Newspaper Page Text
V V Jt
THE ARIZONA MINER,
phb Moiiavb flout!:. Wo havo some interesting
ictalltf of this route to California.'vhich fro hope to
irinC in our next.
Tm: next number of the Mi nbk will bo issued on
Vdnesday, March 33u W6 htfpa aotm to moke it u
rtf li'y puht icatieu.
r. uiM . irryf.au fmm TifrnTi. arrived hero OH
mim 3d inat. The latest dates from ,the Slatefi arc hy
lway.of Ucnyci-rFob. &d." No important news. '
dilate of "86 Kami was Atdai this posMfrom
fcnvl's, our only. orduanceJ .on. the 22nd of February,
fen honor of him who wafflrA fti war, drat in peace,
fand lirat ia'.the heart of his countrym ea. ,
Wms-sksse.-The story started ia $omc quarters
that Goveruur Goodwin dame.w"tll& pm't oftlie Tern
ary "Hpccially to gratify Gen. Carlutou, and that the
;one-al has a larjre ,pocuniay intent jie re. Wo have
Lood reaaou to know both assertions I to be without
iay .uudation ia truth.
li ss Drowmb, the California traveller and author
in the Territory, for the pnrpose (as .we beUove) of
Tub Califounu Voi.uxtkkus. Xo troops raised
during the present war have received less credit for
tli'eir services thrin the. California Volunteers, while
few have xerved the country at a greater sacrifice.
Abandoning lucrative pursuits and comfortuble homes.'
tliey have ahown a height ana purity of patriotism
never surpassed. Yet, in the Jiistern States, little if
anything is known of these excellent soldiers. As an
act of simple justice to them, and particularly to those
who, since the entry of the Culiforuiu column, in the
Spring of 1S02. have been stationed in this Department
itwr.tinff for Harftef'i Mafeafclne", df ltd intnerat resource s-nre propose in our next to begin a series of articles to
t We h' he will not be content with a F.uperflcl&t look, be entitled. " The California Vol
behind him, with the mottp "DitatDous," (God enrich
es,) forms an appropriate and striking combination. Ob
jection lias been made to the wheel-barrow and short
handled shovel, but both are used in our mines, and
arc thus properly introduced.
The Bcal was designed by Secretary McCormick.
. Pkkso.naj,. Chief Justice Turner. Surveyor Conornl
Jiashford, District Attorney Gage, and Surgeon Sceloy,
(who accompanied the Governor's escort from the
States.) have returned to this post, from a visit 10
Granite and Hesiampa Creek3.
W. G. Thompson, of Kansas, is at Goodwin. John
ttiehmond, of Michigan, has gone to Tucson. L. g.
Jcnlrm of Colorado, is with Captain Butcher and his
men, alter Indians. Deputy Marshal Phillips' has gone
to La raz, to take the ceiwu, -
at . lit thoroughly investigate th placat and lodes.
W h ive no fear of Uie result.
Tin. next military express wlM. !aaVe'1jare on tho
"... . m
Iit'i iu-t. Itr it we shall emi a numoer oi copies oi
t.. Mm: it to persoks both on the, Atlantic aud Pacific
oiiit, wluo name? we shall be glad to add to our
mWriptioti YmL Those interac-ted m imona cannot
untecrs ; where tliey
have beeii, and what they have done." We shall bo
able, we think, to prove to tho country that while thoy
have not been permitted to perforin upon a. conspicu
ous field, they have ruudered moat important service
in a highly creditable and satisfactory manner.
afford to be without a journal so entirely devote! kl When Surveyor General Clark, and Captain
5T. ,Y. Pfehon, returned to Santa Fe, o.ftor thuir
visit to tho new gold Heidi last summer, General
Carlton was to mack impressed with tho impor
tance of the region, and the necessity of afford
ing the miners proper protection in its develop
ment, that he lost no time in directing the
establishment of this poet.
General Orders Xq. 27, dated at Santa Fa.
Qctobtp 23,1863 announce:
T. AU pf the Territory of Arizona lying north of the
Gila river and east of the Colorado, except that pur
Uon occupied by Port Mohave, which post at present
i garrisoned and supplied from the Department of
the Paeittc is hereby created into a new M Hilary Dis
trict, to bo known as the ' District of Northern Ari-
Secretary MeConnick, who was formerly
V. f Clerk, of the Dcpartwent of .A riculUir at Waah
, -rt 'in. brought with him an aasortment of needs,
s i.i'ii tie lias ireeiy nistnoneo, u rw ninvn ww
Jiope to have rejwrte. We learn noi-to-M ex
El it. air a Urge sdditional supply, and that he will
itt r liwm a widely as posaibie.
:' .iiuMM PjiiiiKas. We ar unable to prim
v utor our paper in Spanish, owing to our loebil
t:" t procure the ttce'try aeeettta. It was miy by
n c iai mvir mat wawerospsiBQ uiatcruu trnmgu
newspaper offices at Sauta Fe and Albwquerqec to
wr Kish edition. We hope to procure a bci-
i ittti at of type from California, at an fcoriv day.
t .TtK-WebiY Heard it asserted lhatt the
r:i.r was instnieted by the authorities at WmIi
t.i uricH Territorial Uorexttwent at Tueoa.
.miiMiUlK. Neither by the Act nor by tho
Vut. wa lie so direct!. The matter waa kft
. 1 tu iiw good Jndgtoent, atd thai he will more
v t'.i pVnderee and IntcUige&t eotuldeiaiion, there
t j Ludow ef doubt.
the imnus, i)hvo bonn cut with nit suw3. Tho
timbor closely roaoroblos that nbuttt the Sun
Tho pst is distant about 70-mifes, a littio weat
ol floitth, from the rian Prdnclsco inountuuK
From th Wnikor mining district it ia somo 30
milt's ; from tho upper Ilusiuinpu 10 miles ; from
tiie lower iJeaiumpa f)() mile9 j'from tint Weaver
mince GO milefl; Irom tho 1'inio Vdlugoa 100
miles ; from Tucson 240 miles ; from Lu JL'az (vin
Weaver) 1C0 miles ; from Fort Moliave 150 miles:
from Aibufucr(iie450 milc3 ; from Santa Fe 510
miles. 'I'lio oflicers liure are tho same" as at the
estttblishmunb of tho riost, saving that Captain
Benson has gone to California, leaving his com
pany in command of Lieut. Taylor. Liout. Vm.
KaUon of (.'o. F, is quartermaster at-tho post,
and Lieut. Edgar Pomerqy of Co. C, adjutant.
Tim troops occupy tnts and huts, aud no
permanent buildings will bo erected; until Major
vv liiia, and tho other onicers named by the Gen
eral commanding; " to fix tho exacfc fiito qf the
post," liuvo thoroughly qjjomined tho country
with a view to securing tha beat possible location.
On Urn f)th of February, a flop- staff over an
hundred feet nigh, and gracpfulfy proportioned,
under the immediate direction of Major Wiiiip,
urns raised, and tho National emble.ii: unfurled
with u saluto and other appropriate honors
Brief addresses w'rra made by Secretary McCor
mick and Judge Allyn. Tho staff i3 probably the
finest in the Territory, and tho dag-, now hoifitdd
daily, may lo eeeu for many miles around.
The wagou roud to Tucson, via, Weaver and
the .Pimo Villages, scams to bo staesiirely prac
ticable one. The military. express goes over it in
seven days, and trains mako the imtire distance.
(240 miles) in from twelvo to fifteen. Xo sri
ous delay or difficulty has occurred ia crossing
T303 VEKIE ASD SALiHBfA -On
tlio 18th ult., Governor Goodwin ntitJ
Judge Allyu, having nueu lituineil n week after
all preparations hud been made, by the severe
snow and rain storm, started to explore liw
vullies of the Verdu (or San Frnncieco.) and tin?
Salinas. 'J'hey were escorted by a detachment
of Co. JT, 11th Missouri Volunteers, end roup
of tho California troops from this post. Col.
Chavez commanded the expedition. Major
Willis, Lieut. Pomeroy and Lieut. Jiobinson ac
companied it, and at Woolsey's Kunch, CapU
Walker, King Woolaoy and other citizens joined
the party, ('apt. Weaver, Judge Howard, and
Mr. George Blake, of Colorado, were also in tin
company. Hie liovernor expected to be absent
about thirty days. and to thoroughly examin.e th
country on and about both tlio Verd aad Salinas,
for many miles.
A not Ironi him to tm Secretary, sent , by
Kiiif Wooliey, Esq., and dated dii the Yerde,
Feb. 28. wys. 1 '
We are pretty well up onf ilfht'rivw. Wn at
tempted to pass the dii'ide between the Aua
I naaud Verde, at a point considerered by the
old mountain men to b ea?y and and accessible,
but which no white man had ever attempted.
Wo found it, to be very steep and precipituua,and
almost impaianble il led into r. canon from
which wte were two days in reaching tbs rivr.
Yesterday wo had a fight with the Indians, on
the river bank, surprising a runckeri of about
fifteen of them. We killed iivo and woueded
onoortwo more. in arrow wo shot through
the ear of the .Vnjor'a horse, and privato Fisber
of l?jipt. Pishoo's eompfirty. was wouuoVd ia ! be
side. W stop hero to day o itis accotsnt, ffbtl t&
rest the animals, and to morrow go ftro8s the
country in the direction of the Saline'
The Governor also wrote, uoder dato at tiitt
iirn rnstant. from tno east bank of the S:m
either the Salinas or Gila. Vr . "a"k
It i.,..lM lUMbn ar.Inf To, P. lwM li. "C1SC0, OT BSflY WJJO l"U ItJrned WVU Mil
1 ... u'nnniluil en ilini- in Wnnlsnv I?.,. L
regret to say, the unfortunate man died, it beiiut
impossible to remove the orrow fa(?d from hie
side, without surgical aid, which was not at band
Quartermaster Kelson, who had gone to Wool
soy's, brought tho bddy to the post on Saitu
day. and on Sunday it was buried with mili
tary honors. At 2 o'clock r. m. tho Jiev. II.
t i 1 I IA ,
tu.. .ia preariea 10 iua garrison s sermoii
anxious for a good road to the now mines. Iho
route to Weaver, first followed in December last,
by Herman Khrcnberg, Bsq., the eminent civil
and mining Engineer, who now lives at Ia Paz,
and has iong been active? in developing tho Ter
ritory, promises to bo a feasible one. Hergeant
Uusfell, who accompanied Captain Benson front
this po?t to Ixl Paz, describes it Hn-nnninc
turotiirn a coiaoarativeiv level country-, wun an
,'i.st QmcKa. W uodetatand that Rev. II. W.
il i l INMUnaeter for Tnoeou. hz rcoairad prden from
i n Oflice Uepartanent, authorizing him to Rttab-
an olfice &l Ike capital wheraret it irtay lie. This
wiii ii t. we trust, deprive the people of Tucson of an
WT'-i mdecd, 3fr. Ked aiay prefer U) adherot to his
ar Tinal aiipelutmest. We should forthwith have
ofTl -feM tit 11 leading points in the 'Perrtfory.
JKiMt's.v. We cannot oxpect our new and aurlfer
0'tsj Territory to escape the detractions of jealousy.
5' lie Kocky STountam News, Denver, auxious for sub-
r acrihers here, aud gunerally deserving, of them, should
aot, IfiwcTer, copy with apparent approval, such a
bid.' U ' i d miarepreaeiitation of facts, as that found in
il hsm of January tth, from a San I'Viucisco paper.
There ia gold enough both in California and Colorado,
tpinuki: the discoTuries here no cause of envy.
v Tax Governor Inu coiniulssionsd th following
. gtifiinteu to lie CornmiMiounra ef Deeds for Arhsona.
a an 1 for the States where they severally reside
John W. Wlldcy, Jfew York.N. Y.; Thonjas L, Thor
II. The reerut diwrovery of gold near the San Frarj
ctaro Mountains, witliin the Disinrt of Northern Ari.
ujiAtt'iniil lljk ftArvlril.. titi,4rf nf fiiWutt ft... I
United State, both from the A Untitle and Pacific
slopes of the OMUiry, and the coming hi to that point
! of mativ nf the oeopie from tin Uepabiio of Mexico,
rei:ierf u necpswary uiai a aroau rausury iorce siiouiu
bput Ut thtw new Gold Fields t protect the miners
Lfrom the Imiiiuw. and likewipe U) prrsenv order and
(give security to life anil property iu tiat region, until
toe civil olncers of Arizona, now en route Irom tie
Kast,-shali arrive within that Territory and shall es
taMiiili anil zmt in motion th nuuhiucrv of a. civil trnv.
eratetant and orgaate coarts for the a'dmlnistraUon of
'ill Fort is named in honor of Goneral Amiol
v". Whipple, who fell in the buttle of Chancel
ItfrsvlHc, and who, as a. first Houtonant of Teno-
jfcraphical Knginears, in 1S5?. explored the road
reading from Albuquornue N. through by the
35tHjparallel to thu Colonido of tho West, which
fcincMB Un time has bean known ns tho. Whipple
'liio following troops UftFort Wingnlo on tho
Tth of November :
" Major Edward B. ipiis, 1st Inf. Crd. Vols.,
Captain Herbert M. IJnos, U ,S. A., Doctor
Clinrles Leib, Acting "Asiiatunt Surgeon, and
Tiicll, -1o ; gauinel 8. Aymar. do ; Joseph H. Noncx, dn;
fu'm.H ValiNi4niL WashiDgtom D. C: Calvin Jiuwolfl,
vChictj, 111.; William J. Still, ho Augeto, CuL;
fTheodore S. Groinor. Santa Fe, X. M.; JJ. V. Mutc,
frjan Francisco, California.
llnv. WiLi.txw T. Ho we Li.. Associate .TusticK of
tho United States Court, for Arisen, left hero on the
fed ult., for Tucson, where he will roide. J.udge
'Howell is from Michigan, of which State he has been a
prominent and influential citizen for many years. He
was br a long time in tho State Senate, and has
had much experience in public life. We commend
him to the people of Tucson as a plain, outspoken man,
I jpossessed of much good sense, and a Bound legal
.mmu a juuge who wm be alike leaness anu impartial.
A pro t stm e nt. Tho only important appointment
yer made by tho Governor is that of Attorney General
for the Territory. The position has been given to Ex
Joveruor Coles Bashford, formerly of Wisconsin, who
arrived here with the Territorial ofilcers. The selection
Will, we think, meet popular fuvor. Gov. II. is an ac
complished lawyer and genial gentleman, who will
Identify himself with the growth and. development of
iho Territory. Ho nccofnpahlcd Judgo novell to
furcsou, and .will remain therefor the present.
Tub TuaniToitiAL Sbal. On our first pace will
he found an impression of tho Territorial Heal. The
companies C, and P, 1st. Inf. Ctd, Vote., under
Captains Jlargravoand Jieuson, and Copt. Pi
II104, with thirty rank andTeof company 0, 1st
Cavalry California Voluutears."
'Hi Headquarters of the command were mode
at litis place on tho 10th of December; theestab-
iiiehment of tho oust dales from tho 23d of that
Tho weather hero is admirable- atthis season.
The nights aro cold, the tliermoineter descending
nearly to zero, but the day? are worthy of May or
Jun?. The allitudo of tho land is such as to
promise a pleasant temperature, evetifm mid-sum-iner.
Captain Pishon states that the days in
August were not oppressively warm, and that at
night ho required two or tin en blankets to sleep
with comfort. Tho air is dry, pure and remarka
bly salubrious ; tho wind is seldom high. The
skies' rival those of Italy, and tho sun-sets are
not inforior;to those 6f tho Orient.
The location i3 in' the Val do Chind, on tho
banks of the Cienoga creek, a never fajling stream
of clear, sweet water. Tho wido valley abounds
in tho beat grama grti33, and affords an extensive
and excellent pasturage. Tho soil u apparently
very rich, and ncequfus might readily bo con
structed, though there is a general impression
thut irrigation is not necessary. When Captain
Pishon was hero in the summer, it rained every
day, but tho recent heavy storm (February 11, 12
and 13.) would indicate that the' ruin3 aro noj
confined to any particular season. It is also
shown that tho soil rotuins moisture for a 5ng
Tho deficiency of this immodiato Jocality is tho
lack of timber. Firo wood (cedar), is found on
the tii Us three mi!o3 to tho West, bnt logs for
building have to bo brought , from tho Granite
" - - - - bhw w v v m 1 w a ww - v
d:sign, tnatof a stalwart miner, standing by his wheel- creek, a distance of 20 miles. At that point ox-
miruvi, jvjui pjcis unci buovci m nana, uie upiumeujcciiorib piuo is ouuiincu, anu BPVf-nw inonsanM iei
paymtf n'rt" ,1t his fort, and Uie aurifrn hH' o1 nlnnk4? aui I ' imIi r.,r p iit r r..ti m
abundance of uood grosf. bst u lacfe Of timber impropriate 10 the solemn occbbiod. .
and water. To supply the latter tho citizens l! nvute Joseph I Jier enlisted m Captain
Li Paz are digging wells at several points. Mr. uu,s f.Vavu.Ir YP"y , St Marys
Tvion. superintendent of tho Apache Chief; bforni. lie was a Germnn by birtSi,
t,n iMfi MfftniAiMi n ir. mit..R frm ftg bout 24 ynrs. Ho will be retftem-
Sergeant t ails it 140 miles from !rfdf K0,d4W
aver; but Mr. Khreaberg. in corn- hrst a" t,,,e
La Pax to Weave
munication U the Governor, covering an oxcel
eut map of the route, makes it much leas Wo
Thk Kscokts Governor Goodwin, and the?
with him Colorado
express toeir satisfactfeou
them from point to
tft Rrtfita f? tltv
I wore Attended by three companies of Missouri
vatuabte ami erviceablo forp00!- i panics A. and ii, of th Volunteer
moMV mut be exnended i (:uvaIr and P7 h of the 4th militia Car-
ll"'n" t .r i.. . . " ... .
n opening more Watering places than are now W P? wmmmaed fty
v...:.i -..' uf.A i r. ..ILw-nt Peter F. Clarl'. Liinfarn Johnr f? Tiutfh
itr.nmvA thhe fonnA hv t whsfh itl I cr mm vup.am iiome' idee, and all under the
the roud for transportation, but it should imnanM oi ..:rtur James A. Philips ofnaas.
ido a first class road. ",Mn f.V.? u,,'Vn onipany a, ot tJSO caVaJry
e route p Walker's and Fort Whipple, willi"' v,5.4'.lug. .V.omPay tfea to Kansas,
l tA Wmvai. ,nt. nt n rmint nf mi.nnln nj u" CUIiipa. VOIJinaUV il . Oi UlO
iu nnrl 7r, mi fmm i " vnpvui u iuw:uer, ficcoinuaiueu tlio liovern
. a -
hi . t
" i o uuitre ine roeti v
extensive travel somm
nfilr.wl finnn Wntfcr hi'
V. . . I iia f I u I w- J ' ...... c a will l .
I .a I. !f .ill hirn in nnri nnptlmrlo rft , rtiwf? i- r ' OT fiOU
jtua x usj, iu ui ii in u ii i ui u ijvi .ubi iiiivtiwuu
either by Itbode's Kauch, late Creek, or at
a point between the two, thence I am told an
excellent road exists.
At Canon Water the road will also turn off
for Tucson, striking tho Weaver waoa route
about '2" or 30 miles south of that place.
1 estimate thu distances from La Paz as fol
lows, viz :
To Loa Angeles 260 miles ; to Canon Water
TD : to Weaver 1J0 ; to Walker 130 l to Tueson
250 : to Albuquerquo 560 ; (ot by tho foot of
the Snn Francisco mountain but by a'more direct
lino crossing ,tho Kio Vdrdo, orliiin Francisco,
near thu 3-Uh parallel, and striking over to the
To Fort Vuma, 10 miles ; to Williams Fork
60 i UJ Fort Mohave 140 ;
I think all attempts at reaching tho Colorado
higher up than La Paz, with wagons, will prove a
failure for ull practical purposes owhig to. inter
vening mountain ranges and other obstacles, and
last not least, that the permanent head of navi
gation is in reality the town of La Paz. At a
higher btago of water boats will ascend ior at
least 200 miles mAro, and undoubtedly enter a
good mining section.
Wo may bo mistaken in regard to the water,
and its quantity on tho.proposed route
I consider the road of such importance that half
a dozen failures in wells, should uot causo it tu
As far us regards tho mineral resources of your
section,, I huvo great faith, although I have as yet
had but little timo to investigate them ; but thu
general formation oi tho mountain ranges, thoir
massive ehnrycter,grand veins, rich minerals., and
tho elements necessary to work them, raid tlio
gonnral geographical position of tho section, and
other reasons, forco moJLo this belief.'
Messrs. Louut, Frederick and Noyes, of Good
will, started for La Paz, by this road on the 3rd j
inst. Mr. Toye3 will procoed to San Francisco,
to procure a s?aw-mill and qu.irls; crusher and is
oxi i f If ,n ; in .ntir
purtr to banta Fe. At Aibuouernoe
thirty men of fompanj E, of the'y't " N)w
Mexican Voiunteets, under Captain. Chacon,
were added to tho $oorfc, and tha entire com
mand was given to Lieut. Colonel J. Francisco .
Chnvez or that regiment. At Fort Wingnts
nine men of Company (, First California In
fantry Volunteers, under Sergeant McCormick,
desirous of joining thoir company nfcIfRrost,
were added to tho command. All tho men tatnu
through without ucwdc-nt. though soma uflered
severely with tho cold, tho weather being very'
rough at time?. ' ,
Captain Chacon has returned to Fort Wlngoto
with hi3 men. Captain Itatcher 'remains here
with such of his company aft dufnot accompany
tho expedition to tho Sun Francisco and Salinas.
Navtoation of thr CoLOiuDO.There ia
quite a stir in San Francisco regarding tho nnv
igiition of our principal river. It is nljeed that
tho few bouts now employed are so constantly
ocepmed in transporting government stores, thapy.
goods bought on privato account have uccuinuiut
luted at tho mouth of the river, in largo quant-Hi
ties. The owners of tho copper Jodoa on tho '
river, also complain that there is no ohftuce o!
getting thoir oro to market. At a meeting;. at
Arizonians, and Cahforuians interested iu tho
Territory, held at San Francisco, m Janjftity..
step3 were tnkt n to organize a new compandor,4,'
tho navigation o' the riwr. I Ton. Samuel Adaiy'-'
nn agent of ceitain capitalists, is now at jf-t Pui; '
moving in tho matter. It is to bo hoped that''
the present company, or somo oilier, vf at bco"V
provide for the better 'accommodation of thoSo14
having freight to send either up or. lown kt0
riyer. , Wo shall, return to this, subject at lengths
in oar next. It ;is of grout impotnnco to tl,j '
Territory, Mr. Adams write3 Lmut. Kelson that
ho will shortlv visit Fort Whipple.
WAKTED -A good lb,
joung, active, sure fmjtut anil md.tr
iu 1 Ar,i J t
l M' K Ul"i'Iv,l