Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TBIBOTE: WASHHP'ON, ft' ft,' THURSDAY. MAY 28, 1S9G.
f HOM E iiro;S
i . - . r- t- -j -e-o- z-a
uwwi i he ri r re, :-m RfSJ
v v jl wa -jrox Wfi i
ProrcM PcrlnhiitiK to nil that tenrflo develop
Auienciin intelligence on the topic or the day, nmi
llio adoption of ways mid means to eccute this
Patriotism Historical study of our country, and
discussion tliereon, which k-p alive Uic spirit
of American independence mid 1V0U; i - ,
Charity Providing for Hie relief of tbo suller
Injr and i flliuted. , .
An organisation for Reunion purposes ''"
more praclicdly enforce the principles or the
I.yal Home Wurkcib 1ms bt-cu formed, of which
Kate B. Sherwood is President, nnd to which all
tj ue and loyal members of the C. C arc elizible
Tho Speed or Electricity Annihilates Space.
Edison' Latest Telegram.
AI10UND TUB WORLD I' TIFTY MINUTES.
The most marvelous achievement growing
out of the Electrical Exposition going ou in
Kew York was tho triumph of tho telegraphic
experiment to send a swiftincsage around the
world. Inasmuch as tho Electrical Exposition
is operated by water-power from Niagara Falls,
nta distancc'of 450 miles, it may now be said
that the samo Yankee ingenuity that chained
the lightning is utilizing tho thunders of tho
cataract toilless mankind.
The Western Union and tho Postal Telegraph
Co. wore represented, respectively, in a bos, on
ouo side or the Electi ical Exposition, by Chas.
A. Tinker and Prof. A. B. Chandler, who were
to send ouAncssagcs prepared. Ou the other
6ide of the Exposition, in another box, were
Iho receiving operators, G. W. Dickinson for
ihe Western TJuiou and Thomas A. Edison for
The message to be sent was prepared by Hon.
Chaunccy M. Dopew, and read as follows:
41 God creates, nature treasures, science util
izes electrical power for the grandeur of na
tions and the peace of tho world."
Though so near together m the same build
ing, the sending and receiving boxes wore over
27,000 miles apart by electrical connection".
Belays were many, but each company had sent
orders to have their wires free from business,
and their best opnralors at their posts. Whcu
the cable changed to a land lino an operator
had to repeat it. The routes over which the
message was sent follow:
Tho Western Union route was from Now
York to Galveston, via Chicago, San Francisco,
LosAugcles, and St. Louis; from Galveston,
over the lines of the Mexican Telegraph Com
pany and the Central and South Aiucricau
Telegraph Company, shout G.5G0 miles, by way
of Mexico, Nicaragua, Ecu.idor, and Peru, to
Chile; thence by a laud lino over tho Andes
Mountains to Buenos Ay res. From there to
tho cables of the ltivor l'lntto over tho lines of
the Western and Brazilian aud tho Brazilian
Submarine Telegraph Companies, about 6.000
miles, via Rio Janeiro, Peiuambuco, and St.
Vincent, to Lisbon. Frwui Lisbon, over the
cables of the Eabtern Company, about 1.000
miles, to Penzance, England. Thence over
Wesicru Union Atlantic cables, via Canso,
N. S.. to New York, about 4,000 miles.
The Pos al Telegraph Company's routo was
from New York to Ls Angeles, north to San
Francisco, and Vancouver, cast from there, via
Wiuncpeg, Montreal, and Canso, ovor cables to
London, aud thence buck to Boston and New
York. .JFronx London again over Government
aud other lines, via Lisbon, Gibraltar, 31alta,
Alexandria, and Bombay, to Tokio, Japnu, and
returning to New York by the same route,
thus crossing North America twice, the At
lantic Occvn, Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Just four miuuteb after Prof. Chandler sent
out tho messHgo frpra tho Postal box Edison's
key clicked, announcing its arrival in Lgjidou,
having traveled from Now York to San Fran
cisco aud back to Canso, Novo Scotia, thence
by cable to London.
In Hi minutes aftcrGcneral Manager Tin
ker sent out the message or the Western Union,
tho receiving-box announced iu arrival in
London, after a 10,000-wile trip, first to Los
Angeles, then to Galveston, City of llexiro,
Valparaiso, Buenos Ayres, Peruambuco, across
the Atlantic to Lislmu, then to Loudon.
Just 50 minutes from the time the Postal
sent out the message, Luison's instrument
clicked, and Dr. Dopew'e words camu back
from their journey of 27,500 miles, without
the slightcbt change, even in punctuation a
Inbuti to tho accuracy of the operators the
Tho message, after leaving London, had been
to Libbon, Suez, Aden, Bombay, Madras, Singa
pore, JJoiig Kong, Shanghai, Nagasaki, aud
Tokio; returning via the same route to New
The Dopew message sent by tbo Western
Union made tho Sonth American louto to
Lisbon and rcturu via Nova Scotia in 214
A mesEago sent out by the Postal route, from
Edward D. Adams to Dr. Depow, made tho
27,500-niile trip in 46 minutes, aud was as
"Nature's wonders, serving man through
the world's electric route, proclaim to all puo
pies science triumphant aud the benevolent
While tiie messages were on their travels,
Dr Depcw delivered an address upon the de
velopment of electrical inventions, from which
aro the following extract. When the tele
graphic test was over, a dainty supper, cooked
by electricity, was served the scientific part.
PXOG&r-ES OF XH8COVKKY.
Dr. Dcpcw said : " There is a logical sequence
in the processes of discovery. Wo muot de
voutly recoguizo tiiat the cycles of time have
been, with an all-wise Providence, ycats of
preparation for tho development which wo
celebrate. Without boasting or exaggeration,
no place tho demonstrations of the present
against the results of tho iufinito past, and
gratefully gay, We are the hoirs.pf all the
ages iu tho foromobt files of time.' The earth
yielded its coal when the water bud developed
steam, and the rude application of iron pro
gressed iuto the beuoficent processes of Bewsc-
nir-r, while the electricity of the air was being
harnessed by science.
"Wo can only measure the results of these
inventions by estimating their influenco upon
commerce, transportation, mid the material de
Tclopment of'Natfous, and the c fleet upon Gov
ernments and peoples of iusUntaucous com
munication with each other. Thirty years ago
there were 75,000 miles of wire in the United
States ; lo-day there are 3,000,000 miles. Thii ty
years ago 5,000,000 messages were annually
transmitted by telegraph; now there aro GO,
000 000. In a quarter of a ceuturv the receinth
of the telegraph companies havo increased from
$7,000,000 to $25,000,000 per year.
WATER POWJtli AM) ITS USES.
"This exposition illustrateb another benefi
cent advance iu electrical development. It
euggcots an opportunity of escape from territo
rial hunlationsof coal, and the prohibitive cou
of traubportation. Wbercrer there are mount
ains and lakes there is water power. That
this power can generate electricity has been
known, but its useful neis has been haudi
capped because the mill aud factory could not
he readily traubphmted. The most sublime
concentration of continuing force iu the world
is Niagara Falls.
" We aro hero 450 miles from Niagara, and
witucmng that the power generated there can
he transmitted hbrc. Jt is a demonstration uf
5ncaU-:Jable value. It will redeem the waste
places of tho world. The tumbling torrent
will liecomc the treasuro-house of nations.
heiover water flows electrical power may be
generated, which, transmitted great distances,!
wi'I create tho mill, thofnetory and thofuruace,
aii'l give that employment to capital and labor
Which relieves the farrn-houso of its surplus of
hoys and girls, and gives tho farm the profit
able market in a neighboring Beat of jiopula
tiou and industry.
Motto. Pro Patria.
Flower. Fcnon 'me not.
fT Objects Progress, patriot .sm
ELECTRICITY IN TEANEPOnTATION.
Tho next feat of electricity, now almost
accomplished, is to ho its use in transportation.
It is to accelcrato the speed and increase tho
comfort of the passenger train, aud it is to bo
largely tho substitute for tho horse, for the re
volving wheels of tho freight car. for tho agri
cultural aud road-wagon. It is to famish tho
light for dwelliug and factory, for hospiialand
highway- it is to give tho heat for cooking and
for comfort; it is to be tho power for tho ma
chinery of the mill and tho press of tho uows
paper ; it is to bo tho motor for transportation
!iy laud aud sea.
".Tho familiars and the masters who havo
most beneficently yoked thislmystcrious power
to the car of human progress aro Franklin and
Morse aud Elison and Bell and Tesla and
Brush and Wcstinghousc. Tho scientists of
Europe have contributed many and invaluable
discoveries to tho development of electricity,
but in its practical application and utilization
for the common purposes of lifoaud the grander
march of civilization America takes tho lead."
TE5LA A'SB HIS MOT11EB.
By tho way, Tesla, the electrician, is the son
of a woman inventor, who made improved
churns and other domestic appliances, whilo
her husband preached. It was Tesla who dis
covered that telegraph messages could be sent
without wires, and ho is now at work upon
inventions which he believes will enable every
house to supply itself with electrical force by
aid of solar heat, and tho inmates tocouverse
ou tho telephonic priuciple, with friends near
or remote, without telephonic wires.
OLI POKIl CALLED FOR.
Deak C.C. and L.H.W.: Can someone give
me tho poem, tho first verse of which begins as
Who will pres for gold this crowded street,
A hundred year to come;
Who will I read yon church with willing reel,
A hundred years to come?
I would liko to know tho name of Iheauthor,
aud tho correct circumstances that led to its
I am told that it is connected with tho early
history of Broad street. New York City. Per
haps it may interest other members of tbo C.C.
as well as myself to know its history.
I want to thank you for Editor's Chat, which
is so helpful to us all each week.
Lillian Knight, Montevideo, Minn.
PROPORTIONS OF THE FLAG.
An inquiry as to tho proportions of tho
American flag from J. B. Kirk, Lima, O., hav
ing been referred to tho American Flag Co.,
Eastou, Pa., has elicited the following reply:
"In regard to the proper proportions of the
American flag, we would say that tho Govern
ment sets forth in specifications, on a storm
flag, four feet two inches hoist by eight feet fly,
the Union taking up one-third tho leugth of
the flag, aud crosswise the width of seven
stripes. Thero are six rows of etaTS, thotop
iow containing eight, star", tho second row
&cvci!, tho third row eight, tho fourth row
seven, tho fifth row eight, and tho sixth row
There are 13 stripes, seven of which are red
and sir white. This brings the red stripes out
side. CONYKRSAJION CLUK.
A Cluster or Memorial Iay Poems, and
Utiles of the avJ.. Write briefly. 2. Write only
on one .ldcYibc paper. S. Wiite lo the point. 4.
Write cm oncMibjecl. 5. Write your best. C. Each
week Uic mime of thof-c wiitinj; the best letters
fciyie, comiiOhilion. ppellinK. penmanship and gen
eral merit considered will be nnmed ul thohend
of this column ou the Honor Roll. First honor
will include nil of tlic-c requirements. Second
honor will include u deficiency iu some uiieputul.
TlirleUeM v.. mean -clerans snn, v.d. vnlcr
enV dimchlcr and v.w. vclcrnn'ii widowj member
of iif-snciHtiouH will bo marked a.V. anil I.V.l
Alexis Prenatt, v.s.. and Leonard Stives, v.s.,
Ppartansburg, Pa.; William C Barnes, Ocala,
Fla.; I. Amelia Fenner, 515 Bleecker street,
Utirei, N. Y., requesting correspondents. Total,
COMMENTS ON NEW MEMESRS.
Pearl Etucrcon introduces Alexis Prenatfc
and Leonard Stives as soldiers' sons and loyal
young men, and bespeaks for them a welcomo;
they desire exchange of letters.
Joseph L. Itlfenburg. introducing a fellow
townsman, William C. Barnes, says: "Though
a Southern man he pledges himself as a true
blue C.C., and would liko a few corraspoud
euts." TIIKKI! MEMOKIAL POKMS.
WBKATHB OF REMEMBRANCE.
Jly Jh-a O. Lamlcrtgou.
Twine garlands, the biighlest aud rarest,
On Liberty's altars to lay;
Brine bluHvmis 1 lie wre tent nnd fuircst
That open in beauty to-day.
The preen, grassy mounds are before us,
Where huroes arc rerling at last;
The Stur-spniicled Bhiiiict is ocr us,
Tliey-boro in the glorious pabt.
And memory I urns to the story
Of etrugglcs mid triumphs and tears,
Tolceds that are written iu irlory
On the scroll or the wur-durkcucd years.
O, lonir is tbo record tlml'd written
In glittering letters of llnme,
Fiom .Sumter's crim wall, battle-suiillcn.
To Gettysburg's field of red f.imc.
From Vick&b urn's dt-ep rchoinjr thunder.
That iiimwered to Gcttyburg'.i cheers,
THl t Inst t he great day of surrender
', H'I closed tbo lonjj struggle of years,
Our banner wm nobly defended,
JCo irtnr from it nz.urc in get,
Thoush many n brave life was ended
To Uecp llicm ashiucfor uycl.
Wo bring now the Spring's fairctt blossoms
Iu reverent remembrance lo y
On mounds thitt are heuped o'er the bosoms
Of tbe IsHtiou'ti dead lieroea to-day.
EN FORGOTTEN HEROES,
Jly Cail iU lZrpiitr,
Sh'cp sweetly, fallen heroee,
Down iu your lonely bedn,
A once again wo ptioc'iind plnco
Our garlands o'er your heads.
We know Hint these can ne'er repay
For all your weary j'enrs.
But foudiy Mill we lay tliem down
And water llieiu with tens.
Ect ever gently, noble ones
Until life's woes nieo'vr,
Tli-n wcwliull juiii the uruud review
Upon the golden shore.
when Tin: guavks give up their dead.
Jly Alice Andcrwi.
There are mmiy heroes lying
In their unknown graven to-day.
Wherj no friends may-gHtluT round tlicm
And Memorial offerings Ihj- J
But sleep ou In pence aud quiet
In your low and narrow lied.
We will inert oii, O, my comrades.
When the guivo give up their dead!
They have foetid ihe foe iu butllu
'Mid ihe rain of flint nnd shell.
And have botue the fl ig to victory
Whoie thousands fought and fell.
'Xwasto ntire our country'd honor
That their prcciuits blood was shed;
lint, oh, couiradec, theiu'll he glmlnens
Vi'hcn tho graves give up their dead!
Ket. oli, rent ye. martyr brothers,
III the pnlace of the Kfr.gj
Whcie immortal robes you're wearing.
And you with the aiigclM feing!
In that homo of j-iy aud bcmiiy,
Where then: comes no war aud dread,
On thai crowning day we'll greet you.
When the giaves give up tliuir dead!
Florence, Oil., 1898.
" UNDER THE GONP."
Editor L.H.W.: I received a beautiful prize
book last week, and it is moro precious to mo
than any in my library, because of the pourco
from whence it eauie, aud lw becuuso my
father spent three years "under tho guus."
Wfrds cannot express my thanks.
I havo been a member of tho C.C. nino years,
and wo have taken Tiik National Tribune
for many years, and 1 am glad that tho Loyal
Homo Workers is now recognized as a useful
oigauization for the perpetuation of American
1 remember when tho CC. was newly organ
ized, the letters from "Tennessee B03V "Amos
Kretcr," " Iloosier School Girl," "Keystone
Dudo," "Twinklcr," and many others. Wo
enjoyed those letters, hut our organization is
more advanced now, and when wo have a good
thought to express let our names bo set below
it. Scrips, Scrapes and Postscrips arc all right,
but moresorious matters with noms des plumes
remind me of an obituaiy I onco read, signed
" Pumpkin Blossom." Yours, Pro Palria
-, Flccta Smith, Shedu's, Oro.
PASSING IN r.KVIEW.
Will ''Southern Girl" please send her address,
to Julius W. Gogaru. 117 Webster avenue, Mus
kegon, Mich., as ho has a messagu lo send her.
Nonie Langley, daughter of Maik Lungloy,
Co. II, 24th Mc, requests Edward Bickuell to
forwaid his address to her at Esmond, S. D.
Bubo L. Martin, whilo making his regular
trip as Postal Clerk, from Pittsburg, Pa., to
Yotingstown, O., got a cinder in his eye, which
caused him much pain for some days, aud ho
was obliged to lay off.
Ina Lord McDavitt fiudsasong companion
in a brown thrush, whichsings for hours every
day before her window iu Vineland, N. J.
A Missouri CC. who has been for eight years
n member, asked exchange of postal autographs,
but there was an error in his address when pub
lished. Please uoto that it is C. D. Fisher,
Piorco City, Mo.
John M. Murphy, Wheatland, Mo., comes in
long onough to rcqucst-an oxchaugo of lottors
with C.C. friends.
Nellio and Stcllio Leas, Sticklorsvillo, Mo.,
write that they aro much pleased with, chains
made from their hair by Mrs. S. A. Ohlakor,
Vinita, Ind. Tor., and commend her to all de
siring similar work at reasouublo prices.
J. llusscll Winn, a veteiau's son, of Littlo
Bay, Ark., and member of tho L.U.W., says ho
gets lonely down thero whero a Reunion of tho
L.H.W. has novor been hold. He notes with
interest tho now names iu tho Roll Call, and
would like to hear moro from all. He would
be pleased with a correspondent in Illiuois aud
0110 in southern Kansas.
Edith M. llaines, East St. Lonis, HI., wonders
how many of tho L.H.W. aro to attend tho-National
Republican Convention at St. LouiB. She
asks all who go to romombcr sho lives just
across tho Mississippi River. Sho is now tho
Illiuois Division Correspondent, L.A.S., for
The National Tribune.
I.OYAX II03LE WORKERS.
Plea for a Flag- Fund "by tlio National Treas
urer. ARE WE TRUH TO OUR MOTTO?
" Pro Patria "For Our Country!
Is there any organization which has a nobler
motto than that? Our country, tho whole of
theso grand United States, whore wo all bc
liovo "in union thero is strength."
The L.Bf.W. is an organization composed of
intelligent, patriotic people, young and old, and
wo claim as our objects and aims tho promotion
f Progress and Patriotism, as much as is with
in our power.
Have we accomplished as much in these linc3
as we could, as we should, and as much as
misht be expected of us?
One of tho acts wo have done during tho past
year has been to present to tho little country
school at Stcvonsburg, Va., a flag, and from tho
enthusiastic letters aud cordial thanks received
from those to whom tho flag was sent, wc can
all realize how much good it has done how
much interest it has awakened. And besides
teaching patriotism, it has already had an in
fluence towards progress as well, in moro ways
than one, iu that neighborhood.
Surely we, tho L.H.W., have every reason to
feel encouraged, aud to feel that our efforts iu
tiiat direction wore fully appreciated.
Aro wo to let tho good work stop hero? Ib
thero nothing more wc could do in tho same
Somo time ago it wag suggested by our edi
tor that a flag fund bo raised, and that dona
tions for tho samo bo sent to tho Treasurer.
You w.ll doubtless bo interested to know how
this fund is progressing, and how many aro
willing to holp in so worthy an object.
I must confess it is uot such a report as I am
proud to make. Since. last December, when
tho flag fund was placed in my hands, I havo
received just cue contribution towards it. That
was 25 cents, sent by a Massachusetts soldier,
now over SO years of age, who is living in Mis
souri. Ho has for a loug time been much in
terested in our work, and always roady to holp
iu every good cause.
Whero are all tho young pcoplo of our organ
ization? It is well enough "to write about
beine: patriotic, our uoble aims, etc., but how
much better to
"Donob!o deeds, not dream them all day long."
Wo havo about 1,000 members in tho Loyal
Homo Workers, and five cents from each would
make a flag fund of $50. From the 15,000 and
moro whose names are enrolled as C.C. mem
bers, wc surely might oxpect somo help aud in
terest. It him probably been purely neglect on tho
part of many that no notice was taken of the
suggestion of our editor iu regard to contribu
tions fur this fund, but, as I have reason to be
lieve, many will become interested and willing
to help carry out our objects, Progress and
Patriotism, as we all should do who claim Pro
Patria as our motto.
I hope soon to hear from many, and also
hope that in tho uot distant future I may havo
very encouraging words to Bay in regard to our
flag fuud. It is not that wo wish to get a largo
fund and keep it on hand, but w wish to
spend it, aud by so doing spread '"Old Glory "
where it is not so well known as iu our own
circles, aud whore " tho flag our fathera saved "
will have a grand influence over all who see it.
Maty L. Best, Treasurer L.LT.W.,,S ton chant,
THE SUNFLOWER CIRCLE.
Tho Sunflower Circlo hold their annual
meeting at Beloir, Kan., at the time of tho
Grand Army Encampment and Relief Corps,
Convention. The meeting was in tho nature
of a pleasant reunion aud promotion of the in
terests of Progress aud Patriotism iu Kansas.
Headquarters were established in tho Chris
tian church, whero all meetings were held,
nnd a vote of thanks was extended the church
authorities and cntertainets gonerally. Mrs.
Estella Edgccombo distributed a large number
of flag salute rituals to bo given teachers near
tho homes of members receiving them.
Leon L. Roberts, Secretary aud Treasurer,
who furnishes the report, notes tho marriage of
John Coopor, formerly of Kingfisher, Okla.,
since last Reunion, to a young woman from
Missouri, and Laura Cooper, of Great Bond, is
Mrs. Win. Clare. Ho cxteudswcougratulatious
from associates all.
Members are urgod to forward dues for tho
current year without solicitation. Member
ship application blanks may bo secured by ad
dressing Bertha Schupp, Hiawatha, or Mrs. E.
N. E'lgecombe, Phillipsburg, Kan.
A resolution of condolence wassout from Re
union to Mrs. Mary Stewart upon tbo Iosb of
Tho following resolution was also passed :
Resolved, Tlut we urge upon ench and every
member of tho Sunflower Circle the necessity of
forming local Circles in their tcspeclivo vicinities
to inculcate the leaching of the principles of our
The following officers and committees form
tho official roster for lS9G-'07. They aro earn
est, loyal, wide-awake members of tho Loyal
Home Workers. Let progressive Kansaus fall
iuto line, and another annual meeting will bo
an outpouring of patriotism such as has not
been seen at L.H.W. Reunions:
Pros., V. Hcrtha Schupp, Hiawatha ; S. V.-P
Maggie Jackson, Downs; J.V.-P., J.ina E. Shep
herd, Ottowa ; Sec. and Treas., Leon L. Roberts,
Great Bend; Chap., Chaltio Allen, Downs;
Sergcant-at-Arni3, Gwyda Edgecombe, Phil
lipsburg. Council, Mrs. E.N. E-lgccomb, Phil
Hpsburg; E. Willis Simpson, Great Bend; M.
Ellin Martin, Perry, Okla, Progress Commit
tee Minnie Weakly, Washington; Charles
Belcher, Enterprise; Hnttio Moss, Tulsa. Intl.
Tor. Historic Committee C. 11. Dye, Wei ls
villo; Daniel Volz,.Reading; Etlio Harshbar
ger. Vinland. Flag Fuud Coiumittee--W. F.
Volz, Reading; Katie E. Hand, Kingfisher,
Okla. The Council wero requested to draw up
a set of rules and regulations for the governing
of tho Sunflower Circle, and report at tho next
regular mectiug. Tho Sunflower Circlo badge
was of whilo satin with tho floral emblem and
Frxs to Alt Women.
I have learned of a vry elmpla home treatment which
rill rc-flll v cnroalt fcmnlc disorder., painful jeriod.-leu-r-nrrhoen,
dhplnwmcnt or irregularities, and will gladly
tmi it tf m l imj mSaiBS womia, Ait'i illl L. tUui, JoUct, 111
A. Sludyyof the, International Sunday
School LcssjiyAppointcd for June
7, 1S9G. -
Subject: "Warnings, to tho Disciples. St,
Lulic, 2: 21-37.
fOnc reading thcsomolfc; should fir-t carefully
study tho paragraph Irbin the Holy Scriptures as
indicated nbuvc.i 'jf
I. Christ's. Chirftaixcy.
Wc havo only one account, that of St. Luko,
00 . 0"f(
Our lesson is dated Thursday ovoning, March
17, A. D. 29. Wo may supposo it was somo
time after 8 o'clock. It was tho oveuiug pre
ceding the death of our Savior.
Wo aro located in Joni3nIcm in a "largo
upper-room." St. Luke, 22: 12. It was on-Mt.
Ziou. So tradition teaches.
4. The Company.
The group gathered in tho room consistod of
Jesus and tho Twelve Apostles. St. Lu., 22 : 11.
They assembled to celebrate tho last Passover
and to originate the Holy Communion.
5. the Circumstances.
Tho Apostles imagined that Christ was to be
como Solomon's successor ; that the Jews wero
to bo relieved from subjection to Roman power
and beconio again independent in government.
Tho Twelve know well that a monarch gathers
around him a sort of ministry or cabinet. Thoy
wero anxious to become members of tho royal
circle. But oven a cabinet has ranks. Tho
positions of certain ministers arc moro promi
nent aud lucrative. Tho Twelve fell into a
dispute as to which was to bo the loading men
in tho new Kingdom. They erred at tho very
foundation, for Christ did not purpo3o establish
ing a temporal Kingdom. Then, worse yet,
thoy erred iu tho spirit of Christ's Kingdom.
Jesus set forth tho priuciplo of office-holding,
which it has been tho aim of tho Government
of the United States, theoretically aleast, to
exhibit, to wit, that secular oilicials arc public
G. Explanatory Notes.
1. "Tho Kings of tho Gentiles." V. 25.
Tho Jews despised tho Gentiles, and what Gen
tiles did was not, for tho very reason they did
it, regarded as exemplary. Tho chief rulor
was tho Emperor at Rome, but subject to him
were numeiuus Kings.
2. "Exercise authority." V.25. That is the
business of Kings. They do it officially. Somo
titnes they may usosuch authority tyrannically.
Sometimes as officers thoy must uso it when,
out of tenderness, thoy might, as privato citi
zens, rofraiti from severity.
3. "Benefactors." V.25. This was a com
mon term to give to officials of prominence.
At times it was well deserved. At othor times
it was bestowed in mero flattery or for the
gaining of favors. Josephus aud Philo apply
tho term benefactor to tho Roman Emperors.
Wo often find the terra eucrgctes (well-doers)
as applied 10 tho Roman Emperors.
4. Yo shall notrhc sp." V. 2G. Tho King
dom of Christ is notuiodoled after a monarchy.
Compare St. Lu., 9:48; 1 Pet., 5:3. Wo get
tho truo idea as illustrated iu Christ's washing
of tho Disciple's feet;. St. John, 13:3-15.
5. "Younger." V. 2G. It was tho duty of
tho younger lo perforin tho moro menial serv
G. "Temptations." V.28. Reference is mado
to Christ's ministry, in special temptations
experienced alougrwitlrtho Apostles persecu
tions, ill-treatment from enemies, personal
sacrifices and hardship?;
7. "Kingdom." V. 30. Wo recall St. Mntt.,
10:28. The Apostles must always bo eminent.
Their relations to iChrfst on earth will mako
them forever distinguished in Heaven. They
will bu to Christ itt tho state after tho Judge
ment what a cabinet is to a ruler; what prime
ministers aro to a kiug.t
8. "Tho twelve tribeasof Israel." V.30. Tho
meaning is that they bhall bo tho specially
marked aud exalted. porso us among the re
deemed. Tho triiojsniol-is tho Church Catho
lic, embracing all saved through Christ.
1. All civil rulers, should bo bouefactors,
2. Wo should cultivate a kindly, courteous,
obliging spirit. An employer may havo a yield
ing, sympathetic naturo quito hocoming a
servant, while many a servant has in him tho
spirit of a tyrant. If ouo who is rich, power
ful, exalted, bo becomingly condescending;
considerate of tho feelings and wants of the
poor aud dependent; willing if need bo in
emergency to do many an act which would bo
moru becoming a servant, such a man exalts
himself in public esteem.
3. Young men should be willing to begin iu
inferior positions aud work up to places of re
sponsibility, power aud remuneration.
-I. Do not forsake friends in their trials. It
was creditahle to tho Apostles that they "con
tinued" with Christ in his " temptations."
5. Be patient. Wait for tho timo of exalta
tion. Gut inspiration for future "temptations"
(trials) by hope of promotion iu Christ's King
dom beyond death. As Jesus treated and will
treat his Apostles, similarly he will all of his
II. Peter's Denials Foretold.
St. Matt., 2G: 31, 35; St. Mark, 14 : 30, 31, and
St. Lu., 22:31-34.
2. Tittle, Place, Company, Circumstances.
These all agree with tho same iu tho para
graph above, savo that wo move aloug a trifle
later in the evening.
The account as given hy St. Mark seems a
littlo moru defiuito as to the timo of tiie denials.
The day referred to was tho ouo which began
that evening at 6 o'clock, according to Jewish
division of time. But a day is composed of
daylight and night. St. Murk states plainly
tlio denials were to be at night, and hence uot
far from the timo of our Savior's prediction.
But tho denials aro located moro definitely yet
as to time. They were to bo before tho cock
crowed twice. St. Mark, 14:30. It was un
derstood that the first cock-crowing was at
about midnight; the eocoud at about 3 o'clock,
3. The Connection.
By reading St. Matt., 20:31-33, wo seo how
Christ camo to bpeak so plainly to Puter.
Christ had foretold his suffering aud death.
Rut Peter, indignant, said : "Though all men
shall bo offended because of thco, yot will I
never bo offended." And jot ho oxcccdcd in
ill-treatment of Christ all the-rest except Ju
das, in tho fact ho uot only forsook Jesus, but
actually denied him; and that not once, but;
thrice, and after having been foruwarited by
our Savior. Fiom St. John, 13:31-38, we get
still nearer tho condition of things. Christ
foretold his departure, saying that none could
follow him. I'oterwusoutspokeu iu his loy
alty and willingness to. undergo any peril in
following Joins. Then Christ exposed tho
weakness of Peter nd jirophesied tho denials.
4. The Warning.
Wheat mny bo sifted-'and yet not destroyed.
The sifting inay reljovc it of sonic impurities
It was doubtless :v benefit ultimately to Peter
that Satau haudled .him so severely. Ho was
brought to tnoa3uro himself and to seo the call
for Divino help. All boasting is rebuked.
"When thou art converted." (V. 32.) Tho
meauing is, When thou hast been tried and
hast escaped ; when tho moral lesson which
Christ wants to teach has been fully imparted;
when thou hast regained poise after thy-fall,
n'ch iu czpericncvtiu3ii let others havo tho
benefit of thy trial;nad(reBCue.
H. W. Longfellow has a Folk Song with tho
title "Tho Sifting of Peter," which gives so
much insight into this, paragraph and withal so
fitly turns it into a practical lessou, that we
append it: ' '
Iu St. Luke's Gospel wc aro told
How l'elur in the days of old
And now, tho ages intervene,
bin is the snme, while time aud accn
Satan desires us, great and small,
As wheat lo sift us, and we all
Not one, however rich or grout,
la by hi Htatiou or estate
No house 90 anftdy gunrded is
Bui he, by somo dovleo or bis,
No heart hath iirmor so. complete
But he can plnrce with arrows fleet
For all at last Iho cock wilt crow
Who hear Ihe warning voice, but go,
Till thrice nnd more they have denied
T lie Man of Sorrows crucified
9 Ono look of Hint pale, suffering faco
S V tit miikn u feel the deep disgraco
WKidirtll bu silted till thctflreuclh
Of self conceit bu changed nl length
To meek ucs j.
Wounds of the soul, tho' healed, will acho,
The rcddeniiic; scars remain, and mako
Liitl innocence returns no more;
AVc arc not what we were before
P. tit noble souls, thro' dust nnd boat.
Rise from disaster mid defeat -
And conscious still of the divino
Within them, lie on earth supltio
Kcducfd Katun to St. Louis.
Tho Republican National Convention will
meet in St. Louis Juno lGth. Fortius occasion
the B. & 0. R. R. Co. will sell Excursion Tickets
from all stations on its line East of tho Ohio
River for all trains Juno 12 to 15, inclusive,
valid for return passago until Jutio 21, at ono
fare for the round trip.
Tho Baltimore & Ohio is a direct lino to St.
Louis, running two solid vestihulcd fast express
trains with through Pullman Sleeping Cars
attached every day in tho year.
For rates and othor information apply to
nearest B. & 0. Ticket Agout.
ICorrcflpondcnls should write each question on
a separate sheet of paper, p;ivo full name and ad
dress, and mark it "Correspondents' Column." No
attention will be paid to cnmmtiuicatioiM not ac
companied with namo anil address of writer. It is
requested that a stump ba inclosed for reply by
letter. Postal cards will be replied to by mail
only. Replica by mail will ordinarily be mado
within n week, and if iu this column within throo
J. R. U., Willaril, K Y.X soldier who served
through tho late war, and was honorably dis-.
charged therefrom, married in JfiGb; subse
quently his wife died aud he again married,
and was divorced from his socond wife and
married again. Would his thiid wifo bo enti
tled to pension in the event of his death ? An
swer. If married to him prior to Juno 27, 1800,
sho will bo eutitlod if dependent, or if his
death was directly due to a cause, originating
in lino of duty in tho service. If married to
him subsequent to Jnno 27, 18D0, she will havo
no title, unless his death be directly due to his
JT. A. P., Pig PapiJs, MicJi., and others. Docs
the provision iu tho Picklor pension bill as to
an income of $300 iu case of widows mean that
under said bill widows may receive a pension
of $300 a year? lancer. It does not, and wo
cannot understand how anyono can so inter
pret it. It means that a widow whose not in
como from hor property does not exceed $300
per annum may be peusionod undor tho act of
Juno 27, 1890, at $3 por month (and $2 addi
tional for miners undor 10 years of ago) if sho
can ostablish her claim. There is no mea3nro
ponding that proposes to pousion widows at tho
rato of $300 a year. As yet tho Pickler bill has
not become a law, aud at present an incomo
much in excess of $100 a year defeats a wid
ow's claim to pension under tho act of Juno 27,
J. P., Salem, Ore. Has tho bill proposing to
pension survivors of tho Roguo River Indian
war beconio a law? Answer. No; but it has
passed the Scnato, and is likely to be favor
ably considored in the House.
S. T. A., New York, N. 11 A pensioner wants
to make his pension payablo to another (his
sister). Cn this ho done? .finaicer. No.
Mrs. M. E. M., Pomona, Fla. Has any general
law been passed restoring to remarried widows
tho pension thoy forfeited by remarriage? -4n-stcer.
No; a few special acts have been passed
in such cases, but tho President uniformly ve
A. J. V., Los Angeles, Cal. What is tho status
of tho proposed legislation as to payment of
pension to thoso who, having served in the
Confederate forces, afterwards enlisted in tho
Union army or navy? .4iisu?cr. On tho 14th
iust. the Senate passed a bill that may afford
relief to thoso ex-Coufcderatos who, prior to
Sept. 1, 1801, enlisted in the Union forces. Tho
Senate bill docs not propose to reliove thoso
rebels who entered tho Union army or navy
200,000 JIE.V CUItKD.
Sinco 1801 over 200,000 men have used the
simple, harmless recipe which cured meof
lost vigor, from errors ami exces-es. You
can prepare it yourself or I will furnish it
ready for use cheaper than n drttjrjjist can.
Recipe and full directions by addressing,
Mb. Tiiouah Bau.ves. Box Q5C. Marshall, Mich.
THE QUESTION SQUAD.
Veteran Anxious to Kind Their Comrades 1TI10
Can Aid Thenil ,
Inquiries for the whereabouts of persons will bo
published iu this column once, free, but they can
not appear for some lime after receipt, owing to
the great number sent us. By walchiui; our Re
union columns during Ueuniou season the where
abouts of Secretaries having regimental roster
may be Hsecrtaincd. aud signed comuiuuicatious
will furnish tlio desired information very fres
ALARAMA. Of Co. B, 1st Ala. Cav.; by Poter
Tidwcll, Dublin, Ala.
Illinois. Of Thomas Lane, Co. A. 70th 111.;
by Enoch Brady, Ridgo Farm, 111. Of Co. G,
Gist III.; by J. W. Ttirpcn, Clearraont, Mo.
Ixdiaxa. Of James Stewart, Co. A. 7th Intl.;
last hoard of iu Montana; by J. N. Hubbard,
Kkn-iucky. Of Co. G, 53d Ky.; by I. M.
Perkins, G13 South Fifth street, Salt Lake City,
MicniGAX. Of Stevens A. Buchanan. Bat
tery A, 1st Mich. L. A.; by John Bluich, Mau
dan, N. D.
Miscellaxeous. Of I. F. List ; by Mrs. I.
F. List, Station G, Nashville, Tonu. Of Jas.
Honry Carpenter (colored), son of Lucinda
Keys, who was tho property of Eetsoy Ann
Berry, of Robinson, Va.; supposed to havo
enlisted in the Union army at Washington, D.
C: by George T, Bylaud, Hillsboro, 0. Of
Csipt. T. P. Killinis, on staff of Geu. Blount;
by J. T. Barron, Prairio Grove, Ark. Of A.
M. Hathaway aud Daniel Pang, both of whom
lived iu Brooklyn, N. Y.; by David Wooloy,
St. Francisvillc, 111. Of Samuel Jeffersou, a
shoemaker; last heard of atOlivo Hill, Ky., in
18G1 ; by J. J. Perry, Olivo Hill, Ky. Of
Maj. John lu Razelle, formerly of Bethlehem,
Pa.; by P. Sweariugon, Montgomery City, Mo.
Naval. Of members of tho crow of tho
Tuscarora; by Samuel Pickens, 117 East St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.
New Hampshire. Of Co. E, 5th N. IJ.,
who knew Samuel Parker; by R. F. Abbott,
Sandwich Center, N. II.
New York. Of Dnuiol Weaver, Co. I, 93th
N. Y.; by Box GG4 Ponn Yan, N. Y. Of
comrades of Poter L. Monroe, Co. E, 89th N.
Y.; by Miunio Monroe, Manchester, Va. Of
Capt. Domansky, Co. C, 31st N. Y.; hy S. Sul-
uoii, Laredo, Tox. Of Co. C, 5lh N. Y.; by
Mrs. Hottio Fuller, Box 623, Greenville, Mich.
Of Adam Goss, Co. B. 2d battalion, 18th U.
S., who eulisted at Lancaster, Pa., in 18U1; by
Charles Go38, Willow St., Pa. Of rosnmeut
fu which James M. Heffelfiuger, an Ohio man,
aervud from 1865 to 1870; by Mrs. D. Metzger,
Tiffin, O. Of Battory I, 1st U. S. Art., who
woro discharged at Brownsville, Tex., Feb. 15,
1807; by Thomas Patrick Quirk, Quarryvlllo,
N. J. Of any who know Georgo E. Mans
field, who served in a Maryland regiment, and
later iu Co. C, 4th U. S. Cav.; by August Cline,
Regulars. Of Dr. Thurston, Hospital Stew
ard Stevens, John Ellis, Robert Carter.
Zimmormanii, Tom McDonald, Capt. Bornnrd
P. Jlimmaek, William Love, Paul Green, Miller
Conway, Maxwell Daily, Thomas P. Byanr,
Robert Cordon, Tom Henry, Thomas Rsiy, Joo
Doyle, Yager Myers, John Hogan, P. Nottfo,
Ned Donley, Joo Carroll nnd others of tho 12t!i
U. S. stationed at Foit Hamilton, Now York
Harbor, froin-Teb. 29. 18G1, to July, 1SG5; by
Jacob N. Hamburger, 100 Napoloan St., Detroit,
Tennessee. Of tho 2d Tonn. Cav.; by Bot.
W. S. Bakor, Bollomont, O. T.
Indiana Ladies of tho G. A. It.
At the annual Convention of tho Department
at Cairo, May 12, 13 and 14, the following offi
cers were chosen : Pres., Amanda, K. Howe,
Chicago; S. V.-P.. Charity Nichols, Ualva; J.
V.-P., Olivo Estover, Chicago; Sec, Ellon Tap
pan, Chicago; Chap., Mary Poolo, Chicago.
Council of Administration, Mury Scott, Chi
ct;go; Mary Prost, Aurora; Emma Adams,
Cuntr.alia. Delegates, Jonuio L. Millor, Aurora ;
i'T. J. Springer, Chicago; C. Pago, Aurora;
Mary Fitzgorald,Iiieago; Alternates, J. S.
Walker, Chirago; AMiHer, Rochello; J. Bow-
dcu, Coutralia; Huuuah Myers, Chicago.
ANSWEP.S TO NO. S35-3IAKCII 2C, 1890.
II K I S
K I S S
E X T 0
C A L E
K I C
l I C
2005 R A C A L A I.
A L A T I X 0
C A I. A HA O
A T A R A-P U
L I Jt A X K S
A X A I K S T
2305 Wages; wags.
II A B M A T II A.E I X
A P P K I. r. A X T S
KPI.1T K K X A
AtTIf R A 3
A X X K
2310 C. A A APIA
A It A T O R S
P K T O O X P.
A S S 3 K A P.
G R O X D
O R A S P K D
TP.AVBRT I X
2MB I M P R E
Jt K L A X
P L A X T
It A X D A
E X T A S
R I S
5 S I IHL B
A B At T A
If I. E S.
OX DM AX
P B It A T B
R O S S E X
A S S A X I
T T K X D S
B-OX 1 S1I
A X T I S
K X T K U T A I X
E X T E R T A I X B D
S T A I X B S
S I X E S
WII 0 S K S 0 K V E
EX PRO PEED
Authors of word-fo
rmsr Kosciusko McGInty.
A. Dandy (2). Primrose, Gi
C. Saw, Rex. Ford (2),
CIIAItLKS J. DAVIS.
(From a photograph taken In 1390.)
"Citaulie Davis" is dend, and lib death will
ennt n deep slooni over Puzzledom, and his Balti
more brethren in particular, many of whom have
known him since tiie bOV, when his "Hickory
Nuts" in the Telegram flourished. Tho and event
occurred at the homo or the decerned'- parents, 511
West Mulberry street, on Tuesday, Ihe 19th lust.,
tile funeral tnkintr place twodays later. The imme
diate cause ofdeath wns Cright'a disease. Mr. Da
vis was by prnfe-ston a stcnogrnpherand toacher in
the art of phonography, though he win yet quite
n young man at tbo lime or bis demise. "Mys
tery" numbered htm among its earliest and beat
rriends, n word-enigma a form or puzzle always a
favorite with him having appeared in No. 1, July
2, lfaOI. Later years found him less acllre iu puzzle
matters, owing to ill-health; but he cherished in
his heart a warm regard for the Art and il de
votees to the last. lie was a member of the Enst-
crn Puzzlers' League, and at one lime actively eu
gaged 111 its work.
NEW PUZZLKS.-NO. 244.
(To the Greater New Yorkers.)
KOS. 2410-11 SQUARES.
1. A town or France, department of Aricce.
(Lipp, '73.) 2. A group of the natural Eriinceie
contnfiiiiie; the true heaths. (Cent.) 3. Gives heed.
4. A morbid displacement of part?. 5. Oozing. 6.
A town of France, iu Savoy. 7. A Greek, or Latiu
I. Portia's waiting woman in Shakspere's "Mer
chant of Venice." (Fid.) 2. An eye which Inflicts
Injury by some magical or fascinating influence. 3.
Robber. 4. Post liamlet of Fayette County, Iowii,
5. Drying up. (Cent.) 6. A kind of smalt hand
pump for throwing streams of liquid. 7. A Greek
or Latin proper name.
A. DaxdY. Brooklyn, N. Y.
NO. 2412 CURTAILMBXT.
To the city of the dead
Pon this dny tho soldiers tread
With a solemn pace;
'While, sad memories ariso
As they march 'ncath May day skies,
Some with tearful face.
Ah, they prime the cannon's roar.
And they seo the running goro
Flow from friend and foe;
For tho warring fiend alike,
At the WliOLK of each doth strike.
Causing- bitter woe.
And they strew the flowers with thought
That ere long-there will be fought
Conflict that will end
Their lust net upon life's stnjce-.
When no more they would engage
Where sweet tributes blend.
Zuda, Hroolilyn, N. Y.
KOS. 2113-14 SQUARES.
I. Ringlets. 2. Coming back. 3. To put in a
b.irce. 4. Sea-weed. 5. A country of Borneo. 6.
To impress deeply. T. Sewed.
1. Boxed. 2. Having the form of n cap for the
head. 3. (Fiction) A popular name formerly u'von
tt Whitefriars. -1. Returned an impulse or impres
sion. 5. Deprive- feloniously of tools. 6. French
magistrate; b. ISOl. 7. A determined' onset.
Poly, Brooklyn, N. Y.
NO. 2415 CHARADE.
Once, In the days of the lone; ngo.
You wero my nil.
Now, when the fierce winds of sorrow blow.
Over in v pathway, do you know
What doth befall?
Then you were id ways, my hope and stay,
Close by my side.
Now, when I saddened and lonely stray
Over life's total desert way,
Where is my guide?
Then, first, I lay on yonr loving breast,
Pence came apxee.
Now. like one storm-tossed on billows' crest.
Vainly I wander, seeking rest,
Far from thy face.
Final may say that you loved-mo not
I'll ne'er reply.
Yours is a brilliant and happy lot
Mtue but a shade. Alone, forgot,
I can but die!
St. Jultax, Brooklyn, N. Y.
NOS. 2 11G-17 SQUARES.
(To K. T.Did.)
1. A town of Germany. (Lipp. '73) 2. A Scrip
ture proper name. 3. Modish. 4. An extensive
order of I'orifern. 5. The external or outermost
layer of a fructified or ripened ovary. 6. French
litterateur; 1C0Q-I635. 7. Shaped like the letter Y.
1. An Engll-jh merchnnl in tho service of the
Karl of Leicester. (Cent. Cyclop, of Names.) 2
One of a sect iu Africa (4th century) mentioned by
St. AtiKUstitie. 3- A necklace. -L J'uSt hamlet.
Susquehanna Co., P. 5. A Greek or IjuIii proper
name. 6. A studio. 7. Phenomena or appe trances
iu the utmoBphere. in cloudw. ruin. hail. snow, etc
PuiL DOWX, Brooklyn, N. Y.
NO?. 2118-19 ANAGRAMS.
1. Truth's sworn ties.
2. Am angcr'd spite.
C. Saw, New York Cily
CHAT WITH CONTIUIinTORS.
Our congratulations are extended to Primrose
and Pontile Glen, who havo a second son, now a
week old. If the younger sou provo to be as
liriKbt and smart as tha older. Baltimore Puzzle
dom will nave a pair of recruits which will do it
much honor. Kenneth writes that he is "on the
rond," and, in cunsequence, is little at home.
He is afraid, this will iirtbrfere with his editorial
work, and result in the .MUpenion. either tempo
rary or permanent, of Tiie Mystic Era. Wo sin
cerely hope he will sue his way clear to go on,
though we know from experience that.driiiiuuiiii;
and puzzle-editing are two things most dtfltuultto
reconcile. Disguised as a tramp. A-L. S. Ager
spent a night iu the. South VWymi'iith almshouse
hist AVinter, for the purpose of writing up tho
inner workings of the institution fur a papar hi
whose employ ho is said to hare been. This was
journalistic work of a certain das-: but the edi
torship or Knots is notr It i-) Courierism, o( tho
most rabid Evening Star type. Vo can hardly
blnme tt o compositor far hluudiriii badly iu his
maiden olfort with a puzzle column; ami as Miss
Fit's friend ai-em to be iinprovintr, there has been
no call for tlio Coroner up- to the preient time.
S.iysArty Fishelr "Is there, not something faaci
iiitiinir about twins?" Yes; and especially if thy
hail from Ardiuore. U.S. Nut keeps 'Tcrplex-
itiei" in the front rank; and Itconipares favorably
with any of our weeklies. Who can niiika a
qtiiire on CATAltitH? The word is said to be much
more d.flluiilt than it looks. Rex Ford's 2(5 half
squares created a moat favorable impression. If
Ltizzlera are not careful, Hex will again carry off
the annual prize for hirj-esl number of published
contributions. The Greater New Yorkers havo
full sway this week. The ciuhlli of Locust's 10
serial charades will appear next time.
0-28-'9& B.O. Chester.
Children Cry for
OUR RURL TOPICS.
ome Practical Suggestions for- Our
Lima, Ileaiifl. -
The limn bean ns now raised mny be di
vMed into dwarf, biisfi, antipole sorts, bnfc
tlwnrf and bnsh sorts origmaXed in part from
the pole Ham, says a, bulletin of the-Cornell
Expenraent SiaM'on. In limn Loan pro
duction. California Ieda tho world, the out
put being 17,500 tons in ISOU, and 12,200
in 1395. In the East lima beans are much
raised in New Jersey. The natural home of
the lima benn is in wnrra conntrieand they
require a long season to mature. In tho
North the season should be shortened by
the selection of earlier varieties and of soil,
and giving; more attention to cultivation.
Light, quick soils aro best. Soils naturally
sandy and Iooser but enriched with manure
in previous years, aro excellent, especially
if they have a warm exposure.
Tho soilshonld also be dry. Coarse, raw
manure should he avoided, as it tends to
make too rank, and too Jate a growth. If
fertilizer is applied the year in which bean.3
aro planted it should be such as will become
available very quickly and tend to hasten
maturity of the crop. Concentrated fertil
izer?, those especially rich in potash and
phosphoric acid, and with a low percent, of
nitrogen, are best suited. Plant an inch
deep in hilis about three feet apart, and the
rows about fonr feet apart, dropping seven
or eight beans in each hill. .
When well up, and dancer from bad
weather and cutworms is pnst, pull "ont all
hut three or four. Poles should not be over
six feet high, as on longer poles the vines
run too high and grow too late. Clipping
back the vines is unnecessary when strong
fertilizers are withhold. The California
practice of bean-growing varies greatly in
tha tho crop is not infrequently raised from
planting to harvesting without a shawer.
Machine-planters plant two to fonr rows at
a time, 40 inches apart. Instead of se'tiDg
poles, the plants grow over aud comoletelv
cover the ground.
The plants are cut in late Sptember jnsfc
below the surface of the ground, are forked
into piles, and allowed to dry a fortnight.
A piece of ground 60 to 80 feet is hardened
and two or three big wagon-loads are placed
iu a ring. Horses attached to light wagons
are driven over them, the beans thrashed,
and the vines forked off, and more similarly
thrashed. The process of thrashing by large
steam machine?, which clean np from 50 to
75 acres of beans per day, has more recently
been adopted by most of the large growers
in the West. Such machinery has been on
the market but a few seasons, and is there
fore quite expensive. While all consumers
welcome cheap methods of production, the
average farmer should continne to plant a
good-sized, family garden.
In picking rhnbard care should be taken
f o select thestalks which have attaiued their
growth. These are mostly on the outside of
the hill, and can be detected by the smooth
ness and doll color of the leaf, and by the
greenness of the stalk. The stalks which are
still red, and which have small, crumpled
leaves,, should be left to grow.
The cutter should keep watch for blossom
stems, and pull them, out or cut them off
near the ground as soon as seen. Not a seed
should be allowed to form during the entire
season. In gathering the stalks-take them
awny with a straight, quick pull, whip-off
the leaf, and scrape the root and stem, and
leave the stalk3 in small heaps, all pointed
iu one direction, ready for the man who
comes after to gather into baskets or boxes. '
The leaves should be spread over the vreed3
near the plants. Uhubarb leaves will
smother all weeds and grass.
Taricty In Feed.
Good results are secured by a mixture of
grain when the ns of one kind may not be
satisfactory. Variety in feed, especially in
the Summer season, enables the farmer to
produce meat, milk and butter at the lowest
cost, because the condition of the animals is
always better when they receive a variety.
It is not advisable to change from one kiud
of food to another, but to reduce the one and
add something eLe. During the Summer ft
is more essential to supply a full ration of
green food than to allow grain, ns concen
trated food is heating and may cause disease
in the flock or herd.
Thoroughly wash the buttermilk, ont qf
the butter as it comes into the churn and
the butter will not become rancid so soon. 4
A large cow on the dairy farm is more
expensive to feed, and adds to the cost of the
Kind treatment, regularity of milking and
feeding, exercise a marked effect on the yield
and quality of the produce of a dairy cow.
Harsh treatment dsturbs the nervous sys
tem, irregular feeding disturbs digestion,
while irregular milking causes unnecessary
As an application to trees after trimming,
or when the tark has been broken,use coal
tar, a residue from the gas-house. It 13
purely an antiseptic, dressing, is waterproof,
heat from, the sun does not melt nor frost
crack it ; neither can insects deposit their
eggaiir the wounds of the tree.
Do not neglect to grow a crop of carrots.
There is nothing more highly relished by
cows and horses than carrots, aud they can
be kept over Winter with, less difficulty
than is required for potatoes. They can bo
fed raw, or cooked, and are considered whole
some at any season of the year. Their deep
color 13 regarded by some farmers as of- ad
vantage in deepening the color of milk when
they are fed to cows.
The Ayrshire's average weight of about
1,000 pounds is the favorite size for the
dairy and for market cows, and her red;and
white spotted color gives her an attractive
look that is pleasing to the eye. Her large,
shapely udder and deep, wedge shape-both
impress the beholder with her great milk
ing capacity, and give her the ideal fprm
for a dairy cow.
Something can be gained with a small
strawberry patch by turuiug the runners
into rows instead of allowing them to grow
out into the paths. When theyonug plants
of this year are kept clean and the soil loose
the runners will quickly take root, and,
hence, plenty of fertilizer should be given,
so as to enable the runuers to grow rapidly
wi hoitt depending upon the parent pianta
The borer will begin to attack currant
and gooseberry bnshes about this sea$on,of
the yearr aud in some localities much
damage may be done. As soon as Ihe egg3
batch the young borers eat into the canes
and remain until next season. There is but
one remedy, and that is to cut out the de
fective canes and burn them. If this is
persisted in by all fruit-growers in a com
munity the borers can be exterminated hi a
Bulletin 25 of the Wyoming Station gives
results of six years experiments in growing
wheat by irrigation. The average cost was
$7.75 per acre; average profit, $I0.JG -per
acre, which is 10 per cent, on a valuation of
I00 per acre, 20 per cent, ou ?50, or 40 per
cent, oa $25 per acre. The advantages of
irrigation are an assured crop, a heavier
yield, a better grain and increasing: fertility
of the soil.