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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: VrMtttiHtWi Q? 03 THURSDAY. MAY 7, 1896.
FIGHTING THEM OYER,
What Onr Veterans Have to Say About
Their Old Campaigns,
PRAISE FOR THE OLD FIFTH.
Incidents in tho Career or tlio Duryca
Continued frcm last treefc)
Editou Njvtioxal Tkihuxe: So again,
ns always at Frodricksbnig, to quote one
who was on the spot: "Their (5th N. X.)
nerve and discipline were tried lo the utmost
ol human indurance. On the night and
morning of the withdrawal of the despond
ent Army of the Potomac (after its bloody
repulse) with the sad and hopeles3 feeling
that they were to he sacrificed for the good
of tho whole, they spent the hours staudiug
in a muddy trench up to their knees in icy
water, aud under a cold, drizzly rain, facing
the fatal stone vrall.
"Not a word was spoken. Each soul was
communing wth itself, as patiently they
waited for daylight to npppar, when, as they
fully lettered at the tune, they were to
die and that trench become their grave.".
About 8 o'clock in the morning of the IG.h
(December, 18G2) the reciment went through,
the deserted city ou a double-quick, having
previously been drawn up on the outskirts
for BOine time waiting under great suspense
iu line-of-battle for the word of command,
and while there were joined by two of the
companies which bad been all night in a
most perilous and doleful position, eo close
to the enemy that they could hear what
they eaid. One remark caught was: 'I
know there are Yanks near. I can smell
"Tho main body of the regiment was
withdrawn from the trench at daylight by
creeping, a company at a lime, to the cover
of a large brick warehouse.
"It is uuneceary to say anything to old
Eoldiers who inay have been placed by tho
fortune of war in similar positions of what
They Stood foe Houns.
was seen of Ibc field before they left. The
enemy's skirmishers were in plain view ad
Trancing and halting now and then to rob
the dead. Thousands of the killed and
wounded could be teen lying as they fell,
who had eo heroically charged up the slope
of Marye's Hights, thus exemplifying their
discipline, to accomplit-h what could not be
done to obey the order: 'Those Higbls
must he taken tonight.' Line after Hue
followed its predecessor only to fall a sacri
fice before ibo&c deadly sheets of flame which
- tthotSorth in spiteful anger from the Con
federate line Bttfely ensconced, four rows
deep, in the sunken road behind the stone
"As the 5tb neared the only remaining
pontoon bridge they met their disciplined
comradep, the Regulars of Buchanau's bri
gade, awaiting their arrival, when all im
mediately crossed over the river, and the
bridge was taken up. The regiment's loss
was only a few wounded and miBsing; never
theless, from the great strain and suspense
they had been under for three days and
nights, expecting at any moment to take a
leading part in the contest, by the men who
were there this experience was alwaj-s re
garded as the most trying ordeal of their
"The following was read at evening
parade, Dec 18:
Huang's Fncos-n Division. Fifth Com.
Camp nbar Itonv Houhn, Va.. Vic. 18. 18G2. J
General Oi tier .No. 49.
The General cnitinmndintr desires lo express bis
tlinuki to the ofliecrs mid enlisted men of the di
vision for the elieerfulm-hf, endurance mid valor
th'lmvccxliilited in (tic recent opernlionn around
the City of FreUPiickM.urjr. Though not culled
on to drirc in the direct Hh-iiult upon the eiicni1
Intrcnclimeiifn, the pohition ahr-ixiicd tlicin wits one
of equal peril, mid vu? held under ciiciinutnnceH
Hint tnz tho Ih-hI qimlitie-" .f n foldicr; Putience,
discipline mid courHue. The FirM Hrigudc nnd the
5th N. V. (Third Uii-nde) hud the honor to cover
the withdrawal of the troopts from Frcdericlchburi;.
This mimuver wn nceomplMied without losi or
dinitHlor of tiny kind, nnd with ckill. celerity mid
boldii&fc. The ticnurnl trualSHtid believe llmttlio
(soldier he bna lind the honor lo cointmind will be
chnracterized nlwnyshy the snine devotion to duty
and tlitf-ntucunrm-xtdehhcto preserve the rcpuUi
tlon they have ki jitly ncquircd while bcluuuiug
to the Army to the Potomne.
By command of Bric.-Oen. Svirra.
, . Giioiigi: IIva. A. A.-G.
OnicfIr A. S. MARVltf, A. A.-Uemral.
"Note. The above order must not be con
strued as by any means covering all that was
done by the division. The official reports
6how what the Kegulars did, and what they
Buffered in doing their work well, as they
On a Double-quick.
The 5th N. Y. closed their work and his
tory at Ohancellorsvillc by putting a con
spicuous jewel oC irartial virtue into their
crown, and which should shine and be pre
served as tho expression of that which is
worthy a place among the bright dcds of
the noble in doing and daring upon the field
of battle, and appealing to the nense of the
sublime in the eyes and to the heart of our
common Immunity, and which is the sign
and token of the univertal religion that i ules
the world around. "Vc call it love of coun
try, but truly and justly this is only an
other name lor the worship of "God and
It is not denied that other such feats of
splendid courage and conspicuous nerve may
have been performed either in the armies of
the North or South, and if so let us know
it To bring out any such fact is a chief
motive in writing this present paper. If
this achievement of the Zouaves can be
matched, then match it. Such facts which
reflect glory upon our common country
onght not to perish in oblivion. The blood
f.'tho New World, with its best exponent
in the land of Old Glory, has never run red
der nor beat higher thau in the veins and
from the hearts of the men of 18G1-18G5,
who gave themselves for their couu try's
altar in the time this sacrifice was demanded.
The fathers of 177G never suffered more, nor
dared more, nor did more to make us free
thau did the armies of tho war for the Union
lo maintain that liberty for the coming gen
erations and tho world. And let their names
and deeds live forever!
It is profitable and deserving that the rec
ord of such deeds of especial heroism should
Ciiaegixg ur TJiEcSr.orn.
be preserved in the pages of TlIK NATIONAL.
Tjiihuxe, to which all veterans have oppor
tunity freely to contribute, and where their
testimonies will he most widely read, and
there embalmed as in a storehouse of history,
unequaled in any other land of any age a
unique repository of events from the best of
sources: they who made the history and of
which they themselves were a part. Only
let the record be one of fact, and not fancy
and invention, and untarnished by any
fumes of envy nor the foibles of braggado
cio. Rev. Jos. H. BltADLKY, D. D., Captain,
Co. G, 5th N. Y., and Chaplain, 10th N. Y.
Cav., Tuckerlon, N. J.
Timo Almost Too Lively
Editor National Tribune: Before
daylight Sunday, May 3, 18G3, tho Light
Division of tho Sixth Corps woke up the
Johnnies on Marye's Hights by trying to
steal a inarch on them.
Our brigade the Third, First Division
was below the town in liue-of-battle tryiug
to get a nap, and was routed up by the
racket. It was soon over, but some of the
boys said they would not live in such a
noisy neighborhood, but would move next
Soon after daylight the batteries of both
sides on the left flank opened fire and kept
it tip until about 10 a. m., when we moved
by the right flank toward the town.
As we entered a deep ravine near the rail
road a battery above the town fired at us,
but shells fell short. Another bat:cry at
south end of the ravine opened on us; the
first shell went over, the next entered
ground near us aud hurat nuder our feet
between two last files of the company. It
stunned us for a moment, aud wounded
Lieut. Roberts, of Co. E. After getting into
the ravine they made it hot for us, as they
had a raking fire down its whole length.
About noon we entered the town and
found it in possession oi the Light Division.
The 31st N. Y., of onr brigade; had taken
part in the charge, and wc felt proud that
one division of the old Sixth Corps had done
what Burnside failed to do at such a terrible
sacrifice of life.
Looking at the almost-impregnable posi
tion, it seemed impossible our boys should
have 1aken it with so-little loss. We were
soon on tho move out the plank road in pur
suit of the Johnnies. They fell back, skir
mishing, until reaching Salem Church. We
formed line-of-battle, our brigade being on
right of road, with Doth Pa. on left of line
close to road. The Jersey Brigade were
in our front as skirmishers.
We tool; position behind a light brush
fence, but had hardly done so when there
was a crash of musketry in the oods ahead
of us, and the Jersey boys came back in a
hurry, reporting four lines-of-batllo wailing
for ns. Then the battle opened.
Wc had thought it hot at Gainrs's Mill
and South Mountain, but it was no com
parison to this. The roar of musketry was
awful ; we could not hear the report of our
own guns, and bullets flew like hail. A
battery in our rear shelling the Johnnies
fired too low, wounding our Second Lieu
tenant (Jones) in the shoulder.
About GO yards in woods on our left was
a small stable, the upper part of which was
filled with sharpshooters. After picking off
every officer within range, they turned
their attention to us. Several times the
Johnukshad tried to come out of the woods,
but we bad driven them back. While
pulling trigger on a daring color-bearer
who had advanced within 40 yards of our
line, I got a bullet through my left arm
neat the fchouldtr, knocking mc out, spoil
ing my aim, and saving that Johnny's bacon.
A few minutes after I heard the rebel
yell. Looking along our line to see if our
boys were readv for them, I found the regi
ment had moved off by the right flank to
uncover the battery, leaving a heavy line of
killed and wounded behind the fence.
The Johnnies were about 25 yards off
when I started to run, followed by five com
rades, all wounded, but able lo travel. The
Johnnie. yelled, fired a volley at us, drop
ping four of the six. Just then our battery
opened on them with canister and made
them hustle back to the woods.
I went across the road in front of the
church, where there were two 20-pound Par
rott guns and six brass 12-pound guns
ready for business. Close by Gen. Sedg
wick sat on his horse watching the battle.
Off to thclclt of the batteries a brigade of
our boys bad charged up to a fence at the
woods. After fighting there a short time
they were ordered to fall back, which they
did in good order, loading and firing as they"
relrcaed. They halted ou left of the bat
Al that distance I could not see what bri
gade it was, but the officer in command rode
a white horse. In a few moments the rebs
came out of the wool's in tlnee lines-of-bat-tle,
with intervals of about 75 yards between
each line. They moved at a quick-step,
guns right-shoulder shitt. The ground in
front of batteries was clear of brush, etc., for
about 400 yatds. When the firdt line was 150
yards off there was an explosion that shook
the earth, and we could tee gaps 10 to 15 feet
wide cut through their line-of-bnttle. They
tried to close them, but were swept away
like leaves before a fierce gale. The second
aud third lines advauced until they came
within range, but got no farther.
Nothing human could face that Btorm of
death. The slaughter was so great it was a
relief to many of us when their lines broke
and they fled in disorder lo the woods, pur
sued by shot and shell, like avenging
demons. Had all the rest of the army 'car!
ried out their part of the program as well as
the old Sixth Corps Chancellors vi lie would
have had a different ending. Most of our
loss 4,500 was at Salem Church, and was
the result of somebody's blunder at Chaucel
lorsville. J. Shaw, 95th Pa., Reading, Pa.
"Don't Tobacco-Spit or Suioku Your Life
Kame of tho littlo book just received tells
about Kololae, tho wouderful, harmless, eco
nomical euro for chewing, smoking, cignrct, or
btiufl habit. You run no physical or financial
risk, for Nolohac Is absolutely guaranteed to
cure or money refunded. Your druggist's got
it or will get it. Write for the book mailed
free. The Steulinq Remedy Co., Box 3, In,
diana Mineral Springs, Iud, Agents wanted.
TRACING THE LINES.
Field of Antiotnm After Thirty Ycnrs
Editor National Tribune: While in
your section recently I visited Autieiam.
I went over the old positions of our regi
ment brigade, and division, which are well
and carefully marked by tablets erected by'
order of tho War Department, bearing
legends clearly explaining the positions of
the several commands at different hours of
the day on the 17th of September, 1862.
Many roads have been built in different
directions through the field, inclosed by
substantial fences separating them from tho
old farms, which are largely as they were
33 years ago.
But thore stand the same old stone fences
that Ave either fought behind or carried on
that bloody day when more than 12,000
men on the Union side went down. There
are to be ecen even the same worm-fences
that stood there, or at least the same sort
of fences mark tho farm lines on the great
field. The same houses stand, with an
occasional addition to their number, and the
same ancient and moss-covered appearance
characterizes the village of Sharpsburg,
where the Confederate center bad its base.
The old Quaker Church, on the right of tho
rebel line, is unchanged, save that tho
ravages of war, tho shot-torn walls, and
the riddled roof have been repaired. The
quaint building has been used for church
purposes for a hundred years, except during
an interval of a couple of years after tho
We went along tho whole length of the
ground occupied by tho contending battle
lines, from left to right, over a distance of
three and a half miles, in a furious wind
storm, that cut to the bone, and contrasted
sharply enough with that hot September
day of 18G2 on which the mighty conflict
was waged from daylight till dark, under
cover of which Lee's preparations for retreat
across the Potomac were made, nnd success
fully made, right in the front of McClellan's
The field of Antictani is known as the
most magnificent spot in America f6r a
great battle; there is nothing like it among
all the battlefields of the war. The rolling
hills, the open country, giving clean sweep
for the eye; the peaceful scene, the quaint
farmhouses, and tho "curios" of farmers;
the ancient aud Kip-Van-Winkle-like vil
lage, where whisky and war relics and local
statesmanship are the chief industries all
these I gathered into my mental treasury
during that windy drive of two hours, and
the memory of them shall remain there,
along with the imperishable recollections of
the famous battle a third of a century agone,
so long as life shall endure.
I was extremely fortunate in having as
escort Hubert W. Kerr, a 4th Ohio veteran,
and Col. Ezra A. Carman, of the War Depart
ment, an intelligent and studious oflicer,who
himself served in the battle, and who is en
gaged in the important aud interesting work
of tracing, marking, and mapping some of
the battlefields of the war, Antietam among
The work here ha3 been well and care
fully done. The largo tablets which mark
the position3 of the troops are hundreds in
number, and the historical descriptive mat
ter which has been placed upon them is full
and clear enough to give a very excellent
idea, even to a civilian, of the different com
mands and their various operations at dif
ferent hours of that pregnant day on which
the fate of the rebel attempt to invade tho
North was decided adversely to the Army of
"Wc started on the left, where stands the
famous Burnside Bridge, looking just as it
did during the battle. It was hero that the
first fighting of our command was-dono in
the attempt to dislodge the brigade of
Toomb', occupying the bluffs overlooking
the bridge. After a stubborn resistance and
two separate repulses of the nssaul ting col
umns, the position was carried, and our
forces, with the exception of my regiment,
then the 12th Ohio, crossed the Antietam
and ascended to the rolling ground and open
fields, where the fierce struggle of the after
I traced our Hue of march readily. The
12th, acting as a flanking torce, was ordered
to march down the east bank of the creek,
and ford it near the Antietam Iron Works,
a mile below, then to follow the opposite
bank back to a point near the bridge, where
the regiment look its position in the brigade,
and went still further to the front with the
general line. On the occasion of my recent
visit I traversed the selfsame ground over"
winch my regiment marched in the battle,
following the line to its most advanced posi
tion at the edge of a 40-acre cornfiehl,4whcro
the principal lighting of the day, on the left,
The brigade (Ewing's) consisted of the
I2th, 23d and 30th Ohio, the 12th occupying
the extreme left of the army, with its flank
literally "in the air." Our left had not
even a wood, a hill, a ravine or a fence to
rest upon, aud this fact, with the attendant
danger of our flank being the more readily
tinned by the threatened rebel assault from
that quarter, made it necessary to change
front tinder fire and face the 12th in a direc
tion which brought its front at right angle
to the brigade line at one period in the
It was here that the famous assault of A.
P. Hill's command was sustained by our
people. Iltll, after capturing Miles at Har
per's Ferry, had marched all night of the
16th to reach the field of Antietam, and his
troops swung in upon McClellan's left (Bum-
side commanded the left wing of the army,
and Gen. J. D. Cox the Ninth Corns') about
the middle of that memorable afternoon, aud
without even asking the floor, or beiii"
recognized by the Speaker, commenced
shooting, and shooting like the very devil.
The battle here was fought in the 40-acre
cornfield to which I have already referred,
and it was corn-cutting with a veugeance.
Behind the exposed infantry positions of the
two armies the contending artillery occupied
coigns of vantage on hights overlooking the
field, and poured in tons of hurtling iron to
add to the harvest of death which was being
reaped by the regiments of foot grappling
witli each other at short range in the corn
field. At this juncture in the conflict still
further reinforcements for the Confederate
right came surging into the line-of-battle.
After the bloody repulse sustained by Lee
at the bauds of Hooker on the right, the
Confederate commander had withdrawn his
left to the cover of the woods and fences
about the Quaker Church and the village of
Sharpsburg, and the conflict subsided, to a
great degree, on that part of the field. Then
it was that Lee threw a heavy body of
troops from his left to his right, nnd these
columns confronted Burnside's thin lines at
about the same hour that A. P. Hill came
up from Harper's Ferry. The result was
that our extreme left was overborne by the
weight of men and guns, and forced back to
the line of the Antietam Creek just as dark
ness fell upon the scene and put a stop to
the great conflict.
Our position was held during the night
that pregnant night under cover of which
Lee was permitted to escape across the Po
tomac, when with Grant, or Sheridan, or
Sherman in command on our side the rebel
army would have been driven into the Poto
mac, or compelled to surrender on its north
At our most advanced position in the
cornfield stand now a series of lettered tab
lets, marking the several positions of the
troop. One of them showed where our
brigade the 12th, Sail, and 30th Ohio
stood in the last shock of battle.
I could recall eveiy thing with startling
clearness even the big trro under the bank
of the Antietam, beneath which I spent the
night of the 17th with the stiug of a uiusket
Lall in my lift shoulder.
It v.v here on the last lino held by the
brigade, late on the evening of the daw that
Billy McKin!ey, then Couiinissary-Sergeaut I
of tho 23d, broncKtf'ap hard-lack, "sow
belly," nnd hot cflVJ- tq the men of bis rfgi
mcut lying down order of battlo with
faces to tho foe.
I came away front-. the historic field of
Antietam only ouo of 'the many great bat
tles of the war within mind filled with
thrilling recollections of the tromendous aud
prolonged conflict, and n still larger con
ception of tho mngWrido of tho mighty
struggle which was required lo savo the
Union and prcsorvo Republican liberty on
this continent. U. G. Otis, Los Augoles,
Tells Ilia Ex-
Editor National Tribune: I en
joyed Gen. Howard's writings very Inuch.
I consider him as having no peer on
war records of tho rebellion, and as an
American citizen be is of Iho highest type.
In his article on Bentonville I wish to give
some evidence from a personal observation
which he as commander of another part of
the army could not know.
Fearing's Brigade, with Gen. Morgan, was
first in column on the morning of tho 19th.
Maj. Holmes, of the 52d Ohio, was in com
mand of the foragers, who acted as skirmish
ers. Both on that morning met too much
opposition to get on very fast. About 7 a.
m. they wcro brought up short with rebel
lines aud works too strong for them to
The Major rode back for help. Just as ho
reached tho head of onr brigade, it halted to
the right of tho Slocum road, while Gen.
Carliu with his division was to come for
ward and take the front.
As our division had been in tho front tho
18th and should fall to the rear the next
day's march, Gen. Carlin had arrived at the
head of his division just parallel to our di
vision, and was in tho road whilo wc wcro
stacked arms just on the roadside. Carlin's
Division was in column of fours, right
shoulder shift, with guns unloaded.
Gen. Howard mentions the probable for
mation of march hence. I give it exact:
Maj. Holmes reported to Gen. Carlin he had
found the rebels intrenched, and wished
help. Carlin said to the Major :
"Get your: bummers out of the way
and I will drive the rebs out with a skirmish
line." This somewhat "riled" ihc Major, who
ioilo back to his men nnd gave orders to fall
back to the main command. Carlin in the
meantime pushed forward, trying to get a
line of skirmh-hers thiown .ut. Howard's
complete description of the dense pinc3 and
swampy grounds, plainly shows how diffi
cult this was lo do. To make it moro so,
iho.se icbels soon learned that our advance
hud been withdrawn. They came like bees
swarming, striking Carliu.'s men.
It seemed to me a deal of confusion, nnd
only for Gen. Morgan's quick action and a
battery which was in place just north of the
rood, Carlin and lus division would have
been swept from the field. I wish to stato
that the work of that battery was the most
grand ot any it was my lot to witness dur
ing my three years of war. As soon as Car
'lin's incti got to the rear of the battery, it
opened on the on-coijiing rebs with double
charged canister, and kept it up so vigorous
ly that it forced thc',cncmy to abandon our
captured hospital, and caused them to push
to our right. Here the rel3 ran into a snag
Gen. Morgan, with his, men in close di
vision in column, who'sfaid right there and
defied them all day. Theso two fights, as
I said, gave Cailin (line to rally bis con
fused ranks and remain on the field; other
wise his bravado aud carelessness would
have proven a defeat. Qen. Howard will
see by this, that while he supposed Carlin
to have out the usual skirmishers in front
and flank, he (Carlih)'did.not have a single
skirmisher out nntil a'fterbia stampede.
I shall always feel very grateful toward
that battery for making it so hot for the
rebs that 1 had the chance, and took our
ambulance train ont of1 the rebs' grasp, aud
to the rear.
I wish to mention that Gen. Fearing lost
a thumb and forefinger early in the melee,
but would not leave the field until loss of
blood forced him to give up; he was a brave,
good officer, and of the Regular Army. We
of the Fourteenth Corps were truly grateful
that our Howard, with his corps, was close
at baud aud would soon slrike a telling
blow, which he did, and no doubt saved
much bloodshedding the next day. Cyrus
A. B. Fox, Co.
H, 8Glh III., Sioux Falls,
"Tho Jtcbel Curiosity Shop."
Editor National Tribune: I send in
closed the calls f.ir the meeting of Confeder
ate Veterans In Richmond, Va., on June 30
and July 1 and 2. I cannot understand how
they can claim to be able to fay that it is
not in disloyalty that they will yell again
the rebel yell and wave the rebel flag and
pass glowing tributes to the so-called Presi
dent, Jeff Davis.
Is it not disloyalty lo honor a traitor? A
monument to him as United States Senator
or Governor of Mississippi in his native
State worth! not be objectionable; but when
they erect one to him in the capital of the
erstwhile Confederacy as a monument of
their dovotiou to the Lost Cause, and as
Wise claims they lost their country, I would
like to know where they are now. If he
had said they lost their "niggers," I could
understand him aud his wail much better.
Now, everybody understands that liich-
tlmond wants to advertise herself as tho
cuiiosity shop of the defunct Confederacy,
and for this purpose is getting together all
the old relics, from Jeff Davis down, so as to
attract tourists to tho boarding-house.
When they lint starlcd the show they used
to pay the fare of poor cx-Conledcralcs so as
to make up the crowd each year, as they
want to establish a permanent celebration
asortof rebel niardtgras in which all the
saloon keepers and hotels arc deeply inter
ested. But the bulk of the cx-Confcderales have
no faith in these Richmond showmen now,
as they had but little mitjt during the war,
as shown by the following extract from the
"History of the 17th Va." p. GI. Geo. Wise,
the author, writing of June, 1862, says:
" Richmond waslilledivitJi peopleof every
grade, from the earnesolpyinpathizers in our
cause, to tbeshylockB IjcT seized upon, any
prey within range of rhtTir tender mercies,
whether citizeu or soldier, widow or orphan ;
nnd it js lo this clnsa dt people, whether
native or imported, may be greatly attributed
the downfall of the Southern Confederacy ;
to them rightfully belongs, tho opprobrium
which fraud and extortion should ever bring
upon their votaries! n ie
"It is needless to say;thesa peoplo re
mained in civil life, pursuing whatever avo
cation would best accomplish their end."
And they are there in Richmond yet, and
the avocation they nr& now employed in is
collecting and exhibiting the remains of the
late Confederate Stafys to the curiosity
seeker. But they diu not want to keep
Libby. That was a thorn in their side. It
should have been purchased by Northern
people, and kept therewith the records of
the atrocities perpetrated iu it emblazoned
on its walls. War. E. Doyle, Steveusburg,
An. obi physician, retired from .practice, had
placed in-his liitndt by on ISnst Indiii misiimnry
the formula of a siiiiplo vegctiihlM remedy for the
BDi-edy mid t--rm'utieiil 00 ro of CoiiMiniinion,
Rnnicliiti-, t'aUirrli, Aslliiiiii nrid nil Tliroui mid
Lung Affeetioiirt; ulso ii positive aild radical euro
fur" Netvoiis Debility unit all Nervoni Complaints.
JIiivitiK le.iled it wonderful curative powers iu
tlioii.-tuitiU of eiihc-i. Mid deti'iii to relievo" liiimnn
HUll'erini:. I will scutl free of cliarsu lo all who wish
U this recipe iu German, French or KiikIIhIi, with
full directions for preparing d usiii. Kent b.v
mail by nddres-dnir, with atn-np, ii'imliin this
paper. YV. A. Noycs. 820 To wer&Ulock, llocUaltr.
From Alert Comrades All Along the
After JcfT JJnvtH.
Joseph Langdon, St. Joseph, Mo., says
that in Gen. Minty's account of tho 4th
Mich. Cav. bo failed to say that tho regi
ment assisted in the capture of Jeff Davij,
instead of capturing him all by themselves.
He says the 1st Wis. Cav. was sent out on
May 6, 1865, in pursuit of Jeff Davis. We
learned from the colored people that a party
bad passed on and crossed tho Ocmulgeo
"After our party had crossed we fell in
with a detail of tho 4th Mich. Cav., Lieut.
Col. Prit chard in command of them. Ho
informed our Colonel that he (Pritchard)
w.i3 ordered to conic to the Ocmulgeo River,
guard tho fords, and remain there until fur
"Our detail pursued our journey. After
traveling all that day wo struck Davis's
trail, and wc kept on until lato at night.
Wo went into camp until toward morning
of the 10th of May. Wo were certain wc
were in the vicinity where Davis had gone
into camp the night before.
"Our command was ordered to deploy
and surround his camp before daylight. As
we were making a movo wo heard a loud
'Halt!' We supposed wo were meeting
Davis's camp-guards, and tho order was
given to lire. There were a number of vol
leys fired from both sides before we mado
the discovery that wo were firing into the
4th Mich. Cav.
"This was the first intimation we had
that Pritchard was nearer than Abbeville.
Now, if it bad not been for Col. Pritchard's
eagerness lo gain notoriety and disobedience
of orders given him, ho would not have lost
two of his bravo boys.
" The distance to Davis's camp from where
iho fight took place was about 70 yards; the
1st "Wis. nnd 4th Mich, immediately sur
rounded tho camp. Three persons left a
large tent, one with a tin pail upon her arm,
and moved townrd the thick wood. Lieut.
Dickinson called 'Halt!' and Corp'l Manger
advanced and recognized one of the persons
as Davis, by his high-top boots. The other
two were Mw Davis and Miss Howell."
A IMouso Roused Both Armies.
J. W. Parsons, Stanley Post, G.A.R., New
Britain, Conn., writes: "A 10th Mas.', man
in our Post tells a story about a field mouje
that crawled up inside of the pants-leg of
a sleeping soldier of bis regiment in 1862.
The two armies wero very near each other,
in tho Fairfax section uf Virginia. All was
very quiet, when suddenly this sleeping
soldier, brave as n lion in battle, was
awakened by the mouse. Ife sprang tip,
yelled and stamped like a madman. Tho
boys thought ho had gone crazy, but they
finally gained an idea from his bowling that
something was inside his clothes. They went
to beating the life out of n supposed snake,
and incidentally out of the soldier. A tiny
monso was seen dropping out of his pants
leg. It was quite dead. The awfnl racket,
however, had meantime caused the long-roll
to be sounded down our lines, followed by
that of the Johnnies. I wonder how many
of the boya recall this."
A Narrow Escape.
Levi J. Groom, Chief Bugler, 2d Veteran
N. Y. Cav., Glens Falls, N. Y., writes: "I
shall never forget the Christmas of 1864. I
felt that I was of more consequence that
day than any other of my army life. Tho
able portion of our regiment (the 2d N. Y.
Vet. Cav.) was off on an expedition in Mis
sissippi, leaving us convalescents in camp at
Morganzia Bend, La., under command of
"It was a lovely day, the river was high,
and the float-wood was running lively. I
was catching plenty of it for my camp lire.
At last I caught a piroque or dugout cance,
and then I was happy, for I had out c worked
on the river in New York State, and could
ride anything that would hold me up.
"I jumped into the piroque, paddled it out
in the river and back to shore again. Some
times I went nearly half-way across. Hap
pening to look up at the fort, which was the
General's Headquarters, I saw them run ont
one of their guns and train it on me. Sup
posing there was an enemy somewhere, I
paddled with all my might into shore to get
out of range.
"Pulling up the canoe and climbing up
the bank, I was confronted by a mounted
officer, who questioned me as to my name,
rank, to what command I belonged, and in
formed me that the river was our outpost,
and when I went beyond the shore I was
in the enemy's country ; our men had run
out thatl2-pounder to fire on me, nnd that
I had saved myself by turning iu toward
the shore at that moment."
for Comratro IJed ford's Kyo.
William H. Gregg, Co. A, 34th Ind., Bluff
Ion, Intl., writes: "In a recent issue is a
notice from Ezra M. Bedford, Weasels Post,
85, Portville, N. Y., that he found a gold
beaded cane at Louisville, Ky., in September
last, and supposed some comrade had lost it;
that he would he glad to return the same if
it was described so as to satisfy the finder,
etc. I was in tho seat wreck at that place,
and it was there I lost my gold-headed cane.
I wrote Comrade Bedford twice, giving a
complete description of my cane, the initials
'W. II. S.' on the head, nnd a diagram of
shape of head of cane, etc., and I cannot
hear from him in any way.
"The cane is highly prized by me, and if
my description is correct, I do not under
stand why he does not send it to mc. If my
description is not correct, I cannot see why
he does not answer my letters, as I inclosed
Comrades of Co. G, 147th Intl., please ad
dress Emanuel Hushman, Runuells, Iowa.
H. M. Parker, Co. A, 11th 111., Blissfield,
Mich., would like to find the English-made
Enfield rifle' ho drew from tho arms capt
ured at Fort Douelson aud carried till near
the close of the war. His name is engraved
on the guard-plate. He would like to hear
from every survivor of Co. A, with a view to
having another Reunion at Freeport, III., in
W. R. Barclay, Alsea, Ore., wants to find
his discharge from Co. I, 21th M. S. M. Cav.
He says he sent it to bis attorneys in Neosho,
Mo., and they told him it was lost in tho
J. E. A. Servers, Sharaokin, Pa., asks if
there was not a battery in action between
Forts Gregg nnd Wagner when the Union
troops had possession of them.
"Who "Was tho Comrade?
Editor National Tkirune: At tho
battle of Gettysburg, in tho historic Wheat
field, whilo being closely pursued by the
24th Ga. (Confederate), Capt. J. M. Pipes
(then Orderly-Sergeant of Co. A, 140tb Pa.)
and myself picked up aud carried a wounded
comrade and placed him between two rocks,
where ho would be somewhat protected from
the oncmy's fire. In doing this the enemy
gained upon us so much as to bring ns iu
cl030. range, resulting in both of us being
wounded, Pines receiving a flesh wound in
his leg and being captured, aud I a wound
in my leg, crushing the bones and causing
its loss from amputation. I am anxious to
know whether this comrade survived the
battlo and is yet living. If he is, he would
confer a great favor by saying so in n short
communication in The National Triiiune,
or dropping a line to J. J. Purman, M. D.,
First Lieutenant 140th Pa., 1435 Cbapin
street n. w,, Washington, D. C.
Pure blood makes strong nerve. Hood's Sarsa
parilla mnkcb pure blood. The tuornl is plain.
Brief Skdches of the Services of
Various Commands; - '
Bnttery J, 1st Midi. T A.
Capt. J. J. Daniels resigned, Dec. 15,1863;
Lieut. Addison N. Kidder was promoted to
be Captain of Battery L, Feb. 2, 1S64 ; and
when mustered out tho battery was com
manded by Capt. Luther li. Smith. In
honor of it3 first Captain tho organization
was known a3 "Dauiels'a Battery." It
served in Ward's Division, Twentieth Corps,
nnd lost five men killed and 27 died.
Ualtery K, 1st Mich. I.. A.
The organization was generally known in
the service as "Schuetz'a Battery," in honor
of its first commander, Capt. John C. Schtietz,
who afterward became Major of tho regi
ment. When mustered out the battery was
commanded by Capt. Adolf Scbill. Its loss
in the service was three men killed and ono
officer and 14 men died.
llattery T,, 1st Mich. I. A.
This organization was generally known as
"Thompson's Battery," and served' in the
Fourth Division, Twenty-third Corps. Its
Captains were: C.J. Thompson, died. Jan. 20,
18(14, at Detroit, Mich.; Ailduon N. Kidder,
resigned, March 4, 18Gt; Thomas Gallagher,
discharged, Jan. 15,1865; nnd Carlton Neal,
in command when the battery was mus
tered out. Ono man was killed and one
officer and 27 men died in the service.
Kattery 21, 1st Mich. I A.
This battery served in the Fourth Di
vision, Twenty-third Corps, with a loss of
three men killed and 15 died. It was desig
nated "Hillier'a Battery" in recognition of
it3 Captain, Edward G. Ililhcr, who com
manded the battery until August, 1864,
when he was discharged. During the re
mainder of its service it was commanded by
Capt. Augustus II. Emery.
Tho 1st 11. I. J,, A.
The regiment, composed of eight batteries,
was organized at Providence, R. L, as fol
lows: Btttery A, Jnne 6,1861; Battery B,
Aug. 13, 1801; Battery C, Aug. 26,3861;
Battery D, Sept. 4, 1861 j Battery E, Sept.
24, 1801 ; Battery F, Oct. 29, 18G1 ; Battery
G, in December, 1861 ; and Battery H, Oct.
14, 1862; all to serve three years. The origi
nal members, except veterans, of Battery C
were mustered out Aug. 27, 1864, and the
-veterans and recruits transferred to Battery
(Jr. On the expirations of the terms of serv
ice of Batteries A, B, D, E, F, and G the
original members, except veterans, were
mttsterod out, and the organization, com
posed of veterans and recruits, retained in
service. They wero mustered ont at differ
ent dates iu June and July, 1863, and Bat
tery H, Juno 28, 1865. Charles IT. Tomp
kins, Colonel of the regiment, was discharged
April 21, 1865. Previously he had received
the brevet of Brigadier-General. The Lien-tenant-CoIonels
of tho regiment were Wil
liam H. Reynolds, resigned, June 26, 1862,
and J. Albert Monroe, mustered out at expi
ration of bis term of service, Oct. 5, 1864.
Maj. Alex. G. Webb, resigned Oct. 9, 1862 ;
Maj. Samuel P. Sandford was discharged,
March 29, 18G4, and Maj. John A. Tomp
kins and John G. Hazzard were with the
regiment nntil it was mustered ont.
JJattcry A, 1st IS. J. J A.
This battery served in Sedgwick's Divis
ion, Second Corps, and lo3t during it3 enlist
ment one officer and 12 men killed in action
or died of wonnds and five men by disease,
accident", etc. At Antietam, while com
manded by Capt. Tompkins, the battery lost
four killed and 15 wounded. At Gettysburg,
while commanded by Capt. Win. A. Arnold,
it lost three killed and 28 wounded. Col.
Fox in his list of maximum losses of light
artillery batteries makes mention of Battery
A in both these battles.
Uattery IJ, 1st IS. I. X. A.
According to the reports of the War De
partment this battery was engaged in 19
battles, a3 follows: Ball7 Bluff. Yorktowu.
Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Antietam, First
Station, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilder
ness, Po River, Spottsylvania, North Anna,
Tolopotomoy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Deep
Bottom, and Ream's Station. Capt. Thomas
F. Vaughn was reported missing since Octo
ber, 1861 ; Capt. Walter O. Bartlett was dis
charged Aug. 15, 1862, and when mustered
out the battery was commanded by Capt. T.
Fred Brown. Brevet Major. At Gettysburg
the command lost seven killed, 19 wounded
and two missing, according to the statement
made by Col. Fox in his maximum losses of
light artillery batteries in single engage
ments. The battery was generally known
as "Hazard's Battery," in honor of Maj. John
G. Hazard. It served in Howard's Divisiou,
Second Corp Its total loss was one officer
and 13 men killed in action or died of wounds
aud 15 men died of disease, in prison, etc
llattery C, 1st II. I. I,. A.
Thi3 organization was generally known in
the service as "Weeden's Battery," thah
designation having been bestowed upon it in
I w "O " w v iu ww WIIWV IIUUU AW ALA
houor of its first Captain, Win. B. Wceden.
Capt. Weeden resigned July 22, 1862, and
was succeeded by Capt. Richard Waterman,
who remained in command until the bat
tery was mustered onL According to the
War Department, the command took part
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY,
A Weekly Series of
No. 1. STATISTICS OF THE WAR Con taming the number of troops
furnished by each State, losses on both sides and complete statistical data relating to tho
No. 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. Tbe- Gettysburg Address, Second Inaugural,
and copious extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMORANDA. ??te3 of tho great
events relating to the opening and close of the War of the -Rebellion; Physiological
Statistics of tho Army; List of General oflicers killed on both sides.
No. 4. PENSION STATISTICS. Number on tbe roll of each clas3j ex
No. 5. HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.
By John MeElroy. Its Introduction; Early Efforts at Emancipation; it3 stimulus tho
Cotton Gin; Struggle in Congress about extension into tho Territories; Emancipation.
No. 6. PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE.-B?
Byron Andrews. Biography of Monroe, History and Text of Doctrine, OIney's Letter and
Cleveland's Message, Portrait, Map, etc.
No. 7-8 (Double Number). COMMANDERS ,. OF THE
U N ITED STATES A R M Y. -y John MeElroy. Contains splendid lull page half
tone etchings of the best-known portraits of the 17 Commanders from the adoption of tho
Constitution to the present time; a sketch of each; strength of tho Army at various dates.
No. 9. THE STORY OF CUBA. J Jron Andrews. History of tho
Island from the Discovery by Columbus to the Administration of AVeyler. Map and 15
illustrations, including portraits of Gomez, Macco, Campos, Weyler, and other leaders ou
No. 10. THE LIFE OF MAJ. -GEN. GEORGE H. THOMAS.
By John MeElroy. A sketch of the life of the distinguished Commander of tho Army oi" tho
Cumberland, with half-tone portrait.
TO BE ISSUED. v -
No. II. LIFE OF MAJ. WM. McKINLEY. By John MeElroy.
No. 12. LIFE OF GEN. P. H.'SHERIDAN.
OTHER U(DBErS OF GREAT INTEREST OjIItlt FOMtOOl.
Terms $2 a 3ear. Five cents a copy, except double number 7-8, 10 cents. Six ofrth
nnmbera for 23 cents, counting 7-8 as two numbers. Sent postpaid.
Address, TILE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, 1729 Now York Ave., Washington, D. a
in the following engngeracnls; York
town, Hanover Courthouse. Mecbanicsville,
Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, Second Bull
Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancel
lorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Sta
tion, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold" Har
bor, Petersburg, Opeqnan, Fisher's Hilland
Cednr Creek. It served in Morrcll's Divis
ion, Fifth Corps, and lost 19 men killed in
action and eight men died from disease, acci
dents, iu prison, etc According to Col. Fox
only two light artillery batteries in tho
Union army suffered a greater loss in battle
llattery I), 1st II. J. L. A.
This battery wa3 known as "Monroe's
Battery," in honor of Lient.-Col. J. Albert
Monroe, who commanded it dnring its
earlier service. Its other Captnin-n wero:
Wm. y. Buckley, discharged Oct. 29, 1864,
and Elmer L. Corthell, in command wheu
the battery wai mustered out. At Manas
sas, or Bull Ruu, the command lost six
killed, 12 wounded, and ono missing; A&
Antietam it lost three killed, seven wounded,
nnd eight missing. Both of these losses, itt
will be noticed, are very heavy, andr.ro men
tioned by Col. Fox in a list of maximum
losses of light artillery batteries in singlo
engagements!. The battery was in Double
day's Division, First Corps. Its total loss
during its service was 10 men killed and 12
died from disease and other causes.
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