3?HECOTT, SAXTJraX.A.Y, -T 8 ILY IS. 18G8.
I'ubliMhoiI 3Cymy Huturduy,
At Prcscott, Yavapai County, Arizona.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
. , , oiji. rar, $7.00 One copy, six months.
ti o One copy, throe months, (HM.
liV'Io Copies, lift cents eaeh.
nr, one Urn. $2.00: well additional
c.iinrc, one time, M.00;
j u additional )Mir square ami sTirs, Mine
; . ri-''in'nt measuring ovw one-half square
iiniti J mid charged one square,
l -. ount will be made to persons con-
u Hi. raim- advorUaertwwt for three, sir, or
bu!uSM card Inserted upon
t r 7V A'ais H(Un nf r n pnymrnt
, , u.ltertHing andjiA work.
Tcrini, In vurlulily In iuli mice,
iN -I " N. IIKXJ. H. WEAVItK,
I' 1 li-lur and Proprietor.
YAVAPAI COUNTY DIRECTORY.
... W. r. TrUM
WU. J. BCKST,
A. J. UOOBS.
.. .Simf it. hman,
...It W. WliU, Ja.
I r. v.ir r
' ! i.i t (,'oiiH,.
TKKMS Or COt'KTSi
.rt-Kl Maaday la Maf. aad TWnl Hon
.rt-Klnrt ilamUji ta Urnmrf. Aartl, Jalj
B'ni) or suranvMOKdi
; jb o CmoImh. r. H. y smtea.
n th llft XauUy la Jmovt, A ariL
t at lraNin.
J: sticks OK THE PEACE:
J. P. IIAIUiRAVK,
i.V AND COL'KSELOK-AT-LAW,
y, i iins straot, 1'reacott, Ariaona.
UT US1.Y AND COLrSSII.OR-AT-L.VW'.
A. E. DAVIS,
VTTOItVKV AST) COUXSELOK-AT-IW,
Moharc City, Aritoaa Terrttory.
HOWARD, M. J).,
Aztlan Lodge No. 177, F. & A. M.
Itenlar mertlngs of Ibis I,o4ge on
tin- Satarday of each mowifc, at 7
o'rhx k r. m. So)otjriilti Brethren are
fraternally inrltad to attend.
EDWIN DAHLINO. W. il
Jamrs E. ilcCirir.r, Scrsry.
Why is it
lh.t th !'reeoU peopk wear bettor eloihse.
f ' better cigars, enew better totaeee, iook
nirr and are haunter tnM flMraerlyl Ask
MiV is it
; it Dry Goods are sold cheaper in I'rasoeU
' i . r - here this side of 8w Francisco? Ifc-
' ' IIBiN'l)KRE0N.tC0.
l?Oll SALU-A PEW
1 VTJv to
Pr- r,tti june i isus.
NO. 1. OOWS
A. G. DUNN,
AIIuIF.sALE AND UETAIL DKALKH IN
(irocories anil I'rovlsions,
' 7, l)y-(iDjfbt Ihoti, iAottJIalt, dr.,
SfiT A' tbe old stand formerly occupied by II.
f l-i. Li. Viz, Arizona.
T KI'EIVED, AND SELLING C1IBAP.
.i' i duipbi ll ,t HuflViHiV, a larte and well
i st( k of Summer Dry Goods, Clothing,
3 T'iMi'ii'.njra, etc., etc. Cooklntc Stoves,
Mi I.ininif I'mnps, Saddles, Uridles, Spur,
' e. Whip fi- fVmo and rrmln "Mr
- l 1 Prices and you will tw sure to boy.
CAMPI1KLL A HL'FFUM.
?m SALE CHEAP, FOR CASH.
Avj to JOHNSON A XIMMCP.V.AN,
' r U mc U, on Indian Creek,4 1-$ tulles south
TO MINERS AND MILL MEN.
YTE H AVE ON HAND, IN THE MINER
' T OlUce, several hunrirod pounds of
OLD TYPE iilETAL,
..i' ltedeiro to sell.
MARION A WEAVER,
ott, Mareh 28, lbtM.
whj- Is it
That the Proscott Ears tell bslicr Llquora
'"formerly? Atk HIINDHKSON A CO.
Internal Hevenuo Items.
Through the politeness of Henry A. Rige
low, Assessor of Internal Hcvenue for the Dis
trict of Arizona, we havo been furnished with
the following itctni:
The Revenue officers commenced operations
here in January, 1807, dating the assessments
irom August 1st, 1M. All special taxes im-
ks(mj under the Internal Hevenuc laws ore
nosed wltli reference to the first day of
May as the commencement of the year, and
the first assessment made n iiWivp. u-u from
i . . .
Aiier .iay jsl the annual assessment of spe
da! taxes for tha year ewliiif; April 30, lti6iL
and the asstetment of the income tax, and
tax on carriages, gold and silver plate, otc., '
was made. Tho amount atMessod from May I
1st, 1SG7, of tho minimi lit and other taxes 1
dnrinK the year, was ToUl. from
January. 18C7. to May 1L lNtf. .
In 18$7 the law was amended requirinir the 1
.uigusi ist, mo time when the act of July urrp w ' wnr"iy hi iue individual to
13, 1800, took effect, to the 30th of April,! wnat Ws actual income is. If not over
1867, the close of the year; and the amount ! pl'ous, he interprets the but as he under
assessed up to mar lat.1867. was 2.G73.7fi. . fctnlH it taking care to'glve it a construr-
annual assessment of Taxes to be made in the 1 "ie ",mi required by law. ITim is done to Arroyo Colorado, which forms the head of
month of March, in each year, but notchang-' boltr "P cred!ti ort an iinpreioti , tie east branch of the San Carlo. The wa
in the date when the tax commenced. The I 'n the Mnmiinitjr that th. r were doing bet-! , h j . M
amount of the annual list for which in- of ,he'r hbon. A wealthy ""V J , , 8
eludes income Ihh fur tho rnur mnAina I lw.
Q1 1 cl 1 ... - .n. I
amiMint tor IS07, was 6,660,37. The number
of persons who paid income tax for 1866, wag
fifty ; for 1807. the number is ciKhty-eiftht :
of that number
26 live in Yavapai county ami pr 5351,75.
U Yuma 1,896.
8 " Mohave " " 45.00.
42 " 11m " " 8,787,12.
The amount of tax thus Qa sssessed this
jear is derived from the dntereiit eonnties m
Tbe mi who.- paying inoam tax tm year,
of 30 or Ie., it,
ovor 90 d not over 30, 1
rwr .V) and not uver 100, fct
over IvO ami not otr 800, Is
uver 300 and net over MQ, is
Tbe following list snows tbe names of tnoe
who pay Us (Mi an inootno for of $SHX
snd u ji want?:
in i axmjmi dwajr,
Dowers Oeo. Y.
" N. It.
Krown Jest 1.
Campbell J. G.
Cnsenbary J. I).
Giles Jas. S.
tiargrave j. r.
KaUy 7. N.
UUmer J. T.
Peoples A. II.
Ashlev S. J.
Ilrinlej C. T.
Carr J. S.
Dow J. It.
Flowers Win. T.
ray L. C.
Hooper Jos. K.
Whitimr A. II.
AYuruinur W. A.
1h I'lm Owatf.
Allen J. B.
ltenedict A. C.
Harney Jan. M.
Capron J. U.
Fish E. N.
Flonrnoy M. J.
Goodwin F. II.
Ilayden C. T.
Hodges F. M.
Hinds II. L.
Iirtl 0. H.
Lewis C. XT.
i geott W. F,
Stevens II. S.
Stickney D. If.
Tully P. K.
WilHams W. ',
Yerkes T. M.
The Sun Francisco JMetin, of the 27th
ult., gives a list of Inooma roturns in Califor
nia, for the year 1807, of 1,800 and upwards,
with the following portinent ramarka:
"The privacy of those roturns lias never
been protested by the Government, which
from tho first has adopted tho policy of ma
king them accossfblo to tho public. The fig
ures are givon as a matter of general interest.
oi. inoi, ana special taxes commencing may i ' r-;' v ; m7" " " -
1, with all fractional and other taxes Another is ambitious to 1h set down
assessed from Jlay 1st, to July 1st, 18W, is , nch "mkf plmip returns. GencrsJIy,
$12,031,02, more by over $400, for the rat we l; tlre U very little dancer of ex
two months of this year, than for the fifteen gKcrteI ttatemcnts. But, at be!, these
months ending May 1st, 1KG8. The amount ! retum are no safe guide in estimating the
of income tax for wm S3,fi00,l. The i w,tb f t Iwiinduals. One may hare wl
It Is not cosy to acq why individual
on "tho.'rili"'", f'Y.SSXK) annually
on themselves and fnmiliee, and who admit
the fart, arc nevertheless tiron the words as
having an Incoino of less than $l.f00. And
yet the number of mich instances is eurpris-
IHlSi'T. ThV I'ave llv.l nd ,nt the
money, but twmeliow raanairo to get the
statement on the Assessor's' books that thev
i have had very little income. hardly enoueh
to speak of, and quite unworthy of any tax
at all. " '
"Thoro can be no quostion but this tx
law is largely evaded. It is left, in a crest
. i ... i, .. ..
on that a considerable rJrUon of the taxos ',,,. ... ... , . , ,
which he otnrht to my will tausrt&W. lL!Kra" vr,H be pmetlealile for wagons
Is not easy to wore that sneh returns are I
I false; the mrty mar have keiit no Imoks.and
'" "'oinu losses can only ixt Known to
" "l e Jwge to be losses, may
'"ere,y guc work, or no losse at all. In
few '"stances jrti have lieen known to
",mke rct,lm of mes greatly in excess of j
ihuitiuimi iimy nnie miieii HiiTironiiciiTe
timmrtT Atul f.1. .nm..l lm..mm will l.
I , " T"'u" "" uoiwrs,
ftal -am ka Ksaaarl aa-. 4 t aaa
upon'it, and derive money eoough from it to
meet annual expeuaes. A miner may strike
a 44 pocket " this year aad figure handsomely
in the income returna. Next year bb pocket
may leve a grievous hole in it.
The income tax, which has new tieen t-
ular, is fast becuming an onenee to Um eo
ple. It never can be an equitable tax, and
has only U-en tolerated as one of temporary
and extraordinary necessity. It is oppressive
in many oases, and inquisitorial in all. It
bears hardest upon persons of small incomes,
which already uul U meet currant expenses.
It is not so much a tax upon proawrty, as
upon skill, brains and good luck.
It is soli-American in spirit, and is out of
all harmony with the genius of the people.
The interest on oar punflr debt mast to paid,
and money most be raised for tbe anmul ea
enaM of tbo (rovemiMMit. Rut Mime more
popular method than thi must be devised for
tbe raising of revenue. The time is coming
when toe financial problem will be forced
riom tb attention of representative of the
CI lie. HTs have no Uck of currency tinknrs ;
tbrrw h a great dearth of statesmen with
ability to gmp tbe nnancial oaeetiun, and
the courage to oricinte a just plan for tbe
fandiinr ot tbe public debt, tn redaction of
the ingated enmnscy, and an equitable sys
tem of taxation.
(i'riM "Ju. Jii ii f Jam Tt.l
Goasral Devin'c Late ExpodJtion Into
the Heart of Arizona.
The reports of the offlcers connected with
th PTiMNlitirm irm in riinflrm the atatcments
i rt3' xp',, r, Weaver, Wilson, "Wal
ker and others, that the most sitcTC, bcit
watered and richest agricultural fection of
thk Territory, lies oast of the Verde. In
tbe Tonto Itesin. north and east of the Sierra
Anchee, streams of delicious water were found
at intarvnU of from three te fire miles.
Springs were plenty, ami one, tha largest
ever seen by any of the party, was estimated
to have a flow of ucverol hundred gallons per
minute. The bain of the spring holds eight
hnndred gaUons, and tbe whole surface was
in oommodon. It suppHea tbe greater jiart
of the main branch of tne east lone of tbe
Verde. The divides of the creeks are high,
but between them lie .'mail fertile valleys.
The valley of Cherry ereek, the largest wot
branch of the Salirms, is not equalled in beau
ty or fertility by any portion of this Territory
heretofore settled. It is a soriee of magnifi
cent jiark;, surrounded by hills, covered with
excellent pine timber; the valley tUcIf being
dotted with juniper, oak and sugar maple.
This valley is the northern limit of the gran
ite eountry. All north of this point is lime
stone or red sandstone. Tho bottom on tbe
head of Tonto creek Is also very fertile, and
the Indians had commenced to (arm there this
Spring. The Salinas, above the point where
it turns northward, appears tc nai thmugl:
an impassable canyon in tbe mountain. Pa
tient research, however, discovered annmber
of places where it was practicable to cross It,
oven at points where the banks were nearly
ono thousand foot in height- East of tho
most easterly branch of the Salinas the coun
try changes materially hi character. The
divides are smoother and far more practica
ble for wagons, tho levels aro much longer,
and tho crook bottoms mow oxteosivo and
covered with the riehaet blue gram. From
the oast fork of tho Salinas to tho west fork
of the San Carlos, the country from cast to
wast is as levol as a floor, whllo from north
to south it slopes at an angle of about five
degrees. It Is eovorod with excellent pine
and Jttnipor, but not heavily enough to pre
vent a luxuriant growth of grass. Nearly in
the contro of this woodod plain stands an
Artec ruin whioh coTers nearly an cre of
.ground, uud through the contro of which
runs ft 8troam of Wftte. A
. ,. ., ,. . , , - ,
' a,K:c"tl",K tll(J Mogolione at the head of Clear
' creek and following the divides could descend
at this point with comparatively little labor.
Such a road has now boon commenced and
i i , , , .
! ,,M naktlS rcacl,0! tI,c Hur,),nit at Clear crwk.
Al rr llle reckloM stories of parties who
aver that they can drivo a wagon, buggy, oto,,
up tho mountain, down it, or across It, tho
General says they are simply "bosh." The
road will have to be not only worked, but
patiently, systematically and intelligently
worked, to surmount the crost, follow the di-
v(. 1 r m .wl . 1 u ...1 , 1 ... . -: ..
wrrjrtBg three thousand pound or more.
;Hh!r ascent or descent is as practicable as
was Grief Hill before tho troorw bilt the
road over it.
At tho eastern edge of the wooded pktean
the country descends Tery rapidly to tiie
..;.mm, ivu.uw m
from the point where they commenced rust
ing until tbey were picketed for the night.
The formation is mostly limestone. Another
fork was passed, similar in character to the
fit, but with wider bottoms, and separated
from it and the main stream by a low divide,
i which was carflr crwl. The taain stream
I WM ,nlck at 1nt nr tb forks the
! rirtrsnd Uof them. At this point tie
I bottoms on eah side are from one-quarter to
j one-half mile In width ; the valley proper, or
1 ...... , , k ji, - ... '
l.liU Iml 1. U !..! .
'7 " . have to chronicle tho mnrder, by Amcfait-
eipht miles in width between the mountains, throats, of four as good soldiers as Uncle Sam
and lies mostly in grassy mesas. The stream I had A mail patty of fire in number, eensfet
has cut out its banks iierpendicularly to 1 of Sergeant Lemons, Privates Mnrphy,
a depth of eight and ten feet through a chan-1 i,, !&
nel sixty ft in width; the water (June 1st,; , to tell tbe tale,) started'from this place
was very cora snu pure, about twenty loot i on ioesnay, June mttj, lor uamp ilc
wide and two in depth. From the cast a Howell, and bad proceedel to a point be
smaller branch enters through a wide and Camp Miller and Supr W Mountain,
CT JiKay Tthtla nLMtnriini Vt Kill txitf an n c a
graswy bottom. The bottoms have been ex -
temdrely cultivated at one time, ditches, and
remams ot tormer com nelii were fcmnu in
every direction, aad several adobe houses,
bat tbe stillness of death reigned in tbe val
ley. Not an Indian smoke could be seen
from the highest poskt, not a foot of earth
was turned, and the onlr Indian alga to be
ten was that of their fimWoj la ono trail
lending to the bead of the Prieta and Little
Rations were now getting snort, and tic
shoes of men and horses worn oat; many of
tbn latter had to be shod with lesther ut
from the naaUie skirts and aperahoes. Horse
shoe nails brought one dollar each to their
lucky possessors. Tbe health of tbe com
mand was excellent. Twining sooth a short
distance, aad then westward, tbe detachment
then joined the main body on the second day,
sad aieended the MogoUeae, struck north for
tbe bead of the Salinas, which canyons far
into the ioottauins. On arriving at th head
of SberhonV fork of the littie Colorado,
which rise on the north side of tbe Mogolione,
a magnificent sight presented itself. A hun
dred miles away to the nectb-west rises the
snow covert! peak of old San Francises. A
few points west of north the Mooui Pickets
t about seventy- v iniies disUat, sndaway
-l ' '"j -! J
us north-east, a range of mountains said
mark the western boundary of New Mexico.
The course of the Little Colorado oottkl be
4ainly traced by tho mist rising with the
morning sun. From this point the eye owild
take in, at one glance, ten thousand square
miles of the finest pine timber in the world,
Jutted i th openings and grassy parks. Such
a country must hsv a luturu.
Twining the head of the Salinas and pro
ceeding westward, tbe divide suocessivoly
turns the head of Tonto oreek, the cast fork
of the Yerde, and Koil oreek, ami their
branch, all of which, of any magnitude,
jleaj in tnc Mogolione. Interiooking those
j are the canyons and valleys, forming tlie heads
of tlie streams runnins into the Littlo Colo
rado, so thai in some piaoes the divide proper
is not ovor throe feet in width.
Tbe southern face of the Mogolione, for
nearly one hundred miloa oast of Fossil creek,
is very abrupt, descending nearly, if not quite,
two thousand feet in four orftvemilos. Pirst,
the jump off, a nearly perpendicular clift, from
three to ilvo hundred feet sheer descent, next
a tnoro moderate bench, at an angle of about
thirty-five degrees, and thence a gentle slope
dtiscends to the creek lovols. Thcro are no
valleys in its iouthorn face, as tho canyons
split the mountains abruptly.
On the northern side of tho rango thu de
scont is so gradual that canyons are infrequent
and tho most charming valleys aro found by
the heads of the tributaries of the Little
Colorado. It would require more space than
can bo spared in this article to render justice
to tho Mogolione range ; but ono feature must
not be oniitted; at intorrals of ten or fifteen
miles, along the very crest of tho divide, aro
tanks filled with pure water, some of thorn
covering an acre, and from appearances, con
taining water, at lonst, ten months in tho
yoar. Pome of them nro embosomed in
groves of tho quakon aspen, and tho effect
is very beautiful. All aro surrounded by tho
finest pine timber, with which, in faot, tho
mountain is oovored to tho border 0f New
Mexico. Tho deer and turkey frequent theso
lakes and a shot can almost always be had
by any one approaching the vicinity with oou
Uon. No Indlans.werelivingirithoMogollones
unless they were well down towards the Lit
tle Colorado. 5ut one trail rung along tho
divide that of the White 3fountaIn party
of 1800, and it had become so dim th&f it
was evidently not used by the Indians, though
an excellent trail, and one that follows tho
windings of the divide with rare judgment,
through the heavy timber.
Another expedition, this fall, will probably
ascertain definitely whether the Indkinilmvc
permanently deserted this interesting Scetion
of the Territory.
Letter from Tonto Valley.
Partioukra of the Recent Fight Between
A Mall Party of rive Soldiers and a
Band of One Hundred Indians.
CrresMMdsace of the Mieh
Tosto VaLmIty, Yavapai County, )
Arizona, June 20, 180S. " f,
Ewtor Mjner The came of life in these
; L ,;k
f M lu
still continues to be a bloody one, and
i. ' r,..j
. two ,jic. tBev .m,. . .aWih f
i hundred Indians. The reinnost man seeinc
Indian hands raied over the rocks, making
motions, hhoutcl to the Serjeant, who imme
diately put f purs to bu bore. Just then a
murderous volley was poured into thorn from
every side, which killed one man and wound
ed tne rest. The horses, too, were all wound
ed. Privttto Theely instantly wheeled about
ran to Treaty Hill, and there took up a posi
tion, lie was pursued and attacked by some
twenty savages, whom be kept at bay until
his horse was rested. The sergeant," though
badly wounded, kept in his saddle for about.
400 ysrdt, when he dropped, and was pounced
upon by a huge Indian, whom he succeeded
in shooting through the hesrt. The sergeant
was &und riddled with bullets and arrows.
One of the Murphys ran to the top of a hill,
where he fortified himself, and made a hard
nffht, judging from the appearance of tho
the place after tbe fight, lie was afterwards
fowad, cut in two, a abort distance from his
shelter. Merrill's body was found hashed to
tatecei. Th other 51 urpby w killed t the
first fire, Theely made for Sunflower Valley,
and took up a posibon in the stockade built
there by the troops some time since, Tho
Indians pussued him, and surrounded the
stockade, but did not attempt to dislodge
him. Alter dark, he nturted to come to tins
camp, but first struck the camp of a working
party in the canyon, and there told his tale,
lieutenant CfaiUon, with 76 men, proceeded,
immediately, to the seene of murder, ana
found the bodies, as above described. Blood
was traced for miles on each side of the road,
which fact ijoes to sliow that many of the
" red " must have feit 4ck after their work.
The mail was found scattered about on tbe
hills, but the educated rascals took good care
to confiscate the greenbacks whieh the Iwys,
were tending in their lettcts. Theely was on
tbe escort that was jumped some months
inee ; his coolness proved his saviour iu both
Another Apache was planted hero a few
days ago; lie tried to make his escape and
went down. Hope he won't grow.
A train often wapons arrived in camp the
other day, escorted ny 100 men. Traveling
in these mountains, at present, is a dangerous
astime. Scouting, from here, will be kept
up all summer.
The weather, here, is pretty warm in day
time, and just cool enough at night. A good
quality of wild grapos grow here, arid the
mulberries are plentiful, with other fruits.
The romaine of Aztec garden and Loust axe
to be scon all ovor this valley. Rcko.
SpstToas Gnourm George Alfred Town
rena sketches curtain Senators as follows :
"Morton of Indiana, is like Cromwell, dark
and roligiotin, nml lit tn wear bs!f annor.
Conkling is a pomatumed Royalist, a little
like lrd Racon, a little like J. E. B. Stuart
and a good deal frozen. Roverdy Johnson
looks like the Emporor Titus after dinner,
when ho got too fat for fighting. Howard,
with his glasses on, is something like " Dog
berry," and something like a dissenting
Eisliop. Doolittle looks liko a Thracian glad
iator, brought up among bulls and feuds,,
where they have no scissors to cut ones hair.
Fosscndon, like Lord John Russell, pure En
glishman, with more Norman blood than
simple faith. Stewart, of Nevada, is a Flem
ish painter in love, with flaxen hair and.
beard. Sprague looks liko an intellectual
chess-player studying a move. Mr. Wade
looks like a blasted peak. Mr. Buckalew is
half fox and half ferret,"
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