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IJ:ill!SCOrrT, SATURDAY, JULY 25. 18G8.
IV o. :io.
Zt WffWjj gmsonn pncv.
I'iiIjIIhIhmI ICvttry Hittiirduy,
At Prcscott, Yavapai County, Arizona.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Copy, One Year $700
1 Six Months 4 00
Throe Months 2 50
.Snrfle topics, 25
IIATKS OK ADVUIlTISlNOl
On- n'H'.uo, one Una', $.".00; with additional
t SI 'iO. Each additional square, same rate.
' i 1 discount will he made to persons eon.
, .in- came advertisement for three, sir, or
V ' luulltll.
IVi - "jiiiI or business cards Inserted upon
I- .j i.le t'i ill.
E " a.' Tender .Xotet lahtn at jnr in payment
. jk?'J( r'rfioM, adteriiting and job work.
Trriun, liiviirlnlily In nil vit nrc.
JOHN II MAHION' 11KNJ. 11. WEAVER.
I'ubluhrn and Proprietor!.
YAVAPAI COUNTY DIRECTORY.
J , li,'i
T 't Amrr
k 'it J).tnct Cuurt, ..
'm. v. rvtsv.ii.
WX. J. 1IKBKT,
A. J. Moonr.
Jnnx II. Iii:mi,
WlM.lt m Coiir.
K. W. WKUm, Jit.
TKItMS OP COIIIlT.Si
I) - i r ..,rtl-(r( Mcm.Ujr la May, ami TWnl Mm-,-
It ( imrl Pint JIwt4j-i lo January, April, July
llOAUI) OP SlTPKIlVlSOn-S:
Jc3l-nlt. John (I. Campbrt! p. VrWHh.
F i - , n h Prnrt Slnnhjr la January, April,
Jj joJ Oi .i-r nt I'rroMHi.
Jl STICKS OP THE peace-Ra-cire'E
H'.nr RmnpY? IlirrwM.
r.usiness and Professional Cards
.1. P. HARGRAVE,
A" HNEY AND COUNSKLOR-AT-LAW,
M Milrrum street, Prenrott, Arizona.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSKLOR-AT-LAW.
A. B. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSBLOR-AT-LAW,
Mohave City, Arizona Territory.
F. P. HOWARD, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN -AXJD StJItOKOT.
Aztlan Lodge No. 177, F. & A. M.
Rrsiilnr mwtlnr of IUU Lodira on
t.v Hits lal SatnnUy of eaefc month, iu ?
JJ o'clock p. M. Sojonrulnc Brethren are
fraternallr Invited to atteuil.
LMMlifV mm IVi. tl- ir
James E. McCArritr, Secretary.
Why is il
Timl Itic Precott people wearbeUcT clothe,
smoke better cijraK chew better tobacco, look
imlsomer nnd are happier than formerly Ask
Henderson A Co. tnvlG,
Why is it
Tlmt Dry Good are fold cheaper in Prcscott
; iu . i i in n uvib iuu o iid ui u rra hlcu r.n-
' e'-r HENDERSON A; CO.
IOU SALI1 A FEW NO. 1. COWS
Apply to A. 0. DUNN.
Prcscott, June 12, IS08. tf.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Groceries nnil Provisions,
Cnotxr.gi Dry-Good, lijott, SKm, Jlatt, fc,
St?" At the old tand formerly occupied by II.
dim, Li Paz, Ari.oiiiu
Tt'ST RECEIVED, AND SELLING CHEAP,
at Campbell & Hnllum's, a larse nnd wull
ortcd Stock of Summer Drv Good, Clothlny,
re Trimming", etc., etc" Cooklns 8lor,
rorYi and Lilting Pomps, Saddles, HrliHc, Spurn,
r'ncV Whips, etc., etc. Comp andeinmlue our
Stock and Price nud von will lie uro lo bnv.
JnH CAMPBELL A BUFFUM.
IOR SALE CHEAP, FOR CASH.
Apply to J01INP0N & ZIMMERMAN,
At helr Ranch, on Indian Creek, 4 1-2 mile south
TO MINERS AND MILL MEN.
"T7-E HAVE ON HANI), IN THE MINER
' ' Olllcc, Rovernl hundred pounds of
OLD TY1B METAL,
"hlch wo dcire to ecll.
MARION & WEAVER,
Irc'cott, March 23, 1SCS.
Why 1h it
That tho Prcscott Uars sell hotter Liquors
lormcnyT Ask HENDERSON & CO.
Blowing Up the Olooe.
The savins arc buy with u now and tatlier
dangerous theory. Tho phenomena of tho
more recent earthquakes, and eruption, as of ,
Mauna Loa, Mount Vesuviii, Mount Hecln, I
St. Thomas, etc., liao started tho philoso
phers ution a new series of investiL'ntions and
gcucraliations. Prof. Looinis, of New Haven,
Jim come to the conclusion that all volcanoes, j
nstcad or having a local origin, do, in fact. !
have a common origin in the intense heat and
molten matter of the globe. Tho thin crust
of the earth is only the shell of a boiler; and
the hot springs, steaming fissures and llaming
volcanoes nro the mere leakage from the or
dinary pressure. These eruptions, Professor
1OOtnLs thinks, are now satisfactorily proved
to be caused by water (lowing in uiwn this
central (ire and thus creating a vast amount
of steam (superheated, we should suppose.)
This exerts an enormous pressure ujwn the
shell of the earth, bulging it up, cracking it
open, punching holes in the tojw of moun
tains, throwing up lava and enormous rock,
and blowing oil steam with surh occasional
jars and trembling, alternating in power from
the one which shakes down a little crockery
Ui one which shakes down a city. Now, ac
cording to the new theory, it is only necessary
to let in a little more wutcr, which may bull
pen by a fissure or hole in the bottom of tho
ocean, and we are "gonu up." Steam enough
will be raised to toss the mountains like so
many pebbles. And the worst of it is that
the New Haven savan thinks tbore is now
great danger that the water is to be let on.
This plan squelches the electoral theory nt
once. Rut so much the worse for such an in
And then, as though the Professor had not
suggested mischief enough, he intimates that
some such cataMropbe has befallen a planet
fifty times larger tfwn the earth, which once
had a place between Mare and Jopiter, the
remains of which are found in ninety-seven
piece culled asteroids, with a great many
more pieces that never were found. On the
wholo, the Professor has got up an itnicnding
caiastruphe on a large scale. Rut as the shell
of tlio terrcslial world has held together imw
a longtime, and for apes wTien it was mneh
thinner than now, a good many people, we
think, will be inclined to take tho risks. We
have had nothing in the recent phenomena
more extraordinary than has occurred many
times lefon?. Mountains have leen lifted up
from the plains, islands have been cast up in
the ocean, volcanoes have been active during
all tho inhabitable ages, and earthquakes
haro been more or less disastrous (or the Iat
fifteen centuries. And with all this strain,
with here and there a fisiurc and some (lory
leakage, have not the sarans told us that the
crust of the earth is stronger than ever bo
fore ? The new theory takes small account
of this fact. Once get the full htxul of steam
on and awav we co. Fifty or live hundred
asteroids go whirling into space and the as
tronomers or toe moon jwko their glasses at
u, and then call a meeting to discuss the phe
nomena. A good rnanv vexatious partition
suits would be ended summarily. And it is
a grave question whether some of the large
ranches would be found on any one asteroid.
Al any rate the hint ought lo be improved
by men who have already more land than
tl.av know what tndn witii and arfcill t.k
ing for more. They will cerUinly lind them
selves in an awkward plight if there is any
virtue in the new theory. ban rrantinn
Wnr..v to Laboii ami Wiikxto Rust. As
a general rule, the best portion of the day
for severe la'jor, cither mental or physical, is
before noon. The vital forces of the body
and brain, after the recuperation afforded by
a good night's rest, nro then in their best
condition for active and etfective lalwr. The
mind is clearer, fresher, aud more elastic, and
the muscles respond to the mandate of tbe
will with greater readiness nnd freedom.
The experience of many will seem to contra
dict this. For instance : persons who, from
necessity or otherwise, have formed the habit
of performing their hardest labor In the af
ternoon or evening, will assert that they can
do it easier at such time than in the morning,
and true enough they am, so long as they
are subject to that habit; but once let them
discontinue that course and form the habit of
doing their hardest work in tho oarly part of
tbe day, aud they willsuuu perceive a decided
improvement in tho case with which their
work is performed, and also that they can do
more in the same length of time tmd with
loss fatigue than they previously could later
in the day. As nature indicates the time to
labor, to does she, even more plainlv, point
out the time for rest. In the still Lours of
night,' Naturo sloops and rests, and so should
man. Man requires on the average, when in
health, about eight hours' sleep out of tho
twenty-four, and it should all be taken during
the hours of darkness. In sickness, it is of
ten wrl! for the patient not only to sleep all
night, if ho cun, but also to sleep some in tho
day time. In health day-sleep is unnecessary,
if "night sleep can bo had. Severe labor of
any kind should not bo performed either n
short before or soon after eating; but light,
gentle exercise or recreation at such times is
not only not objectionable, but, for persons
in health particularly, n decided advantage.
No one should labor with the mind or body,
while suffering from pin or fatigue. Under
such circumstances, labor exhausts vitality
with great rapidity. Tho universal remedy
for (atiguo is rc&t.Ucmlcl of lltalth and Life,
Fifteen years ago a man left Gardner,
Maine, to try his fortune in Chicago. Ho had
$03, which'he invested in buying houso Iota
about a mile from tho centre of the then city.
To-day that f atno property would sell at auc
tion for 250,000. The sparo change be got
fro-n practicing law ho put into houso lots,
and then into a banking house, and now pays
a tsx ujrtn 553,000,000 of safe investment.
The Hats op tiih Lowr.n Levels. A mi
ner of the Imperial mine, Gold Hill, sends the
KultrjnUt the following rat story;
It is not generally k'nown, except in mining
localities, that rats inhabit the mines, but
such, however, is the fac t. From the top
ground down to the lowest levels, they are
to be found in our mines. How they came
there whether from tho top or whether they
are the spontaneous production of mother
earth in her darksome chambers is not defi
nitely known. How they manage to live is
another question not easy of solution, for
there arc to be found rats of all sizes and de
grees, from the smallest unfledged ratling,
timid and shrinking from observation, to the
rat of largest size and most aristocratic mein,
as fat as an Alderman and as bold as old Fal
stafL Thoy all, raU and nUcerkcop in good
condition, living in part on food thrown away
by the miners who lunch in the mines and
in part on bugs and gntts that breed in the
more moist portions of tho works. When the
minors sit around their dinner pails at lunrh
con, the rats dodge about them and pickup
the crumbs and bones they throw away, and
are nover molested by the men. We miners
never kill the rats that live in the mines
danger makes as companionable and as the
most reserved gentleman would meet and
kindly greet an old loafer acquakitance on a
foreign strand in Chins. Tiinbudoo or New
Jersey so we gladly make friemh with the
rats of the lower levels. Sometime since tho
Imperial Company stopped 'work at the low
est level for several days to repair the shaft
just alwre it. After rosuming work the car
man, who was the first to go below, went
down alone to ran out the ore (You the chutes
and as soon as the rats heard the old familiar
sound of the car rumbling along the track
they rushed out from lebind the timbers to
welcome the presence of man oac trcre
They ran up to the carman in aqnsdt, climbed
all ovor him, then down to the station lloor
again and sc inured and gamboled around
in ecstasies of unmistakable delight. When
be started for the chute again with the car
they ran following and playing around him,
and" when he had filled his car with ear and
started Ixtck again for the shaft. Ui ty (the
rats) sprang upon tbe cur and ran all over it.
and jumped and leaped as if mad. The car
man sat ikiwn a moment to tee what thy
would do. when they all huddled around aitd
ran over him without tbe slightest apparent
fear and without o (faring to bite him. He did
not hurt any of them, as be said if they
could live in such a place be felt in duty
bound to let them have tbe "freedom of the
Ameiuca.v Citiiw. The London Athmanm
remarks in the course of a review of rwrnt
Raltimorc will live in the traveler's mind
as a city of lovely girls, ef passionate song
and of perfect tarrapin. It will keep H4
place when thing of bigber intret rasy
nave passed away, by the color of lis street,
by the dash of its people, by the heat of iu
pavement, by the frolic of its qnays. Other
cities of tho Union in have their cbanns:
Roston is very mahf, Richmond is very
picturesque. New York abounds in riches,
Chicago in enterprise, New Orlau in wick
ednevs. St. Louis is fervid. PiUdelibia nobly
built, but Raltimorc las a charm beyond
nearly all cities in America, which many a
visitor ha felt without being able to dex-ribe.
Tho strct nre very aunuy, the citixcin very
gay. Rut these things may be wen elsewhere
in places where you do not feel tbe immedi
ate charm. Perhaps the secret lies in a rcr-
..L. Mml.M.tnM ? .Ltuj. mnA lmi.i.l.t.
lessness in the city and tbe peoplCj wtaicli is
rather Sectban than American. New York
and New Orleans are far more dissipated cities
than II ski mo re; yet for a kind of decorous
excess in the ways of x'uv for dancing and
dicintr, for driving and drinking, and for all
tho delights which, are sHpjosod to hang
about wine, women and song this city on
the Chesapeake boars away the bell.
Stairi.em HouseThere is now building
In lintinAcf niiWnr Pari nn crncrimcn-
tal houe, which, if successful and there
j 1 ...... . .
seems to be no reason wny it snouiti not oe
&strill enrvn nt nwwbtl for similar struc
tures in other great cities, where the value of
land is very rogu aua tne economy oi space
t ,. w - . rri.A i.i.r 1 .
OI Yliai mifiuriaiiuc. mu uuici uutixi
this houic is the aWncc of anv staircase, in
place oi wmcu isanyuraunreicvaior, aceni
ing anil desconding noiselessly every minute
By means of this the lodgers will reach their
respective floors speedily snd without effort,
at anv gl"en minute of the day or night.
Another advantage of this arrangement is
that it enables bouses to lc built to a much
greater hight tho upper floor Iwing prefer
able, on account of better air and light, nd
freedom from tbe noises of the street. The
tenement houses in Paris will bo eleven sto
ries above the street levcb
Negro Voter There arc in tbo South
em States, exclusive of Tennessee, 715,74S
registered negro voters. The negro popula
tion of all the Southesn States, in 1800, was
about -1,000,000. In the Northern States the
voters number one-seventh of the entire popu
lation. The nogroos beat this, as one-fifth of
them arc voters. How is it that among ne
groes there arc more voters in proportion to
the total iwpulation than thore are in white
communities ? Probably the carpet-bag reg
isters of the South can tell.
Nevku The stump speaker who proclaim
ed "bo knew no North, no South, no East,
no West," afterwards acknowlegcd that he
had never seen a geography.
As long as you livo seek to learn; do not
presume that old age will bring wisdom.
How 1,000 Stuck to Uutleii's Palm.
Tho Washington correspondent of the Bal
timore GaxttU tolls the following smusing
story at the expense of Gen. Butler: Mana
ger Butleris fearfully indignant at the charge
that he attempted to appropriate a thousand
dollar bill of Woolloy's money. The follow
ing is the statement ac received from the wit
Witnut I have it in my pocket.
liutler -Produce it and the paper contained
in the envelope.
Wilnm Here is tho money, but tho paper
you can't have.
Butler received the package of money and
directed witness to leave the room, which he
declined to do. savintr that he was rcmonsi-
ble for the money and was not willing to
leave it in Butler's hands. Butler threatened
to arrest him, but witness denied his right
to do so. At last Butler proceeded to count
the money, and said, I lind here 10,100.
Witnut I'll swear I handed you $17,100.
Butler Then you had better count it your
self. Witnttt If yoo will raise that newspaper,
1 think you will find a one thousand dollar
bill under it.
Manager Logan now for tbe first time
interfered and leaiarked: Yes, General, I
see h corner of the note sticking out.
IhitUr Oh, yes; 1 did not sec it.
This statement of the testimony has been
made public on the authority of the witness,
a gentleman of known integritr, and is the
topic of general conversation. To pty Postmaster-General
Randall has been Ixlorc the
Managers. Also Peter Schwab of Csncin
nati, who had received a telegram from Wool
ley, iu those words : " What can you do to
wards saving the country ?'' Schwab replied :
"Twenty thousand in "bank and as much
more a may I needed.v The witness is
undfrMnod to lie a larg" whUk-y dealer, and
the telegram, it is supposed has" reference to
the whisky tax.
Aemv Matthus os the Picinc Coast.
Gn. Halleck is absent from tbe city on a
tour of inspection.
Brevet Colonel A. R. Eddy has been or
dered to return to Portland. Oregon, ami re
sume the duties of Chief Quartermaster of
tbe Department of Columbia..
Tbe following officer are in command of
stations in this diviiou :
Department of Ciliforttia Cols. J. II. King.
I.J. Gregg,T. L. Crittenden and C. SLovell;
Lieut. CoL T. C. Devin : Majors J. McAllis
ter, A. W. Alexander and W. It. Price:
Capta. J. M. Rolxsrtson, S. Munson, H. T
Ripley, S. G. Whipple, P. Collijis, S. P.
Smith, J. I). Devin, D. Krause, W. Apple
ton. J, N. McEIroy, J. 11. Hall, J. W. WW,
A. U. sr. renntngtuu, t. anJurr n t
Downey; 1st Lieuts. J. Drum.T. W. Gibson.
A. Morton. G. W. Cbilson, W. P. Yosc, J.
Voe, J. Karge, L. IJ. Robinson, G. K. Grif
fiths; 2d Lieuts. C. E. Kilbourne aad S.
DtvarlKtM, of & Colnmlda. Majors II. A.
Allen awl A. G. Bntckett: Cants. J. B. Sin
clair, D. Perry, T. McGregor. E. V. Sumner,
uuaiey aewarti, ueorge iv. uraoy, d. a. iar
ling, James Henton and E. M. Baker; 1st
Lieuts. W. C. Maimiux, 11. G. ilowcii and
John W. Iewis. j
Urcarttntni of Alaibeu The "Donartmcnt !
of Alaska" lias just been organized on tbe
following basts: IUU Maj. Gen. J. C. Davis,
Commanding; Hoadquartert at Sitka. Staff
Bvu Capt. S. B. Mclfltire, A. D. C. and A
A. A. G.; Bvt Lieut. Col. George II. Week,
Cbit Quartermaster and Acting ltiiel Com
missary of Subistencoi Assistant Surgeon
Alexander II. Hoff, Medical Director, and
Second Lieut. E. G. Fast, Acting Ordnance
and Engineer officer. Stations Forts Kenay,
Kodiak, Tongoss, Wrangell and Sitka. Com
manding ollieers Capt. C O. Wood and
C. H. Pierce, and First lieuts. J. McGilvary,
E. L. Hoggins and J. II. Smith. Trooj
Companies F. G. E. and II. of the Second Ar
tillery, and Company . of the Ninth In
fantry S. J-'. 1'afxT.
A Noble Vallet. The Otaiand Monthly
has an article on " Portland-on W allamet,"
In which it cives some statistics of the Wl-
latnet Valley. This valley is one third larger
than the State of Connecticut, containing
exclusive of the mountain slopes, four million
acres of land, and such land as is seldom
found in the same quantity elwbere on the
surface of tbe earth. It lies between tbe Cas
cade and Coast ranges of mountains ; is a boat
one hundred and twenty miles (n length
from North to South, and about fifty miles
wido. The population of the valley is esti
mated at seventy-five thousand, being less
than thirteen to the square mile. The State
of Connecticut, with which it is compared,
hadinlSGOa population of nintty-eight to
the square mile, and as the resources of the
Wallatnet are far greater than those of Con
necticut, it invites and will support a far
grester popi!itin T''n chief p-.nurr.a at
present developed is agriculture, but mines
of iron are found, wood is abundant, and it is
supplied with unlimited wstcr power. The
Wallamet river runs from South to North
through the valley, and is navigable for about
half its length. Several streams of considera
ble sire (low into it, some of which are par
tially navigated by steamboats. The rain
all in tho valley averages about fifty inches
annually, but seldom or never falls during
tho4harvcst time from tho first of August to
the middlo of September. There are now
two lints of railroad iu course of construction
one on the east and the other) on the west
side of tho river, which will attract popula
tion and aid in the development of tho coun
try. Ever Since. Some one looking at a rich
man, said : "Poor man, he toiled day and
nitrht until he was fortv to earn his wcsltb,
and ho has been watching it day and night
ever since for bis victuals ana ciotccs."
The Whisky Tax.
Assizor's Orrjct., )
United States Internal Htttnue,
JJMrlct of Aritvnn. )
Pjiescott, July 20, 1808.
7ii)iTort Arizona Miser. A letter re
ceived by Collector Bashford, by last mall,
from tho oflico of the Commissioner of Inter
nal Revenue, refers to a subject interesting
to most of tho merchants of the Territory.
The lotlor (dated Treasury Department, of
fice of Internal Revenue. Washington. May
20, 18C8,) states that information had been
received, by letter, at that oflicc, that a
prominent linn, engaged in business in this
Territory, is eelling liquor, at wholesale,
without keening the books required by Sec
tion 2G. of tho Act of .lull- 13 iKf.fi. ..,,1 fi,o
following instructions are given to the Col
lector: "Please inrestiirafn tliia muttcrMra.
fully. Should you find that Messrs
have U-en guilty of fraud, as well as neglect,
you will seize the spirits and jiersonal prop
erty at their placo of business, and prosecute
them for violation of the above section of the
Revenue Laws. If, however, you find that
the failure to keep the books prescribed was
actually occasioned by ignorance, you may
pass over tho case, if no fraud has been com
mitted, warning them not to be found with
out the books hereafter.
Please report your action in this case to
this odice, immediately."
(Signed,) Thomas IIaeland,
Section 20, rsferrc-d to iu the letter above,
reads as follows :
Section 20. And be it further enacted,
That every rectifier or wholesale dealer in
distilled spirits shall enter, daily, in a book
or l)ooks. kept for the purpoH.'," under such
iu5c and i emulations as lue Commissioner ol
Internal Revenue may prescribe, the number
of proof gallons of spirits purchased or re
ceived, of whom purciHtsed and received, and
the number of proof gallons sold or delivered;
and every rectifier or wholesale dealer, who
shall neglect or refuse to keep snch record,
shall forfeit all spirits in his pciesskin, to
gether with the apparatus, tools ami imple
ments used, and bo subject to a fine of five
hundred dollars, or iinpnsonmont for not less
than six months, in (he discretion of tbe
Court. And every rectifier shall mark with
a stencil plate on each package of five gallon,
or more, of distilled or rectified s pints sold
by him. his name and place of business."
In tbe regulations prescribed by tbe Com
missioner in connection with the" above scc
twn of the law, the term u wholesale dealers "
includes all who sell distilled spirits by tho
gallon, and the items of purchase and sales
sb.:iibl 1- k'nfjiniac.continuous.accpunt.
As there undoubtedly lb much ignorance ot
the Revenue Law, concerning the sale of dis
tilled spirits, existing in this Territory, many
E arsons being engaged in the business who
ave never seen a copy of the law, I take this
method of giving information which, if acted
upon, may prevent disagreeable conequences
in the course of enforcement of the law, in
cases which are liable to arise at any time.
In consequence of the stupendous frauds
perpetrated against Government in the liquor
trade, the instructions of the Treasury De
partment in relation thereto, are of the most
stringent nature, and the determination that
all offenders shall, when possible, be made to
suffer the jienalties imposed by law. should
induce every honest liquor seller to take heed
that he does not, by carelessness and neglect,
lay himself liable to prosecution.
Jlwtr A. Bioelow,
Assessor of Internal Revenue.
Impotakt Law. The following Act to
amend an Act, entitled 'An Act for the re
lief of the inhabitants of cities and towns
uj6n public landf," approved March 2, lb'C",
will be read with interest, as it has passed
both Houses of Congress, and is now a Jaw:
lie it enacted by the Senate and Howe of Jlep
tmentatire of Oie United Btalttof Ameriea'tn
Conore turmbledt That the inhabitants of
any town located on the public land of the
United States may avail themselves, if the
town authorities" elect so to do, of the pro
visions of the Act of March 2, 1867, entitled
"An Act for the relief or the Inhabitants of
cities and towns upon the public lands; Pro
tided, This act shall not prevent tbo issuance
of patents to persons who have made, or may
make entries and elect to proceed under ex
isting laws: And prutidetl Jurtler, That no
title under said act of March 2, 16G7,, shall
be acquired to any valid mining claim orpos
session held under tbe existing laws of Con
gress: Provided cJo. That in addition to the
minimum price of the lands included in any
town site entered under the provisions of this
Act aud -Act for the relief of the inhabitants
of cities and towns upon the public lands."
approvod March 2? 1807, there shall lie paid
by th parties Rvading thejnsi"lvfi of $h pro
visions of said Acts, all costs of surveying
and platting any such town-site and expen
C03 incident thereto, Incurred by tbe United
States, before any patent shall issue therefor.
A new roofing material is now being mado
at Folsom, California, which, according to tbe
San Francisco Mining Preit, "is prepared
from finely pulverized quartz, saturated with
some bituminous liquid, which renders it firm
ly adhesive and exceedingly pliable. It is
prepared and put on cold ; hardening in about
forty-eight hours. It can also be used as a
paint for covering cither metal or wood. It
may be made of any 6hade of color and ad
heres as firmly to tin or any smooth metal, as
any paint wo have ever seen. It is water
proof and quite as fire-proof as any of tho
oephaltum preparations now used in this city.
The patentees claim that they t can cover a
roof with this material (ine-thinreaper
than the same roof can bo covcred'with any
other material in use."