Newspaper Page Text
FIGHTING THEM OYER.
fr - - -
What Our Veterans Have to Say About
.. Tiieir Old Campaign?
FITZHUGH LEE'S CAPTURE.
Held ns noRtago fur Two Union Ofllcers
Sentenced to Death.
Editor National Tribune:. In jour
editorial notice in yonr issue of April 16 of
the appoint incut of Fiizhugh Lee to tbo
Consul-Generalship to Hnvautt, you state'
tbat he was takeu prisoner while lying
wounded at home and held as hostage for
Capte. Flynn and Sawyer whom the rebels
hail f cnleueed to death.
There wore two rebel cavalry Generals
named Fiizhugh Lee. The one appointed
Consul-General is William Fiizhugh Lee, a
nephew, and the tuber was "William. II. Fitz
liugh Lee (now dead), a son of Gen. It. E.
Lee. It was the latter who was taken pris
oner and held rs hostage for Cants. FJyuu
ire was wor.nded at Brandy Station, va.,
and was taken at the re&idencc of Gen.
"Wickham, his father-in-law, June 2G, 1SG?,
by order of S. P. Spear, Co&ouel of the 11th
Pa. Cav., tjomniaudniR R raiding column
composed of the 11th Pa. Cav., a detachment
of the 12th 111. Cav., aud a company of the
-tb Mas. Cav., knowm as tbo " California
I here append an article from the Rich
"When Gen. Filr JLee was wounded at
Brandy Station he was taken to Hickory
Hill, the home of the "Wickbams, in Hauover
County, where his mother aud wife and chil
dren and gistcrs were staying. He was ac
companied by a Surgeon aud his brother and
Aid-de-Canip, Cap. It. E. Lee, jr. About
that time there were fceveral United States
officers under sentence of death in Libby
Prison in retnliaiiou for ececutions of Con
federates in the "WeBt by Ilosecraus. The
Federal authorities conceived the plan of
capturing Get). Lee and iioldinn him as a
hostage lor the safety of tikc officers. A-e-cordingly
. CoL Spear, -who bod been a Ser
geant im Geco. Lee's iM regiment in the
United 45tats Army, the :2d, was bent wfrbh
a flying toolunau -of two or more regiments of
cavalry jwdai battery ofUtght artillery from
the White Bemse, in New Kut, to Hickory
Hill tto anake the capture. There weie no
pickets "bet-weeN the White Kouseand Hick
ory sBIiill, and the first lintdin&lion Gen.ILee
and ihk friends had df 'danger was the gal
loping nf liorto up the slope to the house,
papt. Hi. IE. Lee -escaped to the shrubbery in
&e yard, where 'be ireraaiired -concealed ifor
ti hours. The 'General, tiboagh -desperately
ivoondrd, wjvs taken from bis bed and car
ried ito Fortress Monroe. He ncver-saw his
-wife 'and -children ngniu, as -all -three-died
during ibis TinpriFonment.
'Hiiithcineantimc'Oue-orf tfoe most gallant
aand'defiperatefightfltin the annals of the war
"ook place about aunile below Hickory Hill.
Accompany of !North CaroliiiiaiiF, about 35
in number, "were guarding the oridge over
the .-South Anna. Tt-ey were protected by
the Tiver -and a fair -breastwork, and -could
have -made a Ba(e -retreat:; 'but they -stood
their .ground and literally died tin -their
tracks. iFor four hours they held their po
ition, but finally o lord was disclosed to the
Federal troop3 by a negro, aud they were at
tacked in the rearandevery man was -either
"""WheivGeii. ' Kooneyns 'he -was generally
-called, reached Fortrets Monroe, he was put
an colitary confinement. Gen. Custis Lee
was then on Mr. Davis's tiafT, aud held the
Tank of "Brigadier, the same .as that of hia
"wonndd.and imprisoned brother. 'He went
to (Fortress Monroe under .n ppecial flag of
truce, and met representatives of theiUnited
States War Department, upon whom he
orred tbat be be allowed to take his
brother' splnce. tile told them that be was
oonfident Mr. Lincoln -did not wish to -cause
(unnecessary agony ito the -innocent and uon
eombatatrts, meaning his brother's wife .and
-children.; that all that was wanted was a
botage of the Fame rank as that of -Gen. W
H. F. Lee, and that hie brother wa6 married
-and be was not.
"The offer was 'declined with the slate
jent that war ws war and its burdens bad
to fall where the -chances and fortunes of
war placed them, Jbut that it was not
thought there would be any necessity for
the execution of the bounded General.
"This proved correct, as at a la:-er period
?en. Lee was regularly exchanged, rose to
ie command of si division of cavalry, and
Sought at Appomattox.
4Gu two points all of Gen. W. IT. F. Lee's
old troopers are .unanimous and these are
that he was.a gentUeoian under all ciictiui
taaoes and was .always where he ought to
Grn. FjTznraii Lee, C. S. A.
have been. Mr. J. A. McLaughlin, who was
a private in Gen. Lee's old regiment, and in
tbat capacity and as a scout was with him
pretty much all during the war, baid yester
day: "Gcu. Itooney Lee waB universally be
loved. He was a thoroughly kind-hearted
gentleman, always approachable, and never
gave an order even to the humblest private
save in a gentle manner. He was a disci
plinarian and believed in thorough drilling,
carrying this idea to the extent that he
never lost an opportunity lo exercise the
men even if he could do nothing elf-e hut
put them through the saber drill. Yet he
never enforced discipline in a harsh way.
"'He was not regarded by the men as a
brilliant oflicer in the sense that we associate
tbat expression with a dashing cavalryman.
However, he was consummately cool, always
kept his men well iu band, kept bis own
head, and the boys had perfect confidence in
bim. They knew that when Jtooney gave
an order he had mapped the whole thing
out. He never played for personal reputa
tion. His game was lo win, and take the
best care of bis men. He mauuvercd for
position, and when he got it it meant stub
born lighting. Don't you make any mis
take about tbat. He was as tenacious as a
The article is not wholly correct. There
is probably no truth in the statement that
the Union authorities knew or cared any
thing as to the whereabouts of Gen.W. H. F.
Lee. The object of the expedition com
manded by Col. Spear was to burn the rail
road bridges over the North aud South
Anna Rivers and destroy Geii. Lee's com
munication with Richmond.
It will he remembered tbat Gen. Lee was
at that time in the midst of his Gettysburg
campaign. The whereabouts of Gen.W. H.F.
Lee weie discovered by accident. While the
$gbt at the South Anna bridge was going
4n a bugler of the 11th Pa. Cav., who was
on a foraging expedition of his own, in tonic
Tray learned that Lee was at Gen. Wick
bam's. He rode back and informed Col.
Spear of bis discovery. The Colonel imme
diately senjl a detachment, with instructions
to bring Lee along if he was able to rfde.
The order was promptly executed. Lee
was brought lo where Col. Spear was in
Gen. Wick ham's family camagSfdrnwh by
two of our cavalry horses. Wickham's
horses "had been run oil to save them from
capture. Lee. atked Col. Spear to parole
him, saying Ihut he had captured thousands
of Union soldiers, and would probably cap
ture thousauds more, aud that he had al
ways paroled his wounded prisoners where
Col. Spear told him that he would have to
go to Fortress Monroe. That ended the in
terview, aud they did not speak to each
other afterward. Gen. Lee was very reti
cent. A Sergeant ol the California Hundred
who had served under him iu the old army
tried to renew their acquaintance, but Lee
refused to converse.
Gen. W. H. F. Lee, C. S. A,
For some reason Col. Spear did not try to
destroy the North Anna bridge, but fell back
to Hauover Courthouse, where that portion
of Gen. Longstreetfs train tbat did not ac
cotnnany the reliel army to Pennsylvania
was encamped. It consisted of 80 wagons
and about 500 horses and mules. There
was also a lot of Quartermaster's and Com
missary's stores, includiug several hundred
bushels of wheat. Everything tbat could
not be brought away was destroyed, after
which Col. Spear fell back across the Pa
tnunkey River, and bivouacked for the
niht at Mr. Nelson's plantation.
Col. Spear established his Headquarters at
Mr. Nelson's residence, much to the disgust
-of that lady; but when she found that Geu.
Lee was to be 'her guest for the night, she
seemed to be greatly pleased, and immedi
ately got outlltts best the bouse afforded for
his supper, and gave him her best room for
I was Sergeant of the guard that had
tcharge of our distinguished prisoner that
uijihi. When be gave me my orders, Col.
-Sjeair told me I could stay iu the room with
Lee if I wislied, or place a guard in the
I did not disforb the privacy of his room,
but tept a sentry outside, while I, with the
rest ol the guard, slept in an adjoining
room. Late in the eeuing Lee culled me,
and requested me to send tor the rebel Sui
geou we had captured during the day. I
went for the-Snrgeon, and found hfui attend
ing to some wounded rehels we had brought
along with us. He immediately repaired to
Lee's room, where he remained until morn
ing a number of bis men were not cared
ibr until our Surgeons had attended to our
own wounded. But Lee was of vastly
greater importance to the rebels than a few
wounded private soldiers.
The next morning Lcc was dilatory about
.getting rej.dy to star!. CoL Spear fretted
and lumed, feaiing that an attempt would
be made to retake bis prisoner; finally be
sent a pereinptoiy order lor him to get ready
at once. Lee complained of discourteous
treatment, but obeyed the order.
We arrived at White Hotibe Landing with
out any mishap, aud Col. Spear turned his
prisoner over to Gen. Diz's Provost-Marshal,
who sent him to Fo: tress Monroe. There
be was placed in the hospital. After bis
wound healed he was given the liberty of
the fort until the news came that Capts.
-Sawyer and Flynn were to be executed in
retaliation for some guerrilla officers lioni
Geu. Burnside had recently hanged in Ten
nessee. There are conflicting accounts as to who
ordered Lee to be confined as a hostage for
Flynn and Sawyer. Chaplain McCabe, in his
lecture on pribou life, states that President
Lincoln gave the order. I will give the ac
count current among the men of the 11 th Pa.
Cav. at the time. Tins is probably correct, as
Capt. Cahsell, of that regiment, was Butler's
Provost-Marahall, aud authority for the re
port. Sometime in Ocfober,18G3, Butler, the De
partment Commander aud Commissioner of
Exchange of Prisoner.--, who had recently
been assigned to the command of the De
partment of Virginia and North Caiolina,
and his staff, were witnehsing a dress-parade
of the 3d Pa. H A., then garrisoning the
post. Gen. Butler saw a rebel officer in full
Brigadier-General's uniform nut Jar away
also witnessing the rarade. The General
inquired of his staff who the rebel oflicer
was. He was informed that he was W. H.
F. Lee, a sou of Gen. Rol.crt E. Lee. He
immediately ordered Lee to he ironed and
placed in close confinement in one of the
casemates of the fort.
The next day Butler sent word to the
rebel authorities at Richmond by flag of
truce tbat as soon as word was received at
Fort Monroe that Flynn and Sawyer were
executed, Lee would be hanged. The rebel
authorities declared the hanging off, and
Flynn and Sawyer were exchanged months
before their fellow-officers, aud Lee was ex
changed soon afterward.
Now, in regard to the desperate defense of
the South Anna bridge. The story as given
by the Richmond JJispalch is a gross exag
geration. The Union troops capt tired 125
prisoners, including a Lieutenant-Colonel
aud other officers, and a number of rebels
were killed. The 11th Pa. Cav. lost two
men killed. One of them Serg't McFarlan,
of Co. B was killed after resistance had
ceased. Tins caused the killing and wound
ing of several of the enemy who might have
escaped without harm. Our men supposed
the rebels bad resumed hostilities. 1 do not
know how many of the 12th 111. Cav. or the
California Hundred were killed, but their
loss was probably no greater than that of the
11th, as they weie no more exposed than was
that regiment, and there were not near aa
many men in the two organizations as in the
JHh. Stephen Tkiii, Captain, 11th Pa.
Wedding Anniversaries. Pol
lowing are the society titles of wedding an
niversaries: First, cotton; second, paper;
thiid, leather; fifth, wooden; seventh,
woolen; tenth, tin; twelfth, silk aud fiuo
linen; fifteenth, crystal; twentieth, china;
twenty-fifth, silver; thirtieth, pearl; forti
eth, ruby; fiftieth, golden; seventy-fifth,
Some of the earlier titles in the list are
rather childish, but it is a grand thing to
see a couple reach the golden wedding in
joy aud piosperity. The only chance of
doing so is by a healthy life, and the secret
of that blessing lies in pure and vigorous
Dr. Peter's Blood Vilalizerhas a reputa
tion extending over one hundred years as a
blood-cleansing and health-giving remedy.
It penetrates every part of the system,
eliminating all impurities from the blood
aud imparting warmth and vigor lo the cir
culation. Unlike other ready-prepated
medicines, it is not handled by druggi&ts.
It can be obtained only ol the proprietor
director through local Vitalizer agents. If
there aro none iu your neighborhood write
to Dr. Peter Fahrney, 112-114 So. Hoyue
Ave., Chicago, 111.
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASfiStoOlt W 02 THURSDAY. JUNE 4, 189G.
DAYS IN MISSOURI.
SnrlncOeld I.tcht Guards Rendered
stautinl Service to tho Union.
Editor National Tribune: In the
Spring ofl8G0 I moved to Springfield, Mo.,
aud located on the top of the OzarJPMonnt
aius, surrounded by beautiful black walnut
groves, and on tho northwcit and southern
side large springs of water burst from the
earth. I thought it was ono of the most
beautiful places I bad ever seen, and tbat it
well deserved the name Queen City.
It was the home of Hon. John S. Phelps,
then serving his 18th year in Congtcs5.
William C. Price at that time was Assistant
United States Treasurer under Buchanan's
Administration, aud many others of less re
nown wielded considerable iuflueuco in
State and County affairs.
My recollection is that there wore about
20 votes cast for Lincoln at November elec
tion. At many of the polling places in the
Congressional District the polling books
were not opened for the Presidential elec
tion on the Rcpnb'icau ticket, and it bad
been asserted in some places that no man
should be allowed to vote for Abe Lincoln.
At all of thefe places there were Southern
men in whom American principle was
stronger than partisan love, and they forced
the opening of the polls and voted for Lin
coln. These nieu, so far as I have been able
to ascertain, became good soldiers in the
Federal army, and many of them since the
war have done good seivice for the State in
the various offices with which they have
In 18G0 we organized a militia company,
with about 80 members, and our uniform
was composed of more gold lace, white belts,
gloves, and fine feathers than I ever saw in
a whole army corps from '61 to '65. W-s
had no idea we should ever be called upon
to perform auy more arduous or dangorous
duty than parade on the Fouith of July aud
After it was decided that Lincoln was
elected excitement became intense in all
c'asses of society. Our Legislature, by a
large majority, were Secessionists, but afraid
to take the responsibility of passing an act
of Secession. Then tlie Governor called for
Convention to decide what the State should
do. To this Convention the Counties in our
Congressional District returned Union -delegates
by majorities varying from four to one
in someCoutities to eight to one in others in
favor of the Union. -Greene County'siUnion
majority was six to -one. Over nine-tenths
of the inhabitants were either boru in Mis
souri or froniSouthernStales.Virginia, North
Carolina, aud Tennessee being most largely
All b n Mil ess enterprises came to a sudden
stop. Mass-meetings to discuss the situation
were of weekly and almost daily occurrence;
personal animosities were so aroused that
old-time friends met with a scowl upon their
faces and a threatening of the hand towards
the belt, to which was usually attached a
knife or a revolver.
Immediately after the inauguration of
IPresident Lincoln at a meeting held in the
latter pail of Maicb, 18G1, about 40 of the
members of our Liuht Guard company re
signed, being the extreme Southern element,
and immediately organized a-uew company,
calleTi the Southern Light Guard, with the
intention of taking possession of the town
with an organized force, and compelling the
Union men to leauaiuquiet or join the State
But next morning by A a. m. we had our
120 stout-hearted Union lads enrolled in the
Springfield Light Guard, with a uniform of
gray elm t, black pants, and light hat
Being afraid the young hot-blooded South
erners might be led to commit some overt
act, by request of the Mayor and Council of
the town we mounted guard every night
and patrolled the btreeis until morning.
There was very little powder in the coun
try, and it was a hard article to get, but the
few kegs that were on hand were taken pis
session of by the boys, and while wfc had
perfect confidence that Providence would
eventually tettle the difficulty all right, we
wereexceedingly careful to keep that powder
dry, and not to waste any of it.
We had erected on the top of tho Court
bouse a flagpole about 100 feet long; the
Courthouse, as usual in Southern towns,
standing in the center of the public square.
As matters continued to grow worse, and
the people choosing sides daily, our position
was becoming very uncomfortable, although
our party Mas in the majority, b cause we
had as arms about 30 old overland carbines
and old shotguns an.d rifles; carbines were
more dangerous behind than in front. But
we knew that the people of the North did
not believe thatthe people of the South were
in earnest and meant fight.
Our State Government was opposed lo ns,
and had a strong force between us and those
who should help us. We had asked the
Governor for arms, and he had promised
them to us if we would take an o.itb to sup
port him and his military bill, which was
virtually an act of Secession in disguise.
Our reply had been more emphatic than
polite, whereupon he had organized aud
armed small bquads of men all about us in
adjoining Counties, intending to take us in
when it suited him.
The Secessionists had appointed a day for
a barbecue and flag-raising, to which they
invited some of the Statu Guard. We im
mediately sent a call lo the Union men to
meet on the same day at Phelps farm to or
ganize. The great day came. The Secesh
bad secured the services of the band (the
only one in the country) to play for them.
The drummers and fifers had always played
for us, and wished to do so this day, but
were required by their rules to go with the
band. They (drummers and fifers) had pin
ned on their hats miniature flas stars and
stripes. The Secesh Marshal ordered the
fla.8 taken off, which the boys refused to
obey ; upon refusal they were told to take off
the flags or leave the crowd, which was just
what they wanted. They left in a hurry
and told them they would soon be in better
Thirty-five hundred men answered our
call, and met at Phelps lartn. They were
already organized as companies, and as all
wanted Hon. John S. Phelps for Colonel it
was decided to organize as one regiment.
Just as we had organized we received a
communication from theSecesh crowd, which
consisted of about 600, asking if we would
object to their raising a Secesh flag ; to which
a prompt refusal was given. Then they
wished to raise a Stale flag; to which no ob
jection was made.
Our regiment marched to and through
the business portion of the town, all being
mounted except our company. There was
no one seen on the street, Union families
being at home, Secesh not having left their
meeting place ytt As we marched around
the public square, I for the first lime in my
life saw a whole procession salute the flag.
Wo had a largo garrison flag floating over
the Courthoiibc, and from the time the head
of the column arrived upon the square until
the rear left it, every man, without orders,
raised his hat and remained uncovered, hold
ing it towards the flag.
A singular incident occurred at the time,
which was looked upon as a good omen by
the majority of the boys. As the head of the
procession entered the square a large eagle
rose just above aud sailed around the flag
the whole time the regiment was passing the
Our company escorted the regiment about
four blocks from thesquarc. Upon our return
we found the Secessionists formed in solid
mass from the Courthouse to one side of the
square. It was our custom to march around
the Courthouse before breakiug ranks at our
armory, which was located iu tho southeast
comer of tho square.
I forgot to mention that wo had been
taught to make a cartridge-box out of a
bootleg, and how to make und handle car
tridges for shotguns. On this special day
we were loaded for business. One barrel of
my gun had 18 buckshot, and the other a
round ounce leaJhball. As we came upon
the square the Lieutenant iu command, John
Hursh, pnssed alon the ranks ivnd asked if
we should march afouud as ususal. Every
man promptly saidf Yes." Upon which ho.
said: Wcll, bdyo, keep cool, aud be ready
for tho word." ..
On Flic north side of the square was an
old-time two-story Southern hotel, with a
veranda across the front. On it wcroall
tno secesu women, 'luu-oiooncu arisiocravic
ladies of the South. As we passed them
in column of platoons they called us all the
names they could think of. They spit at
us, aud tossed us a few antiquated hen fruit.
Their military were dressed in red shirts
and mounted on horses. Their line reached
across the square from the Courthouse, and
wc supposed they would refuse us passage,
but just as wo got to them they opened
pleuty of room for us, whereat I for one was
very glad, for I was in the first platoon.
After raising their flag, somo of them
started to the top of the Courthouse to cut
our flag down. We immediately deployed
as skirmishers, and persuaded them to let
the old flag alone. From that day on until
August, 1865, 1 and mauy that were with
me on that day was iu constant active
- That afternoon I saw fathers, sons,
brothers, and men who had been "raised
together" bad never bad any misunder
standing between them up to that time
shake hands and bid each other good-by, as
though starting on n long journey, then
taking sides either for or against the old
flag. I was glnd to see the majority of them
stay by "Old Glory."
From the middle of Fcbrnary until May,
1861, wben.Sigel and Lyon came to our sec
tion, this company was to all intents and
purposes in active service, as we were con
stantly on guard, drilling daily, and doing
more or less scouting duty for our own pro
tection. I think the members of the old
Springfield Light Guard can consistently
claim that they did as much, if not more,
than any other parties to preserve the State
of Missouri to the Union. By showing a
bold front we encouraged Uniou men to
assist iu organization in their own localities,
aud thereby bad quite a large force tbat
could have concentrated anywhere iu the
Gens. Lyon and Sigel fully appreciated
our work. Our troops then bad no trans
portation; Sigel's men no rations. They
found us ready, and we did all we could to
supply their needs.
Sigei's Brigade of 1,500 men arrived one
Sunday morning and found the old Court
house literally crammed with good, sub
stantial food, ready cooked.
At some future time, should the boys care
to hear it, I may tell of the careers of some
of those companies organized at Phelps
farm, nothing of which, so far as I know,
has ever been published, and I have never
heard of any public acknowledgment being
made for what subsequent events have
proved wero important services. In con
clusion, permit me to say that I do not
recall to my mind in all of my later experi
ence a body of men more cool, self-reliant,
cheerful, aud eager, or more sonsible of the
danger and responsibilities of surrounding
ciicumstnncesr than the old Light Guard of
Springfield, Mo. Ex-Post Cojijiandkiu
A MARCHING REGIMENT.
The 12lli Wis. Covered 3,380 Mlle In Twelve
State Duriuc the War.
Editor National Tkihune: In a modest
little book of oOO pnges, written by H". W.
Rood, Superintendent of Schools in Wiscon
sin, 1 find tho, history of the marches and
campaigns of the 12th Wis., which contains
a detailed account pf their marches through
the States of Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Ken
tucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana,
Alabama, Geqrgia, South Carolina, North
Carolina, aud Virginia, covering the unpre
cedented distance .of 3,380 miles ou foot dur
ing three yearof the civil war.
Having access lo nearly all of the great
libraries of New York City and Brooklyn,
and lo the inexhaustible official records of
that war now on file at Cooper Union Library,
I can find no parallel of this remarkable feat
by any foot regiment iu the United State3
I then wrote to the Commanding Generals
of the English, French anjl Gerniau armies,
all of whom furnished me, through their
Adjutant-General's department, with polite
replies, but Jailed to find the record of any
of their foot regiments who, in the short
space of three years, had coven d such a great
number of miles on foot, even in times of
The records also show that the regiment
took part in the campaign at the extreme
right, flank of the entire graud army of the
North iu tho early part of the war, and after
participating iu many of the principal cam
paigns of the central part of that army found
themselves at the extreme left flank when
the war was declared ended.
So, that after nearly one year of studious
research und letter-writing, I have no hesita
tion in placing the 12th Wis. as the cham
pion marching regiment of the world.
The records also show that the 12th Wi?.,
together with the IGth Wis., formed the first
line of the brigade, of which tiie 20th, 30th
and 31st III. formed the second line of
the assaulting column of Gen. Sherman'
army thnt charged and captured Leggett's
Hill, the key to the position of the right
flank of the Confedeiate army at Atlanta on
th- 21st of July, 186-1. W. R. Mitchell,
72G Broadway, New York.
Kcduced JtatfK to St. Louis.
Tho Republican National Convention will
meet in St. Louis June IGth. For this occasion
the 13. & O. It. 11. Co. will sell Excursion Tickets
from all stations on its line East of the Ohio
River for all trains Juno 12 to Iu, inclusive,
valid for return passage uutil Juno 21, at ono
faro for thu round tiip.
Tho Baltimore & Ohio is a direct lino to St.
Louis, running twosolid vcslibuled fast express
trains with through Pullman Sleeping Cars
attached every day iu tho year.
For rates ami other information apply to
nearest B. & O. Ticket Agent.
FOR DAYS ON THE
Ono West Virginian's JCxperlenco
Jinttlo of Munuhfias.
Editor National Tkiiiune: I have
read with plKWnrc the recent account of
tbo Second Bull Run. I was with Sigel's
Corps, Milroy's Brigade. We cut McDowell
out of a eeriouspiaceon the evening of Aug.
28. The Eleventh Corps fought in the
center the next day, McDowell on the left
and Fitz John Porter lay back on the right.
At about 2t o'clock p. in., while charging
on the railroud embankment, I received a
gunshot wound 'Mb the left knee, entirely
disabling tholllnfl). I was carried back by
the Johnnies to the pike, 100 yards distant.
Tho next morning when the battle opened
I was in range offllour guns. I crawled to a
small oak tree for piotcction, and by so do
ing no doubt my life was saved. I was
again removed) Hep t. 2, a short distance iu
the direct ion fofgtuo gap, and in speaking
distance of 40 or 50 wounded comrades,
principally McDowell's men. We lay there
with tho earth for a bed and the heavens for
a shelter until the evening of the 5th, when
the ambulance tiain was announced. If
there aro joys greater than ours when that
ambulance train came I have never experi
We were moved nbont ono mile toward
Alexandria and camped over night; started
out again on the morning of the 6.h, arriv
ing at Georgetown Col lego at 4 o'clock
u. in. on the 7th. I had lo have my leg am
putated after that. F7 M. IIUFIOIAN, Cor
poral, Co. D, 3d W. Va., Marquess, W. Va.
Tho Ohio Senate has passed a bill sub
stituting electrocution for hanging.
Mark Twain has completely recovered his
From Alert Comrades All Along the
H. C. Wilkins, Co. H, 1st Intl. H. A., Evan
geline, La, writes: "I wish to take excep
tions to an article on Port Hudson, from an
old comrade of Nima'a Battery, recorded in
Dec. 19 issue. Nims's Battery nnd my regi
ment were closely connected during our term
"The comrade fails to mention that tho
siege lasted from May 27 until July 8, 1863.
The statement may be correct that our sec
tion of Nims's Battery did some good work
on the opposite bide of the river from tho fort,
but the last shot ot the siege was not urea
from that point by any part of said battery,
to my own personal knowledge.
"To refresh Comrade Maxwell's memory,
let me relate the following ; will not at
tempt to go into detail or report the part
taken by self: While wo were situated near
tho river, at the lower side of the fort, In
what we chose to call tho 17-gun battery,
only 250 yards distant from the rebel works,
having dismounted all the guns in reach,
my Captain (Connelly) called upon Gen.
Banks and asked permission to take his two
SO-pounder Parrotts across the river, where
he hoped to find target practice.
''Banks replied tbat every man and every
mule would be killed in a few minutes. The
next day the Captain renewed the request,
assuring tho General that he wanted to go
where he could do some good. Bonks re
plied, as near as I can remember, in these
"'Capt. Connelly, if every man yon have
will volunteer to go, you can have my per
mission, but not my order.' The result was
every man went. Under cover of darkness
wo hauled our guns down the river to a
landing out of range of the fort, and were
ferried over, not as soon, however, as we
hoped, for it was !) o'clock a. m. July 1. We
went into battery, using the old levee as a
breastwork, embrasures and platforms hav
ing lcen arranged previously.
"After clearing nway the teams and load
ing our guns, the rebel batteries opened upon
us 11 heavy guns to two. Imagine, if yon
please, the sensation of being bnried nlivein
the sand; that was our condition after a few
minutes1 work of those guns. But we up
and at 'em at every little cei-satiou.
"About the second day we had a gun dis
abled, which was remounted the following
night. This was our only casually. Wc
continued firing solid shot nnd dismount
ing guns until the 7th inst., when all
their guns were silenced, and all down
but two. They were withdrawn and brush
placed in the embrasure.0. I can fur
nish proof from both sides of the house as to
the correctness of this story. J. N. Jerome,
who will be well remembered by old com
rades of the Gulf Department a3 tho beat
gunner in the army, was to blame for most
ol those guns falling down."
An Interesting Trip.
S. W. Storm, Co. A, 57th Pa., Norfolk,
Neb., writes that seeing Comrade Shaw's
letter of May 7 in regard to Fredericksburg,
recalls his isit to that section in 1892. He
went around with a Mr. Heyden, an ex
Coutcderate, in a buggy. Says the comrade:
"Mr. He3den took me up the Sunken road
to Muyrc's Ilights Cemetery; showed me
the grave of Capt. E. J. liice, Co. E, 57th
Pa., killtd at Chanccllorsville, Mny 3, 18G3.
It will be remembered the 57th Pa. was in
First Brigade, First Division, Third Corps,
Gen. Sickles. We were nearly surrounded at
Hazel Grove on Sunday, May 3,18G3. I was
wounded in the left shoulder that morning
in a charge, when Rice was killed. I did not
wonder that Burnside was defeated on that
awful December day at Marye's Higbts to
see tbat our brave boyB charged on, as,
I had often heard them try to describe it to-
me, as I was not there, but in a hospital, sick,
in New York. Mr. Ueydeu showed me where
the Sixth Corps came up, and went as far
as Salem Church. He showed me the Brick
Church, with holes through the gable end
yet, and the rifle-pit just along by the end
of the church.
"We took the Plank road two miles
south of Salem Church, where the road
(turnpike, as he called it in '92) forked, one
road going via the old forge east of Chancel
lorsville and Hazel Grove. At tho forks of
the two Gens. Lee nnd Jackson separated,
Jacksou going around our right and Lee on
the left. That is why the rebs retreated
and weredri?en so easily from Fredericks
burg on Sunday nigl.t, May 3, to Salem
Church. I visited Chancellorsville, Jack
sou's monument, nnd Hazel Grove. In- the
evening, on my return, Mr. Heyden showed
me the cemetery of the Confederate soldieis
and the unfinished monument."
J. B. Neal, Lieutenant, Co. A, 10th Conn.,
Richmond, Va., refers to the recent publica
tion of casualties at Appomattox. He says
the 10th Conn, marched the night before
the surrender until midnight. They lay in
a field, but later moved near the railroad
track, aud, advancing in battle-line, found
the cavalry falling hack. Custer they saw
near a fente that divided the woods from
the cleared fields. He waved his band and
"Boys, this is yonr last fight. There is
nothing but a battery over there. When
you take that, the war will be over."
The men gave a yell, and over the fence
they went. There was a gradual ascent for
some distance. As soon as they got well
clear of the wood, tho rebels opened a battery
on the right, giving a cross-fire.
"As we ueared the brow of the hill,"
says Neal, "we received another volley right
in our teeth, which caused us all to drop.
"I found that we had become detached
from the rest of the line-of-battlc; the 11th
Me. and two companies (A and II) of the
10th Conn., were all that were in that loca
tion." The comrade did ndfc retire with the rest
for fear of a sweeping volley; but be "went
it alone" and got captured. So did another
comrade just behind him. He wants to
correct the recent figures by saying that the
10th Conn, had tno men taken prisoners at
A number of letters have been received
by The National Tkiiiune inquiring for
the address of ' Tamarac," whose interesting
story, "A Lost History," recently appeared
in our columns. " Tamarac" is William P.
Dunnington, a real estate and insurance
agent of Redwood Falls, Minn.
J. J. Stuckry writes: "I would like to
have some one tell me where to procure silk
handkerchiefs 21 by 21 inches iu size, with
flags of all nations, printed in colors, on bor
der ; also, whero to procure the woven silk
G.A.R. badges on exhibition at Washington
nnd Indianapolis National Encampments."
Otis L. Sexton, Box 38, National Military
nome, Kan., wants a good, Christian home
for his boy, 14 years old. He is a steady,
industrious, Christian boy. Tho comrade
wishes correspondence, and will be thankful
for good reading matter.
Low Kates to I'lttsbnrc via 11. & O.
Tho Siionporhund of North America will
meet in Pittsburg, Juno 8th to 12th.
In piirstinnco of its usual liberal policy tho
B. & O. 11. II. will sell round trip tickets to
Pittsburg from all stations on its Hue, for nil
trains Juno Gth to 8th, valid for return trip
until Juno 13th, nt ouo siuIo faro for tho
Tickets will also bo on sale at ofliccs of all
For full information address nearest B. & 0.
Brief Sketches of the Services
Tho 31st 111.
The 31st 111. was Gen. Logan's regiment.
It was organized at Cairo, III., Sept. 18,1861,
to serve three years. On the exptratiou of
its term it veteranized, and was retained in
service until July 19, 1SG5. Col. John A.
Logan, its first Colonel, was promoted Brigadier-General
March 21. 1SG2. He was suc
ceeded by Lvndorf Ozbnrn. Col. Ozburn
was brevetted Brigadier-General for meri
torious service. He resigned Feb. 24, 1863.
Col. Edwin S. McCook next commanded the
regiment. He resigned Sept. 26, 1864, nnd
when mustered out the 31st 111. was com
manded by Lienl.-Col. Robert N. Pearson.
Col. McCook received the brevets of both
Brigadier-General nod Major-General. Col.
Pearson was brevetted Brigadier-General.
The regiment's first fighting was at Belmont,
Mo., where it lost 10 killed, 70 wounded and
ft number missing. Its next battle was
Fort Donehon, where, commanded by Col.
Logan, the regiment did some very effective
fighting. Its Iosswas31 killed, 117 wounded
and 23 missing. The brave Lieutenant
Colonel, John If. White, was killed, and Col.
Logan severely wounded. In theVicksbnrg
campaign the regiment did much hard fight
ing and suffered heavy losses. At Atlanta,
July 21 and 22, while in Leggett's Division,
Seventeenth Corps, it lost 28 killed, 94
wounded and 41 missing. The total en
rollment of the regiment was 1,809. Nine
officers and 166 men -were killed in action or
died of wounds and three officers and 293
men died of disease, in prison, etc. It is
one of the 300 fighting regiments given by
The HGth 111.
The regiment was organized at Dccatnr,
111., Sept. 6, 1862, to serve three years. The
members whose terms would have expired
previous to Oct. 1, 1865, were mustered out
June 7, 18G5, and tho remaining members
were transferred to the 55th 111. Natban
W. Tupper, who was commissioned Colonel
when the regiment was being raised, d?ed at
Decatur, 111., March 10, 1864. He wa3 suc
ceeded in command by John E. Madux.
TheWnr Department credits the regiment
with tho .following battles: Chickasaw
Bayoa, Arkansas Post, Jackson, Champion
Hills, Vicksbnrg, and Vicksburg siege and
as3ault3 of May 19 and 22. In tho assault
of the 19th, while in Blair's Division, Fif
teenth Corps, it lost six killed, 64 wounded,
and one missing. Its total loss in the serv
ice was seven officers and 49 men killed and
seven officers and 232 men died of disease,
L accidents, in prison, etc.
D. O. Mills is lo erect two colossal hotels
in New York for the accommodation of the
, ,. , .,..
poorer class, in which rooms will be SO cents
THE FAVORITE SON OF THE NATION,
FR E E No' lx of Thc Kaiional Tribnne Xabrary ppj
THE LIFE OF WM. McKINLEY.
BY JOHN McELKOY,
Author of Anderson ville, a Story of Southern Prisons;
The Red Acorn; A File of Infantrymen, etc
A SAMPLE PAGE.
County wa3 " safe," asked the young lawyer to take the nomination for Prosecut
ing Attorney. He did thi3 just as he used to do a detail to go on picket merely
as a matter of duty. And merely as a matter of duty he made the best canvass
capt. w.m. Mckinley, isw.
dier. He understood clearly what ought
care and industry.
Ten years after his enlistment, and
Maj. JMclvinley ielt that lie was at length
in position to realize a delightful dream
of years, and marry the woman he loved.
One of the most notable of men who
laid the foundations deep and strong of
the great State of Ohio was Hon. J. A.
Saxton, who migrated to Ohio about tho
time of the close of the War of 1812,
and in 1815 established at Canton the
Ohio Repository, a "Whig organ, and a
literary journal, which he continued to
publish for GO years, during which it was
one of the most forceful and influential
papers in the State. He was a man of
scholarly tastes, and the Repository was
far above the average paper in literary
excellence. He resisted all temptations
to transfer his work to one of the larger
cities of the State Cincinnati, Cleve
land or Columbus, saying that the people
of Canton were entitled to the best that he could do for them, that they appre
ciated him, and that this was ambition enough for him. His paper still lives and
This splendid handbook contains the complete story of the dramatic episodes of
Mnj. McKinley's life as soldier, member of Congress, Governor of Ohio, and candidate
for the Presidency.
B4rit is illustrated with portraits of Eoecrans, Crook, Hayes, Maj. McKinley'a
parents, maps, etc., which embellish almost every page.
HOW TO GET IT.
Send 23 cents for ono year's subscription to The American Farmer and both lha
paper for a whole year and the L?f of McKinley will he sent post paid.
The American Farmeu is a lare 8 page paper devoted to progressive agricnltnrey
It is fully illnstratcd. It has complete departments treating of poultry, stock, fruit, bees,
trees, and all other branches of the farming business. It has a department of especial
interest to the farmer's home life, that will appeal especially to his wife and children. In
other words, it is invaluable to the farm-home. The regular subscription price of The
American1 Farmer is 50 cents a year, but we have decided to double its list of subscribers,
because interests of vast importance to farmers will arise in connection with the coming
election, and to accomplish this we have decided to make tho above liberal offer namely,
not only to send tho paper for one year postpaid for half price, that is 25 cents, but also
to send postpaid as a Tree premium The Life of McKinley.
When our list has been doubled we shall withdraw this offer. Address
THE AMERICAN FARMER, Washington, D. C,
HOW A. W. JAMES MADE MONEY.
I ian thnt Dish "Washers -wnre advertised bT
several firms. I sent and jtot ono nnd sold a good
ninny to my neighbor, nnd nimlotoin money. buS
I sitwtliAl Bert lMwon. Coluaibu. Onio, hnd Just
gotten out h new Dish Wnslicr culled the Queen,
trhich ira the Intctt patented mnchiuo in tlie mar
ket nnd hnd all tbo iinprovemiMiis. by which a pef
son could vrnsli dHlms. venetiibles. 9tlVcrfr. nnd
cloilmtir in ono minute. I xol tin; neiioy nntl sold
fivo Hie first dny, xnd my profits were $15, and I
aliitti entlly mnke S0O before tlie month l out. ns
every body wans tho newest nnd best 1) sh Wnsher
there i coitisr, nnd it is cay lo Sail what peoples
trant. These hard times anyone who trnnls to mntce
n little money honestly enn do ni I Iihto done. Mr.'
r)vrn referred mo lo tho Cardiitgton Rnnlc. Mt.
(Jllcnd Itank.nnd Q'inker CItv lUnk, so I knew ho
whs perfectly responsible. Anyone can set circu
lars nbout tho Queen by wrillnK to Mr Dwon asT
above. A. W. Jumea.
'i.iry I'.LUOO 1'OISON permanently
cured In 15 to 35 days. You can bo treated as
'ty. If tju prefer toco mohcre io wlllcon-
tract to pay railroad f nrcnnd bote I bllls.nnd-
nochanrc, i f wo fail to euro. I f jou havo taken mer
cury, lodido potash, and still havo aches nnd
pains. Mncons ratchet in mouth, Soro Throaty
lMuiplcs. Copper Colored Spot, Ulcer on'
any part of thobody.JIsilror Eyebrow fallintr.
out, U la this Secondary I'.LOOD POISON'
wo jruaranteo to cure. Wo solicit tho most ob.tl'
nate cases and challenge the world for a
caso wo cannot euro. This di-caso has always"
baffled tho skill of tho most eminent physi
cians. 5500,000 capital behind our uncondl-'
ilonaljrnaranty. Absolu to proof sent scaled offl
application. Address COOK REMKDV CO
807 masonic Temple, CHICAGO, ILL.
IwillsendFJIEKto any man tho prescription,'
with full particulars,' f anew and positive remedy.
A sure cure for all weakness in yonui; or old men
Cures Kalllnjc Mandood,"ervuu Weakness,
nnd UlndrMi Iiseacs In 15 days; d.seose never
returns. Will also furnish rpmeoVs If desired.
Correspondence private. Address T. C. Boraef
News Dealer. Box U5 Marshall, 3Ucb.
Arrests In 48 hours those y""s
18 hours those ""V
tlch. Copaiba and uttA
II to cs-re. All (JnlDIJ
P. O Bex 2081. V J
1ST hill K t 1 .00 '
affections Trnicn copaiba ana
New York. POST
Worn nlghtantl day.
can be mad uruanri .yf
any decree of pressure, at
will. Illustrated catalogue
sent spch rely sa led by &..
V. JIotie IV r Ce.
74 I Urondway, X. "ST-
Mention Tho National Tribune.
Mention The National Tribune.
Cured. Box Free.
Mrs. B. Rowan,.
I Morphine Habit Curpd In 19
to 21) iJajn. Jiopuy till ctr.
)h. d. Stephens, Lebanon, unio.
Mention. The National Tribune.
! 8 nUltOanilwlKls(llynlnillpartIcnlrtoallral,
tainzsc .tamo. aissn.L.sTzoui.NS, ianK.NCE,aicH.
Mention Tno.NUonal Tribune.
he could, and showed fine powers as a
stumper. "When the votes were counted
he and hi3 friends, and still more the
Democrats, were astonished to find thab
he had been eleoted.
He made an excellent Prosecuting
Attorney, served out his term of two
years, and was renominated. But tho
Democrats had awakened to his danger
ous quality, and put up a strong man
against him, and let nothing go by de
fault. They succeeded in beating him,
but it was by so small a plurality that
he got even more credit out of his defeat
than he had previously by his election.
In the meanwhile he was growing
rapidly in reputation as a lawyer. He
brought to his profession the same inde
fatigable industry and thoroughness ha
had displayed as a scholar and as a sol-
to be done, and then did it with tireless
dfZff ?Ay 9 vjfc.
six after his discharge from the army