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Adopted by the Constitutional Convention,
L'rluny, October 2, 181)1.
We. tho people of Arizona, gratof nl to the Supreme Ilelng for our libortios. In ordo.
U.form n more independent anil perfect government, establish justice, insure domes
tlo trnnqulllt) , r W ide for tho common uefonso, promoto the general welfare; and sec
ure the bWmWof Uborty ourselves find our posterity, do ordain and establish thi.
Constitution tdr tho Btatoof Arizona.
The power of government of the State are divided into threo distinct department
The Executive. the Legislative, and Judicial; and no person or collection of persons
belonging to one of thoo department. eho.ll exercise any power properly belonging t.
either of the otters, except as hereinafter expressly directed or pormittod.
MIA OF M0.IIT8.
Section I. (iovernmontanrolnsMiitednmongmonfor tho security of llfe,llbert
and property, and derive their just power f mm the consent of the governed; and U
secure these end, the right to alter or reform is inherent in the iwoplo.
Sec. 2. Tlie union of the State of the United State of America is a bond of govern
ment supreme and indissoluble; the power of the general government over any btat.
or people to enforce obedience to the Constitution and lav,s, and to punish any viola
tlon of tho same, 1 supreme and indisputable.
Hrc. 3. The military shall at all time be in strict subordination to the civil powet
So soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered In any house without tho consent of th.
owner: nor in time of war but in the manner prescribed by law.
Sec. 4 Tho right of tho ieoplo t keep or Iwar arm for t heir own defense, and thv
ofho government, shall not bo infringed. The legislature shall hive the power t.
regulate the wearing of arms to prevent crime.
Sec. V The civil right of the people shall not lw abridged except on conviction to
crime , . n ,
.Krc Tho right of the ieople to be ouro In their iiersons, house, papers and cfloct.
hall not bo violated; and no warrant shall issue but on probable cause, supported bj
oath or aiErmatlon. and particularly describing the place to bo searched, and the pel
eon.or things to be seized. '
Sic 1. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwiso infamou.
rime, unless on a presentment or indictment, of a Grand Jnry. or by Information
Uiwlurwn an affidavit as miy be prescribed by law; except Incases arising in the
land or naval forces, or In tho militia when In actuol service In time of v,ar or public
danger, nor shall any one bo subject, for the same offense, to bo twice put W Jeopardy
Oflifeorlimb.nor.hallbocomielledln any criminal caso to bo o witness against
himself, nor to be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Sec 8. In all criminal prosecutions, tlie accawd shall enjoy the right to n speedy
and public trial by an impartial jury of the count) wherein the crimo shall have been
committed, to be informed of tho nature and cause of tho accusation by copy of tho
ame; to be confronted with tho witnesses against him; depositions of non-residents
of the State, or invalid witness may bo taken In the presence of himself und counsel
asthohw may prescribe; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses, In his
laior, free, and to have tho assistance of counsel for his defense.
Sw? V. A person arrested shall immediately ) taken Is. fore a magistrate hnving Jur-
.Isdiction.tobe dealt with according to law: before conviction he shall not suffer
punishment or mdipnltj lieyond the necessary precautions to prevent escape orrcscue;
e shell be m-rmittnl to converse with counsel at all times, and with other persons at
-eei-oral le home nod under safe conditions.
Sue. 10 In suits nt common Jv and in the trlol of crimes, not felonies, the Legls
tntrro may I roviile that a venllct lie by concurrence of three-fonrtlis of tho jury.
Hep 1. In suits nt common hw where th value in controversy shall exceed twent
lottos, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved.
Sec. 12 All prisoner shall be tollable, by suHicient sureties unices for capital or
fenwe when the pns.f is evident. This provision shall not bo so construed as to pre
ot bail lifter indictment, found, or information hied, upon examination of thoevl
tenc in snch manner as may bo prenribed bylaw.
.Sw. IS. The writ of habeas corpus. Is a writ of right and shall never 1 suspended.
The legislature shall enact laws to rentier the remedy speedy and effectual.
SBC. 1. Excessiva Ml shall not be required, nor excessive hue imposed, nor cruel
nor unuiroal pnuUhmcnt inflicted.
HEa I. All courts shall tw in, and every person for an injury done him In his
lands, goods, person, or reputation, shall have remedy by duo course of law.
Set;, lti. No LIU of attainder or cr post Ucto Ww or law IroiMiring the obligation of
eontrw. shall Is. made. No conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of
-.,.. T1.,J,I nnrt silver coin of the United States shall bo eiually a lgal tender
for all dnbts ami obligations contrae'ed in this State any contract to the contrary not
withstanding. 50.17. No irson Khali ever be imprUonod for debt except in case of fraud.
SJBO 1. No person shall be outlawed, nor shall any personTxi transported out or tho
state for an i(fene committed within the same.
Heo. 19 Perpetuities ami monopolies are contrary to the genius of free Government,
and shall never 1" illows.1. Ml grunt or corporate or other franchises shall be sab.
lect to legislative control, real or amendment.
' tfKJ.20. The people shall havo the right in npeacable manner to assemble together
for tdeir common good and apply to those invostwi with the powers of government
forredws of grievances or other purposes, by petition, address or remonstrance.
Sec 21. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession end worship with
out Jiscrimlnntlon or prference shall forever t guaranteed in this State, and no per
son shill be rendered incompotont to hold any office of trust or profit, or to serve as a
witn or Juror because of his opinion on any matter of religious belief whatever; but
thellb?rtyof coocleo" herein assured shall not be construed so as to bxchbo acts
of lfcontlousmHs o- jnsllfy practices inconsistent with the poace or safety of the State.
fire, . Etamy and the practice of polygamy are Monica and persons found gnilty
d cTther shall bo punished as those convicted of other felonies.
Sec. 23. Every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects, being re.
pmsible for the abuse of that liberty.
SCT- 2i. Elections shall be open, free and equal, and no power, civil qr military, shall
t any time interfere to prevent an nntrammelod exercise of the right of suffrage.
Sec. 25. No property qualifications shall over In reqnlred for any porson lo vote or
Sec 2 PrlvM wipirty shill never bo taken or damaged except for public use.
and not then without due compensation therefor.
Sec 27 The following are deelired to l public uses: Private ways of necessity,
end for re-virvoirs, drains, Humes, ditchesroads, railroads, tramways, telephone and
telegraph lines, pipelines, sewers, electric lines, and bucket lines, on or across the
land of others for tho purpose of agricnltnre, mining, milling, domestic, live stock or
Sec 28. No lottery shall ever bo permitted in this State.
tiic29. The right-of-way over mountain riasses. and through canons is granted to
all upon such terms and regulations as may be prescribed by law.
Sec M. The railroads of this State are deolarcd to be public highways.
Sec 81. No person shall bo Imprisoned for the purpose of securing his testimony
ngor than may bo necessary to tako his deposition, and then only when he fails to
give ball to attend the taking of said deposition. Depositions so taken, If In presence
nt a defendant and Ids counsol, may bo used In evidence. f
Sec 32. The enumeration in this Constitution of certain rights shall not bo con
strued to deny. Impair or disparage others retained by tho people.
Heotios 1. The Executive Department of this State shall consist of a Governor.
Secretary of State, State Auditor, Htnto Treasurer, Attorney General and Superintend
ent of Publlo Instruction, all of whom shall hold their offices for a torm of four years
and until their successors shall bo elected and qualified, each of whom shall, dnrins
his term of office, reside and keep Ids office nnd tho public records and papers lielong
Ing thereto, at the seat of government.
Sec 2. Tho Chief Exeontlve power of the State shall l vested In the Governor.
St c 3. No person shall bo eligible to the ofiico of Governor who has not lieen a cltl
en of tho United States for n period of ten years, and of this State or Territory for a
period of four years prior to his election, and who has not attained the ago or thirty
years, prior thereto.
Beo. . The Governor. Secretary of Rtato, Stato Andltor, State Treasurer, Attorney
Oneral. and Hnperlntendont of Pnbllc Instruction shall he elected by tho qnallfied
lectors of th State at lirgo at the time and place of choosing members of thelCgis
Sec " The returns of eich election therefor shall be made in sneli mannra Is, or
may be prescribed bv law The prson having tho highest nnmlier of votes for each of
the rus-ctlve offices shall be declared dnlr eloctel thireto; but If two or more shall
Jieerjn' -n 1 hUhest In rots for the same office one of thm shnll bo elected hythe
Joint vote of both houses of the Legislature at its nrtt session after the emotion nt
which snch tie vote occurred and a mnjoritr of the votes of all the mombere elected tr
loh hnsw s'iiII v nss.nry to n choice,
8C. TV loremor shalllx. Cnmrnnodor-in-Hdef of the military fn-ces of the
State, except whin thev n" oiled Into ssrvlce of tho T'nlt"d States and he mnv call
out such forces to execute th 1 iws, s'irs insnrreetlon nnd rrsl Invislof). He shnl)
liave power to convene tho Ixurislatnro on extraordinary occnslons. nnd shidl state the
purposes for which tho lcglshtnre Is ennvonod, nnd tho Legislature shall bo limited Ir
Its actions when so convened, to the purposes so stated. He shall, at the commence
ment of each session of tho Legislature, commnnicatn to tho same by messigo, infor
mation of tta condition of tho State, and recommond such measures as he shall deem
Site 7. Tho Governor may nt any time require information or reports In writing,
from the officers of tho Execrtive Department, on any subject pertaining to the duties
of their respective offices, and he may. also, r.t any time require Information or reports
In writlne from nil officers and manager of State Institutions npon any subject, relnt
(njc to thedntlenrthir respective offices, the condition, management, and expenses
of their respective offices and institutions, and all such report or information In writ
ing, hereinbefore named, shall bo nnder oath. And the Governor, may, nt any time he
deems It necessary. Investigate and report npon the condition of any eiecntlve office or
State Institution. And the Governor shall have power to reqnlro any of the'ofilce rs above
Aamed for good cause, to execnte and file in the proper office, additional bonds, In such
mount and In such manner as may bo provided by law,
,8Ea 8. He shall expeditn all suoh measures as may be resolvod upon by the Legisla
icuro, and shall tAke care that tho laws are faithfully executed.
flEC 9. Ho shall havo powor to remit fines and forfeitures, nnd to grant reprieves,
commutations nnd pardons after conviction, except in casos of Impeachment and treas
on, In such manner as may be prescribed by law, but he shall set forth In writing, fully,
f he grounds of all och remissions, reprieves, commutations and pardons, and report
the same to the Legislature at Its next session after the same are made.
Bec 10. He shall transact nil necessary business with the officers of the government,
civil and military, appertaining to business concerning tho Stale.
- Sec 11. Every bill which has been passed by the Legislature, shall, before it becomes
a law, be pTntc4 to the Govrtior. If he approves it h shall sign It. but it not, he
shall return it to tho house in which it originated, with his objections thereto, which
bouse shall outer tho objections at hrge upon tho journal nnd proceed to reconsider
It. If, after such reconsideration, tuo-lhlrds of tho iiiemliers elected agree to pass the
bill, it shall bo sent, together with the objections, to the other honw. bj which it shnl)
lie likewise reconsidered, nnd If Unapproved by two-thirds of the mt rubers elect oil to
that house, it shall lxs.nnie a law, but iu all such oiscs the Tote of the I .o hoiuw shnll
t determined by tho jeus aud najs, and tho naimMof the members of e ich hoosu vot
ing for and ng ilnst tho bill shall bo entered upon tho Journals of on h homo iopiv
lively. If any bills b not returned by tho Governor within ton dais after its prewnu
tion to him, the same shall became a law, unless tho Legislature prevents Its riturn by
adjournment, in which case it shall bcoomo a Lw, unless ho shall w ithin ten days after
.u-h adjournment nle the somo with his objectlous, in the office of Secretary of State.
Sf.c 12. The Governor shall, by and with the advice and consent of tho Senate, ap
point and commission all Stato officers whose election is not provided for herein or by
law, und he may romovo any officer appointed by him, or by him with the advlco and
consent of the Sonato. When any ofllco from any cause becomes vacant, and no mode
Is provided by this Constitution or by law for filling such vacancy, tho Governor shall
have power to fill the same by npiintinent.
Sec lA If the Governor lw limwached, displaced, resign, or die, or from any other
cause whatever shall become incapable, disqu Uifiod or IncoraiKSlent to perform the
duties of his office, tho Secretary of State shall act as Governor until such vacnncy bo
tilled, or thodisabllity removed; and In caso tho Secretary of Stalo shall also bo ills,
qnallfied from informing such duties, then tho President of tho Senate shall assume
them nnd act ns Governor until the disability bo removed, or the v acanoy filled.
Sec 14. Any Governor of this Stato who asks, receives, or oitrees to receive any
bribe, upon any understanding that his official opinion, judgment or action shall be
Influenced thereby, or who gives, or offers to give, or promises his official iufluenco in
any manner whatever, in consideration that any member of the legislature shall give
bis official vote or influence on any particular side of nny subject or matter upon which
he is required to act in his official cavNicity, or who menaces, or attempts to menace any
uch member by tho threatened use of his veto power, or with the throatenod use of his
official power in any manner whatever, with tho intent to Influence tlio official action
of said member, shall bo punished In the maimer now, or that may hereafter bo pro
vided b) law, nnd In addition thereto, upon conviction, shall foifeit nil right to hold or
sxcrciso any office of trust or honor in this State.
Sec 15. A Seal of Stato shall bo kept by the Secretary of State, used by him olficiall)
or under his official sanction, and colled the Groat Seal of Arizona.
Sec 16. All grants and commissions shall bo issuod, "In the nsme and by tht
authority of tho State of Arizona," signed by the Governor, nnd attested by tho Secre
tary of State, and sealed with the Groat Seal of the State.
Src 1". Tho iKiwers nnd duties of the Secretary of State, State Auditor, Stato Treas
urer, Attornoy General and Snirlntendoiit of Public Instruction, shnll be such ns are
or may bo preecrllicd by law.
Sir. 18. Until othorwiso provided by law, the Govurnorshall recelw. an annual sal
ary of TwentJ-five Hundred Dollars; tho Secretory of State, Two JThousund Dollars; the
State Auditor. One Thousand Dollars; tho Stato Treasurer, One Thousand Dollars; the
Attornej General, One Thousand Dollars3ndtho8niorlntendent of Public Instruction
One Thousand Dollars; and tho salaries of said officers or of any fcthta or County officer
shall not bo Increased or diminished during their term of office, and any and all fees
and profits arising from any of snid State offices shall bo covered Into the State
Treasury as may bo provided by law
Bectio.n 1. The Legislative jsjwer shall bo vostcd In a Senate and House of llopre
sentatives, which shall l deslgnatisl tho Legislature of the State of Arizona.
Sec. 2. Senators shall lw elected for the term of four (4) jears and Hoproeontattve
for the torm of two (2) years. Tho Senators elected at the first election shnll lw divided
by lot into two classes as nearly equal as may lw. The seats of Senators of the first
class shell 1 vacated at theexpiration of the first two vears, and of the second-class at
tho eipiratlon of four ) ears. No iwrson shall bo a Senator who has not nttalnod the
age of twent)-five years, or a Ilepresentative who has not attained the oge'if twenty-one
jears, and who is not a citizen of the United States anil of this State, and who has noi
resided in this Stato nt least two years, and in the county or district sli months next
preceding his election.
8w. 3. Iiith county shall constitute a Senatorial and lleprwentn.ivo district; the
Senate and Honse of Ilepresentntives shalj lw composed of mernbeiu el al by tho legal
voters of their counties resjwctively, every two (2) jears. They eliril lw apportioned
among the said counties as nearly as may bo according to the numbo of the Inhabitant
thereof. Each county shall have at least one Senator and one ltcpr'entatlve; but at n
time shall the nnmlier of members of the Ilquso of llepresentativfii lw less than twice
nor greater than threo times the numlwr of members of the Senate, The Senate and
House of Itepresentatives firt elected In pursuance of this Cons'itution, shall consist o)
twelvo and twenty-four momlwrs respectively.
Hra t. When vacancies occnr in either Houso by death, resignition or otherwise
such vacancy shall lw filled for tho rtmainder of tho frm by s;sclal election, to lw cal
lot in such manner as may lw prescrilwd by law.
Sec 5. Memtwrs of the Senate and House of It preventatives shall lw elected on tht
day provided by law for tho general election of a member of Congress, and their terra
of office shall liegln on tho first Monday of Jnnuiry thereafter.
Rrx. 6. Each member of the fiit Legislatu n, as a compensation for his services
shall receive Five Dollars for each days' attendance, and fifteen i-ents for each mil.
traveled in going to and returning from the seat of government to his resid'iice b tb
usual tmveled routo. and shall receive no other compensation, prq dsite or allowanc
whatever. No session of tho Legls-hturo after the .-t, which may lw ninety days, shal
exceed sixty days duration. Sundays and holidajs inclnUca.."nt iu trial I s impoich
ment After tho first session the compensation of the membersof th I- Kislature shal
bo as provided by liw, but no Legislature shnll fix its own compensation.
BfO 7. The Legislature (-hall meet ut the seal of government af rrfc;fKlr,-n''on, til
tho second Tuesdayof January, next sncreeillug the general election provided by law
and at 12 o'clock, noon, on the Second Tuesday of January of each alternato year there
vfler, nnd lit other times when convened by the Governor.
Bbo. 8. N Senator or lleproscntatlvo shall, during the torm for which ho wasolectod
be appointed to any civil office nnder the State, and no member of Congress or other
person holding an office (except that of Notary Public or an effice in the militia,) un
der the Unitod States or this State, shall be a member of olthar Ucuso during his con
tinuance in office.
Sec 0. No member of either house shall, during tho term for which he was elected,
receive any increase of salary or mileage under any law imssed daring that tenn.
Sec 10. The Senate shall, at tho beginning of each regular session, and at such other
times as may lw necessary, elect one of its members President; the Houso of Itepresen
tatives shall elect one of its members Speaker; each house shall choose its other officers
and shall judge of the election returns and qualifications of Its members.
Sec 11. A majority of each houso shall constitute, a quorum to do business, bnt a
smaller number mny adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of absent
members in such manner and under such penalties as each houso may prescribe.
Sec 12. Each house rhall have the power to determine its rules of procedure, and
punish its members or other persons for contempt or disorderly behavior in Its pres
ence; to protect its members against violence or offers of bribes or private solicitation,
and with tho concurrence of two-thirds, to expell a member; nnd shall have all other
powers necessary and usual in tho Legislature of n free State; but no Imprisonment by
either House shall continne lwyond thirty days. Punishment for contempt or disorder,
ly behavior shall not bar n criminal prosecution for tho same offense.
Sec IS. Each house shall keep a journal of Its proceedings, nnd may. In its discre
tion, from time to time, publish the same, except each part as requires secrecy, and the
yeas and naj son any question shall, at the request of two members, lw entered on the
Sec 14. Tho sessions of each House, nnd of the Commltte of tho Whole shall bo open
unless tho business is such as requires secrecy.
Sec 15 Nelthor House shall, without the consent of tho other, adjourn for more
than threo days, nor to nny other place than that In which the two Houses shall bo
Sec 18. The memtwrs of the Legislature shall, In nil cases except treason, felony,
violation of their oaths of office, and breach of the peace, lw privileged from arrest
during their attendance at the sessions of tho respective Honses, nnd In going to and
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate In either House, they shall not
bo questioned in any other place.
8eC. 17. Tho solo power of impenchment shall rest intho Houso of Representatives:
the concurrence of n majority of nil tho members Iwlng necessary to tho exercise there
of. Impeachment shall lw tried by the Senate, sitting for that purpose, nnd tho Sena
tors shall lw upon oath or affirmation to do Justice according to law and evidence.
When the Governor Is on trial the Chief Jnstlco of tho Supreme Oonrt shall preside. No
peron shall be convicted without n concurrence of two-thirds of tho Senators, elected.
Sfc, 18. Tlio Governor and other State and Jndlcial officers, except Justices of the
Peace, shall lw liable to Impeachment for high crimes and mlsdemennors, or malfeas
anco In office, but Judgment In such cases shall only extend to removal from office nnd
disqualification to hold nny office of honor, trnst or profit under the laws of tho State.
The party, whether convicted or aoqnlttcd, shal, nevertheless, lw liable to prosecution,
trial. Judgment nnd punishment according to law.
Sec 10. All officers, not liable to Impeachment, shall lw subject to removal for mis
conduct or malfeasance In office, in snch manner as may bo provided by law.
8fc20. No law shall bo passed except by bill, and no bill shall bo so altered or
amended, on Its passage throngh either House, ns to change its original purpose.
Sec 21. The enacting clause of everv law shnll bo as follows." ' Bo it enacted by the
Legislature of the Btete of Arizona."
Sec 22. No bill for the appropriation of money, except for the expenses of the Gov
ernment, shall be Introduced within five (5) days of the close of tho session, except bj
nnanimons consent of the Honn In which it is sought to be Introduced.
SvC 21. No hill shall be considered or become a law unless referred to a committee
returned therefrom and printed for the nso of tho members; nor shall anv bill have the
force of n law until it has been rend at length on three several days in each Honse
bnt In case of Imperative pnbllc necessity, which necessity mnst lie stated In n pream.
We or In the body of the hill; two-thirds of the House In which 'the bill mny be pend
Ing may snspend this rule the yens and nsys being taken on the question of suspension
and entered upon the Journals.
Rrc 24. No bill, except renernl npproprlntlon hills, and bills for the codification
and genernl revision of th lnws, shall lw passed containing more than ono pnbjert
which snbjnct shall be clearly expressed In Its title, bnt if any subject Is embraced in
any net which Is not expressed in Its title, snch net shall be void only bs to so rancl
thereof as shall not be so expressed.
Src 25. No bill shall become a lnw, except bv a vote of, a majority of all the mem
hers elected to each House, nor. nnWw on lb flnal'passage, the vote bo taKen by aye'
and nays and tho names of those voting be entered on the Jonrnal,
Seo. 2ii. No law shnll bo revised or amended or tho provision t thereof extended bj
reference to Its title nnlv but so mnrh thereof ns is revised, amended or oxtendedish'il)
h re-enacted nnd pnbllshed at length.
Src 27 Th Tgisltnrn shall net Pis lo"il or sneelnl st In any of the Mlewfne
enumerated esses, thnt Is tossy For grartirgdlvercesilsyteiront openinc nlterlnt
orworl-lng roads or highwayR' vscntlne ronds town plsts stieefs alleys or nnbllc
irronnds; locating or changing conntv sests. rec-nlstlng conntv or township sffalr;th
Incorporation of cities, towns or village" or ehannting or amend! ne the ehsrters of snj
cities, town or villsgeit; regulating the practice In conrts of Justice; regulating the
Jurisdiction and duties of jnstlcos of the pence, police magistrates or constables
changing the rules of evidence In any trial or Inqniry; providing for changes of venns
In civil or criminal cases; doclaring any person of age; the limltUion of civil action
giving effect to any informal or Invalid deed; summoning or impaneling grand or petit
juries; providing for the management of common schools; regulating tho rate of inter
est on money; the opening or conducting of any eloctlon, or doiignntlng the place ol
voting; the sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disabll
Ity; chartering or Hceniing ferries or bridges ortoll roods; chartering banks, insnrance
companies and loan imd tmst companies; remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures
creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages or allowances of public officers
changing tho law of descent; granting to any corporation, associatl'i r Individual the
rlftht to lay down railroad track or any special or pocIujIvb privilege, Immunity o)
franchiso whatever, or amending existing charter for such purposo; tho punishment ol
crimes; changing names of persons or places; tho assescment or collection of taxes; or law
effecting estates of dacoisod persons, minors or others under logaldlsabllitlos; oxtendlnp
the time for tho collection of tuxes; refunding money paid Into the State Treasnry; rolin
quisbing or extinguishing in whole or in part tho indebtedness, liabilities or obligation!
of any iwrson or corporation to this State, or to any municipal corporation therein
legalizing, en ept as. against the State, the unauthorized or Invalid act of nny officer
exempting property from taxation; restoring to citizenship persons convicted of in
famous crime: authorizing the creation, extension or IraiKiiring of liens: creating
ollicert or proscribing the powers or duties of officers in counties, cities, townships oi
school districts; or law authorizing tho adoption or legitimation of children. In ah
other cases where a general law can bo made applicable, no special law shall bo en
Bxq. 2a The presiding officer of each House shall, in the presence of the Houso ovei
which he presides, sign all bills and Joint resolutions passed by the Legislature imme
diately after their titles havo been publicly read and tho fact of signing shall bo at one
entered upon tho journal.
tiEO. 29. Tho first Legislature convened under this Constitution shall havo no more
than seven clerks, two sergoant-at-arms, two pages and two door keepers, whose compon
tatlon shall not exceed five dollars each per day. Said Legislature shall prescribe by law
'he numlwr and compensation of the officers and employees of each House, andno
payment shall bo made from the Stato Treasury, or be In any way authorized to nny
inch porson except to an acting officer or employee olected or appointed in pursuance
of law. No law passed Increasing tlio number or compensation of employees shall take
iffect during the session In which it was passed.
Sec 30. No bill shall bo passed giving an extra compensation to any public officer,
lervant or employee, agent or contractor after services have been rendered or contract
Hec 31. All stationery, printing, paper, fuel and lighU used in tho Legislative and
other departments of government shall lw furnished ana the printing and binding of
die laws, journals and department reports and other printing and binding and the re
pairing and furnishing of the halls and roomB used for tho meeting of the Legislature
ind Its committees eliall be performed under contract, to bo given to the lowest responsi
ble bidder bolow such maximum price and under snch regulations as may bo prescribed
bylaw. No member or officer of any department of the Government shall bo in any
if ay interested In any such contract, and nil such contracts shall be subject to the ap
proval of the Governor and Stato Treasurer.
Sec 32. Except as otherwise provided In this Constitution no law shall extend the
cerm of any public officer or increase or diminish his salary or emoluments after his
slection or apiwintment, but this shall not bo construed to forbid the Legislature from
Sxlng tho salaries or emoluments of those officors first elected or appointed under this
Constitution, If such salaries or emoluments are not fixed by Its provisions.
T.C 31. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of liepresentn
'Ivce, but the Senate may pruposo amendments as in case of other bills.
Sec 31. The general appropriation bills shall embrace nothing but appropriations
tor the ordinary expenses of tho Legislative, Executive and Judicial Department of
tho State, Interest on public debt and for public schools. All other appropriations
ihall bo made by separate bills, each embracing but one subject.
Sec 35. Except for interest on public debt money shall lw paid out of the Treasury
nlj on appropriations by the Legislature, and in no case otherwise than npon warrant
irawn by the proper officer in pursuance of law.
Sec 36. No appropriation shall lw madoifor charitable. Industrial, educational or
benevolent purposes, to any person, corporation or community not under the nb&olute
:ontrol of tho State, nor to any donominatlonfil or sectarian Institution or association.
Sec. 37. The legislature shall not delegate to any special commissioner, privaU
jorjmratlon or association any power to make, supervise or interfere with any munici
pal improvements, moneys, property or effects, whether held in tmst or otherwiso. nor
to levy taxes, nor to perform any municipal functions wliatover.
Sec 3 No act of tho Legislature shall authorize the investment of trnst funds by
sxecutors, administrntors, guardians or trustees In the bonds or stock of any private
wt.c. 39 The Legislature shall hare no power to pass any law authorizing the State,
jr any county in tho state or municipal corporation, to contract any debt or obligation
In aid of any private enterprise, nor to givo or loan Its credit to or In aid of the same;
but neither tho Stato nor any political subdivision thereof shall bo prohibited from
loaning Its credit or giving nid to tho construction and maintainance of railroad, toll
mails, street rallwavs, canals, reservoirs, water works, sewers or bridgos; provided that
the proimsition to lend such aid shall first bo submitted to a vote of tho qualified elec
tors of tho political subdivision affected thereby, and two-thirds of those voting shall
tote In favor thereof.
Sec 10. Every order, resolution or voto in which tho concurrence of both Houses
may Is) necessary, except on tho question of luljournment or relating solely to the
'rnnsactlon of tho buslnoss of the two Houses, shall bo presented to the Governor, and
before It shall take effect bo approved by him, or, on boing disapproved, be repassed b)
two-thirds of both Houses, as prescribed in tho case of a bill,
Sko. 41. A member who has a iwreonal or private Interest in any measnreor bill pro
posed or (wnding before the Legislature shall disclose the fact to the House of which ht
is a member, and shall not vole thereon.
Section 1 One lteprosentntivo in the Congress of tho United States shall be electee
from the State at largo, at tho first general election under this Constitution, and there
after at snch times and places, and In such manner as may b prescribed by law. Whci
a new apportionment shnll bo mmle by Congress, the Legislnture shall divide the Stau
into congressional districts accordingly.
Sec. 2. Until an apportionment of Senators and Tteprcwntatives is otherwise pro
vidod by law. they shall be divided among the several counties of the State In the fol
lowing manner Apache county ono memlier of thi Senate and two members of thi
llonwof Ilepresentatlves: Coconino, one cVaitor and one Representative; Cochise
onofealilornnl thr'w TViprosnntativos; Gila, one "-enntor and one Representative
Gralnim. one Senator nnd two Representatives: Maricopa one Senator and fonr Repre.
entatives; Mohave, one -enator anil one Representative Pima, ono senator nnd f oui
Representatives; Pinal, one Senator and two Representatives; Yavapai, one Senator an
three Representatives; Yuma, one Senator and one Representative. And the several
counties of tho -state shall elect ono Senator at large.
Section 1. Tho Judicial power of the State of Arizona shall bo vested in one So
promo Court, District Courts, Probato Courts, Justices of tho Peace, and such inferior
courts for incorporated cities, towns and villages as may bo provided by law.
Ieo. 2. The Snpreme Court shall consist of three Jndws. and shall have orivina
Inrlsdletlon In qno warranto. In mandamus and habeas eorpns, and appellate Jnrlsdle
tion In all other cases. One of said Indues shall be Chief Justine; two shall constltub
n qnomm, and the concurrence of the two shall be necessarr to eyery decision.
Hfc 3. The Jndgee of the Snoreme Court shall lw elected bv th qns'lied electors o
the State at large, and, except the first election for Jndges nnder this Constitution, sair
Judges shall lw elected at general elections.
Sec 4. The term of offi of the fudges of th Snorm fonrt. except nn In this nrtl
cle otherwise provided shall lw six years, and they shall hold their offices until thel
successors are duly qualified.
HEC 5. Tho judges of the Supreme Conrt shall. ImmMlatelv after the firt eleetloi
under this Constitution, tw classified by lots so that one shall hold his office for th.
term of two yoars, ono for the term of four years, and one for the term of six jean
from tho first Monday in January, after the Constitution takes effect. Tho lota shal
lw drawn by the Judges, who shall for thnt purpose assemble at the sent of government
and they shall canso the result thereof to be certified to the Secretary of th Territorj
and filed In his office, unless the Secretary of the "tate of Arizona shall hsve entered
upon the duties of his office, in which event said certification shall bo filed therein
The jndge having tho shortest term to serve, not holding his office by election or ap
pointment to fill a vacancy, shall lw Chif Jnstlco. nnd shall preside at all terms of th.
Supreme Court, and In caso of his absence, the judge having in like manner the nex'
shortest tenn to serve, shall preside in his stead.
Set. ft. There shall lw n clerk and also a reporter of tho Rnnreme Court, who shal
lw appointed by the jndges thereof, and who shall hold their offices dnrlne the pleosnr
of tho jndees, anil whoso dnttes and emoluments shall bo prescribed bv law and by rne
of the Snpreme Court not Inconsistent with law. The Iwgislstnre shall make provlsioi
for the publication nnd distribution of tho decisions of tho Snpreme Court and for the
sale of tho pnblished volumes thereof.
Sfc 7. No person shall bo eligible to the office of .Tndeo of the Supreme or District
f'onrts nnless ho be learned In the law, lw nt last thlrtv years of ago and a eifi'en of
'he United States, nor nnless ho shnll havo resided In the State or Territory of Arizona
three jears next preceding his election nnd In the district ono year.
Sfc 8. No duties shall lw imposed bv law npon the Supreme Conrt. or any of the
lodges thereof, except snch ns are jndictal. nor shall any of tho Judges thereof exercise
ny power of appointment except a herein provided.
"EC fl. 'Ihestylof process shall be: "The Stale of Arizona," All prosecntlons
shall be enrriod on in tho name nnd bv the anthoritv of the State of Arizona, nnd con
ilnde, "against the peace and dimity of the ctnte of Arirona." There shall b nt lst
three terms of the Snpreme Conrt in each year as mav bo provided hv law Until the
law does so provide, the Court may, by an ordor entered of record, fix the time and
places of snch terms of court.
arr. 10. Any vacancv happening bv death, resignation or otherwise. In the office of
Indre of the Snnremo Court, shnll be filld hvnnnointrnenthv the Governor, which
Appointment shsll continne until the first general election thereafter, when said vaean-
shsll lw filled hv el-tlon.
Sfp. 11. In esse n .Tndeo of the Supreme Court shall be in any wav interested in s
ennsebronght before said conrt. the remaining Judges of said court shnll cell one of
he District Judgos not interested, to sit with them, on the hearing of said cause.
Sfi. 12. Until otherwise provided bv law. the State shell bo divided into three ju
llehl districts The conntls of Grshnm. Coehiso and THma shall constitute the first
listr'cf the counties of Ynmn. Marlcopn. Gila and Vina shnll constitute the second
i"trl-t and tho counties of Mohave, Yavapai, Coconino and Apache shall constitnte
he third district.
Sfc 13. One judge shall be elected from each district, who shnll hold his office for a
term of fonr years, Tho term of tho first District Judges e'eetod under this Constitution
shnll terminate fonr yoars after the first day of January, after this Constitution takes
Seo. 14. The District Conrts shall have original general inrlsdletlon of all cansos in
law nnd nqnltv, nnd such annlH'n Jurisdiction as may be provided by law, nnd shall
hold st !s.st two terms each vesr in eni-h conntv.
Ssv t5, pe-lnd'T"ts of i-t shsll Ks l1rv-T'1 fvmthA TM.(rt fonvt to the
Snere-n f'-in-t frrt-n nil n't?! 1p3.n!rsiMoss !' ?-rvn o!l di.tiTnInntlons nffectlng
Spr. tl Vn'lil'n of the 3nn'wi Cnr msv In esses of enArenev sit as a Dis
M"t 1nd s. .Ind"0 of fsp TVsfrW Tonrt hn1l Vw dslcnsted hv the nnreme Court
to 'it In t' "nnremo Court, to hone nnd dtormin anrwals from causes heard before a
Indffe of the Snnremo Conrt sitting as a District Jndee,
Src J7. Th compensation of th Supreme .Thrives shsll be Fonr Thonsnnd ( 0001
Dollars, and District Judges shall be Three ThousandFlve Hundred ($3,300) Dollars
" Sec 1ft.. The Legislature may provide that at the end of the first term of office of
District Jndges herein provided, the number of Jndlcial Districts mav be increased bv
one. An increase mav be marie thereafter, bnt pot before fonr years have elnpseri since
the last increase, and by not more thn ore District at a time. Each Increase shall
be only when two-thirds of each House shall concur therein. Snch Increase of Districts
shall not affect the official term of any .Tnrige. Flections for Jndges of snch new Dis
tricts shall lw only when the Judges of the other Districts r elected.
Sec 19. A Judge of the Supremo or District Court shall not practice law in any
Sec 20. There shall bo established in each county a Probate Conrt which shall I
iouri oi jvocoru, open bi mi limes, auu jioiueu uy one j migo, eieciea uy me eieciore oi , l,
the county, and whose term of office shall lw two) eara. VJ-
Sec. 21. The Probate Conrt shall have original jurisdiction in all probate and testa- . ,i
mentary matters, the appointment of administrators and guardians, the settlement of - V
accounts of executors, administrators and guardianr, and such other probate jurisdlc. i
Hon as is now or may be conferred upon it, and in proceedings for the collection of -T
taxes and assessments; provided, that the Legislature may, by local or general law, in-
crease the jurisdiction of Probate Courts as follows, to-wit: By giving sald'court in
ony county concurrent jurisdiction with the District Court in all actions at law where (7
the amount in controversy does not exceed one thousand dollars, and where the title to
real estate is not in question, and in all criminal actions below the grade of felony.
Bec. 22. Appeals from all matters of .Probate shall be.to the District Court wlyi n ,
the trial shall be at novo.
Sec 23. The qualifications of the Jndges of Probate Conrts in counties where ll
jurisdiction of said courts shall have been increased, shall be the same as those of a.
District Judge, except that he shall be a resident of the county at the time of his election.
JUSTICE OF THE VEACE.
Sec 21. The Legislature shall provide for the election ot Justices of the Peace, in
each county in this Mate. They shall have jurisdiction in all actions at law, where the
amount In controversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed three hundred dollars, and
where the title to real estate is not In issue; and shall have such Jurisdiction to hear
and determine cases of misdemeanor as may be provided by law.
Sec 25. Appeals may bo taken to either the District Conrt or the Probate Conrt, of"
may be provided by law. Such actions on appeals shall be tried de novo.
Sec. 23. Until otherwise provided by law, the Jndges ot the District Court by on or
der entered ot record in each county, may fix the time of holding court in each county.
The District Court shall always be open for business when the Judge U present in
Sec 27. There shall be elected in each county a District Attorney, who stall t
learned in the law, a. ..I who shall hold his office for a term of two jears, tho first term
ending two years after tho first day of January, after this Conbtitutionitakos effect, and
who shall perform such duties and receive such compensation as may be prescribed bj
TAXATION AND BEVIKUK.
Section 1. The fiscal year shall commence on the first Monday In June Ineact
year, unlets otherwise provided by law
Sue. 2 All Jtnds ant Improvements thereon shall be listed for assessment,
valued for taxatlun, and assessed separately except as h reluafter provided. "
one. 3. For 8tte revenue there shall be levied annually a tax not to exceed threr
(3) mills on the dollar of the sste-sed valuation of the property In the State, except
for the support of State, educ tlonal and charitable institutions, the payment of the
State debi, uud the lnUrett thereon,
Bec. 4. For county reveuue there shall be levied annually a tax not to exceed twt
per ceutum on the doll' for all purposes, Including general school tax, except foi
the payment of its public debt and the interest then on and ei elusive of State rev
enue. An additional tax of two dollars for each male person between the ages ol
tw nty one jears and tixty years, Inclusive, shall anjually le levied for county
school purposes, unless otherwise provided by law.
Sec. 5. No incorporated city or town shall levy tax to exceed eight mills on the
lolUrlnany oneytar, except fqr the payment of its pnbllc dbt and the Interest
Sec. 6. There shall be annually assessed and collected In the same manner as
Jtber State revenue may be assessed and c llected, and returned to th- State Trea
ircr. a tax of one mill upon each dollar's worth of taxable property. In addition to
ill other taxes, to be applied as follows, viz The fund so crested shall be kept separ.
ite, and shall, annually, on the first day of January be apportioned and paid over
pro rata upon all such State Indebtedness as may for that purpose he presented by
the bold, rs of the same, to be entered as a credit upon, and to that extent, In extin
fulshraent of ihe principal o said Indebtedness If no indebtedness be presented
the fund shall be a sinking fund to be devoted to the extinguishment of the prin
:lpal f the State debt When sufficient money has been accumulated in the sink
ing funds to llouldate outstanding indebtedness, this Section shall cease to be oper
stive. And there snail be annually assessed and col'ectedln each county whose debt
sxceedsln the aggregate FlftyThouand (350,000) Dolla-s, in like manner, a tax of
jnehalf mill, as aforesaid, the fund to be applied in the same way tn extinguish,
ment of county debts. The Legislature may provided by law for the Investment of
iny balances ot the sinking funds In the State and county securities until the fnnda
5a n be devoted to extinguishment of the indebtedness.
Sec 7. The State Treasurer shall keep a separate, account of each fund In hU
sands, and shall, at the end of each quarter of the fiscal year, report to the Qorer.
nor In writing under oath, the amount of all moneys in his hands, to the credit o(
ivory such fund; the place where the same are ket lor deposited, and the number
nd amount of every warrant received, and the number and amount of every war
rant paid therefrom during the quarter Wilfu'ly swearing falsely to any snch re
port, shall, be deemed perjury The Governor Bhall cause every such report to be
Immediately published in at 'east one newspaper, prin ted at the seat of government
tnd otherwise as the Legislature may require. Ihe Legislature may provide by law
for further regulations for the wfe keeping and management of the puDlic funds In
the hands of the Treasurer But notwithstanding any such regulations the Treats
irer and his sureties, in all cases, shall be held retponsiole therefor.
Sec 8 The making of profit, dlrecily or indirectly, out ot State, county, city,
.own. school district or other public fund, or using the same for any purpose not
ititborized by law, Dyany public officer, shall te deemed a felony, and. shall b
sunlshed as provided by law
Sec 9. There hall be u State Board of Equalization composed of the Secretary of
State, S'ato Auditor, aud Treasurer. The Jutles of the State Board of Equalisation
ihall be to assess and equalize, at their actual value, the franchises, roadways, road
beds, rails and lolling tock and all other property used in the operation of all rail-ro-ds
and other common carriers, except machine shops, rolling mills, hotels, and
itatlon bouses In this State, which shall be assessed by the local assessor In the sev
eral counties where situated Such assessed valuation shall be apportioned to the,
jountles in which said roads and common carriers are located, as a basis for tax.
tion of such property; provided, that the assessment so made shall not apply to in
;orporated towns and cities. Said Board shall perform such other duties as may be
prescribed by law
Bec 10 There shall be a County Board of Equalization In each county of thla
State, composed of the Board of Supervisors of the respective counties The duty
if the County Board of Equalization shall be to adjust and equalise valuations of
propertymad', listed and reported by the assessor ot the respective counties, and
uch other dutle as may be prescribed by law.
Sec 11. All property except as In this Constitution otherwise provided, shall be
nnlformly assessed for taxation, an the Legislature shall prescribe such regulations
is shall secure a lust valuation for taxation of all property, real and personal,
L'cene taxes shall he as hereafter provided ny law.
Ski. 12 The rrooertv of the U"ltd states, the State, counties, cities, towns,"
school districts, municipal eo'por'tlons. public libraries, lots with the Jmlldlngs
thereon used exelulvlv for rellMnus worship, end public cemeteries, shall be ex
empt from taxation, and inch other Ptnnerty s the Legislature by a two-thirds vote
of esch honse mav bv reneral 'aw provl 1c
Sec. 13. No tax shall ie levied exeeot in pursuance of Is w, and every law irapoi
Ing a tax shall state distinctly the object of the tame, to which only It shall bean
Sec U. The pnwr of taxation shall never be surrendered or suspended by any
grant or contract to which the State or any county or other municipal corporation
shall be a partv.
Suction 1. The State nf Arizona shall not In any manner eree any Indebtedness,
excluding dents existing st the adoption of this fonstltutlon, exceeding one per
centum on the assessed valne nf the taxable property tn the State, as shewn by the
lat gnersl assessment for taxation proceeding, except to suppress insurrection or
tn "rovldo for the puMIc -"efense.
Sr.r 2 No deht l n excess of the axes f r the current year shall in any manner be i
n-eated In the Stste of Arlsona. unless the proposition to create such debt shall have
been snhmltted ton vote of the people, ad bv them apprOTed, except to suppress in
snrreetlon or to povid for the puMle. defense.
Sfc 3 No eountv tn t-e Btate of Arizona shall in anv manner create any tndebt
ednes, excludl"g deMa ex'sttng at the adoption of this Constitution, exceeding two
per entnm on te ases-rl value of taxable property In such connty, a shown by
the last general assessment preceding; provided, however, that an connty, city,
nwn. vlllaoe or other sub-division of the tate of Arli'na, may bond Its publlo debt
exl'tlng st the time nf the "doptlon of this Constitution,
Pec 4 No teht In excess of the taxes for the current vear shall In any manner be
eres'ed hvsnv conntv or uh-dlvlson 'hereof, or any citT. town or yi'lage or any
uh-divlslon thereof. In th "tste of rlnn., union the ornonsltlon tn create, such
deh'sha1! have been snhmltted to a vote of the people thereof, and by them ap
proved. Sec. 5. No city, town or village, or sny sun-dlvldon thereof, or any sub-division
nf any connty of the State of Attain shall In s,nr runner nrevo an indebtedness
exceeding two per centum on the assessed value of the taxable property heretnt
provided, however, that any city, town or village may be nnthorlzed to create in ad
ditional lndebtedn ss not exceeding four per centum on the assessed value ot the
taxable property therein, as shown by the last preceding general assessment for the
purpose of building sewerage therein, "ebts contracted f"r supplying water to such
city or town, and the dsbtexlst'ng at the time of the adoption ot this Constitution
are excepted from the operat'on of this Section
Sec 6. No money shall be paid out of the 8tate Treasury exoept upon approprla
tion by law and a warrant drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, olalms, -
counts, or demands against the State, or an- connty or political subdivision there
of, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a full itemized statement In writing verl
fled by affidavit, shall be filed with the officer or officers whose duty it may be tr
audit the same. -
Sec, 7. No bond or evidence of Indebtedness of the State shall be valid unlet
tho same shall have nn tnrsel threnn v certificate signal by the Auditor and Becre
taryofS ate, that thobvntorevldn03of debt is Issued pnruant to taw, and It
within the debt limit. Nobnnd of any county or bond of any township or other pol
Itto tl i'ib division, shall be valid unlets the ttme shall have endorsed thereon a cer
tl fleate slgnsd bv the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, or other officer author
lxs.1 hv Hw to sign s'tnh "ertldcate, stating that said bond U issued pursuant to law,
tnd is within the debt limit.
Section l. The Legislature at its first session after the adoption of thla Constltu
tion. shall establish and maintain a uniform system of free common schools.
Sec 2. The schools shall be open to all children ot the State of Ariiona, excepting
the children of Indians not taxed. t j
Sac 3. All common schools, unlversltes and other educational Institutions, for
the support nf which lands have been granted to the State, or which are supported S i
byapnbllc tax, shall remain under the absolute and exclusive control of the Btate.f
ind no money ased for the support of the pnhlio. schools of the State shall be appro-' jr
orlatednr used for the support of any educational Inst! ntlon, wholly, or in pan, i :
under sectarian or ecclesiastical control. No religious test or quali'Vatlon shall
sverbe reoulredof anv cerson as a condition of admission into any publlo duta.
Mil .1 lilt ill, lift, ill .nf l. fl.il .llit .HI lrt mlnTJir nWllT Tl I I W SSi I ( M rtfcSillSf
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