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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON D. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 189S.
ting across the Broad, which was aver'
difficult river; we ferried over a "brigade
at the beginning by means of ropes and
boats; that brigade was the brigade of
Col. Stone, and pushed its way up the
hill slowly against the enemy, retiring;
the enemy passed through Columbia,
and the Mayor came to the outside of
the city and surrendered the city, I think
between 10 and 11 o'clock, say 10
o'clock; in the meantime a regular
bridge was laid across the Broad River,
and Gen. Sherman and myself crossed
over, riding side by side, before any
other troops than this leading brigade
It was about 10:30 that Gen. Sherman
and I rode over ahead of all the remain
ing portion of the troops that had not been
ferried over, and rode directly on to the
city, a distance of about three miles,
entering it in what we called the main
Etreet; I believe the name, as it appears
on the map, is Richardson street ; it was
the one that leads directly to the Capitol.
At every corner of the street we met
crowds of people, principally negroes;
not very far from the markethouse we
met the Mayor of the city, who had a
short conversation with Gen. Sherman ;
as my troops alone were to have charge
of the city, I observed very carefully
the disposition of the guards of the lead
ing brigade, Col. Stone's; sentinels were
located In front of buildings of any con
siderable importance, and on the main
;treet the principal portion of the bri
gade was in rest, waiting for orders ;
there was only that one brigade.
"We were ahead of all the rest ; near the
brigade was an immense pile of cotton ;
bales were broken open in the middle of
the streets, and were on fire; an engine
was pla3ring upon the fire, and soldiers
and citizens weie engaged apparently in
extinguishing it; Gen. Sherman was met
with much enthusiasm by a company o.'
soldiers; observing them closely. I saw
that some of them were under the in
fluence of drink.
Mr. G. R. Walker (for the claimants):
Q. How do you know that?
A. Only from tiie testimony of a
great many who saw it. The statement
of the witness as to the rebel soldiers
having set the depot on fire is objected
to by Mr. "Walker, on the ground that
the witness does not know it of his own
THE CITY OX FinE.
"We rode to a foundry where gunshad
been east, and observed that, and went
afterward through several streets to
gether, whes 1 separated from Gen.
Sherman, selected my Headquarters, and
,gave the necessary orders lor the
. thorough careof .ibe troops and of the
city for the night'- Gen. Sherman took
his Headquarters at the hou:-e of Blan
ton Duncan, and 1 mine at a house near
the University, belonging to one of the
Professors; after this disposition I lay
down lo take a little rest, and was
awaft-efl' first .about dark by one of "my
Aids, who said the city was on fire.
tvL Bht-'"tb;e:.'-Aid; CapL- Gilbreth,
immediately to ascertain where the fire
was, and to call upon Gen. Charles R.
Wood, the division commander, who had
the immediate command of the city, to
prevent the extensii.-n of the fire. I
then at once dressed inyself and went to
te scene. There I, met Gen. John A.
liOgan; who was my next in rank, and
who commanded the corps. We con
sulted together, and took every pre
cautionary measure we could think of
to prevent the extension of the flames,
sometimes oidenng the tearing down of
sheds and small buildings, protecting
citizens, assisting them in the care of
their propei ty, and guarding it.
Much of the pr orty was thrown into
the streets. Personally I set a great
many soldiers during the nipiit to ex
tinguish the flames from the houses, and
they went to the tops of the bouses, where
water was jwssed up to them. 2s early
everything in my immediate vicinity was
eaie. A jer;ect gale from the iiorth
west had commenced about the time we
crossed the ittide, or before that, and
continued all night, or until, 1 t-lxuild
say, between 2 ami 3 o'clock in the
morning, it seemed at firt utterly use
less to attempt to slop the flame; they
were so hot that many of our own sol
diers were Uirnt up that night When
the wind changed, however, it was casv
to pi event any further extension of the
lire. It was done. Sonic of our men
behaved badly, on account of being un
der the influence of drink, but they were
repla'teil t.y lieh men as soon as their
conduct came to the knowledge of the
ollicer in charge.
The Fut Brigade Stone's was re
lieved by another brigade of Gcn.Wood's
Division, and final 1 the entile division
of Gen. Hazcn was brought into the
city to ah.-ict. All the men who mis
behaved that we conl 1 seize upon were
hept under guard until the next day
and punifched. There were quite a num
ber of our men who had been taken
pi i.oni'i and were held by the Confed
erates. They appeared in the streets of
Columbia soon alter our arrival. I do
not know myself wlieie they were con
fined. The peniu ntiary was also opened,
and all its pritomjg loosed.
1 found dunug .the night a reckless
mob very oiten, sometimes insulting
ladies, and sometimes rushing into
iii.ii es and Jirilaguig. I did not see
anybjiclT titling hies. Gen. Sherman
hiimeli tain up with us for the rest of
the niht. Gen. Logan and Gen. Wood
weie on the roM.d all the time until
the file uimted, and 1 believe did every
thing thi-v couhl to prevent it. Gen.
HiieriiiwiV order to me to destroy cer
tain ciiins' of propei ty is a part of our
record, mi I iciim mher the tenor of it.
OijiM-d o, on 4-lte giound that the
record n-Miiuoity should be produced.
A. (Continued.) ) would like to
make it a ourt ot tv te.-tiiuony.
Mr. A. J- Woitliinton :
Q- .Ssie your recollection of it, Gen
Te fao simile
A. It was that certain buildings of a
certain nature should be destroyed, such
as arsenals, armories, powder-mills,
depots; but that private property and
asylums so called be protected. I saw
that the. wind was so high that it would
be impossible to destroy that class of
buildings by fire on the evening of the
17th of February, and therefore refrained
at that time from putting the order into
practical execution. On the 18th and
19th those buildings of that class that
were left from the flames were destroj'ed.
I have in my report an accurate list of
them. The flames of this burning of
the night of the 17th had destroyed a
part of these other buildings included in
the order. We destroyed also the railroad-track.
Though the order was to destroy cot
ton in South Carolina, yet no cotton re
mained that I know of after this fire to
be destroyed ; none was destroyed, ac
cording to my recollection.
Q. State what actual hostilities oc
curred near Columbia immediately be
fore its occupation, if any.
A. We had very heavy resistance on
the other side in the vicinity of Con
garee Creek, and all the way along. We
had also very heavy resir-tance in cross
ing the Broad the last river the
enemy's troops being posted in a very
covered position. We hardly could
reach them. TheT annoyed our troops,
and killed many. Then we had our
sleeping-camp shelled during the tire
ceding night the night of the loth, if
I remember correctly from the Colum
bia side, from a battery in the vicinity
of Columbia. It' excited the hostile
feeling of the ofiieers and soldiers very
much, indeed; they thought it was con
trary to the.rules of war.
After we crossed the river there was
scarcely any resistance. I think there
was none in the immediate vicinity of
Columbia after the Mayor met us.
Q, Do you know where those drunken
soldiers obtained their liquor?
A. 1 know they obtained it in Colum
bia. Mr. Walker: I would like the wit
ness to state how he knew this ; whether
it is hearsay, or what.
Witness- -It was not hearsay ; I know
the troops obtained it in Columbia. 1
know they had not any until they went
into the city. I have testimony for I
investigated very thoroughly that citi
zens carried pails of whisky along the
ranks, and that the men of the leading
brigade of Col. 5tone drank with dippers
out of pails.
Mr. Worthinsrton: You have said
that you made every disposition for the
security of the private property imme
diately after your entry into the city. I
wish you would state more particularly
what measures you took for the security
of private property.
TO SECURE ritlTATE PI50PEUTY.
A. The orders were general as to tlus
.manner of locating a brigade or djy,i?ion :
in a city, and tins brigade or division
coniormea to the general order. J saw
them by my own observation, takinr up
a central place for the main portion of
the brigade, and distributing different
detachments to different parts of the
city, locating, sentinels very much as
pol icemen are located in a city for its
Then I irave verbal instructions to
Gen. Charles R. Wood, Gen. Logan not
happening to be near me; they should !
have been given to Gen. Logan, but I ,
gave them directly to Gen. Wood, and
he, doubtless, reported my orders to Gen.
Logan 7 he, at any rate,, obeyed the1
Seeing sdme of these, men in the First
Biiuade uuder.thc' influence of drink,
my first Jrder to him was to mmmI in
another brigade that bad not had any
drink, which he did. My next order
went through Gen. 'Logan, to -cerd a '
division into tiiu oiiv, which was Gen.
Jlaxen's Divieion. Gen. Jgn Iiiinndf
took the immediate disposition of those j
two divisions. 'libev were under his !
.commandand-fomicd-a part of it. He
had foucdivisions, and these tvere two
ol them, r ,
The sentinels I tested myself as to
the orders that had been given them,
and tho;C"in front of ;houses thl me
that they had ortlers to watch against all
fires, or against any pillaging parties,
and to sec'that no wrouttshoiild be done
to private- property where they were
located. Gne or. two executed the orders
so thoroughly that after fire had caunlit
roots they hindered people from going
in, but those sentinels were at once re-!
placed, as it was the effect of the whisky
which did that.
I took pains myself, as did my staff,
to go about and to see as far as possible
that every thing was done riirhtly as
ordered, for it was a' fearful condition of
things with such a' fire, and with so
many women and' children in the
1 would further say, to show our dis
position toward the inhabitants, that,
though we were in war, wc left live hun
dred cattle for the people who had
been burned out, and who were without
food, and also provisions, ami had them
carted to the Statehouse, and we also
assisted the oIaorina method by which
i he could net provisions from those out
side the city.
Q. Were any applications made to
you by the citizens before or during the
war for guards to protect their property ?
Q. What was your reply to them?
A. I always sunt them ; where we
had not soldiers immediately at hand
my Aitls themselves went. Lieut. .Mc
Queen, one ol my staff ofiieers, stood sen
tinel the whole night and protected the
property of the Rev. A. T. Porter, of the
Epi-eopal Church, and received his
gratitude for it.
NO COTTON UUKSKD BY OUnEIU
Q. Do I understand you to aay that
is on every wrapper
no cotton was burned in Columbia by
3'our order ?
A. None whatever.
Q. If the fire had not occurred, what
would you have done with the cotton in
Mr. Walker : I object to all answers
to that question, and to all testimony
elicited by it.
A. I had no specific orders to burn the
cotton in Columbia, and I should not
have burned it without consulting with
the General-in-Chief; if he had ordered
it to be burned I should have burned it,
and if he had ordered it to be spared I
should have spared it.
Mr. Worthington : Do you know
anything about some rockets having
been sent up in the vicinity of the
Statehotise on the night of the 17th of
A. I do.
Q. State what you know about that.
A. The rockets were sent up by the
Signal Corps ; the left wing was quite a
distance from us. Gen. Blair's -Corps
was located outside of the city, and one
half of Gen. Logan's, and it was cus
tomary for the Signal ofiieers attached
to eacli division or corps to communicate
with their neighbors as to where thev
were, or to give any events of the day.
They did it in the daytime by flags, and
at night by rockets, and this was done
at night; the signals meant nothing else
that I know of.
Q. Do you know of any understand
ing before the occupation of Columbia,
or after it was occupied, that it was to
be destroyed ?
A. On the part of whom?
Q. On the part of any bodj
A. By the ofiieers there was a dis
tinct understanding that it should not
be destroyed, and those were the orders ;
that is, the private property, asylums,
etc. On the part of the men 1 duti't
know anything about it. I have no
knowledge whatever. They always had
to obey orders.
End of Gen. Howard's testimony.
Note Tii these enses judgment wa3 for the
CAPT. SAMPSON'S LETTER.
Ira B. Sampson, Captain, Co. G, 2d
Mass. Art., in a letter dated May 15,
1876, at Albany, Is. Y., and written to
Gen. Sherman, says:
"I was a prisoner of war at Colum
bia, and escaped at the time, and in the
same manner and with Adj't Byers,
author of ' The March to the Sea.'
Prom time of escape till the occupation
I was concealed in a barn on the out
skirts of Columbia, and was an eye
witness to the going out of town of
Hampton's troops, and their filing the
depot, or surrounding warehouses, previ
ous to departure. I was in the streets of
the city before your coming in jetson
allv, and saw the cotton burnitig then."
To be cotitinucd.
' , coAisUiUi'HON i:ui:ki.
'- . J1 . . ...
-An old pliysicimi, rt'ittvd lrm, , nrjictire, linil
priced in lii-iiiuiili by mi Kn-i'liidi.i iI'.-iikiiV
Hie lormiiln of it -impi vt? t;i -lo ri'inriiy fir tms
fifi!iy anil pcrmitiM-nt curt f .'in-:iiil ton,
Broncliiti-. C.ilitrrli, Aellin.n mid nil Tliri.nt .ml
Lime AflVviioii. xl-n a n-iuv null r..l''nl curt;
for Nf rvn- Debiiuy itml nil Nyrvoim (.intiiun-.
Iliivintr levied ilK woiiiici'liil ctirnlivi; piw r- in
ln iin.iikIs i.i c i-i'-, un-l eirinu to rf.l-ve liiiniini
MifF-riiij;. 1 will sriii frrc ol -linri; I" ' wli
lii it. ihi i-clie, in Griiniii, Fie ncli or Kligll-ii,
wiili full iiin-cilnti lor irimriiitr mi i iiihi:. .-! t
liv mail, ly nlirt niiijj. - , '" 'i-
! j i r. V. A. Novks. fM Potters' Bloclc. Rochester,
Snttlhig llic QiiRKtioti.
Editou Nation u. Tin hunk: Comrade
IT. "YV. Brandfe, of Chicago, has tiled an ex
ception to my statement of a recent date that
'the :Mh Ohio led the Fifteenth CurB in
the charge -t Vielcshnrg, .May 22, 3803."
I received a letter lmtii Comrade Iiniudlc
about the time fie wrote your paper, in which
he made mihstamially the j-anie Matciiiciii he
makes therein. I answeied the comrade's
letter and explained to him that, while it
was trnc that we did not lead each separate
division of said corps, yet wedid lead the
corjw, for we charged a few minutes hefnre
any other part of the crps moved, and that,
we tried to apttire the corps' objective point,
locally known as " Fort .Jell JX is Slaughter
Vun." W'hilc the other divinou charged
also, in order to keep the enemy from n
ceittraling in our front, our regiment charged
first, aud thus led the corps;
Comrade i'rantile then answered me. ray
ing : 'Itake it all hack, fur I remember
hearing the cheering and firing on our left a
few "minutes befoto we were ordered to '.
My object in writing this is to put inyself i
right hef ire the oilier readers of vour paper, I
since Comrade JJrandle has alieadv acknowl
edged the correctness of
Wai ton, 30th Ohio, Koleen, 1ml.
LA DIBS: Write to Mr. L. 11 ml nut. Potitli
1'riiil. I ml. She fiends FkEK :t Minplu homo
LUKE lor LeucnrrlifH :imf all d-mulo iroulilcs..
Taking Fort McMIifttur.
Editor. National Tit i bun u: Our bri
gade was picked out to give Fort McAllister
atrial. In time vc got. near it. The posi
tion of our regiment, tiie 47th Ohio, came to
be the extreme left, near the river.
The bugle sounded the advance. "Wo
turned leit flank and made our way around
the stockade down lo the river's edge, right
on under the fori, where I expected every
moment hand grenades thrown among us.
We commenced climbing, and it proved lo be
a much easier ob than we had anticipated.
Our flag went up as we did. coming smiie
what from left-oblique. J t never went down,
as is often stated.
As we got on lop of the works we found
the .Johnnies had already evacuated this part
of the fort lor us, and retreated to a farther
most coiner, so we all made a rush and got
on top of tlie center magazine, in order to
control the whole place.
Our regiment was the only one in the fort,
though the icst of the brigade was close at
hand. Toward evening we weie relieved,
and others went to guard what we had capt
uied. Our day's work was dono. Gkougu
Lubisic, 17lh Ohio, Franklin, Ore.
Says They Aro Deserving.
L. Nccdhani, Brant, N. Y., writes: T
am pleased that Tin; National Tuiiiuni:
has devoted a space to the opinions of vet
erans on the pension question. I notice un
der l Pension Pointers' that a largo number
of the questions and answers are in relation
to the act of Juno 27, ltiHO. and seem to
indicate !)0 days' service. Most of these men
were well paid in heavy bounties, lim in
the State of New York, is lnG'.l, a large num
ber of militiamen were willed out for lM d ys,
unless sooner discharged. The majority were
discharged before the end of the Sit) days,
with no bounty and only a small per diem
pay. .Many of these men had long belonged to
the militia, and are now old and feeble.
These guardsmen are just as desorv ug of
pensions. No class responded more piomptly
nor did moie ellieient duty than the N. Y. S.
N. G., and without bounty or premium, yet
they are barrd."
FIGflTIflG TpJI OtfEK
What tlie Yeterjfes"flave to Say
About Tkei? Campaigns.
The Editor would uc rlnd to receive from
the veterans (Volunteers find Hegulurs) articles
of from 500 to 1,000 words written exclusivity
for TnE National TniiCNE. and for publica
tion in the Fighting buni Over department.
The subject should bo1 df interest to veterans
in trenerul, and treated with special regard for
historical accuracy of statement. Narratives
of the behavior of some particular regiment,
brigade, or division on gome Held whereon it
di t iiig-iiished itself, in some campaign in which
it took a prominent part, in some siege wherein
it acted offensively or defensively; reminis
cences or prison life, the march, the battle or
the camp all such are solicited. The naval
vctcr ns are invited to give narratives of their
service in various enterprises. The Editor
especially desires or publication outside of the
Fighting Them Over columns dramaticskctehes
ol personal adventure, or of humorous inci
dent, connected with wartime service. Articles
will receive prompt consideration, and if avail
able be inserted. Stamps should be inclosed if
it is desired that the manuscript be returned if
AT CEDAR GREEK.
Comrailo St. Jolin Itnplles to Sonio or Com
rade Huiiuaford's Statements.
Editor National Tkibunh : In your
issue of Nov. 2o 1 And u communication from
Comrade li. llannaford, 2d Ohio Cav., and,
while 1 thank him very much for the high
compliment he extends the 8th Ohio Cav. for
its record during the war. I must dilTer with
him very materially on some points.
The original question that has produced so
much controversy over the battle of Cedar
Creek, Oct. If J, 186-1, came from a comrade
who asked what cavalry regiment received
the first tire. 1 claim that the Sth Ohio did,
and so stated through your paper. Several
comrades have differed with me on that point,
and some evidently did not read the article
Comrade llannaford says: :I note Com
rade St. John claims that the first attack
made on the Union annj' at Cedar Creek was
on the First Brigade, Second Division, and
that tlie 8lh Ohio Cav. drove oiTthe enemy."
Comrade Uannaiord is right in part of the
extract, but wrong in the ending. The com
munication that he read says : " The Sth Ohio
promptly responded, and just as promptly
There is a vast difference- between that
statement and "drove oft' the enemy." It
has always been my motive in life to confine
myself to fact, and try not to make misstate
Then, again, Comrade llannaford says the
Sth Ohio Cav. (or rather Powell's Divisi n,
ot which the 8th Ohio was a part) was not
there; that is, that they woic not directly
connected with the main army on that morn
ing, but were at Front Koyal. 10 miles away.
J le is right and wrnjigjagaiii. The Second
Brigade ol the Second Division and also Col.
Powell weie at Front 'ftoyal, but the Fust
Brigade, Second Divls'ion, under Col. A. S.
Moore, Hth Ohio Cav.y Were exactly where I
stated on the extreme lr.ft of the line and in
touch with the left otj. the Eighth Corps; and
-when the enemy struck ns tliey pushed in be
tween us and ntovcVl rapidly down on the
flank and rear ot the? -ifightii Corps. Note
this extract from Geijforhert's report:
"Tiie First Brigade,'.SftCoiid Division (Col.
Moore, 8th Ohio Cavi, 'commanding) was by
tins move cut oft" norn tYie main army, and
Cd. Mooic immedialiy2!p:iK-cd around tiie
enemy's right and canieiwpon the lelt of our
army at Middletown on typ Valley .pike, hav
ing previously sent liis train to Winchester.
This brigade iiimiedufteiy attacked tlie
enemy, aud held theiiitniJoiieck on"-the pike
until they could rwrturcgl.--'!7
Does .C'ouLpde HaijjyjtLi'illXhijii.k tliai
the Mh Ohio -wife at i'n.5it Royal? li so, here
is another extract lYomGen'. Torbert's report:
"The Fiixt and Tllild ''Divisions (Brig.
Gens. Mcrritt and Custer) were ordeied to
the left of the army. r;The First Division
(Brig.-Oen. Merntt) was" put in position
across the pike just north' of Middletown.
TiicThiid Division (Brig.-Gcn. Cuser) was
formed on the left of the First Division; the
Fir.it Brigade ol the Second Division (Col.
Moore) was formed on the left of the Third
DiviMon." "'' 5
Uen. Torbert 'urthe'r sav?:. " During this
time the M-coiid Brigade, Second Division
(Col, 1'owell commanding), feJl back slowly
(by order) on the Ipmi Koyal and Win
chester pike to Strong-Point, and then to a
i point near Newton." "
I d'liit thitik it necessary to produce any
.further evidence to Mih-tautinte orconobo
rate my hint commitiiicarittii to your valuablo
laiper mi this subject. 'J, tfiTnn any comrade
who has ieul the.-e articles will agtee wit ii
me that the Mh. Ohio Ca. -was in the battle
of Cedar Creek, aud had the tumor of receiv
ing the first tiie.
Even admitting for argument's sake that
the pickets on the riaht ot'-ihe line did e.
e.ialige shuts etuie tlijait.aek on the left, it
h .s Homing o do with t,lic. oiigmal qticsti'n
as to what cavalry regiment received the first
, fire. '
Now wc will proceed 'With the infantry
I contioversy. The comrade is inclined to
censure the Ninetd-ntu Corps, and coincide
with our comrade from vhox villi. Bearing
: in niiim the ground au'd surroundings whee
the battle oi Cedar Cri-li;-. -was lought, one
will see readily that the positions occupicn
by tin Sixth and l-.igluh Cpips on a parallel
line were liiriher soutii wan the uns.t.oii oe-
j cup.ed oytne Nineteenth" 'Corps. '1 hat would
naturally throw the Nineteenth Corps lartiier
in ihe rear, as we ueie supposed to he lacing
south. 1 never put the -.tsi Corps next to
the Eiguth Corps; the 'Km -teenth were tlie
center of our line, b t 'more in the rear than
either the Sixth or Eighth Corps.
1 agree with the comrade when he says
that hundieds of the Nineteenth Corps had
passed him to the rea'.'but perhaps ho did
not understand it. This he says a- about d
o'clock a. in. The night betoro the battle
one division of the Nineteenth C rpa was
ordeied to be in readiness early the next
morning to go on a leconuoiteiingexptdilioii.
They were ready to start Ju.-t abciit tiie timo
the attack was" made on, out- left; they nu
inciliately moved lifyjWjnijl to support .the
Eighth Corp-, and hwe is another pointer
it theie had been any firing on t.ie right,
why did they move tohe K'lt?
When the Eiguth' Col Jls was driven back
this division of the Niyp.ie.enlh Corps fell back
loo, but went to ihciivojU camp, and did not
fall back pell-mell ns'stated by our comrade
from Knoxviile, TeniA n Tjie comrade saw
them tailing back, nmUriot the entire Niue
teenih Corps. Let nigive a little oxliacb
from Gen. If. G. Wnejit' report:
''Seeing that no pait f the original line
could be heid, as thu'ern'my was already on
the left flank of the bbtVeleenth Corps, 1 at
once sent oidets to tiiocrtxtji Corps to fall
back to some teuabie KrrU'MD in our icar, and
to Gen. Emory, commanding the Nineteenth
Corps, that as his leu? u as turned he should
fall back and take position on tiie right of
the Sixth." niiK
Does that look as though the Nineteenth
was demoralized V Ve'iuust all admit there
weie traggluy from all the army, and it
would he pretty hard .10 decide which corps
had the majority.
Tu, Comrade llannaford, I remember well
ihe night the 2d Ohio Cav. borrowel a lew
little extras the 8th Ohio liadu t time to take
with them. But it's all right. 1 am almost
positive that we will have our reg mental
Keunion at Cincinnati next year during the
National Encampment, and as you are in
that " Porki polis," if you have nivy of the
relies lelt you can bring them around; if not,
come and apologize.
At any rate, We will be more than pleased
to meet any of the gallant old 2d Ohio Cav.,
and if any of my . Id comrades road this I
would like them to ' car in mind that I am a
I member of Post 67, G.A.K., Department of
Pennsylvania, and we will be in Cincinnati
at the National Encampment, and by looking
over the roster it will be easy to find out
where- we are quartered. Volney B. St.
John, Co. A, Sth Ohio Cav., Erie, Pa.
A 3d Iowa Cav. Veteran Tells of the JJattlo
of tlio Osage.
Editor National Thibunk: Reading in
your estimable paper so many accounts of
incidents of war times, I felt like I wanted
to say a little in reference to the I'd Iowa
Cav., of which I was a member, in Co. K, for
While we are not named among the "300
fighting regiments," it does not require an
article like this to prove that the 3d Iowa
Cav. did some lighting during the war. The
list of casualties among the enlisted men of
tlie regiment, as per the report of Adj't-Gcn.
Baker, amounted, all told, to 891; and, to
include the loss of commissioned officers, the
aggregtite loss for four years reaches 1,000
A regiment that earned "stars" for two
men Cyrus Bussey aud John W. Noble
must have done some fighting. The men
who rode at the crupper of Bussey and Noble
had ample chance to have all the light they
wanted. I read recently a communication
from Comrade S. M. Reeves, 13th Mo. Cav.,
about the battle of the Osage, where he says
they captured Gen. Mannadukc aud a thou
1 know something about that fight, as it
was there 1 got a rebel ball in my leg that
made mo a cripple for life. I say tho regi
ments that took part in that fight were tho
3d and 4th Iowa Cav., 10th and 4th Mo. Cav.,
and 7th Iiitl. Cav. The charge was led by
Lieut. -Col. Ben teen, J 0th Mo. Car., and
when our line was formed one single line
it did not cover the front of the line of the
enemy, who had 12 guns in his center we
had no gnns aud his men four lines deep,
supporting his guns.
The battle of the Osage was, without doubt,
the mo3t brilliant cavalry charge in the his
tory of the war. Not a ditch, tree, stump or
fence on the open plain; a single line of cav-
.1 . .
"Jumped on One ok -jiij-: Guns.
airy charging four lines, with 12 cannon in
its center, and the one line of the ehanrin-
J column not covering the trout of the enemy.
Tho 3d Ind:'Cav. held the left center, and
with tile proverbial "Yankee cheer " dashed
on the lines of the enemy. It was a scene
worth going miles to see.
The result of tho battle was a complete
rout of Gen. Marmadnke's Division ; the
General himself. Gen. Cabell, fonr Colonels,
and about 800 others taken prisoners.
As to who captured Gen. Marmadtike there
is no don lit. Ho surrendered to private Jas.
Dunlary, .Co. D, 3d Iowa Cav., and Gen.
Cabell gave himself up toSerg'tCal Young,
Co. L. same regiment. Both the captors had
medals awarded them by Congress.
The 3d Iowa Cav. went into that charge
with leis than 300 men, and lost 33. To the
other regiments who took part in this mem
orable chariro too much praise cannot be ac
coided,and with a leader who had less cour
aeo and magnetism than Lieut.-Col. F. W.
Benteen, ot the gallant old 10th Mo. Cav.,
the whole thing would have beeu a lamentable
I do not write this with a view to bolster
up the reputation of the 3d Iowa Cav.; it does
not need it; its history is writteii all over the
Southwest, and writteii in the blood of as
good and brave men as ever drew saber in
defence of American liberty.
Neither do I desire to detract from the well
earned reputation of any other regiment,
much less the 13th Mo. Cav. , of which Com
rade Beeves was a member. It was a good regi
ment, its members as bravo and loyal as
any in the army. But to leave this part of
history as Comrade Beeves has it, looked like
we had no baud in it, whero, as a matter ot
fact, we had qnito a hand in it.
One thing, in connection with this fight I
must say. and then I will close. Co. D, 3d
Iowa Cav., camo directly in front of the
rebel battery, and just as our lines struck the
battery, Private li. A. Buzzard, Co. D, had
lus horse shot. He got on his feet and jumped
on one of the guns, lleswunghis revolver
over his head, and at that moment received a
ball through his heart ami lell dead, with his
ariitJ locked around tho cannon. P. II.
Sth -;i.k, Co. K, 3d Iowa Cav., Manhattan,
THE J0NESB0R0' BATTLE.
Col. lUorjjun J'rinn Olllciul Krfiorlrt to Sear
on the Controversy.
Enrron National Tuibune: I have been
very much interested lately in reading the
d liferent statements of comrades in Picket
Shots of the battle at Jonesboro', Ga. Com
rade J. W. Homer, Co. A, 6Dth Ohio, says he
saw tho Regulars aud 17th N. Y. charge across
an open field and cajitureaO-gun battery. Com
rade Henry Snyder, Co. F, 7lth hid., corrects
J. II. Homer, saying that the Third Brigade,
Third Division, Fourteenth Corps, broke the
line and captured the guns. Then Comrade
F. MoElliott, Co. B, 14th Ohio, declares J.
II. Homer was right regarding the 17th N. Y.,
and that tho brigade consisted of the 14th
Ohio, 7-lth hid., 38th Ohio, and 17th N. Y.,
and forming the Third Division, Fourteenth
Why Comrade McEUiotfc puts tho 17th
N. Y. in the Third Brigade in place of the
noble and gallant 1 Ot It Ivy. is haul to under
stand. The Third Brigade, Thiid Division,
Fourteenth Corps, consisted of six regiments
14th and 38th Ohio, lOtli and 1Mb Ivy.,
and 10th and 14th Ind. At the time of the
battle of Jouesbor-.' the 10th hid. and 18th
Ivy. were at the rear on guard duty, conse '
quently w6 went into the battle with but
I wisli to offer a few extracts from official
reports, and let the honors of so fcanguinary
a battleiest where they behiug.
Gen. YV. P. C.trlin, cominaudiiig First Di
vision, Fourteenth Cor, a (and where the 17th
N. Y. belonged), says:
" When preparing to reform the Second
Absolutely cures scrofula,
Catarrh and all diseases
Originating in or promoted
By impure blood. It is .
The great nerve tonic,
Stomach regulator and
X I I .t !-!-. " -I jr- If
fit 1 1 v a cr t m
Mil II K 1.1 A. . r-1 -- ' " T"- AS
- i I 'i -. 1 i 1
ll'"'-- -TUUi .t ..J
Brigade for another; charge, I received infor
mation' from Gen. Davis that he had ordered
Col. Este's Brigade of Baird's Division to
support me. As it was frcsli and well-formed,
I placed it jn position for a charge, when
Gen. Baird arrived and gallantly led it him
self. "It is an agreeable duty that I perform in
saying that tho conduct of this brigade was
truly admirable, and that they deserve the
success they achieved. The Third Brigade
continued the fight until every rebel was
driven or dragged from the works."
Gen. A. Baird, commanding Third Division,
Fourteenth Corps, says:
"This charge of my Third Brigade was one
of the most magnificent on record, and the first
during this campaign in which works upon
either side have been assaulted and carried,
was productive of the greatest results in open
ing the way for the advance of the troops on
our right and left, and destroying the morale
of the boldest and most confident troops in
the rebel army.
" With regard to tho affair of yesterday I
can only sty at present that the Third Bri
gade made as gallant a charge as ever was
made. It relieved one of Carlin's Brigades,
which was used up, and passed to the front
of it. Then it charged into the woods and
took two regimental colors and one battery
flap, likewise four caution. 1 think 600 men
at least were captured on the front of this
brigade. This brigade started the move
ment of the line, which had completely stopped
before wc came up, and it did actually carry
the intrenchinents of the enemy with the
bayonet, using it all along the line with more
freedom then I have ever seen it done. Very
many were bayoneted."
In conclusion let me say that my right
flank reached to the battery captured above,
and that Lient. Kuder, of Co. A, 74th Ind.,
captured the flag which belonged to the Sth
and 19th Ark. (consolidated), and for which
he received, and wears to-day, a medal of
honor from Congress. Tuos. Morgan,
Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding 74th Ind.,
SlGEIt AT PER 1PGE
Illinois Comrade Tells How tho Tables
were Turned on the Johnnies.
Editor National- Tribune: Pea Ridge,
Ark., was my first battle of the war. I am
not going to tell you how badly I was scared.
I have been watching and waiting lor some
one to rise and set out the actual facts.
It is a fact that Gen. Curtis gets all the
glory as the hero of Pea Ridge, when, had it
not been for Gen. Sigel's taking command of
the entire army the last day, and gaining the
victory forus we would all havegone to prison.
For we had fought the rebels two days under
Gen. Curtis, and had been whipped. The
night of the second day the rebels had us
surrounded on three sides, ana the Ozark
Mountains were on the other, so steep and
high that a "yellow dog" couldn't have got
out to save his life.
The Johnnies were so sure that they had
us, they sent out to Ft. Smith, Little Rock,
aud to Fayettville, for the nobility to come
and help to count us out. Mind you, Curti3
iiadn't held a single point, but was driven
every time he made a stand. The second
night, about 10 or 11 o'clock, the general
officers ot the army held a council. They told
Gen. Curtis that it was no use for him to try
it any longer, and suggested that he turn the
command over to Gen. Sigel, he being the
next in rank. Curtis said no; whereupon, if
I am not mistaken, Gen. White told him he
would take his command and cut his way
out, and go back to Springfield, Mo., and
others told him the same thing.
Curtis turned to Gen. Sigel. Said he:
"Gen. Sigel, take command. lam sick, and
have not been able to be in the saddle for the
last three days."
Sigel did take command, and never left the
saddle till the Johnnies' were on the run.
which was in less than three hours from the
time the battle opened the next morning.
The company to which the writer belonged
followed the rebels, in support of two pieces
of artillery, shelling the rebs for 16 miles, up
to Iveetsville, Mo., on the double-quick from
the time the Johnnies started to run till the
artillery horses gave out.
I have talked to scores of the boys who
were there, and have never found a man but
what corroborated my statements in the case;
hence I wiy to Gen. Sigel belongs the praise
for saving tneday. W. L. JIilyakd, Co. A,
:2oth HI., Superior, Neb.
HOW ONE WAV BE JfllSTflKEU.
Comrade Tolls nf :m Jnciil:iit nt Gettya
bui tit IlluMralu Hi I'uliit.
Editor National Tkihiine: When in
years p:ist I would take up a copy aud read
the l'ick-E Shots and Fighting Tlieui
Over, I would come across so many conflict
ing accounts of the same battle , given by
di lie runt participants, often irom the ame
regiment. Yet each report might be abso
lutely true. But it is aa easy thing to tall
On the first day at Gettysburg our brigade
had driven tlie rebs through the- vro'ods and
out into the open fields, When the ord.er 'was
given to retreat. It w as, gome', muniVe'a be
fore the men in our regiment. could. hellee
their ears, lor, as I said before, we,, were
driving the Johnnies tluough the fi.eldii.nud
over leuces, gathering in an occasional reb
who dared not get up from behind his 'Shelter
where he might have taken refuge from out
bullets. Finally, reluctantly our lines turned to the
rear, and began retreating in .Curly good order.
Tlie enemy opened unon us from a battery they
had just placed in position, and the way they
flung old iron into our ranks made the
bravest of us ' hump ourselves" to getout of
In falling back through the woods, my
cousin, Wm. Bates, and 1 were several rods
behind the main line, owing to his being hit
in the knee with a spent ball during the
advance. Ile.was unable to keep up, so to
encourage and help him 1 remained in the
rear. In goiug through the woods it was
necessary tor a fellow to keep one eye out (or
up) for falling limbs and tree-tops,, tile shot
and shell cutting them oft'.
We had gotten about half way through the
woods when 1 fell. AVheu I regained my feet
i saw my cousin lying within a few teet
from where I was knocked down. His haul
lay under his breast, his neck was unjoiuled,
and he, of course, was dead.
I started again for the regiment. When I
reached the outer edge of the woods the rebs
weie entering the village, and 1 was many
rods behind their line ol-battle.
Now, until I went to Gettysburg, some
time ago, with a number of boys who belonged
to my regiment and company, I supposed
wheti I fell that 1 was unconscious lor only
a moment. Up to this time I had told that I
had been knocked out for only a second, when
I had found I was able to continue the
"skedaddle." In looking over the ground I
learned that my reginieut held an important
j-oint on the field near where 1 fell tor an
hour or so after I was stunned; that I must
have remained in the woods unconscious for
that length of time.
1 now believe everybody's story, no matter
how incredible it may seem, if I see it in
cither the Fighting Them Over or the Picket
Shot column. J. M. Lyford, Co. E, lUth
Me., Waver ly, N. Y.
SAVED THE OFFICER.
But tho Kescutid Unit No Time to Thulc
Ills Comrade for a Good Shot.
Editor National Tribune: At the
battle of Stone River I was in Kirk's (Second)
Brigade, li. W. Johnson's (Second) Division,
A. MeD. McCook's (Twentieth) Corps. I
was, of course, stationed on tho extreme
right of Rosecrans's army. . I as wounded
early in the morning, and ordered to the rear
by my Captain.
1 drifted too far to the right of our lines, in
tent on going anywhere to avoid being cap
tured by "Wheelers cavalry. I was neor
Stewart's Creek when I saw the Tebel cavalry
coming. I left the pike and took shelter
among the army wagons corraled on the north
side of the pike.
The rebel cavalry whipped past and- got
possession of the bridge that spanned Stew
art's Creek. I was completely cut oft'. I
stepped up between the wheels of a wagon.
I noticed a Union officer sitting on a horse,
about 20 feet from me. Presently a rebel
officer rode up to him and demauded his sur
render. This was refused. Tlie Johnny ex
claimed: "If you don't I will shoot you ! "
The one in blue replied, "I can shoot too,"
and with that drew his revolver, which failed
Johnny reb drew his carbine, and at that
the Union officer grabbed the barrel aud
shoved the business end away from him.
All this took place while the two men sat
on their horses, and I stood taking in tho
situation. I drew my gun on the Johnny
and tired; he fell off lu3 horse, and died in a
few minutes. The Union officer put spurs to.
his horse and was soou out of my sight, with
two other Johnnies after him.
The two Johnnies took me prisoner, for I
was still standing by the dead rebel when
they returned, but shortly the Federal
cavalry made a charge and so stampeded the
rebels that they forgot me, and I gave them
the slip, crawled in a wagon and hid
tinder tents, was recaptured by those
brave Tenneseeans. and was thus deprived
of the privilege of registering as a guest of
Hotel Libby. Bnt I never learned who tho
officer was. J. V. Pownall, Sergeant, Co.
E, 29th Intl., Fulton, Ind.
From Alert Comrades Along tne
About tho Albemarle.
"Will L. Welch, Boston, Mas3., writes :
"Your issue of Dec. 16 contains an article by
my old friend, William Simmons, on 4 A Con
federate Ram,' which is very interesting. I
would say, however, that the expedition of
Gen. Burnsidc commenced with the capture
of Roanoke Island in February, 1SG2, and
not with the capture of Forts Hattera3 and
Clark, which were taken in Aucust, 18b"l.
Plymouth, on the Roanoke River, did not
become the Headquarters for both army and
navy ; Headquarters for both were at New
Berne, at the junction of the Nense and
Trent Rivers. I don't like William's state
ment that Flnsser left a channel at the ob
struction of the Roauoke River above Ply
mouth wide enough to allow the passage of
the Albemarle, after he had been ordered to
completely obstruct the channel. The rebels
themselves say there wa3 an extraordinary
freshet in the river when they started tho
ram down, and that there was 10 feet of
water above the obstructions, which enaoled
them to come down safely. As to the troops
in Plymouth. I know the loth Mass. was not
there, and some of the 2d Mas3. H. A. were.''
In llehfl Prison.
John W. Manning, Salineville. O., write3 r
" I was a member ot Co. E, Ringgold Pa. Cav.,
afterwards known as Co. F, 22d Pa. Cav. I
was taken prisoner at Moorefield, Va., Sept.
4, ISoo, and in company with a number of
other comrades was ushered into aud partook
of the hospitalities of Libby Prison ; thence
I went to Belle Isle. We remained there
dnriDg the long, cold Winter of l.G?) and
Spring of Gl. It seemed to lea Southern;
rule, and was a rebel boast, that no Union
soldier should leave prison in a condition
that would permit him to do active serrice
again. Twelve of my company were coudaed
at Belle Isle, and 0UI3- three of them ever
saw the old flag again."
Incident of CltAncttllorsvUte.
J. T. James. Co. C. 1th U-Si Arfc-UmOD,.
Kan., writes: "I have been a redder of TiiK
National Tkhhtsk for a great many years,
and I have not seen any account of the regi
ment of infantry that covered the retreat, or
rather was the last regiment leaving the field
alter Chancellorsville, in May, 1SG3. Tho
Colonel commanding that regiment was a
noble man. I desire that the comrados tell
what regiment it was, and what company of
artillery it was that was in position on the hill
in front of the Chancellor House. That com
pany left their six guns on the tield and the
regiment of inlantry undertook to run the
cannon oft the field by hand. Whether they
succeeded or not I do not kuow."
JCecallx 11 Terrible -Experience.
Prof. Samuel C. Major-?. Redlnnds. CaT.,
writes: "I am one of the Plymouth Pilgrims.
I was Sergeant of the fourth detachment of
291) near the south gate at Andersonville, jusfc
where the Raiders were executed. I am
the man who inn the loot-race with Limber
Jim (Win. T. Timberlake). I remember
Leroy Key; also, L. If. Whittlesey. To read
Thk National 'Tkibunk is a veritable
resurrection of the past. It causes me to live
over again the experiences of that awful
place, aud it brings to my mind's eye the
faces of, comrades, some of whom are living
yet, and others who yielded up their lives,
and whose dust s' ill. lies in the ditch, just
outside the stockade at Andersonville."
Charge at. ,rii-sIori.
-13. "W. Powell, Castle Rock, Wash.,' writes:
''Noting the correction of the statement about
Gen. Baird being on foot after his horse waa
shot at Jonesboro', I wilL say I was in Co. C,
7-lth Ind., next to the flag bearer, when tho
first fire from the rebel works, about six rods
distant, broke upon us as we had gained the
edge of the woods. This shock halted our
regiment like an order, and we were standing
there as though waiting for orders, in perfect
formation. Suddenly Gens. Baird and Este
rode from the left along the liue of the rebel
breastworks, close enough to see their eyes,
directly in front of the center of our regiment
at the time we made the charge, swinging
their swords and begging, "Come on, before
the rebels can rel-ad." This appeal fr m
our brave Generals seemed to be just what
we were waiting for, and a respousive yell
followed, and a bound through the tangled
wood over the works and the dashing
Johnnies surrendered to the best commauder
and best fighting army that ever existed on
Bound to Mnk Themselves Felt.
"The Cannoneer" writes: "In the issue
of Dee, 3, Comrade W. E. Webster, of
Cowan's 1st N. Y. battery, in a letter about
Cedar Creek, remarks:
' In many case- it is not the corps thati
loses tho most men that does the hardest
fighting.' This reminds me of an observation
made by Gen. Lewis A. Grant, of the Ver
mont Brigade, when he was Assistant Secre
tary of ar. Quite a number of veterans,
all officers but myself, were gathered one
evening in Washington, and this same sub
ject, the behavior ot Getty's Division at
Cedar Creek, came up. One of the Generals
present called attention to the fact that some
other divisions lost mure heavily than Getty's
in that battle, and several brigades much
mote than the Vermont Brigade. To this,
with the benevolent smile that his old com
rades will all remember, Grant blaudly re
plied: " ' Yes, that isso; but, yon know, the Ver
mont Brigade was not iu the habit of letting
the other fellows do most of the killing ! ' "
Wideawake dealers consult the wishes
of customers, and do not offer " something
just as good" when you ask for an adver
A Had Tit.
The Tailor "Was it such a very bid fit?
The Customer Well, you can judge for
yourself, when I tell you that a perfect
stranger stepped up to me on Fifth avenue
and asked me how all the folks were iu Phila
delphia. i. 11 , - 1
TO CURE A COLD IN ONE BA.X
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