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Alisiracl of Uio More Important Pr&
cecdingsof Both Houses.
.' TunsDAT, ArniL 21.
Tn (lie Senate, Mr. Pugh (Ala., D.) presented
tbeminouty report of his colleague. Mr . Mor
er!i. on Hie Pacific Railroad bill. Mr. IiirIi
read a nolo from Mr. Mot Ran, who was about
to leave llio city, statins that the minority re
port was directed against the three bills intro
duced for n Pacific Kail load readjustment, ami
-was not merely a rosponso to the substitute bill
presented by the committee.
Senator Morgan says an examination of Mr.
Huntington's testimony taken before tho Sen
ate Committee on Pacific Roads "will disclose
a molt extraordinary condition of uffaiis re
lating to the Central and Southern Pacific Rail
roads sand other roads connecting with them,
and continues: "Without attempting in tins
paper to array tho evidence of fraud and pecu
lation which Huntington's testimony vainly at
tempts to conceal, attention is diawn to tho fact
thut iiis evasions of tho truth, sis it is thoroughly
established, aro his main relianco for mislead
ing Congress in bis effort to capture the Central
Pacific Railroad after it has made him and his
three or four associates enormously rich, on the
idea that his pride impels bun to save tho road
from bankruptcy, to which his fraudulent
dealing seems to have driven it."
Tho Indian bill was then taken up and tho
debato proceedod on the claims of lawyers for
services iu connection with tho Chock taw sot
xlcnieiit. The claims were agiced to without
Tho provisions relating to Indian schools
wcro then taken up. Tho ponding question
was -on the amendment, heretofore ofleicd by
"Mr. Cockrell (Mo., P.) declating it to bo tho
settled policy of the Government to make no
appropriations to sectarian schools as soon as
provisions can otherwise bo made for Indian
children, and directing tho Sectretary of tho
Jnteuor to make such provisions not later than
Mr. Thurston (Xek, R.) expressed Ins respect
for.ovorv church of Christianity, yet ho re
garded it as a fundamental principle that the
public nionev of the people should be expended
only for public purposes and oiilyby public
ollicers and instrumentalities.
Mr. Gray (Del., D.) paid he had not a drop of
nnti-Protostant blood in his veins. He was of
strict Puritan teaciiings. but ho bad; never
learned that tho foundations of this Govern
ment weie not broad enough for equal justice
iind toleration to nil. The Seuatoi sent to tho
icBk and had read an articlo by Archbisop Ire
land on "Church and State," and commended
its utterances. Other Senators spoke, then tho
subject was put aside for other business.
Tn the House, Mr. Daniels (N. Y., R.), Chair
aian of Elections Committee No. 1, culled up
tho contested election caso of Goodwin vs.
Cobb; from tho Fifth Alabama District. An
unsuccessful attempt was made to limit the
time for debato 10 three houi, but Mr. Cobb,
the contcstee. objected. Beforo tho debate be
gan., Mr. Cook (111.. II.), from the same commit
tee, made the report on the case of Itiuaker vs.
Donning, from the Sixteenth Illinois District.
Tho report favored tho seating of tho con
testant, a Republican. Tho majority report in
The Good win-Cobb case also favored the seating
of tho contestant, a Republican.
Ou tho face of the returns, Mr. Cobb had a
majority of BOS votes.
An exciting incident occurred toward the
closo of Mr. Cobb's remarks.. Mr. Barrett
(Mns., R ), who was temporarily in tho chair,
let the hammer fall, and, with the announce
ment that tho time of tho minority side had
expired, recognized Mr. Daniels (N. Y., R.),
Chairman of the Elections Committee.
Mr. Cobb indignantly protested that he could
not bo taken off the floor; that ho had an hour
in his own right. There was .1 great clamor,
but 31 r. Barrett refused to recognize uiiyouo
unless Mr. Daniels yielded.
Just as the strain was growing intense,
Speaker Reed, who bad been hurriedly sum
moned from his privato room in the rear of the
lobby, ascended tho rostrum. Ho took in tho
situation at .1 glance. The trouble had arisen,
lie explained very quietly to tho irato Demo
crats, from a misunderstanding on tho part of
tho temporary occupant of the chair.
The resolutions declaring Mr. Cobb, tho sit-tlnjr-momber,
entitled to his seat, were defoated
011 a rising vote. Tho majority resolutions
were then divided. Tho first, declaring Mr.
Cobb not entitled to his scat, was adopted viva
voce, but tho quorum failed on tho resolution
declaring Mr. Goodwin entitled to the scat, and
F Wkdsesday, April 22.
Tn the Senate, the President's vetoes of two
pen'sion bills to tho widows of Peter H. Alla
bach and ClmrlcB K. .Tones were laid before the
Senate at tho opening of the session yesterday.
Tho veto 111 the case of Jones was in. follows:
To THi: JiKKATJ:. I return heron Hh without my
Approval Senate hill K(i. 219. cnlilliHi mi Mel grant
ii'K tnii("in to Chariot h. Joncf. The beneficiary
T)Hinl in linn bill wiih n photographer who accom
panted one of the ref,'iineiil ,f Uie Utiion army In
the war of (lie rebellion, lie was injured, appar
ently not very fcrtoiibly, n hilc inking photograph)
iiiiil where no battle was in actual projir,b. He
mhh not entitled, wild wiitt In no manner In the
military fcerviee if the United Slates.
AmJi front the question an lo whether Ids pres
ent Mid conditio" in nurlbulable to the injury ti
tHinod, it fcuotii" to im the extern-ion of pension re
lief to fiieh onuet, would open llie floor to IukiI
lion hard lo justify and impossible t restrain from
tbll-C Guovitu C'LirVULASU.
JJxceutlve Manrfou, April 21, lbOG.
Tho other veto was in the case of tho bill
for a pension to Nancy G. Allabach. It pro
vided lor a pension for Mrs. Allabach, who is
the widow of Peter H. Allabach, who served in
"both the Mexican war and the war of the re
bellion. The President calls attention to tho
fact that Mr. Allabach made no application for
pension on account of disabilities during his life.
'll i not," he says, " now claimed that he waB
in the least disabled as an incident of his mili
tary sci vice, nor is it alleged that his death,
-which occurred nearly 29 years after his dis
charge from the army, was in any degice related
to such service." Ho says the widow was pen
sioned after her husband's doath as tho widow
of 11 Mexican soldier, and that her caso falls
under the general act of lbtfO. " It is proposed,
however," ho continues, "by the special act
tinder consi deration to give this widow a peit
woii of $30 a month without tho least sugges
tion of the death or disability of her husband
having boon caused by his military service, and
eolely, no faras discoverable, upon tho ground
that bite is poor and needs tho money. The
condition is precisely covered by existing law,
nud Jf a precedent is to be established by the
special legislation proposed I do not eoo how
the mine relief as is contained in this bill can
bo denied to tho many thousand widows who
in a similar situation ate now on tho pension
toIib under general Iuwk,"
On the question of referring the vetoes to tho
Coimnutoe on Pensions, Mr. Gallinger, Chair
man of that committee, said he rogrcttcd that
the President had soon fit to veto these bills,
tvliich, in the judgment of the Senator, were
meritorious, Cpt. Allabnch had been well
known as bend of the Capitol police at one
time. His military sorvicos were such that ho
might havo applied for a pension, but he did
Hot do so, owing to a pergonal disinclination.
As to the case of Charles Jones, Mr. Gallinger
Mid that while Jones was a photographer, ho
received a guiibhot wound, resulting in total
bhndno. Tho horvico was at least Hemi-iniii-lary,
and the wound was received during tho
attack on Longet rout's lines.
"The Ptoatdeiil refetti lo a 'trivial wound,'"
said Mr. Gallinger. "I will not discuts and
suggest what is in my mind that tho meseago
vas written without a knowledge of the fact."
.The Senator wont on to read from tho commit
tee report fchowitifi the grounds of tho pension.
He said he wanted those facts to go to the coun
try along with the vetoes?, lo meet the assci tions
likely lo ho made that the Pciibiou Committee
bad ltrocetd-sd cureloesly and recklewdy iu fa
Mr. I'm litter (111.) spoke of tho embarrass
ment attending ease in which tho applicant
for a pension hnd not boon formally enlisted.
"1 hold," said Mr. Palmer, "that when a
citizen voluntarily abeociftlee himself with Xho
military forces he becomes de facto iu the mili
tary service, and if wounded, he has the samo
moral right to a pension as aiiyouofoiinally en
listed." Mr. Hill asked as to tho exact military serv
ice performed by Jones, and pointed out soma
poctUiar featuics of au affidavit fijed in his be
balf. On motion of Mr. Gallinger, tho vetoes were
freforrod to tho Pension Committee.
Consideration of the Indian appropriation
bill was then resumed, Mr. Cockrell speaking
in support of his amendment to allow two
years for tho chango from sectarian to Gov
ernment Indian schools.
Tho voto was then taken on tho Cockrell
ftmniiilmnt. dnrdnrini- thn nnlirv of tho GoV-
ernment against sectarian education, but allow
ing until Joua lor 1110 entire cnango irom sec
tatian to Government schools. It resulted as
YeaE. Republicans Carter, Chandler, Elkin",
llausbiough, linn Icy, McMillan, Mantle, Nclpon.
Pctligtew, bcwell. Sherman 11. Democrats Ba
con, Hnle, Ulackljiiru, Urice. CitHcry, Chilton,
Coekiell, Daniel. Faulkner, Gibnon. Gordon, Gray,
JIUI.Joiict (At k.). -Martin. Mill.-. Mitchell (Wi.).
Palmer, Koach, Smilh, Ttirpie, Yesl, Vila, Wal
thall, and While 5. Poiulists Allen and Kyle
2. Total. 3S.
Naye. Republicans AllUon, Brown, Burrows.
Cannon, Claik, Ctillom, l)nri. Dubois. Fryp, Gal
litiKer, Gear, I.oilgc. McHmle, Mitchell (Ore.), i'er
kim, Piatt. Shotip. Squire. Teller. Warren, and
Wolcolt 21. JiMiiocrat George 1. Populists
l'cfler and Stcwnt t 2. Total, 21.
In the House, tho adoption of tho resolution
seating Mr. Goodwyn in place of Mr- Cobb was
tho pending question when tho House mot
to-day. Tho resolution was agreed to, and Mr.
Goodwyn camo forward and took tho oath as a
member amid Republican applause.
Mr. Pickle!-, Chairman of tho Committee on
Invalid Pensions, then callod up his general
Peusiou bill, which amends tho existing laws
in several vety important respects. It makes
presumption of death of an enlisted man exist
if no tidings havo been heard from him for
seven yeais: it provides that desertion or dis
lionorblo discharge shall not bo a bar to a
pension under the act of 1SD0 if the enlisted
man had served 10 days subsequent to such
discharge, and that pension allowed shall date
from his first application ; it fixes tho maxi
mum income of a widow entitled to a pension j
under the act of 1&D0 at $300 per annum; it
provides that no pension shall bo reduced or
discontinued except for fraud or recovery from
disability, and that discontinued pensions
when reconaidcrcd and reallowcd, shall dato
fiom their discontinuance.
Mr. Pirklcr: To tho bill under consideration,
entitled 4,A bill relating to pensions," the Com
mittco on Invalid Pensions invito your atten
tion to-day. Jt is a bill in the interests of sol
diers of that war.
There has grown up all over this country a
feeling of unrest, disquiet, and dissatisfaction
concerning tho administration of tho pension
laws during the last few years; claimants for
pension and increaso have long been delayed in
tho adjudication of their claims; constructions
havo been severely technical; pensions havo
been discontinued and i educed; and much
complaint is heard among pensioners, claimants,
and their friends throughout the land.
No community is free from these complaints,
and thousands of neighborhoods have their
well-known cases of injustice to pensioners and
applicants for pension; and this injustice has,
in a great number of instances, ripened into
There is a widespread feeling among tho
soldiers and their ftiends that they. iro entitled
to more libeial treatment in the adjustment
and allowauco of pensions than they are re
ceiving. The Committee, after very careful
consideration of thij bill iu detail, present it to
the House, believing that every section will bo
found important in the future administration of
pension laws, and that this bill, li it shall be
come a law, will greatly facilitate tho allow
ance of pensions and allay tho fear of tho pen
sioner as to the reduction or discontinuance of
his pension after its allowance
The Committee has, in tho abuses it seeks to
coirect, con li .led itself to no particular time or
adnnuistratioit, but, regardless of tho timo of
the initiation of such abuses, seeks lo remedy
the same and aid tho claimant iu allowing and
preserving his rights under tho law.
It does not add a single new class of pension
ers to the pension rolls, but seeks to establish
a tnoro liberal construction of existing laws.
It will, if it becomes a law, answer a largo
number of questions and inquiries that come to
members ot this House.
The fiist section of tho bill provides
That no person otlierutur entitled to a pension
by virtue of any law of the United Staiei aball be
disqualified from receiving the anie by rciiwoii of
any prior an vice in the Confederate army or navy
dining the war of the rebellion, nor shall the
widow, children, or dependent relatives of Bitch
pcreon be dupritod of u right to pension by rcaon
vi feuch frenice: Pioviilcd. That nopcu!-ioiidiall bo
grinned by irtuu ol tint faction for disability con
tracted or inclined while aiding or abetting the
late rebellion against the authority of the United
The inhibition sought to bo Tcmoved by this
section of tho proposed bill is contained in sec
tion 4710 of the Revised Statutes, and is as
See. 471C. No money on account of pension "ball
be paid to any person, or to the widow, children,
or heiiM of any deceased person, who in any man
lier ohintitrily vngnged in or aided or abetted the
late icbellion agaitibl the authority of the United
On March 3, 1677, tho disqualification was
removed as to soldiers who afterwards valun
tarily enlisted in the army of the United States
and incurred or contracted disability while in
line of duty, and their widows, childicu, or
On March 9, 1878, tho inhibition was removed
as to sut vivors and widows of the war of 1512.
On Jan. 2!), 1SS7, it was removed as to sur
vivors and widows of the Mexican war.
July 27, lfaU2, it was removed as to survivors
and widows of the Indian wars.
And on Aug. 1, 1892, the act of March 3, 1877,
removing tho bar as to soldiers, was tuado ap
plicable to sailors as well.
It is worthy of special attention that tho sec
tion under consideration seeks only to remove
the disqualification of a prior service iu tho
Confederato army or navy, whereas three of
tho statutes abovo mentioned refer to and
necessarily condono a similar service subse
quent to tho one by virtue of which tho pen
sioner draws a pension.
In the case of Geo. W. Coffey M P. IX. 26T0,
Dec. 1G, 1690, Assistant Secretary Buscy dc
cidod that the fact that the claimant served in
the Confederate army prior to his enlistment
and service iu the army of tho United Slates
did not impair his pensionable status under
the law of June 27, 1890, or any other act.
Again, iu the case of Daniel 11. Garrison (G
P. 1)., 2b9). decided March 11, 1893, Assistant
-ocrctary Busey says that the Department
"has universally held this view of the law."
But with tho incoming Administration camo
a chaugo of policy, ami Assistant Secretary
Reynold, in the cases of Bcrnstiuo (7 P. IX,
229 and Ozboru (id., 317). decided May 19 and
Sept. G, 1894, exprepsly overrules the cases of Cof
fey, Hayman, Garrison, and all other like cases,
thus refusing to allow pensions to thoso who
had all the qualifications required by the act of
Juno 27, 169U, hut who had previously served
iu tho Confederacy, and thereby overturning
tho rulings made by his picdecessor. The
present Administration, howeer, has not
fatopped with applying this rule to claims as
buch, but has diopped from tho rolls tho names
of pensioners who were granted pensions under
the former decisions.
ItsceniB that this Ecctfon should become a
law. It is not only an act of justico to these
men who wore in tho Confederate Bcrvico and
afterwaids served in tho Union array, from
which they were honorably discharged, togivo
thorn a pensionable btatus, but is an act of
magnanimity ou tho pait of Congress toward
these men who fought against it, now that 30
years havo elapsed tiuco tho closo of the war,
that the Government will not longer regard
their hostility to their detriment.
And as the asperities of war havo been soft
ened by the lajise of three decades and all now
bear allegiance to the flag our fathers boro, tho
Hag of all of us bince the war, it seems fitting
lhat the piovisions of this fecctloti should be
come a law; and, Mr. Chairman, I am sure that
no member of this Houso will more cheerfully
vote for its passage than the many Union sol
diorcon this floor.
Tho records of tho War Department show
that there woio six regiments and ono inde
pendent company of infantry, known as United
States Volunteers, which weio chiefly composed
of desoiters from the Confederato armj and
prisonors of war, after having taken tho oath of
allegiance to tlio United States. The officers of
these organizations wcro mostly appointed from
tho Regular Army or from volunteer regiments
then in tho service, and consequently they
should not he taken into consideration in con
nection with this (section of the bill. Tho en
listed men numbered 5,73o, and many of them
are undoubtedly now drawing peiifaions for dis
abilities incuiied in liuoofdutj.
These were not all tho men in tho service of
tho United Stales who had served iu tho Con
federate army, however, but tho war records
afford no clew to determining tho number.
Section 2 provides:
Sec. 2. That from and after the papsagcof thisact
no pension heretofore granted or which mny here
after be grained under the pension laws nhall bo
ittduced or discontinued cioept for fraud, cletical
error, tiiinlnlcoof fnc-l, oriccocry from UisHbilhy:
Proi'itltd, houacr. That nothing herein contained
ahull be cuustrued lo entitle any person lo more
THE NATIONAL TBIBMFi WASHfflGTO.?K O..1 THURSDAY. APRIL 30, 1896.'
than one pension, or as allowing moro than ono
pension for the samo service, nor to affect or en
large the pension rights of widows nud others tin
dor sections 4702. 470G. and 470S of the Kcvisad
Statutes of tho United States and acts supplemental
to and amendatory thereof.
If this section shall becomo n law it will
nrinj? greater peace, quiet, comfort, and satis
faction, and to a far greater number of pooplo,
than any other legislation that this Congress
can possibly enact. Tho pensioners all over
this land, soldiers, soldiors' widows aud orphans,
hundreds of thousands of whom aro now in
absolnto dread and fear of tho discontinuance
of their pensions, will rejoice. To wives nud
daughters, to children and grandchildren, will
this provision conio with feelings of tho deepest
Aroterans in all parts of the country who de
pend on their pensions to keep them out of tho
almshouse havo during tho past two years ex
perienced tho greatost solicitudo and fearful
anxioty lest their pensions should bo discon
tinued. This section will dissipato this fear.
It will bo a solace to their declining years. It
is just, it is humane, it is righteous.
Sec. 3 provides that pensions reduced or dis
continued by reason of tho lato interpretation
of tho act of Juno 27, 1S90, shall, upon applica
tion, bo restored uudcr tho provisions of this
Sec. 4 provides that all investigations into
tho merits of any pension previously allowed
shall bo conducted by question and answer.
Under the present practice tho Special Exam
iner calls upon the pensioner, claimant, or wit
ness, and himself submits in narrative form
tho testimony to bo examined. It needs no
argument to" show that tho Examiner can
easily color tho testimony in ono direction or
tho other, as he may bo inclined, when ho is
allowed to examine tho witness orally and then
commit tho statement to writing in narrativo
form, with his own interpretation and bias con
cerning tho facts sworn to. It is believed that
in a large number of cases the oxact meaning
of tho witness does not, by this meaus, reach
tho Pension Office.
Tlio proviso to this section is as follows:
Proridal, That when fraud h alleged the allega
tions Mnttl lio reduced to writing and under oath,
and I he peron or persons affected thereby shall bo
furnished with a certified copy of tho charges
made, together with the names of tho persons
making the same and tho witnesses by whom said
clmiges are to be proved nt least SO days prior to
such iucitigatioii, such investigation to bo con
dueled nl the Conntyseat or the County in which
the person nllcctcd reside", and the depositions of
witnesses residing- outside of said County shall be
taken as near as may be in accordance with tho
practice of the State or Territory in which said
This provides a modo of taking testimony
where fraud is charged. Fraud cannot ho in
ferred, but must always bo clearly established
by the evidence, and there is no reason why a
charge of fraud in a ponsion caso should not bo
as carofully investigated and examined as iu a
case at law.
Sec. 5 provides that tho oath of an enlisted
man shall bo of equal weight with that of a
commissioned officer, and that no claim shall
bo rejected becanso of claimant's inabilitj to
furnish tho testimony of moro than ono wit
ness to any material fact.
Nor is there anything unreasonable in tho
proviso to the section, to wit:
That no claim shall be rejected becauoc of claim
ant'. inability to furnish as tn any material fact iu
the case the testimony of more tlmn onu crcdftablc
witness having know ledgo of such fact.
Whilo it docs not provido that a proposition
shall be considered as established by such evi
dence, it inferenlially directs the allowauco of
the claim if tho Commissioner shall bciievo tho
fact is thereby sufficiently proved.
Section G provides
That in thuadmiiiisiration of the pension laws an
nfiiint shall be required only to make oath that
kiiiI nflinnt lins read or heard rcail the subscribed
alli'lnvii; that the snme wus prcpurcd m bis or her
presence at his or her dictation, is iu affiant's own
Intiguage. mid thai the matters and things therein
stated arc true.
Tho demand for tho provision embodied in
this section arises from what fs known as "Or
der 229" of tho Department of tho Interior.
The complaint against this order is universal.
In actual practice it is very difficult to preparo
an affidavit in accordance with its mandate.
2sTo such drastic requirements aro known iu
any court or tribunal in tiie land. In fact, tho
careful attention of a good lawyer is absolutely
When it is considered that many applicants for
pension are persons of limited education and
very generally unacquainted with legal rules
and forms, such n measure becomes impractica
ble and unreasonable, and should be discon
tinued. The order carries with it tho intimation that
tho witness docs not intend to testify to the
truth, and tho object of it would seem to ho to
delay him by its unusual requirements. It
has hindered and delayed the granting of moro
pensions than probably any other emanation
from tho Pension Bureau.
Sec. 7 of the bill provides
That all notifications from the Burcnu of Pen
sions ns to the status of any imso shall pet forth
each and every fact upon which further evidence
ia required to complete the name.
Sec. 8 requires that all paper?, memoranda,
writings, letters, or exhibits relating lo any
pension or claim shall be open to tho inspection
of the claimant or his attorney. It has long
been the practice of tho Pension Office, after
tho filing of the affidavits, tho medical certifi
cate, and other evidence nccessary to compicto
tho case, to secretly inquire of postmasters and
other persons in regard to the applicant, tho
witncssis. character of tho testimony, and va
rious other matters relating to the caso. The
claimant and his attorney are never allowed to
inspect these communications, aud thousands
of cases havo thus been delayed and often dis
allowed on account of tho malicious statement,
of 60tno person unknown to tho applicant,
which he necessarily could in no way rebut.
Such secret inquiry presupposes that the sol
diers who fought tho battles of their country,
who saved tho Nation in its hour of direst
peril, when the very fabric of this great Re
From turret to foundation-stone,
aro now seeking to obtain their pensions by"
fraud and misrepresentation.
Tho imputation is false, and should bo re
moved. Sec. 0. That in all claims for pent ion or increase
of pension tlio reeords of the Wnr or Nny Depart
ment showing disabilities to have been incurred or
contriiclcd in line of duty shall be conclusive of
See. 10. That Uio common-law preemption of
death, alter the lapse of seven years without new
or Jidings of the missing person, uhnll obtain and
bo of. force In the administration of the pension
laws: Provided, That if Much person shall afler
wiiitl he proved to be alive, any pension that may
lime been granted on account of his death shall
Sec. 11 of this bill provides as follows:
That hereafter, in tho administration of tho pen
sion laws, the fact of marriage may be prima hide
proved by fatisfaetory evidence that Uio parties
w ere joined iu marriage by noine ceremony deemed
by them obligatory, or habitually recognized each
other as husband and wife, mid were so lecoguizcd
by their neighbors, and lived together aa such up
to iho dte of tho denth of either of them, or, if the
soldier, sailor, or marine died iu thu serviic, up lo
the dato of enlistment; and the children born of
any marriage so proved shall be deemed and held,
for pensionable purpoen. to be legitimate.
After a long argument on tho laws of mar
riage, Mr. Picklcr continued :
Sec 12 provides that in tho administration
of tho pension laws the war of the rebellion
shall bo deemed to have closed July 1, 180.1.
Sec. 13 provides that under tho act of Juno
27, 1890, a prior service from which tho soldier
was not honorably discharged shall not dis
qualify the claimant from receiving a pension
by virtuo of a subsequent servico of 90 days
from which he was honorably discharged, pro
vided the disability was not contracted or in
curred during tho dishonorable service.
Tho question involved in Sec. 11, and upon
which fcec. 3 depends, is whether tho ratings
of disabilities shall bo calculated thu same un
der the law of June 27, I860, as under tho gen
eral law. It provides that the ratings of fixed
disabilities shall be the samo under both laws.
1 shall not only contend that tho action of
tho committooiu placing this section iu the bill
establishes a just and equitable rule of rating,
but that it is and cvor has been the law.
Sec. 15 provides:
That upon the I ejection of a claim for pension
under said act of June 27, 1SIK). on the ground of no
pensionable degree of disability, tho applicant
shall not be required to file n new orsilpplemuiital
declaration, but on filing in bis tasu the sworn
statement of a tcptitahle physician that a pension
able degree of disability does in fact exist, au order
for the applicant's examination, before another
Hoard of Surgeons If desired, shall issue; am! in
ease iho report of ancb JJoanl mid tho evidence
show the existence of a pensionable disability at
the timo of filing, the pension, when allowed, shall
commence from the, dale of filing the application
rejected as afoiCsahl. or, if ollieruis-e, from the
date subsequent to said filing jit which the disability
began to exist, as shown by the evidence.
Fre to All Women.
I have learned of a very pimple home treatment which
will rr-artlly cure all femafc disorders, painful ncrind. Int.
corrhoca, displacements or irregularities, and will gladly
Msd it fre U uy mJUtlzg womiD, Add' MtUl E. Kutli. Jolltt, 111
Sec. 1G provHcs that tho phraso "without
other means of support than her daily labor"
iu Sec. 3 of tho act of July 27, 1S90. shall bo
construed to mean "without a net incomo of
$300 per annum." Tho presout Administration
holds it to 'mean "without an income of $9G
per annum," and tho former Administration
was a littlo moro liberal; but tho wholo matter
is very woll understood by tho niombcrs of tho
House, it having been lately fully discussed.
Sec 17 givos a pensionable status under tho
act of Juno 27, 1890, to certain classes of persons
who for several years wcro held to bo within
tho letter and spirit of that law. Lately, how
ever, under a different interpretation of tho
statute, they havo been dented thi3 right.
Tho persons mentioned arc on tho samo piano
with tho enlisted man under the goncral law,
and there is no reason why thoy should not rc
coivo tho benefits of the act of 1S90, if, as pro
vided in this soction, thoy othorwiso bring
themselves within tho pr&visions of said act.
These classes aro as sot forth in section -1GD3,
Revised Statu tos:
Second. Any Master serving on n gunboat, or
any Pilot, Engineer, sailor, or other person not
rcgulnrly mustered serving upon any gunboat or
war vessel of the United Slates.
Fourth. Any Acting; Assistant or contract Sur
geon. Fifth. Anv Provost-Marshal, Deputy Trovost
Mnrshnl or Enrolling Officer.
From estimates from tho War Department
and tho Commissioner of Pensions ns to sections
in regard to which numbers can bo definitely
ascertained, and approximating the number
under other sections of tho bill, tho total cost
would bo about $3,160,000. Supposing it would
rcquiro, iu connection with other business of
tho Pension Ollico, threo years, as it probably
would, to replace thoso hcrctoforo drawing
pensions, togethor with claims which will bo
allowed iu tho first instance, tho cost would bo
about $1,000,000 per year.
Thursday, April 23.
In tho Senate, tho Indian appropriation bill,
carrying $9,100,000. was passed, aftor a long
discussioii.abouttho lawless condition of affairs
in tho Indian Territory. Tho Sundry Civil
appropriation bill was taken up aud it went
over until to-morrow. Thcro aro fivo other
general appropriation bills to bo acted on by
tho Senate tho Naval, tho River and Harbor,
tho District of Columbia, the Fortifications and
tho Deficiency. In tho closing half hour of to
day's session several public building bills wcro
passed JoOO.OOO for Salt Lake City, $188,000
for Ogden, Utah ; $150,000 for Portsmouth, Va.,
and $100,000 for Nashua, N. II.
In tho House, tho General Pension bill was
Mr. Smith (Mich.) said ho had sat whilo tho
committco were formulating this bill, feeling
every confidence and expectation that they
would report a measuro that would bo entirely
satisfactory to tho loyal veterans of tho civil
war, and to thoso in this Chamber who wished
fitly to recognize their honorable service, but
"I am obliged to dissent from a portion of this
bill, and my reasons for so doing aro those:
Many of the abuses that havo crept into tho
administration of tho Pension Department, and
that wo havo sought to remedy, havo arisen
from leaving too much discretion to tho Pen
sion Department, ami I find that this hill fails
to remedy that evil. Indeed, in tho second
section of tho hill, in line -1, I find a startling
concession to thu practice- that has prevailed
for several years in tho management of tho
Pension Department." Ho gave notico that
when tho bill was considered under tho five
miutito rtio for amendment "I shall movo to
strike out tho words ,' mistake- of fact' and
'the recovery from disability.' 1 bolievo that
those six wotds will haS'o a far-reaching effect,
aud that they will ho iuterpretated by tho
present officers of the, Pension Department in
a way calculated to react, upon the peusiouor,
and to prevent him from obtaining and enjoy
ing that which is his right it the hands of this
"Mistake of fact ! WJiy,,Mr. Chairman, what
mistake of fact can creep 'into a ponsion that
has been granted to an old jjbldier of tho civil
war? Any man who runs the gantlet of Gov
ernment scrutiny undf the' judgment of tho
ollicers of that Department is certainly entitled
to havo the facts of his case foreclosed against
reopening by any later officers of tho Depart
ment. In a court of Ihwdflch a proceeding is
deemed to bo res adjiuUcalh, and it should bo
so regarded in the Pension Department of this
Government. I knowbf nb reason why thoro
should bo always daugliilg over tho head of tho
pensioner tho possibility (hat some new fact
will devolop which 'will set aside tho honorable
pension that ho has rcccivetl, aud I object to
tho matter being left open so that any future
administration of tho office can cause the pen
sioner trouble and annoyance.
" I want to discourage tho tattlc-talo spy sys
tem in thiscountry, Mr. Chairman. Applause.
I want to brand as unworthy tho dignity of
this Government the spy system that now
exist". If you strike them out you will find
that tho Department will be more vigorous iu
tho prosecution and closing up of pending
claims, and less vigorous in pursuing tho
pensioner after bin caso has been adjudicated.
Applause. For one, I object to any such open
ing being left iu this law. It ha3 no place or
busuic-s here. What soldier can rocover from
the injuries received iu hatllo or tho hardships
endured for months and years of service iu tho
field? Hundreds ami thousands of men aro
obliged io crawl through lift-, ber.ring tho ef
fects of their servico as cripple3 and invalids,
and I want the law so framed that they shall
not live in fear that any cowardly informant
spy or dctectivo is dogging their footstep",
watching for some pretext upon which to take
away thosuiall compensation which tho Govern
ment allows them, watching overy word that
falls from the pensioner's lips, every expression
of his countenance, lo find out something that
may he reported to tho Department which will
enable them to humiliate the pensioner and
mako tho remaining years of his life moro dis
tressing than tho past. I balicvo it to bo tho
duty of tho House to provent iho possibility of
sucii proceedings iu tho future. I tako this
ground for two reasons; first, becauso I want
tho pensioner to onjoy the bounty of his Gov
ernment; and second, because I want to re
lievo and force into more honorablo employ
ment that baud of meddlesome tattle-talcs who
havo gono about this country during tho last
three and a half years of Democratic Adminis
tration trying to find somo pretext upon which
to drop pensioners from the rolls."
Mr. Morse. Docs not tho gentleman think
that the defects of which ho complains iu con nec
tioii with thoadiiiitiistratioii of tlio pension laws
would wholly disappear tindor a Republican
Administration with its just and liberal con
struction and cxoctition of tho pension laws?
Under such an Administration would thoro bo
any danger to tho pensioner?
Mr. Smith (Mich.). The gcntloman is un
doubtedly correct in his suggestion, but vo
never can account for somo of tho changes of
heart of tho American votur. Thoyarosomc
times led oil" to do strange things which thoy
afterwards regret; and iu order that there may
ho no opening left for a possiblo reversal of
their good judgment again, I would forccloso
the question by an act of.Coiigress and let tho
pension bo guaranteed to thupunsioner for life.
Mr. Picklcr. Tho gentleman is borrowing a
great deal of trouble about those words "mis
take of fact." Tho wirds'mistako of fact"
have a technical meaning iu tho Pension Office.
They do not refer to itiybiiig which tho gen
tleman has in mind. , ;
Mr. Smith (Mich.). I understand thoro has
been an adjudication on that language, and I
understand it is held to apply in this ono caso
lhat it would bo a tni3t.'iko,of fact if a pension
was granted at $10 a mouth and actually put
in the certificate at $1G a month.
Mr. Picklcr. That is a clerical error.
Mr. Smith (Mich.). It is a clerical error and
Mr. Picklcr. Does not tho gentleman think
that is right? , ,;
Mr. Smith" (Mich.), jlijuk it is right to cor
rect it. j
Mr. Picklcr. I agrqarWsUli Uio gcntloman
from Michigan to this extent that there will
bo very few pensioners in, Uio United States
who will recover; butxo liavo had such in
stances brought to tho attention of our com
mittee. For instance, where a man had bcon
pensioned at the rato of $72 for blindness, and
ho seemed to bo totally4 blind for a time, but
afterwards recovered Iiissihtnitogctlier. Now,
I do not think tho gentletnatt can say that it
is fair to anybody that that man after recovery
should continue to draw $72 a mouth for his
whole life. The burden of proof, of course, is
ou tho Government to show that tho soldier
recovers, aud I havo no idea that anybody will
suffer injustice from this provision.
Mr. Picklcr insisted lhat his bill covered
Mr. Wood. Tho pension law3 now in forco
are not generally unfair or unjust to tho peu
siouor. If thu gentlemen will recall discussions
iu this House on tho subject of pensions thoy
will rccoguizo tho fact that tho grout cause c4
criticism has been found, not In tho laws thom
solvos, but rather in tho manner iu which
thoy havo bcon administered. Wo have already
passed an act, iutroducsd by my colleague on tho
committee, tho gentleman from Now York
(Mr. Poolo), and wo propose in this bill to sup
plement it by prescribing a rulo of cvidonre in
regard to death. Wo havo also in this bill a
provision in rogard to marriao, aud a pro
vision proving marriage. Neither Is neces
sary. It was in tho powor, and I think it
was tho duty, of tho Secretary of tho Interior
to havo adopted theso proposed rules of cvi
douco indopondent of any enactment by Con
gress. The statutes of tho States havo gen
erally recognized tho presumption of death
aftor an unoxplained absonco of tho person for
sovon years. That was tho common-law pro
sumption adopted by Iho cotirt3 without any
statutes. Tho presumption of legal marriago
by man and woman living togethor, holding
out each other and being recognized in tho
community as husband and wife, has gener
ally been indulged in by tho courts of tho
country in matters quito as gravo 3 that of
tho allowauco of a pension. It is somewhat
remarkablo that tho Secretary of tho Intorior
should not have adopted theso samo roasonablo
rules. So 1 may say that after this bill be
comes a law, an unfair, or a narrow, or au un
justly strict construction of it will practicallr
undo all tho work that wo may do here.
Mr. Wood took up iu detail several points in
the bill which ho regarded as objectionable.
Tho fourth section ho said gives tho right to
tho pensioner to rebut or substantiate any facta
alleged, lio mu3t do that by testimony; and
to mako a journey to the County-seat with his
witnesses, and to support them during tho
time they aro there, might practically work as
great hardship to him as lo absolutely cut off
his pension. Considering tho expenso and
trouble, would it not bo better, after wo pro
vido that charges shall bo made under oath
with notice and with a copy of tho charges to
bo givou to tho pensioner, to let tho place of
examination bo left to tho Commissioner, with
the hope and tho expectation that a fair and
just Commissioner will be in charge of tho
Pension Bureau? Lcavo tho mattor a3 it is
now. Let mo stato ono thing further. When
over charges of fraud aro required to bo reduced
to writing and sustained by tho oath of the
person making thom thoro will bo very few
pensioners dropped from tho roll on the ground
of fraud. Occasionally, of course, somo worthy
man may have tho chargo made- against him,
aud with this section a3it stands in tho bill it
practically amounts toa'dcnialof a fair hear
ing in such cases. If wo strike out all of this
section after tho 15th lino it will thcd be a
good section, and wo may trust to a fair Com
missioner to oxocuto tho law fairly.
A3 was to bo expected, Mr. Talbcrt opposed
tho bill. Aftorobjecting to tho section regard
ing Confederato soldiers, ho went on to say:
"If you propo30 to go any further in this pen
sion legislation you might just as woll turn
over tho wholo Treasury at once to tho old sol
diers. Let them havo it all and then adopt tho
plan that wo aro told thoy havo adopted at
some of the Soldiers' Homes out West. Lot
tho old soldier3 tako possession of the Treasury,
aud then sot up boer saloons and sell them beer
in tho name of tho Government, and make them
all drunk and set up Kcelcy cures tocure them,
anil in that way get all tho money back again
into tho Treasury. Laughter. I say wo havo
goue far enough in granting liberal pensions
to the soldiers of tho civil war, and while somo
may criticiso my motives because I am
Southern man and stand up hero to protest
against this legislation, I proposo to do what I
conceivo to bo my duty iu tlio promises, regard
less of fear or favor from any sotirco whatever.
"When tho top and tho bottom of tho map
foil out wo had our civil war. It amounted to
nothing moro than that tho United States, after
whipping Great Britain and whipping Mexico,
turned around and whipped herself. It was a
providential thing that tho Union was- savod.
Now. we do not propose to go bade and dig up
the dry bones of tho past. We are living men,
living and acting iu the present."
Mr. Mahany protested against Mr. Talbcrt's
position. Ho drew a graphic picture of tho
service of tho Union soldier and its results,
and said: "It scema to me a monstrous thing
that Senator Reagan in his dignity, and the
gentleman from South Carolina in bis absurdity,
should be in a position in theso halls to voto
away tho bread from tho mouths of the men
who made the triumph of their treason impos
sible. Applause on tho Republican side.
Mr. Tulbert. I challengo tho gentleman to
cite a single iustanco whero I havo opposed tho
granting of a pension, which iu ray judgmdut
was due to a meritorious Union soldier.
Mr. Mahany. I may say to tho gentleman
from South Carolina that I would bo exceed
ingly loth to accept hi3 judgment upon tho
merits of a pension claim or ou any other ques
Mr. Talbcrt. I have never opposed the grant
ing of a pension in any meritorious caso, and
I am responsible for every position that I havo
taken here, but I am not rcsponsiblo to tho
Mr. Mahany. I should judgo yon were irre
sponsible. Mr. Talbcrt. My record show3 that I havo
only opposed tho giving of pensions to desortcrs
and hummers anil coil co-cool era aud camp fol
lowers, and I shall continue to do that as loug
as I have a seat hero.
Mr. Mahany. Mr. Chairman, as tho Thcrsi
tcs of South Carolina has brought up his
record, I will quote from the modest oncomitim
ho passes upon himself in tho Congressional
Directory: ln all relations, of lifo, as neigh
bor, friend, and public official, ho has been
faithful to every trust, zealou3 as a church
member and Sunday-school worker, legislator,
and Alliance-man." Laughter. Is tho gentle
man satisfied with my indorsement? Laugh
ter. Mr. Talbert. I want to stato to tho gentle
man that I am not tho author of that biography.
Mr. llagarspoko in support of tho bill, pay
ing glowing tributes to tho old Boldicr?. Other
speeches wero also made.
Friday, Apiur. 21.
In tho Scnato, when Mr. Sherman songht to
tako up the bill proposing a repeal of the law
giving a rebato of tho tax ou alcohol used in
the arts, etc., ho met with unexpected opposi
tion. Mr. Chandler said thi3 would precipi
tato tho wholo tariff question, and would occa
sion lengthy debate. On a subject of this mo
ment thero should bo amplo notice of taking it
Mr. Sherman answered that this wa3 a meas
uro of tho very highest importauco recom
mended by tho Secretary of tho Treasury. Ho
finally consented, however, to lot tho measure
Tho Sundry Civil appropriation bill was then
taken up, nud Mr. Gorman took occasion to
point out that tho hill, as it camo from tho
House, appropriated for only nino mouths for
tlio public buildings, tho courts, and for rivers
Mr. Allen explained that this was in pur
suance of a custom of tho House, aud said tho
Scunto committoo proposed to givo tho full
amount necessary in order to avoid deficien
cies. A Venezuelan debato camo np when tho itom
of tho Sundry Civil bill was reached authoriz
ing tho Venezuelan Commission to pay rent for
its quarters out of $100,000 appropriated for its
expenses. Mr. Gorman suggestod that au ex
planation was in order.
Mr. Allison explained lhat tho Comptroller
of the Treasury had ruled that tho Veuezuo
liui appropriation could not bo used for rent
ing buildings within tho District of Colum
bia. Mr. Allison added that tho Comptroller
was very, rigid iu his rulings, as was well
Mr. Gorman expressed amazement at this
condition of affairs. Amid great popular ex
citement and on tho advice of tho President
Congress had made an appropriation for tho
Venezuelan Commission. Ho had supposed it
would permit all necessary steps to bo takon.
And yet hero stops in a Comptroller of tho
Treasury aud says this momentous commission
is without power to pay its reut.
Tho item was adopted.
In tho House, it was decided to proceed with
tho Pickler Pension bill. Tho featuro of tho
debato was tho opposition of Mr. Connolly (III.,
R.) to the section of tho bill which granted pen
sions to Confederate soldiers who deserted and
joined tho Union ranks 90 days beforo Lee's
surrender. Thoso who participated in tho
debate wcro Messr3. Layton (Ohio, D.), Burton
(Mo., 11.), Tracy (Mo., R.), aud Over3trect(Iud.,
Mr. Layton (Ohio, D.) criticised tho bill, but
said ho would voto for it, although ho would
like to see it amended. Ho especially criticised
the section of tho bill which givos pensions to
desortors who re-enlisted or received honorablo
discharge. Ho replied at lougth to somo of tho
remarks uindo yesterday, charging tho Demo
cratic party with hostility toward tho Union
Mr. Connolly (,111., R. supported the bill in the '
main, but criticised tho provision which would
grant peasions to descrtors from tho Confed
"I declare," said ho "lhat a man who cast
his forttinos with tho Confederacy and remain
ed there until ho found tho catiso fail in jf. and
then deserted to join tho Union army was, at
least, a coward." Proceeding ho said ho had no
criticism to offer against the thousands of men,
especially iu Tennessee and Kentucky, who
wcro Union in sympathy, but who wcro con
scripted and forced into tho Con federate serv
ice. They took tho first opportunity to cscapo
to tho Union lines. Tho section of tho bill to
which ho took exception would give a pension
to every Confederato who do3crtcd from tho
Confederate army 90 days beforo Leo's sur
render. Most of them who deserted at tho Ia3t
moment, ho said, wcro cither cowards or iu
search of rations.
Mr. Barton (.Mo.). The survivors of tho
army and navy of tho Union do not demand
extravagance in pension legislation, nor do they
demand looseness in tho construction theroof.
but they do insist that all ponsion legislation
shall bo construed, administered and enforced
in the spirit which prompted its onactmont, to
tho end that not ono of them living shall, either
by disease or misfortune, be compelled to ltvo
beneath tho roof of tho almshouse, or, dying, bo
laid at rest within the unconsecratcd limits of
tho potter's field.
Tho first section of tho bill directly permits
anyono to obtain a ponsion, although ho may
have rendered servico in the Confederato army.
I do not bolievo that every man who served in
tho Union army, although ho may havo received
therefrom an honorablo discharge, should re
ceive a pension; and I refer particularly toa
number of regiments that somo fivo or six
months boforo tho close of tho war wcro enlisted
aud mustored outof the prisons at Indianapolis
and Chicago; of men who preferred, rather
than remain in tho prison in Chicaga or Indi
napolia, to accept servico nndor tho Union flag
out upon tho plains. I say not a single man of
that kind or character ought to bo permitted to
draw a pension under tb3 bill or any other law
upon tho statute books.
The 13th section, Mr. Chairman, ia objection
able in this, that a fair construction will permit
descrtors and bounty jtimpors to obtain a pen
sion. We all know that in the earlier days of
tho war there wa3 either no bounty or a very
small bounty. We also know that in tho latter
days of tho war, when tho draft was on, that
largo and liberal bounties wcro offered, and it
is a notorious fact that thoro wa3 a largo num
ber of men who deserted from existing organiza
tions and enlisted in other organizations,
prompted by tho fact that by doing so they
would obtain the cnorraou3 bounties that wero
then being offered for rccruit3. I bolievo that
every such man ought to be shut out.
Mr. Ovcrstrcct. Tho report that introduced
this measure to tho Houso states that "tho bill
add3 no new class of pensioners a3 such to the
pension-roll." In viow of thi3 fact, thero can
certainly bo no objection to its consideration
from tho standpoint of tho need for somo legis
lation ill aid of the administration of tho pen
Mr. Ovorstreet wont into a legal discussion
of sections 2 aud 4. Ho said, in part:
"Tho enactment of this law will, in my judg
ment, establish absolnto titlo lo all pensions
already adjudicated aud that may bo hereafter
favorably dctermine'd. It has been common
to speak of the titlo of a pension as a vested
right; but no matter what it is called, tho titlo
is, aftor all, tho thing to bo desired. I am in
formed that in somo instances Examiners havo
given assurance that if a charge should bo laid
against a pensioner that his disability does not
warrant the rating that bo has been given that
tho Department will see that tho claimant's
pension is reduced. I have been informed that
ponsion3 havo been suspended upon hcresay
j statements of a Special Examiner in the face of
i overwhelming evidence against tho charges.
I havo been informed that after notices have
been sent for a claimant to stato why hi3 pen
sion should not be reduced that tho reduction
has followed notwithstanding tho fact that ovi
denco was furnished by tho pensioner showing
that ho is still disabled to a sufficient degree to
justify the rating that had been made. Now, I
submit that when theso pensions havo been
finally determined and allowed that no chango
whatever should of right be made unless tho
pensioner had obtaiucd it originally by fraudu
Mr. Brown also indorsed tho bill. He, how
ever, offered an amendment to tho first soction
Proaidedt That pensioners who havo been
dropped from tho rolis since March 1. 1S93. solely
on account or because of previous Confederate
service shall be at ouco restored without formal
application, and their pensions shall commence
from the lime their names wero dropped from tho
Sattjkday, Aprii, 25.
In tho Senate, the Sundry Civil appropria
tion bill was completed and passed during the
day. As it passed tho Houso it carried about
$30,000,000; .13 reported to tho Senate it
reached $35,000,000, aud with amendments
added tho total was raised to $37,000,000.
In tho Houso, general dobato on tho Pickler
pension bill was continued, Messrs. Bartlctt
(N. Y., D.) and Miles (Md D.) speaking in
opposition to tho measure, ami Messrs. Gros
veuor and Kerr (Ohio, R.) in favor of it.
Mr. B.irtlett (N. Y.). Mr. Chairman. I deem
it to bo my duty to mako a few remarks ou
this general pension bill, in view of the fact that
I was mado for two or three day3 tho target of
villilication and abuso during tho considera
tion of tho pension appropriation bill in tho
early part of this session. By the rules of our
House, according to our standing rules, every
Friday evening is devoted to tho consideration
of measures in violation of tho existing law;
that is, to bills for tho relief of deserters and
to privato pension bills, in contravention of
tho provisions cf existing statutes. I do not
believe in special legislation. If you wish to
provide pensions for tho widows of officers, pass
a general pension bill. If yon wish to provido
for a certain class of cases, provido for that
class by general statuto; but do not by rule
devote ono evening iu a week to tho considera
tion of bills which practically violate tho laws
upon our statute-books.
I beliovo in giving fall, fair, and adequate
ponsions to tho men who wcro disabled or
wounded in tho Union service, iu the lino of
duty, and to tho widows of such men. I be
lieve that they cannot bo too fully paid. More
over, 1 am willing that tho act of 1390 shall re
main .i3 it stands upon our statuto book. But,
gentlemen, I tell you thero is a sentiment in
this country, thoro is a fooling among tho in
telligent pcoplo, among tho very masses
throughout thu United Statos, against tho fur
ther enlargement of tho pension laws, against
tho enlargement of thu dependent pension act
of .Tu no 27, 1890.
What is it that you proposo to do? Not to
extend tho operations of the dependent pen
lion act of Juno 27, 1S90, to the deserving ; not
so extend tho scopo and operation of that act
to tho3o who would fairly como within itsos
tsting provisions. But it 13 proposed hero de
liberately, in tho year 1896, 31 years after tho
closo of tho war, to imposo upon the people an
added burden of fivo or six millious per au
uum in order to pay, what? To pay largess, to
pay bounty to tho men who wero base enough, 1
after having fought uudcr another flag, to bo
como morconaries under tho flag of tho United
States. I respect. I admiro every man who
fought only under tho Union flag. I respect
ovory man who fought only under tho Confed
erato flag. But I havo no respect, I have no
admiration, I havo only contempt for tho men
who, having fought tinder ono Hag, wero b.iso
and cowardly enough, either from foar or for
purposes of gain, to seek rofugo under tho op
posite banner? aud I believe that that feeling
is ontcrtained by many gentlemen outho other
side of the aislo.
Tho third section is objectionable because it
assumes that our efficient CotumUsioner of
Pensions, Gen. Lochron, who I believo is a fair,
honest, and able administrator of his office, and
further, that bis chief, tho Assistant Secretary
of tho Interior, Mr. Reynold?, and tho Secre
tary of the Interior himself, Mr. Hoko Smith
that each and overy 0110 of thom has improp
erly administered tho existing pensiou laws.
It assumes that all tho cases going back to n
somowhat arbitrary date, Jan. 7, 1S93, should bo
reopened ; that thoy must be reopened; and by
that assumption wo virtually hold that tho
cases already decided havo boon dishonestly
and unfairly decided. Now, without somo
reason, Mr. Chairman, without some argument,
without some clear ovideuco I do not bciievo
it fair to attack tho administration of any De
partment of this Government.
EVEIIY T,AY IIOUI,I ItX.AI) 11XIH.
I will send free r. positive cure for all Female Dis
eases, Irregularities, eta A simple, private treatment.
a common-senso remedy mat never nuts, t 'tiEBivitii
valuable advice. Airs.
JlD.Huror-UT.SouthBbud.iau-. '" "u ' luu iai6lu ""V""
aai Triuuue. and coat, transportation and all, 9,00u.
Aleutian 'Iho .National
Monday. April 27.
In tho Senate, tho principal debato wji3 on
tho amendment of tho Naval bill. Introduced
by Mr. Chandler, providing that after Jnno 30,
1397, it shall be unlawful for naval officers ta
take servico with concerns furnishing armor or
othor equipment for tho Government.
M. Gray contended that it was unjust to re
Strict tho services of a naval officer on tho re
tired list. Thero was no reason, said tho
Senator, why an officer retired by a supor-sor-vlcenblo
retiring board, anxious to magnify
their own importance, should bo reduced to
beggary by being denied tho right to enter
upon a privato work. Somo of the otlicors wcro
retired for slight causes, such as color blindness.
After further debato the bill was laid asido.
In tho Houso thero was a lively dobato on
the special rale roported by Mr. Henderson, of
tho Commltteo on RuIo3. limiting tho dobato
and providing for a voto immediately after tho
reading of the journal to-morrow. It is ap
parent from tho voto by which tho rnlo was
adopted, despite the opposition to it, that tho
bill will pass.
Mr. Cannon said that as ono of tho 150 ma
jonty ho favored tho rale. Ho had voted To
tho act of 1S99. ho said, which had placed 100,'
000 new names on the pension-roll.
When tho present Administration assumed
control of tho Pension Office, at ono stroke of
tho pen 20,000 names had been stricken from
tho rolbiand threo hundred-odd thousand pen
sioners hnd thoir pensions placed in jeopardy.
This bill did not perhaps go as far as ho wished,
bnt it was tho best lhat could bo passed mull
tho Republican party obtained full powor.
Mr. Hepburn (Iowa, R.) opposed tho adoption;
of tho rulo. If thero was any question or
which a Republican Houso could bo trusted ie
was that of ponsions, ho thought, and he pro
tested against tho interference of the Commit.,
tee on Rulos. Ho doubted whether tho rnlo,
had been brought in in good faith or whether
it was in tho interest of tho old soldier. Tbf
bill ought, he said, to he amonded.
Several amendments were offered.
In viow of tho appointment of a Mussulman
Governor of Zeitoun, tho Ambassadors of tho
Powers havo formally demanded that the Turk
ish Government respect its engagements and
appoint a Christian Governdr.
A night attack by tho British forco at Bala
wayo upon tho Matabclo camp resulted in
heavy loss being inflicted upon tho natives;
bnt tho British were finally driven back into
town. Dygert, tho Illinois yonng man confined ft
prison at Havana, has been released by order
of Captain-General Weyler.
It is gazetted in London that i new order oT
knighthood, tho Royal Victorian, has been cre
ated. Tho British Admiralty has given ordcra for
tho construction of 20 new torpedo-boat do
Tho Cologno Gazette reports that thero has
been fighting in German Southwest Africa, in
which two German officers and six men wero
killed. Tho revolt at present is confined to
tho Khanas and Hottentots, but may spread to
tho Hereos and Witdoois tribc3.
Tho Venezuelan Commission has decided to
send agoiit3 to ThcHaguo to examine docu
Tho opening of tho United State3 dry-docS:
at Port Orchard. Puget Sound, the third largest
in tho world, by tho docking of tho Govern
ment coast defense vessel Monterey, wa3 ac
complished last week.
Tho New York Assembly passed the Greater
New York Bill over tho vetoes of tho Mayors
of New York and Brooklyn.
United States Ambassador Bayard and other
prominent Americans participated in tho ox'
ercise3 of tho Shaksporean celebration afc-Stratford-on-Avon
la3t week, tho chief ovon?
being the unvailing of tho wiudow in the Shaks-i
pere Church donated by tho Amoricans.
M. Bonrgeois, Premier, and tho rest of tho
French Ministry havo resigned; thero was an
exciting sceno iu the Senate when the Premier
mado a statement, confessing tho right of tho
Senate to overthrow a Ministry.
Thoy aro having trouble with tho Italian
Mafia about Hazleton, Pa., and last week sent;
four momber3 of the society to tho pouitontiary
for 20 years for arson.
A duel has been fought between Baron Fejer
vany, Hungarian Minister for Defense, and
Doputy Bernat. Pistols were tho weapons first
nsed, and shot3 wero exchanged without effect.
The duel was then continued with sabers until
Deputy Bernat was felled to tho ground with a
sovere cut acros3 the temple.
Tho Mataboles aro showing great boldness
and energy in pursuit of their plan to surround
Bultiwayo and cut off its communication with
tho outs'de world.
The Baroness do Hirsch, widow of the re
cently deceased Hebrew philanthropist, has
presented $20,000 for distribution amongst tho
poor of Paris.
Tho trial of Scott Jackson, at Newport, Ky.,
on tho chargo of murdering Pearl Bryan, is at
tracting much attention. The evidence than
far is very damaging to the defense.
Tho popnlatipn of Paris was 2,511,-155 on
Both Argentina and Chilo havo signed a
treaty fixing tho boundary between .their
Sir Mackenzie Bo well, Canadian Premier,
has resigned and it is expected that Governor
General Aberdeen will summon Sir Charles
Tuppor to form a new Cabinet.
An engagement fs reported to havo taken
placo near Hoyo Colorado between Maj. Tapin,
at tho head of 300 Spanish troops, and 1,000
iusurgeuts, under command of Perico Perez;
tho latter Iosintr eight killed, IS wounded, and
1 1 prisonors. Tho Spanish loss is not stated.
Tho insurgents havo tried to pass tho military
lino farmed by tho Spanish across tho narrow
part of Cuba. One rpport has it that tho at
tempt was successful and tho commands of Bor
mudez and Sainz aro safoly out of tho Provinces
of Pmar del Bio.
John Hay3 Hammond, tho Amorii-an Mining;
Engineer, has followed tho example of other
members of tho National Reform Committee of
Johannesburg, aud Monday pleaded guilty of
A cable from Bliss Clara Barton to Socretary
Olnoy, dated April 25, states that tho rollof
work is progressing, aud that tho Provincial
Governors aro cordial and helpful.
Tho First Lord of tho Treasury, A. J. Balfbnry
stated in the House of Commons, Monday, that
tho British Government had under considera
tion a plan of arbitration with tho United
States with respect to tho Venezuelan and othor
questions, and that a peaceful and satisfactory
solution of tho matters is probable.
M. Molina has been summoned by President
Faurc to form a now Fronch Cabinet.
Tho Northern Pacific Railroad is to bo sold
under tho consolidated mortgago of tho Farm
ers' Loan and Trust Co., all the different inter
ests having agreed to tho decree. The property
will bo divided into three parcels, aud tho ag
gregate of tho bid3 must not be less than
Tho steamer Bermuda left Jacksonville, Fla.,
Monday with a cargo of arm3aud munitions of
war, which it ia thought aro intended for tho
Tho Theo3ophicaI Society of America, in
session at New York City, has chosen Erne3t
T. Hargrove President for tho term of three
years. Tho newly-elected Presidoiit has an
nounced that on tho death of tho lato Presi
dent, Mr. Judge, papers wore Jotiud naming tho
porson who should succeed him as occult leader,
but tho name must bo kopt secret ono year.
Hargrove, however, is not tho ouo chosen.
It is asserted on tho authority of Sir'Eobori
Hart that China has coded to Russia tho Prov
inces of Mongolia, Manchuria, and Shoug King,
iuclusive of the Liao Tung Peninsula and Pore
Arthur, and-is to receive in return the power
ful protection of tho Czar. Tho statement ha3
created a sonsation in Europe, as it looks Iiko
tho dismembcruieufc-of tho great ChiuedO Em
pire has already begun.
The pavement in front of the "Waa. H.
Vanderbilt residence iu New York City cost;
over 40,000 The single stone lying; directly
in trout is the largest known pavinc; s&Stt.
.1 l . ....1:... .1 .11 co on-