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Clara Barton as n I.lRjit-ltparor From An-
tiotam to Armenia.
CLARA BABTON's I.IGIIT.
Since Clartt Barton bus been laboring so suc
cessfully among the persecuted Armenians
many stories mid anecdotes have been received
of her services to tin sick and wounded sol
diers or the Army of the Potomac, in the dark
days of war.
Does ovor anyone Eop to think what this
world would ho without any light? Never to
boo tho old familiar places, the- faces of friends;
always to grope in utlt-r darkness to perish
like the plants for want of the blessed sunlight.
There arc those who never seo the light,
sonioon says. Ah, yes, the unfortunate blind 1
But for tli em the light exist?, though they may
not see it; to minister to their necessities are
the thousand eyes of day, tho torch-bearers of
the starry night.
But to lie sick and in affliction and distress;
to he wounded and weary and dying, and yet
no light. One trembles as ho trios to imagine
anything bo unutterably sorrowful aud hope
less. Some of tho strongest figures of speech m
Holy Writ are those that seek to describe the
distress of those doprivod of light. They shall
be "cast into utter darkness" is told or thoe
whoso hearts are closed to the miuistorings of
love. "Ton lato" wue tho doom of the foolish
rrmitions condemned to tho darkness of the
oulr wall, because they failed to keep their
lamps trimmed and burning.
Of Clara Barton, tho torch-hearer of everlast
ing love, a sweet etory is told. It was at the
battle of AnlioUtn, nnd her experienros n'ter
the battles of Bull Itnu, Cedar Mountain and
ChaiilHiy, and her remembrance that in tho
former battle the Pnrgeons' lights had gone out
Imd made hoi doubiy-cnreful to provide every
variety of supplies that might bo needed at the
Following tlio lines of artillery her mule
teams bad gone thtongh tho smoke and fog of
battle and unloaded their supplies in an old
barn adjoining a cornfield. The army Fiipplics
bad not arrived, and the Surgeons were binding
up the wounds of bravo boys with corn husks.
All day long she worked unceasingly, feed
ing the fainting and dying bread dipped in
wine; and finding meal, flour and sell bidden
in tic bnrn by Confederates she snt 5 men to
making gruel, cartying it from the barn and :,
farmhouse near by to the poor fellows falling
like sheaves before tho sickle.
The porches of the houso were used for
operating tables. All day lone, under a fierce
battle, Clara Barton and the Surgedns worked
over the dying men. One of tho doctors, now
an old man in the West, snysi "Never shall I
forgot the terror which Bcized me as 1 looked
about for candles. The supplies had not come.
The armies had stopped their firing. Darkness
crept over the hilia and the valley. A Surgeon
near me said, hurriedly: ' This bit of candle j
all the light we havo for the night. A thou
sand Buttering, dying, wounded men! They
wiM perish before the day dawns 1 ' "
"Good God!" I said; " what a horror!
Just then Clara Barton came back to her
post with a big bucket of cruel, and said, cheer
fully: "Doctor, we must light up; we can't
work nor move about in tho dark."
A poor hoy, almost at her feel, fcaid; ''Shall
I die alone here in in the dark? "
MibS Barton replied, joyously: "Why.
Doctor, I brought 30 lanterns and hundreds of
candles! 1 learned a lesson at Bull Iiun. We
had a small supply. I said after that, light
must he my first thought."
Both nrmies had Iain down to rest. Tho
dead wore moved to one side that the woundod
might have care, aud night settled down on
the dread ftil scene.
The lanterns were quieklj' lighted and bung
in the bare old rooms, on the porches, tho fences
aud wagons. Candles, woro flickering in all
possible places, and the work of Surgeons, doc
tors and helpers went steadily on all through
The hoy who was so terrified by the darkness
eaid, as Miss Bartou knelt beside him, with the
lantern on hor arm: '0h, I sba'n't dicalouo
no w ! J can bee you ! "
FlcasRni KxoliRSigc of Thought and Senti
ment by Ijoyal Home Worltcrs All.
iftufra VMcOrtib. 3. Write briefly. 2. Write only
on uric ot lire )8je. 3. "V rile lo llic point. 4.
Wri! u one eulgeot. 5. rite your best. 0. IJuch
Weill, flic liNTim of lhu-e tt lit in;; the beat letlors
eiyic. t'Oim ositKin. fiUi'ig. pejimiuibhip and gen
crnl merit coitHdeiet3-T.nl be nmn&d at the head
of l3tt5 co.iiiim on the Jionor ItoK. Kirtt honor
wlli in hi'H- nil of tbew rcoiiremeiits. r-econd
bono wttl include a deficiency in home one point.
GROHG1A GOO IIC II GOSSIP.
Dn:K L.K.W. A?.ii C.C. Fnn;.vrs: Coincid
ing m I ! with our dear Editor in her belief
that "AH work and no play makes Jatik a dull
bay"- and, furthermore, n little nonsense now
aiii tlteu is relished by all good women and
mon, 3 wifl reproduce verbatim (names except
ed ), m nearly as KMibie. a part of a con versat ion
that grentfy amused me.
) not think, however, that tho sentiments
and mode of oxpreMoii of Mrs. Snyder accord
with those of the maj arity of grand old Georgia's
country folk, for sucii is not the cape; bntibey
are. bowevor, tyjdcal of a majority of poople who
If vo lu the wHdsof northern Georgia, where, I
tie not know whether to say fortunately or
niifortutiniely, I am at present existing.
"llerniii. tnornin'," faid Mrs. Snyder, a
typical north Georgia cracker, a6 she invited
horse) f into the sitting-room one day last weok,
Urew hor green-and-white-checked "" calico
1 otmcl on the floor, and seated hon-clf in an
wwy-chair Willi a self-suttsficd air. "I just
'lowed cz how I'd drap in a minute aud toll
yuenn tho ncwe, bohi' U6 how I 'faposcd yc
httilu't heard hit, and would be powerful proud
"'Bill and Jack hev jnst back from beynnl
tfcu mountain, an' they do hay ez how Mcrliudy
Moan and Sammy Potta hev done ran away
find married, sho
Now, don't thot beat a hoga-flyin'! Tho
rery idee of Mcrliudy Moon a gittiu' married!
MorHndy, who novor bed a fellor in her life
tr. anybody ever hearn on ; Merlindy, with
thorn grot big poppin cyos o' hern thot looks
fur tho world like two burnt holes in a
bUtnket. Well, I uover boatn thor like since
granny ohawod 'er pipe.
"Wariindy is a poworful smart gal, tho';
ry. lie cmii hoc more cotton rows 'an most any
boy, aud tho way she can grabble goobers is a
light, yes, fiir-co; and they do Fay as how hhe's
fine larnt, too ; w'y, sho roadB every word in
the (foeMmd IHt Ifcsemgcr, and 1 knows she's
road oiio novel clear through ; yes, sur-cc, she's
read 'Mother Goose,' every word, and she
read it woll, too, and didn't have to spell out
uore'n two words to the page, nuthor.
"But they do Bay that feller shu'o married
Is a good fur milhiiig town cub, who thinks bo's
powerful big 'cause he c-au smoko five scgars
t day without'u 'em rnakin' him sick, an can
aiako tot baccy smoko come out'n his nose, an'
5oouso he livos in town, wbar tho cars pass
!h rough two or throe times a day.
"He'll nevor made 'era liviu', I knows; but
'.or! phc'H be able to s'port him bv raisin' 'or
torn and goober?, and they do say you can raise
i poworful sijjht o' goobers by puttin' a passol
i' aslios in tho goobor hills.
" W'y, yes, to bo shore, Miss Dory, ash os is
.ood fur goobers, an' if you wants the finest
.risb'n tator crop you cvor so-d, put ashos in
he later-hills, and then your taters won't bo
tl tops and no tnters.
"Miss Moon, aud 'er man got wind of how
Polly she's next to Merlindy and Jackv
D'Grubs was er rnakin' it up ter 'lope, so tliev
ras n-watching poor Polly liko a hawk; m?
rhilo ther bucks was turned a-watchiug PUv,
derlindy sho ups an runs away; au' 'c'sarvud
em rignt, too, I thinks, 'oubo they hort to of
let Polly marry, for Jacky is a good, hard
working man, and he's got two mules and a
iow aud a hund'ed bushela o' corn an' $35 to
wt. an' anybody thot ud waut a body to have
Flower.. Forget -me not.
more than thot to start on is powcrfnl proud
au stuck up.
"Well, I swan, it's nigh Movon o'clock, an' I
hain't grabbled tbe tatersan' strung tho beans
for dinner. Como go homo with MissDory.
Well, you come Mhs Blanche. Woll, you como
Miss Sally Well, youerns must, all come some
time soon." Dora Davis.
IN MEMOIIV GKBEN.
DkarCC. asp L.H.W.: I have just retnmed
from a visit to friends in tho "Forest City,"
Portland, Me., "that beautiful town that is
seated by the sea," of which tho poet so truth
fully suns:. It is indeed a charming place for
every child of Nature.
A very pleasant surpriseawaited my arrival.
I found my prize book "Under tho Gnns,"
which J asstiro yon was a great pleasure, and I
thank the editor most heartily for the gift. I
shall higbl3piizo and heartily appreciate tho
hook first, as a gift; second, as a C C mo
nionto, and also becauso it will keep greon tho
memory of those who. in tho dark days of our
country's peril, "counted not thoir lives dear
unto themselves," but sacrificed thoir all for
.the dear old flag aud all that it represents.
And while wo romomber all this, shall wo
over be unmindful of the debt of lovo and
gratitude wc owo to thorn and all who are dear
Mao L. Bickucll, North Madison, Me.
Friends of the C.C and L.H.W.: Just a
word, aud my last, on immigration, in responso
to Brother Seaman's and Brother Irwin's re
marks, though no one has answered any of my
statements or impeached my figuros in any
1 repeat my statement that in no way can
tho depression in business or labor bo duo to
immigiation, for wo find tho same trouble, only
more intense, in many foreign countries. nota
bly England and Germany, and tho troublo
there cannot be caused by tho immigration of
iguorant laborers. The troublo with labor is an
obi one. Thwsamo trouble hasesisted forages
in the Old World, and various causes havo been
assigned for this condition of tho laboring
classes. It appears lo mo that wrong social
condition is the real cause.
Volumes havo been written on tho subject,
and the question is, apparently, as far from
solution as it was a ceutury ago. I will show
Mr. Seaman tho immigration figures for the
four years ended Juno .'50, 1S91. If he has
later statistics than those I would be pleased to
have his figures. In 1S91 there landed at our
ports 569,o 10 immigrants; in 1S92. G23,0S4; in
SJ)3; 502.917; in 1SD4, 314.407. Tho number
for the past year, aud six months neatly passed
ot tiiis year, 1 am unable to state, but it is not
larger than Mr. Seaman has stated; to wit,
30.000 a month 300,000 a year. I have my
dtiuttts about the number being as large as that.
As to tha nssett on that ' 90 per cent, are un
able to read or write English," that is not a
fair criterion of tho fitness of immigrants.
How many Americans can write or read Ger
man? 1 do not like tho term "Choappanper labor."
There is no truth in it. Tho laws arc such
now that paupors that's a vile name to apply
to persons because they arc poor are not al
lowed even to laud on our shores. (See act of
Congress approved March 3. 1891.)
J hardly know wiiat Brother Soatnan means
by the phrase, "figures may not lie, but they
misrepresent." I assure the gentleman that
I have no intention of misrepresenting in any
wny. I am not presenting " theories," hut
facts, or what I understand to bo such, for I got
my statistics from tho United States Census lie
port of IfiOO. and later report? from the United
States Government documents. If there has
been 90 per cent, of "cheap paupors" in tho
number of immigrant's, and they "do not im
migrate to the vast undeveloped territory re
ferred to by Mr. McKcunaaud Dr. Nasle," will
Mr. Seamau.be so good U3 to tell where thoy do
Who populated Ohio. Iowa, Michigan, Wis
consin, Minnesota, and tho Territories that
were made States within the last 10 years?
Who bnilt the cities of Chicnco, Milwaukee, St.
Louis, and other large and flourishing cities in
New York City does not show that all tho
"paupers" remained there. I do not know
hw many cities Brother S. has visited, but he
never m his life saw "no cud of beggars all
day long" in any of them.
I asree with Mr. Sea man's statement that it
would be a great deal better if the poor in our
lan:e cities would go where there is plenty of
laud. But bow can they net to it. and how can
thoy secure tho laud if they could get to it?
Ambition ? These immigrants certainly have
ambition, or they never would travel iioaily
4.W00 miles, away from friends, home, the laud
of thoir birth, to bettor, if possible, their condi
tiou and flee from oppression.
Of course, thoy do not understand our form
of Government, nor do we understand the
form of Government from whence thoy came,
otiier than by tho name "monaichy." They
know that ours is a Rupnblican form of Gov
ernment. If they aro ignorant of tho different
branches of our Government, aud tho function
of oach branch, the same may he said of hun
dreds of thousands of persons who havo been
born here, and thoir parents before thetn.
As for understanding the Constitution, very
few understand it alike, and the Supreme Court
often has to settle what is or is uot constitu
tional. The statement about naturalizing so many
"immigrants" can hardly bo correct, for itunii
grants cannot voto until thoy have been hcto
five years, and when they arc naturalized thoy
are American citizens.
Iflhey do things as Mr. Seaman says in St.
Louis, politically, it is tinio there was a reform
movement besun there. Perhaps the rivalry
between Chicago aud St. Louis hassotaething
to do with this tstatc of thinzs.
Tho population of Iioston in 1590 was 448.
477, of which 153,172 were foreign born, so that
tho native born in Bostou aro about Gj, instead
of 33, per cent.
I do not agree with Mr. Seaman's stalemont
that naturalized citizens, as a rule, do not know
what they aro voting for. Undoubtedly a
great many take little or no caro or pains to
inform themselves on tho political questions of
the day, and vote, as wo think, on tho wrong
side; but is not tho sanio thing truo of tho
gieat mats of voters?
If wo all knew which was the best party to
voto for, or what was best for our own interests,
there would bean end to great political parties.
Witness tho present controversy over liio
financial problem. Which is right? It is said
that the foreigners, or foreign-born American
citizens, aro iu favor of tho gold standard.
Who shall determine the right sido of this
I sid in my first letter on this subject:
"Sift immigrants if you will, but do not forbid
them coining." Every child born into this
world has a God-givon right to tho pursuit of
life, liberty and happiucss, aud any man. or set
of men, I caro not what their profession or call
ing is, that seeks to deny them tin right, is
nota truo American or believer in the doctrine
enunciated in tho Declaration of Independence,
that "all men are born freo and equal."
There seems to beau impression among our
L.1I.W. and C.C. that the great bulk of for
eigners aro illiterate. Plcaso allow mo to give
a few statistics in regard to tho illiterates in
this country and foreign countries. Batio of
adults unable to write to total population, 18S9:
England, 9 per cent.; Scotland. G: Ireland. 23:
France. 15; Germany, i; Itussia, 65; Austria,
45; Italy, 53; Spain, 72; Switzerland, 5; Bol-1
pinin, mi; ciucriunu, ji; Scaudinavia, 3.
Now look at our own country: Alabama, out of
total population, 10 years of age and ovor, 41
per cent.; Arizona, 21.1; Arkansas, 1G.3;
Georgia, 10.3; Kentucky, 3S.S; Iuisiana,
20.1; Tennessee, 2G.G; North Carolina, 35.7.
'Hie pciccntago of illiteracy in total whito
pc;-Jlation of the United States over 10 years
of age, native-born, is 13.3. Among tho for-oign-born
while over 10 years of ago tho per
centage ie 13.1.
What do these figures show? Tlic?e are
from tho latest United States const!?, and
neither lie nor misrepresent. It they do, it is
our own people who misrepresent us.
Among the colored population, which in
cludes Chinese, Japanese, Indians and persons
of negro dcicent, tho per cent, of illiteracy is
I believe in iutelligcut, rational inspection
of ininiicrauts. Wo do not want murderer,
lepers, thieves or criminals of any kind, but
wo need strong, healthy mon aud women to
build up not alone our new States and Terri
tories, but to infuse new lifo into some from
older States when tho natives havo became de
generate. Brothor Irwin is incoherent. Who mur
dered Garfield? Who killed tho best, or one
of the best, men that over lived, our immortal
Lincoln? If his parents, or ancestors, had not
conic to this country ho might be now breath
ing tho air in somo foroign country.
Lst mo suggest that ho study the words of
Patrick Ilonry, who, by tho way, was a for
eigner, with more care, and ho will see in them
a different meaning than the ono ho applies.
I am sorry to disagreo with Brother Irwin,
hut I must. I do most sincerely hope ho will
not suffer for air or forests. It would bo ft
torrihlc calamity if our "open air" was to ho
shut off by those foreicnors. I would bo very
sorry lo bolievo that any great number of our
" truest citizens 'ugreo with his views.
James McKcnna, Pittsfidd, Mass,
il, IIOMJ: YVOllKKKS.
Ilow atnny ro Going; to Seventh Annual
Kcniilmi ? What Do You Think of tlio
Tho seventh annual Reunion of tho Loyal
Home Workers will be held at St. Paul, Minn.,
at tho same time and place as tho 31st National
Convention, G.A.U., and 14th National Con
The tinio and placo aro auspicious, and it i3
hoped by thoso who have the arrangements of
Reunion that it will bo the largest and most
enthusiastic evor held. Tho timo is tho first
week iu September.
The general direction is in hr.ndsof the Board
of Control, of which Boso Janson, Quincy, 111.,
is tho Chairman. She ;cry much desires to
make this the best program over givon by tho
L.H.W., but in order to do so she must havo
the co operation of evory Loyal Homo Workor
who expects to attend tho Reunion, or who,
though absont, can send some special contribu
tion in the way of greetings or suggestions for
tho good of the Order.
If anyone has a poem to rocite or a song to
sing, write Rose Janson, address as given. Let
those who are coing, communicato also with
tho Editor aud with ono anothor through tho
L.1I.W. columns, so that tho necossary enthusi
asm may bo engendered. It is only by writing
aud thinking and talking aud wishing and
doing that anything is accomplished in theso
days of rapid living. Lot us think and talk
aud plan about this Rouuion,and show that wo
are in earnest iu desiring the very best program
ill patriotism and progress that can ho devised.
LOYAL IIOMK WOUKKUS ISADGE.
Sixth National Reuniou, L.U.W., voted to
have an L.1I.W. badge, and iu conformance
with this tho ofliccrs and committoo havo re
ceived designs. The design that seems most
appropriate, made by a prominent manufactur
ing jeweler, is a gold-rimmed shield of whito
enamel bearing a sprit of hluo forgct-me-not3
and tho letters "L.II.W." iu red. Thus tho
shield and flower of the L.II.W. havo boon
beautifully combined with tho National colors.
The wholo design is chasto and artistic.
But ss to tho cost there is a question. This
design would cost if raado as stated 40 cents
each. The question is: Do tho Loyal Homo
Workers want to paj- that much? Lot us hear
from you, ono and all. L.H.W., as it will ho
necessary to know whether these badges will
sell before ordered. Thoy aro cheaper overy
way than any wo havo seen similarly gotten
up, and yet it may bo considered best to havo
a cheaper design.
Any expression concerning this should bo
sent in during the noxt two weeks. Thoso who
liko tho present design, and would liko to place
an order for it on file, should address Amos L.
Soaman, Secrotary, L.H.W..51G1 Minerva Ave.,
St. Louis, Mo. No orders will bo placed until
tho purchase of badges is assnrod in advance.
L.1I.W. BULLETIN NO. 2G.
St. Louis. July 9. 1S9G.
Applications: Charles A. Steele, Laurence,
Margaret E. Westcott, Farmington, lows
L. C. Cooper, Canlington, O.
Joseph Khollrnati, Isabella, Mich
Edith King, Isabella, Mich.
If every member will eecuro one niW appli
cation, it will double our membership. Mako
yourself such a promise. Try hard to get ono
new member, and do not stop trying till you
get that ono.
Respectfully, Amos L. Seaman, Secretary.
11 KM US POINT REUNION.
The annual Reunion of the C.C. and L.3T.W.
of western Now York and northwestorn Penn
sylvania was held at Bemus Point, N. Y., Wed
nesday, June 24. In tho afternoon tho moot
ing was called to order by President Randall,
and ollicers elected as follows: Prc3., Howard
Putnam, Frcdonia, N. Yn- V.-P.. Lulu A. Whito,
Spartunshurg, Pa.; Sec, Henry I Borringcr,
Mayvillc. N. Y. It was decided to hold tho
nest meeting at Spartansburg, Pa., July 4,
On account of the rain not many turned out.
We were somowhat disappointed at not meet
ing any of our Pennsylvania members; wo
trust, howovcr. that thoy were not drowned in
tho rain, and hopo to havo a larger gathering
at our next meeting.
lienry F. Jierringcr, Mayvillc, N. Y.
Sweet ami Savory Dishes for L.II.'W. IIousc-
Proparo your fruit as for preserving, adding
a pound of sugar to a pound of fruir Put it
over the firo in a kcttlo, scald, and skin.
Placo the fruit on platters, and placo iu tho
hot sunshine until sufficiently jellied to placo
in glasses or jurs. Cover with papers dipped iu
alcohol, or with parufiuc, and keep in a cool,
Soak sweetbreads for"" two hours in salt
water. Then parboil them 20 minutes, and
throw them into cold water to whiton them.
Havo ready a cold boiled chicken ; cut it, liko
tho sweetbreads, into long pieces on the meat
board, and afterwards cro.'swisc, so as to f
cubes. Beat up thrco eggs and mix with a
quart and a half of now milk, a quarter of a
pound of butter mixed with a spoonful of
flour, salt, pepper, and a small minced onion.
Put tho whole in a baking-dish, stir until well
mixed, sprinkle cracker crumbs over tho top,
bako an hour and a half, aud servo with coffoo,
hot biscuits, and celery.
Heat a quart of milk. Stew a can, or quart,
of tomatoes, with a good,-sizcd onion, strain
through a siovo, and season well with butter,
peppor, Htid salt, stirring in a tcaspooufnl of
soda at the last. Add tho hot milk and serve.
USES OF ALUM.
In an articlo contributed to the Healthy Home
on tho uses of alum, a knowloJo of which may
Ihj new to many and carry comfort as woll, Dr.
Carroll suggests that a supply of alum be lcopt
on hand, allowing about 10 grains to each ounce
of water. It may bo put in a bottle and kept
on the toilet table.
Iu warm weather, he says, aflor tho hath,
spongo tho armpits with it. Use it freely on
all parts of tho body that aro liable to chafe.
When tho feet get sweaty and tender, its freo
umj will havo a wonderfully good effect. If you
aro bitten by any insect apply it at ouco. If
you havo been out in tho hot sun and your faco
has been tanned or burned, an application of
this solution will afford marked relief.
If a pimple appears on tho face or olscwhero,
a free application will often remove it. If you
have an irritation in your throat from enlarged
or inflamed tonsils, uso it as a gargle. If your
uvula is elongated, causing a tickling sensation
in your throat, garglo with this solution. If
you suffor fiom frequent nosoblced, uso ono
part of this solution with threo parts of water,
and wash tho nose with it twice a day.
Bleeding from tho gums, or an ulcerntcd con
dition of the gums, can bo cured by using alum
as a mouth wash. It is useful iu arresting
hemorrhages that often follow tho extinction
of teoth. In fact, if you keep this solution on
hand aud study its use, you will soon find it
valuable under so many different conditions
that yon will not bo without it.
Free to All Women.
T have learned of a very simple liflme treatment which
Wilt reftrtlly cure nil femnfe dinordcns, palnfnt period. Icu
corrhoea, displacements or irrcRularitle, and will gladly
aud it lit to my suOVrlox womm. AJJ' UUl E. Kath. JUt. til
A Sluily of llic'liilcroalional Sunday
Ecliool Lesson Appointed for July
19, 1S96. ' l
Subject: Tlio A'rlc llrouglit to Jerusalem.
a Sam., G:l-ia.
fOne reading these polGi should firt carefully
study the parngro'iUi from the Holy Scriptures as
indicated abovc.l '
Tm: Ark Boknh ritojt Gibeaii to Pep.ez
uzzaii. ' Data.
Wo find two accounts of tho trnnsfor of tho
ark from Gihoah ; to wit, 2 Sam., 0:1-5, and 1
Chron., 13:I-S. Roth of thcao reports should
bo carofully read and compared.
Wo date tho lesson A. M. 20G2, or B. C. 1012.
nenco wo aro carried hack nearly 3,000 years.
David had been King 30 years; soven at Hob
ron and three at Jorusalom.
Nincty-nino ycar3 beforo our lesson tho nrk
was at Shiloh. 1 Sam., 4:4. In a time of
desperation tho Israelites sent for tho -irk and
had it borne to tho field of battle that it might
holp them in fighting ngainst tho Philistines.
ISntn., 4:3. At that timo Hophni and Pliin
cas. sons of Eli, accompanied it. It was soizod
and carried oil' by the enemy. 1 Sam., 4:11.
It proved a curse to them and they woro at
length glad enough to get rid of it. Thoy on
dured its presonco for seven months. 3 Sam.,
0:1. Tho nrk was then taken to Kirjath
jcarini. 1 Sam., 0:21; 7:1. That was 25
years beforo Saul hecamo King. The nrk re
mained during all its reign of 40 years. Acts,
13: 21. Baalo of Judnh (2 Sam., 0 : 2,) is sup
posed to he the samo as Kirjath-bnal of Jos.,
15: 00. Untile is another form for Bnalah, as iu
1 Chr., 13 : G, aud Josh., 14 : 0, 30. And Kirjath
jcaritn was anothor namo for Gibcah. It was
about fivo miles northeast of Jerusalem. It is
also called Jcha, Honco tho following nro
names of tho samo placo Baulo, Banlah, Kir-jath-jonrim,
Kirjath-baal, Jeba. Gibcah was
in tho tribo of Bonjamin. It was tho birth
plnco and home of King Saul, and his Capital
while King. 1 Sam.. 30:20. Tho paragraph
which wo study, to wit, 2 Sam., 0:1-5, carries
us from Baalo or Gihoah to Perez-uzzKh.a placo
j. probably ir tho suhurb3 or outskirts of Jerusa
lem. V. 8
D.ivrt. Had become settled as King of tho
Israelites. During tho reign of Saul tho Ark
had been neglected. Wo read that onco, in an
emergency, ho recalled the existence of the
Ark, and wanted tho sacred symbol of God's
presence 1 Sam., 14 : 18. David declared that
it was ignored during tho reign of Saul. 1
Ch 13:3. Josao's eon wanted to rule, not as
in a monarchy, hut a3 in a Theocracy. Ho
therefore desired tho exaltation of religion.
Ho led ofi" iu a grand reformation. Inspired
with tho thought ho called togothor tho repre
sentative men of Israel, including tho priests
and Lcvitcs, and held a consultation. Ho told
them of his wishes and asked their opinions.
They all agreed that the Government should
not ignore God, worship, religion. "Tho
thing was right in the eves of all tho peoplo."
1 Ch., 13:4. But read venes 1-1. David
could see that the secret of Saul's failure was
solf-dopendcncc. 'He wished for a reign moro
successful, and was wiBo enough to seo that ;
governmental, civil, material advancement
could not be secured with God left oiit of con
sideration. DdpiVs Purpose.
Tho King wanted 'the Ark brought np to
Jerusalem. His .cxpe'rienco had taught him
tho need of di?inoni(L He declnred that the
Lord delivered hjm from tho paws of the lion
and the bear, and that his hopo iu slaying Go
Hath rested on a cnnsciousne33 of God's assist
ance. 1 Sam., 17:37. He believed tho samo
divine power wan" needed by him as King.
For a description of.thc Ark, soo Ex., 25 : 10
22; 2G:3I; 37:1-9;, 40:3, 20, 21. It was
inado of acacia wood overlaid with gold. Its
length was two aud one-half cubits; breadth
ono and one-half; bight, one and one-half. It
was a sort of chest. It contained tbe two
tables of s'ono ou which Moses received tho
dcoalng, Aaron's rol that budded, jiud a gold on
pot of nniium. Ou each end of tho cover there
was the figure of n cherub, with wings ox
teuded over tho top, callud tho Morcy-scat.
Notico particularly the mannor provided hy
which tho Ark could bo carried. There was a
ring on each corner, to wit, two rings ou each
side, through which two staves could bo in
serted, with ends extending beforo nud behind,
ouablinga person to go before and another in tho
rear, as between tho fills of a carriage, or tho
handles of a wheelbarrow. Its proper location
w.i3 tho Holy of Holies. Er., 20:31. It was
madu at Mt. Sinai, aud carried nil through tho
wilderness during the 40 years of the wander
ings of thochildren of Israel. It was called tho
Ark of tho Testimony, the Ark of tho Cove
nant, tho Ark of God. and the Ark of the Lord.
It was the symbol of God's presence, and, so, tho
place of prayer. At its side men, through
their representative (tho Iliuh Priest), oucred
their petitions to Heaven. For about 75 years
it had been at Gibeah iu tho family of Abiua
d:tb. David was determined to socuro tho Ark
and have it put into a suitable tabernacle at
Jerusalem. He made the occasion a matter of
national concern. He stirred up all tho Israel
ites on tho subject. Ho went after it iu grand
state, having a rutiuuo of representative men
from overy point of his Kingdom. 1 Chr.,
The King's order was respected. Gibcah
easily gave up an object little esteemed. Tho
poople, lod by David, set out from Gihcnh for
Jerusalem, having tho coveted Ark.
Wo notice tho method of convoynnco. It is
singular that no respect was paid to tho plan
ordained hy God as to the method of carrying
tho Sacrud Chest. All through the wildcrnuas
the Ark was carried by persons holding tho
shafts or staves passing through tho rings ou
tho sides of tho Ark. But now, when it is to
he taken only a few miles, arrangements aro
made for it to he carted instead oT carried.
Wo would think tho idea wn Philistincan.
Wo remember that when tho Philistines re
turned tho Ark to tho Israel ilea they put it on
a new cart, and had it drawn by kino. 1 Sam.,
0:7. No wonder, however, that thoy deviated
from the rJan prescribed by .Moses. But it is
curious that David did not recall tho divino
directions. Tho plan of having a uric cart
showed great respect. God should havo the
first, best, freshest. The two sous of Abiimdab
accompanied the procession. They took ehatgo
or the wagon, or cart. Oxen were used V. 0.
Tho spirit of tho occasion is noticeable. Seo
verses 5. 12. 14-10. and 1 Chr., 13:3; 15:27-29.
Thcro were joy, gladness music, singing, danc
ing, shouting. A goodly number .if musical
instruments wore used harps, psnItoric3, tim
brels, cornets, cymbals, trumpet. Rondcr
"oven" (V. 5) also. Tho Revised Version
reads, "with nil manner of instruments made
of fir (cypress) wood, and with barns," etc.
1. Oboy God to 'tho letter. Do not presume
to substituto oxen, for slaves.
2. Favor reform, whenever there is a laxnc33
or coldness religiously.
3. Havo u sanctuary. Seek God's presence.
Have tho nrk. Look to tho material conveni
ences of religion provide utensils needed in
4. Havo vocal mu3ic. 1 Ch., 13:8.
5. Havo instrumental music.
G. Consult. Do not act independently. Try
to carry the peoplo with you. 1 Ch., 33:1-5.
7. Rulors should load their people iu reli
gious zeal and usefulness.
8. Lot religious sqr vices be auimntod.
9. Pray. Call cyv God. 1 Ch., 13:0. Sock
10. Lot God havo tho best, no west, tho first
born, tho first fruits ,
11. Study tho liiblo, aud uot bluudor as to
God's directions. ,
Tin: Amc at Oiied-cdom's.
For facts see 2 Sam., 6:0-11, nud J Chron.,
13 : l)-ll.
The dato is A. JI. 2DG2, or J3. C. 1012.
IJ; is certain Obod-odom livod between Gibonh
nnd Jerusalem. Wo cannot fix tho exact spot
whoru Uzzuh was slain. Wo know tho houso
of Ohed-edom was iu tho immediato vicinity.
David guvo to tho plncu tho name Porez-uzzau,
K a, THURSDAY, JULY 2, 1S96.
which menns the rent, destruction, of Uxzah.
Tradition says tho spot was tlio samo as that
where Joshua raised his spear ngainst Al.
Josh.. 8:18. 20. Somo think the thrching
llnor of Nachon (2 Sa., 0:0) was the same ns
that-understood by the thrcshing-tloor of Arau
nnh. 2 Sam., 21 : IS. That was near Jubu3.
tho ancient name for Jerus-tlcm. Tho. Ark re
mniucd for three mouths at Obed-cdom's. 1
Ch., 13: 14.
)Yhj the Arh at Obed-edom".
David sot out to bring tho Ark to Jorusalcm.
AH went-well till the procession had reached
tho outskirts of tho city of Jerusalem. The
oxen drawing the cart chanced tostttmblo, and
tho Ark wai iu great clanger of falling nnd
boing destroyed. 1 Ch., 13:9. Uzzn-h, in
concern for the sacred utensil, reached quickly
to savo it, and in so doing seized ou tho Ark
itself. Ho immediately died. Tho Law pro
vided Hint nny Lnvito touching tho Ark would
perish. Nu., 4: 15-20. God had ordorcd tho
Ark to bo provided with ring3nud 3t:tves. to bo
used whenever tho Ark was to ho transferred
from ono placo-to another. The error of Uzzah
sprung from disohedionco as to tho prescribed
method of carrying tho Ark. It i3 not to b
supposed that Uzzah meant any disrespect.
Ho acted, it would seem, from tho best of mo
tives. But tho circumstances were peculiar.
Ignorauco of law is not a valid excuso for its
violation. Moro good intention does uot render
an act correct. The utmost awo was to bo in
spired for tho Ark. The ca3c was one of thoso
emergent ones in life, demanding tho sacrifice
of tho ono for tho ninny, tlio lcs for tho groator,
tho present for thu futuro, tho material for
the spiritual, the finito for the Infinite.
David was alarmed. Ho did not dnro to
manipulate tho Ark. It scomod ntt instrument
of death, to bo handled liko dynamite. Ho
ordered it put into the house of Obed-odom,
nnd awaited results. Reports came that tho
family of Obud-cdom woro in great prosperity,
beginning iu special with tho presence of the
Ark at his home. Thau David's fear ceased.
1. Thcro ran3t ho great reverence for religious
places, p3r3ons, things, etc.
2. Wc mint show disapproval of ovil.
3. Do not get infuriated at God's doalings.
Wait. All will come nut right.
4. Religion is a benefit in a material, civil
ixing way. "The Lord blessed Obod-edom aud
all thatholud." 1 Ch., 13:14.
5. Family religion is a duty. 1 Ch., 13:14.
Tho Lord blessed the hoU30 of Obcd-cdom by
reason of tho Ark.
Correspondents should write oaoh question on
n sepnrntc sheet of paper, irive full name ami ad
dress nnd mark it "Corrcspnndonts' Column." No
uttcnticm will bo paid to communications "not nc
compnuicd with name and nddrew of writer. It is
requested that a stamp bo inclosed for reply by
letter. Postal cards will ba replied to by mail
only. Replies by mail will ordinarily be madu
within a wcok. and if in tlii.s column witnin thron
A. J. C. National Soldiers' Home, Va. PJca3o
state whether Congress has rccon tly enacted any
laws entitling sailors to bounty. I h.ivc scon
something ou tho bulletin board of tho Home
that has caused the belief that such legislation
has heon had. Answer. There has been no such
legislation. What was dono during tho lastses
sion of Congress was to pass a law relieving
thoso Paymasters of tho Navy who had so in
terpreted former statutes as to hold entitiod to
the three months' pay thoso enlisted mon of the
Navy who, within threo months of a forrnor
term of service, re-enlisted, and to correct tho
effect of n recent rnling of tho Assistant Comp
troller which had roverscd the action of tho
Navy Department for moro than 40 years, by
applying a technical rulo to the construction of
the Btatuto. For upwards of 50 years it has
been held hy said Department that an enlisted
man of tho Nitvy who enlisted within thrco
mouths from n prior discharge, should bo paid
for tho interim as an inducement to retain ex
perienced men in the service, nnd this was ox
tonded to all classes of enlisted men. For many
year3 some of the enlisted men of tho Navy
havo boon rated as yeomen, stewards, cooks,
landsmen, etc., nnd other designations not set
forth in the original statute that authorized tho
paymcutoftho thrco months' honus,aud because
they wero not specially mentioned in said stat
ute, iho Comptroller held that thoy were not
entitled to the pay in qnestion, and that thu
Paymasters who bad bo paid woro in error.
To romody this na'rrow construction of tho law
nnd to rcliovotho Paymasters, Congress passed
the act referred to on tho bulletin board. It
will be observed that this does not entitle any
class that havo not heretofore been held by tho
pay officers of the Navy to bo entitled, aud in
no degree enlarges the original bonus oQbrod
for rc-cnlistument; and it id improbable that
any ex-sailor will he entitled to anything under
it, sinco those having title havo long since been
paid. Thero is, popularly speaking, no bounty
about it; but in discussing the matter iu tho
House, n Mcmbor referred to it as a " bounty,"
using tho word iu its broad sense, and intend
ing it to mean that in this instance it was syn
onymous with three months' pay.
G. Jl Mina, N. Y. Plcnso state what is the
law exempting soldiers' homes purchased with
pension money from taxation. And docs the
property have to bo wholly purchased with
pension money ; and can it bo in a name other
than tho soldier and he oxemptcd? vlnsircr.
Wo have often stotod iu this column that by
virtuo of United Sintes lnw thcro is no such ex
emption. The Federal lawdoes not go beyond
protecting tho pension up to the timo that tho
check ii cashed; then it loses its identity as
pension money, and any further exomptiou that
may attach is becauno of the laws of the particu
lar State in which the pensioner may rcsido; ns
to these particular exemption.?, if any, wo aro
not fiulliciuntly fnmiliur to advise, nnd legal
questions involving nn intimato knowledgo
of tho laws of n Stntc, nnd nn acquaintance
with Iho decisions of tho courts thereof, should
bo roforred to a good locnl lawyer. Wo know
that your State linn made sonic exemptions as
regards property bought with pension money,
hut wu do uot know whether tho court of last
resort of your State has declared thoso laws
constitution!!, or how tho lnw lias been authori
tatively interpreted ; nor havo wo a copy of tho
.. W. S., Jientontille, O. If a soldier who is a
pensioner bus marriud since 1890, will his widow
get n pension undor any law? An.ficcr. This is
another quostiontli'it has frequently boBti an
swered in this column. No widow who was
married to tho soldier after Juno 27, 1S00, is
entitled to pension unless tho soldier happens
to die from a cause directly duo to his military
service and lino of duty therein.
J. S. n., Marshall, Mich. What is n " reissue " ?
And is a pensioner who h:i3 such liable to bo
rcduocd thereby? Answer. A. reiasuo ia an
issuo mndo for vnrious reasons; sometimes to
reduce, but mora frequently to increase, on
somo additional disability, or to change to
anothor law or to correct tho service or tho
namo of the disability; it may increase- or it
Didn't Fool Him.
New York World.
Tie was shaving away at tbe chin of n
cm'toiner when the door of his humble shop
opened, and h colored boy sneaked in and
sal down. Tho barhcr looked nt him two or
three times, nud then asked what he
".Tini," sa'tl tbe other, after fidgeting
about for a minute, ''yo was ingaged to my
"I was, sail," was tho reply. "Yes, sah,
mo nu' 'lii tula was ingnged, nu' I was gwiiie
to become yo'r hrudder-Iaw."
'"Linda sent word."
" Yes. 'Linda wanted roe to stop an' tell
"I hopo the deah angel hain't dun got
"Oh, no. She jes' dnn pot married to
Bill Leo dis mawning, an' she axed me to
stop an' tell yo'."
" Wh-what! Yo'r sister 'Linda dun got
ranrried to dnt nigger liiil Leo!" shouted,
tho barber, ns ho waved his rnzor u round
" Yes. Sho dun changed her mind 'bout
"Sho did, eh! She did, oh! Boy, has yo'
got n flat-footed, black-bided, 'possum-meed
SJSter named 'Linda? Great big CJll, wid
tttriiin-cuIPd eyes an a motif ns big aa dat
doab? Sings like a mewl, an' makes a
track in do mud liko a elophant? Has yo'
got siclr a sister?"
" I reckon so."
" Werry woll, sah. Yo' rotnrn to dat sis
ter, an' give her my compliments, an' tell
her I was married mo' dan two weeks ago,
an' dat she ain't dun fooled ma worl
shucks! Good inawniug, sah; call agin!"
. .. . .
ar. ga i;kiso
take trrent nlcinr in nrp4entlnc the lilfe-
iifs of LAH2ro, who 1ms for ncrn! yenr aon
Irlbnlcd lo " Mystery" some of the best verse ptiz
zfes published 'iurinz tho period. If ws horn
July 1. 1M72. and became tniarptiI In Puzzldntn
In ISH8 thrnnzli tln medium of th Detroit Fre
l'rexi. For two jpim Ourri-toti contributed form
work only, IiUfir-t ital having appxarod U Golden
Diys " Pnzztedoin " in IS!; tint since Unit lime
he Iihm co'iceni riled hN cf'rt on O-.r verc ptz
z!e. lie bsllorci Iho clmrada ! to fiats what tho
sqmiro is to forma e'li the highest development
of the two brunches of the Art and the upeeimftns
Rivufi this week wilt fully dpittanstraO that he is nn
adept at conipoiiip;n'its. and shou'd know where
of he .speaks. Ho helped (o orcmi'ZP nnd l.s Sro
tnrv of the Crypt C'liiK Pittslmrx'i pazrtf society,
nnd d nNo i loyal E. P. h. menilwr. 1 Album's
MS. is nhviiy.s prupared with mrivtiio.-M nnd rci
racy, which adds crently to the acceptability of his
contributions, and eloquently app-itN 'o the bnld
headed puzzlc-cditor'n suns-; of jrrntefulnssa.
ANSITKTCS TO SO. 210, APItir. CO, tSOC.
2',C3 War-fare. 23GG K-now.
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2357 W Z3CS W
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KA.VOATB S E E D C O D
S I X r S T R A L C II K S S T R B B
WORD SQUARES WORDSQttARES
STRATUS MORA I.VB
E A R I. 3 D R R X E
LEE E E 3
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TIIUXDKIICLAP CH.AMBBRMA ID
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RAP D I T
Authors of word-forms:
X. L, C. R. (2), StocIe3
XKW PITZZLKS SO. 210
NO. 2190 CHARADE.
As ono that many wenry d.iy.-t hni spent
Amid the noise nnd turmoil of tho town,
Where thousands fight for richer and renown;
Where narrow- streets and niH-jiIvo walls prevent
The light of day and civs the. lira scent
Of heuvine;) iw such an one may drown
Ills cares in Ihitikir.e, of tho mountain crown
Ot giant fores', trcea, whoic wide extent
Lay stretched in holy solitude around
JIi boyhood hom." so do I ever yearn
When PitfjtAL ills of Iifu press soro on me
To fleo the whole; Sweet Sphinx there la
A last to which lean more ulndly turn
Thun to thy vast domain of MYSTERY.
IVAllegro, Pittsburg, Pa.
NO. 2500 TERMINAL AMPUTATION,
The golden fiest aro all too early run ;
The hnppy morning dnwneth over bright,
Put often U itn glory lost in night
When xve hud thought the dy but senrce began.
There wore a thousand things we might have
And comities'? arc the selfish deed? wc might
Have left undone, hnd we but known the light
Would fail so soon. What, then, is glory won
Uy knightly deed, or mntchlcss grace of pent
What solace find e in the prnisu of men?
'Twerc vain for us to try to penetrate
Tho nltrht beyond: we see the jnt. replete
With countless errord, last we own defent,
Aud strive to make Mlonetneut all too late!
I ALLEGRO, Pittsburg-, Pa.
NO. 2501 TRANSPOSITION.
To Iron Hash.)
Accursed memory! thy bitter sting
Stitf rankles in my heart, Hnd by thy might
A thousHiid Kruesoiue spectres of the night
Arise to mock me; clammily they cling,
And with thoir fleshier PitittAr. seek to swing
The nortHls wider open. Mint my light
May comprehoiid the torments thatunito
In making hell a. foul, forbidding thing. --.
Uncanny LAST, by guilty conscience wrought,
S'.ill border all my dnys with blackened hleo,
And namelcrfi shadows over me are cast,
Till reason well nigh staggers nt the thought
That I hiii liopele-nly condemned to be
Forever haunted by u duathles pnstl
L.'.LLtGRO. Pittsburg, Pa.
NO. 2502 CURTAILMENT.
(Tt Our Lady, Sphinx.)
Thou art a being weird beyond forfeiting,
As HI proportioned ns the demon lying
Beside the gato to Chiww, where the sighing
Of Cbaron'd pasfongcrs ia henrd, regretting
Their exodu. Yet itro we urer fretting
To be wllb thee. A beauty hast tliou, vicing
With thnt of Hebe sad ns day when dyinr,
Or bright as Phoebus in hid glory setting
Behind the bay of Nuplc.i. Form nnd feature
Of horrid dragon may be tlilnev but often
Wo last are near thee see them meit and soften.
Until thou art become tho lovely creutiiru
Fll'sT we delight to honor glad when granted
The right to rest beneath thy hiiiiIo enchanted.
IAllegko. Pittaburg, Pa.
NO. 2503 IC03AHEDRON.
1. An engine of war used for buttinjr or bntler
ing. 'Z. A fermented drink, or milk beer, mruie by
the Turks. 3. Forays. 4. The south wind. 5.
Horses of dark cidor. neither gray nor white, and
having no spots. l. Tbe tendency In HuiiU to mix,
when in contact. 7. An Hrch of the horizm inter
cepted between the meridian of tho pluca nnd n.
vertical circle passing through the center of the
obiect. 8. A nlnca or slnto of Idenl perfection. 9.
To apply In uier. 10. To oppose. II. Dominion.
II. O. Mek. Winona, Minn.
NO. 2501 TnANSPOSITION.
She said sha almost bated him,
Tho naughty little fairy.
He was so full of vain conceit,
And, oh, so horrid airy.
She vowed sho wasn't sorry
When sho henrd ho had the PitiMt::
Perhaps." says she. " 'twill ilohlui good.
And mnkc him Is fine."
Xascv TnUK, Saw Haven. Conn.
CHAT WITH COhfTKIlJUTORS.
The Eastern Puzzlers League convened nt Phll
ailelphinon the Fourth with the following puzzlers
present. President Bsech Nut iu the chuir: C. Saw,
Cinders. St. Julian. Arty Fishol, Comrade. Prim
rose. A-ero. Holly, Willie Wild wave-. Nypho,
Hitvc1i Nut. Zenith, Ziroaster, Poly, Jo King,
Liberty Bell, King Cotton, Broulllou. Poly, Jo
King. St. Julian nnd Itemnrdo became members
of the body. Tho minutes of tho previous meet
ing, by Lord Baltimore, woreseverely criticised by
Cinders, Nypbo, and others, und finally rejected
as n whole, a committee being provided for to ro
vhe mime. The chief objeuttons woro snid to be
inaccuracy nud superfluous comment on the pro
codings.' Bex Ford presented a report from tho
Committee ou Authorities, prorosing Unit the
Standard xitpplant tho International, but tho re
port was ttiblcd. C. Saw rcHdn Department report,
which was nn able paper nnd was well received.
The resignation of Dan Knight was rend and re
ferred lo tho CredentinU Committee. Election of
ofllcurs resulted as follows: Pres., Arty Fishcl;
V.-P., Willie Wildwavo: Second V.-P.. Assero;
Trcns., Comrade; Bee. mjc, Auonyme; Cor. Sea,
C. S.w; Olllcial Kditor. Cinders. Tho next Con
vention will tie held lu Greater New York, prob
ably Brooklyn, Jnn. 1, 1897. The meeting wiw h suc-
ceWul one, nnd the Lenguc has a b.dancu on hand
r trti mz i -tniji iim niAM a....i..i
of S2.03. with nil bills pnld. Tlio writer renche-d
Philadelphia ton Into for the meeting, hut decidedly
In timo for iho Wynnowood ,coremolio!,,, mid
had a mast plonant sojourn with the Pennsylva
uiniis. Thu only thing lo mar our pltfcsure was our
rather close relations with u head-end collision
on the B. & O., which, fortunately, resulted iu
nothing more serious to us than a night nt Green's.
Of the Wynnowood reception morn ni-xt week.
7-0-'96. K. O. Chester.
Children Cry for
OUR RURL TOPICS,
.I.LII.!!. 1 -.I. !
Some Practical Su?restiiWKs for Our
July fe th month for the turnip crop,
and it is one that shonld reoaivo attention
on every flirm. It was formerly considered
vry inborieus to grow tnrmpe ; bub in this
ag of progress, when seed-drills, wecders,
I wheel-Hoes, nod tamd-cultivatoR lurgely as-
swt. tne farmer to produce a crop, iurmpi
shonld not be overlooked. The new crop ol
seed is now ready, nal ik shonld be used
plentifully in order to guard against the"
attacks of the ily. Tnruips are not long in
germinating, and when they get a start thej
grow rapidly, soon setting ahead of weeds
and grass; nadrotmdaof the labor required
in the first stages, they cost but little, while
tho yield is enormous on good land. It 11
the weeds and grnas which mnkc tnrnip
growing objectionable: but if the ccop i
given attention from the start, there will bi
but little diflJenlty later on.
In 100 pjirts of tnrnips there are abont 90
pirts of water, the dry mntter being less
than 10 per cent. Abont oight-tenUis ol
one per cent, is protein, six-and-a-half pel
cent, starchy matter, and one-tenth of ona
per cant. fat. The large proportion of water
renders them snccnlent; and though tha
proportions of nutritious matter are small,
yet qnite a large quantity can be consumed
by an animal datly. The fertilizing con
stituents of tnrnips arc one par cent, of ash,
oue-Gfth of one per cent, of nitrogen, one
tenth of one per cenf. of phosphoric acid,
and one-tbrd of one per cent, of potash.
These prp"-?ion3 comiare very favorably
with othr - ,ot crops; and ns the yield of
turnips is very large, the amonnt of food
seenred on an acre is much moro than that
from some concentrated foods grown. Tnr
nips contain more mineral matter than do
potatoes, but are inferior to potatoes in
amounts contained of protein and starch.
The cost of growing turnips, however, ia
much less than for potatoes, as the seeds are
cheaper.aud less labor is required in planting.
Turnips, being a Summer crop, are soon
readv- for harvesting, and, if properly stored
for Winter use, can bo made to materially
assist in promoting tbe health of animals,
and also in saving other foods. Leaving onfc
the food value of tnrnips altogether, they
possess a valne in supplying a change of
food dnring the Winter season on farms
where ensilage is not a specialty; and as
they may be fed cooked or raw, they aro
relished by cattle, sheep, and swine as a
delicacy at a time when all foods are dry
and concentrated. It is the ju'cy, succulent
quality of tnrnips which should be kept in
view; and as they are so easily produced,
without the necessity of heavy outlay for
seed, the farmer should grow a large crop,
nnd pnt the tnrnips to good use in "Winter,
thereby not only saving other foods, but
affording the stock better ford, and ena
bling each animal to produce more than
from dry food.
Steam ns an Insectfcide.
Prof. Woodbridge, of tho University of
California, bns been experimenting with
steam as an insecticide. The free to be treated
is first covered with a canvas tent, and a jet
of steam is then forced among the foliage
at a temperature of 120 degrees. It has
been found that no damage results at a less
temperature than 125 degrees. The experi
ments so far have been made on orange and
lemon trees for the red and black pcale, and
are reported as very successful. The cost is
from two to six cents per tree. If this treat
ment proves successful in future trials and
can be relied upon, it will replace the hydro
cyanic gas treatment now in use, and which
cost3 from 50 cents to $1.30 per tree, and is a
heavy bnrden on the orange growers: If
the treatment proves successful on other
plants, it mny have a wide application, and
by adding certain substances to the water or
steam, the fumes may possibly he made still
j more destructive to pests with less injury to
Orchard Grass with Clover.
The combination of clover with orchard
grass is not made so often as it onght to be,
timothy being tbe old standby, which is ex
pected to taketheplaceofcloverwhen thelat
ter fails. Orchard grass will do this even bet
ter than clover. It grows in bunches at first,
aud spreads from yenrto year until it makes
a perfect sod. In the meantime, while grow
ing with the clover, the orchard grass can ba
be3t cut while tbe clover is just coming into
bloom. This ia too early to cut timothy,
and the consequence is that the farmer who
grows both clover and timothy leaves hfs
baying until the timothy is ready, and much
of the value of the clover is lost. This late
cutting of clover uses it up, and the next
year there is a big timothy crop, which every
year thereafter decreases, until the seeding
is entirely run out. When orchard grass and
clover are grown together,, the clover, being
cut at the right time, lasts two or three years,
and the result is that the orchard grass has
time to fully occupy the land.
lio Grass for Working; Horses.
It is a great temptation to cut some grass
to feed either green or partly dried to the
horses that have to work hard every day on
the farm. It shonld be resisted, for grass
will surely iuduce derangement in tho di
gestive organs, which will make the horses
too weuk to do effective work. After tho
plowing is finished many farmers think the
hardest work is over, but a horse cultivating
all day will need good dry hay and grain no
les3 than when plowing. The step is quicker
in cultivating than in plowing, and requires
quite as much muscular exertion to keep at
it all day.
The Uest Soil for Kliubarb.
Ifc requires high manuring to make rhubarb-growing
profitable, especially as most
of the money to be made is from the very
early cuttings, and these must be grown on
warm, sandy land, which is not generally
very rich. The plant is a great consumer
of nitrogen, and this is not supplied early m
the season by coarse manure. Either the
mannre mnst be well rotted, so thnt it will
have available nitratesror these must be
applied in tho form of commercial fertil
izers. The late rhubarb is easily grown
with coarse stable manure, but its price is
always very low.
Some farmers grow cow-peas between the
rows of corn. The peas are planted after
the' corn has received its last working. In
sections where the rows are checked, this
cannot be done, but it may be possible that
a field of cow-peas can be grown if planted
now, provided they are grown separately
from corn and well manured. They will
grow on auy soil that produces corn, and aro
profitable for feeding, both, the peas and
vines being valuable.
Hoots fcr cows shonld always ba sliced.
It is a risk to feed roots to them in auy other
form, unless they are cooked. By using
care in this matter there will be no danger
Never mtx fresh cream with that which,
is ripe, but churn cream that is all of the
same age. Butter cannot be made of tho
best quality when cream is saved every day
and the whole mixed for ono churning.
The rail fence, with its numerous corners
and large space occupied, maybe apparently
cheaper than cne of wire, but when tha
saving of land and destruction of weeds ia
considered, tho wire feuco is much cheaper.
The weeds that frequently overrun a farm
are propagated on the spaces taken up by
the rail fence.