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A Story of Rebel Military
1YXOFSIS OF TKECEnrSTG CTTArTERS.
The wonderful country about Cum' erhwid
Gap, and tho strategic importance of that
place. The great need of food and fonico for
the garrison spends a battalion of cavalry up
Powell's Valley to clear it out and secure its
supplies. A rt-bcl command starts down the
Talley to drive the Union troopers out. Tho
two forces meet on top of a hill, and a prompt
charge gives tho da3' to tho Union men and
catters the rebels in headlong iout.
The cavalry battalion occupies the country
gained, and piotccl.i the forage trains sent out
to gather up the supplies and haul them in.
This duty lasts unl.l the morning of Jan. 3,
1E64. The batrahou is attacked by Jones's
Brigade of rebels, and after a stubborn, desper
ate fight is- compelled to surrender. Thcjiris
oners are taken by rail through a picturesque
part of Virginia to Richmond, searched at Lih
ly, and sent to different prisons. First week
of prison life. 'Interior and exterior scenes in
Richmond. Stoppage of exchange.
The first Fquad of prisoners leave Richmond
for Andersonville. Scenes along tho route.
Arrival at the famous prison-pen.
Something as to southern Georgia. A sterile
land. Ingenious construction of shelters against
tho weather. Gen. Winder and Capt. Wirz
take charge of the Prison.
The month of March is passed in tho pen.
with little shelter from the snow, rain, and
wiud. Tho prison fills up with additional
equads, including tho deserters from Castle
Lightning in Kichniond, with whom the other
prisoners have much trouble. Mortality rap
Crowd inside the stockade constantly in
creases. Arrival of prisoners and guns from
Oolusteo. Killing of "Poll Parrot." Prisoners
plagued by vermin. Trading with guards.
The prisoners' minds are bent on exchange
or escape. Much time devoted to tunnel
dicging. Traitors are summarily punished.
The rainy month of June. Tho crowd in
eldo the prison rapidly incrcaseSj the rations
grow worse, and the nmory intensified.
Terrible r-ivaees of diseases of the digestive
organs. Appaliitig increase in the mottali'.y.
Borne iustauces of deaths of thu writer's corn
Haiders grow unbearable. Thoy attempt
the murder of Leroy L. Key, who forms a baud
The latter defeat tho Kniders in a terrible
battle. The Raider leaders are arrested, and
at a court-martial of the prisoners six are
sentenced to death. Tho remainder Wirz in
sists shall he released fiout the small stockade.
The prisoners become infuriated at this, and as
the Raiders are let hit" tho big stockade maul
them severely. A sratfnld is built andtbe Raid
ere hanged amid intense excitement.
The executions are followed by organisation
of a strong police force among the prisoners,
and discipline becomes good.
THE BATTLE OF THi: 22d OF JULY THE
iBMY OF THE TENNESSEE ASSAULTED
FBONT AND KEAU DEATH OF GEN.
M'rHEUSON ASSUMPTION OF COMMAND
BY GEN. LOGAN RESULT OF THE BAT
TLE. jk yATURALLY, we had a
jj consuming hunger for news of
X. what was being accomplished
by our armies toward crushing
the rebellion. Kow, more than ever,
Lad we reason to ardently wish for the
destruction of the rebel power. Before
capture we had love of country and a
natural desire for the triumph of her
flag to animate us. Now we had a
hatred of the rebels that passed expres
sion, and a fierce longing to see those
who daily tortured and insulted us
trampled down in the dust of humilia
tion. The daily arrival of prisoners kept us
tolerably well informed as to the general
progress of the campaign, and we added
to the information thub obtained by get
ting almost daily, in some manner or
another a copy of a rebel paper. Most
frequently these were Atlanta papers, or
an itsueof theMemphis-Connth-Jack-Eon-Grenada-(Jhattanooga-Reaca-Marietta-Atlanta
Appeal" as they used to
facetiously term a Memphis pa)er that
left that city when it was taken in 1862,
and for two years fell back from place to
place, as Sherman's army advanced,
until atlast it gave up the struggle in
September, 1S64, in a little town south
of Atlanta, after about two thousand
miles of weary retreat from an indefati
The papers were brought in by " fresh
Ash," or purchased from the guards at
from 50 cents to $1 apiece, or occasion
ally thrown in to us when they had
some specially disagreeable intelligence
like the defeat of J3anks, or Sturgis, or
Hunter to exult over. 1 was particu
larly fortunate in getting hold of these.
Becoming installed as general reader for
a neighborhood of several thousand men,
everything ol this kind was immediately
brought to me to be read aloud for the
benefit of everybody. All the older
prisoners knew me by the nick-name of
"Illinoy" a designation arising from
my wearing on my cap when I entered
prison a neat little white metal budge of
Ills." AY hen any reading mutter was
brought into our neighborhood there
would be a general cry of " Take it up
to Xllinoy,' " and then hundreds would
mass around my quarters to hear the
The rebel newspapers usually had
very meager reports of the operations of
the armies, and these were greatly dis
torted, but they were still very interest
ing, and as we always started in to read
with the expectation that the whole
itatemeut was a mass of perversions and
lies, where truth was an infrequent acci
dent, we were not likely to be much im
pressed with it.
There was a marked difference in the
tone of the reports brought in from the
different armies. Sherman's men were
always sanguine. They had no doubt
that they were pushing the enemy
straight to the wall, and that every day
brought the Southern Confederacy much
nearer its downfall. Those from the
Army of the Potomac were never so
hopeful. They would admit that Grant
tvas pounding Lee terribly, but the
Ehadow of the frequent defeats of the
Army of the Potomac seemed to hang
depressmgly over them.
There came a day, however, when
our sanguine hopes as to Sherman were
checked by a possibility that he had
JQailed ; that his long camjiaigii toward
Atlanta had culminated in such a re
verse under the very walls of the city as
would compel an abandonment of the
enterprise and, possibly, a humiliating
retreat. We knew that Jeff Davis and
his Government were s-tnmgly di: satisfied
with the Fabian policy of Joe Johnston.
The papers had told us of the rebel
President's visit to Atlanta ; of his bitter
comments on Johnston's tactics; of his
going so far as to sneer about the neces
sity of providing pontoons at Key West,
so that Johnston might continue his re
treat even to Cuba. Then came the
news of Johnston's supercesiion by Hood,
and the papers were full of the exulting
predictions of what would now be ac
complished " when that gallant young
soldier is once fairly in the saddle."
All this meant one supreme effort to
airest the onward course of Sherman.
It indicated a resolve to stake the fate
of Atlanta, and the fortunes of the Con
federacy in the West, upon the hazard
of one desperate fight. We watched
the summoning up of every rebel energy
for the blow with apprehension. We
dreaded another Chickamaujra.
The blow fell on the 22d of July. It
was well planned. The Army of the
Tennessee, the left of blierman s forces,
was the part struck. On the night of
the 21st Hood marched a heavy force
around its left flank and gained its rear.
On the 22d this force fell on the rear
with the impetuous violence of a cyclone,
while the rebels in the works immediately
around Atlanta attacked furiously in
It was an ordeal that no other army
ever passed through successfully. The
steadiest troops in Europe would think
it foolhardiness to attempt to withstand
an assault in force in front and rear at
the same time. The finest legions that
follow anv Hag to-dav must almost in-
evitably succumb to such a mode of at
tack. But the seasoned veterans of the
Arnry of the Tennessee encountered the
shock with an obstinacy which showed
that the finest material for soldiery this
planet holds was that in which un
daunted hearts beat beneath blue
blouses. Springing over the front of
their breastworks, thev drove back with
a withering fire the force assailing them
ill the rear.
This beaten off, they jumped back to
their proper places, and repulsed the as
sault in front. This was the way the
battle was waged until night compelled
a cessation of operations. Our boys
were alternately behind the breastworks
firing at rebels advancing upon the
front and in front of the works firing
upon those coming up in the rear.
Sometimes part of our line would be on
one side of the works and part on the
In the prison we were greatly excited
over the result of the engagement, of
which we were uncertain for many days.
A host of new prisoners perhaps 2,000
was brought in from there, but as they
were captured during the progress of
the fight, they could not speak defi
nitely as to its issue. The rebel pajers
exulted without stint over what they
termed "a glorious victory." They
were particularly jubilant over the
death of McPherson, who, they claimed,
was the brain and guiding hand of
Sherman's army. One . paper likened
him to the pilot-fish, which guides the
shark to his prey. Now that he was
gone, said the paper, Sherman's army
would become a great lumbering hulk,
with no one in it capable of directing it,
and it must soon fall to utter ruin under
the skillfully-delivered strokes of the gal
We also knew that great numbers of
wounded had been brought to the
prison hospital, and this Eeemed to con
firm the rebel claim of a victor)', as it
showed they retained possession of the
About the 1st of August a large
squad of Sherman's men, captured in
one of the engagements subsequent to
the 22d, came in. We gathered around
them eagerly. Among them I noticed
a bright, curly-haired, blue-eyed in
fantryman or boy, rather, as he was
yet beardless. His cap was marked
"68th 0. V. V. I.," his sleeves were
garnished with re-enlistment stripes, and
on the breast of his blouse was a silver
arrow. To the eye of the soldier this
said that he was a veteran member 'of
the 68th Ohio (that is, having already
served three years, he had re-ehlisted for
the war), and that he belonged to the
Third Division of the Seventeenth Corps.
He was so young and fre.-h looking
that one could hardly believe him to be
a veteran, but il his stripes had not said
this, the soldierly airangement of
clothing and accoufcrments, and the
graceful, self-possessed pose of limbs and
body would have told the observer that
he was one of those "Old Reliables"
with whom Sherman and Grant had
already subdued a third of the Confed
eracy. His blanket, which, for a won
der, the rebels had neglected to take
from him, was tightly Tolled, its ends
tied together, and thrown over his
shoulder scarf-fashion. His pantaloons
were tucked inside his stocking tops,
that were pulled up as far as possible,
and tied tightly around his ankle with
a string. A none-too-clean haversack,
containing the inevitable sooty quart
cup and even blacker half-canteen, -'as
slung easily from the shoulder oppos ite
to that on which the blanket rested.
Hand him his faithful Springfield
rifle, put three days' rations in his haver
sack and 40 rounds in his cartridge-box,
and he would be ready, without an
instant's demur or question, to inarch to
the ends of the eaith.and fight an vthing
that crossed his path. He wa a type
of the honest, honorable, self-respecting
American boy, who, as a soldier, the
world has not equaled in the 60 centuries
that war has been a profession. 1 sug
gested to him that he was rather a
youngster to be wearing veteran chev
rons. " Yes," said he, -" I am not so old as.
some of the rest of the boys, but I have
seen about as much service and been in
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASlliNGlON, D. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1897.
the business about as long as any of
them. They call me ' Old Dad I sup
pose because I was the youngest boy in
the regiment when we first entered the
service, though our whole company,
officers and all, were only a lot of boys,
and the regiment to-day, what's left of
'em, are about as young a lot of officers
and men as there are in the service.
Why, our old Colonel ain't only 24
yeats old now, and he has been in com
mand ever since we went into "Yicks
burg. I have heard it said by our boys
that since we veteranized the whole
regiment, officers and men, average less
than 24 years old.
" But "they are grayhounds to march
and stayers in a fight, you bet. Why,
the rest of the troops over in West
Tennessee used to call our brigade
'Leggett's Cavalry,' for they always
had" us chasing Old Forrest, and we
kept him skedaddling, too, pretty lively.
" But I tell you we did get into a red
hot scrimmage on the 22d. It just laid
over Champion Hills, or any of the big
fights around Vicksburg, and they were
lively enough to amuse any one."
" So you were in the affair on the
22d, were you ? We are awful anxious
to hear all about it Come over here to
ray quarters and tell us all you know.
All we know is that there has ben a
big fight, with McPherson killed, and a
heavy loss of life besides, and the rebels
claim a great victory."
"O, they be blanked. It was the
sickest victory they ever got. About
one more victory of that kind would
make their infernal old Confederacy
ready for a coroner's inquest. Well, I
can tell you pretty much all about that
fight, for I reckon, if the truth was
known, our regiment fired about the
first and last shot that opened and
closed the fighting on that day. Well,
you see the whole army got across the
river, and were closing in around the
City of Atlanta.
" Our corps (the Seventeenth) was the
extreme left of the army, and were mov
ing up toward the city from the east.
The Fifteenth (Logan's) Corps joined
us on the right, the Army of the Cum
berland farther to the right. We run
onto the rebs about sundown the 21st.
They had some breastworks on a ridge
in front of us, and we had a pretty
sharp fight before we drove them
off. We went right to work, and
kept at it all night in changing and
strengthening the old rebel barricades,
fronting thern towards Atlanta, and by
morning had some good solid works
along our whole line. During the night
we fancied we could hear wagons or artil
lery moving away in front of us, appa
rently going south, or towards our left.
"About 3 tor 4 o'clock in the morning,
while I was hoveling dirt like a beaver
out cm theworks, the Lieutenant came
to rrfe and said the Colonel wanted to
see me, pointing to a large tree in the
rear, where I could find him. I reported
and found him with Gen. Leggett, who
commanded our division, talking mighty
serious, and Bob Wheeler, of Co. F,
standing there with his Springfield at a
parade-rest. As soon as I came up the
Colonel said :
" ' Bovs, the General wants two level
headed chaps to go out beyond the pickets .
to the front and toward the left. I have
selected you for the duty. Go as quietly '
as possible and as fast as you can ; keep J
your eyes and ears open ; don't fire a '
shot if you can help it, and come back j
and tell us exactly what you have seen i
and heard, and not what you imagine
or susnect. 1 have selected you for the
" He gave us the countersign, and off
we started over the breastworks and
through the thick woods. We soon
came to our skirmish or pickets, only a
few rods in front of our works, and
cautioned them not to fire on us in
going or returning. We went out as
much as half a mile or more, until we
could plainly hear the sound of wagons
and artillery. We then cautiously
crept forward until we could see the
main road leading south from the city
filled with marching men, artillery and
teams. We could hear the commands of
the officers and gee the flags and banners
of regiment after regiment as they
" We got back quietly and quickly,
passed through our picket-line all right,
and found the General and our Colonel
sitting on a log where we had left them,
waiting for us. We reported what we
had seen and heard, and gave it as our
opinion that the Johnnies were evacuat
ing Atlanta. The General shook his
head, and the Colonel says: 'You may
return to your company.' Bob says to
'"The old General shakes his head as
though he thought them sly rebs ain't
evacuating Atlanta so mighty sudden,
but are no to some dftvilniHiit Jinrjiin. T
j, . i , , ,.., ., . -
uiu t suiu uul um a jiguu Limy urn l going
to .keep falling back and falling back
to all eternity, but are just agoiu' to give
us a rip-roaring great big fight one o'
these days when they get a good ready.
You hear me!' f
"Saying which rwe both went to our
companies, and laid down to get a little
sleep. It was about daylight then,
and I must have snoozed away un
til near noon, when I heard the order
' Fall in ! ' and foifnjl the regiment get
ting into line, and the boys all talking
about going right into Atlanta ; that
the rebels had evacuated the city dur
ing the night, and that we were going
to have a race with the Fifteenth Corps
as to which would get into the city first.
We could look away out across a large
field in front of our works and see the
skirmish-line advancing steadily towards
the main works around the city. Not. a
shot was being fired on either side.
" To our surprise, instead of marching
to the front and toward the city, we filed
off into a small road cut through the
woods and marched rapidly to the rear.
Gen. Mower's Dash Into the Kkrhl Lkft.
We could not understand what it meant.
We marched at quick time, feeling
pretty mad that wp had to go to the
rear when the rest of our division were
going into Atlanta.
" We passed the Sixteenth Corps lying
on their arms, back in some open fields,
and the wagon-trains of our corps all
comfortably corralled, and finally found
ourselves out by the'Seventeenth Corp3
Headquarters. Two' or three companies
were sent out to picket several roads that
seemed to cross at that point, as it was
reported ' rebel cavalry ' had been seen
on these roads but a short time before,
and this accounted for our being rushed
out in such a great, hurry.
" We had just stacked arms and were
going to take a little Test after our rapid
march, when several rebel prisoners
were brought in by some of the boys
who had straggled a little. They found
the rebels on the road we had just
marched out on. TJp to this time not a
shot had been fired. All was quiet back
at the main works we had just left, when
suddenly we saw several staff officers
come tearing up to the Colonel, who
ordered us to ' Fall in T ' take arms ! '
' about face ! '
"TheLieutenant-Colonel dashed down
one of the roads where one of the com
panies had gone out on picket. The
Major and Adjutant galloped down the
others. We did not wait for them to
come back, though, but moved right
back on the road we had just come out,
in line-of-battle, our colors in the road,
and our flanks in open timber. We
soon reached a fence inclosing a large
field, and there could see a line of rebels
moving by the flank, and forming,
facing toward Atlanta, but to the left
and in the rear of the position occupied
by our corps. As soon as we reached
the fence we fired a round or two into
the backs of these gray coats, who broke
" Justhen the other companies joined
us, and we moved off on 'double-quick
by the right flank for you see we were
completely cut. off from the troops up at
the front, and we had to get well over to
the right to get around the flank of the
rebels. Just about the time we fired on
the rebels the Sixteenth Corps opened
up a hot fire of musketry and artillery
on them, some of their shot coining over
mighty close to where we were. We
marched pretty fast, and finally turned
in through some open fields to the left
and came out just in the rear of the Six
teentti Lorps, who were
devils along their whole line.
"Just as we came out into the open
field we saw Gen. R. K. Scott, who used
to be our Colonel;inn.d who commanded
our brigade, com'e tearing toward us
with one or two A'ids or Orderlies. He
was on his big clav-bank horse, 'Old
Hatchie,' as we icalJed him, as we cap
tured him on the battlefield at the battle
of ' Matamora,' or Hell on the Hatchie,'
as our boys always, called it. He rode
up to the Colonel, said something hastily,
when all at once we'Ifcard the all-firedest
crash of musketry"' and artillery way up
at the front where ye had built the works
the night before alid left the rest of our
brigade and divifeidn getting ready to
prance into Atlaift'u1 when we were sent
off to the rear. c', ,
. " Scott put spiija-.lo -lis old horso, who
was one of the' fastest runners in our
division, and awrcy ' he went back to
wards the posit ion .where his brigade and
the troops immediately to their leftwcre
now 4ly engaged. He rode right
alon; rear of the Sixteenth Corps,
paying no attention apparently to the
shot and shell and bullets that were tear
ing up the earth' and" exploding and
striking all around him. His Aids and
Orderlies vainly tried to keep up with
(To be continued.)
If you hnvo a run down syalem build it up mid
gala now life hh IIood, 3tti-8aparillu. t
(Continued front first pace.)
attack him square in front. I proposed
to drive Hardee well beyond Averysboro',
and then turn to the right by Bentons
ville for Goldsboro'. During the day
it rained very hard, and I had taken
refuge in an old cooper-shop, where a
prisoner of war was brought to me (sent
back from the skirmish-line by Gen.
Kilpatrick), who proved to be Col.
Albert Rhett, former' commander of
Fort Sumter. He was a tall, slender,
and handsome young man, dressed in
the most approved rebel uniform, with
high jack-boots, beautifully stitched, and
was dreadfully mortified to find himself
a prisoner in our hands. Gen. Frank
Blair happened to be with me at the
moment, and we were much amused at
Rhett's outspoken disgust at having been
captured without a fight. He said he
was a brigade commander,, and that his
j brigade that day was Hardee's rear
guard ; that his command was composed
mostly of the recent garrisons of the
batteries of Charleston Harbor, and had
little experience in woodcraft; that he
was giving ground to us as fast as Har
dee's army to his rear moved back, and
during this operation he was with a
single Aid in the woods, and was capt
ured by two men of Kilpatrick's skirmish-line
that was following up his retro
grade movement. These men called on
him to surrender, and ordered him, in
language more forcible than polite, to
turn and ride back. He first supposed
these men to be of Hampton's cavalry,
and threatened to report them to Gen.
Hampton for disrespectful language;
but he was soon undeceived, and was
conducted to Kilpatrick, who sent him
back to Gen. Slocum's guard.
The rain was falling heavily, and, our
wagons coming up, we went into camp
there, and had Rhett and Gen. Blair to
take supper with us, and our conversation
was full and quite interesting. In due
time, however, Rhett was passed over by
Gen. Slocum to his provost-guard, with
orders to be treated with due respect, and
was furnished with a horse to ride.
iiardek's opposition stubborn.
The next day (the 16th) the opposi
tion continued stubborn, and near
Averysboro' Hardee had taken up a
strong position, before which Gen. Slo
cum deployed Jackson's Division (of
the Twentieth Corps), with part of
Ward's. Kilpatrick was on his right
front. Coming up I advised that a
brigade should make a wide circuit by
the left, and, if possible, catch this line
in flank. The movement was completely
successful, the first line of the enemy was
swept away, and we captured the larger
part of Rhett's Brigade, 217 men, in
cluding Capt. Macbeth's battery of
three guns, and buried 108 dead.
The deployed lines (Ward's and Jack
son's) pressed on, and found Hardee
again intrenched ; but the next morn
ing he was gone, in full retreat toward
Smithfield. In this action, called the
battle of Averysboro', we lost 12 officers
and 65 men killed, and 477 men wound
ed ; a serious loss, because every wound
ed man had to be" carried in an ambu
lance. The rebel wounded (68) were
carried to a house near by, all surgical
operations necessary were performed by
our Surgeons, and then these wounded
men were left in care of an officer and
four men of the rebel prisoners, with a
scanty supply of food, which was the
best we could do for them.
In person 1 visited this house while
the Surgeons were at work, with arms
and legs lying round loose in the yard
and on the porch ; and in a room on a
bed lay a pale, handsome young fellow,
whose left arm had just been cutoff near
the shoulder. Some one used my name,
when he asked, in a feeble voice, if I
were Gen. Sherman. He then announced
himself as Capt. Macbeth, whose battery
had just been captured, and said that
he remembered me when I used to visit
his father's house, in Charleston. I in
quired about his family, and enabled
him to write a note to his mother, which
was sent her afterward from Goldsboro'.
1 have seen that same young gentleman
since in St. Louis, where he was a clerk
in an insurance office.
While the battle of Averysboro' was
in progress, and I was sitting on my
horse, I was approached by a man on
foot, without shoes or coat, and his head
bandaged by a handkerchief He an
nounced himself as the Capt. Duncan who
had been captured by Wade Hampton
in Fayetteville, but had escaped ; and,
on my inquiring how he happened to be
in that plight, he explained that when
he was a prisoner Wade Hampton's men
had made him "get out of his coat, hatj
and shoes, v which they appropriated to
themselves. He said Wade Hampton
had seen them do it, and he had appealed
to; him personally for protection, as an
officer, but Hampton answered him with
HOW BIIETT SAVED niS BOOTS.
I sent Duncan to Gen. Kilpatrick,
and heard afterward that Kilpatrick
had applied to Gen. Slocum for his
prisoner, Col. Rhett, whom he made
march on foot the rest of the way to
Goldsboro', in retaliation. There was a
story afloat that Kilpatrick made him
"get out" of those fine boots, but re
stored them because none of his "own
officers had feet delicate enough to wear
them. Of course, I know nothing of this
personally, and have never seen Rhett
since that night by the cooper shop.
From Averysboro' the left wing turned
east, toward Goldsboro', the Fourteenth
Corps leading. I remained with this
wing until the night of the 18th, when
we were within 27 miles of Goldsboro'
and five from Bentonville; and, sup
posing that all danger was over, I
crossed over to join Howard's column,
to the right, so as to be nearer to Gens.
Schofield and Terry, known to be ap
proaching Goldsboro'. I overtook Gen.
Howard at Falling Creek Church, and
found his column well drawn out, by
reason of the bad roads.
I had heard some cannonading over
about Slocum's head of column, and
supposed it to indicate about the same
measure of opposition by Hardee's
troops and Hampton's cavalry before
experienced, but during the day a mes
senger overtook me and notified me that
near Bentonville Gen. Slocum had run
up against Johnston's whole army. I
sent back orders for him to fight de
fensively to save time, and that I would
come up with reinforcements from the
direction of Cox's Bridge, by the road
which we had reached near Falling
Creek Church. The country was very
obscure and the maps extremely de
fective. By this movement I hoped Gen.
Slocum would hold Johnston's army
facing west, while I would come on his
rear from the east. The Fifteenth
Corps, less one division (Hazen's), still
well to the' rear, was turned at once to
ward Bentonville, Hazen's Division was
ordered to Slocum's flank, and orders were
also sent for Gen. Blair, with the Seven
teenth Corps, to come to the same desti
nation. Meantime the sound of cannon
came from the direction of Bentonville.
The night of the 19th caught us near
Falling Creek Church, but early the
next morning the Fifteenth Corps, Gen.
C. R. Woods's Division leading, closed
down on Bentonville, near which it was
brought up by encountering a line of
fresh parapet crossing the road and
extending north toward Mill Creek.
After deploying I ordered Gen. How
ard to proceed with due caution, using
skirmishers alone, till he had made
junction with Gen. Slocum, on his left.
These deployments occupied all day, dur
ing which two divisions of the Seven
teenth Corps also got up. At that time
Gen. Johnston's army occupied the form
of a V, the angle reaching the road lead
ing from Averysboro' to Goldsboro' and
the flanks resting on Mill Creek, his lines
embracing the village of Bentonville.
Gen. Slocum's wing faced one of these
lines and Gen. Howard's the other;
and, in the uncertainty of Gen. John
ston's strength, I did not feel disposed
to invite a general battle, for we had
been out from Savannah since the latter
part of January, and our wagon-trains
contained but little food. I had also
received messages during the day from
Gen. Schofield, at Kinston, and Gen.
Terry, at Faison's Depot, approaching
Goldsboro', both expecting to reach it
by March 21.
mower's siiaep dash.
During the 20th we simply held our
ground and started our trains back to
Kinston for provisions, which would be
needed in the event of being forced to
fight a general battle at Bentonville.
The next day (21st) it began to rain
again, and we remained quiet till about
noon, when Gen. Mower, ever rash,
broke through the rebel "line on his ex
treme left flank, and was pushing
straight for Bentonville and the bridge
across Mill Creek. I ordered him back
to connect with his own corps and, lest
the enemy should concentrate on him,
ordered the whole rebel line to be en
gaged with a strong skirmish-fire.
I think I made a mistake there, and
should rapidly have followed Mower's
lead with the whole of the right wing,
which would have brought on a general
battle, and it could not have resulted
otherwise than successfully to us, by
reason of our vastly superior numbers;
but at the moment, for the reasons given,
I preferred to make junction with Gens.
Terry and Schofield, before engaging
Johnston's army, the strength of which
was utterly unknown. The next day
he was gone and had retreated on Smith
field, and, the roads all being clear, our
army moved to Goldsboro'.
The heaviest fighting at Bentonville
was on the first day, viz, the 19th, when
Johnston's army struck the head of
Slocum's columns, knocking back Car
lin's Division ; but, as soon as Gen. Slo
cum had brought up the rest of the
Fourteenth Corps into line, and after
ward .the Twentieth on its left, he re
ceived and repulsed all attacks, and
held his ground as ordered, to await the
coming back of the right wing. His loss,
as reported, was nine officers and 145 men
killed, 816 wounded; aud 226 missing.
He reported having buried of the rebel
dead 167, and captured 338 prisoners.
The loss of the right wing was two
officers and 35 men killed, 12 officers
and 289 men wounded, and 70 missing.
Gen. Howard reported that he had
buried 100 of the rebel dead, and had
captured 1,287 prisoners. ,
Our total loss, therefore, at Benton
, Officers. Men.
Killed 11 180
WiHiiitlt'd 12 1,105
Totnl 23 1,581
Gen. Johnston, in his "Narrative
(p. 392), asserts that his entire fore At
Bentonvjlle, omitting Wheeler's and
Butler's cavalry, only amounted to 14,
100 infantry and artillery ; and (p. 393)
states his losses as follows :
Dsle. Killed. Wounded. Mtarinf.
On the 19ih ljio 1.220 51S
On tho 20: li ft 90 31
Onlho3Iak . 37 137 1OT
Total ) 223 M67 68
AKKrejtalo low ... 2.343
Wide discrepancies exist in these fig
ures ; for instance, Gen. Slocum account
for 338 prisoners captured, and Gen.
Howard for 1,287, making 1,625 in all,
to Johnston'3 653 a difference of 872.
I have always accorded to Gen. John
ston due credit for -boldness in hi
attack on our exposed flank at Benton
ville, but I think he understates hi
strength, and doubt whether at th
time he had accurate returns from hi
miscellaneous army, collected from
Hoke, Bragg, Hardee, Lee, etc.
After the first attack on Carlin'a Di
vision I doubt if the fighting was as des
perate as described by him, p. 385, eL
seq. I was close up with the Fifteenth
Corps, on the 20th and 21st, considered
the fighting a3 mere skirmishing, and
know that my orders were to avoid &
general battle till we could be sure of
Goldsboro', and of opening up a new
base of supply. With the knowledge
now possessed of his small force, of course
I committed an error in not overwhelm
ing Johnston's army on the 21st of
But I was content then to let him go,
and on the 22d of March rode to Cox's
Bridge, where I met Gen. Terry,. with his
two divisions of the Tenth Corps,- and
the next day we rode into Goldsboro',
where I found Gen. Schofield with the
Twenty-third Corps, thii3 effecting a
perfect junction of all the army at that
point, as originally contemplated. Dur
ing the 23d and 24th the whole army
wa3 assembled at Goldsboro' ; Gen.
Terry's two divisions encamped at
Faison's Depot to the south, and Gn,
Kilpatrick's cavalry at Mount Olive
Station, near him, and there we all
rested, while I directed ray special at
tention to replenishing the army for the
next and last stage of the campaign.
Col. W. W. Wright had been so inde
fatigable, that the Itfewbern Railroad
was done, and a locomotive arrived in
Goldsboro' on the 25th of March.
To be continued.
As to Pension.
Editob National Tribune: I am in
favor of a Per D.em Service Pension with
an enlistment clause providing for $5 pr
month, and in addition thereto an amount
per month eqtial to one cent for each day of
service rendered. This, I think, would 1m
equally fair to the long-term men and alio
to the short-term men, for nnder this pro
vision no one would receive less than 6 m
month. The short-term men have the ad
vantage in the law of June 27, 1890, and
have heen receiving the benefit of it for al
most seven years. They should now keep
quiet, and allow a hill to be passed to beasflfe
those who, in a manner, have received, noth
injj. J. H. DAUGHMA2T, Co. E, 17th- Okio,
EVERY liADY SHOULD BEAD "XWlMt,
I will send free a positive cure for all female dliaMM,
Irregular.ties, eta A simple private treatment a
common sense remedy that never Cilia. Frkx with
valuable advice, itrs. L. HUDNUT, South Bend, IndL
Mention The National Trlbuna.
The following numbers have been issued1
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