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title: 'The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 09, 1896, Page 3, Image 3',
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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASH2S8T0it 0 02 THURSDAY. JULY ?, 189S.
FIGHTING THEM OYER,
Wliai Our Veterans Have to Say About
Tlieir Old Campaigns
Story or Opcnlnc 11,n Cracker Line liy tlio
Editor kationax. Tkibukk: By yonr
permission I would like to make a correction
of an article written for your paj-er by Gen.
1?. "V. Johnson, of the United States Army.
The article Teferred to was published .Tan.
30, aud entitled "Cattle Above the Clouds."
lie says: "At a suitable place the boats
landed, and with the rapidity of a thnndcr-
bolt the men rushed on shore, surprised aud I
captured the whole rebel lorce, not one oi
whom escaped to tell the story." With all
due resucct to Gen. Johnson as a soldier and
old comrade, I desire to Fay that part of his j
article is rather misleading, aud Inus to do
justice to the attacking party or to the brave
enemy opposing our army. As an eye-witness
and a participant in this boat raid on
the Tennessee ltiver, I certainly saw the
episode entirely different.
I will recite juBt what happened to
the advance of this exped.tiou, aud for Us
correctness will refer yon to Capt. Claudius
Tifft., living at Sanborn, Iowa; Capt James
Hnrdiman, of Covington, Ky., aud liev.
James McKieman, ol Fnrmiugton, Iowa.
The 23d Ky. at that time belonged 1o
Gen. AV. B. Uazen's Brigade. This regiment,
Irora Fox'u report, r-cenis to be placed in line
nnd one of the 300 fighting regiments. It
eer-v d from 1SG1 to 1SGG. The A rmy of the
Cumberland suffered from hunger, being
6urroKnded by Bragg's tioops. AVe spent
most of our time digging out stump roots
for firewood and bunting up a stray ear of
corn to subsist ou. Camp life had grown
dull, aud we prayed for a change.
It came byan order for the 23d Ky. to fall
in line by companies oa their respective
parade grounds. My company was 11, Capt.
Tifft, a man known never to falter in the
face of danger and always rendy for duty.
The Captain informed us that a detail would
be made from onr company as well as from
others of the regiment. This bhould report
on the regimental paiade ground aiter dark
at the sound of the drum. The names of
the desired patties were called out and
marked by the Orderly-Sergeant before the
company broke xatiks.
Corffrude Buffington, of Co. B, came to the
Captain and urgt-d to be allowed to join
our squad aud participate in any danger we
niiuht iu'-ur. John Sheidcrly, one of tht
boys detttiltd, had a very sore baud. Buf
Gngton was permitted to take bis place in
tine. The Captain then stated that before
nigbt we would receive threc-quai ters of a
day's ration of beef, which we ought oi
once to cook for to-morrow, as the ration
was to commence in the morning, ui.d
might have to last several days.
AVe then broke ranks aud huuted up more
roots to cook the beef, which was issued be
Ok Picket at the Fj:nce.
"We anxiously waited for the call to fall in.
Xate in the forepart of the night we were mus
tered ac a small battalion, composed of details
from the 10 companies. AA'e counted off and
numbered 38 men, incaidiug three commis
sioned officers. Lieui.-Col. James Fay com
manded, assisted by Capt. Hardiman and
Tiflr. The Colonel said v.e had been select
ed to open the cracker line, and, no matter
what happened, uot to speak above a whis
per to the nearest comrade. AVe were to
step lightly, aud not stumble. Little did
we know that the very safety of the Army
of the Cumberland depended on our success,
nor 3ind any enlisted man the least idea of
AVe marched to Chattanooga, thence down
the ma n street to the Ten nes'-ee River,
where an old fiat boat lay moored, and,
manned by a crew of two men, members of
the 18th Ohio, who, it was said, had charge
of the pontoons, we boarded the bo:it as
noiselessly as possible, aud were s,oon afloat,
the tvyo oarsmen holding her for the north
hide, so as to escape the notice of the rebel
picket-guards just below Chattanooga. AVe
floated with the current, no one saying a
word until someone in the bow called out,
in a lond wlib-per, ''Look out!" That
meant to stoop down, as we were about to
pass under a fallen tree reaching at out
over the water.
Berg't Patrick Reeves, failing to notice the
danger in time, was swept off the boat by the
limbs of the tree. Thib comrade was so im
pressed by the orders given him to be quiet
that he went to the bottom of the river
vrithout a cry for assistance. The water
closed over him as we passed on, without an
attempt to save him.
After this mishap I concluded life was
very uncertain, and before many hours some
Johnny might take ray uapper, in conse
quence of which I would be out my three
quarters ration of beef. So 1 commenced
nibbling on the chuck; in Jess than 15 min
utes the contents of my haversack were
transferred to my stomach. I felt relieved
in mind and appetite, with a bright hope for
" - rT. V
i 7 s,
Eaixv on the Rbshuve at tjhc River.
the future. On looking back over the dark
waters, 1 dibcerned several shadows, which
proved to bo more boats, the nearest being
within hailing distance.
AVe glided along for several miles, -when
we espied a file burning brightly on the
tsouth bank. " General," called outCol. Fay
"shall 1 laud at that fire?"
"Yes," responded Gen. Hazon, from the
boat nearest ours, aud added "Keep quiet."
No doubt the General was mad at our
Colonel for having broken the silence, when
he had received a plain description as to
where ho should laud. However, the mis
chief was done; the rebels heard us, aud as
our oarsmen were pulling bard for the south
bank, the rebel commander of the pickct
T?ost called out:
UTT . "" , .if X J' E - r -
"Fall in; the Yankees are cowing." His
next command was. "Keady aim fire!"
AVe received their volley at a distance
of about 50 yards.
"Don't one of yon shoot back from the
boat until ordered to do so."
"Oh, I am shot in the arm," called out one
of the Ohio boy?.
This caused him to drop his our, in con
sequence of which the stern of the boatswung
around toward some villows growing under
the bank. Capt. Tiffi aud others grasped the
limbs, and succeeded in bringing us up in a.
pile of di ift wood. J got to the top aud found
Gen. AAt. B. H.zen
three rnen, one of whom ivas Capt. Hardi
man. "AVhsit shall I do," I asked the Cap
tain. " Lie down aud wait until oar men all
get up here."
As thi would give us t.me f o rest, I looked
to our fiout. where the fire was. The light
of the lire showed from the inside of an un
finished log house no chinking between
the logs, Willi room enough for a dog to
crawl in anywhere. There was a bright,
roaring fire in the large fireplace. The rebels
could he seen getting a move on them. They
had left the vicinity of the fire. AVlien ou."
command was ready to move we charged
the hut with a yell at fixed bayonets.
Some of the boys rushed in ihe house, and
were rewarded by finding combread left by
the enemy s pickets. At the lions'! we imme
diately faced to the right, foicing the rebels
through a gap in the river range of hills.
The enemy slowly fell bark and scattered
from our front beyond the gap, where a road
ran parallel with the ridge. Farther ou
was a rail fence. To the rear of the road in
the gap clear to the river was underbrush
and timber, with small ledges of rock, ex
cept where a road had been made through
the gap, and during times of pe.ice used as
a place of crossing the Tennessee River.
AVe learned a short time after the fight
that this was known ss Brown's Gjp and
Brown's Ferry. Here, between the gap and
road, the Colonel called a halt, and ordered
seven of our number to advance to the fence,
there to remain as a skirmish or picket-line.
The balance of the 23d Ky. bittulion were
ordered to build a barricade for our protec
tion in case of an attack.
Of course, this scattered the command
through the "woods, some going here and
theie in the d:uk, tearchiug for logs and
fence-rails. I was placed am the front at
the fence. AVe received no particular in
structions. Comrade Conley, of Co. G, was
on my right, and the head of our skirmish
line immediately on my left. AVithiu hail
ing distance was Hebe Tucker, of Co. 1).
AVe could hear men talking ou our right;
whether they were our boys we could not
say. Several boatloads of soldiers in our
rear, possibly, had landed somewhere on
the line. Up to this lime none but our
squad had occupied the gap. AVhile hold
ing our front line the boys came out and
carried away the entire fence from our front.
The last rail had disappeared, lcaing us
uncovered, when Conley left his post, on my
right, -came to where 1 was standing, and
''You see that clump of trees about a
hundred yards on our right ? It is full of
rebeK Yon can see them crossing the road
1 looked to the right down the road and
saw men crossing the toad, but failed to
make out the color of their uniforms.
Being sure they were rcbeje, I suggested he
go back and have the Colonel gather our
scattered command. He did so, coming
hack to where I stood, accompanied by Firat
Serg't William Jackson, of my company.
He also saw the men aud heard their voicts.
Jackson returned to the rear looking for the
Colonel. In his absence I remarked to
Conley that he had better sneak back to
his station, where we could see a good-sized
tree, and from the cover of that ascertain
After his departure Serg't Jackson re
turned with Col. James Fay. Getting down
AVe AVeke Soox Afloat.
on his kuees he placed his ear to the ground.
As he arose he remarked "That's all right;
they arc our men." I knew better. I was
both surprised and a little disgusted at the
chauces he was running and the little in
terest be took for ascertaining the facts.
AVhen he departed I said :
" Jackson, those men ate rebels, nnd arc
going to be on us in ashort time. AVoudu't
it be well to at least tell Capt. Tifi't and
11 company boys to be prepared? " Je took
my words kindly, then passed to the rear.
I had strong laith in Conley returning with
the statement that the troops on our right
were rebels. Then the Colonel would con
centrate and await Xbeir charge. But Con
ley never came buck lo report.
Day was just beginning to break. T could
see the water in a little run off to the left.
Of a sudden a company oi about 60 men
marched out of the grove, came to ouf im
mediate front and halted not more than 50
yards from us. "Front," ordeied the com
lUMidcr. "Deploy as bkirmishers from the
right March. Trail arms."
"Lieutenant, who are these men in our
front?" demanded one of these troopers.
"Never mind; obey my ordeis when they
are given," was the response of the Lieutcn
aut. In looking off lo the left I saw some of
these soldiers filling their canteens with
water from the run. By the little daylight
reflected by the water I plainly saw they
were in rebel uniform. Anxious to give
warning to our command, 1 cocked my gun
and took aim at the man who had questioned
his Lieutenant. "Don't shoot, you fool,"
called out someone from the left; " they are
atit our own men."
I glanced to the left, and saw Tucker,
who was leaning on his gun as unconcerncri
as though he was awaiting u leliel-guaid. I
let the hammer back on my gun, and taid:
"Tucker, I will not be the first man to
make a mistake; but we had better drop
down on the ground."
AVith that 1 dropped lo mother earth with
a full realization oi what would follow in a
very short time. After stretching out for a
period of three minutes the rebel Lieuten
out commnuded a charge.
They came on. I jumped to my feet aud
fixed at the uearest rebel, then turned for a
-. Crvs. -. 5
T?-. -NT --- - ' -r - - - -- -- r - -
hasty retreat. About the second step I
made one of the rebels shot off a shoe heel.
AVell, knowing that if I should run immedi
ately lo the front some one of our careless
boys might mistake me for a reb, I ran in a
left-oblique direction, in order to get to the
right of our command. I was making good
time, when I ob.crvcd a large pile of brush
in my front. To avoid this I made a jump
ing flank movement to the left This quick
nctiou saved my life, for some one of our en
terprising fellows had taken a position be
hind this brush, and as I wheeled fired at
me. His gun was nearly close enough to
buru me. As I reached his position be
skipped. Probably to this day ho thinks
he shot at a rebel.
Of course, our 4S men were surprised, and
quickly driven from the half-constructed
barricade before some could even reach
their guns. The men fired as they slowly
fell back. I heard the familiar voice of
Capt. Tifft calling out :
" Rally on the reserve, at the river! "
AVe had no reserve in the gap. The Cap
tain used this as a ruse. It had the desired
effect to check the rebels. AVhen I reached
our boys they had taken positions behind
trees, rocks, stumps, and logs, and as day
light grew brighter we could see the John
nies before us. I was aware they outnum
beicd us two to one. Every soldier did his
dutv. AVoe to the rebel that exposed him
self! AVe could not be driven any farther. The
Colonel now ordered us to charge, which we
did at a double-quick, driving the enemy
back through the gap, retaking the ground
we had lost, ami recapturing Comrade Conley
and the rebel who had him in charge. AVhen
Couley had returned to the tree for the pur
pose of reconnottering before the second
fight, a ichel had taken him in before ho
reached the tree. Near where I saw the
enemy filling canteens was located a small
log hut. On the fire was a large caatirou
..... , p - i m i-Tm urn jVJ"T5Siig nJ
With a Yell axd Fixed Bayonets.
kettle" full of boiling beef intended for
their breakfast. AVe didn't wait for orders ;
everybody made a dive lor a chunk of beef..
AVe now had full possession of the gap,
ferry and road. Two rebels lay d ad in front
of where the skirmish-line had been, one of
them very elo;e in front of Tucker, who had
his little finger cut off by a ball, lit was
making his boast of v hat a good time he
vionld now have in the rear while his finger
was healing. The por-r fellow hail always
been in the froiit, and really anticipated a
good time, not dreaming his finger wound
would cause his death, which it did.
AVe captured 'vry few prisoners. Buffing
ton, who had volunteered to go with us, was
killed ; 17 of our 48 were killed and wound
ed. Patrick Reeves, who was swept inio
the river from the boat, returned to n the
following day, and lived to be many limes
wounded. Ou thelbt day of February, 18GG,
he was mustered out withrlhe balance of the
23d Ky. at Louisville, holding the position of
Captain of Co. G of same regiment, and I
am told he still lives in the vicinity of Paris,
Since reading the life of Gen. Grant I find
to hi in belongs the credit of the captnre of
Brown's Ferry. At least, he observed that
particularly important point when he made
his fir-t journey from Bridgeport to Chat
tanooga, on the north side of the river. He
immediately order d the capture. This
opened up communications with Gen.
Hooker, who was then on his way with the
Eleventh and Twelfth Corps to reinforce us.
Gen. Sherman also arrived, cro-sing the
river through this gap to prepare for the at
tack on Mission Ridge. AKNOLD BKAXD
ley, Elk ins, W. Va.
SHERMAN SAID NOTHING.
Although the Signal Officer on Ylnlng Sta
tion Said Several.
Editor Natiokat. Tkiiiuxe: In the is
sue of May 211 1 find an article by Capt. Van
neman, 84th Ind., who stated that Gen.
Sherman was not on Kenesaw, but on Pine
Mountain, which he located us notth of
Kenesaw, when Corse's famous "Hold the
fort" message was signaled.
Capt. Hedley, 32d 111., who wrote " March
ing Through Georgia," a book that has Gen.
Sherman's personal indorsement, and is to
be found in Army post libraries by order of
the AVar Department, states (page1) 21-1 to
217) that Gen. Sheridan was at Arining Sta
tion and telegraphed the Signal officer on
Kenesaw the instructions which resulted in
the famous Corse dispatch.
I was Adjutant-General of the District of
Marietta, Viuing Station being a few miles
south of us, toward Atlanta. Marietta was
at the foot of Kenesaw on the south side,
and all siunal messages came to us and were
sent by Orderly up the mountain to the
Signal officer, whom at this time, if I re
member rightly, was Joseph B. Foraker,
late Governor of Ohio.
Gen. Sherman came lo onr Headquarters
with Gen. Sloneman and Gen. Arandevcer,
commanding the district, and 1 accompanied
them up the mountain. The Signal officer
was in a wooden hut, all dark, with his
tilass on Allatoona. Always uneasy, Sher
man was wandering around, and inad
vertently got between the glass and the
signal fl.ig. Thereupon the otlicer in the
dark hut not knowing, probably not
canng, who it wasyelled, "Get out of
there, you blankety blank fool!" Aud the
General jumped aside and came back to the
rock upon which the rest of us were silting,
never uttering a word.
In a few minutes the Signal Sergeant
(I think it was Gov. Foraker) came with
Corse's dispatch about losing his cheek, etc.
I was afterwards Adjutant-General on
Corse's staff when he commanded the
Fourth Division of the Fifteenth Corps, nnd
was also a comrade of Capt. Fliut, who
wrote all those famous dispatches which
the General dictated while wounded. Jn
Hedley's book, page 220, is a fac-simile
letter to Gen. French, the Confederate com
mander, in Capt. Flint's own handwriting.
The Captain lives at 1-110 Eighth Avenue,
Minneapolis, and he and I fought this cam
paign over a abort while ago, while I was
visiting him there.
1 sec Capt. Tom Spencer's name in the
issue of May 23. Tom and 1 were school
mates at McKendreo College in lSno-'oo";
were officers in the same regiment during
the war, but did not meet or know of this
latter fact during our service, or until 18G8,
when we met, in Washington for the first
time after our college days. A. AV. Ed
wards, 1st Ala. Cav., Fargo, N. D.
1'OU imAIN" JTAG
Use I lor ford's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. W. B. Lowmxk, Oranpebnrgh, 8. C,
Bays: "I have used and prescribed it with
beneficial results in bruin fag uud nerve exhaustion."
THAT FAMCgJS RETREAT.
The 9th Ky. Cut. Had a Hand In the Flclit
Ing at Klchitipiyl nnd Thereafter.
Enitott National Tmkpxe: In your
issue of June 11 appears an interesting letter
from G. AV. Bowjers, Co. II, 9th Pa. Cav.,
giving his recollection of the retreat from
Richmond, Ky., in 1S62.
As I remember it the 9th Ky. Cav. aud
the 9th Pa. Cav. were at Crab Orchard, Ky.,
on the day of the fight at Richmond. I re
member distinctly that my company was on
picket or ou a scont. I was in charge of a
party hauling hay, and about noon orders
came to us at a hafstnek near town to report
to our companies at once. AVe did so, ex
cept the few who belonged to our company,
and held the place of the company in the
AVe started on a trot march to Richmond,
about 18 miles distant. AVe had gone but a
short distance when we heard firing, and the
farther we went the more distinct it became,
until we got within throe orJbnr miles of
Richmond, when the firing ceased.
AVe moved on until dark, when we reached
the edge of town, ami A'dj't Hitcr and Ed.
Stewart, of Co. C, rode into town. They met
a regiment going into camp, and asked what
it was, and were told it was a Georgia regi
ment. They asked for some Tennessee regi
ment, nnd rode off and came back to u?.
AVe immediately left the pike, nnd about
daylight came to the Lexington pike. I
could see but six cavalrymen. AVe pushed
on toward Lexington, our numbers increas
ing all the time. AVhen wo reached the
Kentucky River there were about 150 of us.
AVe stopped at a tavern there for breakfast.
,AVe discovered a force of rebels following
us. We lot our appetites immediately, and,
crossing the river, met about 500 more cav
alry, and all moved toward Lexington.
Just before wc readied the town we met
the 98th Ohio. The Colonel was afoot, and
vtaiited us to go back with him. AVe de
clined the invitation. They got to the
Kentucky River, where the Johnnies were
waiting for them, opened fire on them, and
used two or throo pieces of artillery. The
03th made good time gelling back.
The whole of our company was with the
regiment at Lexington. We were on picket
until !) or 10 o'clock next night, when wc
were called in to cover the retreat to Louis
ville. AVe got no rations or rest until we
reached PraTrkfort, where wo drew rations
and had part of a night's rest. Noxt day
we moved early, and reached Shelbyville in
the afternoon, where I was only 18 miles
from home, aud some of our company were
at home. The citizens treated us royally.
AVe remained all night, aud next morning
our battalion (the 2d) was ordered south
and east, and to return through Shelbyville.
As we came into town the Johnnies were on
the east, forming in the college grounds.
AVe passed within 200 yards of them. They j
did not fire, and we returned the courtesy
by simply reviewing their line.
AVhen we l cached the Louisville pike, wo
overtook our regiment, halted them, and
sent forwatd and had the 9th Pa. turned
back. Our battalion was ordered south
ngaiu, with instructions to go about one
mile farther east, AVe went on a brisk trot
march. Just as we turned south to the
pike, the boys in town got into a racket
with the Johnnies. AVe took a double-quick
gait. Our hoys had moved on the enemy
prematurely. Those who were not killed
or captured got away just before avc reached
the pike. AVe resumed our march to Louis
ville aud the Johnnies resumed their place
as our rear-guard; and kept us pretty well
closed up, givingf,us no rest.
After reaching, L'ltrjsville, I was detniled
to t'iko command of 2G men from the 9th
Ky. Cav. and 9th Pa. Cav., who were to act as
escort for Gen. Boyle.t AVe remained with
him until he was! relieved by Gen. Gilbert,
with Gilbert until Gen. Nelson took com
mand, and with Neison until his death.
The escort being aio longer needed, we went
to our several commands.
Very soon we-started on the Perryvillo
march. Our regiment was divided at Tay
lorville, one-half going with Gen. Sill to
Fraukfort, and the other with McCook to
Perry ville. The 9th Ky., 2d Mich., and 9th
Pa Cav. led the advance. Our regiment was
in the advance Oct. 7, when it was a con
tinual skirmish all day. At a small place
willed Pottsville, the enemy refused to
drive our battalion, dismounted aud de
ployed a- skirmishers. We got near a hill,
when the enemy opened on us with mus
kitry aud four pieces of artillery.
Some of our boys rushed forwar d to get
the shelter of the hill. The rest of us got
back lo our horses. A Lieutenant and 12
men of our company were captured near the
hill. AVhen we moved on in force the enemy
had moved also. AVe soon overtook them,
and had no rest until the fight was opened
next morning, when we were ordered to the
right of our foice, where we remained until
evening; then moved to the big spring the
Johnnies had "held all day. The 9th Pa.
was a good regiment, but they did not put
down the rebellion by themselves. II. M.
FoitD, First Sergeant, Co. F, 9th Ky. Cav.,
"Don't Tulmceo-.ipit or Smoku Your Llro
Name of tho little hook just rccoived tells
about Nolobac, tho woudorful, harmless, eco
nomical cure for chewing, smoking, eiRaret, or
snuff habit. You run no physical or financial
riak, for Notobac is absolutely guaranteed to
euro or money refunded. Your drugist'3 got
it or will fot it. Write for the book mailod
free. Thk Stickling Rkmkdy Co., Box 3, lu
diana Mineral Springs, Jud. Agents wanted.
ONE ON CHAPLAIN McCABE.
He Hrolto Up n Drill hy Holding a Revival
Chaplain McCahe, elected Bishop at the
Methodist General Conference, secured the
titleof Chaplain through his services as Chap
lain "of the 122d Regiment. This regiment
was commanded by Gen. AVm. II. Ball, who,
alter the war, became one of tho most dis
tinguished jurists in Ohio, and is now a
resident of Z.mesville. Wheu he heard that
McCains had been elected a Bishop he re
called a story of McCahe.
Shortly alter McUabe joined the regi
ment ho began revival meetings, in which
many of the soldiers took much intercut, and
often, Gen. Unll j'Snys, the sound of prayer
aud singing was borneito his tent.
One day when the order was given to fall
in for drill a very small percentage of the
men reported, and ouauquiriug the cause it
was ascertained that Chaplain McCahe was
holding u revival meeting and would not
allow tho soldiera to leave. Col. Ball sent
an Orderly to Chaplain McCahe to disband
the meeting, and the Orderly came hack with
a prompt refusal to comply with the order.
Col. Ball then seufc an order for Chaplain
McCahe lo reportat once to Headquarters.
The military law' was handed down to him
in true military style uud the Chaplain was
angry at being told the must desist from
holding revival meetingn.
Tho third dayaftur the occurrence Chap
lain McCahe ctimolto Col. Ball and extend
ing his right hand fluid : " Colonel, you were
right aud I was wrong."
There were numerous revival meetings,
and the regiment became famous for this,
but they wero not-held during drill hours.
Caricaturists in depicting a German are in
the habit of putting a big pipe in his mouth.
The pipe is national, indeed; but the Ger
mans as a Nation are far from being the
greatest smokers. They do not smoke more
than Frenchmen, Russians. Swede?, or Hun
garians. The men of tho United States and
the men of Switzerland are the most invet
erate smokers in the world. In these two
countries the consumption of tobacco per
head is three timed greater than in Ger
From Alert Comrades All Alons tho
Over tho Itivcr.
Patrick Breen, Co. C, 2d U. S., writes re
garding C. A. Howe's military problem:
"Tho lucid, most expeditious, and tactical
method, combined with tho proper com
mands to carry out the manuver in accord
ance wilh Casey's tactics of war days, is as
follows: 'Platoons, twos right for file left.'
At the command March, both platoons will
face to the right without doubling. Thus
formed into columns of twos, and filing to
the left, the second platoon will mark time
aud continue to do so until the left of the
first platoon has cleared its right. The sec
ond will then immediately take the full step
forward, closing up to proper distance on the
left of the first. The company thus formed
in column ot twos will, without any trouble,
be enabled to cross the bridge in formation
according to tactics.
"Alter clearing tho bridge, and being
compelled to form his company as it was on
the other side of the river, the Captain will
command, 'Company into line, guide right!'
At the command march, the right gn;de
will march "straight to the front. The file
following him will half face to the left, and
by quick step form on bis left. All other
files to the left of the first file will half face
to the left, throw forward the right shoul
der, taking the double step aud muiutaiuing
the touch of elbow to the right.
"The last file of the column having ar
rived in line, the Captain will command,
'Guide right!' Having his company in
liue-of-battle and moving forward to form
it into platoons, he will command, 'Form
platoons!' At the command March, the
first platoon will continue the march to tho
front, the second platoon will ma'rk time
until tho left of the first has cleared its
right, when it will immediately oblique to
the right. AVhen on finding itself covering
the front of the first, its commander will
command, 'Second platoon, forward ! '
"In the meantime,shouId the first platoon
he gaining too much ground to the front be
yond platoon distance, its commander will
commnnd'Mark time' until the second pla
toon has evenly covered it in rear. Thus
formed, the Captsiiu will command, 'Com
pany forward, guide right!'"
B. D. Roberts, Co. I, 23d Ky., Oswego,
Kan., says: "I suppose Comrade Howe
means tliat the company is marching by
platoons. I would give the command,
'Without doubling by the right flank, fiie
left March!' That would bring tliKin iuto
two lines, and after the bridge is crossed
would say, 'By platoon March!' and every
old soldier who is well drilled would execute
the orders without any loss of time or the
S. A. Chamberlain, Co. A, 16th Me.,writes:
"Comrade Henry Mann'a very interesting
article on Salishuiy in your issue of May 7
places the number of prisoners that died
there at 11,700, which is had enough, God
knows. The National. Trjuuse some
time since, in answer to several inquiries as
to the numberof interments in the National
cemeteries, gives the following figures to
June .10, 1893: Salisbury interments, 12,137;
known, 102; unknown, 12,035. Does not
every one of those unknown graves repre
sent a Union soldier that perished there?"
How They Celebrated.
A. Tanquary, Co. E, 8Gth III., Sparland,
111., writes: "In Picket Shots of June 18
George AV. Hines, Co. C, 93th Ohio, says that
the Second Division, Fourteenth Corps, did
not leave the works at Kenesaw until the
morning of July A. 1 know that the Third
Brigade left on July 3 and pursued the
Johnnies all day, aud at night confronted
them in their works along tho Nickajack.
The 4th Me. celebrated by skirmishing
all day with musketry and artillery, aud ihe
night of the 4th the rebs fell back to the Chat
tahoochee River. I have taken these dates
from a diary I made at the time. I have a
roster of all the corps that took part in the
Atlanta campaign. I will say for the infor
mation of Comrade Farris that the Tnird
Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Corps,
was composed of the 2.'d Ind., 152d Ohio,
85th, 8Gth, 125th 111., and a battalion of the
Knew They Were Johnnies.
"Comrade," Washington, D. C, writes:
"In the Bull Run article recently published
the statement is made that Griffin and Barry
both thought the advancing rebels were
friends. In Griffin's testimony in the Con
gressional investigation which followed, he
declared he knew they were rebels, aud told
Barry so. Barry admits it. In justice to
Griffin this should be made clear."
Praise for the 4th Mich.
H. H. McAllister, New Albany, -Miss., an
ex-Confederate, writes: "I should like to
exchange letters with boys in blue of the
4th Mich, who were at Selma, Ala., April 2,
18G5, when I was taken prisoner. I was
then a beardless boy, though I had joined
the army in front of Vicksburg in the Sum
mer of 1RG3. I wa3 driven from home and
loviug parents on account of cruel treat
ment my aged mother and father received
at the hands of a band of robbers calling
themselves United States soldiers, and using
the uniform as a cloak for all manner of
"The disgraceful acts of these men caused
me to believe that they were fair specimens
of the i Yankees.' I joined the army to
help defend old men, women, and children
from depredation. Nor did I know there
was a gentleman in the Federal army until
I was made prisoner by the patriotic old 4th.
Their kiudness to myselx" and comrades won
my heart, and I have ever felt a deep-seated
desire to express to said regiment my heart
felt gratittido for their chivalry nnd deport
ment in battle and while I was n prisoner
in their charge. Above all things I do ad
mire true patriotism. Notwithstanding I
never failed to do all I could for the South
ern cause, I am a true lover of onr good old
Union, and appreciate the services of true
Union veteraus as much as any Northern
E. H. Brown, Norway, Me., writes: "In
your issue of Feb. 20 last is a statement
that Sumner II. Needham was one of the
first men killed in the late war. As he was
a native of my town, I am desirous of hav
ing his service record appear in the history
of Norway in the war, now being written.
Any comrade will confer a favor by address
ing to me information relating to such
Mrs. L. S. Packard, Mainsburg, Pa., wants
by mail a copy of tho words and music of
"Old Mike was not so Stingy," and " March
ing Through Georgia."
Julius C. McBride, 1st Ohio L. A., Banks,
Minn., wants a copy of the New York Tribune
of April 15, 18b'5, containing an account of
Curing Uie Tattle Ones. McVey
towu, Pa., Sept. 3, 1895. Dr. Peter Fahrney,
Chicago, III. Dear Sir: Your Dr. Peter's
Blood Vitalizer has cured two of my grand
children. One of them had the scrofula all
over his head, and his eyes were so sore that
he could not see part of the time. The other
one had diarrhoea and vomiting. He became
so emaciated that he wa3 nothing but skin
aud bone. Two doctors were treating them
wilh no apparent biiiellt.
AVe commenced giving them the Vitalizer,
nnd they both got well and fat. All scrofu
lous symptoms disappeared. We are satis
fied the Vitalizer is the best of medicine.
Yours respectfully, Sarah A. Forshey.
Brief Sketches of the Services of
fTm: Katiosat. Tkijxosk hm In hand soverat
hundred requests for regimental histories. All such
requests Trill be ucccdeti to in due time, although
tlioio jiott received cannot bo published for nl
lean year, owinj: to lnck of ipace. Numerous
ketches hiiTealrendy been pubtithed. nnd of tbo.o
none can bo found roooi fur a second time, until all
have been printed.!
The 15th Ohio.
The command is oncoftheGOO fighting regi
ments given by Col. Fox, and out of a total
enrollment, of 1,654 lost seven officers and
172 men killed in action or died of wounds
and one otticer nnd 135 men died of disease,
accidents, in prison, etc.; making a total
loss of 375 while in the serfice, and a per
centage of 10.8 killed in battle. Tho regi
ment was organized in the State of Ohio
at large in September, 13G1, to serve three
years. It veteranized and was retained in
the service until Nov. 21, 1G5. Col. Moses
R. Dickey, its first commander, resigned
Oct. 24, 18G2. He was succeeded by Col.
AVjh. AVallace, who was discharged July 19,
1861. Col. Frank Askew, Brevet Brigadier
General, was in command when the regi
ment was mustered onr. At Liberty Gap,
while in Johnson's Division, Twentieth
Corps.it lost eight killed and 24 wonnded.
The regiment later became a part of AVil
lich's Brigade, AVood's Division, Fourth
Corps, and did much splendid fighting.
Tho other regiments of the Brigade were
tho 25th, 35th, and 8Dth III., 32d and G8th
Iml., 8th Kan., 49th Ohio, and 15th AVis.
The 49th Ohio lost more than any other
regiment in tho brigade, but the 15th Ohio
comes in as a good second in point of I033
with 179 killed to the 49th regiment's 202.
The next highest wa3 the S9th III., which
lost 133 men killed.
The 8th 3lo. Cav.
The Tegiment was organized at Spring
field, Mo., in the Fall of 1862 for the three
years' service, and was mustered out July
20, 18G5. Its Colonel was AVashington F.
Geiger. The War Department credits the
command with the following battles:
Springfield, Lamar, Prairie Grove, Bloom
field, Brownsville, Bayou Metoe, Ferry'3
Landing, Little Rock, Dnvall's Bluff, In
dian Bay, Clarendon, Augusta, Cache River.
Stony Point, Searcy, and Ashley Station.
The regiment served in the Cavalry Division,
Seventh Corps, -with a loss of one officer and
26 raeu killed and three officers and 352
men died of disease, accidents, in prison, etc.
Tho 8th Mo. Cav., S. M.
This regiment, with the exception of Cos.
L and M, was organized at Jefferson City,
Pittsburg, Bolivar, Warsaw, and Linn Creek,
Mo., from Dec. 18, 1861, to May 6, 18G2, to
serve during the war in Missouri. Two
companies of the 14th Mo. Cav., S. M., or
ganized at Springfield, Mo., in April, 13G2,
were assigned to the regiment as Cos. L and
M. The original members were mustered
out as their terms expired, and the recruits
were consolidated into one company, which
was retained in service until July 17, 1865.
Col. Joseph AY. McClurg resigned, Dec. 27,
1862. Col. Joseph J. Graveley was mustered
out on the expiration of his term, March 20,
18G5. Capt. Jacob Cassairt commanded the
company when it was mustered out. The
following list of battles is credited to the
regiment by the AVar Department: Humans
vihe, AVarsaw, Neosho, Cross Timbers, Ozark,
AVhite River, Loae Jack, Lamar, Springfield,
Newton Co., French Point, Jasper Co., Cotton
Gap, Fort Smith, Rolliug Prairie, Diamond
Grove, McDonald Co., Cowsk-in Creek, Fay
etteville, Jefferson City, Diamond Grove
Prairie, Big Blue, Little Osage, Newtonia,
Crane Creek, Qnincy, Hermitage, and Center
Creek. The total los of the regiment was
three officers and 77 men killed and one
officer and 131 men died of disease, accidents,
in prison, etc.
Tho 3d Iowa.
Editor National Tehjune: In your
issue of March 12, in column headed "Their
Records," in the sketch of the 2d Iowa, you
say: "it served in the Atlanta campaign in
Fuller's Brigade, Veatch's Division, Six
teenth Corps; later was transferred to How
ard's Brigade." AVhere yon conld have found
such stuff is hard to understand. The facts
are, the 2d Iowa, in the Atlanta campaign,
belonged to the First Brigade, (Brig.-Gen.
E. AV. Rice), Second Division (Brig.-Gen. T.
AV. Sweeny), Sixteenth Corps. The Fourth
Division, Sixteenth Corps, was commanded,
by Gen. Fuller, and the two divisions by
Gen. G. M. Dodge, and was known as the
lett wiug of the Sixteenth Corpg. After the
fall of Atlanta this command was broken up.
The Second Division, then commanded by
(eu. Corse, was attached to the Fifteenth
Corps as its Fourth Division, and as such
participated in the " March to the Sea," aud
north through the Carolinasand on to Rich
mond and Washington, taking part in the
" Grand Review." The 2d Iowa was mustered
-into the service at Keokuk, Iowa, May 27,
1861, and mustered out at Louisville, Ky.,
July 12,1865. Though a three-years regiment,
it left Iowa for the front about six hours
before the 1st Iowa, a three-months regi
ment. V. P. Twombly, Captain, 2d Iowa,
Des Moines, Iowa.
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THE A'ATIOiVAIi TIIUBUIVJE., Washington, I. O.
The 14lh N. T.
Editor National TuiorNB : Thehlsleif
of the 14th N. Y.,as published in theisstl6f
March 5 Inst, contains several errors aail
omissions. The regiment was a small oh
numerically when ordered to the field, ozrly
about 700 strong, and its losses, which, how
ever, were larger than givon in your history,
are proportionately heavier than would bo
the case with full nnmbers. The heavic3fc
losses of the regiment were sustained at
Gaines's Mill and at Fredericksburg, though
we lost heavily at Malvern Lfill. As to the
division given, that is correct Morcll's aid
"Sundown"; but the corps is incorrect, as
the Fifteenth Corps was not with tho Army
of the Potomac, if organized at all ; bat tho
Fifth Corps was the one to which Morell'a
Division belonged. By way of further ex
planation, I will state that Col. MtQuade'9
regiment, to which I belonged and whoso
history is under consideration, was the 14th
N. Y. Vols. The 14th N. Y. S. M. also be
longed to the Fifth Cnrps, and, I think, to
Sykcs's Diviiiou. Josspu Spauny, Co. H,
14th N. Y., Denver, Colo.
The 3d Ky. Tinttrry.
Editor National Tribune: The bat
tery was organized at Louiville, Ky., Ang.
23, 1SGU, for tho period of 12 months, and
veteranized Feb. 22, 1864, for three yeara.oc
during the war. It was retained in the
service until Jnly 2G, 1SG5. John AV.
Neivelle was its first Captain. He was dis
charged Aug. 23, 1864. Lieut. R. AV. Mo
Reynolds was commissioned Captain, Feb.
24, 1864, and commanded the battery until
it was mustered oat at Louisville, Ky. Tho
battery served in Gen. Hobsou's Brigade,
First Division, Fourteenth Corps. Its loss
was two killed in action and 15 died of dis
ease. T. J. Simmes, Co. C, 1st Ky. Art.
""Where n. Shanghai 3Sonter Dassent Crow."
Comrade John AV. Darby, Paynesville,
Minn., writes: "In costing my eyes over
Their Records ' I notice the 123d N. Y.,
Col. Archibald L. MeDongall. I think this
regiment nnd for its Chaplain, Rev. Henry
Gordon, pastor of the old Dr. Bullion's Anti
Burger Church, at Coila, N. Y. He was very
popular among his boys. On one occasion
he made a speech at a reception, in which,
referring to their matchless bravery, he said:
'These boys have been where a Shanghai
rooster dassent crow.'"
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