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America s Greatest Favorite
H. HACKFELD & CO.,
IU Pacific Guano
ate the nniiiifncturers of the v 11 known
Fertilizers made to Order
H. HACKFELD &CO.,
tfn. i .Wu u'o' u tvw unvi 'rrfc frS -Z u oN? 0 31
X JsSSr Z24Px5i2
New goods are
on the shelves
JUST ARRIVED-a complete
new line of
Diamond Brooches, Diamond Rings, Watches,
Clocks, Silver Sets, Silver Pieces, Mani
cure Sets, Ebon' Toilet Sets and
hundreds of the finest
Exquisite Cut Glass -All New
The best place in Hawaii to
get your money's worth....
J. D. KENNEDY,
TIIK MUUAK TRUST.
A lHscmslon ofn (Irent HiiRtties Or
trnulnitlou hy K. Clarklm
.So fnr os it answers nny4ofthc
current questions regarding jrusts,
the Atnerican Sugar RcfiningfGom
pany answers them positively for
itself. It is'second or third of these
price of their products, another ob
vious way in which trusts may in
terfere with the general welfare is
by oppressing workmen in order to I
reduce cost of production. What Directory of the Prominent and Progressive business men in the richest couu
tncougar irusi nas none regaru-, try tie Islands. If you have anything to dispose of it doesn't cost much to ad-
ing labor is pointed and clear.
In massing the refineries, it found
that six or seven could turn ott as
vcrtlse it in this department, Write for rates.
great combinations in point of age, j much sugar as all the twenty-one ,
dismissed the men. Five refineries
now produce more than twenty-four
did before. This is to. work, at a
minimum expense, and the trust
found itself willing to advance the
wages of the workmen it retained.
Later these were increased in num
ber beyond those originally in ser
vice. As nearly as can be told, for
most grades of labor the wage im
provement under the trust has a
inountcd to an average of a dollar a
week. Strikes have not bothered
it; trade-unionism has been in no
degree harassing. Personally, Mr.
Havemeyer cannot see that strikes
ever yield any benefit to the strikers, J.
but he- has come into no antagonism : K. II. MAKEKAU
toward unionism. Most sugar labor
is unskilled, "and you cannot
and both before the government
and before the court it has had to
justify its being. By the cam tit
was declared illegal. All it did in
response was to "go to Jersey and
put on a different suit of clothes,"
returning to New York the -same
trust as before, its compositibu un
altered, its principle abiding,
It is an example and a type.
Yet it is individual, for trusts, like
firms, are what they are made by
the men who manage them. Not
long ago in Congress this one was
called "the most unpopular of them
all." No reason was given.
Whether there is a valid one de
pends upon very simple matters of
conduct. Has it thrust men out
of business and made their loss its
gain? Cruelty to competitors, op
pression to workmen, the exaction
'of immoderate prices from con
sumers some trusts practise these
vexatious tyrannies; is the Sugar
Trust one of them? Have is
methods tended to lower business
morals? Or have its managers
shown a greed of wealth and an in
clination to use it against public
interest? In sprite of visible gaps,
the record is full enough, and re
ThroughouHts course there has
been identified with this trust one
of those who seem to establish the
fact that in America we arc getting
past the period when it was "only
three generations from shirt-sleeves
to shirt-sleeves." (What the fa
thers won the sons are keeping,
and that are adding more. Vander
bilt and -transportation, Morgan
and finance, Havemeyer and sugar
the name stands for the business
more potently than ever in the
past.) This is Mr. H. O. Have
meyer, who organized the trust,
and has remained supreme in con
trol. It was his grandfather, com
ing from Schaumburg-Lippe, who
started, and his grandmother who
who helped to tend, that first little
sugar "bakery" in old Greenwich
Village, Manhattan. It produced
no more in a day than in these
times would yield'a dollar profit.
Hut the son and heir so extended it
that when, in old age, he in turn
transmitted it to his two sons, it
was of a thousand times greater
capacity. Qf this later "going con
cern," a feature of the Brooklyn
shore of the East River, the present
Havemeyer became the active
manager. Under his administra
tion the annual output increased
from three hundred thousand bar
rels to a million, and now, as the
main plant of the trust, to five
millions nearly a third of all pro
duced from cane in America.
Fifteen years ago, when eighteen
of the forty refineries in the country
had gone into bankruptcy, .it oc
curred to somebody that a union of
all, a cooperation of owners, would
diminish waste and preserve a pro
fit. Twenty-one of the refineries
that had survived, were, brought
under one control, that of the Have-
meycrs being the nucleus. This , meUJl,Ki for evaporation of water,
was a trust in me rem sense, in
which the stockholders of the diff-
HONOKAA is the most thriving com-
together, some being obsolete; so
it dismantled all the unnecessary , tuunlly olll8i(ie of Ililo on the windward
plants, stopped work in tliem, and coast of the Island of Hnwoii. It Is situ
uted 50 miles from Ililo at an elevation
of 1500 feet which renders the climate
salubrious. Above the cane lands are
numerous homesteads on which coffee,
cane and vegetables are extensively cul
tivated. Regular stage lines connect
with all outlying districts. The 4U1
Circuit Court meets at Honokaa annually
in July, Regular steamers call to dis
charge and receive freight.
A. 11. LINDSAY General Merchan
dise, Post Office, School Agent.
CHAS. WILLIAMS Attorney at
I)RS. GREENFIELD & R.G.CURTIS,
Physicians and Surgeons.
J. M. MOANAIJLI Attorney at Law.
-Attorney at Law.
A.J. WILLIAMSON C. E. and Architect
unionize unskilled labor by itself." j AH FOO RESTAURANT Meals at all
Germans contribute the skilled! hou Tobacco and Cigars.
labor; Poles, Hungarians, indeed 1 KW0NG WAH CHAN-Merchant Tai-
the very same races that have flock
ed to the hard-coal mines, contri
bute the common labor; and they
lor. Coffee Saloon and Restaurant.
V. HOLMES Dealer in General
Merchandise and Plantation Supples.
I'resh goods direct from San Fran
cisco every month.
GEO. KAIZF.R Prop. Honokaa Stables
Staging and Teaming at reasonable
rates in Kohala, Hamakua and Ililo
districts; boarding a specialty, in
quire for terms, contracts, etc.
RICKARD Notary Public.
rubllc, l'osttuaster, Agent lor Wil
der S. S. Co., and Light House
have displaced nearly all the Eng-lish-speaking
workers, just as in I
the mines, for the reason that they
can be had for less pay. "You I
cannot hire an Irishman now," the
head of the trust declairs, "for or-1
diuary wages." The kind of man j mrs. E. HALL Furnished Rooms to
that can be hired for twelve 1 cents let-
an hour docs not restrict himself to
a short day, and the privelege
doing extra lime is generally used. KAWAIHAE.
Little by little the twelve-cent-an- Thls pIace ,,erives lts ,mportance rrom
hour man has been put in the place oeillg the chi(:f port of SoiUh Kohala
of the Stevedore, whose union wage through which Waimea and Puako Plan-
at unloading vessels is from forty tations receive and ship their freight.
to forty-five cents an hour. - ! IIcre "mil h lail(,e1 nJl1 carried as far as
Honokaa by Vol. Stables stage line which
In the Sugar 1 rust, then, some , utns through to Hilo.
of the benefits of increased efficiency , WA CH0NG STORE-Chock Hoo
have been received by the con- Dry Goods, Groceries, Chinese and
sumer, and some by the workmen. Japanese Goods, Patent Medicines,
' Kawaihae View Hotel and Restau-
1 hese things have been true even rant.
though seven per cent, and twelve judge WM
per cent, for the stockholders had
to be earned on a capitalization
fourteen times greater than that of
the original companies, or four and
a half times greater than- the valu
ation of their business.
Most of the improvements in
sugar-refining have been in the
direction of labor-saving,' and a
striking thing about a first look
through a factory is the deserted
aspect of the jilace. Barges are un
loaded of their coal and the coal
transported overhead by a chain of
buckets to the boilers in four blocks
of buildings. You will see the coal
fed directly to the boilers by me
chanical instead of human stokers.
At the top of the building the raw
sugar goes through defecating ma
terial a weak solution of phos
phoric acid and milk which com
bines and incloses the mechanical
impurities. Bag-filters then strain
them off. There is still a molasses
color to the sugar, so it is dropped
through thirty-foot filters of bone
black, or bone charcoal which is
like sand, and from that falls into
vacuum-pans, on a story below, for
Comprised five sugar plantations, vlt:
Hawl, Union Mill, Kohala, Halawa and
Nlulii and the extensive areas of the
Woods' stock ranch. Mahukona is the
port from which runs the Kohala Rail
road connecting the plantations.
AKUI Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots
and Shoes, Ready Made Clothes and
S. NAKA Watchmaker.
J. C. BURGESS Painting, Graining, Pa
per Hanging and decorating.
HALAVAN Joaquin Zablan Dealer in
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Hats and Patent Medicines.
NIUL1I Klmu Pake Dry Goods, Gro
ceries, Hats, Shoes, Hardware.
KOHALA CLUB CO.-Flrst Class Hotel
Accommodations, Livery, Hack and
Freighting. Meets steamers regu
larly at Mahukona.
KUKUIHAELE Is the most northern
of the Hamokua plantations. It is sit
uatcd on the brow of the great Walple
Valley a distance of sixty miles from
TRY HAMAKUA SODA WORKS for
J. G.JONES Dry Goods, Groceries, To
bacco and Cigars, Patent Medicines,
Boots and Shoes, Feed.
A. McKAY Saloon Handles Primo
QUONG CHONG CO.-Dealers In Gen
eral Merchandise, Drugs, Fancy
Goods, Chinese and Japanese Goods.
- . lamna
WAIMEA.-Kamuola P. O.
At an elevation of 270U feet between
Mauna Kea and the Kohala mountains,
twelve miles from Kawaihae and twenty
miles lrom Honokaa, is the fertile plain
of Waimea, admirably adapted, for the
cultlVctlon of agricultural and vegetable
products.. This is the centre of the
Parker Ranch.over which roam thousands
of animals. The climate
2s ideal for a
AH YAU Merchant Tailor, first class
suits at city prices.
INOUWE First Class Hair Dresser and
SAMUEL K. PUA-Attorney-at-Law Au'd
MRS. C. N. ARNOLD Onouli House
Furnishes Good Accommodations for
Tourists and Visitors. Kcalakekua P. O.
C. 'AHUNA Groceries, Dry Goods,
Tobacco and Cigars, Fancy Goods, Mer
chant Tailor. Kealakekua, Hawaii.
HENRY WEEKS Kealakekua, Ha
wall, takes orders lor Bed steads, Tables
and Calabashes and Fancy Articles of all
Kinds, made of Native Woods,
R. MAKAHALUPA Attorney-at-law
T. C. WILLS Dealer
Merchandise, Post Office.
OLAA SALOON AND CAFE at Nine
Miles Refreshments of all Kiuds; Meals
at all Hours. Try oiir Hospitality.
Of Gothenburg, Sweden
Assets (Home Office) , . . . $73".e63.3
Assets in U. S. (for Additional Security of American Policy Holders) 656,678.43
Pacific Coast Department : EDWARD BROWN & SONS, General Ageits
411-413 California St., San Francisco.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Rosldont Agents, HILO
rent corporations assigned their
stock in trust to a board of trustees
to a board that held the voting
power of the stocks of the various
The object was monopoly. It
was and is the acknowledged ambi
tion of the of it to "refine all the
sugar of the American people."
Before the Senate bribery commit
tee he testified that the principal
purpose of the trust was to control
and for crystallization; thence into
centrifugals which fling out the
syrup; and through sieves which
grade it according to size of crys
tals, the "coarse" being used by
confectioners, the "standard" by
manufacturers, and the "fine" by
families. Funnels guide it into
barrels, which are packed close by
mechanical jolting, and, after being
Front Street, - Hilo, Hawaii
A Large Assortment of Tweeds Always
Kept on Hand.
headed up by human coopers, arc ' ICrfBCt m nml Mt-CtaM Work Guarau-
borne away by mechanical convey
ers to the shipping-room. For
small nackaees there are machines
the price and output to the people jt0 fi( ,,,, aml seaI one grl fur.
of this country. Modifying tliatlish,g all thd lnbor ieqnlrei, to
afterward so as to be understood j put up twenty.two of the smallesl
that the object was to control simp- in a mimUe ,fhe ma, study ,n
ly the trust s own price and output, the manufacture has been to avoid
It ik itniturMinlnL'i' nlinlltnl swlrn
u uwYii iiitaa uumiivwu iiuiiicuiiUC
Cleaning nml Repairing a S.wciuHy.
A TRIAL SOLICITED
jlv that the trust, by having at that
, time eighty per cent of the refining,
'could regulate output and was in a
position to nx tue general price.
Its limit was the point where it
would be profitable for impoits to
flow into the country over the tariff
Besides unduly advancing the
having the sugar handled twice to
send it straight by gravity or by
endless-chain devices almost from 1
the first process to the last.
Mr. Havemeyer is the author of
that sweeping protestation that "the
tariff is the mother of trusts."
Koa Lumber in small and large quanti
ties; well seasoned;
(Continued on page 3.)
made to order, any style
Repairs made 011 any kind ol
furniture. Prices moderate.
Sorrao Cabinot Shop.
Apply to JOSE G. SERRAO.
Waiakea Boat House
R. A. LUCAS & CO., Prop'rs.
WAIAKEA BRIDGE, HILO
HAVE NOW A FLEET OF
and Small Boats
FOR PUBLIC HIRE
Passengers and baggage taken to and
from vessels in the harbor at reasonable
rates. Launches and rowboats to hire
lor private picnics and moonlight rides,
RING UP ON TELEPHONE
Wolverine Gasoline Engine
Self-starter and reversible engine. In
practicability it is equal to the steam en
gine. Sizes from li h, p, upwards.
Boats fitted with this engine or frames of
any size to order. For particulars apply
to R. A. LUCAS, Manager.