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THE NATIONAL TBJBraffiWAffllSeigye'mURSDAY. APRIL 16, 1896.
FIGHTING THEM OVER,
What (Our Veterans Have (o Say About
Tt-cir Old Campaigns.
LI V ELY TIM ES.
ricnty to Wo in Old Virginia in llto Spring:
Editor Natjoxaj. Ti:imwK: After the
throe days' bailie of the Wilderness, ou
Saturday evening, May 7, 1 SGI, our division,
ihe Second of the Fifth Corps was with
drawn rom the Iron'. After rations were
issued and cofl'cc cooked we started on the
iir-t of Grants many Hank movements iu
tlic cntrpaipn ftoni the linnpakannpck to
the .lame. Onr division, under Brig.-Gcn.
John O. Itobinsou, led the advance. All
ninht we matched rap'dly in the direction
of fpotlsylvr.nia Courthouse. Jt fit at day
break on the 8th wc halted, blacked arms,
and the men, worn out with lighting and an
nll-nighl's march, lay down to rest.
Our rest was short. Siu :rts cavalry, ad
vancing, cucouulered ovr pickets, when the
old familiar '-'ban?, harg," "zip, zip"
mingled with the loud co'.amai:ds of our
olhccrF, and wc were m line aim on a eua.-e
iu few minute?, sending the rebel cavalry
and a battny fiyiim through the woods,
across fields, up and down hills for about
The division brconiing somewhat disor
ganized. Gen. IJubmsnn halted it at the tde
of a wood to reioim. Skirmishers were
ordered out, and Lieut. Fowler, command
ing my company t A), stepped to the front
and called for volunteer. Now, I had that
morning pai taken largely of the spirit of
Southern chivahy and thought 1 could whip
at least five Johnnie.", espec ally if they be
longed to Stuart's cavalry. So 1 stepped to
the front. Others quickly followed, imbued,
1 suppi:B, with the same spirit, and the
fckirmigh-!ine was toon termed. .
"We moved forwaid into the woods, down
a lull and onto a flat, where the woods were
more open. Wc soon ran into the lebs, but
they would not budge an inch and sent their
compliments toward us m a manner that
heemi'd to say : " We will run Jrom a line-of-batilc,but
not from skirmisher?."
Tnn Guard? Quickly Scattekud.
I will confess my fighting stock of courage
went down to par in an instant. Seeing a
large oak to my left I made a charge tor it,
herefrom I tired a few round:?, just to let
them know that I had pie-emptcd thai claim
and proposed to hold it. I had been behind
1hc tree hut a few minutes when I heard a
comrade at ray left sing out:
'Ch.vuberlatn, for the Lord's take, look:
And sure enough not a hundred yards
ar.ay on our left and rear we saw advancing
n line of rebel infantry with arms at right
fchotilder and tanks aligned as though on
The rcfes fang out "Surrender, Yanks,"
and which we did without a proleBt, as they
were too near when seen for us to get away.
A large, fine-looking officer was in command.
He asked to what command ivc belonged,
and I heard him tell his Orderly to run and
tell Col. Somebody to halt his men on the
brow ol the hill.
1 hae samewhere read that Gen. Robin
son encountered the enemy May 8 behind
strong breastworks. I do net tee how that
could he, lor in L minutes after wc weie
captured tl ere was heavy thing in the direc
tion whence we came, and the battle was on.
The time at too short to build heavy breast
Wc were sent abctit a mi!e to the rear and
placed under guard by the &ide of a road. A
little Major had charge of the guard. The
Major was very lorjuncic us, -and spoke with
a strong negio arcent. Wc had not been
long here bt-fort an ofliccr with long whif-k-eYh
rode up and asked how many prisoners
had bren taken that morning. The Major
gave the number, and I thought then he
drew largely fioni his imagination, as the
number lie gave was not then in bight.
The Mayor told ttu the officer was .Teh
Stuart. Troops and artillery were passing
along the road all -day toward Giant's left.
Some time hi 'he afternoon a cavalcade
pad u. We hked the Major who they
were, and he said it was the greatest General
that ever lied. one that was "oimr to make.
Grant get up and hustle out of the Wilder
ness, uen. Bob Lee.
At this place I dug a hole in the ground
and bnrit-d 40 rounds of cartridges that I
had in my havcihnck. Perhaps some time
the plow may turn those bullets out, and
they will be sold as sovenirs of the baltlci
About 2 a. in. of the 9lh we were ordered
away under the e-coitol a squad of cavalrv.
By being seat away at that early hour made
us suspect that Giant was "hustling" in the
wrong duection to tuit cur lriend, the Ma
y r. Our guard was in charge of a Virginia
cavalry Lieutenant, a perfect gentleman,
whom I hope still lives and is in the enjoj'
inent of licaltb and bappiuess.
With Ukavy JIkauts Wr, Trudged
There were nboul 200 of us able to march
befcide an ambulance train filled with the
wounded of both armies. The Lieutenant
let us icst frequently. At one time, I icmem
bt r, an old man on hor.-cback reviewed uf.
The old gentleman was very complimentary
iu his remarks, calling us" hirelings, thieves,
invaders, lobhers, eowaidt-," etc., and end
ing by declaring that "one Confederate sol
dier was worth moie than the whole
Some time during the day we forded the
Ivmh Anna Jliver. The Lieutenant let us
slop about an hour to wring out and dry
out clothing. This halt proved our salva
tion. Toward night the Lieutenant sent
ue of his men ahead to hold the .Richmond
tiain at Beaver D.im Station, where -we -were
to t:.ke the cars for the former place.
With heavy hearts we trudged along the
road. We heard the whistle of the locomo
tie and the ringing of the hell as the train
pulled into the station. It sounded like a
death knell, for some of us had known the
hrrror.? of a Southern prison-pen.
Suddenly away in the rear we heard the
sharp crack of a pislol, followed by two or
thiee others in quick succession.
" What the does that racan?" I heard
the Lieutenant s:iy, as he turned aud rode
back. But quickly he returned on the gal
lop, shominu to his men to take careof them
selves, for the Yankees were coming.
The guards quickly scattered through the
woods. Looking back we taw the blue coats
coining, their horses white with foam. They
afterward told us that they got on our trail
early iu the afternoon and had ridden long
and hard to cur rescue. 1 remember a pri
vate rode some distance in advance, followed
by a Major and a few other.. And after
them came the M chigan Brigade of Cavalry.
They went into the i ration and captured the
train before it had time to nil out. Sheri
dan's whole Cavalry Corps soon came in, and
we camped lor the luglit. s. A. ujijuibei:
LAIX, Co. A, IGth Me,, Mayfield, Me.
BATTLE OF SH1LOH.
The Olh Iowa Was iu the Tight Without a
Commnudci- Its I.o,scs ami Reasons for
Editor National TniBuxn: Thiriy
fonr years igo, April G, 13G2, was a Sabbath
morning. The sua ro?c blight and clear, a
warm southern breeze stirred gently the
twigs of the budding trees, and the birds
chirruped their happy notes as the sun rose
over the hilltop?.
1 was a prh.ve soldier in Co. T, Gth Iowa,
and my regimeut occupied the extreme out
post of Graut'is arinj. It fell to my lotto
he on the picket-line that moining near the
Corinth toad, with no Union soldier nearer
the approaching enemy. My position was a
peiilous one, yet I remained at my post un
til more than lo.OOU Confederate soldiets
had passed by not 10 rods south of n:e, gi ing
east to commence their deadly work on the
left of Shci ma-i's l)ii-:on, to wlrch our
My orders were to not fire on the enemy.
1 stood behind a hickory 1 1 ee momentarily
expecting that some Confederate soldier
wuu'd make short woik of me, but so eager
wcie the Confederates to attack the center
of our army they paid but little attention to
me, only ot:cc letting down the fence north
of them, a few soldieis getting into the open
ground, icmaitiing there, however, but a
short time, when ihey classed back into the
n ad, and passed rapidly along with the great
body of armed men.
Long before an orders came f o me to fall
back and join my legiment, the rattle of
muske'ry and the boom of the cannon told
40,01)0 loyal men that the enemy was upon
Oiders came to join the regiment, and we,
who had been on the picket-line all night,
slowly walked back towaid oar camp, stot
piiig only once while some rebel General and
stff rode up withiu 50 steps of us. The
greatest opportunity of the entire battle was
pietciitew to this squad of 20 well drilled,
well aimed and good iuaiksnien,and yet the
Captain in cha ge, as well as his Firet Lieu
tenaut., positively forbade us to iir
We lcll back into our camp. The regi
ment Avas pone: the rebel eharpiooters
were there, but they were so surprised to
sec ns in their rear that ihey made a hasty
retreat to the southeast, which permitted the
compauy to foim and double-quick aud join
the regiment. Jt was now about 8 o'clock,
and Iieiny firing and hard fighting was going
on not a half mile tan of where we were.
The cneiny appeared on our left flank and
in front of us, aud after a few volleys thty
retired and we again fell hack to a position
about one-half mile, perhnp? a little over
that, northeast of Shiloii Church.
Here misfortune befell our regiment thick
and fast, and here in this article I give to
tl e public, for the first time, so far as I
know, facts which, at that time, were a hu
miliation to every comrade of the Gth Iowa.
At about 10 r. iu. we were fiercely as
saulted by a heavy column of the enemy,
and we were without a field officer to com
The Colonel, John Adair M. McDowell,
who commanded ihe brigade, while riding
rapidly down the line to get his command
iu order, was thrown from his hon-e, and
being a very largo and fleshy man, was so
serioubly hurt that he was carried from the
field. The Lieuteimut-Colonel had distilled
so much old Kentucky Bourbon whisky
that his sword had been taken from him,
aud he was happy as a loid. sitting in front
of a hlack-jck tree, tiring shots iuto the air
from a carbine.
The Major, (afterward Major-General,)
Johu M. Corse, was one of Gen. Pope's .staff
over iu Missouri, and there we were, 610 of
us, the enemy in front of us, to the right of
us and to the left of us, and no one to com
mand us in whom we had learned to place
our tiust. C'api. WillianiB, of Co. G, took i
commnuu, nui ne iiau scarcely mane a move
befoie he was so severely wound. d that he
was carried from the field, and we were left
to take care of ourselves.
Back and forth the great storm of leaden
hail went. Sometimes the Stars and Stripes, j
held to the breeze by loyal men with a brave
heart, made the advance; then again, like j
an avalanche, the horde of disloyal men, j
with the Stais and Barp, would sweep down
upon us and drive us from our position, '
leaving the ground covered with the dead,
dying and wounded men.
Fic times did we drive the enemy quite
a dibtacce, but as many limes in turn were
we compelled to give up the ground we
gnined. While fighting without a field
officer in command Gen. Sherman came to
us aud personally directed our movements,
and abont 2:30 o'clock ordered ns to fall
back. We'did so, taking a position on a hill
nearer the lauding aud nearly a mile south
west of it. Heie, under Sherman's direc
tions, we made breastworks of fence-rails,
but the enemy had driveu in our soldier),
who weie farther east of us, and we were
again ordered by Gen. Sherman to fall back,
lie led us to the 6 '-pound cannon, halted us
in rear of them, and told us to die iu our
tracks rather than give up those guu.
We remained iu line elose in rear and
around those hcavy-calibeicd guns until
next morning, when wc were relieved, and
again went to the front under command of a
Captain of one of the companies of the regi
ment. Capt. Williams, who commanded the
regiment while it hadn't a commander on
April 10, reported to the brigade commander
that less than C)0 were engaged iu the fight;
that G-l were killed, 100 wounded, and 47
missing; a total of 211; and of the missing
thrc were afterwards found dead in the
brush, having died of their wounds.
Although our regimeut suffered so seri
ously wc gathered ourselves together, aud
on the second day were attached to Gen.
Gatileld s Brigade, and did our share of the
second day's fighting. I was but a boy
scaice 18 years old, my life had been pas?ed
ou a farm, aud I knew nothing of the ter
rois of war: but when the fighting ceased,
while older men shrunk ft om the terrible
scene of dead men ou every hand, I went
to work, aiding in burying the elead. and
caring for the -wounded, and did not cease
my labors until the last man was buried,
which was not until Friday evening. A
badness comes over me whenever I lecall
those ghastly scenes and reflect upon the
dishonor and disgrace which some of my
comrades caused to overtake them iu that
But our record ib made, and if it was one
of incompetency and diunkenncss, or one of
honor and merit, it is individually of our
choice. The rank and file of the Gth Iowa
can have no fiuger of shame pointed at them
AUSTIN P. Lowery, Co. I, Gth" Iowa,
1 Des Moines, Iowa.
Experiences on the Mississippi in 18C1.
Editor National Tribune: I have
noticed hut little from anyone who served on
the Mississippi flotilla from September, ISO f,
to August, 1SG2. The fact is that tl o his
tory of the operations of the Western gun
boat is so veiy meager that it is hardly
mentioned iu the modem histoiy of the
United States. It is a fact, however, that
during the period above mentioned the
Cumberland and Tennessee llivers were
opened to navigation, and the Western gun
boat was a mighty factor in the organized
forces that accomplished this end.
The Gth day of September, lGl,is a mem
orable day to me. On this day I enlisted as
a seaman on the gunboat Concstoga. At
this dae this boat was on its voyage from
Cincinnati, O., where it had been bniltand
equipped, for Cairo, 111. It put in at Mt.
Vernon, hid., in search of recruits, where a
squad of 20 or SO had been collected by A.
Maekey. For his services in this lespect
Maekey was rewarded by a commission as
U. S. Gunboat
one of the officers of the boat, but resigned it
after Ie,-s than a cat's service. The mo-tof
the recruits received here were organized
as Marine Guards, and Charlie Wtight, as
we used to call him, was made Sergeant of
After wc had been duly examined by Dr.
Wilson, the ship's Surgeon, anl the oath
admin steied by Capt. 55. L. Phelps, the
lines were cast off, and the heat sttamed
down ihe river, and ihe l'exl moining wc
found ourselves at Caiio, 111. Early in the
Gen. Grant catuc.l two or three ,
large bo.its to be freighted with infantry and
attillery, and about 10 o'clock of this fore
noon lines were c.isL off, and these boats
steamed up the liver, closely followed by the
gunboats Conesioga, Lexington, and Tyler,
to the city of Pad u call, Ivy., at ihe mouth of
the Tennessee ltivr. About 1 o'clock in
the afternoon the tioops were disemhaiked
at the -Murine Hospital, and immediately
occupied the city. This proved lo he a strat
egic point, and was occupied aud held unto
After the lroop3 had been safely landed,
and the city occupied, all of which was ac
complished without resistance, the Cone
sioga made a reconnaissance up the Tennessee
Btvcr. and on leaching Smithlatid, a small
town some 8 or 10 miles above Paducib,
a pilot for this river had lo he secured,
which caused a delay of an hour or more.
The name of one was obtained, and Serg't
Wright, with a squad of the Murine Gun d
was sent up town with orders to arrest this
gentleman and bring him ou hoard under
guard, if he refused to obey orders.
The gentleman was found and brought on
board under guard, and we at once pro
ceeded up the river, but nothing startling
occurred on the loya-'c. A small steamboat-
was captured, a prize cicw was placd on
board, with orders to land her at Paducah.
Iu a few hours wc returned to Smithland,
discharged our pilot, and proceeded to Pa
ducah, thence down the river that night to
Steamed up the Hivkr.
On the morning of the 8th, in company
with the Lexington, we steamed down the
Mississippi Kiver iu Hearth of Gen. .leff
Thompson, who it was reported was camped
on the right bank of this river, in the State
of Missouri, with a force f Confederate
troops variously estimated from 11,000 to
5,000 men of all arms.
About 10 o'clock in the forenoon, and just
after passing the town of If.ckman, Ky., wc
came in range of the enemy's guns, who im
mediately opened fire upon us with field-piece.-,
and we replied with 32 and G-l -pound
shell, and soon drove him out of his camp hack
into the timber out of range of our shells.
After the filing had ceased, and while stand
ing out in the channel waiting for further
developments, a squad of Confederates ap
proached the bank through the timber and
brush unobserved, aud fired a volley of mus
ketry at the boats.
The writer, a mere boy, and a comrade,
whose name 1 am not able lo call, were ou
duty ou the deck at this time, aud my com
rade fell wounded and bleeding, and i im
mediately ran to his a'sistance, and he was
carried below. A small piece of the frontal
hone was carried away, lie was a man about
50 years of age, and the wound so affected
his mind that he was finally discharged from
With shell and canister the-enemy was
driven back into the timber, and by sunset
we were back to Cairo. L. If. Coon, Snoho
Admiral Dalilgrcu OlT Charleston.
Editor National Tribune: My atten
tion has been called to a note signed " Wil
son Budd Strong" in your issue of March
2G, which says that I have given an "im
pression" that is "erroneous" a9 to opera
tions of Admiral Dahlgieu off Morris Island
July 10, 18G3.
I regret that the writer should have mis
construed what I did say, so ra to make a
wrong inference. My statement in the arti
cle he refers to was, speaking of Admiral
Dahlgren : "July 10, IFGIl, he made a joint
attack with the troops on the southern de
fenses of Morris Island, which resulted in
Again, Mr. Strong says: "I have always
understood that the senior naal officer of
the expedition actually present was Fiaucis
In reply, I must anew refer lo my article,
which says: "At 4 a. m. of July 10 Admiral
Dahlgren hoisted his flag ou the Kaatskill
aud led in over the bar."
He was "actually present " when his flag
ship was on that memorablo occasion hit GO
times. What one understands from hearsay
is one thing, and history, that deals with
facts, is another. Madeleine Vinton
Dahlgren, Washington, 1). C
IJaclc Numbers Wanted:
J. W. Eldridgc, 2 State St., Hart Tord, Conn.,
is very anxious to get copies of The Na
tional Tribune nom Aug. 20, 1881, to
March 20, 18S3, and is willing to pay a good
price for thcin. Look your old files up and
write to him.
A LITTLE EXTRA DUTY.
fnmlay nt Jem LJW Wallace's Headquar
ters. Editor National. Tribune: In the
Spring of 1SG2 our regiment was in a bri
gade composed of the 20th, oGth, 7Gth, and
78.h Ohio, iu the diviTion of Gen. Lew Wal
lace. On Sunday, May 11, 1SG2, wc were in
camp at Pea Bidge, nchr Pittsburg Landing,
Tcnn. The weather iyas fine, and this day
matchless in heautyceven in that latitude.
For some time picviqus we had been drill
ing six hours a day. This the most of the
boys thought was rather violent exercise, or
too much of a good thing. Consequently we
were glad to have Sunday come.
But three mcmbcrs'of Co. C of our regi
ment weie deprived of the coveted and ex
pected surcease, for soon after guard-mounting
the writer and two other comrades were
oidcred to report to the Captain for special
Capt. Williams informed us that a special
order had beeu received from Gen. Wallace
directing that a detail of a Corporal and two
privates he sent to his ITeadquariers for
i.pecial duty. The Captain said he had se
lected us lor this work, ns he wanted the
company and regiment lo he credi'ably rep
resented at our Division Headquarters, and
he felt sure we would do our duty.
In a short time we reached Gen. Wallace's
tent and reported to him. As we neared
Headquarters we rathercaughton to theextra
special duty we were to perform, as we saw
three members of our regiment under guard
near bv. Gen. Wallace came out of his tent,
spoke to us kindly, stating that the com-
rants under guard were guilty 01 naving
killed a yearling calf, the last Jive-stock of
a poor woman living cloac at hand, and this
in violation of orders; that they were caught
in the act.
Pointing to the men who had the beef
caiwss with them, nicely dressed, the Gen
eral instructed me to have them cut a pole,
siring the beef on it, and then have tliem
tako up their inarch around some large trees
near his tent.
This must have been about 10 o'clock a
tn. The General invited the guards to make
themselves comfortable, but to see that the
beef hoys kept up a, steady tramp until he
called a halt. "Undoubtedly this was the
hardest march these comrades had experi
enced. They, as didf.thcir guards, hoped
that Gen. Wallace would retire early, but
we were disappointed in' that respect, as it
must have been 11 p. in.' before the General
came out and ordered that the men dig a
hole and bury the beef. It must have
weighed a ton to the Jioys carrying it by that
That done, wc took them to the regiment
and turned thcui ovcrto the commanding
officer. This duty wasinot what wc ex
pected, but the expecttd" hardly ever hap
pened in those troublesome days.
The comrade of thUtitinrortniiate affair
have long since joined l,he silent majority,
two of them being killed in battle. Only a
5 left the Cor-
Gen. Lew Wallace afters litis time per
formed distinguished service for the Union,
and I have often wondered what would
have been the outcome if the rebel army
had made their attack on Gen. Wallace's
Division at Adamsville, as they threatened
to do the morning of April G. Had they
advanced on us they would have found Gen.
Lew Wallace's grand Division in line-of-battle
long before day on the mornings of
April 5 and G, icady to receive them.
Onr Ohio Biigade alone contained men
who later on gained great d stinctioii in the
Union cause such as Gen. Charles It. Wood,
Gen. William B. Wood, Gen. Willard War
ner, Gen. M. D. Leggett, Gen. Manning F.
Force and Gen. William If. liaynor. T. J.
Williams, First Lieutenant, oGth Ohio,
An AI:iriuiiigI)c:&iIi Rate. Our
Health lsUisti(!S. Dr. 1 W
Kcilly Spenks. The Chicago dailies
contained recently an article on the health
statistic of that city by Dr. F. W. lleilly,
of the health department, which depicts
plainly the situation in many other sections
of our land.
The statement is worthy of more than
passing notice, comiilg, as it does, from
such a reliable source. . The learned doctor
sounds a warning note that ought to be heed
ed by one and all, when he says that the
principal cause of ihe great increase iu the
death rate is owing to the prevalency at
this time of year of diseases of the lungs
and l expiratory organs, and also of the heart
The public press 3 but performing its
duty when it calls altsntiou to the necessity
of exercising every possible precaution to
avoid these attacks. The experience of med
ical men is, that those who fall a prey to
these ailments arc, as a rule, persons in
delicate health and of enfeebled constitu
tions, iu many cases due to a former attack
of ihe "La grippe." They had never been
fully cured, but simply "temporarily patch
ed up." The germs of disease are still
lodged in their systems, aud it requires hut
slight exposure to bring on the old attack
in aggraMi ed form.
"But," say you, " we know all this from
bitter experience j what shall we do to avoid
it?" The answer is not as difficult as it
fleenis. It is rarely that a strong, robust man
is stricken down with "these particular ail
ments. If -the blood js-chculating with the
warmth and vigor wfiiclr nature intended,
the body is almost inYuliicrablc to disease,
and these ailments in particular hence the
first step is to fortify the body and system
by menus of a reliable blood-purifying rem
edy a medicine which yviU remove these
disease germs, creaiernjjw, rich, red-blood,
add stimulate the entire organism.
For all of these purposes we know of no
better picparation tllalitDr. Peter's Blood
Vitalizer. A century's (constant use has
demonstrated its efficacy. Unlike other
ready-prepared medicines, it cannot he ob
tained in drug stores, hut, direct of the man
ufacturer or special local agents.
If there is no ag'eh't in your neighbor
hood write to Dr. PctetJ Fahrucy, 112-114
So. Hoyuc Ave., Chipcjo,-Ill.
Editor National Tribune: Two ap
plicants for appointment in tho Civil
Service of the General Government, both
equally qualified as to ability, integrity, etc.,
but one of said applicants served iu the
Union at my during the late civil war and
was honorably mustered out; the other
did not enter the Government service iu any
way. Why "should not the preference be
given the Union veteran?
Itia to he hoped that the National Repub
lican Convention to beheld next June in St.
Louis will speak otit-in the platform in no
unmistakable terms in favor of giving veter
ans tho preference. War. H. Coombs, Com
mander, Wesley Merritt.Post, GO, Sau Au
From Alert Comrades All Along the
Covering a IJctrcat.
Cliarlca fltilin, Co. E, 2d Mich., Kalkaska,
Mich., writes: "I wish to say a few words
concerning tho controversy between Serg't
Conk, 2d Mich., and Comr.idc Gregg, 1st
Mass. Comiade Gregg forgets that the 1st
Mass. was a part of tho Michigan Brigade
Avhen under Gen. J. B. Richardson. Our
brigade at that time was 1st Mass., 12th N.
V., 2d and 3d Mich., with Battery E, 3d U.
S. Art. It was this brigade that opened the
engagement at Blackburn's Ford, July 18,
1SG1, and held the position until tho follow
ing Sunday, when the engagement became
general, our brigade being ou rcacrve nearly
"The forming of square by regiments that
he mentions took place about 3 o'clock p. m.
on Sunday on both sides of the main road
leading from Centerville to Stone Bridge,
and I have no doubt the square of his regi
ment was unbroken until the retreat took
place. But about G o'clock p. in. Gen. Rich
ardson took the 2d and 3d Mich, and made
a detour to our rear and left, and then frouted
again about one mile to our left and front of
our original position, leaving ua on the ex
treme left aiitl front of our army. This was
done to prevent a flank movement of Jack
son. "In this position we remained until about
2 o'clock a. m. Monday, when wc were or
dered to leave the field without making any
noise. The 2d .Mich, covered the retreat
until wc reached the main road, when the
3d took the rear, aud shortly after the 1st
Mass. dropped to the n ar. I think the dif
ferent regiments of our brigade alternated in
taking the rear until we reached Fairfax
Courthouse, about G or 7 a. m. Then some
other command covered the retreat to Alex
antlria and Washington.
"I presume Comrade Gregg may be right
in saying the 1st Mass. covered the retreat
from where his regiment began to retreat, as
wc were over a mile apart and dill not come
together until daylight about two miles from
our original position. We began to see the
effects of the retreatdead hoiscaand mules,
and all kinds of carriage lying bottom up
wards in the ditch ci on either side of the
road. This was something we knew nothing
of until we reached the main road to Fairfax
At Tracy's Springs.
R. llannnford, Co. M, 2d Ohio Car., Cin
cinuati, writes: "I saw a letter from a com
rade of the 1st Vt. Caw, speaking of the
affair at Lacy's Springs in 18G1. I cannot
think that the Vermont comrade was in that
affair, or his memory would be more vivid.
Who that was there can ever forget that
horrible morning, with sleet, snow, aud rain
pour.ng down, and the wind howling through
the wood close in our front. It was at lhat
darkest hour before dawn that we heard a
strange pounding noise in our rear. Not
I long were w:e. left iu doubt. A shot, then
another, and two lives went out. 'I hen,
mingling with a dozen shots, came the rebel
yell, and wo knew that it wus a night attack
from the rear.
"Tiie comrade says his regiment was on
the fcouth side of the pike; but the pike
runs here almost north aud south. The
Second Brigade of Custer's Third Division
lay directly opposite Lacy's Sp'rings on the
west of tho pike, while the First Brigade
Avas camped that night a mile south, on the
east of the p;ke. Onr brigade was to have
the advance returning to camp, and. our
bugle had sounded 'Lead into line' some 10
minutes before, when the first shot came.
Thus, though the timo was short, we were
to sonic extent ready.
The Second Brigade, however, were all in
bed, and in less than a minute the rehs were
in their camp riding over them. It elid not
take two minutes to scatter them like a
Hock of sheep. How it was in the Second
Brigade I cannot say, hut in the First Bri
pade not a tent was put up the night before.
Even the officers failed to erect tents, fori
remember when, at 10 p. m., I turned in,
the moon was shining bright and beautiful,
and no one dreamed of the storm that broke
at 1 a. m.
"The Tchs certainly hnd their work well
laid out beforehand, for after scattering the
Second Brigade they never stopped to take
a prisoner, but rode out on the pike and
came straight for our camp. Not a sound
did the men make; all that could be heard
was that deadened potiuding noise as they
galloped through sleet and snow.
"Our brigade lay back about one-eighth
of a mile from the pike in a level field, but
from the pike it was quite a rise. Up this
the rehs came, seemingly determined to serve
us as they had the Second Brigade; but
they found a I'ihe there, not very straight,
and by no means heavy, but one that gave
them a volley as they came up the hill.
"I am ;urc comrades in other regiments
caiinot ;ay that I have c'aimed the 2d Ohio
put the rebellion down nlone, but I will say
that this morning the 2d Ohio was the only
regiment thai bad what may fairly be termed
a line; the other regiments hurrying up,
extending on our right, soon convinced tho
enemy that their chance of success was past,
and they turned and scattered. We followed,
capturing overSOontof the 450. The first dim
show of coming day came as they turned and
fled. The mo3t chagrined of all were the
few careful (of themselves) rehs who stayed
back to pick up the Second Brigade prison
ers, and came riding up to us boasting how
many Yanks each had. Of our return to
camp, of our suffering, when by sundown the
thermometer was below zero, and men and
horses without a bite, more anon.
"Want to ailceatc.
John Iviiowllon, Adjutant, G.A.R. Post,
Parkdale, Toronto, Canada, writes: "We.
have a colony of 25 families, principally pen
sioners, wlio wish to migrate to a more cou
geuial climate. Now, if any of our comrades
ill the South will furnish me with a pros
pectus of the city, town, or section of the
country iu which they reside, I will lay the
information before the colony. The families
desiring to migrate consist of about 100 per
sons, aud would prefer some manufacturing
L town or city south of Virginia."
J. II. Powell, Co. K, 10th Tonn., Bertram,
Tex., writes: "I have a positive cure "for
cancer that I wish to give the benefit of to
any old soldier who touched elbows with me
in the rebellion. All I ask is their testi
mony after being cured. Send company and
regiment and number of Post, if a member."
Geo. H.Lang, Rye, N. II., wants to corre
spond with any veteran's widow or daugh
ter. V. B. AValkins, Fairnaks, Cal., wants
more comrades in his section, so that a Post
may he established. He says the climate iu
California has nearly cured him of rheuma
tism, and the particular section in which he
lives if very elesirnble.
G. R. Barber, Watertown, N. Y., has on
file The National Tribune since March
22, 1833. He will sell them for $5.
T. J. Naylor, Co.C, 9th Ind., Erin Shades,
V., wants to exchange his larm of 31 acres
and buildings, 12 miles from Richmond,
for house and lot in village, or city with
railroatl station and poslollice. He is a
cripple, aud unable to farm properly.
200,000 MEN CUItED.
Sinco 1891 over 200,000 men have used the
simple, liurniless rceipe which eiirctl mo of
lost vigor, from errors nml excesses. 'You
can prepare it yourself or I will furnish it
rcnily for isso clu iper than n tlrUKUist can.
Recipe, anil full direction hy mhlressiuj;,
ilit. Thomas IIaicnrs, Dux 530. MuniilJ, "Mich.
If you want a sure relief for
limbs, use an
BEAR in MIND Not one of
tions is as good as the genuine.
Brief Sketches of Bat'eries of the
Maine Light Artillery.
Tho 1st battalion, Me. L. A., was an or
ganization composed of seven batteries,
serving in different command.. The bat
talion was organized for three years at the
following dates and places: The 1st battery,
at Portland, Me., Dec. 18, 1SG1 ; the 2d bat
tery, at A'tgnstn, Me., Nov. 30,1861; the
3d battery, at Augusta, Me., Dec. 11,1801;
the -1th battery, at Augusta, yic, Dec. 21,
18G1 ; the rth battery, at Augusta, Me., Dec
4, 1861; the Gth battery, at Augusta,
Me., Feb. 7, 1 802, and the 7th battery, at
Augusta, Me., Dec. 30, 18G3. The battalion
was mustered out by batteries at different
dales from June 17 to July G, 18G5. L'eur.
Col. Davis Tillson was discharged March
25, 1SG3. Lieut.-Co'. Geo. F. Leppicn died
May 21, !.'.", of wound received in action ;
Lieut.-Col. Freeman McGilvtry elied J?ept.
2, 18(71, of wounds received in action at
Deep Dottoni, Vn. During the latter part of
the service Lieuf.-Col. Jamei A. Hall was
in command, and he was mustered out with
the battalion. He received the brevet of
Brigadier-General, March 7, 18G5. Albert
W. Bradbury was Major of the battalion
during the hitter part of its service.
The 1st IJ.ittcry.
According to the report of the "War De
partment the battery participated in five
battle?, as follows : Georgia Landing, Cot
ten, Btsland, Port Hudson, and Cox's Plan
tation. Capt. Kdward AV. Thompson re
signed Dec. 5, 18(12. When mustered out
the battery was commanded by Capt. Eben
D. Haley. The battery was known in the
service as " Bradbury's Battery," in honor of
Maj. Bradbury, and served in the Nineteenth
Corps, with a total loss of two officers and
13 men killed and 28 died from disease, in
prison, accidents, etc. It stood 12th in point
of loss among the light artillery batteries in
the Union army, according to Col. Fox. At
Cedar Creek three men were killed, 17
wounded, and eight were repotted missing.
The 2tl Me. Ilattery.
This organization was known in the serv
ice as "Hall's Battery," in honor of Lieut.
Col. trail. Capr.AVilliam N. TJImer resigned
Nov. 13, 16(3, Capt. Albert F. Thomas
was discharged Jan. 22, 1865, aud when
mustered out the bittery was commanded
by Capt. Charles AV. Htubbs. It served in
AVadsworth s Division, First Corps, and lost
one ofliccr and four meu killed and 2G men
The Hit nattcry.
This battery served in AVillcox's Division,
Ninth Corps, and lost three men killed and
I'l died. Capt. James G. Swett was dis
missed May 18, I8G3, and was succeeded by
Capt. Ezekiel R. Mayo, who remained in
commaud until the battery was mustered
out. In his honor the battery was desig
nated "Mayo's Battery."
The 4th Ilattery.
The AVar Department credits this com
mand with five battles, as follows: Cedar
Mountain, Antielam, AVilderness, Spottsyl
vania, and Cold Harbor. The organization
was known as Robinson's Battery," in
honor of Capt. O'Neil AV. Robinson, jr., who
died July 17, 186'. Capt. Robinson was
succeeded In command by Capt. Charles AV".
AV'hlte, who was mustered out with the bat
tery. The battery served in the Sixth
C'jrps. Its' loss was five men killed and one
officer and 22 men died.
Tlio ."Hli Kattery.
The battery was known in the service as
"Stevens's Battery," and served in Robin
son's Division, First Corps. The War De
partment credits it with nine battles, as
follows: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, AVil
derness, Spoltsylvania, Cold Harbor, Peters
burg, Opeeiuan, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar
Creek. Its total loss in the service was two
officers and 1( men killed and 17 men died.
Duriug the latter part of its service it was
commanded by Capt. Greenleaf T. Stevens.
Capt. Stevens was brevetted Major Oct. 19,
1861. Lieut. Edward N. AVhittier received
the brevet of Captain. Only four batteries
in the 1'nion army lost more men in battle
than the 5th Me. Col. Fox mentions the
command twice in his list of raaximnra
losses of batteries in single engagements.
At Cedar Creek, according to Col. Fox, the
GREAT CHANCE TO MAKE MONEY.
rr. Editor: I wtjli to tclt othera of my success
thwf hard times. W'e had so many tires ami so
many valiiahles burned, beiiij: out of a Job, 1 decided
011 .sellinsr Hie new iamily lire-proor .Deposit Case
for nlorlntr dt-etN, mortgages, notes, receipts, money,
and valuables. I ordered a sample family size from
the World Mfc. IU, eolllinlms, O. bold six lirst
day, rkdit annual home, at a profit of fit; last week
I muile $i7. Tliev are nice ami so cheap all can buy.
The linn make aluminum goods ami other good
sellers for auenLs. I shall make t,000 clear thfa
winter sure. Header, write the company for tv lob.
Oninions rendered as to the novelty
nd patentability of inventions and validity
Of patents. Rej'ected ipplications prcse-
mVnT. re,atm0 "
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY.
A "Weekly Series of Historical Text-Books.
A WEEKLY SERIES OF HISTORICAL TEXT-BOOKS.
No 1 STATISTICS OF THE WAR. -Containing the numher of troop
furnished hy each State, losses ou hoth sides and complete statistical data relating to tho
C No".' 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. The; Gettyshurg Address, Second TnaugiirnT,
and copious extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMORANDA-tates of the great
events relating to the opening and close of the AVar of the Kehelhou; Physiological
Statistics of tire Army; List of General ofiicers killed on hoth sides.
No. 4. PENSION STATISTICS. Numher on the roll of each class; ex-
pendUtn:estc. SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.
Bv Jolm McElroy. Its Introduction; Early Efforts tit Emancipation; its stimulus tho
Cotton Gin; Struggle in Cougrcss about extension into the Territories; Emancipation.
Illustrated hy Portraits.
No 6 PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE. By
Byron AmTrcws. Biography of Monroe, History and Text of Doctrine, Olnoy's Lester ami
Cleveland's Message, Portrait, Map, etc.
No 7-8 (Double Number). COMMANDERS Or- THE
UNITED STATES ARMY -By John McElroy. Contains splendid lull page halt
tone etching of the best-known portraits of the 17 Commanders from the adoption of tha
Constitution to the present time; a sketch of each; strength of the Army at various date,--.
No 9 THE STORY OF CUBA. f Eyron Andrews. History ot the
Hand from the Discovery hy Columbus to the Administration of Weyler. Map ami iu
illustrations, including portraits of Gomez, Maceo, Campos, Weyler, and other leadara oa
OTHER fllifllBEftS OF GftEflT IflTEREST ttjllilt FOMiOOJ.
Terms $2 a year. Five cents a copy, except double nnmher 7-8, 10 cents. Sis off tha
nnmbcrs for 23 cents, counting 7-S as two numbers. Sent postpaid.
Address, THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, 1729 New York Ave., "Washington, P. C.
pains in the back, side, chest, or
the host of counterfeits and imita
battery lost two men killed and 2G wounded.
At Gettysburg three men were killed, 17
wounded, antl seven missing.
The Glh Ihitlcry,
This battery is given credit by the War
Deportment of being engaged in"l2 battles,
as follows: Cedar Mountain, Second Bull
Run, Chun Lilly. Antietam, Gettysburg; Mine
Run, AVilderness.SpoUsylvanm. North Anna,
Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Deep Bottom.
Its loss was K5 men killed and 27 died from
diseaje, ace dents, in prison, ettv (apt.
Edwin B. Dow was discharged Nov. 29, 1-SC-I,
and wa succeeded in command of the bat
tery by Capt. AVilliam If. Rogers. In honor
of Capt. Dow the command was designateil
"Dow's Battery." It served in the Second
Corps. AVhiJe commanded by ('apt. Mc
Gilvery the battery look part in the battle
of Bull Ran and Cedar Mountain. Its
losses in both engagements were heavy,
and are given by Col. Fox in his list of maxi
mum losses of light artillery. At Cedar
Mountain four men were killed, nitic
wounded and five missing. At Bull Run
the loss was the same.
Juried IJrains anil Nerves Kestoreri.
Youtiff, oh!, oc ni dale nid men suflVrm from pat
dtsslpat'ons, watn (Itm-iiso, nervous Hkiiet-.
drains, and al d mism of mfn ritrtMl m-cr to r
turn ! OitI Ir. JIj.IIocU'm nmoii Ktcctrln
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THE KOISICK AIR CUSHION TRl'SS CO.,
2o. GIO lltU St. N. "W".. Washington. D. V.
Mention The National Tnoune.
Why suffer the mi?oryand perhaps fatal result can.dT
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tlculars of a cbenp.stirpancl pfmianent Homo Cnro FREE
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e'ured. Box Fre.
Mrs. 15. Jlowan,
1 -rrn,.nJilrr.1I--rit Cured In 10
in 211 i1ut. Stt Day till eiirccf.
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Mention The National Tribune.
"ANTED The address of two or thrt-e membPrn
-.. t, ,-ol. fiKIn ivlm M'lirn ripnllfillilPfl Willi
AVilliam Itathhiirii.iv member of taut company. .AU
dres3 W. F. liathburn, .Lakevlew, Mich.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Lemon Building, Washington, D. C.
HTT0RMEY AT ItRW flflD SOLICITOR Of
flluERIGflfl flflD FOHEIGfl PflTEflTS.
E - h" -888- "- "'P' -
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