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It's an easy job for tbo barber to
part tbo hair on a head Ilko this.
It's just as easy to prevent baliluoss
if you only ilo tbo right thing. 1
llaldness is almost nhvnys a sure
sign of ncglccti It is tbo story of neg
Dandruff Is untidy, unnecessary, and
Ayer's Hair Vigor
euros daudrulf and prevents baldness.
You savo your hair and you ore spared
the aunoyauco of untidy clothing.
It also stops falling of tbo hair, and
makes tho batr grow thick and long.
Do not bo dccolvcd by cheap imita
tions which will only disappoint you.
Make suro that you get tbo genuino
Ayer's Hair Vigor.
frtptrtJ br Dr. J. C. Ajtr & Co.. Lowell, Mm., U.S.A.
For Sale by HILO DRUG COMPANY
Union Barber Shop;M. 8. grinbaum & go.,
GARCIA & CANAUIO. Props.
Ule Shave, Cut iair ana Shampoo
,at .Ett'Eive Rates.
We also take particular pain9 with Chil
-, ., wUnion Building,,
,' I? Walanuenue St.
, The Old Reliable Stand is
" UP-TO-DATE WORK
Razors honed, Scissors and all edged
tools perfectly ground. Satisfac
FRONT AND CHURCH STS.
If you appreciate n good
meal nicely prepared call
and sec me.
Meals 35c Up
C. SHIMAMOTO; Prop.
Lato Suppers from 8 p. m.
to I a. m.
C. Bnddnky, Prop.
Two Beers for
twonty-f ivo cents
Call and oxamino our stock
HILO MARKET CO.,
Telephone No. 39.
Bkidgk St. - Hilo, II. I
Pacific Heat Markel
Front St., Hilo, H. I,
Choice Cuts of
POULTRY of all Jffinds
FRESH ISLAND BUTTER
Flno Fat Turkoys.
. . Sucking Pigs,
J NKW YORK
BROKERS and COMMISSION
Dealers in Dry Goods, Notions, Cigars
nrd Tobacco. Special attention given
to ' tisignnients of coffee and sugar.
...All kinds of...
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
R. H. PEASE, President
San Francisco, Cal., U. S. A.
WH. G. IRWIN & CO., Ltd.
Sole Agents for
Vational Cane Shredders,
Alex. Cross & Sons' Sugar Cane
and' Coffee Fertilizers.
Hilo Railroad Co.
Short Route to Volcano
In effect January 1, 1903,
Passenger Trains, Except Sunday.
No. 1 No. 3 No. 4 No. 6
A.M. l',M. STATIONS A &, ,, M
7:30 3:301V Hilo nr,9:30 5:30
7:50 3:50 nr...01aa MIU...nr 9:10 5:10
8:00 4:00 or Kenan ar 9:00 5:00
8:15 4:15 ar... IJerndnle...ar! 8:45 445
8:30 4:3oar..Mount. V'w..lv 8:30 4:30
A.M. P.M. A.M. I'.M.
8:00 3:301V Ililo a r 10:30 5:30
8:so 3:50 ar...01aa Mill... ar 10:10 5:10
8:30 4:00 ar Kenan ar 10:00 5:00
8:45 4:15 nr... l'emdale...ar 9:45 4:45
9:00 4:3onr..Mount. V'w..lv 9:30 4:30
Mxd. FOR PUNA Mxd.
a.m. Thursday. p.m.
1 1 :oo lv Ililo ar 2:00
11:20 ar...01na Mill...nr 1:40
1 1 140 ar Pahoa ar 1 120
12:00 ar Puna lv 1:00
Pas. Sunday. Pas.
9:00 lv Ililo ar 4:30
9:20 ar..,01aa Mill...ar 4:10
10:05 ar Pahoa ar 3:40
10:30 ar Puna lv 3:00
The only desirable means of reaching
the Volcano. Connections at Mountain
View with stages daily morning trains
going; afternoon trains returning. Fare
from Hilo for the round trip $8. This
route is through Olaa plantation, the
largest in Hawaii, virgin forests of koa
and wild ferns, and through many coffee
The natural wonders of Puna make
that district the most interesting spot in
Hawaii. One can spend a most delight
ful day exploringthe underground caves,
swimming in the famous Hot Springs
and resting on the cool shores of Green
Excursion tickets between all points
are sold on Saturdays and Sundays, good
returning, until the following Monday
Commutation tickets, good for twenty
I five rides between any two points, and
thousand mile tickets are sold at very
' low rates.
W. H. I.AMIWRT,
Ily J no. M. Horner In Honolulu
There seems to be a hesitancy in
the minds of some of changing our
school system and modeling it after
the public school system of Califor
nia or some other republican public
school system where the people
have full control of their schools.
I will endeavor to show some of the
differences between the working of
the school system of these Islands
under present methods, with which
all are acquainted, and the working
of the public school system of Cali
fornia under republican methods.
Under the first the people have
nothing to say about schools, and
under the latter it may be seen they
have all to say. To show this
plainly I narrate the school history
developed on a piece of California
territory from its first settlement by
the white man in 1847 to the pre
sent time, having had a personal
knowledge of it for thirty-four ypars.
The reader will excuse the per
sonal reference to myself while nar
rating the following piece of his
tory: Mine was the first white family
settled in the territory now known
as Alameda county, in the State of
California, in that part of it now
known as Washington township.
Alameda county now stands next
to San Francisco county in wealth
and population. At the time of my
settlement it was entirely covered
by large Spanish stock ranches ex
cept about 30,000 acres 01 what was
known as San Jose Mission lands
belonging to the Government of
Mexico and in possession and con
trol of the military authority of the
United States. This was the only
laud open for settlement in that
part of California at that time.
When I entered this laud in the
spring of 1847 I had no children of
school age. By the time my child
ren reached school age other set
tlers with children had gathered
around. So we hired a teacher and
opened school in a room of a neigh
bor's house. This school was con
tinued for a time, then moved to a
more central locatiou and continued
in a room of another neighbor's
house. As settlers multiplied, it
was found necessary to again move
the school to another neighbor's
house. After this a school house
was built by two of the most philan
thropic mcu of the township in a
central point for all the children of
the township, hired and paid a
teacher, and made the school free
for all the children of the settle
ment. This house answered as a
church for all denominations and
public gatherings as well as for
schools for a few years. After the
Territory of California was pur
chased from Mexico it was admit-
ed as a State into the Union and its
territory divided into counties,
townships, school and road districts,
and a general law enacted for the
purpose of organizing town and
city governments. After this, school
districts were set off and school
houses built as fast as' required.
Now Washington township, con
taining an area of 150 square miles,
more or less most of it mountain
ous, where no schools are requited
is divided into fourteen school
districts with a substantial school
house in each. Some of them are
large, two stories, divided into
several rooms, with graded classes
and different teachers in each.
There is also one central high
school building, where students are
further advanced and prepared tb
enter the State University.
Besides the high and public
school building above referred to,
the township is blessed with Wash
ington College, an imposing struc
ture for a country district, credit
able to its builders and also to the
township. It was built by the peo
ple of the immediate neighborhood,
and all the public school buildings
were erected by the people reshliug
in the school districts, each district
building its dwn school houses. So
far as my knowledge and informa
tion extends, not one penny was
ever contributed towards the erec
tion of any of these buildings by
either the county, the State, the
general Government or any outside
The people of each school district
elect three trustees from situong
their own people always those
who take a lively interest in -school
These trustees work withotU pay,
have charge of all school praperty
ill their district, superintend the
building of all new school houses,
all improvements about the house
inside and out, hire and pay the
teachers, etc. If some improve
ment is wanted, the trustees consult
with some of the most influential
citizens of the district respecting
the contemplated improvement. If
they are friendly, a public meeting
is called, the contemplated improve
ment is laid before the meeting and
discussed, every one having an op
portunity to express his ideas.
When all is done, a vote is taken.
If "yes" is the vote then comes
the question as to how each would
prefer to pay his share of the im
provement. One proposes to do
the grading, another hauling the
lumber, another the rock, others to
assist in the mechanical labor,
others prefer to pay their share in
cash, etc. So in a short time the
improvement is completed, and
with the use of very little money.
How different, oh how different,
here under present methods!
Now, if an improvement is want
ed in the country for schools, it is
plainly stated to the school board
agent, he in turn refers it to the
Territorial School Board. It hav
ing no money for improvements
not contemplated at the time its
last estimates were made, the Board
applies to the Cabinet. The Cabi
net can only promise to place the
demand in the next Appropriation
Bill. So the Board makes its esti
mated requirements for school pur
poses for the coming two years and
hands it to the Cabinet. The Cab
inet naturally scales it down before
presenting it to the legislature.
The Legislature being of an eco
nomical strain, may again scale it
down. So when the appropriation
for schools is finally made it is so
scrimped that but a few of the de
mands made for school improve
ments can be complied with and
another two years must roll away
before even another attempt can be
made for school improvements.
These are not fancy pictures, but
solid facts that are inherent in our
present school system, and hap
pened in Hatnakua, Hawaii, only a
few years ago, thus requiring in
some cases as many years to get a
school improvement made under
present methods, as it would weeks
under a first-class county govern
ment, and if East Hawaii is given
an honest county government or
ganization it will have over sixty
capable men three for each school
to care for the schools and school
property in all parts of the county,
all residing in the school district for
which they were chosen. Now
what do we have to care for schools
and school property all over the
country districts. Much more
might be said. Our school system
is to blame not the officials.
UoTcruor Taft III.
Manila, P. I., April 9 Gover
nor Taft has been obliged to take a
trip to the, mountains on account of
Whut Is l'nln llulmt
Chamberlain's Pain Balm is a
liniment, and while adapted to all
the ordinary uses of a liniment, has
qualities which distinguish it from
other remedies of this class. Pain
Balm is especially beneficial for
rheumatism. Thousands of cases
can be cited in which this remedy
has effected a cure when the sufferer
had previously tried the best medi
cal service without securing relief,
Pain Balm is positively guaranteed
to give relief in the most severe
cases of chronic or acute rheuma
tism. Pain Balm heals bruises, burns
and scalds jn less time than an
other treatment. It is "antiseptic,"
that is, it prevents putrefaction,
and by so doing generally prevents
an unsightly scar remaining after
the injury is healed. For lame
back, lumbago and neuralgia, Pain
Balm has no equal. It has the
quality of "getting to the -right
spot." No sufferer from these dis
tressing affections should defer a
trial of this remedy. One applica
tion gives relief. Try it. The
Ililo Drug Store sells it.
Hilo mercantile Comnany. Lia.
Plantation Supplies of
s All Descriptions
Paints and Oils .
Iron and Steel
A Pull and Complete
Line of Groceries
SOLE AGENTS FOR HAWAII
KEEN CUTTER KNIVES AND HOES
P. O. BOX 94
J. C. Ohlandt,
N. OHLANDT & CO).
Of Eoerij Description.
Sulphate of Potash,
Sulphate of Ammonia,
Alaska Fish Scrap,
High Grade' Tankage.
127 Market Street, uflfl rnnlluluuU, UAL. Indiana & Yolo StsJ
Certificate of Analysis accompanies our shipments, which we guarantee
to be correct.
E. Is. GJAJKZ,
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands.
ORDERS FILLED AT SHORT NOTICE.
To call your attention to a new collection of
Hawaiian Songs just published by us entitled
"SONGS OP HAWAII"
This collection contains a number of old Songs
and Hulas never previously published. This
book is beautifully illustrated. Price $1.50
postpaid. Order direct of the
BERGSTROM MUSIC CO., Honolulu
Box 576, Honolulu, T. H.
Of Gothenburg, Sweden
Assets (IlouiCtOfuce) .... j7i3"t,3.36
Assets in U. S. (for Aililltloiwl Security of American Policy Holders) 656,678.43
Pacific Coast Department: KDWAKD MIOWN & SONS, Geuernl Agents
411-413 California St., San Francisco.
H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd., Rosidont Agonts, HILO
J. A. Buck
C. H. Duck
and Dkalkrs in
Muriate of Potash,
Nitrate of Soda,