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HO V 1898
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ESTABLISHED 1877-jStEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1898.
VOL. XVIH-NO. 5-T7H0LE NO. ?d0.
v . ..- j----S.
3TT IT IT f I ;wft
Bm Cwyk oLA .L Hr&mL ;.;2s!i2Il! 5
Career of These Veterans from
Cold Harbor to Appomattox.
Organizations Which Did Gallant
Service Led by Good Officers, Dis
cipline and 'Bravery Saved Them
from Annihilation on Hard-Fought
Fields Memorable Combats.
BY R. E. McBRIDE,
Co. C, 190th Pa.
The division known as the Pennsylvania
Reserves, which had among its officers during
the first year of its service such distinguished
soldiers as Meade, Reynolds, Ord and Sey
mour, finished its history May 30, 1864, at
Bethesda Church. The men who had not
re-enlisted went home, and the remaining
fragments of these regiments were organized
into two veteran regiments, numbered 190th
and 191st, or 1st and 2d Yeteran Reserves,
with an aggregate of about 1,429 officers and
men, the former under the command of Col.
"W. R. Hartshorue, formerly of the 13th Re
serves; the latter under Col. James Carl, of
the 6th Reserves. They constituted the
Third Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps.
For some cause Col. Hartshorne was absent
until after the army readied Petersburg, and
the 190th was commanded by Lieut.-Col.
Joseph B. Pattee, while Col. Carl commanded
the brigade until Aug. 19, 1864.
These men participated in the operations
around Cold Harbor, though fortunately
without loss, so far as can now be remem
bered or ascertained, except Serg't Woodard,
of Co. A, 190th, who was killed June 3.
There may have been other casualties, but
the records of that period are defective.
On June 13 they skirmished near White
Oak Swamp, with a loss of two killed, 10
wounded, one officer and six men missing.
In this affair Lieut-Col. Pattee's horse was
shot under him. Although the organization
was so recent that the men had become but
little acquainted with each other or with
their officers, they acquitted themselves in a
creditable manner. The night of the 13th
they marched toward the James River, and
reached a point near Willcox Landing on the
In this movement they started on the after
noon of the 12th, short of provisions, and no
rations were issued till the afternoon of the
loth, except some fresh beef just as they were
starting. We are not certain from the re
marks occasionally dropped by the boys that
this long fast made them any more religious.
On the 16th they were ferried across the
river io Windmill Poiut, and in the afternoon
auarched for Petersburg.
The afternoon of the 17th the Third Divis
ion was in line on the left of the Ninth Corps,
the other two divisions being held to meet
any attack -which might come from the left.
In the lighting of the 17th and 18th the Filth
Corps advanced over open and difficult
ground, exposed to heavy artillery fire, but
the attack was well made, and the enemy
was driven back to the position which ihey
held during the subsequent siege. Gen.
Grant writes to Meade June 18, 10 p. m.: "I
am perfectly satisfied that all has been done
that could be done.'' The army then in
trenched and awaited developments.
DOING THEIR DUTY.
The Veteran Reserves had their part in
these events. The evening of the 18th found
them on that part of the line near where
Fort Haskell was located later, from which
the spires of Petersburg were plainly visible,
bo close to the main works of the enemy that
rifle-balls dropped far to their rear. They
lost one officer and 20 men killed, nine officers
and 85 men wounded. Lieut.-Col. Pattee was
severely wounded, and was brevetted Colonel
for gallant conduct. Capt. Robert G. Christ
nott, of the 190th, was killed, and Lieut. Ed.
Greenfield was mortally wounded.
The Reserves were withdrawn from this
part of the line, and rested for one da', on
June 23. 2sext day they moved to the left,
and relieved some men of the Second Corps
on the Jerusalem road. Here they remained
till about July 1, when they were placed on
the Hue west of the road, their right extend
ing to the road and facing the west.
Here they were engaged in work on a
fort until about the middle of the month,
when they went on picket further to the west
and south. It was called picket, but in fact
they were the only troops along tiiat part of the
line. Perhaps some of the readers of The
National TrJUl'NE do not know that about
this time the Army of the Potomac could not
muster 30,000 muskets, so much had its ranks
been depleted by losses, by the muster-out of
regiments, and by the withdrawal of the
Sixth Corps for the protection of Washing
ton. The' were posted In strong rifle-pits, and
were sufficient to hold this part of the line
with reasonable security. In the latter part
of June the 190th had been armed with the
Spencer rifle, and an intrenched skirmish-line
armed with this weapon was a formidable
obstacle to any force.
They remained here 18 days. It was a
period of comparative quiet, but yet of monot
onous diucomlort. Ihe works which they held
had been occupied by the Second Corps, had
been taken and retaken, and the field con
tested with such determination that the
ground was thickly marked with graves.
Many of the dead had been so inadequately
buried that the soil had been washed away
from them and left exposed portions of the
decaying bodies. There were swarms of tl ics,
pestilential odors, and a thousand present
reminders of "the wicked insanity of war."
During July the loss was three wounded.
There was a good deal of sickness, and the
only wonder is that there was not more.
Col. Jiartshome returned July 2G, and
trained command of the 190th.
IJf THE THICK OF IT.
The disaster which is ever memorable in
the history of the Veteran Reserves occurred
on Aug. 19. "Warren was ordered to take
and hold the "Weldon Railroad. This was
done on the 18th and 39th, and on sub
sequent days the rebels made desperate
efforts to recover it The wooded and
broken ground of this region was very diffi
cult for such operations, and there was much
confusion and some misunderstanding of
Gen. Crawford's Third Division was on
the right of the corps, with his right ''in
the air," and nothing between him and the
Jerusalem plank ioad, a distance of about a
mile. Gen. Bragg was ordered to support
Crawford and cover this gap with skir-
THE UNITED STATES CAPITOL.
Here a Disastrous Explosion and Fire Occurred on Nov. 6, Wrecking Parts of the Building and Injuring Valuable Records.'
miskera. By some misunderstanding he
took position a mile or more to the rear.
Before this mistake could be corrected,
Gen. Mahone with three brigades passed
through the gap and furiously assailed Craw
ford from the rear while other' troops engaged
the front. A desperate conflict ensued, in
which there was not much opportunity for
military skill, but which furnished the
severest test of the fighting qualities of both
sides. Regiments and portions of regiments,
both rebel and Union, were completely
enveloped by opposing lints, and yet by
some turn of fortune escaped.
Some appear to entertain the opinion that
at this time the soldiers were "weary of the
war, and the fighting was merely a perfunc
tory performance. This idea originated
from the Copperhead papers of the North
and from wild-eyed orators afraid of the
draft who howled for peace at any price,
and depicted the awful condition of the
army as an excuse for their own cowardly
spirit and treasonable utterances. The real
condition was quite the contrary. The
soldiers fought with as much vim and
enthusiasm, with as much skill and as
desperate valor as at any period of the war.
The same is true of both tils' "Union and the
Confederate army, and this spirit continued
till the last shot was fired at .Appomattox.
The following occurrence, the account of
which is drawn partly from Confederate
sources, took place during this struggle for
the "Weldou road.
Gen. Uagood's rebel brigade was at one
time almost surrounded, and their surrender
wa3 considered certain. Capt. Dailey, of
Cutler's staff, rode among them, seized a
battleflag from the hands of its bearer, and
ordered the men to throw down their arms.
Those immediately about him obeyed. Gen.
liagood, who was on foot, approached and
demanded back the flag, and that he go back
within his own lines, telling him that he was
free to do so. Dailey began to argue the
hopelessness of resistance. " Hagood cut him
short, and demanded a categorical reply Yes
or No. Dailey was a man of fine presence,
with a flowing beard, and Kit with loosened
reins upon a noble-looking bay, that stood
with head and tail erect and flashing eye and
distended nostrils, quivering in every limb
with excitement, but not moving in his
tracks. In reply to this abrupt demand the
rider raised his head proudly, and decidedly
answered ' No !' " llagood then shot him
through the body, and he fell from his horse,
llagood then mounted the horse and ordered
his men to make a hurried retreat.
Such waslhe situation of the Union troops
that any effective fire would have been as
destructive to friend as to foe, and so part of
this force got through, though many of them
were made prisoners.
This incident will serve to show the pecu
liar conditions of the fight, and also the spirit
with which the battle was fought on both
sides. Men were captured, and before they
could be taken from the field the captors
themselves were made prisoners. Gen. Craw
ford himself was at one time in the hands of
the enemy, and escaped by some such turn
At last the enemy was beaten at every point
and driven from the field, aud night found our
lines firmly established. The prixe of the
combat, the Weldou road, was held by the
Union forces, and the Confederates were de
prived of another important line of supplies.
"When this affair began the Reserves were
at the front as skirmishers. They repulsed
a determined front attack without much diffi
culty or loss, and supposed that all was well,
but while their attention was thus engaged a
rebel line-of-battle vaj closing in on their
rear. Jinny of the ollicera and men knew
nothing of this until ordered to surrender.
Some, however, discovered the situation, and
succeded in evading capture. Nearly three
fourths of them yielded to the inevitable,
and weiti made prisoners. One officer and
four men were killed, one officer and 17 men
wounded, 30 officers and 59 1 men were miss
ing. Of those who were captured 251 died
About 300 men were left from this disaster.
Of the officers who escaped were Capt. Birk
man, Capt. Kinsey, Lieut. Peacock and Adj't
Wright, of the 190th; Capt, Norton and
Lieut. Slater, of the 191st. Lieut. Steele, of
the 190th, was desperately wounded, and
Lieut. Henry L. Stock was killed.
On the 21st the Reserves assisted in repuls
ing a stubborn attack of the enemy near the
Yellow House-, and had a chance to even
matters up a little by inflicting heavy loss on
their assailants. This was the only time
they fought from behind intrenchments, ex
cept skirmish-pits. Captl Birkmau was in
The same day they were transferred to the
First Brigade, and on the 12th of the follow
ing month they were transferred to the Sec
ond Division, where they remained till the
close of the war.
Lieut.-Col. Pattee, though still suffering
from the wound received June 18,. and also
one received 3 ay 30, returned about Sept. 1
and .took command of the two regiments,
which acted as a single battalion from this
time till the close of the war. -
Sept. 30 they participated in the battle of
Poplar Springs Church, in which they lost
two men killed, one officer and two men
wounded and one missing.
The officer wounded Avas Adj't Wright, a
German, lfo was struck about the head by a
musket-ball, and fell to the ground senseless.
He was supposed to be killed, but presently
he scrambled briskly to his feeb and ex
claimed, with evident confusion of mind:
" Py , I votes for Lincoln ! "
In the movement on Hatcher's Run, Oct.
27-28, they were on the field, but did not
become engaged, and suffered no loss.
This was the year of the Presidential-election,
and the Pennsylvania soldiers voted.
The baUot of the Reserves was as follows:
Lincoln, 272; McClcllan, 125. Total, 397.
On the somewhat violent supposition that
none of the boys who were under the legal
age did any of the voting, the command must
have numbered well beyond 400 at this date.
Wiuter quarters were now built, and the
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PRINCIPAL FLOOR PLAN OF THE UNITED STATES CAPITOL.
The explosion took place under the Supreme Court apartments, in the sub-basement in the old part of the East front.
boys hoped for a quiet time, but in this they
were mistaken. On Dec 7 the Fifth Corps
started on the "Weldou raid. The object of
this was to tear up some more of the Weldou
road and to create a diversion which might
favor Gen. Butler's expedition against Wil
mington, N. C.
The Notaway River was reached in tho
evening. During the night the corps crossed
the river, and pressed on toward the Weldou
road, reaching it not far from where it
crosses the Notaway River. Tho work of
destruction began toward evening, and con
tinued during most of the night. Those
who witnessed the night work, lighted up by
bonfires of ties, will not soon forget the stir
ring scene as the men whirled the rails and
attached ties over from the road-bed with
shout and ringing cheer, and then wrenched
the rails apart and ties from the rails, and
built great fire3 of ties, on hich the rails
were heated and ruined for future use.
Toward morning the work ceased, and the
men got such sleep and rest as they could
with the chill night and their wet blankets.
Early in tho morning the work was re
sumed and continued all day. In the even
ing, leaving everything but arms and ac-
conferments where they took sapper, the
troops crossed a small stream and tore up
the road to Hicksford, on theMcherrin Jliver.
This place vra3 held bjr n considerable force
of infantry and artille,, but no attempt
was made against them, as the expedition
had now accomplished all that was intended.
Dnring this night "work a man of the
Reserves was caught under the track as it
was overturned, and instantly killed. This
was the only casual tytwhich occurred in the
command dnring the raid.
This was a night of great suffering for the
men. The mud was deep, and a storm of
sleet and snow, driven by a strong wind, ren
dered the tedious hours almost unendurable.
Next morning the ictnrn march began.
The ground was iipfc sufficiently frozen to
bear up, and theXdy' march was made
through the icy siish..iThe mud was so
deep that it camediir atjovc our shoe-tops,
and with the cola and gritty mud, the
chafed feet of thc'mcn rendered marching
one continuous torture. 'jThey struggled on
heroically throughjihis clay and the next.
This brought them again to .the Notaway
River, which they 'rcerossed in the evening,
and camped for the night not far from where
they spent part of the night on their out
The weather iiojv grew CDldcr, and by
morning the groiind 'was frozen -solid. The
men we're, all footspre; and they hobbled
along painfully. i
Reaching the vicinity of Petersburg, the
men built Winter quarters- for the second
time, and resumed the usual routine of camp
life. ' I
AGAINST 'THE REBEL RIGHT.
On Feb. 5 was. Tfcgun another movement
toward the rebeiight. Since the destruc
tion of the Weldou road during the raid of
December the rebels had brought supplies by
wagoiffrom Hicksford to Petersburg by way
of the Boyd ton plank raid. Grant deter
mined to break up this line of supply.
The cavalry, under Gregg, was to push rap
idly to Dinwiddie Courthouse. Warren was
to take position half-way between Gregg and
Hatcher's RuiijjHumphreys, with two divis
ions of the-Second Corps, was to take posi
tion on Hatcher's Run at the crossing of
Vaughftn road" and at Armstrong's Mill.
Below the coufiuence of Hatcher's Run and
uravclly Run the stream is known as Row
anty Creek. The road to Djnwiddic crosses
this creek-at Wm. Perkins's. The crossing
was dispiited by a small 7orce of rebel in
fantry. The corps reached this place about
10 a. m., andjfound some "cavalry skirmish
ing with thecnemy, but 'unable to drive
them away. The Thiid Brigade was ordered
forward to accomplish the task.
The Reserves, under Pattee, came up at a
double-quick, and when about opposite the
Perkins buildings were ordered to file right
and deploy skirmishers. As they deployed
they also began to advance, and by the time
the rear of the command had left the road
the others were charging across the iield
toward the enemy. They expected to "rush"
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the rebels, but on reaching the creek they
found it too deep for fording, and the enemy
in good rifle-pits on the other bank, about 25
At first their fire wa3 lively, but soon they
became rattled, and would scarcely risk their
heads above the pits for a moment. Trees
were chopped down so as to fall across the
stream, and on these part of the men crossed
while the others kept up a rapid fire.' When
enough of the men were over a rnsh was
made for the pits, and the affair was quickly
ended. Some of tho defenders escaped, but
27 were captured.
When the work was. about finished the rest
of tho brigade reached the stream in line-of-
battle, and received some of the last bullets
fired by the rebels. Therewas.no need to
bring them down, as the Reserves were getting
on very well. They were quite strong enough,
and there was no necessity of exposing a larger
number of men to the fire of so small a force
of the enemy.
The bridge was rebuilt by 1 p. m., and the
corps passed on to the Vaughn road. The
remainder of the afternoon w.as spent in this
vicinity without any evidence of the presence
of the enemy in force, and about 9 p. m.
Warren was ordered to the right, where
Humphreys had experienced some hard fight
ing. It required until (J a. m. to reach the
point designated, as a storm had come on and
the night was dark. The weather had turned
very" cold, and tho men got neither rest nor
At 12:15 p. m. on the 6th Warren received
orders to make a reconnoissance to the south
and west of Hatcher's Run, to ascertain the
position of the enemy. Crawford was on the
right with the Third Division, Ayres on the
left with the Second Division, and Griffin
was in reserve with the First. The ground
was mostly covered with timber aud thick
While this advance was in progress some
stampeded cavalry ran into Ayrcs's line,
throwing the Third Brigade into confusion.
The division moved on without waiting for
this brigade to get righted up, and when it
moved on a little later it got in too far to the
left, and became exposed to a flank fire. It
held its own, however, for nearlj- two hours,
aud was then withdrawn. The Reserves
lost nine wonnded, and the total loss of the
brigade was 71.
By the morning of the 7th the storm had
cleared away and the ground was frozen.
During the forenoon the Reserves were
thrown forward as a reconnoissance, and
found that the enemy had retired within
their lines, leaving only a thin skirmish
line. The Union intrenchments were now ex
tended to Hatcher's Run at the crossing of
theVaughen road. The Second Corps held
the left of -the line, and the Fifth Corps was
massed in the rear of the left of the Second,
and picketing the left of tho army. For the
lima iniiu ims season tne men bunt Winter
Tho 157th Pa. was added to Col. Pattco's
command in tho latter part of March, giving 1
him in all about 500 men. The three frag
ments were never actually consolidated, but
acted together as a regimental unit.
THE PiNAIi CAMPAIGN.
March 29 began the final campaign. The
corps crossed Rowanty Creek at Monk's Neck
Bridge, the scene of the sharp skirmish.which
the Reserves had Feb. 5. Again tho Third
Brigade had the advance. The 210th Pa.
was deployed as skirmishers, while the Re
serves were put in line-of-battle. This gave
the latter occasion to exercise the great
American privilege of finding fault. The
boys watched the men of the 210th as they
deployed their skirmish-line with deliberate
exactness, and criticized every move and
grumbled to their heart's content. The
enemy did not dispute the crossing of the
The line of march was now the same as on
Feb. 5, but on reaching the Quaker road the
Second and Third Divisions moved up it
some distance and formed line-of-battle facing
west. The First Division passed up the
road farther toward the Boydton plank road,
and about 4 p. m. encountered the enemy
and drove him back to where the road crosses
When the Second Division formed line-of-battle
the 210th Pa. was again deployed as
skirmishers, and after some firing sent back
one prisoner. This was the only sign of
rebels in this viciuity on the 29th. The Re
serves were deployed later, and remained on
skirmish-line till morning.
The left of the army now extended to the
Boydton plank road, the left of Griffin hold
ing that road, his right joining the Second
Corps near the Crow House, Crawford on the
road, thus covering the left flank, and Ayres
in reserve. The object of subsequent move
ments was to extend our position farther to
the left, and flank tho rebel position on the
"White Oak road.
.The morning of the 30th, while Griffin was
putting his lines in proper shape along his
front, Ayres was moved across the plank road
to extend our lines to the left. The Reserves
were deployed as skirmishers, and pressed for
ward until their line, joining the pickets of
the First Division on the right, and facing
the rebel position along the White Oak road
at a distance of from a half to a quarter of a
mile, extended almost to Wm. Dabnev's.
Here they threw up skirmish-pits.
At 4 p. m. Wilcox's Confederate division
made an attack on Griffin's front, but was
easily repulsed. In frout of the Reserves the
rebel fire increased somewhat, but they did
A heavy rain storm began on the 29th,
which continued till the night of the 30th,
rendering the roads almost impassable, and
adding greatly to the discomfort of all.
IN A TIGHT PLACE.
About 10 a. m. on the 31st the Reserves
were relieved by men of the Third Division,
and moved toward the left to rejoin the bri
gade. Before this was accomplished the flank
and rear attack began. Col. Pattee promptly
grasped the situation. He halted his com
mand and bronght it to a front, thus facing
toward the picket-pits which his men had
held the past 21 honrs. The men who had
relieved them were unable to withstand the
attack then being made by a brigade from
the rebel works. The success of this attack
would render still more desperate the position
of the two divisions now assailed on the left
flank and rear.
"Waiting a few moments, whik the bullets
pattered like hail-stones and shells from tho
rebel artillery screeched and bellowed
through the brush, Pattee ordered the men
to deploy. At the same time they advanced
and weut to work. They seized the nits
along part of the line, and from these they
easily clieckecl the advance ot the enemy,
but on their left the pits at once became use
less uui-itu&u Di niu uuvauce or me enemy on
tho flank and rear.
Soon the entire lino was turned to the left
backward as they faced the foe. They were
finally forced into the shape of an oxbow,
the enemy closing in on all sidesvexcept a
comparatively nirrow space toward the rear.
This space wasai right angles with the line
they at first held. Through this they finally
made their way, but continued the contest
with renewed determination.
They had now reached a point where the
rebels were on ground a little higher than
that which they occupied
(Continued en second iae.)
A Destructive Mre ? the Su
preme Court Apartments.
Something of the Noble Building which
is the Pride of All Americans Tha
Grandest Edifice in the "World De
tails of the Fire.
The destructive and wholly unexpected
fire which broke out in the Capitol of tha
"United States on last Sunday evening attracts
the attention of every American to that grand
edifice, around which the history of tha
United States has centered for more than a
WHAT THE BUILDINO IS.
In the opinion of many competent observers
the "United States Capitol is incomparably tha
finest building in the world. It is the only
great building erected distinctly for a Na
tional Capitol, and for more than a century
there has been lavished upon it all tha6
architectural art could suggest or money
procure to make it ideal for its purpose.
Differing from all other National Capitohj it
stands alone, on a commanding hight, sepa
rated by hundreds of feet of beantiful grounds
from any other building. The site waa
chosen by George Washington himself, and
cannot be surpassed anywhere. The western
portico- overlooks the greater part of Wash
ing, with the noble stretch of Pennsylvania
Avenue as far as the Treasury and the "White
House. In the distance, on the other side of
the Potomac, rise the beautiful Hights of
The southern portico, or House Wing, looks
over southeast "Washington, the broad estuary
of the lower Potomac, with Alexandria and
Mt. Vernon at the limits of the horizon.
The northern portico, or the Senate Wing,
gives a view of northeast Washington as far
as the eminence crowned by the white masses
of the Soldiers' Home.
The east front, and which was intended to
be the main one, and a picture of which wo
give, looks out upon the level plain on which
the eastern part of the city is built. At tho
edge of this plain is Anacostia River, and
rising above it a line of hills which meet the
sky and form the horizon.
The east front received most of the embel
lishment in the earlier construction of tha
Capitol. The central portico is intended for
the main entrance, and has 24 ponderous col
umns of sandstoue, each composed ox a single
stone, and 30 feet high. On the tympanum
of the portico 13 a design drawn by John
Quincy Adams and carved by Persico, a dis
tinguished Roman sculptor. It represents
America, witn a smeia ana spear. On tho
shield are the letters "TJ. S. A.," and rests
on a low altar, decorated with a wreath of
oak leaves, and the date, "July 4, 1776."
At the feet of America are a large eagle and
figures of Justice and Hope. Fine statues of
"War and Peace stand on either side of tha
main entrance. Over the door is a basso
relievo of Washington being crowned with a
laurel wreath by .Fame and Peace.
Broad stone steps flanked by buttresses
ascend to the portico. On one of these but
tresses is a marble group representing tho
"'Discovery of America." On the opposite
buttress is a marble group by Horatio Green
ough, representing "Civilization, or the First
Settlement of America." The main entrance
is closed by a superb bronze door 19 feefc
high and nine feet wide, designed by Ran
dolph Rogers, and covered with panels repre
senting scenes in the life of Columbus.
On this portico stand the Presidents of tha
United States when they take the oath of
The Senate and House Wings have each
fine marble porticoes, embellished with stately
columns, bronze doors, and fine groups and
reliefs, executed by eminent sculptors.
Over all rises the magnificent dome of tho
Capitol, which has no equal in the world for
classic beauty. Eight years were required to
build it, nearly 4,000 tons of iron, and ife
cost $1,250,000. So carefully and thoroughly
was the work done that it is not believed
that it will ever need repairs. The chancres
of temperatnre were carefnlly calculated and
the whole mass moves " like the folding and
unfolding of a lily." The dome is thickly
covered with white paint every year, and ifc
is believed that it will withstand the winds
and rains for 1,000 years. Above the dome
is a lantern, 50 feet high and 15 feet in
diameter. It contains a large reflecting
lamp, which is lighted whenever Congress ia
On top of the lantern stands a statue of
Freedom, designed by Thos. Crawford, 19
feet high, and weighing 14,985 pounds. Ife
rests upon a globe inscribed " Pluribus
Unum," and cost $24,000. The figure is
that of a Goddess of Liberty, and its head is
crowned with a helmet surrounded by a
circlet of stars, and topped with a bunch of
plumes. The statue was put in place Dec.
OEEENOUGn'S STATUE OF WASHINGTON.
Some distance in front of the main en
trance, and out of reach of the camera which
took our picture, stands Greenough's cele
brated statue of Washington, which Congress
ordered in 1832, intending to place it over a
tomb of Washington to be constructed in tho
rotunda. But the heirs of Washington de
clined to allow his remains to be, transferred
from Mt. Vernon, and the statue was placed
outside to help decorate the magnificent
grounds, 'lliese comprise 46 acres, and are
as fine a specimen of landscape gardening as
can be found in the world. Beyond tha
eastern edge of the Capitol grounds stands
the magnificent Congressional Library, over
which every visitor" goes into enthusiastic
STATISTICS OF THE CAPITOL.
The Capitol stands on ground rising 88
feet above the level of the Potomac. Tho
corner-stone was laid Sept. 18, 1793t by
George Washington, with Masouic cere
monies. The original H mgs for the Senate
and House were finished in 1811, and con
nected with a wooden passageway. Aug.
24, 1814, the British destroyed this and the
interior of the Wings by fire. The damage
was immediately repaired, and the buildiug
completed according to the original designs
in 1S27. The material used was sandstone
from quarries at A quia Creek, Ya.
July 4, 1S51, the extension was begun by
building marble Wings at each end for tha
accommodation of the House and Senate.
These were completed and occupied Jan. 4,
1859. The old Senate Chamber was given to
the Supreme Court, and the old Hell of tho
House of Representatives made tho present
The entire length of the building from