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Ijc $ikt vUmne.
MAY 22, 1903.
Kuteied nt the Postomcc at IIllo, Ha
waii, ns second-class matter
rUr.I.ISIIKt) KVKKV FRIDAY.
L. W. HAWORTH - - Baitot.
THE ROAD POLICE.
The situation on Hnmakua Road
must be exceedingly unpleasant to
the traveling public. With some
of the bridges in a condition ap
proching the unsafe and a law for
bidding "faster than a walk" over
spans of more than ten feet, with
7ealous policeman behind every
bush, and cobble stones and ruts
every rod of the way, it is a miracle
that as many people come to Ililo
as do. The law ajrainst fast driv
ing over bridges is a good one in
Hawaii good both for the driver
and the bridge. The police may
be in the life saving business when
guarding the Hamakua Road cul
verts. But travellers complain of
their excessive 7cal, which over
shadows any discretion they may
ever have possessed. If the De
partment of Public Works ever
gives us good roads, less police
vigilance will be necessary The
salaries of a few country road patrol
men might be saved if notices
against fast driving and riding were
posted above these bridges.
Concerning the further complaint
that these road police, lie in hiding
and jump forth to capture their vic
tims much as an outlaw would do,
there is no excuse for such smart
ness. No malicious spirit or spirit
of hoodlumism can be inferred
merely because a horseman or
driver fails to rein in his horse at
the exact moment he strikes a
bridge. Not half the people know
that the bridges are dangerous. All
the public requires is good and suffi
cient notice. There is no .sense in
using the tactics at bridge crossings,
that would be proper only in a man
HILO LABOR RIDDLES.
Hilo was without experience with
labor unions, and in fact the labor
question has always been discussed
in Hilo town in whispers. Not. so
now. Hilo has the biggest Jabor
union in the Hawaiian Islands. Its
membership is over 500. All arc
citizens or soon will be. The quick
growth of this labor Federation a
larraed the Japanese, who at once
formed a Protective Association of
their own. This Japanese Associa
tion has strength and has exerted
it. It caused the removal from
office of C. Iy. Clement, Secretary
of the Allied Trades, who preferred
to give up a life of devotion to the
cause of American labor rather than
to give up his job in the office of
the Hawaii Herald. The Herald is
sour on the citizen labor movement
because the "movement" did not
believe in fostering the principle of
monopoly by giving the Herald all
its printing at Herald prices. The
Herald and the ex-Secretary of the
Federation now stand pat with A.
Richley, a man of courage, often
held up to scorn by the Herald, be
cause he hired Japanese.
The Herald will probably now
offer a man or two for offices in the
Japanese Association or any old
place where substantial reward is
These are the queer phases of the
Hilo labor question.
Inquikv of the Matsou Naviga
tion I,tne as to the statement ap
pearing in the Herald of the dis
parity 111 returns to shippers of
bananas to the Coast to the effect 1
that the best prices were obtainable
from Japanese dealers in San Fran
cisco, proves our esteemed contem
porary again in error. S. Nakatsa
kusa, a Japanese, shipped high
ijrade cultivated bananas to San
Francisco commission merchants,
who were white men (and not Jap
anese), realizing from his shipment
$1.30 per bunch net. The case
cited of Kawiki Brown, who re-
ceived only eight cents per bunch, stricken out the Territory is pro- effects of the failure of the House
only shows the necessity of select j tected by the clause requiring good j to meet on Wednesday. One is
ing marketable fruit for shipment and sufficient bonds. The result that the legislature expires, owing
to the coast. Uanana growers can-1 should be that officials will see to to the wording of the section "dur
not expect to receive good prices or 1 it that contracts are carried out to ing any session" limiting the time
to create a market for Ililo bananas the letter and if the contractor fails of the adjournment.
unless care be taken in the cultiva
tion and selection of fruit which
they expect to ship to the coast.
Small bunches to a commission man
are tiot saleable at any price, and if
a trade is to be built up for Ililo
fruit our growers should exercise
greater care in regard to quality in
stead of quantity. Good prices and
a ready market with States dealers
can be obtained if the right quality
of fruit can be supplied.
Tim grass roots of the labor
question in Hilo as elsewhere are in
the pocket book. Other things be
ing equal or nearly equal a citi7en
will secure a preference. If profit
lies in the other direction the citi
zen will receive the stony stare.
PHASES OF LABOR QUESTION.
I'rom tlie Aihertlcr.l
If the skilled citizen laborers of
Honolulu would do their duty by
other white men, other white men
would feel more disposed to do their
duty by them. But our citizen
mechanics and artisans cannot justly
complain of white men who employ
cheap Chinese and Japanese work
men in the trades when they, in
turn, pass the business places of
white men by and purchase their
hats, clothing, shoes, meats, gro
ceries, cigars, hack rides, horse
shoes, hardware, umbrellas, shaves,
haircuts and dniRS of Asiatics. If
certain classes of white men are
asked to forego a privilege in the
name of Americanism, which the
classes that complain of them for
exercising it enjoy and propose to
continue, then "development along
traditional American lines," will
probably take some other direction
than that of boycotting Asiatic me
At a labor meeting held here
some months ago twenty-four oppo
nents of the Asiatic artisan were
present. Their hats hung in the
ante room of their hall and some
inquiring person took a look at Hie
swet-band labels. Twenty were
those of Asiatic merchants; four
were those of white merchants.
White mechanics say, living is so
high here that they cannot afford
to pay the white dealer's price; but
that is also the argument of the
white merchant who hires China
men to build his store or house.
Probably the merchant could sell
goods for less money if he did not
have to divide the white trade with
his Asiatic competitor; very likely
the white mechanic cojild pay more
if he had all the white men's
contracts. This being the situation
saying nothing of the fear of the
merchants when an inquisitorial
committee went about taking a cen
sus of Asiatic employes that white
labor in its final analysis meant
boycotts and strikes this being the
situation, we say, it is difficult to
see what can be done unless white
men will stand by white men all
along the line. An anti-Asiatic
movement will not be made by em
ployers of skilled labor alone; to
amount to anything- it should in
clude the class that is employed as
well. A labor union that would
begin by pledging all its members
to buy nothing of Asiatic manufac
ture would be in a better position
than now to deal to good advantage
with the employing class.
That the Asiatic situation needs
the sort of adjustment which will
force the yellow and brown men
back to agriculture is as true as the
way of doing it is doubtful and
obscure. Iaw cannot remedy the
matter, for treaties are in the way
of any drastic action; but if white
men would stand together in busi
ness and the trades a palliative
eneci worm Having nuglit be se
cured. THE LOWEST BIDDER.
If executive officers hold to the
strict letter of the law, Representa
tive Kutnalae's point, that contracts
shall invariably be let to the lowest
bidder, has more virtue in it than
would appear at first thought. Al-
though the word "responsible" is.
in any detnil the bondsmen will be
forced to make good. One of the
greatest mistakes of the past has
been official leniency with bonds
men, and the readiness to take over
the work in event of contractors'
failure to fulfill their obligations.
Let the lowest, bidder take the con
tracts and hold bondsmen to n
strict accounting. It will not take
long to establish the status of re
sponsible competitors and free all
departments from any possible
charge of favoritism.
01.081 TO ILmiAUTV.
Lnwjers Airroe on the Question
Failure to Meet.
Honolulu, May 19. What will
be the status of ' the Legislature
after Wednesday is a question which
is being largely discussed just now.
That a failure to meet on Wednes
day will constitute an illegal act is
considered as well established as can
be any legal fact, but of those who
discuss the matter no two agree as
to the eflect of such an act.
The section of the Organic Act
which says that neither house shall
adjourn for more than three days,
without the consent of the other,
prescribes no penalty, and sets forth
no result of the illegality. This
makes a question which will be
added to the other allegations of the
irregularity of the session, and of
which there may be no settlement
until some act of the Legislature is
contested in the courts. Governor
Dole is at work on the question,
looking up precedents, and it is ex
pected that he will ask for an opin
ion from the Attorney-General to
So great is the interest of those
who have the good of the Territory
at heart that some friends of Gov
ernor Dole yesterday suggested that
it is a matter of such importance
that the Attorney-General of the
United States should be asked to
cable an opinion, so that pressure
might be brought to bear upon
Speaker Beckley to issue a sum
mons for the members on Wednes
day and thus prevent the illegality
Speaker Beckley yesterday, to an
afternoon paper, said that the calcu
lation of the time of the adjourn
ment began with Monday morning,
which made Wednesday the third
day, and Thursday the day on
which the House must sit again.
Unfortunately, perhaps, Speaker
Beckley has in this view the back
ing of none of the prominent law
yers. It is an axiom in the law
that parts of day are not reckoned.
Another is that one day of a fixed
term is dropped. Thus the ad
journment on Saturday meant all
of that day, and not as to any par
ticular hour. This is in accordance
with the oldest rule of law. But
at the same time it is as well estab
lished that if the first day is disre
garded as a portion of a fixed time
the last must be counted. Thus, if
Saturday is excluded from the count
of the three days, Wednesday must
be taken into account.
Where the rules of the Houseare
silent the best rules of the country
are taken, and these are those of the
late Thomas Brackett Reed, who
was Speaker of the United States.
House of Representatives. Yet it
is a fact that in the special session
for the passage of the Dingley law,
in the summer of 1897 a fact
which is in the minds of many
Honolulans, as there was a delega
tion at the capital fighting against
the cutting out of the reciprocity
treaty, which was threatened there
was a battle of the giants over the
adjournment of Congress from
Thursday to Monday, with a simi
lar provision in the constitution to
that in the Organic Act. Many of
the best lawyers in the United States
argued that more than three days
intervened, and the argument of
James Hamilton Lewis of Seattle
was so elaborate that Mr. Reed was
obliged to call wait for a time to ex
amine the authorities before he
would make his ruling, though of
course lie upheld the three days
contention of his party.
There arc many theories as to the
MOMUItltAT XNII WKAVKIl.
Two Cniiillilntrs Tor Appointment on
1 Hip liiuut Court.
Honolulu, May 19. There is a
warm fight oil for the judgeship of 1
the laud court constituted by the 1
new Torrcns Laud Law. There 1
are only two announced candidates, !
but there are others who have their
eyes on the place and may be called
upon in the event of a deadlock. I
The leading candidate in the sense I
of having the greatest number of 1
signers to his petition, is J. M.
Mousarrat. It is understood that
there has not been a refusal to sii;ii
by any person, to whom the appli
cation has been presented. On the
other side many of the young mem
bers of the bar are making a fight
for the place for P. L. Weaver,
assistant attorney general. Mr.
Weaver wrote the first opinion on
the matter of this law, which was
read before the Young Men's Re
search Club, and from which it is
claimed started the discussions
which have resulted in the securing
of legislative action. Senator Cecil
Brown is said to be making the
fight for Mousarrat.
Luntanu's I.lttlo Foe.
Professor A. Koebelc in Mexico
ran across a great many plant pests
which would destroy or nt least pre
vent the spread of lantana. The
trouble with a larce proportion of
the insects, beetles or worms he
took note of was that they would
be dangerous to useful vegetation
if introduced into Hawaii to fight
lantana. Such few as the Govern
ment entomologist deemed harmless
he sent specimens of here in ad
vance and brought large lots of
them home with him when he re
turned. The most favored parasite
is a small fly that eats into the lan
tana seeds, destroying their fertility.
This creature is thriving mightily
on the experimenting grounds. It
has invested every lantana plant in
sight. Professor Koebele believes
that this fly will not harm any of
our useful plants.
Office nf the Board or Health,
Honolulu, Hawaii, Mayi3, 1903.
Notice is hereby given that the rules
and regulations applying to fish markets
at Hilo, Hawaii, adopted April 15, 1903,
are amended to read as follows1
Section 1. The sale of fish and all
edible products of the bea is prohibited at
the town of Ililo, except at the new fish
market, and at the present fish market at
Waiakea, Hilo, and at such other places
as may be specially designated from time
to time by the Board of Health where
fish and edible products of the sea may
be exposed for sale under the supervision
of iuspectorb appointed by the Board of
Section 2. Both markets shall have
the right to sell at both wholesale and re
tail under the rules governing such sales
adopted from time to time by the Board
Section 3. All inspectors shall hae
power to sei, condemn and destroy any
fish or edible products of the sea exposed
for sale, or brought to the market, which
shall be unfit for food.
Section 4. Fish lelt unsold at 6 p. m.
on the evening of any day shall be in
spected, and if found in proper condition
may go to cold storage; and on again be
ing bfiered for sile shall be labeled as
Section 5. No market shall charge, ur
allow to be charged any fee or compen
sation for the inspection nf fish therein.
All previous regulations applying to
the sale of fish at Hilo, Hawaii, are
CHAS. B. COOI'KR, M. I).,
President Board of Health.
Secretary Board of Health 29-3
Notice to Creditors.
In the Circuit Court, Fourth Circuit,
Territory of Hawaii, United States
In I'koiiatk at Ciimiii;hs.
In the matter of the Instate of DAVID
Notice is hereby given that the under
signed his been appointed Administrator '
of the estate of said deceased. All credi.
tors of said estate are hereby uolil'cd to
present their claims, whether secured or
otherwise, duly verified and withpropir
Nouchers, if any, to the undersigned, at
his place of business in Hilo, Hawaii,
Territory of Hawaii, within six mouths
from date of this notice, or such claims,
if any, will be forever biried.
Hilo, Hawaii, May 19, 1903.
Wish & Ross,
Attorneys for Administrator. 29-4
Men, and especially women, require regular physical
exercise to keep well in a tropical climate.
TENNIS AND BALL GOODS
WALL, NICHOLS CO.
Canadian-Australian Royal Mail SS. Go.
Steamers of the above Hue running in connection with the Canadian Pacific Kail
way Company, II. C, nncl Sydney, N. S. W., and calling at Victoria, II. C, Honolulu,
and Brisbane, N. Z. arc duo at Honolulu on or nbont the dates below
From Vancouver and Victoria B. C. From Sydney, Brisbane (Q).
For Brisbane, Q., and Sydney: 1'or Victoria and Viiucouxcr, IS. C:
MIOWIJRA MAY 9 AORANGI MAY 6
AORANGI JUNK 6 ' MOAN JUNK 2
MOANA .JUIA' 4 MIOWKRA JULY 1
The magnificent new service, the "Imperial Limited." is now rutiuiui: daily
DKTWP.KN VANCOUVUR AND MONTREAL, making the run in 100 hours,
without change. The finest railway service in the world.
Through tickets .-.sued from Honolulu to Canada. United States and Europe
For freight and passage, and all general information, apply to
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Gen'l Agts
facilities ... A greater variety of modern type
faces cannot be found in any other print shop in the
Hawaiian Islands than is carried by the Hilo Tri
bune . . . Nobody knows how to do better printing
than is executed by the Hilo Tribune workmen
Your work is "solicited whether
it be a dozen cards for your vest
pocket or a carload of supplies
Hilo, .... Hawaii
A f.i-nnJ 3
sr A Grand
1 Musical 1
i Concert 1
Under the supervision
of Mrs. J. T. Lewis
will be given at the
ING, HAY 23, 1903,
at S o'clock.
y Proceeds for the benefit of the S
g-- Hilo Hoarding School New 3
; IltlildlUgs 3
Uncle Sam's Cigar Store
HILO, - - - HAWAII
Dr. Plf rco'n Kltctnc Truss
Ilk Marvel. Nothlnir lUo
it. licit Iletalnerun tirth
cGtHumi Curt tor Itunturo.
World renowned. 27liupruvmU.
II ruptured invcttlgato at onoo
Gill or write for "lluoiarr No. 1 "
MAGNETIC E.TRIISS CO.. 33WetSltli (Jtreet.Ntw
Yom, N. Y. or 206 I'oul Street, Han i rtuilmu, Oil,
In printing the best results are
obtained in a shop where the
most skilled workmen arc sup
plied with the best nrintinir
Matson Navigation Co.
! ..." ..
rhe only Direct Line between San Fran
cisco and Ililo, Comprising the
follow ing Fast Sailers
Bark ANNIE JOHNSON
Bark RODERICK DHU
Bark MARION CHILC0TT
Ship FALLS OF CLYDE
Tug CHAS. C0UNSELMAN
Mid other Specially Chartered vessels
makes this trip with at least one of these
boats each mouth, carrying both Freight
For dates of sailing and terms,
J no. L). Spreckels & Bros. Co,
327 Market St., San Francisco.
R. T. OUAR1), Agent,
1 Watches and Jewelry
AM, KINDS OP JF.WF.LRY
MADP, TO ORDP.R AT
M.J. De Goiivea's
JS M SHAMANS, the well
known watchtuiker, is to be found
here, and will turn out all work in
up-to date manner AM, WORK
Opposite Peacock c Co., IUI.O