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Ije gjUa t'Umttc.
JUNK s, '903.
Entcitd at the KostolTicc ul Hilo, Ha
wall, 09 second-dnss matter
PUDMSHKU KVRRV FRIDAY.
L. W. HAWORTH - - Editor.
AN INTERESTING OFFICIAL.
That the official conduct of Sheriff
Andrews provoked a fusilade of
attack from the members of the
Legislature on the floor, is not. stir-
nriottiir in rwnn1o nf tllic IQlnnfl. I
familiar with the methods of Uie Pnt in the cabinet, Cooper's po
COOPER'S RESIGNATION I
The resignation of H. IJ. Cooper '
from the office of Superintendent of
Public Works takes from the pub
lic service one of its most capable
men. During his official career,
Mr. Cooper's weakest point was
his subserviency to the dictates of
the cabal behind the Dole adminis
tration. It was this willingness to
subserve that kept him in office,
for in spite of his superior ability
in public business, he would not
have been retained but for his pliability.
With the advent of an heir ap-
The bitterest enemies of the
sheriff are slow to charge him with
outright dishonesty. Few believe
he would misappropriate a cent or
misrepresent a fact. No one will
question his indefatigable industry
or his zeal in the discharge of his
public duties. The out cry of con
demnation at Honolulu probably
affects Sheriff Andrews as much as
water affects a duck when poured
upon its back. Sheriff Andrews
has no appreciation of criticism.
He is as invulnerable to argument
and reason as though he were an
automaton of gutta pcrcha.
With all his faults he is the most
interesting man in official life in
Hawaii. He is a surviving relic as
Speaker Becklcy said, of the "best
government on earth." He con
tinues the methods which in the old
days made every policeman a re
pository of executive, judicial and
legislative power. Sheriff Andrews
has this same old theory of his
office and with monumental good
faith puts it into practice. If a
Legislature refuses to grant An
drews what he wants, he gets what
he wants anyway. If the court's
decrees do not suit the Sheriff, he
pays no attention to them. If the
Governor makes suggestions, they
are complied with if it suits the
These remarks are made not in a
criticizing spirit. We would be
truthful and accurate. An un
biased and well drawn characteri
zation of the official personality of
Sheriff Andrews would make inter
esting reading even to people who
have never heard of Hawaii.
One of his heaviest fortresses of
defense from attack is the theory
that a good intention sanctifies the
deed. A proper motive exonerates
an official of all culpability in mis
takes that may occur along his
official path. It's another way of
saying "the end justifies the
means," which is a doctrine that
has no standing in America and
which was the chief working theory
of the "best government on earth,"
of which Sheriff Andrews is a relic.
This paper does riot believe that
an investigation of tlie sheriff's
office would reveal any criminal de
reliction upon which could be based
charges of embezzlpment, or
charges of a like fibre. There would
however most likely be found a
looseness of administration which
would scandalize any similar de
partment in the States. But it's
the old time looseness of the "best
government on earth" and what
are you going to do about it?
sition naturally grew intolerable.
s Hismark to Dole, he could not
expect to be a Premier to Dole s
successor. It was therefore expe
dient on many grounds to retire at
None but an ambitious man
would go through with the official
turmoil that has stormed around the
head of H. K. Cooper since his ar
rival in Hawaii. Being ambitious,
he cannot lay aside aspirations with
his official title and as the cabinet
is now constituted, Cooper's aspira
tions may be better fostered from
the privacy of a law office than
from the capitol, where the air is
tainted with jealous bickering.
"Practical Men" have ever af
fected to discount the philosophy of
Ralph Waldo Kmerson. A dispo
sition to pass him by, with a dispar
aging sneer, is often betrayed by
many good people, who pick their
heroes from our long line of cap
tains of industry. Kmersou has
not been popular with a money get
ting generation, because he was
solely an expounder of jdcal truth,
and ideals and cash do not mix.
He has not been embraced as an
elder brother by the churchmen of
the time, for Kmersou sailed above
dogmas and creeds, as a lark rises
above the low hanging clouds that
obscure the morning sun.
Yet 011 the one hundredth anni
versary of his birth, the newspapers
give two colums to enumerate the
tributes. These tributes are not
alone to his memory but to his in
fluence upon men and upon his
Sheriff Andrews enters a plea of
confession and avoidance.
DEPUTY SHERIFF ANDREWS.
The Legislature may well en
quire why Sheriff Andrews of Ha
waii is kept in office.
The people have been asking
this ever since Andrews has been
It would.be timely for the Legis
lature to summon Andrews and ask
him to show any cause why he
should retain office under the Ter
Andrews has always been in hot
water. He has never satisfied the
people and his superiors have for
ever been forced to make excuses
for him. Yet Andrews still remains
The charges brought against
Sheriff Andrews in the Legislature
at yesterday's session are sufficient
to convince'the taxpayers that An
drews' term of uscfuUness as a pub
lic officer was run out long ago.
If this is not enough his record in
the treatment of a Porto Rican lad
whom he had strung up by the
thumbs to obtain evidence should
be quite enough to warrant Deputy
Sheriff Andrews' retirement to pri
There is no excuse on earth or in
heaven for Andrew's course in this
Porto Ricau matter. It was said
that an era of crime was prevailing
in Hilo at the time. An era of
crime, indeed. Were citizens of
Hilo afraid to go unarmed in the
street at night? If so, no one out
side of Hilo has ever heard of it.
Was the era of crime so marked
that Hilo householders barred their
doors for fear of attack by some of
these wild and wooly criminals re
sponsible for Hilo's "era of crime"?
Ifsononein Hilo or outside has
ever heard of it.
Sheriff Andrews has no more se
rious situation to deal with than is
often encountered and is in many
places a daily condition in hundreds
of Mainland towns with a foreign
population. The Bulletin believes
that Sheriff Andrews can search the
criminal records of the United States
for a hundred years back and he
will not find that officers of the law
hav resorted to physical torture to
extort testimony or if they have
done so, they have been so quickly
brought to account that their suc
cessors have hesitated to follow in
Thumb stringing is a relic of the
dark ages, the inquisition, the buc
caneer and the pirate. Spanish
possessions possibly do practice
this method of torture but are
American ' citizens to countenance
such direct violation of what are in
this day and generation regarded
as ordinary principles of humanity?
The mere fact that the court
would not, and under the law of
the land could not, accept the testi
mony extracted at the end of a
rope by Deputy Sheriff Andrews in
his official capacity, bears testimony
to the view taken of such police
methods by civilized American law.
Tlie ilullctiu doubts very much if
States His Side of the Case On Im
Sheriff Andrews was seen -by a Tribune representative yesterday
and he consented to talk on the matters which have provoked such
a storm in the papers. Of the police, he said:
"This is a big island. It is twice as big as all the rest together.
The officers 1 re necessarily widely scattered. A few of the officers
in town have telephones. Outside of town almost every officer is
supplied with a telephone, otherwise he would be of little use to the
public service. The usual expenses of the Police Department on the
Island of Hawaii amount to an average of about $4 to $500 per
mouth, which is properly incidental expense. In dividing up the
meager appropriation for incidental expenses, the amount of $150
per month is allotted to the Island of Hawaii, while the above
amounts ($400 to $500 per month) have been actually expended. A
less amount would cripple the service to such an extent that it would
be practically worthless to the public. To meet this situation, the
salary of each officer has been raised enough to meet his own inci
dental expenses for telephone, uniform, clubs, belts, revolvers, ammu
nition, traveling expenses, hack bills, etc. For instance: When
William Keolauui was promoted to the position of Captain his salary
was fixed at $75 per month. He being one of the most active mem
bers of the police force incurred heavier bills for traveling expenses
than anyone else, and it was found necessary, in order to meet these
expenses, that he be allowed $25 more per month to do it with. So
he receives his $75 per mon h without let or hindrance. The other
$25 is spent for the incidental expenses which he personally incurs.
At the end of the month he receives from the Auditor a warrant for
$100. Out of this he pays the incidental expenses which he l.as
incurred, not to exceed $25.
"As I said above, this apparent irregularity is made necessary
by lack of sufficient appropriation to meet the incidental expenses
for the Island of Hawaii.
"I have asked the Legislature to make appropriations in various
items for police telephones, another for police uniforms separate from
incidentals, for office expenses, traveling, etc."
As to the alleged thumb-hanging episode Sheriff Andrews said:
"The prisoner was not hung up by the thumbs. His hands were
raised over his head by a string tied to his thumbs, but his weight
was not taken off of his feet. I was present personally to see that
it was not overdone or carried too far. The reason for resorting to
this method was that a most atrocious crime had been committed on
a little Porto Rican girl and she had also been most foully murdered
in a small room occupied by three other persons, and separated from
another family only by a thin board partition. All of these people,
while admitting their preseuce, denied absolutely to the Coroner's
jury any knowledge of how1 or when the assault was committed, or
the fatal blows struck. Under certain circumstances, few and far
between, a person is justified in taking even the life of another. I
do not believe in lynch law, but I do feel that I was justified in
resorting to a measure which, while it was to a certain extent a pas
sive torture, it must necessarily result in a man's saying something
to give us a clew as to who perpetrated this most abominable crime.
We were not seeking for a confession, but for information from a
person able to give it."
Men, and especially womeii,'requirc regular physical
exercise to keep well in a tropical climate.
TENNIS AND BALL GOODS
WALL, NICHOLS CO.
Atlas Insurance Co.
ASSETS OVER $12,000,000.
London & Lancashire Fire Ins. Co.
ASSETS OVER $9,000,000. '
Gorman-American Insurance Co.
ASSEES OVER $10,000,000.
National Fire Insurance Co.
ASSETS OVER $6,000,000.
Niagara Fire Insurance Co.
ASSETS OVER $3,000,000.
Westchester Fire Insurance Co.
ASSETS OVER $3,000,000.
Losses promptly paid by these leading companies.
A. H. JACKSON
WAIANUENUE STREET, 1LIL0
this testimony would have been ac
cepted during the days of the "best
government on earth," notwith
standing that government is cred
ited with accepting most anything
done by its agents. If Andrews
were in the Philippines atid prac
ticed the art of thumb stringing he
SPEAKING OF LAWYERS.
"For instance, did you ever
watch a bolo match between a couple
of lawyers? They're the boys that
can play ping pong with your rep-
utatipn. une time I was called as
would be subject to court martial. a wUncsg ,n thc cage of fl mark who
If he were a Federal othcial Ins
official head would fall in the bas
ket as soon as the facts were put
before the department of Justice.
Prom the Advertiser
Sheriff L,orrin Andrews of Ha
waii has the honor of being a good
government man who helped, in
1893, to defend a responsible ad
ministration here. lie is as honest
and straight an officer as there' is in
the Territory. But like every con
spicuous member of the Dole party
he has been pursued for years by
the people whose chances to profit
by misgovernment he helped to cut
off and by others who have felt the
heavy hand of the law which An
drews administered. Yesterday lie
was decorated with the dispraise of
the printing ring and burn-those-vouchers
House. As a modest
man he will wear these honors se
dately, but it is no light compliment
to have an outfit like the Hawaiian
House of Representatives call him
HAWAIIAN VOLCANIC ROCKS.
During the last field season Mr.
Whitman Cross of the United Stales
Geological Survey visited the Ha
waiian Islands for the purpose of
observing the results of volcanic
activity at Kilauea. Critical com
parisons were made between the
modern' volcanic rocks of these is
lands and the areas of old volcanic
rocks occurring in the Rocky Moun
tain country. The larger islands of
the group were all visited, advan
tage being taken of this opportun
ity to gather data for use in plan
ning future work in Hawaii by the
In printing the best results sire
obtained in a shop where the
most skilled workmen are snp-
tttwtytwwwwww pcl vitli the best printing
facilities ... A greater variety of modern type
faces cannot be found in any other print shop in the
Hawaiian Islands than is carried by the Hilo Tri
bune . . . Nobody knows how to do better printing
than is executed by the Hilo Tribune workmen
Your work is solicited whether
it be a dozen cards for your vest
pocket or a carload of supplies
tried to steal San Mateo county
under the habeas corpus law of
1879. When I butted into the
courtroom a law school graduate
was making a brilliant con talk
about the rights of the laboring
classes and the Judge was looking
out of the window thinking what a
fine day it was to go fishing. I
tell you that young guy was a pip
pin when it came to jaw exercise:
just stood there dangling festoons
of eloquence all over the architec
ture and running a pink pud pur
ple fresco around the clouds. It
was enough to make your intelli
gence stand right up on end.
When he calmed down and took
his seat there were tears of grati
tude in every eye and a bunch of
saloon proprietors and other mem
bers of the bar crowded in and ex
tended the glad hand of fellowship.
'Hail, Demosthenes.!' they cried,
You ought to have that spooch
bound celluoid. Its prima facie
evidence that you are a great law
yer.' 'Thank you,' says the grad-
CARRIAGE A CASTLE.
A New York Judge has decided
that a man in his own carriage may
stick his feet out of the window and
whoop as loud as he pleases with
out police interference. The condi
tion of inebriety which produces
such unseemly and hilarious effects
cuts no figure in the case. The
man's carriage is, for the time, at
least, his own castle, and the minions
of the law have no right to invade
it. S. F. Chronicle.
Watches and Jewelry
ALL KINDS OK JEWELRY
MADE TO ORDER AT
A WONDERFUL ECHO.
"O I'Kinck of asses niethinks I
heard thee bray." HersUd.
Perchance, it was but an echo of
of thine own silvery and dulcet
muttering, O Editor!
uate, throwing out his chest like a
sideboard. 'Yes' says they 'every
inch a lawyer. None but a lawyer
could have swiped all those ram-, place of business
bows from the estate of the late
General Barnes without being
In nccordunce with the provisions of
Act 70, Session Laws of 1903, notice is
hereby (riven to nil persons conducting
and managing nny pharmacy, drug or
The Act passed by the Legisla
ture providing for an eight-hour
day for all labor on public works will
probably prove unconstitutional
if put to the test. A similar New
York statute was held to be void
because it impaired the right of
contract. However legislatures
and other governmental machinery
in Hawaii have done things unheard
chemical store, apothecary shop, or other
place of business for the retailing, com
pounding or dispensing of any drugs,
chemicals or poison, to tile their appllca
M. J. De Gouvea's I
JAS. M. SEAMAN'S, the well
known watchmaker, is to be found
here, and will turn out all work iu
up-to-date manlier. ALL WORK
Onnosite Peacock & Co.. - HILO
TfcqqmfVllVIIVVV'VVf ! VVVW
tion for a license to practice Pharmacy iu
conformity with Section a of said Act 70,
A. N. KEI'OIKAI,
Treasurer Territory of Hawaii.
in this 1
Office, Honolulu, June I,
Notice is hereby given that Wong
Siuy Clio & Co,, a partnership doing bus.
iuess as general merchants at Olaa, Ha
waii, II, T., have made a voluntary assign
ment to to the undersigned for the benefit
of their creditors. The creditors of said
firm are hereby requested to file their
claims with the undersigned and any and
all persons indebted to the said Wong
Sing Clio it Co., are requested to pay the
same without delay,
AH II IK,
Assignee of Wong Sing Cho & Co.
LhHi.ond & Smith, .
Attorneys lor Assignee.
Hilo, May 29, 1903. 30.3
NoTlCK Neither the Masters nor
Agent of vessels of the "Matsou Line"
will be responsible for nnv debts con
tracted by the crew. K, ' I GUARD,
Hilo, April 16, 1901. 34-
THE HILO TRIBUNE
JOB PRINTING DEPARTMENT