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THE -NATIONAL TRJ3UN& WASIiiSGWN, a ft, THUuSD AT. OCTOBER 1, 1S96.
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I.OYAI. HOME WORKERS.
Appointments and Xotcs from National
Headquarters Olla Bell Hotham's Defini
tion of ITosress-Grcetitigs from Barncst
OKDHnS ATfD XOTKS.
nKAlQ'ilS LH.W. 1561 JIlXRUVA AVFX. J
St. liorjiP, Mo- September, 189G. j
1. All Assistant Secretaries holdinc appoint
ments are hereby reappointed, until further
changes are Jinuouucetl.
i. For Rhode Islaud. Mrs. Maltio E. Gam
mons, C4 Superior street, Providence; for Min
nesota, Lizzio E. Gates, Princeton, are hereby
.'!. AH jnembcrs renewing does for 189 will
receive a Reunion button, known as the Kate
B. Sherwood button, bearing a likeness of the
President of the LH.W, AH applicants -will
receive one of theso buttons upon their enroll
ment. These ofiers hold good as long as the
buttons last. Tho Secretary has quite a num
ber ou hand.
Send in your orders for the new luHWY. piu.
It it; a bcantr.
EespcctfuHy Amos Ii. Seaxak, Secretary.
The second annual erecting of lovely flowers
Pent by Mattio E. Gammons. Providence, R. L.
to the President, L.U.W., were greatly appre
ciated by the recipient Although for sonie
-cars a great sufforer, and of late shut in, Mrs.
'amnions is one of the most cheerful and earu-
t members of tho L.H.W., and her example
' patience and fortitude in the good cause, in
ito of many afflictions and tribulations, entitle
or to the sympathy and admiration of all her
associates in Progress and Patriotism.
A number of the L.H.W. spent several days
following Reunion at Lake Minnetonka, the
beautiful Summer resort near Minneapolis.
One of the souvenirs of the outing, which has
found its place on the editor's desk, is. a pencil
drawing on birch bark of a yacht with all sails
epread, made by JUattic E. Elliott.
Tho following lettering tells the story:
"Lake Minnetonka, Minn., Sept. 13. 3B96.
Wo embark in the causo of Progress and Patri
TO L.H.TV. CIItCLKS.
Greeting: You often ask wbat there is for
you to do. Of course, you can arrange pro
grams ofpatriotic song and story. You can re
fresh your souls with social intercourse with
those who aro pledged to the same high causo
of Progress and Patriotism.
But what is required of you is organisation
for some definite purpose; and in what more
beautiful work could you encase in than that
of sending flags to the school children in the
South, many of whom have never set eyes on
the starry banner, the hope of the coming mil
lions. What win be the answer of the L.H.W. Cir
cles? L.H.TT. DECORATIONS.
Secretary Seaman, in com renting spon tho
presentation of the now Loyal Home Workers
pin to prominent official representatives of St.
Paul, in recognition of courtesiea.exteuded the
L.H.W., hopes to see the custom continue,
though practiced raroly, the pin only to lie
couferred when merited by the person upon
whom conferred. Ho says :
"I think such presentatiousshould be termed
deceratinr the recipient. so that it weald re
vive impressions of like practice in the, days. I
of chivalry, when, .because of some .knightly
deed, a special lienor, expressed through tho 1
bestowal of some token, was publicly recognized.
"Thus the bestowal of the Loyal Homo
"Workers pin would be a recognition spon the
part of the L.H.W. of some service performed
oa tueir oeuaii uy tue recipients, wno io
night bo placed on the houorary-roll ef tho
All loyal, law-abidlus citizens of the United
Slates, nntl their eons iimi daughters u-lio would j
JUIU IIIC J.UHl J1UII.C i UFlkUni 111 11IC1I UHircil i
IVogreM and Pntriotim. arc usked to vend on their
names to our roll-cull. Tliey mut cume recom
mended bj- some Loyal Home Worker, or some
loyal citizen in the comoranitiea in which lliry
lire. When their names Rre on the rll-ell the
become cadets of the L.U.W.. nnd are entitled to
send on Application for tnettiberahlp in the L'jyhl
Home uortmrs AnsociBllon. Anim 1 beaitian.
Secretary. S1CL Mincrra avenue, St. Isuie, JJo.
Annual dues, 5 cen'.B.
Mrs. Minnie Dooley, Eva Decker; Maud
Forsyth, daugkter of private ef Co. M, 12A
Ohio, member of Bates Post, 48, Department
of Missouri. Total, 15,378.
L.n.W. BULLETIN, so, 37.
Applications: Uobert E. Patriclr, Catasauqua,
Pa.; Jessie G. Johnson, Dauby, Vt.
THE t.H.W. FLAG.
And now It Is Msu-chlng On Dowb In Vir
clnia. It has been heretofore mentioned tbat at
seventh annual Reunion, Loyal Home Workers,
at St. Paul, a letter was read from Harrison
Gordon, of Stevenshurg, Ya., tclliag bow the
flag sentiment was growing among the echool
children of the Old Dominiou, and appealing
'or flags for surrounding schoolhouscs.
It has also been mentioned that the Loyal
Home Workers were not deaf to that appeal,
outvoted to make CalpepcrCouBtj their special
iag field for tho coming year.
When the growing -work in patriotic teaching
was presented the Loyal Home Workers by
their President, Mrs. Mary A. SHloway, .Na
tional Senior Vice President) arose and said
that she would see that one flag was seat when
ever tho school authorities were ready to re
ceive. The Loyal Home Workers voted to send
the second, on call 7 also, to recruit their num
bers, so when the call came from other quarters
there would be mosey in the treasury to meet
In the meantime, let all readers ef The Xa
TIONAL Tiueuke who would contribute to the
vital cause ofpatriotic teaching down in Dixie
send contributions to the L.H.W. flag fund,
held by Mary L. Best Treasurer L.H.W.,
Yetcrans and their auxiliaries, the Belief
Corps, Sous of Veterans, Daughters of Veterans,
Ladies' Aid and others need only read Harri
son Gordon's account of flags sent by W. B.
Arcber Post, Marshall, I1L, to see that there is
llcuty of work for them all to do.
Surely the Loyal Home Workers, the readers
and supporters of The National Thibune,
one and all, will not disregard the imperative
call made for flags by this soa of ft Southern
"Or what man is there of you, whom if his son
csk bread, will he give him a stone?
"Or if ho ask a fish, will he give him a ser
pent?" "WHAT TIIE FLAG DID.
Dear Editor L.H.W.: I have omitted to
tell you that ou Memorial Day wo had the
largest gathering at the National Cemetery at
Culpcpcr ever assembled there. This was due
to tho action of the Superintendent, Capt. J. R.
Dickbou, in setting apart the forenoon for the
colored people, aud the afternoon for the white,
Memorial Day not being a legal holiday in
Virginia, the ngroes have heretofore been
Making a picnic ground of the ccnetery on
that occasion, and ss they supplied themselves
with liquera the white people kept mway.
On this occasion tho Legion of Loyal Women
came down from Washinctoa, escorted ky some
old G.A.B. veterans, uuder Capt. Prentiss, of
tho ?th Wis., who had been dowu thk way fce
foic, when times werclirelicr.
Tito best poople of Culpcpcr took pari in tho
exercises, and A. P. Hill Camp Confederate
YeteraM a4 the Culpeper Miumt Men at
tended. Kv. H. P. Mitchell, MethedJat Jfiuistcr. of
y choirs of the Uclhodiat aud Episcopal
IVfivr iw. rJ
Flowev. Fokget ME N07-
churches sang "America" and "Tho Star
Spangled Usinner," accompanied by W. D.
Hawley, editor of the Enterprise, on tho organ.
At the close of tho ceremonies n beautiful girl
pinned little fl.-ig badges on the coats of tho
Minuto Men. and they fired the salute with tho
pcrcision of veterans.
I see that Johnny Covington wants a flag,
and I am glad of it, as iie remarked that tho
L.H.W. flag, when I First raised it over tho
schoolhousc, was "an old Yankee flag."
ince then W. JJ. Archer Post, of Marshall,
111., sent mo 40 small flags, through A. L. How
erton, which I distributed around, and little
United States flags were to be seen flying from
the windows of houses all over the neighbor
hood. I gavo ouo to Johnny aud one to his
Furthermore, tho stores for the first time
brought on small flags to sell for Memorial
Day, and so tho leaven is working.
It is too much to tax the L.H.W. to give a
flag to every boy who writes for it, but there
aro other schoolhouscs in this vicinity Tvhero
flags could bo used as object lessons, and if the
L.H.W. desires to present any of them with
flags they will be joyfully received by the chil
dred, who are anxious to see a flng flying oer
their school like that at Stevensburg, the first
United States flag to float over a schoolhouso
iu Virgiuia. Yours loyally
Harrison Gordon, Stevensburg, Va.
.MESSAGE FROM TUE ROCKIES.
Inez Woodruff Wightman, Anaconda, Mont.,
was among those- who could not be present at
seventh annual Ecu n ion, but scut a kind mes
sage. The expense, the distanre, and thecaro
of her little UC. boy, 'Clyde Woodruff Wight
man, prevented. Closing hex note of greeting,
Since last writing you wo have taken along
journey across the plains, aud once more wo
aro among tho Eocky Mountains, a good deal
farther west, and where the mountains are of
a much Jess bight and russed appearance.
Mr. Wight man has employment in tho cop
per smelter. These smelters aro what keeps
Anaconda alive. and the gToat dread is, ""if the
The place has tho name of a booming city,
nttractlng many people herefrom a distance,
who find no work, or only occasionally for a
day. It is said 500 men live on odd jobs, just
taking the places of men who lay off for a
shift, making some months not board money.
Ecuts aro unreasonably high; but of this later,
if any care to hear.
JJoys and girls, whycompaTO the city to tho
country? To me it seems impossible. I love
the bustle of city life; I lfto to see things
move, people hurry, the whistle of trains, tho
hurry and scurry of city life; bnt after awhile it
grows wearisome, and I long for a quiet spot in
the country, the song of wild birds, the hum
of bees, the cackle of hens, and lowing of
cows, -aud grow hungry for some real cream.
I can enjoy both, and can appreciate both,
and think it not necessary to say which is the
better, liolh are tor those who love them;
cither forthosu who love ir.
Will the old friends please note address aad
Inez Woodruff Wightraan, Sox 263, Ana
:eeady for duty.
To tiie President L.H.W.: I was very
-glad to -see that you are again our President,
and that Brother Seaman 4S4o be our Secretary,
for that means success for our Order.
I received a Minneapolis paper called The
Sentry, butdo not know who was kind enough
to -remember me. I only wish I did, so I could
know whom to thank.
In looking it over I see a list of officers for
thcL.li.W. forlSUG-'97, and feel very proud te
Bee my name as one of tho National Council,
and will do my best to All the position with
credit to our Chairman, 31. Eose Jansen, and
perform any work that she may request mo to
Loui M. Stockton, Secretary Pennsylvania
L.H.W., 3317Eairhill street, Philadelphia.
SPIRIT OF THE TIMES.
A paper under the above caption was written
by Olla Bell Hotham for seventh annual Ee
union, L.H.W. In reference to Max Nordati,
whose work on "Degeneration" she sharply
criticises, it is but just to say that in a recent
interview he said that his work did not apply
to America, but to France; that in America he
saw the hope of nations. The paper follows:
"You aro a dege erite race! a worthless
This was the continual plaint of the ccccn- j
trie LI err Sivcrtsen, who could soc nothing to
commcud in what he termed a " pleasure-seek-
jng, mdney-g rubbing generation " ; and this, or
something like it, ono naturally thinks, is the
toxt from which Prof. Max Nordau wrote his
matchless fanfaronade, " Degeneration'
We. who havo been living serene in the
belief that our ago is to all preceding ages
what the brilliant electric light is to the dim
candle-light, may, for the moment, feci startled
on reading Prof. Nordau's rather peculiar diag
nosis of tiie times, aud the hint tbat we arc on
the verge of a great intellectual upheaval, tho
result of which cau only be conjectured with
Yet it is only Tor the moment that we are
staitlod; for while it is self-evident that we
areou the evo of great changes that there is
something unusual disturbing the mental at
mosphere there is no evidence that these
coming changes will not be for the better.
What symptoms of weakening intellectual
force aro to be seen? Why, only yesterday, as
it were, Prof. Eoentgcn sent a thrill through
out the world by his discovery of the X-ray,
which marks a uaw era in the progross of
electrical science, aud has stimulated others to
still further research and greater cll'orts. Aud
other achievements might bo mentioned in
different lines in proof thut the mental equi
librium of tho world is not wobbling on its
base, but that day by day we are advancing
surely and steadily.
From cover to cover. s you read. " Defener
ation" is one vast denunciation of persons and 1
things ot tueiftte-siccze; even the little phrase
itself comes in for a share of ridicule.
Death, it" is said, loves a shining mark. So,
it would seem, does Prof. Nordau ; at least, he
loves to hurl epithets nore ponderous than po
lite at the heads of those who have attained
prominence in tho literary world. He grows
ecstatic in his criticism of certain writers
whom he has sicgled oat as special object of
his learned disapproval. .
So vividly, indeed, docs he dwell on their
various diseases that the suspicion grows
on one that he himself is Afflicted with the
same disorders that he claims to have discov
ered iu others; that he is a degenerate of de
generates, whoso pessimism aud short sightcd
ncss render him incapable of discerning the
great moral pillars that support the complicated
structure of modern life.
One dwelling in the gutters should not think
that above and boyond the filth and grime of
his surroundings the conditions there con
tinue; should not think that because the air
he breathes is reeking with impurities all other
air is foul. There are gutters of the matter
world aud gutters of the mind-world; and he
who grovels in the latter is more to be pitied
than ho who dwells in the former.
It is true that there arc crack-brained writ
ers who write crack-brained hooks for crack
brained readers; but why, on account of this, j
conclude tbat all writers and all books and all
readers aro crack-brained? Why mistake the
lees of literature for the wine of literature; the I
uuuuimg uiiw. iui iuu uecp, resonant. souaa ot
It is true there are fads and fade, silly, caper
silly aid otherwise; but all men are not fed
dists. To the great majority -of mankind life
is too earnest a thing to be spent IhrtMiiig to
tho ephemeral agitation produced fey tkaaeaac
oessive fads, or followiug iu the wake f then
who uphold them.
Thorcare those who judge the wkele world hj
the narrow circle in which tkev jmm aa4 kit
their bciug by tfitir owa little irerld Jtigtt-,
ting that life is a multi-leaved and multi-colored
flower, whoso phases are many and oft
Max Nordau stands not alone in his denun
ciation of, tho times. There are others who
protest that the " time is out of joint," and
aver that all things are awry. ' Tho world is
growing more and more wicked ! Look at tho
daily record of crime in tho newspapers; it
was not always so!"
This is the wail that goes up from these dis
consolate ones, forgetting thntonrcupoiiatime
wo did not have means for knowing all that
goes on about us, whereas now nothing scarcely
escapes the vigilance of tho keen emissnry of
the press, who penetrates every nook, every
cranny, in his eager search for news of tho day.
Jh like ratio we have the means for tho pro
mulgation of all that is elevating and refining
increased. Never before was the dissemination
of intelligence so great; never before were
there such aids to higher knowledge, such
widespread efforts to gain an education as now.
Eut the short-sighted bewailerof tho wicked
ness of the world who so eauerlv scans his
paper for the latest criminal sensation will
overlook the record of a deed of nobility, and
the great forces that contribute to the real ad
vancement of mankind will baaSREoaicd book
to him. AH he can see, or cares to see, is tho
proof, to him, that the machinery of the world
has a hitch in it somewhere,, aud everything is
gbing to wreck.
Happily all do not think so. Well it is for
the one who sits through his days bemoaning
the degeneracy of his race aud age, thatthcro
are those who are giving their time, their
labor, their lives even, for the betterment of
their fellows, who raako progress possible and
advancement n settled thing.
This is a wonderful age! Who, looking with
unbiased, intelligent oyes at tho present situa
tion, can doubt it? Some of ns fail to compre
hend how wonderful it is. Our indifference
to the great-blessings thatsurrouud us may bo
called a National fault. It maybe their very
lavish ness that makes it so difficult for ns to
appreciate thorn as wo should, or that we have
grown so accustomed to the marvellous that
We accept everything a9 a matter of coarse.
.But that wo are retrograding is a statement
uono of us will accept without a protest. The
watchword of the century, the real spirit that
animates tho age, is Progress. Tho restlessness
that dominates and seemingly threatens to dis
integrate us is ouly a striving after something
higher and nobler. As truo now as iu tho day
he wrote them are the words o'f the poet Lowell :
'Tlie hope of Truth grows stronger day by day,
T hear the souUjf mini around me waking,
Like u great sea, its frozen fetters brenkinff,
And finikin;; up to Heaven its sunlit spray.
Tossing huge continents in scornful play,
Aud crushing thcui with din of grinding thunder,
Thnt tnnkcH bare emptinesses tnro in wonder;
The memory of a glory passed a way v
Linger in every heart, as in n shell
ltcoumIs the bygone freedom of tho sen.
And every hum new signs of promise tell
Thai ihcareut soul shall once cin be free.
For Ih'kIi uud yet more high the murmurs swell
Of inward strife for truth and liberty."
Whether tho dawning century will surpass
in the number aud magituiie of its achieve
ments the century that is just drawing to a
close remains to he 3een. As iu the olden time,
there aro yet "more wonders in heaven and
earth " than we, enlightened though wo be, can
dream of; aud so there can he no doubt that
tho 20th century will disclose much that
is now undreamed of much that will enrich
a world already rich in knowledge, and gain
for mankind stiil greater conquests and intel
A LOYAL KALLTt
Taper Written for Seventh Annual Reunion,
77, m 77 C.M..?r
r.t. .. i. i. ir n i. i..-..
or the works of the Soman classics to find hero
i "3K itu nuiiiLii wju atiiiiio ui vjicu-t utavirij
ism in itssublimobeauty? Must we study tho
records of early civilization to learu loyalty
and teach us courage?
Oh, dear C.C. and L.TI.W. friends, cannot
the righteous trials of our National martyrs
quicken an impluso of love in your souls ? Docs
the valor and steadfastness of our fathers bat
tling for freedom is our lato war briug no re
sponse froto your hearts?
Do you say the day of heroes and hero
worship is past ? Then let me say, dear
friends, the greatest historian the world has
ever known since Tacitus,! believe, does not
Wo do" not need to search ancient classics'
fur thrilling incidents of heroism. Not a week
passes hut we find iu our uewspapers. and see
with our eyes, unless we bo blind, deeds which
far surpass " Tho Lays of Ancient Eome."
Only a short time ago, you remember, a long
ovcrduo and stormed-tossed vessel carao into
New York "Harbor; and tho newspapers wero
full of praise for Capt. Cameron, who stood for
70 hours at his post until ears, nose and face
were frozen, and his left eye so badly that it was
feared he would loso it.
Tho Summer before this tho world sang
praises to the brave engineer who remained at
his post until he had safely driven his train
through the awful forest fires of Wisconsin,
though he himself was nearly burned to death.
Dear friends, these are no rare cases. I havo
only taken these as examples, because you aro
more liable to kuow aud remember them.
How many of you have never seen someone
save a life at the peril of his own? That is,
indeed, heroism. The world to-day brands at
once and forever all who will do otherwise.
And I believe a person who can, )j some kind
word, save or help a fellow-being, aud will not,
is as great a coward as the other.
How many of you wish to bo heroes? Our
Nation is dying to-day for loyalty. We are a
forgetful people. Have you ever noticed it?
Our Nation is rotting because of this. Tiie
Loyal Home Workers have sworn to be loyal.
Will you be such ?
Bo heroic, my dear friends ; there is need of
it Letyour first step be -patriotic; beout-Eiid-oat
about it. Your positiau requires it of you ;
you owe it to your couutry, to your fathers
who fought as heroes for your country, and to
yourselves as citizens of such a country. Tho
country needs such service, and neodsitnow.
Be brave, be steadfast, be loyal, for you are an
organization whose business Is to bo and do
such, and you can.
"Patriotism" is our watchword, and "Prog
ress "is your motto, aud I firmly believe the
world some day will seo you awake to the fact
that tbcro are souls suffering for waut of some
one to show them true loyalty and courage to
work in a couutry which is fast becoming more
If we do this, I believe the world will soon
come to notice our work aud the good effect of
our teaching, aud shout the war cry of a loyal
people, Victory ! Victory !
Good Applo Padding and Nice Plain Cake.
Apples are iu their prime and milk is sure to
be sweet, so try this aud you will be sore to
One pint sifted lour, two pints chopped
apples, ono cup sugar, four tablespoon fu Is of
melted buttcT, a little Tiutmog, two teaspoons or
baking Dowder, pinch of salt, and milktomake
dough liko biscuit dough. Mix flour, salt,
baking powder, one spoonful of butter robbed
in the flour, then add milk. Boll lightly iu
a sheet about one-quarter of an inch thick.
Sprinkle with one-third of the cup of sugar.
On that spread the chopped applesaud the nut
meg, aad then the Test of the sugar. Boll up
like a sheet of masic, aud cat in pieces an iuch
and a half thick. Put the rest of the butter,
.melted, iu tho baking pan place the pieces in
flat, bako half an hour in a moderate oven.
ittie'b good cake.
Deae L.H.W.: I seud you a recipe, tried aud
found good when directions are followed :
Jelly cake: Oue cup of white sugar, two
thirds of a cup of sweet milk, ouo egg, three
tablespoonfuls of melted butter, oue toaspoonful
of soda and two teajpoonfuls of cream of tartar
sifted in one aud two-thirds cup of flour. Bako
iu three jelly tins in a moderately-heated oven.
While warm put together with jelly or a cream
made ofoae cup of sweet milk, one tablespoon
Xul of cornstarch or flour, yolk of oneegg, and
three tablespoonfuls of sugar. It is best to
make the cream by setting the dish in boiling
water to cook. Flavor u soon as cooked with
lemou or ?au ilia. M. Ettia Fuller.
IM't TmmKco Spit or Smmltm Yoar Ufa
KameoT tht little book just received' toll
about Hotobac, the wonderful, naraleg, eco
aeiical care lor chewing; (HMkiag. igare$, ar
eaaff habit. Yoa run ae phyeieal or fiaaaeiel
nek, fee Iftltees it aeeeiaeely vaaruteed to
eare ar money xefiraM. Your drogglftf tot
it er will get it. Write for the hook Mailed
free. Taw SxsaUNO JUcmkoy Co, Jtex 3, In
41am Mineral Sodaf lad, Areata Waattd,
A. Study of tliciIniernatioTial Snnday
b'cliool. LessontAppointed lor Oct.
Subject: Solomon's -"iWlse
Choice. 1 KI.,
fOne readinj: thesfe 'nw hou1tl first carefully
mudy tho parnfrraplr iroui iu Holy Scriptures as
indicated nbove.l c '
The coronation of (Jneen Elizabeth tookplaco
Jan. 15, 1559. Tho procession was advancing,
whan n boy, who represented Truth and who
was stationed ou a triumphal arch, descended,
just as the Q'lecn passed beneath, and mado a
present to her, in behalf of the City of London,
of. n 'Bible. Sho accepted it Very graciously.
drawing it noar to her heart aud remarking
that she regarded it ns tho most valuablo ami
important testimonial recoived by her on tho
Sobjkct; Solomon's Pjiayee foe Wisdom
Answered and Supplemented.
We find' two accounts of Solomon's prayer
that of 1 Kings, 3: 5-15, and that of 2 Chron.,
Giheon was five miles norlhwost of Jerusa
lem, five miles southwest of Ai. thTco miles
south of Beoroth, throo miles north of Kirjath
jearira. When Joshua entered Canaan ho
eeiz-nl on Giheon after a fearful battle, tho very
moon helping him to victory. Josh., 10:12,
13. It was iu the tribe of Benjamin. Joab
defeated Ahncr at Giheon. Asahel, Joab's
brother, was killed at that place. 2 Sam.,
2:19-24. Amasa, wiio commanded Absalom's
rebel army, was assassinated thore. 2 Sam.,
20: 8-12. Tho tabernacle was thore, (1 Chron.,
16:37-39,) while the Ark was at Jerusalem, (2
Chron., 1:3, 4,) David having brought tho Ark
thither out irom its tabernaclo proper, furnish
ing it another tabernacle. 2 Sam., 6: 17; '2
Having become thoroughly introduced into
his Kingship, Solomon went to Gtbcon and
celebrated his inauguration with a grand re
ligious festival. 1 Ki., 3:1-4, and 2 Chron.,
1 : 1-6.
It was tho general custom in early days to
1 oca to structures for religious worship ou ele
vated points, called therefore high place. 2
Ch., 1:13. Justin stated that the templo of
Apollo was built on Mt. Parnassus. Oracles
commonly wero uttered from hill-tops. The
Templo of Solomon was erected on Mt. Moriah.
We date this lessbn A. M. 2990, or B. C. 1014,
and aro thus carried back in history for about
3,000 years. Four hundred and seventy years
had passed sinco tho Israelites set out ou the
exodus. We find ourselves 238 years hofore tho
first Olympiad began. In about 14 years Ho
mer was bum. David had been dead for only,
probably, a few months. 2:10,11. What
was tho age of Solomon? David a littlo before
dying spoke to Solomon as though he were an
adult. See 2: 9. Ordinarily he is supposed to
havo been about 20 years of age. So say
Abarbiuc), Noligan, Jamieson, Fausset, Brown.
It is clear from 11:42, 43, and 14:21, that he
had married aud had a sou, Eehoboam, born
sometime prior toJllisanaugu ration. Bat in
Verso 7 he says, "iWftit a littlo chiia." Ho
referred to his experience as a King. He was
a mere infant as to titer throne. After Benja
min was 3U years oia ne was canea a cnua.
Gen.. 44:20. So also was Jo3hnn a niau be
voud 30 when Moses called him a child. See
Ex., 33:11, where .the original is a Hebrew
word, meaning n boy, a child, although it is
translated "a young m'au" In the Received
Versiou and also in tho Revised Version. So
also the original for ''bung men " in 1 Sam..
referring to the two sons of Lit, who
full-grown men, means boys. Latin,
pueru . ( t
Wo notico God appeared to Solomon by night,
It was probably while, tho young King was
V. 5. Giheon. lfKi.,8:2; 1 Chr., 16:59; 2
Cb.,l-.3, 13. u.-8
Iu a cjream by night.. ,Gen-i23 : 11-43; 2
Chr., 1:7; P. 17 :,3. iys. , .
In a vision dream. Nu., 12; 6; Jbh, 33 : 14
16 ; St. Matt., 1:20 ; 2: 13, 19.
Ask what I shall give thee. 2 Chr., 1:7;
Isa., 7:11; St. Matt., 7:7,5; St. Luke, Hi 9,
10; St. Matt.. 20:21, 22; St. Mark, 10:36-38;
St. Matt, 20:32; St. Mark, 10 : 51 ; St. LukOj
18:41; St. John, 14:13,14; 15:16; 16:23,24;
St. James, 1:5, 6; 1 John, 5il4. 15.
V. 6. God showed mercy to David. 2 Sam.,
7:8-12; 12:7,8; 22:47-51; 23:1; 1 Chr., 29 :
12-14; 2Chr., 1:8; Fs 78:70-72; 86:13; 69:
Walked before tbeo in truth. 1 Ki., 2:4; 9:
4: 2KL, 20:3; Ps., 15:2.
Righteousness. Ps., 18 : 20-24.
Given itim a son to sit ou his throne. 1 Ki.,
1:48. The son was according to promise, and
hence we havo in 2 Chr., 1:9, " Let thy prom
ise." 2 Sam., 7:12-1.0.
Scrvaut. Hv., 12:7. So of David. 2 Sam.,
On God showing mercy in general see Ps.,
13:6; 11G:7; 119:17.
V. 7. Solomon King instead of David. 1
Chr., 28 : 5 ; 29 : 23 ; 2 Chr., 1 : 8.
God makes -end unmakes Kings. Dan., 2:
21 4:25 32 5:18 21.
I am but a littlo' child. 1 Chr., 29:1; Job,
32:6-8; Jer., 1:6- St. Matt., 18:2-5.
For child used as to adult see Gen., 44: 20;
Ex., 33:11; 1 Sam., ,2: 17.
Know not haw to go out or in. Nu., 27:17;
Dcu.. 31:2; 1 Sam.," 18: 16; 2 Sam., 5:2; St.
John, 10, 3, 4, 9.
V. 8. Peoplo which Thou (God) hast chosen.
Ex., 19: 5. 6 ; Dcu., 7: 6, 8; 1 Sam., 12 : 22.
Cannot bo numbered? Gen., 13:16 (dust);
15:5 (stars); 22:17; Nu.,23:10; lChr.,51i
2 Chr., 1 : 9, 10.
Y. 9. Give understanding. 1 ChrM S2:12;
29:19; 2 Ghr., 1:10; Pa., 119:34, 73, 144;
Prov., 2:3,9; 3:13-18.
Understanding so as to judgo. 1 Ki., 3 : 28 ;
Ps., 72:1, 2; Prov., 14.: 8; JScc., 7, 11, 19; 9:
Discern between good and bad. 2 Sam., 14:
17; Is.. 11:2-4; 1 Cor., 2:14, 15; Eph., 5:17;
Phil., 1:10; Heb 5:14.
Who is ablo to judge so great a people. Ex.,
3:1L 12; 4:10-13; 2 Chr., 1:10; Jer., 1:6;
St. Matt, 3:11, 12; St. Mark, 1:7; St. Luke,
3: 16, 17; 2 Cor., 2:16; 3:5.
V. 10. Pleased tho Lord. Prov., 15:8.
Y. 11. Solomon received favorable answer
because ho prayed aright St James, 4:3.
Salome was refused her .petition because it was
not for a right thing. St. Matt, 20:21; St.
Mark, 10:37. On general conditions of suc
cessful prayer, seo Ps., 10: 17 ; 84 : 11, 12 ; Prov,,
3:5. 6; lea., 65:24; Ro., 826, 27; 1 John, 5:
.12. I have given thee understanding. 1
Ki., 2:6, 9; 3:28; 4:29-34; 5:12; 10:3-8, 23,
24; 2 Chr., 1: 11. J&'o&j 12; 5:5-8; Prov., 2:
6; Ecc, 1:16; Wisdom, 7:7-10; St. Luke, 21:
15. - ,
Nonoso wise as Solomon. St Matt, 12:42;
St Luke, 11:31; Col2?3.
V. L3. Riches. 1 L, 4: 21-25; 10 : 23, 25,-27 ;
Prov., 3 : 16 ; Wisdom, 7 : 11.
Honor. 1 Chr., 29U2.; Prov., 3: 16.
Given tuoro thtiu' as lied. St. Matt, 6:33;
St Luke. 12-..31; Ro.,.8:32; 1 Cor., 3:22,23;
V. 14. David walked In God's statutes. 1
Ki., 9:4, 5; 15: 5; .l,Ch., 17:7, 8; 2 Chr., 17:
3, 4; 29:2; 31:2; jActs; 13:22.
Solomon was to yalkt in God's ways. 1 Ki.,
2:3, 4; 3:3; 1 Chi., 22:12,13; 28;9; 2 Chr.,
7:17-19; Ps., 132:12. ,
Lengthen thy days. Deu., 5 : 16; Ps., 91 : 16;
Prov., 3:2,16; lTj.4,-t8,
V. 15. Solomon ajpoke and found it a dream.
3en., 41 :7; Jer., 3: R6,
Before tho ark.am., 6:17; 1 Chr., 16:
i, 2. , ;
Peace offerings. Lev., 3: 6; 7:11-19; 2 Sam.,
6:18,19; 2 Chr., 7:5, 7-10; 30:22-26.
Made a feast to his servants. Gen., 40:20;
IKi., 8: 65; Est, 1:3; Dan., 5:1; St Mark,
Reference m 2 Ch., 1 : 9.
In the account as given in 1 Kings, 3;6, the
premise is not referred to as in 2 Ch.; 1 : fl.
Let thy promise uatoDavid he established.
2 SanJ 7:12-16, 25-29; 1 Chr 17:11-14, 23
27; 28:6, 7; Ps., 89:35-37; 132:11, 12.
David ires dead. It Is o little thing to be
'succeeeer to a King eo foeoaa. Thea, the
nation was Decerning nuaerens and powerfal,
The eler needed greatest wUdoag, .took,
patleace, courage. Ho had to do, as a mare
yonth, what hail been donoThy an experienced,
skillful, venerable man. The titnrt were very
critical. Solomon had probably taken, in tho
situation and was very anxious to know how
best to meet tho demands rondo on him. Just
at the point of emergency, and evidently in re
sponse to tho earnest wish of tho young King,
God appears for tho purpose of helping him.
Solomon a Student.
WasSolomon' kuowledgeruiraculous? Abar
binel Insists Solomon went to bed compara
tively ignorant and waked up a phenomenon of
knowledge. Bishop Patrick seems to lean to
that view. But Ecc, li 13, shows Solomon wa3
p very diligent student, and that kuowledgo
was derived by him with intellectual wrestling.
It is clear, however, that iu answer to his
prayer Solomon was granted a great mental
quickening and that tlicro were imparted to
him governmental tact, discrimination, and
The Two Accounts Compared.
Wo havo two accounts one in 1 Kings and
tho other iu 2 Chronicles. Do they dilfor?
a. Iu tho account given in 2 Chronicles,
nothing is said of the dream.
b. No mention is mado in 1 Kings of tho
promise roferred to in V. 9 of the account iu 2
c. Nothing is said in 1 Kings of " this was in
thine heart" written in V. 11 of tho account in
xl. lu the account of 2 Chronicles, no condi
tion is made on which favors to Solomon de
pended ; as, e. g., that he must obey God. See
V. 14 of the account in 1 Kings.
1. See the utility of prayor. The uplifting
power of prayer per se is helpful. Then, God
can quicken our minds. He invites us to pray,
aud his name i3 not Tautalns. Whon great
emergencies beset us, there is an impulse to
seek divine help. One would suppose that,
when tho aid required is not material but men
tal and spiritual, he might havospocial hope of
assistance on tire part of God. Wo are invited
to ask of God. V. 5.
2. Consider tho advantages to a child of
Godly parentage. V. 6. Solomon was greatly
indebted to his father not only for concrete
wealth bnt for inherited qualities of mind.
3. Cultivate humility. Tho attitudo of Solo
mon was very meritorious. Ho made no pre
tences to great wisdom. Ho felt the need of
divine help, and was glad to seek it V. 7. Ho
acknowledged his ignorance and want of ex
perience. 4. They who are called on to judge in tho
affairs of man with man, should ba very con
cerned for the acquirement of that wisdom
which insures fairness." V. 9.
5. What are you socking? Money? Position?
But it pleased God thatSoIomon sought wisdom.
It is not good sense, ner good policy, to give
one's entire time to tho material. V. 10.
6. If wOfSeek righteousness, ordinarily tho
mereiy temporal is auuea. uunstianity has a
world side as well as a Heaven side. It aug
ments the prosperity of time to bo considerate
of the iuterests.of eternity. Godliness is profit
able now and forever.
7. Prayer to God is of service, but it docs not
dispense with study. God did no$ pour knowl
edge into Solomon. Tho young King was
obliged to be diligent and studious. (Ecc,
God never tolls men to expect knowledge by J
inspiration direct from Heaven and without
personal effort. Prov., 2 : 2, 3, 4; 8 : 34, 35. Let
no one indolently pray to God for knowledge
and try to escape work of brain. Dii laboribta
omnia vetidunt'She gods sell all things at the
prico of severe struggles.
8. Wo must worship God. Oar offerings may
be different from those presented to God by
Solomon, but those made by him are suggestive.
9. Christianity is a feast V. 15. The follow
ers of Christ should rejoice. Bo happy; we
have a King with infinite resources of wealth
and knowledge and power. AH his sorvauts
aro as at a feast
An old physician, retired from practice, had
placed in Iris hand by an East India missionary
the foruinla of n Jiimplo vegetable remedy for tins
pecdy and permanent cure of Consumption,
Bronchitis. Catarrh, Asthma and all Throat aud
Lung Affections; also a positive And radical cure
for Nervous Debility and nil Nervous. Complaints.
Having tea led its wonderful curative- powers in
tltousnndsof case, mid desiring to relievo unman
suffering, I will send free of charge to nil who wish
it this recipe in German, French or English, with
full directions for preparing aud using. Sent by
mail by addressing with stamp. Jintninjr lliU
riipr, W,. A. Noves, B20 Power' Block, Eochetter
Correspondents should write each jgnestfon on
a separate sheet of paper, give full name and ad
dress and mark It "Correspondents' Colnmn." No
attention will be paid to communications not ac
companied with name and Address orwrMar. It is
requested that a stnmp bo inclosed for Teply by
letter. Postal cards wilt be replied to by mntl
only. Replies by mail will ordinarily be made
within a week, and if iu this column within three
A. W., Milan, MicTi. Please state the amount
of Buplus money in the Treasury at the close of
tho Harrison Administration, and whether
there was a shrinkage in the Treasury under
the McKTnley tariff, and whether there has
boen an increase under the present tariff. An
swer. When President Harrison left office he
turned over to his successor as surplus the sum
f $124,084,742.28. The receipts nnder the Mc
Kinley bill were $24,988,221 aoro than the ex
penditures of the Government; daring the
first two years of the Wilson tariff tho receipts
under it were $76,157,676 less than the expendi
tures, aad since March L 1893, thero has been
a deficit, up to June 1, 1896, of $150,389,149.
S, Jf., Buffalo, N. Y. Please state theaverag
age of the volunteer soldiers of the late war at
date of enlistment? Annner. 25.8 years.
A. TV., Dnlnth, Minn. L Was there ever a law
passed by Congress giving the soldier the differ
ence between paper money and gold ? 2. Did
Congress pass an act during Grant's Adminis
tration, and did he approve it, to pay the bond
holder in gold? 3. Did our Government ever
pay $2.50 in paper for a dollar in gold? 4.
Wero our bonds sold for paper money or for
gold? Answer. 1. No. 2. No. 3. In July,
1864, it took, on an average, for the month,
$2.58 In greenbacks to buy a dollar in gold. A.
For gold or its equivalent
J. A. ft, Milwaxikee, Wis. Hare any reliable
estimates been made, and by whom, as to the I
probanle numoer ot survivors ot tue lato war
in 1900 and thereafter? Answer. Tiie War De
partment has made an exhaustive study of the
matter, and its estimates -furnished the House
of Representatives show that in the year 1900
there will probably survive 999.339; 1905,820.
687; 1910,626,231; 1915,429,727; 1920,251,727;
1925,116,073; 1940,340; 1945,0.
S. H., Belle Fonrche, S. D. Please publish in
your paper the different pension bills passed
since the war for tho benefit of soldiers, and the
votes on each, as the Democrats are claiming
that they have done as much for the soldier as
have the. Republicans? Answer. We cannot
publish the bills in detail, as upward of 70 bills
fur the benefit of soldiers have become laws
since the beginning of the war, bnt the -records
of Congress will show that the act of March 9,
1878, restoring the pensions ef survivors, and
their widows, of the war of 1812, which had been
taken from them because of their sympathy
with the Confederacy, is the only act that can be
properly attributed to the Democrats. Of the 28
acts passed from 1861 to 1875, during which time
the Republicans were in power, all the adverse
votes were east by Democrats. From 1875 to
1890 38 acts wero passed, and against' these
were cast by Republicans, 28 votes against the
act of Murch 9, 1878, (before referred to.) and
03 votes agaiust the Moxicau wnr act of Jan.
29, 1887. Agaiust the remaining 36 acts no
Republican cast a single vote, while Democratic
"votes, more or less, wore cast against every one
of the measures that over came to yea and
:nay vote, though only one Democratic vote was
cast against the act of March 9, 1876, restor
ing disloyal 1812 pensioners. The arrears
act has been called a Democratic bill, bat it was
not It was not introduced by a Democrat,
was not moved by a Democrat, and was not
passed by Democratic -votes. The history of the
few measures that havo become laws since the
year 1890 is too recent, to review, batof ititcan
be said that tho Republican party has main
tained its record for championship of the rights
of the soldier, and the other party its reputa
tion, as illuEtated by the attitude above re
About 12,000 workmen are employed in
the logging industry of liioneeota. It is
estimated that tho total araeaat of white
pine standing w 14,434,000,000 feet and of
Ted or Norway pine, 3,412,475,000 feet. In
23 Comities there are 10,889,,000 acres of nat
ural forest, aad In the whole State there are
11,800,000 nam of natural fares t, not iaclfld
iag mare stash and awajsp land. Xhn an-,
anal cutf niao fsr 4ea of tho last Ihssn
Ttnri is asiianatti at i aflfl fltfl
j wsa? flnaw nwwBisnweww mispsmbibff
Ercry reader Is Invited to ?cnd solutions and
oriulmi! contribution;, nntl to compete Tor prizes
offered. Definition followed by nn nstcri-lc ()
Ore of obsolete word.". Addrc nil communica
tions to Tiizz'o Kiiitor, Tue Xatioxal. Tbidusk,
Washing-ton, D. O.l
XO. 203 AUG. C, 1890.
31 A I, I C
C A R I A T A B
f i. a t a a r
A t A .V T I .V K S
AS-C IT) I O I D
p k n i s
AS If BRA IT
T K r. K K X B S
A I, I. K 8
Authors of word-forms:
Gi Gntic, two each.
r I XACLOTH
S A U T K
2527 S EP.AC
B D K .V X O
HBV I S AI.
A X I M ATBS
C 1 S A I. P I X B
C ATP I PBS
S B x b n
PEACH TREE ,
B B X C II T A B h E S
8 ECTARI ES
U A K B I X S
S B I. E 3
Rex Ford, Primrose,
NEW PUZZLES. NO. 263.
NOS. 2579-S2 DIAMONDS.
To C. Saw.)
I. A letter. 2. A fantastic grimace or contortion
of the body. 3. Tho formation aitnntcd between
the Permian mid the Lins. 4. A frirder. 5. The
head of a sail, tied up. 6. Prepnrntions of carra
peen, nindo into blnncmnnges. 7. Pntronapc. 8.
Crossruffa. 9. Reserves. 10. To bribe. II. A let
ter. PotY. Brooklyn. N. Y.
Suoo Fly, Fluhinjr, N. T.
(To Willie Witdicaxc, with condolence.)
1. In " Tbeo. G. Meyer." 2. This or that woman.
S. A leap. 4. The wood of the sliittah-tree. 5. A
stinjr-ray. 6. An article which was much in evi
dence at th late E. P. L. Convention. (Safffcested
by Poi,y.) 7. Im poinjr a task upon. 8. Taniishes.
9. Spignela. 10. To itutiKate. lL In "Arty Fiafc
el." St. Jcliax, Brooklyn, K. Y.
J- G. 2. Good-will. 3. Burns. (Stand.) 4. Old
form of breasts. (Brurray.) 5. The menhaden.
(Stand.) 6. Salted when screen. (Stand.) 7. I
Btalled. (Stand.) 8. Set. 9. Situated. 10. Pre
ceded. 31. A letter.
1. II. 2. A mean, vulear fellow. 3. The first
discovered asteroid. 4. Italian painter; ICOO-ICCO.
5. One who performs a public relieioua rite. 6.
Volatile. 7. Alighted, or caused to alight, from a
railway train. 8. .Blotted. 5. lodged. 10. To
spread or turn from tho awath, and scatter for dry
ing, as new-mown grass. 11. A letter.
Gi Gakttc, Sl Losis, Mo,
NO. 2583 CHAkADE.
Ose morn I. sat me dowu to write,
Aud strove to form my simple verso;
But Hcarco a line could I indite,
And struggled on from bad to worse.
At last a mystic, sounding wlnjj.
Beat cadent rliytlim to my soul
A in ii ted, enrapt, I feit a thing
In classics named the poet' wnota.
With lofty aud triumphal odes
I snatched the inspiration free.
Pindaric measures glorious flowed
Where touched tho nectar-ladencd THBXS.
No more T fell the cruel smart
Of tinsling TWoe upon my sense
You who attempt the muse's part.
May chance to feel its influence.
Photecs. Cauobie Lake, N. IL
KOS. 2534-5 SQUARES.
1. Town of Spain. 2. Outermost. 3. An Island
of Sicily. 4. Pertaining to a coast. 5. Italian as
tronomer; d. 1613. 6. Town of France. (Bij.) 7.
1. Tho general term for the Hebrew oral law. 2.
Ribald. 3. Producing leaves. 4. French navigator,
15th cent. 5. A kind of brick. 6. P. O., Franklin
County, Iowa. 7. Angrily.
X. L. C. R., Lyons, K. Y.
KO. 2536 "WOKD TJTOETIOW.
(To Kipho, in relation toJv&y 4. 1S96.)
His heart is heavy in his breast, for it is foil of
Ho heedetii not a coar.de'. jest, b. heetfetb aot
Bat Cupid's gently-voiced complete oxe heedeth
as ho hears.
Tbe face of her he loveth two before ila eyes ay
pears; He speeuelh from "the far southwest," though
midnight's hour nears,
To her beneath whose head doth rest "a pillow
wet with tears."
Swamp Angel, Rock Falls, I1L
HOS. 2537-8 SQUATtES.
1. Muscles of tho human body. (Obs.) 2. A
Malay island. 3. A genus of herbaceous plants. 4.
Decoys. 5. The ancient name -of Ferwrira. 6.
Traipsing. 7. A kind of Swiss cheese.
1: P. O., Suliue County. Kan. 2. Mysteries. 3. i
Dfficnlties. 4. A South American bird of tho
ccnus Plerojrlowtun. 5. Spanish music composer;
1857. C ToTcpm'. 7. An officer who has the care
or inspection of we shts and measures.
J. Saw, New York City.
KO. 2589 CHAKADE.
(To Sex Ford.
j There's a tie; O, Mystic Brother,
And the slender strands thereof
Bind our hearts to oue another.
First sweet cords of tender loves
Bijid our hearts hi firm nsTection.
For our .hopes, oar aims are one,
And shall hold in close connection
Till life's threads are all outspuo.
If on earth Ihera be ao meeting:.
And vc live our lives apart.
Shall exofiange no friendly (creeling
In the name of our dear Art;
Yet this tie shall surely hold us
In its tender clasp forever.
And these honda that now enfold as
Death himself shall scaree dissever.
When each myst'ry loving; soul is
Freed from LAST its home of clay.
And hasaolved. like that of Bolis,
Myst'ries of eternal day.
Then porhnp3 compiats disunion
Shall our souls forever be
Held iu sweet aud close communion
Mekiso, Ardmore, Pa.
HOS. 2590-91 DIAMONDS.
1. In "Mystic Tree." H. A lonR-tailcd monkey.
3. Penalties. 4. The panther. 5. Historian and
conversationalist; 1G3-IG92. 0. The author of
"The Deadly Parallel." 7. Trespassing:. 8. In a
illy manner. 0. Wet. 10. The lower class. lLIn
The MonUily Banana. Poly, Brooklyn, U. Y.
1. A letter. -. One of an Intermediate order be
tween anuels und men. 3. River of Austria. A.
French jurist and writer; 1790-1831. 5. A scare
crow. 6. Liquors distilled from fermented cherry
juice. 7, English statesman; b. 1S18. 8. Weighty.
9. Urines. 10. A curse. 11. A letter.
Rokkbt, Ridge, O.
MO. 5592 CHABADK.
There's a dear.lu.tle flower last blooming for me.
That crows in my earden so fair;
I carefully Ruarti it lest barm should destroy,
Or envy its beauty impair.
It grows 'midst the others more ruddy and bright.
This dear little rose that I love,
And the sua in its splendor doth palo in it light,
As -it beams on this flower from above.
Its lips are unfolded to catch morning's kiss.
The dew nestles close ou its cheek,
"While a zephyr is whisp'rinEr. in words full of bliss.
What my soul softly breathes, low and meek.
Then broom, little flower, complete in my heart;
Let the smile of affection bo thine,
PlUiT Envy cannot to thee evil impart,
"While love claims the pluco as Its aliriue. '
OSdipcs, San Francisco, OaL
CHAT WITH CONTRIBUTORS.
Since our Inst Chat was written Rugene has sub
mitted an excellent diamond on Li 1Iu.no Chasg,
which will go to press next week. Hazard is back
to Pittsburg, jinu should be addressed 1007 Liberty
St. Aspiricus, who has nut contributed to
" Mystery " for a year or two, comes forward with
M .pretty sonnet, which is booked for immediate
use. He writes that Ernest recently paid Chicago
a visit, en route homeward, and that they had
uaany a pleasant chat. Dan D. Lyon wishes us
to announce hia new address, . which is Piteairn.
Pa. Some forms from Dan could be used to good
advantage. Merino seems too sweet ou Brother
Rex. But she van scarcely find a better subject to
whom to dedicate her effusious. IMcrino is a wel
come addition to our staff of contributors. Per
haps Bernardo will scorn our advice that he adopt
Ibonow ef St. Peter. You see, he dot-s not hail
from Greater-No w York. Koa, 2580 nd .2500 are
interesting " oddities." And if Kypho will .reply
to No. 2586 we shrttl be happy. H. O. Mer writes
that he is asjaiu in school, dallying with Cicero.
Noanotb.-Neseio Nihil and JNosterep-axe uewsoui
ers to ""Mystery," and we trus-t their stay may be a
long and pleasant one. Wonder why Simon
JNs,f "JfoatesBerr Kumiaty," ha not -visited
Washinitou dwingths iMtft imxv weeks?
KKIt'-K.. B. O. Chesteu.
Children Cry for
OUR RURAL TOPICS,
Some Practical Suestions for
The plowing of tho ground in the Fall
is advocated by some and condemned by
others. Its advocates claim tbat Fall plow
ing saves much of the" labor that would
have to be done in the Spring, and that
certain soils are "benefited by so doing, be
cause the frost penetrates aud xednccs th
lumps and clods. Those who aro opposed
to Fall plowing claim that the land should
be covered with some growing crop in
"Winter in order to protect it from loss of
fertility by the soaking rains, which carry
away the plant food that i3 soluble in th
The matter is one which every fanner
must necessarily consider as applicable to
his farm only, including the texture of the
soil, the previous crop, the liability of the
land being washed by rains, etc It may ba
correct to plow one field in the Fall and. an
other in the Spring, according to conditions
and circumstances, the cost being an im
portant factor, as it may be cheaper at time
to plow in the Fall and renew ihe plant
food in the Spring than to allow the land to
remain over Winter nntil the busy season
arrives. The farmer will always take into
consideration the gain or loss in the matter.
"Where a field is in sod and is difficult to
plow some farmers turn the furrows and
leave them rough without attempting to
Harrow, bat since the introduction of disc
harrow the sod is cut np and lime applied,
the land being ploved again early in the
Spring, ,hy -which practice the cut-worms,
which are usually numerous on sod land,
are destroyed. "With the warmth, rain, air
and frost the sod is reduced by Spring, but
the question arises if there has not been a
loss of the solnble nitrates, potash, and ako
of phosphoric acid.
If the land is heavy, somewhat level, with
a clay subsoil, the loss should not be great,
while tbe gain to the fanner in having his
land nnder subjection in the Spring is aa
item not to be overlooked. If the land,
however, is to be used for corn it may b
plowed in early Spring and worked wail
the corn is growing, 03 corn 13 a gro33 feeder,
and will of itself greatly assist in reducing
the sod ; but the best effects from the limt
are obtained hy using it in the Fall, and as
it works down it will aid in rendering
soluble a large proportion of mineral matter
existing in the soil in an inert condition.
AH soils must be manoged according tc
conditions. If the soil is cold, and there it
no tile drainaga, it is useless to plow in tits
Fall, and if the soil is light and sandy, with
sandy subsoil, there will certainly not only
be no advantage iu Fall plowing, but" a loss
of fertility. Subsoil plowing may also Tmi
resorted to in order to loosen the soil to- a
depth of a foot or more, and if the drainaga
is perfect the loss of soluble matter will bob
be in proportion to the gain in the plant food!
set fita in the soil by the aid of warmth, col
and air, which penetrate as the water u
drawn away below and prevented from re
maining near the surface.
Tery heavy soils must sometimes neces
sarily be plowed in tke Fall, hut there n
farmers who believe in plowing in the Fall
only once in three or four years. Others
prefer to plow very late in the Fall and as
ply manure in the Spring, then working. th
ground with a disc harrow or pulverizer.
What the farmer aims mostly to avoid is
wasliing of the surface of the fields thathav
been plowed, by heavy xaiss, and where thi
can be accomplished FaU plowing asd the
use of lime, with an application of fertilizer
j in e S""D mJ advantage i
j saving of labor when he is busy, as vrell
as enabling iim. to have his soil in the finest
possible condition when the time arrives fat
seeding down for crops.
The approach of the apple harvest brings
np the subject of the proper disposal of tbe
fruit when gathered from the trees. The
apple crop will be large ia many sections ef
tbe couHtry this year, and prices will be
likely to rule low for the first part of the
"Winter, at leaat. Much fruit will undoubt
edly be stored in the hope of a better price
later en. It is important, therefore, to ado t
J such a plan of storage as will keep the apples
sound, and pinmp, and in possession ot the
best possible flavor. A cellar just moist
enough to "keep the fruit from evaporating
any of its own juice?, and capable of being
held at a low temperature just above the
chilling point is an almost ideal place for
the storing of apples. But the location is
not all. Large quantities should apt be
leaped together, nor should apple3 be keae
in "barrels, bins or boxes where the air cannot
circulate freely through them. And tendency
toward decay is sure to be augmented rnidea
The accompanying illustration is j)resenU
ed as affordincr an economical and exceed
ingly practical method of storing fruit.
Trays -with slat bottoms, each three feet
square, are supported, one above another,
upon ora kets that are nailed to pieces of
upright studding. A succession of this
studding with brackets can extend along
the whole side of the cellar, or npon two
sides if desired. The trays can be made as
deep as desired, and the fruit can be heaped
up a little. In this ivay bnt a small quan
tity of fruit is kept in a mass, and the air
can circulate about each and every apple.
lEach tray can be removed to a table if it 13
desired to look the fruit over for the detec
tion of incipient decay, or when getting
ready to pack for market. Such trays will
last for a score f years, and can easily d
made in the home workshop on Tainy days
Much more profit may be made in feeding
"beef cattle if they are pushed to their ut
most capacity of feeding from birth, and
Trilled when not more than two years old.
"With the smaller breeds probably a year
old would be still better, as those animals
winch are born to be small stop growing
early, and no amount of feeding will enablt
them to -rival the breeds of the same ani
mals that have for generations been bred -for
beef. The more rapidly an animal is fattened
the more tender 11 d better flavored will 1m
its flesh. This does not mean that animals
shall be stuffed. That is just the way ia
injure digestion and thus retard fattening.
The strainer may prevent hairs from get
ting into the milk, but it casot prevent
the filth that is dissolved by ths milk irom
going into the pail. The teats and uddai.
of a cow are never clean enough to bw
handled without washing; and this fch
must he recognized sooner or later, yet tht
number of milkmen who milk cows without
washing their hands or the teats and uddeJ
; 5 -..