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ESTABLISHED 1S77-BEW SERIES.
WASniNGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1896.
VOL. XV-NO. 27-WHOLB 2T0. 766.
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THE ROUTINE OF
'Something of the
CHAPTER I (coniinuod).
-f - E AT FORT
fff erce nlJlde sev
A .V nrnl oi.linr p.xcur-
sions to Jupiter,
Lake Worth, Laud
erdale, and into the
ing up here and
there a familv, so
that it was absurd
- any longer to call
it a " war." These
ever, possessed to us
a peculiar charm,
for the fragrance of
the air, the abun
dance of game and fish, and just enough
of adventure, gave to life a relish. I
had just returned to Lauderdale from
one of these scouts with Lieuis. Rankin,
Ord, George H. Thomas, Field, Van
YJiet, and others, when
I KECEIVKH NOTICE OF MY FEOMOTIOX
to be First Lieutenant of Co. G, which
occurred Nov. 30, 1841, and I was
OJ'dered to roturn to Fort Pierce, turn
over the xublic proper!7 for which I
was accountable to Lieut. H. S.
Burton, aud then to join my new
company at St. Augustine.
I reached St Augustine before Christ
mas, and was assigned to command a
detachment of 20 men stationed at
Picolata, on the St. John's River, 18
miles distant. At St. Augustine were
still the headquarters of the regiment,
Col. William Gates, with Co. E," Lieut.
Bragg, aud Co. G, Lieut IL B. Judd.
The only buildings at Picolata were the
one occupied by 1113' detachment, which
had been built for a hospital, and the
dwelling of a family named Williams,
with vshom I boarded. On the other
hand, St Augustine had many pleasant
families, among whom was prominent
that of United States Judge Branson.
I was half my time in St Augustine or
on the road, and remember the old place
with pleasure. In February we received
orders transferring the whole regiment to
the Gulf posts, and our company (G) was
ordered to escort Col. Gates and his
family across to the Suwanee River en
route for Peusacola. The company,
with the Colonel and his family, reached
Picolata (where my detachment joined),
and we embarked in a steamboat for
Pilatka. Here Lieut. Judd discovered
that he had forgotteu something and
had to leturn to St Augustine, so that
I commanded the company on the
march, having with mc Second Lieut
jSeorge B. Ayrce. Our first march was
-0 Fort Ruasell, then Micanopy, Waca
ioola, and Wacasassee, all which posts
tverc garrisoned by the 2d or 7th Inf.
At Wacasassee we met Gen. Worth and
hi Ftafi; en route for Pilatka. Lieut.
Judd overtook us about the Suwanee,
where we embarked on a small boat for
(edar Iveys, and there took a larger
one for Pcnsacola, where the Colonel and
his family landed, and our company
proceeded on in the j-ame vessel to our
postFort .Morgan, Mohile Point.
Thif fort had not been occupied by
troops for many years, was very duty,
and we found little or no stores there.
Maj. Ogden, of the Engineers, occupied
& house outside the fort I was Quarter
master aud Commissary, and, taking
advantage of one of the engineer
bchoouers engaged in bringing materials
for the fo;t. I went un to Mobile citv.
and, through the
Deshon, Taylor, and Myers, merchants,
procured all essentials for the troops, and
relumed to the post In ihe course of
cf a week or 10 days arrived another com
pany (II), commanded by Lieut James
Keichum, with Lieuts. Rankin and
So wall L. Fi&h,.aud, an Assistant Surgeon
(WelL). Keichum became the com
manding officer, and Lieut Rankin
Quai term aster. Wc proceeded to put
the post in as good order as possible;
had regtil.tr guard-mounting and
panules, but little drill. We found
magnificent fishing with the seine on the
outer beach, and sometimes in a single
haul mc would take JO or 15 barrels of
the bcti kind of fish, embracing pora
pinos, icl-ikh, sneppcis, etc
Wc remained luorc till June, when
jzcGUiaxr wxr onnuriKD ro ;:ciia:nh-.e
from ihe Gulf uuiis to '.hose on hc i
Mianuc, Hiienmng iroa. bavamip.h to j
. 1. . . - . 1
The brig Vctumpka
i ii m t JS w B 5 i 'Gl sb C B H 2 o
Written by Himself
City and Its People.
was chartered, and our company (G)
embarked and sailed to Pensacola,
where we look on board another com
pany (D) (Burke's), commanded by
Liout. IT. S. Burton, with Col. Gales,
the regimen Uil headquarters, and some
families. From Pensacola we sailed for
Charleston, S. C. The weather was hot,
the winds light, and we made a long
passage ; but at last reached Charleston
Harbor, disembarked, and took post in
Soon after two other companies arrived,
Bragg's (B) and Keyes's (K). The two
former companies were already quar
tered inside of Fort Moultrie, and these
latter were placed in gun-sheds, outside,
which were altered into barracks. We
remained at Fort Moultrie liearlv five
years, until the Mexican War scattered
us forever. Our life there was of strict
garrison duty, with plenty of leisure for
hunting and social entertainments. We
soon formed many and most pleasant
acquaintances in the city of Charleston ;
and it so happened that many of the
families resided at Sullivan's Island in
the Summer season, where we covdd re
ciprocate the hospitalities extended to us
in the Winter.
During the Summer of 1843, having
been continuously on duty for three years,
I applied for and received
A I-KAA'i: OF ABSENCE
for three months, which I spent mostly
in Ohio. In November 1 started to re
turn to my pot at Charleston by the
way of New Orleans ; took the stage to
rrflfL. 7irrr-. y 111
"Ti.E "Bath: y," CiiAiir,rsT02?.
Chlllicothe, O., Nov. 1G, having Henry , and record his deposition according to
Stanberry, esq., and wife, jis traveling ! certain forms, which enabled them to be
companions. We continued by stage I consolidated and tabulated. We re
next day to Portsmouth, O. j mained in Marietta about six weeks,
At Portsmouth Mr. Stanberrv took a during which rime 1 renentydlv rodp. in
boat up the river, and I one down to I
Cincinnati. J'herel found mv brothers '
JLampson and idoyt employed in the
Gazette printing-office, aud spent much
time with them and Charles Anderson,
esq., visiting his brother Lara, Mr.
Longworth, some of his arfi?t friends,
and especially MissSnllie Carneal, then
quite a belle, and noted for her line
On the 20lh I took passage on the
steamboat Manhattan for St. Louis;
reached Louisville, where Dr. Conrad,
of the Army, joined me, and in Ihe Man
hattan we continued on to St Louis,
with a mixed crowd. We reached the
Mississippi at Cairo the 23d, and St
Louis, Friday, Nov. 24, 18J3. At St.
Louis we called on Col. S. W. Kearney
and Maj. Cooper, his Adjutant-General,
and found my classmate, Lieut. McNutr,
of the Ordnance, stationed at the Arse
nal : also Mr. Deas, an artist, and Pacifi
cus Ord, who was studying law. I spent
a week at St. Louis, visiting the Arsenal,
Jefferson Barracks, and most places of
interest, and then became impressed
with its great future. It then contained
about 40,000 people, and my notes
descxibe 06 good steamboats receiving
aud discharging cargo at the levee.
1 took passage Dec. 4 in the .steamer
John Aull for New Orleans. As
we passed Cairo the snow was fall
ing, aud the country was wintry and
devoid of verdure. Gradually, how
ever, as wc proceeded south, the green
color came ; grass and trees showed the
change of latitude, and when in the
course of a week we had reached New
Orleans the roses were in full bloom,
the fugar-canc just ripe, and a tropical
air prealent We reached New Or
leans Dec. 11, 1843, where I spent about
a veek visiting the barracks, then occu?
pid by the 7th Inf., the theaters, hotels,
and all the usual places of interest of
Oa tne iGih of Deceaiber I continued
on to Mobile in the steamer Fashion by
way of Lake Pontchartrain ; saw there
most of my personal friends, Mr. and
Mrs. Bull, Judge Bragg and his brother
Dunbar, Deshon, Taylor, and Myeiv,
etc., and on the 19th of December took
passage in the steamboat Bourbon for
Montgomery Ala., byway of the Ala
bama River. We reached Montgom
ery at noon, Dec. 23, and look cars
at 1 p. m. for Franklin, 40 miles,
which avc reached at 7 p. m., thence
stages for Grifiin, Ga., via La Grange
and Greenville. This took the whole
night of the 23d and the day of the
24th. At Grifiin we took cars for
Macon, and thence to Savannah, winch
wc reached Christmas night, finding
Lieuts. Ridgley and Kctchum at tea,
where we were soon joined by Rankin
On the 2Gth I took the boat for
Charleston, reaching my post, and re
ported for duly Wednesday morning,
Dec. 27, 1843.
ox FUTrnn c.mrAiox Gi:orxns.
I had hardly got back to my post
when, on the 21st of January, 1844, I
received from Lieut. R. P. Hammond,
at Marietta, Ga., an intimation .that
Col. Churchill, Inspector-General of the
Arm)'-, had applied for mo to assist him
in faking depositions in upper Georgia
and Alabama concerning certain losses
by volunteers in Florida of horses and
equipments by reason of the failure of
the United States to provide sufficient
forage, and for which Congress had
made an appropriation. On the 4th of
February the order came from the
Adjutant-General in Washington for
me to proceed to Marietta, Ga., and
repoit to Inspector-General Churchill.
I was delayed till the 14th of February
by reason of being on a court-mai tial,
when I was duly relieved and started by
rail to Augusta, Ga., and as far as
Madison, wheic I took the mail-coach,
reaching Marietta on the 17th. There
I reported for duty to Col. Churchill,
uho was already engaged on his work,
assisted by Lieut R. P. Hammond, 3d
Art., and a citizen named Stockton.
The Colonel had his family with him,
consisting of Mrs. Churchill, Mary, now
Mrs. Prof. Baird, and Charles Churchill,
then a boy of about 15 years of age.
We all lived in a tavern, and had an
office convenient. The duty consisted
in taking individual depositions of the
officers and men who had composed two
regiments and a battalion of mounted
volunteers that had served in Florida.
An oath was administered to each man
by Col. ChurchiM, who then turned the
claimant over to one of us to take dowu
Kcnesaw Mountain, and over the verv
ground where afterward, in 18fM. vp.
had some hard battles.
After closing our business at Manet ta
the Colonel ordered us to transfer our
operations to Bellefonte, Ala. As he
pro osed to take his family and party by
the .stage, Hammond lent me his riding
horse, which I rode to Allaloona and
the Etowah River. Hearing of certain
large Indian mounds near the way, 1
turned to one side to visit them, stopping
a couple of days with Col. Lewis Tumlin,
on whose plantation these mounds were.
We struck up such an acquaintance that
we corresponded for some years, and as
I passed his plantation during the war,
in 1804, I inquired for him, but he was
not at home. From Tumlin's I rode to
Rome, andby way of Wills Valley over
Sand Mountain and the Raccoon Range
to the Tennessee River, at Bellefonte,
Ala. We all assembled there in March
and continued our work for nearly two
months, when, having completed the
business, Col. Churchill, with his family,
went North by way of Nashville: Ham
mond, Stockton and I returning South
on horseback, by Rome, AHatoona,
Marietta, Atlanta and Madison, Ga.
Stockton stopped at Marietta, where he
resided. Hammond look the cars at
Madison, and I rode alone to Augusta,
Ga., where I left the horse and returned
to Charleston and Fort Moultrie by rail.
Thus by a mere accident I was en
abled to traverse on horseback the very
ground where in after-years I had to
conduct vast armies and fight great bat
tles. That the knowledge thus acquired
was of infinite use to me, aud conse
quently to the Government, I have al
ways felt and staled.
During the Autumn of 1844 a diffi
culty arose among the officers of Co. B,
3d Art (John R. Vinton's), garrisoning
Augusta Arsenal, and I was sent up
from Fort Moultrie as a sort of peace
maker. After etaying there some
months certain transfdrs of officers were
made, which reconciled the difficulty,
and I returned to my post, Fort Moul
trie. During that Winter, JS44-'45, 1
was visiting at the plantation of Mr.
Poyas, on the east branch of the Cooper,
about 50 miles from Fort Moultrie,
hunting deer with his son James and
Lieut John F. Reynolds, 3d Art Wc
had taken our stands, and a deer came
out of the swamp near that of Mr.
James Poyas, who fired, broke the leg
of the deer, which turned back into the
swamp and canie Out again above mine.
I could follow his course by the cry of
the hounds, which were in close pur
suit. Hastily mounting my horse, I
struck across the pine-woods to head the
deer offj and when at full career my
horse leaped a fallen log, and his fore
font caught one of those hard, un
yielding pine-knot3 that brought him
with violence to the ground. I got up
as quick a possible, and found my right
arm out of place at the shoulder, caused
by the weight of the double-barreled
Ill Mill tt
gun. Seeing Reynolds at some distance,
I called out lustily, and brought him to
me. He soon mended the bridle and
saddle, which had been broken by the
fall, helped me on iny horsed and we
followed the course of the hounds. At
first my arm did not pain me much, but
it soon began to ache' so that it was id
most unendurable. J'n about three miles
wc came to a negro hut, where I got oft
and rested till Reynolds could overtake
Poyas and bring him back. They came
a't last, but by that time the arm was
so swollen and painful that I could not
ride. They rigged up an old gig be
longing to the negro, in which I was
carried six miles to the plantation of
Mr. Poyas, sr. A neighboring physician
was Sent for, who tried the usual meth
ods of setting the, asm, but without suc
cess, each time Js?jirg .the -operation
more painful. At-i.i&TftVscnt off) got n
set of double pulleys aud, cord?, with
which- ho succeeded in extending the
muscles and getting the bone into place.
I then returned to Fort Moultrie, but
being disabled appliedTor a short leave,
and went North.
I started Jan. 25, 1845; went to
Washington, Baltimore, and Lancaster,
O., whence I went to Mansfield, and
thence back by Newark to Wheeling,
Cumberland, Baltimore, Philadelphia,
and New York, whence I sailed back
for Charleston on the ship Sullivan,
reaching Fort Moultrie March J), 1845.
About that time (March 1, 1845,)
Congress had, by a joint resolution, pro
vided for the annexation of Texas, then
an independent Republic, subject to cer
tain conditions requiring the acceptance
of the Republic. of Texas to be final and
conclusive. Wc all expected war, as a
matter of course. At that time Gen.
Zachary Taylor had assembled a couple
of regiments or infantry and one of dra
goons at Fort Jessup, La., and had
orders to extend military protection to
Texas against the Indians, or a " foreign
enemy," the moment the terms of an
nexation were accepted. Ho received
notice of such acceptance July 7, and
forthwith proceeded to lemove his troops
to Corpus Christi, Tex., where, during
the Summer and Fall of 1845, was as
sembled that force with which, in the
Spring of 18-16,
WAS IIKOU.V THR MEXICAN AVAR.
Some time during that Summer came
to Fort Moultrie orders for sending Co.
E, 3d Art, Lieut Bragg, to New Or
leans, there to receive a battery of field
guns, and thence to the camp of Gen.
Taylor at Corpus Christi. This was
the first company of our regiment sent
to the seat of war, and it embarked on
the brig Hayne. This was the only
company that left Fort Moultrie till
after I was detached for recruiting serv
ice on the 1st of May, 1846.
Inasmuch as Charleston afterward be
came famous as the spot where began
our civil war, a general .description of it,
as it was in 1846, will not be out of
THE CITY OF C1IATU.EST0X.
The city lies on a long peninsula be
tween the Ashley and Cooper Rivers a
low, level peninsula of sand. Meeting
street is its Broadway, with King street,
next west and parallel, the street of
shops and small stores. These streets
are crossed at right-angles by many
others, of which Broad street was the
principal ; and the intersection of Meet
ing and Broad was the heart of the
city, marked by the guard-house and
St. Michael's Episcopal Church. The
Custom-house, -Postofiice, etc., were at
the foot of Broad street, near the
wharves of the Copper River front. At
the extremity of the Peninsula was a
drive, open to the bay, and faced by
some of the handsomest houses of the
city, called the "Battery." Looking
down the bay on the right was James
Island, an irregular triangle of about
seven miles, the whole island in culti
vation with sea-island cotton. At the
lower end was Fort Johnson, then sim
ply the station of Capt. Bowman, United
States Engineers, engaged in building
Fort Sumter. This fort (Sumter) was
erected on an artificial island nearly in
mid-channel, made by dumping rocks,
mostly brought as ballast in cotton-ships
from the North. As the rock reached
the surface it was leveled, and made the
foundation of Fort Sumter. In 1846
this fort was barely above the water.
Still farther out beyond James Island,
and separated from it by a wide space
of salt marsh with crooked channels,
waa Morris Island, composed of the
sand-dunes thrown up by the wind and
sea, backed with the salt marsh. On
this was the lighthouse, but no people.
On the left,' looking down the bay
from the Battery of Charleston, was, first,
Castle Pinckney, a round brick fort, of
two tiers of guns, one in embrasure, the
other in barbette, built on a marsh
island, which was not garrisoned. Farther
down the bay. a point of the mainland
reached the bay, where there was a group
of houses, called Mount Pleasant; and
at the extremity of the bay, distant six
miles, was Sullivan's Island, presenting
n smooth sand-beach to the sea, with the
line of sand-hills or dunes thrown up by
the waves and winds, and the usual
backing of marsh and crooked salt-water
At the shoulder of this island was
Fort Moultrie, an irregular fort, without
ditch or counterscarp, with a brick scarp
wall, about 12 feet high, which could be
sealed anywhere, and this was surmount
ed by an earth parapet, capable of mount
ing about 40 24-and-32-pounder smooth
bore iron guns. Inside the fort ' were
three two-story brick barracks, sufficient
to quarter the officers and men of two
companies of artillery.
At sea was the usual "bar," changing
slightly from year to year, but generally
the main ship-channel came from the
south, parallel to' Morris Island, till it
was well up to Fort Moultrie, where it
curved, passing close to Fort Sumter and
up to the" wharves of the city, which were
built mostly along,, the Cooper River
Charleston was then a proud, aristo
cratic city, and assumed a leadership in
the public opinion of the South, far out
of proportion to her population, wealth,
or commerce. On more than one occa
sion previously the inhabitants had
almost inaugurated civil war by their
assertion and professed belief that eacli
State had, in the original compact . of
Government, reserved to itself the .right
to withdraw from the Union at its own
option, whenever the people supposed
they had sufficient cause. We used to
discuss these things at our own mess
tables vehemently, and sometimes quite
angrily: but I am sure that I never
feared it would go further than it had
already gone in the Winter of 1832-33,
when the attempt at " nullification " was
promptly suppressed by President Jack
son's famous declaration, "The Union
must and shall he preserved ! " and by
the judicious management of Gen.
Still, civil war was to be; and, now that
it has come and gone, we can rest secure
in the knowledge that as the chief cause,
slavery, hu3 been eradicated forever, it
is not likely to come again.
(To be continued.)
fTlio followJnp licnutlful nrnl touching lines
ivcro taken from tlic knapsack of n Union noklier
who wits found (lend upon tlio battlefield of
Hntclicr's Kim. Vn., tu November, 18G1. The origl-
1111I manuscript, torn mid defaced, wna presented
to Mnj. Burton by Col. Kdtvnrd Hill, of tha lGlb
Mich. The author is tiiikiiown.l
"Hi! Hurry! Tlnllic! Imltnnd tcK
A soldier ju-it a lliin; or two.
You've had n furlough been to sco
How nil the folks in Jersey do?
Il'ri uiore'n n year bihco I win there
I nud n bullet from Fair Oaks.
Since you've been there, old comrade true
S-iy, did you sec nny of our folks?
You did? Sluike lmntls. Oh, nin'tl gladt
For if I do look grim nnd rough
I've got some feelings. People think
A soldier's heart h mighty tough;
Hut, Ilnrry, where Ihe bullets fly.
And hot snllpcler fl imcs nud smoke?,
And whole bittnlioim lienlield,
One's apt to think about his folks.
And, :iiyoii saw them, when nud whero?
The old man is he lively yet?
And mother docs she fade at nil?
Or does alio pine nud fret for mo?
And little Sis has she grown tall ?
Hal, then, you know her friend, that
Annie Koss? How this pipe chokes!
Come, Hal, nud tell me like a man
All of the news about our folks.
You saw than nil at church, you say f
IlS likely they're always there
On Sunday. What ! No, a funcrnl !
"Why, Harry! how you liult nnd stare!
And wcronll well? And were nil out?
Come, surely this cau'l be n hoax;
Why don't you tell inc like n man
Whnl is the matter with our folks?"
"I said nil well, old comrade dear;
I say all well, for Ho knows best
Who takes iiisyouug lambs in his arms.
lie f ore the sun .links in the west
The soldier's stroke deals left nud right.
And flowers fall as well as oaks;
Aud, so, fair Annie Mooms no more.
Aud that's the'mntter with your folks.
Here! this long curl 'twas sent to you;
And this fair blossom from her breast.
And, here your sister Dcssic writes
This letter, telling nil the rest.
Bear up, old friend." Nobody speaks,
Only (ho dull camp raven croaks,
And soldiers whisper: "Itoys, be still:
There'ssoinc bad news from Grnngcr's folks."
He turned his back upon his grief.
And sadly strove to hido his tears
Kind Nature sends to Woe's relief.
Then whispers: "Oh, Hal, I'll try;
But in my throat there's something chokes,
"Because, you sco, I'd thought so Ions
To count her in among our folks.
All may be well, but oven yet
I can't help thinking of this, loa:
I might have kept this trouble off
By boiug gentle, kind, nnd true
But mnybo not. She's safe up there.
When HU hand deals the other stroko 1
Shu'll stand nt Heaven's gate. I, know,
To wait nud welcome our folks.".
HOOD'S LINES BROKEN.
But Gen. Cox Could Not Have Ordered
WHAT HOOD SATS.
Gen. Schofield Asks for Rein
forcements. SHOTJTS OF YICTOKT.
Wood and Steedman Advance
to the Attack.
.UIABFORD, CO, F, 20TH JtfCn. CAV.,
f0 TMTY STKEET, MUSKKGO.V, MICH.
tConlinttett from lnl iceek.')
EX. HOOD, IN
his report of the
first day's battle,
only admits that
towards evening he
lost the outpost3 on
his left, with the
artillery and small
force holding them;
while in truth he
iWMk ave "P I"3 entire
position, ins ad
vanced and main
line, and he lost 17
guns and 1,200 men
by capture. Hood
says: "Finding that
the main movement
of the Federals .Was
directed against our
left, the Chief En
gineer was instruct
ed to carefully select a line in prolonga
tion of the left flank. Cheatham's Corps
was withdrawn from the right during the
night of the loth and posted on the left
of Stewart, Cheatham's left flank rest-
ing near the Brentwood Hills. In this
position the men were ordered to con
struct breastworks during the same
Gen. Eee, iu his report, says: "Dur
ing the night Cheatham's Corps was
withdrawn from my right and moved to
the extreme left of the army. The army
then took position about one mile in rear
of its original line, my corps being on
the extreme riht."
As it was not known on the evening
of the 15th what Hood's plans would be
for the morrow, Gen. Thomas gave in
structions to his corps commanders
which had reference alike to battle or
pursuit. Hood's new line on Brent
wood Hills was two and a half miles
shorter than his former one. A series
of hills on the cast trending southwest,
and another on the west trending south
east, forms at their termination in these
directions the Brentwood Gap, through
which the Franklin turnpike passes. His
nAVixo iiekn nnivKX back
so far, was necessarily refused, bending
back at right-angles at a point near
Schofield's position. This angle was
upon a fortilied hill, and from that point
the line extended southward to another
fortified hill. The right rested upon
Overton Hill, another intrenched posi
tion. During the night of the loth Gen.
Schofield became uneasy, being upon
the right of the infantry and not far
from the enemy, and asked for- rein
forcements. Col. Mcoio's Division of
Smith's (Sixteenth) Corps w.s ordered
to report to Schofield, aud was placed
by him in reserve. The intrenchment
of his position gave evidence of Scho
field's disquietude. j
. -'Hood had withdrawn his light so fur
$& , &
that the forenoon of the 16th was spent
in developing his new position in that
quarter. Early in the morning AVood,
in compliance with orders from Gen.
Thomas, advanced to the Franklin road
and formed hi3 corps with Elliott's Divis
ion on the right of that road, Bcatty's
on the left of it, and Kimball's in re
serve. He then advanced three-fourths
of a mile and encountered Hood's skir-
Gen. Steedman. .
mish-lines behind barricades about one
half mile in front of his main line.
In concert with Wood's movement,
Smith, on the right, and Steedman, on
his left, advanced to the immediate pres
ence of the enemy. To protect the rear
of the left flank of his army, Steedman
ordered Col. J. G. Mitchell's Brigade of
Cruft's Provisional Division to advance
and hold Eiddle's Hill. "Wilson moved
to the rear of Hood's left as rapidly as.
possible. He had his corps in hand,
Johnson's Division having removed to
the Hillsboro turnpike from the extreme
right towards Bell's Landing, in conse
quence of the retirement of the enemy
from bis front during the night.
Hood's forces in front of Hammond'3
Brigade were very demonstrative early
in the day, and skirmished sharply to
resist Yilsons advance.
The ground was rough and slippery
and the dense forest between the cav
alry and Hood's left flank greatly
EETARDED WILSOS'S 3IOVE3IEXTr
it being necessary for his men to dis
mount and advance on foot; but by
noon he had formed a continuous line of
skirmishers in front of Hatch's Division
and Hammond's Brigade of Knipe's Di
vision",, while Croxton's Brigade was in
readiness to support Hatch or Ifam
Imondt This line of cavalry was parallel fer
tile enemy's line of infantry, facing to
wards Nashville or to the north, its left
connecting with Schofield's right. Gen.
Schofield's line faced east, except a part
on the left, which curved around the
angle in the enemy's line. The remain
der of the line of infantry Smith's,
"Wood's, and Steedman's looked di
rectly to the south.
It has already been shown that Gen.
Wilson had his forces ready for attack
at noon on the 10th insr., and that he
was greatly retarded in gaining his posi
tion by the activity of the enemy. In
fact, Gen.Wilson became discouraged in
the morning, and at an interview be
tween Gen. Thomas and himself about
10 o'clock a. m. on the Hillsboro turn-
Gbs; Hood, C. S. A.
pike, Gen. Wilson proposed to Gen.
Thomas the shifting of his whole cav
alry force over on our left, where there
was more open country for the move
ments of his mounted forces.
To this Gen. Thomas would not con
sent, and ordered him to continue the
movement against Hood's left flank,
and then, if he were not successful, hid
force could be transferred as requested ;
but, until every eflbrt had been made
by Wilson, and it wa3 found impossible
to penetrate Hood's lines on his left
flank, Thomas did not wish to change
his plan of battle.
Wilson immediately reinforced Hutch's
and Hammond's dismounted skirmisher?,
and by noon had gained the coveted
position. The attainment of this posi
tion by Gen. Wilson was to be the sig
nal for a general attack from right to
left, Wilson and Schofield to take the
initiative in conjunction.
As soon a3
Gen. Wilson had gained
the coveted position in the rear of
Hood's lefc flank, he dispatched a mes
sage to Gens. Schofield and Thomas that
T.EADY TO MOVE
against the Jeneray. Gen. Schofield did
not advance, but about 1 p. rn. asked
for reinfoi cements. Gen. Thomas was
so nnxious that the prescribed co-oper-atie
attack should be made, that afe
first lie directed Gen. Smith to send an
other division of his (the Sixteenth)
corps to Schofield. But Jo this Gen.