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W. C. PEACOCK
& CO., LIMITED
King of all
Direct Line between SAN FRANCISCO
ltnrk St. Cntliniinc, Capt. Saunders
Hark Amy Turner, Capt. Wnrland
Hark Martha Dnvls, Capt. McAllman
For freight and passage apply to
WELCH & CO., Agents, San Francisco
C. BREWER & CO., Ltd., Agents,
H. Hackfeld & Co., Ltd.
Makes Finest Bread.
Fresh Rolls and Buns
always on hand : : :
Ice Cream for families
Wedding and Party Cahes a
I am now located at
Waiamea, Post Office, Kamuela
I have a supply of all kinds of
horses, from thoroughbreds to
scrubs, for sale.
Write me if you want anything
in this line.
R. W. Jones,
DEATH OP A STATESMAN.
Sketch of the Life of Ex-Speaker
Thomas II. Itccd.
Ex-Speaker Thomas B. Reed is
dead, Acute Bright's disease end
ed his career after a fewdays1 illness,
at Washington Sunday morn
ing, Dec. 7th. For twenty-two
years Thomas B. Reed was a cen
tral figure in American politics,
and as a parlimcntarian, he was
probably without an equal in the
world. It is doubtful if any other
man during a ten year's speaker
ship of the House, could have in
stituted and carried through to a
successful completion, those meas
ures and reforms which are attri
buted to Thomas B. Reed. The
act which marked him as a great
political celebrity was known as
"counting a quorum." Previous
to his rule in the House, the cus
tom was to nscrtain a member's
presence by calling his name. If
the member answered, he was pre
sent, and if he did not answer, he
was not present, though he might
be at the time sitting on the floor
of the House. Speaker Reed he
lived that this custom was averse to
honest parlimentary principles,
and despite all opposition, enforced
his ruling on the point by counting
a man present when he was on the
floor. For one in his position, this
act was without a precedent in the
history of politics.
Thomas B. Reed was born in
Portland, Maine, in 1839, within a
few rods of the birthplace of Long
fellow. His early education was
begun in the schools of his native
town and supplemented by a course
at Bowdoin. After completing his
college course, he began the study
of law and was admitted to the bar
of Maine when he was twenty-eight
he was elected to the Lower House
of the state legislature, and ten years
later, in fulfillment of his ambitions,
he was elected by the republicans
to the national House of represent
atives. Thomas B. Reed had long
ago displayed his wonderful talent
as a lawyer, yet it was not until he
made his maiden speech, four
months after taking his seat in Con
gress, that his fellow statesmen got
a glimpse of his true brilliance and
realized his great power and ability
as a law maker. The great cul
minating point of his career came
when, in December, 1889, he was
made speaker of the House over
such formidable rivals as Wm.
McKinley and Cannon, of Illinois.
Thomas B. Reed closed his public
career as statesman in 1899 when he
refused to again become his' party's
candidate for speaker. Of late
years he has been practicing law in
New York City, where he was one
of the leaders in the profession.
He leaves a wife and a grown
ANTLEHS FOR HILO LOIHJE.
A. II. Loobenstciu Presents II. 1'. 0.
E. With u Rare Trophy.
Hilo Lodge, B. P. O. IS., No.
759, has been presented with a pair
of mounted elks' antlers, the gift of
A. B. Loebenstein. The antlers are
elegantly mounted on a shield of
koa. This work was done by
George Mumby. They have been
placed on the wall above the station
of the Exalted Ruler and are an ob
ject of pride to every member.
These antlers have an interesting
history. They were brought to
Honolulu in the year 1830 by
traders in the Hudson Bay Com
pany, which at that time had a
trading post at Honolulu for the
transhipment of furs, gathered in
the Northwest, to Europe and
China. These antlers went into the
possession of Kamehameha II, then
monarch of these Islands. Subse
quently they have passed down
through various representatives of
the Hawaiian royal family. Com
ing into Mr. Loebenstein's hands,
he fulfilled a promise made at the
founding of the Hilo lodge last
Albany, N. Y., Jan. n. The
forest sections of New York State
are 'being" denuded aud many
picturesque places ruined in the
effort to provide wood fuel for large
j towns and cities. Thousands of
I cords of wood are shipped from
'here t0 New York daily'
Radical Changes Recommended Upon
Washington, D. C, Jan. 6. Se
nators Mitchell, Foster and Burton,
the sub-committee of the Senate
Committee on Pacific Islands and
Porto Rico, who visited Hawaii
last summer, rendered their report
today. The document goes thor
oughly into the situation in the Is
lands and is accompanied by a
mass of detailed testimony and
memorials presented to the Com
mission by the people of the Islands.
The general sentiment of the report
is towards doing away with the
present centralized authority in the
In dealing with the much-discussed
land question of the Islands
the committee favors Federal con
trol of all public lands with two
general land offices; one at Hono
lulu and one at Hilo. The imme
diate suspension of the present sys
tem of leasing public lauds, is re
commended; also a thorough in
vestigation of land and forestry
questions, The Kohala Ditch Bill,
which was before the Senate at the
last session, is approved.
The report favors Federal con
trol of lighthouse and extensive
harbor improvements throughout
the Territory. The construction ot
a breakwater for Hilo harbor is ap
The petition of Portuguese resi
dents on the Punchbowl lands of
the Kapiolani Estate is favored
with a recommendation that the
lands be sold to the sub-lessees at
the expiration of the Kapiolani
Somewhat critical comment is
made on the condition 1 f Territorial
laws and a new codification recom
mended. Control of lepers at Moiokai and
throughout the Mainland by the
Marine Hospital Service of the
Treasury Department is approved.
The Commission urges a four
cent bounty for Hawaiian-grown
coffee and is strongly in favor of
immediate organization of county
aud municipal governments. Pay
ment of the fire claims as embodied
in the bill recently passed by the
Senate is urged.
JUNIOR LEAGUE SERVICE.
Interesting Exerctses Sunday oven
Ing nt Hnlll Church.
The program given at the Haili
Church Sunday night by the mem
bers of the Junior League of Chris
tian Endeavor was one of unusual
merit. The exercises by the chil
dren were given under the direction
of Mrs. F. L. Nash and consisted
of the ordinary work done in the
League Class room, with variations
in the way of songs and recitations.
Miss Sarah Lyman presided at
The program entire was as fol
lows: Invocation Hcv. I'. I,. Nnsli
l'rayer Rev. V. L. Nash
Hymn "I Love to Tell the Story."
Uible Drill Juniors
Recitation "Whosoever" Klida Gertz
Recitation "The Hook".. .Amy Williams
Recitation ! 'The Book My Mother
Loved" Irma Shoemaker
Song" "My Mother.s ilible" Juniors
Recitation "Grand Mother's Bible"
Recitation "Bishop Haven's Tribute"...
Address "The Bible" Rev. Mr. Hill
I was talking a few days ago
with one of the largest dealers in
pearls, says a writer in Londou
Truth. He showed me a necklace
which cost ,28,000, and the pearls
did not seem to me to be large, aud
another which cost ,63000, the
pearls of which were small. He
contended that it was a good spec
ulation to buy pearls and keep
them, because they were sure to go
up in price. I questioned this.
The higher the price the smaller the
number of people who can afford to
buy. Those who can afford to buy
a necklace of small pearls will not
do so long, for they will feel that
they are cut out by their friends
with big pearls. As it is, nine
teuths of the pearls that these ladies
displayed on their persons in neck
laces aud ropes arc sham. No one
without touching them can tell the
difference between real and false,
and even then it requires somewhat
of an expert to decide.
MAKE STRICTER LAWS.
Knox Asks Congress to Fight the
Washington, D. C, Jan. 6. Attorney-General
Knox has made his
first move for legislation to control
the trusts. He has dispatched
identical letters to Senator Hoar
and Representative Littlcfield, chair
men of the Senate and House Com
mittees on Judiciary respectively,
suggesting legislation against cor
porations giving or receiving ad
vantages which enable discrimina
tive prices to be made. He especi
ally urges such action against the
common carriers. He thinks pre
sent laws insufficient but urges
caution in the development of legis
lation that will correct the trust
Mr. Knox .holds strong views on
the trust question. He believes
that trusts should be regulated by
law and that those which furnish
products consisting of the neces
saries of life should be forced to
regularlyand reasonably supply the
In a speech recently he stated
that he considered that the chief j
evils of the trust were: "Over
capitalization, lack of publicity of
operation, discrimination in prices
to destroy competition' insufficient
personal responsibility of officers,
for corporate management, tendency
to monopoly, and lack of apprecia
tion in their management of their
relations to the people, for whose I
benefit they are permitted to exist."
Senator Cullom introduced a bill
on Dec. 2nd to amend the Sher
man anti-trust law, the. amendment
providing that interstate commerce
in articles produced by trusts be
prohibited, the penalty for viola
tions being a fine of from $500 to
Language of the Umbrella.
There is a language of umbrellas,
as of flowers. For instance, place
your umbrella in a rack, says the
New York Dial, and it will indicate
that it will change owners. To
open it quickly in the street means
that somebody's eye is going to be
put out, to shut it, that a bat or
two is to be knocked off. An um
brella carried over a woman, the
man getting nothing but the drip
pings of the rain, signifies courting.
When a man has the umbrella, and
the woman the drippings it indi
cates marriage. 'To punch your
umbrella into a person and then
open it means "I dislike you." To
swing your umbrella over your
head signifies "I am making a nui-
sance of myself." To trail your
umbrella along the foot-path means
that the man behind you is thirst -
ing for your blood. To carry it at
ngnt angles under your arm signi-
fies that an eye is to be lost by the
man that follows you. To open
an umbrella quickly, it is said, will
frighten a mad bull. To put a-cotton
umbrella by the side of a silk'
one signifies "Kxchange is no rob
bery." To purchase an umbrella
means, "I an not smart but hon
est." To lend an umbrella indi
cates "I am a fool." To return an
umbrella means well, nobody ever
does that. To turn an umbrella
in a gust of wind presages pro
fanity. To give a friend half of
your umbrella means that both of
you will get wet. To carry it from
home in the morniug means that
"it will clear off."
Doi; That Husks Com.
A corn husking dog is the latest
Lnoveltj on the banks of the Wabash,
says the Chicago Tribune. This
industrious and intelligent canine
is the property of Jacob Diffen
baugh, who lives on the Stephens
farm, near Andrews. It is a nine-months-old
pup, and watched Mr.
Duffenbaugh husk corn one day
last week, aud then went in on his
own hook, tearing the husk from
the ears with more celerity than the
average farmhand. He wasn't
careful in piling the corn and the
husks, but he stripped the husks
clean. The next day he followed
Duffenbaugh and his man to the
field and did several hours of effi -
ctent work. I he dog apparently
was delighted with its work.
London, Jan. 11. Severe cold
now prevails throughout Great
Britain and serious floods are re
ported from Ireland.
Marconi Acknowledges That James
Ltndsny Trcceded Him.
New York, December 27. When
Mr. Marconi lectured at Dundee,
says the London correspondent of
the Tribune, he gave full credit to
the Scotch inventor, James Bow
man Lindsay, for being the first
man who thoroughly believed in
the possibility and utility of long
distance wireless telegraphy, fifty
years ago. He contended that
Lindsay's system was not consider
ed practicable on account of the
enormous electric energy required,
even for the most moderate dis
tances, and the necessity of placing
immersed plates at a considerable
distance apart, but he admitted that
the inventor would have done much
more if had lived in the present
Lindsay's biographer has deliver
ed lectures on these early experi
ments in wireless telegraphy nnd
has exhibited the original appar
atus and diagrams. The biogra
phy, which will be published short-
;ly, will contain many of Lindsay's
letters on the subject, which prove
the originality and feasibility of his
experimental work. It is not gen
erally known that Lindsay took
out a patent for his method of wire
less telegraphy. He began experi
menting in the ponds around Dun
bee in 1844 and resumed in 1853 at
Portsmouth and across the bay.
Decrease In State Debts.
Remarkably healthy and credit
able is the showing made by the
states in their general reduction of
the debts incurred for public pur
poses. The forty-five states have collec
tively a bonded debt of $200,000,000,
and although other debts, munici
pal and county, have been increas
ing largely of late years, state debts
have in most cases fallen off.
The state which has the largest
debt contracted through obliga
tions entailed by the Civil War is
Virginia, which owes $24,363,000
in bonded debt. Twelve years ago
its debt was $31,000,000, and it has
reduced the amount by $7,000,000.
The financial credit of Massachu
setts is so high that it has, since
1890, been pledged to sundry towns
.for local liabilities, the payment of
the bonds issued for which is pro
vided for by direct taxation. The
actual state debt, which was $28,
000,000 in 1890, is now $12,400,
000, a reduction of $15,600,000.
The debt Tennessee, which, next
jt0 Virginia, suffered most from the
; Civii war :s now $16,200,000.
' Twelve years ago it was $16,600,
, 000( $400,ooo more. During this
Deriod the Donulation of the State
has increased a quarter of a million.
Louisiana has a State debt of
$10,800,000. Twelve years ago it
was $11,800,000, a reduction of
New York's present debt, insigni
ficant when compared with its
manifold assets, is $10,000,000, an
increase ot $3,500,000 compared
with what it was twelve years ago.
This increase is due almost exclu
sively to the canal debt, now $8.
500,000, authorized in 1895, and of
what remains of the increase $675,
000 is for the acquisition of Adiron
dack park lands.
The debt of Alabama is $9,500,
000; of Pennsylvania, $7,800,000 a
decrease of $1,000,000 in twelve
years; of South Carolina, $6,800,
000; of Georgia, $7,600,000, a re
duction since 1890 of $2,400,000,
and of Mississippi, $2,800,000.
Texas has reduced its State debt
in the same period from $4,200,000
to $715,000; Arkansas from $2,000,
000 to $1,200,000; North Carlina
.from $7,700,000 to $6,200,000, and
Maryland from $10,000,000 to $2,
600,000, partly by disposing of its
When Your Joints are Stiff and
your muscles sore lrom cold or
rheumatism, when you slip and
isnram a lotnt. strain your side or
1 bruise yourself, Pain-Killkr will
take out the soreness and fix you
right in a jiffy. Always have it
with you, and use it freely. Avoid
substitutes, there is but one Pain
Killer, Perry Davis'. Price 25c.
U It t true, life tod qotck remedy,
Tbere'i ONLY ONE
Two tlzea. !5c. toil 60c.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY.
FIRST BANK OF HILO
Incorporated Under the I,aws of the
Territory of Hawaii.
PEACOCK BLOCK, HILO.
P. FKCK freildeiit.
C. C. KUNNKDY 'lce-Irei.
JOHN T. M0IR-.Jiid VlccPre.
C. A. STOMK...: Cmhler.
A. K. SUTTON Secretary.
J.S. Canarlo, John J. Grace.
V. S. Lyman, H. V. fatten.
Wm. rullar. W. 11. Slilpmatt.
Drew Exchange on
Honolulu The Bank of Hawaii, Lid.
San Francisco Wells Fargo & Co. Hank
New York Wells Fargo & Go's Bank.
London Glynn, Mills, Currie & Co.
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Cor.
poration: Hongkong, China; Shang
hai, China; Yokohama, Japan; Hiogo,
Solicits the accounts of firms, corpora
tions, trusts, individuals, and will prompt
ly and carefully attend to all business con
nected with banking entrusted to it.
Sells and purchases Foreign Exchange,
issjes Letters of Credit.
SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Rented by the Month or Year,
ticulars on Application.
The steamers of this line will ar
rive and leave this port as here
under: FROM SAN FRANCISCO.
Ventura Dec. 3
Zealaudia Dec. 12
Sierra Dec. 24
Zealaudia Jan. 2
Sonoma Jan. 14
Alameda i.Jau. 23
Ventura Feb. 4
Alameda Feb. 13
Sierra - Feb. 25
Alameda March. 6
FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
Zealaudia Dec. 17
Sonoma Dec. 23
Zealaudia Jan. 7
Ventura '..Jan. 13
Alameda Jan. 28
Sierra Feb. 3
Alameda Feb. 18
Sonoma Feb. 24
Alameda March 11
In connection with the sailing of the
above steamers the agents are prepared to
issue, to intending passengers Coupon
Through TlckOtS by any railroad
from San Francisco to all points in the
United States, and from New York by
any steamship line to all European ports.
For further particulars apply to
Wm. C. Irwin & Co.
General Agents Oceanic S. S. Co.
KINC ST., HILO
is ready for business
Good Machinery. Steam Power.
Experienced Ironers. ......
Ol'l'IClt AND LAUNDRY ON KINO
STRHI5T 1I1U.0W TKIHUNK OHI'ICK
GEO. MUMBY PROP.