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EDITOR'S cn T.
Homo Is "Where the Ileart Is.
In Uiesoanvsof feverish discontent and grecd
f gain wo are fast hping sipht of tho true con
ditions of progressive life; ntid by progressive
iB here meant not personal advancement in ma
terial thincs.l-ut thiough the higher encluw
meuts of mind and spirit.
Man was givon the power of conquering the
material world, but the power bestowed upon
iim did not end there. With brawny limbs
he could outstrip the steed of the desort iu his
chase, and with deft hands speed the arrow to
itsflighl. The splendid animal within him had
strength and tkill that made him master of all
But it has not been through tho exercise of
physical powers that man has atsserted his su
periority over the brutes, but through the in
ventive aud cicative forces of powerful intellect
find transcendent spirit.
Through the excrciseof these powers the sub
tle elements of nature have been trained to do
his will, aud tho occult powers of the universe
are murshaled at his bidding.
Tracing the history of maukind to its remot.
csi orij-in, wo find that the home-making dt
Bire has been the animating principle of all his
effort-; that the proporty-gelting spirit was en
gendered by the desiro of the man to better
house, clothe, feed, and protect his children aud
Through all ages this has been the best sti ran -lating
impetus of manly prowess and human
skill. This it is that has built up communities
and slates and molded and swayed the fate of
empires and republics.
This it is that haB cultivated art and science,
fostered invention and discovery, and made tho
solitary places of earth to blossom as the rose.
This it is that has made beautiful and happy
homos and filled them with the comforts aud
delictus of refined nnd civilized lire.
But with advancing civilization has been en
tendered another spirit which is setting up a
Talso ideal and setting a curse upon the very
things, that, if properly ued, perfect within us
til that iscnnohliug and elevating. This spirit
is the acquisition of money for money's sake;
to pander to the lower lusts and appetites; to
create pageantry and show; to create inequali
ties and artificialities; to promote idleness and
vanity and discontent.
Tho rapid growth of this spirit within our
own Bepulilic should give us serious thought
end reflection. Iu a land where the develop
ment of the individual lies at tho foundation
of Government, it is a positive menace to our
'institutions to permit such a spirit to rise up
and control, without protest and a combined
effort to overturn.
The first duty of every individual iB to so
perfect and control his own spirit that no mat
ter what his circumstances and Burrocndings.
ijs courage is unsubdued and his enjoyment of
Dimple things unimpaired; and by simple
thing ia meant those things which are given
to every human soul at birth the air, tho sun
ehine, the plants, the flowers; friends, home,
the free exercise of all his faculties, the joy
everyone .must feci of making the most and
best of his opportunities. These are the tiue
ideals of huiiiH.ii living.
The false spirit, on the other hand, teaches
that the great end of man is to accumulate
XDoncy; to outstrip his neighbors: to revel in
Bcnsual and sensuous pleasures; to increase tho
nutnber-of ciphers which measure the extent of
bis weaitt . Jf he can write $100, his ambition
is to make it $1,000; when he has reached $1,
000 he wants to add another cipher and make
it $10,000; when he has reached $10,000 ho
wants to make it $100,000; aud when he is tho
proud pos&e&sor or $100,000 he still goads him
self on to write $1,000,000; and so on till tho
hand that writes can write no more.
And this is a high price for tho measure of a
man who ha let all his beautiful youth go by,
and cither forcottcti or left bohind the sweet
girl who shared the simple pleasures of his
boyhood ; or plnced her in a home toward which
he husbiMti little more than a machine to hoard
It is positively refreshing when so many of
our writers havi- become the slaves of this bhld
materialism to find one who writes so sweetly
of tho ideals of a truer and better life, m does
Hie writer of the following verses, whose name
ire do not hnow:
The prince rides up lo the pulnc. gates.
And hi eyea with lent are dim.
Fr lie dunks oftbe lowly maiden sweet
Wlm m.iy never veil Willi Itftn.
For home Is where the heart la.
In dwelling j;rent nr email,
nd there's ninny n ipleudid palace
T!ttie never n home t nil.
The yeoiniin comes to his Utile cot
"Wirli n mini; when tlic ciny is done,
For 1' dearie is liuidhig nt the door.
And his children to meet him run.
For iionxi is where the lienrt is,
In dwelling great or ttinnll.
And there's many a anilely mansion
Thiil'e never n home at ell.
Could I lnl live with my own sweetheart.
In a bill with a sinaleil floor,
IM he rioiter far tlnui u loveless man
Willi fame nnd a golden more.
For home la where the henrl is.
In dn utllim KrciW or nmull.
And a c-tiluge lighted by lovellghi
le the dement home of nil.
Ioturcltnnejo of Thought and Sentiments by I
lll CtJ. All.
J?ufr ihe Ctul,,. Wrhe briefly. 2. Write only
on one t-lde ol the pnjusr. S. rite to the point. 4.
M i He on one Mihjvct. 5. Write your beat. C. Each
Mick Jibe itniiittiuf thoc wining the beat leltetM
fi le t onii oniticn. polling. peiinminjUlp ami Kjsn
cnil morit coiinideicd will b niuued at tliu head
of till'- commit on the Honor Hull. Fit's t honor
ili include nit of then: requirement, becond
honor i ill include a dnodency in tonic one point.
Ella Scnman, sister of A. L. Seaman, Secre
tary L.H.W., was one of tho graduates in tho
commencement exercises of the St. Louis High
fccliool, Class or 16DG. Being quite wornotit
with her studies, the has been spending somo
time with Kose .laiiscu, Quincy, ill.
Our correspondent who sends the true name
of t apt. Kcino. a notii de plume, ehould i-end
tl e article, hs after watting a reasonable leugth
of tunc, it v:ib destroyed.
Ktna Bailou adds'concralulations to those
expressed ujtou tho aboliblimt-nt of the nom do
plume. She thinks the tendency was to create
& otrust and discord. Sho proposes that the
tuuMjiiuraders remove their masks, r,nd euys
"Bine Jy " etattds ready to head tho list.
Elniu ItrndehNW, AtAvood, 1ml., would like to
xchauge theet music for quilt pieces.
Loui M. Stockton, Aesintant Secretary of
Pctiiiiiyivaiiiii L.II.W., writes that Mrs. I. M.
Lewis. ilcGraw, Pa who has always been an
active memburof the C.C. us well as the W.K.C.,
loat all her vtrects by fire in February last";
among other things her C.C. autographs and'
uicuicutoeg, collected when fche was Louite
2r'flcrt, Tidiout. She trusts that C.C. friends
Will fax-or her with dopliratesas far as possible.
The New Jersey ranks of Loyal Home
Workers rejoice in the advent of a new recruit
on iiidcHtndeiioe Day, July 4, 1690, to ex-Sec-xetary
and Mrs. M. Warnor Hargrove.
UCHT FOB THE 60KBOWJNTJ.
Dkab CC and L.H.W.: Have you read
theo line? in our Editor's Chat, of receDtdaie:
"But to "be bick aud in afflietion; to be
wounded aud weary and dying, and yet no
The words seemed to drift over to mo on
Tf indfl that have Bwopt through the dense woods
that surroBti a lonely log cabis, hidden among
Flower. Forget W not.
Objects Progress, Patriotism
the hills of Pennsylvania. How many of us
real ze tho dreariness of life on a pillow, se
cluded from tho world, its works, aims, and
The quotation of Editor's Chat describes tho
life of Ella M. Feather. With a sanitarium only
fivo miles distant, at which she could receive
great benefit if she had monoy to defray her
expenses, she is doomed for tho lack of it
to remain a prisoner iu her room, a helpless
She has been thero 6cven years, wearing
away youth and the strength and lealthofa
widowed mother. How little tho tflort would
he tn change this darknc.cs to sunshine.
Her father belonged to Co. G, 205th Pa., and
was wounded at the battle of Petersburg, which
caused his death 30 yrars ago, when Ella was
four years of age. We cannot all he Clara Bar
tons, but she has set us an example wo cau imitate-
without tarnishing hrr fame.
Each C C. and L.H.W. can furnish a tiny
light lo dispel the life darkness of this invalid
girl by wrapping a nickel or dime in tissue
paper, nnd fnsteningittoaslipof paperon which
is written tho given name aud the words: "For
Ella M. Feather, East Freedom, Pa."
J inclose my lantern in this letter, and havo
mailed it to Kate B. Sherwood, Canton, O., bo
l'eving it will rcaclr its final destination in
good fihapr, and I trust that all who can will
send theirs before the first day of August.
Tours Pro Patria Helen 51. Sissou.
CAVIUR AND HKU FttlKXD.
Mrs. L. J. Fairbanks writes of one of the
popular and bust loviul members of tho C. C.
and Loyal Home Workers who has been a fre
quent and welcome contributor in years that
are past. It is ("arrio llallowcll, of Kidder,
Mo. She is tho daughter of a soldier who
Feived three years, four months and 15 days in
tho Union army. Her geat-graudfalher on
both sides were, in tho war of tho Ecvolntion.
She is very patriotic; was one of tho first mem
bers of Tout No. 1, Daughters of Veterans,
Quincy. 111., and is a charter membsx of John
A. Dix Corps Kidder, Mo., which oho served as
Treasurer for two years.
Irfistyear she served 4is President of District
No. 5 of tho W.ILC aud at tho I)-partment
Convention recently held at Hauuihal sho was
electei Chairman of the Executive Board,
She is a ready writer and fond of good book6, a
member of the Congregational Church, an effi
cient worker in the sold ier cause, and a truc
hhio member of tho C.C and L.U.W.
Little JMiss Voss is only cightyears old. She
lives with Carrie's parents, recites patriotic
pieces, aud dearly loves Old Glory.
LOYAL HOME WOKKKRS.
Seventh Annual lieunlnn and Arrangements
for the Delightful Gutherhis.
Tiie officers and National Committees of the
Loyal Home Workers are absorbed iu plans to
make seventh annual Bcuuiou. L.H.W., mem
orable in the history of tho CC. and Loyal
Homo Workers. Roao Jan'cn, Ciiairman of the
Board of Control, L.H.W., is in receipt of tho
most gratifying letters from thoso at the head
of n Hairs in St. Paul, showing that tho Loyal
Home Workers will receive as cordial welcome
and careful attention as any society visiting
that city in connection with tho great Grand
A i my Encampment;
Mj. John Espy, Chairman Committeo of
Amuscmouts, JOth isalior.al Encampment.
G.A.H.. writes that Huinline College, situatrd
on the electric car lino between Minneapolis
and St. Panl, has been secured for the accommo
dation of 50 Loyal Home Workers. This is a
beautiful location, although some distance
from the city; lodging $1 a day, witli restau
rants near by. Mrs. K. M. NewjKirt. Chairman
of tho Ladies' Committee, has assigned a room
to the Loyal Homo Workers at their Head
quarters, which will be the general rendezvous
ol" the L.H.W. when iu St. Paul.
Mr. Espy writes that the officers of the elec
tric lino running to White Bear Lake havo
promised him the use of two cars for an L.H.W.
excursion to that benutilul resort. It U in
tended to give them an afternoon and overling
outing, with use of the Bear Lake pavilion aud
Tuesday evening of Encampment week tho
Ladies' Citizens Committee give a reception.
Every Loyal Home Worker who will forward
his or her name to Rose Jausen as soon as pos
sible after reading this will receive an invita
tion to the reception.
Mrs. Newport, when asked to assign a room
at Headquaitcrs to tho Loyal Home Workers,
replied that it would give her great pleasure to
do bo. and that it would be suitably furniahed
aud decorated. Thero tho banner and other
decorations of the Loyal Homo Workers will
be placed and a Deception Committee will be iu
charge, headed by Jlose Jausen, of the Board of
It is expected that tho business meetingsif
the L.II.W. will be hold at their Headquarters,
M. Paul. Besides Maj. Espy and Mrs. Newport,
Mr. C. W. Horr, of the Accommodations Com
mittee, has boeu most kind. To all of these
committeemen tho Loyal Homo Workeis are
dot ply indebted for the geuerous treatment
accorded them, and they cannot better show
their sense of appreciation than by making
every cfiort to be present at tho Reunion.
They should remember Kose Janscu's request
oi repotting at once, that eho may kuow how
many to provide for.
M. Dell Adams, Chairman of tho National
Progress Committee, has boon given charge of
the programt, aud in order that hhe cau make
them up speedily, she requests that all who ex
pect to he prrseut and can in any way asjitt by
music, tccilation or otherwise, to report to hor
at once. Herewith aro found communications
bearing directly upon tho Keutiion from tho
oilleers hi charge, which should receive iui
CALL FOn PKOGKAM.
To the Loyal Home Wonicrns: As in
former year.-, the Loyal Home Workurs vill
havo a public entertainment one evening iu
connection with their coming .National Bo
uillon at St. Paul. All members who can iu
any way assibt in tho entertainment should
communicate with mo atouco. The programs
have been put iu my charge as Chairman of
tho National Progress Committee. As tho timo
for correspondence is short, 1 hope all will make
answer to the bugle call.
Wo will want essays, recitations, and music,
both vocal and instrumental. Lot mo know
whether you will write, read, speak, or play.
Wc wish this enlertaitiinout to bo a success,
and you can assist if you will. Wo all kuow
that a kind providence has distributed a large
amount of talent among our members, and it
is tho duty of each one who possesses any
talent to give his fellow-men some benefit of
it. So let uh hoar from you at St. Paul.
M. Dell-Adams, 720 N. Clinton street, Defi
NATIONAL PB0G&K8S COMMITTEE.
The Progress Committee of tho L.H.W. have
selected the following for the next subject for
discussion: "Aro lubor unions beneficial?"
This ie a question which is agitaliug the
minds of many of tho American pconlu tu-dav.
' fcccau&e tho labor factor eutrs into every Irani-
(THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINGTON, K CU THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1896,
action of life, and no problem of out Eopnhlic
seems so difficult of solution, rs the ono which
attempts to givo labor its proper relation in
Some of our peoplo say that capital, by its
resources, is naturally stronger thau labor; that
it is boldly assorting itself, and that its strength
has been doubled by being combined nnd put
under control of a few persons, and that by
this combined strength it is not only onabled
to-dictate tlio rato of wages, but also the con
ditions of labor.
Others tell us that tho laboring men aro be
coming desperate, and by tho united action of
their organizations tho broach is bocoming
wider, and oftentimes great strikos occur, which
culminate in riots and result in bloodshed.
This an excellent subject, there being many
good arguments on both sides of tho question,
and the committee hope to receive many papers
on it. Lot us hear from all. A suitable prize
will bo awarded for tho best paper recoived
beforo Aug. 15, 189G.
Send pnpors to F. L. Morrow, .National Prog
ress Committee, Box 11, Tusculum, Tenu.
Dear Futknus of tiii L.H.W.: For tho past
two months 1 have been in communication with
the Chairmen of the various committees at St.
Paul, in ordor to secure for our members who
may attend our next annual Reunion at St.
Paul, in September, suitablo quarters. But in
order to facilitato my work, and that of tho
committees with whom 1 am iu correspond
ence, I would ask each and everyono who ex
pect to bo with us to write mo at onco eithor a
loiter or postal, in order that J may stato as
definitely as possible tho nnmher for which wo
arc to secure rooms.
As stated Juno 25, I have been offered Ham
lino University, at 75 couts a day, for lodging,
with restaurant uear by.
Quartors nearer to National Headquarters,
G.A.E., could havo been secured at $2 per day,
but as Hamlino is noar an electric car lino run
ning between tho cities of St. Paul and Minne
apolis, I think the location and all will fully
componsato us for the littlo extra timo it lakes
to reach it.
We havo also been offered a room, suitably
furnished aud decorated, in the Headquarters
of tho Ladios' Conuaitteo Building, which is
fitted up specially for tlio dilforcut organiza
tions. Maj. John Espy, Chairman of the Amuscmont
Comuiittco.wriU'Bmo that ho has about secured
for our specixl btnofit aud amusement tho uso
of two cars, accommodating about 35 to -10 per
sons each, to bo usod for au excursion to Whito
Bear Lake somo afternoon and evening, with
use of pavilion and music I am sure this will
bo a very delightful excursion, and in order to
know how many aro to bo provided for, I am to
inform him at once; hence another reason why
you should write me at once.
The various committees have treated our or
gauiZHliou very kindly, and no doubt St. Paul
will do all in her power to make this Eeuniou
a memorable one.
Thoso who havo attended our National Re
unions scarcly need urging, I presume, for J
have never as yot heard anyone say they re
gretted having been there. On the contrary,
everyone has expressed a desire to bo able to
mcctagaiu those who havo become familiar to
us through personal acquaintance, through tho
dear old National Ti:ntu.vi;,and through cor
respondence, all anticipating a good time.
Lcat each aud everyono make a special ofTort
to meet with us, in order to make this tho
grandest Reunion of all.
M. Rose Janscn, Ciiairman Council,L.H.W.
Lcnorc Rivera, Past President Vermont Di
vision, L.H.W., reports a successful Reunion
of the Vermont Circle, July 1, at Manchester,
over which she had the honor to preside, A
full set of reorts was ptescnte-d and acted upon
favorably. Thero was a good attendance at
roll-call, and much interest expressed first to
last. Frank Savory, Color-boaror, was in
st meted to place tho Vermont flag fuud in tho
Rutland Savings Bank until such timo as Ver
mont may desiro to purchase a banner or other
wise dispose of tho money, in the meantime
contrihntious to the fuud will bo received, and
tho President hopes that every member will
respond, as thoro arc but few of tho present
members on tho subscription Int.
The condition of tho finances were reported
good, and floral tributes were ordered to deco
rate tho grave of Sister Mary S. Allen, the only
Vermont member of tlio L.U.W. who has joiued
the Circle above.
A fund fur Memorial purposes will hereafter
bo kept on hand at Headquarters for use on"
Memorial Day. Tho following oliicera wero
elected : Prcs.. ILittie G.Savery, Proctor; V.-P-.
Clara Doty Gillman, WalliK-ford. President
Savery appoiuted P. H. Ready, Secretary,
L"ttcrs of holp, hope, and comfort wore re
ceived from Secretary Seaman, H. B. Gates,
Belle M. Dexter, F. H. Cole. Cora M. Kellogg,
and OIlio O. Kellogg. Tho literary program
abounded in classic features.
Two Reunions will bo held tho coming year.
The first, a social affair, will probably bo hold
at Rutland, nt tho liar dwell House, somo timo
during the Winter. Both Past President Lu
noro Rivers and President llattio-G. Savory
urge upon Vormont members the importance
of earnest and enthusiastic action on behalf of
the grand organization they are pledged to
Mcda Plympton, ono of the "pinnoer C.C.
favorite, scuds somo beautiful laurel blossoms
to the Editor's desk. Meda has been in deli
cate health this Spring, but every CC. and
L.H.W. will pray for her complete and early
recovery. Her homo is West Decatur, Pa.,
among tho beautiful Alleghonics.
George W. Ballon, (i01 Central street, Lowell,
Mass., writing of seventh annua Reunion, says:
I shall try. by the assistance of the Lord, to
bo there and extend hearty greetings to all
friends of Uie CC and L.U.W. in attendance."
Tho National Progress Comfnittee M. Doll
Adams, Chairman have awarded "Campliro
aud Memorial Poems" to Dora Davis as a prize
for her paper on immigration. Announcement
is made to-day' of tho coming prize contest;
subject, "Are Labor Unions Beneficial V"
In retiring from tho Presidency of the Ver
mont Circle, L.H.W., Nora Rivers t-ayn: "I do
Eire to exptess my appreciation and thanks for
generous and friendly assistance, which has
stimulated every effort and lightened all bur
dens. To havo been the President of such a
noble bo.iy, whatever the future may bring,
will be jKiinted to with pride."
Mary A. Silloway, one of our latest Minne
sota members, loug so activo iu patriotic work
iu Minneapolis, has been very much interested
in tho arrangements for the L.H.W. Eeuniou
at St, Paul.
Comrade Charles D. Braylor, Waitsfield, is
very ill, threatened with pneumouia.
Brother Fred H. Colo, Felcliville, who has
been attending the Barre Seminary, is now en
joying his vacation.
W. V. Allen, Bellows Falls, has boon elected
Captain of L.. IS. Uraut Camp, 69, S. of V. Wo
extend huatly congratulations.
Belle M. Dexter i.s employed as book-keeper
by a Wolcott merchant,
Lizzio D. Webster serves as Assistant Post
master in tho Morrisville pastollice.
Tho many friends of Miss Cora and Brothor
Olie Kellogg will bo pleased to learn that their
removal to New Orleans, La., is improbable.
Rumor has it that our former brothor, Olin
ton J. Smith, Huntington, has joined tho bene
dicts. Wo wish you much happiness, old
T. Benson Kelley, of Rutland, asilvor-tougued
G.A.B., is an enthusiastic admirer of the
Ltnoro Rivers, Assistant Secretary.
JL.H.V. nuLi.rrriN' no. 27.
Applicants: Verna Wolfe. Pike's Creek, Pa
Lou Leonard, Wilkesbarro, Pa.
Amos L. Seaman, Secrotary.
PtHtKK OF K.GGS.
Beat the yolks of sevon hard-boiled eggs and
ono large tuhlespoonful of butter until reduced
to a smooth paste, then add ono tuhlespoonful of
finely-chopped parsley, a tcaspoontul of salt, a
salLspoon of whito pepper, and yolks of three
raw eggs; beat again until thoroughly mixed,
now press the whole through a collandor into
the center of a hot meat dish, aud stand in a
warm oven while you proparo tho whites. Put
one tuhlespoonful of butter in a pan to melt; add
to it one even tablespoouful of flour ; mix until
smooth; add a half pint of milk or cream; stir
continually until it boils, take from tho fire,
add tho chopped whites, salt and pepper to
taste, pour this around tho yolks aud servo
with buttered toast;
Frw to All Women.
I havo learned of a very simple homo ttratnwnt which
Will readily cure all feinala disorders, painful iwrlods, leu-
corrhoe, displacement or irrecularitie. and will gladly
M4 it lit U toy MSertaf wmmb, Aii't AlUi K. (tub, JoSt I, IU
A. Study of the international Sunday-
School LessoiCAppointed for lug.
2, 1896. i : I
Subject: Dnvid Shows Kindness to Jtlophlbe
eliotb, Son of JDatvld. 2 Sam., 9.
fOne reading thco nobis should first carofullr
eiiidy tho paragraph from tho Holy Scriptures AS
Rov. Smith Baker, in an address at tho
Christian Endeavor Convention, Washington,
1S9G said :
"Tho Bible is tho basis of the Christian re
ligion. Tlio Bible is tho lifo of tho Protestant
Church. Tho Biblo is tho spiritual lifo of the
world. A man in order to get tho spirit of
Shakspore, or of Browning, must not only hear
thorn road onco iu a while, or road a few verse3
of them now and then, but ho must read and
read, and study thorn over and over beforo tho
thought which moved tho poet shall becomo
clear nnd real to him. Wo must get into tho
words beforo tho sentiment can fill us. Thus
with tho Bible, it must bo road aud studied,
and its words aud expressions become fixed in
tho brain beforo its spirit will thrill and fill tho
''Our Saviour was mado strong to resist tho
temptation by being full of tho word of God.
Tho word or God is tho sword of tho Spirit,
nnd when wo aro lull of that word theu tho
Spirt has somothing to work with. Tho truth
of God is a lamp unto our- path, and when wo
aro full of that truth then tho Spirit has some
thing to illumino our way with. No other
words are so suggestive, no other words aro so
penetrating, uo other words aro so rovcaling,
no other words are so quickening, and no other
words so satisfy tho soul as tho words in which
tho Spirit has been pleased to reveal Godrs
will to us."
A part of the plodgo of ovory Christian En
deavorer is to read, each day, some portion of
David and Mkphibosheth.
Wo bavo this one account.
Verso 1. Jonathan's sako
2 Sam., Chap. 9.
1 Sam., 18:3;
20:14, 15, 10, 17, 12 Prov., 27:10.
Verso 2. Ziha. J:l: 19:17,20. f-
Verse 3. Kindness of God. 1 Sara., 20:14, 15.
Lttno on his feet. 4:4; 0: 13.
4. Machir. 17:27.
6. Mepliibcflhelh. 4:4.
He is also natned Morib-baal. 1 Chr.,
7. Eat at my table. 11 : 13; 19 : 28.
8. Dng. 1 Sam., 21 : 34 ; 2 Sam., 10 : 9.
Verse 10. Fifteen som and 20 servants. 19:17.
Verso 12. Micah.
1 Chr., 8
Wo date A. M., 29G4, or B. C. 1040.
Tho location was Jerusalem.
Ho was a grandson of Saul, and a son of
Jonathan. When fivo years of age ho met with
an accident. His nurse Jet him fall, and the
result was lameness (9 : if of both feet. (V. 13J.
After Ishbnsheth died iiopliilioshetli was tho
heir to the throne. David may somo timo havo
soon him. Yot, as lieir.Jto Saul, it may havo
been policy to keep htm at a distance and un
known. Dynasties uf a 'ime have often found
heirs by a prcccdingjlvnasty very troublesome.
When Muphihosheth was ordered into the pres
ence of David ho njay havo had somo appre
hensions. But ho was welcomed. He had a
sun, Micah. 1 Cli. 8; 3-(. Mephibosheth was
also called Merih-baaX. J t seems ho was brought
up by Machir. 2 Sam.!j:4. Machir appreci
ated the kindness of, David to Mephibosheth,
and became a helpful, irinud to the King.
17:27-29. Wo find., that David restored to
Junathau'a sou his patrimony aud contiuued
Zib.i as its manager.
At their several interviews, and particularly
when they last partedjDnvid and, Jonathan
entered into a plcdge,,in which David promised
to 'avor Jonathan ancj his family. David had
reached a point where he could pause. He set
to work at once to right ma:ters as to tho fam
ily of Jonathan. Ziba. was well acquainted
with all the affairs of Saul's descendants. Ac
cordingly, David scut for him and inquired a3
tn tho family of Jonathan. Ho learned about
Mephibosheth aud sent word to him to report
at the palace. It is plain Jonathan's son was
somewhat alarmed. David, seeing this, hade
him "Fear not." Mephiboshoth felt utterly
unworthy tho favors promised to him by tho
King. Ho, in tho presence of royalty, felt as
though he were out of place more worthy to
bo treatrd by David as a dog than as a member
of the royal family. Wo romumbor David
judged himself as a dog hofore Saul. 1 Sam.,
24:14. Tho King must have recalled this
statement when Saul's grandson uttered prac
tically the samo common expression (proverb)
as indicating humbleness.
1. Never become too busy to keop agree
ments. Covenants must be respected. Grati
tude is notoriously forgetful. If you make
pledges to a father as to hi? family, affecting
the interests of children after the decease of
the father, remember all such promises. Many
a covenant made at a death-bud is regarded
null after tho decease. ' Even death cauuot ro
lieve you from keeping your promises uttered
to others before their sickucss or at the time
of their dying. Mako no mere formal promises.
Let every assurancu be sacred. Let depeudcuco
mi your covenant ho a comfort to tho dying by
tiicir uudoubting convictiou you will do as it
We can see that David was distressed by tho
thought he might have neglected to carry out
to thu letter all that was meant iu the covenant
made between him aud Jonathan. Be con
scientious. David did not say, "Jonathan is
dead. Ho knows nothing of my want of
veracit3'. Never mind." Wc know nothing
about how much the so-called dead aro awaro
of events going on in our world. And, whether
they know or" uot, no man's cousciotico is right
who allows himself any laxuess because he is
sure no ono will know of his lack of truthful
ness by exact performance of promises.
2. Seek opportunities to do good. Send for
objects of charily. Do not avoid the presence
of tho needy. Find out whether others want
help. Employ agents to search out tho desti
tute. Thu absence of Mephibosheth tho fact
he kept out of the way, making no appeals for
assistance did not lessen tho obligation of
David to do him favors. That last iutcrviow
with Jonathan burned into the memory and
conscience of David, and But him to seeing
whether it wero possible he was neglecting to
keep in any particular his promise to tho sou
If you cannot reward a-fricud in porson, you
can remember his children or friends. Jona
than was dead. David oAvcd him great deal.
In fact, he was under "obligations by covenant
to he favorable not only tp Jonathan, but to his
family. Had Jonathan lived, ami had David
then helped him, Mephibosheth would havo
been benefited. D.iyid decided hu should uot
be deprived of such" favor because hU father
(Jonathan) was dead, hut ho aidod hecauso
ho was thu sou of Jonathan, aud that au unfor
3. Be kind to tho deformed. It would seem
Ztb.i mentioned that, Mophibosheth was hnuu
iu both feet to show how utterly usoless was
thu grandson of Saul. A cripplo is uot worth
notice. Ho just mentions him to David. But
tho vory condition of Jonathan's sou was an
appeal to David. CliBtjreu should bo taught
kindness to associate who are ouo-oyed, who
stutter, who limp, ,Ctc.j To laugh at a de
formed boy or girl is u'sJmckiug cruelty. Bo
causu at school, on the playground, in tho street,
children are often inclined to make fun ot au
associate, teachers should notice how kiud
David was to the crippled boy, Mephibosheth.
Wo remember how Cljrist helped the lame.
4. Puuishuient8 due to a wrong-door slionld
not descend to his offspring. It is a principle
of the Constitution of thu United States that
thu boitig a traitor must not taint thu blood ;
that children shall not .suffer in rights of prop
erty or in courts of justice oil account of their
parents having been distnyal to tho Govern
ment. We find, in the 18th chapter of Ezukiol,
tlio principlo thoroughly developed that he
that sinneth shall be punished ; that a son
shall not suffer for tlio ill-doing of a father;
that each porson must answor for himself.
5. Be forgiring. It is of God to bo lenient.
It is God-JIk to be tender-hearted. A kindly
disposition should be cultivated. David bad
been a very busy man, and had qnito over
looked the condition of Jonathan's family.
But, busy as bo wns, ho at length bethought
himself of the promises ho had mado to his
friend Jonathan. Onco having waked up to a
consciousness of his carelessness in this respect,
ho is all astir and determined at onco 'to adjust
things "fairly in nccordauco with his covenant
mnde wifh Jonathan.
6. Whjiotbo "in His likeness" now' Vfa
romemhor how forgiving Chri3t was and is.
Can wonot get into His spirit toward onomies?
Ho died for ua when we were sinners. It is
not tho greatest stretch of lovoliness to do good
to thoso alone who appeal to us by their at
tractiveness. Wo should cultivate power to
bestow favors at times even on tho undeserv
ing. Wo cannot bo like Christ if wo insist on
merit before wo offer assistanco.
7. Notice the principlo of Mediation. "For
Jonathan's sako." V. 1. Christ is our Medi
ator, and so wo say, at tho close of our prayers,
" for Jcsns' sako."
a "Tho Kindness of the Lord." V.3. Some
see in this expression, "of tho Lord," the idea
of greatness, aa we say, tho hills of God, moan
ing tho great hills; tho treos of God, great
trees. Tho Kindness of God may mean great
kindness, kindness on u divino scale. We got,
beuco, thesuggestion of tho Godlikoness of kind
ness. But tho idea may be, David felt that his
impulso to bo kind to Mophibosheth was in
spired by God. Wo may bo suro that kindness
is n Heavenly quality a trait of Deity a
(flower of grnco. W. M. L. Jay had this thought
ovidently when ho wrote the following liues:
"Human thought can only pleturo what Is un
known from the knwn.
So wu reading that in Adam God's own gracious
Thenceforth shnpo the great Creator in the form of
And by human lovings climb wo (as lo came from
To somo dim and partial vision, to somo aired but
Qf that Love of loves whote loving we havo sur-
nuuicd " Providence."
Ah, what gladness in the glory of tho better land
That somo poor, hungering, thirsting, doubting,
fearing soul below.
All unknowing, in our loving, wo the love of God
9. Somo- havo seon in tho condition of Me
phihosheth a picture of tho sinner. We aro
spiritually deformed, our weakness morally is
general. Wo are lamo in both feet. Christ is
ns David with Monhiboshctb. He seeks us ont
and sets himself to helping us. Our Jonathan,
in a religious senso, is Jc-sut, and ho ton i3
friend of the King (David). For his sako God
ia concerned iu welfare. Wo aro not reproached
on account of our lameness (crookedness,
wirkedness). Our King takes us into His
Palace, feeds us royally. David saw in Mo
phibosheth likeness to his fa tlio. Jouathau. So
God loves us who rcsomblo Christ.
ICorrespondcuts fdinuld write each question on
a separate sheet of paper, givo full nnmo mid ad
drw nndmnrkit "Correspondents' Column." No
attention will be paid to communications not ac
companied with nnmo and uddrc-n of writer. It is
requested that a (damp he inclosed for reply by
letter. I'oital cardn will be replied to by mail
only, nc.plies by limit will ordinarily be made
within a week, aud if in this column within three
W.JI.H. T., SHUwaler, Minn. Plcaso inform
me why it is that pensions aro, granted to two
persons here that had no service during the
war of the rebellion, but served iu tho army
afterward, and denied iu nuothor caso where
tho soldier served fivo years anil then re-enlisted
and was wounded by au uccidoutnl dis
charge of his carbinp, and dischared for dis
ability, all his scrvico having bcon after the
late war ; and why is it that somo porsons can
get ponsiou and others cannot? Answer. Upon
such a general statement of facts uo answor of
valuo can Iks given, but it may bo safely as
serted that thoso two soldiers who are pensioned
proved beyond a doubt that they are disabled
iu a pensionable degree by causes originating
in lino of duty in the service. As to tho caso
of the other ono cited by you, tho presumption
is that if pension haa been denied for tho
wound for which discharged, tho records of tho
War Department show that tho said wound was
not received in line of duty. Of course, wo
know nothing of the circumstances of tho case,
but this i3 tho most plausiblo explanation.
Yon doubtless are awaro that it does not fol
low that every disability incurred in tho serv
ice is pensionable; lino of duty is an all-important
factor, aud if it is absent titlo to pen
sion docs uot exist. As lo why somo persons
get pension and others do not, it is idlo to
apcculato; uo two ttlaims aro alike, and what
may establish one may bo held by tho Pension
Bureau to wholly fail in nuothor. Tho prova
tivo forco of testimony varies greatly, and in
arriving at its trno weight there is to bo con
sidered uot only the general reputation of tho
witnesses, but their bias, means of observation,
whether they aro competent to form the con
clusions reached by them, etc., and whether as
a whole the evidence is inherently probable or
improbable. Under the law tlio Commissioner
of Pensions, subject to review by the Secrotary
of thu Interior, is vested witii unlimited author
ity in determining what shall constitute duo
proof of any given fact in iisuo in a pension
ca-o; he may accept the affidavit of ono per
son a3 sufficiently establishing au issue, or ho
may hold that uo number of affidavits will
su llice, in the absence of corroborating ovidouco
of a higher character, to determine it. Tho
reason why ono gets a pension and another
does not is hecauso the ono has furnished evi
dence satisfactory to tho Peusion Bureau aud
thu other has uot.
J. Jr. J., Macksburg. Toica. Please answer
the following questions: 1. Give rno tho
amount, separately, of tho diffcreut kiuds of
circulating medium in tho United States. 2.
Thu amount of the bonded indebtedness of tho
United States. 3. Is all silver redeemable in
gold ; and if not, what makes it on a parity
with gold? Answer. 1. On July 1, 1896, it
Su ha I diary
cates Silver certifi
Treum r y
17. S. note. .. 3t6.CSl.0l6
N a l i o u a 1
bank notes 226.C00.M7
Totals.. .52 191.215,181 SCSI. 5 19.981 31.509.725.200
2. On July 1, 1596. Total intorost-beariug
debt, $317,353,500. Dobt ou which intorest
had ceased siuco maturity, $1.G30,890.2G. 3.
Silver is uot redeemable iu gold, but with the
silver notes ono can get greenbacks, which aro
redeemable iu gold.
G. B.t Canaan. O. 1. What is free Bilwer, or
tho free coinage of silver? 2. What is 16 to 1
iu coinage of silver? 3. What does tho gold
standard mean ? 4. What docs sound money
mean ? 5. Did tho Republican party in 1692
dcmatid in their platform tho uso of gold and
silver as standard mouey? 6. Wheu was
silver demonetized, and by what party? 7. Is
not tho Republican party iu favor of gold,
silver and paper money on an equal basis? 8.
Has the gold dollar always been our standard
of money ; aud if not, what lias? ..-lnwcr. 1.
It means that a man may tako silver bullion to
the United States mints aud cot it coined into
standard silver dollars. 2. That the weight of
a silver dollar shall be 16 times that of a gold
dollar. 3. It means that gold shall ho tho final
measure of value. 4. It means money recog
nized as such tho world over. 5. Yes, with
such restrictions as should result in the main
tenance of a parity one with auother. 6. Iu
1S73. No particular party cau bo said to bo alone
responsible for it. 7. Yos. 8. Tho standard
has varied from time to time by different laws.
J. G Marion, Ind.l. If a soldier whoio
claim for pension has been rejected should
apply to his Congressman or Senator for relief
by special bill, whom should ho notify of his
change of Postutlico address? 3. About how
long would it tako beforo ho would rccotvo nn
answer after so applying? 3. Would ho bo
notified by his Congressman or Senator? An
swer. 1. Tho Commissioner of Pensions, for the
reason that if it should happen that a private
bill should go through it is still necessary for
thu Commissioner to issue the pension certifi
cate. 2. If a special bill passed both branches
uf Congress and received tho siguaturo of the
President, then tho Commissioner of Pensions
would, In duo course of business, mail a pen
sion cortlficalo lo the benoflciary named
therein. We presume that it is customary for
A Member of Congress who succeeds nt gutting
through a bill for a constituent to promptly
advlss him of that fact. 3. Ho would probably
to so notified ot any fact that enured to the
benefit of the constituent.
AJJSWETtS TO NO. 243-OTAT 31, 1890.
8 T I C II E 3
D I D
It I .V T II K R K O 17 T
2101 SoItc: lnre.
PAJTCRAT I CM
A 3 S B 3
A S S I G.VA T 3
STAT I SM
2405 A T A G II A .V S
C A X T
C A R A P A T 3
n la s
T R A X S
c r a s s vr
A P P L I
P O I, L A
P K .V DAST
CO.VS K .V T I A
GO I, DR. VCII A I .V
P U A .V C II K U 3
A X T II K A S
T I AR3
A I 3
B 17 S II
P A S T O
C A T II 0 D
T II K It E
Authors of word-forms: Rex Ford. II. O. Mer.
Simon Ease (2), Dan D. Lyon. Oi Gantic. A. Dandy,
VERDICTS OF THE RECEPTION."
They cny In "Dfamondalia":
That Arty Kisliel f a silver-tongued orator and
the wheelman' friend.
Thtit Heech Nut Is tho bean IdenI of Puzztednm.
Tlmt Cindurs la au exemplary chairman aud
Titat Comrade is nn original stump upealcer.
That Iletenellancllie it bell nnd noUhie.
That V. Saw Is a true supporter of Gotham's
That Holly Is a sure cure for that tired feellnj.
That Jo Kiin? U a congenial debutant.
That Marie and Muuda are tho buds of Dlamond
alia. Tlmt Nypho will never be hypnotized by agreen
That Polx hi a Hon among the fair sex.
That l'rimr.e is a most intcre.itiu; personage
ami believer in monumental mattery.
That Itenmrdo was made tho happiest of hosts.
Thut K. O. Chester Is the most affable of the mas
That St. Julian Is an unassuming, conscientious
That Willie Wildware Is a true comedian of the
That Z.irosler Is an ardent devotee of the god
That Zenith and Horizon are examplos fer the
That Dlamondalia la the only spot on rarth for
puzzlers. One Who Woz Ihtru
NEW rtJZZLES.-NO. 253.
NO. 2509 ICOSAnEDROtf.
1. A mean, vulgar fellow. 2. A town of France,
In Pis-do Calm's. 3. Itooics. 4. A town of Aui
triau Silesia. 5. Surfeits. 6. To bear. 7. To at
liiclc at once. 8. Crosses out. 9. A tiouih African
variety of antelope. 10. Warning. 11. To fall. 12.
Desires. 13. Wicked.
Gl Gaxtic, St. Louis, Mo.
NO. 2510 CHARADE.
I never weary of the roar
Arising from the Pt.s'AL street,
Or ever nliin for mhiuIv nlmrn
Or quiet countryned retreat;
I love a.i in the days of yore
To feel the pulse of Vulcan beat,
And see above tho rugged hills
The incense of a thousand mills!
Tho mighty Vulcan of to-day
Excel the god your poets ling;
Hit furuaco tires much fiercer play
Than those that from your craters spring;
The rolling thunders but convey
Poor notions of his anvil's ring.
Aud see! his standxrd there unfurled: -
l'iltsburjr, the workshop of the world! "
"Why should I covet joys secured
11 y thoso tlmt lead lives of entire?
For all is joyfully endured
If thereby knowledge kext acquire
JS'o PBiiiE is here, for ret Mured
To idleues- may none aspire
"Who feel pulsating full and free
Th a throbbing heart of industry.
L'Allequo. Pittsburg, Pa.
NOS. 2511-12 SQUARES.
I. A tour of France, department of Tarn. 2
Tells. 3. Somewhat like alum. A. A scarf. 5. A
rope secured to a yard with a thimble in its lower
end for supporting a foot-rope. 6. A coin. (Stand.)
7. Shaped like the letter C. (Globe Diet.)
1. Boric. 2. A genus typical of Opalinidx.
(Stand.) 3. Idt-tat. (Stand.) 4. P. O., Polk Co..
Win. 5. One who cite. 6. To enaroor. (Stand.)
7. Au inflammatory affection of any mucous mem
brane. Simos Ease. Philadelphia. Pa.
Willie Wildwave, New York City.
K. T. Did. Washington, D. C.
1L O. CitEbTSK. Washington, D. d
CIIAT WITH CONTRIBUTORS.
After perusing the current number of St. Julian's
"The Mystic Tree " (Elbert's department), we wero
suddenly struck with the eye-opening truth that
its editor is a joker! Cuttiug looso from bis pro
saicism, the Saint dabbles with tho nom-de-plumo
of (?. Su w in a manner both astonishing aud horri
ble; then ho springs a sensational item iu relation
to " what be has heard" about Arthur Holt and
the niuc-xquare; and, lastly, accuses us of aspiring
to the Presidency of the E. P. L. "with all tho
fervor which marked McKiuley's campaign." Al
though doubtless meant for a joke, the last article
' is ppruiig upon Thedom with an earnest solemnity
indicative of consoleutious conviction, and worthy
a much higher motive than that which prompted
the Brooklynite lo write. An far ns the Presi
dency of lUo League is concerned, we, In common
with other puzzlers, and under certain circum
stances, would have been proud of the honor of
being olio-sen to tho office; but we are perfectly
willing to bet Mr. Tree a box of cigars or a Bible,
or even a littlo freu advertising, that he hasn't
even the ghost of a chance of proving his assertion.
Everybody knows non-attending puzzlers are
never chosen to till the office, and. that being the
case, why should we not have been on the ground.
Instead of spending the greater pnrt of the day in
Baltimore? If yon are uot a subscriber to the
Monthly Banner (Elleri's), you should at once
ha-iteu to mail your subscription, as tho Saint told
us hu would, he thought, soon be iu a position to
prove Smillice's complete innocence, and tlicronuij
he something very sensational in next mouth's
niiiuUur. The pair of squares above aro not ol
BiiHlcicnl brilliancy to warrant four signatures, but
all the boys had a hand in their composition, aud
o they are used in that manner. Simnu Ease
would like to see a seven built untfer zkmfsvo.
and asks some one to try to finish n square on
ATHLKTK, Using INSIGHT for the sixth word. Jt
looks easy, but try it and see. Eugene la jump
lug about from place to place, and dispoainjc of lots
of "Batlle-Ax" tobacco. Wo cau readily dispose
of a few more of his diamonds. A great many
sincere words of praise have been spoken of Holt's
alphabetical scries of thirteen-, and the ixsue has
been voted one of the beat "Mystery" ever put
out. Latest telegraphic advices from Wynne
wood are to llio effect that Miss Poth has adopted
the nom of Strawberry. Speaking of Wyuuewood,
tlio author of tho "header" above seems to know
whereof he spcakB. at least iu many cases. It
has occurred to us tlmt there is a splendid Held for
squares in the list of male names iu Webster;
biicIi words as Wilii.-im. Charles. Eplmlim, Oba
diah, Patrick, and Kichnrd looking exceedingly
inviting. We would like to get up a special issue
of these sevens, aud will award a valuable prize
to the person sending us the largest and best lot
prior to Sept. 1. "Mystery's" contests seldom
fail of success, nnd we wnnt everyone to take a
hand and help the thing along. While it Is true
that the LcHgue meeting was quite a success iu a
liuaucial way. it is to be regretted that a bit of
oversight or negligence ou the pnrt of Maud Lynn
stood iu the wiiyofmuch better returns, as it is
but fair to suppose. At tho New Year's Day Con
vention, It will be remembered, a resolution was
pusscd authorizing Treasurer Alumnus to corre
spond with all members in such a mnuiicr as he
should see tit, to the end that they should send
their dues to the Lcngue, whether they intended
being present on the Fourtli or not; a plan which
Alumnus discussed with Maud Lynn, and con
eluded tn carry out to tho thorougJiest possible ex
tent, nnd for which purpose a rosier of the League
was furiiinhod him. A short whito after, however.
M.iud borrowed the list from Alumnus and failed
lo return it, thereby leaving the hitler wholly
without the means of procedure. While It would
bo tinfnir to suppose iba Baltimore veteran wns
nwaru of the couditiun of nfT.iirs, the oversight
wait, nevertheless. i sonroe of regret lo Alumnus.
and, as before stated, it is too bad that it should
have occurred. Wo will award ono of the
Ardmore group pictures lately described in this
column to the person conlrbullng tho best
piAttONriAUA diamond prior to-Sept. 1.
7-:3-9e. B. O. CsavTBB.
Children Cry for
OUR RURJJL- TOPICS,
Some Practical Suggestions for Om
The gorgcons Oriental poppies bloom tri
second year from seed, and a well-growa
plant will have three or fonr splendid scar
let blossoms na big as anncera. If snfficieni
care is taken, a two-year-old plant can ba
moved In very early Spring with good sac
cess; bat tho roost favorab'e time for thia
work 13 in Jnly, when, after blooraiDcr, tht
whole top of the plant dies. Then the white,
parsnip-like roots, brittle as gJnss,can be dng
np. It is almost impossible to move a plant
more than two or three years old, ai tho
roots go often two feet into the ground, and
it wonld reqn ire a strong man and a crowbar
to dig "P one of these big plants; yet, no
matter how badly broken they may he,every
piece of root will live and rnke a little plttntv
The broken big; plants, thongh somewhat set
back for a year or so, soon ptck'np again and,
do well; bat for best result?, let the well
established plants alone. A largo plant will
have 'lQ'or 50 blossoms in a season ; perhaps
12 flowers open at the samo time, showy, at
tractive, hut of short-lived glory. Yet no
plant in the garden is more generally ad
mired by young and old. "When some other,
plants can be arranged to qnickly cover tho
d-ad and dying stems of the poppies, they
may he nsed to much advantage on a Iuwn,
making a wonderfully vivid spot of color
hard to be surpassed or equaled.
It is a fact that the late chicks sometimes
fail to make any progress in growth, espe
cially during tho warm month.. This is dne
to the farmer being busy and compelling the
chicks to sustain themselves to a certain ex
tent ; and also because the more chicks
hatched the more they are crowded, tho
early ones having more room and fewer
drawbacks to eneounter. The main canse,
however, ia lice, which the very early chicks
escape. As tho weather becomes warm
there is a greater mohipl-.cation of lice, and
they swarm in every place inhabited by tho
chicks. The early one?, being large and vig
orous, can better withstand their ravages;
but the later ones, being more feeble, will
not thrive and grow. When the chicks do
not grow, especially in pleasant weather,
and with an abundance of food, it is, in nino
cases out of ten, due to lice, both the head:
lice and tho mites.
To Prevent Egs-Eatlng. .:
A writer in the Pdt7frieeper says "Egg
eating is a bad habit, acquired usually by
hens that are kept in a condition of idleness.
It is not natural for a hen to eat eggs, though
when once she becomes converted to the
delicacy she never forgets it until a change
of condition occurs, but she may be so 3itu-
ated as to be unable to eat them. The best
method ia to inake a nest out of a soap-bor,
oue end of the box being open, so as to com-
pel her to walk into the uest. The box
should be raised a sufficient bight from the
floor, so that she will be unable to reach the
eggs in the nest from the ground. The
nest-box should not be too large. The hen
will go on the nest, but her body will pro
tect the eggs, so she will not have room to.
peck them. Egg-eating ia sometimes cured
by filling egg-shells with mustard paste,
which makes the work du3greeable. The
best way is to allow no egg to become,
frozen and broken in the nest. If the hens'
are not brought in contact with eggs that
are broken, they will never learn to eat
them. Fresh egg-shells ihould never ba
thrown to the fowls, as the hen that- learns
to eat eggs will set an example to others,
and as one of them may begin on egg-shells
it i3 better to avoid feeding them to the
Haidincss nd Esz Production.
In selecting a breed, but few seem to con
sider hardiness. The object is usually to
secure "the best laying breed," without
regard to conditions. It may be that the
best laying breed may fail entirely, owing
to a slight fault in the constraction of the.
poultry-house; and it may kappen that
some despised breed, known to be better
adapted for market than for eggs, may be
profitable egg-producers when other breeds
fail. Disease is one of the great drawbacks
to the poultry business, and the breed that
is hardy and seems to endure the climate
well is the one that will lay the greater
number of eggs and yield the larger profit.
But these conditions vary according to loca
tion. A breed may be hardy in one section
and not in another. It may, also, stand close
confinement well on a light, sandy soil, and
be atlacked by disease on a heavy, clay soil:
In fact, so many factors enter into keeping
poultry, and are to be considered, that no
two sections are' subject to the same natnral
laws. The first essential in a breed is hardi
ness. A strong, healthy fowl is worth a
whole flock of birds that are always droopy
or non-prodnctive, no matter what tho
breed may be, and it is important that the
hardiness of a breed be carefully considered.
Too many acres en a farm is claimed as
one of the curses the farmer has, because he
mnst cultivate more land than is necessary;
in order to obtain a crop that might be gofr
teu from less land upon which all of the
manure can be advantageously spread; bufc
too much land is no worse an inllictiou
than too much stock of an inferior kind, yet
hundreds of farmers feed animals that give
no profit because they will not procure good
breeds and grade up their stock.
Weeds will spring up on any land that is
not cultivated. If the land is not wanted
for a crop the weeds will seldom be destroyed,
and they send out seeds broadcast and doubla
the work next year.
Oae of the most useful appliances on a
farm, which costs but very little com
pared wi,th the many uses to which it can bo
pnt, is the windmill. It grinds food, pro-
yides water for stock, and can be used for
irrigating small plots. They are now being
adapted for pnrposes of irrigation on many
large farms, two or more windmills being
sufficient to fill a large reservoir and keep
a constant supply of water.
When stock animals have the free use of a
pasture it will bo greatly to their advantage
to give them salt. It is a corrective of the
injurious effects of too much young grass, aud
is ills.) a substance required by them to pro
mote digestion. A small quantity of salt
once a day will be highly relished.
The best time to thin out surplus fowls,
especially the cockerels, i.s when they attain,
the right size for broilers. They will bring
more then than after they have attained full
growth in the Fall, when most of the thin
ning out is usually done by farmers and
when the market is sure to be glutted. For
early broilers in June and July an extra
price can generally be obtained, as the mar
ket theu is not so well supplied as it is later.
This is the beat time of the year to get
growth on young turkeys. Inatead of feed
ing grain, let them seek their food, allowing1
them at night a mess of cut bone and ruent,
which will bo of assistance in promoting:
growth. Do not-try to fatten young turkeys
as yet. Get the frame, and the fat can be
added later in the season. Eapid growth
should be secured before the Fall seasos