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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASBEMHJffltJ'Ri 03 KHJRSDAY APEIL 23, 1896.;,
FIGHTING THEM OVER,
Wlial Our Ycieraiis Have to Say About
Ti:eir Old Campaigns.
TALE OF A TROOPER.
Tho "Wet Kaid" In .iUnntns Under Carr.
Editor National Tmiiuxe: A recon
noiVancc was ordered out by Gen. Steele
from Little Hock, Ark., under Gen. E. A.
Carr, in February, 18G5. Our regiment, 1st
Iowa Cav., (or the non-veteran portion of it,
the veteran being in Missouri, uudcr Pleas
outon, luading off Price in his last attempted
invasion of that Stale,) the 1st Mo., 10th and
33th 111., Tib and flth Kan., and 4h Ark.
(Union) Cav. constituting the mounted por
tion of our cominai d, probably 2,000 infan
try, and liabb's battery, made the tiip.
Oar destination, as wo learned later, was
Camden, where our disastrous campaign the
previous Spiing in co-operation with Banks's
2ted River iiasco had ended. We took 30
days' rations with us, and Gen. Cair had
issued strict orders against forag-ng. It
seems strange, hut the experience of every
old comrade ill bear me out, once that order
is promulgated the rations furnished
straightway become stale, insipid, and not
to be regarded as eatable bj' any well-regulated
volunteer, but, like the Iowa prohibitory
law, was to be broken or evaded at every
opportunity, and much badly-needed sleep
iras lost in manufacturing opportunities.
In view of the fact that a good horse,
ravenous appetite and registeted vow to cat
as larpe a hole into rebel supplies as possi
ble had already gained for the writer the
reputation of bting the best provider for the
inner man when on march in Co. E, it can
readily be surmised how much respect I con
templated giving the afortsaid order. In
fact, I took it simply as a banter to do my
best in this particular line, and I acted ac
cordingly. Gen. E. A. Cake.
.This expedition was known as the "wet
raid," as it rained almost incessantly from
the time we left camp at Little Rock till,
after striking Camden, we returned to Pine
Bluffs?. At the site of our fearful fight with
the combined forces of Kirby Smith and
Price at Jenkins's Ferrv, April S9, 16G4,
wc found still many sad reminders of the
terrible battle against overwhelming odds.
The most distressing was the skeletons of
r&even of our men, who had evidently been
severely wounded and crawled away for
shelter from the iearful fire. Five were to
gether under a low-brauching holly tree, over
which clambered a rattan and muscadine
grarcvine that turned it into a perfect bower.
Here the poor wounded creatures had either
died "before oar army effected its crossing or
prere too weak to attract attention, and were
Jeft to face the added horrors of death by
A little way from them we found two
others in a large hollow in the trnnk of an
old sj-camore, some sticks and pieces of bark
indicating that one of them at least had con
trived to add soraewliat to the shelter of
their dying retreat Tende.iy we gathered
their bones together into a grave by the old
Eycamore, where the evening winds murmur
their requiem through its gnarled, weather
P.ut I forget myself. After leaving the
Saline River we plodded wearily along
through an almost incessant downpour.
Occasionally sonic comrade, with an ardor
worthy a better cause, would endeavor to
throw oil his mental depression by equalling
out, in a voice like an asthmatic bull-frog,
"Johnny Stole a Ham," or a bar of that
festive ballad, "Saw My Leg Off," which
usually brought out an encore of "Oh, thut
up,"' or "Look here, Bub, the sun '11 warp
your teeth if you don't close that fly-trap,"
or other equally pleasant rejoinder.
The f.ict is, u e -were all wet to the skin,
tired, hungry, and crosp,and it is needles to
add that much energetic swearing and epi
thets of a sulphurous nature emphasized the
opinion of the State and weather that
rankled in the hearts of a majority of that
gallant but badly-bedraggled bection of our
George Hill, the tallest and one of the
bravest of the writer's eomr:.d.s, had inad
Tertently upset his can of hot coffee that
morning, and, depmed of its generous stim
ulant, was more than usually aggressive in
some of his rcrnaiks. As luck would have
it, the General came along at the side of
the road, eking to reach tho head of the
column. No doubt he too was in an ill
humor. Job himself would have lost his
record for patience uuder such surroundings.
L speak advisedly, for I was there, and have
Ekcwise been afflicted with boil. Yes, and
Arkansas chiggers, and eted-ttcks with a
bill like a corkscrew, which always pm led
their heads off, leaving them to fester uuder
the tortured cuticle.
As JIill wound up one of his most drastic
flights of rhetoric, the General broke in on
' Look here, soldier, I do notlikcHo hear
rnch language. It is not the sign of a good
loldier who volunteered to come to the de
fense of his country in her hour of peril.
You. should be patient under unavoidable
Tim Dowxrouu was Ikckssakt.
difficulties, and seek, to chcor up yonr com
rade, instead of Am her depressing them
with your senseless and wicked blasphemy.
1 do not btliee you are a good soldier in
I have often wondered if the General was
not a Sunday-school teacher at home. Cer
tain it is, though, he was cgregiously mis
taken in Hill, fr no braver man wore a
cavalry jacket iu our regiment thau he.
When tLc General paused for breath, Hill
, "Well, General, as to my bravery, Pll
just leave my comrades to vouch for nie on
that score; hut if I live to get home and find
M)me girl fool enough to marry meaud we
should raise a family of childien, tfuen I sit
down by my own fireside, call my children
arcundine, and tell them about this raid we
arc on, General, if they don't cry, I'll just
whale out of them."
"Well, I'll do Gen. Carr the credit to say he
kept his face in good control, and from his
expression I have no doubt ho fully in
tended to order the audacious recalcitrant
uuder close arrest, hut it was no use; the
shrieks of laughter and j-ells of approval
from all within hearing was too much.
"With a look that should have annihilated
Hill had he not been philosophically looking
The Major Exjoyed His Breakfast.
at the low-hanging clouds, he put spurs to
his horse and pushed on to the trout amidst
a perfect storm of yells, jeers, aud, I grieve
to say it, not a few hisse?. Tho incident
was worth more to the jaded troops than a
supply of water-proof cloaks, keeping us all
in good fpints the rest of the day.
A tempting crossroads gave the -writer a
hint of Southern ham, with probably other
articles not issued by our Quartermaster,
with a prospective hot supper at clo?e of the
day's march. I struck out and was not a
little surprised that Corp'I H followed
me. He had never been known before to
take part in a foraging raid, and felt called
upon then to excuse himself, saying that ho
was uot well, and felt that ho must find a
change of diet.
I assured him that misery loved company
and he was more than welcome, aud wc cer
tainly had no cause to complain, as we soon
came to a house that had hitherto wonder
fully escaped attention, as the smokehouse
was full of such hams as are only found in Ar
kansas. "We also found aqnantity of fine flour
and honey. "Wc loaded quickly, and started
back highly elated with our success. At
tempting to pass the Colonel at head of regi
ment, we were halted and asked if we had
been foraging. Our general appearance
would hae belied any hut an affirmative
reply, and we were told to fall in in rear and
we -would be taken to Headquarters at close
of the day's march.
I wonder how many of my old comrades
ever found themselves in such a predica
ment? It was distressing; in fact, a culmi
nation of disaster. And yet I deiived the
first grain of comfort from the distressed
wail of Corp'I H .
" Oh, Jack," said he, " this is a judgment
on me for going on a forage raid."
I retorted that it was certainly a calamity
unless we got ont of it.
"How can we git out? There is no
chance, and I shall be reduced to lhe rank?."
I confess I a? yorry for Ike, for he was a
good boy. Loosening one of my half-dozen
harup, I remarked to the men in the midst
of whom we had fallen in: " Parde, it would
be a shame for the officers to get all this
good meat, and they shall not." As I talked
I rapidly cut the ham up iu pieces I knev
could he hidden in (heir haversacks and
parsed them round as far as I could reach,
telling Ike to do the same. Someone well
hack called out to pass the hone back io
Then I whispered to Ike: "When I turn
out you follow me until halted." And
hardly was the word parsed when an invit
ing cowpath seemed to fairly beckon us. I
-truck out, closely followed by Ike, and, as I
had expected, the comrades were so busy
putting away their rations that they never
saw us. Yet for 15 or 20 minutes we dashed
through wet brush in a reckless nranner,
until quite ture we had flnukid the rear
guard, which, if my memory serves me right,
was the 1st Mo. Cav. If this catches the
eye of any who got a cut of ham I will be
pleased to hear from them.
We made our company without farther
adventure, well supplied for a few dayp.
That night the power of the rain seemed to
culminate in a perfect deluge, but Serg't
Wildasin, who was my bunknialc, and I
were fortunate that awful night, as we had
selected a knoll where an old pine had fallen,
crashing an ash in its fall. We gathered
the top and splinters together and made a
rousing fire, built onr bed high with young
pines, put up oar gum blankets on n lean
to frame, and were for that night most com
fortable after a supper of ham, coffee, pan
cakes aud hone'.
Some time in the night I was aroused by
someone stirring the fire, and saw Mnj. Tom
Bert-man standing out in the lain wanning
one side into steam, while lhe other was
running vater. I asked l.im what on earth
he was doing out there. It would be hardly
fair rto report the emphatic language used,
but I gathered that his negro hostler had
put up his tent carelej-fely, and it had come
down on him. I told him to come in out of
the v.et, an invitation as promptly accepted
Knowing that this mess-chest must be in
a deplorable condition, when I had prepared
the best breakfast possible, lrom results of
the previous day's adventure, I called the
Major. Certainly I can now understand
housewifely pride from the satisfaction I
experienced as I noted the Major's expres
sion of blank surprise, followed quickly by
one of kcent-bt satisfaction. In response to
my invitatrcn he fceated himself and pro
ceeded to test the quality of the bounteous
Kpread. Later, while breaking camp, 1 over
heard him boasting to Col. Thompson of the
pleaant ending of the miserable night. He
aid: "1 awoke to hear the ecntry shriek,
not 'To arms,' but ' To breakfast,' and, Colo
nel, such a breakfast positively the best
one I ever enjoyed."
" Well, Major," said Col. T., "you will for
cive my curiosity, but what was the bill of
fare in this wonderful breakfast after the
The reply was brief but enthusiastic.
"What? Ham, coffee, pancakes and
honey! " exclaimed the astounded listeners.
"Where on earth could soldieis get such
provender under the circumstances?"
Maj. Bcrcman replied: "I'm sure I have
no idea, and I felt all the force of St. Paul's
command to 'eat what is placed before you,
af-kiug no question?.' I was too well pleased
with results to bo inquisitive."
Another weary day's march brought us to
Pine Bluffs, where, after resting two days,
we nceived orders to ship to Memphis.
Here within GO days wc had the pleasure of
escorting Gen. Furrist into the city as a
1 selecletl this raid as tho subject of my
sketch fortworeasqris: "First, there was no
great battle or stronghold captured, hence
no danger of an after discussion as to who
planted the first Hag or other matter of vital
import; and, finally, becauss the writer,
while maintaining a reasonable reputation
for honesty for 31 years since the conflict,
never having been convicted of stealing a
hot stove or similar article of tempting
nature, still contends that a Boldier whilo
an invader of hostile territory violets no
moral obligation if ho confines his foraging
strictly to provisions for himself, horse and
comrades. J. R. Martin, 1st Iowa Cuv.,
New Hurtford, Iowa,
1'Ienty to Do In Old Virginia la tho Spring;
(Continued fran last tree;.)
Editor National Tribune: There was
an immense amount of supplies at the sta
tion for Lee's army, consisting mainly of
cornmcal aud bacon. Provisions were
cheap that night in "ole Virgin ny." The
darkies in the vicinity came in for a share.
I met an old negro rolling away n barrel of
meal. I asked him whero he "swiped" it?
"I think you stole that barrel," I said.
u2sTo,snh," said he; "de General done give
it to me."
" Well, you had belter watch out, uncle,"
interposed a comrade, " that Bob Lcc don't
catch you with it."
"1'so too sharp for dat.sah. I hide 'im
in de woods."
Later I taw him and others carrying off
loads of bacon, and doubtless they feus ted
royally that night on hoe-cako and bacon
fat. The pile of bacon and meal, big as a barn,
was set on fire. The railroad was torn up,
ties piled, with the rails across them, and set
on fire, and when the rails were heated they
were bent around telegraph-poles.
The train that was to take us to Rich
mond was burned and the engine demol
ished. When wo started out the next
morning Lee's rations were still burning.
It seemed a pity to me to see so much food
destroyed when there were so many hungry
ones in the world.
This day, May 10, wo went through a
part of Virginia where, I believe, our army
had never been before. Wo saw no whites,
excepting old men, women, and children.
They were intensely "Setesb," and the
chaffing between them and our boys was
amusing. In all arguments on the progress
of the war "they would, as a clincher, ask :
" When arc you-all going to take Charles
Msny of the slaves took an opportunity to
strike for freedom. Big and little, old and
young darkies, ma!e and female, on foot, on
horse or muleback, or iu wagons, joined the
procession. 1 noticed one family, a man
and wife and one or two children. They
had two mules aud a wagon-load of stuff.
I saw n fine feather-bed and bedding,
some dishes, and a big, stuffed rocking
chair. I asked the man where he got the
"I dunno what you mean, sah," said he.
"Where did you get so many fine fixings?
I did not know that you darkie3 were al
lowed to have such thing?'
"Heed, sab," said he, "when you all kim
along we jes took deec things from tic big
house and kim along with you-all."
"But, did you not know it is wrong to
steal ? " I asked.
"Dcid, sab," broke in the woman, " we
done worked for ole massa all our live?, an'
be wont 'low us to ratee a pig nor chicken
for oursehe?; so we tiuks we have a right
to dese tings." "
1 asked thein if they knew where they
" Up Norf, sah, to see Marsa Linkura, and
be slaves no mo'."
I remember this day as we were marching
along that some straggling infaulry and dis
mounted cavalry came tearing down the road
yelling "Bushwhackers! bushwhackers!"
creating a panic among the non-combatants.
An officer drew his swortUand planted him
self iu the middle of the road, and swoie he
would kill the first one that passed him.
This action of his quelled the panic in
I have often thought since then that we
little know what power one man possesses
when he takes a determined stand for lhe
right. Wc camped the night of the 10th on
a big plantation with a typical old Virginia
manor-house. The owner, an old man, had
his slaves corraled down by the smoke
house, and was vainly endeavoring to keep
them together; but in spite of his efforts
some of thera went with. us, the jjext morn
ing. I saw Gen. Sheridan at this place playing
with someBinall children on the front porch,
which act was somewhat antagonistic iu
those days to my idea what a great General
Early on the morning of the 11th we were
on the move toward Richmond. Some time
during the day our cavalry encountered the
rebs and drove them steadily back until we
all came to a standstill in a field surrounded
by woods. There was sharp firing in front
and on both flank. A rebel battery was
throwing shells into the field among u.
The negroes were badly frightened. Some
wounded cavalrymen brought in the re
port that Beauregard had come tip with his
wholearmy from Richmond and, in conjunc
tion with Stuart's cavalry, had completely
surrounded us. The firing from all quarters
seemed to confirm the minor. As in such
caies, the most improbable stories were be
lieved, and our tiluation looked desperate,
Came Tearing down the Road.
There was a little cabin in the field, around
which we were gathered, occupied by a
woman and her baby. I shall never forget
the frightened, despairing look on her face
as she walked the floor with her baby in her
arms. Think of it, you mothers, who im
agine yon have great trials. Here was this
poor woman surrounded by a hostile army
on the eve of the greatest cavalry battle of
tho war. Already the shells were bunting
around her little home and might at any
moment hurl her and her babe into eternity.
Perhaps her husband lay dead over in tho
woods yonder. People of the North read of,
but those of the border know the horrors
and suffering caused by war.
Sheridan and staff were on a little hill
near the center of the field. I went up to
sec if Sheridan appeared disturbed at the
situation. As I neared them I heard him
laugh, as did also several of his staff. What
the cause of the merriment -was I know uot,
hut I suspect it was over the foolishness of
the Johnnies in attempting to stop him. I
came back and told the non-combatants we
were all right, for Gen. Sheridan did not
appear to be alarmed.
Toward night our cavalry moved forward
to tho front, and in a short lime wc could
plainly hear the hoarse cheer of Yanks and
the shrill yell of rebs, mingled with the
rattle of carbine and pistol. The rebel bat
tery cca3t-d firing, and we knew that the
charge had bceu successful.
In a short time a squad of cavalry filed
into the field, escorting a line of prisoners,
and reported the death of "Jeb" Stuart.
We then moved forward and found the way
clear. The next day (12th) the cavalry had
another fight with the Johnnies, and sent
them flying in all directions, which seemed
to satisfy them, for they did not molest us
after that. We passed iu sight of the de
fenses of Richmond, and took the route fol
lowed by MeClellan two years before to the
James. The trail was still frc3h in earth
works, and mounds whero some mother's
darling sleeps the last sleep and whose grave
is decorated each year only by God's own
nnrt with tho beautiful wild flowers of
In duo lime we reached tho James River.
Our gnnboa's, ever on the alert, mistaking
us for the enemy, threw what our boys called
camp-kettles at us. But a signal from Mal
vern Hill stopped their hostile demonstra
tion. We hade adieu torthe cavalry nt tho
James and went on board of a steamer bound
Burning the Train.
Onr voyage wa a pleasant one. 1 re
member when off Fortress Monroe we spoke
n vessel bound to some Southern port. Tho
Captain wanted the latest news from the
seat of war. One of our officers told him
that Grant had fought Lee three days in
the Wilderness, and contrary to the usual
custom was advancing toward Richmond,
fighting all the time. He also gave a brief
account of the defeat and death of "Jeb"
"Glory, hallelnjab!" shonted the old
skipper. "Ring the bell, there; ring the
bell." Long alter wc left him wc could hear
the mellow tones of the hell floating over
Wc reached Alexandria the next day,
went to Camp Parole, and after being
equiprcd were sent to the front, where we
found the enemy on tho North Anna River;
having been nhsnt 38 days. S. A. CliAM-
IJKKI.AIN, Co. A, 10th Me., Commander Post
309, Department of Maine, G.A.K.,Mayfield,
K CHANGING BASE.
Experiences of tho Pickets lit Cold Unruor.
Editor National Triiiune: In your
"Picket Shots" of March 19 you say the
pickets left on the line at Cold Harbor when
Grant "changed his base" should have
medals of honor. No doubt the old hoys of
that detail who may chance to read your
lines will be gratified to find that some one
thinks they are entitled to special honor.
Your humble servant occupied a hole in
the sand close up to the line of pits filled by
Johnnies. I recollect that the few bands
with the army at that time were doing their
best to make noise to drown the sound of the
iron axles of wagons and artillery carriages.
We on picket could hear the same sounds in
front of us. Tho rebs were on the move as
well. But the sounds jp front and rear grew
fainter toward inidnightj and soon ceased
entirely. Iw '
After a few hours, which wc thought con
tained nrnutes sufficient for a whole night,
we wcte ordered to drjip directly to the rear
and to assemble at a well-known landmark.
To secure safety, we promptly executed the
first part of lhe orderf-'lmt iu consequence of
darkness, removal ofclrains, and all appear
ance of encanipinentsjr,quarter?, landmarks
which we had thought to be prominent
were hard to find. l '
When wc all wcrctogelher the spell of
silence was broken, apil the embryo Mnjor
General who as yet, was without even a
Corporal's chevrons had Ins say. The reader,
if he was a soldier at the front, knows that
on that, as on any other rfrbket detail, we. had
a large percentage pf,XeIlSws that could tell
you the exact-why of any ilitary question'.
We did not agree as to wliy we were on this
particular detail. Some fraid that as we were
left behind to be killed or captured, the Orderly-Sergeants
of the companies represented
bad selected the poorest soldiers those
that could be most readily spared. Others
contended none but the best would have
beenentrusted withso critical a matter; that
wc were given this job on account of the
purity of our metal and of the confidence
reposed in u. Grant or Meade did not tell
us what they thought of it.
The officers in immediate command in
structed us to keep well together; that the
straggler had a fine elmuce of dying. Imagine
the i ramp. A dark, sultry, breczeles night;
the army in its movement had moved over
and pulverized the dry earth of roads and
fields until the dust seemed to be a quiver
ing mass, smothering and blindingus. Every
body was a grayback, no matter which army
he ''fit into." The scanty bupply of water
found on the ronte had been left in a sick
ening condition by the tramping of hor.'e,
cattle and thoughtless or selfi.-h men. But
I don't think a detail'made from so many
different regiments could be found to excel
that one iu cameradarie aud determination
to stick together aud put up a good fight.
The subscriber was somewhat handi
capped by a sore ankle, having had it
piincturtd by a rebel bullet on the' Ud of
June, when taking part iu that brave but
useless astault by our army. I bad been ex
custd from duty as a consequence of the
wound until the eve of the move of the"
army. We pickets did not volunteer,
neither did we grumble. As for myself, I
did not then, nor do I now, think 1 wa? im
posed upon unfairly, and although I would
be proud to wear a medal to show that I
performed some duty particularly meritori
ous, yet I think we tdiould look at the mat
ter in this light: To give to us or to any
oilier detail of men medals that did extra
hazardous service because of being detailed
in lhe ordinary routine of duty, would soon
cause the appearance of" medals of honor"
to become so familiar that tho wearing
would cease to bo a distinction, and would
lessen the value of those already presented
for heroic service. If of the 2.000,000 men
of the Federal army of the civil war only
one in a thousand did an act heroic and re
ceive a medal for such act, 2,000 would be
wearing medals now. And many of these
were unconscious of doing more than duty
All honor to tho Hoys that have had
medals given tliem!;iljiq not make the
honor less by making ilie number of medals
greater. "Jack of CLuijs."
How Mc Cnrcil 'ills Modicr.
M-Miud City, S. Dak.--ly.ist Winter my
mother became dangUr'oifsly sick, having
caught a terrible cold.pTlJo doctors declared
that she was suffering vyith an attack of
"La grippe." They succeeded iu relieving
her somewhat of hex ailment, hut she
never wai entirely cured. She experienced
extreme weakness, had. .occasional chills,
poor appetite; in fac,t,rher cntiro Bystem
seemed to bo out of order. It was these
things that promptexl mc to send to Dr.
Fahrney for a trial box of Dr. Peter's Blood
Vitalizer. And nojV) to our great joy,
before she has used all of that box sho is
well and as spry and active as her age can
admit. Wo are very thankful for tho un
expected results. Thomas Voigr.
In the debilitating after effects of "La
grippe," there is probably no remedy which
has achieved such remarkble success as Dr.
Peter's Blood Vitalizer. Ifc is not bundled
by druggists, but by local Vitalizer agents.
If there is none in your neighborhood, write
to Dr. Peter Fahruey, 112-114 So.. Uoyne
Ave., Chicago, 111.
It costs about $1,750 per shot to firo one
of Krupp'a 130-ton steel guns. The gun cost
$195,000, and it cau only bo fired, at tho
most, GO limes. Tho gun has a range of 15
miles, and the projectiles weigh 2,600 pounds.
From Alert Comrades All Alons tlic
A "Worthy Seont.
J. P. Owen, Licutcnnnt, 4th Mo., Gaither,
Ark., recently saw n sketch of W. L. Rigg3,
tho yonugest Union scout. Ho says he was
well acquainted with Riggs, and knows that
he was considered the most reliable man that
Brig.-Gen. Sanborn had nnder his com
mand. He wa3 only about 15 years old
when first employed, yet he never hesitated
to go into any place ordered, no matter what
the danger, and his reports always proved
"Somo two months ago," continues Owen,
" I was talking to some friends on the pub
lic square in Harrison, Ark., when a man,
turned gray and looking as if ho had passed
the age of 50, stepped np to me, aud, notic
ing my G.A.R. button, asked me where I
did my service. On telling him, I noticed
his eye brighten, and ho looked me over
carefully. Then he called me by name and
asked me if I remembered Scott Eigg?. Of
course I did, hut was surprised to find him
so changed. He now lives at Springdale,
Ark., and would like to hear from any old
soldiers who remember him.
"I learned from him that Col. Tracy, Con
gressman from Missouri, is taking steps to
have Scott paid for some service that he
failed to get pay for, nud to get him on tho
pension list. Every one who knew tho fear
less, manly boy in 18G-1 and 'G5 will he glad
to know if he is successful."
Bead Steed Safest.
L. B. Gamble, Carley, Ark., writes:
'' When tho steamer Sultana exploded her
boilers above Memphis in 18G5 with snch
horrible results, Sam W. Pickens, 3d Tenn.
Cav., told me that after the boat exploded
he found himself in the river with a live
horse, and he mounted it and tried to swim
it to shore, but the horse was confused with
the light of the burning boat and was about
to drown himself and Pickens too, when
there came the body of a dead horse, much
swollen from decomposition. But he swap
ped the live horse for the dead one and
rode the dead horse with the current until
he was in front of Memphi?. There he was
rescued, and if he is living yet is in Knox
Homo for a Gorxl Sinn.
Thco. Hollenbach, Co. E, 8th N. Y., West
hrookville, N. Y., says " Out heie on a farm
and woodland of about 700 acres the help of
a veteran in need of a steady home is dc
isircd. What is required is help iu cutting
and hauling wood, in farming, and do some
of it for himself.
''Should he he married, his helpmate might
join my wife a trifle in keeping house for mc
and her.elf ; all the rest of the time will be
' There is a small frame honse of four rooms
for them both, or the comrade, about 15 acres
of laud for his own use, and all the firewood
"An honest, square comrade I am looking
for, who will look ont for my plain home
and farmland When I happen to be off, and
who in return is sure of a steady, good home
nnd living, probably, for the rest of his life."
Will some comrade dispose of The
National Tribtne (monthly edition)
from June to December, 1878? Address,
stating price per copy, M. A. Weigle,
Tun National Timvun'is, Washington,
J. J. Stnckey, Secretary Iowa Union Ex
Prisoners of War Association, Dcs Moines,
Iowa : "I havq a limited number of elegant
badges of the Iowa Union Ex-Prisoners of
War Association, printed on numberlG while
sutin ribbon, iircrJlor, and bcautifnl design,
Which I will bo glad to exchange for
G.A.R., Relief Corps, Ladies G.A.R., L.AS.,
Sons of Veterans, or campaign badges, for
n souvenir collection which I am making
for our association. Send badge, with self
addressed envelope, to the above address."
Knows Just "Who AVero There.
nenry Milbutn, Captain, Co. II, 48th Ind.,
Eby, Cab, writes: "Iu yonr issue of March
5 I notico an article entitled, 'Call Them
Down.' Now. L. W. Jiloom, 5th Ind. bat
tery, Edna, Ivan., has bitten off a bigger
chunk than he can masticate. Comrade
Shigley, Co. C, 48th Ind., is correct. He
does not claim that the 5th Iowa L. A. was
there, but 'the olh Iowa. The First Brigade,
Hamilton's Dfvfsion, consisted of the follow
ing Tegiments: 2Gth Mo., 5th Iowa, 59th
Ind., 48th Ind., 4th Minn.
"The Colonel ol' the 4th Minn., Sanburn,
commanded the brigade, Gen.Burford being
sick. The 11th Ohio L. A. belonged to the
brigade; Sands wa3 Captain, but, being sick",
LieuLSears was in command of the battery.
The above battery, lost more men killed nnd
wounded in this engagement than was lost
by any other batiery in any oi.o engage
ment. I refer to Inka, Miss., Sept. 39, 1802.
There was no 5th Ohio battery there.
Tlio Two I.:ullc.
Charles H. MyerhotT, 14th Ind., Evnns
ville, Ind., writes: "I read Samuel H. Bol
ton's article in your issue of Dec. 20 ult.,
nnd desiring to assist in settling the dispute,
I called on Capt. B. H. James, a prominent
manufacturer and much respected gentle
man of our city, who was First Lieuten
ant, and had command of the right section
of Capt. Gracey's Battery at Gen. Bragg's
'' Ho saysthat his guns were named 'Lady
Breckinridge' and 'Lady Buckner'; that
Serg't C. H. Lefller was in charge of the
former. These uoted guns were not at auy
time on Lookout Mountain, hut were in
the valley a few days, when they returned
to Gen. Bragg's Headquarters.
t " They left very suddenly, nnd when they
found their iimhers in the rear were cap
tured by Gen. Baird's command. Gen.
Wood's commnnd wn3 approaching rapidly
in front. At that time Gen. Bragg was on
the right, having weakened his line in the
center by sending assistance to Gen. Hardee
to resist Gen. Sherman's swarming tactics."
A. C-. Kuger, Milesburg, Pa., wants some
one to mail him the poem on the charge of
tho 8th Piu Cav. at Chancellprsville.
J. A.Thumn, Co. C, 04th Ohio, L.verings,
O., wauls to know where there is a good
location for a blacksmith nnd wood-worker.
William Satterlee, Ball's Pond, New Fair
field, Conn., wants tho song beginning,
'' Come all yo jolly sailors."
W. H. Gillespie, Waco, Tex., writes that
in December, 3895, Davy Crockett Po3t, 70,
Department of Texas, was presented with a
small silk flag, and with it a letter from the
finder, as follows : " This flag was found by
the undersigned on the morning of Dec. 31,
18G2, on tho field of Murphreesboro, Tenn.,.
in front of the position held by Withers's
Division nnd Robertsou's battery. Having
had the flag in my possession since the date
above mentioned, I now, with all my heart,
present it to Davy Crockett Post, G.A.R.,
for whatever uso theyninke think proper."
Homo Seekers' Excursions.
In order to givo everyone an opportunity to
eeo tho Western Country and cnablo tho homo
seekers to secure a home in time to commence,
work for tho season of 1890, the Clu'caco,
Milwaukee t St. Paul Railway hns arranged to
run a series of four homo seekers' excursions to
various points in tho West, Northwest and
Southwest on tho following dates: March 10,
April 7 aud 21 aud May 5, at tho low rato of
$2, more than ono faro for tho round trip.
Tickets will be jjood for return on nny Tuesday
or Friday withiu twenty-ono days from dato of
sulo. For rates, time of trains aud further
details apply to any conpon ticket agent in tho
East or South, or address J. U. Everest, Gen
eral Traveling Passenger Agent, 25 Adams
Btrcet, Chicago, 111,
Brief Sketches of Batteries of the
rTrn JCA-rrojfAt. Tnincse hiw In hand sevcrnl
hundred requests for resimentn! historic. All such
requests will lm acceded to in duo time. Although
llioso now received cannot be published fur at
lent n year, owinj: to lack of apnee. Numerous
sketches hnvcnlrendy been published, ntnl of the-to
none can be found room for a second time, until all
have been printed.
Tho 7tli Maine Buttery;
Capt. Adelbert 11. Twitchell was com
missioned on the organization of this battery,
and commanded it until it was mustered
ont. He was brcvettcd .Major April 2, 1865.
The "War Department "jives the command
credit for being .engaged in tho battles of
Spottsylvania, Wildernes?, North Anna, Cold
Harbor, Pctersbnrg, .Ream's Station nud
Poplar Springs Church. It served in "Will
cox's Division, Ninth Corps, and lost three
men killed and 15 men died from disease,
Tho 110th Ohio,
a The regiment was organized at Gallipolis
and Marietta, O., in September and Octo
ber, 1862, to serve three years. Col. Jamca
"Wnshbnrn was commissioned on the organi
zation of the regiment, and remained in
command nntil it was mustered out of serv
ice, June 1 1, 18G5. Lient.-Col. T. F. "Wildes
was promoted Colonel of tho ISGth Ohio,
Feb. 28, 18G5. At Piedmont, Va., June
5, 1801, while in Hunter's Division, the com
mand lost 20 men killed and 156 wounded.
It also served in Thoburn'3 Division, Eighth
Corps. Its total loss was four officers and 90
men killed and three officers and 88 men
died of disease, accidents, etc.
The Cth Mass. Uattery.
This battery was organized at Lowell,
Mass., Feb. 3,1862, to serve three year?. On
the expiration of its term it veterauized,and
was retained in service until Aug. 7, 1863.
Capt. Cliailes Everett resigned, Sept. 7,1802;
Capt. William W. Carruth was discharged,
Oct. 2,1863; Capt. John F. Phelps was dis
missed, jjec. y, ieti'1, ana when mustered
out the battery was commanded by Capt.
Edward K. Eusscll. The "War Department
give3 the battery the credit of being en
gaged at Baton Uotige, Georgia Landing,
Cotten, IJialand, and Poit Hudson. Inhonor
of its 'first Captain the organization wa3
designated "Everett's Lattery." It served
in Augur's Division, Nineteenth Corps, and
lost six men killed and one officer and 50
men died of disease, in prison, etc
The 7th .Mass. Uattery.
Thi3 battery was organized at Boston,
Mass., May 21, 1SGI, to serve three years.
The original members, except veterans, were
mustered ont or" Bcrvice May, 20, 18G4, aud
tho organization, composed of veterans and
recruits, retained. CajiMPhineas A. Davis
was promoted to Assistant Adjutant-General,
Oct. 5, 18G3. "When mustered out the battery
was commanded by Capt. Newman W. Storer.
In honor of Capt. D,tvi, the battery was
designated 'Davis's Battery." It served, in
Grover'a Division, Nineteenth Corps. Its
loss was three men killed and one officer and
36 men died.
Tho 8th Mnss. Uattery.
Thi3 battery was a six months organiza
tion, recruited by Capt. Asa M. Cook, in
May and Jnne, 1862. It was mustered ont
the latter part of November, 1862. The
battery served in Wilcox's Division, Ninth
Corp", and lost one man killed in action
and 10 by disease, accidents, etc. The or
ganization was also known as "Cook's
The 9th .Mas. Battery.
The battery was organized at Lynnfield,
Mass., Ang. 10, 1802, to serve three years,
and was mustered out June 6, 1865. Capr.
Achille De Vecchi resigned Jan. 27, 1863;
papt. John Bfgelow, Brevet Major, wa3 dis
charged Dec. 14, 1861, and when mustered
out Capt. Richard S. Milton commanded the
battery. Nine battles are credited the bat
tery by the War Department, as follows:
Gettysburg, Mine IJnn, Spottsylvania, Tolo
potomoy, North Anna, Eetbesda Chnrch,
Petersburg, Weldon Kail road, and Hatcher's
Run. The 9th Mass. battery was one of the
leading batteries in point of loss in battle,
and, according to Col. Fox, two officers and
13 men were killed in action. At Gettys
burg, while , In the reserve artillery, it lost
II killed ont of 104 officers and men taken
into action, 'Or over 10 per cent. Besides the
11 killed, 17 were wounded or missing. In
honor of Capt. Bigelow the command Tva3
designated "Bigelow's Battery." It served
in' the Artillery Brigade, Fifth Corps, with a
total loss of two officers and 13 men killed in
action, aud four men by disease, accidents,
The 10th Mans. Battery.
The lattery was organized at Boxford,
Mass., Sept. 9, 1862, for the three years' serv
ice, and was mustered out Jnne 9,ti.SG5. Capt.
J. Henry Sleeper commanded the battery
until Feb. 27, ISC'), when he was discharged.
He received the brevet of 3Iajor, Dec. 2,
1862. Dnring the latter part of service,
Capt. J. Webb Adams was in command. The
battery was generally known as Sleeper's
B-itlery, and served in the Artillery Brigade,
Second Corps, with a I033 of two officers and
six men killed in action, nnd 16 from dis
ease, accidents, etc. The War Department
gives the following list of battles in which
the command was engaged: Kelly's Ford,
Mine Run, Po River, Spottsylvania, North
Anna, Tolopotomoy, Cold Harbor, Peters
burg", Deep Bottom, Ream's Station, Boydton
Tho lllh Mass. Battery.
This battery was organized at Boston,
Mass., Jan. 2, 1S64, to serve three years, and
was commanded by Capt. Edward J. Jones.
Ifc was mustered out June 16, I860. Capt.
Joneswas brevettcd Major, March 25, 1865.
According to the reports of the War Depart
ment, the battery was engaged at Wilder
ness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Cold Har
bor, Petersburg, nud Weldon Railroad. It
served in Potter's Division, Ninth Corps,
and lost three men killed and 12 died. It
was generally known as "Jones's Battery."
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY,
A Weekly Series of Historical Text-Books.
A WEEKLY SERIES OF HISTORICAL TEXT-BOOKS.
No. 1. STATISTICS OF THE W A R .Containing the -number of troop
furnished by each State, losses ou both sides aud complete statistical data relating to th
No. 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. The Gettysburg Address, Second Inangnral,
and copious extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMORANDA. Vntcs of tho grea4
events relating to the opening and close of the War of the Rebellion; Physiological
Statistics of tho Army; List of General oflicers killed ou both sides.
No. 4. PENSION STATISTICS. Number ou the roll of each class; ex
No. 5. HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES,
By John McElroy. Its Introduction; Early Eilbrts at Emancipation; its stimulus tlU
Cotton Gin; Struggle in Congress about extension into tho Territories; Emancipation.
Illustrated by Portraits.
No. 6. PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE.-By
Byron Andrews. Biography of .Monroe, History and Text of Doctrine, Oluey's Letter and,
Cleveland's Message, Portrait, Map, etc.
No. 7-8 (Double Number'). COMMANDERS OF THE
UNITED STATES ARMY. By John McElroy. Contains splendid full page halt
tone etchings of the best-known portraits of tho 17 Commanders from the adoption of tho
Constitution to the present time; a sketch of each; strength of tho Army at various dates.
No. 9. THE STORY OF CUBA. B7 BJn Andrews. History of tho
Island from tho I)isco ery by Columbus to the Administration of Weyler. Map and ltj
illustrations, including portraits of Gomez, Maceo, Campos, Wcylor, and other leaders ou
OTtfEf? JIUfflBESS OF GfjEflT INTEREST Clllilt FOItLOOj.
Terms $a year. Five cents a copy, except donblo number 7-8, 10 cents. Six of tha
numbers for 25 cents, counting 7-8 as two numbers. Sent postpaid.
Address, THE NATIOXALJTIUIJUNE1729 Kew York Ave., Washington,, D, C
Editor, NATioxAr. TRinuNE; Soraetim
einco I noticed in your paper an explanation
in regard to Easter Sunday, in which you
stated that the lirst Sunday after tho full
moon happening on the 21st of March or
thereafter was always Ea?ter Sunday. Iri
this year 1896 tho moon fulls on Saturday,
March 23. The 29th is Sunday, and yet ia
not Easter Snndny. Will yon please ex
plain this, and oblige one of the old boy3?'
Fraternally J. A. Hunter, Leap, Ore.
Tho method of determining Easter Day &
mnch too complicated to be explained In n
newspaper article. Substantially, it id thef
Sunday following the flrst full moon on oxf
after March 21. But it must be kept ia
mind that the full moon is not one which
we see, or even the astronomical full moon,
but an entirely ecclesiastical aud imoginnr7
fnll moon, which follows the true full moon
two and sometimes three days. Ono object
of this arrangement was to keep Easter from
falling on the same day as the Jewish Pass
over. This was not entirely accomplished,
as they fell on the same day in 1P0G and in
1825, and will again in 1903, in 1923, ia
1927, and in 1981. Easter is never before
the 22d of March nor after (he 25th of April.
In 1761 and 1818 Easter fell on the 2d of
March, but will not do so again during tho
next century. It fell on the 23d of March
in 1315 and in 13uG, but will not do so aain
nntil 1913. It fell on the 25th of April in
ISfe'G, but will not do so again until 1913. As
we have Baid before, the rule is mnch too
complicated for easy explanation. It is tho
result of a violent agitation which convulsed
the Christian world in A. D. 182, and waa
finallysettled by the Council of Nice in 325.
Editor National Tribune.
in the Blood
weakens tho cntiro system. Unhealthy
blood falls to nourish and wo half live
because our vital organs aro naif X0U1
ffhlch was discovered by an old Gorman
fihystclan, purifies the blood and makes
t warm and life-giving. This remedy
which has J-ecn in use for over a-hundred
years though not extensively ad
vertlsod seldom fails to cure diseases
caused by impoverished or Impure blood
or from disordered stomach.
No drug-store medicine; Is soldi
only by regular Vitalizer agents.
Persons living whero there aro no
agents for Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer
can, by sending S3.00, obtain twelve
35-cent trial bottles direct from tha
proprietor. This offer cau only be ob
j talned onco by tho samo person. r
Write to DR. PETER FAHRNEY, r
Iia and 114 So. Hoyno Ave., CHICAGO"
Itiarv i?r.oor itfwrtr -m -.
I cured in 15 to35 days. Tou can bo treated at
I homofor samo prlco under samoKaaran-
I tV. If 7rtn nrnfuprrtlVimn hnm tni.tlt.AM
nocharee.lrwoiail to euro, iryonhavetakon mer
cury, iodido potash, and still have aches and
pains. Jlacous A'atclies In mouth. Sore Tliroat.
Pimples, Copper Colored spots, Ulcers on
any part or tho body, Hair or Eyebrows falling
oat, It la this Secondary BLOOD POISON
we guarantee to cure. We solicit tho most obsti
nate cases and challcncre tho world for a
casoive cannot ;curc. This dleaso ha3 always
ba filed tho skill of the most eminent physi
cians. SCOO.ooo capital behind our uncondi
tional guaranty. Absolute proofs sent sealed on
application. Address COOK RKMEDV CO
807 Maaonlo Temple, CHICAGO, 1LZ 1
IvillsenUFKEEto any man the prescription,
with full particaIar3,of a new and positive remedy.
A sure cure for all weakness in yoiiujj or old men.
Cures Failing 3iandoodt'ervnus Weakness,
and kindred Diseases in 15 days; disease never
returns. Will also furnish remedies if desired.
Correspondence private. Address T. C. Ilarnw,
News Dealer. Sox 352. Marshall. Sliclx.
Arrests In 4S henra thoso
affections which Copaiba and
Injections Tall to cure. AH
DrufnristK.or P. O. Bex 2081,
Hew York. POST FIC1K .SI. CO
New ilnjrer-pressiire pad.
can to made hard or soft;
any desree of pressure.
Worn nisht and day. Per
fect retention. Comfort,
cure. Cita'oijue sent se
curely sealed by . V
House 3Vt's Co., 7M
Broadway, Svw York.
Slentlon The National Tribune.
5inrc Cure at home;
book free. Dr. W. S. Rice,
ttox 1, SmithvIHtr, N. Y.
Mention The National Tribune.
1 n I C C 1 MASS BIO WAOESdo'nsrpIo-wantlioroflTTtWv
fl HHIf ft an! will clnrilrwnd full narticular to nil vrnl.
HBlDg'.'c. stomp. BI33 3. L. STSBIlI.tS, UTTCE.1CZ, 2ICH.
Mention Tho Nadonal Trlbuna.
Su(TerInsrWonieinvriteirrs.L.IIudnut, South Uend,
Ind., for a Sample Home Keniedy. Sent JFree.
Mention The National Tribune.
Mention Tha National Tribune.
Cured. Box Free.
Mrs. B. .Rowan,
I morphine Habit Cnred In 10
to so rtuy. no ay wn fureu..
Mention Tho Nutlonal Tribune.
" "ANTED The address of two or three membern
V V of Co. 0, 173th Ohio, who were acquainted witUr
William Itnthburn, a member of tlmt compiiny. Ad
dress V. F. Ilathbum, Lakevlew. Mich.
IjL T R P g 3 M