left of
our line at Franklin, and fell back with the
balance of tbe center, where Capt. Dowling,
of tbe brigade staff, brought them up behind
tbe llltb Ohio to reoccupy tbe abandoned
works. The moment be leit them they
went fiat on their faces, and there remained
until tbe firing ceased. I personally called
oiuthose nearest to us to pass up their car
tridges and some of tbeir guns, with which
to supply the loss by our men (llltb Ohio)
of guns broken in tbe hand-to-band conflict
over the works. Lieut. Bennett, of Co. G,
111th Obio, was killed while standing at the
flank of tbe 183d regiment, exhorting the
men to come forward to the works, as was
tbeir own Lieutenant-Colonel, Mervin Clarke.
I saw them both fall at tbe same time.
" In tbe official war records Col. Orlando
H. Morris's report, as commander of the Sec
ond Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-third
Corps, made eight days after tbe fight, says
he put a company of the 183d in line to fill
a gap between the 23d Mich, and 129th
Ind., and that this company ran away, while
all the rest of his brigade remained in place.
He says tbat bis brigade never flinched, al
though -the 111th Onio was flanked by the
rebels, driving out ot line tbe troops to tbeir
left.
" Col. Spaulding, who commanded the 23d
Mich., of the same brigade, says, in his offi
cial report, the 183d Ohio retreated from his
line, and that be filled the gap with two
companies of the 80th Ind. (See Vol. 45,
Part 1, pages 378 and 386, Official War Eec
ords.) "Col. Strickland, commanding the brigade
of which tbe 183d formed a part, in a report
made seven days after the battle, shows that
the 50th Objo and the 72d 111. formed bis
front line-of-battle, and tbe 183d Ohio and
the 44th Mo. his rear line, or reserve. Col.
Strickland admits tbat his front line gave
way.
" Col. E. L. Hayes, of the 100th Obio, who
was next on tbe left to Col. Strickland, says,
Id his official report: 'The troops on my right
ftll back, and tbe enemy occupied tbat part
of tbe line. I was exposed to a murderous
enfilading fire from our works on tbe right
of the road (Franklin pike), which was held
by the enemy.'
" I have tbe 183d down in history as the
regiment which should have gone in on our
left, but which threw itself on the ground
immediately in our rear and did not go into
tbe main line, first or last, or any other time,
to the extent ol a single man. Thel83d, now
represented by a Corporal, is probably try
ing to build itself a monument, forgetting
that, though many of the actors are dead,
the records and orders and reports, made
at the time, are immortal. Yours respect
fully, W. S. Thurston."
It will be seen from tbe above that Corp'l
Spobr's statement tbat Lieut.-Col. Mervin
Clarke fell on the parapet cannot be true, as
his regiment at no time during the battle
was on tbe front line. Tbe official report of
Col. Strickland, who commanded the bri
gade, shows this, and tbe same Official report
6bows that his lines were broken, so tbat
Corp'l Spobr's statement that they were not
cannot be true.
Tbe statement of Corp'l Spobr that Lieut.
Col. Clarke was shot on tbe parapet behind
which bis regiment was fighting is an im
probable statement. Even standing with
out contradiction, because Urn would place
him between tbe guns of his own men and
tbat of the enemy.
But there are other and uncalled-for state
ments in Corp'l Spobr's contribution that
are not only untrue, but they reflect upon
tbe veterans who fought successfully the
terrific battle of Franklin, and do rank in
juttice to many of tbe living soldiers of
tbat conflict.
It is now 30 years since the battle of
Franklin was fought, and as tbe present
generation are not familiar with tbe strug
gle I will submit a few authentic state
ments and official documents that will show
how much Corp'l Spobr is mistaken. As the
battle of Franklin was tbe fiercest and
deadliest contest of tbe entire war, these
documents may have interest and value to
tbe student of war history.
Franklin and Nashville were the last
great battles fought west of tbe Allegany
Mountains, and as tbe fight at Franklin
decimated Hood's army and made the vic
tory of Nashville comparatively easy, Frank
lin has a tremendous interest.
Corp'l Spobr says he never heard of Col.
Sherwood during the battle of Franklin,
and that his regiment, tbe llltb Ohio, were
not located where the fighting was the
thickest and most desperate, but that he
(Corp'l SpobrJ was where tho fighting was
tbe fiercest. He also says tbat Col. Sher
wood did not command a brigade, as be was
only a LieutenantColonel.
He also says tbat his command, the 183d
Ohio, did not tail back, and tbat tbeir
battle-line was not broken. "Without words,
let the official records speak on these vital
points.
In Whitelaw Ileid's history of "Ohio in
tbe War," page 838, in discussing tbe gallant
Col. Opdycko at Franklin, tbe historian says:
"The rebels massed iu front of Carter's
Hill, and in tbe afternoon they captured the
fortifications. As soon as the Colonel (Op
dycke) saw this, he shouted with all his
power, 'First Brigade, forward to tbe works!'
Tbe regiment charged grandly. The con
test was short; the rebels were driven back;
eight cannon were retaken ; 400 rebels and
10 flags were captured. The rebel Gen.
Carter fell, mortally wounded, and Gen.
Pat Cleburne fell dead, his horse resting on
the National breastworks."
Now tbis break occurred just where Corp'l
I Bpohr says he was located, and tbat tbis
break did occur is as well established in
war history as tbat Abraham Lincoln was
President of the United States at the time.
Now when this break occurred, which
Corp'l Spohr denies did occur, the llltb
Ohio, on the immediate right, did not break,
but held their line-.)f-battle intact. Corp'l
Spohr says the llltb Obio was not at tbe
immediate right of Carter Hill, but some
2,000 feet farther to the right. This is an
absdute mistake, and I will proceed to
prove it such.
I quote from the official report of the
battle as given by Col. Orlando H. Moore,
who was in command of tbe Second Brigade,
Second Division, Twenty-third Corps. After
congratulating all the regiments of the bri
gade for their magnificent valor, he said:
(I quote a paragraph ironi the oincini oroer.j
HKADQUAltTBISS SECOND IJRIRADE, SKCOND DI
VISION. Twe.nty-tuiud Coups, Nasiivilm
-
Dec. 2. 1SG1.
General Order, No. 7.
Tlio heroic spirit which inspired the
cninmnnd wns forcibly illuatrnled by the gallant
conduct of the lllih Ohio (Col. Sherwood com
manding), on the left flunk of the brigade. When
the enemy carried the works on their left, they
stood firm and crossed bayonets, holding their
ground.
By command of Col. Orlando II. Moore, com
tnunding Second Brigade.
H. H. Hale, Adjutant-General.
Now, let us see from the official records
what troops restored the line and saved
the day. It was the brigade of the im
mortal Col. Opdycke (now dead), of Ohio.
Col. Oydycke was made a Brevet Major
General for bis magnificent conduct at
Franklin. He restored the broken line.
Now let us see what happened to your
humble correspondent, that Corp'l Spohr
never heard of at Franklin, and who could
not have been in command of the line, says
Spohr, because he was only a Lieutenant
Colonel. In fact, Corp'l Spohr doubts if I
was in command of anybody at Franklin.
I quote from "Waggoner's War History of
Northwestern Ohio Soldiers, page 199:
"In tbe Atlanta campaign, in which bis
regiment (llltb Ohio) was 90 days under
fire, Col. Sherwood was never absent from
bis regiment, which bore a conspicuous part
in those forest battles. In tbe battle of
Franklin, Nov. 30, 18G4, bis command was
on the right of the Franklin pike, near the
Carter House, on tbe left flank of his bri
gade. His men fired two rounds of ammu
nition, and many of their guns were made
worthless from long-continued firing. The
lines on the left of the regiment broke, and
their trenches were occupied by Hood's ad
vance. During the closing hours of the en
gagement Col. Sherwood was in command
of the brigade" the battle-line.
Tbe well-known war correspondent,
Lumas, writing from Columbia, Tenn., Dec.
24, after the battle of Nashville, and seven
dajT8 after he had reoccupied Franklin, said,
when he had gone over that portion of the
battlefield of Franklin, where the 111th
Ohio stood and held the line on the 30th
day of November:
"I have seen a great many bloody battle
fields, have participated in some said to be
the hardest, or among the hardest, battles of
the war, but never saw evidences of so ter
rible a conflict as can be seen in front of tbe
line occupied by the lllih Ohio. I counted
12 locust trees in one cluster, the size of a
man's thigh, that were literally shot off"
with musket-balls. In a grove covering
about one-half tbe regimental front I think
there were not less than 200 such trees shot
down. How men could ever be prevailed
upon to charge aud recharge so repeatedly
against such a wall of fire is strange to me.
Aud that our men stood the shock so re
peatedly, and this too after our left had
given away, is equally as strange."
The National Cyclopedia of American
Biography says:
"After the battle of Franklin, Nov. 30,
1864, one of the decisive engagements of tbe
war, the officers of the Second Division,
Twenty-third Corps, forwarded a recom
mendation to tbe Secretary of War asking
Col. Sherwood's promotion to Brigadier
General for 'long and distinguished service
and special gallantry at tbe battle of Frank
lin.' President Lincoln accordingly con
ferred upon him that rank."
This seems to indicate that the officer un
known to Corporal Spohn was pretty well
known in tbe army and the War Office in
Washington, as no other Lieutenant-Colonel
of Gen. Scbofield's army at the battle of
Franklin was brevetted a Brigadier-General
for services in tbat battle.
The Nashville daily Times of Dec. 3, 1864,
in discussing the conspicuous regiments that
participated in tbe battle of Franklin, said :
"This fine regiment (llltb. Ohio) was
exposed to the shock of tbe rebel charges
at Franklin and sustained them with signal
valor. Its losses were very severe, being 25
killed aud 50 wounded; of its officers, Lieut.
Bennett aud Serg't-Maj. Curtiss were killed.
Ciipts. Soutbworth and Dowling were se
verely wounded; also Lieu is. Baker and
Kiutigh. This regiment was where many
instances of bayonet fighting occurred. Tbe
rebel loss at thJB point was frightful. An
officer informs us that many of the rebel
wounded were actually trampled to death
by their own men in the furious charges,
while their cries and groans were most ap
palling." The Ohio Military Agent, Daniel R. Tay
lor, forwarding from the front the casualties
of the Ohio regiments at Franklin, said :
"Our men have done nobly. Tbe llltb
3s reported as having occupied one ol the
hottest positions."
' Corp'l Spohr s-ys the 111th Ohio was
&.000 feet to the right of the point where
the fiercest fighting took place. I need not
add any further proof that Corp'l Spohr is
'mistaken. He also says the 24th Mo. was
not at Franklin not in the West. A de
tachment of the 24th Mo. was at Franklin,
under command of a Captain, just as I stated
in my former article.
f And now comes Corp'l Spohr, who served
in the army five months before the war
'ended, and whose first battle was Franklin.
jSome 30 years have elapsed, aud a new gene
ration of men and women are on the stage
of life. He seeks to ca3t discredit upon the
veterans, most of whom are dead, who fought
the battle ol Franklin. The Corporal claims
be stood amid the fiercest of the conflict, aud
tbat the line stood firm.
Fortunately for truth and history, Ohio
has prepared a record of all her soldiers. In
tbe Officia.l lioater of Ohio, where every in
dividual soldier's record is printed, aud the
casualties of every company, I find the battle
record of Corp'l Spobr's company Vol. 9, p.
721 and I find by tbid record that Corp'l
Spobr's company, whv:'i is Co. K, 183d Ohio,
bad 129 men, includi: those transferred
from other regiments ; tbat it took the field
Nov. 19, 1864, and served until Gen. John
ston's surrender, near Raleigh, on tbe 26th
of April, 1865, when the war was over, a
period of five mouths and seven days. I
find tbat the casualty list of his company
from battles for its entire war service is one
killed and four wounded, and that its list of
casualties at Franklin was one killed and
three wounded. In other words, its loss at
Franklin, as officially reported, was less than
3 per cent., while the loss of the 111th Ohio,
tbat the Corporal says was not where the
fighting was the thickest, is 25 per cent.
These statistics need no comment.
Tbis is the first time since the war that I
have ever discussed tbe battle of Franklin
iu public, but in justice to the brave men
who won immortality on that desperate
field, I cannot remain silent when an at
tempt is made to belittle their services. In
conclusion, let me eay that I have the offi
cial casualty list of Franklin, which proves
that the 111th Ohio lost more men killed at
Franklin than any other regiment of the
entire army, and no man of my regiment
fell with his back to the enemy.
Furthermore, the per cent, of loss of the
llltb Obio at Franklin was the greatest of
any regiment engaged. Our loss in killed
alone was over 12 per cent., according to
published reports of tbe total loss in killed
of tbe entire army engaged. ISAAC R.
Shehwood, Canton, O.
LOST IN THE ROCKIES.
A Comrade's Adventure During the Powder
Kivcr Expedition.
Editor National Tiubuse: A detach
ment of the 11th Ohio Cav., in command of
Gen. Conner, was camped on Powder River
after the fight we had with tbe Sioux Indians
in tbeFall of 1S65. One day I with some others
concluded to go hunting. We asked Gen. Con
ner for permission, and he said we could go;
not to take our own horses, but the Indian
ponies we had captured a few days before.
We left camp at daylight, crossed the
river, and soon came in sight of antelope.
Tom Simpson and I were together; he
thought we ought to separate so we could
get at them better.
I went off by myself, and soon saw a
buffalo calf, which I followed and killed.
Ionly took the liver, thinking I would go
bacTtocamp and get some of the boys to
return with me, but when I started I could
not find my way back. I kept going in the
direction I thought the camp was, aud about
noon climbed a big hill to see if there were
any signs of camp or water, but all I couldsee
were mountains all round about me.
Then I began to realize my situation
lost in the Rocky Mountains, away from my
comrades, and no idea which way to go, and
suffering for water. I prayed to God to
direct me, for I was helpless.
After awhile I saw a smoke, as I supposed,
some miles away. My heart gave a joyful
bound, and I urged my pony in that direc
tion. While passing through a canyon, I
came across a young buffalo that had been
recently killed. I could not rid myself of
the feeling tbat I was not traveling in the
right direction, and again prayed for guid
ance. Starting again, the next thing I discov
ered was a lot of Indians camped among the
mountains. Turning in short order, I put
spurs to tbe pony until some distance away
from the redskins, afraid to look back, as I
fancied they were right behind me. When
I did muster courage to look back, instead
of Indians, saw a pack of 50 or 60 wolves
after me. I was sure I was done for then.
I had thought Indians enough to contend
against, but when it came to Indians and
wolves, bow could anyone hope to escape?
Chancing to think of tbe buffalo liver on
my saddle, I threw it to the wolves, and
under other circumstances it would have
been amusing to see them fight over it. By
the time they "got through I was some dis
tance ahead of them, but a lob more had
joined them, and no one who ever heard
wolves will wonder tbat my hair stood
up as they again started after me. My pony
fell down and died from exhaustion. The
wolves stopped and looked at me, as much
as to say: "We have a sure thing on you
now, old fellow."
I felt that my time indeed'wasshort. I was
afraid to fire among the wolves, lest sneak
ing Indians might be near; so I walked
away as fast as possible and soon came to
the river. After ducking my head a few
times I took a drink, and that was the best
drink I ever had. The wolves were having
a good feast on my poor pony, and feeling
sure that when they got through they would
want to use me for dessert, I decided not to
try to travel on, but stay near the river till
morning.
While these thoughts were passing through
my mind, I heard a shot and a ball whistle
past me. I got behind a tree, when another
ball struck tbe tree. I drew my revolver
and fired twice, when I heard someone ask
ing who was there. I knew it was the
voice of a white man, and began to hope
that deliverance had come. He proved to
be one of our company on his way back to
camp, John Lee.
To make my story Bhort, we got to camp
safely about 10 p. ra., and after a good feed
of slapjacks, antelope, and hot coffee (the
best meal I ever ate), went aud reported to
Gen. Conner.
If any of old Co. K, 11th Ohio Cav., should
see this, I hope they will write to the old
company bugler. u. n. A. Jtsonon, xoronio,
Ontario, Can.
CEDAR CREEK.
'r:i?
A Farting Shot in the Skirmish Over the
Behavior of the Different Corps There.
Editor National Tribune: The com
rades of the Eighth and Nineteenth Corps
are very sore when anything is said about
tbe Cedar Creek battle, and they do not
take time to look up facts.
Comrade Turner, of the Eighth Corps,
hits the nail on the head when be asks if
there was not a screw loose somewhere. I
claim tbat if the lines of the Eighth Corps
bad been properly picketed the surprise
conld not have taken place. Somebody was
responsible.
lam not personally acquainted with Com
rade Wright, 75th N. Y. However, I do
know bis regiment, and its record is A No.
1, and amongst my G.A.K. friends former
members of tbo 75th are nearest to me. In
answer to Comrade Wright I claim the
Sixth Corps was not driven back. It had
thrice repulsed the most desperate charges
of the Whole rebel army and twice made
counter-charges, driving the Johnnies into
the creek. When the corps was outflanked
it was necessary to interpose an organized
force, and there were no organized troops
except the cavalry. I am well aware nu
merous writers and so-called historians
claim the whole army was driven pell-mell
six miles to tbe rear. Some even claim we
were driven to Winchester. In fact, we took
position about two miles in the rear of
the position held by the Second Division
(Getty's) of our corps early in tbe morning,
a single regiment (the 2d Vt.) holding the
position vacated. It is claimed tbat Early's
army numbered about 30,000, although
Early says he bad about 9,000 muskets.
We know the latter is not true, as Sheridan
held receipt for about 13,000 prisoners. I
saw an ex-Confederate Major at Winchester
two years ago, and he informed me Early's
army numbered over 35,000.
The comrade will remember the rebs did
not go camp-hunting in tbe early part
of the battle. The strength of the three
corps at Cedar Creek, with their losses, I
gave in the issue of Feb. 1, from Sheridan's
official report. Paste it in your hats, com
rades. The comrades make a great mistake in
this: They claim certain things as facts,
and write them up as such, when, if they
would take the trouble to look up the offi
cial reports no misstatements could bo made.
There is no question but what the Nine
teenth Corps was in a trying situation, tbe
Johnnies firing on one side and the Eighth
Corps running through their ranks. Noth
ing else could be expected. It was different
with us in tbe old Sixth Corps. We were
not recruits. "We started in under "Little
Mac"; were in all the big "scraps"; never
were "knocked out"; were doubled up a
little in the Wilderness that is, the Third
Division was, who were not original Sixth
Corps troops; however, we drove the
Johnnies back and got our line again with
out any outside help. Had wo been in the
position of the Eighth Corps at Cedar Creek
you other fellows could have finished your
sleep. We should not have waited for them
to wake us up in our tents. W. E. Weii
ster, 1st N. Y. Ind'p't battery (Cowan's),
Auburn, N. Y.
They Will Not IJo Disappointed.
Editor National Tribune : I see that
you propose to publish the history of Mink's
battery soon.
Maj. Mink is a member of my Post (Guil
ford D. Bailey, 200), and enlisted from Low
ville; also, the Colonel and the Lieutenaut
Colonel (Henry E. Turner) were officers of
the regiment to which Mink's battery be
longed. Turner is now the Commander of
our Post, and there are two or three more
of the battery who are members of the Post.
So that you see there is quite an interest in
the forthcoming history. L. H. Carter,
Lowville, N. Y.
"NO QUORUM."
Gen. Banks Had Orders to Prevent Mnry
Innd Seceding.
Editor National Tribune: The recent
death of Gen. Banks revived iu my memory
an incident wherein he played an important
part, and for which I looked in vain among
the numerous paragraphs concerning him
published immediately following his de
cease, i
Gen. Bauks performed an act which stands
singly and alone Sn all the annals of the
war. He prevented Maryland from seced
ing! To be sure, he jwas ordered to do so,
but he had in charge the carrying out of the
order. t
Maryland was in a fever-heat of excite
ment, and impatiently awaiting the oppor
tunity to take the necessary action. The
Legislature of that State, was due to con
vene on the 17th of September, 1861, just
33 years ago to-day. It was known that
the members would, without delay, pass the
act which would cut them asunder, theo
retically, at least, from tbo Union.
On tbe 11th Simon Cameron directed Gen.
Bauks to prevent the assembling of the
Maryland Legislature. This was a war
order, and nothing short of it Gen. Banks
and his Lieutenants were on hand, and as
fast as a member made his appearance and
could be got at he was summarily arrested
on a charge of plotting against the Govern
ment and hastened away to some fort fur
ther north, or where Uncle Sani could hold
bim at all hazards.
Two days after the issue of the orders
dozen or more were thus seized and hurried
away, the day's catch including two editors
of Secession papers, a Congressman, and the
candidate for Governor. The people of
Maryland, particularly of Frederick and
Baltimore, were almost beside themselves
at these acts, and no wonder.
The 17th, the day for the convening of tho
Legislature, arrived and went, aud "no quo
rum." Such members assembled as had
escaped the drag-net of Gen. Banks aud
looked anxiously all day for accessions
enough to form a quorum, but in vain.
On the day following nearly all of those
who bad waited were arrested and conveyed
away. This substantially fixed the case so
effectually tbat it was useless to depend
upon any Legislative act. The arrests of
the 18th included the Speaker and the Clerk
of the House, and in all, say, about 20.
Gen. Banks has never to my knowledge
been given credit for tbis bold act. In this
connection, I may be permitted to say that
the non-secession of Maryland resulted in
that State contributing troops to both sides.
A remarkable practice, resulting from the
above fact, was tbat in speaking during the
war of either of the organizations from
Maryland upon the Union side, tbe speaker
added the word " loyal " to the designating
name with a deal of emphasis. D. El
dredge, Historian 3d N. H., Boston', Mass.
A SLAVE TWELVE YEARS.
One of the Characters of a Remarlcahlo
Piece of Fiction Still Alive.
Editor National? Tribune: The ref
erence to "Solomon N.orthrup; or, Twelve
Years a Slave," made by Comrade Chandler
iu yonr issue of 27th inst., rather excited
ray enriosity, owiiig,.p.erbap3, to the fact
that the parties alLrtsided in this vicinity,
and the principaLactor is still living. It
was my good fortune tp possess one of the
books, which I found in-a second-hand book
store. The comrajfle w,ill notice that the
principal kiduapeijj.was known as Merrill
Brown in the bop,k. fThis name was as
sumed, his proper-,, name being Alexander
Merrill. He nowr resides in this town; in
fact has always lived here, as did his father
before him. He is baje and hearty at 80
years, a man of good qualities aud a good
citizen. .
My purpose in writing was to relate the(
story from Merrill's standpoint, as he has
related it to me. Merrill was in the show
business; Piatt, or Northrup, was an expert
on tbe violin, and so they became ac-'
quainted. The darky came to him one day
and said he had a scheme by which they
could both make some money ; he went on
to say that if Merrill would take him down
South and sell him they would divide the
money and after a time Piatt would make
his escape.
This Merrill agreed to, and in carrying
out the plan they went to Alexandria, Va.,
Merrill says that the negro played his part
to perfection. He professed u great deal of
love for bis old master and shed tears when
they were about to part. He also asked as
a favor that he might 'be permitted to play a
parting tune on his violin. Merrill whistled
this tune to me some years ago, and as I
remember it, it was "Sweet By-and-By."
Very appropriate, indeed, as it was many a
long day before Piatt regained his freedom.
There was a long litigation over the affair
in Saratoga County, of which I never knew
the particulars. Whether Merrill's story is
true I am unable to say. I know the book
is very interesting. In fact, as a work of
fiction I thought it ahead of "Uncle Tom's
Cabin." A. A. Gardner, Co. D, 93d N'.Y.,
Broadalbin, N. Y.
a
REMARKS TO THE POINT.
Serg't Breen on Several Statements of Com
rade Davenport.
Editor National Tribune: I am not
at all anxious for controversy, but must say
in reply to Serg't Alfred Davenport, 5th
N. Y., in the issue of Sept. 6, that it seems
strange that a regiment of nine companies,
side by side with his regiment for several
months, should be known to him as consist
ing of but four.
Again, I would say in reply to his para
graph giving Sykes's Regulars the credit of
800 men at Manassas No. 1, tbat while there
were eight companies in the battalion, it is
no reason why the strength of the compa
nies should be construed as 100 each. In
those days the maximum was 84 men to the
company; and, as we were of the old Army,
wo could not run up to 101, as was after
ward allowed for the new regiments, 11th
to 19th inclusive, in infantry.
As to the butting of the man in the neck
with a musket when nearing the Rappa
hannock in goiug over to Fredericksburg,
doubtless the act wps aj reminder to keep
him in the middle of thf road to the front,
instead of allowing him to shirk to the
rear, as probably he intended to do. The
Sergeant knows very well that some men
were always ready to evade duty, particu
larly tbat of the immediate battlefield just
at the time looming .up before them.
But, my dear comrade, as you bave ex
pressed the wish, let us drop the washing of
any more dirty Jinen m the .national
Tribune. Patrick Breen, FirstSergeant,
Co. C, 2d U. S., Viuceunes, Ind.
Comparisons Are Odious.
O. L. Allison, Corporal, Co. A, 12th W.
Va., Knobnoster, Mo., writes: "Iu a recent
issue I notice tbat Serg't W. E. Webster, in
making a comparison between the Eighth
and Sixth Corps, gets 4 off his base.' He says
Gen. Sigol, at the battle of Cloyd's Mountain,
ordered two companies of tbe 12th W. Va. to
support Carlin's battery, but to his surprise
they would not advance nor move an inch.
Now, Comrade Webster, the 12th W. Va.
was never at Cloyd's Mountain, but four
companies of the 12th supported a bat
tery at the battle of New Market, and
Gen. Sigol sat ou his horse directly in the
rear of our line, aud when we had to leave
there those guns went with us, with the
exception of one piece. The horses were all
killed. I have not a word to say against tbe
Sixth, for it was a fighting corps. On the
morning of Oct. 19, 1864, I noticed tbat
some of tbe Sixth could do as tall traveling
as the Eighth. This thing of one regiment
or corps doing all the lighting is bosh.?'
PiCffflJpST
Ahout Gen. ZMcClornnnd.
B. F. Boring, Co. D, 30th 111., South Terre
Haute, Ind., says: "Comrade William S.
Bedford, like the generality of critics who
have assailed my statements, does so through
a misunderstanding of some kind. My
allusion to the removal of Gen. McClernand
from his command for insubordination was
not made with tbe intention of insinuation
upon the character of the Thirteenth Corps.
I do not possess tho ability to cast even a
slight reflection upon that grand old body
of brave, loyal, ever-present men. The
Fourth, Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth,
Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Twentieth, and
Twenty-third Corps, who fought so nobly,
shoulder to shoulder, under Grant aud Sher
man, in the West, are all the same kind of
men, and the same to me as brothers, regard
less of mere numerical designations. Al
though my home was in the Seventeenth,
it is no more to me now than the Thirteenth
or any other corps.
"It is a saying that as the teacher is, so is
the school. Yet I regard Gen. John A. Mc
Clernand and the Thirteenth Corp3 as two
very different objects ; and what I said wns
about McClernaud, and not his -command.
Hence all that Comrade Bedford said in de
fense of the Thirteenth Corps was uncalled
for, as far as I am concerned.
"I was in McClernand's Brigade at Camp
McClernand, Cairo, 111., in '61, where and
when he was superseded by Gen. Grant;
the first command Gen. McClernand ever
had above a regiment; and whatever might
have been his abilities as a General, or his
fighting qualities as a soldier, I always re
garded him as a tyrant, and as regardless of
the lives and rights of tho men under him.
He was a commander, limited to the literal
meaning of that word. He never wore the
pleasant face of McPherson, ready to look
into your eyes with a smile, and to salute
you. He never knew a soldier by name, as
Logan did, nor was he the Xtherly friend
of the common soldier, as Thomas was.
And I beg your pardon, Comrade Bedford,
but must say that you are the first soldier
I ever heard attempt to praise McClernand.
And the fact that Gen. Grant removed him,
or recommended his removal, to say nothing
of his political standing or career since his
dismissal from the army, is conclusive evi
dence to me tbat he did not deserve any
thing better than he received when he was
required to turn over his command to Gen.
Ord."
Domes for Settlers.
John W. Burton, Co. G, 46th Ohio, Ches
ter, Tex., wishes to correspond with some
comrade who lives in the West or Northwest
who knows of any Government land open
for settlement. Would prefer it on a small
lake or river where it is good fishing and
hunting. Will pay .all expenses.
George L. Green, Wirtb, Ark., writes:
"Please allow me to say to all old soldiers
desiring a home in a good, healthy country,
where the climate is mild and land is cheap,
that there is still Government land for
homestead entry here in northern Arkan
sas." Kenesaw Mountain.
Henry Coryell, Co. A, 34th 111., Caldwell,
Kan., was in the charge on Keuesaw, and
has an ugly mark to show for it. His regi
ment was ordered to take the rifle-pits in
its front, and when they started they got
there so quickly the rebs did not bave time
to fire. The meu sent a lot of prisoners to
the rear. Then they were told to go for the
main line of works.
"Away we went, and thought we could
run over anything that got in our way. We
went up to the works. But two or three
rebs to one of us were behind them, so we
lay down to wait for the brigade to come
ux). The ground that we charged over was
in heavy timber outside of the rebel works;
they had cut the timber so that all tops
were towards our lines, and every limb they
had sharpened, so we had to go slow or run
against snags.
" The brigade (Second of the Second Di
vision, Fourteenth Corps) got within 100
yards, when the rebs drove it back. My
company lost about 20."
Cedar Creek.
S. A. Bendon, Co. A, 87th Pa., Portsmouth,
Iowa, indorses the assertion that if it had
not been for the Sixth Corps the Eighth and
Nineteenth Corps would have fared worse
than they did at Cedar Creek. He does not
blame the men of the last two corps for run
ning; they were placed in a position where
they had to get out or be "gobbled."
Information.
H. Kruger, Rosston, Ind., writes that he
would like the comrade who had an adver
tisement in The National Tribune and
offered some light returns for a home to
communicate with bim.
L. C. Mayer, Terre Haute, Ind., wants in
formation as to present postoffice address of
Martin Riepe, who was a soldier in the late
war.
Almost Equal Loss.
Ervin Chamberlain, Co. E, 1st Me. H. A.,
La Crosse, Wis., says : "In a recent issue I
saw tbe statement made that Co. I, 83d Pa.,
suffered greater loss in killed and wounded
than any compauy of any regiment in the
service during the rebellion. The loss of
that company was 47 killed and died of
wounds out of an enrollment of 193. The
loss of Co. B, 1st Me. II. A., was 49 killed
aud died of wounds out of an enrollment
of 198 almost an identical loss."
KING NO-TO-BAC AND HIS WORK IN AMERICA.
The Visit of a Monarch that Was Brought
Health, Vigor and Money to
Many Men.
Many of our renders no doubt noticed in the last
issue the large announcement of King No-To-Bac.
Leas thivn five years ago he wna unknown in
America, and since that time lie lias been crowned
and called King by hundreds of thousands of hap
py, vigorous men, who point to him with pride and
hold iiim dear as the means of their deliverance
from tobacco slavery.
Ofttiracs tobacco's victims look nt tho dying
spark in the cigar stump, or at the big. masticated
"chaw" of tobacco just expectorated, and with
nerves nicotined with nicotine mentally resolve,
"Now, that is my last. I will never use it again.
I know that it is Injuring me physically and tlnnn
cially, and my nerves are becoming so irritated
that I can't stand the least annoyance any more."
What is the result? These good resolutions are
generally made while the effect of the 1190 of to
bacco practically paralyzes tho cravings of millions
of irritated nerve centers, and just as soon as the
effects commence to pas away these good resolu
tions weaken, showing conclusively that the use
of tobacco is not a habit, but u disease of the nerv
ous system caused by tho education of tho nerves
to crave for the nicotine poisoning. What, then, is
the easy, permanent, natural way to relieve your
self ot the use of tobacco? Certainly not by dis
continuing it and nufl'ering the nervous reaction
and prostrating effects and mental degeneracy
sure to follow tho long and continued use of to
bacco. Does it not suggest itself to you that the
natural thing to do is to take a remedy that is spe
cifically prepared to eradicate the effects of the
nicotine in the system and to overcome the nerve
craving effects and restore tlio tobacco-charged
nerves to u normal and healthy condition. To this
we all say, "Yes, where is the remedy?" You
will Audit in No-To-Bac. This is easily said, and
we all naturally ask for proof. This is all answered
in the simple statement that if No-To-Bac fails to
cure the proprietors, The Sterling Remedy Com
pauy, of New York, Montreal and Chicago, have
so much faith in their remedy that they positively
guarantee to refund the money, and the concern
being owned and operated by somo of the most
reputable business men of the East and West, is
absolutely reliable, and we are glad to eay able in
every way to livo up to its guarantee.
The sale or No-To-Bac within the pnst few years
has assumed enormous proportions, almost en
tirely developed upon its merits and tho recom
mendations of the cured. So great is the sale that
it Is hardly possible to go into any leading drug
storo without finding it on sale, and the druggist
bos nothing but words of praise to give it.
THEIR RECORDS.
Brief Sketches oflhc Services of
Various Regiments.
The National Tkibunb has in hnnd peroral
hundred requests for regimental histories. All such
requests will be acceded to iu duo time, although
those now received cannot be published for at
leastsix month-, owing to lack of space. Numerous
sketches haveulready been published, and of these
none can be found room for a second time.
The 8th Iowa Cav.
The regiment was organized ntDavenport,
Iowa, Sept. 30, 1863, to serve three years. It
was mustered out Aug. 13, 1865. Joseph B.
Dorr was commissioned Colonel, and con
tinued in command until his death at Macon,
Ga., May 28, 1865. When mustered out
H. G. Earner had been commissioned Colonel,
and was awaiting muster. During the Win
ter of 1863, '64, the regiment was stationed
in Tennessee doing guard duty, and saw lit
tle fighting until the Spring of 1864, when
it started with Gen. Sherman on the famous
march to the sea. In May, 1864, the regi
ment was assigned to the First Brigade,
McCook's Division, and Col. Dorr was placed
in command. Lieut.-Col. Earner then had
charge of the regiment. Ou July 27, 1865,
it started on a raid to Lovejoy to destroy
the Macon Railroad. The track was torn up
and much damage done to the railroad prop
erty, but when the force started to return it
found that the enemy had a strong force be
tween them and the Union lines. After
much hard fighting most of the regiment
were taken prisoners, except a few who
escaped through the woods and reached the
Union lines. Many officers and men were
killed in this engagement. Col. Dorr was
exchanged in the late Autumn. In March
the regiment was at Chickasaw, Ala., and
took part in the great cavalry movement in
that State. Daring its three years' service
the regiment was engaged in the following
battles, besides many others of minor import
ance: Eesaca, Cassville, Powder Springs,
Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Newnan, Rac
coon. Ford, Franklin, and Pleasant Ridge.
Three officers and 37 men were killed in
action or died of wounds, and 118 officers
and men died of disease or in prison.
The 35th Iowa.
This regiment was organized in the State
of Iowa-at-large in August, 1862, to serve
three years. It was mustered out of service
Aug. 10, 1865. Sylvester G. Hill was made
Colonel, and James H. Rothrock was com
missioned Lieutenant-Colonel. Col. Hill
was brevetted Brigadier-General Dec. 15,
1864. He was killed in action at Nash
ville, Tenn., Dec. 15, 1864. Lieut.-Col. Roth
rock resigned his commission Aug. 7, 1863.
When the regiment was mustered out of
service William B. Kellar, Brevet Colonel,
was in command. In April, 1863, the regi
ment was assigned to the Third Brigade,
Third Division, Fifteenth Corps, and was
ordered to Yicksburg, where it participated
in the severest fighting aronnd that place.
After the capitulation of Vicksbnrg the
regiment went to Jackson. On July 20 it
left for Mississippi with over 600 prisoners
in charge. It engaged in the Red River
campaign under Gen. Bauks. In this ex
pedition the brigade was commanded by Col.
Hill, of the 35th Iowa. Lieut.-Col." Keeler
commanded the regiment. At Pleasant
Hill the regiment fought bravely, losing 64
officers and men killed and wounded. Early
in 1865 the regiment was transferred to the
South. It was then in Marshall's Brigade,
McArthur'3 Division, Sixteenth Corps.
Among the important battles in which the
regiment took part are: Jackson, Middle
ton, Fort De Russy, Pleasant Hill, Yellow
Bayou, Old River Lake, Tupelo, Nashville,
and Spanish Fort. The loss in the service
was five officers and 44 men in action or of
wounds received therein, and three officers
and 185 men of disease, in prison, or from
other causes.
Tho lOtrf Wis. Battery.
This battery was organized at Milwaukee,
Wis., Feb. 10, 1862, to serve three years.
Capt. Yates V. Bebee, who recruited the
battery, was elected Captain, and was with
the organization throughout its entire serv
ice. He was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel
March 13, 1865. The battery arrived in St.
Louis in March, 1863, and was stationed at
Benton Barracks. It participated in the
battles of Corinth and luka. On Aug. 12 it
was transferred to the Army of the Tennes?
see, and was stationed near Nashville until
Sept. 1, when it was ordered to Huntsville,
Ala. In May, 1864, the battery was assigned
to the Third Cavalry Division, Army of the
Cumberland, and took part in all the move
ments of that organization. It was on the
march to the sea, and at Lovejoy's Station
aud Bear Creek captured two guns from the
enemy.- At Monroe's Crossroads the bat
tery lost 10 men, who were captured by the
enemy. Among the other important bat
tles in which the battery participated and
suffered loss were Resaca, Lovejoy's Station,
and Bentouville. It was engaged in many
other battles and skirmishes, but escaped
without loss. Twenty-eight men died in
the service; three were killed in action.
Tho 5th Ohio Cav.
The 5th Ohio Cav. was organized by
Col. Win. H. H. Taylor, at Camp Dick Cor
win, September to November, 1861, and
was mustered iu at that camp by Capt. Lew
Wilson, 19th U. S. Inf., on Oct. 17, 1861, for
three years' service. It proceeded to Camp
Deunison aud remained there until par
tially equipped. It received marching
orders Feb. 26, 1862, left Camp Dennison
March 1,1862, embarked on transports at
Cincinnati, over 1,200 strong, aud proceeded
to Paducah, Ky., joining Gen. "W. T. Sher
man's command. Thence they went up the
Tennessee River to Pittsburg Landing, be
ing the first of any United States troops to
uitch tents in that locality. The camping
place was alongside of Shiloh Church, about
four and a half miles from the landing.
Previous to the famous Shiloh battle, de
tachments of the regiment had sharp en
gagements with bodies of Gen. A. Sidney
Johnston's army, then organizing at Cor
inth. These skirmishes occurred at Mont
erey, Black Jack, Forrest, and Purdy, Miss.
It took a conspicuous part in the Shiloh
Church and Pittsburg Landing engage
ments, April 6 and 7,1862; also, at the
siege of Corinth, Miss. Afterward in the
more or less serious engagements at Meta
mora, Miss., October, 1862; Little Bear
Creek, Dec. 9 to 12; Lexington, Tenn.,
Dec. 18, 1862; Davis Mill, Miss., Dec. 21,
1862, and at Moscow, Tenn.; Hernando,
Miss, (two months' engagement); Cold
Water, Miss, (at which gallant Maj. Hayes
was killed); Rock Cross, Miss.; Guntown,
Miss.; Rienzi, Miss.; Clear Creek, Ala.;
Lebanon, Ala.; Red Oak, Ga.; Jouesboro,
Ga.; Rocky Creek Church, Ga. ; Fayette
ville, N. C. ; Averysboro, N. C. ; Natchez,
Miss.; Cane Creek Ala.; Horn Lake, Miss.;
Knoxville, Tenn.; Jasper, Tenn.; Lookout
Mountain, Mission Ridge, Tenn.; Tuscum
bia, Ala.; Decatur, Ala.; Buck Head Creek,
Ga. ; Monroe Cross Roads, N. C; Reynolds
Plantation, Ga.; Savannah, Ga. ; then
through the Carolinas; Waynesboro, Ga. ;
Adairsville, Ga.; " Ninety-six," S. C; Tid
dler's Cross Roads, S. C. ; Bentouville, N.C.,
etc., and at the surrender of Gen. Joseph E.
Johnston. At Huntsville, Ala., March 16,
1864, the regiment was veteranized and pro
ceeded to Cartersville, Ga., etc. July 28,
1865, McLaughlin's Squadron was consoli
dated with it. It is estimated that the
regiment in its marches traversed over
157)00 miles, and during its existence en
listed over 2,400 men. It was finally mus
tered out Oct. 30, 1865, at Charlotte, N. C,
by War Department order No. 466.
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ilention The National Tribune.
Arrests In -IS hours those
affections which Copaiba and
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Dr. II. Key Smith, Specialist, 1011 Olive st, SLlionii, Mo.
Mentloa The National Tribune.
51 IP& Instant relief, final enra in a few days.
B lsk and ne?er returns; no pnrge: nosaWe;
K0 feT) - -,;-. TumalrrtHnllar! mTwmmC
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Mention The National Tribune.
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All the songs have scores for the voice, and the piano
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Each piece of music would cost from 25 to 60 cents
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