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THE NATIONAL TBIBUNE: WASHINGTON, ft1 OJ THURSDAY, JUNE IS, 1S9G.
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on tlic Uses of
AN OVD lOCTOIl'S VIKW8.
It has been so persistently nnip into our cars
for bo ninny years that wo onpht to oat fruit
before or while tnkinu our morning meal, tliat
ono Las hardly dared enter a protest, even
when knowing that, in his own ca60 at least,
fruit thus eaten is hurtful.
It is the theory of many that fruit is always
wholesome, nd that the more ono eats of it,
especially in the morning, the butter. Nothing
can he more erroucous, and the best evidence
of this is found in the fact that thoso who arc
excessive frnit-oatcrs usually have poor teeth.
The truth is that everybody in this country
eats loo much fruit. Wo have it in such abun
dance that wo abuse iL Babies oat it and lose
their teeth before they are scarcely grown.
Boys and girls revel in it and are in tho hands
of the dentists before they aro half grown.
In Ireland, where tho peasants live chiefly
on buttermilk and potat-oes. they let tho black
berries dry on the hedues Their teeth aro
linn and beautiful; but let thoso Irish peasants
immigrate to America, and fill their stomachs
with fermented fruit, aud they Rro soon going
about with their face3 tied up with toothache.
Fruit eaten moderately is well enough, and
thore aro some who require it like a medicine;
but uiuo pertons out of 10 will bo better ou to
Hvoid it before breaKlast huu aucr supper.
of a. id is what we suffer from in this J
rnnntrr. unless wo livo on tbo alkah plains.
Au old doctor of extended practico gives it
as his opinion that none but robust people,
with great vitality and strong digestion, may
with impunity eat fruit before breakfast, and
that pale, thin, cold-blooded meu and women
aro always the worse for it.
"Just "consider for a -moment tho absurdity
of beginninc the day -with an oraugo or two,"
lie says; " t hen some cereal, with cream or milk.
Tho acid of tho fruit curdles the milk, and
often causes indigestion and the most acute
pain. I believe that fruits and cereals and
uiilk should never bo taken one after the other.
If it is more agreeable to the palate to take the
fruit, omit the other, or take tho cereal with
a little butter or sugar.
"As there are so many people who depend
largely upon oatmeal and other farinaceous
food for their morning meal, it would bo found
an excellent plan to take fruit much liter in
the day. Indeed, I very decidedly approvo of
taking fruit between meals, when one is tho
most likely to crave it. 1 know that many of
ray patients have declared that they ate fruit
at breakfast simply becauso they bad got into
tho habit of it, and because everybody said
it was the proper thing to do.
"I have been obliged to forbid fruits of many
sorts to scores of my patients. Fresh apples
are almost always allowable, but when thoy aro
cooked they are to many persons a decided
irritant. One lady can cat fresh apples at any
time of day or night with gr-at benefit, but
when they are cooked in any way, especially
when made into apple sauce, they cause indi
gestion almost as Boon as they are oaten.
Oranges disagree with many, especially when
they aro partaken of before meals, and two of
my patients have had such violent paroxysms
of" pain after eating them that thoir use baa
boeu abandoned altogether.
"Uhubarb is another articlo about which
there aro many opinions. Jt is almost like I
poison ti certain torn pe ram ents, aud seems to
bgrco with otherB. I have often remarked,
bowc,er, that dishes of which people aro very
fond aro likely to be the last things that they
will admit as disagreeing with them. It is
alwa3's something else, or they aro bilious, or
have taken cold, or they invent some now and
flimsy excuse for their indisposition.
" We once had as a guest a very delicate
young woman, who positively dissipated on a
morning diet of fruit. J knew that it was
bringing on dyspepsia, but whatever I said she
met with a laugh and the assertion that she
couldn't live without fruit for breakfast. It so
chanced that our family went to tho country
for a few days, and subsisted on plain food,
without a particle of fruit. The young woman
improved in health every day, and when we
returned the customary fruit was omitted.
Aud this would bu the experieuco of a large
number of persons if they would try tho ex
periment." 2CKAV NATIONAL HYSIJT.
Following the National Encampment. S. of V.,
at Kuoxviliu last Autumn, the new National
hymn, "The iJanner of Beauty and Glory.""
ming at the Encampment aud evoking great
enthusiasm, was printed iu tho Loyal Home
Workers uVpai uncut.
The composer of this grand American an
them, Serg't W. O. Pierce, better known as Dr.
Pierce, belongs to the ranks of tho Loyal Homo
Workers, and it is hoped the L.H.W. Council,
in arranging for tho annual Bcuuioii at St.
Paul, will uoV omit .placing it upon their
"Tho Banner of Beauty and Glory" is the
most spirited patriotic musical composition
growing out of tho war, and its mighty fervor
ranks with "Bally Hound the Flag" and tho
fcUrring songs of George F. Boot of tho war
To all Post, Corps, Camps. Reunions,
, leagues, societies, schools, and associations
wanting something full of fire and awing "The
Banner of Beauty and Glory" is particularly
adapted, especially for the 4th of July, flag
presentation'-, aud National holidays. Dr.
Pierce's address is Winchester. Ind. The clos
nig stanza aud chorus of the a nth em follow:
Flont furovtT. O F1r! Firt in ience, first in war.
And HrM in tins honrtb of the brave,
Wlit, t-tnnJ like ttie ruck hi (he lultlc' shock
Wlierovvr thy colore amy wave;
Iloui on hite i he rivers shall coumc lo the sea!
Woulout thou FlMjiof the free!
Tlbe Uumicr of liettuiy aud Glory, forever.
Then thunder your cheer. Huzza I
1'or tliu 1'iku of the NhIIuii'h fieo;
Tlie JStripue ttnd the Slurs
With ihfir b;iUle-ictr
A l hoy flont oVr land nnd eea,
Tho biiiuicr of blue and crimson hue,
Aud the white of the lily's dew.
Tho Unoner of IJeimty nnd Glory, forever.
Opinion mid CoiniiK-ntK Upon a Vital Thoino
of tliu 'i'inies.
A M Kill O A fsIIUULD HAVK A CllOICK.
James McKeuua, iu a recent articlo in Tin:
National TninUNr, said he had never heard
it said thai tho influx of ignorant foreigners,
mentioned iu Dora Davis's article, had been
given as a cause of the bard times.
Now, tho depressing effect ou American labor
of an ovotflow of undtysir.tblo imiuigratilif is as
old one, and I urn surprised t hat every active citi
zen has not heard the case stated as ilias Davis
has dont For tho past four years immigration
has nveraged 13.000 a mouth, now grown to
30.000. and thousands upon thousands of tho
sum total belong to the class designated.
Indeed, tho class of immigration dumped
upon our shores for some yeais past has boon
largely of the pauper and criminal classes. Un
fit for their native country, why fit for ours?
Neither physically nor meutally qualified for
good citizen-ship, little attempt is mado by them
lo quality for its duties.
Astoovercronding, wchave.as Mr. McKcnna
Kay. plenty of room out West for immigrauta,
in Texus and Missouri; but we do not want the
classes coming to our shores for many mouths
past, fully !I0 per ceut. of which can neither
rend nor write English, and hardly their own
languages. No country can be built up by
crowding out good A tnei lean labor to give work
to cheap pauper labor.
Figures may not He, but thoy misrepresent.
Theories may sound well in print, bnttfeoy are
not carried out when coming in contact with
foreigu immigrants, iu all their phases, as aeon
fu all our tiltus.
VVTMOTTO. ?R0 PJtRIA,
Flower. Forget 'me- not.
The cheap pauper immigrants do not immi
grate to tho vast undeveloped territory referred
to by Mr. McKenna aud Dr. lclc. As a resi
dent of New York City Dr. Naplo certainly
knows this. Thoy herd in the cities, over
crowding them, until it is a common sight to
sen no end of beegars all day long.
Perhaps if the cities would induco these
people to migrate to the Western country,
where they could becomo thrifty and self-supporting,
there would bo less complaint from
tho editors of civilization. But. whoro there is
so little ambition to got on in the world this is
a hnrd thine to do.
Hardly any of theeo immigrants, besides be
ing unable to rend and writo, can understand,
when becoming citizens, the Constitution and
form of Government under which thoy live.
Coming from monarchical and tyrannous coun
tries, their changed conditions cannot bo esti
mated except through education in the princi
ples and institutions of our free Government-
Ninety per cent, of foreian immigrants
naturalized in this country arc unfit to become
citizens. Recently, in St. Louis, a great politi
cal party took out naturalization papers for 108
immigrants, in order that their votes might
count at a certain election.
Tho other great party, to even up, naturalized
over 200, and the great majority of easily-made
citizens, in both cases, could not write their
names, while not ouo of thorn looked as though
he knew or cared what it was all about.
In Boston 33 per cent, of the population aro
native born; in Chicago thero are moro for
eigners than nativo born. The statistics of
every city attest that foreign immigration does
not spread over new territory but congests ia
cities, and that while largo numbers are worthy.
well-to-do citizens, thoy aro iu tho hopeless
The political loaders of tlio day use foreign
immigrants at the election much as tho herder
drives his swine. They know not for what or
for whom they vole; yet to them is entrusted
the privilege of shaping, by their votes, the
polities of Government that cither make or uu
mako a country's prosperity.
Wo havo room for immigration, but we want
it restricted. Our American labor cannot be
protected by inviting to our shores a c'ass of
cheap immigrants, who will work for almost
nothing, and who live so indecently that they
can hardly be called human ; and such is the
larger half, by far, of what wo get from Euro
pean and Asiatic countries to day.
Let us not close our gates to the thrifty and
worthy sons of toil, who. like our grandsires,
are escaping from the bondage of Europe, but
let us restrict by lwing tho judges of who aro
not worthy of entrance to the portals of this
the greatest Nation and country on earth.
Amos L. Seaman, St. Louis, ilo.
SHUT THr.M ALL OUT.
L.II.W. .and FiUENlis; I havo just read
James SIcKeHiia's article regarding restricting
immigration to this country, and I hasten to
give my views on the subject.
I. too, slightly differ with Miss Davis in her
views asset forth in her prize paper, as she lays
the condition of our country too much to tho
But I infer from McKenna's articlo that he
would still throw our doors open to the world.
I say with all vehcuiouco that we must shut
them if we would preserve our beautiful land
Are we to say stop after we are thronged like
London, and poverty is unlimited? Or like
China, where hard labor will bring but 17 to 20
cents per day? Or will it he when all ourbcau
tiful forests are laid low by the ax?
Look at the foul murder of Chief of Potico
Hennessy, of New Orleans, somu yoaisago.
It is true, we could hold a population of 500,
000,000, and could stand against the strongest
nations of the world. But why need wo want
this, when, with the 100,000,000 that wo will
soon reach, and a few more Thomas A.ISdtsnns.
we can defend ourselves against tho combined
world and still have our beautiful country, with
its vast forests and plenty of open air.
J will notdeny but what hundreds of foreign
born fought bravely in our lato civil war, and
thero "were hundreds who when captured would
not stand by the pledge they had madu to tho
Union. Look at those who went out of Salis
bury Prison, for example. And now, to quote
a few of Patrick Henry's words:
"Aro we disposed to bo a part of those who
having eyes See not, aud having ears hour not
the things which so nearly concern our tem
This illustrious statesman looked a hundred
years ahead for ns. and wo must look a hun
dred years ahead for tho generations to come,
aud I believe one of the most importaiitactiuus
is to stop immigration to our country.
We must act at oncu aud not idlo away years
and years before we realize what wo must do.
I believe I voice jJio sentiments of hundreds of
the truest citizens of our noV.lo country.
J. Busscll Winu, v.s., 177th Ohio, Little Bay,
"WHY NOT COLONIZE?
Di:ar C.C. and LuH.W.'h: Plcaso accept
thanks for kind words of commeudation for my
poor efforts which have appeared in tho C.C.
columns from time to titna.
Comrade Nagle, I greet jou with a comrade's
greeting! But, say let mo whisper in your
car; don't you thiuk yon have more land than
you want out there iu the Lone Star Slate?
Let mo suggest that j'ou order your patients
to migrate out toyonr ranch and recuperate.
Can't you afford to do that?
A lady in New Yoik, I hear, said to her
nhysiciau that Dr. B. had advised ono of his
wealthy patients to take a trip to Europe.
"Yes," replied the Doctor; "x presume ha
can afford to give that kind of advice."
Utiles of the Cliib.1, Write briefly. 2. Write only
on one tide of the pupe-. IL W rite lo the ioiiit. i.
Vrilc on ouc euhjccl. 5. H rite your best. 0. Kucll
week the names of thoe writing the best letters
etyle. coninobitioii. iclliiirr, ciiniunhti mid Kn
cml merit coiifnH-red will be named at the bend
of this column on the Honor ltoll. Fitst honor
will incJiulu HU jf ihcM) requirements. Secornl
houor will include it deficiency in buiiio ouo point.
pin' Idlers v.i. mean veteran's aon. v.I. velor
nVlitiuhtcr nntl v.w. veleriui'M widow; member?
ufto-MfciHlions will 15 nmrked S.V. and I). V.J
Corn N. Eaton, v.d.. Mil ford, Mass.; Archi
bald Kissick, v.s., Co. II, 90th Ohio, Gratiot, 0.;
Cora P. Canney. daughter of Chas H. Canney,
Musician, Co. A, 12th N. II., Farminglon, N. II.;
G. Leslie Bushlou, Layton, Utah. Total, 15,314.
Cora IL Canney, enrolled to-day, will ox
changc postal autographs with all. W. B. Long
slreth, Gratiot, O., will exchange letters aud
W. B. Longstreth, Box G9, Gratiot, O., is se
curing blocks for a C.C. quilt, aud desires every
Slate represented. Ho would be pleased to have
the addresses of C.C. girls in Arizona, Dela
ware, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Novada,
New llexico, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, aud Washington.
Mina Whedon is awarded "Words of Lin
coln" for the following paper on American
Tho elements of true womanhood aro en
shrined iu American history by a liberty-loving
people. The pilgrim mothers of tho Now Eng
land coast aro entitled to as great praise as the
hexoia patriots who fought tho British in the
llevoiutioii or the Unionists who compelled tho
South to surrender aud thua explode tho Con
federacy of Jefferson Davis. Wo find ample
evidence of the great work done for liberty aud
ourBcpublic by self-sacrificing ami bravo wo
men, equally In war as in peace.
Those grand, good women have guided armies,
nursed tho sick and. woanded,. and fed tho
hungry. They bavo inspired courage- iu eol-
I diery aud have assisted the etateamaa.
Great affairs of stale havo been guided, yes,
controlled, by the quick brain of woman, whoso
masterly diplomacy aud ready skill in social
spheres havoaghaped the destiny of much legis
lation and regulated tho conclusion of treaties
audlhc opinions of conferences.
Sinco tho establishment of ourBcpublic a
groat change has taken place. Before this not
only the wives and danghtors of the farmers
wcie accustomed to habits of useful industrj,
but thoso noble matrons, whoso names will go
down to tho latest posterity with honor, were pa
trons of thrift and domestic economy. During
the Kcvolutionary period a lady would cut tho
fleece from the back of the sheep, spin, weave,
dress tho cloth, and cut and niako a garment
for hor brother who was going to war, all in -IS
hours from tho timosho heard of his intended
It is education only that makes them to
differ. Every young lady ought to bo so trainod
as to be ablo to mako her own way through tho
world without tho necessity of dopendenco ou
Ono thing only will make success sure, and
that element is tho "responsibilities of life,"
the knowledge that thero is no outsido help
available, that all depends, nnd must depend, ou
Of tho noted women of our Bcpublic thoro
is one name to which overy American turns
with moro fond affection than any other
Martha Washington the honored wife of the
father of his country.
Sho it vas that inspired and encouraged tho
grand aid good to action. Her character was
ono of deep sensibility and strong passion, but
it wassonsibly guided by judgment, controlled
by reason and leligion. In hor tho sorrowful,
the timid, and the erring found a sympathizing
Sho felt that tho responsibilities of lifo wero
to pity and to heal. She holioved that tho
strongest and purest havo within them tho
germsof thoso fiailtics which conqiiorthe weak.
She possessed in raro perfection those domestic
virtues which render home an earthly paradise.
All -along tho lino of administrations wo find
tho mistress of tho Republic possessing tho ele
ments that inspire patriotism for homo and for
country. And wo fail in our duty if we tguoro
the paivAmorican women havo played in tho
advancement of our Bcpublic.
Every woman cannot bo a lcador of tho Bc
public. Sho can, nevertheless, be a woman.
We can know our own business better than our
neighbors'. Wo can bo true to onr mission, and
not drift with tho tide, but will courageously
stem tho current.
Mina Whedon, Cortland, Ind.
Members of tho C.C. havo not forgotten Clara
B. Kushton, EastMaohixs, Mo., whose journey
to Utah for her health a year or so ago thoy
made possible. While thero sho improved con
siderably, and loluruiug homo was qutlo com
fortable for a time.
October, 169.1. she becamo Mrs. Gower, and
started again for tho West to seek a mildor
climate, but upon reaching Cleveland was taken
vory ill and ictnnicd to homo and mother, to
pass a Winter of great feebleness aud suffering.
She is now confined to her J eil, and has given
up hopes of recovery, but is quito resigned, and
in a letter, in pencil, sending her cousin's name
to roll-call, she writes as follows;
"I feel I can't get well, but I know thero ia
a happy home for mo beyond tho skies,' and
free from pain and sorrow, so it is only 'going
home.' I find tho promise, ' Lo, I am with
yon always, even to tho end,' holds good with
mo, and it helps mo to bear lots of pain."
THE NOM DB PLUME.
Deaii .Editop.: It gave mo groat pleasure to
read in the Editor's Chat that the privilege of
the nam de plume was withdrawn. I think
that all along it has beon odious to the groat
majority of the CC; or at least I havo found it
so in all my correspondence.
A year ago a few under such cover were deal
ing personal thrusts right and left with a lib
oral hand. As they were bright and witty,
and their thrusts for tlio most part harmless, it
was enjoyed by allj-
Lator the practice was extended, until it be
came almost a menace to our usefulness. It
was a satisfaction to know that the editor could
at any time draw the line, and lam thankful
that all masks havo been ordered off.
I thiuk I was among tho first who, mora than
a year ago, denounced tho use of tho uom do
plume, since which there havo been many pro
testH against tho mask, hut uonu so vigorous or
effective as that of Julius W. Gogarn a few
I give Mr. Gogarn credit for tho awakening
of tlie Order to a general request that all writ
ers use their correct names. He writes mo that
ho has received several anonymous pen pictures
of himself, and-this is another proof that some
of them ought not to be allowed to roam at largo
I think more objection has been made to what
they might do than to what thoy had done,
which objection iu, perhaps, not very well taken,
since we always had the editor between their
contributions and ourselves.
With thanks from many, I am, loyally
PASSING IN KKVIKW".
Belle M. MatthuwB. Whitestown, Pa., in clos.
ing a letter, says: "1 am sure wo must all
thank Comrade Bfdinglun for hi3 beautiful
song, 'Cheers for Old Glory, All Loyal Homo
Worker..' I know thanks ato iu the heart of
every C.C. even though unexpressed."
The editor holds some anonymous communi
cations which will bo printed when tho writers
scud ou thoir own name?, "Capt. Nemo "among
LOYAL HOME WORKRRS.
President Lcuore Itivcrs, of Vermont Circle,
L.H.W., urges all members lo be present at the
Beiitiiou and election of ofliccrrt, to bo held at
Colburn House, Manchester Center, Tt., July
1. A program that promises much merriment
is under way.
"Brother Kellogg is invited to bring Jiis
voice, and the 'Scout' will tell somo wonder
ful tales of tho Fatherland," sho says, iu clos
ing, aud adds: "I should like every one to
meet, for when we part it may bo for years and
it niuy be forever."
IJanberrlesfor I.uiicIioh anil LMcnics Cliiclcon
Banbcrries are always easily prepared becauso
the ingredients ate readily procured at any
season, oven when fruit is scarce. Thoy are
best cold, particularly suitable for lunches and
picnics, and are made as follows:
Ouo cup of rai&tus, ono cup of sugar, one egg,
tho juice aud a little bit of the grated rind of
ono lemon, a piece of citron the size of a baby's
hand. Bemovo tho seeds from the raisius and
chop them and tho citron very fine; then mix
tho ingredients thoroughly. Make pia crust
in the usual way; it does not heed to, bo vory
With tho :aver of a pint pail cat out the
dough after rolling, then put a tablespoou of
tbo mixture in tho center, fold tho crust np
like an old-fashioned "turnover," with this
difference, that it must bo perfectly tight so as
not to lose a single drop of tho filling.
After you havo put the banbcrries in the
tins, or, hotter still, in caribou pie plates, wet
them carefully with milk in which you havo
dissolved sugar in tho proportion of a teaspoon
ful of sugar to a tablespoon ful of milk. Do
not lot any milk drop iu the baking-dish, us it
will discolor the bauberry. Bako in a quick
To mako thig savory and inviting dish boil
a large, tender chicken until the moat slips
from tho bones. Lot it got cold, then cut into
dice tho size of a thumb-nail. Take tho yolks
of three eggs, aud after boating thorn light set
Beat together ono tablespoon ful of flour and
a quarter of a pound of butter, and heat ouo
pint of milk, and when it has como to a boil
add tho butter and flour, stirring smoothly.
Bomove from tho fire and stir in tho boaten
eggs; season with one saltspoouful of salt and
a dash of cayenne pepper, return to the firoand
add tho chicken. Heat thoroughly without
boiling. Servo hot.
Her Husband' Art Work.
"Your husband paiuted the house this
Spring himself, didn't he?"
' Well, yes ; I suppose lio ot somo of tlio
paint ou the house; but you wouldn't think
to if yon could seo his clothes."
EVERY UDT NHOIILD K.1U THIS.
I will send free n positive cure for all Female i)b
eases, Irregularities, etc, A simple, private treatment.
a common-sense remedy tliat noer fll. FltKE with
V.luuble advice. Mrs. L. IL IIudnut, South Baud, Iud.
AleuUoii Tbo .National Tribune.
(Sunday, June 29. Is for review. No lesson Is
nppohitoi. Wo npuoud some fuels of general 'D"
tciest in Bible study.) ,
Oulluh'dil Entire Bibte
Anianuonsos?. J34 pins 8.
Original laif nu'asros ? Hebrew nnd Grcok.
4. Where written t Asia and Europo.
5. First Book rwnt ten? Job.
(i. When Job written? 2184 A. II.
7. Last Book written? Bevelations.
S. When Bovclationg written ? A. D. 97.
9. How long no Biblo? 2,481 years.
10. How long atneo tho Bible was begun?
3,4 1G years.
11. How long sinco tho Biblo was finished?
12. Time required for writing tho Biblo?
Years of history covered by tho Biblo?
Classes of composition? History (22),
Poetry (5), Prophecy (18), Epistlos(21).
Two grand divisions? Old Testament
Six sub-divisions? History, Poetry,
Prophecy, History, Epistles, Prophecy.
When Keceivod Version rendered into
IS. AnIo-Saxon nortion? 28-29tli3.
19. Why some words in Italics? Not in
Why lord in small capitals? Original
Printed in how many languages? 250.
By whom printed? British and Foreign
"Biblo Society, 1S01. American Bible
Who first divided tlio Biblo into chap
tcrs? Cardinal Hugo, about 1250 A. D.
Who first divided tho Biblo into vorses?
Babbi Isaac Nathan, tho Old Testa
ment, about tho year 1440 A. D. .Rob
ert Stephaiius, tho New Testament,
about tho year 15G1.
Number of Books? 6G.
Number of chapters? 1,189.
Number of vorses? 31,173.
Number of words? 773.G92.
Number of letters? 3,5UG,480.
Number of ems? Diamond, 2,775,209:
non par iel, 2,807,810.
31. Chapter with most verses? Ps.119 (17G).
32. Middle chapter? Ps., 117.
33. Middlo verse? Ps., 118:8.
34. Loncest chapter?
35. Shortest chapter? Ps., 117.
3G. Bonk first as to uumbor of chapters?
37. Book second as to number of chapters?
' l&aiah GG).
38. Book third as to number of chapters?
Books consisting of but ono chapter?
Obadiah, Philemon, 2 St. John, 3 St.
John, St. Judo.
Loosest Verse? Est., 8 : 9 (90 words).
Shortest verse? St. John, 11:35 (two
words, nino letters).
Longest word ? Nouo over six syllables.
Longivst proper name? Sec Isa., 8: 1.
Number of times ''and " in Biblo? 4G,-
Number of .times "Lord" in Bible?
Nil in hor of times "Jehovah" in Bible?
Verso withill the alphabot in it except
tho letter j,?, fEzr., 7:21.
48. Two chaptersjaliike? 2 Ki., 19; Isa., 37.
1. Tho noly" Scriptures wore imparled by
the Holy Spirit tifTToly men whose business was
to receive the accounts bydictation aud make
thorn known to tjjo world. 2 St. Pet., 1 : 21.
2. Tho writers gfjlio Biblo wero not authors.
Thoy simply recordedtho will of God, and may
fitly be styled amanuenses. Therefore, 42 such
writers. t, 3
3. They who study tho Biblo in Engllsli
miss a certain flavor of tho Truth. It is well if
ono bcable to rcad,the Biblo iu tho original. Tho
expounders of tliCjlJible. and they aro specially
the clergy, should bo ablo to deal at first hand
with God's wordR. It is fortunate, however,
that thoy who :i r.qiib tibl o to read Hebrew and
Greek are furnished ; translation so accurato
as that printed -by our British and American
Bible Societies. 1
4. It doc.3 notss,cri that nn.yof the Holy
Scriptures ware eu5ji AfHca,,Hnd of courso
nopartorigiualcu on our American hemisphere.
It is barely possible that portions of Genesis
were originally written in Africa and collected
by .Moses. .'
5. There is not-absoluto certainty as to tho
dalo of the Book of,Job. It makes no referenco
to any other portidn of Scriptures, and seems to
have been writlon'fn complete ignorance of any
such writings. Tho" Book of Genesis was writ
ten, we may say, about 2515 A. M. Somo emi
nent scholars sec reasons for dating the Book of
Job still earlier.
G. If Job were written 24 S4 A. M., and that
wero tho earliest Biblo Book, then the world
was without any Biblo for 2,-lS-l years. Tho
people for about 2,509 years had no Bible. Wo
aro informed that, during those years, God ap
peared tit times to eminent men aud mado
special revelations. These probably spread
among tho people and served tho purposes, in a
measure, of a Mihle;'
7. The last Biblo Book written was the Book
of Bevelations, properly therefore put at the
end of tho entire Bible written by St. John
Evangelist on the Island ofPatmos.
8. St. John lived till tho close of tho first
century, and wrote Bevelations iu thu last years
of his life,
9. If wo date tho first book of the Biblo
(Job) A. M., 2181, thou tho Biblo was begun
3,410 ycats ago. The Christian era began 4004
A. M. Deducting 2,181 from 4.001 and wo find
the Book of Job was written 1520 B. C. By add
ing to 1520 B. C. our present year 1890 A. D.,
wo got tho number 3,410. It was, henco, 3,41b
years ago that our Biblo was begun.
10. Tho Biblo was completed in tho ycar'97
A. D. That was 1.S9G lebs 97 years ago, or 1.799
11. Wo notice tho Bible was begun 1520 B. C.
and finished 97 A. D. Hence, the writing
covered 1,G17 years.
12. Biblo history began with creation and
terminated with the cud of the first Christian
century. We may say it covered a history of
forty-ono hundreds of years.
13. Thero aro 22 historical books, five poetic,
18 prophetic, aud 21 epistolary.
14. Tho Received (or Authorized) Version of
the Bible was mado by order of James I., Eng
land, 1GIL It was done .by 47 learned inoii.
They translated tho Hobrow and Greek into
English. Thu Revised Version of 1895 has not
received full acceptance, and is little used. It
is very scholarly and accurato, and while it
cannot supplant tho Keceivod Version of Kill,
it can be very profitably compared with that,
and often help to a' better understanding of tho
15. Wo all feci tbo peculiar tone of Bible
language. It is simple, aud its words aro dear
tons. Tho secret lies in thu largo percentage
of Anglo-Saxon. Much of Shnkspero isaimilar.
This, too, is a reason why Buuyan has gained
such a hold.
1G. Tho translators frequently found it
necessary to iutrudura word, or words, not iu
thu original to mako moro plain or connectivo
their rendering:1.! All words thus introduced
aro printed iu italics, i
17. When the Word Lord is printed in small
capital letters, LOJtt,iWO aro to understand that
the original (Hebrew) word was Johovali.
This word was considered by tho Jews too
sacred for human pronunciation, and whenever
it occurred in their writings they substituted
for utterauco tho word which wo rctidcr Lord.
18. An em equals tho square or quadrilateral
of a body of auy.slzcj! typo, usually tho letter
ni, taken as n uyAtf measurement in deter
mining wages to bVpaid to the compositor, or
iu settling upon jtho, size of a page of printed
mattor, or in fix jug tjio price of a job of print
ing work". In Great Britaiu tho standard fs an
n. A pica ora in four times as largo as a uon
pariel, aud of course twico' the bight or
breadth of a uonpariql. The number of oms,
pica, in tho Bible is 1,403.920; of uonparioL
2,807,840; of diamond, 2,775,269.
19. If ouo havc-i referenco to the Biblo and
havo lost tho natn of tho Book, if ho soo that
tho chapter is moro than 50, ho knows tho
reference is (o Isaiah or the Psalms,
Outline of Book:
Genesis lo Job, History.
Job to Isahrh, Poetry. t
Isaiah to St. Matthew, Prophecy: c
Sr. Matthew to lio mans, History.
Iioni litis, to Bevelations, Epistle,
We, notice bow fortunate wo are to-day in
the fact wa havo such n complete, such & rich
Biblfc, Wo do not suppose Abraham had any
Bible, nnd ho knew only certain traditions
about Eden, otc. Moses collated most of the
Pentateuch, but had no other Sacred Litora-
turo. It is not likely ho ovor saw the Book of
Job. David's Biblo was a Book of great value,
but as compared with our Bible, it lacked parts
which wo would bo sorry to miss. The AposMes
had only the Old Testament. Wo havo it nlh
Wo aro a blosscd people. Much is expected of
us. Wo must study this Great Book. Thank
God for it. Try to understand it. Bo snre to
livo it. To bo living examples of its truths i3
to bo its host teachers.
ICorrcspondcnts .should write each question on
sepnrnlo sheet of pupcr, Rive full niwne nmt ad
dress and mark It "CorrespondcnU' Column." No
attention will bo paid to communication1! not ac
companied with name and address of writer. It i.1
requested that a stamp bo incloied for reply by
letter. Postal cards will bo replied to by mnil
only. RoplicH by mail will ordinarily be inn-do
vrithiiiH week, mid if iu this column within threo
,7". C, Cincinnati. 0. I havo been advised that
as an heir I may collect something out of the
Annoke Jans estate in Holland. To whom
should I apply for advice? .finstrcr. Wo do
not pretend to keep track of mythical estates
that originate in tho brain3 of rascally specu
lators, who secure ft fat living by bleeding
credulous claimants, but as to tho Anneko Jans
estato, or any othor old Dutch estate in which
it is claimed that thore is money on deposit in
tho "Bank of Holland" awaiting claimants,
we have to say all such claims aro mero myths
or fakes. Tho "Bank of Holland," in which
it is claimed theso moneys aro deposited, does
not exist, and if any of thc3o estates ever had
a bona fide existence, thoy come clearly within
the purviow of a statute of limitations enacted
by the Dutch Parliament in 1S52. by which all
unclaimed inheritances irrevocably escheated,
after a lapse of fivo years, to tho State. We
cannot nndortako to hereafter reply to in
quiries of this nature. Wo believe that 999
in 1,000 of theso alleged estates aro mero fig
ments of tho imagination, and that any money
advanced iu furtherance of attempted collec
tion is wholly thrown away.
J. E. J).K Drockton, Mass. Pleaso stato: 3.
How soon after tho Revolutionary war was a
service pension granted? 2. How soon after
the war of 1812? 3. How soon after the Mexi
can war? Answer. 1. Thirty-fivo years; en
larged by acts passod 45, 53, 55, 05. and 70 years
after tho close of that war. 2. Fifty-six years;
enlarged by ono passed 03 years after close of
said war. 3. Thirty-nine yours.
E. 11. A., Lockesbnnj, Ark. Pleaso stato
whether, if the Pickler bill should become a
law, a pensioner under tho act of Jnno 27,
1890, who has pending claim undor the old
law. will ho bonofited so far as arrears are con
cerned. Answer. Tho Pickler bill will not
bonefit one with respect to arrears nnder tho
general law. As yet it ha-? not been considered
by tho Senate.
V.D. T.. Canisteo, N. Y. Please inform me
whether a widow, who draws n pension with
an additional allowance of $2 por month for a
(laughter under tho ago of 10 years, is ontitlcd
to draw that if tho child marrios before sho
attains tho ago of 16 years; and if tho widow
does draw the pension, is the child entitled to
it? Answer. In goneral, no child is entitled to
pension so long as the widow survives unmar
ried; tho $2 additional is a part of tho widow's
pension, as wo have repeatedly stated in thi
column; and it n immaterial to its payment
to her whether the child is married or single.
In the case put, tho ponsion belongs wholly to
A. M. G., St. Paris. 0. Can a soldier, after
getliuc a pension under tim old law, and then
going in under the act of June 27, 1890, aRain
ho pensioned under the old law at an increased
rate? Insurer. Yes; he can, after being pen
sioned under the old law, accept tho benefits of
the act of Juno 27, 1890, and may then apply
for renewal and iucroaso under tho old or
general law, and if found to be entitled to a
rating thereunder in cxccs3 of that which ho
receives under the now law, ho may again go
back uuder tho old law; in short, no one loses
any rights whatever 6y accepting and drawing
a ponsion under the act of June 27, 1890.
T. D.. Jfarrnrd, III. Could a pensioner in
England apply for au increase of pensiou, and,
if ho could, how? -rinsice. Yes; he would
havo to executo a formal application for in
crease beforo somo officer of tho United States,
or if beforo a magistrate of tho country, then
the official character of that magistrate would
havo to be certified to by a United Stales offi
cer. In duo course of time ho would, upon
order of tho Pension Bureau, be examined by
0. jr. S St. John's, Mich., and others who
have failed to sign their full uumc3 to letters,
are informed that all communications not
signed by the full nnd correct n.itno of tho
writer aro consigned to tho waste-basket;-to
secure consideration, another letter must be
written, repeating tho inquiry and supplying
tho emission nninied nut.
W. F. S.. Fairlury, Neb. Plcaso stato the
uauics of the last flix State admitted, and date
of admission of each. Anncer. Utah. Jan. 4,
169G; Wyoming, July 10, 1890; Idaho, July 3,
1!:90; and Washington, Montana, North Da
kota, and South Dakota nil on tho same day,
Feb. 22, 1SS9.
Discovory of liivur Sources.
EniTOit National Tkiijune: Persons
versed iu geographical matter will remem
ber the interesting idyllic narrative of Sir
Samuel Baker, who about, the year 18GI ex
plored the litver Nile from its mouth lo the
Luke Albert Nyanza. He was accompanied
by his wife, aud tbey were the only white
members of the expedition. He was an ac
complished hunter, gifted with all the
characteristics of body and mind uecessary
to fit him for such an exploration. Sick and
wearied almoHt to helplessness the bravo
pair at length reached that great reservoir
of the Nile and imagined it wa3 the dis
covery of the souice of the great African
river. But afterwards Henry M. Stauley
came to another body of less size at a higher
elevation, and whoso waters joined the Nile
by flowing through Baker's Lake. Stanley's
pool was named Albert Edward Nyanza.
Lake, and is now recognized as the proper
source of the Nile.
The object of the previous statements,
suggested by the recent memoirs of Sir
Samuel Bakor, who died two years ago, is to
call attention to the perfect similarity of
facts shown in the discoveries of the real
sources Of two of the great rivers in the
world. Por 50 years previous to 18S1 Lake
Itusca was considered the source of the Mis
sissippi. In 1832 Schoolcraft, nn American
explorer, with a few Indian companions,
reached this three-armed pjctttresque sheet
of water and deemed it the origin of
Americans mighty river. Wearied and ex
hausted as was Sir Samuel Baker, though
- nn ttsil un lrh nnetilfr olitta(l iIirPA
fyflUL OU UilltU QU, I1C UilOLlJJ DIWllLCW 13 OULCO
nna returuca 10 civilization, announcing 10
the world what he honestly believed to be a
fact. But subsequently Capt. "Willard
Giazier, like Stnnley, more fully explored
the tablelands of river origin. The result
was on July-22, 1881, Capt. Glazier reached
auotlier small lake whose waters passed
through Itasca and thence down the Missis
sippi. Aside from shelving banks this far
ther collection of water was fed by four rills
eliminating nearby. This bean tifal lake of
clear water, nearly round in shape and nearly
a mile in diameter, is evidently the trne
source of tho Mississippi. It was so regarded,
and the members of the expedition, two
white men and two Indians, named it Lake
Glazier in honor of their leader. The dis
covery was announced to the world and aU
the details aud facts concerning it and the
headwater region have since been published
in charming narrative form.
Tho instances of Stanley and Glazier are
thus precisely analogous. In them may be
discovered the all-comprehending principle
of evolution, wherein events and facts are
gradually unfolded by time, place, and cir
cumstance amid, the exertions and opinions
of individuals, who themselves, wittingly
or unwittingly, are so many links in the
causative chaiu of geueais nnd development.
It is often the case that many partial efforts
iu the line of invention and discovery are
made before the cap sheaf of complete knowl
edge crowns human wisdom. Stanley went
farther to find. reaUy what Bakor imagined
ho had reached. In like manner Glazier
advanced beyond the baitings of Pike and
Schoolcraft to grasp in verity what theyjjad
only approached. Thus the trne source of
the Mississippi has been determined, and it
is interesting to note that the fact has an
exact parallel in equatorial Africa. A.
Munseel, Dubuque, Iowa. . i
lErrry render Invited lo ond solution? nnd
original roniniiiitioiii). iiml to compete for iriz-
offered. iJcliuitlom followed by nn nsleri-k f)
nro of olMoiote word. r Addre all eominuiitwi
tlom to Puzzle Kdiior, Tub National Tkiho.his,
AS1VEi:S TO -(). 2:8. AIMUL 10. 1S9C.
2.TW The.a!t-wntor sailor.
iSHG The emaucipulion procl.imntlon.
I 0 L l A .V I T B
S T A T V It B
X E .V O R S
A R I M E
AQU A"3r ETERS
I. W K N 11 BATS
i; A N D I X O 3
I X H I B K 3
T K K X K D
I C It O It O L O O Y
P II I t. I X I D 3
K R I X Y K 3
T O X K K 3
C I, I M 3
PA XT II ERIN'S
I X C It B M A T B
S T R O C A L 3
T II B GATE
If KM A Til
O R A f . E
D I TS
V X DBP.SOIt.3
B K'T K P. 3
R 6 O X S
D I RT
2MI To-day; toady.
S C R A T C II C O A T -Oil
KM I I.O0X3
It K C I T A X D O
AM I O I DEA
T I T I fiU3
C li A D V S
II O X B S
2.-H - ;
U M B R E I, I. I D A E
31 K I, A X I I I) A H
1I1.ATTE R K D
It A T I. I X K 3
B X TICKS
L I B X B 3
V I S HATS CTI A S
1 X f 0 X A T I 0 X'
S T BRXMOST
nous B A X T
A X X K D U Y
T A M A I. E
S T O X Y
See table of weight?. Stand, f Under VlSCACllA.
Author of word-form.: Kcx Ford (3),
NEW niZZLKS NO. 247.
" NO. 2153-1 AXAORAMS.
'Tis alone. Sirs!
L'Am.ei:o. Pitt.iburar. Pa.
A fell catastrophe in united Mound City.
C. iJAW. New York City.
NO. 2155 SQUARE.
1. To blither. 2. ArohbUliop of Canterbury : 870.
3. Extremely oft'cualre or dbgustin?. 4. Italian
pnintcr; 100. 5. A. class of etiustic basci. ti. In
inedievnl timeH. lim purl of n horse's armor which
covered the buck of tlio necic. (3i:iul.) 7. A town
of SMin, in OtiipiHcoa. (Wore.) 3. A seam sowed
along au edge, (dtand.)
Das D. Lyon, Irwin, Pa.
NO. 2436 AXAORAir.
An elephant run riot by capital.
Ye men who for. McKiuley yell.
Who wave Protections' starry tings,
Should read Dili Clmndlor'.- speeches well.
Wherein ho claims that money-buss
To name tho candidate are beinir lncd.
And confidence of all's leaders nbused.
Lord Bai.tijiork, Bultimore, Md.
NO. 2157 DIA3IOND.
To Pallas, Poly, and Kenneth, with regards.
1. A letter. 'J. Cow. (Stand.) 3. Sounds. 4.
To crumble. 5. Lounged. 6. To attempt to frus
trate, na stratagem, by stratagem. 7. Untitled with
another or others. 8. A pedestal. 9. Pruninir
Univcs with curved blades. 10. Pertains. 11.
.Boundaries. 12. Thrice. (Stnnd.) 13. A letter.
Gi Gastic, St. Louis, 3Io.
NO. 2458 DOUBLE-WORD ENIGMA-
;'- In "quarters"; '
i In "tutors";
,-; In "suitors";
In " vniiers";
In ' nml:rs";
If I am caught in the-rain I'm undone,.
And am wonted if umbrella I havo nouef
And that's un apt illustration of O.vk.
reel caiiRht-in h joke, nod then Ido
The very be-t thing mid tap back st yoo,
Aud then I h'nd out that I am now TWO.
All chemists know of this plain little feat
By which a solution Is mixed to meet
Auother that "ritaudnrd" would call COMPLETE.
raiJlROSB, Baltimore, Md.
NO. 2459 DOUBLE square;
Across: 1. Pa inula. 2. An Arabic idiom. 3. P.
O., Douglaa Co., JIo. 4. Greet Surgeon mentioned
by Galen; d. B. C. 264. 5. He does bow. (Slrat-
mnmt.) G. An understanding;, (riland.) 7. Benan.
Dovm: 1. Residences of sovereigns. 2. A town
of Krauce, in Gard. (Wore.) 3. A town ofBonin.
4. English politician: b. 1701. 5. Distended. 6. A
heavjradz. (Nult.) 7. Crushed.
Pallas. Pawtucket, K. L
NO. 2460 ANAGRAM'.
(iVtee. &i xrial things slid.)
In fond fivi.cy we oft build us
Grandest mansions to the sky.
Ami within their peaceful portals
"We would dwell without a. 'feb.
Miss Fit, St. Mary's, O.
NO. 2461 DIAMOND.
J. A letter. 2. Devu. iStund.) 3. To prevent by
fear. 4. A Scripture proper name. 5. To lead. 6.
One who believes in determinism. 7. Ouidimr ini-pul.-ion.
8. Breeding vermin. 0. Destroying. 10.
Blowing, as tho nose. 11. Relieving. (Stand.)
12. Au old garment. 13. A letter.
Fkaxtz. Bingliamtou. N. Y.
CHAT WITU CONTKIMJTOR.
Lists of solutions la the specinl series of dia
monds are already reaching m dully, n neatly
arranged "completa" from Hex Ford being one of
th! tirat arrivals. It is to be regretted time Arty
Fish el cannot givu us the news n little more
promptly in his Golden. Bays department, as his
residence iu the dry of publication would seem to
make it tioiiiible. It looks odd to read in "Puzzle-
dom " an invitation to Charlio D.ivis to contribute,
two weeks after his dentil has been announced.
Aside from this feature of PIaTer,'r Arlyia hold
ing up his end ndmimbly. Philr The seven
sqtiaru is O. K.. and any "eights" you may see tit
to send will Iiml a most hearty welcome. H. O.
Jltf: To the best of our knowledge you Imve first
claim to your noni-dff-plnme. It does not appear
to be in Ernest's collection. C Saw asks that
we publish a cryptogram now and then. We
hope to be able to present another biographical
sketch next week, as our renders seem lo appreci
ate this fen tore of "Mystery." The cyclone did
not kill our aolitiiry St. Louis brother, from whom
wo recently received a muritorious batch of con
tribution. His "thirteen" given nbove the first
he ever com noted i first class, and he may take
just pride in the achievement.
C-ld-'aC. R. O-Chesteb.
Jfow Cure for Kidneys and IJtatldor.
Wo are glad to announce to suflerers from
kiduoy and bladder diseases,, pain iu back, and
rheumatism that the now botanic discovery
Alkavfs is prouounced a positive euro for those
maladies. Many of its cures are certainly won
derful, and wo advise our readers to send name
and address to tho Church Kidney Cure Com
pany, 418 Fourth Avenue, New York, who will
sand you treatment free by mail postpaid. It
costs you nothing.
Hailstorms lu tlio Orange Free State,
Ono of these Republics the Orange Free
State is very nearly as large as England
and jnst as largo as the State of New York
It lies from 4,000 to 5,000 feet above the sea,
and la mostly level, with some low ranges of
hill9. The surface ia bare of wood, except in
a few sheltered spots along the streams, but
is well covered with herbage. The air is
pure and bracing; much like that of Colo
rado or "vyoming;. There are, happily, no
blizzards ; hut violent thunderstorms are not
uncommon, and the hailstones I have seen
thenx bigger than pigeons eggs which fall
during such storms sometimes kill the
smaller animals and even men.
Harder Than a Diamond.
M.Moissan, the famous French chemist,
has discovered a substance harder than the
diamond.. It is a compound of boron and
carbon made by heating borocic acid and
carbon in nn electric furnace. It is black,
with the luster of graphite, and will proba
bly supersede the diamond in drills for bor
ing rock and for cutting glass. It cuts dia
monds quite easily, and. can be made of any I
Children Cry for
OUR RURL TOPICS'
Stme Practial SiMEBsttiRs. for. 04ir
The primripnl fertilraers re superphos
phate of lime, nitrate of swln, preparations
of blood or scraps of flesh from sfcttgliter
houses, fish scrap, potash salts of vnrloua
kinds, snlphntc of ammonia fram the gas
works, and mixtures of all those to mako
them suitable for the various crops. Tho
best mixture of these is called a complete
manure, as it has all the elements of ths
be.-t yard manure in it. The market valna
of this is nbont$40a Ion in small qnantitie,
and $35 wholesale. There is no kind of
fertilizer that can be called a stimulant; if
it is not a positive plant food, and able to
nourish the plant in some way that is, to
supply some certain element of the plant
it is entirely useless, and will have no efRcfc
whatever; so that land plaster is not a
stimulant, for it supplies sulphuric acid and
lime, being a sulphate of lime, and theso
two elements are constant coustituente 0
all plants, come more than others. Thui
land plaster U a useful fertilizer in any ens'
in which the soil may be deficient in th
elements of it. Salt is another fertilizer, t
it is contained in all plants more or less, lc
ia most effective when applied to clover and
all the roots and cabbnges. Lime is most
ustful on heavy clay, as it softens and
loosens it. No soil i3 entirely devoid of
lime, or it would not produce any kind of
plant, beennse all plants contain more or Je33
lime. Wood ashes have about 50 or 60
per cent, of lime in them and six per cent,
A Useful Walking-Stick.
One of the most useful things a farmer
can take with him when he take3 his walks
abroad over the farm is a spud. This 13
a three-inch heavy chisel, with a socket
handle, in which is fitted a staff four feel
long. This is a good help in the walking,
anyhow, but when one comes across one 0
those big, unsightly weeds, the common dock
or the hateful wild parsnip, a most poisonous
and deadly plant, with a large, long root
like that of its tame relative, theso roots
may be cut off a few inches. -below tho
ground by a well-directed thrust. This is
a fatal blow to any of these weeds. Tho
docks are now about to flower, and by and
by will be seeding, as some other weeds of
this kind. They should be destroyed on
sight, for their numerous seeds will be
spread, no one knows how, over the whole
farm if this is neglected.
Size of Farm Horses.
The large, overgrown horse is not always
tbe strongest or best fitted even for work on
the farm. There is always a considerable
amount of roading to do, and if the roads
are hard, and especially if they are stony,
the heavy horse is very liable to go lame
after beintr driven. His feet are not so
tough as those of smaller and better-bnilb
horses, and this, besides his heavier weight,
puis the large horse at a disadvantage ou
the road. There are also on the farm manv
kinds of work that require agility, quick
ness, and endurance in horses,, rather than
great strength. For all-around farm work
there never was a better breed of horses
than the old Morgans. Many farmers havo
learned this, and the horse that shows the
Morgan characteristics, of moderate size,
with compact, well-knit frame, will be pre
ferred by them to the excessively largo
horses that attract most attention when ex
hibited at agricultural fairs.
TesHngr Paris Green.
Prof. Bailey gives the following method of
determining whether Paris green 13 pnre or
not: "It sometimes happens that material
which is obtained as Paris green contains
no arsenic We once procured such a sample,
which proved to he chrome green. If the
material is pure Paris green it will quickly
and completely dissolve in common strong
ammonia, giving a beautiful, rich, dark blue,
clear liquid, whilst any of the compounds
which would ordinarily be substituted for
Paris green on account of their color and
texture, will not behave in this manner
in ammonia. Any insoluble residue is
impurity. Chrome green will not dissolve
Growing Peas In Summer.
The difficulty of raising tall peas in Sum
mer on account of their becoming affected
with mildew, deprives many persons of the
luxury of fresh peas during the greater
part of the seasou. If dwarf sorts are
planted, such as American Wonder, in row3
Irom 12 to 15 inches apart, and the ground
between them is kept well mulched with
straw, rakings from the lawn, or any similar
matetial, there wilt be little trouble in se
curing a good supply of pen9 all Summer.
Of course successive sowings will have to be
made every week or 10 days.
If an egg has been broken in the nest every
ejjg that has come in contact with tho
broken one should be washed. lb will be
well also to examine the breast of the hen
from the nest where an egg has been broken,
as there may be soiled feathers Tvhich will
need cleaning before shereturns to sit again.
New Orleans is the only city in the United
States where the entire milk supply is pro
duced from cows kept within the city limits.
A new company is about forming to change
this order of affairs, and iuteresfc farmers
in the country to keep cows for that pur
pose. There are now 74 Experiment Stations In
the United States, counting branch stations,
in which 576 trained specialists areemployed.
The range of investigation covered includes
the prod nets of the farm, garden, and orchard,
and the raisinsr of domestic animals, to
gether with their stndy from every point
of view from which, it is thought something
may be obtained for the good of the farmer.
A jw Trick.
Xeto York Sun.
Several Tenderloin restanrants have been
swindled recently by a man with, a new trick.
He is middle-aged, with a damp sandy mus
tache and the general appearance of having
seen better days. He -wears a rusty frock
coat and an old derby hat that has been
brushed frequently. After eatinga generous
supper in one restaurant last week he pulled
a 5 bill out o( one pocket, a cigaret ont of
auother and asked the waiter for his check.
When the waiter went to the cashier's desk
to have it made out, the swindler, holding
the bill between th second and third fingers
of his left hand, nnd a cigarst between tho
thumb and first fiuger, tried to light tho
latter. There was a smothered exclamation
and then a load u it all, that's just my
luck." When the waiter looked around ho
saw that his customer had accidentally set
fire to his $5 bill while he was trying to
lighl; his cigaret. He had burned his fingers,
and when the waiter reached his table noth
ing remained of the bill but charred frag
ments on the floor. "That was my last
bill," said the swindler, "and now it's gone,
and I can't pay for my supper." The pro
prietor of the restaurant was summoned,
and when ho beard the circumstances he
sympathized with the man aud told him to
drop iu some other time, at his convenience. A
Loudly lamenting his lnck tho man went
out, and then the waiter brushed up the
fragments and examined them. They
proved to be pieces of an advertisement
issued by a Tenderloin barber-shop, so
stamped that at first glance it looked liko
a $5 bill. One other restaurant man. has
been swiaded in the same way.