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THE KAMONAL TRIBUNE WASBliplfc fi? E THURSDAY JUNE 11; 1896.-1
FIGHTING THEM OYER
vWIia t Our Veterans Have to Say About
Their Old Campaigns.
WEST INDIA SQUADRON.
Defeat of tho Alabama and I.oss or the
Editor National Tribune: Tho depre
dations of the Confederate cruisers in the
early part of the civil war were carried to
Bach an alarming extent that it was found
necessary to organize a special squadron for
their pursuit and apprehension. This
equndron was formed in the Fall of 18G2,
commanded by Commodore Charles Wilkes,
with the rank of Acting Kenr-Admiral.
Wilkes was a citizen of New York, from
"which he was appointed Midshipman in the
Navy, Jan. 1, 1818; promoted to Lieutenant,
April 28, 162G; to Commander, July 13,
1843. From 1834 to 1837 he commanded
an important exploring expedition, .and also
served on the Coast Survey; appointed Cap
tain, Sept. 14, 1855, and Commonorc, July 16,
1862; Itear-Admiral, Jnne3, 1870. He died
Fehruary 8, 1.877, after retirement.
The following vessels were attached to the
Special West India Squadron: Aries, Aga
"ffnm, Adelia, Alabama, Aroostook, Augusta,
Cambridpc, Chippewa, Cherokee, Cyane, Da
kota, DeSoto, Dai Clung, Commodore Jones,
Connecticut, Constellation, Cornubia. Cuya
lioga, Ethan Allen, Fort Jackson, Gemshok,
Grand Gulf, Hatteras, Hoquah, Ino, Iron
A.ge, James Adger, Jamestown, Juniata,
Kearsarge, Ivittatinny, Lancaster, Marion,
.Mercedita, Michigan, Mohican, Mont
gomery, Niagara, Narragansett, National
Guard, Octaroro, Oneida, Onward, Pem
"bina, Powhatan, Iu It. Cuyler, Rhode Island,
Sabine, Sacramento, Saginaw, St. Louis, St.
Marys, San Jacinto, Santiago do Cuba,
Sarauak, Sebago, Seminole, Shenandoah,
U. S. Screw SLOor Kearsarge.
Shepherd "Knapp, Sonoma, Sumter, Suwanee,
Ticonderoga, Tioga, TtiRcarora, Vanderbilt,
Yicksburg, Virginia, Wachusett, Wateree,
Western World, Wyoming, and Young
In addition to these, which were in the
regular naval service, the following char
tered steamers -were attached to the squad
ron: America, DuPont,JBlackston, Cumbria,
Curley, Buckingham, Trinity, Honduras,
and others, whose names have escaped the
By request of the Chamber of Commerce
of New York City a few of these vessels
"were detailed as convoy to the California
steamers, in which eervite they were con
tinued until the close of the war.
Commodore Wilkes was ordered by the
Navy Depattment to send all prizes capt-
Bred by his squadron to Boston for condem
nation and sale. This order was afterwards
rescinded, and prizes rent to the mostcon
Tenient port. The sloop-of-war Wachusett
was llajrship of the fquadron until March 1,
1863, at which time Commodore Wilkes
transferred his flag to the fast tide-wheel
eteamer Vanderbilt. This was a vessel of
4,000 tons, 15 guns, presented to the Gov
ernment by Commodore Vanderbilt, of New
York. It was f-old Feb. 1 8, 1 873.
On June 20, 1803, at St Thomas, West
Indies, the command of the squadron was
transferred to Acting Rear-Admiral James
lu Lardner. His flaghhip was the sloop-of-war
Ticonderoga, ol 1,019 tons, 12 guns,
built in 18G2. Shortly after assuming com
mand he transfmed his flag to the side
wheel steamer Powhatan, a veefel of 2,182
tons, 17 guns, built in the year 1850.
Acting Rear-Admiral Lardner was a citi
zen of Pennsylvania, appointed in the Navy
May 10. 1820. Hi first sea service was on
the Pacific Ocean, under Commodore Stew
rt, on board the Franklin aud the Dolphin.
In August, 1825, he was attached to the
frigate Brandy wine on its voyage to France,
carrying to his home Gen. Lafayette, the
Nation's guest. In theynir 1830, he circum
navigated the globe in the aloop-of-war Vin
He was commissioned Lieutenant, May
27, 1828; Commander, May 17, 1851; Cap
tain, May 19, 1861. He was assigned to
command the sloop-of-war Susquehanna,
South Atlantic squadron, in which vessel
he participated in the battle of Port Royal,
S. C, Nov. 7, 1801. For distinguished serv
ice rendered on that occasion, he received- a
lcttor of thanks from Admiral Du Pont and
President Lincoln. He was made Commo
dore, July 10, 1802, and assigned to the East
5ulf squadron. He was commissioned Rear
Ldniiral, July 25, 1806, and died in the
wrvice, Apiil 15,1881, after an active career
soverinu a period of 60 years.
The Wachusett, Commander Collins, capt
nredthe privateer Florida at San Salvador
Bay, Brazil, and sent her to Hampton Roads.
The Niagara, Commander Craven, captured
the privatier Georgia on the coast of Portu-
gal, and sent her to Boston. The Santiago
ie Cuba captured at sea the blockado-runucr
steamer Brilanni. and sent her to Boston,
where she was sold for $135,670.55. The
Connecticut look at sea the blockade-runner
steamer Jnno, which "was sold at Boston for
$13,600. Another famous blockade-runner
called the Victory was captured by th
Santiago do Cuba, and sold at $306,421.37.
The same vessel also captured the blockade
runner Lucy, sold for ?26S,948.20, and the
steamer Ella Warley, sold for $102,709.68.
The Wachusett captured the fast steamer
Dolphin, which was sold at Key West for
$36,544.73. A blockade-runner called the
Rear-Admiral Du Pont.
Gertrude, captured by the U. S. steamer
Vanderbilt, was sent to New York and sold
for $SS,9S7.G0. The U. S. steamer Rhode
Island captured the blockade-runner Cron
stadt, sold for $301,940.60. The blockade
runner A. D. Vance, captured by the Santi
ago de Cuba and sent to New York, was
sold for $238,286.49.
The Kearsarge, of this squadron, com
manded by Capt.. Winslow, encountered the
British-built privateer Alabama on the coast
of France, June 19, 1864, and, in an engage
ment of 55 minutes' duration, sent that
noted pirate to the bottom of the Atlantic.
This most brilliant and decisive victory was
of unusual importance to the Union cause,
and seriously ditconraged that class of ad
venturers on the high seas. It is estimated
that the value of captures made by this
squadron during the period of its existence
exceeded $5,000,000. By orders of the Navy
Department the squadron was disbanded,
Oct. 3, 1864, and the duties in which it was
engaged were transferred to the Eagt Gulf
squadron, with Headquarters at Key West,
The sloop-of-war Adirondack, while cruis
ing on special service, was wrecked near
Abaca, one of the Bahama Islands, Aug. 23,
1S62. A boat was at once dispatched, noti
fying the American Consul at Nassau, Mr.
Samuel Whitney. He chartered the schooner
Star of the East for the sum of $100 and pro
ceeded to the scene of the disaster. The crew
of 220 men were safely landed, but the ves3el
proved a total loss. Rear-Admiral DuPont,
commanding the South Atlantic Squadron,
on learning of the loss of the Adirondack,
sent the gunboats Magnolia and Canandai
gua to the relief of the crew, who were
brought to Port Royal, S. C.,,and sent north
on the mail steamer Massachusetts.
Capt Gansevoort, who commanded the
Adirondack at the time of her loss, entered
the United States Navy as Midshipman in
1823. He died while Commodore on the
Retired List, April 15, 1868.
The sloop-of-war San Jacinto, which fig
ured very extensively in the operations of
the West India Squadron, was lost, Jan. 1,
1865. The United States ship Shepherd
Knapp, 838 tons, eight guns, was wrecked
on a coral reef at Cape Haytien, on the 18th
of May, 1863. The gunboata Chippewa,
Rhode Island, and Santiago de Cuba made i
repeated attempts to tow the vessel off into
deep water, but were unable to do so. It
was then decided to abandon her, and the
crew, with all movable property, was trans
ferred to the United States ship National
Guard, of the West India Squadron.
Capt. Eytinge, who commanded the Shep
herd Knapp at time of her loss, was ap
pointed Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Aug.
26, 1861. His appoiutment was revoked
Dec. 1, 1863.
The vessels of the West India Squadron
patrolled the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea,
Gulf of Mexico, and the Bahama Channel,
cruising on the coast of North and South
America, .the West Indies, and coast of Eu
rope. The valuable and important service
rendered eventually exterminated the trou
blesome privateers, and broke up a system
of blockade running inaugurated principally
by foreigners, who evidently sympathized
with the South and were willing to incur
Coal supply stations were established at
Key West, Cape Haytien, and Cnrraco, but
it sometimes became necesiary to tecure a
supply of this commodity at other placea,
where extravagant prices were demanded,
and which we were often reluctantly com
pelled to pay.
Of the numerous small islands among
which we cruihed we found many of the
Governors in sympathy with the South, in
consequence of which our commanders were
considerably embarrassed iu their move
ments, while every courtesy was extended
to the Confederate privateers. Some of these
Governors were remarkable for their high
sounding titles, evidently assumed, so as to
create an impression of their own supreme
importance, aud in their correspondence with
our commauders they discussed the rights of
neutrals, hut revealed their ignorance of
Owing to the dangerous character of the
service thcraenof this squadron were exposed
to unusual hardships and constant excite
ment. Often they wercall night at quarteis
chasing an imaginary enemy, which in the
morningmight prove to be one of our own ves
sels. The storms usually prevailing at sea,
especially along a dangerous coast, made the
hours forrestaud meals sometimes uncertain,
and very often impossible for a long period.
In the performance of duties so arduous, com
plicated nnd exactiug, the officers aud men
were stimulated alone by patriotic impulse.
It required coue, zeal, devotion to duty,
and lore of conntry to race tnQ untoia dan
gers of life on the ocean wave. Yet through
,it all our men demonstrated their loyalty,
and won for themselves the grateful plaudits
of the loyal North. William Simmons,
1432 Wharton St, Philadelphia, Pa,
OUR SURPRISE PARTY.
The Johnnies "Were at Homc,lntDccampod
After n. Partlnc Salute.,
Editor National Tribune: The Sixth
Corns, encamped below Falmouth, got orders
to move, April 28, 1863. Donning our war
paint and feathers we started for Franklin's
Crossing at the Rappahannock. When near
there halted for the night, but were allowed
no fires. During the evening an order was
read to us detailing the Third Brigade, First
Division, Sixth Corps, consisting of the 18th,
31st and 32d N. Y. and 95th Pa., to lead the
advance in the pontoons to surprise the
We had been over the same ground with
Burnside the previous December, and knew
the rebs would have things well fixed for our
reception. However, the old Sixth never
ilinched from the work assigned it We de
termined that so far as our brigade was con
cerned the surprise party should be a success.
At daylight, with bayonets unfixed, mus
kets loaded, but not capped, everything fast
ened, to make no noise, wo moved qnietly
down the river hank into the pontoons as
they lay in the river. Fortunately a heavy
fog conccalediour movements from the rehs.
After pushing off found the pontoons too
close together to use oars; some went ahead
while others held back until wo had room
The river is rather deep at this point, and
while crossing we did some solid thinking.
We wondered if the Johnnies had let the
dogs loose, and the latter were cross; whether
they had left any wheelbarrows or stray baby
carriages lying around for us to fall over,
hurt our shins, and cause us to backslide;
whether the refreshments would be cold,
indigestible lead or cold huckleberry pud
ding, or if it would be oysters or s.iltpeter
on the half-shell. Would it bo champagne,
Virginia tauitlcfoot, or aqua pura with a
free bath included. We feared there might
be some yahoo of a battery browsing around
to spoil the program by shipwrecking the
whole outfit a proceeding not to be desired,
as a knapsack and haversack are not n
suitable bathing costume.
Everything was so quiet we thought the
Johnnies were not at home; that perhaps
they had not paid rent and the landlord had
fired them out. As our pontoon touched tho
bank there was a flash almost in our faces
and a volley went over our heads, the balls
striking some of the boys ou the other side
of the river. Capping our guns and fixing
hbayonets we rushed up the bank to intro
duce ourselves and demand an explanation.
Just then our boys on the other side
opened fire, and we had to tumble down the
bank again to avoid being shot by them. We
yelled to stop firing; that this wa our pic
nic, bnt they paid no attention uutil we sent
a man over.
JuBt here a chap with an overcoat on that
looked as if it had done duty as a scarecrow
or been on Bunudde's mud march, and wav
ing a rusty old saber, scrambled up the bank,
saying "Come on, boys!" "We joined the
procession and soon had possession of rifle-
pits aud earthworks. All the Johnnirs but
two or three had gone. The chap alluded to
above proved to be Brig. -Gen. D.,A. Ruscll,
whom we had never seen before, as he had
taken command only the night previous.
We needed no further introduction, but con
cluded he was a "brick." Our loss was
slight, and our surprise party a success; only
some of the boys got a good ducking as they
jumped, rolled or tumbled out of the pon
toons into the water when the Johnnies fired
on us. J. Shaw, 95th Pa., Reading, Pa.
A Pitiable Sight. There is prob
ably nothing in this world which so quickly
appeals to one's sympathies as the sight of
a child sick and iu distress. It is therefore
but natural that a parent feels thankful
when he finds cores effected, and that, too,
in his own famil'. Mr. John lieu, 178 E.
Kossuth St., Columbus, Ohio, writes as
follows: "Onr children were suffering with
some fearful blood or skin disease; their
faces were literally covered with horrible
eruptions. I learned of Dr. Peter's Blood
Vitalizer, and ordered a trial box, and can
but say that we are thankful for the results.
We administered the Vitalizer according to
directions, and now they are all well."
Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer by its mild,
yet active properties, is pre-eminently the
children's remedy. Its effect is quickly
noticeable by the clear skin, improved ap
petite and refreshed appearance. It elimi
nates the impurities from the system and
creates new, rich, red blood. It is not
handled by druggists only special agents
nell it If there are none in your neighbor
hood write to the proprietor, Dr. Peter
Fahrney, 112-114 So.
Hoyne Ave., Chicago,
TRYING TO ESCAPE.
Patient Tolling to he Frco from tho Tor
ments of a Kchel I'rlnon.
Editor National Tribune: Thirty-one
years ago at this time I was a prisoner at
Macon, Ga., having previously been con
fined at Cahaba. During our stay at Macon
we became uneasy waiting for the Johnnies
to repair the railroad between there and
Savannah, so as to take us on to that point
and exchange us as they had promised to do
when leaving Cahaba.
Some time during January, 18G5, we
concluded to experiment iu tunneling,
the first of which was nearly completed. To
our surprise Scrg't McCue and three men
cainc in one day with lance and shovels,
found the tuunel, broke through the same
near the dead-line (picket fence), aud, of
course, the "jig was up" for that time.
Soon we began another, and progressed
finely for some distance, and that too was
filled up. Butwe were not discouraged, and
concluded to make our escape above ground.
Accordingly we arranged to break the stock
ade fence on a certain night. In like manner
we failed in this third and last attempt
through betrayal of some traitor in camp.
Seven of us were caught in the attempt, and
the next day were tied up by the thumbs.
It was now considered unsafe to keep us
there. Contequently on the night of Jan.
31 we were taken out, stowed away in box
cars and run down to Andersonville, remain
ing there till after Liucoln's death and Lee's
surrender. We were taken out again, tent
to Florida, released at Baldwin Junction,
and from there we got into Jacksonville aa
best we could.
I was a pitiful object, and the effort that
I made, accompanied with intense pain, I
cannot forget When I read somo of the
letters from comrades who served three or
more years, urging a per diem pension law,
it seems to me they have forgotten thousands
of us poor fellows who were out from 18
months to two years, and half of that time
or more were in Southern prison pens. I
think I am stating it fairly when I say
that on an average three months in prison
Avas equal to one year in actual field service,
and the rate of mortality greater.
Injustice to the greater number of old
soldiers and their families, I hope Congress
will pass a general service pension law,
giving us all not less than $12 per month, and
that is little enough for an old veteran and
his wife lolive on, even if they own their
home and are able to work half tho time.
Alex. B. Campbell, Co. A, 13th Wis.
A Handsome IJook on Summer Travel.
The Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Co. has just
issued a handsomo book descriptivo of tho
various summer resorts, in tbo mountains nnd
by tho seaside, adjacent to or reached by its
system of lineB.
It is finely printed and illustrated by a num
ber of very fine cuts.- Sond 10 cents to Gins.
O. Scull, Gen'l Passenger Agent, Baltimoro,
lid., for a copy.
MEMORIES 'p A RETREAT.
'The 9th In. Cbt.'JwjJj In Hear of tho 52d
Ohio In the Uac'lc Track to Louisville.
Editor National Tribune: The 9th
Po. Cav., who were fighting Morgan aud
other guerrillas for one year all over Ken
tucky and Tcnnessee,jwero ordered to Crab
Orchard to guard tho pass. We expected to
intercept Kirby Smith's advance into Ken
tucky. We were about one week or so in the
field when our rations ran out, and we ha'd
no snpplies coming. ?
Wo managed to findsome creen corn, and
after living on that a week wo captured a
lot of flour and hams. Thcn there was a call
for bakers. As my messmate was a baker,
his services were required, and tho writer
, went along to a bakehouse in town. We had
been running the bakery business about two
or three daj's, and all the barrels and boxes
wo could find were filled with biscuits.
One night, about 10 o'clock, we were
awakened out of our slumber io saddle up
nnd fall back in haste. We had had several
small fights with Kirby Smith's advance,
but now they were getting too thick for
comfort so thick thoy came that we had
not time to distribute our biscuitsjnnd ham.
Many a man. went away with a tear in his
eye because 'those light biscuits were left to
refresh the hungry and starving men of
The writer had a nose-hag which was
empty, nnd thought it wo'uld be a good place
for a ham. He selected a largo one, nnd
filled his haversack fnll of light biscuits.
Thus equipped he started to meet his com
pany and marched allTnight, nnd came near
running into one.of Kirby's enmps, thinking
they were--pur troops.
Some of' Kirby Smith's cavalry had got
around our front somehow, so tvo had to J
leave the road and go through field and
woods all night until morning. When we
arrived at Lexington, wo found a lot of
infantry burning up clothing and other stores
to keep them from falling into the bauds
of Kirby's men, who were close behind us,
and soon were driving in our pickets.
Our troops pulled out of town as quick ns
possible for Louisville. Then the retreat
began in earnest. Our regiment (9th Pa.
Cav.) was tho extreme rear-guard of the
whole retreating army, aud the whole of Co. K
were taken prisoners on picket the first or
second night of the retreat from Lexington.
It became hotter every day as the rebels
pressed us on rear and flank. Well do I
remember when we came up to the 5M Ohio,
in their bran new suits nnd boiled shirts,
with paper collars. How the largo knap
sacks rolled off their backs when tho rebels
got on our flank in the woods with tvio
cannon, and blazed away. The road was
strewn with new pvcrcoats, blankets, knap
sacks, and drums. I ran across a brand
new drum, which I picked up and tied
to my saddle to talee to Louisville to send
home to my little 12-year old brother, who
was fond of-drumming. I carried thatdrum
for a day and a half, but in a charge on the.
rebels 1 had to cut it loose. I had a roll of
blanlrcts hack and front of my saddle almost
up to my chin, which I had taken out of the
52d Ohio's discarded wardrobes, which I
could not sec lull ho the bands of the
rebels. My horse 'pacUed them to Louisville,
from where I sent-home overcoats, blanket,
and underwear, all brand new.
Near Frnnkfortfwe came up with the com
mand, tired aud hungry, and went into camp
near Headquarters. The writer aud one of
his company weiit to a nearby planter
house to prospect. "Wo went into the
kitchen, where the darky cooks were pre
paring supper. A
We soon foundjruifc'lhat privates need not
apply; that thodinfng-room was full of
officers at their jneali. We could see our
Colonel and lolsoftylgh-grade officers eating.
How I wished I weren officer. But as my
nose was too shofltjl get to that table, I
made up my mind thn't.I would have some
thing. I told mypaflnerto, stand at the
kitchen door, and "tfnen the darky cook,
went into the dining-room to wait on the
officers I would swipe the coffee-pot off the
I did so, and we strnck for the brush,
where we and a lot more of the boys enjoyed
the officers' coffee, and that same coffee-pot
the writer carried until it was worn out. I
don't know if my Captain was at that feast
or not As he is living yet, he can answer
for himself. If he was he did not get any
coffee out of that pot
The retreat went on all the same, and we
had plenty of work in the rear to keep U3
busy until we arrived at Louisvilhi. We
camped there, doing scouting aud picket
duty until Buell'n army came in. We led
the advance ol the army on to Perryville,
and our company (H) wai on picket on the
We held the hill until we were driven off,
when we assigned it over to the infantry
and artillery, and took the left flank close
to where was a loud-mouthed cannon that
couched up balls as large as buckets. Our
regiment wa-j drawn up in liue-ol-battle to
charge that cannon, and we manuvcred
around awhile, hut the order was counter
manded, to our salvation.
We were sent to retake a battery on the
left which had bsen abandoned iu the fight.
No one had any objections to our takitig ip,
as all the rebels had left. I always thought
Gen. Buell was to blame for the slaughter
here. We had plenty of troops near by and
could have bagged Brag's whole army.
We had him whipped already. Our regi
ment fought on foot and horseback aud sup
ported artillery. Geo. W. BowKua, Corpo
ral, Co. H, 9th Pa. Cav., Walla Walla, Wash.
Slronpr nerves depend upon pure, rlcli, rod Wood.
Hood's Siiranpnrilln is the only true blood purifier.
"Wild IJiJIh's Death.
Editor National Timijunb: I read
an article on May 23, "A Missouri Romance,"
which was interesting and. truthful, with
one exception. The writer says James B.
Hickok (not. Hiccock) was killed by a friend.
I .beg to differ. "Wild Bill made many
friends in Dead wood, and it was not known
that he had any enemies in the Black Hill?.
But while surrounded by friends, he should
never have forgotten the lact that his ene
mies were almost like leaves of the forest,
and they were always plotting his destruc
tion. The cud came at last, as he had always
On the 2d day of August, 1870, Bill was
in Lewis & Mann.;s -aloon, playing poker
with Pilot Massey of the Missouri, Charley
Rich, and Cool Mtuiu.iueof the proprietors.
The game lasted, ojijo lime, when a man
entered. Bill beipg interested, did not pay
any attention to j?). Tho man proved to
bo Jack McCall.izfuM Bill Sutherland, and
no friend of HieWc't?. Ho drew a large
navy, placed it wUiin two inches of Bill's
head and fired, the ball coming out through
the cheek bone anjj) breaking the arm of
Pilot Massey. ,j'ft m
McCall defied, jar rest until 5 p. m., then
gave himself up,aidjdemnudcd an immedi
ate trial, and at, ijJjfjyt tho prisoner was set
free. Several oCjtjjCj model jurymen who
had played ibeiruajjjsin this burlesque upon
justice indulgcdfUiickening cheer.
in lue lonowiyg' year, m which time mc
Call was shadowed.'ijiulge Sherman becamo
Territorial Chief1 Justjce. He tried McCall
aud gave him what ho ought to have gotten
at the first trial, die was hung by the neck
uutil dead at Yanjcton in ,1877. G. H. AUS
Itcriiicctl.lkatcfl to St Loulg.
Tho Republican National Convention will
meet in St Louis Juno lOtli. For this occasion
tlieB. & O. it It Co. will sell Excursion Tickets
from all stations on its lino East of tho Ohio
River for all trains Juno 12 to 15, inclusivo,
valid for roturn passago uutil Juuo21, at ouo
faro for tho round trip.
Tho Baltimoro & Ohio is a direct lino to St
Louis, running two solid vestibuled fast express.
trains with through Pullmnn Sleoprng Cars
attached every day iu tho year.
For rates and other information apply to
nearest B. & O. Ticket Agout
'T?rom Alert -'Comrades All Along the-
JLand for tho Atlctne;.
Clarke W. Hallinton, Knob Yiew, Mo.,
writes: "In one County 'in Missouri thero
is vacant Government land enough to give
each man of a fall regiment 1,000 strong
n farm of 100 acres. That is to say, in Cam
den County there are about 100,000 acres of
Government homestead land lying vacant,
and only 60 miles southwest of Jefferson
City, the Capital of Missouri, and only 40
miles north of the large town of Lebanon, on
the Frisco JRailroad.
"If you look uponjihe map you will find
Lime Creek, the Cotiutyseat of Camden
County. It is almost due south from Boone
vilie, on the Missouri liiver, which' is tho
seat of the tJnitCd Stntes'Land Office. Lime
Creek has a population of about 300; has
hotels, a bank, G.A.R. Post, arid a hearty
and splendid lot of comrades they are.
"The land lies between the Osage River,
on the north, and the St Louis and San
Franciso Railroad (called here "the Frisco"
railroad) upon tho south. It is hilly and
rocky land, like mo3t of the land fn the
Ozark region; plenty of good, pure soring
water everywhere, sufficient timber, a good
soil, and a glorious climate.
"The proper way to investigate this mat
ter is to send $1 to the Register of the
United States Laud Office nt Booneville,
Mo., and ask him to send you a plat showing
the vacant lnnd in some Township in Cam
den County. Then take your plat and o
and see your land. Ifit suits you, it can ha
entered in the Clerk's office in Lime Creek I
mean the Circuit Clerk in Lime Creek; or
you can have a soldier's declaratory state
ment filed by an agent for yon, upon a
tract, in which case you need not go there
until six months have elapsed. Any com-
rade of Edward Ray Post, in Lime Creek, can
do this for you.
"Please do not ask me to do it, for I live
about 00 miles from Lime Creek, and know
from long experience how many thousands
of readers The National Tribune has.
Consequently this letter is all that the
Writer can contribute to the matter. No
more generous lot of defenders of Old Glory
can be found upon this continent than ihe
members of Edward Ray Post, in Lime
Creek ; and every man of them will give you
good advice. They live amidst this land,
and if they can stand it, certainly others
Ttravo Tfnttery TJ.
W. A. Archer, Battery B, 1st N. Y. Art,
Lysander, N. Y., writes: "I noticed with
regret that in articles on the 1st N. Y. Art.,
no mention is made orBattery B. I havo
waited for some abler pen than mine to
inform the old vets that there was such a
company as B in that regiment, whose
services made them known in the Army of
the Potomac as Pettit's Battery, and also in
Battery B, 1st N. Y. Art, was organized
at Baldwinsville, Onondaga County, N. Y.,
and mustered into State service, Aug. 24,
18G1 ; into United States service, Aug. 31,
at Elmira, N. Y., commanded byUnfus D.
Pettif, Captain; A. S. Sheldon, First Lieu
tenant; "Waltar D. Pcttit, Second Lien ten
ant. It left Elmira in October, 18(11, and
weut into Camp Barroy at Capitol Hill,
and moved to Camp California, Va., about
Christmas. It started on the march, with
Gen. George B. McClellnn commanding,
March 10, 1802. It was actively engaged at
Warren ton Junction, March 28, silencing a
rebel battery that was annoying our troops.
We were next actively engaged at Fair Oaks,
Va., June 1 to June 28, 18G2, being under
fire every day there. Wc fonghtat Savane
Statiou, June 29, wben Col. Bailey and Maj.
Van Valkenburg- laid down their lives in
their heroic attempt to save Battery A. At
Malvern Hill. July 1, our artillery told upon'
' We reached Harrison's Landing July 2,
marched to Fortress Monroe, and left it
about Aug. 20, on transports. At Snicker's
Gap, Nov. 3, 18G2, we did great execution
upon the Confcdt-rn'es, who were thorough
ly dttermined to tnke the Gap.
" At Falmouth, Va., Nov. 17, 1 was wound
ed in the hand. Here we had a position in
which we demonstrated to the rebels the
proficiency that could be attained in the use
of rifled batteries. They had a battery in
position just below the brick house, which
was a little above Fredericksburg, i. e., up
tho river. We drove them pell-mell from
their guns, and they secured them only by
drawing them off under cover of darkness.
" At Chaucellorsville, 1st to 3d of May,
"to were lectted very near the house which
Gen. Hoik er, then commanding the Army
of the Potomac, had tor his Headquarters.
I saw him when he was knocked down and
rendered unconscious. Ours wa3 the last
Jjattery to leave this portion of the field,
and left barely in time to save our guin.
As we pulled out, the rebels were shoutiug,
'Surrender, you Yankees!'
"At Gettysburg, July 2 and 3, we held a
position a little to the right of Little Round
Top on the 2d as long as it was tenable for
humauity. On. the 3d ve were iu front of
the infantry line, a little to the right of the
'Bloody Angle,' where our boys fought with
trail handspikes while the rebels were
swarming through the battery, which they
laid their hands on for the first and only
" Wo were encaged at a score of other
places not mentioned for lack of spae. Our
killed were 14; died of wounds, 9; wounded,
33; and died of disease, 10."
Will some comrade dispose of The
National Tribune (monthly edition)
from June to December, 1878? Address,
stating price per copy, M. A. Weigle, The
National Tribune Washington, D. C.
Tho lukii Ficht.
J. W. Brewer, Broken Bow, Neb., writes:
In Picket Shots of May 28 appears a criti
cism by Z. Harlan, Sergeant, Co. H, 39th
Ohio, and L. W. Bloom's communication of
March 5. I was a private in Co. D, 48th
Ind., and being present on the occasion of
what is called Robinett defense, know some
thing about the mntter. Serg't Harlan states
that it was the Ohio Brigade (27th, 3f)tb,
43(1, and G3d Ohio), aided by about 20 of the
11th Mo., that successfully defended Robi
nett against tho charging Texnns. I do not
.know where the Ohio Brigade, aided by a
part of tho 11th Mo., were at that time. I
did not see them, although they .may have
been somewhere near. I do know that the
Ohio Brigade did not stand the bruut of the
"I do not understand Comrade Shigley's
statement that the 48th Ind. fell in line
with the 5th Iowa and 11th Ohio batteries.
I do not know whether the 5th Iowa bat
tery was present, but I do know that the
5th Iowa was on baud.
"The three regiments that were promi
nent were as follows: The 5th Iowa on the
right, 4th Minn, on the left, and 48th Iud.
in the center. The 48th Ind. lost 120 men
Icilled nnd wounded in about 20 minutes."
Wanted Lewis Ealliett, formerly of Co.
F, 10th Jtegiment, O. V. C, whose present
residence -is unknown. Whoever will first
inform the undersigned of his whereabouts,
so I can correspond with him, will he lib
erally rewarded. Address S. S. Balliett,
'. Mills-Tbere are 200 towns in the United
States such as Watertown, Waterford or
,otber natnp in which water appears
joi. j.auque inuiguanuy; .one nono oi
them in Knintucky, sah, I can awcah, sab, !
'Brief Sketches of tho Services of
The 6Iat N Y.
The regiment was organized at New York
City,N. Y.,iu September, 1861, for the three
years service. On the expiration of its term
it veteranized, and vras retained in service
until July 14, 18G5. The War Department
credits the command -with the iollowing
hattle3: Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Peach Orch
ard, Savage Station, "White Oak Swamp,
Glendale, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Bristoe
Station, Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Mine
linn, Fred crick8b tup, Wilderness, Corhin's
Bridge, Po Ki ver, Isorth Anna, Spottsyl vania,
Tolopotomoy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg,
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, and Ream'a
Station; 24 engagements in all. The reei-
ment was known in the service as the "Clin
ton Guard," and served in the First Brigade,
First Division, Second Corps. Col. Francis
C. Barlow, the first commander of the regi
ment, was made Brigadier-General Sept. 19,
1S62, and later became Major-General of
Volunteers. Col. Nelson A. Mile3, who suc
ceeded Col. Barlow, was promoted to be
Brigadier-General May 12, 1864; was later
made Mojor-General, and is now in command
of the Army of the United States. Col.
Oscar X. Broady was mustered out on the
I expiration of his term of enlistment, and
during tbe latter part of it3 service the regi
ment was under command of Col. George W.
Scott, Brevet Brigadier-General. The regi
ment saw hard fighting from the beginning
until the end of its service, and was fortu
nately commanded by the very beat of offi
cers. At Fair Oaks the command lost 110
killed or wounded out of 432 taken into that
action. In the battle Lient.-Col. W. C. Mas
set and five Color Guards were killed. The
regiment lost heavily at Fredericksburg, and
Col. Miles was seriously wounded. The
First Division, in which the regiment served,
was successively commanded by Gens. Eich
ardson, Hancock, Caldwell, Barlow and
Miles. The 61st N. Y. is one of the 300
fighting regiments given by Col. Fox. The
total enlistment was 1,52G; the loss in killed
or died of wounds received in action was
193; making the loss of 12.6 percent. Be
sides these the command lost 123 men by
disease, accidents, in prison, etc
The 20lh Pa. Cav.
This regiment, formerly a six months'
organization, was mustered into service at
Harrisbnrg and Philadelphia, Pa., in Feb
ruary, 1861, toserve threeyears. It was con
solidated with the 2d Pa. Cav. to form the 1st
I '1865. Col. Gabriel Middleton commanded the
regiment during the latter part of its service.
The command served in Duffie's Division,
Cavalry Corps, Army of West Virginia, and
-was sometimes kuown as the 18Ut Pa. Its
loss was three officers-and 22 men killed in
action and three officers and 97 men died of
disease, in prison, etc
THE FAVORITE SON OF THE NATION.
FR E E Xo-1 of The National Trilmne library FR E E
THE LIFE OF WM. McKINLEY.
,. . BY JOHN MeELROT,
Author of Andersonville, a Story of Southern Prisons?
The Red Acorn ; A File of Infantrymen, etc.
A SAMPLE PAGE.
County was " safe," aske3 the young lawyer to take the nomination for Prosecufe
ing Attorney. He did thi3 just aa he used to do a detail to go on picket merely
as a matter of duty. And merely a3 a matter of duty he made the best canvass
jwswiF' 1 wx
CAPT. WM. MoKKKr, VOL
dier. He understood clearly what ought
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Ten years after his enlistment, and six after his discharge from the army,
Maj. JMclvmley lelt that he was at length
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One of the most notable of men who
laid the foundations deep and strong of
the great State of Ohio was Hon. J. A.
Saxton, who migrated to Ohio about the
time of the close of the War of 1812,
and in 1815 established at Canton the
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literary journal, which he continued to
publish for CO years, during which it was
one of the most forceful and influential
papers in the State. He was a man of
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excellence. He resisted all temptations
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HOW TO GET IT.
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When-our list baa been doubled we shall withdraw this offer. Address
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Mention Tho National Tribune.
he could, and showed fine powers as a
stumper. When the votes were counted
he and his friends, and still more the
Democrats, were astonished to find thafi
he had been elected.
He made an excellent Prosecuting
Attorney, served out his term of two
years, and was renominated. But tho
Democrats had awakened to his danger
ous quality, and put up a strong man
against him, and let nothing go by de
fault. They succeeded in beating him,
but it was by so small a plurality that
he got even more credit out of his defeat
than he had previously by his election.
In the meanwhile he "was growing
rapidly in reputation as a lawyer. Ha
brought tohis profession the same inde
fatigable industrv and thnrnnchnesa ha
had Splayed as n scholar and as a sol-
to be done, and then did it with tireleai
cy " jy