Newspaper Page Text
Ijc gjUd tubmte.
FKU. 6, 1903.
Kntcred at the PostofTicc at IIIlo, Ha
waii, as second-class mailer
PUIlM.StllU) ItVimV I'KIIlAY.
L. W. HAWORTH - - Editor.
THE COUNTY HILL.
Regardless of the fact tliat the
Republican Territorial platform in
the Inst campaign contained a plank
in favor of county government in
this Territory; that the Republican
party gained an overwhelming vic
tory at the polls and that in pur
suance thereof a county hill has
been drawn by a Republican com
mittee; regardless of these facts
there are still a great many people
in the Islands who are hoping that
the Legislature this winter will
somehow fail to enact the law. On
the Mainland, the ascendancy of
the Republican party is principally
due to the habit the party has
formed of redeeming its promises.
The people have come to rely upon
a party that performs as well as
promises. The party can maintain
its hold in Hawaii only by follow
ing the same course.
" Those who hope for a continua
tion of the centralized" la waiian
system through a failure of the
members of the Legislature to agree
among themselves or with the ex
ecutive upon the terms of a county
government law, do not scan the
future with an eye awake to the
best interests of the Territory and
themselves. We must make our
own county government law or it
will be made for us. If the Legis
lature falls down in its effort, the
job will be done' by Congress and
little heed can 1; given in that re
mote body to the peculiar details of
Hawaiian conditions requiring
special attention. It is safe to say
that if the county bill is not made
the law at Honolulu in this mouth
or next, then some sort of county
bill will be made at Washington
A government by the people in
Hawaii can not longer be delayed.
. To confirm this, it is only neces
sary to observe the most funda
mental principle of the government
to which these Islands lately sur
rendered their sovereignty,
principle is self government
the kind of government that is
cheap at any price. There are but
two spots under the complete do
mestic rule of the United States
.where municipal or local govern
ment has not been instituted.
Those two spots are Hawaii and
Alaska. Alaska is uncivilized, un
settled, and untraversible distances
of forest and mountain range sep
arate her villages. Itinerary United
States judges, roving internal rev
enue collectors and vigilant customs
officers manage to remind the gold
hunters of that northland of their
obligations to each other and to the
government. Petitions to Congress
asking for municipal government
for Alaska are ignored because
Congressmen know the migratory
nature of mining camp populations.
Its the lack of stability in business
and stability in population and set
tlements that has prevented muni
cipal organization in Alaska.
No such reasons exist in Hawaii.
Therefore, with us, Cpngress will
not hesitate. Hawaii's population
is bound to flourishing cities and to
a fertile soil. It is prosperous be
yond the dream of any similar area
in the world. Honolulu, the rich
est city in the world per capita, is
without a board of aldermen.
There is but one inference possi
ble. County and municipal gov
ernment in Hawaii is inevitable.
The law therefore had best be made
by men on the spot and at the '
pending regular session of the Leg
islature. Governor Dole could not '
wish to round out his public career
more fittingly than to sign a good
County bill, which would complete
the work ol annexation he so ably
engineered in the earlier stages.
TjlK numerous members of the'
Episcopal Church iu Hilo arc to be
congratulated for the present bright
prospects of the early establishment ,
of their churuh organization huic. j
COMMITTEES SHOULD ACT.
Tun time is ripe for active work
by the men appointed upon various
committees to acquaint this Island's
delegation in the Legislature with
needed legislation. The Legisla
ture meets, within two weeks and
reports of committees should be in
the hands of senators and repre
sentatives before they become ac
tively engrossed with the business
of the session.
While the committees appointed
at the mass meeting were expected
to look after the the interests of
Hilo primarily, they should not
forget to consider the welfare of the prosperity at home, fell into ex
whole Island upon which Hilo dc- cesses and lavish extravagances
ponds. It is well known that our
representatives will listen to the had they not known that their pros
voice of the people. They havejperity had weathered these three
asked for definite expression upon most serious disasters. Nothiug was
a number of matters. It is there
fore high time that reports were
gotten in shape and forwarded to
the proper officials.
Politics at Honolulu should not
have become so complicated but
that a member of the Attorney
General's department iu Hilo might
still know what was in store for
him. A definite statement cither
way, to the effect that Mr. Douth
itt would be retained or dropped
from the service as a prosecutor
for the Territory, would have left
his work in the Fourth Circuit
Court undisturbed. Uncertainty
of tenure of office is one of the most
incapacitating conditions that can
be imposed upon an employee in
"County of Fast Hawaii" and
"County of West Hawaii," arc
cumbersome terms. When joined
to the further geographical and po
litical cognomens, Island of Ha
waii and Territory of Hawaii, the
combination becomes formidable.
Kamchamcha County would suit
Hiloites better. Hut Mitchell
County would be even easier than
Casual inquiry among Hilo men
who have read the County bill as
prepared by the Republican Com
mittee does not unearth any out
spoken hostility to its general
terms. Minor features here and
there, arc criticized and many of
these will admit of modification
without altering the main terms of
Kamiuiamkiia Countv, some
one of the five should claim it for a
name. Kamchamcha historically and
politically is the virile name of Ha
waiian annals Let it be perpetu
ated as a part of the official no
menclature iu the new political
structure to be founded upon the
deeds of an ancient and valiant
It cannot fail to impress our
friends on the Mainland, when they
discover that the Island of Hawaii
is the only Island capable of divi
sion into two counties and that
either of these is in area equal to
all the other'lslands together.
Clews on t lie Condition of Ituslncss
at lleginnlng of Year.
The past year has been one of
the most eventful ones iu the his
tory of American finance. During
the first part of the twelve-month
the impetus of prosperity was ram
pant and it was due to the excess
of it that the latter part of the year
met with its reverse a reverse that
has reduced values by $750,000,000.
If the effect of this reverse had
been permitted to follow its cause,
naturally it would have come dur
ing the fall of last year, when we
were made to realize how serious
was the corn crop damage, which
amounted to almost a national cal
amity. Simultaneously came the assassi
nation of President McKinlcy,
which was another national calam
ity, ami following that came the
steel strike, which threatened to
become a small civil war.
Now these three causes, of disas-
ter would have produced deplorable
effects nt that time had they not
been prevented by brute force. The
big men connected with railroad
organizations, nnd connected with
the tmst reorganizations, and the
big operators allied to both of these
interests united their forces and put
their broad shoulders under these
disasters and bridged over the
crisis that was imminent.
It was then that, the recent crash
should have come; not now. The
good effect of a setback then would
have been a blow at over-enthusias
tic prosperity, and would have had
a salutary effect. It would have
lessened the extravagance which
has been witnessed since then in
the tremendous army of tourists to
the coronation. The crowds that
went abroad at that time feeling
that there could be no end to their
they never would have dreamed of
too eutravagant for them. Pur
cuascs ior nouse uccorauon were
rivaled by expensive and useless
wardrobes and accompanying ex
cesses of various kinds.
Growing out of these extrava
gances have come the money trou
bles of today. The purchases came
home and the excessive and extra
vagant duties had to be paid, And
thus our money was taken out of
the country and what was spent
here went out of circulation and
was locked up in the Treasury.
This more than anything else was
the cause of the shortness of
money. People required more and
thought they required more than
they really did, and borrowed large
sums to tide them over. If this ef
fect had followed the cause at the
right time we would now be in
comfortable circumstances, and not
be loaded down with misgivings.
Coming as it did, it has been more
or less of a shock to us all. It is a
good deal like the almanac an
nouncing some big celestial or ter
restrial happening that does not
occur at the time mentioned; but
is sprung upon us when we are
least expecting it.
Hut the effect of the setback will
be wholesome, even as it is, because
it will lead to an adjustment, and a
speedy one, of the financial situa
tion. It will cause thr people to
reflect and go a bit slow in the
matter nnd manner of their invest
ments, and not rush into extrava
gant deals with so much impetuos
ity. To tell the truth there are too
many organizations of industrial
plants and we shall have less iu the
luture because they have come into
tne hands of the people with such
an over-supply that they have had
fits of financial indigestion and
have been utterly unable heretofore
to cope with them.
Wall street is now separating the
sheep from the goats in securities.
The railroads possess the lull con
fidence of the speculators and in
vestors because they have gone
through fire and water in their en
deavors tcApurge themselves of any
semblance of insecurity and un
reliability. And these industrials
must go through the same test In
order to give them a standing
Fixed charges must be cut down,
and this will give the minor secur
ities the chance of dividends and
improving oues. Of the four
thousand million industrials that
have been created during the las',
few years, a great many must go
through the same drastic treat.ueut
through which the railroad? were
forced in 1893-4. When Uiis pro
cess has been gone through with,
the industrials will stond on an
equal footing with the railroads,
and will be just as eagerly sought
for as investments of the gilt edge
In the meantime the same prop
erties will be dealt in to a more or
less extent, subject, of course, to
violent fluctuations, ltid these fluc
tuations will make the railroads 1
fluctuate, but iu a smaller ratio, of j
course, because they arc looked ,
upon as sound and quick securities.
TIip IpiKnn wi nn. Ipi miner iu n The family of the late Mr. J. 1. Mar
1 tie lesson we are learning ib 11 nn desire tocxpress their heartfelt thanks
uarti one, out It is inevitable, and
once learned, will enable us to keep
out of many a financial quagmire
iu the future. We are certainly
better off now than we were before
we had learned it. We arc better
off from n genuine business point
of view today than ws were one
year ago today. Hut iiot as well
off from the iiioncy standpoint,
VOLCANO TO L A II A LA.
Intention of Department to Con
struct Itontl nt Ouro.
G. II. Gere of the Department of Pub
He Works came to Hilo this time upon
the Important mission of securing data
upon which to base a cnll for bids for Hie
construction of a road from the Volcano
House to Pahaln. Mr. Gere states that It
Is the Intention of the Superintendent of
Public Works to press this work ns upon
his recent tour of the Island he considered
this one of the most pressing needs. The
road will be built out of the proceeds of
nn appropriation made by thc.lnst legis
lature. While here Mr. Gere .will also attend
to various other matters connected with
the department, among which will be the
inauguration of the construction of the
reservoir for the Hilo Water Works.
This Island's Schools.
The following notes of school changes
are taken from the proceedings of ihe last
School Hoard meeting at Honolulu:
Mrs. A. R, Hancock appointed ".isUtant
in the Papalkoli school in place of Carle
ton Miller, resigned.
Miss M. Toim appointed nsslstnnt In
the Ookala school: n new position.
Miss Alice Zcrbe appointed assistant Iu
the Walohiuu school iu place or Miss
Rmily Williams, resigned.
U.K. loua appointed teacher of the
Pnpa school in place of Willinm Hu,
dropped from the service.
Jnmcs Ontni appointed principal of the
Iloonnuiinu school iu plnce of D.iviri K.
Mrs, Storm to be nn additional nsslstnnt
In the Konn-wacnn school.
Miss Van Dcerlln, assistant at Maka
pain, married nnd became Mrs. Irish nnd
moved to Mnhukona, appointed teacher
of the school at that plnce, succeeding
Miss Louisa Knla, transferred.
Miss Louisa Knln of the Mnhukona
school transferred In I'ntnln in ttlm-n nH
Miss Aoe Akina, transferred.
MissAoc Aklnn of the Pololu school
transferred to Makapnla iu place of Miss
A Faultless Institution.
A gentleman from Honolulu who has
been In the city of Hilo for n month nnd
who has been Impressed with the ninny
superior advantages of the plnce includ
ing climate, people, etc., was saying:
"Hilo is n beautiful spot. It is the Ideal
place to live. Passing over your innu
merable advantages I have to empha
size one thing nnd that Is your steam
laundry. This is the only place in the
Islands where I have been nble to have
my clothes laundered iu civilized- style.
They do things better here than they do
Ilirns Club OHleors.
The Hilo Hums Club held their quar
tcrly meeting on the 30th of January, in
Spreckcls' Hull, when the following" offi
cers nnd committees for the ensuing yenr
were elected: President. D. Ilutchnrt;
Vice President, P. Gibb; Sccrctnry, J.
Prnser; Treasurer, Jos. Henderson; Mas
ter nt Arms, W. linen. Pinance Com
mittee K. V. Mackie, W. R. Campbell
and C. Smith. Business Committee G.
Wilson, W. Forbes, K. Cameron nnd J.
Abi and Vamauakn, two Olaa Japanese
indicted for riotous conduct at the I'ourth
of July rnces iu that suburb were tried In
Circuit Court Wednesday. W. II. Smith
was appointed to prosecute for the Ter
ritory; Smith it Parsons defending. The
taking of testimony nnd arguments be
fore the jury took up the time to four
o'clock in the afternoon. With very
short deliberation the jury returned n
verdict of not guilty.
Court Time Kxtcmled.
Judge Little issued nn order Inst
Tuesday extending the January term of
coun len onys more, uuring tne first
twenty-four days, or the regular statutory
term, 110 cases were disposed of. some of
them requiring long drnwn out trials.
King Oscar Dying.
Stockholm, Sweden, Jan. 27.
King Oscar is believed to be dying.
The Crown Prince has assumed the
Regency of Norway and Sweden.
Lynch Sentence '.(educed.
London, England. Jan. 27. The
death sentence of .Colonel Lynch
for high treason has been,commuted
to servitude for life.
Washington, D. C, Jan 26.
The time for the ratification of the
Cuban treaty has been considerably
Oldest Pollen Captain.
Captain Hldarts of Punal notwithstand
ing his eighty odd years, goes cheerfully
nt the job of doing jury iMilifTduty. One '
night this week he was outer guard to the I
Wessel jury which argued nnd voted the
whole night long. When asked how he
stood such arduous nocturnal vigils, hu I
passed u 011 iigutly saying "two or three
hours of sleep are enough for any ;uan of
Curd ol' Thanks.
to menus nun ueignnors tor syuip.utiy
and assistance iu their recent bereave-
All accounts owing to the American
Grocery Store should be paid without
delay at the office of A. H. Sutton & Co.
A. H. SUTTON it CO.
i & r-"np
Our customers who arc in need
will find here ,1 fine assortment
at prices to suit everyone.
hAlso fine sets of
Bird and Heat Carvers
and the largest variety of
Saddles and Bridles
ever seen in this town
Our stock of V; J
"Phoenix" Horse and Mule Shoes
is now complete
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Hilo
To call your attention to a new collection .of
Hawaiian Songs just published by us entitled
'SONGS OF HAWAII"
This collection contains a number of old Songs
and Hulas never previously published. This
book is beautifully illustrated.
BERGSTROM MUSIC CO., Honolulu
Box 576, Honolulu, T. H.
New York Life
The great international Life In
, surancc Company, supervised by
S2 separate and distinct governments
smummmmimi lmmmmiiimmmmu iiuiumiiimmiiK
To close out our Pianos and Organs
we ofTer astonishing
One Organ $
Wall, Nichols Co.
Oilicoi's Elect (Ml.
At the annual meeting of the stock
holders of the IlM.o TlUllUNIC Puumsii
ino Co. I,TI., held Saturday evening,
January 31, the following officers were
elected for the ensuing year:
C. C. Kennedy Pri-hidi'iil
K. K. liiclmrds Vice President
A. 15. Sutton Auditor
I. V. Iaworth...Secretarv-Trcnsurer
Directors 1), V. Marsh' and Geo. S.
At reasonable prices Sugar Coolers
;;x6j feet by 18 inches; Two Smoke
Stacks 55 inches diameter by too feet,
each. For particulars inquire at Pepeiv
keo Sugar Co.'h Office, or Theo. II,
I)uvies-& Co,, Honolulu, 13.4
direct of the
BISHOP & CO.
OAIIU, H. I.
Transact a General Hanking and V.x.
Commercial and Traveller's Letters of
Ct dit i'sued, available in all the principal
cities of the world.
Special attention given to the business
entrusted to us by our friends of the other
Islands, either as Deposits, Collections
Insurance or requests for Kxchnuge.
REDUCED FREIGHT RATES
Freight Kates between San Frau
. cisco and Hilo have been reduced
I by the
From $3.50 to $3 per ton
commencing with the Hark St.
Katherine, new loading iu San
Francisco. This includes Hark St.
Katherine, Hark Martha Davis, and
Hark Amy Turner.
Whi.cii & Co., Sail Francisco
C. HuitwitK Co., Ltd., Honolulu
II. IlACiti'iti.n&Co., Ltd., Hilo
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