Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TMBUNE WAMGT$ K 2 IMJRSDAY, APRIL 30, 1896
-- -' i " -- . zr , -t. .
FIGHTING THEM OVER
What Our Veterans Have to Say About
Their Old Campaigns.
PRAISE FOR THE OLD FIFTH.
Incidents in tho Career of tlio Duryea
Editor Natioxal Tuibuxe: The part
tnkca by the "Duryea Zouaves" (5th JNT. Y.)
at Chancellorsville, Va., was not ns conspicu
ous as in some other of the great battles
earlier in the struggle to preserve the Union.
But a single incident in that history de
Berves special notice and preservation, and
-was worthy of the closing act in their tcim
At the lime the raen, counting their
period of enlistment from the day they were
sworn into service 07 the State, believed
their two yeais' term had already expired
ana that tliev were iully entiuea 10 uis
charge, yet were called upon to engage in
battle when they had won their exemption.
The order for their diheharge came bcfoie
the fighting was over on the field of Chancel
loisvilic. Davenport, who was on special
detail at this particular moment, aud iu liis
excellent history of the regiment. "Camp
and Field Life of the 5th N. Y. Vol. Inf.
(Duryea Zouaves)," gives only a brief refer
ence to the single fact I wihh to record. I
feel the more free therefore to preserve its
memory; also, as I was not at the time a mem
ber of the regiment, I claim the right to
glorify my comrades, not having a pergonal
share in these honors.
Davenport writes me that he has never
been satisfied with his account of Chancel
lorsville, not having been at the tiiucou the
ground with his own legiinent, but gather
ing his facts from various tources. it is to
be hoped that he will fully write it up to
stand alongside of his most excellent and
worthy monographs on " Gaines's Mill " and
"Second Bull Run," which appeared in THE
Natioxai, Thihuxe, did him eo much
honor, and were notably giaphic and satis
factory. The one incident which prompts this
writing is referred to on page 3S1 ot Daven
port's history, and credited to a letter of" a
war conesrondeut of the New York Times,
liny 4, 18G3," as follows :
"The division had taken their old position
and pickets thrown -out, when the enemy
appeared in force on the ridge, at the fool of
vhich ice lay. Our men had slacked arms
end were at rest. Quick a3 thought Gen.
Syfces brought Lis men into line, the Zou
aves on the left half wheeling into line-of-battle
like a machine. The enemy -paused
a moment on the top of the ridge, and, as if
to nerve them for the onset, gave one of
their proverb.aily demoniac 3'ells and came
down on the double-quick, shooting, captur
ing, aud literally running over the pickets,
ivho scrambled behind all sorts of obstruc
tions." The details of the incident I have itali
cized had been told me, and being particu
larly characteristic of the regiment made a
deep impression, aud recently (by someone of
the many psycho'ogical operations to which
we all are f-ulyect) were brought to mind
x& connection with a similar incident iu the
battle of Fontenoy, when France antl the
al!i-fa (Britihh and German) were at war, in
1745, and which has been considered worthy
of preservation as one of the bright, jewels ot
history. If the one was io worthy, I believe
the other is no lefs conspicuous.
The Fontenoy incident is that two delach
xncnth of the opposing armies suddenly con
fronted each other :ind halted. Neither
offen-d to deliver its fire, when the German
commander cried to the Frenchman, " "Why
don't you fire, j-it ! " (or words to that cfiect,
perhaps fcomewhat stronger and more a la
milHairc); to which the Frenchman politely
replied, "Alter 3'ou, monsieur."
So the story lies in ,myrecollection, (from
reading, not personal observation, of course!)
and as a sublime exhibition of the "nerve"
which only the befet of soldiers acquire by
long dnll and peifoctldisciplme.
As to the couiira?le incident at Chan
ccllorsvHle.drawing fox the facts from a num
ber of writtou testimonies of participants
in the 5th 2s. Y., the regiment had come
in on tho second day of the fightiug tired
and with nerves uubt;uug altera reconnois
Bance, during which they had engaged the
enemy. Jiihtat tmmjlowu lb ey wore lying
about at cifc, their 'arms Mucked, when,
without warning, theielxs appeared 111 front,
aud opened a lapid fire with both infantry
and artillery; then, with only a moment's
pause, came down n the double-quick,
running over the fleeing pickets.
The Zouaves were ibo extieme loft of the
whole hue (and of tuf army), and receiving
this fire, the (shells 5tirttng in the road
where they lay. The adjoining regiments,
all, without waiting for any command,
sprang to their arms under considerable ex
citement, and opened fire at once to repel
At the pamc insfai'lt, on the contrary, the
Zouaves " Jell iu " behind, the stacked arms,
and though so undfr fire not one man
touched his piece, hut Rtood waiting for the
command, till Col. Wmslow, who at the
time of the attack was in conversation with
the brigade commander, Col. O'ltorke, came
to the head of the regiment, and "Take
arms 1" followed.
The ordeal was not long, but, as every old
toldicrwill realize, it was crucial while it
lasted, and more than entitled the regiment
to rank in stamina with the detachments
of the armies at Fontenoy, and gives in it
self a reason for the well-dcservcd praise it
crnod aud received iu the Army of the
As was written of the 5tli by Gen. A. A.
Humphreys, Grant's Chief of Staff, and
Hancock's successor in command of the
Second Corps, " the regiment, which was
equaled by few in the service certainly
surpassed by none," andfGcn. Griudlcy.at
one time commandant of tho brigade: 'I
.considered the 'Duryea Zouaves' the best
drilled and disciplined regiment in the
corps, if not in the army."
Still more, I find iu a letter written re
cently to a comrade by Judge Chase, of Lo
gausporr, Iud., at that lime in command of
Co. A, 2d battalion, 17th U. S., as follows:
"To this day occasionally a member of tho
5th wanders out this way, and we old Regu
lars here are ready to take off our hats in
his presence. Tell your methods
of drill aud discipline; in short, tell all
about your regiment. 1 have asserted time
aud time a-aiu that tho Duryea Zouaves
were the best regiment of infantry in the
Union army iu icgard to their fighting
qualities, personnel, and geneial make-up.
Tell your old comrades that the officers and
men of the 17th U. S. of old worshiped
them, and ate never through talking about
And in another letter: "As a certain epi
cure said of stiawherriep, doubtless God
could make a better berry, but doubtless he
never did, so say I in respect to the 5lh
doubtless the U.S. could orgauizc .1 better
regiment than the 5th, hut doubtless they
necr did, or will do so.''
I am not sure that this spontaneous and
generous tribute was written with ihc
thought it would ever appear in print, but
venture to give it because it reflects fully as
much honor upon Capt. Chase's own heart
and fo'.dierly qualities as it does upon tho
higb standing of the 5th 2s. Y. And I may
add the following from one of the comrades
of the 5th, writing of the time at Chancel
lorsville when the Eleventh Corps had bro
ken up and Sykes's Division was sent in to
stay the Confederate onslaught :
"O, the excitement of that moment ! In
a jiffy Col. AVinslow gave the command,
Double quick ! ' aud we rushed to the front
like an avalanche. "We passed the Kculars,
who were already in line, and many of them
said: 'Here's the 5lh. Now, 1)03-5, you'Jl
see some fuu.' In all my experience I never
saw such pandemonium as was let loose by
the skedaddle of that woruout Eleventh
Corps, which had been surprised, but through
no fault of ifs rank and file; army wagons,
ambulances, cattle, artillery, infantry, alt iu
one jumbled mass. And through all this
we pushed onr way to the front, and were
placed immediately in support of a battery ;
bat the fight for that night was over."
"With its last work at Chancellorsville the
Duryea Zouaves completed its service and
crowned itself with honors which had been
mounting higher and higher from the begin
ing, when among tho Nation's " miuute
nicu " it fought in the first actual battle of
the chil war at liig Bethel, June 10, 16G1;
next, at Gaines's MiIIh. where it stood in the
front line, under Gen. Porter, and in the
hottest of the fight from the first shot at
noon till the last at night; and their
''nerve "was proven, as in the above inci
dent, in again and again " counting off" under
liei.vy fires, when their line was re-established
aud ranks closed up.1' At Second
Bull liun its luster fchonc forth more
hnghtly, when every man present proved
himself a heio, standing unsupported in open
ground to be shot down by an unseen foe
(Hood's Texas Brigade), swarming in, and
then charging from the thick wood in their
near front and left; every man in the regi
ment became justly entitled to a medal of
honor. As recorded by Davenport: "By thus
taking the client's fire rather than surrender
to five limes their own number, they saved
Griffin's (Hazlett's) famous Battery D, 5th
U. S., and all their flag?, and out of the
lemuaut of the regiment a line to the stand
ard ot a company rallied in. good order to
fight again under their chief, the gallant Col.
G. K. Warren. A death list of 119 out of
490 tells the Moiy plainer than word?."
Kev. Jos. II. Ukadley, D. D., Captain, Co.
G, 5th 2s'. Y., and Chaplain, 10th JST. Y. Cav.,
Tuckertou, N. J.
An Antc-I.clhim Joke.
IT. L. Iaramore, Sharon, Mas?.,' sayc:
"Your article iu issue of Feb. 27, under
Chat of the Corridors, relative to the ante
bellum incident between ex-liepresentalive
John F. Potter, of "Wisconsin, and ex-I?ep-refcentalive
linger A. Pryor, then of Virginia,
reminds me of a very amusing episode in the
House of Kepre.eutatives. J ust after Potter
and Pryorhad left, ostensibly for tho dueling
Held, theic was a roll-call of the House, aud
nhen the Clerk reached tho name 'Potter,
of Wisconsin,.' a waggish Democrat Ming out,
'lie has a Pryor engagement.' Next, the
Clerk calls 'Pryor, of Virginia,' thcKepubli
can wag shouts, 'Gone to the Potters' field.' "
AXiXU'gC Family is, as a rule, never
cntiiely exempt from sicklies.". One day it's
this member, another day that member who
is ailing; if not the baby, then it's someone
eUe, until a mother fiuds her lot a hard one
trying to keep the family in good condition.
And it's generally the mother who is called
upon to administer to the wauls of the sick.
How plainly these facts emphasize the
necessity of her keeping on hand a house
hold remedy in which she cau place full
lr. Peter Mtenik, of Kout?, Ind., write?,
under date of Jan. 28, ifeflG, a letter right to
the point: "I hope you will pardon me for
troubling you with these lines. 1 have
quite a large family, having nine children,
and it happens that someone is nearly al
ways ailing. I myself had been troubled
with pains and cramps in my back, hands,
and feet. Two of our children had severe
coughs and eruptions on their faces. I con
cluded to make a trial of Dr. Peter's Blood
Vitahzor. I did so, but decided to watt and
convince mj'self fully as to whether it pos
sessed the merit churned for it before mak
ing a report. I have but this to say, that
the Vitalizer cured me of my ailment, and
the Fame happy result took place with my
children. "We are, indeed, thankiul."
Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer has stood the
test of over a century's constant use. It has
never been extensively advertised in tho
newspapers. Tho popularity it enjoys is
solely the result of its own merits. Drug
gists do not handle it. For full particulars
addrcts Dr. Peter Fahrney, 112-114 So.
Hoyne Ave., Chicago, HI.
"WAS I A COWARD?"
j Dread Bugaboo of tho Black Horso Cavalry
ttmt Scared a Comrade.
Editor National Tribune: I reckon
many of the members of my company sus
pected me of being a coward. "Well, I con
fess my actions at tho time of our first en
gagement at Rich Mountain, under Gen.
McCIcllan, favored such an impression. I
didn't think myself a coward, and tho looks
and whispered remarks of tho men stung
me. But it was funny.
"We had marched over from Grafton to a
charming valley threaded by the sweet
waters of a mountain stream, where we en
camped. There were about two full bri
gades of troops, mostly Ohio and Indiana
soldiers, and our army seemed to us, un
trained volunteers, to bo immense.
On our march we had gathered informa
tion we supposed reliable from tho citizens
that Gens. Garnelt andPegram had fortified
and occupied two almost impregnable
mountain passes, Laurel Hill and Rich
Mountain, with formidable rebel forces.
"We had read in the papers of the Black
Horse Cavalry aud Louisiana Tigers, and
had the by no means comforting notion that
they were demons incarnate.
ButMcClellau was our commander; Gen.
Lander, tho brave Indian fighter, was with
ns; 2Iaj.-Gen. Carroll was" at that time
Colonel of the 8th Ohio, aud he was a Regu
lar; Col. Kimball, of tho 1-lih Iud., had
been in the Mexican war, and, altogether,
when we considered the personnel of our
army and its numbers, we were confident of
carrying any pass, how ever strongly fortified
There was Rich Mountain right in onr
very face?. Several men of my company
had with me clandestinely made an exami
nation of tho enemy's works, bidden from
our camp by a forest of great oaks. We had
seen the tents of the enemy, the fort on their
front, the mounted cannon, the batteries of
artillery; the felled forest lree3 in front of
the earthworks with limbs sharpened so as
to form an impassable barrier. Onr stories
weie told and retold in camp with all the
exaggeration usual in camp narrative, and
the great problem for solution was, how will
it he possible to pass the tangle of felled
foret tref 8 with sharp-pointed limbs in the
face of a fire from 20,000 to 50,000 muskc Is
and 100 cannon?
Befoie the day of battle it was prelly
generally conceded that these figures were
an underestimate. The long-roll occasion
ally sounded, aud we all felt as we never
had felt before.
It wasn't in any respect similar to any
feeling we had ever experienced at home,
surrounded by family and friends.
'Fall In!" "Rght dress!" A few such
words were spoken, a little marching and
wheeling into line, and that little pleasant
valley wa transformed by a military pa
geant into "battle's dread array." For two
days the movement ended with tho forma
tion of troops in lines.
"What, can it mean ? " " Did our General
hesitate?" "Impossible!" "Aro moro
troors expected?" "That's it." "How
humane not to lead 8.000 or 10,000 men to
certain annihilation!" were common re
marks by the soldiers.
On the day before the battle the move
ment was more extended. "We were moved
across the farms up to the very edge of the
forrest that hid the enemy from view, and
there, by whispered commands, ordered to
encamp for tho night. For the fiwt time
we "slept upon our arms," and what dreams
of heroic tleeds we had that night have
never been written. To-morrow would
wituess a deadly conflict between blue and
gra3T; or possibly, and many thought proba
bly, we might be aroused for a night at
tack. Comrade whispered to comrade tho words
to be carried to dear ones at homo in the
event of falling on the field of battle; plans
were discussed for mutual assistance and
defense in emergencies; methods of ap
proach (0 the enemy's works adopled and
rejected; plans of battle were laid. Aud
so the weary night wore on, while fitful
sleep pressed momentarily upon weary lids
as the full moon slid up and then down the
archway of the skies.
Before the gray dawn had faded our
breakfast had been eaten and we had crept
into line on the one road that led into the
woods. There we stood, wondering how it
would fare with the men at the head of the
column, and whether they would "carry the
work," and so make it comparatively easy
aud safe for us to follow, or whether we
should be obliged to clamber over piles of
fallen comrades who would be shot down in
order as they approached the dreaded in
trenehinentp. "While we halted, conjecturing, some of us
actually joking, in whispers about the "end
men," morning dawned, and we found our
selves advancing, scarcely having heard a
command uttered. Very softly, verv steadily,
without drum-beat, we marched up the road
into the forest on that morning of battle.
.Presently a elear bugle-ca 1 rang out down
the Hue, and at that instant our Major came
dashing down the road, hwiuging his sword
aloft, his whole aspect beaming with wild
excitement. He shouted in a shrill whisper:
''Back, men! Fall back into thewood!"
Quickly as I could I commanded: "Halt!
Lett face Forward, march! Get over that
Such a scramble! It was a great oak,
which required some exertion to climb over.
All along the line in subdued tones was
heard the exclamation : " Tho Black llorio
Where our Majo.r went or why ho gave
the command I never knew. But after we
had remained clustered on both sides and
on lop of our log rampart a few minutes, tho
ridiculousness of onr position dawned upon
u3, and it was then and there that my sus
picions were aroused that spine of the mem
bers of my company thought me a coward.
So strongly did the feeling take hold of
me that I sought several occasions afterward
to give them a test of my mellle.
Well, that'd all there was of the battle of
Rich Mountain so far as we were concerned,
except to soon after march into the aban
doned works of the enemy, who had fled on
the approach of a flanking force, led by tho
brave Lander, around the mountain during
the night, and reaching their rear just as
morning dawned. We were not accustomed
to bugle-calls then, orwc should not have
mistaken the cull to halt for a call of the
Black Horse Cavalry to charge down a nar
row mountain road upon tho "end" of a
THE MAJOR PROTESTS.
Should Tell What
and ITorbeur So
EniTort National Tuiijunk: For the
last 10 years I have been engaged iu writing
up the fcervicesof the Second Brigade, Third
Division, Fifteenth and Seventeeth Corps, as
gallant an organization as ever ought under
Old Glory. Representative of five different
States, their casually lists will show that
whilo many may have equaled, none ex
celled them in their devotion to the Union
The 17th Town, 10th Mo., 80th Ohio, 5Glh
111., G;h and 12th Wis. batteries have a his
tory emblazoned in tha past that needs no
heraldry to prevent it passing into oblivion.
But, actuated by a love for my old comrades-in-arms,
I have endeavored to give to the
readers of Tin: National Tribune some
account of tho battles in which they were
But a class of men who belong to other
commands rtifch into print, taking up any
technical point, speak slightingly of the
writer, and wanting to know " If my regi
ment was not there." I have noted that
this class fail to write anything about their
own commands; but, " dog-in-tbe-mangcr-like,"
snarl at those who do. From my
standpoint I have been much interested in
reading nrticles by comrades, who gave in
cidents that, occurred Hnriug their afmy
life. It ought io be known at Ibis late da?
that when au article is written about inci
dents occurring to a rogiment in a certain
battle it did not in any.!rpanner bar a mem
ber of any other regiment from writing an
account of what his regiment did in tho
Would tho readers of The National
Tribune prefer to seo its columns filled
with articles commending'- the services of the
hundreds of gallant regiments who went to
the front in 1SGI and 'G2, Or filled with criti
cisms and "slings" At those who take the
trouble to write the articles? H. M. Ken
dekdine, Major, 17th "Iowa, Topekn, Kau.
COVERING THE RETREAT.
Not KIcliardson's llt-iguilc, lt monitor's
llrigado Had lhat Honor.
Editor National Tribune: I notice in
your issue of Jlarch 12 a communication from
Isaac P. Gragg, Co. D, 1st Mass., in which
ho claims that Richardson's Biigade and his
regiment as covered the retreat from the first
battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21, 1SG1; and
if ever two men men are mistaken in their
ideas it is Serg't Cook, 2d Mich., aud Isaac
P. Ginjg, for tho retreat wns covered only
by Rlenker's Brigade, consisting of tho eight
regiments of New York volunteere Col.
Louis Blenker, commanding tho brigade;
the :10th N. Y., Col. d' Utassy; the 28th
N. Y., Col. Steinwchr, and 27th Pa., Col.
Einstein, as the records of tho War Depart
ment will show.
This brigade was during this entire day
kept in reserve, but when the retreat com
menced it was ordered forward, and up we
marched the Braddock road, at which point
Ricketls's battery, early Sunday morning,
commenced to open the ball; up to the
south side of Cub Run, formed linc-of-battle,
threw out a line of skirmishers, and
we were not in any shape or form molested
until about 12 o'clock that night, when the
skirmishers of the 8lh N. Y. were fired upon,
and tho compliment was answered in due
form, but 110 general engagement took place.
The brigade remained in this position until
Monday morning, July 22, 1SG1, when we
slowly relumed, on our way to Washington,
through Center villc, Va., and arrived at
Fairfax Courthouse at about 5 or G o'clock
in tho morning. Then and thero it was
reported from the 39th regiment, which was
iu the rear, that rebel cavalry had made its
appearance, and the brigade formed .in line-of-battle
again, and the 39th N. Y. had de
ployed as skirmishers as the rear-guard, but
it was soon established that no organized
rebel force was in pursuit, and we con
tinued our march to Washington, where we
arrived about 4 or 5 o'clock iu the evening,
July 22, 18G1, thoroughly soaked with mud
and raiu, as it had rained nearly all night
We made our camp on the pavements on
Pennsylvania avenue between Four-and-a-half
and Seventh streets, and up Four-and-a-half
street towards the City Hall, N. W.;
made fires, boiled water for coffee, and pro
cured other necessary groceries to quiet
hunger and thirst; dried our clothes during
the night, and tho nexbdjiy found us again
on our march over thejjjoilg Bridge towards
Roach Mills, Va., where1 we remained until
September, and then moved up to Hunter's
Chapel, where we remained' during the re
organization of the nrftty, Hoing picket duty
at Bailey's Crossroads aid Annadaie until
the army moved to Norfolk or to the Pcuin
fcula; but Blcnker's iirigade went again up
to Centerville, Manaasas,7and the Shenan
doah Valley. t ,
Col. Blenker was pxomoted to he a Brigadier-General
for his conduct at the retreat;
and 1 hope that this will eefc aside all dis-.
putoai between Serg't Cook aud Private
Gragg. These are fiicW and any other
simulation is wrong, as the records of the
War Department will 'show. RUDOLPH
B. Sciiwickardi, CnlijAifn, 39th N. Y.
Cmnr.idu Cook Produces Ofllclal Keports.
Editor National Tribune: I see in
your issuo of March 12 that Comrade I. P.
Gragg, Co. T), 1st Mass.; lakes exception to
what I said about covering the retreat of
our army at the first Bull Run by Richard
son's Brigade, in my article which appeared
in the itsue of Feb. 27.
While I was iu error about the 1st Mass.
being a three-months regiment, I was not
otherwise in my article; Since I have rcatl
Comrade Gragg's reply to my statement as
to what brigade covered the retreat, I pro
cured the official reports of Col. I. B. Rich
ardson, commanding Fourth Brigade of Ty
ler's Division, of the part taken by this bri
gade, consisting of the 1st Mass., 12th N. Y.,
2d and 3d Mich., in the first Bull Run battle,
and covering the retreat. Here is a true
copy of one of the reports to Gen. McDowell
(from the Records of the Stale of Michigan),
through his Assistant Adjutant-General:
DlZI'AItTMKST OK KoitTIIKAST VlllGIXlA, )
HUAUqUAUTCKS KoUUTH lilMOAUC,
Aug. II. 1SC1. j
Captain: Permit me to correct nil uniiitentiniiul
error thut linn crept into Itrig.-Gcn. McDowell's
ollicl.'il report of llic oncnueiiiL'iit of July 21.
I5y corniuiiiid of lirig.-tiru. McDowell, uiven me
hi prcM-iice of Col. Jiictooii, 18th N. Y 11 ml of
C'upl. Whipple, of the Kunii'eer Corps, lo conduct
the rclroMt, mid to cover tho re trout with my bri
Knde, I did no cover the relruiit from Centerville.
I hrought up (hu rear in the following order: I-th
N. Y. leiidlnir, followed hy thu 1st Mas., the 3d
Midi., tnl:ini; up position; kept hi rear, mid followed
hy the 2il Mich. About ouu mile this Hide of Cen
terville, uo Were utilised to halt on iiccoiint tf
other regiments, and thu 2d Mich, then took tho
position of tho .Id Mich., mid, thus mulching in
j;ood order, wo reuched Arlington at I o'clock p. m.
011 Monday, tho 22d, went into enmp, hnvliii;
moved in renr of nil other regiments mid lmlteriet.
At Fnirfitx wo were ao fur in renr that no troops
(of our own forces) wero iu siclit. Will you do uiy
brigmJu thu credit of thU correction?
J. 11. RiciiAunso.v,
Colonel, commnudint: Fourth llriiulo.
Cnpt. Jam us U. Fiiy, Assistant Adjutant-General,
In his other report Col. Richardson makes
honorable mention of tholst Mass. and 12th
N. Y., giviug in detail the part taken by
each in the engagement of July 21. If this
does not settle the question as to what bri
gade covered the retreat on July 21,1601,
I will give the other report in full in the
near future, if my nearly paralyzed hands
I have no other desire in this matter than
that the credit of covering the retreat belongs
to the brigade who really covered the retreat,
and to whom the honor is due. I would not
lake one iota of honor from tho 1st Mass.
They were as gallauta body of men as ever
marched to battle. No, Gomrade Gr:tKr, I
could not do that. I wrote in behalf of our
old brigade, lo whom-the-honor and credit
of covering the retrcat;atjliill Run, Vn., July
21, 1801, belongs. FtthnEUicic Cooic, Ser
geant, Co. B, 2d Mich.,?peeifield, Mich.
Capture of Gon. lwull.
Editou NationaiTKjIHITNe: Will you
please publish in your paper the particulars
of the capture of reb61' Gen. Ewell, April
G,1BC5, and what troopji-cptured him? W.
K.. Galajville, Wis,
Gens. Ewell and Anderson attempted io
check and heat back the pursuing Army of
the Potomac, in order enable tho Army of
Northern Virginia to .get away. For this
purpose they took up'imrong position behind
Sailor's Creek, and lia'd'iitiout 10,000 men in
line. Gen. Sheridan coming up with the
Sixth Corps aud the cavalry, ordered an im
mediate attack, which was delivered with
great spirit by the infantry, cavalry, and
artillery. Both of the rebel Hanks were
turned, and their, front was attacked at the
same time, and their destruction was almost
complete. Gen3. Ewell, Kershaw, Custis,
Lee',Duhose, llunton and Corse, and more
than 0,000 of their men were captured or
killed. Editou National Tumuihs.
200,000 M1CN CUIU2D.
Slnoo 1891 over 200,000 nion lmvo uaotl tho
flimple, Imrmletsd recipo which cured 1110 of
lost vigor, from crror.i mid excesses. You
can prepare it yourself or w,n famish il
ready for 1130 cheaper than n druggist can.
Kccipc nml full direction !'' addressing,
Ma. TuoitAS JJaknks. Ijox S5G, Marshall, Mich.
From Alert Comrades All Along the
Terry lias a Itlvnl. ,
Cy rns A. B. Fox, Sioux Falls, S. D., writes :
"In your issue of March 12, in tho Loyal
Homo Workers, appears an articlo entitled
The Fifer Boy of Chicknniangn,' such title
being given to W. M. Perry, of Elizabeth,
111. Tho writer hereof desires to mnke
claim to said title, and not allow Comrade
Perry all tho laurels. At the ago of 15
Cyrus A. B. Fox enlisted and was mustered
into servico as fifer of Co. J I, 8Gth III., at
Peoria, 111.; was with his regiment ondnty
as fifer on all of its marches. At Chicka
mauga he was the first to call Col. Dan Mc
Cook's attention to the fact of his being in
the rear of Longstreet by reporting to the
Colonel that we had just captured the regi
mental baud of the 1st La., 15 pieces. This
was on tho morning of Sept. 19, 18G3, where
Gen. Johnson sometime ago, in his article on
Chickamauga, mentions Dan MeCook as
asking Thomas for orders to gobble a bri
gade. " We got out of that particular placo on
donble-quick, but held on to our rebel brass
band. This fifer boy, Fox, was the person
who gave notice to the rebel band that they
were prisoners of war. The Captain of Co.
A, 8Gth 111., took charge of them nml sent
them to the rear and back to Chattanooga.
"To Comrade Perry I wish to say that if
he will drill a drum corps of Sons of Veter
ans and fife for them at the G.A.R. Encamp
ment in St. Paul, Minu., next September, I,
too, will bo on hand with a drum corps of
Sons of Veterans and fife for them. Let it
be settled there which of us shall be entitled
to he called the 'Fifer Boy of Cliickaiuauga.'
Let us hear from him by mail."
Those Made tho Music.
A. IT. Boies, 4th Mich., Hudson, Mich.,
writes: "Are there any of your readers who
were membersof the 19th Reg.V.R.C. Band?
I was a member in 18G4. We were first or
ganized and quartered at Sherburn Barrack?,
on Capitol Hill, just south of the Capitol,
and later moved into quarters cast of the
Capitol. I can only remember 'Dada' Rich
ardson, Charley Rny, Peterson, and S. J.
Calvin. Calvin lives at Fayetteville, Ark.
"I was taken prisoner at Gettysburg, July
2, and escaped July A. There was a young
man, I think, from the 24th Mich., who es
caped with me. I never learned his name,
but if ho is alive he will remember he was
paroled, but too sick to go down to the front
for exchange. I was wounded in the hand,
but not paroled. Wo hid in the fields until
dusk, then walked down the road into the
city and hid iu a house that night. Next
morning, when our skirmishers camo into
the city, we got out and. to the rear double
quick." From. Slave to Soldier.
Joseph Felix, Serjeant, Co. D, 73d U. S. C.
T.,Ncv Orleans, La., says: "I have care
fully read your issue of Feb. 27 in relation
to the Forlorn Hope party at Port Hudson
in June, 18015. All you relate as to the brav
ery of the boys is true, for I was one of them ;
but you linyc done a great injustice to the
colored volunteers who look a hand in that
party of brave rneu. For instance, First
Lieut. Emilc Deticge, Co. C, 73d U. S. C. T.,
was in command ot a detail of men from the
73d U. S. C. T. who volunteered their serv
ice?. There was Capt. Louis A. Snace, Co.
B, 73d U. S. C. T., in command of a squad of
brave and determined men who dared death
in defense of Old Glory; again, Capt. Andre
Cailloux, Co. E, 73d U. S. C. T., fell at the
head of his company charging on the hights
of Port Hudson on that ever-memorable 27th
of May, 18G3, when the colored soldier then
and there had shown his soldierly qualities.
"There are many survivors living here
yet. I write this letter merely to call yonr
attention to the fact that the colored soldier
should have some recognition for his good
fccrvice to his country during the late rebel
Ofllclal Uattlefield Map of Virginia.
A splendid battlefield map in four colors,
showing all tho most famous battlefields of tho
"Virginias and a complete list of 450 littles and
skirmishes, with dates, compiled from the olli
cial war records.will bo mailed to any address
on receipt of 25"conts in stamps. Address U.
L. Truitt, N. W. P. A., Chea. & Ohio By. 234
Clark St., Chicago, 111.
CARRIES THE FLAG.
A 70lh Ohio Man "Who Won Honor at Fort
Editor Natioxai. Tmbiwe: Sometime
ago, reading in your valuable paper the
account of the charge on Fore McAllister,
the writer stated that he could not name the
regiment that owned tho colors lirst planted
on the fort. I will give a true statement of
that, as sitting beside me as I write is thesol
dier who carried that ilag on the 13th day
of December, 18GI.
"We crossed tho river and stacked arms
about 2 p. m. to wait for orders to prepare
for tho charge. Comrade Michael Murry,
Co. D, 70th Ohio, was detailed to citrry the
Hag. As we were ordered into line the com
manding officer came along the line, called
Murry, and said : "Mike, can you place that
llajr ou that fori."
Murry replied, "I vll, or die."
A few moments after the signal gun was
fired and the charge was made. The color
guard was torn to pieces by a shell, but tho
company closed up, and Comrade James H.
Bogart, Co. D, 70th Ohio, came next to
Murry. Murry stopped on top of tho works
ami stood there with his colore.
Ho was promoted to Brigade or Head
quarters Color-hearer by' Gen. Sherman.
Comrade Murry's war record is oue of the
best that can be written. Ho enlisted iu
May, 18(11, Co. K, 10th Ohio, for three
months, and at the end of that term again
enlisted, in Co. D, 52d Ohio, which was, in
December, 18G1, consolidated with the 70th
Ohio. The first engagement that he was in
was at Shiloh, April G and 7, 1SG2, and in
all' of the battles of the Fifteenth Corps from
that time until the last one at Bcutonville,
March 21, 18G5. Comrado Murry was dis
charged Aug. 1 '1,1805, at Little Kock, Ark.
DAVrn A. Gakkktt, Adjutant of Joseph F.
Trotter Post, 2G8, Department of Ohio.
Hotel for Visitors to Antlotam.
B. F. Delauney, of Sharpsburir, Md., and
Raleigh Sherman, a lawyer, of "Washington,
D. C, have purchased the Jacob H. Grove
building, in the public square in Shurpsburg,
and will build a commodious hotel for the
accommodation of the numerous G.A.Iv. men
who visit Autietam battlefield.
Criticised tlo l'roMdcnt'a Pension Policy.
The Grand Army of tho Department of
Colorado and "Wyoming, which held its
annunl Encampment at Denver last week,
adopted a resolution censuring President
Cleveland for his policy in regard to tho
Tloino Seelcers Excursions.
In order to give evcryono an opportunity to
seo tho Western Country antl enablo tho homo
seekers to sccuro a home iu timo to commcuco
work for tho season of 1S0CJ, tho Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway has arranged to
run a scries of four homo seekers' excursions to
various points iu tho West, Northwest and
Southwest on tho following dates: March 10,
April 7 and 21 ami Alay 5, at tho low rato of
$2, more than 0110 faro for tho round trip.
Tickets will bo yontl for return on any Tucsda3
or Friday within twcnty-oiio days from dato of
sale. For rates, timo of trains and further
details apply to any coupon ticket agent in tho
East or South, or address J. (J. Evfrgst, Gen
eral Traveling Pusseugor Agent, 'Jo Adams
street, Chicago, III.
Brief Sketches of the Services of
fTnn NATtosAT. Taincin Iim In hand sovenU
hundred request. for regimental historic. Alt such
requests will be acceded to iu duo time, although
lhoo now received cannot be published for at
least a year, owing to lack of space. Numerous
sketches have already been published, nml of theto
none enn be found room for a second Mure, until all
have been printed.
Tho 13tli :Ua. Battery.
This battery was organized at Boston,
Mass., Dec. 13, 18G2, to serve three years,
and wns mustered ont of service July 23,
1SG5. Capt. Clia?. IF. Hamlin commanded
tho battery, which was designated "Ham
lin's Battery" in his honor. It served in
Sherman's Division, Nineteenth Corps, and
lost 2G men by disease, accidents, etc.
Tho 15th. Mnns. IJattory.
This battery wns organized at Fori "War
ren, Boston Harbor, Mass., Feb. 17, 1863, to
servo three years, and was mustered ont
Aug. 4, 18G5. In honor of Capt. Timothy
Pearson, who was commissioned on the or
ganization of the battery and remained
with it throughout its service, the command
was designated "Pearson's Battery." It
served in Stevenson's Diviaion, Ninth Corp?,
with a loss of one man killed and 27 men
by disease, accidents, and other causes.
The IGth Mass. IJattery.
The battery was organized at Readville.
Mass., March 11, 186-1, for the three-years'
service, but was mustered out June 27, 1865,
in accordance with orders from the War De
partment. Henry D. Scott was Captain.
Tho command served in the Sixteenth
Corps. Its loss was six men.
Tho 1st Mich. I.. A.
Tho batteries composing this regiment
I were originally independent, and were or
ganized as lollows: Battery A at Detroit
and Cold water, Mich., May 28, 1861 ; Bat
tery B at Detroit, Mich., Sept. 10 to Dec. 14,
1861; Battery C at Grand Rapids, Mich,,
from Nov. 23 to Dec. 18, 1861; Battery D at
White Pigeon, Mich., from Sept. 17 to Dec. 7,
1861 ; Battery EntGrand Rapids. Albion and
Marshall, Midi., March 21, 1862 ; Battery F
at Detroit, Mich., Jan. 9, 1862; Battery Gat
Kalamazoo, Mich., Jan. 17, 1862; Battery II
at Monroe, Mich., March G, 1862; Battery I
at Detroit, Mich., Aug. 29, 1862; Battery K
at Grand Rapids, Mich., from Nov. 21, 1862,
to Feb. 20, 18G3; Battery L at Coldwater,
Mich., April, 1863, and Battery M at Detroit,
Mich., June 30, 18G3; all to serve three years.
These batteries were organized as a regiment
Aug. 3, 28G3. On the expirationH of the
terms of service of tho batteries from A to
H, inclusive, the original members, except
veterans, were mustered out, and the organ
izations, composed of veterans and recruits,
retained in service. The regiment was mus
tered out by batteries at different date?, from
June 14 to Ang. 22, 1865. Cyrus O. Loomis
was commissioned Colonel Nov. 5, 1562, and
remained in service until tha close of the
war. He received the brevet of Brigadier
General in June, 1SG5. Lient.-Col. Luther
F. Hale resigned Nov. 4, 18C4. He was suc
ceeded by Lieut.-Col. "Wm. II. Eoss, who re
mained with the regiment until it was
mustered out. Maj. Josiah W. Church re
signed Marcli 14, 18G5. John J. Ely, A.F.
R. Arndt and John C. Shuetz held com
missions as Majors when the regiment was
Uattcry A, 1st 3Uch. I A.
Capt. Cyrus 0'. Loomis commanded thi3
battery nntil Ndv. 5, 18G2, when he was
promoted Colonel of the regiment. He was
succeeded by Capt. Francis E. Hale, who was
later dismissed. Daring the latter part of
its service Capt. A. W. Wilber was in com
mand. The organization wa3 known in the
service as "Loomis's Battery," having been
so designated in honor of its fir3t Captain
and later Colonel of the regiment. It served
in IJousseau's Division, Fourteenth Corps,
with a lo5s of one officer and 11 men killed
in action and 28 men from disease, accidents,
and other causes. The battery was captured
at Chickamauga. Lient. Geo. TV. Van Pelt
stood at the muzzle of one of the cannons
shouting to his men, and was killed at his
post. The loss in this battle was six killed,
seven wounded and 12 missins; a total of
25. The command is among those light bat
teries given by Col. Fox as sustaining the
heaviest loss in auy single engagement.
IJattery J5, 1st Mich. I. A.
Capt. "William H. Ross, who organized
this battery, afterward became Lieutenant
Colonel of the regiment. Capt. Arndt, who
succeeded Ross in command, was promoted
Major May 1, 1865 First Lieut. Edward
B. "Wright was tho senior officer when tho
battery was mustered out. The command
was known as " Ross'd Battery," and served
in Sweeny's Division, Sixteenth Corps, with
a loss of one officer and two men killed, and
35 men died.
IJattery C, Ust Mich. 1. A.
Battery C served in Veatch's Division,
Sixteenth Corps. Its Captains were : Alex
ander "W. Dees, resigned Nov. 20, 1862;
Geome Robinson, mustered out at expiration
of term, Dec. 18 1861, and William W.
Hyzer, in command, during latter part of
service. The organization was known as
"Robinson's Battery." Its total loss was
three men killed in action and 34 died from
disease, accident, etc.
Uattcry I, 1st Mich. I.. A.
Captains: Joseph "W. Church, promoted
Major March 21,1864 ; William W.Andrews,
resigned Jan. 11, 1862; Alonzo F. Bid well,
resigned Aug. 2, 1862; Henry B. Corbin,
mustered out at expiration of teem of serv
ice, Feb. S, 18G5, aud Jesse E. Fuller, in
command when mustered out. The battery
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY.
A Weekly Series of Historical Text-Books.
A'WEEKLY SERIES OF HISTORICAL TEXT-BOOKS.
No 1. STATISTICS OF THE WAR. Containing tlio number 6f troopa
famished by each State, losses ou both sides and complete statistical data relating to tho
Rebellion. . . ' ,
No. 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. Tbe Gettysburg Address, Second Inaugural,
and copious extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMO RAN DA. -Dates of the great
events relating to the opening and close of the "War ot the Rebellion j Physiological
Statistics of tho Armv; List of General oQicers killed 011 both sides.
No. 4. PENSION STATISTICS. dumber ou the roll of each class; ex
No. 5. HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.
By John JlcEhvy. Its Introduction; Early Eftorts at Emancipation; its stimulus tha
Cotton Gin; Slrugglo iu Congress about extension into tho Territories; Emancipation.
Illustrated by Portraits.
No. 6. PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE.-By
Byron Andrews. Biography of Monroe, 1-Lrstory and 'lext ot Doctrine, Olney's Letter and
Cleveland's Message, Portrait, Map, etc.
No. 7-8 (Double Number). COMMANDERS OF THE
U N ITED STATES A RMY.-y John McLlroy. Contains splendid lull page halt
tone etchings of the best-known portraits of the 17 Commanders front the adopt .on of the
Constitution to tho present time; a sketch of each; strength of the Army at various (tofros.
No. 9. THE STORY OF CUBA.-By Byron Andrews Utjory of tho
Iland irom the DLcovery by Columbus to the Administration ot tteyter. 3t::p antl lb
illustrations, including portraits of Comez, Macco, Campos, "Weylor, aud other leaders oa
both sides. "
No. 10. THE LIFE OF MAJ. -GEN. GEORGE H. THOMAS
By John MoElroy. A sketch of the life of the distinguished Commander ot the Army ot tn
Cumberland, with half-tone portrait.
OTHER JiUfflBEBS OF GRERT INTEREST HJIIfli FOItltOOf.
Terms 52 a year. Five cents a copy, except double nnnibcr 7-8, 10 cents. Six of th
numbers for i5 cents, counting 7-3 as two numbers. Sent postpaid.
Address, TUS NATIONAL TEIBUSE, 1729 New York Ayo., Washington, D. O.
served in Brannan's Division, Fourteenth
Corp?, and was known as "Church's Bat
tery." Its loss was two killed in action and
IJattery E, 1st Mich. L. A,
Captains : John J. Dennis, resigned-Jnner
9, 1862; John J. Ely, promoted. Major,
March 25, 1361; and Peter DeVrie?, in, com
mand when mustered ont. The organiza
tion was known as ' Dennis's Battery7 It3
loss was 33 men died.
IJattery F, 1st Mich. L. A.
Captains: Andrew S. Andrews, resigned,
Dec 6, 1862 ; Luther F. Hale, promoted Ma
jor, Aug. 31, 1863; and Byron D. Paddock,
mustered out at expiration of his term of"
service, April G, 1865. When mustered onb
the battery was commanded by First Lient.
George Hawley. It served in Hawaii's Di
visiotn Twenty-third Corps, with a loss of
one officer and nine men killed and 23 men
died. It is given bv Col. Fox, in his list of
maximum losses of light artillery batteries
in single engagements as losing six killed,
nine wounded, and 54 missing at Richmond,.
Ky. The organization was known as ''Hale's
Uattcry G, 1st Mich. I- A.
Captains : Charles H. Lanphere, resigned,
Sept. 1, 1863; James H. Bnrdick, mustered
ont nt the expiration of his term, Jan. 17,
1865; and Edwin E. Lewis, in command
when the battery was mustered ont. Tho
command was called "Lanphere's Battery ,'r
and served in Osterhans's Division. Thir
teenth Corps. Its loss was four killed ia
action and one officer and 41 men by disease,,
Battery II, 1st Mich. I A.
Captains : Samuel M. F. Lockwood, miss
ing since Dec. 24, 1861 ; Samuel De Golyer,
died Ang.. 8, 1863, of wonnds received in
action at Vicksburg; Marcus D. Elliott,
mustered out, Dec. 27, 1864, by reason of ex
piration of term ; and Benjamin Kinney, ia
command nt mnster-onfc of battery. The
organization was known 33 "Do Golyer's
Battery." It wag in the Seventeenth Corps,.
Logan's Division. Its total loas was two
officers and three men in action, and 42 mea
by disease and other causes.
Jaded llralns and Nerves Kstorcd.
Tonnp, old, or middle nqed men snnVrinjr from past
dissipation, muting disease, nerv-ms weakness,
drains, and all d.seasea of men, incluil.n; pimple
nml blow! poison, curcil never to return by oicl
Ir. ai.iilock'M Famous .Electric PUN. Used,
sucreruily for 10 years. EHec3 in 5 to 10 days.
Steadily Increasing vigor. Cure Cinarnnlced.
$1 BOX OF .
To inspire confidence, we send by m.u, sealed, our
retnilar ft box of pills, wltli valuable book,
on receipt of 10a to roer postage. A nt for advice.
Wcwllhi'lpywi Address OZ.D III. JIAI.I.OCK.
CO.. ttO Court St.. ISoHtoii. 3Xu.
"Ijr J(t!'(x-k 13 a treat specialist m diseases 0 men,
40 years at the su.ne place." Post.
tiary ULOOO POISON permanently
?"ured In la to35 days. Tou can bo troatod an
(aomor rsame price under same Raaraa
1 ty. If you prefer 10 coma hero wa will con
tract to D.-iyrailroadfarcandhotetblUa.nnfl
nochargo, if wo fall to euro. If you have taken mer
cury, ioriido potash, and still have aches ana
pains, rviucoasi'atches In mouth, SoroThroat,
Fimplcs, Copper Colored Spots, Ulcers on
any part of tho body. Hair or Eyebrow fulllncr
out, It Is this Secondary BtOOD POISONT
we guarantee to euro. We solicit tha most obsti
nate cases and challenge the world for a.
case we cannot cure. This dleaso has always
haflled. the skill of the niost eminent physi
cians. $500,000 capital behind onr uncondi
tional guaranty. Absotnto proofs sent sealed 00
application. Address COOK REMEDY CO..
307 Maeonic Temple, CHICAGO, ULIw
7o will send yon tho marTelous j
irencn reparation CALTHOS
free, and a legal guarantee that ;
t'ALTIIOS will Restore Tour!
.uealtn, .Nrciitli and 'Jgor.i
Use it and pay if satisfied.
Address VON MOHLCO.,
Sole American i;rnU, tlntinnnll, Ohio.
Arrests In 4S hoars those
affections which. Copaiba and
JnJect.on3 fail to cur". All
Druggists, or if u. jjrxzusJt
j x rK.
Clilcli enter's Encllsh Diamond Brand.
Original and Onlv Gpimlnc.
safe, alwars reliable, laoics ask
DraMljt fur Cnlchester'3 Enalith Dia
mond Brand Iu Ked and Gold metaliicN
ivboitj. sealed with bins ribbon. Tuko
nnthT. Itenae danaTOus mbttuu
Uons and imitations. At Druggist, or send 4e.
in stamps lor particulars, testimonials and
"Keller for Ladlen," tntetter, bj-return
If nil. 1 0.OOO Tttimonmlj. Same Pavtr.
Sold by all Local Drucsuw. Viillcdu., i.'a
The greatest discovery ot trie age.
1 A soft, pllaolc, comrortabla and
ilurahielo- Pad, for nil kinds of
Trusses. Cures Ruptures. Every
solder pensioned for hernia under
the old law can get one free of coat,
Write for Illustrated Cataloeue free. Address
111S KOKICK AIK CU.SHIOX TKUSS 0
!No. 610 llth .St. X. W., Washington. D. a
ileution Tho JJatiouat Tribune.
Why snffertlie misery and perhaps fatal result canjeduj
diseases of the above orv'anH when I will send you rullpar-
men 1 win "!enu you ru
prmanent Homo Cure J
ticulars or a cneap, stm- ami permanent nomo tiro jritt&a
or caargc. Dr, V.A. WIlAJAilS, East Hampton, Coaai
Mention The National Tribune.
Cnrd. Box Free.
Itrs. B. Rowan,
Mention Tho National Tribune.
Morphine JIabIt Cured In IO
H 20 days. Jfo pay tlH enred.
a Byi;atl DR.J.STEPHENS.LeDanon.unio.
Mention The National Tribune.
l' I" ""' 1 iranrei
m a!U 1
AfTiA JJ. f- r
TH v Si--
y ' fJT