Newspaper Page Text
l)c gjtltf QfcUmnc.
JAN. 23, 1903.
Eutcudatthe PostofTicc at llio, Ha
waii, as second-class matter
rUIiUSIIRD KVKRV FRIDAY.
L. W. HAWORTH - - Eaitor.
REFORM FOR HAWAII.
The recommendations of the
Senate Commission, which in
vestigated Hawaii last summer,
with few exceptions should have
the endorsement of all progressive
minded citizens in this territory.
They have asked Congress to es
tablish county and municipal gov
ernment in the event of the coming
legislature failing to do so. There
is no excuse for faltering in the
carrying out of a program that
must either be performed by a leg
islature familiar with local con
ditions, or by a Congress which
wou tl frame a bill based on theory (
chiefly. Our county bill should be
a home made affair.
The Tkihunij sees nothing to
fear in the proposed transfer of
Hawaiian public lands to Federal
coulral. The senatorial recom
mendation specifics in the case of
the Punchbowl leases that pre
ference be given to the present sub
lessors. This precedent would be a
substantial guarantee that the
same policy w(uld be maintained
MTifli 'nMipr ciili.lnccnrc Tt- ic rr-
. . ' . ... , -4 I
tainly a sound proposition, that it
would be better for the sugar in-,
.!.. .n l,n tlw TTi,H Stn.nJ
laud laws extended, than to have
. 1 1 1 1
iwcis aj niwui uuuuauvu
and a special system devised by l
Congress in place ofit. In all parts
of the United States the general
rule guiding the disposal of public
lands is that of the greatest utility.
This rule should notbe a scarecrow
Among the very best recommeda
tions of the senators are that the
Organic Act be so amended that
the governor shall have the power
to suspend territorial officials for
malfeasance jn office without the
consent of the senate, until the next
regular session; and that a cora-
mission.be appointed to codify and
revise the Hawaiian Civil and penal
laws. This Code Commission
should have as members exneri-
GUIUU A31U1IU Uliu Afiuilliuuii ia; 1.13.
...a1 Tlnr1 ..! t nlitlntirl Innf l)nri! '
In the recurrence of volcanic
phenomena scholars and scientists
have labored hard to establish the
fact that regular cycles mark these
visitations upon the earth. This
has not been done. That is to say
110 regular law has been discovered
through the aid of which, volcanic I
upheavals may be forcasted with '
accuracy, or even approximate ac-j
Tt ic oveti en in the mnre frmrifiil
.;., nc c lM,e t.,, ;
ever on the guard against a poetic
ir u ..i.i .-. 1.1
XI Ik V-UU1U 11 HUUIU
If it could
forewarn the people
form any theory as to the probable
causes of poetic outbursts it would '
do so and give the people the benefit
of its findings.
In other countries than this,
a railroad wreck or some fancied '
deed of heroism, such as staying I
through a game of foot-ball with a '
smashed ankle and cracked skull 1
or jumping from a high bridge,
were sufficient to set the muses I
cackling for a month. But in Hilo
the songstress warbles not on '
prosy subjects. She lifts her voice
when and where and how she will.
The Tkihunu uses all know meth
ods for keeping poetry out of its
columns and thus far has succeeded.
Tim Delegation to the next Leg
islature from this Island has been
solicitous to find out what their
rrmstitiu'iits desired them to do.
They have sought to find out what
the needs of the people are as voiced
1.. il.i. .nrJ. f IwMiicnlvf.t: Tf iimII
, ' r ' r . . 1 1.
be pretty safe, so far as public
roads are concerned, for our delega-
tion to look out for the report and
recommendations to be made by
the Superintendent of Public Works.
His views of our needs, if the
Tkiiiunk understands them rightly,
are about the proper thing. Iu the
main, if carried out, there can be no
reasonable kick. ,
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PUBLIC wdRKS COMING.
Although he was here and away
before the people of Hilo knew it,
Superintendent of Public Works,
H. E. Cooper's official visit pro
mises to be most fruitful. The
people of Hilo are ready to pin a
fadeless bouquet on the lapel of any
body's coat, who will promise them
any thing. They take everyman
at his word and believe in him until
forced by results to vote themselves
mistaken. They believe that it will
not be II. H. Cooper's fault if Hilo
and other districts on this island do
not enjoy an active program of la
bor upon needed public works.
I Mr. Cooper has visited this Is
land, necessarily making short
stops and rapid Journeys. He is a ,
man of such experience that he docs
not have to look at a road a week j
to find out if it needs fixing. He 1
has sized up a big and broad situa
tion on short order and has not !
1 waited for 200 people to tell him in
I a mass meeting, things he already ,
knew. I le has sized up our needs
and is now off to prepare his report
to the legislature.
The Hilo Road Board is to be j
commended for having the views of 1
its members so systematically drawn
up that it was merely the work of
two hours for the Superintendent to
gain a thorough grasp of the needs
of the whole district. All was so
clear that Mr. Cooper could ap
prove or disapprove at a glance. He
disapproved only in cases where the
improvement proposed was not ab-
e. , ' J
TOm wllIlt Mr- Cooper Said III Ml
interview with a
L,,tnt; l.n ....Ml
follow out this
ouilhuiivi. us- 111
- .. .
urouu gauge uuerui policy in au uic
! districts of this Island. The people
on Hawaii have had their expecta
tions aroused before. They are
aroused again anti they do not be
lieve they will be another time dis
appointed. DIXIE'S UAR SINISTER.
, Senator "Pitchfork" Tillman's
I nephew or cousin, who is Lieut.
i Governor of South Carolina has
I killed his man. The victim was
, one Gonzales, editor of The State,
1 nublished at Columbia. Titlmnn.
lhe murdercri is.tue same firebrand
who insulted President Roosevelt
j about a year ago, when the Presi
dent was invited tn he the pnest nf
honor in his state at a presentation
, ceremony commemorating au event
in the Spanish .American war. The
Til,mai1 family bas made a C01U-
plete success in the effort to achieve
notoriety by playing the role of the
Southern Brigadier of the bad type
" -""" -b
The Tillman blotch on Dixie's
escutcheon, however, is more than
effaced b thc odlike heroism of
her Fite Hugh Lees, her Wheelers,
"" ""-"""a """
If Attorney-General E. P. Dole
I is t0 resiS". Governor
1 do better than make John V. Cath-
1 cart Esq., his successor. Cathcart
, , ,
knows the ground and he has the
aouuy. nc is long on executive
ability and industry and his pro
motion would please his friends on
every island in the group.
TiiK committees appointed at the
recent mass meeting, should not
forget to perform their duties.
They will be relied on to furnish
our delegation in the legislature
with information. Good service can
be performed for Hilo by action.
CoNGKiiss has nullified the tariff
on coal by providing for an equiv -
alent rebate on that article. This
is au effective method of tariff
tinkering and might with justice
be extended to more articles.
How. would Hilo, Mitchell
County Hawaii, strike you for an
address on the comer ot your busi -
Cattmj stealing is a crime that
I must be extirpated from the island
To read ot the bills being intro
duced in Congress by Mitchell, it
appears that the Senator has made
up his mind that Hawaii should
be really annexed to the United
SATURDAY, JANUARY 31
At 8 P M. Shufp
Hilo Burns Club Concert and Dance
Gems frun the worke of the gr-iit Suottif-h Poet will
be rendered by the finest talent in Hilo District.
Ste program in another part of this paper.' There
will be a dm ce at the elope of the entertainment
TICKKTS ON SALE AT 1HE DItUG STORES
RESERVED SEATS, $1.50
General Admission, Concert and Dance, $1.00
AMERICANIZING THE TROPICS.
Vrom I'.vcnlng Dullctltt.
Commenting on Senator Burton's
in behalf of Hawaii
labor problem, the San Franctso
Call takes occasion to say "I told
you so" and publishes a very able
exposition of the auti-expansion
sentiment. For the time being the
Call would seem to have grounds
for a little self praise, but it fails to
give due weight to the fact that the
work is not yet finished. When
the American people reached out to
new fields in the tropical possessions
they did so with a full knowledge
that the problems of the tropics
were not child's play, nor have they
been approached as such. The
American people believe thoy have
I the power, the vigor, the ability, to
develop the principles of the Re
public in the tropics and at the
"same time promote the. material
prosperity in the tropical and sub
tropical sections, that prevails iu
the temperate regions from Maine
to California or the frigid fields of
This is not "the work of a month
or a year. Long established in
dustrial conditions in this Territory
for instance, cannot immediately be
forced into the California or. the
Maine groove by an act of Con
gress. The American people can
not afford to force an era .of depres-
jsion in the new possessions or call
them to account lor their lack of
tact or ability because it is not with
in the power of humanity to meet
new situations and slide easily into
changed surroundings as one would
into a new suit of clothes. Patience
and perseverance is as necessary to
national life as the individual.
Pessimists of the Mainland, of
Hawaii and doubtless the Philip
pines and Porto Rico are crying
"I told you so." Optimists, the
hard workers, are putting their
energies to the solution which shall
find a way out, a way acceptable to
the mother country and meeting
the necessities of the latest acquisi
tion, to the national family. And
all this "new" work is being done
in order to gradually but none the
less positively bring about the
transformation which shall create
iu ttie new possession a closer ap
proach to the principles and the
ideals that have always guided the
1 The present status may give the
nrnil'Arc n m nnnnrf ittut -. rltarnll
upon their superior foresight, but
their time is short. American pro
gress is not easily blockaded on the
mainland or in the tropics
COUNTY MILL KK.VUY
Mraft or It Is Submitted to the
j A resume of the County Bill as
submitted is as follows:
I By the bill prepared the Territory
. is divided into five Counties as fol-
of Oahu, being the
Island of Oahu, with the county
seat at Honolulu.
The County of Maui, being the
Islands of Maui, I.aual, Molokai
and Kahoolawe, with the county
seat at Wailuku.
The County of West Hawaii, be
ing the part of the Island of Ha
waii comprised within the 'districts
of Kau, North Kohala, SouthKo?J
hala, North Kouaaud South Kona,
and all other islands within a limit
of three nautical miles of the shores
thereof; with the county seat at
The County of East Hawaii, be
ing the part of the Island of Hawaii
comprised within the district of
Hilo, Puna and 'Hamakua, and all
other islands within a limit of three
nautical miles of the shores thereof,
with the county seat at Hilo.
The County of Kauai, being the
islands of Kauai and Niihau, with
the county seat at Lihue.
Provision is made for changing
This division conforms exactly
to the division of the Territory by
the Organic Act into judicial cir
These counties are divided into
districts for road purposes and juris
diction of magistrates, the districts
and their boundaries being the
same as at present.
The bill provides for the follow
ing county officers:
A Boara of Supervisors, consist
ing of five members, county clerk,
sheriff treasurer, tax collector, who
is also license collector, recorder,
auditor, assessor, surveyor, district
attorney, coroner, members of the
rood board, road supervisor and
district magistrates. AU, save
members of the road board, the
road supervisor and district mag
istrates, arc to be elected; the bill
providing for the appointment of
members of the road board by the
Board of Supervisors, of the road
supervisor by the road board, and
of the magistrates by the governor.
All officers first elected or ap
pointed continue iu office until Jan
uary second, 1905, being succeed
ed by officers elected at the general
election in November, 1904, or by
appointments made in January 1905,
as the case may be. After that
period all officers hold for two
years, except members of the
Board of Supervisors. As to this'?
board, it is provided that the term , T
of a part only expires each twol?i
years, thus insuring a board which
always has some members with
The Board of Supervisors is vest
ed with general supervisory powers
over all the affairs of the county.
Thc exercise of their powers, par
ticularly with relation to the issu
ance of bonds, expenditures of
moneys, allowance of claims, and
creation of debts, is carefully limit
ed, the limitations being of such a
nature that any taxpayer has a
ready remedy for their abuse. The
county clerk is clerk of this board,
and keeps all its records; he also
performs certain specified duties
relative to taxes. The Sheriff per
forms practically the sane duties
and has the same powers in his
county as the high sheriff now has.
He has the power to appoint police,
whose duties are as now provided.
The treasurer is custodian of the
funds of thc county, and can pay
them out only on warrants issued
by the county auditor by order of
the board. The tax collector col
lects all taxes shown to be due the
county, and also all licenses. The '
recorder performs all duties with-1
in his county now performed by the j
register of conveyances. The au-1
, dilor audits the accounts of all offi
cers, draws all warrants, and ad-
vises the board from time to time as
to the financial condition of ' the j
county. The surveyor performs
all dulities usually performed by
such officer, and acts also as com
missioner of boundaries and com
missioner of fences. The district
attorney conducts or directs all pros
ecutions within the county, and
represents the county iu all civil
actions to which it is a party. The
coroner performs all duties relative
to inquests. The road boards and
road supervisor perform the, same
duties as under existing laws. The
jurisdiction of the district magis
trate remains the same.
Our customers who are iu need
will find here a fine assortment
at prices to suit everyone.
Also fine sets of
Bird and Heat Carvers
and the largest variety of
Saddles and Bridles
ever seen in this town
"Phoenix" Horse and Mule Shoes
is now complete
Theo. H. Davies
YOU OAJV BUY
WMDSJAMOCS AJTBIS INDOISE
BERGSTROM MUSIC CO., Honolulu
New York Life 1
The great international Life In
surance Company, supervised by
82 separate and distinct government's
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Hilo Water Notice.
In accordance with Section I of Chap
ter XXVI of the law of i8g6:
All persons holding water privileges or
those paying wnter rates arc hereby noti
fied that the water rates for the term end
ing June 30, 1903, will be due and pay
able at thc office of Hilo Water Works on
the 1st day of January, 19D3.
All such rates remaining unpaid for fif-
f teen days after they are due will be sub
ject to an additional 10 per cent.
All privileges upon which rates remain
unpaid I'ebruary, 1903, (thirty days after
becoming delinquent), arc liable to sus
pension without further notice.
Kates are payable at thc office of thc
Water Works on King street.
Sup. Hilo Water Works,
Hilo, Jan. 5, 1903. 10-nt
REDUCED FREIGHT RATES
Freight Rates between Sau Fran
cisco and Hilo have been reduced
From $3.50 to S3 por ton
commencing with the Bark St.
Katherine, now loading in San
Francisco. This includes Bark St.
Katherine, Bark Martha Davis, and
Bark Amy Turner.
Wki.ch & Co., San Francisco
C. Bruwkr & Co., Ltd., Honolulu
II. HACKl'KLD & Co., Ltd., Hilo
& Co., Ltd., Hilo
BISHOP & CO.
HONOLULC - - OAUU, H. I.
Transact a General Banking and Ex
Commercial and Traveller's Letters of
Creditissucd, available in all the principal
cities of the world.
Special attention given to the business
entrusted to us by our friends of the other
Islands, either as Deposits, Collections
Insurance or requests for Exchange.
will deliver to you
of all flavors
Lemon, Cream, Ginger Ale,
Sarsaparilla, Pineapple, Or
ange, Strawberry, etc., etc.
Ni'.rou D. Camrka. Mok.
Waianuenue St., near Pitman