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TIIK NATION A?. TRIBrXK,
"ttu-.tington, i. C
vtmajo at ie wMtit&b i'Ost mcc e mcont-OMi mmtw.
Trm MumrrtWfi? IWjlinJ
i iWim iv: ; i istAi ,. wjKiirayr
XiiJj Xlil&ivli iivii-JIi
WASHINGTON, D. G. MAY 2., 1S9S.
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TumrjNK to tbose who are not subicribeis
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iuit. "We iitik every one who receives a
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arc sure they will iiud ll a better paper for
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respect, and constantly btrivesto lesid all the
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lusher quality of tbe matter it tarnishes its
readors. It spends more money in setting
up a paper of the highest possible clats thau
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itt. colunius is wiitteu espectally for it. It
lisa no "boiler plate" anff or syndicate
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end independent. It serves no party, and
baa no entangling alliances villi any men
or faction. It aims oniy to jepreeent the
loyal, Avoxking, progressive people of the
country, to tell the truth ol h.ttory, ami p could be stimulated into cxalta
champiou the cause of ibe mutt whoie valor j .
and blood made the country ns gieal aud
T.rosnerous as it is.
The paper hhould be in every family, and
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AddiesB all communications to
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"Washington, D. C
THE VERMONT BRIGADE IK THE
WPLBEllhESS. By Brevet 3Iqj.-Geu.
L. ,A. Grant, commander oj the brigade,
and Me Assistant Secretary of War.
TJIE WATTLE OF FAIR OAKS, OR
&WK PINES. By Maj.-Gcn II. 31.
Wlmslcd, formerly Lieutenant-Colonel of the
1W: 3r., and afterward Majmr-Gencral of
TlRmG ON FORT SUMTER. A VirilUvg
tftory of a young OMo mechanic tohe vs
iu tUiarleulon at the ffwie, and was compdiied
to join the retch, "but loJiooficrwaids escaped
anteerved three years in a Union regiment.
TJfE MA TTLE OF POISON SPRING. By
Wfley RriUxm, late of the 'ar Department,
and author of " She Civil War on the Bor
IN AND OUT OF CHARLESTON. By
R. O. IL, a young Connecticut man, who
was oawfffil in Oiiaii>on at the opening of
THE GUIEA T MORGAN RAJD. A True
Iffeimy of the Capita e of Gen. John II. Mor
gan, by the Qnplor HimnctfMaj. 'Geo. W. j
Rue, Qik Kv. Cav.
ITS LAST CAMPAIGN. Skidds s Division
JUmed toitfi Slmtcioull Jackson. By 7. 31.
QtttiiR. Seoretery of the California Historical
TIOTCJITS TO XATIONAT, ICXCAMPAIKNT.
We Avi!i again furnish first-class re-tum-trip
tickets to the National Eu
canvjtfnent for clubs of subscribers to Tins
National Tkiiiuxf. or Tin? American
Farmhr. Go to work at once soliciting
subscribers for both tiliese. Send to us
for aril the sample copies 'ou may need,
-and notify us that such subscribers as you
send in are to be applied on your ticket.
"Write ue as to hew many subscribers
you must secure. You can easily pro
Tide yduiself with a ticket in this way.
'GoiiNiSMUS N. Bliss, of New York,
is boing urged for the second place on
ihejRepublican ticket " McKiuley and
Bliss." How will that sound? It would
have eemad a little exaggerated a few
years ago, but as a change from the
present Administration it will not ap
pear too much to say.
SPA? talks about appealing to the
Powers to save her from interference by
the United Stales. The Powers will
2)robaT)ly politely docline to have any
thing to do with the matter. They
0 v ""V4lv'1 - 1,UJ
liavortroublesionough of their own, with
out Iborrowing any of Spain's.
Four hundred thousnud men,
TJic tirnve, the Rood, the trao.
In tuiiRled wood, in mouutnln glen,
On J)r.tilc ilain. In prison pen.
T.ic dcr.d for mo nd yo;
Four hundred thousnud of the hr.ivo
Hnvo snnilo our inn sonic J soil their grnvo
For mo mid you. hind friends,
For aic and you.
jRUij in the ceaseless succession of
iic seasons, approaclies tJic day sacred
to the memory of myriads of the bravest
and truest of our manhood, who gave
fcheir lives that the Nation might live.
Every year makes this anniversary
more deeply impressive, because the
greatness of the object for which those
men fought and diecTbecomes more ap
parent. The war is like some huge
mountain, whose immensity only be
comes apparent as we get at a distance
from it At one time we were so near
the war that our personal relations to it,
our individual feelings and passions, ob
scured our perception of its colossal pro
portions, and of the Divinity of its
mighty purposes and events. "We did
not appreciate fully our own heroism
and self-abnegation in the parts we were
called upon to play. But dimly con
scious of the forces which moved us
that now seem like a direct inspiration
from God we each went forward in
the path that lay before us, frequently
groping blindly for direction, frequently
filled with doubts as to whither the path
would lead, but firmly resolved to do
tbe right as God gave us to see the right.
The result showed that the Unseen Hand
led us as unerringly as He did the He
brews by the cloud by day and the pillar
of fire by night; and that while acquit
ting ourselves, from day to dar, as best
we could, of the burdens and trials that
each day brought to us, we were per
forming acts that rank with the grandest
in the history of humanity.
In our war of the rebellion we com
pressed into four terribly full -ears more
individual heroism, more acts of exalted
self-sacrifice, more high resolve and sub
lime deeds, than fill centuries of the his
tory of all Europe. In other countries
in the past only a small proportion of the
""" U1 wihoiisiu. in iuu ui in luu
rebellion the whole Isation rose to the
highest level of devotion, and heroic
sacrifice became the commonest acts of
our manhood. "Where other people
could boast of a score of heroes we could
show a thousand or ten thousand.
Beside their manger roll of battles, we
could show a list of sanguinary combats
that onlv a statistician could enumerate.
As we have said before, it is only as
the war recedes far from us that we are
enabled to get its true proportions and
realize the hijrht to which men rose.
While it was being waged men had as
little conception of the real grandeur of
their own achievements as the Pilgrims
who landed on Plj-mouth Bock had
that they were laying the foundations
of an infinitely greater, grander, freer
Government than the world had ever
To-day we know that the history of
the world does not show a demonstration
of the highest manhood by an' nation,
people or race to compare with that
made by the Americans from 18G1 to
3S(S5. An infinitely larger proportion
of our youth were found to have courage,
patriotism and devotion of the highest
order; they fought with more gallantry
persistence and determination ; they
euSared. appalling losses with more cour
age; the' endured defeats with greater
hopefulness, and they were more mag
luuriiurous in the hour of victory than
the men of any country or age since
The annals of our war are lustrous
pages to which our sons and grandsons
j aiid our descendants forever can point
with swelling hearts. Nowhere are
those pages stained with a single blot of
treachery, cowardice, selfishness or
cruelty. They all shine with deeds of
lx?t us close this by reproducing the
tribute to his soldiers by the greatest
commander of our armies Gen. U. S.
Grant in his farewell order, when he
ent his men back to the vocations of
lly your patriotic devotion toyourcouutry
in i he hour of danger and alarm, your mag
nificent fighting, bravery, and endurance,
you huve maintained the bupreniacy of the
Union and the OiufeUlution, overthrown all
armed uppii:;i. u to the enforcement of the
laws and ol i c t-ioe!amation iotevcr abol
ishing flue j .;? cause and pretext of
accession and o euid the way to lhj rightful
.authorities lo ics ote older aud inaugurate
peace on a permanent and enduring basis on
everv foot of American soil. Your nmrrlw
j weges, and battles, in distauce, duration,
rc."ol u tion, and brilliancy of results, dim the
luster of the world' paht military achieve
rut nth, and will be the patriot's pieeedcnt in
defense of liberly and right iu all time lo
come. In obedience to your country'- call,
," Yr your v'",ilic8' md volunte?red
be-r defense. Victory has crowned y
valor, and secured the purpose of your patri
otic hearts aud with the gratitude of your
countrymen, and the highest honors a great
THE NATIONAL SftlBUNBr WMBB&ffll IX OS THURSDAY, HAY 21, 1896.
and free nation can accord, you will soon bo
permitted to return to yonr homes and fam
ilies, conscious of having discharged tho
highest duties of American citizens. To
achieve these glorious triumphs, and sccuro
to yourselvep, yonr fellow-couutiymen, and
posterity the blessings of freo institutions,
tens of thousands of your gallant comrades
have fallen, and sealed the priceless legacy
with their blood. The graves of theso a
grateful Nation bedewsvrith tears ; it honors
their memories, aud will ever cherish and
support their stricken families.
i i hi i .i i. . . .. i
THE 1'KNSIOX llOnKAU CITAXGKS.
The Preside.it has done what it has
all along been known that he would do,
and must do that is, take care of Com
missioner of Pensions Xiochrun by some
permanent appointment By carrying
out the President's policy as to pensions,
Commissioner Lochren ruined his own
political future.' Before he accepted
the position he had an excellent politi
cal standing, and could hopefully look
forward lo anything in the gift of the
Democratic party. After three years
in the Pension Bureau, doing as he was
directed to do, his party would not have
dared nominate him for any position
where the voters would have a chance
at him. Therefore, the President re
warded him with a District Judgeship,
which provides for him for the rest of
his life. Judge Lochren has good quali
fications for the place, nis training has
been legal, and he made a creditable
record on the bench of Minnesota.
First Deputy Commissioner Murphy
has been promoted to the Chicfship of
the Bureau. This is a good move.
Though Mr. Murphy was too young to
go into the army, he has always been
very liberal in his ideas on pension
matters, and outspokenly favorable to
justice to the veterans. This leads
many to think that the President pro
poses to turn over a new leaf in pension
matters, and make justice and liberality
as conspicuous in the nine months re
maining to him as the reverse has been
the rule for more than three years past.
He has now a chance to say that he has
effectively "purged the pension-rolls,"
" corrected the practices," etc., and that
now he is ready to go ahead and close
up the work, and allow pensions to
every deserving claimant, before the end
of his Administration. We can only
hope that these men are true prophets.
It is never too late lo do good.
Mr. Murphy is ns competent man as
can be found for such a course, if the
President has resolved to embark upon
it Mr. Murphy has grown up in the
pension business. He entered the Bureau
when a mere boy, and his talents and
zeal brought him promotion until he
became Chief Clerk, and he made a
good one. He retired from this posi:
tion at the incoming of the Harrison Ad
ministration, and went into business for
himself as a pension attorney. Mr.
Cleveland took him from this to make
him First Deputy Commissioner. 35er
sonally, he is a cultivated, warm-hearted
man of genuine ability, and if given the
opportunity would do a great work in
The appointment of Gen. N. J. T.
Dana as First Deputy Commissioner
was a great surprise. He was born in
Maine, appointed lo West Point " at
large," and now hails from New Hamp
shire. He graduated in 1842 the 29th
in a class of 5G. In the same class were
Gens. Newton, Kosecrans, John Pope,
Scth Williams, Abner Doubleday and
Geo. Sykes, of the Union army, and
Gens. Bains, G. W. Smith, Mansfield
Lovell, Martin D. Smith, D. H. Hill,
A. T. M. Bust, R. H. Anderson, Lay,
Lafayette McLaws, Earl Van Dorn and
James Longstrcet, of the rebel army.
He was assigned to the 7th U. S., and
was brevetted a Captain for gallantry in
Mexico. He resigned in 1855, and be
came a banker at Minneapolis, Minn.,
and Brigadier-General of Minnesota
Militia. He re-entered the army hiTevcryl.iing in sight. There are no more
18G1 as Colonel of the 1st Minn., which
he commanded until Feb. 3, 18G2,
when he was promoted lo Brigadier
General of Volunteers. He com
manded a brigade on the Peninsular
Campaign and at Antietam, where
he was severely wounded. He
was promoted to Major-General," and
sent, to the Department of the Gulf.
He held important commands there
until May 27, 1865, when he resigned.
He became General Agent of the Ameri
can Russian Commercial Company at
San Francisco, and was afterward Super
intendent of several railroads in Illi
nois. Commissioner Lochren, who had
served under him in the 1st Minn., ap
pointed him Chief of the War and
Navy Division in the Pension Bureau.
In the last Congress Senator Stewart, of
Nevada, introduced a bill putting him
on the Retired List with the rank of
Captain of Cavalry, and in reporting
the bill favorably, the Committee on
Militarv Affairs said that he was "now
72 years old, incapable of work, and
has no estate." The bill finally passed,
with a proviso cutting off his pension,
and the President allowed it to become a
law without his signature.
' ... i. -
MAd. McKINI.12Y THE MAX.
It seems now that, nothing can prevent
the nomination of Maj. McKiuley at St.
Louis by acclamation. It is one of the
great uprisings of the people, which
dumbfound the politicians, as was the
case when Lincoln and Grant were
nominated. Maj. McKiuley is the man
to fill the popular heart at this moment.
He stands as the one most conspicuously
opposed to everything represented by
the present Administration. He is less
a politician than a representative of the
plain people of the country. He has no
" machine," and has never had one, but
has relied for success unon his direct
affiliation with the people. He is clean,
able, and honest in a conspicuous de
gree, and the fiercest light that can be
turned upon him does not develop a
weak spot anywhere.
All the Republican State Conventions
have now been held, and the most con
servative estimate gives the following
BTATI3. . . j --4f
. ? i:
r"S . fz . -i
Alil.unn '.".' 1 10 I 10
A laica.... ................. ........ ... ...... .. ... .. . .
A rkiniM.ia .... ...... 1( ... 1C ... .. .. - ...
Ariznnn d G
Cttliforuiji...... ... ,M 18 . ... ...
Colorado....... ...... ....... ... . .. - o
Connecticut.. IT' b 1 3
iJcliovHri-. G G
District of Columi.iu 1
1 lOrMlil c- ,., 25
GporKin.-.. ?C C CO
I'uuto ! 6 (i
i I IlllOtU "t'" , j. v
I IMt III tlHa kU '-'
Indian Territory I .. 1!
B 1 ! . 4bU 99. v mm"
H...usfti. . -. , vO (.,.
ICvtitiictcy 'JO ... JO 10 ...
T.(iiii--iaiiji...... 10 5 .. T,
l Ml tit. Jarl
!Jvry lriutJ.. ....... .......... IL .. ii .. 1
2ttif".icIii.4cUe. .If' SU
' ieiiiim. ....... ........ ...... c .. v .. . .. .. .. ..
M imie.sot-i ' t- .. IS.....
IM i"si.i.ifji Ife .. IS .. .. .. .. ..
IM'-nilri.......aaa......aaa...a. fti .. 31 .. m. a. .. .. a.
MoiitiniM , ft .. G
Nt'lim-Jcn. 1G .. 1C
i.0 VSHltl. ........ . .....t I- .a .... .. ae a. .a .. O
N-.-w Hampshire. , .S
Ncv .Turkey '.... 10 1 17 -
New Mexico... .......... ..... - ft .. G
Nc'.v "Yorlc ;... V72 .. In3.. ..
North Chioliiin -..,... It. V IS 1!
North Dakota ;C.. C
Oll!f.. a. a. ... a.... A 0 a a 4$.. .. .
OUIxhimiii '(', -I 2 .. ..
"'I ..Oil.......... .............. aa C a. .. .. .. .. '
l'i:!iiJ"lvnnl:i ;0-l .. 1 '().. t
IJlimlo iilnlida. j... ,, -v ,
Holilh Cnrulina - - 1." .. 7 .. II
Smith D.iholn " .. &
TcuncftHePa. 24 .. 24
'IVXIW.... - at... t 3C lO 0 a. .. I" a. a. t!
UIMII.. 1 1 I . U
v t rfiiofii. ...... i r . c
'" '' .i Ji IU
VnifritriiiM, ......'.... .. h
"WJ-toiiin.............,, 24 .. 2-1
Vest Virginia j... ill: .. l!i L.
M J Ollllt !,,,... -. tx . . ( a '
Total JL Jofb W 511 G 12 VZ Siijic 9.
THE CtfiJAN SITUATION.
The Spanish position in Cuba has
grown more desperate within the" past
week. Gen. Weyler's famous " trocha "
across the island at its narrowest point
(16e3 not seem to disturb the Cubans at
all. It consists of a line 20 miles long
of little forts, connectetLwith barbed
wire fences, and manned by 50,000 men.
These hardly seem to dare to move out
side their works. Occasionally " col
umns" of 2,000 men move out a short
distance, when they find the Cubans,
have a brief skirmish with them, and re
tire, sending out repoits of a brilliant
victory. All the while the Cuban
General Maceo is lying with 15,000
men within three miles of the "trocha"
on the west The concentration of the
Spaniards upon it gives him entire free
dom in reducing the western part of the
island to entire possession. He can
break the '"'trocha " at any time that he
chooses, without help from his com
patriots who arc on the, other side, but it
suits him better lo have it maintained,
and that many Spanish troops neutral
ized. In the meanwhile Weyler and his
subordinate commanders are industri
ously filling their pockets and abusing
one another. They seem to feel that
this is their last opportunity for pluck
ing the Cubans, and they are taking
corrupt army officers- in the world than
the Spaniards. r They go into the army
for the express purpose of getting rich,
and the higher, officers always succeed.
Gen. "Weyler blames the commanders of
columns for their blundering and. cow
ardice, and they blame him for his in
capacity. All the news from the island has a
dismal burden of Spanish astrocities com-
milted on Cubans; unarmed, men, women
and children beingigliol down or hacked
to death by machetes. It is not war,
but organized mtirder. Weyler's cruel
ties have had the 'effect of forcing the
whole native population into an attitude
of active resistance. The sons of the
best families on the island are placing
themselves at the head of bands of in
surgents. There is no other choice for
Last week Senator Morgan made a
telling speech in the Senate in favor of
the recognition of. Cuban belligerency j
HeTsnid thnt he did not want to trench
upon the Constitutional prerogatives of
.the President, but the country had the
right to have the responsibility 'placed.
where it belonged of deciding whether
Cuba was in a state of peace, or whether
cruel, morcileas war reigned in the
THIS "WEEK'S INSTALMENT
of Gen. Sherman's Memoirs is a very
interesting one, and the interest wilU
rapidly deepen with each succeeding
instalment. There is no better writing
in our literature than this, and every
subscriber to The National Teibuni-.
gets it at a nominal price.
The Cubans have now and strange
allies drouth and insect pests in Spain.
The Spanish Government is struggling
with difficulty under the burden of
'Cuban war expenses, and now come3
an insect which i3 aiding the severe
drouth to virtually destroy the wheat
crop of the country. It is feared that
the wine and fruit crops will also be
ruined, and the people, instead of being'
able .to pay taxes, will have to beg
assistance from the rest of Europe.
11 ' - 1 ' m ....
The visit of the High School Cadets
of New York to Washington last week
was a great affair, and the little fellows
r "'' i I received the highest praise from evcry-I-I
- - i I i body, from the President down, for their
r"S rz -f -!.,,,. ... t i 1 i
intelligence, tneir soiuieriy rjcaring, ana
their splendid drill. They were accom
panied by Commander Howlett, of La
fayette Po3t, Past Commander Adams,
Col. Treadwell, and a number of other
comrades. It was a great event in the
history of the American Guard, for it
will serve to awaken general attention
to the splendid work inaugurated and
carried forward by Lafayette. Post.
Don't neglect this opportunity to get
the most concise, authoritative Life of
McKinley yet published. Thirty-two
large pages; fine, heavy paper; good
pictures, and all the leading facts. Only
five cents; six copies for 25 cents. Send
to The National Tjubune.
MpE Of fllflj. fMVptt
-, - I ,. -.,-,.
THE MOST COMPLETE; CONCISE, AND
GRAPHIC YET PUBLISHED.
by john Mcelroy.
NO. 11 OP THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE
No. 11 of The National Triuune Li-
hrary supplies' a loug-Adt want. It is a
complete, concise, authoritative Life of Mnj.
"Wni. McKiuley, hy John McEIroy. This
tells in full the young student's eutrance
into the army as a privatfrsoldter iu the 'J3d
Ohio; his loug service carrying a musket;
hia successive promotions, won by good
service; his muster-out after four years of
service; his entrauce into tho law, and then
into politics; and hia distinguished career
since. It is ail given in full, yet so concise
as to he never tiresome. The hooklet .3
hcnutifully illustrated with pictures of Mc
Kinley at different ages; of his wife, father,
and mother; of his modest home at Cnnton,
O., aud of the communders under whom he
It has 32 large pages; large, clear type;
fine, heavy paper; and artisticpictures.
Price only live cents; six copies for 25
cen I k. Sf-nt to any address on receipt of
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE,
1729 New York avc., "Washington, D. C
To Subscribers to The
LIFE OF MJ. WILLIAM RMIMLEY.
by john Mcelroy.
Tub Amf.kican" Faumkr makes this ex
ceptionally advantageous offer:
To every new yearly suhicriber received
heforo June 1, and to every present, sub
seriher who shall renew his subscription
heforo that date, it wilt send free a copy of
tho "Life of Maj. William McKiuley," hy
John McEIroy a handsome- booklet of 32
large pages, fine paper and clear type, with
high-grade illustration?. It is admirably
written, nil its facts are absolutely reliable,
and it contains iu compact compass all that
can be contained in large and costly volumes.
THIS IS A GREAT CIIAUfCE.
You will get this excellent life of a man
about whom everybody now wauts to know,
aud one of tho very he.st uiricu!tural papers
in the whole conutry for one year for
ONLY 25 C!TS.
Remember that this offer is only good until
THE AMERICAN PARMER,
1729 N. Y. Ave., Washington, D. 0.
Confirms 3 Irs. I)uhl;ron.
Editor. Nation aj. Tribune: Mrs. Dahl
greu is correct about Admiral Dahlgreu be
ing ou the Kattskill July 10, lS('o. I was
powder-boy to the 11-inch gun on the Katts
kill during all her fights in Charleston Har
bor, aud distinctly remember the affair, for
wo led the ileet in actiou at 4 a. in. After
we c:.-.e out Admiral Dahlgren ordered
Comniauder George W. I.oilgers to ''splice
the main brace," and praised the crew for
their, bravery. After a short rest we went
iu again with the Admiral, still flying his
ihig, and continued in. actiou until about
sundown. I helped to count the hits we
received, and they numbered (id; besides,
we were at such close quarters that there
were any number of rifle-balls picked up on
deck. l.OBBRT E. Doyle, U. S. Steamer
Kattskill, 4-10 Eighth street a. w., Washing
ton, I. a
THE' GHfflSTUH ESD3&V8R
TO-BE HELD AT WASH1K6T08, D, C,
JULY 7 1896.
DO YOU WANT A FREE SGXigF?
There will be many thousand penpl
at the Christian Endeavor Convention
to be held in this city July 7r
Thousands of our renders wili want
to come, but be deterred by fear of th
expense of the railroad ticket
' AVe will heir) them to got a frrstrCtratB
round-trip ticket free.
Let them raise a club of subacri4ra
to The National Tribune or tfeo
.lmmcan. Fanner. Write to us at once
iiss to how many subscribers will be re
quired, and for a bundle of samples
with which to begin canvassing.
We will make very liberal terms,
and anyone can get a free ticket by a
THE HAT10HJIL TRiBOHE,
1729 N. Y. Ave., WASHINGTON, D. Ci
A clerk hired by John Smith & Co.
Dsctarccl thiil lioM certainly Tho.
Hired man who might drop
IiiII)fh clnc t thai uliop;
So the drivcM around then (Ifdn't Do.
Wash inrton Star.
Tossibly Freaiucnt Cleveland may have no
reason to lovo Oklahoma Territory, but is that
nnyo.tcuso forhis making it tho attic in which
to storo away all the unrated and broken
" traps and calamtiiea" of hij Administration ?
Tho Chicago wafer-rrorks cannot sond water
higher than tho second stories of tho buildings.
.n inquiry 3 bofnp made- ns to whether this
fact was generally known to the Democratic
managers when they decided to hold their Con-
veutiou in that city.
Senator Vest is going to bolt at Chicago rtn-
Ics J-res Silver "i3 indorsed. Ko and Teller
might arrange to meet at name- point midway
between St. Louis and Chicago, and lunch theic
A Utici (N". Y.) photographer has kept count
for JO years of tho number of times that cus
tomers hnvo said to him, "I hopo I didn't
break tho csmora," or words to that otTecr.
The tally ha3 now reached 73.SGG.
- -' -
Chicago ba3 a manufacturing jeweler who
make3 artificial pearl?, worth about 25 cants a
quart, for the restaurant people. It is n grant
trick tod rep one in a customer's dish of oysters,
aud havo him tickled to death by Hading it.
Tho ncr.' object glass for the huge telescopo
which is to Lo one of the attractions at the
Paris Exposition of 1000 has bcon taken to
Paris by a special train. It 13 soven feet in
diameter, weighs G,G0O pounds, and ha3 C03t up
to data $20,000. It will cost $30,000 mora to
polish it, which will require 30 months' time.
It will make the moon appear ua bat 33 mile3
TFIR BATTLE OF TIIE CREBB-.
Tho 103th session of tho General Session of
the Presbyterian Cburcb, which begins at Sara
toga to-day, will reopon tbe old fight over tho
Westminster Confession, with a atrugglo foe
tho election of a Moderator. There aro four
candidates for tho position, each supported
by a faction representing different views as
to tho attitudo tho Church should assume.
Tho Rev. Dr. David E. Breed, Pastor of tho
First Presbyterian Church of Pittsburg, is a
Conservative of tho Conservatives, and a leader
among tho opponents of Dr. Briggs. It is
oxpected that iu. the end the strictly orthodox
force3 will all mass. on him. Tho leader of the
Liberals is tho Eev. Dr. John L. Withrow,
Pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church of
Chicago, and who is backed by the Interior
Ho is 11 very popular man, and tho Conserva
tives fear him. Tho Western Conservatives
favor tho Itev. Dr. Frank C. Mnntford, editor
of tho Herald and Presbyter, of Cincinnati, and
tho Itov. Dr. Titos. L. Sexton, of Seward, Neb.,
has a largo Liberal following A very lively
tight is promised on tho Moderator aud several
othor questions, and when Presbyterians prom
ise a lively fight it can be relied on to conio off
according to program. We havo tho experience
of about 300 years for that. Siuco tho days of
Calvin the Presbyterians havo pat up about
tho prettiest fights, in State, Church, and on
tho battlefield, that the world has seen.
.'alcrniift of tlio Coimtry'd Gr.imlot Army
"Who Huve Answered tho Lint Cull.
Ki.no. At Mcintosh. Minn., May 4, of apo
plexy, Johu King, Co. D, JO1I1 Minn., aged fa'O.
King was a charter member of Eacle Post, loO,
and its oldest comrade. Ho had held the oiHco
of Chnplain for mauy years. Uo leaves uiuo
Cl"tt::r. At Northboro, Mass.. May 8, Chas.
J. Cutter, 3d Co., Mass. Unattached Infantry,
aged 57. Com ratio Cutter was a member of
Post 41), Nowburyport, and tho funeral servicos
woro under the auspices of that organization.
Hammond. At Voluntown, Conn.. April 13,
Edwin W. Hammond, Co. A, 30th Mas., aged
63. Comrado Hammond enlisted in September,
1SG1. and served until tho end of tho war. Ho
was Chaplain of Byron D. Smith Post at tho
titnoof his death, aud was buried by the Po3t
with military honor?.
IlA.Ycr.AFT. At Madclia, Minn., May 4, Isaac
Haycraft, Corporal, Co. F, 2d Miuu. Cav. Com
rade Haycraft was buried iu the Madciia Cem
etery by Mitchell Post, G3, of which he was a
member. A widow and six children survivo
Martin". At Bnrnister, Mich., May 4, Aaron
Martin, Co. D, 14th Mich., aged 62. Charles
Bradford Post, 379, of which the deceased was a
member, conducted tho funeral services. Three
children survivo him.
JoitDoy. At Chicago, III., April 27. from in
juries received while coupliug cars, Thomas A.
Jordon, llonshaw's Battery, I.. A. Comrade
Jordon enlisted at tho ago of 13 years, and was
probably one of tho youngest soldiers in our
army. IIo was a member of Bogardus Post,
Washington, HI., and was buried nt Dwiirhr, III.
Lamk. At Philadelphia, Ph.. Doc. 13, 1S9J,
Ber. J. S.Lame, Chaplain, 93d Pa.
BlLMNOS. At Greenwich, Mass.. April 15,
Lorenzo L. Billiugs, Co. D, 31st Mass., agud 6G.
Deceased was a charter mumber of Lincoln
Post, 211, Enfield, and was buried with mili
Johnson. At Tilton, N.U., recontly, Benja
min A. Johnson, Co. A, 1st If. If. H. A., aod
5G. Cotnrado Johnson enlisted July 13, 1863; I
Dec. li, lSGl, ho was made Corporal, and re
mained ill servico until Sept. II, 18G5. His
home was at Lacouia, but at the time of his
death ho was Hospital Steward at the Soldiers
Home. Tho fuiiera! services worn conducted
by Charles E. Smith Post, 33. Ho loaves a
M I LITANY D RILL.
, Its. TJ tine fits In Ifolplbc JlUnng. a Soltool of
EaHgion people as a rute are far from
being ns auerrrb on the qnastMmi wli
tary drill in tbe pnhlie schools as some of
two scowl old todies of te V. C. T. U. Ii?v.
Chns. Ernt Pellaw, of the Buruham In
dustrial Pnrm, near Morrfetown SSL J., tell
iu The Altruist InUrthmgs of the brilliant
cfl of the introduction of military drill
in! that institnUon:
T&tv&rm was Aramled by religions peop'o,
n 9ttyp0Ttd hrjeely, mainly, by earnest
Chareh workers. Religion is known to be,
on tbtt whale, the greatest fore influencing
mankind. It can h made extremely pow
erful on ki dr. Why not try that? Not
in m iior. aid iii3t gn important ono,
lull as tb mmn f nr th sole, force de
pended on to govern and rrf tm onr bojg.
Well, thin -vtporiir.es.. h.i been tried for
some j ears, hot without ytry jcrrafc saccss.
It Ih very hard to imprea rsgiotis idem on
these bright, active miad. so m to mrodiico
I jut he (briMied effect. And. atler careful
lady we dterraiAeit to retinae the number
j o4 rlijtiotu uieaei, dpendi ig mors uton
tua it. no cm e of reft., hife-mbtdd. in
telligent workers iban upon any tor.ua 1 -x-trciaes
or appeals, ami to rely for ur disci
pline upon some- ether ageney.
And, with this in view, we put the school
nnder slriefc military riixiplino, nfc that of
a great reformatory, but r.Uber Nfce that of
a good military school. We began by cnt
tin:; off tbe early moruiag chapel awl nb
stitnting physical exaieiae. A week of sot-tiog-np
driib, m in the Regular Army,
altered thu loek of very boy en the plac.
Later we worked them with dnmh-feelis,
thon Yrith Imlian cIkom; after a mouth or
so we gave thoai snher exercise, and, Inter
on, tby have taken up hnyooet drills.
Dunn the Winter, every morn ng before
lweakfaet, tbe bfy Imve had tberr regular
exereise, and the clenr, fresh skins, tha
bright color, the vigorous, active, energetic
bearing of cvary hey show what results we
Tha next step -was to pnft them into nni
form. Our money was scanty, but we pro
vided them with week-day as well as Sun
day snits, and were able to indulge in some
side-rsrms for the officer., to equip color
guard and baud, and buy good, serviceabla
guns and bnyoneta for the older boys. And
the change in the appearance and behavior
of the hoys from- the moment they lonnd
themselves looking neat aud soldierly was
astonishing. We drilled them regularly,
thanks to an officer of the National Gnard,
who took the greatest interest in his work.
To he snre, they grnmb'cd a little wa&
boy won hi not at the strict disc-inline en-
forced. But they made up for it by their
t intnH.n ...MA A.l A t tt .
intense piiiu. ami inseresL in me inspections
Instead of the early morning chapel on
Sunday we gave the boys half an hoar's
extra sleep. After breakfast, whenever tha
weather allowed we would Ii'dd inspection
and then march or drive in fall nnifocm,
colors onf, hand playing, to one of the
neighboring churches. And it was a pretty
sijibtto seo them file into church, with
colors in the front, and to see their behavior
while there. They would sit there quietly,
anu 11 Dy ennnce some tired larux-hoy wonld
happen to nod during a lonyr sermon, it
would be but a rninnte or two before he
would start up with a shame-faced look,
with some sharp finger prodding h.m in tho
back. Instead of afternoon chapel we wonld
have dro3-pnrade, with all the pomp and
ceremony that we could muster, and alter
that they would scatter for lonj walk over
the hills; and in the evening, as on all other
evenings of the woek, we woul.l assemble
fer evening prayera in our own chapel.
For, while we subordinated religion a
little, we did not in the least abandon it.
But we are trying to teach a quiet, manly
religion, and to enforce its precepts by intel
ligent workers, both men and women. We
impress on the boys that they mii3t help
themselves before they can count on Divine
help. "We urge them to resist temptation
manfully; and if they fail, to fight- again.
And we think that they more than regain,
from example and personal influence, what
they lose in positive religious instruction-
Tho boys havs done so well in the last
seven months. Tbe new tooo has appealed
to them. Xo more slouching, snrliuess, con
stant grumbling, or running away. Sfo more
need for severe pnuishinents. "Week by
week the reports have come to me, contain
ing full records of every offense aud every
punishment awarded, and week after week
I am astonished at the results. Sometimes
not a single complaint for a whole week,
among 50 boys of such antecedents. And
such slight complaint?. "D s, throwing
stones at the dog. E. E n, disorder in
school. Punishment deprived of skating
privileges for a week."
A most serion3 aud troublesome offense
h.s always been the running away. The
farm is open ; a bright, active lad can get
away if he re illy tries. From November to
Augnst last year there were 45 cases of run
ning away. From August to March but one,
among the hoys regularly on the place.
About Thanksgiving a boy, a wretched lad,
too, was canghtsmokiug under the barn.
To avoid punishment, he roused a couple of
friends and they ran off that night. And,
actually, when the boys heard of it they
wanted to mob him. When he was brought:
home they howled at him ; pelted him with
snowballs. "He had cPsgraced the farm.
What would Mr. aud Mr. thiuk of
it and of them?"
For we had developed a loyalty to tho
place. I remember well, last September,
sending a coup'e of boys into Albany.
Clean, well-brnshed, looking straight and
soldierly in their Sunday uniforms, they
went off feeling happy and proud. Next
day they returned, after spending a day and
night in the town; they marched right up
t the office, and sainted : "Sir, we have not
disgraced our uniform."
I wish that there were more space to tell
of the tremendous influence forgood we ha?e
found thus far in this military system, and
how boy after bny, sometimes of most un
promising character, has been attracted and
roused by that when nothing else could stir
him. And how the new boys, coming up
shamed-faced and scared, are attracted at
once by the uniforms, and the sound of the
drums calling for parade, and how, after
watching the drills for half an hour, they
sidle up to their friend who has brought
them and say, confidently, that "they think
they will like this place, after all." And we
are getting many new boys, now- During
the Winter we have been able to seud off
boy after boy with thoroughly good records;
some tojheir homes; others to good, honor
able positions. And many more will soon
Spain's Wheat Crop I.ulned.
Coming immediately upon tho severe drain
of resources cau?ed by tho Cuban rebellion, the
Spanish people havo now to faco tho prospect
ofau almost total Ios3of tho wheat crop, earned
by drought and itisivsts. United States Consul
Burke, at Malaga, writos to the Stnto Depart
ment that a new insect pest, as destructivo to
wheat as tho phylloxera is to tho grape, baa
ravaged the crops in several Province?, while,
owing to a suvere drought, not only will tha
entire wheat croo bo a total failure, but there
will be a shortage of every other crop of grain.
The poor are siiiTuring much, and unless the
rain comes, tho wiuo and fruit crop will be
come a totaL lo, and great stiUbring and wank
wilt prevail throughout tho wholo country.
Efforts will bo mado to have the Government
rcduco or roruove tho import grain duties, and
heavy imports must bo mado duritig the cur
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE is the onln
champion the soldiers have among the great pa
pers of the country. 'Hie host icay to help all
I veterans is by getting it more subscribers.