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1HB NATIONAL TMBOHEs WA91ffl$IM, ft1 ft; IHOKSDAY", APRIL 1G, 1896.
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Prow-flss-roHnh.insto nil Hint (ends to develop
Aiiifnwii intelligence 0.1 the topic of the day. nn-J
the .adaption of wbj-b and menus to Becure this
Prttrirrffcii.-IIistorical study of our country, nnd
dibcuV-E,.. (hereon, which keeps ..live iho spirit
of Atnevic""' independence-and lovnlty.
Cai-Pn.viiliiiB for the relief of the suffer-
AntMsiSllz-Tion for P.cunion purposes and to
more ir.cno-Uy enforce the principles of t he
Loyal Home Workers linn ht-eii forme. t, of' ul ncii
2v,.to J. Sherwood is President nd to which nil
tiuc anl loyal members of the C. C. nre eligible.
MAKCII OF PA-TK10T3SM.
ropiilarlzlns tlio Teaching of American
CSUzmih11i One Country, Ono language.
The Japanese have a saying that whatever
is to be inculcated in the nation must first ho
introduced into the schools.
In the Springtime sow the seed, is tho parallel
in ualure. When tho mind is young, hopeful
mid receptive- is the time for plan tine the groat
truths of spiritual life and civil jurisprudence.
Japan has made her wonderful progress iu
Eelf-governmcut because she sent her boys and
girls" to America to be educated, and tbey
luivc relumed to their own country to impart,
at first hand, tho fruits of their knowledge to
Jicir own people.
And now China, worsled id the combat with
hersplondidiy-cquippod foe across tho sunrise
channol. has sent a battalion of picked China
boys to Amoxican schools, under tho direct
sanction of the Emperor.
But now America, in 1icr zeal to teach gov
ernment to ail the nations, must have a care
that the does not neglect her own children, or
fail to deal justly with the strangers within
Tho patriotic quietening of recent years
shows that tdie has awakened to her duty and
danger. Let there be no going backward - let
there be a steady march to the front.
Tho most hopeful sign of tho times is that tho
"Women, the born teachers of tho world, who
first guido and mold tho budding thoughts of
the little child, arc fast awaking to their pat
And these American mothers have begun to
understand that while they teach their chiJ
dren to love the Union and the Sag and cherish
the liberties purchased at such high cost, there
r,-, iiiniiiiiciiil fnc nfthnticnnds of children
whose mothers have no cans or thought for 1
those t hiugs, because they arc iguoraut oi mem ,
and that it is their duty to reach out from
their own patriotic homes, into tho schools, tho
highways and tho byways and bring the wan
dering waifs of many lands ur.dcr tbe shelter
ing fo!d6 of the Star-Spangle- Banner.
Whenever and by whomever an attempt is
made to introduce patriotic teaching into tho
schools, the interest and co-operation of tho
press is assured in advance, llany of pur
newspapers and periodicals have given prizes
for poems, songs and essays on patriotic sub
jects, aud tome of them have lent their aid in
raising funds with which to purchase prizes
and medals for patriotic contestants in the
Eccenily a Chicago newspaper offered a priza
for tho lestAuioricati patriotic poem. The prize
was won by M. J. En right, a veteran of tho 111th
Ohio, and is herewith given:
PKAL COLOMBIA'S ANTHEM OUT.
Come, lovers of this mighty lnnd.
Come, volunteer; in Freedom's band,
,P'iit Columbia's anthem out,
.nd lol n million frcetucu shout
The victorious notes.
The chorus swell, o'er hill and dell.
From voluntary throats.
King out n song, for widening fume,
With HucMing hearts and proud acclaim,
Iting out u cheer, for Freedom's home,
Let voice reach the vaulted dome
By which her glory's spanned.
!" cause for fear to dweller here,
jiu tliivc in all the laud.
1st helot clanks a galling chain.
Or. ighing, chwnts bin mournful strain,
Ko peon bunda 'neath kingly sword.
2i petiKnul owns a titled lord,
Theirfenliy is love,
ll"r fcoiiK hII fiee. who bend the knee
To nunc, hat Him above.
Kt without price, wis freedom bought,
Kirt wahout low, the battle fought.
"With patriot' blood, on crhuion bars,
"With linrocb' souls amid the attire,
She gnve u inniihood's right.
fc..- ltro the crocs. Shu won the crown,
M'ns fetor in the fight.
Ad, for the fctrugglc grandly won,
A grateful world has houioge done,
Wiiile future peoples will proclaim
litornul honor to her unit's
Thiough ngea yet to be.
llurndt! Hurrah! America,
Triumphant, treat aud free.
PUn KOCLK MOTTO.
At the "Louisville Bennion tho Loyal Homo
Workers adopted the American Patriotic Salute,
originated by tho lato Col. George lialch, who
tras the first to formulate a system of patriotic
teaching for primary schools, and which is:
" Yc give our heads and our hearts to God and
our couuliy. One country, one language, one
Iu the IJalch Patriotic Primer, revised and
issued by Opt. Wnllaco Foster, of Indianapolis,
the Lniyal Home Workers, represented in the
nddeudu by pages of patriotic sentiments, have
a proud place, aud word comes that titeso arc
tltdiud by a widening circle of American
school children. A patriotic Loyal Home
"Worker sends the following patriotic commen
tary on tho stirring motto, Ouc country, one
language, one flag":
ONE COCSTBY, ONE X.ANGCAGE, ONE FJ.AG.
No stranger to us aro tliefio words, this motto
goodand true. "My country, may it ever be
right; hut right or wrong, my couutry." To
every loyai Amcricau citizen tho Monroe Doc
trine could not bo better expressed. To us ono
country means that iu tho honrts of our people
there shall ever be that abiding faith that our
land of the free and home of tho bravo" Js
the ono invincible rock in the foundation of
our great Americanism, winch cannot be taken
from us or destroyed without first the destruc
tion of oursolvcf.
It means that wc aro for our country first;
that to it our highest allegiance is given, aud
that each of us, however humble, an atom in
the busldmg aud ut&iutcnanco of tho great
structure of liberty aud iudepeudeuce which wo
To most truly and effectually carry into
effect tho declarations upon which our foro
fathois founded this Nation wo mubt perform
the highest duties of citizenship, according to
the light of knowledge aud reason given to us,
and to assist to a higher and more intelligent
Understanding thobo less fortunate than our
cclvea iu opportunities for education.
The highest duty of citizetibhip is to support
nud adhere to the free institutions of our
country; to see that they are honestlv and
effectually maintained, our first and highest
obligations as Americans demanding this of us.
Tho man who fails to give his attention and
ability to the affairs of tho Nation intended
for its prosperity aud advancement, aud who
fails to influence, as far as his power aud ability
goes, snch affair for our couutry's welfare, is
sot a typical American.
Man must, therefore, as far as hie occupation
cud ktiowlcdgo will permit, engage iu politics.
Every American should he a politician a prac
tical politician 'in order to fully understand
nud cope with auy men or class of intn who
"would dobaso morale, honesty, and right, to
promote eclfish, personal, and private gain.
Dearest of our frco institutions is our system
of freo schools. Education is tho bulwark of
that stalwart patriotism which has gbrou us
the truism that this is "a Government of the
people, by the people, aud for tho people."
Education wakes patriots, aud no education in
Motto, Pro TItria.
of greater force than that which teaches us tho
faith in "One country, ono language, one flag."
Ono language! J am for one language. Cer
tainly, among native Americans this is uot
only possible, but should be made so. Jt is
wtfl to be taught'in the languages as a matter
of education, but as a peoplo wc should speak
and uso but ono language. The whole world
can speak, even now, to the Amcricau, whilo
most of us could not speak with them. This
is not duo to lack of education, but rather to
our isolatiou from othor than Americau-spcak-ing
Hereditary and traditional speaking of for
eign languagrs in the home, because a grandma
or grandpa is German, French, Itussian, or of
any other nationality, should be abandoned,
ftud tho primary or first attention be given tho
children iu the language of our country.
One flag! No flag is so beautiful, tiono so
expressive, so full of sentiment and inspiration
to the American, as Old Glory. But tho youth
of the land must be taught what that flag
moans: Self-government, equal rights, Hbcrty,
patriotism, free public schools, honesty iu pub
lic office, honesty m private or business life,
our country aud our country's good.
These principles of Americanism and Amer
ican life are embodied in our flag, tho beautiful
banner which protects, through what it repre
sents, every American citizeu, every whero aud
anywhere on the face of the earth.
An Irishman once said to me, "Wo old fel
lows aro either Iiish, German, or whatever
may have bceu our nativity; but my son aud
a German's son and some other foreigner's son,
native born, are Americans."
The memory to all men of their own, their na
tive land is endearing. Such memories cannot
bo efl'accd. A foreigner may come to our coun
try and may become a good citizen, but his son
born, raised and educated under the banner of
freedom, imbued aud pregnated with American
sentiment and feeling, will make a still better
American citizen, because ho docs not look back
to thomemoties and tics of another couutry
which ouco ho called his own.
I beg Lcrc la say that I take exception,
though a now-comer, to Brother Seaman's atti
tude toward tho Indies. To woman tho growth
of our land and the preservation of its Ameri
can manhood is principally due. Every mother,
from the cradle, caros for and teaches to tho
sous of our land their first lessons in patriotism.
She gives him his start in tho right direction.
I claim that woman in thus doing performs
tho highest service to our country, because she
molds tho character that in later life is Jo man
age tho affairs of tho Nation. She is tho pre
paratory teacher who prepares man to go forth
in tho world to try and accomplish what she
has prepared him for. Sho is worthy of the
highest honor for giving to us in tho business
and professional world sonso wcil equipped to
start out in iifo's journey aud iu tho building
of their future career.
So I say woman is as greatly interested in
the Nation's affairs as is man, and the part sho
plays is no less important. All honor to tho.
patriotic women, the moldcrs of a nation's
pride and strength her sons.
American means a mis.!ng. Let us, there
fore, mis into ono grand people cur several
nationalities, faiths, sectionalisms, languages
aud classes, au-i we will get a composite which
traly represents tho American, who stands for
"One couutiy, oue lauguagc, ono flag."
By Knie JJrotvnlee Slierwood.
Mother! No h wceler name the angels know;
Ko den'rer love the tongurs ctcm proclaim ;
Though bent her form, her treses turned to enow,
In youth, iu nge, her heart is feiill the 6nnic
No tank loo diflicult for ier to do,
No thorny path the will not ttruggle through.
For thnt dear one who slept upon her lirenht.
When from the pauga oT travail the hnd real;
AVhoso little feet she led the upward way.
Whose lisping lips bhe taught to trust and pray.
Though wntidererswe, forgetful aud forgot
Of all we deemed niont dear, she falters not;
A liloom of hope in JSurth's lreitr 6litudc.
Her trust live on to tell ua God i good.
Interchange of Thought ami Sentiment by
3L.H.-W. and C.C.'s All.
fTlirlclferfl v.s. mean veteran's con, v.d. reler
BiiV daughter and v.w. vcteran'H widow: member
of associations will be marked S. V. ami D.V.J
S. P. Warner, Pleasant Home, 0.; Annie E.
McNerney, 24 Mechanic street, Cleveland. O.
For want of time Miss McNerney must decline
correspondence at present, hut will exchange
autographs with all who send them.
PASSING IN KliVIBW.
It has been a long time siucc one of our
favorite old-time correspondents has written to
the (1(1; Jessamine Slaughter, who, with her
husband, J. Arthur Burgum, were among tho
early members of tbe CC. and L.il.W. Her
pretty poem will be welcomed by those who
enjoy eweet homo pictures and "Baby Art,"
who is proposed for enrollment iu tho C.C.,
will he admitted any time he comes along.
National Chaplain Frank McMurray has
been seiiotisiy indisposed, but iiopcsto lead tho
Ohio L.1I.V. aud CC. ranks at Columbus iu
There they romp, the merry pair,
3?nby lo-mng iu the air;
Up he goo.. with bright eyes dancing,
liroutliler-a litughler from llient glancing';
Down he cotTea. red lips aptui,
2'upn Joe aud Baby Art.
Buby1 k chubby hands oiilMrclehed.
Crapping nil Unit could hu reached;
Manitmi frowns, for cm talus whilo
2'ulln ho down with baby might;
Pupa taken the baby's pari,
1'apu Joe aud liaby Art.
Laughs ho low in glad hiirprlac.
Blinding Hiinshiiie in hi eyes
Catching at the MiubcauiB gleaminz
Through the undraped window htrcaming,
IJaucing now, nwuy they dart,
Papa Joe aud Baby Art.
Now they reM, the happy pair,
Swinging in the rocking-chair;
3'apu niugn, then eyelids low er,
Hoou ho elugB and swings no mora;
Hflly hleping. heiut to heiirl,
Papa Joe utid Baby Arl.
Mamma o'er her needlo bent,
Stitches up the eurlains rmil;
Draper nnuw the window bnre.
Love1 own labor fur her harc;
Ijvc'h own BUiinhlnc in her heart,
Papa Joe and Baby Art.
Ylcnven bleis tbe precious pair,
ii unhand ntroug nud baby fair!
Iiinmu pondeis while they uleep,
OVr iIhh problem grave and deep,
i 'Inch ia first in Mamma1 heart,
Pnpu Joe or Uaby Art.
Jessamiuo Slaughter Burgum, Woodside
Stock Farm, Coukliug, N. D.
TIIKY SHAUK EACH OTUEli's oniEF.
Dkak Enrron and CC. Fuihnds: I wish to
extend the grateful thanks of Sister Annie L.
Williams for your ever ready sympathy, ex
pressed by tho many kind aud compassionate
Sometime sho will write you of tho comfort
domed from them, and from tho knowledge
that 60 many dear friends remembered and
mourned with her iu this sad hour of her
Sho ia making a bravo effort to bear up under
her grievous burden, but it is hard, for tho once
happy homo is so desolate without that dear
one, who was confidant and friend as well as
mother; who entered into aud enjoyed nil her
plaus and pursuits, and wlose cheerful face
made tho little home so happy.
Dear Mother Bhodcs, she won all our hearts.
I shall miss her kind and loving letters that
cheered many a gloomy hour. But sho is gone.
The great, loving heart that beat with n quick
and tender sympathy for thoso in need is still.
Tho busy hands that wrought for others Ho
folded to rest. She is safo in that beautiful
city of our God, aud Bkcltered by his wonder
0, niourninghcartp, hold fast to tho precious
thought that comes Hkousuubcim through tho
dark shadows of sorrow Heaven is our fipal
homo. Sumc.timo thcro will he a blessed re
union with llioso loved ones who wero the light
aud joy of our earthly homes. Nina BjIIou.
SUNFLOWER CinCLB, I..1I.AV.
Lovely white satin badges, appropriately let
tered, and bearing the Kansas sunflower em
blem, have been prepared for tho Sunflower
Kcunion. The following is tho call :
The second annual lleunion of tho Sun
flower Circle, Loyal Home Woikors, will ho
held at Bebit, Kan., Apiil 21. L.U.W. Head
quarters will beat the Christian Church; busi
ness meeting at 2 p. ai., and a ptogram aud
social in tho cveuing'Kansas L.il.W. arc
requested to bo present. A cordial welcome
will bo given to all. Those wishing rooms
should addiess Mrs. Mattie Clark, Beloit,
Katuj mentioning Mrs. Edgt combe.
V. Bertha Schupp, Piesident, Sunflower
ATTENTION, OHIO L.U.W. AND C.C. !
Wo purposo having n gathering of the
L.U.W. and CC. at Columbus at tho timo of
the Ohio Encampment, G.A.R., May 13, 14 nud
ir. to which wo cordially and earnestly invito
all the L.H.W. aud C.C. iu Ohio aud adjoining
Wo shall havo a business meeting at 10 a. m.,
sharp, Wednesday, 1-1, to attempt tho organiza
tion of a State Circle, L.H.W., and to wind up
tho affairs of tho old Ohio N. T. C. C Guards.
Literary exorcists at 3 o'clock p. m.
Headquarters will be at No. 231 North
Twenty-first street. Take any car south nt
UuionDepot; get transfer to Long street lino;
out Long street to Twenty-first street, then
north one block and a half to No. 231. Plcaso
report at Headquarters aud rcgistcras soon as
possible after you arrlvo in the city.
Ladies dcsiringaccotnmodatioii for board and
lodging during their stay in Columbus will ap
ply to Mrs. R. Grovenberg, No. 231 North
Twenty-first strcor. Rates from 75 cents to
$1.25 per day, payable each day in advance. I
can assure you Mrs. Groveuberg is'a reliable,
loyal, motherly W.R.C woman, and will seo to
it that all who apply in timo aro, properly
Pricnds, let there bo a general rally, aud let
all bring with them the real spirit of the C.C,
and wo shall have'a royal gDod time, such as
wo always remember with pleasure, Loyally,
Frank McMurray, Assistant Secretary, Loyal
Home Workers, for Ohio, Canton, O.
A CAL3I SURVEY. "
A very prominent, intelligent, and loyal CC.
told mo recently that it struck her very
forcibly that what has been said in our columns
of lato against tho opposito sex on both hands'
has boen too much in the naturo of'mulUal re
crimination. The sister criticized the CC. sis
ters as well as the brothers, aud to mo it seems
thatshe is right.
Why not engage in that nobler emulation of
who can bo of tho greatest help to another,
which would bo simply carrying out the great
tenets and fundamental principles of our pat
It is my impression that if tho sisters had
calmly and dispassionately resorted to histori
cal facts bearing upon tho splendid achieve
mcuts and progress of their scr, or simply
treated tho insinuations of their pessimistic
opponents as unworthy of their carr.eststrifo or
intelligent consideration, the effect would have
bceu far moro satisfactory to their sacred cattse,
and the rebuke which they thus would havo
inflicted would liavc been moro lasting and
Instead of their opponents laughing at them,
probably as they never laughed beforo, because
of Having wrought them up to righteous in
dignation, they would havo lapsed into quiet
secluiou, in humble mortification of their
childish, naughty conduct. In doing this,
rather than offering to smoke the " peace pipe,"
or unfairly judging all men by tho impious
few, they would havo justly earned a larger
measure of intelligent sympathy from the C.C.
as a whole.
I do uot believe the average American man
needs to offer an apology to his Maker, or fol-low-man,
as respects his treatment of, and gal
lant conduct to, woman. In point of manly
defeicnco which ho habitually exercises to
wards his mother, sisters, aud all fair, worthy
daughters of Eve, he has not u superior, or even
equal, on this great aud goodly planet.
For this and other similar reasons, I think
that all this tirade of tiresome twaddlo against
our noblo American manhood is sentimental
Why not exercise a little moro common
sensn and fair-play iu matters of this kind,
since men and women alike are dependent
upon each other for their highest mental, moral
aud spiritual uplifting and advancement.
Julius W. Gogarn. Graud liapids, Mich.
What sweeter sight can wo imagine than to
beo a young girl standing beforo an aBsemblago
of bronzed and gray-bearded veterans extend
ing thorn a welcomo on behalf of young
America, aud recounting their deeds as gleaned
from tho proud history they helped to innko.
At the last Beuuion of the survivors of tho
12th N. II., held at Alton, N. H., such plcasnro
was theirs; Cora P. Cauuey, daughter of Chas.
H. Cauneyand sister of Harry E. Can uey, de
livering tho address which follows:
Vote raits, we welcome you because you fought
so bravely and woro ready to give up your
lives iu defence of our country ; and it s with
great happiness that we meet you and look into
your friendly faces, knowing that to-day wo
are enjoying the fruits of j-our labor, in tho
pcaco aud freedom which bless our beautiful
Your own hearts, too, must bo thrilled with
a peculiar pleasure as you meet your comrades,
and grasp the hands of thoso with whom you
stood shoulder to shoulder on tho field of
Memory recalls to you thoso day, whon,
amid shot and shell, you beheld your com
p.titious fall, ono alter anotiior, yet you must
needs fight on, leaving them to suffer aud die,
Tho bloody scenos of Chitncollorsvillo you
well recollect, where you entered the battle
with 577 officers and enlisted men, and lost 32G
in killed, wounded aud missing, and it WH3 for
you that wero spokon tho dying words of Gen.
Whipple when ho said, as ho was carried from
the field mortally wounded, "I hope I may
live long enough to givo Col. Potter and his
brave men a just report."
Not to bo easily forgotten was that long, toil
some march toward Gettysburg, whim, already
suffering from deadly fatigue and tho weakness
caused by short rations, you pushed on through
the burning Iicat to meet tho foe, while many
of your bravo men fell exlmustod by tho way.
But when at last you reached tho famous
field, the sight of your enemy mado you strong,
and you fought with a will, determined to con
quer or die. At tho closo of this battle only
130 of the 221 of your rcgimcut who engaged
iu it remained. At Cold Harbor over nuo-hnlf
of your number fell under tbe fire of your op
ponents. Oh, how the memory of thoso o vents must
como to you as you mcot each othor to-day,
knowing that you fought in tho same battles
under tho sumo flag aud for tho same cause.
How you prizi all tho little rolics which re
mind you of thoso days, aud how you like lo
show them to your children aud grand-children
as you tell them stories of the war, not only of
the hardships you cudurcd, but of happy days
How your hearts aro filled with gratitude to
Him who mado tho victory possible, that your
lives were preserved to enjoy tho consciousness
of freedom which thoso three years of hard
fighting havo brought, and that your loved
ones wero spared tho heart ache, that so many
Aro you not proud that it has been said that
no organization left tho State with men of finer
personal nppcarauco or of more gentlemanly
beating than thoso who mado up your regi
ment, and that throughout its wholo term of
service it suslaiuod a high reputation for honor
Becognizing your loyal sorvico and tho
sacred memory of your comrades who have gono
hence at tho summons of God's angel of deli vcr
anco; with a wish that tho story of your pat
riotism bhall bo handed down to thoso who shall
como after us in nil futuro years, mid with
tender hearts forall who fouglit.in sincerity and
truth, wo welcomo you again to our most grate
May tho sun of righteousness Ehino upon
days yet to bo yours, and may tho moon uot be
darkened when tho night shall fall. May every
good fortune bless your live?, and may peace
attend the passing on to tho blessed land when
your Great Captain shall call for you defend
ers of our flag and prido of our Nation!
Fr4 to All Women.
I have learned of a very simple home treatment which
will rendllv cure all female disorders, painful iieriod. leu-
1 corrhoco, displacements or irregularities, and will gladly
Nut U um w o vuuruf -reman, Mf ampci fc. iuii, j euH u.
A. Study of llicfyilernalional Siinilsiy
h'cliool Lcssoii. Appointed for April
Subject: Tho Iticli Iim and r.nznrus. St.
J.ufcc, ail : 10-31.
1 ; ,
fOne reading tlicje-. .notes should first carefully
Utidy tho pnritgruph.lrpm the Holy Scriptures ai
Subject: Pakabli.-of Dives and Lazarus.
Wo havo only this ono account of tho para
blo of the rich man nuilMIio poor man. Sts.
Matthew and John do not mention it, though
they probably heard it bttorcd. It remained
for St. Luke, who very likely never saw Christ,
to rolalo tho parable 30 years after it was
spoken. It was uttered in Asia and roportod
in Europe. Doubtless it was roniombcrcd by
thoso who heard it, and was handed down moro
or less accurately from lip to lip. It was too
important to bn forgotten or to bo loft to tradi
tion, and henco tho Holy Spirit led St. Luke to
incorporate it in his Gospel. Its record is an
other reason why wo aro rejoiced that tho third
Gospel was written.
Ciirist spoko this parable early in March,
A. D. 20. two or three weeks before his death.
Abraham died 1821 B. C. If wo add A. 1). 29
wo have ISoO. It was thereforo 1,850 years
between Abraham's death and the speaking of
tho parable. If what wc call a parablo wore
really history, wo cannot tell whon cither Laz
arus or Dives died. Tho prophets, referred to
in verse 29, wroto from 1,000 B. C. to 400 B. C.
The parablo was uttered 1,807 years ago.
Christ spoke tho pnrablo in Peroa, probably
in tho vicinity of llethahara. Ho was going
from Galileo to Jerusalem by way of Ephrou,
Fcrca and Jericho. If tho parablo bo history,
wc cannot locate tho residence of Dives. Abra
ham was buried at Hebron.
Tho parablo is of 'interest and importance as
an titteranco of our Great Teacher, Christ. Ho
was fond of the parabolical stylo, thus making
his instructions thoroughly understood and
himself very entertaining.
St. Luke. 1G:1, shows that Christ addressed
his disciple?. But verso 14 states that the
Pharisees also heard Christ. It would seem
our Savior directed his remarks (verses 1-13)
to his disciples, and that tho Pharisees over
hoard tho speech. Observing the effect of his
teachings on the Pharisee, Christ then directed
his word3 to them, tho disciples iu turn hear
ing what ho said to tho Pharisees.
What Christ said was generally suggested by
his surrounding?. Ho does not seem like ono
having a program laid out with all its details
and demanding strict adherence. Tliero was
not probably any break between verses 13 and
14 of chapter 10. Christ spoko tho parablo of
tho Unjust Steward to tho disciples, hut tho
Pharisees aNo heard it. They were not pleased
with its seuttmuiils. Tho statement at the
close, "Yo cannot sorVo God and Mammon,"
seemed utterly ludicrous. They derided Christ.
Tho Greek word for "derided" (verso 14) lit
erally means they turned up their no3cs at
Christ. Tho Pharisees tried to connect pioty
and covctousness. Verso 14 declares they wero
covetous. Thoy could not tolurato Christ's
doctrines, to wit. that thoy could not bo
honestly religious and yet eager for wealth.
Henco they mado light of his statements.
Jesus seeing their utter inconsistency, pene
trating their shams) punctured them through
and through with tho sharp saying, "Yo are
they which justify, yourselves hoforo men," and
added that they wero'positively abominable to
Tho parablo of tho Unjust Steward illustrates
a wiso uso of money; tjiat of tho rich man and
Lazarus a wrong' ysc. Ono must bo liberal.
The Pharisees wero not kindly disposed to tho
needy. St.latt.,1?J?:4. Tho parablo of tho
Unjust Steward shows tiio wisdom of so cm
ploying riches as to securo for one's self ''ever
lasting habitations" of bliss. V. 1). Tho par
able of Dives aud Lazarus illustrates the folly
of being wealthy and at thosamo timo selfish
and stingy. Thoso in prosperity need study it
and lay it to heart.
Sticklers for tho opinion that tho parablo is
historical go so far as to say that tho "certain
rich man' was Caiaphas, the high priest. It
was not Christ's custom in parables, or even
otherwise, to mention names. Tho account, as
given by St. Luke, givci no naiiio for tho rich
man. How has it happened that ho is called
Dives? In tho Latin languago the word for
rich is dives. Old pictures in tho Roman
Catholic branch of tho Church, which illus
trated this parablo. woro iuscrihod, " Dives et
Lazarus." Thus the namo Dives became com
mon us a proper noun. After a timo persons
not familiar with Latin became of tho opinion
Dives was a real proper name. Perhaps Christ
omitted the name of tho rich man to iutimato
the fact that fumo U-iiot dependent on wealth.
Though Dives was so important a. man iu this
world tho world now does not even know what
his name was. Though his namo was on tho
lips of all persons in his section of country
when ho was alive, it has actually dropped out
of existence. It is not preserved in any human
history, and wo feel assured it is uot recorded
in tho Lamb' Book of Life.
It is plain Dives was rich, extravagant,
luxuriant, haughty, showy. Ho was doubtless
aJow. Ho said, " Father Abraham," (V. 21.)
and it is declared of his fivo brothers that thoy
had Moses and the prophets. V. 2'J. Wo may
suppose ho was a Pharisee, and this would givo
great force to tho parablo as addressed to
Curiously enough, wu havo in this parablo
the only mention by namo over mado by our
Savior in any of his parabolic teachiugs. Tho
name of tho poor man was Lazarus. Lazarus
is a contraction from Eloazor, tho letter "o"
being elided from "1." Eleazor means God
his help; a fit namo, indeed, for tho poor man
or tho parable which is our study now. Christ
gives tho namo of tho one whom ho was com
mending, Wo can speak well of folk, calling
them by name, but we should not givo names
when we aro revealing and censuring faults of
said porsons. There aro somo who believe tho
namo Lazarus was suggested for this parable
by tho fact of tho resurrection a whilo beforo
of Lnzarua, tho namo then boing on every
tongue and tho man so named evidently a
pious person. St. John, chapter 11. From the
namo Lazarus como our words lazar, lazaretto,
lazaroiii, lazarite. About all wo know of
Lazarus in his oarlhly career is that ho was
poor and sick aniV practically friendless. Tho
namo is Jewish, and Mm probably was a Jew.
Sumo one or moro "hall n degreo of interest in
him. This wo learn from tho fact he wa-i too
feeble to move hitjisclf from place to placo and
was carried to the' rfch man's gate. V. 20. Ho
was not so much nrheggar in tho sense of verbal
pleas us iu his appealing condition.
Tho founder of tho Hebrew race was Abra
ham. Ho was horn at Ur, in Chaldca, iu tho
year 2,003 A. M. alio died about 2,000 years
beforo this lesson. Thero was uo question
about his being in Paradise.
10.' Tlce rarable.
Wosupposo tho paragraph is a parable. No
doubt something like what Christ imagines
had often taken place. A similar story is
found iu tho Babylonian Gomara. Tho gouoral
nussof tho fact plcjujed gives tho greater cilcct
ivenesstoits leaeJiiig. If truo wo havo a lesson,
not which should hayo been known and acted
upon by Dives alonc.'but which is applicable al
ways and every whoro to all rich men. Of forco
specially as to individuals, it also may bo
-generic, aud therefore truo iu principle aa to
nations, corporations, etc.
Tho theological-caring of tho parablo makes
Tt a valuable study. In eschatology it cannot
be omitted. It has suggestions as to immor
tality, recognition of friends in tho futuro stato,
rewards and punishments, and othor doctrines.
Wo notico the parable divides itself into two
parts first, as it relates to life in this world ;
secondly, lo existence beyond death.
First, wo notico tho parablo as it teaches us
in regard to our state prior to death. In thW
world wo observe great discrepancies. If this
life woro nil, many human beings might well
charge Providence with injustice. Earthly
prosperity does not depend on pioty. Tho
wicked increase iu euuicva of wealth and tho
advantages thereof; Iho devout ofttfn suffer
severely, "continuously. But vcrao 15 ha3 in
important statement "God kuowelh your
hearts." I.ich, had men dres3 royally and faro
sumptuously. Iu our led; on the wealthy man
was freed also from physical ailments. Ho had
many friends. But Lizartis was poor and sick,
offoiiiivoly sick, and hungry. In tho'o days
there was no systematic method of helping the
need, as hospitals, ln:earcttos, etc. Etl'ort was
made to stir up pity by exhibiting distress. It
would have been less trouble to havo gono lo
tho rich man's house and gotten provisions for
L'izirus than it was to carry him; but it was
thought Dives might furnish hi in food cither
out or pily or disgust, or wish to get rid"of his
presence. But at length tho beggar died. lb
was well ho passed away first, aud thus escaped
his misery. When ihodogs censed to lick hi3
sores angels went and bore his soul to paradise.
Though tho fact is not mentioned, tho body
was of course buried. Dives lived on for n
titue. God gavo him chance to repent. Or,
seemingly In mercy, God lot him enjoy his
great blessings for a time, seeing he wa3 to be so
miiomblo niter death. And yot, tho moro
happy he was here, tho moro unprepared he
would become for distress beyond tho grave.
It is said of the rich man that ho (his body)
was buried. This fact is probably mentioned
because the burial was u grand affair.
Secondly, wo consider tho parablo as it re
lates to Dives and Lazarus aitor death. Ob
servo tho following: 1. Dives was conscious.
2. Ho was in miserj'. 3. He was aware of tho
happy stato of Lazarus. 4. Ho prayed to Abra
ham. 5. Abraham is represented as answering,
hut denying tho requests. Tho thought may
bo, however, that Dives rccoived no response.
Hu know what Abraham would probably say
if ho spoko. Ho may havo thought his prayer
could reach Abraham, but not receive answer
because of tho gulf between. Dives seems to
intimate that he had uot had a fair chance,
and ho wants his brothers to have batter oppor
tunities for salvation. Some think tho idea of
Dives was to cast censure ou God for not giving
him quite clear enough aud positive enough
information as to the future life, aud thus to
apologize for his own want of preparation.
But ono had gono from the dead to Divca, to
wit, Lazarus, brother of Mary and Martha. Ho
knew of tho wondrous dced3 of our Savior. He
did not ropont, however. Wu heroMipposothe
deaths of Dives and Lazarus were in Christ's
day. But, if not, still peoplo living in Christ's
time failed to be convinced by the very revela
tions for which Dives called. Christ magnified
tho word of God. The Bible is itself sufficient
evidence. "Search tho Scriptures," said
The great lesson is 'tho value of the truth,
the need of Biblo knowledge, Wu let tho Rev.
Johu Wesley speak:
I am n creature of a day, passing through life ns
nn arrow through the air. I am n .-pint, coming
fiom God and returning to God; jutt hovering
over the great gulf; a few moments hence I am no
more seen; I drop into an unchangeable eternity.
I want lo know ono thing tho way to heaven :
how lo huid safe on that happy short. God him
self Itui) condeBct'iidei to leaoii thu way. lie hath
written itdoun In n book. O, give mo that hook!
At any price, give me tho hook of God! I have It;
here ii knowledge enough for me. Let mo be tt
mini of ono brink. Here, then, I am, far from the
busy wayn of men. I sit down alone; only God ia
here. In fli-t presence I open, I read Hid book; for
ihii end to find the way lo heaven.
"Don't Tobacco-Spit or Smoke Your Life
Ifamcof the little book just received tells
about Nolobac, tho wonderful, harmless, eco
nomical euro for chcviug, smoking, cigarct, or
snuff habit. Yon run no physical or financial
ml:, for Ifotobac is absolutely guaranteed to
cure or money refunded. Your druggist's got
it or will get it. Writo for the hook mailed
free. TimSTKitLtNa Bkmkdy Co.. Box 3, In
diana Mineral Springs, lud. Ageiits wauled.
. 1 !
Correspondents .should write each question on
a ecparatc sheet of paper, givo full namo and ad
dress and mark It "Currcuiondciils1 Column." No
attention will he paid to coniiuuniciitioiia uot ac
comnanicd with nnine nud address of writer. It h
requested that a xtnmp b inclosed for reply by
letter. Postal card- will he replied to by mail
nnlv. lEculies bv mail will ordinarily bo made
n-itliin a week, and ff in this column within three
C. JF. McC, Helena, Ohla. Plcaso stato how
much pension a mouth under tho actof June
27, ISL'O. tho minors of a deceased soldier would
draw, the widow being dead 7 lnsircr. Ques
tions similar to this havo been frequently an
swered in this column. If thero wero but one
minor cntitled.it wuuld draw $10 a month ($3
aud $2); i f two minors, they would each draw $6
a mouth (one-half of $3 and $2: if thore were
four minors entitled, they would each draw$l
a month (one-fourth of $3 and $2). The $3 is
drawn jointly by thoso entitled, and each i3, in
addition, entitled to$2a mouth. Incasoof lour
children entitled, as soon as ouo of them had at
tained tho nge of 16 years its $2 would lapse,
and tho $3 would then be divided among the
remaining threo minors, m that then each
would draw one-third of $3 aud its $2 addi
tional; whon three ol the minors had attained
the ago of lb' years, tho remaining ono would
draw thu wholo of the $3 and its additional $2
a month, or $10 iu tho aggregate, terminating
when it reached tho ago of 1( years. (See our
reply to W. 1'. C. in issuo of March 5, 18UG.)
J. J!., Leavenworth, Kan. I understand that
under a recent law pensioners under tho act of
Juno 27, lB'M. whoso pension did not date from
timo of first application, can now get it from
date of first filing. Js this so? histrcr. Under
the act of March G, IbUG, an original pension
.under the actvof Juno 27, 1590, will date from
filing of first application, providing tho testi
mony shall show n pensionable disability to
have then existed ; but as iu thoso cases where
pension has dated from a second, third, or
fourth application tiled after thu first was re
jected, thu testimony on filu has uot shown to
tho satisfaction of tho Commissioner that a
pensionable degreo of disability existed nt dato
of first filing, or, in fact, for anvupriod prior to
dato pension began. In allwncii cases it is
rcasouablo to suppose that thero will be great
difficulty in convincing the Commissioner that
a pensionable disability existed (or any period
prior to that covered by present allowance.
M. W. Jr., New Jlt.cen, Conn. 1. Is thero a
Government hospital at Hot Springs, Ark.?
2. Cairan old votorau bo admitted toil? An
swer: 1. Yes. 2. No. It is not for volunteers,
but forthosick of tho Regular Army and Navy.
- A". Y. Z., lclcrxburg, N. Y. Is it necessary
for a Notary Public, using no seal, to file a cer
tificate of his ntlicial character in a United
States Pension Agency whon ho has such a cor
tificato filed iu tho Pension Bureau? Answer.
E. J. R, Bradley, MicJt. On what day did the
birth of tho tilth Congress occur? Soruu s.iy tho
first Monday iu December aud others tho 4th
of March, 1895. Answer. Tho 51th Congress
dates from t ho 1th of March. 18!);". although not
convoned until Monday, Dec. 2, 1595. Its mem
bers will bo paid from March -1, 1605, to March
T. B. S., Cambridge, O. 1. Pleaso stato tho
ruling ii3 to ago that entitles a soldier to a
rating for total disability both under the otd
law aud under tho act of Juno 27, 1S00. 2.
How many witnesses does it tako to establish
a disability contracted in tho service? Answer.
1. Ago is not a factor iu considering any claim
under the general law, as it is not in auy way
connected with the military service. Ono can
not be rated for disability duo to age in a claim
filed under tho provisions of tho old or general
law. As to claims filed under the actof June
27. 1800. there is a ruling of the Commissioner
of" Pensions that if tho applicant has reached
the age of 75 years he shall bo hold by reason
of 6uch ago to bo disabled by senile debility to
a degreo entitling him to tho maximum rato
thereunder, $12. 2. A questiou like this can
not bo satisfactorily answered. Any fact in
issuo in a pension claim must bo established by
what is to the Commissioner of Pensions duo
proof of tho fact. Tho circumstances in each
case will materially govern, and thereforo
what would bo duo proof of tho fact in ouo
caso might wholly fail in another. Ju
considering such a question tho credibility
of tho witnesses, their means of observa
tion and their ability to arrive at tho con
clusions reached and tho reasonableness of
such conclusion, if any, aro all factors. Our
observation is that thero aro somo cases whero,
in tho absuiico of a record of treatment in tho
sorvico or at dato of discharge, no amonnt of
evidence as to cristence of the alleged disability
in tho service will bo accepted to prove tho fact
of incurrenco (heroin. It depends upou tho
naturo of tho disability aud tho history of the
D. S Cardhujlon, O. A soldier is recotving a
pension for ouo disability and applies for ad
ditional pension on another of service origin
and established his claim thorefor. Is thoro
any ruling of the Department that allows tho
Commissioner of Pensions to add that disability
to tho corti (lento of pension aud uot allow an
increase of rato tlioreon? Answer. Yes. It is
not unusual for a reissue to bo so mado and the
additional disability added to tho ccrtificato
i without any increased rating therefor.
ANS1VKU5 TO NOS. 339-1
&. 13 and JrVt. 20. 1S0G.J
T23t P I CTlfM
C U t. V A 8
T A I K B S
U .V A K R ASOKD
MAS S A SAUO A
O V D R A
KG KB KB
K I .V S A I K
Jf U It S K S II A It K 3
23B3 Day; 'Way.
C K B K D
r B R V S X B
F Bit O K A I.
0 If T 0 V T II A 7
B K A B II K R D S
A I, V A It U JJ
2233 Ob" SPARTA
T V T I X K S
2239 Fenny wise and
2212 FeUeml Ueco-
J 22 13 Can-not.
2211 S TRPPKS
T b b I. O X G
K I. F D S J
I O D G I K B
K .V ; K K L i
S I. A T S
SI tt it T A S
ATT A I XOBS
A I. T A B B A I I.
APOBRHA I DAB
S I D E D
2230 S PKCTBA
P I XA BUS
C A BOWSE
TRAWL If K.
P.BSS B r. I.
I! A S T K N" K D
II Bt'TA B B S
2210 RES BDAS
S A II G A .V .1
DIAL I. K B
A .V X U K X 3
B R A N T
II URSA B S
GISAS SH"I DOWS
A X ATIFKBA
T B I D B X T
V. B A B S
II I, K 8 S E S
P I .VARUS
CAI. 1 PUB
Authors of word-forms:
Primrose, Poly, Eugene
(2). Cii Giuitic. Phil Down, A. D.mdy.Eugeno (2).
i'okeby, Icx Ford, Arcanum (2).
SKW rUZZLKS. NO. 233.
'OS. 2233-G ANAGRAMS.
Till tur ictis o'er IK sea.
Bkccu Nut, Newburg, N. Y.
ITetl not a chain to proclaim pain.
IiLOUE & AuCAXCH, Iowa City, Iowa.
NOP. 2237 10 II A LF-SQCABES.
A buck chamber. 2. Like n panther In
3. To consume by hurtling. -1. Shovel-i
witli turned-up edge. 5. Sheathed, (rilnud.) C.
Father of tho house of Jtechab. (Smith.) 7. A
form of thofnuon. (Htiuid.) 8. Cloaca up. (stand.)
9. The same. 10. The person spouking, regarded
us a grammatical object. 11. A letter.
(P) 1. Sterna of grasse;. (Stand.) 2. Pertuinlnjr
(o the Itoptera. (Stand.) 3. Manganese dloside.
4. A ilp-likt organ thnt vovern the mouth, in modt
I'ryozoii. 5. The minimi hightof an animal body.
C. Exuct copies of a writing, 7. An ancient name
of the island of I-chhi. 8. To mopo nbotif. (Stand.)
0. To lift. (Stand.) 10. A Danidh weight. (Stuud.)
11. A letter.
(Q) I. Dny on which payments of a debt become
due. 2. Stipt-rslrntR. 3. Servilely pruiaihg. 1.
Urighl. 5. Those who trace. G. Ktnerenl salt. 7.
Iteds. 8. iMeHnnes. 9. p. O., Yell County, Ark.
10. Bifurcated pipe fitting. 11. A letter.
(R) 1. A rabbit-burrow. (Slnnd.) 2. Pulaometer-
Ujke devices for forcing and lifting water by
alternntiug pressure and condensation of steam
(Stand.) 'J. Pares ofT mid burns the sod or peat of.
(Stiiiid.) 4. Striped formation. (Stnuu.) 5. Absorb.-..
C. inclosed. 7. Adult male red deer. 5.
1 ml nigra. 9. Yellow colors on escutcheons.
(Unab.) 10. Ourselves. II. A letter.
Bex 1'oud. Alplaus, N. Y.
NO. 23-1L TBANSPOSITION.
Mot we once but yesterd.iy
Beats fa-t my heart in wildest rapture!
Joyously I trill my lay.
Met wc once but yeiterday;
lint anon nilili-: I'll es)y.
Nut like a fink, her heart to capture!
Met ve once but yeiterday
Beats fasti my heart in wildest rapture I
PitiMKOSE, Baltimore, Md.
NOS. 2342-5 HALF-SQtARS.
(5) 1. The first coat in plastering. 2. Garments
for women, a. In tho atyleof a recitative. (Stand.)
1. A sub-order of ganoid?. (Stniid.) 3. P. O.. Fair
field County. Conn. 0. An arm or branch of a
elndome. (Stand.) 7. Swellings in the cheek. 8.
A few measures added beyond the natural ter
mination of h composition. 9. One of tho largest
of the Friendly Islands. 10. A Bouiati weight. II.
(T) 1. The great crested grebe. 2. A treatise on
morbid coiidiiiousof the blood. (Stand.) 3. Aspi
tloceplinloiis tectibranchiutes of the family i7u'it
jihih,'. (Stand.) 4. Any one of numerous species
of iropical food fishrs. 3. Avenging deities. 6.
Const canoes. (Stand.) 7. Lights. 8. Floated. 9.
P. O., Grayson County. Ivy. 10. On. 11. A letter.
(U) 1. A family of iiRtaspidenn tectihrnnchinles.
(Stand.) 2. A fre-di-water family of rostnferoua
tacinglo4Satcs. (Sinud.) 3. Babbled. 1. Small
Iransvfro ropes attached to the shrouds. 5.
Charms. G. Spleen). (Stand.) 7. Flrshes. (Stand.)
8. Tho loth day of March, July, etc. 9. Father.
10. Oue, (Stand.) 11. A letter.
(V) 1. Large burrowingSoutli American rodents.
2. singing in good lime or otherwise. O. Farthest
in the rear. 1. A large mil. 5. P. O.. Harvey
County, Kan. 0. A dish made or crushed Indian
com, seasoned with meat and red pepper. iSiand.)
7. Cold. 8. Acineararyurn. 9. Acrid. 10. If. 11.
A letter. ItKX Foud, Alplaus, Ii. Y.
no. 2316 SERrAL charade.
(T7ic TriunijiA of Love. II. The Departure.)
" Each piiimk he covets shnll have, but woo
To him lo whom it doth bring regret
Whether if laid bruised, bleeding, low
Or dinmond-deeked on n throne be set
Tlli'TOTAT. fate to the pood or bad
You've had your choice and the tlio is cast
if it is the first rejoice, be glad.
The curse on your own head if the last I"
For all that I give I want but naught
'Tis only a test of mine to show
Which is tho greatest among the lot.
Wisdom or love or the golden glow?
Disperse and each go his chosen way;
To the North the region of snow and ice.
Or, lo Iho spot whore the fountains play
The suuny South with its cane and rice."
"Perchance you'll journey towards the East
Of thai strange land bo a searching guest;
Or to tho home of the great-clawed Ueast,
That FINAt. roves in the rocky West.
Now swear yo by the Mariner's Star
You'll return again to this Isle of Kent y
"When yo have traveled both near and far
And tried of your choice, n year's extent."
"To him who renders tho best account
Proving his choice was tho wlaest one
Eiixir of Life from the Magic Fount
1 will give. I swear it by the Sun!"
They took the oathr then across the floor
Backwards departed from regal sight
Banding the knee, then passed thro the door
And auon were swallowed up in tho night.
Locust, Allegheny, Pa.
CHAT "WITH CONTKIBUTOR3.
St. Julian's latest editorial utterances are seem
ingly in tho naturo of a bid for free advertising,
and his recent letter to us, in which he asks us
"not to be afraid how hard wo hit him in return,"
plainly so. Vie are content (and so Is Puzzledom,
we-bclicve) to let the Elbert matter drop, and play
St. J. to win in the race of puzzlers who aro not
League members to determine who shall manage
the League's affairs. "9aint" will go down in
history as tho fir.-a non-member to proposo the
nomination of a board of E. I'. L. oflicors; also, as
the ono puzzler who admits any of Fishet's say lugs
have been witty onos. Speaking about Arty, wo
venture to quote tho following lines from a letter
wolniVB just received; "You.nodoubt.aredeeply
engrcscd with thu Cuban question, if only for tho
purpose of ascertaining tho damage done to thu
cigar trade by the conflict. 1 would urgo pence on
any terms if it meant tho riso into prominence of
the kFishel stogn, by tho demoralization of tho
real article." Tho recent defeat of tho Philadel
phia baicball club by ttie insignificant Lynchbnrgs
came quite near curing the attack of "crank's
fever" which threatened to consume Zjroaster's
happiness. Swamp Angel is informed that either
of iho words he has selected to build tho serial dia
mond upon Is all right. The hnlf-squa.ro ho men
tions seams to be properly defined. Primro-o:
We could not secure tho referencu books yon de
sired. The diamond for tho seriei is first-class.
Simon ISaso paid us a pleasant call on the 10th Inst.
Hu may be well posted ou baseball matters, but ho
is certain to owe us a couple of first-class lunches
when the season closes.
4-lG-'9G. Jt. 0. Chester.
Children Cry for
(OUR RURAL TOPiCS.
Some PniGfat Siiggesfltoiist-fbr Our
nictiind orSeadlns Ont..
The Kheeos KxpariaioQtStation has tasted
four mctitiHld of sailing onts. The avcrago
I of five years' trials sbowod that brwuleastod
onts yieliiod 28.3 bushels to the acre; whero
putiu with tho hootlrill the yield wna 27.51 ;
I where pnt in vith tho shoe drill with press
wueo.s, the yio.d was 30.31. "Where put in
i with tho shoo drill without press wheels,
F 23.72. These are interesting Fnntn. TIia-c-
show that for a climate somewhat dry drill
ing is bettor than broadcasting, aud that
rolling with little press wheels on the drill
was of decided advantage. As these results
aro for five succcssivo years, more than ordi
nary weight should be attached to the con-
elusions drawn, yot, between broadcasting
and drilliui:, tho difference is so small as to
be within the limits of experimental error.
Suggestions From the Ohio Station.
Slrawberr.es do well on almost any well
drained soil which is free from frost, reason
ably fertile and not infested with whito
Thero 13 little danger of makiDg the soil
too rich, bvtt there ia a possibility of ininrinir
the plants with commercial fertilizers, if
placed too cloaely about the roots, and with
Commsrcinl fertilizers seem to have no
effect on white yrubs, nor does manure, but
the latter stimnlate3 the plants, so as to re
pair the damage.
The best fertilizers are well-rotted ma
nures, boue meal and wood ashes.
The be3fc method of preparing the soil is to
plow in tbe Fall, mulch with manure and fit
the ground in the Spring with cultivator and
Tho best time to set strawberry plants is
in early Spring. "When plants are to be set
in the F.ill they should be especially grown,
for the pnrposo either in frames or in pots.
For matted rows the planls should be set
18 inches by four feet apart, and for hills.
' one foot by three.
In hill culture the runners are all removed,
and for the best results in matted rows
part should be cat off, or some of the plants
Generally, it is better to keep a bed only
one season, bnt if kept longer the beit treat
ment is burning soon after fruiting.
"Winter protection should be given by
mulching, and the best material is swamp
It is not advisable to remove the mulch
in the Spring, either to cultivate or to avoid
frost, unless the soil is very weedy.
A good rule in selecting different varieties
is to take only those that have shown the
best results in many different sections, re
jecting those that appear to be variable and
have exhibited weakuesses elsewhere.
At the Iowa Station it was found that
lambs of the mutton breeds have mads
larger gains in weight per 1,000 pounds
than two-year-old bteers. This is a valuable
experiment and very favorable to the keep
ing of sheep for mutton, instead of for wool.
There is nothing on the farm that pays as
well 33 early lambs and fat wethers of the
large mutton breeds.
In England, where pure-bred cattle and
sheep are raised in order to provide the
markets with choice meat, and where the
cattle industry has beena prominent feature
in larming for over two centuries, high prices
are still paid for very choice sires. The
English farmer does not consider the cost of
an animal so much as he does the ultimata
results of its use aud the improvement of
his stock. The scrub animal is rarely seen.
on an English farm. The stock is pura
breeds or choice grades.
Experiments at the New York Experi
ment Station in the feeding of ensilage to
cows show a large increase in milk produc
tion due to its use, and that it is also an
economical food. It also increases the per
centage of butter fat in some cases, and in
no instance did the butter fat decrease with
any of the cows.
The most important point to observe when
setting out a yonng orchard is to secure
strong and healthy trees. Many fruit
growers import diseases on their farms at
the time of purchasing their young fruit
stock. Trees one year old will often thrive
better than those that nre older, and they
are also more easily examined. Every tree
should be carefully inspected from, the tips
to the roots, and should be procured from,
nurserymen known to be reliable.
The growth of the honey indnstry baa
been very rapid. According to the last cen
sus the production during the preceding
year was 63393,327 pounds, compared with
only 25,743,203 pounds 10 years earlier. It
is not geuerally known that Iowa led in
prodnction, with G.313,000 pounds, although
Utah and other "Western States have in
At the Idaho Soldiers Home.
Editor National Tribune: At this
Home to-day the assembly was sounded, lines
dressed, when a vote was taken for and
against a Service Pension bill, to be passed
by Congress, such as you advocate iu The
National Tribute, to the veterans of the
The result was a unanimous vote in favor
of such a law 44 votes and in the lines
stood veterans of Florida war and Indian
fighters. Mexican war, and of the great re
bellion, ranging from 52 to 83 years of nge.
Why our Government should hold ns out
of theService Pension rolls, while veterans of
all wars prior to the great rebellion have
been recognised with liberal pensions, even
down to the second and third generations
of snch veteran?, may be explained to pos
terity, but never has been to us.
"We will look forward, however, aud trust
to the wisdom of the councils of our country,
believing that the balances of justice will
raise us to the level of any United- States
soldier that saved the integrity and honor of
"We appreciate your efforts in onr behalf.
"Wii. C. iMaxci", Commandant-.
Official: P. R. Mlyek, Adjutant, Boise,
Editor National Trujune: I have
taken and read The National Tribune
from the firsts or near the first, publication,
and know the good it has done for the vet
erans, and say to all old soldiers, take at
once the ouly champion we have, if you have
not already taken ir. Push the Service Pen
sion at $8 per month. "While it will not
help me, I know what our brave men suf
fered in the four years of struggle, and few
there be who are not broken down. H. C.
Griffith, Go. I, Morton littles, Santa Rosa,
Origin of "Old Glory."
Editor. Nation at. Tribune: "Will yon
please tell us who first used the word Old
Glory, applying that to the American Flag?
For the benefit of many W. A. Skillen,
It is utterly impossible to say who first
styled the flag " Old Glory," or when he did
it. It is one of those things that were brood
mg in 10,000 minds at the same time, and
find utterance In scores of widely-separated
places almost simultaneously. Editor Na