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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNES WaSBTOTOBt ? G3 THDE8DAY, JUNE 18, 1896.
FIGHTING THEM OVER
Wlial Our Teterans Have lo Say About
Their Old Campaigns.
AFTER THE "BREAK."
Incidents of tlio CluMnc Hay at Snlilury.
Editou National Tkibune: I bave
received a nunil cr of letters from the com
rades attesting t lie accuracy of your diagram
of Salisbury prison and of my narrative pub
libhd a short time a;o.
One correspondent has sent mc imnortant
information as to the n timber of dead in
Salisbury, and the number killed and
wounded in the "break." The number of
the latter he puts at 81 killed and 2C7
Maj. Gee, the rebel commander, burned
the dead-house books. just before Gen. Stone
man captured the place. It may interest
some of your readers to know that about
17 or 18 years ago. when I was employed as
exchange editor on a New York daily, 1
picked up the Savannah Xeics one day, and
ran my eye, according to custom, down the
lirst column of the tirst page, which contained
interesting items from Southern State. I
came across a paragraph which, as it printed
iti-olf ou my mind, ran about as follows:
" Maj. Gee, who commanded the depot for
Federal prisoners at Salisbury during the
war, was killed a few days ago at Jackson
ville, Fla., by the wall of a building which
"was ou fire falling upon him."
That was all without a heading, pressed
in bitween other short items about fat hogs
and hungry alligators, etc., wa the obituary
of a man who was largely instrumental in
causing the deaths of thousands of Union
Boldiers. But perhaps he w:is only an instru
ment. After the break of Nov. 25. 1FG4, the cru
elty of the guards greatly increased. It was
customary nearly every night for them to
fire volleys into the stockade. It eonuded
like the rattling of a picket-line. As the
prisoners who were able generally were
obliged to uo to the ''dead-ditch," many
prisoners were killed by the guards under
the pretense that they were about to cross
The colored prisoners were especially ob
jects of bate and maltreatment, and I was
perhaps the only witne-, except the mur
derer, of the wantou killing of one of them.
I should say here that early in December
I was myself seiztd with the complaint
which was generally followed in a few days
by death, although under ordinary circum
stances, even without medicine, the same
complaint would hardly cause inconvenience.
-I had about concluded that my time had
come, when one day, while still able to drag
myself about, I saw a crowd in the open
space uot lar from the dead-house. I had
seen the same crowd belt re, and knew what
it was there tor. The clothing of the dead
was being distributed anions: the living. I
thought I might, perhaps, get a pair of shoes,
and I went near. Albert D. It cbardson, the
New York cnepoudent and civilian pris
oner, was distributing the clothing. He had
a sort of charge oTer the hospitals, and that
wac part of his work.
I slocd on the ouiside of the crowd, not
saying anything. Kichardson was standing
on a box, and his eye rented on me. All
who knew him know that be was a man of
generous impulses. He called me over to
"How old are yon?" he at-ked.
"Sixteen years of age," 1 answered.
"You are too young to endure such suffer
ings as these," ta. d Mr, Richaidi-ou. " Come
to me at my cabin at 4. o'clock this after
noon." I went of coarse, guessing at the time.
He took me iuto the cabin, gave me enough
to eat, a warm place to sleep, clothing and
m oboes to wear, and inspired new hope ol
life. In a few days I was so much better
that I was able lo be of some slight assist
ance to him in his famous ej-cape of Dec. 18.
By his order I kept visitors away while
he was making his preparat ons, and I am
the "little lad" whom he uieutious as carry
ing to the small gate the medicine-box
which enabled him to deceive the rebels
outside of the stockade, afier he had got out,
by means of a pass belonging to his asso
ciate, Junius Henri Browne.
The help Kichardson gave me at this
critical time enabled Jiie to stand the hard
ships of the prison to the end. I may state
here that I met him in New York in the fol
lowing Summer, and he was very kind to
me, and nome ytarw later introduced me to
New York journalism.
One day, in Salisbury, I was talking with
him upstaits in his cabin, when we heard a
shot ntar by, I ran to the opening which
served for a window. J:ght below the win
dow lay a colon d prisoner, dead, his brains
oozing out on the ground. Near by lay a
bone, which the victim had probably been
about lo pick up. The guard who had
committed the deed was just bringing bis
gun hack to a nhoulder-arms. In my anger
I forgot all caution, and, (-baking my fist at
the guard, swoie at him. He only grinned
and walked along. You may ask why he
did not shoot me. The reason undoubtedly
was thai the prihoners iu the correspondents'
cabin were regarded as persons not to be
shot at random, and the fellow did not
know that I was an ordiuary prisoner. I
heard that the guard received a iiirlough ol
two weeks for this murder. It was murder,
for the correi-pnndeiith' cabin was within the
dead line, and the prisoners had the tame
right to be in its immediate vicinity as they
had to he in the middle of the stockade.
In regard 10 the burial alive of a wounded
man at Salisbury, continuation comes to me
in a letter from Comrade B. F. Booth, lu
dianoht, Iowa. He writes:
"In Springfield, 111., m 167G, I met an ojd
elave by accident who had been at Salis
bury. I heatd him talkmg about the place,
and I sought and obtained an interview
with him. He told me he was assisting in
digging the trenches for the Union dead,
awd when they threw one of our men iu the
trench to quote the old slave's language
he kind of grunted'; that the night was so
sickening and the sound so horrifying to
him that before he could control himself he
(the slave) exclaimed, Oh, God! and one ol
the guards ordered him to have, or he
would put a bayonet through his black
This statement needs no comment. Ap
parently this may have been another cabe
of burying alive, besides the one I men
tioned iu my first article on Salihbury.
Comrade Booth also writes: "Doyoure
, member in December, on6 muddy day, they
had four horses on the dead-wagon, and a
Heavy load. One of the lead horr.es, the off
one a big, bony Borrel balked, and one of
the guards went to punish the horse with
his bayonet, and the guard's gnu went off,
killing the horse. Prisoners gathered round
and proposed to buy the dead horse for food,
but a rebel officer came in and repulbed
every offer, and had the horse dragged out."
The tide of horror began to ebb iu Salis
bury toward the end of January. My recol
lection is that the supply of 'food was not
iiminished in proportion to the number of
deaths, and that the Sergeants in charge of
tquads would continue in many cases to
iraw for a larger number than were actually
alive iu the squad. I do not say that this
was always possible, but it is certain that
in this way the sufferings of the prisoners
were somewhat alleviated. "While Gee may
bate known the appalling number of deaths,
his subordinates may not have understood
the full extent of the horrors within the
Blockade, until their eyes were opened.
Speaking of rations, one feature of my
Salisbury experience that impressed me was
the tairne.-s of the prisoners toward each
other. Hungry as ve might be almost
demented with want and privation the
wretched ration, when ifc came, was always
fairly divided. The strouger hand was not
stretched out to rob the weaker comrade.
There was a spirit honorable lo the Ameri
can name and to our common humanity.
In the hospitals the dying passed away
without a sign. "Vc marched on to the appar
ently inevitable end, without any of the
agonizing scenes that are so frequent in the
tragedies of ordinary life. The two predom
inant feelings were love for the American
flag and hatred of our vindictive foes.
When we began to be drafted off for ex
change the rebels weakened the guard con
siderably, knowing that the prospect of free
dom would, of course, diminish the dcaire to
escape. I was in the batch tent lo Rich
mond about the 2Gth or 27lh of February.
I know a large number of sick remained
behind, but whether any well men remained
after Ave lelt I could not say. It was com
mon talk among the prisoners that the sur
vivors in all numbered 4,000 or 5,000, and
that the rebels themselves were greatly as
ton'shed at this result.
"When we marched outside of the stockade
to be taken to the cars a number of boys in
rebel uniform were drawn up as an escort.
They looked like a school cadet corps. They
said nothing to the other prisoners, but
when I came along 1 seemed to strike their
"There's a boy," one said. "You come
here; you be one of us; we'll be good to you."
" Oh, no," I answered; " I'm going North."
Dining our journey to Richmond we vir
tually had possession of the train. The
rebel guards seemed to recognize that the
war was almost over and the Confederacy
"We had expected on arrival at Richmond
to be immediately exchanged, but instead
were kept in Libby for about two weeks.
On March 11 or 12 we were taken down to
the water and put ou board a rebel steam
boat. So far as we saw Richmond, it seemed like
a city of the dead. The steamboat proceeded
to Vanna Lauding, ou the James River, nar
rowly escaping a torpedo on the way; and
as we approached the point we saw the
American flag floating up on the bluff.
To describe my feelings would be impos
sible. While life lasts I shall never forget
thesight, after nearly sefen months of dark
ness and horror, of that starry banner,
which meant to ns res-cue and hope and
freedom. The American flag seen under
such circumstances is never likely to be for
gotten. When I fall in for the final muster
my mind's gaze will turn to the Stars and
Stripes at Varina Landing.
Ttie story should end here. Before my
30 days' lurlough was over Richmond had
fallen, Lee had surrendered, and our great
war Piesident had gained a martyr's crown.
The war is past; its lessons have been
taught and learned; this is once more a
united country, and all truesoldiers will for
givt but we should not and" cannot forget.
Hexky Mass, 59th N. Y., 710 Hancock
street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
-- - i-. .
Was Unable lo sc Her II amis.
Forestburg, S. Dak., Jan. 1, 189G. Mr. James
Piacek writes: "My mother has been sick
for overtwoyears with rheumatism through
out her whole body. At times she was un
able to rise fiom her chair. She had lost the
entire use of her hands, so that we had to
feed her at mealtimes. We nsed a great
variety of remedies, but nothing did any
good. Finally we learned of a doctor in
Chicago and his remedy called Vitalizer, and
f-ent for atrial box. After using the twelve
bottles she was restored to health, for which
we are indeed thaukfnl."
Dr. Peier's Blood Vitalizer has an un
broken record of success in the treatment of
blood at d constitutional disorders. All
mc dical men agree that rheumatism is caueed
by the pre-ence.of uric acid in the blood.
The Vitalizer cures rheumatism because it
eliminates this acid as well as other im
purities from the vital fluid.
Unlike other medicines, druggists do not
handle it, It can be obtained only from the
proprietor or of special local agents. If there
are none iu your neighborhood write to Dr.
Peter Fahruey, 112-114 So. Hoyne Ave.,
How the IJravc Old Soldier Won His Major
Gcnernlsliip. Editor National Tkikuxe: Hurlbut's
Division was at Bolivar Hights when the
battle of Corinth, in October, 162, began.
We started at 3 a. m., Oct. 4. marched 35
miles southeast, until we struck a road run
ning from Grand Junction, Tenn., lo Corinth,
which route the Coulederate army had
passed on going up to Iuka. The Confed
erate wagou-traiu had juet passed by on
the way to their army. We followed on
after them, and had uot gone over three
miles when we came to their pickets and
captured some of them.
About dusk we halted, and lay in line-of-battle
on our arms, without fire or blankets,
as we had been ordered to leave everything
behiud. The next morning thete we lay,
just one division, in front of what we always
supposed lo be about 22,000 of the enemy.
Now it looked as though we must either
whip them or let them take us South. I do
not think we had more than 7,000 men all
told. We bad hoped that Rosey would have
taken a good share of the sand out of the
Johnnies at Corinth.
As ours (the First Brigade) marched in
front the 4 th, it was the Second Bri
gade's turn to go aluad the next day,
Oct 5, Sunday morning. So the Second
marched past where we stcoi in line in a
little field, with timber iu front, and iu a
few minutes I saw the smoke of a log house,
set on fire, and the firing commenced.
An Orderly came hack to Gen. Hurlbut,
who sat on his horse near our regiment, and
we were orderel to the front on the double
quick. But it was not long before the Con
federates were falling back loward the bridge
on Hatchie River, probably three miles from
where we had struck them.
We drove them through the timber and
fields,v until wo came near a largo white
house on the east side of the lane. We
passed by a six-horse battery. I noticed one
gun with five horses shot down, and one
horse still standing, and the rebs had just
left the guns, still smoking and pointed
toward us. We swept right on to the bridge.
Here 500 of the Confederates were cut off and
captured, and the division crossed over in
the face of a heavy fire.
Just then Gen. Ord came up and took
command. He was the ranking General,
but was wounded in a few minutes. The
command fell to Hurlbut, and then we made
a forward move. As our regiment emerged
from the bottom np a very steep hill toward
a battery, the enemy broke and fled to the
Hre we captured over 500 prisoners, got
there wounded, captuied a lot of corn meal
and salt and lots of haversacks filled up with
wet corn meal already made up ready to
bake when they got lime, a great many
arms, blankets and clothing that they threw
away when they made their last stand, and
We lay there a day or so, and then marched
back to Bolivar with our prisoners and can
non, feeling as though we had done some
good .service. Hurlbut was promoted on our
return lo Bolivar to Major-Gtneral, and com
manded, if I remember right, a corps or
department, and gave his men all the glory
of his success. Rom:uT I. Smith, Co. E,
Tarlor Cars for Doer 1'nrk aud Virginia
Commencing Monday, Juno 15th, the B. & O.
R. K. will operate a line of Buffet Parlor Cara
between Baltimore, Washington, and Staunton,
and another between Baltimore, Washington,
and Deer Park, Oakland, Mountain Lake Park,
and Grafton. The car for Staunton will boat
tnchod to Express leaving Camden Station 10:30
A..M., and the car for Doer Park and Gratton
to tho Deer Park and Berkeley Special leaving
Camden Station 11:40 A. M.
PULLED HIM OUT.
How a Comrado Got Into a Hole and Was
Editor National Tribune: I enlisted
Aug. 30, 18G2, in the 112th N. Y. Tho regi
ment was raised in Chautauqua County, and
went almost immediately to the front at
Suffolk, Va. Wc had a good many marches,
as we had orders to keep the conntry clear
of rebels between Suffolk and Blackwnter
River. On one of these marches an incident
occurred which the boys called tho muddy
march, and well they might. The only
wonder is that some of them wero not
drowned in some of the mudholcs in the
pitchy darkness of the night.
Till-: Muddy March.
On the 13th day of January, 1SG3, we had
marched all day and wero very tired. Just
at night we were drawn up in line-of-battle,
expecting a little brush with the foe; but
they failing to appear, wc were ordered to
stack arms and put up our shelter tents.
We had ouly enjoyed tbcm a little while
when we were ordeied to prepare to march.
There was much grumbling, but we knew
the first duty of a soldier, and so fell into
line. I idiou Id have said just before we put
up our tents it began to sprinkle, and finally
it was raining quite bard.
Very soon afjr we started it grew dark.
Presently I thought I heard in the distance
ahead some one shouting. I did not pay
much attention for a while, but as it con
tinued with more energy and we kept get
ting nearer, I thought it sounded like one in
distress. I firmly believe the guiding hand
of Providence directed mc how to act.
When I got, ag I thought, within reaching
distance of the man who was making all
this noise, I gave the order in a loud voice,
"Halt!" This command the men immedi
ately in the rear obeyed, and gave me a
chance to reach down aud lift the man out,
set him on his feet, and let him go on his
way rejoicing. What was the matter? By
In a IIolb.
some means a plank over a narrow culvert
had been dispUced, and this man had
slipped in with both fet. He had tried to
get out, but iu the darkne:s the men in the
rear had pitched onto and over him and
thrown him back, lie had become com
pletely discouraged, and he was crying for
If that work was not forme to perform,
how was it that that man's exact difficulty
was so plainly pictured ont in my mind,
and that I knew just what to do, and should
do just exactly the light thing? I want to
know who this soldier was. I wonld like
very much to bear from him by letterj
though I" would like to rce him and know
him personally. H. D. Haiitkr, 2820 Chi
cago avenue, Minneapolis, Minn.
- '' ' i in
A WAR TALE.
Comrade Tracy Calls Up Another Reminis
cence. Editor National Tuibpxe: Stale army
tales are not unlike other stale stories. Once
in a while, however, some one is interested
aud appreciates the effort, at least.
Christopher H. F rd was a Lientenant in
Co. A, 1st Kan. We called him "Charley."
lie was always giyen command of the advance-guard.
Brave and shrewd he was, and
ever careful regarding his personal appear
ance. Always could he be seen with a
nicely laundered white shirt, while others
of us were satisfied with the regulation gar
ment. In rear of Natchez, Miss., in the Fall of
1663, " boots aud saddles" allied us in line.
The command was " gallop." A rriving at the
river bank at Natchez, we were ferried over
as quickly as possible and put on the trail
of about 2,000 of our friends, the enemy,
who had played smash destroyed tho pon
toon train, taking all the horses and ihhIcs
and everything else in sight.
At Black Bayou, 20 miles away, Lieut.
Ford and his guard came to a new bridge,
partially destroyed by the Johnnies after
they had crossed it. Ford and the boys dis
mounted. He paw a horse hitched away
over in tho brush. ''Shoot over there," he
said to one of the troopers, "and wake them
The one shot was all that was necessary,
for in a minute nearly 2,000 men were firing
at the little squad. Nearly all of our men
were wonnded. Charley Ford's white shirt
was a target for the sharpshooters. At the
first fire he fell, not badly hurt. While the
regiment was lumbering along behind, com
ing up iu line-of-battle, tho rehs did a little
practicing at the expense of Ford, and their
bullets did cut the dirt pretty lively. They
let up directly, and Ford jumped up and
ran. The shooting commenced again and
he fell to the ground. Three limes he made
the same "break," (ho Johnnies thinking
when he fell that was the last of him. His
fiual effort, however, landed him behind a
tree, aud one rebel, when he started to run,
gave him a parting shot and yelled lustily,
"Sec the son of a sardine!'' Robert
Tracy, St. Joseph, Mb.
Reduced Hates to Washington.
Tho Young Pcoplo's Society of Christian
Endeavor will hold their Annual Meeting in
Washington, D. C, July 7 to 13.
For this occasion tho B. & O, R. R. Co. will
sell tickets from all points on its lino East of
tho Ohio River to Washington at ono siuglo
faro for tho round tr:p, July C to 8, inclusive,
valid for return passage until July 15, iucltisivo,
with tho privilege of nn additional oxtonsion
until July 31 by dopositing tickots with Joiut
Agent at Washington.
Tickets will also bo on sale at stations of all
Dok'Kates should uot loso siRht of tho fact
that all B. &. O. trains run via Washington,
(fSjrpip y jit
MEN? IN A BOAT.
Exciting Moments tVluto Trylnc to Blow Up
' Sum tor.
Editor National Tribune: I bave
read your paper moro or less for a number
of years, but neVerliavc seen anything about
tho attempt to blow up Fort Sumter. Wo
were on Morris Island during the capture of
tho forts and the bombardment of Sumter,
doing boat picket duty in Charleston Harbor.
Gen. Gillmorc's guns knocked two sides of
the fort into brickdnst, but tho north side
and. part of tlio east side wero toward the
enemy, and he could do no more than knock
oft the top of those sides.
Some engineer conceived the idea of blow
ing up the north side. At that time 1G men
from Co. K, 127th N. Y., were doing scout
duty iu the harbor in what was called tho
Ripply boat, captured by other troops from
the enemy. The names of tho crew I have
forgotteu. Two aftcrwnrd were killed in
battle and a number wonnded. The boat
was commanded by Lieut. Abercrombie and
Serg't Eaton. We made the torpedo of two
inch oak plank iu an ordinary pontoon boat.
It contained 2,800 pounds of powder.
Now, on the north side of Fort Sn niter
was a dock about 100 feet long for steamers
to come and land supplies. After the tor
pedo was complete, the next thing was to
get a night when the conditions were favor
able. We wanted it quite dark and a small
svi. Those acquainted with Cbarlc3ton
H.irbor know how a sea, a strong wind and
the tide may make it impossible lo handle a
torpedo of that description. This torpedo
had a fuse to burn estimated at a certain
time of tide while a boat was drifting 40
ynrds, connected with a sub-marine fuse in
a pistol held by Lieut. Abercrombie. Every
one of that crew knew the Lieutenaut would
not fire the fuse till we were as near the fort
as 40 yards. We had to pull by the fort in
plain sight of tho Johnnies to get above,
when vc could drift down.
We members of the crew were dressed to
swim, having on a shirt only. We expected
the boat to be sunk, or wo might have to
fight big odds. We were armed with Sharp's
rifles, navy revolvers, and cutlasses.
The first attempt out the sea was too high,
and wc gave it up ; but on tho night of Aug.
28, 1801, the weather being favorable, we
All the troops on Morris Island expected
great results. The forts were ready to pour
in their shell the moment we were out of
rnugn. It seemed like being in a strange
country above the fort, on waters the John
nies could make boil with grape and canis
ter. The north side of the fort looked like
a large hotel, with the ports open and light;
We began drifting down, feeling every
minute we might be diovered. We could
sec the men iu the fort and the sentry on
the dock. It seemed impossible to sit still
in that boat, knowing when the fuse was
fired the ball would open, and we would
have to pull down by the fort to get home.
Forty yards that night was a mighty short
distance, and it seemed as if Abercrotnbie
were going to drift iuto the very fort itself.
Aaron Handy steered the torpedo, and
soon the Lictrtenant said, "Take Handy
aboard," which wo did quick. Bang went
the pistol. The fuse in the torpedo wad
ignited. For just one instant the Johnnies
seemed paralyzed, then every man in the
garrison was on the j arapet shooting at us.
We could not pull the other way, but had to
pull down bythc-fort about the same, dis
tance 40 yards off, for we were in the swash
channel. NobWl could go through the
main channel after the alarm was given.
Not a man in 'the boat was hit. The
blades to the outer oars when out of the
water were continually being hit with bul
lets. There nrust have been 150 men shoot
ing at one boat'b crew, firing at least
two shots each before we could ge out of
range. We wero si near them they M fired
over our head?. While they were shooting,
tho torpedo kptitdrifling. The Johnnies
had to run to cover. On the north Bide wns
a dock 100 feetf long for the landing of sup
plies. Had it 'riot been for a corner pile to
the dock, where the torpedo hesitated and
was turned slightly aside by the current, it
would have gone to the exact position.
There was no way of stopping the fuse from
burning. It exploded about 30 feet from
where it was designed to go, blowing the
dock as high as you could see. The concus
sion killed a few Johnnies, but did no great
damage to the fort.
As they swarmed to the parapet again,
Bittery Gregg, on Morris I-latid, let a
straight rantr go and drove them to cover
till we could get out of range. I think if
we could have had another torpedo and
repeated the expedition the next night, with
the dock out of the way, it would have been
successful. T. F. Ha inks, Co. K, 127th N.
Y., Bndgehauipton, N. Y.
"Who Was Ho?
The Spring Hill corregponden t to tho Nash
ville American of recent date says:
" Mr. Henry Pointer, whose place is about
half a mile north of Spring Hill, made
a 'find' this afternoon,, which, at first, was
rather startling, and lafer moat interesting.
Mr. Pointer is the owner of the celebrated
brood mare Sweepstakes, the dam of Hal
Pointer, who just now has a very fine colt at
her side. Mr. Pointer walked down into
her pnddock this afternoon to look after the
mother and youngster. As lie approached
the bank of McCiitcheon's Creek, which flows
through the end of the pasture, his eyes fell
upon an object which gave him, something
of a sensation. It was apparently a human
skull, and examination revea'cd the fact that
the entire skeleton of a man lay partially
eovered by tho earth, having been robbed uf
its place of interment by the grndual wash
ing away of the bank by tho stream.
"Mr. Pointer deferred further investiga
tion until he could come lo town and get a
number of the Woolwine school boys and
several Nashville drummers to go with hjm
to the scene. Then the ' find ' was completely
" The skeleton proved to be that of a Union
soldier a man about six feet iu bight. It
was in a remarkable state of preservation,
considering tire fact that it had lain iu the
earth for about '12 years. Rotten fragments
of the regulation soldier's blanket lay about
the skeleton. The patent leather band aud
buckle of his cap were there, and between
the lower ribs and tho thigh-hone Was a
largo miiiic-ballthc messenger of death
lying with the ifoues of its victim. The
ball was takeiflri charge by Mr. John Crutch
field, of Naslrvflle.
"By the sjftfctral soldier, on his last long
and silent duty, was the rusty chain and
metal etoppcrof his canteen. In a position
indicating that ft had fallen from his pocket;
as the cloth rolled away wns a fonr-blnded
pearl-handle k'riifc. Tho handlo and tho
tips were as lingli't ns if brand new, hut the
blades wero a little-rust eaten The metal tin
of a lead pencil'a'nd a number of regulation-
brass btittonsrjCSTiiig the letters TJ. S. com
pleted the find. Tho teeth of the skull
were in a perfect slate of preservation.
"The soldieiprcust havo met his death
during tho nocEskirmishing that occurred
about hero j&iKj.jhJa night of tho battle of
Franklin, and was probably hurriedly buried
by his comrades on the bank of the creek.
The remains will be buried by Mr. Pointer,
and tho relics Will bo preserved."
Editor National Tribune: I clip tho
above from "The Horse Review" of May 19,
1890. Thought it might be acceptablo for
your colnmii8.r-1J. A.
III., Erie, Kana. '
WELLS, Captain, 01st
SUIISTITUTKS TOU IIOKSFORIV3
Acid l'liuspli.'ilo nro Dangerous.
Becanso thoy cost less, many substitutes are
offered, some of which aro dangerous, aud uono
of which will produce tho same effect as tho
nenuiue. Insist unon having "IIokskoiid's"
whether buying a bottle of Acid rhosph'atc, or
" ohosphato " in a glass of soda.
From Alert Comrades All Along the
Line. 3Irst Day "at Gettyslinrjj.
B. H. Tripp, Middletown, Mo., saya: "I
have received quite a number of very inter
esting letters in answer to my call for the com
rades of the First aHd Second Brigades, First
Division, Fiist Corp.", to write what they re
membered of tho lirst day at O.cttysbnrg. I
would bo glad if more of the Second Bri
gade boys would write to me. I cannot an
swer all the letters I receive, but will send
to The National Tribune extracts from
them that will be interesting to all.
"Among the first to arrive was a letter
from P. H. Walker, Co. D, 7th Wis. After
telling of the death of Gen. Reynolds ho
gives this personal experience:
"'As wo started to fall hack from the rail
piles on Seminary Hill the straps of my
knapsack were cut by a ball, and fell from
my t-houlders. As I had important business
in the direction of Gettysburg,! did not stop
to pick it up. Soon a ball struck my left
leg near the shin-bone and came out at the
back. Just as wc crossed a wagon-road a
half-ounce ball struck mo in the left car,
coming out under the left eye, clipping the
end of my nose. This knocked mc senseless,
and I was left for dead ; but before tho regi
ment had left the city I got upjand over
"Nothiug but death could induce the
boys to stop and accept the kind and gen
erous treatment sure tube given to everyone
who went to a Southern prison. Thia is but
one of the many experiences that should be
gathered and printed for future generations
to read and admire Now, comrades, do not
hesitalc to write me. Give time of starting,
road, direction; what you saw of Gettys
burg, and when you reached it; time the
battle opened, and all yon can remember."
IT. Calkins, Co. B, McClellan Dragoons,
Union, Ato., says: "Your paper contains
historical articles thnt I wish every boy in
America could and would read. If onr
young men of to-day would read them with
a comprehensive mind, they would gain a
little idea of what the boys of a third of a
century and more ago were doing. There
were other subjects to claim our attention
then than riding ' bikes ' or talking slang. I
have no doubt, though, that the boys of the
present generation would prove just as good
stuff as true metal as were their fathera
if there were conditions that required it.
"Ameiican yonths, I believe, since the
days of Marion and his ragged regiment,and
Sumter and his men, have proved equal to
any emergencies that demanded valor or
sacrifice. The story of young Dahlgren, of
young Gushing, and hundreds of others
hoys of their epoch should be told till the
youths of our conntry are familiar with
them. Times may come when their lives
would inspire noble deeds and sacrifices
that will make worthy companion pieces
with theirs on the pages of their country's
A TJravo Officer.
G. L. Camp, Co. G, 92d Ohio, Burton,
Wash., writes: "In the issue of May 7 the
Chickamauga Fifcr A. B. Fox, Co. 11, 8Gth
III. labors under a mistake in regard to
Gen. B. D. Fearing. None were braver or
better than the General. He was a strict dis
ciplinarian, hut careful of his men. He had
climbsd kite ladder from the bottom pound
to where he stood at Bentonville. The mis
take Comrade Fox makes isas to his being a
Regular officer. He went into the war from
the same County from which I went (Wash
ington County, O.). He wafj a private in the
first Bull Run battle; then Major of the
77th Ohio, and Lieutenant-Colonel, 02d Ohio.
When Col. Yan Vorhid resigned Fe.sring was
promoted Colonel. At Chickamauga, while
commanding his regiment, he was wounded,
the same ball passing through both legs. At
the Bentonville battlo he was wounded, as
Comrade Fox states. He and I have had a
number of talks in regard to onr army life
since the war, but he had to succumb to tho
fell destroyer, and has answered to the last
reveille here below."
"What 1'ecamo of the Johnny.
B. F. Laughlin, Marion Center, Pa., writes:
" On July 2, 1863, 1 was engaged with Co. B,
11th Pa. Reserve Corps, in the charge down
the westernslopcof Little Round Top against
the Southern troop3 that were driving that
splendid Regnlar Infantry Brigade of the
Fifth Corps up. I had been auxiously watch
ing them sweep arouud from the Devil's Den
and across the Valley of Death, the Regulars
loading, turning, delivering their fire in
grand order. Jti3t before we reached the
swamp with my gun at a charge I almost
stumbled on a man in gray lying near a big
stump. He threw up his hands and cried,
'Don't shoot!' Having urgent business at
the front, I told him to get to the rear quick,
and I went on. In 1883 I cnt a cedar bush.
and have it for a cane, from the spot where
that Southern soldier lay. My object in
writing this the second time is to ask that
man lo get a two-cent stamp and write me,
if he is living, whether he followed my di
rections or not."
A Pew Corrections,
George W. Hiues, Co. C, 93th Ohio, Deers
ville, O., writes: "In a recent issue I find a
story by John C. Fario, Co. B, 8Gth III. Re
ferring to certain statements I will say that
Gen. McPherson's troops were the first to
leave the works at Kenesaw July 2, 1864.
Our division (Second of Fourteenth Corps)
did not leave the works until the morning
of July 4. The 22d Ohio did not belong to
the Third Brigade, Second Division, Four
teenth Corps, aud it did not belong to the
division. The 52d Ohio belonged to the
Third Brigade, the 22d Ind. and two or threo
Illinois regiments. The comrade speaks of
the Fourteenth Corps, Gen. Thomas com
manding. Gen. Palmer commanded the
Fourteenth Corps at this time and until
about Aug 18, 1804, when Gen. Jeff C. Davis
Edwin r. Barrett, Box 171, Mntfreesboro,
Tenn., says that "after the battle of Pair
Oaks or Seven Pines, May ol, 1862, a Con
federate soldier buried one of our boys, and
in bis pocket found a Bible, with green mo
rocco binding, and a 'housewife.' On the
flyleaf of the Bible is written the name ' W.
M. Peel, Schooley Riflemen.' These are now
in my possession, and any relative or friend
wishing them can have them by applying
The comrado who wanted the address of
I. N. Van Tassel I, a wardmaster, would do
well to address him at 25 Nelsou street,
Dover, N. H.
THK MOUNTAIN CHAUTAUQUA.
Mountain T.nko l'ark, Md., on tho Main
Tiinc of the Picturesque D. & O.
Tho most superb and sonsiblo Summer resort
in America: $300,000 expended in improve
ments; 200 beautiful cottacs; hotel and cot
tago board at from $5.00 to $12.00 per ,vcek
cheaper than staying at homo. Tho mountain
air aud tho mountain view3 simply indescrib
able. Session August 5th to 25th. Three su
porb critertainmeutj daily. Tho best music
ami tho best lecturers which money can pro
cure. Dr. T. DoWitt Talmage, Gen. John B.
Gordon and Bishop J. If. Vincent already se
cured, with 100 others. Dr. W. L. Davidson,
tho great Chautauqua manager, in charge
Summkr Schooia 20 departments of im
pbrtaut school work in clinrgo of leading in
structors from the prominent universities. A
wonderful chance for teachers and students de
siring to mako up studies. Tuition insignifi
cant. Wishes of students gratified. Low rates
on railroads. For full dutailed information
and illustrated progrnmmo, addross A. 11
Sperry, Mountain Lako Park, Md.
. THEIR RECORDS.
Urief Sketches of tho Services
The 2d Mass. IT. A.
This regiment was organized at Readville
and Boston, Mass., from July 23, 1863, to
Dec. 24, 1863, to servo tbree years, and was
mustered ont Sept. 3 and 15, 1365. Jonea
Frankle was commissioned Colonel, nnd com
manded until it was mustered out. Tbe 2d
Mass. H. A. lost two companies at Plymouth,
N. C. Abont 275 men were in these com
panies, and 173 died in rebel prisons. The
total loss of the regiment was 15 men killed
in action or died of wounds and four officers
and 363 men died of disease, in prison, etc.
Tho oth J'a. Cav.
This regiment was also known as the
"Cameron Dragoons" and 65th Pn. It was
organized at Philadelphia, Pa., from July to
September, 1361, for the three years' service.
Ou the expiration of its term it veteranized
and remained in service nntil Aug. 7, 1865.
Max Friedman and D.ivid Campbell, who
commanded the regiment (luring its earlier
service, both resigned. When mustered ont
it was commanded by Col. Robert M. West,
Brevet Brigadier-General. At New Market
Road, Va., Oct. 7, 1H64, while in Kantz's
Division, the regiment lost 10 killed, 32
wounded and 67 missing. Its total loss in
the service was one officer and 76 men killed
aud six officers and 210 men died. Of these
deaths 76 occurred in rebel prisons.
Tho 25th . Y.
This regiment was often known in the
service as the "Union Rangers." It was
organized at New York City in May and
June, 1861, for two years, and was mustered
out on the expiration of its term of enlist
ment. Col. James E. Kerrigan was dis
missed March 6, 1862. When mastered out
Col. Charles A. Johnson was in command.
The command was engaged in a number of
battle?, but its heaviest loss was at Han
over Courthouse, where, ont of 349 officers
and men taken into action, 41 were killed, a
little over 11 per cent. The regiment was
then in Morell's Division, Fifth Corps. It
later served in Griffin's Division, Fifth Corps.
Its total loss was seven officers and 54 men
killed and four officers and 25 men died.
The 303l Ta.
The regiment was organized at Philadel
phia nnd Harrisburg, Pa., in August and
September, 1864, to serve one year, and was
mustered out June 22, 1865. Col. John TV".
Moore, the beloved commander of the reci-
inenr, was killed in action at Fort Fisher,
N. C, Jan. 15, 1865. Col. Oliver P. Harding
was dismissed May 2, 1865. When mustered
out the regiment was under command of
Col. Amos W. Bachman. In speaking of
the maximum of regimental loss in particu
lar engagements Col. Fox mentions the 203d.
At Fort Fisher, while in Ames's Division,
Tenth Corps, 69 men were killed. The com
mand also served in Foster's Division. Tenth
Corps. Its total loss in the service was four
officers and 70 men killed in action or died
of wounds aud 72 men died of disease, acci
dents, in prison, etc.
The Gist 111.
The regiment, with the exception of Co.
K, was organized at Carrolton,'lll., in Feb
ruary and March, 1862, for the three years'
service. Co. K was organized in January,
1864, and assigned to this regiment. The
regiment veteranized, and was retained in
service until Sept. 8, 1865. Col. Jacob Fry
resigned May 14, 1803 ; Lienr.-Col. Daniel
Grass wa3 discharged May 15, 1865, and
when mustered out Jerome B. Nnlton was
in command. The regiment served in Kim
ball's Division, Sixteenth Corps, with a loss
of three officers and 34 men killed and four
officers and 183 men died of disease, in prison,
A Most Deserving Comrado.
Editor National Tkibuxe: Incident
ally learning that Comrade A. D. King, of
Cnlbertson, Neb., has permitted his name to
come before the people of this State for State
Treasurer, and believing a word of com
mendation is good, I deem it not more than
kindly to speak of his services as a soldier
during the times that tried men's sonh.
Loyalty and patriotism found him enlisted
as drummer-boy in the ranks of tbe 4th
Iotya at an age less than 14 years. At the
expiration of one year ho was a soldier with
musket on his shoulder as a private in the
rank?. His regiment was brigaded under
command of our gallant Gen. John M.
Thayer, and took part in the battles of
Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansaa Post, aud was
in and through the fiery siege of Vicksbnrg
and thence with Sherman to Memphis,
Tenn., and upon the memorable march of
300 miles across to Chattanooga, taking part
in the battle of Missionary Ridge, on to Re
saca, Atlanta, thence on to the sea, and on
to the end of the rebellion. In each battle
and through all the fire this boy, as a pri
vate, proved himself a manly and brave sol
dier. He mustered out in August, 1865, yet
a boy of less than 19 years. He retnrued to
Iowa and at once began life for himself, and
through all, by his manly and honorable
bearing won the good will of all. At no time
a politician, yet always manifesting a deep
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY.
A . Weekly Series of
No. 1. STATISTICS OF THE WAR. -Containing the nnmber of troops
furnished by each State, losses ou both sides and complete statistical data relating to tha
No. 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. The Gettysburg Address, Second Inangoxa
and copious extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMORANDA. Dates of the great
events relating to the opening and close of the War of the Kebellionj Physiological
Statistics of the Army; List of Ueneral officers killed on both sides.
PENSION STATISTICS. Number on the roll of each class; ex
No. 5. HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.
By John McElroy. Its Introduction; Early Efforts at Emancipation; its stimnlns tha
Cotton Gin; Struggle in Congress about extension into the Territories; Emancipation
Illustrated by Portraits.
No. 6. PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE.-B
Byron Andrews. .Biography of Monroe, History and Text of Doctrine, Olney's Letter and
Cleveland's Message, Portrait, Map,tc.
No. 7-8 (Double Number). COMMANDERS OF THE?
U N ITED STATES A R M Y. 7 John McElroy. Contains splendid full page half
tone etchings of the best-known portraits of the 17 Commanders from the adoption of that
Constitution to the present time; a sketch of each; strength of the Army at various dates.
No. 9. THE STORY OF CUBA. B7 Byron Andrews. History of tho
Island from the Discovery by Colnmbns to the Administration of Weyler. Map aud 16
illustrations, including portraits of Gomez, Maceo, Campos, Weyler, and other leaders on
No. 10. THE LIFE OF MAJ. -GEN. GEORGE H. THOMAS.
By John McElroy. A sketch of the life of the distinguished Commander of the Army of thai
Cumberland, with half-tone portrait.
No. II. LIFE OF MAJ. WM. McKINLEY.-By John McElroy.
TO BE ISSUED.
No. 12. LIFE OF GEN. P. H. SHERIDAN.
OTjiEr jWfflBEflS op GrJEilT IfiTEfiEST Oillilt FOItltOOj.,
Terms $3 a year. Five cents a copy, except double number 7-S, 10 cents. Six of tn
numbers for 25 cents, counting 7-8 as two numbers. Scut postpaid.
Address, THE NATIONAL TIUBUNE, 1729 New York Ave.,. Washington, , JX a
interest in clean, pnro Government, ifi
surely would not be saying too much thatr
in 15 years' acquaintance I know no man,
ex-soldier or otherwise, who is more truly
equipped to 3erve our people as Staio Treas
urer. Since the year 1884 he has lived afr
Cnlbertson, Neb., and by reason of attention?
to his own private business is worthy tcf
serve the people. Comrade?, help the sol
dier boy. Honor to whom honor is due.
W. H. Tkites, Sergeant, Co. H, 17th III.,
Hildreth, Nab. .
A woman's duly Hei flwt In tlio pnth that lend
to health. Hood's SnriKpsrllln fe tlio loader.
Editoi: National Tkibune: Jndgo
Benj. M. Peck, a comrade of Post No. Q3t
Department of Pennsylvania, who was a
Captain cf tho 141st Pa., one of the regi
ments of the Second Corps that made tho
assault on the angle at Spottsylvonia, May
12, 1364, when Gen. Edward Johnsons Di
vision was. captured, including Gen. Edward
Joiinon and Gen. G. H. Stewart, has a Colt's
revolver which he got from a rebel offices
that day. The Judge says that the office?
had threo star.- on his collar, and that said
officer was unwilling to surrender his sword
and revolver to an officer of inferior rank,
but that such a request wa3 denied, and
aforesaid officer was persuaded to yield to
such arguments as the timo and circum
stances demanded, and the Captain got the
sword and revolver. The Judge says that in
tho evening, while assisting in the bnrial of
one of hi3 comrades, be laid the captured
sword down, and upon stepping back to get
it it was gone, and he has not learned to this
day what became of the sword. He sayg
that it was a very handsome one. The re
volver he has now. The Judge wants to
know who this rebel officer was. Can yorj
or any of your numerous readers tell whether
this officer was Gen. Johnson or Gen. Stew
art? The Judge says that he had threa
stars on his collar, but that he does nofc
know the marks of rank in the rebel army,
to determine whether the officer was Gen.
Johnson or Gen. Stewart, or some other
officer. If yon can give the insignia of rank;
of the rebel service to determine this ques
tion, yon will confer a favor. J. ANDREW
Wii.t, Adjutant, Pot No. 63, Department ojC
Pennsylvania, G.A.R., Townnda, Pa.
If the three stars were plain silver, tho
officer was a Colonel. If they were of gold
and with a wreath aronud them, he was a
Lientenant-General. On the rebel uniform
one silver star on each side of the collar indi
cated a Major; two, a Lieutenant-Colonel;
three, a Colonel. One gold star, encircled by
a wreath, a Brigadier-General ; two, a Major
General ; three, a Lientenant-General, and
four, a General. Editor National Tkib
How to Got Thero.
C. A. Howe, Wyanet, III., says: "Please
ask the comrades what orders Bhall bo given
to accomplish soonest the following move
ment: Company marching in two lines to
wards a river. The Captain sees at a dis
tance that bridge will allow only two men
side by side. What are propercommands to
give to get the company over and form agaia
as at first? It is doubtless easy, bnfc a Post
foil of veterans to whom the question wag
put made hard work of it between wheeling,
obliquing, filing, etc. Shall they 'break
ranks and when ye fall in be on the other
side of the river"?
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