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FIGHTING THEM OVER
Wiial Our Veterans Have to Say About
Their Old Campaigns.
ROMANCE OF THE FIELD.
Bow a Bravo Girl Saved a Federal Forco
from Guerrilla Surprise.
Editor National Tribune: Any in
cidents and experiences of the late war, when
related by the participants, seem to carry
with them an air of incredibility; and yet, as
one of the actors in that memorable struggle,
I can but claim that my experience deserves
to be classed with those that were guided by
the hand of Providence.
Beinc at the beginning of tbc war a mere
boy, living in one of the border Counties of
southern Pennsylvania, and passing through
the eicitiug and chaotic business period
canaed'by the rebel raids and rumors of in
vasion, with father and brother already in
the service, it was only my youth and sense
of duly to those remaining home that re
strained mc from offering my services in de
fense of the Nation's flng.
Gen. Stuart had already made the famous
raid encircling the Army of the Potomac, by
crossing the river at Hancock and passing
swiftly through Marvland and the southern
"tier of Counties ot Franklin and Adams, in
Pennsylvania, and recrossiug the Potomac
again at Point of Kocks, taking with him
horses, cattle and merchandize amounting to
thousands of dollars.
The Spring of '(!3 came, and with it the
determination on the part of the Govern
ment to prosecute the war with renewed
vior, aud the call for " more men " rang out
from one end of the North to the oilier, and
with thousands of young men who responded
I found myself wearing the blue. The regi
ment to which I became attached was at the
time being organized at Harrisbnrg, and ere
frehad became proficient enough in military
affairs for active service in the field the
clash of arms and the roar of artilkry such
as had never before been heard on this con
tinent reverberated through the peaceful
old Cumberland Valley, and Gettysburg had
been fought, and the invaders driven back
to the shores of Yirginia, defeated and de
jected, but not by any means unfitted for
still prolonging the conflict for two long
years. Aud from this date begins the strange
and interesting part of my experience.
When the armies of Lee retreated, in his
cffbrtB to gain the southern side of the Poto
mac his main force followed the south side
of the wnge of the Blue Ridge, known as
the South Mountain. One division of cav
alry, with the trains and other camp equip
ments, parsed over the mountaiu and west
ward, proceeding in a most demoralized con
dition, closely followed by our cavalry under
Bang, bang, bang, rang out the Bharp crack
of the carbines, mingled with the yells of
the troopers iu Averill's advance column,
and it seemed to nend consternation into the
hearts of the flyimj Confederates, as they
passed up the turnpike road leading past the
home of my parents, on the morning of July
- Yells and curses resounded loud and
furious as horses were unhitched from
wagons, and drivers, quickly mounting,
sought to make good their escape. Just in
front of our home one of the ambulances,
furiously driven, overturned, throwing the
occupant, a young wounded Confederate
officer, out by the side of the dusty road.
Scarcely noticing him, on went the pursuers.'
It was not in the kind, womanly heart of
my mother to allow a human being bo to
die, even though he wore the garb of an
aeniy, if she could prevent it. She had
She Kept Straight Toward My Post.
him removed to the house, and proceeded to
minister to his wants. Believing that he
conld live but a short time, the officers of
Gen. Averill's command decided to place
him nnder a parole, and, at the urgent re
quest of my mother and sister, consented to
leave him under their care, at least for the
present. The account of all these proceed
ings came to me in. letters from my sister
Mary, and you can imagine with what in
terest I read aud re-read all the circum
stances surrounding the case.
Time wore along, the Summer and Falbof
'63 passed, and the realities of war in all its
earnestness and horror began to be a part of
our hie; but in every letter from home the
progress of the young Lieutenant was care
iully noted, who, under the care of the best
nurse in the world, was fast improving, but
yet too weak to be removed to the hospital.
"Do you know," Said my sister in one of
her let: ere, "that Lieut. Gillem informs us he
is from Virginia, aud states that his mother
and sister are living not far from Peters
burg, near what is known as the Jerusalem
Plauk R.iad ? Having no means of commu
nicating with them, they perhaps believe
that ho is dead. How strange it would be
if the fortunes of war should one day bring
you two men together! I send you at his
request a photo of his sister Laura. Is she
not a beautiful girl ? On the hack you will
ante, Carey Gillcm, Co. A, 2d Va. Cav.'
Should you ever meet the original, I am
sure she will thank you for giving her in
formation of him."
The Lieutenant, who in the meantime
had so far iccovcred as to he able to travel,
was, under the .direction of proper author
ity; tent to the hospital at Philadelphia, to
await exchange. Gladly would he have
remained at the quiet couutry home, as the
recollection of the kindness of those who
had been the means of saving his life had
awakened in his heart the warmest emotions
of gratitude, if uot' those of a higher and
holier nature, as noted by his letterB to my
ifeter later on.
( M&ik&? AWWm 1
11 LlJHiiv Str-, U it- - h' It' l!i"UIj J
The terrible campaign of '64 in Yirginia
through the Wilderness, with its indescriba
ble scenes of blood and carnage, at Cold
Harbor, and the final transfer of onr armies
to the sooth side of the James River, brought
ns in front of Petersburg, with its long lines
of defense reaching from the Yellow Tavern
to the Bermuda Hi ver. From morning until
night the sound of heavy artillery, and the
incessant firing of those in the rifle-pits,
especially tho.e in front of the Ninth Corps,
in which were many colored troops, were so
common as scarcely to attract the attention,
or more than passing notice.
Gradually the lines had been extended
around the left of Petersburg. The fight
for possession of the "Weldon Railroad had
made us masters of that important line of
communication with the South. The effort
to capture the Southside Railroad had failed.
As the "Winter months came on, we of the
cavalry forces found ourselves on the ex
treme left, busily arranging quarters for the
Winter. Outpost duty was about the only
event of interest to relievo the monotony of
camp life, and at some points on the line
the dangers of such duty became such as to
demand the utmost vigilance.
Night after night we had been surprised
in some manner, and the report of men found
upon post shot by some skulking bush
whacker or worse on several occasions
found with throats cut from ear to ear, and
otherwise mutilated gave rise to the opin
ion of those in authority that it was the
work of persons living ontside the lines.who
claimed to be peaceable citizeus in daytime,
and were organized to go forth at night and
perpetrate thee omrages. Along the road
leading through what was known as the
Black "Waler Swamp was considered one of
the mot dangerous posts upon the entiie
line, the nature of the surroundings being
such as to render it almost impossible to fol
low enemies in the darkness.
I shall never forget the night that found
me npon post between the hours of 12 aud 1
a. m., in one of these lonesome places, with
two long, weary hours yet before me, and no
companion save my own busy thoughts. It
seemed as if the rustling of a leaf or the
creaking of a twig gave warning of the ap
proach of an enemy. Involuntarily my
thnmb would find the hammer of my air
bine. "Were it not for the passing clouds
the darkness at times was not so great aB to
allow me to distinguish objecis at some dis
tance in front of ne, and I seemed to be pis
sessed of an iutuitiKu that some human be
ing was near me other than the picket on
my right and left, at least 100 yards away.
Almost breathless, I watched and waited.
Not over 100 feet in front of me was a growth
of stunted pines, and iu that direction I
looked most intently, knowing it to be a
suitable cover for an enemy, keeping my
self well hid from view by the protection of
a tree by the side of the shallow rifle-pit
Again a slight noise in the direction caused
me to feel a thrill of excitement from head
My carbine came to my shonlder with a
click, click. I only awaited a clearer view
before sending a bullet in that direction.
As my finger was pressing the trigger there
arose in full view the least and most unlooked-for
sight imaginable a woman. Ad
vancing slowly with hand up to her eyes,
half crouching in position, she kept straight
toward my post Half lowering my carbine,
I waited until she was within a few feet of
where I stood, when I called out iu a firm
Uttering a low, suppressed scream, her
hands both extended, she would have fallen
had I uot with one arm prevented her. Still
on my guard, lest some ruse was being
planned, aud releasing her, she sank at my
feet in a faint, unable to speak. Just at this
moment the Corporal of the Guard came np,
and, seeing the woman, cried out:
Great Heavens, Charlie, what does this
mean? Who is she?"
Taking some water from my canteen in
my hand I splashed into her face, aud almost
instantly she revived.
"Who are you?" she inquired. "Where
Assuring her that we were Union soldiers,
she told us iu a whisper that an attack was
planned npon our outposts on the following
nigh t, and that at the rh-k of her life she had
come to apprize us of it
"Thank God," said she, "I have not been
discovered, and can do something, perhaps,
to save the life of some Union Boldicr, for I
have a dear brother who was wounded at
Gettysburg, and was taken into the home of
kind people and cared for and his life saved.
Oh, I cannot tell you how I prayed that 1
might do something in return for that noble
deed by them whom we have ever regarded
as enemies. The information I have gained
from our old colored servant, who overheard
the plans while hiding from some of the men
who live in the vicinity. They are too cow
ardly to go into the service, and disgrace the
cause by leading the life of guerrillas. If
Carey knew my mission here to-night I
know he would honor me for it"
At the mention of the name Carey I
started. The incidents she had before re
lated only confirmed my belief that I was
looking into the face of Laura Gillem, the
beautiful sister, whose photo at that mo
ment was in my pocket Taking it there
from, I handed it to her, saying:
"Miss Laura, allow me to present this to
yon as a reminder from your brother. It
"Fist! there They Come."
was my mother and sister who befriended
him, and niay God bless you for your self
sacrificing zeal in doing as you have done
She took my hand in hers. Her face
streaming with tears aud voice almost chok
ing with feeling, sLc thanked me again and
again, with no one but the astonished Cor
poral to witness her emotion, assuring us
that she could find her way safely home
again when once away from the lines,
We reported to the Officer of tho Guard
THE NATIONAL TMBHNE WASBflt&0' ft' CC 'IHUBSDAY. JULY 23, 1896.'
the important informntion, and by his di
rection I accompanied her a portion of the
way toward her home. She told me where
she lived, with her mother and two old
trusty servants, and assured me of a wel
come under their roof if circumstances ever
called me there. Absolutely refusing
further company, we parted she to her
home, I to my command.
The following evening found us on the
alert all along the line, with posts doubled
in strength and a-iicavy reserve in waiting
just in rear of the center of our line on
either side of the main road, believing that
any considerable number would be more,
sure to advance from that direction. In the
pit with me were two as good soldiers as
the regiment, contained. Midnight came
and Vfent, with not a sign of an enemy. Just
as we were beginning to think we would be
disappointed, off in the distance we could
hear the barking of a dog under these cir
cumstances almost certain evidence that
someone was stirring in that direction.
"What tho devil is that," said young
Jimmy Carroll, one of my comrades. "Did
you hear it? Somebody's sick" said he;
" did you hear that groan ? "
Again a low moan, as if someone in dis
tress, conld he heard not far iu our front.
"Hist! There they come." Tho figures
of three persons on foot appeared iu full
view on tho main road.
"They're niters. Don't yon see that
they have bundles on their heads."
Seeming 10 know they were near our post,
one cried out:
" Hello, dar; where is you-all?"
"You keep them covered," said I; "I'll
call them in. Come on, uncle," said 1;
" How many is dey of you ? " said ho ;
" we's refugees."
"No one but myself," said I; "come on."
And on they came down tho road all three
" Niggers h ! " said Carroll. " Did you
ever see coons walk except by file? Here's
for husinehs,"said he, iib he opened his cartridge-box
aud laid his revolver at his side.
Aud with three carbines at a "ready "we
Just as they neared our position one of
the three caught his foot iu something,
stumbled, and Ml. A revolver in his hand,
ready for use, was dir-charged. Before the
echo had reached its farthest limit the crack
of three carbines sent two of the bogus ne
groes into eternity, aud the third one as he
rose went down by a shot from Carroll's
The Heavens wkuk Lit up by the Lurid
The thunder of at least 20 of ihe gang,
mounted, coming on to the relief of their ad
vance, was heard. The reserve met them.
It was all over in les time than it takes to
tell it, and without the loss of a man. Ten
of the cutthroats lay dead, four more were
captured, aud the remaining few took ad
vantage of the darkness to escape.
A few days later "hoots and saddles!"
were sounded, and, with rations for mx days,
the entire cavalry force, togeiher with two
divisions of the Filth Corps, took up the lino
of march in the direction of Weldon, N. C,
on what is known as the Bellefield raid.
The object, as stated at the time, was to draw
the Confederate forces away from Petersburg
and Richmond. Evidently it had the de
hired effect They met us in such force as
to hasten our return at a faster rate of speed
than was desired, and as we neared our lines
on the return our regiment was tho rear
guard of the division.
The scene at night was one of wierd and
awiul grandeur. Either side of the main
column for miles the heavens were lit up by
the lurid flames from burning houses, tobacco-shed.-,
and other property, destroyed,
we were told, in order to remove the roost
ing places of buxhwliackers and guerrillas,
who lost no opportunity to commit depre
dations. Noticing one large and comfortable-looking
place a short distance from the road,
from the description given me by Laura I
concluded that it must be her home. Asa
squad of our men stiuek out to add one
more to the number of burning Initiate, I
quickly placed myj-elf among their number.
Hiding up to the house, we dismounted,
and just as one was in the act of applying
the torch who should appear on the porch
but our heroine and her mother. I would
have known her among a thousand. Sue
spoko in pleading tones to save the old
home. I resolved that no man should fire
mat nouse aim Jive n l could help jt.
"Hold on, boys not here," I i-aid. "This
is the home of the girl who risked her hie
to warn us of the attack upon our outposts
a few weeks ago." Three cheers for her
were given with a will.
"God bless you all," said the old mother.
"Now, Bhow me the son of the Christian
mother who befriended my boy. Oh, sir,"
said she, as she wiung my hand, "suiely it
was Providence that led us to reiub-r you a
service. Should you ever meet Carey, I
know he will esteem it an honor to take
you by the hand. There is so much I desire
to say, but can only add that my roof will
ever be a welcome shelter to you or any of
your brave comrades. Aud now with my
blessiug on you all, farewell. God bless you."
Aud we were away.
A few months later it was my pleasure to
witness at Appomattox the surrender of
Lee's army. When the officers of the 2d
Va. Cav. came forward to si:n the articles
of parole, I Availed wiih intense interest for
the name of Carey Gillem. The young
Lieutenant, in faded gray uniform, affixed his
signature to the rolls, and I went forward
and introduced myself. How he grasped my
hand! He expressed his determination to
cheerfully accept the terms of onr grand
old commander and go home to the farm.
Tears came into his eyes, but when J related
the visit of his sister to our lines in tho
dead hour of night to warn us of danger,
ami Jii return ino service i nau ncen per
mitted to render them in saving the old
home from destruction, his voice failed to
express his gratitude, but his looks ex
pressed the warm thankfulntai that was
welling up in his heart
Comrades, to end this story, it would be,
perhaps, fitting to say that I claimed the
beautiful Laura a3 my wife, but I did no
such thing. She is happily married to-day,
however, and a happy group of children
surround her beautiful home iu the city of
Washington. Her husband is one of the
genuine reconstructed sous of the South,
who sees no glorificatiou in the history of
the Lost Cause; but to even up matters I will
say that tho wife of Lieut. -Carey Gillem
is none other than my sister Mary. An old
bachelor brother finds the happiest limes in
his Hie visiting them at the old home in
Virginia. The two old sabers one that
flashed in tho sunlight on the -side of the
Union, and the other that of the Lost Cause,
are crossed in the parlor at the old home
stead, tied together with a ribbon of blue
and gray. C. CHASSLEBjBloomingtonIlL
"WITHOUT A BLEMISH.
Sterling Itccord or Cnpt,
Editor National Tribune: I bave
known Capt Harris Blair Mitchell from
his childhood, and of his remarkable fight
ing record siuce ho "nytdo it, and seeing an
account in Tiiei National Tribune of
llint celebrated regiment, thcjlst Vt Cav.,
in which he served, written by one of his
comrades, I inclosed it to him, requesting
(as I have done before, but unsuccessfully,)
n brief statement of his army service.
How many privates, non-coninisaioned
officers, Lieutenants, and Captains there
were whose actual service was greater than
that of Bimc Major-Generals! But if un
noticed according to their real merit in the
records of their couutry like my bravo
cousin, of whose gallaut career I am so
proud they can rest easy in the posessiou
of the greatest possible reward, the con-i-ciousuess
of having done their duty at all
times while in the service. Capt Mitchell's
letter follows. Henky W. Blair.
"As regards my own part iu the war, I
lmvo always hi en quite content with the
consciousness of having done my whole duty
at all times. I have never sought or craved
any notoriety in consequence cf having done
my duty, at the same time 1 have no oujec
tion to having the facts appear on tho rec
ords of the War Dcpariment or elsewhere.
Briefly stated, they were as follows:
"I "left the Academy in NewbKrg, Vt,
where I was endeavoring to prepare myself
for tho study of medicine, and enlisted in
the Vermont cavalry Sept. 19, 1SG1, in a
regiment where I knew but two men, fel
low students, who went from the same
" When the company was organized I was
made Fir-t Duty,' or Second, Serjeant, of
Co. D, in which capacity I served for one
year, being one of the four who volunteered
in response to the requestof Capt Preston
to lead the first charge at Mt. Jackson, in
tho Shenandoah Valley, against Ashhy's
Black Horse Cavalry.
"In that charge wo routed tho enemy,
and saved the bridge, which they had fired.
I captured a retcl Lieutenant, anil took him
back to Gen. Shields mjwjf. It was here
that we first heard the music of bullets and
" I served in the capacity of Duty SeVgeant
one year, being detailed as Brigade Co'lrimis-sary-Sergeant
in Gen. Custer's Brigade? for a
few mouths; then I was made Orderly
Sergeantof my company, then Secoud Lieu
tenant, of Co. J, ihe First Lieutenant being
detailed as Keginieniai Quartermaster, and
ihe Captain captured in Wilson's raid on
the Danville Kailroad. In a few days after
I was mustered in as Lieutenant During
the last two years I was never off duty one
hour untltr Custer from the time he was pro
moted to Brigadier-General until the close
of the war.
"In Sheridan's campaign in the Valley
against Early I led the charge made at
Cedar Creek hy Hie 1st Vt and oih N. Y.
Cav., Oct 10, 18G4, in. which wu cap:ured
oi.e General, two Colouet-, 150 prisoners, a
large partol Early's wagon-trains, and about
10 pieces of artillery, For this act Col. Win.
Wells promoted me from Second Lieutenant
of Co. 1 to Captaincy of Co. A. The charge was
witnessed by him and Gen. Custer and staff.
"During the campaign in the Valley, on
Sheridan's famous rafrl, in which our bri
gade or division captured the remnant of
Early's army at Waynisboro, I commanded
the battalion, and led iheui in a charge. I
received a complimentary letter, written by
Gen. Custer, while on the inarch. Col. Wells
gave me credit of having the best disciplined
company iu the regiment
"At the final surrender of Lee's army at
Appomrtlox Station I commanded the bat
talion of the 1st Vt that ;ed the last charge
of the war. The white Hag being received
by Gen. Cu;-ter, 1113. Colonel sent word for
nie to halt, cease firing, and throw out pick
ets, as Lees army had surrendered.
"I think, without exception, it was the
happiest moment of my life. During the
last 10 days of Ihe war our brigade captured
over fi.UilO prisoners, 47 bat tidings, and lots
of cam. on. We marched back to Washing
ton and took part in the Grand Ueview.
We were then sent to Vermont, and 1 went
with a portion of our regiment to Champlain,
N. Y., to do frontier duty.
"While there I was sent to Albany, N.Y.,
as a member of a court-martial, where I re
mained for one month trying bounty jump
era, etc., and was finally ordered to Burling
ton, Vt, and mustered out of the service on
the 0th day of August, 18G5.
"I have hastily sketched some of the im
portant events of my army life, but, as I
said on the start, 10 mc the most important,
and the one which gives me the greatest
pleasure, is the eoiciousness of duty we.l
pel -formed." HARRIS B. MITCHELL, Maiden,
NOT THEIR CHATTELS.
Comrado I5owor Declared to Ho "Wrong
about Nelson's Kulrent
Editou National Tiubuni:: In your
issue of June 11, Comrade Howers, of Co. H,
0 h Pa. Cav., is wrong when he says he
found either blankets or overcoats of the
52.i Ohio on the retreat of Nelson's army
from Lexington, in September, 1SG2. We
had no overcoats to throw away, and no
blankets. How could he tell whose they
were, if he did find any, there being no
names or numbers on them i Wlion we
left Lexington, we did burn all clothing
save what we needed lor present use.
As to the 9th Pa. Cav. covering our regi
ment in that retreat, we were the rear-guard
and in line-of-b.ittlo every day, one day five
times. Atone place the regiment filed into
nsmall plat of ground surrounded by a hedge
fence. Tlie rebel cavalry appeared on the
hill beyond and Col. Dan McCook planted
two old brai-s pieces in the road audlimbeted
up. The rebs skedadled.
Where was the 9th Pa. Cav. on that oc
casi n? That was the time we needed help.
It was then the relw were picking up our
stra glere, worn out and unable to travel
farther. All our loss was from tho capture
of men unable to stand the hardships and
privations from want of rations, rest aud
water. 1 did see- some cavalry as we ap
proached Shelbyville, Ky., coming in on a
road north of us. J did not. tee the 9th Pa.
Cav. on that retreat j tlat is, to know them
by designation, p did' not see any armed
forces between us and the rebel cavalry
until we wre met by the Illinois troops
from Louisville. If Comrade Bowers has
nothing better to say of the 9ih Pa. Cav.
than that they were rear-guard of the 52d
Ohio on that retreat he had better read up
the history of Unit retreat. He will learn
that Col. Daniel McCook with his 52d Ohio
performed that ard'iiou service with distinc
tion and credit JosKPH C. PoGEUS, Co. G,
52d Ohio, Jslaud Creek, O.
"A Struggle,, fo I$roal.'J Any
one who visited the World's Fair will re
member that striking- pieca of statuary in
the Art Buildiiig,be.iriug the above inscrip
tion. ' 1
The drawn and half-slarved countenances
of its characters cannot readily be erased
from one's memtny. It was a story in it
self, which appealed immediately to human
sympathy and yet, we meet nearly every
day of our lives faced largely similar faces
pinched and careworn. With plenty to cat,
these persons still seem to ho starving.
Aud why ? Becauseo their digestions are
impaired. Their blood is weak and lifeless.
They need something which will assist ua
tur in placing them right again. For this
purpose Dit Petkk's Vitalizkb stands
pre-eminently above other lemcdies. A
little paper, "The Surprise," tells all about
it Write for a cony; it h sent free. Ad
dress Dr. Peter Faiirncy, 112-114 S. Hoyne
Ave., Chicago, 111. '
From Alert Comrades All Along the
Signaling In tho Cloud.
J. Willard Brown, East Boston. Mas?.,
writes : " The issue or July 2 contains a com
munication from A. W. Edwards. The offi
cer on Kencsnw was not J. B. Fornker. He
was a Lieutenant, not a Signal Sergeant
Lieut Foraker had a brother, Burch Foraker,
who had been a signal officer for some 20
months, while J. 31. had been recently de
toiled from the 89th Ohio. At this time
Ijieut J. B. Foraker wn agisting Capt A.
S. Cole in running the station at Vining's
Hill. From the forthcoming history of the
Corps I venture to make the following quo
" ' During Oct 3 and 4 Sherman's army
had been in motion. The Army of the Cum
berland crossed the Chattahoochee over the
railroad bridge ou the 3d, and concentrated
at Smyrna Campground. Sherman's cavalry,
available at this point, was weak, consistiug
of bnt two small divisions under Gen.
Elliott. These, finding Stewart's Corps en
gaged in the destruction of the railroad near
Big Shau ty, reported the fact to Sherman,
who naturally, concluded that the whole of
Hood's army was there. Jle therefore pushed
the head of bis column straight through
Marietta to ICenesaw Mountain, hoping to
inclose him in a cul-de-sac between the
mountains and'thc Etowah Kiver. In order
to mako this plan a success it was necessary
that Allatoona Pass should be held at all
hazards, even had it not been for the enor
mous stores there collected. From Vining's
Station via Kenesaw Mountain, Gen. Sher
man signaled to Cowe over the heads of the
enemy to- go at once to the relief of Alla
toona, " On the afternoon of thnt day (the 4th) a
dense fog prevented the usual observations
until late in the morning. As soon as the
condition of the atmosphere permitted a
message was signaled from Gen. Sherman
to Allatoona diiecting the commandant to
hold out and notifying him that the army
was moving to his rescue. 'Gen. Corse
reached Allatoona with reinforcements,'
say3 Gen. Cox, ' in the very nick of time.'
Gen. Corse states that his entire force wa3
less than 1,500 effective men, while that of
Gen. French, who led the assault with his
division of Hood's army, numbered between
six and seven thousand. Gen. Corse's casu
alties were 705 in killed and wounded, and
Gen. French claims to have taken 205
"During the battle Gen. Sherman re
mained in the station on Kenesaw. Iu ad
dition to the lines working to AUa'oona,
Atlanta and Marietta, there was established
on the day of battle direct communication
with the Headquarters of Gens. Sherman,
Howard, Stanley and Cox, aud also with
Vining's Hill. The signaling at Allatoona
was dine by Private J. W. McKenzie, of
Lieut Allen's detachment, and Frank A.
West, of the Army of the Cumberland."
Acting as Kcar-Guard.
John H. Morse, Co. F, 105th Ohio, South
Kirtland, O., writes: "In aiecentissue 'One
of MeCook's Boya' says no doubt some
other comrade will dispute his claim that
the 52d Ohio was the rear-guard not only
from Kichniond to Lexington, bnt from the
latter place to Louisville. I propose to do
"After getting arras and equipments at
Covington, the 105th Ohio went by railroad
to Lexington, where we were in camp four
days. On Aug. 30 at suudown we started
from Richmond, Ky. After marching 12
miles we Jay down by the side of the road
to rest About daylight we were aroused
and marched two miles farther. We filed
right into" a cornfield on the south side of
one of the narrow eross-ronds, common in
that country. This road had high staked
and capped fences on both- sides, and the
corners next the corn were full of weeds and
brush to where it was plowed. The weeds
were as high as the top of the fence.
"We were ordered to lie down in the ccrn
and not disturb the weeds, as rebel cavalry
might come through the road in an attempt
to cut off some of the troops who were re
treating on the pike, and the weeds wonld
bide them until they were in the trap. It
looks to me that it might have been a trap
for the other fellows had they come through
there, placing us between their cavalry and
infantry. Some time in the nfternoou we
started back toward Lexington.
"Soon after dark the next night the 105th
marched thiongh Lexington, passing in the
edge of the town a small battalion of cav
alry, who were to act as the cavalry rear
guard. Some time in the night the cavalry
missed the road aud followed another divis
ion of the wagon-train, leaving the 105ih the
rear-guard on Ihe road ou which we marched
through Versailles to Frankfort There
were certainly uo troops between ns and the
rebel cavalry who were following us. We
many times formed into liuc-of-battle,somo
times on one side of the road and some times
on the other, aud would check them."
righting at llentofivHlo.
Robert Russell, Sergeant-Major, 64th III.,
Rapid City, S. D., tells about the Yates's
Sharpshooters at Bentonville. He says:
" Being in the Seventeenth Corps we did not
reach Bentonville until the second after
uoou. We were immediately deployed and
sent into a thick woods with underbrush,
coming out through a swamp. We were on
the extreme right A body of rebel cavalry
charged ns. The timber being scattering
and no underbrush, it was almost as good as
open field for them. Just as we reached the
swamp the reserve of our brigade opened
on them, and such falliug out of saddles I
never saw. We lost -two Orderly-Sergeants
and several others, among which were some
of our old vets who had been in all onr
battles from when we Btarted out, iu 18G1.
I felt so sorry for them.
"It being then almost dark, we lay on onr
arms uhtil next morning, and at daylight
advanced. We saw breastworks that must
have been thrown np in the early part of the
evening, for they had no obstructions in
front and could have been easily charged.
We approached them very carefully, but
soon found they were empty. When we
entered them we found one Johnny, and ho
was fast asleep. He did not know when
they went off and left, but he said he was
glad of it. We then knew they were on the
retreat, and we advanced as fast as we could,
and soon came to the town of Bentonville."
In a recent issue was published a state
ment that the Editor held a letter for Capt.
Henry Miunich. Because the Captain could
not be located the letter was returned to the
sender. A communication has been received
Irom Capt II. N. Miuuigb, Port Matilda,
J'a., who says he believes the letter was for
him from one of Ins old Co. Iv, 1st Pa. Re
serves. He would like to have the writer
of the letter communicate with him.
In onlor to pivo everyone an opportunity to
see tho pruud cropa in tho Western States, and
onnblo tho iutendins! settlor to secoro a home,
tho Chicago, Milwaukeo & St. Paul Ii'y Jiaa
arranged to run a series of harvest excursions
to South and North Dakota, and to other Stutes
in tho West, Northwest and Southwest on the
following dates: July 21, August 4 and 18,
September 1, 15, 2, and Oetobor G and 20, at tho
low rate of two dollars inoro than onk pare
for tho round trip. Tickets will bo good for
return on .nny Tuesday or Friday within
twenty-one days from dato of sale. For ratos,
time of trains, aud furthor details apply to any
coupon ticket agent in tho Enat or South, or
address John R. Pott, District Passouger Agont,
" f HEIR RECORDS.
Brief Sketches of the Services of
Tho 158th X. Y.
This regiment was organized in Brooklyn,
N. Y., for the three years' service, and was
known as the First Regiment, Empire Bri
gade, July 14, 1362. James Jourdan was
commissioned Colonel. Tho regiment was
mustered into service at Norfolk, Va., Now
10 and 11. AH the companies of the regi
ment, except C, which was recruited at Ja
maica and New York City, were composed
mostly of Brooklyn men. June 30, 1363,
the men who were not mustered out with the
regiment were transferred to the 100th N.
Y. The 158th N. Y. left the State Sept, 18,
1862. During ihe latter part of 1SG2 it
served at Norfolk,Va Suffolk, Va., nnd New
Berne, N. C. In February, 1863, it became
part of the Second Brigade, Fifth Division,
Eighteenth Corps. In May it was trans
ferred to Jourdan's Independent Brigade,
First Division, Eighteenth Corps; in Au
gust, 1864, to the First Brigade, Second Di
vision, Eighteenth Corps; in December, 1864,
to the Fourth Brigade, First Division,
Twenty-fourth Corps; in March, 1865, to
the Third Brigade, First Division, Twenty
fonrth Corps. Col. Jourdan received the
brevet of Brigadier-General, Oct 28, 1864.
He was discharged March 17, I860. When
mustered out the regiment was commanded
by Col. W. If. McNary, Brevet Brigadier
General. The regiment's heaviest loss was
at Chapin's Farm, Va., where 14 men were
killed and 58 wounded. Its total loss in the
Bervice was two officers and 45 men killed
in action and 83 men died of disease, acci
dents, in prison, eta
Tho Gth Iowa.
The regiment was organized at Burling
ton, Iowa, during the month of Joly, 1861,
to serve three years. On the expiration of
its term of service the original members,
except veterans, were ranatered out, and the
organization, composed of veterans and re
cruits, retained in the Bervice nntil Sept 1,
1864, when it was consolidated with the 5th
Iowa Cav. The regiment left the State Ang.
During the Winter of 1861-'62, the brigade
was commanded by Col. Worthington. On
May 26, 1862, while returning to camp, Col.
Worthington was shot and killed by one of
his own men. Shortlv after the death of
the Colonel, Charles L.Matthies, Lien tenant
Colonel, was promoted, and was in command
of the regiment until April 23, 1863, when
he was made Brigadier-General. He wag
succeeded by Jabtz Banbury, The greatest
loss of the regiment was at lukn, where 52
members, or over 12 per cent of the total
number eagaged, were killed. It also suf
fered severely at Champion Hill, siege of
Vicksbnrg, aud Cuattnuooga. The total en
rollment of this regiment was 1,042. Of
these, 117, or over 11 per cent., were killed
in action and 133 more died in prisons or
of disea&e. It was one of the 300 lighting
The 105th Fa.
This regiment, recruited in Clarion, Jeffer
son, aud Clearfield Counties, was organized
at Pittsburg, Pa., during September and
October, 1861, to serve three years. Most of
the members ot the regiment were from the
mountain regions. Ou the expiration of its
term of service the regiment veteranized and
remained in the service nntil July 11, 1865,
when it was mustered out in accordance
with orders from the War Department Col.
Amor A. McKnight, the first commander of
the regiment, was killed in action at Chan
cellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863. Col. William
W. Corhett resigned, Sept 10, 1862; Col.
Calvin A. Craig was killed in action, Aug.
16, 1864 ; Col. James Miller was in commaud
when mustered out The losses of the regi
ment were particularly severe. In the battle
or the Wilderness 56 out of 351 engaged
were killed ; at the battle of Fair Oaks 161
were lost in killed, woonded, aud missing.
Among the other battles in whifih it suffered
severely were Manassas, Gettysburg, Glen
dale, Chancellorsville, Petersburg, Spottsyl
vania, and Boydton Road. In the regiment
there were 384 deaths ont of an enrollment
of 1,992. The number killed in action or
died of wounds received in battle was 245.
The 105th was one of the 300 fighting regi
ments. The C5th To.
This regiment was organized in Hnrris
burg, Dec. 4, 1861, to serve three years; left
the Siate Nov. 22, 1861, and was mustered
ont Aug. 30, 1865. Alter leaving Pennsyl
vania it went to Fortress Monroe, where the
drill which had been commenced at Camp
Curtfn was resnmed, and the regiment
brought to a good degree of efficiency. It
embarked with several other organizations
on Dec. 8 forSonth Carolina, arriving at Port
Royal fonr days later. It did guard duty
from that time until Feb. 25, 1862, on the
islands aronud Hilton Head. It was trans
ferred to Edisto Island, where it was attacked
many times by the enemy. It was one of
the regiments that took part in the Broad
River expedition under Gen. Brnnnan. It
was theti stationed at Beaufort, S. C, for 10
months, performing picket duty. During
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE LIBRARY.
A Weekly Series of
No. 1. STATISTICS OF THE W A R .Containing tho number of troopa
furnished by each State, losses on both sides and complete statistical data relating to tha
No. 2. LINCOLN'S WORDS. The Gettysburg Address, Second Inaugural,
and copieus extracts from speeches and letters.
No. 3. MISCELLANEOUS MEMORANDA. Dates of the great
events relating to the opening and close of the War of the Kebellion; Physiological
Statistics of the Army; List of General officers killed on both sides.
PENSION STATI STI
No. 5. HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.
By John McElry. Its Introduction; Early Efforts at Emancipation; its stimulus 'ho
Cotton Gin; Struggle in Congress about extension into the Territories; Emancipation,
Illustrated by Portraits.
No. 6. PRESIDENT MONROE AND HIS DOCTRINE. By
Byron Andrews. Biography of Monroe, History and Text cf Doctrine, Olney's Letter and
Cleveland's Message, Portrait;, Map, etc
No. 7-8 (Double Number). COMMANDERS OF THE
U N ITED STATES A R M Y. -Ky Jun McElroy. Contains splendid i'ull page hair
tone etchings of the best-knowu portraits of the 17 Commanders from the adoption of tha
Constitution to tho present time; a sketch of each; strength of the Army at various dates.
No. 9. THE STORY OF CUBA. By Byron Andrews. History of thya
Island from the Discovery by Columbus to the Administration of Weyler. Map and 16
illustrations, including portraits of Gomez, Maceo, Campos, "Weyler, and other leaders ou
No. 10. THE LIFE OF MAJ.-GEN. GEORGE H. THOMAS.-
By John McElroy. A sketch of the life of the distinguished Commander of the Army of th
Cumberland, with ball-tone portrait.
No. II. LIFE OF MAJ. WM. McKINLEY.-By John McElroy.
TO BE ISSUED.
No. 12. LIFE OF GEN. P. H. SHERIDAN.
OTHER fiUfllBEflS OF GREAT
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the early part of January, 1864, the tann of
enlistment having expired, most of the saea
re-enlisted, and were given vateran furlough.
On returning to South Carolina the regimeat,
numbering 1,250 men, was assigned to th
Third Brigade, Third Division, Tenth Corp,
Army of the James, and took part in nil th
battles of the Peninsular campaign. Thia
regiment formed part of the heavy detach
ment under command of Gen. Baldy Smitk
sent to the support of the Army of the Poto
mac. It was assigned to the First Brigade,
Second Division, Eighteenth Corps. A loss
of 151 wa3 sustained in killed, wonnded and
missing at Cold Harbor, and 156 at Peters
burg. In December, 1864, the rejriment wag
assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Divis
ion, Twenty-fourth Corps. This regiment
lost 203 men killed out of ft total enrollment
of 1,820, or amost 11 per cent
The 102d N. Y.
This regiment was organized, Jan. 27,
1S62, by the consolidation of the Von Beck
Rifles. Col. It H. Shannon, and a part of tho
McClellan Infantry, Col. S. Levy, with the
Van Buren Light Infantry, Col. Van Bnren.
Its organization was completed March
5 and April 3, 1862, by the assignme of
three additional companies; two being horn
the 73th (Cameron Highlanders), and fch
third, Capt. Avery's Company, 12th Militia.
The regiment was a three-years organization.
In July, 1864, the officers and enlisted men
of the 73th N. Y. were transferred to tho
regiment, company to corresponding com
pany. On Jnne 1, 1865, it received by trans
fer the men of the 119th and 154th N. Y.;
June 3, those of the 137th and 140th N. Y.,
and June 5 those of the 134th and 184th N.
Y., not mustered ont with their respective
regiments. Eight companies of the 102d N.
Y. left the State March 10, 1862, and tho
other two companies left April 7, 1862. Ita
first service was near Washington, it haying:
been assigned to Donbleday 'a Brigade, Wads
worth's Division, First Corpg, Army of tho
Potomac. In May, 1862, it was transferred
to Cooper's Brigade, Sigel's Division, Depart
ment of the Shenandoah ; June 26, 1862, to.
the Second Brigajle, Third Division, Second
Corps, Army of Virginia; Sept 12, 1862, to.
the Twelfth Corps, same brigade and divis
ion; Oct 27, 1862, to the Third Brigade,
same division and corps ; in April, 1864, to
the Twentieth Corp?, Army of the Comber
land, same brigade and division ; in Juoe4
i865, to the First Brigade, Bartlett's Divis
ion, Twenty-second Corps. Col. T. B. Tan
Buren, who commanded the regiment when
it entered the field, resigned Dec 13, 1862 ;
Col. James C. Lane was discharged Joly 12,
1864; Col. Herbert ITammerstein was dis
charged Jan. 7, 1865, and when mustered
out Col. Harvey S. Chatfield was in
command. Its total loss wa3 seven officers
and 66 men killed in action or died of
wounds and 82 men died of disease, acci
dents, in prison, eta
Lost Tigor anil Nerves Restored.
Tor over 40 years the Old Dr.Hallock Electric Pflla
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from the efTects of yonthfjl ibllle3 and excesses,
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to 10 days. Send for them now to-day. Price ?U
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