Newspaper Page Text
THE MTIQML TR1BME: WASHINGTON, ft' ft; THURSDAY, MAY 14, 189ft
1 HUM Li fi&ffems&l
. - - - ijK zk
IVWH R K H KMfcWE
EDITOR'S en AT.
Tbo Very Unpopular 2om Do rimuo
Tiling of the rasu
GOOD-BYK, KOM DE PLUME.
For tho second tiino in the history of the
C.C. ami Loyal Home Workers the Editor feels
called upon to withdraw the privilege extended
to contributors of appearing under the unpopu
lar nom de plume, and for the same reasons as
First, tho nom deplume which, disguises tho
writer takes away that feeling of fraternity
which has been eo pleasant a feature of the
Loyal Home Workers Department
Second, tho nom do plume leads to careless
cxprcesion and a rambling style of writing.
Tho writer who appears ii. disguise often gives
expression to thoughts ho would not wish set
down to his account did he slip tho mask aud
bland face to face with his compatriots.
Third, tho multiplicity of complaints bo
cause of the nom do plume has grown to be a
ecrious problem to the Editor, whoso sole and
earnest desire is that everyone of the uioro
tb.au 15.000 members of the C.C. on the roll-call,
very many of whom arc in tho Loyal Homo
Worker for life, shall receive whatever is con
ducive to their healthy, wholesome, natural
development and their upward climb to a
hither and better plane of thought and life.
And theso complaints, supplementing her otyn
convictions, has led to tho conclusion that the
nom do plume must for the present, at least, be
denied to contributors.
Let the writer who has worn tho mask.be as
sured tlint his or her secret has been well kept,
aud will be, bd far as tl.c E'iitor is concerned.
So let the conversation go on; helpful, hopeful,
witty, mirthful, full of sentiment aud feeling,
of loyalty and iratemal love.
Am', now, just a few comments from those
who have written upon this subject
A MISSJBSirPI GJKL'B VIF.WS.
In the world of letters, sinco reading has be
come bo universal and writing an honored pio
fessiou, the fitness and advisability or attaching
one's true iiarae to all manuscript is growing
There is not another profession or occupation,
except that of tho stage, that tho law would
tolerate a man or woman following his or her
vocation under an assumed name. Literature
is not a Etage for thought; the characters in a
writing may not be from life; the writer has a
purpose or a thought to advance.
Macaulay says: " During a hundred and sixty
years the liberty of our press has been con
stantly becoming more and more entire; aud
during those 1G0 years the restraint imposed on
writers by tho general feeling of readers, has
been constantly becoming more strict."
The standard for Hteraturo is moving up
ward. The writer must bo a better mau or
woman, with purer and nobler thoughts aud
wider ideas; for we have discovered that the
EOnl Bhines through aud gives itself, no matter
Low brilliant the screen of words.
You would hot place in a vase with a highly
cultivated rose ouo to which no care had been
given not that you would bo afraid it would
detract from the" rare one's beauty, but that
people would laugh at your poor taste. Then,
why should you thrust in contact with your
expression of culture and knowledge, gained by
years of experience aud Etudy, a mere suatched
Jt is true that merit and suitability to that
certain publication is all that is considoicd by
an editor in examining manuscript, and that
ibo jjaino being rcl or'assumed makes no dif
ference; but with His. Lucy A. Loggctt we
must Eay that "There is a sort of moial cow
ardice in the timidity which shirks tho respon
sibility of standing bravely by its best thought
witu name sua pen.
Lucy M. Baker, Tupelo, Hiss.
AN OLD FuIKXD EPEAKS.
For several years I had been a subscriber of
Tuk National Tkieune, but a few months
ago, through negligence of mine, my paper
ceastd cotniug, and I niisied it very much;
especially the CC. department, for I was a dear
lover of this page, and lemember with pleasure
the names of the-contributors that adorned it
then, such as Amos L. Seaman, Julius W. Go
garn, line G. Hays, Em mult Searcy, Goorgia A.
Martin, Ltzzio Maud Hewlett, Kate Wortham,
Annie L. illiams. Clarence B. Cone,, John
Brucny. Mary L. Best, aud many more worthy
and loyal t'.C's.
Well, I seemed lost without thi6 pac so a
few weeks ago I again subscribed for Tub Na
tional TitiUUNK, and now I am almost lobt
with it. Instead of those old, familiar names
to greet nip, 1 found a lot of contributors all
writing above assumed names.
Probably if the mctks were torn away I
wou.d know dome of them, as I did iu other
days before their identity was hidden. Why
not tear the mask av.ay, that wo may see and
know thoru ao tbey are? If they write a pood
article they should bo com pi. men ted; if it is
not pood it should find its way to the waste
basket, as it will. As it is, the maskers will
live and write and pass away from memory
unknown and. uuhouorod, and the thioug of
loyal C.CV. wilt never know whence they came
or whither they wont.
Dr. Taluinge expresses what wo want when,
in a sermon on newspaper impersonality, be
taid ; "Why notat least putyour proper initials
to your articles?"
Homor C. Miller, Cowan, Tcnn.
Prize Paper When to Ply the Plas, and
Various Topics Talked About.
'Lincoln's Words" is awarded Angle II.
Conklin for the thoughtful paper which follows
on personal influence. Editor L.U.W.
2 read Mae L. Bickucll'B paper, " Influences
of Leading," in which she Buys: "Wo are all
Eu'jcct to influence, not from ono particular
source, but fiom a thousand." While wo are
all Bubj.et to influence, 1 wonder how many of
us think of tho influence wc exert over others.
No man's life tormitiates on himself alone.
Each exerts an influence gioat or small, for
good or evil, upon all with whom bo comes into
contact. Wc are fco constituted and have bcon
piacod iu such circumstances that whether wo
are couscious of it or not others are affected by
our actions and cxampku. By us others are
lifted or lowered.
' 1 be im of n itinglo mind
Jin ken tlmt of mtittiiuik-n lake one direction,
Ab roll the water to the breathing wind."
What we do ia transacted on a stage of which
all ate witnesses. What we say is transmitted
iu ecltuos that will never cease. What we aro
h influencing aud actiag ou the rest of man
kind. Our manners, our bearing aud our pret
ence tell the story of our lives, though wc do
not fcjieuk. and the influence of every act is felt
in the utmost part of the globe. "Bcyou only
whole and sufficient," says Emerson, "nnd 1
ehnll fefl you in every part of my life und for
tune, aud 1 cau as easily dodge the gravitation
of tbo globe as escape your influence." It is a
must solemu thought for every individual mar
that his curtbly influence which has a com
mencement will never have an end, for God has
written upon all things that " Nouo of us li veth
Tho carrer of a great man remains an endur
ing monument of humau energy. Tho mau ding
and disappears, but hi6 thoughts and acts sur-
vivo. The golden words that good men have
utteicd, llu examples they have set, live
through all time. They pass into the hearts
and thoughts of their bucccssors aud help them
on the road of life.
Every man has loft behind him influences for
good or evil which will never exhuubt them
selves. Tho sphere- in which lie acts may be
small or it may be great; it may bo his own
fireside or it way bo a kingdom, a village or a
great nation, but act ho does ceaselessly aud
Shall our influence be for good or evil? If
for good, then let no actof oure be such as could
lead a fellow-mortal astray. It ia a terrible
MOTTO. Pro P$TR!A,
fFLowEa-Forget 'me not.
Osjects, Progress, Patriot. 5M
thought that some careless word .uttered, it
may ho in jest, may start some soul on tho
downward road. Wc must bear constant- in
mind that there is ouo record wc cannot inter
line our lives written ou others-' hearts. How
gladly wo would review and write a kind word
here, a generous act there, erase a frown aud
put in a bright smile and a tender expression.
But, alas! we cannot begin anew the journey
oflife, and our actions go forth into tho world
hearing their burden of good or ovil influences.
Angie 3L Conklin, Mulberry, O.
DJEAE FlUKNDS OF TUK L.H.W. ASD C.C:
Upon receiving Tub National TiiiitUNK of
April 23 1 turned at once to tho columns de
voted to cur discussions and conversation, and
found much to interest and some instruction.
The prize papers, "Memorial Day" and "In
fluence of Heading," are very good, and worthy
of thoughtful consideration ; but I rcgrot to foci
it incumbent upon mo as a member of tho
L.1I.W. to disagree with the writer of the paper
on "Bestriding Immigration."
Tkeauthortays: ' Our hard times are largely
due to foreign immigration." I havo heard
many causes assigned for this condition of
things, but never heard until now that the
"ignorant foreigners" wcro to blame. Our
politicians lay tho hard times to tho currency
and tariff. Miss Davis saj-s that " the majority
of the immigrants who como to this country
are of a low, ignorant class, who do uot iutend
to remain here," etc
Let us see how this is. From the year 1841
to lr-90 there came to the "United States from
the United Kingdom of Great Biitain, 5,94S,-H5
immigrants. The great majority of these wcro
young men and women, fairly woll educated,
who caiuo here to make this couutry their
In tho same limo tltcro arrived fiom Ger
many 4,418,951 immigrants. As education is
compulsory in Germany, it is safe to say these
Germans were not ignorant or low. They are
the people who settled Wisconsin, Minnesota,
and other of our Western States. They a:c tho
bono and sinew of tho land. Thousands of
their sons fought in the ranks of the Uniou
armies during the rebellion. Tho same is true
of those who came from Great Britain.
Mulhali cs ti ma Us the number of individuals
who emigrated from Europe-jn 73 years I8IG
to 1SS8 at 27,1205.000. Of theso 15.000,000 came
to the United States. Who cau estimate the im
mense value of the industry aud labor performed
by there 15,000.000 people?
''Theso people havo no lovo for America,"
says Miss Davis. Tho rosters of the Adjutant
Generals' Offices iu all tho loyal States con
tradict that statement. Thousands laid down
their lives for their adopted country.
Our country " drained of its wealth ! " Pray,
who created the wealth thus drained from us?
Dots not labor create all wealth ? But it would
take more time than 1 have at command and
moro space than Tub National Tuibune has
to spare to correct them in the paper named.
Permit mc to say a few words about tho state
ment that Chicago is an ideal American city,
or a truo "American city."
This is not a fact The population of Chicago
in lc90 was 1.099,133, aud of this number there
were 450.GG6 foreign born. The population of
New York City in 1890 was 1.513,501, and the
foreign born numbered 639,943.' So it appcar3
that Chicago has a much larger percentage of
foreign-born people than New York, or any
other city iu the Uuited States.
The city of Philadelphia has, probably, tho
smallest number of foreign-born residents of
any of thclarjzCcilics in tho United States; the
population of Philadelphia being 1.040,252, aud
tho number of foreign born 2G9.-Ji:0.
What is a "truo American"? If wo look
for a genuine American wo must 0 to the
IudiauE. They arc tho aboriginal Americans.
We are all tho descendants of foreigners. As
William Lloyd Garrison said in his recent ad
dress on foreign iramisration in Boston: "Wo
are a Nation of descendants of foretellers."
What would this couutry be to-day were it
not for foreign immigration ? 1 would adviso
all the C.C. and LJl.Vv.'s to look at this ques
tion in all its bearing. It's too late to return
to the tactics of the Puritans. Let us welcome
with open arras all who come to our shores
with the intention of making this country their
Wo have room enough for all. Wo want
strung, healthy men and women to fill up our
new States. The State of Texas has territory
to support 50,000.000 people. Sift immigrants
if you will, but do not forbid them coming.
The United States of America is destined to
bo tho greatest Nation thu sun ever shone
upon. Koine in her gmndeur, ivitli its popu
lation of 140,000,000, onu-half of tlu-ui slaves.
will appear as a b:ihu compared to tho United
Stales with its .500,01)0,000 freemen.
Immigration ftom the East to the West is a
natural law. When thcSouthern and Western
Stairs are populated as Mabaachusetts now is
tho United States will be tho proudest Nation
aud greatest on tho caith. Let us extend a
welcoming hand to the oppiestcd aud down--trodden
of all lauds, lomcmberiug that we aro
all members of ono great family, and have for
our motto, "The Fatherhood of God and the
Brotherhood of Man."
The misioii of thiB Republic is to leaven all
peoples with tho leaven of Republican princi
ples, and iu lime create a system of Republics
throughout thrf earth. ?.Iay ilod hasten tho
day whun tho people will establish Govern
monls "for tho people, by the people," and
Kings and Queens will live only iu history.
Yours, Pro Patr.a
James McKcnua, PittsCcld, Mass.
loyal home workers.
Eetulie A. Edgecombe. Phillipsburg, Kau.,
who attended tho Grand Army conclave at
Bcloit, writes entertainingly to a home paper
of the pleasures of the gathering and tho
hospitalities of the citizens of that place.
O. F. Mot ton, Morgnntown.W.Va., tays: "The
L.1I.W. Department in with me decidedly tho
bestpaitofTiiKNATioKALTninuNE. I am glad
1 was influenced to become a member, and
shall always try to aid the cause iu whatever
way I can." lie wishes to hiar from a member
of tbo L.JJ.W. desiring to join him Su a busi
ness arrangement, Email, though of some prom
ise. I. B. Twaddle, President, Neville Circle, 1.
Pravo. O., announces a business meeting at tho
Cocrihousp, Steubcnvillc, Satin day, JunoG, to
which all nieiul'crs of the CC. and L.1I.W. aro
invited. Pennsylvania and West Virginia
friends cordially invited.
Lida M. IJonuey, State Lick, Pa., writes that
sho has been using "Dream of tho Ages" as a
help iu teaching patriotism in her fchool. She
ptomibus to explain her method, which will bo
awaited with interest.
Charlc-j K. McEniyre, Sikcston, Mo writes
to express his deep interest iu Tun National
TiiiBUNn, especially thu L.H.W. department.
He wonl.1 like to exchange a G.A.It. badc,e for
an L.H.W. badge, and to see moro letters from
CC aud L.U.W. members in Indiana aud Illi
nois. I'HILADF.LMIIA RALLY.
Dear L.U.W. Fundus: It has been some
time since I came into your midst, and in an
Bwer to a lato inquiry, lam not lost, strayed, or
stolon, but am just as lively as ever. Mysilcuco
has not been from lack of iutcrcst in the work
of Progress and Patriotism, for my interest is
anything but on the wane. Tho apparent un
umuI interest taken by tho organization in
general is very cucoiu aging. I wont to say a
word first of all regarding tho proposed L.H.W.
rally to be held iu Philadelphia July 13 to 13.
The committee aie icady to announce that
almost all arrangements havo been mado for
the pleusureund convenience of our visitors.
Tho time is tho week following the National
Christian Endeavor Convention in Washington.
All trains from the West and East pass directly
through Philadelphia, making it easy to pur
chase tickets for Washington, and either spend
a few days seeing the Capital jCity and stopping
off at Philadelphia en route home, or lining
to that city alone. Fares will bo greatly re
duced, and can bo secured of any railroad agent
Philadelphia is a city replcto with scones of
historical interest, aud is surrounded by unni
crous places of note, tbo visiting of which has
been systematically planned.
Tho expense of entertainment will bo but $1
a day, and all other espouses reduced to a
In fact, wo havo planned for a grand gather
ing of CC's, whoro wo may meet as ono loyal,
We extend an invitation to every C.C. to bo
presonr, assuring you of a pleasant occasion.
Several prominent members will bo present,
and a literary program rondercdto which vol
tccrs arc wanted.
I should bo glad to havo tho names of all
who cspect to ho present, that quarters may
be assigned them.
Let mo hoar from all at once, and Ict'us
mako this a graud occasion long to be remem
bered. Loyally ever
M. Warner IlnrgroTc. President, Lincoln
Circle, 2, Brown's Mills, N. J.
Eoport No. 22.
Arthur E. Sharpe, Denver, Colo.
Margaret Jackson, Downs, Kau.
Chottio Allen, Downs, Kan.
Susio Vincent, Marvin, Kan.
Nellie McCarriclcMaldcn, Mass.
Mary A. Silloway, Minneapolis, Minn.
1. Attention is called to Chap. III., Art. IV.,
Sec. 1, C, B. & R.: "Members failing to pay
dues within thr.ee months from tho timo set
for payment of same shall bo suspended, after
due notice of arrearages. Members six months
in arrears shall bo dropped." In order to ex
pedite the work, if all members will pay up for
1S9G who havo not paid to date, it will savo
much 'trouble. All members who do not pay
up will be dropped at the end of six months.
As this is a general uotico of arrearages to
those who havo uot paid for 1896, a personal
uotico will not bo scut. Ecrucnibcr that no
person uot iu good standing can participate iu
tho privileges of tho L,U.W.; nor will they be
permitted to participate at Reunions unless
possessing tho membership card; nor will
members of tho L.H.W. in good standing
recoguiza those not possessing membership
cards as members of tho L.H. W.
Pay up and get your membership card.
2. Will P. Martsch'fi resignation as Assistant
Secretary of California, is accepted, owing to.
tho contemplated removal of his regimout to
another State. Ho leaves California with a
Arthur E. Sharpe is hereby appointed Assist
ant Secretary for Colorado, to tnko effect from
May 21, 1S9G. Amos L. Seaman, Secretary.
DRUiUIER BOY OF CEDAR CREEK.
If m ff
George W. Ballou.
Gcorso W. Ballon, of Post 15, Department of
Massachusetts. Boston, Mass., member of tho
CO. and L.H.W., and husband of Nina Biillou,
ono oftho sweetest and brightest littlo wotnon
in tho old Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is
known also to'his comrades as the "Drummer
Boy of Cedar Creek,"
Writing of Cedar Creek recflls a poem that
went the rounds iu tho old war days, entitled
"All Quiet Alo-ig the Potomac," which hnd rof
erenco to the uewspapcr headings of those days
pf long and weary waitiug, and marshalling
aud dying, between the storms of cauuonading
and battle. One stanza is given :
"All quiet nlonc tbe Potomac to-nighl.
When tlic soldier nro peacefully slcepinrj,
A iiomulous tilth aft the goalie night wind
Through the forest lces softly Is creeping.
While stars up above lh their glittering eyes
Keep gunr!, for t'io nrmy is bleejilnc;.
All quiet along llie Potomac lo-niIi!,
No .sound save the rush of Hie river.
While soft falta the flew on tlic graves of tho dead,
The picket's off duty forever."
Cook-IJoolc of a Century Ago DImIics of
"Which Our Ilcvuluiiunary Fathers and
?I others Plentifully l'artoolr.
a cook-book: op 1790.
In looking up curiosities for tho inmicnso
woman's editions of tho period the women of
1S35-9C have come across many a treasure.
Tho following, brought to light by Mrs. W. H.
Barr, shows not only that our nncestors in
high lifo were great epicures, but also that the
women wero famous housekeepers, since the
same cook that provides a good meal is sure to
havo it properly displayed upon a well-laid
tabic, with snowy linen, and china and glasa
that shinp from careful polish.
Tho following is for an "economical Indian
pudding": Scald seven spoonfuls of Indian
meal in throe pints of very rich cream. Add
seven well-beaten egRS, half a pound of raisins,
same of butter and sugar. Spice to taste, aud
bake ouo and one-half hours.
"Plain bread pnddiug" 100 years ago was
mado thus: One pound of soft bread crumbs
soaked in one pint of sweet cream and forced
through a sieve. Add seven well-beaten eggs,
one pouud sugar, one-half pound butter, nut
meg, cinnamon and rosewater to taste, and ouo
pouud raisins. Bake three-quarters of an hour
in a middling oven.
Such wcro the recipes used by our frugal
grcat-great-grand mothers. Hero i? tho cheap
est pudding of the lot, called " Whitpot," and
which hides its head in one corner as if ashamed
of its poverty: Ono loaf of bread, two quarts of
rich cream, one-half pound of sugar; wine, uut
mcj, and roscwater to taste.
The cook-book of 170G is entitled ''American
Cookery; or, the Art of Dressing Viands, Fish,
Poultry, and Vegetables; likewise tho best
modes of making pastes, puffs, pics, tarts, cus
tards, aud preserves, and nil kinds of cakes,
from tho imperial plum to plain cakes. Adapt
ed to this country and all grades of life." By
A iijfilia Simmons, an American orphau. Printed
iu Hartford in 17y0.
In tho preface tho authoress says: "This
book is an original work in this country, and
made up of manuscript recipes handed down
from mother to daughter." Hence wo may
safely concludo it rcprcicnts the cuisiuo of a
Tho volumo begins with "How to chooso
meats and vegetables." Somo of these Instruc
tions arc indicative of tho changes which 100
years has made in ways of locomotion; as this:
"Veal brought to market in panniers or car
riages is to he preferred to that brought in bags
and flouncing on a sweatty horse."
"Every species of salt-water fiali," sho says,
"arc best fresh from the water; hut cols, lob
sters, and oj'stcrs, with somo others, may ho
transported is many as 40 miles. Cud a good
market, and' retain a good relish."
Wc find by this book what somo of our Now
England committees do not seem to know:
that our ancestors wore fond of roasts of all
kinder; that they delighted in oysters, and in
chicken, pigeon, and meat pies. Miuco pies
were composed of ono part of minced bcof, to
10orl2 parts of fruit and spices; aud thoallow
mice of "host Madeira wiuo" was surprisingly
Pumpkin pie, this "American orphan " calls
"pumpkin pudding," and she gives the follow
ing recipe: One quart of stowed and 6trained
pumpkin, three quarts of sweet cream, 10 well
bcateu eggs, two glasses of wine, with sugar,
mace, nutmeg, nnd ginger to please. Bako iu a
pudding-dish lined with puff paste.
Fora "simple rico pudding," she says: Boil
six ounces of rice in a quart of rich cream. Stir
in one pound of sugar, 14 eggs beaten to a Btiff
froth, salt, spices, and wiuo to tasto, and ono
pound of raisins. Bako ono hour.
Frro to All Women.
I have learned of a very simple home treatment which
will readily euro all femakMUaordcrK, pninful periods, len
corrhoca, diRirtacementJi or irregularities, nnd will gladly
ml it frc te kcjr wSurbv wvu-.au, AdJ't iliWl , Umh, Jlniet, ill
A. Sludv of the International Sunday-
School LcssoijAppointed for May
Parable of tlio Slnrdorous
SI. Luke, 20:9-10.
fOnc reading theio notis should first carefully
study tho paragraph from tho Holy Scriptures us
Indicated nbovc.l h ,
A curious fact as to tho Biblo is that it is so
unceasingly interesting. In every study wo
sco something now. No other book could cn
duro such endless porusal with anything tint
fatiguo and monotony. Tho whole is a unit,
and every part is necessary to explain any
part. So, Dr. John Hall said, "Wo need to
study tho wholo Bible."
Subject: The Parable of tije Murderous
First of all tho student should road crili
callv tho three accounts which wo havo of this
parable St. Matt., 21:33-10; St. Mark, 12:1
12; St. Luke, 20:0-10. Tho subject is Tho
Rejection by tho World of tho Son of God as
the Savior. It illustrates Jewish guilt as to
tho Messiah. It shows that thoso who rejected
tlio prophets and abused the Christ wero tliom
sulves rejected and destroyed, a commentary
on lex taiionis. It is sometimes cullpd tho Para
ble of tho llousoholdor. This name, house
holder, comes from tho account by St. Mat
Tho parable was uttered on Wednesday,
March 16, A. D. 21). This was two days beforo
Christ's crucifixion. Keniombcring this fact,
and wo havo strange sensations when wo rend,
"Let us kill him."
Tho parable was spoken in tho Court of tho
Women, a part of tho Tcmplo at Jerusalem.
There is no question but that Christ uttered
Uiia parable. It i3 like him to teach in tho
foim of a story. Whilo he could not so well
dcclaro to tho Pharisees and chief priests that
they were to bo tho murderers of tho Messiah,
ho could picture forth tho fact so graphically
that hearers would not go far amiss in under
standing aright what ho meant.
St. Matt., 21 :45, tells us Phariseos hoard
Christ utter tho parable. St. Luke mentions
chief priests and scribes. V. 19. And all
three accounts dcclaro that tho audience was
composed more gouerally of the people or mul
titude in mass.
A delegation had waited on Christ, question
ing his authority to act so conspicuously as a
religious teacher. It represented tho animus
of tho Sanhedrim by, whom it was sent. As
guardians of tho rcligipus conceniBof tho Jew
ish people, tho Sanhedrim had right to investi
gate religious movements, aud Christ respected
such a right. Tho "method, tho evil intent,
tho diabolic purposo, tho cowardly approach,
the unmanly bearing of, tho delegation wero
despised by Christ, tii. Shedd wroto: "It wa
a well-organized dctcgnpou, arid oho chosen,
undoubtedly, not without reflection, from tho
Sanhedrim, whose djfieront elements aro thcro
iu carefully represented."
Coming to entangle Hearing Christ adroitly
to put casuistic questions, they mot a surprise
They could not havo expected to bo photo
graphed to havo their nioral likenesses taken
to ho presented aplcjture unmistakably of
theci6clvos, and yet 'not a complimentary rep
resentation. It wasr,an' occasion demanding
plain, bold manipulation, aud Jesus wa3 equal
to tho taslt. I
Explanations ofWojrds and Fhrascs.
3. Parable. This is the throwing by thesido
of a something not -understood another some
thing which is comprehended ; tho representa
tion of a troth in a ffgOEBtivo way; tho method
of u pedagogical illumination, found u&oful uot
only in simplifying religious fact3. hut scien
tific teaching; tho attempt to reduce tho ob
scure to the grade of a story, so as to render it
attractive and easy of reception by tho learner.
2. Anothor parable. St. Matt., 21 : 33. Christ
kept plying tho truth. Practically ho said:
"Hold! Hear! I am not yet through with
3. Vineyard. The Vulgato ha3 vincam. Some
think wo aro to understand Palestine. Othera
say Jerusalem. "Out of," iu St. Matt., 21:39,
might mean outsido the walls of Jerusalem.
Calvary was beyoud said walls.
Much of Scriptural imagery is drawn from tho
vineyard. Tho lesson reminds ouo of Is., 5 : 1-7,
and Pi., 0:8-10.
Tho owner ij supposed to put his vineyard
into most complete order. A hedgo surrounds
it. There is a vtowcr. Stones wero gathered
from it. A wiuo proas was provided. A trench
was dug. Watchmen were stationed to protect
tho riptning grapes.
Tho people of Palestine wero familiar with
vineyard life. Selah Murroll wroto: ''Tho
elopes of the Judean hills havo been tho para
dise of grapes from thu days of Noah unto tho
It was very natural for Christ, under tho
circumstances, to picture a truth by common
facts, and so wo nro not surprised housed tho
figure of a vineyard. The hearers of the
parable found no trouble iu applying it to
themselves. They knew woll that Christ
meant, by tho vinuyard, the Jewish Nation,
aud, by tho husbaudmeu, the Scribes aud
We might say, Palestine was a land of vino
yards. 11 ills wcro terraced to their summits
4. Hedged. By hedge wo may understand
any inclosure, as literal Jiedge, or wall, or
fence. The purpose was to keep off intruders
It served also to keep away animals. Cant.,
1:0; 2:15. Farmers and vJeyard owners
often inclost'd land by hudgciAtjf denso thoru
bushes, prickly pear. etc.
5. Winc-prcss. te., 16:10; G3:2, 3; Joel,
3: 13. Dr. Burucs wrote :
was made of two receptacles.
'I't.n .- ..nrv
A MU Ulli;i U11U
at present, in Pcisia, is about eight feet square
and four feet nigh. lulu this the grapes ate
thrown aud trodden down by men, and tho
juice runs iuto tho largo rccoptaclo or cistern
St. Mark, 12:1, says, "winefat"; fat means
vat. Wo aio to understand tho lower rccep
tacl'o or vat into which runs thu pressed-out
juico. On fat (vat) sco Joel, 3:13; llag.,2:15.
b Tower. Sco Is., 5:2. Dr. Barnes wrote
that a tower wii3 sometimes 80 feet high aud
30 feet square. It was for tho keeperj.
Dr. J. A. Broad us wrote: "Tho tower was
for the keepers who defended tho vinoyard
from thieves and animals, especially foxes." In
tho Exstom countrics'td-day theso towers are
often SO feet high, though commonly from 15
to 40 feet, and 30 feet square. Thoso woro
built high oiiough to secure for tho sentinel
always stationed in tKem a view of thcwholo
vineyard. Within the1 inclosuro watched
would sometimes bo a thousand vines. Ouo
man or company of men! would take such vine
yards on contract, flaying souiotirnes all iu
casli, sometimes partly in cash aud partly in
7. Tho fruits of it (tlib vinoyard). Tho rent
which was paid iu kiit'd.'
8. Beat. Tho meauliig is, to flay, to whip till
tho skin peels off.
0. Saying. St. Matt., 21:37. This is in ac
cordance with thu proper framing of tho
"Such a soliloquy,' of courso, when ascribed
to God, is puroly ftuugiuary. God, tho All
Knowing, cannot so balance probabilities. Wo
must not too definitely literal izu tho, dramatic
gloss of tho parable. Tot that Jesus by his
parahlo plainly alliruiod by implicatiou two
things, docs not sccni to admit of reasonable
question: 1st. Ho rcprcsonts himself as The
.Von. 2d. He comes to men as one sent by the
10. Killed. Read 1 Ki., 18: 4. 13 ; 19:2, 10;
Jcr.,2:30; 20:21-21; Acts,7:52; lTli., 1:15,
10; St. Luke, 13:33. Isaiah wassawed in two.
Sco caso of priests of Doeg. 1 Sam., 22 : 13.
Bead St. Matt., 23 : 29-33. Also Nell., 9: 26.
11. Stoued. Heb., 11:37. Stoning was tho
Jewish method of execution. Dou., 13:10.
Seo caso of Achan, Jos., 7:25; of Si. Stephen,
Acts 7:58; of St. Paul, Acts, 14:19; of Christ,
St. John, 8 59; 10:31. Notico caso of Zacha
riah; 2Ch.,2l;21. Bead general statements
iuSt. Mutt.. 23:37.
St. Mark, 12:4.
caso of Jeremiah.
Jor., 20: 8; 32:2: 33:4-6.
13. Lastofall hoscnt unto them HisSon. This
implies tho superiority of Christ abovo all
prophets. Read tho first chapter of tho epistlo
to the Hebrews, which dcvelopes this idea.
14. Reverence. St. John, 5:23.
15. Rejected stone. Spurgcon has put into
the following paragraph a tradition which has
como down from tlio ages vary beautiful rich
in moral lessons:
'When Solomon's Tcmplo wns building,
among tho stones was a very curious ono ;
it appeared unfit for any portion of tho build-,
ing. They tried it at this wall, but it would
not fit; they tried it at another, but it would
not bo accommodated; so, vexed and angry,
they threw it away. Tho tcmplo was so many
years building that this stono bocamo covored
with moss, and grass grew nround it. Every
body passing by laughed at tho stone. Tho
eventful day came when tho Temple was to bo
finished and opened, and tho multitudo w.i3
assembled to tho graud sight. Tho builders
said, 'Where is tho top-stone? Where is tho
pinnacle?' They littlo thought where tho
crowning mnrblo wns, until somo ono said,
'Perhaps thatstouo which tlic builders refused
is mean to bo tho top-stone.' Thoy then took
it, and ho:stcil it to the top of tho house; aud
as it reached tho summit they fuuud it well
adapted to its place."
W. On whomsoever itshnll fall it will grind
him to powder. Gilpin has given a description
of the old method of stoning to death :
"Tho witness stood on a placo about 12 or
14 feet high ; tho criminal was laid iu a
propor situation below. Tho first witness en
deavored to crush him with n largo stone; but
if that had not tho effect, thoy throw upon
his heart a stone as heavy as two men.could
In writing theso definitions, we havo consid
ered in tho main tho literal or tho historical
significance. A study of tho following paral
lelisms will throw light on the spiritual siguifi
caucc. Parallelisms of the Allegory.
Tho figures below refor to tho account as
given by St. Matthew, unless otherwise indicated.
12. Shamefully handled.
Bead 2 Ch.. 36:10. Recall
1. Household. 33. God.
2. Vineyard. 33. Tho Theocracy. Tho
Church. God's Pco-
3. Hedged it. 33.
Regulations for en
trance to theChurch;
as circumcision, bap
Fat or vat. St.
Mark, 12: 1.
Hearts of God's peo
ple Tho Altar on
which Bread and
Wine arc offered.
Pi., 11: !:; 31:15; GG:
7; 1 Pet., 3: 12.
G. Husbandman. 33.
Human beings Jews
7. For country. 33. Heaven.
8. Lonjj time.
A. JI. 1 to 4025) crea
tion to Christ's
Death of each Judg
ment Day in special.
9. Fruit time. 31, 41.
10. Servants. 31. OUI Testament proph-
11. Tho frui.s. 31. Faith, lovo, obedieuce,
12. Servants abused. Heb., 11 :32-33.
13. Ono son. 37. St. St. John, 3: 10.
JIark, 12: G.
11. Kill him. 33. Crucify him (Christ).
15. Wicked men". 41. Jews.
icTothcrh. 41. Na- Gentiles.
17. Stone. 42. Ps., Christ. 1 Pet., 2:0-8.
18. Rejected. 42. Is., 53: 3; St. L., 17 : 25
19. Builders. 42. See on No 0. above.
20. Stone grind. 41. Destruction of Jerusa-
Cf., 41. 1cm. Punishment
God established the Jewish Church and tried
to gather men into a groat organization for
religious purposes. He sent prophet after
pi'ophot to stir up tho people, but mauy such
meesenucrs wero abused and largo numbers of
them slain. Their number was replenished,
but treatment becamo ovon more cruel. At
length Jesus came iu person. Animosity raged
agaiust him and ho was put to death. ''Ho
went into a far country," Heaven; ascended.
Ho appointed a ministry with power to cou
tinuo their numbor and build up the Church.
Tho invitation for membership was broadened
and Gentiles wero welcome. But the ministry
was treated shamefully; many of them bocamo
martyrs. When Christ comes again how will
ho treat thoso who havo actually murdered Iiis
representatives? Longfellow's lines may ap
ply: "Though the iuIUh of God grind ulowly, yet they
grind exceeding small;
Though with pmiet o be stands waiting, with cx
netnets grind he all."
And George Eliot had the idea: "That is
tho bitterest yoke of all to wear the yoko of
our own wrong doing."
Don't Tobacco-Spit or SinoLce Yonr Life
Namo of the littlo book just received tells
about Kolobac, tho wonderful, harmless, eco
nomical euro for chewing, smoking, cigaret, or
snufi' habir. You run no physical or financial
risk, for Notobac is absolutely guaranteed to
cure or moucy refunded. Your druggist's got
it or will get it. Write for the book mailed
free. Tin; Stirling Kbmedy Co., Box 3, In
diana Mineral Springs, lud. Agent3 wanted.
Another Veteran Goes to tho Grand Review.
CtuiibeWuntZ Courier, Piticvilte, A"i.l
Ono of the old and familiar figures seen
on our streets for many years will bo seen
no more lor ever. Williams Sizemore, who
lived on Straight Creek, not far from Asher'a
Mill, died on last Friday, and we have it
from good men who wore the gray that our
great Government starved the old man to
death ; that he died from hunger in this en
lightened ae aud country of plenty. He
was old, diseased and unable to work, and
his old wife aud family aie in not much
hetter shape. Air. Siziniore enlisted in the
Federal army, and served well and faith
fully, as we aro informed. Jn the year 1879,
nearly 20 years ago, he filed application for
a pension, aud from that time until the day
of his death he had worked nnd looked for
that which would have made comfortable
his declining years, but the authorities put
him off from day to day until the days grew
into months, the months iuto years; until
he grew feeble, old nnd gray, and at last,
despairing of any relief, lie lay down and died
of a broken heart, weary, thin in body, aud
We are informed by Capt. John W. Gallon
that only n few weeks ago :i Pension Ex.
aminer wus here, and after looking into Mr.
Sizemore's claim, said his proof was as good
as was ever mado, and that there had been
no shadow of excuse for the delay iu allow
ing him a pension.
Cunt. Culton further snys it was procrasti
nated in the hope that he would withdraw
the application he hnd on file under the law
of 1890, which would not have allowed him
any back pay.
Well, it is too late to do him any jrood
now, but we desire to say that such action
is not iu accord with our views of what the
conntry should do for the soldier, and fur
ther, it is directly tho opposite to what the
great emancipator, the immortal Lincoln,
said should be the policy of the country
with reference to tho-soldier; his widow and
On Friday night, when the soul of Size
more met up with that of Lincoln and Grant
on the eternal camping-ground, we imagine
they were ashamed and vexed to know that
one of the b'lys who wore the blue, and
whom they said should, never, sutler, had
perished from hunger and without raiment
to protect hint from tho Winter's blast.
Not Used to Hound Numbers,
"Your fine," tnid the Judge, "will bo a
dollar aijd costs."
''Couluu't you make it 93 cent3?" asked"
the lady who had been convicted of riding
after dark without a lighted' lantern.
A-sTvnrts to :no. 233 m.u:ch 12, isoo.
1277 E.igcr: wnger.
.V B O H.A JI A
O R A T I X O
.At A T 1 I. D x
2279 I T A P A T. M
T t M A 1. I A
I A ! A C B 3
A 1. 1 (I A X T
I, I .V K N K It
-Thc nowly-discovcrcd Roentgen's rays.
-The Cuban's slrucKle for Independence.
CIlASJfKD 2231 OXn AAVAY
H 0 L I. O L A AZAROI.B
EI.ATIV K A r. A T B K B
V I S A P P A P. K r. 3
I S O CH I .URN' B
A C T I .V O S T
PI.VO I. E
It K T T
B .V O
A I, A
M I T It B
A IKCAJI K J. 3
V h T I: A M A R I .V B
AKOJIAT I T B
EWHK I KS
S Q U A M U L O S E
n a 11 a t 1 a b
i u s r k s
E L A N D
II 0 0
31 0 R A S
II O It T K X S I A
V O Ii T E X A T O M 3
B A IS X A V, I T S
S B S T I X A
Authors of word-forms: Simon Euae, C. Saw,
Hex Ford, Eugene, two encb.
Nirvr i'iizzlks. no. 213.
NO. 2395 TRAN8P.03ITIOX.
Wo saw them, one-day mil July, from our pano.
And my thoughts to my own days of courtship
wcro carried -Ho
held the umbrella ao tlmt M10 rniirht calu
Protection, whilo ho wns content to remain
Wilh Iiulf h:a FinST body exposed to tbo rIn;
I said to my wife: "They aro engaged to be
Ton months havo since passed. Oh, wo saw them
Thii nio-ning, ns under nn awning wo tarried.
She huddled for nhclror close to hint in vain;
That twciily-cllit hicben of silk could contain
But tlrynesi for him. S.id my wifo: "It ii plain
1 blushed and feigned skcosd "quite plain
they've boon ninrrjed."
Kosciusko McGrsrY, Brooklyn, Jf. Y.
KOS. 230G-7 SQUARES.
1. A surname. (Hailey.) 2. The wifeof Bnrtolu?.
(IJrcvrer.) 3. I'nrUh of Glamorgan, W'alci. (Uar
thdlomew.) i. Those who entrrtaiii. 5. Mastoid.
(Dungl.) C. To anticipate. 7. Township. Bebing.
ton Parish, Cheshire. Kncland. (Bartholomew.) 8.
Itelgian musician; d. 1802.
I. A town of Ituesia. in Mogilev. (Wore. Seo
Mhlavi,.) 2. The water ash. (.Stand.) 3. A post
office and Htation of Kern Co., Cal. -1. Copies. 5.
Chairmen. 6. A ladle formerly tued with u muzzle
loading cannon or niorlur. (dtaud.) 7. Not eter
nal. 8. English engraver; 1S02.
Dak D. Lyos, Irwin, Pa.
NO. 2393 SniUAI. CHAEADE.
(77ie Triumph of Love. VI. The Promised Bride.)
Ailown the pearl;pebbled path Shecamo
With a silken sheet wrapped 'round her form
Rival of Veuu3. Hbo might well claim
To be. or fie grim fise of tho Storm !
And when She frowned, grew the sky ai nicht.
And lo! when Sho wept, down came tho raiu ;
But when She smiled. Lo! tho sky wu bright.
And when Sho lunched, th' sun shone agaiu!
She sat Tun total by a mossy banlr.
And deftly her silken sheet unfurled.
While into'tbo. Crystal Pool theje sf 11k
Trilbyau feet that would crazv tbo world!
Fairer ihnn'Codira was now Sbo
As thnro Sliosat in awect Nature's shroud
Looking as paiME of old Coventry
Like a. Hummer uioou half-dipped in cloud.
And when She hod bathed. She murmured no:
."Last riight'I fiaa" such nstrnnjre, strange dream;
1 dreamed that tb'e Kinjr bade a Lover ro.
And that he came by the Silver Stream,
To the Crystal Pool and there we met;
That my Igve for hiui did never die,
So'lifu wa rTjoy witli no regret,"
And then she uttered a plaintive sigh.
When lo ! tho bushes were pushed aside.
The Lovefwalked forth froaj green retreat,
Hohf claimed he her for his promised bride
Tbe vision of loveliness most sweet!
Atid thus She ujuwercd, "Tlio Kin;; has said;
And tho King and Cupid rule my will.
Gladly, ny. gladly tvlil 1 thee wed.
For thou iu tniuo heart dot love instill !"
Loccst, Allegheny, Pa.
CIIAT T71TII CONTKIBITTOKS.
As Knots No. 2 was sent, only to subscribers, it Is
not HUely more than half a dozen puzzlers got a
glimpse of the X-ray picture of oursylvea contained
therein. A prominent liostonian, by the way,
writes us that "tho picture in No. 1 was not
A. L. S.," as "Mystery" has slated. Neither was
the f.co with the Popullstie beard which smiled
forth from n certuiu Diamond Club Courier, now
dead and forgotten, K. T. Did's likened. Do you
see the point? Mrs. Harriet 13. Guest, at one
timo one of Washington' active puzzlers, died on
tho Gib instunt near Buffalo, N. Y., after a pro
traoted illness. If. E. G. (Ialor G. lvly) was a lady
of ndmir.iblc disposition, and leave- a. large num
ber of fricud-4 who will sincerely mourn her Ios.
'"' 'A prominent Pennsylvania formUt who
managed to procure No. 2 of tlio nmgiiziuB bailing
from Nash. writeBt "-Vlinl lo you think of the
'suicidal issue' of Knots T It struck me, after I
read it, that the grave wherein tho old J). C.
Courier bud Ion sinco been buried bad been du
up and the Courier hail been resurrected in the
shapo and form of Knots." Do you seo tho drift?
Miss Mit expects to present to puzzlers repre
sented in the initial issue of his new weekly,
"NonpliMtics," a souvenir each will dnuMIeas
prize, lie contemplates further originalities in
the Editorial lino alio, and wo nro confident tho
St. Mary's weekly will forgo to tho front before it
outgrows its inlaucy. Copy can bo secured by
addressing J- J. Ilolllngsworth. St. Mary's, O.
Speaking of tliit?, a prominent Washington verse
writer recently said to us: "It was easy to detect
tho Mkillful hand of Ernest In the flat appearing
hi No. 1 of A'woti. signed A. L. S." Quite true. In
"Mystery" of Oct. 17. 1S94, was published this
item: "Ernest is a man of many nouis. First ho
hit upon Silvershot; then Ed. Wynne: then Ernest.
Besides, he has forsomu timu been maqncradingas
A. L. S. His latestnlia seems to be Jim Richards."
Some persons, nflcr rending theso quotations nnd
glancing at the half-tone in No. 1 of Knots, may be
led to infer the man nt the helm of the magazine is
seeking editorial laurels of the Rectangle Oblique
ordor. Says D.111 1). Lyon: " Worcester's Gazat-
teer contain?, in round number.-".. 0,000 8-lelter
words, Lippincott's about C.0G0. and yet the latter
is the recognized 'authority ' of every puzzle de
partment, I believe." Preident Beech.Nut'a Com
mittee on Authorities may profit by this bit of in
formation. Phillip), says Dan, contains 1.000 less
8-Ietter words than Worcester. Speaking of word,
wc have for some time had under advisement a
plan to publish nil sevens and eight". alphabeti
cally arranged and accurately collected and
tabulated, for tho uso of puzzlers a plan
which, if executed, would make the solving- of
squares nn easy matter, nod briuj; tho coin
position of "eights" down lo a mero ques
tion of giving time to it, with practically no
necessity for a library of books of reference. The
idea would bo to publish tho liai-t in a aeries of
papers of convenient size, to be sold at a. stated sum
per copy, great enough to repay, in a certain
measlire. the compiler (whoso labor puzzlers will
be able to approximate), butsmall cuuiign to bring
tho lists within the reach of all. It has long been
a cherished belief of ours that had Aspiro pul
lislied tho seven iustend of sis-letter words from
every source, his book would have been a great
boon to cneh puzzler individually, and of great
service in the advancement of otir art. Letters ou
this subject, containing suggestions or arguments
pro nnd con, will be gratefully received. While
in Baltimore a week or so ago we asked a well
known mystic if ho hud seen No. 2 of Knots.
"So," said he. "No. I, while neat as a v luted
sepulchre' without, seemed to me to contain the
skeleton of the Diamond Club's old Courier within,
likely to rise up from its nheiaud parade about
agnin nt nny moment. In short, I did not like its
editorial policy aud utterances, and I do not be
lieve ouo puzzler in adozan wilt care for any moro
Joei II. Hiiit-Kvciiinjr Star-ltcctanglo Obltquo
journalism. We Buitimorenns. to a man, arc loyal
to the E. 1'. L.; wo were iu attendance at the last
Convention, held iu our city, and wc do not sanc
tion deliberate itiisrepri-sciilittiou.iu Etiierl'sdirec
tion or nny other. It sa von too strongly of Phila
delphia Puzzledom of formcryeur."." Do you see
what tho-sentiment iT Is not friend II. S. Nut a
triflu mixed in his statement that Poly and Ken
neth have formed a &ollngpattuerdiip? If not,
this is news lo us, us tho Poly and Gi Uantic part
nership, tho one presumably referred to, is Mill iu
existence, uxcellent li-Un from its 'members reiich-
iiCUs regularly, mouth by month.- A. Ddiidy is
to bring out a small puzzle p.-ipepbefure long. Ad
dress, with contributions: J.unrs G. Wilson, 47S
Pulaski street, Brooklyn, N. Y. "There may
be another c.t.o bef ire the E. P. L. Executive Com
mitted if Lord B. doesn't pay me that prizu," writes
L'limrose. Black exit eomposo iiungrams, and
makes a good attempt nt pm-playing; and, being
a banker, bo ought lo profit by somo riso iu "locks
or other. aud pay that prize awarded to "Prim."
Puzzlers throughout the laud wnntsosee JiTnote
succeed; but it will be a losing voutiirt ti long as
tho editor continues to present the E P. L. willi un
ncservrd rhetorical bouquets, and pursues tlio
rt.cti.ml,. once brought to au abrupt termination
"by-tho df nifao of tho Courier.
2-t l-"j6. R. O. Chester.
Children Cry for
OUR RURL TOPICS,
(Some Practical Snsjestions for Our
Nofea on the Tomato.
The Maine Experiment Station lias t'akan
some- general culture notes on the tomoto.
It ronrds its culture nrxier glass as depend
ent na mnch on tho man in churgo as tlio
condition. In the practice of the Station,
boxes 13 inches wriare and a foot dep aro
used for final frniting. In tbe bottom of
these boxes is placed nn inch of charcoal or
clinkers from the fnrnnce. On tin's is placed
prepared soil matlo of three parte of goed
garden loam and one part of rotted stable
manure. These boxes receive four plants.
The confinomonfc of the roots that follows
hastens maturity. Side shools arc removed
as fust as they appear, and when thoy aro
five feet high, or when four clusters of frnifc
are set, the terminal buds are pinched off.
This advice is given for hothouse propaga
tion, where the temperature is maintained
at CO degrees at nightfTO iu dark weather
and SO in dry, sunny weather. Artificial
pollination is found necessary. Thisisdona
by giv:u the plants two or three sharp taps
with a paddle stick. In a trial of the btd
against the box system each time the bor
method gave the larger number of fruits to
the plant, the fruits weighing moro eaoh.
As between tho house and field system there
was practically no difference ia yield.
Prof. L. II. Uniley g,ives tho following ad
vice : "Fully half the spraying which I have
seen in western New York in tbe last two
or threo years is a waste of time aud ma
terial. Squirting a few quarts of water at a
tree as you hurry past it is not spraying. A
tree is thoroughly and honestly sprayed
when it is wet all over, on all the branches
and on both sides of the leaves. An insect
or a fungus is not killed until the-poison is
placed where the pest is. Bugs do not
search for the poison, in order that they may
accommodate the orchardisfc by committing
suicide. The one spot which is not sprayed
may Le the very place where a bud moth is
getting his dinner. On the other hand,
there are many frnit growers who spray
with great accuracy, and they are the ones
who will get the fruit."
Experiments on frozen milk by various
Experiment Stations tend to show that
little, if any, injury is dono to the butter
made from such niilkfif-care is taken to
tLaw the milk s!owly.
The sale of pasteurized milk and cream
at the "University of "Wisconsin creamery is
increasing so rapidly that new and larger
apparatus has just been secured to meet
thi3 growing demand. A new machine of
three times the capacity of the old one has
been installed. Pasteurized cream i3 now
shipped daily to Milwaukee, which takes
to this improved milk product.
Success with Cnttinss.
To successfully root cnttings there is
nothing belter than common sand. This
should be free from decaying vegetable
matter. Much of the "damping off" com
plaiued of is cansed by the growth of fungous
parasites, which multiply rapidly under
favorable conditions. These are the pres
ence of decaying vegetable matter, too much
moisture, insufficient light, and too high
temperature conditions which, on the
other hand, cause a weak growth of the
-plant, and lessen its power of resistance to
In selecting cuttings, they should be taken
fiom the yonng growth, and an old- and
well-tried rale is (hat when the twig breaks
readiiy it is in good condition for propaga
tion. The mistake is oftener made of allow
ing the wood to become too hard than of
breaking it too early. Press the cutting
into the sand to the depth of two or three
inches, give sufficient light and air, and, by
keeping the sand moderately damp, the
propagation will be found easy and effectual.
Experiments in Hatching: Eggs.
The French Ministry of Agriculture has
given publicity to an interesting article by
Madame Diendonne, relating to the effects of
cold upon the incubation of eggs. A large
number of fowls, some of which were kept in
confinement and others allowed to run free,
were kept under observation day and night
for a considerable period, and it was noticed
that tbe fowls, which were all good sitting
hens, hatched large and strong broods during
the months of February, March and April,
bnt that during the warm months of June,
July and August the hatchings were not so
successful, although no change had been
made either in the treatment and housing' of
the hens or in their food. It was also found
that the eggs laid by hens in confinement,
and collected etery day and carefully stored,
gave less satisfactory resnlts than the eggs of
fowls which were at liberty. Madame Dien
donne inferred that these differences might
be attributed to-some extent to the period of
comparative cold which the eggs undergo
prior to sotting, and as the result of further
investigations mid experiments, she is of
opinion that two conditions are necessary
for the successful artificial incubation of
eggs, viz., they mnst first be cooled, and
then gradually warmed.
How to Make Good Slitter.
A correspondent of the Jersey Bulletin
gives eight rules for making gilt-edged
Good Jersey cows, to secure rich, clean
healthy milk. If possible feed cows on rich,
old pastures, free from weeds, preferably on
Milking cows in a clean, well-ventilated
stable, free from all atmospheric taint.
Setting the milk to cream, and the cream
to ripen in a clean, well-ventilated room,
that may be kept at a low and even temper
ature. Scrupulous cleanliness and regular tem
pera ure in the churning.
Stoppiug the churn when the buttercomes
the size of wheat grains, and freeing ifc'of
buttermilk while in this stasre, taking caro
not to break the grain in working.
While in the granular st.ige, incorporate
the salt evenly and thoroughly.
Tut up in neat, clean, sweet and attractive
Scrupulous cleanliness from the cow pas
ture to the butter-box.
Because of the long transportation, the
Australian butter package is a bos nine by
15 iuche?, lined with parchment paper, and
the butter is salted for use. This solid
butter brick is sprayed all over with a sola
tion of borax, then wrapped up and nailed
Cnrranfs are often injured by the borer.
The egg is deposited about June 1, and a3
socn as hatched the young borer eats its
way into tho pith and feeds on the life' of
the plant. As soon as the leaves start the
affected canes, which now have a black cen
ter, are easily dL-covercd by their sickly ap
pearance, and should be cut out and burned
California and Hawaii are having a tariff
dispute over the competition between Japan
ese sake and California sweet wines. The
Hawaiinn3 want to put a dnty of 50 cents a
gallon on such wines, nnd the Caltforniana
threaten to retaliate by having, the reci
procity on sngtr stopped.