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abandon one of the guns of Poagutfs
Battcrv. They had rallied and were
stubbornly holding their ground. The
gun was about half-way between their
line-of-battle and ours. One of the lead
horses had been killed, but being still
attached to the swing by the tugs, his
body prevented the others from moving.
A boyish soldier of-the 5th. Ohio, fa
miliarly called " Scotty," made a dash
for the gun ; detaching the living and the
dead swing horses, he mounted the wheel
horse, flattened himself out along its
baclc, dug his heels into its flanks and
-S$rodding the off-horse with his bayonet
brought the gun into our line in fine
style. The Confederates, when they saw
what he was at, concentrated their fire on
him, and we could not cease firing to
Scott's Yirginians were driven back
into the woods by the river and probably
joined the Stonewall Brigade. The oth
and 7th Ohio received orders to double
quick to the left of our line. Dick Tay
lor's Louisiana Tigers had broken loose
nA ivnm mvmo- our batteries at the coal
pit and their infantrv support (the (J6th
Ohio) considerable trouble. Gen. Tyler
bad moved the 84th and 10th Pa. to
the right of our line ; the 1st W. Ya. had
also hecn moved to the right.
Some writer says": "In every great
battle of the war there was a hell spot,"
At Port Republic it was around the
guns at the coal-pit. Three times dur
ing the battle were these guns lost and
Capl. Cook, in his " Life of Stonewall
Jackson," gives a graphic description of
their first capture. " lie says : " Jackson
perceived that the wooded ridge near the
Lewis House, on the Federal left, was the
key to the whole position, and that the
artillery posted there must be silenced."
Gen. Taylor was ordered to take the
guns." The men
SWEPT FOliWABD AT THE WORD.
They were the 6th, 7th, Sth, and 9th
La., "Wheat's battalion of Tigers,J and
made in the midst of one incessant storm j
of grape and canister. The men were
mowed down like grass; dead and
bounded were seen on every side, but
they still rushed on, determined to take
the battery or die in front of it. The
Federal guns were loaded and fired
with extraordinary rapidity, and the
vails of agony of men torn to pieces by
fragments of iron mingled wildly with
the loud shouts of triumph as the troops
' continued to press up the hill.
"All at once was added a destructive
Srefrom their infantry this was the
66th Ohio alone, and men and officers
went down before it in one indiscrimi
nate mass. Of the 308 men of the 7th
La. who want into the charge, 150 were
either killed or wounded. The troops
continued to rush forward, regardless of,
peril. For an instant the gun muzzles
belchedtheir iron contents in their faces,
and then the crest was attained. With
loud cheers th? Confederates Oame in
contact with the enemy. As the can
noneers turned to fly many were trans
fixed with the bayonets; the horses were
shot and the guns turned upon the re
" But the struggle was not over. For
that battery to remain in the hands of
the Confederates was to lose the day.
Reinforcements were hurried forward;
a fresh brigade only two regiments, oth
and 7th Ohio, took the place of the one
repulsed, and a gallant charge was made
to legain the guns.
' The Louisiauian3 were driven back
and the enemy dashed forward and re
covered the pieces."
The reinforcement did not take the
place of " the one repulsed." The 5th
and 7th Ohio struck Taylor's column on
the flank, while the 6Cth Ohio rallied
and engaged him in the front With
this exception Cook's description is cor
rect The battle had now raged for five
federates had been defeated in every
DBIVEN FEOM THE FIKLW.
Jackson had been reinforcing his de
feated and demoralized brigades until
slniost his entire force had been thrown
C V '.4tu..TVJKA KTJXY4- 1 il V J
.WV sT VV
Making It Hot for Winder.
on tho field. From our last stand we
could see an almost unbroken line of
the enemy, stretching from the river on
our right to the woods on our left We
had already lost one-third of our num
ber, and our weakened line could not
stand the shock of such an overwhelm
Taylor's Brigade, heavily reinforced,
again charged our guns at the coal-pit,
and captured them. I had always re
garded that oft-used metaphor "the
men were mowed dowr like grass before
tho scythe" as somewhat overdrawn,
but in that last charge it was a terrible
reality. From my position on the ridge
near the guns I had a clear view of the
The narrowing valley had thrown the
advance of the Confederate line into a
compact mass in front of the guns. Two
f the gunners Etood by their pieces
Children Cry for
until the advance of the charging col
umn had almost reached the guns, then
pulled the lanyards and ran. The guns
were double-shotted with canister. As
they were discharged two gaps opened in
the Confederate column. Every man
in front of those guns went down.
It was a fearful revenge those two
gunners took. Capt Cook says : " Poit
Ecpu,blic was one of the most sangui
nary battles of the war. It was fought
by Northwestern troops, the best in
their army. And, riding over the field
after the battle, Jackson said : ' I never
saw so many dead in such a small place
He referred no doubt to the small
valley in front of our guns. The Con-
PUIXKD THE LAKYARDS AND RAN.
federate line from right to left was clos
ing in on us. It was high time to leave
that field, and we left hurriedly, but
not in disorder.
On account of the stiffness of my
rheumatic joints and the over-exertion
of the day, I found myself unable to
keep up with the
As my regiment was obliquing to the
right to reach the road, 1 thought by
making a short cut across the fields
I could rejoin it in the woods where the
road turned to the left, and thus gain
time and save nryself from capture. In
attempting to do this, I got in the range
of a rebel battery that was trying to get
the range of our retreating column. A
shell struck the top-rail of a fence I had
just crossed, and made kindling-wood of
it; another plowed the ground-in front
of me. Obliquing to the left to get out
of their range, I lost my direction.
Passing through a narrow neck of woods,
I came out on a broad meadow, over
flowed in places. Here I joined a squad
of a dozen or more, belonging to dif
ferent regiments, who, like myselfj were
trying to reach the retreating column.
We had proceeded about halt-way
across the meadow, when two guns of a
rebel battery near the river opened upon
us at short range. It would have amused
n disinterested spectator to watch us
dodging shells. A shell would come with
that unearthly shrieking that seemed to
say to each one, "I am after you."
Down we would go on our faces in the
mud and water. The emptiness of our
stomachs enabled us to flatten out very
flat, possibly saving our lives, thanks to
the kind Government that stinted us in
our rations on such occasions. The
danger past, it was up and run, only to
go through the same performance far
ther on. '
We reached the woods without loss.
The rebels threw a few shells in the
tree-tops and gave us up. One of the
boys of the 7th Ind., who was with us,
had captured a prisoner. During our
retreat across the meadow, tluj Johnny
had kept well in advance, and was as
anxious to get away from his friends as
we were. But when he reached the
woods and was out of danger, he was
inclined to lag behind, and gave his
captor considerable trouble. A com
rade of the 7th Ind. boy said to him :
"Joe, let the reb go; we'll all be
captured if you don't hurry along."
" Not much I don't," said Joe. " Get
along, Johnny," and receiving a
SHARP PROD WITH THE BAYONET
on the right flank the Johnny moved to
We could hear the noise of our re
treating column and of the Confederates
in pursuit. As we Beared the road the
query with us was whether we were
coming out in our own line3 or the
enemy's. Beconnoitering, we could see
the rear-guards of our army some dis
tance ahead and going as if they had
urgent business down the Valley.
The road was apparently clear and
we dashed into it Scarcely had we
entered when a company of rebel cavalry
gave us a volley and charged us with
drawn sabers. A sharp turn in the
road and the thick woods had concealed
them from our view..
We got under cover, and by keeping
in the woods and following the line of
the road rejoined cur several regiments;
but Joe's prisoner had gone to join his
friends, the enemy.
Gen. Shields met us With reinforce
ments about eight miles from the battle
field. When we came up lo him he
was on foot in the middle of the road
endeavoring to rally the stragglers. On
that retreat there were quite a number
of stragglers, or perhaps it might grate
less harshly on their feelings to call
them detached volunteers. Some of
them had lost their regiments and were
anxious to find them. Others had been
lost by their regiments and were not
anxious to find their own or any other
regiment south of the Potomac.
When a squad of these detached vol
unteers would approach and attempt lo
pnss him, Gen. Shields would call out :
"Stop, boys; stop, now, and fekirmish a
bit Halt, I say, and form a line."
The boys, recognizing their General,
would halt and form an irregular line.
While Uncle Jimmy was engaged in
intercepting new arrivals it would occur
to Eome fellow in the line that the Capi
tol at Washington might be in danger,
31 E WOULD HURRY OKI'
down the Valley to save it, followed by
tho others. When TJncle Jimmy was
ready to join his later arrivals on to his
lino it was gone. After a few attempts
he gave up rallying detached volun
teers. Pitcher's Castoria.
THE NAIHHUL TEIBUNE: WASfflN$pr. ft (L THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 1896,
The Confederates relinquished tho
pursuit when Shields reached us with,
reinforcements. We marched 20 miles
that day after the battle, and that even
ing drew rations. Our board for two
days, with a battle thrown in, had cost the
Government only four crackers to each
man; economy on the cracker line, but
not in some other lines
By easy marches we reached Luray
on the 12th of June. Here we parted
with Gen. Shields. He had donned the
stars of a Maj or-General after the battle
of Winchester; he dofTed them aftor the
battle of Port Republic. His laurels
faded. His star set never to rise again.
He went to Washington and joined the
army of malcontents Generals out of a
job. The disintegration of his famous
division speedily followed his removal.
The First and Second Brigades were sent
to McClellan and fought at Malvern
Hill. The Third and Fourth wero sent
to Pope's army, and fought in the battle t
of Cedar Mountain.
The question of who was responsible
for the failure to burn the bridge at
Port Eepublic has never been satisfac
torily answered. Shields threw the
blame on Carroll, and Carroll shoul
dered it back on Shields. The current
report among the troops on the day of
the failure wa3 that Col. Daum had
prevented it, saying:
"Don't burn ze bridge. I'll hold it
mit mine artillery."
In a very brief space of time Stone
wall was holding both the bridge and
Military authorities and historical
writers have greatly magnified the im
portance of the burning of this bridge.
Its destruction would not have seriously
impeded Jackson in his retreat, nor
could it have resulted in the defeat and
capture of his army. There were sev
eral other road3 by which he could have
reached the Virginia Central itailroad,
and have gotten his army to Kichinond
as expeditiously and as safely as he did
by way of Port Republic Had he been
prevented crossing the river at Port
Republic, Fremont would not have again
attacked him ; and the bridge burned,
Shields could not have done so.
The battle of Port Republic, for tho
numbers engaged, was one of the hardest
fought battles of the war. The Union
troops got no credit or praise for their
bravery and fighting qualities, except
from the Confederates. While this battle
added fresh laurels to Jackson's renown,
Jackson did not win the battle by supe
rior generalship ; his overpowering supe
riority in numbers gave him the victory.
Shields in his official report estimates
our numbers at 2,500 men. Jackson
had at least 8,000 on the field, and be
tween 6,000 and 7,000 more near at
According to official reports our loss
in killed aud wounded was 4b'2; captured
and missing, 538. Taking Gen. Tyler's
reportof the strength of our force (3,000)
we lost over 15 per cent, of the total en
gaged in killed and wounded. Esti
mating on tho same basis, the Confeder
ate Iobs was over 1,000. But as the
Confederates wero the attacking party,
their per cent, of loss io the number
engaged was greater than ours. Their
actual loss was not far from 1,200. This
is Capehart's estimate. "We captured
and brought oil G7 prisoners. At one
time we had between 300 and 400, but
like Joe's prisoner they went back to join
their friends, and, bad luck to them,
took sonic of' their captors with thern.
Had Shields pushed forward his other
two brigades we would have defeated
Jackson. JThe Confederate Gen. Dick
Taylor, in his booK, "Destruction aud
Reconstruction," says : "Shields's brave
boys preserved their organization to the
last. Had Shields's whole command
been upon the field we should have had
tough work, indeed."
The First and Second Brigades, with,
their artillery and cavalry, numbered
about 4,000 men. Four thousand fresh
troons thrown on tho battlefield of Port
Republic at 10 o'clock that morning
would have routed Jackson's army.
TO THE ADVANCK-GUAKD-A MESSAGE
FJtOM THE KISAK-GUARD.
W. II. XELhOS, l'OBEST GLEN, MD.
Hall! ye who have passed o'er tho dark'rolUng
Whose white tents are pitched where llio tnisls
We, men of the Rear-ctinrd, on the chilling etrnntl
WnltiiiK ciders for crossing Iho Inst buglo call.
It tuny come to-night, or nmylmp on tho morrow,
But cotno when it tony, we wait on the ahorc,
Wo have met you in joy. wo have partod in sorrow,
Bui when no rejoin you we'll pari nevermore.
Lo, see. as wo strew our poor gifts on your camp'
Our footbtcpB, bow feeble, our hands, how they
Soon shall wc creep lo our beds in the damp
Then, morning and roll-cull, and "Comrades,
And ahull we lament 'mid this pdory of flowers,
Shall tenr-drops of Borrow bedew our dim eyes.
When to-morrow wu'll camp in Eiyntan howorn,
And iho Joy of your greetings drown all our
Nay, bote wo have only a day to be sad in,
.An hour for norrow. n moment for tears;
Bui yonder Elornity, Jusl lo bo glad in.
Km paMBlnjf of dayn, and no lapsing of years.
Bend low, oh, ye blest ones, and listen from
Forgive our poor hearts, if they stumble in
We auk. when the spoil cmi parade feuit be given,
TlwU the Stripes and the &tara may wave over us
Only Ono 810,000 Greenback,
Neid York Sun.
Icro is only one 110,000 U. S note in ex
istence, and that-has never been issued, but
is kepi in the United States Treasuiy as a
Rpcciineu. There ate three $5,000 greon
backK. Two of them are in tho Treasury ;
the third was paid out several years no, and
is probably in the vault of some bank, be
cause it has never been heard from siuce.
Ono thousand dollar notes are numerous.
There are 74,146 in circulation, and over
15,000 $500 noU-,!37.0Q(l $100 note, 200,000
?50 notes, 409,245 $20 notes, 831,924 $10
notes, and 1,152,786 $5 notes in circulation.
In his addtcss upon his re-election Mayor
Bibber, of Hath, Ale., said that Prohibition
had been a complete failure in that city,
and it war. nectary to have cither a
stronger public sentiment or a less vigorous
fQr tuJ&a S ft SI I !ta
Paul Keville and Jean Vernier, two well
known and favorite actors, lmtcd each other
By a sort of fatality, ns soon ns either of
lliese irreconcilable enemies undertook or
created a role, lie was sure to see tho name
of his adversary, in bold type, side by side
with his own on .the poster of the same
ISoth wero always warmly received and
applauded. Iteville was irresistible in a role
requiring personal beauty and noble bearing.
Vernier seemed the very incarnation of
meanness aud treachery, the ideal scoundrol,
hardened aud impenitent. Kegularly, every
evening, toward 12 o'clock, ho was unmasked
and crushed under tho heels of the righteous
and fascinating Eeville.
In their mutual desiro to annihilate one
another, they occasionally reached sub
limity. At the Odeon they have been seen Re
villc, under the scarlet livery of Kuy-Blas,
Vernier, under the Spanisb cloak of Don
Salluste pouring forth their romantic ti
rades with such splendid sonority and ex
pression as to create breathless enthusiasm
in the crowded audience.
Again at the Ambigti they were together
in "La Tonr de Ncale," in " Le Jinssu," and
"Patric." Always associated, always re
ceiving together the ovations of an enthusi
astic public, always great artists of tho old
school (so much loved by our fathers) and
always leaving on any role they assumed
the mark of their masterly conception.
They never exchanged a word, save before
the footlightp,and during the long, laborious
rehearsals. Then, entirely ignoring their
own individuality, aud projecting them
selves each into his respective role, each
eyeing and measuring tho other with the
air of a Spanish grandee, and each stimulat
ing the other to his best, they would rise to
tho fnll hight of their splendid powers, as
tonishing and delighting their admiring fellow-actors.
Neither had ever (aTcen the hand of the
other, and both Ifad "oflenly professed the
same antagonism in real lilo that they ex
hibited on the stage.
At the Actors' Club if Vernier was al
luded to in the presence-of Heville, the lat
ter simply hurled -oit the ono word
"cabolin" (htrolliHg player), shrugging his
With Vernier, the epithet "pitro" was
sufficient. He pronounced this word with
an enjoj'tuenfc quife iHdescribahle, and after
the manner of the fmpils-of the Conservatory,
opening his mouth in 1he form of the cir
cumflex accent and rolling out the r with a
Keville waj n widow"er. Vornicr was un
married. Tho wife of Ucville had died
yonnc of consumption leaving a little
girl, beautiful with the beauty of a Grouze.
When Vernier, who was a good deal of a
bear, caught sight of his rival on the street,
leading his little girl by the hand, he was
half conscious of a softened feeling toward
his hated enemy, and he would growl out in
his deep voice:
" What a lucky fellow he is! " and his en
vious eyes would follow the happy father on
his way to a "patisserie," to buy a crisp
little cake for Cecile.
The Porte Sr. Martin had announced the
reproduction of "Tho Mysteries of Paris"
for a certain date, the principal role of "The
Schoolmaster" and "Princ .Rodolph" to be
filled by Vernier and Revillc.
The disgust of Vernier know no bounds.
He to have this vile role. He lo serve ns ft
mere foil to bis rival, who, in his rich robe-de-chamber,
with gold girdle aud tassels,
would have ample opportunity of displaying
his manly beauty and "air noble" in full
view of the pretty women, while he. Vernier,
in rags and an old fur cap, would be pel led
with cabbages and execrations from the up
per gallery, the wretch from the l(quartier
Muflfetard " being held in utter detestation
by the class frequenting that part of the
As the rehearsal proceeded, Vernier's in
dignation became more aud more pronounced.
Suddenly, there came a rumor of Jteville's
illness. He had contracted a violent cold,
attacking the lunjis, which wero seriously
affected, aud the poor fellow was flat on his
back in the City Hospital.
His place was filled by an understudy, and
as all were somewhat eagerly awaiting tho
expression of Vernier's satisfaction in the
new arrangement, he astonished everyone
by showing himself more dissatisfied than
Early in the ovening the audience became
conscious of something quite unusual
"bizarre" Vernier was not himself; he for
got his lines, passed his cues, stumbled,
It was soon manifest to all that he missed
his old associate ; that he was, in short, lost
without Hoville, who, by his disdain, and
overbearing manner, his airs of a "grand
scignieur," bad irritated him, aronsed his
All tho time ; weak, iervons, onfc of sorts.
This Is the coudiljoni pf thousands in tho
Spring. The cause is; found in tho blood.
It is loaded with inipuritics. It is depleted
in quality. It is ithin and poor, and it
fails to carry sufiicicul 'nourishment to the
Muscles aud organs, of 'the body. There-,
fore the nerves are Weak, appetite is poor,
and the person is "all played ont." Eu
rich and purify tho blood with Hood's
Sarsnparilla, aud health, vigor and vitality
will return. Be sure to gee Hood's because
Is tlie Ono Tnio lllootl 1'nrMcr. All druggists. 81.
, (k.!!. lire inn oniy piua io mtg i
HOOti S PlHS with Hood'. EUreapaillla.
Ej 4 1 hSlERHS
pjnm I JtUi1'i.i.n-Hiiiviug
temper, nnd spurred his ambition. Rcvillo
had indeed kindled tho now sleeping fire of
genius in the soul of thi3 veteran of the
A3 all were wondering, and talking over
this singular "contretemps," nnd asking
" What docs it mean ? " it was learned that
poor Jieville was rapidly becoming worse
his symptoms giving no hope of his recovery
aud astonishment reached it3 climax as
soon as it was known that Vernier was on
his way to the hospital to see his rival.
When he rang the bell at the door, it was
with a shakiug hand. He was conducted to
the chamber, where Keville, with his eyes
half closed, lay in that partial sleep, in which
the faintest sound no louder than the flat-
tering of a butterfly's wings is distinctly
Hearing a gentle step in the room, he half
raised his head from the pillow, and seeing
Vernier, said with a Bmilo :
"Ah, it is you. I knew you would come.
I was expecting yon."
Vernier, the fierce, treacherous, impenitent
rascal of the melodrama, fell, rather than
seated himself, in the chair at the head of
tho bed, saying in bis deep bass voice, " My
dear old friend! " half sobbing out the words.
" Come," said Keville, "cmbraco me."
Beautiful "Accolade!" Thirty years of
mutual hatred lost in this supreme embrace!
They remained closely clnfiped, each in the
other's arms.looking into each other's friendly
eycB, fall of kindness, and dimmed with
Keville, raising himself on his elbow,
" Yon do not know how glnd I am to see
you. I cannot tell you the pleasure it gives
me, for, after my chfld, have you not been nil
my life? Do you romember Kny-Blas? 'I
have tho livery of a lacqnay, and yort the
soul of one?' And to think that nil that is
finished! To think, my old friend, how
many times I have played at burying yon
on the stage, and that now you are to bury
me in good earnest."
And as Vernier made a slight gesture of
denial, Keville continued:
"Oh, yes; I know, it is only a question
of time. It is a great comfort to see you
here at my side and grieving for me, and I
should die content" Here ho was in
terrupted by a paroxysm of coughing, but
after resting a few moments added:
" No ; content is not the word ; I am leav
ing my child, my darling Gecile. It bieaks
my heart to feel that I shall never again
feel her little arms about my neck; never
again kiss her soft curls, and When I am
cone what will she do? What will become
of her? God help my darling! She lias
no one." Aud, overcome by emotion, he
gasped for breath, as Vernier said, gently
"I shall be here"
"You! Will you?"
" Hear old friend, I am alone in tho world ;
I have uo ono to love. Give your child to
mo ; I will be a father to her. Kest satisfied.
She shall want for nothing. On my honor,
by the memory of nil our triumphs in the
old days, I promise to make her happy.
I have means ; much more than I need for
nourishing the-4ittle creature. She shall
never forget you ; your name and memory
shall be dear and sacred to her. I cannot
say all I feel, all I mean. Will you trust
me? That is right. Your hand, old
friend ! "
Keville's face was radiant through his
tears, and he said :
"This is the most perfect of melo
dramas." The next day Keville was dead.
HENRY II. WACO II, BK0CKTOX, MASS.
While we deck Uiclr graves with flowcra,
Think of them as cone before,
And 113 camped on fields immortal,
There lo rest forevcrmore.
They lmvo finished nil thoir service,
And life's warfare now is o'er;
They have pnssetl lifo'a outer pickets.
Over to tho oilier shore,
Where the days of strifo nre over.
Where the wenry rest for aye;
Where earth's shadows never cnlor
Thoso bright realms of endless day
Every year our numbers lessen,
Death is thinning out our ranks,
And we're marching to tho river,
Even now we'er on its banks.
Soon, we'll cross the swelling current,
Lnml Upon tho other shore.
Greet our comrades cone beforo us,
And be parted nevermore.
TKIBTJTE TO OUK FAIXEN COMRADES
BY NELSOJf W. WAHU, El'IlI NO FIELD, MO,
Hark ye I Hat, while we chant a lay.
In solemn accont on this day.
To those who minjclo with the Uust,
Whose deeds outlive a Nation trust; -But
on tho world's escutcheon fair
. Forever shines their glory there ;
In goldeil script, on roll of fame
Wo read, "Thou didst not die in vain."
Willi tender, laving hands we spread
The silent blvouno of the dead,
With rich flowers of sweet pctfumo
Wo 'decorate tho Soldier's tomb,
In memory of his gallant deeds,
When on tho bntllcflcid ho lends
To victory, or with fallen slain,
We know tliou didst not die in vain.
Sleep on, tn thy Bilent retreat.
Until tho lust lone roll shall boat,
When the trumpet's loud blast will call
Tho Nation's daad togethor. nil
To at and beforo the great white throne-,
Dear Captain, choose us for thine own;
And Ilenven echo tho gUd refrain,
Thou didst not iivo nor die in vnitX.
"Mary," said the elderly farmer, "I 'apecfc
you better have the doctor in and have me
bled, er snmh'm.;'
" What is the matter weth you, Silas ? "
" I think I am about due to buy another
gold brick. I sorter feel it comia' on,"
(Continued from first pngc.)
there, and T. Butler King, of Georgia,
had come out from the East, scheming
for office. He staid with U3 at fcJonoma,
nnd was generally regarded as the Gov
ernment candidate for United States
Senator. Gen. Eiloy, as Governor, and
Capt. Uallcck, as Secretary of State, had
issued a proclamation for the election of
a Convention to frame a State Constitu
tion. In due time the elections were
held, and the Convention was assembled
at Monterey. Dr. Scmplc was elected
President; and Gwin, Sutter, Halleck,
Butler, King, Sherwood, Gilbert, Shan
non, and others were members. Gen.
Smith took no part in this Convention,
hut sent me down to watch the proceed
ings and report to him. The only sub
ject of interest was
THE SLAVERY QUESTION.
There were no slaves then in Cali
fornia, save a few who had come out
as servants; but the Southern people
at that time claimed their share of
territory out of that acquired by
the common labors of all sections of the
Union in the war with Mexico. Still,
in California there was little feeling on
the subject. I never heard Gen. Smith,
who wa3 a Louisianian, express any
opinion about it. Kordid Butler King,
of Georgia, ever manifest any particular
interest in the matter. A committee
was named to draft a Constitution, which
in due time was reported, with the usual
clause, then known as tho wilmot rro
viso, excluding slavery; and during the
debate which ensued very little opposi
tion wa3 made to thi3 clause, which was
finally adopted by a large majority, al
though the Convention wa3 made up in
large part of men from our Southern
States. This matter of California being
a free State, afterward, in the National
Congress, gave rise to angry debates,
which at one time threatened civil war.
The result of the Convention was the
election of State officers and of tho
Legislature which sat in San Jose in
October and November, 1849, and
which elected Fremont and Gwin ai the
first United States Senators in Congress
from the Pacific Coast.
THE FIKST IDEA OF A PACIFIC EAII.
EOAD. Shortly after returning from Monterey,
I was sent by Gen. Smith up to Sacra
mento City to instruct Lieuts. Warner
and Williamson, of the Engineers, to
push their surveys of the Sierra Nevada
Mountains, for the purpose of ascertain
ing the possibility of passing thdt range
by a railroad, a subject that then elicited
universal interest. It was generally as
sumed that such a roafl could not he
made along anv 01 the immigrant roads
then in use, and Warner's o'rdere were to
look farther north up the Feather Eiver,
or some one of its tributaries. Warner
was engaged in this survey during the
Summer and Fall of 1849, and had ex
plored, to the very end of Gcose Lake,
the source of Feather River. Then,
leaving Williamson with the baggage
and part of the men, he took about 10
men and a first-rate guide, crossed the
summit to the east, and had turned south,
having the range of mountains on his
right hand,with the intention of regaining
I113 camp by another pass in the mountain.
The party was strung out, single file, with
wide spaces between, Warner ahead.
He had just crossed a small valley and
ascended one of the spurs covered with
sage-brush "and rocks, when a band of
LJ H 1 sL
Opinions rendered as to the novelty
and patentability of Inventions and validity
of patents. Rejected applications pfese-
cuted. AU business relating to patents
romptly attended to.
Survivors (or their widows) of the INDIAN" T7AR3 helow enumerated may be pen
sioned if a bill whieh the Senate has passed, and which has been favorably reported by the
House Committee on Pensions, should become a law.
This bill, whieh is amendatory to the act of Jnly 27, 1892, proposes to pen
sion tho.se survivors of the Indian Wars specified who had a service of 30 days
or more, and who were honorably discharged under the United States military, Ter
ritorial, or provisional authorities in these wars; viz., the Florida and Georgia Seminole
Indian Avar of 1817 and 1818 ; the Fevre River Indian war of Illino s of 1827; the Sabine
Indian disturbances of 1830 and 1837 ; the Cayuse Indian war of 1847 and 1848 on the
I'acJfic Coast; the Texas and New Mexico Indian war of 1819 to 1835; the California In
dian distiubances of 1831 audl6o2; the Utah Indian disturbances of 1830 to 1853 j
the Oregon nnd Washington Territory Indian wars from 1851 to 1856, inclusive ; the
Seminole Indian wars in Florida from 1842 to 1858; and, also, to include the surviving
widows of such oflicers rtnd enlisted men, provided such widows have not remarried.
If those who are within the provisions of this bill will auswer the questions below
asked, and mail the same to the undersigned, their cases will receive immediate considera
tion in the event of the enactment of this measure.
What is your full name? Answer
What is your Postofiice address ? Answer
Fall name of the soldier? Answer.
From what Connty and State enlisted?
In what company and regiment enlisted? AfiSwer. -For
what period enlisted? Answer -
Nnnid of some company or regimental
When enlisted? Answer
When discharged? Answer
The rate of pension under this hill will be $8 permonthf and the fee- for collecting
the pension will be that provided by law. No person now receiving a pension of $8 or
nioro a mouth -will be benefited -by tbc-passage of this bill, dnd such pensioners should
not reply to this advertisement.
Pensions under this bill will date from July 27, 1892.
Several wlio answered this advertisement in last week's paper
failed to state their Fostollicc address. Tliej'sliould immediately
My facilities for the successful prosecution of claims are not excelled by thoso of any
other attorney or firm of attorneys. I claim a thorough knowledge of the practice, based
upon 30 years of active experience, daring which period I have successfully prosecuted
more claims before the Pension Bureau than any other attorney in the United States.
There will be no fee unless the pension be allowed.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor of Patents and Claims,
1729 New York Ave. (Lemon Building),
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Indians rose up nnd poured in a shower
of arrows. The mule turned and ran
back to the valley, where Warner fell
off, dead, punctured by five arrows. The
mule also died. The guide, who was
next to Warner, wa3 mortally wounded ;
and one or two men had arrows in their
bodies, but recovered. The party gath
ered about Warner's body, in sight of
the Indians, who whooped and yelled,
but did not venture away from their
cover of rocks. This party of men re
mained there all day without burying
the bodies, and at night, by a wide cir
cuit, passed the mountain, aud reached
Williamson's camp. The news of War
ner's death cast a gloom over all the old
Californians, who knew him well. Ho
wa3 a careful, prudent, and honest officer,
well qualified for hi3 business, and ex
tremely accurate in all his work. Ho
and I had been intimately associated
during our four years together in Cali
fornia, and I felt his loss deeply. Tho
season was then too far advanced to at
tempt to avenge his death, and it wa3
not until the next Spring that a party
was sent out to gather up and bury his
To be eontinutdj
A Ghastly Battlefield.
In Chile, on the battlefield of Tarapaca,
the bodies of the slain lie just as they fell
in the battle between the Peruvians and
Chileans, which took place before the annex
ation of Tarapaca by Chile in 188?. Four
thousand men and 1,000 horsas were killed oa
that occasion, and the bodies were left nn
buried. It never rains at Tarapaca,. and tho
sun has dried the corpses, and the nitrate
in the soil has preserved them. Upon tha
platean the mummified bodies He in ghastly
confusion jnst as they fell, with the brokea
swords and bayonets as fresh-looking as oa
the day of the memorable fight.
A flea's month is placed exactly betweca
his fore legs.
-" "".'i3.r3 Zs-Mg?'
The Columbia Catalogue is pot a mere
price-list. It gives convincing reasons
why all who love pleasure and comfort in
bicycling should select
S7&HDARD OF THZ WORLD
Your knowledge of bicycle
making will grow by read
ing this interesting book.
te all alika
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mall frun us for two2-cent stamps.
POPE Mfgf- Co., Hartford, ConnJ
and Head tioises relloTed br usrnj
W llsoa'8 Coramea 8 eaaea3rjraBU
.New scientific lnvc&aon diilarena
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WILSOH EAR DRUM CO.,
. 133 Troit B'm LeatiiiUe,,
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Mention The National Tribune.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Lamon Building, Washington, D. C.
ATTORNEY AT ItilW RlW SOIilGITOR OF
... ., ., . ..
HMCrlfi EfW FOIEIG PATENTS,
tabilthed 1888. Sentf fr 87-Pap Parnate.
officer ? Answer -
ml i -igfcT
Crum In Mt j