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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, DS ft? THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 1896.
I II M w.- V h T n 1 B n A 1 I & N i.. rW.L--n: : vrti
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m yt fl Et fc t-. kt o-?x Vter p-
mWWl fE fi AKi?Bvwv
TVocrm-rorlBJninKto all that onrrf"to,deve1oJ
American intelligence on Hie topic of the day, ami
the adoption of ways nnd moatiB lo secure tuia
enprtfnofisi)i-nifitoricn1 study of our country, and
discu-sion tlicroon. which keeps nlive the spirit
of Americnii independence ami h'"?- . m-
Ciarrty-Vnividlne for tiie relief of the sutler
inir and filleted. .
An organisation for Reunion purposes and to
more prnclicnUy enforco the principles or Uic
Loyal Homo Workers hns Iwen formed, of wliiolj
Knto B. Sherwood is President, and to which all
true nnd loynl members of the C. C. are eligible.
Where Immigrants are Wanted totter
From n New York Veteran.
Apropos of the discussion which has been
poingou in the Loynl Homo Workers Depart
ment, on the question of restricted immigra
tion, is the following taken from tho May num
ber of tho Northvcst Magazine, published at St.
Paul, Minn., in the interest of tho vast unde
veloped and developed resources of that vast
In an article on the present industrial and
business outlook as it presents itself to tho
oditor, Mi. E. V. Smaller, who is thoroughly
familiar with hiB whole field of survey, is
found tho following:
" The steady flow of new settlers into north
ern MinnoMUn and the recent hip movement of
Punkarris into North Dakota are signiiicant.
indications of a now spirit of restlessness and
enterprise which promises to produce a great
lido of immigration to our vacant lands."
Upon this subject comes tho following from
a veteran of New York City, concerning tho
article of James McKenna, of recent publica
tion, and outlining the situation in Texas. It
looks as though tho tiaio was coming when we
will agaiu return to the old rallying song of 40
"Then come alonir. come alone;, make no delay,
Ootue from every nation, come from every way.
Our Inudsthey are broad enough, doiiTlfeel alarm,
For TJnelo bum is rich enough to civo ua all a
"WHAT TEXAB WANTS.
Dkab Editor.: In Tiie National Tkibvjnk
of May 14 1 have rend with a great deal or in
terest au admirably well written articlo, full of
interesting statistic, against the restriction of
immigration, nnd showing the benefits of im
migration, by James McKenna, Pittsfield,
1 am thoroughly in accord with the letter, and
BE one who sorvod in the Union armyand was
recognized for conspicuous gallantry in action
in an oiiicial communication from tho War De
partment, I compliment him on his patriotic
In one of the paragraphs of it ho states:
"We want healthy men and womn to fill up
our new States," and he addt,: "The State of
Texas has territory to support 50.000,000 of
Tins paragraph is trne, and Texas can sup
port the entile population of the United States,
and many more, without the hard work that
they have to endure in his Stale (Massachusetts)
in cultivating the soil, and the long and cold
Winters they have to contend against.
I am the owner of 10,240 acre of land in the
Lone Star Slate, and can say from orperfenco
that this section needs good, healthy men id
women to develop its .resources and uaake its
In Tal Verde County. Tex., there are 3,231
square miles, and but the Bauie number of peo- I
pie, giving but one person to a equaro nine, ana.
often you may ride on Kb roads for 24 boars
and not meet ahumau boing.
Immigration is desired here to cultivate its
fertile plains and valleys. All kind of emi
tropical fruits thrive and do exceedingly well,
and the Winters are 60 tmld and Bhort that
stock requires 210 protection from the weather
during the Winter sca6on, btit go at largo upon
In this County there are 900.000 acres of
school lauds for sale at very low prices.
I have this day received a note from one of
the ofliciale of tho County asking me if I know
of anyone who wishes to purchase 1,230 acres
of good sheep ranch land very cheap.
In fact, excellent gniee land can be bought at
tho rate of $1 per acic, which hhows the small
taxable value of laud of an excellent quality,
doe to the eparetty of population.
The most prosperous and the most valuable
land is where you Hod the greatest population, J
regardless of the number of foreign immi
grants, educated or illiterate. Panpor assisted,
unhealthy, or criminal Immigration is certainly
not desirable, and the pauper and awl ted im
migration was protested agailiBt by Irish
American citizens some yciirs ago, and it was
Ehown by theut that the poor-houses of Ire
land wore emptied, and by tho assistance of tho
British authorities tho Inmates were conveyed
to the United Slates. This, I believe, was effect
It would be absurd to state that New York
City and State has not prospered by immigra
tion. Tho taxable value of property, personal
and real estate, in New York City in 1805 was
$2,010,917,0(12, aud its area about G5 equarc
If tho population was tho samo as it was in
Toxcs, or in the County I havo mentioned, one
to the square mile, docs anyone imagine that
tins city would have such an assessed valuation
If his ideas arc still obtuse, all he will have
to do is lo look at tho assessed valuation of
property in New York City 100 years ago for a
comparison, or Chicago and other Western cities
at much later periods, nud compare them with
the increase of their population.
Or, if he does not care to do this, let him com
pare tho valuation of one acre of city property
whore the population Is denso with that of au
acre or country property where the population
is hparso, and he will see tho value of immigra
tion. Tho hoalthy immigrant comes here to wltle.
and his children who arc born on the toil u'ro
ns much Americans as those who belong to so
called patriotic societies which are petitioning
Congress to prevent and restrict immigration,
and who, at the most, are themselves descend
ants of immigrants of from one to throe or
1 think the article of Mr. McKenna ought to
be scut to ouch of the Committee on Immigra
tion of the United States Semite and House of
ltoprceeutatives, as it would tach aome of the
uninformed fiumtirsthe value of good, healthy,
and honest Immigrants. Joiin T. Naolk. M.
IX, 47 East Twenty-first street, New York City.
Dri-nm of the Aces" I" School Use IMcan
nnt Interchange or Thought uid Senti
ment. Jlvict of the GTub. 1. Write briefly. 2. Write only
on one lle .l th jm.cr. 3. V rile 10 ihe point. 4.
AVtlte on oticaiihjrct. 6. Write jonr best. . Kaeh
week the iniiuesof ihone wilting the boot letter
t ic. -omiKiUoti.eirclhnK. wmiHnuip nd gen
etai merit considered m ill be named at the bead
of lids cotumn on the Honor Jtoll. Kiret honor
will include nil of thew requirements. !-ecoiid
lienor will include a deficiency in otae one point.
DREAM OF THK AGES.
Dkar Loya.1. Puiknds: Ab some of tho
members have asked me to explain how to use
" Dream of the Ages," a poem of Columbia,
by Kate Brownie Sherwood, In the school
room, 1 will reply that thore is no secrat m the
method, neither is there auv diflicuJiy in tilting
Those who have seen tho book well know
vi hat it in a poem, a history, u romance, til 111
one; and tiie pupils who itiro poetry aud ro
nianco will find it there, and lliohc who "doii'i
like history because Ihry un't become in
terested In it" will beMtidying the story of our
country unconsciously, uud gradually learn ro
MOTTO. PRO WTRIA,
Fi'nwFR. FoRGCT 'ME-NOT.'
f Objects ProgresSjPatriotjsm
To raato history intorcsting.it must bo pre
sented in such a form that it will ho as attract
ive as fiction, othcrwiso the frivolous novel will
tako tho placo of the more solid reading.
Many of tho text-books nscd in our school
rooms are dull nnd unattractive to tho chil
dren. Wo need something new, brighter, and
When our school-rooms aro supplied with
such works as "Dream of tho Aces," "Camp
fire and Memorial rooms," and tho historical
verses from such poets as Longfellow and
Whittier, wo may expect belter results in tho
study of history.
"Memorial Poems" is truly inspiring. My
favorites in tho volume aro: "Porcvor and
Forever," "The Nation's Memorial," "Hail to
the Flag," and those that commomorato tho
horoic deods of tho gallant McPhorson and the
dear old "Hock of Chiokamauga." Of the
other poems. I like best "Do Leadeth Mo"
and dainty "Marguerite."
As my copy of "Dream of tho Ages" was
tho only one of that work in our school, tho
best I could do was to gather the pupils around
mc, and, after J explained tho illustrations,
wo read tho beautiful story of Columbia and
tho trials and triumphs of her sous aud
"Dream of tho Ages" maybe used in tho
study of literature with good results.
Lida M. Bonny, Slato Lick, Pa.
JAMHS G. CLARK.
Editor L.U.W.: Allow me to say, through
tho columns of the Loyal Home Workers, to
Julius Gouaru, that tho Arena is my favorite
of all other publication?, and I am also an ad
mirer of B. O. Flower, but enjoy more than all
clso tho contributions from the pen of tho pnet
Etatesman. James G. Clark. His poom, ''Tho
living Christ," in tho April Arena, has in it
many toautiful thoughts.
Mr. Clark has been a warm personal friend of
mine for many years, and although the locks
of the "sweet singer" aro silvered, his heart is
still young, and his daily life as pure and sweet
as tho songs which have, indeed, mado many
Wc, who havo takon for our motto Pro
Patria," .should all kuowandTcad contributions
from his pen, for, as well as being poet, reform
writer and singer, he was one of tho defenders
of this country of ours, aud when unfitted for
active service by sickness, he went about sing
ing the songs of patriotism, which, ns ho sings
to-day, will start tho Wars in a soldier's eyo
and kindlo afresh the fires of patriotism.
Yours, Pro Patria
Fleota Smith, Shedd's, Ore.
By William H. Bowers, Kdinlmrg, Tnd,
Huhy sweetheart two yearn old.
Wit It 11 henrt of purest gold.
Curly locks of brightca hue,
Iv.iiiirliinc little eyes if blue:
Kony cheeks aud dimpled chin
For your Millies to bloMom in,
Aud 11 sou) tliHt e'er will hhiue
Through I hose lovely eyes of thine.
O'er my sou! j-oti shed your lijrht,
Mnldng darkest hours eni bright,
May your chnruiini: imnce be
Kvcr in my memory;
Karest ci'tsof God are thine,
Uuby, baby, Hrrectlieurt, mine.
Little sweelhcarl two years old,
Never timid, never hold;
Child, your very innocence
Is your strength and your defense;
Hntv-uiy heart is glnddciH-d while
You tin meso sweetly smile.
With those eyes that shine utt. bright
An thuatarh' trmiscondcul llht;
With that mouth Hint never spxko
Words to make 11 noor licnrt nolle;
Souls of siiintly affluence
Have not'hnlf your love intense;
He ihcue jrifts forever thine.
Baby, baby.uwcelhenrt, mine.
a c.c. Rirvinv.
Dkah CC: I do want to express my appre
ciation of our ki tid Ed i tot's talk to us on hooks
and culture, especially directing our thoughts
to old Mother Nature's entertaining book.
And think our dear Editor gave a beautiful
tributo to the Bible. Truly, nuturo and tho
Bible aro grand elements of .culture, bringing
cut the best there is in us.
Aijd just now, in this part of tho country.
Mother Nature is repeating so beautifully 0110
of her sweet old stories of pretty blue sky with
white fleecy clouds and crecn grassy carpet and
expansion of dainty buds into fair flowers aud
joyous singing birds.
And one ftels to exclaim with tho poet:
Above, heloir, where'er!' gnze.
Thy tcuiditiK llnccr, Lord, 1 view.
I think Jnmes McKenna deserves our thanks
for his article on National songs aud the effect
of music upon the mind, aud many other in
structive articles. I hope all have noticed the
instructive notes that have appeared in tho
Sunday Meditation, and have tried 'to inako
the desires expressed in prayer given in April
2 their very own.
I have folt much more interested in ITall
Caine's book, "The Deemster," since reading
of its rcfcrcnco to tiio Prodigal Son, and tho
author's familiarity with tho Bible in tho Sun
T havo been most thoroughly interested and
greatly pleased with the -improvement of the
C.C. column ror tho last year. But I must eay
that of late when reading these columns I feel
as if lost among bo many maskers, and I feel
like rushing up aud shaking hands when I
find some of the company -undisguised. And I
felt glad in a lato issno of Tin; National
TitintJNK to henr one dissenting voice against
what may havo proved an injury to our land.
Not but what I enjoy tho humor, wit and
good sense dispensed under tho nom-dc-plumu;
but just think of it, "ScripB," ''Scraps,"
4' Scrapes" and "Postscrips" chattering away
liko mad on every variety of subject; that
ancient porson "Seneca," philosophizing, while
"Chautauqua Boy " lugs along tho neiv man
and " Havana Girl " tho new woman ; " Mount
ain Boy" with his tale of tho really existing
maid of ancient lore, and "Southern Girl"
with her enthusiastic praise of the Southland,
while a girl from a " Glenn " down in " Dixio "
ably defends the country girl, secouded by
fiomo" Girl " from the "Grange."
Then, who should como along but that fiery
article "IL E. D. Pepper," with his imperti
nent queries going right in -a straight lino to
tho root of somo matters. Now. Iioought 'to
know that women don't always like to take the
shortest cut -to point outsoiuoof their weak
points. No wonder ho hid his identity bohiud
But that was not tho last of it, for along
came u representative of our two delightful
moiilliB. "MBy and Juno," a bird called "Blue
Jay," and "Maitieiac"etcf etc, T am confused
at tho -very thought of suck a mixture. I
know41 variety is thespico of life," but was Jiot
this getting too " spicy "?
But now that the masked party's over soon,
let us all f:o in to supper. Pleaso extend my
thanks to Bulla Smith for so kindly answering
my inquiry. "Loyally
M. Kttio Fuller, Spting Lake, 2. Y.
BEMraitEr.INO THK PARKNT8.
Michigan's month of May, 1896. has become
historically conspicuous becauo of containing
two Memorial Mays. Tho first is marked by
Congressman Morse .saying there may be, and
are, a few cases, referring to applicants for pon
sitJ8, uot reached by the general law. Tho
second, by Brothers Mosser and Cooper, of
Brooklyn, Mich., mentioning in thoir Memorial
sermons tho fathers and mothers who, iuwar
clouded days, eaid good -by to boys around
whom their hearts twined tondrils of hope for
years when age sliould deprive them of all
Perhaps Mr. Morse's schism was caused by
May Junq'a criticism -of tho inequality of pen
sions, hut I am going to believe our Divine
Master caused our ministers' word-slips lo re
ward IU3 patient listcniug, for names.-tabooed
aliku by all political parties, and so long care
fully eliminated from pulpit eloquence, that
one could Tiotlielp'belicvingthom past praying
That theso men, so far apart, both as to dis
tance nnd professions, should break through
the Nation's don't mention, "trocha" from
opposite sides, is enough to wako any woman's
curiosity and legalizo inquiry. Do you sup
pose Mr. Morso meant theo parents spoken of?
Thoy woro discriminated against by the gen
oral law of 1S90; but why justico to tho de
pendent wives aud children of soldiers should
bo mado a pretext for injustico to still moro
depotideut parents is quocr.
1 havo no right tosay justico was tho pretext,
howovor, becauso no ono gavo a reason; but 1
will look for it.
I regret to differ from Mr. Morse, but ho is
surely mistaken about these fow cases not be
ing reached by thisgeucral law.
Those who claim the divine right to control
the destinies of women reached theso mothora
and consigned them to such aid as Elijah re
ceived. Helen II. S. Sisson.
HONEY, MILK, AND GINGER, SNAI?.
Will somo kind sister (or brothor, if ho
kuows.) plcaso tell mo how to raako ginger
snaps, such 83 wo buy? If someono will fur
nish tho rccipo I will bako a whole box full,
aud then whon tho CC. and LU.W.call on mo
I will treat you all with honey, milk, and giu
gor suaps. Lida May.
TEN ART WORK.
I must return thanks to Ella E. Calkius, La
cclle, Jowa, for favors received. Truly, Miss
Calkins is a gonitis, and any of. tho CC. and
L.H.W. who wish to learn or buy pen art work
will do well to patronizo ono of our own band.
Lida M. Bonnoy.
r-OYAT. IIO.MIS WOKKERS-
Headers L.H.W., St. Louis, Mo., May, 1S9G.
Boport No. 23.
Tiie following applications havo been placqd
on file, subject to tho usual conditions: Ncttio
M. Shupp, Ayersville, Pa.; Sallie Toolo, Bead
ing, Pa. Amos L. Seaman, Secretary.
A NEW YORK RALLY.
I would liko lo hoar from all CC.'s in Now
York Stato who aro not members of the L.H.W.,
and I will send them application blank?. Wo
want to increase our membership this year,
and mako it the banner year for tho Empire
Stato. Let each L.H.W. bo loyal, and socuro
at loast ono new membor; nnd let us all make
a special elfort to attend tho grand Eastern
rally at Philadelphia in July. Now York
should bo well represented at that gathering,
as it will be so near home.
I trust 1 shall havo tho hearty co-oporation
of each Loyal Homo Worker. Would liko to
hear from L.H.W. and C.C. girls, about 17 years
old, who reside in New York State. Loyally,
Mao B. Arnold, 43 ltavino street, Koudout,
L.II.W. AT CHAUTAUQUA LAKE.
Tho third annual meeting of tho Loyal Homo
Workers of western Now York and Pennsyl
vania, with thoir friends, will convono at May
ville. N. Y., Wednesday, Juno 24. Meeting
called to order at 10:30 a. m.
Wo are desirous of adding many now mem
bors to our Order at this time. 'Tho Empire
Circle, 1, of Frcdotiin, will bo out in full forco;
also a large delegation from Pennsylvania
eight- mrmbcrs from ono village. A boat-ride
on beautiful Chautauqua will bo on tho pro
gram. Chas. E. Randall, President, Fredonia, N. Y.
Charles M. Horn, Secretary.
Iowa Comrades Ask Somo Questions in Itc
uard to Them.
Editok National Tiuihjxe: At the
Tegoliir meeting of Gen. Hancock Post, 22,
Department of Iowa, G.AJ.,helcl on Thurs
day evening, March 26, the Po.sfc, by unani
mous vote, instructed mc to send the inclosed
list of inquiries to you, and request that yon
publif-h them with snch replies as you think
proper at an early dale in the columns of
your paper. I trust that you will do so.
Yours, in F., C. nnd L. F. C. Hills, Com
mander, Hancock Post, 22, Department of
of IuWa, G.A.R., Sioux Gity, Iowa.
1st. How many of suoh men regularly en
listed and metered in were honorably dis
charged within flO days?
2n. J low mnuy of fuch men were in active
service in camp and field at tho seat of war
within the 90 days?.
3d. How many of nil tho men that wore
the blue were ia such active service at the
front inside of 90 days from the tioie of their
enlistment or nuiBter?
4th. How mauy of j-uch men wcreactually
in at-tive service within 90 days ?
How many kil'cd?
How many wounded ?
How many taken prisoners?
5th. Was not the soldier or saijor killed,
wounded or taken prisoner within 90 days,
doing his duty for his country, in the eaine
cause an the man who was killed, wounded
or taken prisoner on the 91tday or after?
6th. Should there he any disqualitication
or penal ty for a man to have been killed,
wounded or taken prisoner inside of 90 day ?
7.th. Do not the records show, and all
(statistics and authorities prove, that sick
ness from expoMire and futitiiiig; service in
the liae of a soldier's duty, should be con
sidered :u a dancer the samo as the dangers
on the field of battle?
8th. "Why should not every man that wns
regularly enlisted and mustered into f-ervice
(thst went to the front), "and who received
an honorable discharge, be placed upon the
same Im-is ns lo minimum pension ?
9th. "Why do you place the limit at 90
10;h. "Why rnle out the man who did his
heat lor 89 days or lass, and put in the pre
ferred class tho men who served 90 days or
11th. "Would not justice recognize that
all men who voluntarily offered themselves,
and all they were capable of doing, as sol
diers or sailors, for their country, and re
ceived an 'honorable discharge, should he
placed upon the same footing as to any min
imum limit for pension legislation?
12th. Would it be right for one class of
soldiers who were fortunate enough to have
constitutions strong enough Jo carry them
through prrhaps under more favorable cir
cumstances, to over 90 days of service, to
assist in putting a barricade around his com
rade, who perhaps saw within hisshortserv
ice as rough usage as his more fortuunto
comrade saw in all liis term, and without
any opportunity to get accustomed, us it
were, to huch life, and possibly through
the inexperience or ignorance of oflicers?
13th. Does the Grand Army of tho Re
public refuse lo recognizo as eligible to mem
bership in their Order, soldiers and sailors
that served Joss than 90 days?
Answer: 1. It is impossible tosay. Thefirst
three months call brought 91,810 men. The
second three months call brought outl5,007,
or 100,822 altogether. These were discharged
at the end of their DO days, hut most of
them re-enlisted. They, however, did a
great deal of hard fighting in thoir 90 days,
particularly those in Missouri.
2, 11, and 4. We should say that much the
greater part of tho men who enlisted were
actually in active service inside of 90 days.
McClellan kept the Army of tho Potomac
lying nround"Washington for several months,
but this was the exception. As a rule, regi-
j wonts were hurried to the front as soon as
j they were orjjnuized, and.got their duty and
nisuipnno in wie presence 01 the enemy.
Theie are no compilations showing how
many were killed, wounded, or captured
inside of 90 duys, hut tho number was very
6. There is none, and should ho non.
8.. As a rule, yes.
9, 10, 11, and 12. A lino -nrnst he drawn
Bomcwhcre, aud in drafting a Service Pen
sion it was considered expedient to place
the minimum service at 90 days. Men who
-were wounded or disabled before that time
can show "semce origin," and get relief
under the general law.
13. No. Eiiitor National Tribune.
ETKRY liAOX NHOVT.D RKAD TMI.
-I-wU.l.send freest posture euro for all Pemalo l)ls
eiucs,IrrBTlaritlefl;otc. A simple, private treatment,
a coinmriu-fcjn'ie rotnody that never falls. FREE with
valtiableivdvlce. Mrs. 1 D.3IunHUT,oulli Bend, Ind.
'Mention Tno NaUoaat Tribune.
A Study of tliq International Sunday
School Lesson Appointed for June
Subject: Calvary,' tliotCrtictfixlon. Allotmont
or Christ's Bnimont, Treatment of Christ.
St. Luke, S3: 33-40. -1
One reading these notfcs should first carofuily
ndy tho paniRraph from tho lloly Scriptures as
Tiik Place of Christ's Crucifixion.
Bead St. Mt., 27:33; St. Mark, 15:22; St.
Luke, 23:33, as far as to tho words "callod
Calvary'; St. John, 19:17, "into a placo called
the placo of a skull, which is called in tho He
Wo may say it was about 10 minntc3 to 9
o'clock a. in. It was just before Josus was
nailed to tho cro3S. Tho year, month aud day
were A. D. 29, March IS, Friday.
Tho words Golgotha and. skull aro equiva
lentsGolgotha being Syro-Chaldco, a corrup
tion of Chaldoo. Golgotha was Iikowiso called
Calvary, a Latin word, which also means a skull.
Wo do not know why it was so named. It has
bcon said that tho reason is tho fact that the
skulls of victims wcro suffered to Ho about tho
spot. Somo think tho placo was something tho
shano of a skull. It was tho locality whero
public exocutiouB in that rogion woro inflicted,..
a sort of Gemontfo bciiire, as at Jiomc. Jt was
"without tho gates"; that is to say, outsido
the walls of Jerusalem (Hob., 13 : 12), aud " nigh
to tho city." St. John, 19:20.
From tho standpoint of tho crocifinra of
Christ it was fitting ho bo dragged out from
tho city. Ho was considered a gross sinner, not
fit for socioty. Tho custom ol having execu
tions outsido of tho city had a symbolic signifi
cance and an mslhetic fitness: ''Without aro
dogs," etc. Ucv., 22:15. Only tho pure must
ho tolerated in the now Jerusalem, tho City of
God. Horo is a suggestion as to municipal
affaire. Cities aro ccntors of population, radi
ating influences throughout tho country.
Officials should aim for integrity. Evil should
be cast out from the city. If our cities he puro,
exemplary, tho wholo rural region will bo all
Bead St. Math, 27: 35, " And thoy crucified
him," 33; St. Mark, 15: 25, 26, 27, 28; St. Luke,
23:32,33, "thoro thoy crucified him and tho
malefactors, ono on the right hand and tho
other on tho loft"; St. John, 19:18.
By tho statement - thoy crucifiod him," wo
understand the nailing him to the croS3 and the
elevation of tho cross: Thoy probably laid tho
cross horizontally on the ground, fastened tho
victim to it, aud thcti raised itorect. In cases,
however, they may h'avo fixed tho cross erect
first aud then bomidho victim to it. The act
of tho crucifixion1 would not require much
time, say, lSmiautosr.' Butdeath by crucifixion
was a lingoriiig proceis, at times requiring
several days. '
There woro thrcflTrictlms. Perhaps all wcro
first nailed to thcir respective crosses. Tho
detachment of sol fliers' may have consisted of
enough men to enabe &be crucifixion to pro
ceed Bimuitaneotiy. ilHonce, perhaps, the
squad that execuffid Jpsns may have differed
from tho men whotyiajlpd the thiove3 to their
crosses, i. i
This corrcsponds-with tho same In tho para
aph above -jr.
Wo know little of these. Sf. Luko calls Ihem
malofactors, evil doers. ySts. Matthow and M.irk
etvlo them thieves. They wcro transgressor.
Isa., 53:12; St. Luko, 22:37. They had really
committed crime. l.Hee St. Luke, 23:41. A
traditiou says thqipentout thief was St. Di
.uias. i,.; ,,
Tho method of fastening victims to crosses
varied, being somotmes by nails, at other
times by ropes. In the ese of Christ aud tho
two thieve., nails wore used. The feet of per
sons being crucified reached to about two to
three feet from tho ground. On tho front por
ppndictilar of tho croxs thoro was a peg, on
which tho victim gained somo support for his
body, keeping it from sagging and tearing
hands and foot from tho nails. Some crosses
had platforms, 011 which tho foot could rest,
enabling tho snil'eror to remain moro orect.
This method of cxreutton wns horriblu. It i3
a very ancient custom. The Burmese, Chinese,
Kurds, Mahometans, and other Nations havo
practiced it. Most of the old Nations morn or
Jess inflicted capital punishment by crucifix
ion. The Three Crosses.
Number ono signifies condemnation; num
ber two, atonement or salvation ; number three,
poniteuco. Disense, remedy, effect. There are
two aides. Who is on the Lord's side?
Allotment of Christ's Kaiment.
Bead St. Mt., 27:35, after tho words "And"
thoy crucified him;" St. Mark. 15:24, after
"crucifiod him;" St. Luke, 23 : 34, ''and thoy
pnrtcd his raiment and cast lots;" St. John,
19:23,24. Comparo Pa., 22:18, which relates
historically to David, but prophetically to our
Savior. Tho fullest account is given by St.
John. The Synoptic Gospel simply allude to
Time and Place.
Theso aro practically tho samo as in the para
1. St. John, 19 : 23, says thcro woro four soldiers.
Then it is said that thoy divided Christ's gar
ments into four parts. IJonco, each soldier had
a portion. Wo remember the'Bontaus deprived
victims of crucifixion of all apparel. Wo .can
not tell how tho soldiers arranged in the divis
ion of the clothing. According to Boman law,
the raiment taken off from a victim bolougud
to the executioners. It is thought four soldiers
wore assigned to each porson put lo death,
llouco, tho entire dotachmont consisted of 12
2. Christ had worn a seamless coat or tunic,
it was useless to tear it into four parts. Woven,
each part would ravel to pieces. It was Ihore
fore decided to cast lots, and thus determino
whose it should become. Cf. Ps., 22:18. This
verso (Ps., 22:18,) was first uttered asto David,
when Absalom went so far as even to disposu
by lot of the royal apparel of King David. It
ia said that tho soldiur-who secured tho soain
lesB garment was trained 1'iscus, aud that ho at
length becamo a follower of Christ.
I)r. Talmngo say's ''Generally there 1b re
spect paid to the garmeifts of tho doparted. It
may bo only a hat'or a caat or a shoo, but it
goes down in the family wardrobe from genera
tion to generation.1 ' j&Avt that Christ ia to bo
disrobed, who BhalIr'havo his coat? Joseph of
Arimathca would have liked to have had it.
Mary, tho mother of Jesus, would havo liked to
have had it." , ,
3. Wo aro told that phrist's veritable coat is
now in tho Cathedral f St. Pctor, in Troves,
Prussia. That cathedral is constructed on tho
ruins of an attcientTchurch, .built by impress
Helena on purpose to rcceivo tho coat. Sho
had visited L'nlc8tine,?atid whilo thero secured
tho garment. When tho present Cnthedralwas
constructed (110(i A.D.) the coat, or seamless
garment, was transferred to it, aud it has been
retained thero ovqr. sjnee. It is exhibited
from timo to time, in 1814 it was brought
forth, nud wo aro old, (hat great numbors of
afflicted persons wont to Troves, and In rill
cusos woro cured. In 1S95, beginning Aug. 23,
it was exposed to view. Anticipating thu
event, a paper said: "Tho Biok and infirm will
return healed, the blind will soo, the deaf hear1
tho dumb speak, to rondor thanks to Josus
Christ, and till these marvels will como to pass
In tho light of day." It was on exhibition for
sir weeks, and mauy miracles wero attributed
to it. I?ruf. Wiiishicd, of Leipzig, Tofusod be
liof. Largo numbers of tho Boman Cathotia
Church have confidence in its power. Wc no-
tico that 47 years intervened between tho last
two expositions of said coat.
4. Curiously enough, Mahomet nlso loffc a
coat. It-is now iu the shritio of Eski Serai at
Constantinople. Tho ceremony in adoration'
of it occurred in 1695, the samo year of tho ox-
position of Christ's coat at Treves. Itwas
brought ont April 21 of said year. 1
5. It is said that fonr soldiers cast lots for
Christ's coat. It was well it bo not rent. Tho
value of it could have been fixed, and ono of
tho soldiers retain it by paying tho thrco
others their three-fourths interest in it. But
It wns costly, and probably neither soldier was
able to buy it. It could have been sold, and
tho proceeds divided among tho four. But, if
one soldior was to have it, tho lot was thought
to bo a good way in which to determino who
should havo it, providing all four assented to
C. "Lot us not rend it" has bcon selected .13 a
text for a sermon on Church unity. Bonar
has a. beautiful hymn ba3cd on this thought.
Treatment of CuntsT.
St. Iatt., 37:35,39-43; St. Mark, 15:29-32
as far as to " and holiovo "; St. Luko, 23 : 35-37.
Tine and Place.
These aro practically tho samo a3 in tho first
paragraph above Tho chaugo of timo makes
it somewhat later. Wo may say it was 11
o'clock a.m. As to year, month, etc., see para
The Jcercrs of Christ on the Cross.
Theso wore of sovoral classes. Those re
ferred to in St. Mt., 27:30, wero tho soldiers. It
seems that after crucifying tho victims tho sol
diers wero required to remain. Wo find it was
tho anmo eqtind of soldiers who crucified Jesus
that parted his garments. St. John, 19: 23.
They probably kept guard, preventing any ouo
oh the crosses from being released. Wo seo
from St. Luke, 23:30, that tho soldiers joined
In making sport of Christ. It is a rare thing
that executioners havo any fun over a victim.
That was a most wretched state of military dis
cipline that could tolurato tho taking of any
advautngo of ono suffering capitallj'. Tho
writer does not recall a parallel in history to tho
indignity, ribaldry, heartlcssncss of the Boman
detachment in their treatment of Christ. Even
a condemned prisouer has rights.
But if wo aro surprised to find tho execu
tioners of Jesus making sport of their victim,
wo aro oven more amazed when wo find thut
tho chief priests and scribes and clder3, tho
teachers of religion, mocked a dying criminal.
The pulpit to-day is taking a grand stand as to
the proper treatment of prisoner?.
Wo notice that tho accusers of Christ wont to
see him put to death. Was it ever so that per
sons might fitly havo opportunity to gloat ovor
their judicial success?
It has always boen tho fact that public elocu
tions draw together tho worst classos. Dr. Tal
mago thus pictures the rabble nt Calvary:
There is a wild mob coing throuch thu strceti
of Jerusalem. As it panie.i nloui; It (h aiicuiented
by the multitudes tlmt come out from (heliine and
tho iilloya to join tlie!totit nnd the laughter aud
tho lamentation of tins rioters, who becomo moro
and moro utiKoverunhle as they uet towards the
gates of the oil v. Fishermen, vagabond, rude
women. Rruve oflldiitl. merchant prince.-i, beggars
mingle iu that crowd.
Second: The Treatment o the
St. Mt., 27:44 : St. Mark. 15:32, "And thoy
that were crtiotfied with him, reviled him";
St. Luke, 23 : 39-43. For tho story of tlm poui-
tont thief wo depend entirely on St. Luke.
Time and Place.
As to place seo on paragraph I. Tho timo is
a slight advance, say, 11:30 a. m.
The Impenitent Robber.
Whatdepravity! Tho hour of death gonorally
brines ono to his senses. Fow so hate another
as apparontly to forgot their own ationy long
enough to rail at a fellow-criminal. To bo
his'cd at by a robber dying for his evil deeds
must have added to Christ's suffering.
The Penitent Robber.
Tho cross is n curious place for a conversion.
But tho cross so sut forth Jesus iu his lovr,
patience, goodness that a thoughtful, sincoro
spectator could but bo impressed with tho
greatness, genuineness, power of Jesus.
The tiring thief rejoiced to heo
That foiiiitiiin in hi day;
Ami tlier may I, ns vile no he,
Wash all my hIuh away.
Reduced Bates to Washington.
Tho Yonng People's Society of Christian
E'.deavor will hold their Annual Meeting in
Washington, i. C, July 7 to 13.
For this occasion tho B. & 0. R. R. Co. will
sell tickets from all points on its lino .East of
J he Ohio Bivor to Washington at ouo single
ffiro for tho round trip, July 0 to 8. inclusive,
valid for return passago until July 15, iuclti3ivo,
with tho privilege of an ndditionul extensiou
until July 31 by dopositiug tickets with Joint
Agent at Washington.
TicketH will nlso he on sale at stations of all
connecting lines. . '
Delegates should not lose sight of tho fact
that ah B. & O. trams run via Wn9hingtou.
Editor National Tuihunk: Tho following
discharges fiom California reuimeiits I havo
listed from the files of the Adjutant-General's
Office of New Mexico, whero they have becu
for a number of years. They should be in the
hands of their rightful owners. If you will
publish tho list it may be the means of making
quite a numbor of old vets happy.
William Baiithem. Co. F; Archibald :Mdn
lyre, Co. E; Amos Bank, Co. I; Benjamin F.
Smith. Co. I; Frederick Smith, Co. H; John
Callahan, Co. O, 1st Inf.
Bobort Blair, Co. G ; Goorgo Campbell, Co. G ;
Thomas White, Co. G; Isiac Wallace, Co. B;
Nelson Thayer, Co. K ; William Turpiu, Co. K ;
George Phillips, Co. F; Thomas King, Co. F,
Lorenzo D. "Eggloston. Co. I; William H.
Evnus, Co. H ; William II. Phillip Co. G. 5th
Addison P. Hardin. Co. G; Frodorick Har
ryot, Co. G; Duuiol Hosabrook, Co. G, 1st Vet.
Col. George W. Knaebel, tho Adjutant-General,
of New Mexico, is one o the mo3t patri
otic comrades living, and considers it ouo of tho
most pleasant duties to mail to old comrades
their louu-lost discharges. Call on him, com
rades, for your discharges, and he will cheer
fully forward them to you. S.vmuei. C. Meek,
Ollicor of tho Day, Slough Post, 0, Dopartiuout
of New Mexico, G.A.B.
i 1 -
Wanted Lewis Balliett, formerly of Co.
F, 10ih Jiegiment, 0. V. C, whose present
residence ia unknown. "Whoever will first
inform the undersigned of his whereabouts,
so I can correspond with him, will be lib
erally rewarded. Address S. S. Balliett,
Ohio LadleH' Aid.
Editor National Tribune: Members of
the L. A. S. in Columbus. O., havo distinguished
themselves and won golden compliments from
thu Department of Ohio, G.A.B. and W.R.C.
The Stato Eticampmantof the G.A.R. and W.B.C.
met iu Columbus the second week iu May, and
thu girls wishing to assist in eutortainiug tho
visitors invited them to bo thoir Kttcsts and take
a "trolley rido." Tho veterans wore takon first
and then tho Indies 'both organizations sus
pending business for thu 12-mile ride over the
beautiful capital city of Ohio, over 400 ladies
enjoyed tho outing with about twico as mauy
IVIinuio Porker, Josio Borgowltz, Anna Field
ing and Col. Poo, of tho L. A. S. and S. of V.
planned and carried nut tho atroct-car rido,
delivorod tho L. A. S. greetings, and proved
that tho Columbus Society were up and doing.
Cincinnati (0.) Socioty is iplanuing to at
tend the Louisville Convention in a body, and
may bo accompanied by iittlo Hazel Thompson,
who wasadoptod by the L. A. S. at tho Cincin
nati Encampment. Hazel is quito a girl, aud
her old friends will be clad to renew her ac
quaiutanco. Katk G. JJaynok, Toledo, O.
New York Ladios of tho G.A.K.
At the nnnunl Encampment of tho Depart
ment, at Utica, the following oflicers wero
chosen : Pres., S. A. Do Mott, Now York ; S.V.-P.,
Anna Williams, Buffalo; J. V.-P., R.Kaudolph;
Treas., S. C. Freoland, Now York; Chap., L.
C. JJrninard, Buffalo (reelected); Councilor,
M. E. Hancock. Council of Administration,
Miunio Washburn, Irving; Frances E. Waugh,
Fulton, and J. W. Smith, Brooklyn. Delegates
to the National Convention nt St. Paul, Libbio
Gardiuor, Brooklyn; Alternate, H. B. Leo,
Brooklyn ; DeIegatoat-large, B. lioury, Yonk-
ors ; Alternate, C. A. Braiuard, Buffalo.
"Wisconsin Ladles of tho G.A.It.
Tho annual Convention, held at Jiaclno at
tho samo timo as tho Encainptnont of tho Wis
consin Department, elected tho following offi
cers! Pres., Flora Miller, Greon Bay; S.Y. C,
E. Juneau. Autigo ; J. V. C, Elizabeth Wiliard,
Merrill; Trots., Jenuio Kilmer, Green Bay;
See., L. Grimes, La-Crosse. .Council of Ad
ministration, Clara B. Sloan, JouuioDolapoit,'
'.Mary Dix, .Eliza Tcipp.
a OKOCr or famous i'U'zzlkrs.
A. L. S. Ers.N'EST. TCd. Wysse.
SiLvxnsnoT. Jim Hichamm.
ANSTVTCTtS TO "0. 230, APKIL 2, 1890.
2315 The American Statesman.
2316 S 2317 Hnt-wl.
UOI 2313 KMFRKS 3
RARRK .MA RANT A
VAKH 0 T S V R I N T K It
C A R M B N T I S K A N TI.VO
CANTO N M ILLS KNTlTiE
CONSENTANEOUS S T K S I O N
I'ATTBRSO.VSDKPOT SAit O E N T
2310 The opening of the base ball season.
J O S EPHS'CO AT
ERECT I V E
HO I. I LY
A R R O E
E T II r C U 3
Y S S K L
K B I. F S A L Jf O N 3
1'I.OTTE I. 3
I. I K R 3
S E A R A T
K A B A L A 3
O R A C U L A R
TAI.UAB L K 8
T A I. BOII
See Carmenta. (Anthon.)
Authors of word-formi : II. S. Nut, Primrose,
Hex Ford (2), Kenneth, Poly.
NI-TW PUZZLES. NO. 245.
NO. 2420 SERIAL CHARADE.
The Triumph of Love. VIII. The Curse of (7oW0
FINE torth the rich Sir Fool to-m'trJit.
Why U he not home enjoylm: ea.se?
Why is he out in the moon's pule light?
Ah I strange are the sijfbla, tiie uiicht owl secst
Say, what menus the hngRnrd, doprsred looks
Of fnce.1 of ft-vcrMi. hut-cheeled men?
'Th the rendezvous of gambler, nye, of crooks,
Ti- nuuiit lmtu cursed, gambling dent
Sparkling nnd laughing to view the sin,
Fust II'jw.m the wine. Mice n demon red,
For only ono glnns, ono glass to win
To R.cchus tiien forever wed I
And the flow of curds it fnster still.
The jest is vilo aud the curse h loud;
Stakes aud interest rite higher, till
Nearly half mad is the motley crowd!
While cool, clonr reason lien forgot
The brain it full of the Devil's heat
When flmrp ring the crack of Di-tol shott
Tiibtotau 1111 oath : "Tke that, you cheat I "
"The cop! the cops!" prime ahrill voioecriea
Thev turn to flee, but it ia too late t
Br.-MM-hultoned blue-coats before their eyest
Marie well each man tor a prison futel
"Who killed Ben Trnvers? " the question came
Soon from the chief of the blue-coats cool ;
Then pointed a score of hnuiN thesame
Towards no other than the old Sir Fooll
'Twiis cursd wine and more cursed gold,
Iii soIf-defene; wni tlie-trpnibling plea
And because of gold (in drink "twai told)
Sir Fool ivaa allowed to go sco;-free J
LttCCST, Allegheny, Pa.
NOS. 2121-2 SQUARES.
1. A town of Spain. 2. A blinder on a horse's
bridle. 3. Moat deafened. 4. Effete. (CentJ 5.
A niirie ahxrlc C. Command. 7. A genus of New
Zealand bird about tiie siza of a hen.
DoWN.Grealer ew York.
1. French music composer- b. 1789. 2. A. kind
of liHskrt. 3.' To jMx ti. ns u nnme or appellation.
4. A town.of France, in Coto-d'Cr. 5. Propensity.
C. To rele'.we. 7. One who put in order or makes
ready for use. Miss Fit, St. Blary's, O.
NO. 2423 SERIAL CHARADE.
(Tht Triumph of Love. IX. The Return.)
Twelve monlhi hd flown with an eagle wing.
For Time it burns like an oily fuel.
And now again come to pee the King.
TIia Lover and Sage and old Sir Fool.
And the Lver'rt eye was bright and keen.
But the tage looked somewhat worn and alow,
While the Fool wm hxggird. dark and lean
The Year marka Timo with a heavy blowt
Flnt nodded tho King unto the Sags;
Tho latter apoke in a trembling voice:
"One two can my saddest thntichts engage,
When I think how silly wan my choicrt
True, I know of twos both good and bad.
And 7 stand alone, with none above;
But with it all, I am sad. I am end I
llelplea I punt with the thirst of love I "
"With a nd, tweet smile the good King tnrned
Unto the Lover all flu "bed with joy.
Who quickly quoth "Aht well I Iikvb learned
That love i aa pure gold, without alloy.
And if it was tlmt I could decide
And choo-o once more with the Snffo and Fool,
Ua I 'twould be to take Her for a bride
Thnt dwelt alone by the Crystul Pool I "
Pleated by the words of the Lover bold.
Next to Sir Fool turned lilr. Koynl Self,
And worldly Sir Fool his story told,
Of the joy mid ourse of earthly pelf.
"I livod with the cuncd mark of Cain
Burning my heart to the inmost core;
I would choose fur love, if I chose again.
But I am a fool the total morel "
Locust, Allegheny, Pa.
NOS. 2424-5 DIAMONDS.
1. A letter. 3. Musical syihtble. 3. Walls made
of stiff earth or-clay. 4. Lcgi nud leg bone of an
nmmal. 5. AbuiH.i. 6. -Embarrassment- 7. Ma
chine! for separating. 3. A sculpiu. 9. Stirred.
(Stand.) 10. A town of Spain. 11. A letter.
Fiiantz, Biughamtou, N. Y.
1. Aletler. 2. A covering for the bend. 3. Shells
of the ireinwCoaus. 4. The genuine wine ol Portu
gal. (Unnb.) 5. A docuniont, as a letter, deed or
will, wholly in thu handwriting of the person ftom
whom It proceeds. 6. A patten u-ed iu the Greek
Church. (Cent.) 7. Forming into a terrace. 8.
Danger of lost at aea. 9. The ohafllu'oh. 10. A
witch. 11. A letter.
Snoo Fly. Flushine;. N. Y.
NO. 2420 SERIAL CHARADE.
(T7ie Triumph of tore A". The Klixir of Life.)
"'Tit plain the Lver hat gained the prize,"
The King he spoke iu a happy tone,
While from the dept s of his sea-blue eyes
A contented look of glndne-is shouo.
In sadness nodded Sir Fool nud Sage,
Ah! PttiMK it wore their, for they wore old;
And in their Life'-i lioolc many a page
Was soiled with the ain of mind and gold.
The King from a velvet eaiket blue
Brought forth the vial that the Life contained.
And near to the utumiing Lovqr drew
To hand him tho prisco that ho had gained.
The latter took it with courtly grace
A couiplacunt amilethia tine face wore
Aud then he stepped to the side a puce.
Then threw tho prize to the marble floor!
Alive, it lay In Ua rosy hue,
Marking the floor with a purple stain;
The Lover stood ns a bravo knight true,
Fur he was thu victor and it the ahitn I
"King, many thanks for the prize you give,
I'urhnpi you think that J am u fool
I thhttotat., do'Fixc care to live
Without my love from the Crystal Pool."
"So what for a longer lime caro I,
Tiuiii.Uniy love'.i. with the dimpled charms?
I only pray that we live and dio
Fondly clasped in each other's arms!"
"Proven the Triumph of Love to-day,"
Spoke weirdly the King with eyes above
Than fudud slowly hid form away,
Aud there stood Cupid, the.god of Love!
Locdst, Allegheny, Pa,
CTTAT WITI1 CONTJSIBDTORS.
Lord Hiiltimora writes that the contents of his
private aiife in his employers' bank will be placed
at tho dtapoia! of Prtmrosoif the latter will call lo
gut the prizo awarded him for solving those nna
.grnms. Of course uuue of our readers accepted in
enruest our remark that the E. P. L. might have
another " Inve-Rigatlon " on its hands, any more
thun the ouo accompanying it. to the effeet that
M'LorU can play pool. Atiin fc tho case of tho
little and big dog broiighl.to the notice of Puzzle
doin in St. Julian's ill-natured yawp nt Erluu
Cltadhourii. It seems strange tlmt thu S.ilnt could
not have indulged Iilsdasireforaslap at "Mystery"
without throwing mud at tho Luwlatan veteran.
The answer to No. 2126 Is really two word.
but it will not badifllcult toget. Five. prizes will
be awurded toaolvers of June puzzles.
Children Cry for
OUR RURJL TOPICS,
Some Practical S2resfcloiiR for Oar
Good Ca'ch Crops.
MiHels ara valuable as catch drops. Ger
man millet and Hungarian grnss are tho
most desirable sorts, a- the leam-48 is heavy
nnd th heads large. Preparo the ground a!
for oats, sowing broadcast or in drills, at tho
rate of one-half to ono bushel per acre, allow
ing 60 to 73 days for full development. If
there ia sufficient moistnre in the ground
to give the plants a good start considerable
drouth can be withstood. To mnke good
hay, cut as soon as tho heads begin to ap
pear. Allow to He until partially enred,
then rake into windrows, nnd allow to re
main until thoroughly dried out. Then
atack or store in barns. Harvested in this
manner there is little or no danger of bad
effects from feeding to all kinds of stock.
If allowed to become overripe large quanti
ties may contain too much grain for hest re
sults. The crop answers well for soiling or
putting into the silo.
The following statement of thinning doc
trine, i?sned by the Missouri Horticultural
Society, may be helpful: First. No treo
should have more fruit on it than it can hold
up well and mature to perfection ; that is to
say that the trees should not he so loaded as
to reqnire their being propped, or so mnch
that the branches bend very severely. This
checks the growth of the frnit to snch an
extent as to injure the quality. Second.
Every time a tree has too much fruit it
weakens its vitality to auch an extent as to
require two or three ycara to recover, or so
checks its growth that it begins to decline,
aifd is permanently injured. Third. In the
production of an over crp it costs the trees
more to ripen the seeds than to make the
fruit. Fourth. If from n tree heavily loaded
there is taken one-half or even three-fourths
of the fruit, there will be more bushels 0
frnit than there would bo if all were left on
the tree. Fifth. By this practice there will
he less poor frnit upon the market, and the
goods will bring better prices and giy in
finitely better satisfaction. Sixth. Thin
ning makes the fruit of mnch better quality,
makes it keep longer, and produces finer,
haudsomer, more attractive, and much more
desirable and salable fruit. Seventh. When
orchnrdists shall look upon thinning as im
portant a3 cultivation, pruning, care and at
tention, they will sneceed in supplying oar
markets with perfect fruit, and of the very
best quality, and thus increase the demand,
enhance the value, and give vasllymore sat
isfaction to both the producer and consumer.
An Excellent FaII Pasture.
Rape is a pasture and soiling plant, re
sembling turnip3 above ground, but having
no buIbon3 root. As it ia an annual, sowed
on plowed ground, there is no sod, so that
pasturing by light animals, such ns sheep,
hogs, or calves, is most satisfactory. Horses
and cattle are liable lo injure the plant.. It
the ground he dry and firm, heavy stock may
graze npou rape fields. When first turned
on, animals should not be allowed to remain
more than a few hours, for fear of hlonting.
Also, they should not eat large quantities
while the dew is on. The fattening quali
ties of the plant are greater than those of
clover. Ssw on rich soil at the rate of one
to two pounds of seed per acre. It can he
sown in drills or broadcast up to July 20, or
even later, should the season he wet. If the
season is very dry at the timo of sowing, the
plant will not flourish.
The analysis of the mangel wnrtzel, ac
cording to the tables, is: Water, 90.9 per
ceat.; protein, 1.4 per cent., of whieh 0.9
per cent, is digeatibljj fiber, 0.9 per cent.;
starch and sugar, 5.5 per cent. Total carbo
hydrates, 6.4 per cent., of which 6J. per cent,
are digestible; digestible fat, 0.2 per cent.;
manorial value, 1.04 per cent.
Perhaps the cheapest and hest hay-cap ia
made out of unbleached, twilled factory
mnslin, double-width, or two yards wide, cut
in sections of six feet. Loops of cotton cord
are inserted in the corners, through which
are driven small, smooth sticks to hold the
caps in place. They will require no oil 01
varnish to fill the pores of the muslin, as
untreated they turn the water well. Thero
is a corrugated cap made of paper, bnt their
cost is considerable, and they are quite
heavy to handle, nnd occasionally blow ofi
in a storm. The simpler and less expensive
one is to he recommended.
There is no better food for ducks and
geese than some of the well-known weeds.
Plantain, purslane, ragweed, and pigweed
are only a few of the delicacies for the
aqnatic birds, and they will require no
other iood. Both dncks and geese prefer to
forage on green food rather than to subsist
on grain, and this fact should encourage the
keeping of a floek of ducks or geese in order
to utilize the foods that would be of no
service but for their aid in consuming
The beekeeper will have to be ready with
spare hives to take care of the swarms that
are more numerous and valuable in Juno
than in any other month. Bee3 are some
what uncertain property, but usually repay
what care they need most sweetly. To give
them proper care and attention the moveable
comb hives are essential. There is quite a
demand for good colonies every Spring
among the enenmber growers aronnd some
of the Eastern cities, who find them essen
tial in the fertilization of the cucnmberllow
ers ; but the bees confined in the greenhouses
used for this purpose seldom store honey
enough to keep them alive through the Win
ter, and hence the gardener is forced to bny
new colonies to replace the loss.
Ttcdncotl Rates to Cumberland.
Tho Firemen's Association of Maryland will
meet in Cumberland Juno 10 to 22.
For this occasion the B. & O. IS. R. Co. will
soil round trip tickets to Cumberland at a faro
and a third for the round trip from Pittsburg-,
TJniontown, Frederick, Hageretown, Baltimore,
Annapolis and from all Ticket Stations on its
lines in Maryland, District; of Colombia and
Virginia, for all trains of June 9 to 12, valid
for return patsago until June 13th.
Anti-G.A.K. reeling; in Kentucky-
Editor National Tribune: To show
the feeling in this community toward the
Grand Array of the Eepnblic, I will make
this statement: Two years ago Hays Wat
kins Post, 21, Department of Kentucky, to
keep green the memory of our dead com
rades, inaugurated the practice of other
parts of the country in holding Memorial
services in one of the churches on the Sun
day before .Memorial Day. We expected to
do so this year, bnt when I went to see tho
different p.tstors, one of them said the session
of his church refused positively to let U3
have the use of their church, and at the last
monthly Ministers' meeting .they passed a
resolution to discountenance the practice of
having Memorial services in any of the
churches. But if the G.A.K. would get a
hall they, the Ministers, would not hold
services in their respective houses of wor
ship, and wonld take part in the exercises.
There were two exceptions to this state
ment, the pastor of the Christian and. tho
prie3t in charge of the Catholic Church.
The members of tho Christian Church say
their doors are open at any iirae to tha
CAJfox the holding any religions meeting.
G.A.R. Man, Lebanon, Ky.