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CHAPTER XIX
THE EVE OF BATTLE
StrrnRdi of the- Gathering Host About
S000O Men on a Side lVby Itcj nolds
Brought On he Untile at GeUHunrg
The Town of CIcltj sTitirjf
A great battle never descended upon
a more unexpected spot than the drowsy
little farming center o Gettysburg Pa
History delights in strong contrasts but
history may be searched in vain for a
more startling one than that of the dull
sober market place of the plodding
Dutch farmers of southern PinnsI
vania transformed within a few hours
Into the maelstrom of a terrific battle
in which 150000 men and 300 cannon
seemed to open the very mouth of hell
for three long days Towns which are
Strictly agricultural centers are rartly
anything but the prosiest of piose The
even tenor of their ways is usually
broken by no more exciting episode than
the annual disposal of the cropj and
the opening of the planting s eason in
the ensuing year A protracted meet
ing or a campaign speech afford wild
excitement and the church socials
are the most exhilarating events of the
tvbole 12 months
Prosy as -these towns are inevitably
Gettysburg gave an emphasis not found
elsewhere The thrifty German Dis
senters Lutheran and Baptist who had
migrated to this country to avoid per
secution had as keen and unerring a
scent for rich land aa a hound has for
Ills quarry They found it in abumianee
around Gettysburg Next to the religion
of Luther and Alexander Mack these
people believcLmost devoutly in the
gospel of hard work and thrift They
put all their energies into making their
farms models in producing great crops
and fine stock Almost everything out
side of this they considered wanitics
as they expressed it in their dialect
People who tend so closely to their
own business cannot help being regard
ed as quite dull by outsiders and no
one could deny that Gettysburg was ex
ceedingly dull and peaceful before June
30 1863 Possibly no better illustration
of this could be fesum than in Oliver
Goldsmiths beautiful picture of a de
serted village
Sweet Auburn Lovliest village of the
plain
IVVhere health and plenty cheered the
laboring swain
JVhere smiling Spring its earliest visit
paid
jAnd parting Summers lingering blooms
delayed
Dear lovely towers of innocence and
ease
Seats of my youtfi when every spot
could please
How often have I loitered oer thy
green j
ffVhere humble happinessendeared each
scene
How often have I paused on every
charm t
The sheltered cot the cultivated farm
The never failinir brook the busv mill
The decent churcli lhat iopped the
neighboring hill
JThe hawthorn bush with seats beneath
the shade
Tor talking age and whispering lovers
made
AVlir a Strategic Point
Gettvsburir owed Its strateelc
ifon to the fact that 10 great well kept
roads radiated from it with the regular
ity of the spokes of a wagon wheel In
that rich farming country with its fine
stock the loads were kept in good
shape for the use of wheeled vehicles
and the travel was comparatively quite
extensive Gettysburg was on the ridge
-which separated the watersheds of the
Susquehanna and the Potomac and it
lay directly In the route between the
gaps crossin the various ridges lying
parallel to the great uplift of the Blue
JUdge or South Mountain As said be-
fdre the Blue Ridge uplift is like somo
4iigh wave which has parallels of small
er waves These were ridges that be
came lower and lower until near Balti
more they sank nearly to the level of
tidewater The rocks which these up
lieavals had brought to the surface arc
red shale and limestone the latter giv
ing a great richness to the solL The
town itself lay between two of these
iridges distant about 10 miles ifrom
South Mountain A half mile west of
the town Is a ridge upon which stands
one of the old time Lutheran semi
uaries and for this reason is called Sem
inary Ridge Beyond this ridge west
ward arc other parallel ridges The
ravine between two of these is drained
SMS
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
e jckn Mcelroy
over toward the little towns of Cham
bersburg and Cailisle swarming with
the enemy The next thing they saw
was Bufords magnillcent division of
cavalry men and horses gaunt and thin
from their long campaign sweep out
thru the streets to the westward in
search of the Confederates The sights
they were seeing constantly now must
have widened the horizon of the Getts
burg men and women dally became
things were happening every hour there
that were not mentioned in the Bible
outside the Apocalypse and the weaker
minded among them must have believed
that the day of wrath and the day of
burning was about to be ushered in
UiifortlM Iiiateliri
The concise soldierly report which
Gen Buford sent back to Pleasonton
are eloquent as to the rising intensity
erstown on to York pike at Oxford
detachments of cavalry Rumor says
Ewcll is coming over the mountains
from Carlisle One of his escort was
captured to day near Heldlersburg He
says Rodes commanding a division of
Ewells has already crossed the moun
tains from Carlisle When will the re
serve be relieved and where are my
wagons I have no need of them as I
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY JULY 9 1903
can find no forage I have Kept Gen
Reynolds informed of all that has trans
pired
I am very respectfully your obedM
ent servant
Jno Buford Brigadltr General Vol
unteers
Gen Pleasonton
Strength of the Hunts V
How many men there were engaged
on either side at Gettysburg will never
be known The very best information
is only a good guess with one mans
guess not much better than anothcrs
We only -know that Lees army with
which he fought Chancellorsville had
been greatly reinforced by the arrival
of LongMreet with two strong divisions
and by thetrelcntless operations of tlu
conscription act Kvery man who could
possibly be gathered in had been sent
to Lee with Richmond and the sea
coast places stripped almost to naked
ness in order to strengthen him for tip
crushing blow which It was hoped would
end the war Lcs force is commonly
stated at 63000 infantry besides his
cavalry and artillery Everything- points
to this being an understatement since
Lee would certainly not have taken the
offensive with an army manifestly in
ferior In strength to that of the enemy
Nor would the Confederate authorities
have allowed it too much was centered
upon Lees success for them to take
any chances of failure Mai E C
Dawes who devoted many years to a
Mnjy of all the available statistics ar
rived at the conclusion that the Army
of Northern Virginia by its returns of
May SI 1SG3 had present for duty of
May 31 18G3 containedan effective
force of 88754 oillcers and soldiery
present 74408 of whom were under
arms The latter consisted of
General Start and infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Total
rn i9n
10232
47G
m
And 20C pieces of artillery
During the month of Juno Its effee
tiro force was increased by the return
of a certain number of sick who thank
to the mild weather had been restored
to health and those who had been
wounded at the battle of Chancellors
ville by the arrival of recruits the re1
suit of the conscription law and by the
audition or four liwgaiies two of in
fautry under Pettigruw and Davis one
of cavalry under Jenkins and one made
up of mixed troop3 under Imboden The
llrot was nearly 4000 strong that of
Davis consisting of four regiments
which are not borne on the returns of
May 31 altho two of them had former
ly belonged to the army numbered
about 2200 men tlw other two con
tallied each about the same effective
force The increase of artillery amounti
ed to 15 batteries comprising 62 pieces
which is terribly Infested with roving of cannon and about 800 men On the
other hand this effective force Was
diminished first by the absence of
Corses Brigade of Picketts Division and
one regiment of Pettigrcws Brigade
left at Hanover Junction and three
iments at Earlys Division left at Win
chester say about 3500 men then b
the losses sustained in the battles of
Fleetwood Winchester and Aldie
amountlngL 1100 men finally by the
admission W the hospitals of men un
able In linrthi fntlmie of The loner
marches which tlfe army had to make
andby theabsenee of those who volun
tarily or otherwise remained behind
during thefae marches It Is dilficult to
reckon precisely he number of the dis
abled of stragglers and of deserters
that the army haelIost during the month
of June Prhafoi information and the
eompnrisortiTof sonic ilgure3 lead us to
believe thatrlt wan not very large and
did not exoeed five per cent of the ef
fective force ofrithe army say 3750
men In all Wejfcan therefore estimate
the- diminution of the army at about
3700 men ion the one hand and its in
crease on the other hand by the addi
tion of three brigades and some artil
lery nt 7000 We believe that the
difference of 1700 between these two
figures must be lessened at least from
1000 -to lSOO by the return of the sick
and wounded and the arrival of a num
ber of conscripts that consequently
the Army of Northern Virginia arrived
on the battlefield of Gettysburg with
dbflut fi000 combatants more than it
had on May 31 1SG3 that Is to say In
the neighborhood of 80000 men As
wo have done in regard to the Federal
army in order to find out the amount
of force reallv assembled on the battle
field we will deduct the number of
mounted men which was increased by
Jenkinss and Imbodens forces and
reduced in the same proportion mak
ing about 11000 men and wo may
conclude that during the first three
days of July 1S63 Lee brought from
GSOOO to 69000 men and 50 guns
VIEW ON THE TANEYTOWN ROAD LOOKING TOWARD GETTYSBURG-
Ul A T
of the situation His first sent imme
diately after his arrival said
Headquarters First Cavalry Division
Gettysburg Juno 30 1863
I entered this place to day at 11 a
m Found everybody in a terrible state
oTcxcitrment on account of the ene
mys advance upon this place He had
approached to within half a mile of
the town when thc hcad of my column
entered His force was terribly exag
gerated by reasonable and truthful but
rincxpiTicnced men On pushing him
back on Cashtown I learned from re
liable men that R H Andersons Di
vision was marching from Chambers
burg by Mummasburg Hunterstown
Abbottstown on toward York I have
sent parlies to tho two first named
places toward Cashtown and a strong
force toward Littlestown Col Gamble
has just sert me word that Lee signed
apassfor a citizen this morning at
Cnanibefsburg I cant do much just
now My men and horses are fagged
out I have not been able to get any
grain yet It is all In the country and
the people talk Instead of working Fa
cilities for shoeing are nothing Earlys
people seized everyi shoe and nail they
could find
Taffi very respectfully your obedi
ent servant
Jno Buford Brigadier General of
Volunteers
His econd scntrJater in the evening
said
30 1S63
1030 p m
Brigade under Gen
JIcrrjttJ3 at Mcchanicstown with my
trains Gen Pleasonton wrote mo he
Wittild inform me when he relieved it
To day I received instructions saying
it would picket toward HagerMown and
south I am satisfied that A P Hills
Corps is massed just back of Cashtown
about nine miles from this place Pend
ers Division of this Hills corps came
up to day of which I advised you say
ing Tho enemy In my front Is In
creased The enemys pickets Infan
try and artillery are within four miles
of this place on the Caahtown road
My parties have returned that went
north hoi tliwest and northeast after
crossing the road from Cashtown to
Oxford in several places They heard
nothing of any force having passed over
It lately The road however is terribly
InfesUd with prowling cavalry parties
Near Heldlersburg to day one of my
parties captured a courier of Lees
all arms 7 1478 men witli 247 pieces of
artillery After this time and before
starting on the march northward We
know that It was reinforced by YITlaTgc
brigade under Gen J J Pettlgrovfrom
the defenses of Richmond and another
brigade from the Department of North
Carolina There were other reinforce
ments of cavalry infantry and artillery
until when the army reached Pennsyl
vania It must have numlicrceLJnjrnen
present for duty equipped according
to Maj Dawes infantry C4O0OT -cavalry
14500 artillery 5900 total 84
400 of which 5000 did not fpnclfflie
Held in time to take part in the battle
Probably this is an overstatement and
certainly it is as to the strength of
Stuarts Cavalry which coil Id not Jiayc
been much over 10000 We must keep
In mind all the time that both Lees and
Meades armies had been on a desperate
rush under a broiling hot hun for over
n -
r kalis
S200rt or
i
against the 84000 Unionists
wfthnS 0 jguifticoHected on this battle
field Medoehail therefore from IS
00 to 19oo5meu more than his adver
sary a superiority of nearly one-
fourth which unfortunately for him
he was unable to turn to advantage
Gcdjiliurg n n Ilnttlcflelcl
Much has been said especially by
Southern historians as to the great
strength of the Union position at Gettys
burg TlPfy hfive donethIs in order to
maffnifyic tniforAofitthc Southern
troops- and- the diilicultles which they
hrul to erftbunteV There is no special
reason wHy we Should not allow them
to do thlsHo thr full but all the same
IhpTo wajjnpthmg about the battlefield
af f5ettys8firgfl make it of unusual
strength Thb aceldents of ground there
which have wen described at such
length jird comTnon to all battlefields
100 miles and bolii must have suffered rThgrt W Battlefield yet that
much from straggling brenkdownsjand
prostrations But one af the Confeder
ate commanders gives an ofilcial state
ment of his strength on the eve of bat
tle This is Rodes who said that in his
five brigades he had 8042 effectives If
this Is acctirate he had lost about 400
men since c had started from Freder
icksburg while most of the other divi 1
sion commanders report their strength
as Increased Johnson says that Ills
division was the smallest in the WWII
having only about 6200 men ojyiom
nnnlhlril ivjri lmrnffinln Tf wi lnll
Rbdess Division the htrongetr UilUSMVu
Johnson s the weakest and strike an
shall get 63000 infantry strength wlileh
is probably somewhat under the truth
With the cavalry and artillery IKIs
would make Lees army about 8LO00
strong The editors of the Century Bat
tles and Leaders after discussing the
available reports arrive at the conclu
sion that Lee had a maximum of 77518
and go on to say that
After making a liberal allowance for
i sickness straggling guards to prison
ers and casualties in the various en
counters between June 1 and June 30
inclusive it seems reasonable to con
clude that Gen Lee had at his com
mand on the field of battle from- first
to last an arifly numbering at least
70000 of all arms
The Count of Iirtnn KfitlmnteM
The Comto do Paris says
The Army of Northern Virginia oh
s25ifiTrn5irfiSG
w jv t si t v- r riTrn i iri ir n t ia - - - t - t jr
sK 1ii Hf222i
3iLsL
by Willqughby Run about which wc
hhall hear more later A mile east of
the town there is a still higher ridge
-which has been named Cemetery iRIdge
from the fact that the Evergreen
tery the towns burying ground was lo-
catcd upon it At the time of the battle
the town had about 3000 people mer
chants professional men keepers 6f
small shops and others dependent for
their livelihood upon the surrounding
country The substantial character of
the modest residences and buildings
showed habits of thought brought across
the ocean from Germany They were
constructed mostly of brick or lime
stone with brick pavements and every-
thing about them plain but vry solid
and enduring The wheat had Just
been harvested and the rolling well
tilled fields showed by the thick-standing
shocks ot yellow sheaves h6w Joy
fully the earth had laughed with a
bountiful harvest
The June sun shone our upon the bil
lowy acres with the plodding farmeis
driving their teams afield little know
ing or recking of battle storms in far
off Virginia Little had they felt of the
spasms of agony which were cramping
the peoples hearts altho Gettysburg
had sent her quota of stalwart youths
into the union army it was all as rur
removed from them as If they had been
across tho ocean until a few days be
fore when Earlys ragged dust grimed
veterans threw them Into wild excite
ment as they tramped thru the streets
of their town to York Then wars and
rumors of wars seemed to come from
every direction with tho whole country
VIEW OF GETTYSBURG
From Wartime Photo
Nothing was found on him He says
Ewells Corps is crossing the mountains
from Carlisle Rodess Division being
at Petersburg In advance Longstreet
from all I can learn is still behind Hill
I hear many rumors and reports of the
enemy advancing upon mo from toward
York I have to pay attention to somo
of them which causes me to overwork
my horses and men I can get no forage
nor ration am out of both The peo
ple give and sell thp men something to
eat but I cant stand that way of sub
sisting it causes dreadful straggling
Should I have to fall back advise me
by what route
Respectfully
Jno Burord
Maj Gcn Reynolds
Ten mlnutcs later Buford sent anoth
er dispatch reading
Gettysburg June 30 1040 p m
I have the honor to state the follow
ing facts A P Hills Corps composed
of Anderson Heth and Pender is mask
ed back of Cashtown nine miles from
this place His pickets composed of in
fantry and artillery are In sight of
mine There is a road from Cashtown
running thru Mummasburg and Hunt
CM iinv
did not have some of theso accidents
which Play quite an Important part in
the battle Sometimes it may be a
svamp another time a cluster of build
ings as at Waterloo a third time a
deep ravine or sunken road and so on
It is hard If not Impossible to find In
the long history of war an encounter
upona baltclfcltl which seemed espe
cially prepared Jdr tho purpose and
whfcji gave exactly equal chances to
botbfddes v
As a matter oftcold mathematical
racfGctlysburg presented little of the
ivhlch troops had
been 1
-d to Vncotjptcr pn almost any
average for the whole nine divrsrensV1je South The Confederates
mti Jiappaiiuuiiuuiv 10
cross nor did they assall at any time
such 2tcohipIetcrinaturnl fortress as
Marycs llights -There was no tangled
Wilderness ritGrtfysburg penetrated by
winding palhsthru which but a few
men could mareh toiave the heads of
thcT columns krfocUed off as they
emerged from thcTmaze There was no
Missionary Ridge there Culps Hill and
Round Top are quite ordinary eleva
tions such as appear In any rolling
country Cemetery- Ridge at which
Pickett made Ills celebrated charge
sinks down almost to a level at the
point of attack and the field in front of
It is so gently sloping that the rise has
to have the attention called to It In
order to recognize that it is a slope If
the Confederate troops were to ever
enlarge directly in the faces of the Union
army no more favorable place for such
a blow could have been found than the
wide level meadows and wheat fields
Intervening between CemetJry Ridge
and Seminary Ridge f The worst feature
about It was the distance that the
charging column had to traverse from
the time it broke cover on Seminary
Ridge until it reached the Union line
This was thrce fourtlis of a mile and
during Its passasc our artillery got in
some very cffeciivn shelling but no
more so than our army was subjected to
In the fight around Fredericksburg
The military value of the position at
Gettysburg consisted In the 10 great
broad highways which radiated regu
larly from it and which afforded fine
facilities for the Union army to concen
trate but it must be said they afforded
equally good opportunities for the Con
federates who took advantage of them
more promptly than did their oppo
nents
t
Why Gen Jleynnlil Fought There
There asJenrtmuchcomment upon
Gen Reynolds for having brought on
the battbaf Gettysburg in place ot al
lowing it itoudrlft back to the strong
position at Pipe Creek which Meade
had seleetQdr The usual explanation of
tliis is tildt G6n Reynolds who was a
Pennsylvania- and made a great deal
of Suite dprjde was inflamed by tho
ravages j high Joe was committing In
his State drier eager to strike a hard
blow tor6p flftm Gen Abfier Double
day saysil i ii j
Reynolds had the true spirit of a
soldier He was a Pennsylvania and
inflamed at seeing the devastation of
his natlwi Stale tns most desirous of
getting at the cneniy as sqon as possi
ble I speak from my own knowledge
for I was lisJsccond In command and
he tolel mo at Poolesville soon after
crossing the river that it was necessary
lo attack the enemy nt qncVto prevent
his plundering the whole State A3 he
had grentcontuiflneeln hw men it was
not difficult to divine what his dcclslfih
would be He determined to advance
and hold Gettysburg lie directed the
EleVHnthCprps to come- up as a sup
port totfp First anil he recommended
hut did not order the Third Corps to do
the same
This view has been concurred in by
other writers but it would seem that
a better explanation Is that Reynolds
had a full share of the higher Intelli
gence of generalship was correctly In
formed as to the positions of Lees
Corps and by interposing tho heads of
his own columns at Gettysburg expect
ed to prevent the concentration of Lee s
sJ
army and be able to whip hjm In de
tail Had Reynolds lived longer we
might have expected him to do this
since he was In command of the right
wing of the army and had his corps
well In hand so that he could have got
ten as many If not more men on the
point of attack as Lee could concen
trate While It is true that the corps
of the Army of the Potomac did rot
average over 10000 men and were
about the size of the divisions of Lees
army yet in a few hours Reynolds
could have had on the ground not only
the First and Eleventh Corps with Bu
fords Cavalry but also the Third and
Twelfth Corn wlth possibly the Second
Unfortunately for the Union Reynolds
was killed before theibattle was rainy
under way and before he began to have
time to perfect his arrangements Gen
Howard afterward received the thanks
of Congress for selecting the battlefield
of Gettysburg
Iee Tnken Unn rnres
As before stated Lee had no expecta
tion of a battle at that point or any for
several days He remained at his head
quarters at Chambersburg and sup
posed that his orders for concentration
were being executed regularly without
any strains and without encountering
any obstacles He had no idea that the
Army of the Potomac was so near him
Gen Long says that while Gen Lee had
a much higher opinion of Gen Meade
than he had of Gen Hooker and feared
more from him he was not prepared
for the activity and aggressiveness with
which Meade threw his forces forward
On the night of June 30 the Union
corps wero from six to 11 miles from
the heads of Lees columns without the
Confederates having any suspicion of
the oloo proximity of the heavy masses
of troops Pleasontons cavalry nau
very thoroly screened the movements of
the Infantry
A collision came about and the bat
tle ensued upon a matter of shoes un
the night of June 30 A P Hills Corps
was nt Cnshtown six miles west of Get
tysburg and it was known that a large
quantity of shoes had been sent to Get-
tvaburg for the use of the Pennsylvania
troops As Gen Harry Heths Division
i was In a very bail way from the destruc
J tion of their footgear by the long
marches- Hcth asked for and received
permission from Gen Hill to advance
his division into Gettysburg the next
day and get the shoe3 It was known
that our cavalry was there but it was
expected that the heavy infantry divi
sion of the Confederates would easily
brush away the horsemen Lieut Col
of fien Waelsworths staff First
Division First Corps went into Gettys
burg to see about securing the shoes for
his division and lie was talking about
this to Gen Buford when the first can
non of the great battle was fired
To be continued
The 12th X T
Editor National Tribune Will you
please give a short history of the 12th
N Y S M Solon Brower Grand
Central Station Room 1107 New York
City
The 12th N Y was organized at El
mlra May 13 1861 for two years At
the em of its term of service the orig
inal members were mustered out and
the recruits formed into a battalion and
consolidated with the 5th N Y June 2
1S04 It was commanded by Col Ezra
L Walrath who resigned Sept 26 1861
succeeded by Col Henry A Weeks who
remained In command until the expira
tion of his term or service May 17 1S63
At the7 time of consolidation the regi
ment was under the command of Maj
Henry W Rider who was transferred
to the 5th N Y with the force It be
longed to Grltlins Division Fifth Corps
and lost 64 killed and 60 from disease
etc Editor National Tribune
The 101st N V
Editor National Tribune Kindly pub
lish a short history of the 161st N Y
Jas Clark Wilmington Del
The 161st N Y was organized at El
mira from August to October 1S62 for
three years It was commanded by Col
fjabrlel T narrower who resigned Nov
25 1863 followed by Lieut Col Wil
liam B Kinsey It belonged to Augurs
Division Nineteenth Corps and lost 56
killed and 250 from disease etc Ed
itor National Tribune
The 54h III
Editor National Tribune I have
asked you several times to gve a sketch
of my regiment the 54th III but have
never seen a word Robert M Miller
Logansport Ind
The 54th 111 was organized at Jonesr
boro Feb 16 1862 and finally mustered
out Oct 15 1863 It was first com
manded by Col Thomas W Harris who
was succeeded by Col Greenville M
Mitchell Sixteenth Corps nnd lost 12
killed and 173 from disease etc Edi
tor National Tribune
The 53d Ky
Editor National Tribune I ask the
favor of a sketch of the 53d Ky
Mary A Walcer 800 Russell Ave St
Louis Mo
Tiie 53d Ky was organized at Cov
ington from September 1864 to April
1805 and was mustered out Sept 17
1865 It vi3 commanded all thru its
service by Col Clinton J True and lost
nine killed and 40 wounded Editor
National Tribune
The 113h 111
Editor National Tribune Please give
a short history of the 113th III Perry
C Hough 3914 18th street Omaha
Neb
The 113th III was organized at Chi
cago Oct 1 1S62 and mustered out
June 20 1865 It was commanded all
thru Its service by Col George B Hoge
Brevet Brigadier General March 13
1S63 belonged to Blairs Division Fif
teenth Corps and lost 26 killed and 277
from diseases etc Editor National
Tribune
The 23il Ky
Editor National Tribune Please give
a short sketch of the 23d Ky M A
Walcer 800Russell Ave St Louis Mo
Tho 23d Ky was organized at Camp
King from December 1861 to January
1862 and finally mustered out Dec 7
1865 It was first commanded by Col
Marrellus Mundy who resigned Decem
ber 31 1863 succeeded by LieutrCpI
James C Foy who died of wounds re
ceived near Vlnings Station Ga July
24 1S64 nnd who was In turn succeeel
ed by Lieut Col George W Northup
In command at the time of final muster
out It belonged to T J Woods Di
vision Fourth Corps and lost 89 killed
and 102 from disease etc Editor
National Tribune
lnt Colo Cav
Editor National Tribune Have you
anV record of the 1st Colo Inf or Cav
Wm W Davis Delta N Y Box 73
Ten companies of this regiment were
organlzeel at Denver City and Camp
Weld from August to December isfil
as tho 1st Colo its designation being
changed to 1st Colo Cav Nov 1 1862
Cos C and p 2d Colo were add
eTT to the regiment as Cos L and
M in December 1862 and April 1863
The organization finally composed of
veterans and recruits was consolidated
Into a battalion of seven companies anel
mustereil out at different elates from
Oct 26 to Nov IS 1865 It was first
commanded by Col John P Slough
who resigned April 9 1862 succeeded
by Col John M ChKington mustered
out upon expiration of term of service
Sipt 23 1864 At the time of final
muster out the regiment was eommanel
eel by Lieut Col Huniuel F Tappan
Urevet Colonel March 13 163 The
1st Colo suffered severely in action
losing 32 killed and 76 wounded af
Apache Canyon
The Oth Ky ot Chlcknmangn
Editor National Tribune I thank
you for past favors and respectfully ask
you to say something thru The National
Tribune about the 6th Ky at Chicka
mauga and about Co A in particular
as my brother was Captain of Co
A and was killed at that battle Capt
John McGrau was the way ho wrote
his name Thomas J McGrath Wil
klnsburg Pa
The 6th Ky belonged to Hazens Bri
gade of Palmers Divsion of the Twenty
first Corps On Friday Sept 18 1863
the 6th Ky was In bivouac in a dense
thicket about one mile from Lee
Gordon Mills At 8 a m It was em
ployed In lino of battle with Capt John
McGraw having his company A
thrown out as flankers It moved for
ward on the double quick about a half
mile and became sharply engaged dur
ing which Col George T Shackeirord
was severely wounded In the right
shoulder and CaptC McGraw was mor
tally wounded The regiment was re
lieved by the 11th Ohio and retired o
the crest of a hill where it supported a
battery During this time Lleu CoI
Richard Rockingham was woumbiJ by
a bullet In the left leg and Mai I J
Whtaker took command and hel I it
thru the battle -On Sunday mornirg
Sent 20 it threw up temporary breast
works which it helped to hold against
several desperate charges of H12 orc jiny
It mover from the eat to support cl
Harners Brigade of Woods Divbeloii
and held that position during the rest
of the battle The regiment lost mir
ing the fight one Colonel one Captain
three Lieutenants nnd SS enlisted iiijn
wounded one Lieutenant Colonel U- o
Captains two Lieutenants anil nine en
listed men killed and one Captain and
10 enlisted men missing making a total
of 118 a heavy loss for so smail t regi
ment Editor National Tribune
The 5th Ohio
Editor National Tribune Kindly
give a short history of the 5th Ohio
W B Swain Portland Ind
The 5th Ohio one of Fots Fighting
Regiments was organized at Camp
Dennlson Juno 21 1SC1 and finally
mustered out July 26 1863 It was
commanded by Col Samuel H Dunning
who resigned Aug 2 1862 succeeded
by Col John II Patrick killed in ac
tion at New Hope Church May 23 1S64
At the time of final muster out the regi
ment was commanded by Col Robert
Klrkup The- 5th served in West Vir
ginia until March 1862 when it moved
with Shieldss Division up the Shenan
doah Valley taking part in the battles
of Kernstown and Port Republic At
Cedar Mountain it fought In Gearys
Brigade Augurs Division and lost 11
killed 104 wounded and four missing
out of 275 engaged In September the
regiment went with the Twelfth Corps
to Tennessee where It reinforced the
army at Chattanooga and fought at
Lookout Mountain After the combina
tion of the Twelfth Corps with a part
of the Eleventh creating the Twentieth
Corps the regiment still remained in
Gearys Division and continued to wear
tho white stars on their caps It be
longed to Gearys Division Twelfth
Corps and out of a total enrollment of
1753 last 146 killed arid 57 from dis
ease etc Editor National Tribune
The D7tli ra
Editor National Tribune Please
print a short historyiofthe 07th Pa
W Hawkins Wilmington Del
Thi 97th Pa one of Foxs Fighting
Regiments- was organized at West
Chester from August to uctoper jsoj
and finally mustered out Aug 28 1863
It was first-commanded-by Henry
R Guss who resigned June 22 1861
succeeded by Col GalusHa Penny
packer promoted May 8 1865 to Brigadier-General
Col John Wainwright
then took command retaining the same
till final muster out of the regiment
Aug 28 1865 The 97tfi took part in
the operations about Charleston harbor
and In the grand assault on Fort Wag
ner in Stevensons Brigade of Reserves
In April 1S63 it joined the Army otthe
James and in the fighting at Green
Palns lost 29- killed 1S6 wounded and
22 captured or missing Seven color
bearers were shot and Col Ponnypacker
wounded three times In the trenches
before Petersburg the 97th was much
exposed and lost men daily In the as
sault at Fort Fisher Col Pennypacker
led the brigade and received a serious
wound while planting the colors of the
regiment on the enemys inner line of
works It belonged to the Tenth Corps
Amess Division altho the last part of
its service was in the Secopd Division
Out of a total enrollment of 2004 it lost
136 killed arid 18C fr8m disease etc
Twenty died in Conedcratp prisons
Editor National Tribune
The 20CIU Pa
Editor National Tribune Would you
please give a short account of the 206th
Pa A H Kuffner Purchase Line
Pa
The 206th Pa was organized at Pitts
burg in September 1864 and mustered
Tin 9fi isfiK it was eommandeel
all thru its service by Col Hugh J
Brady belonged to Terrys Division
Tenth Corps and lost one killed and
29 by disease etc Editor National
Tribune
The 95th III
Editor National Tribune Please give
a history of the 95th 111 H Hubert
IMarshalltown Iowa
The 95th 111 was organized at hock
ford Sept 4 1862 the original mem
bers mustered out Aug 17 1865 and
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the remainder transfer ed to the 47th
ill It was commanded fcy Col Law
rence S Church who reslneet Jan ii
1863 succeeded by Cel Thomas W
Humphrey killed in action at Guntown
Miss Juno 10 1864 At the time of
transfer Col Leander Blanden was in
commanel It belonged -to MacArthurs
Division Seventeenth Corps and lost
84 killed and 203 from disoase etc
EdKor National Tribune
Uhler Omitted 1Kb Wis
Editor National Tribune In your Is
sue of June 4 Comrade James E Ehler
5 2d Ind West Brldgcwater Pa states
that the Third Brigade Second Di
vision Sixteenth Corps was composed
of the 52d Ind 178th N Y 34th N J
and 6th HI Battery and was not com
manded by Col Charles D Harris etc
etc For fear his letter might get into
a future history of the civil war unre
futcd I wish to make a few slight cor
rections I have this day referred to
some of my war papers and find that I
was detailed on March C 1S65 to report
at brigade headquarters as clerk and
on Aug 14 1863 wa3 relieved from the
same by order of Col Charles L Harris
commanding brigade not Charles D
Harris signed R E Jackson Captain
and A A A General which brigade
consisted of the 11th Wis V V Inf
17Sth NY- 34th N J 52d Ind and 6th
HI Battery exactly as he states except
that he omitted the 11th Wis Comrade
John DeverChehalis Wash says inthe
same issuo that the flag of the 11th
Wis was first upon the worksBt Blake i
Iy on the evening of April 9 1865 about
6 oclock which is absolutely correct
and should settle the matter without a
question or doubt as to the date of that
charge I wish also to state that thLs
portion of the Sixteenth Corps captured
Blakely with its prisoners and Steels
Division of colored troops didnot enter
the fort until after it wasIh possession
of the above brigade What I have here
stated can be affirmed by quite a num
ber of living witnesses Gen Harris is
now living in Omaha Capt Jackson a
Los Angeles Cal the old color bearer
of the 11th at Wilsonville Neb T G
Pierce Co T 11th Wis V V X Orleans
Neb
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men who served for ninety days or more in the Army or Navy of the United States
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June 27 1890 and S200 for each child under sixteen
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CONTEXTS
STONEMANS RAID INTO SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA T L Hughes 12th Ohio
Cav
REMINISCENCE OP PRISON LIFE AT ELMIRA N Y R B Ewan lOtlx
Va C S A
THE INDIAN CAMPAIGN OP 1SG2 S S Glldelen 6th Minn - v
WHAT BECAME OF JOHNNY Harmon Cook 46th Iowa X
lUtOWNS EEnnV II 1I Gushec -
FELL AT HIGH WATER MARK Wm McElroy 70th Ind
CAPTURE OF COLUMBIA J M Van Norelstrand 30th Iowa
FROZEN TRUTH Norm G Cooper i4
SAW THE MAJOR RUN Wm S Pierce 20th Wis
THE 4TH ILL CAV AT SH1LOH Cyrus Smith 4th III Cav v
THE ELEVENTH CORPS AT CHANCELLORSVILLE J H Bradford 30tl
111 Henry A- Buttner Sth D C -- - -
THE REAR GUARD AT FRANKLIN Wm B Unruh 128th Ind
AT PULASKI TENN II J Braelemycr 10th Ind Cav
ENTERING RICHMOND Geo M Booth 20th N Y Cav -
TAKING FORT BLAKELY II It Lcarnartl 11th Wis
LONGSIItEKT AT GETTYSBURG H W Harmon
BUTLER XT NEW ORLEANS Capt John T Campbell
MY FIRST BATTLE James Reagtn
ALLATOONA W L Ambrose i
THE 2D N Y John J Williamson
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