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r. ". ' mi m
Matson Navigation Co.
1 he only Direct Lino between San l'rmt
Cisco ami llllo, Comprising uie
following I'ast Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bnrk RODERICK DHU
Bark MARION CHILCOTT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Ttuf CIIAS. COUNSELMAN
Launch LURLINE (
nd other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with nt least one. of these
boat) each month, carrying both freight
mid Passengers. .
I'or ilates of sailing and terms,
Call upon, j
,1 no. D. Sprecliels & Bros. Co,
J27 Market St., San Prancisco.
R. T. GUAU1), Agent, (
HOP WARN CO.
Cor. King and front Streets.
Dealers In Dry Goods,
Japanese and Chinese
Enterprise Lager Beer
On Draught, Ice Cold,
io Cents n Glass : : :
The Finest of
At Moderate Prices.
J. S. Canario,
Wfc Siiii'man Strhkt
'""B First Class
K WINES AND
ESp At Ioernte Prices,
Bip' Mixkd and Fancy Drinks
Two Glasses for 25 cts.
MOSES & RAYMOND
BRIDGE STREET, - HILOlHilO, -
COOlS tk BIOOll
Hot weather taks tho life out of
everybody. You become languid, de
bilitated, nervous, doprcssou. You
loso your appetlto and you havo Indi
gestion. 1 our blood becomes Impuro,
your head aches, your nerves aro weak,
and you aro tired all the time. You
want something to purify your blood
and make it cool and healthy.
Mr. niorannl D'Ncsl, or Tarkslile, South
Australia, tells oil how tills may bo done. Ho
ends his 'iliotograjili also.
" In this warm nml debilitating climate I
licllevo nearly every one needs a tood, tonic.
For a number of jcars 1 havo relied on Ajcr's
Sarsitiarllla. I inn Mrongly testify to its
curative ovicr in cooling tho blood in hot
weather and In toning up the whole, system.
It is a wonderful medicine."
There aro many Imitation " Sarsaparillaa."
lie auro you get Ayer's.
Ajer's l'llls aro Liter l'llls. They cure con
stiiiatlon, biliousness, sick headacne, nausea,
and all liver troubles.
Preptred by Dr. J. C. Aver ft Co., Uwcll, Mass., U.S.A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY!
Draught Boor IO Cents
When yon need a drink call
at the KEYSTONE, corner
iFront and Pouohawai streets.
A first class line of
always on hand.
Hilo Electric Light Co., Ltd.
Houses Wired and
In accordance with the rules of the Na
tional Hoard of l'irc Underwriters.
A complete stock of
Pan Motors at reduced price. Fixtures
Similes, Table, lied and Desk Lamps
etc., always on hand.
Fan Motors . . . $15
i Sowing Machine Motor 20
Power for operating them $i n mouth
Just received, new stock of Shades of
various p Uterus. Also Sewing Machine
1 and Pan Motors.
Estimates furnished on ull classes of
Electrical Work and Contracts taken to
install apparatus complete.
Stone Mason and Brick Layer
is ready to take contracts for work
in any pnrt of the Island
a Specialty. . .
It) nu of Mountain
Mountain Vmw, Feb. io, 1903.
KniTOR Triiiunk, Dijar Sir
I note with pleasure your invitation
to nil persons wishing to offer opin
ions upon the public land question
through thc columns of the
Triiiunk. It is an important sub
ject and one which should be dis
cussed fully and seriously.
(JUT STARTKI) RIGHT.
I hold that the Territorial Legis
lature has no legal authoiityto
alter, amend or repeal the Land
Act of 1895. That it is now a law
of Congress and a part and parcel
of the Organic Act, and that the
local Legislature has no norc legal
authority to change it than it has
to appropriate money out of the
United States Treasury or pass
Panama Canal legislation.
If I am rtjht, then we must look
to Congress, and to Congress alone,
for any legislation concerning the
public lands in Hawaii.
If the Hawaiian Land Act of
1895, which has since become the
law of Congress, is all wrong (and
it seems to be, and almost everyone
seems to think so) then we must
look to Congress, and to Congress
alone, for a better law.
I append herc.to some of my rea
sons for thinking as I do and feci
that they are amply sufficient to
convince anyone wlio wants to ue
convinced, and as to those who do
not want to be convinced I have
nothing to say.
Both the Judiciary and Public
Land Committees of both Houses
of the last Legislature decided that
the local Legislature had no power
to change the public land laws in
this Territory, and Acting Gover
nor .Cooper in an official document
stated the same thing.
I may have time next week to
extend these remarks and try to
show what should be done without
The following is an extract from
a U. S. Supreme Court decision: '
KXCI.USIVi: l'OWKR OK CONGRK.SS TO
LKGISLATlt AS TO PUBLIC LANDS.
"Gibson vs. Choteau U. S. 13,
Wall, page 92.
"With respect to the public do
main the Constitution vests in Con
gress the power of disposition and
of making all needful rules and
regulations. That power is subject
to no limitations. ,
"Congress has the absolute right
to prescribe the times, the condi
tions and the mode of transferring
this property or any part of it and
to designate the persons to whom
the transfer shall be made. No
State legislation can iutertere with
this right or embarrass its exer
cise." It seems to me that the above
would be sufficient to advise any
other Legislature in any other Ter
ritory of the United States, but it
seems to have no effect on our Ha
It is equally plain that any law,
concerning the public lauds in Ha
waii, which might be passed by the
in-coming Legislature would be in
conflict with Article IV., Section
3, paragraph 2 of the Constitution
of the United States; therefore
Besides, Section 73 of the Or
ganic Act expressly provided that
Congress shall act when any action
is taken. Note the language:
"Sec. 73. That the laws of Hawaii
relating to public lands,
shall continue in force until Con
gress shall otherwise provide"
Judge Vandevanter, of the Inter
ior Department, in an opinion ren
dered to the local Territorial officers
at Honolulu, says:
"These sections (referring to sec
tions 450, 451 and 458, Revised
Statutes) are changed by the sub
stitution and amendments made by
Act of Congress, are in
are to remain in force until Con
press shall other-vise provide. Thus
a system differing from that pro-, c,P,e "PPeaw t specially devel-
vided by the Revised Statutes is for oped. The solanine has the office
the p esent provided for the Terri- of protecting the plant in its wild
lory of JaMiii." (state from the attack of animals,
(.See report CointnisMouer ofamlcvcn here they will not eat
Public Unds, Hawaii, December , tubers which have developed the
31, 1900, page 22). Rreen condition. The latter arc,
Yours truly, df course, uneatable and would not
T.J. RYAN. be regarded as suitable for food.
'- Happily, the domesticated potato
Subscribe for the 1 1 11.0 Tkiiiunk,
'?2. 50 a year.
SUCUKSSFUL SMALIi PAKMINM.
Practical Talk Hy a Former
Nine years ago, when I first came
to Hilo to settle, no such thing as
sugar or coffee to any great extent
was thought of in this district of
the island and what few settlers
there were out of Hilo proper were
giving their .attention to small
I located at 21 -Miles'. Olaa, and
started planting coffee, raising
chickens and good quality and
When Senator Morgan, Cullom
and Hitt were visiting the islands
in August and September, 1898, I
had potatoes weighing two and a
half pounds each and Mr. Morgan
remarked thai the potatoes were as
large and of as good a quality as
could be had anywhere. At this
same time I had cabbagca weigh
ng twenty pounds each and solid H
clear through, beans, onions and
lcels as large as any imported;
yello'v dent corn, three cars to the
stalk and twelve inches long. This
corn was planted every month and
as a consequence I had corn from
the best sprouting to ripe ears. My
oats, barley and wheat in three
mouths time headed jaut three and
a. half feet long, but on account of
continuous rains it was impossible
to dry for hay. Italian rye and
mosquito grass did well 'for hay and
made excellent feed.
At the present time I have a grass
which I obtained from Commis
sioner of Agriculture Taylor in
Honolulu last April, by some called
Pauican, which in three months had
grown to a length of sixteen feet.
I, have some half a dozen stalks of
this grass in my possession now
which will substantiate the above
N As regards chicken raising, I had
as good luck as in California; eggs
were never less than thirty-five
cents per dozen and usually sixty
cents. Chickens brought a dollar
a piece, as they do today.
I will say further that I did all
of this myself and did not employ
any Japanese or Chinese, which
may account for the failure of some
of my neighbors who relied too
much on this class of labor, while I
was always successful because I was
working for my own interests and
In conclusion I will say further
that the man who can't grow
grasses, corn, cabbage, potatoes,
onions, leeks, parsley, raise chick
ens, pigs and cows in Olaa is not
going to set the world afire any
where, and all that is needed at the
present time is the assistance of the
public lauds department. Ii the
unsettled and unutilized lands of
this district are thrown open to
settlement to the various parties
who have not application fot tracts,
and allow them to settkvand culti
vate without so much "red tape"
ism, Olaa will compare favorably
with any district on the island.
F. Brughelli in Side Lights.
It will be within the recollection
of ray readers that the potato plant
is capable of producing in its fruits
a substance of a poisonous nature,
says a writer in the London Chro
nicle, called "solanine,", and that a
death at Bristol was attributed to
this substance having been taken in
potato husks. A Manchester cor
respondent has most kindly sup
plied me with certain details, de
rived from his own researches,
which tend to throw some light on
the subject of the potato poison. In
South America, I am told, the wild
potato is regarded as poisonous,
owing to the presence of solanine
in quantity. It appears that if our
ordinary tubers are left unearthed
t,iey turned green, and it is in this
condition that the poisonous priu-
exhibits none of the virulence of its
I primeval ancestry.
SUCCESSFUL SMALL PAKMINM. 1
California Fertilizer Works.
534 Clay Street, San Francisco.
M. D. HALL,
Manufacturers of and Doalors in .
1 Complete Fertilizers of All Kinds
Nitrate of Soda
Sulphate of Ammonia
Sulphate of Potash
I Fish Cuano, Wool Dust, Etc.
which has been
for the past fif-
And also to our .
y r y
XX High-Grade Fertilizer
A large stock of these goods is kept constantly on hand and for sale at
San Francisco prices, plus freight and other expenses,
By Our Hilo Agents,
L. TURNER CO.
HILO WINE ANE
J. S. CANARIO, Manager.
European Winos -
American Whiskey '
in cases anil bulk
in cases and bulk
Holland Cins, Assorted
BEERS . i
ENGLISH ALES AND PORTER
TkuU'HONi; 90. Fkont Stkhut, Nkar Church
Engineering and Construction Co.
Rooms 508, 509, 510 Stnngenwald Building, Honolulu, T. H.
All classes of Kiigineeriii,' work solicited. Hxiiiniimtioiis, Surveys nud
Reports nude for any class nl Waterworks, Steam nud IUeelrical Construc
tion. 1'laus and Specifications and Ivstinmtes prepared, and Construction
Superintended in all branches of ugiuecriuK Work. Contracts solicited
for Railroads, electric and steam; Tunnels, Undoes, lluildiiis, Highways,
Foundations, Piers, Wharves, etc.
SPECIAL ATTENTION given to Examinations, Valuations, and
Reports of properties for investment purposes.
FREDERICK J. AMWEC, M. Am. Soc. C. E.,
Engineer and Managor.
W. R. CASTLE, JR., Socrotary and Treasurer.
P. O. Box 537.
Of (iotlienluirK, Sweden
Assets (Home Office) .... f7.3".o3.;!
AihcIh in U. S. (for Additional Security of American Policy Holders) 656,678.43
Pacific Coast Department: HOWARD 11ROWN : SONS( Oncral Ajjenls
II-.'I3 California St., San 1'runcUcn.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd.,
IS CALLED TO OUR
on this market
Rosidont Agontu, HILO
' 1 i
t '!) - $J k"V
.- ""-4 V"